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Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300225/articular-cartilage-injury-pathways-and-treatment-options
#1
Timothy M Simon, Douglas W Jackson
Articular cartilage injury and degeneration is a frequent occurrence in synovial joints. Treatment of these articular cartilage lesions are a challenge because this tissue is incapable of quality repair and/or regeneration to its native state. Nonoperative treatments endeavor to control symptoms, and include anti-inflammatory medication, viscosupplementation, bracing, orthotics, and activity modification. Techniques to stimulate the intrinsic repair (fibrocartilage) process include drilling, abrasion, and microfracture of the subchondral bone...
March 2018: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300224/achilles-tendinopathy
#2
Umile Giuseppe Longo, Mario Ronga, Nicola Maffulli
Achilles tendinopathy is a common cause of disability. Despite the economic and social relevance of the problem, the causes and mechanisms of Achilles tendinopathy remain unclear. Tendon vascularity, gastrocnemius-soleus dysfunction, age, sex, body weight and height, pes cavus, and lateral ankle instability are considered common intrinsic factors. The essence of Achilles tendinopathy is a failed healing response, with haphazard proliferation of tenocytes, some evidence of degeneration in tendon cells and disruption of collagen fibers, and subsequent increase in noncollagenous matrix...
March 2018: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300223/osteotomies-in-patello-femoral-instabilities
#3
David Dejour, Bertrand Le Coultre
Patellar instability is defined by clinical and radiologic criteria. The surgical treatment is aimed at restoring the congruence of the patellofemoral articulation and correcting extensor mechanism malalignment, to prevent recurrence of dislocation. The standard soft-tissue procedures are lateral release and vastus medialis advancement and medial patello femoral ligament plasty. Bony procedures are frequently performed in addition to soft-tissue surgery, to realign the extensor mechanism by means of tibial tubercle medialization, or to correct the patellar index in patella alta...
March 2018: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300222/sports-medicine-and-arthroscopy-review-issue-1-editorial
#4
W Dilworth Cannon, Kenneth E DeHaven
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300221/historical-perspectives-twenty-five-years-in-review
#5
W Dilworth Cannon, Kenneth E DeHaven, Gregory C Fanelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095403/ankle-mri-and-arthroscopy-correlation-with-cartilaginous-defects-and-symptomatic-os-trigonum
#6
Brian D Powell, Minton T Cooper
Arthroscopic intervention of the foot and ankle is used for a growing number of procedures. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be a helpful technique while detecting pathology before surgical intervention. A common use of MRI is detecting osteochondral lesion of the talus; however, other pathology can be detected including but not limited to symptomatic Os trigonum and subtalar osteochondral defects. An MRI sensitivity and specificity for detecting these pathologies vary. Correlating findings on MRI with arthroscopy is helpful in determining its accuracy and will be discussed in the following case examples...
December 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095402/mri-and-arthroscopy-correlation-in-the-patellofemoral-joint
#7
Lisa G M Friedman, Melissa S White, Patrick F Carroll, Jeffrey A Macalena, Elizabeth A Arendt, Jutta M Ellermann, Marc Tompkins
The patellofemoral joint is an articulation between the patella and the femoral trochlea, which serves to increase the lever arm of the extensor mechanism. The stability of the patella within the trochlear groove is supported statically by the bony confines of the groove itself, as well as the medial patellofemoral ligament, and dynamically by the vastus musculature. Pathologic changes seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are frequently well correlated with findings found by arthroscopy at the time of surgery...
December 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095401/mri-and-arthroscopic-evaluation-of-meniscal-injuries
#8
Matthew H Blake, Christian Lattermann, Darren L Johnson
There has been an increasing awareness of the importance of the meniscus in maintaining the health and function of the knee. When injured, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become the gold standard to diagnose meniscal tears. The information obtained from the MRI helps determine the need for surgical intervention. To achieve the best patient outcome a surgeon must be able to diagnose a meniscal injury by MRI as well as identify the injury at time of arthroscopy. This article aims to illustrate meniscal pathology utilizing side by side comparison of MRI identified meniscal injuries to its arthroscopic correlate as well as describe treatment options for the injury...
December 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095400/mri-arthroscopy-correlations-ligaments-of-the-knee
#9
Joseph J Ruzbarsky, Gabrielle Konin, Naaman Mehta, Robert G Marx
Magnetic resonance imaging and a thorough understanding of its interpretation in the diagnosis and management of injuries to the ligaments about the knee is an essential skill for orthopedists. The goal of this review is to provide a description of the native and injured anatomy through magnetic resonance imaging and its correlations, when appropriate, as seen through the arthroscope at the time of surgery. The ligaments of focus include the anterior cruciate ligament, the posterior cruciate ligament, the medial collateral ligament, the posterolateral corner, the anterolateral ligament, and the medial patellofemoral ligament...
December 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095399/magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-and-hip-arthroscopy-correlations
#10
Samuel E Carstensen, Erin C McCrum, Jennifer L Pierce, Frank W Gwathmey
The hip is a complex joint which commonly generates referrals to orthoaedic surgeons. Hip arthroscopy continues to expand its indications for addressing hip pathology. Before operative intervention, the appropriate information must be obtained with magnetic resonance imaging playing a significant role in the workup given its outstanding characterization of soft tissue anatomy. We attempt to highlight multiple hip findings to correlate intraoperative arthroscopic findings with specific magnetic resonance imaging images and sequences...
December 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095398/mri-and-arthroscopic-correlation-of-the-wrist
#11
Nicholas C Nacey, Jeffrey D Boatright, Aaron M Freilich
Since its introduction in 1979, the practice of and indications for wrist arthroscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of pathologic conditions in the wrist continues to grow. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is another commonly used tool to noninvasively examine the anatomy and pathology of the wrist joint. Here, we review the normal wrist anatomy as seen arthroscopically and through MRI. We then examine the various common pathologic entities and define both the arthroscopic findings and correlated MRI findings in each of these states...
December 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095397/correlation-of-mri-to-arthroscopy-in-the-elbow-thrower-s-elbow-and-ulnar-collateral-ligament-injury
#12
Michael C Ciccotti, Justin D Stull, Patrick S Buckley, Steven B Cohen
One cannot overstate the importance of a thorough history and physical examination, supplemented with directed imaging, to help pinpoint the exact cause of the athlete's elbow pain. Although plain radiographs should not be overlooked, advanced imaging plays a critical role in diagnosis and management of pathology in the thrower's elbow, including computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and stress ultrasound. By judiciously combining these elements, the clinician can appropriately manage these injuries in order to successfully return the athlete to their preinjury level of play...
December 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095396/mri-to-arthroscopy-correlations-in-slap-lesions-and-long-head-biceps-pathology
#13
K Linnea Welton, Justin H Bartley, Nancy M Major, Eric C McCarty
Superior labral anterior and posterior lesions and long head biceps injury are 2 common sources of shoulder pain. The presenting complaints and physical examination findings for these etiologies are often nonspecific, making diagnosis challenging. Further complicating their diagnoses, these 2 pathologies often cooccur together or with other shoulder pathologies such as subacromial bursitis, rotator cuff tear, and shoulder instability. However, with advancement in magnetic resonance imaging and shoulder arthroscopy techniques the ability to diagnose and treat these pathologies has vastly improved over the past 30 years...
December 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095395/magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-arthroscopic-correlation-in-shoulder-instability
#14
Derrick M Knapik, James E Voos
The shoulder is the most inherently unstable joint in the body, prone to high rates of anterior dislocations with subsequent injuries to soft tissue and bony stabilizing structures, resulting in recurrent shoulder instability. Advanced imaging utilizing magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and MR arthrography allows for thorough evaluation of lesions present in the unstable shoulder and is critical for preoperative planning. Arthroscopic shoulder stabilization in the appropriately selected patient can help restore stability and function...
December 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095394/mri-arthroscopy-correlation-of-the-rotator-cuff-a-case-based-review
#15
Rafael A Buerba, Armin Arshi, Kim M Lee, Benjamin D Levine, Frank A Petrigliano
With significant advancements over recent decades, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and shoulder arthroscopy are important complementary tools in guiding orthopedic surgeons to diagnosis, decision making, and treatment of rotator cuff pathology. The objective of this article is to review the basic principles and pearls of MRI-arthroscopy correlation of the rotator cuff through an overview of our approach to reading shoulder MRI followed by a case-based review of selected conditions. By understanding and comparing the subtleties of these modalities, radiologists and clinicians can better appreciate both the utility and limitations of MRI in predicting operative findings...
December 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095393/mri-arthroscopy-correlations-introduction
#16
Mark D Miller, Stephen F Brockmeier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777219/anterior-glenohumeral-instability
#17
Adam Pickett, Steven Svoboda
Anterior shoulder dislocations, subluxations, and recurrent instability of the shoulder joint are common problems usually affecting a young active population. However, it can be a problem for patients up to the late decades in life and can lead to major shoulder arthropathy if left untreated or improperly treated. This article discusses the natural history, pathologic morphologic changes of the shoulder joint associated with anterior instability along with normal anatomic variants. We will also discuss current treatment recommendations and possible causes of the patient with recurrent instability despite prior stabilization procedures...
September 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777218/history-and-physical-examination-for-shoulder-instability
#18
Col Chad A Haley
Glenohumeral instability frequently occurs in young active individuals especially those engaged in athletic and military activities. With advanced imaging and arthroscopic evaluation, our understanding of the injury patterns associated with instability has significantly improved. The majority of instability results from a traumatic anterior event which presents with common findings in the history, examination, and imaging studies. As such, a comprehensive evaluation of the patient is important to correctly diagnose the instability patterns and thus provide appropriate treatment intervention...
September 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777217/the-epidemiology-of-glenohumeral-joint-instability-incidence-burden-and-long-term-consequences
#19
Kenneth L Cameron, Timothy C Mauntel, Brett D Owens
Acute traumatic glenohumeral joint instability is common within the general population and endemic in young athletes and physically active populations. Individuals who experience acute traumatic glenohumeral joint instability events are at high risk of recurrent injury. In addition, glenohumeral joint instability results in substantial short-term and long-term consequences, including significant time loss from activity, degenerative joint changes, and reduced quality of life. This review provides an overview of the epidemiology of glenohumeral joint instability, reviews the modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors for glenohumeral joint instability identified in the literature, and discusses the need for developing and implementing effective multilevel strategies for the primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention of glenohumeral joint instability and the long-term consequences associated with injury...
September 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777216/posterior-shoulder-instability
#20
Alaina Brelin, Jonathan F Dickens
Posterior shoulder instability is a relatively uncommon condition, occurring in ∼10% of those with shoulder instability. Because of the rarity of the condition and the lack of knowledge in treatment, it is often misdiagnosed or patients experience a delay in diagnosis. Posterior instability typically affects athletes participating in contact or overhead sports and is usually the result of repetitive microtrauma or blunt force with the shoulder in the provocative position of flexion, adduction, and internal rotation, leading to recurrent subluxation events...
September 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
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