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Indian Journal of Community Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553031/leprosy-an-urgent-need-to-step-up-surveillance
#1
Sathish Dev, Timsi Jain, P Sivaprakasam, J Dinesh Raja
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553030/improving-perinatal-health-are-indian-health-policies-progressing-in-the-right-direction
#2
Sharad K Singh, Ravinder Kaur, P K Prabhakar, Madhu Gupta, Rajesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Strategic investments and policy directives of the Indian Government has demonstrated highest degree of political commitment for maternal and child health care. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of the rise in institutional deliveries in India on perinatal mortality. METHODS: Hospital delivery rate and perinatal mortality rate (PNMR), reported by Sample Registration System, Registrar General of India, on a representative sample was used...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553029/summer-temperature-and-spatial-variability-of-all-cause-mortality-in-surat-city-india
#3
S K Rathi, V K Desai, P Jariwala, H Desai, A Naik, A Joseph
BACKGROUND: Ample information is available on extreme heat associated mortality for few Indian cities, but scant literature is available on effect of temperature on spatial variability of all-cause mortality for coastal cities. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of daily maximum temperature, relative humidity and heat index on spatial variability of all-cause mortality for summer months (March to May) from 2014 to 2015 for the urban population of Surat (coastal) city...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553028/role-of-community-in-swachh-bharat-mission-their-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-sanitary-latrine-usage-in-rural-areas-tamil-nadu
#4
R Anuradha, Ruma Dutta, J Dinesh Raja, D Lawrence, J Timsi, P Sivaprakasam
BACKGROUND: In most developing countries, open defecation is the 'way of life'. This practice is considered as the most serious health and environmental hazard. Prime Minister of India launched the "Swachh Bharat Mission" to accelerate the efforts for achieving universal sanitation coverage and to put focus on sanitation. OBJECTIVE: To find the knowledge, attitude and practices of sanitary latrines usage in rural area, Tamil Nadu. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross sectional study conducted among rural population in Kuthambakkam village, Tamil Nadu...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553027/a-ten-year-audit-of-maternal-mortality-millennium-development-still-a-distant-goal
#5
Anshuja Singla, Shalini Rajaram, Sumita Mehta, Gita Radhakrishnan
OBJECTIVE: To assess various causes of maternal mortality over a ten year period. DESIGN: Retrospective audit of hospital case records. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital. POPULATION: Pregnant women who expired in the premises of GTB Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective audit of case records of maternal deaths was conducted for a ten year period (January 2005 to December 2014). RESULTS: There were a total of 647 maternal deaths out of 1,16,641 live births...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553026/a-score-based-performance-assessment-of-maternal-and-child-health-services-provided-by-usha-of-rajkot-city
#6
Ankit M Sheth, Anupam Banerjee, Amiruddin M Kadri, Matib Rangoonwala, Dipeshkumar D Zalavadiya, Niravkumar B Joshi
BACKGROUND: Urban Social Health Activists (USHAs) are the grass root health care workers of urban areas. There are 290 USHAs distributed in various Urban Health Centers (UHCs) of Rajkot city. OBJECTIVES: To compare the (i) effectiveness of the training received by the USHAs on their knowledge and counseling skills (ii) knowledge and counseling skills of USHAs on the awareness and utilization of Maternal and Child Health (MCH) care services by their beneficiaries...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553025/depression-anxiety-and-stress-among-higher-secondary-school-students-of-imphal-manipur
#7
K Sathish Kumar, Brogen Singh Akoijam
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a stressful period due to physical, psychological, sexual changes, and the presence of psychiatric disorders such as depression, anxiety, and stress at this stage of life is a matter of concern. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to determine the prevalences of depression, anxiety, and stress among higher secondary school students of Imphal and to determine the association between depression, anxiety, and stress and selected variables such as gender, standard, and religion...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553024/nutritional-status-of-preschool-children-in-andaman-and-nicobar-islands-and-food-insecurity-food-groups-and-nutrient-consumption-among-population
#8
Sathya P Manimunda, Attayuru P Sugunan
BACKGROUND: Childhood undernutrition is a public health concern in India. But on such a serious issue, there are no data available from the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar (A and N) Islands. OBJECTIVES: Present study was designed to know the prevalence of food insecurity, to estimate food group and nutrient intake among the community, and undernutrition and clinical signs of micronutrient deficiency among the preschool children of A and N islands. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multistage random sampling was followed to select the households containing children aged 6-59 months...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553023/process-evaluation-of-communitisation-programme-in-public-sector-health-facilities-mokokchung-district-nagaland-2015
#9
Aonungdok Tushi, Prabhdeep Kaur
BACKGROUND: Public sector health facilities were poorly managed due to a history of conflict in Nagaland, India. Government of Nagaland introduced "Nagaland Communitisation of Public Institutions and Services Act" in 2002. Main objectives of the evaluation were to review the functioning of Health Center Managing Committees (HCMCs), deliver health services in the institutions managed by HCMC, identify strengths as well as challenges perceived by HCMC members in the rural areas of Mokokchung district, Nagaland...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553022/from-policy-to-practice-lessons-from-karnataka-about-implementation-of-tobacco-control-laws
#10
Pragati B Hebbar, Upendra Bhojani, John Kennedy, Vishal Rao
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use accounts for eight to nine lakh adult deaths annually in India. India enacted a national legislation "Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act, 2003" (COTPA) to protect health of non-smokers and reduce tobacco consumption. However, even a decade after enacting this law, its implementation remains suboptimal and variable across the Indian states. Karnataka has shown leadership on this front by enacting a state law and implementing COTPA at (sub-) district levels...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553021/improving-access-to-institutional-delivery-through-janani-shishu-suraksha-karyakram-evidence-from-rural-haryana-north-india
#11
Harshal R Salve, Lena Charlette, Ankita Kankaria, Sanjay K Rai, Anand Krishnan, Shashi Kant
BACKGROUND: In India, Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram (JSSK) was launched in the year 2011 to assure cashless institutional delivery to pregnant women, including free transport and diet. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of JSSK on institutional delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A record review was done at the primary health care facility in Faridabad district of Haryana from August 2010 to March 2013. Focus group discussion/ informal interviews were carried out to get an insight about various factors determining use / non-use of health facilities for delivery...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553020/zika-virus-can-india-win-the-fight
#12
Tulika Singh
Zika virus is an emerging arbovirus of public health importance transmitted by Aedes mosquito which also transmits dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever. The disease has been spreading at an alarming rate in Africa, Pacific Islands, and the Americas. Given the expansion of environments where mosquitoes can live and breed, facilitated by urbanization and globalization, there is potential for major urban epidemics of Zika virus disease to occur globally. World Health Organization (WHO) has declared Zika virus disease to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553019/challenging-times-for-public-health-towards-attaining-sustainable-development-goals
#13
EDITORIAL
K Sujatha Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331256/effectiveness-of-iron-supplementation-in-reducing-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-india
#14
Aakriti Gupta, Umesh Kapil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331255/degrees-of-deficiency-doctors-and-vitamin-d
#15
Susheel Sudheesh, Ranil Johann Boaz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331254/an-investigation-to-identify-potential-risk-factors-associated-with-common-chronic-diseases-among-the-older-population-in-india
#16
Enemona Emmanuel Adaji, Anand S Ahankari, Puja R Myles
BACKGROUND: In India, chronic diseases are the leading cause of death and their prevalence has constantly increased over the last decade. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with common chronic diseases among people aged 50 years and over in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from Wave 1 of the 2007/2008 Indian Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) was used to investigate the association between lifestyle choices and chronic diseases using logistic regression...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331253/content-of-food-advertising-for-young-adolescents-on-television
#17
Setu Gupta, Swati Kalra, Jaya Shankar Kaushik, Piyush Gupta
BACKGROUND: Food related advertisements on television may have a major influence on the dietary habits and obesity among young adolescents. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency and typology of food advertisements on most popular television channels, watched by school-going young adolescents in Delhi. METHODOLOGY: Biphasic study to (a) identify the three television channels most frequently watched by administering a questionnaire to 400 school going young adolescents; and (b) view each of these channels for 2 hours per day for 6 days each, and observe the content of advertisements related to foods, beverages, and food outlets...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331252/quality-of-antenatal-care-provided-by-nurse-midwives-in-an-urban-health-centre-with-regard-to-low-risk-antenatal-mothers
#18
Ruby Angeline Pricilla, Kirubah Vasandhi David, Rajeswari Siva, T Jeni Christal Vimala, Sajitha Parveen Mf Rahman, Nancy Angeline
BACKGROUND: India contributes to 19% of the global maternal deaths. Good quality antenatal care can prevent maternal deaths by early detection of complications and maintaining maternal health. There are few studies documenting quality of antenatal care in India. This study aimed to document the antenatal services provided by nurse midwives to low-risk pregnant mothers from an urban population. AIMS: The primary objective was to describe the quality of the antenatal care provided by nurse midwives of an urban health centre with regard to low-risk mothers...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331251/is-focus-on-prevention-missing-in-national-health-programs-a-situation-analysis-of-iec-bcc-health-promotion-activities-in-a-district-setting-of-punjab-and-haryana
#19
Jarnail Singh Thakur, Nidhi Jaswal, Ashoo Grover
CONTEXT: Health promotion (HP) has been an integral part of all national programs although it has been a low priority in India, which has resulted in a failure to achieve the desired results. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Situation analysis of information education communication (IEC)/behavior change communication (BCC)/HP activities within the existing national health programs was undertaken in the district of Hoshiarpur in Punjab and the district of Ambala in Haryana during 2013-14...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331250/sexual-behavior-hiv-prevalence-and-awareness-among-wives-of-migrant-workers-results-from-cross-sectional-survey-in-rural-north-india
#20
Alok Ranjan, Tarun Bhatnagar, Giridhara R Babu, Roger Detels
BACKGROUND: Migration has been linked to the spread of HIV epidemic from the urban areas of western India to the rural areas of north India. OBJECTIVES: This is the first population-based study among the wives of migrant workers of Muzaffarpur district in Bihar with objectives to describe their sexual behavior within marriage, estimate the prevalence of HIV, and to know their awareness regarding HIV/AIDS. METHODS: A two-stage cluster survey was conducted by randomly selecting 25 eligible wives from each of the 34 selected villages...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
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