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Indian Journal of Community Medicine

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July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Jaya Chakravarty, Sangeeta Kansal, Narendra Tiwary, Shyam Sundar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Approximately, 40% of the patients registered in the National AIDS Control Program in India are not on antiretroviral therapy (ART), i.e., are in pre-ART care. However, there are scarce data regarding the retention of pre-ART patients under routine program conditions. The main objective of this study was to find out the reasons for default among patients in pre-ART care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients enrolled in the ART Centre, Banaras Hindu University (BHU) between January and December 2009 and in pre-ART care were included in the study...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Bindiya Gupta, Kiran Guleria, Renu Arora
BACKGROUND: A healthy safety culture is integral to positive health care. A sound safety climate is required in Obstetrics and Gynecology to prevent adverse outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess and compare patient safety culture in two departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a closed-ended standard version of Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPS), respondents were asked to answer 42 survey items, grouped into 10 dimensions and two outcome variables in two tertiary care teaching hospitals in Delhi...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Neha Gupta, Sonika Verma, Abhishek Singh, Nikhil Tandon, Seema Puri, Narendra Kumar Arora
INTRODUCTION: There is need for employing strategies to minimize measurement errors while administering semi-quantitative FFQ. The current study was planned to adapt and standardize locally available portion sizes for semi-quantitative FFQ to improve its validity and document the process of standardization of portion sizes. METHODOLOGY: The study was conducted in 9 villages of the INCLEN-SOMAARTH DDESS (Demographic, Development and Environmental Surveillance Site), Palwal district, Haryana, India...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Anant Gupta, Shashi Kant, Chandrakant S Pandav, Sanjeev K Gupta, Sanjay K Rai, Puneet Misra
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia in pregnancy has been shown to be associated with low serum calcium level. Though the evidence is abundant, it is equivocal. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to estimate the dietary calcium intake and serum calcium status among pregnant women, and to document the association of the dietary calcium intake and serum calcium status with incidence of preeclampsia in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in the Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) site, Ballabgarh, Haryana, India...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Sherin Susan Paul, Prashant Hanumanthappa Ramamurthy, Rakesh Kumar, Mathew Ashirvatham, Kamala Russel John, Rita Isaac
AIM: To empower and bring the underprivileged senior citizens in the rural areas to the mainstream of life through setting up of model "senior citizens' recreation centers" that can be replicated in the other parts of the country. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six senior citizens' recreation centers are run in six villages under a community health program of a leading Medical College in South India, which were started by looking into their perceived needs and in a location where organized self-help women groups (SHGs) showed willingness to take the role of caretakers...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Jarina Begum, Syed Irfan Ali, Radha Madhab Tripathy
BACKGROUND: Maternal and child mortality and morbidity continue to be high despite existence of various national health programmes in India. Annually 41% of all Under 5 mortality is comprised of neonates, 3/4 of who die within the first week of life. Even though effective programmes are existing, optimum utilization is still a question. So the present study was planned to assess utilisation of maternal and neonatal health services and its influence on neonatal health. OBJECTIVES: 1...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Aniza Ismail, Leny Suzana Suddin, Saperi Sulong, Zafar Ahmed, Nor Azmi Kamaruddin, Norlela Sukor
CONTEXT: Diabetes mellitus is a growing health problem in most countries. In Malaysia, there was an increase in prevalence over the years. This makes diabetes also a growing concern in Malaysia, which warrants strengthening of the prevention and control programme. AIMS: This paper aims to describe the profiles of diabetes mellitus type 2 in tertiary setting and to identify the risk factors for high level of HbA1c among the study population. The findings will give a glimpse on current status of diabetes in our country and may reflect the achievement of the country in combating this disease...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Rajlaxmi Mundhra, Nilanchali Singh, Somya Kaushik, Anita Mendiratta
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of various types of domestic violence and to find out the impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) on adoption of contraceptive measures among the women who are victim to this. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in the department of obstetrics and gynecology of a tertiary care hospital in Delhi. Four hundred and one postpartum females were randomly selected over a period of 5 months and were questioned about their age, parity, educational status, occupation, husband's education, monthly family income, and, if present, IPV in detail...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Pikee Saxena, Archana Mishra, Aruna Nigam
BACKGROUND: Although emergency contraceptive pills are available over the counter, the quality of consultation, including key areas of contraceptive counseling and prevention of sexually transmitted infections (STI), has not been well documented. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate actual pharmacist services while dispensing emergency contraception through a mystery shopper technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 81 pharmacies situated in Delhi by 4 trained mystery shoppers posed as customers over a period of 6 months...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Rohini Ruhil
BACKGROUND: Tobacco control has two aspects. One involves preventing non-tobacco users from using tobacco and the second involves tobacco cessation (quitting) by existing tobacco users. There are various methods of tobacco cessation. Pharmacotherapy [e.g., nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and medications such as bupropion] and behavioral counselling are some of the internationally approved methods of tobacco cessation. OBJECTIVE: This paper intends to study how age, gender, residence (rural/urban), education, and occupation influence the use of various tobacco cessation methods by smokers and smokeless tobacco users...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Rashmi Sharma, Shailesh Prajapati, Brijesh Patel, Pradeep Kumar
BACKGROUND: Enhanced syndromic case management (ESCM) deals with reproductive tract and sexually transmitted infections. Capacity building of service providers not only boosts the program but also inputs from them improve the quality of services. OBJECTIVES: To (1) identify problem areas from providers' perspectives and the gaps in knowledge and application and (2) assess the gains (if any) through pre and post-training evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 121 participants (medical/para medical) from various medical colleges, district/sub-district hospitals/ community health centers, and urban dispensaries across Gujarat were trained at a teaching institute...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Monalisha Sahu, Josyula G Prasuna
Twin studies are a special type of epidemiological studies designed to measure the contribution of genetics as opposed to the environment, to a given trait. Despite the facts that the classical twin studies are still being guided by assumptions made back in the 1920s and that the inherent limitation lies in the study design itself, the results suggested by earlier twin studies have often been confirmed by molecular genetic studies later. Use of twin registries and various innovative yet complex software packages such as the (SAS) and their extensions (e...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Dileep Mavalankar
Health parameters of tribal population had always been a concern for India's march towards Millennium development Goals (MDG's). Tribal population contributes 8.6% of total population, in spite of efforts and commitment of Government of India towards MGD, India lagged far behind from achieving and optimal health of tribal population will be a concern for achieving Sustainable development Goals SDG's also. Some of the common health problems of the tribal population face are deficiency of essential components in diet like energy malnutrition, protein calorie malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Pradeep Kumar, Deepak Saxena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Chandrashekhar K Thorbole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Arun Bamne, Daksha Shah, Sanjivani Palkar, Shweta Uppal, Anurita Majumdar, Rohan Naik
CONTEXT: Rising number of diabetes cases in India calls for collaboration between the public and private sectors. AIMS: Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) partnered with Eli Lilly and Company (India) [Eli Lilly] to strengthen the capacity of their diabetes clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical Officers, dispensaries and Assistant Medical Officers (AMOs) located at attached health posts were trained on an educational tool, Diabetes Conversation Map™ (DCM) by a Master Trainer...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Shobha P Shah, Pankaj Shah, Shrey Desai, Dhiren Modi, Gaytri Desai, Honey Arora
BACKGROUND: Anemia during adolescence affects growth and development of girls and boys increasing their vulnerability to dropping out-of-school. Hence investing in preventing anemia during adolescence is critical for their survival, growth and development. OBJECTIVE: To find out the burden of anemia on adolescent age group in the tribal area of Jhagadia block and to assess the change in the hemoglobin level through the weekly Iron and Folic Acid IFA (DOTS) directly observed treatment supplementation under Supervision by Peer Educators at Community level among adolescents...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Sangeeta Girdhar, Sarit Sharma, Anurag Chaudhary, Priya Bansal, Mahesh Satija
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a complex, multi-factorial chronic disease. Overweight and obesity are the fifth leading risk for global deaths. OBJECTIVES: To find the prevalence and risk factors for obesity in women aged 20-60 years in Ludhiana city. METHODS: The present study is a community based cross sectional study carried out in an urban area of Ludhiana among women aged 20-60 years. Among the study population of 324 women, a pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire was used to record the socio-demographic and anthropometric profile of women...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Mridul Gera, Swati Kalra, Piyush Gupta
BACKGROUND: Availability and advertising of caffeinated drinks is on the rise in Indian market. Excess caffeine intake may have deleterious effects on health. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the daily consumption of caffeine among urban school-going adolescents from Delhi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A school-based survey was conducted to determine the amount and pattern of caffeine consumption among students of classes 9-12, using a self-administered questionnaire...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
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