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Indian Journal of Community Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531443/final-leprosy-push-out-of-society
#1
Pugazhenthan Thangaraju, Sajitha Venkatesan, M K Showkath Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531442/analysis-of-medical-students-perception-for-community-medicine-as-career-option-and-subject
#2
Geetu Singh, Vishal Agarwal, S K Misra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531441/factors-affecting-compliance-to-antihypertensive-treatment-among-adults-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-mumbai
#3
Ayushi Jayesh Shah, Vijaykumar Singh, Subita P Patil, Mithila R Gadkari, Varun Ramchandani, Karan Janak Doshi
Background: Compliance to antihypertensive therapy reduces the risk of complications. It is important to understand the factors affecting compliance in patients so that the goal of successful treatment is not jeopardized. Objectives: To determine the proportion of participants' compliant to treatment and various factors associated with compliance of antihypertensive treatment. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study of 330 hypertensive patients on treatment attending the outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital in Mumbai...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531440/depression-effects-on-hospital-cost-of-heart-failure-patients-in-california-an-analysis-by-ethnicity-and-gender
#4
Baqar A Husaini, Deborah Taira, Keith Norris, S Vivek Adhish, Majaz Moonis, Robert Levine
Background: Depression often interferes with self-management and treatment of medical conditions. This may result in serious medical complications and escalated health-care cost. Objectives: Study distribution of heart failure (HF) cases estimates the prevalence of depression and its effects on HF-related hospital costs by ethnicity and gender. Methods: Secondary data files of California Hospital Discharge System for he year 2010 were examined...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531439/an-analysis-of-integrated-child-development-scheme-performance-in-contributing-to-alleviation-of-malnutrition-in-two-economically-resurgent-states
#5
Aparna Ruia, Rajul Kumar Gupta, Gargi Bandyopadhyay, Rajshree R Gupta
Background: Good economic growth is considered synonymous with good nutrition. In recent past, some states (like Bihar and Gujarat) have seen unprecedented economic growth. Despite this and introducing plethora of programs (including integrated child development scheme [ICDS]) to reduce malnutrition, one state might be performing well in reducing malnutrition whereas other with equally high economic growth rate might lag behind. Is mere economic growth good enough to alleviate malnutrition? Objectives: The aim of the article is to document a critical comparative analysis of malnutrition with special emphasis on ICDS (with respect to finances, infrastructure, training, performance) in the two economically resurgent states of Gujarat and Bihar...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531438/an-alternative-approach-for-supportive-supervision-and-skill-measurements-of-health-workers-for-integrated-management-of-neonatal-and-childhood-illnesses-program-in-10-districts-of-haryana
#6
Arun K Aggarwal, Rakesh Gupta, Dhritiman Das, Anar S Dhakar, Gourav Sharma, Himani Anand, Kamalpreet Kaur, Kiran Sheoran, Suresh Dalpath, Jaidev Khatri, Madhu Gupta
Context: "Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illnesses" (IMNCI) needs regular supportive supervision (SS). Aims: The aim of this study was to find suitable SS model for implementing IMNCI. Settings and Design: This was a prospective interventional study in 10 high-focus districts of Haryana. Subjects and Methods: Two methods of SS were used: (a) visit to subcenters and home visits (model 1) and (b) organization of IMNCI clinics/camps at primary health center (PHC) and community health center (CHC) (model 2)...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531437/assessment-of-perception-and-effectiveness-of-concept-mapping-in-learning-epidemiology
#7
Urvish Joshi, Sheetal Vyas
Background and Objectives: Current programs in medical education technology concentrate mainly upon "how-to-teach." The focus is needed on learner's memory retention too. An innovative strategy like concept mapping might be a way forward. The study was carried out to assess its effectiveness and to know students' perceptions. Materials and Methods: During community medicine classes, a student-group was sensitized on how to make and use concept maps out of taught contents...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531436/dietary-diversity-and-stunting-among-infants-and-young-children-a-cross-sectional-study-in-aligarh
#8
Istiyaq Ahmad, Najam Khalique, Salman Khalil, Urfi, Mohd Maroof
Context: Child undernutrition is a public health problem in a developing country like India. Dietary diversity is an important immediate determinant of undernutrition. Aims: The aim of this study is to find the prevalence of stunting among infants and young children aged 6-23 months and its association with dietary diversity. Settings and Design: This study was community-based cross-sectional study. It was carried out in the registered families of the Urban Health Training Centre and Rural Health Training Centre, Department of Community Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531435/the-tolerability-and-efficacy-of-oral-isotonic-solution-versus-plain-water-in-dengue-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Leonard Nainggolan, Saptawati Bardosono, Ermita I Ibrahim Ilyas
Background: Plasma leakage plays an important role in dengue infection, and this condition can lead to hemoconcentration, hypovolemia, and shock. Fluid replacement is the main treatment for dengue. There is a lack of evidence to support certain oral fluid therapy as a treatment for dengue patients. Objectives: The objective of this study is to evaluate tolerability and efficacy of oral isotonic solution (OIS) compared to plain water as a fluid replacement in dengue patients...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531434/metabolic-syndrome-among-adults-of-surendranagar-district-of-saurashtra-gujarat-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Chaitanya Gopalrao Chinawale, Dipak V Parmar, Parth Kavathia, Twinkle Rangnani, Jainy Thakkar, Girija Kartha
Background: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a complex disorder and a major health concern in developing countries. Data on MetS in Indian population show multiplicity. There are no published reports about the prevalence of MetS in population of Saurashtra region, Gujarat. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of MetS and its components in adult population of this region. Methods: This cross-sectional observational study was carried out among 473 participants who attended free health checkup camps...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531433/capacity-assessment-of-district-health-system-in-india-on-services-for-prevention-and-management-of-infertility
#11
Sanjay Chauhan, Sayeed Unisa, Beena Joshi, Ragini Kulkarni, Amarjeet Singh, Thilakavathi Subramanian, Ramendra Narayan Chaudhuri, A C Baishya, Shalini Bharat, Anushree Patil, Achhelal Pasi, Dinesh Agarwal
Background: Infertility is a neglected service component in the public health-care system in India. Objectives: This study aims to assess the availability and practices on prevention and management services for infertility in the district health system. Methodology: A cross-sectional survey of selected health facilities and the staff from 12 district hospitals (DHs), 24 community health centers (CHCs), 48 primary health centers (PHCs), and 48 subcenters was conducted using qualitative and quantitative methods...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531432/a-step-toward-healthy-newborn-an-assessment-of-2-years-admission-pattern-and-treatment-outcomes-of-neonates-admitted-in-special-newborn-care-units-of-gujarat
#12
Harsh Dilipkumar Shah, Bonny Shah, Paresh V Dave, Janak B Katariya, Khyati P Vats
Context: Facility Based Newborn Care (FBNC) is a key strategy to improve child survival, especially in newborn care where neonatal mortality rate (NMR) is stagnant in declining. Gujarat has achieved considerable amount of reduction in child deaths, but neonatal health requires attention. The study was aimed to assess the admission pattern of Special Newborn Care Units (SNCUs) which supports decision-making. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional descriptive analysis was done from secondary data of the SNCU reports on the aspects of admission patterns, morbidity, and mortality pattern...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531431/a-comparative-study-of-health-status-and-quality-of-life-of-elderly-people-living-in-old-age-homes-and-within-family-setup-in-raigad-district-maharashtra
#13
Priyanka Amonkar, Madhavi Jogesh Mankar, Pandurang Thatkar, Pradeep Sawardekar, Rajesh Goel, Seema Anjenaya
Background: The traditional concept of family in India to provide support to the elderly is changing soon with disintegration of joint families. In this scenario the concept of old age homes (OAHs) is gaining momentum and the number of people seeking OAH care is rapidly increasing. However, not much is known about the quality of life (QOL) of Indian elderly staying in the OAH setup. Objectives: To assess and compare the Health status, Quality of Life and Depression in elderly people living in OAHs & within family using WHOQOL -OLD questionnaire & Geriatric Depression Scale...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531430/how-multipurpose-health-workers-spend-time-during-work-results-from-a-time-and-motion-study-from-puducherry
#14
Nirmala Saravanan Narayanasamy, Subitha Lakshminarayanan, S Ganesh Kumar, Sitanshu Sekar Kar, Kalaiselvi Selvaraj
Background: A multipurpose health worker (MPHW) is the key functionary and the first contact person in a subcenter. This study explores the workload of MPHWs in the multifarious domains of their activities and also assesses their time utilization pattern. Methods: A time and motion study was conducted among 19 auxiliary nurse midwives (ANMs) and 10 HWs male (M) from six selected primary health centers of Puducherry. Participants self-reported their daily activities on a time measurement sheet for 6 days in a week...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531429/detect-treat-prevent-build-strategy-for-tb-elimination-in-india-by-2025
#15
EDITORIAL
Anil Jacob Purty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184331/-scratches-abrasions-without-bleeding-cause-rabies-a-7-years-rabies-death-review-from-medical-college-shimla-himachal-pradesh-india
#16
Omesh Kumar Bharti, Ramesh Chand, Anjali Chauhan, Rahul Rao, Hamender Sharma, Archana Phull
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184330/an-integrated-disease-surveillance-project-concern-for-kala-azar-does-the-framework-in-nonendemic-regions-need-an-overhaul
#17
Madhumita Mukherjee, Swami Ekadevananda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184329/neonatal-transport-the-long-drive-has-not-even-begun
#18
Mamta Jajoo, Dipti Kumar, Vikas Dabas, Anup Mohta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184328/changing-trends-in-sexually-transmitted-infections-at-a-rural-based-tertiary-health-care-center-in-gujarat-an-8-year-study
#19
Rita Vora, Rahulkrishna Sureshkumar Kota, Singhal Rochit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184327/indicators-to-ensure-treatment-initiation-of-all-diagnosed-sputum-positive-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-under-tuberculosis-control-programme-in-india
#20
Lavanya Jayabal, Asha Frederick, Sanjay Mehendale, Velayutham Banurekha
Background: Pretreatment loss to follow-up (PTLFU) is used as performance indicator of Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) of India. Objective: To document the PTLFU, identify additional indicators and examine documentation of all the diagnosed sputum positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients under RNTCP. Methodology: Tuberculosis (TB) laboratory, referral for treatment registers, and referral forms were perused for information on sputum positive PTB patients diagnosed from January to June 2014, in 3 TB Units in Chennai...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
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