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Indian Journal of Community Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890984/child-rearing-practices-amongst-brothel-based-commercial-sex-workers
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This retracts the article on p. 197 in vol. 37, PMID: 23112449.].
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890983/child-marriage-in-rural-gujarat
#2
Manas Pratim Roy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890982/towards-a-better-health-care-delivery-system-the-tamil-nadu-model
#3
R Parthasarathi, S P Sinha
The Tamil Nadu model of public health is renowned for its success in providing quality health services at an affordable cost especially to the rural people. Tamil Nadu is the only state with a distinctive public health cadre in the district level and also the first state to enact a Public Health Act in 1939. Tamil Nadu has gained significant ground in the various aspects of health in the last few decades largely because of the significant reforms in its health sector which dates back to 1980s which saw rigorous expansion of rural health infrastructure in the state besides deployment of thousands of multipurpose health workers as village health nurses in rural areas...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890981/neonatal-cholestasis-single-centre-experience-in-central-india
#4
Mayank Jain, Sagar Adkar, Chandrashekhar Waghmare, Jenisha Jain, Shikhar Jain, Kamna Jain, Gouri Rao Passi, Rashmi Shad Vinay, M K Soni
BACKGROUND: Neonatal cholestasis syndrome (NCS) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in infants. The disorder has rarely been studied in centers from Central India. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence, clinical presentation and etiology of NCS at a tertiary referral center in Central India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out at a tertiary referral center in Central India. The study is a descriptive study. The records of all patients with suspected NCS treated in the Department of Pediatrics from 2007-2012 were analyzed...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890980/bmi-is-a-better-indicator-of-cardiac-risk-factors-as-against-elevated-blood-pressure-in-apparently-healthy-female-adolescents-and-young-adult-students-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-tripura
#5
Surajit Debnath
BACKGROUND: Anthropometric measures are used as indicators of elevated blood pressure, but reported to have variable sensitivity among populations. This study was undertaken to identify the better indicator of Cardiac-risk factors by statistical comparison of BMI, Waist circumference, and Waist to Height (WtHr) ratio in apparently healthy adolescents and young adult female students of Tripura. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a resource limited setup on 210 apparently healthy female adolescents and young adult students in Tripura...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890979/comprehensive-index-for-community-health-assessment-of-typical-district-administrative-units-in-maharashtra-state-india
#6
Prakash Prabhakarrao Doke
BACKGROUND: Health administrators require status of health of different administrative units under them. Use of large number of indicators may create confusion and uncertainty about health status. Availability of a comprehensive index is certainly useful. OBJECTIVE: To evolve one comprehensive health index for a district as unit and measure district wise disparity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten indicators from categories of health outcomes, health system, determinants of health, and utilization of services were considered...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890978/patterns-of-use-and-perceptions-of-harm-of-smokeless-tobacco-in-navi-mumbai-india-and-dhaka-bangladesh
#7
Seema Mutti, Jessica L Reid, Prakash C Gupta, Mangesh S Pednekar, Gauri Dhumal, Nigar Nargis, Akm Ghulam Hussain, David Hammond
BACKGROUND: Globally, smokeless tobacco use is disproportionately concentrated in low-income and middle-income countries like India and Bangladesh. OBJECTIVES: The current study examined comparative patterns of use and perceptions of harm for different smokeless tobacco products among adults and youth in Navi Mumbai, India, and Dhaka, Bangladesh. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted on tablets with adult (19 years and older) smokeless tobacco users and youth (16-18 years) users and non-users in Navi Mumbai (n = 1002), and Dhaka (n = 1081)...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890977/health-and-socioeconomic-status-of-the-elderly-people-living-in-hilly-areas-of-pakhribas-kosi-zone-nepal
#8
Ankit Amar Gupta, Amrit Kumar Lall, Aditi Das, Anshu Saurav, Abnish Nandan, Deepa Shah, Anand Agrahari, Deepak Kumar Yadav
BACKGROUND: The rising geriatric population is facing significant health and social problems in the developing world that are impacting the quality of their lives. OBJECTIVE: The study describes the general health status and the socioeconomic characteristics of the elderly people of Pakhribas village development committee (VDC) of Eastern Nepal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out targeting the people aged 60 years and above in the sample area using a semi-structured questionnaire and convenient sampling to get the required sample size...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890976/study-frequency-of-hypertension-and-obesity-and-their-relationship-with-lifestyle-factors-nutritional-habits-physical-activity-cigarette-consumption-in-ardabil-city-physicians-2012-13
#9
Afshin Fathi, Saeid Sadeghieh Ahari, Firouz Amani, Mohammad Reza Nikneghad
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Few studies have been done on lifestyle of Iranian physicians. As physicians have important role in health promotion, the main goal of the study was to assess the lifestyle of this influential group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on lifestyle of all registered physicians of Ardabil hospitals, Iran, 2012-13. In this research, 225 physicians were selected, by using simple random sampling. Demographic and lifestyle data were obtained by self-report using standard questionnaires, physical activity by official Iranian short-version of the international physical activity questionnaire, and dietary intake by food frequency questionnaire...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890975/prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-urban-sikh-population-of-amritsar
#10
Amrinder Singh, Shweta Shenoy, Jaspal Singh Sandhu
CONTEXT: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) refers to a group of common metabolic disorders that share the phenotype of Hyperglycemia. More than 60% of the world's population with diabetes comes from Asia. AIM: To study the prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Sikh individuals living in the urban localities of Amritsar. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study was designed in the Faculty of Sports Medicine & Physiotherapy, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890974/senior-friendly-hospitals-development-and-application-of-criteria-a-descriptive-study
#11
M R Rashmi, Arvind Kasthuri, Rashmi J Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: The world's population is rapidly aging. Between 2000 and 2050, the proportion of the world's population over the age of 60 will double from about 11% to 22%; more so in the developing countries. The prevalence of frailty and morbidity among the elderly is high. There is a need to assess the "preparedness" of the health care system including hospitals to respond to the needs of the elderly. AIM: 1. To develop criteria for a senior friendly hospital and 2...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890973/a-dedicated-public-health-cadre-urgent-and-critical-to-improve-health-in-india
#12
EDITORIAL
Sanjiv Kumar, Vinay Bothra, Dilip Singh Mairembam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385881/iapsm-world-health-day-2016-quiz-report
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385880/why-do-patients-in-pre-anti-retroviral-therapy-art-care-default-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Jaya Chakravarty, Sangeeta Kansal, Narendra Tiwary, Shyam Sundar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Approximately, 40% of the patients registered in the National AIDS Control Program in India are not on antiretroviral therapy (ART), i.e., are in pre-ART care. However, there are scarce data regarding the retention of pre-ART patients under routine program conditions. The main objective of this study was to find out the reasons for default among patients in pre-ART care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients enrolled in the ART Centre, Banaras Hindu University (BHU) between January and December 2009 and in pre-ART care were included in the study...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385879/patient-safety-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-departments-of-two-teaching-hospitals-in-delhi
#15
Bindiya Gupta, Kiran Guleria, Renu Arora
BACKGROUND: A healthy safety culture is integral to positive health care. A sound safety climate is required in Obstetrics and Gynecology to prevent adverse outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess and compare patient safety culture in two departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a closed-ended standard version of Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPS), respondents were asked to answer 42 survey items, grouped into 10 dimensions and two outcome variables in two tertiary care teaching hospitals in Delhi...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385878/adaptation-of-locally-available-portion-sizes-for-food-frequency-questionnaires-in-nutritional-epidemiological-studies-how-much-difference-does-it-make
#16
Neha Gupta, Sonika Verma, Abhishek Singh, Nikhil Tandon, Seema Puri, Narendra Kumar Arora
INTRODUCTION: There is need for employing strategies to minimize measurement errors while administering semi-quantitative FFQ. The current study was planned to adapt and standardize locally available portion sizes for semi-quantitative FFQ to improve its validity and document the process of standardization of portion sizes. METHODOLOGY: The study was conducted in 9 villages of the INCLEN-SOMAARTH DDESS (Demographic, Development and Environmental Surveillance Site), Palwal district, Haryana, India...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385877/dietary-calcium-intake-serum-calcium-level-and-their-association-with-preeclampsia-in-rural-north-india
#17
Anant Gupta, Shashi Kant, Chandrakant S Pandav, Sanjeev K Gupta, Sanjay K Rai, Puneet Misra
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia in pregnancy has been shown to be associated with low serum calcium level. Though the evidence is abundant, it is equivocal. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to estimate the dietary calcium intake and serum calcium status among pregnant women, and to document the association of the dietary calcium intake and serum calcium status with incidence of preeclampsia in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in the Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) site, Ballabgarh, Haryana, India...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385876/seniors-recreation-centers-in-rural-india-need-of-the-hour
#18
Sherin Susan Paul, Prashant Hanumanthappa Ramamurthy, Rakesh Kumar, Mathew Ashirvatham, Kamala Russel John, Rita Isaac
AIM: To empower and bring the underprivileged senior citizens in the rural areas to the mainstream of life through setting up of model "senior citizens' recreation centers" that can be replicated in the other parts of the country. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six senior citizens' recreation centers are run in six villages under a community health program of a leading Medical College in South India, which were started by looking into their perceived needs and in a location where organized self-help women groups (SHGs) showed willingness to take the role of caretakers...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385875/evaluation-of-antenatal-to-neonatal-continuum-care-services-affecting-neonatal-health-in-a-tertiary-health-care-setup
#19
Jarina Begum, Syed Irfan Ali, Radha Madhab Tripathy
BACKGROUND: Maternal and child mortality and morbidity continue to be high despite existence of various national health programmes in India. Annually 41% of all Under 5 mortality is comprised of neonates, 3/4 of who die within the first week of life. Even though effective programmes are existing, optimum utilization is still a question. So the present study was planned to assess utilisation of maternal and neonatal health services and its influence on neonatal health. OBJECTIVES: 1...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385874/profiles-and-factors-associated-with-poor-glycemic-control-among-inpatients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-as-a-primary-diagnosis-in-a-teaching-hospital
#20
Aniza Ismail, Leny Suzana Suddin, Saperi Sulong, Zafar Ahmed, Nor Azmi Kamaruddin, Norlela Sukor
CONTEXT: Diabetes mellitus is a growing health problem in most countries. In Malaysia, there was an increase in prevalence over the years. This makes diabetes also a growing concern in Malaysia, which warrants strengthening of the prevention and control programme. AIMS: This paper aims to describe the profiles of diabetes mellitus type 2 in tertiary setting and to identify the risk factors for high level of HbA1c among the study population. The findings will give a glimpse on current status of diabetes in our country and may reflect the achievement of the country in combating this disease...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
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