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Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847975/embodied-object-concepts-the-contribution-of-structural-and-functional-manipulability-depends-on-available-visual-information
#1
Heath E Matheson, Josh P Salmon, Michelle Tougas, Patricia A McMullen
Object identification is driven, in part, by the extent to which we have sensorimotor experience with the object. Importantly, the activation of embodied object representations depends on contextual information. In the present study, we use a visual masking paradigm to investigate how the availability of visual information modulates the role of manipulability in the representation of object concepts. Using both an object naming task (i.e., linguistic response) and a picture-word matching task (i.e., manual response), we provide evidence that structural manipulability (the ability to pick up an object with one hand) and functional manipulability (the action information that pertains to the ultimate use of the object) have dissociable effects on object identification...
May 31, 2018: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902029/the-status-of-women-cognitive-scientists-in-canada-insights-from-publicly-available-nserc-funding-data
#2
Debra Titone, Mehrgol Tiv, Penny M Pexman
A crucial question within science and academia, and cognitive science specifically, is whether there is gender disparity in opportunity and advancement over the professional life span (e.g., Ceci, Ginther, Kahn, & Williams, 2014; Geraci, Balsis, & Busch, 2015; Valian, 1998). To investigate this question, we analyzed gender distributions in publicly available federal funding data from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada that are specific to cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience...
June 2018: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902028/an-analysis-of-the-canadian-cognitive-psychology-job-market-2006-2016
#3
Gordon Pennycook, Valerie A Thompson
How accomplished does one need to be to compete in the Canadian cognitive psychology job market? We looked at the publication record of everyone who was hired as an assistant professor in Canadian cognitive psychology divisions with PhD programs between 2006 and 2016 (N = 64). Individuals who were hired from 2006 to 2011 averaged 10 journal-article publications up to and including the year they were hired. However, this number increased by 57% to 18 publications between 2012 and 2016. Notably, this increase (a) occurred despite an increase in the number of positions since 2010, (b) was not restricted to top-ranked institutions, (c) did not come at the cost of decreasing quality in research (based on citations), and (d) was not driven by longer postdoctoral fellowships...
June 2018: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517266/remembering-primed-words-a-counter-intuitive-effect-of-repetition-on-recognition-memory
#4
Tamara M Rosner, Raúl López-Benítez, Maria C D'Angelo, David Thomson, Bruce Milliken
The present study examines the effect of immediate repetition on recognition memory. In a series of 4 experiments, the study phase task was to name aloud a word that was immediately preceded by either the same word (repeated trials) or a different word (not-repeated trials). Across experiments, performance in the study phase demonstrated the anticipated benefit in naming times for repeated trials. More important, performance in the test phase revealed greater sensitivity for not-repeated than repeated trials...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517265/remembering-primed-words-the-effect-of-prime-encoding-demands
#5
Robert N Collins, Tamara M Rosner, Bruce Milliken
Rosner, Lopez-Benitez, D'Angelo, Thomson, and Milliken (2017) reported a novel recognition memory effect using an immediate repetition method during the study phase. During each trial of an incidental study phase, participants named a target word that followed a prime word that had the same identity (repeated trials) or a different identity (not-repeated trials). Recognition in the following test phase was better for the not-repeated trials. In the present study, we examined the influence of prime encoding demands on this counterintuitive effect...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517264/outgoing-editorial
#6
Penny M Pexman
This first issue of 2018 marks the beginning of a year of editorial transition at the Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology (CJEP). The author describes the winding down of her term as CJEP Editor. (PsycINFO Database Record
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726445/the-hebb-repetition-effect-as-a-laboratory-analogue-of-language-acquisition-learning-three-lists-at-no-cost
#7
Jean Saint-Aubin, Katherine Guérard
The Hebb repetition effect (i.e., the enhanced recall performance for a sequence of items that is repeated during a serial recall experiment) is considered an experimental analogue to language learning. However, although language learning occurs in a context in which multiple verbal sequences are repeated concurrently, the effect of increasing the number of repeated sequences in the Hebb repetition paradigm has received little attention, and previous studies have used tasks that depart considerably from the natural language learning experience...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394168/the-development-of-haptic-processing-skills-from-childhood-to-adulthood-by-means-of-two-dimensional-materials
#8
Anaïs Mazella, Jean-Michel Albaret, Delphine Picard
Research into haptic perception has mostly focused on 3-dimensional objects, and more needs to be known about the processing of 2-dimensional materials (e.g., raised dots and lines and raised-line shapes, patterns and pictures). This study examines the age-related changes in various skills related to the haptic exploration of 2-dimensional raised-line and dot materials and how these skills are related to haptic picture perception. Ninety-one participants, aged 4 years to adult, were asked to perform a series of haptic tasks that entailed (a) finding dots and following lines; (b) matching elements based on texture, shape, and size; (c) matching elements based on spatial location and orientation; (d) memorising sequences of dots and shapes; and (e) identifying complete and incomplete raised-line pictures...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192010/the-relationship-between-flash-based-illusory-line-motion-and-exogenous-visual-attention
#9
HyunYoung Ha, Don Li, Bradley Patten, Jeff P Hamm
If a bar suddenly appears between 2 squares after 1 of the squares flashes the bar appears to shoot away from the flashed square toward the other. This occurs despite the bar actually having been presented all at once. This illusory motion is sufficiently strong to cancel real motion drawn in the opposite direction. One explanation for the illusion in these displays is based upon the prior entry benefits generated by exogenous attention at the flashed location. These prior entry benefits can be offset by real motion in the opposite direction, which enables 1 to quantify the illusion based upon the area between the response curves following left and right flashes...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192009/%C3%A3-tude-des-strat%C3%A3-gies-de-raisonnement-causal-dans-l-estimation-de-la-probabilit%C3%A3-diagnostique-%C3%A3-travers-un-paradigme-exp%C3%A3-rimental-de-production-de-r%C3%A3-gle
#10
Jean-Louis Stilgenbauer, Jean Baratgin
The objective of this research was to test for the existence of reasoning strategies in the estimation of the diagnostic probability: P(cause|effect). In two experiments, we show that estimation of this probability can be achieved by two paths that are formally distinct. The most intuitive approach (default strategy) consists in evaluating P(cause|effect) by means of retractable deduction type reasoning based on a retractable Modus Ponens (EFFECT; if EFFECT then CAUSE is probable; thus CAUSE is probable). The second strategy consists in estimating diagnostic probability using abductive reasoning corresponding to the affirmation of consequent argument (EFFECT; if CAUSE then EFFECT is probable; thus CAUSE is probable)...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389144/context-dependent-control-of-attention-capture-evidence-from-proportion-congruent-effects
#11
Matthew J C Crump, Bruce Milliken, Jason Leboe-McGowan, Launa Leboe-McGowan, Xiaoqing Gao
There are several independent demonstrations that attentional phenomena can be controlled in a context-dependent manner by cues associated with differing attentional control demands. The present set of experiments provide converging evidence that attention-capture phenomena can be modulated in a context-dependent fashion. We determined whether methods from the proportion congruent literature (listwide and item- and context-specific proportion congruent designs) that are known to modulate distractor interference effects in Stroop and flanker tasks are capable of modulating attention capture by salient feature singletons...
February 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215908/chronom%C3%A3-trage-et-perception-temporelle
#12
Simon Grondin
This article provides an overview of some contemporary research avenues in the field of timing and time perception. After a brief description of different categories of temporal experiences, the article describes how research on psychological time falls within a psychophysical perspective. Next, some factors changing sensitivity to time or perceived duration are reported. Four main sources affecting this sensitivity are identified : the modality in which the intervals to be estimated are marked, the length of the markers, the number of intervals presented, and whether people are counting explicitly or not when estimating time...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215907/chemotherapy-and-cognitive-impairment-an-animal-model-approach
#13
Gordon Winocur
A substantial number of cancer survivors who undergo chemotherapy report cognitive disturbances that severely limit daily function (chemobrain). Despite supportive neuropsychological evidence, there is controversy over whether cognitive impairment is caused by the chemotherapy or is the result of potentially confounding factors that include the disease itself, age, and psychological stress. Our research program, conducted on rodents, has confirmed that a range of cognitive processes, mediated in particular by hippocampal and prefrontal brain regions, are affected by anticancer drugs in combination with tumor development and that many of the effects are long lasting...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493740/independent-learning-of-spatial-and-nonspatial-sequences
#14
Gilbert Remillard
A small number of studies have examined whether learning the structures of two uncorrelated sequences can proceed independently of one another. Limitations in those studies have left their results open to alternative explanations. The present study addressed the limitations. The visuospatial serial reaction time task, initially introduced by Mayr (1996), was used to examine whether learning the structure of a sequence of visuospatial target locations (spatial sequence) and learning the structure of a sequence of target identities and responses (nonspatial sequence) can proceed independently of one another...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333480/underestimation-in-linear-function-learning-anchoring-to-zero-or-x-y-similarity
#15
Mark A Brown, Guy Lacroix
Function learning research has shown that people tend to underestimate positive linear functions when extrapolating Y for X-values below the training range. Kwantes and Neal (2006) proposed that this underestimation occurs because people anchor their Y-estimates at zero. It is equally plausible, however, that people are biased to make Y-estimates similar to the presented X-value. To differentiate these 2 explanations, 135 participants extrapolated positive linear functions with a y-intercept either greater than or less than zero...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192008/the-brain-s-representations-may-be-compatible-with-convolution-based-memory-models
#16
Kenichi Kato, Jeremy B Caplan
Convolution is a mathematical operation used in vector-models of memory that have been successful in explaining a broad range of behaviour, including memory for associations between pairs of items, an important primitive of memory upon which a broad range of everyday memory behaviour depends. However, convolution models have trouble with naturalistic item representations, which are highly auto-correlated (as one finds, e.g., with photographs), and this has cast doubt on their neural plausibility. Consequently, modellers working with convolution have used item representations composed of randomly drawn values, but introducing so-called noise-like representation raises the question how those random-like values might relate to actual item properties...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172588/things-can-change-sentence-processing-in-consecutive-translation
#17
Jason Omar Ruiz, Pedro Macizo
Syntactic cues help individuals to assign thematic roles (agent/patient) during sentence processing. In the present study, we examined whether the use of syntactic cues changed in bilinguals depending on the task they performed. Spanish (L1)/English (L2) bilinguals read sentences in Spanish either to produce them in the same language or to translate them in English. Three syntactic cues were evaluated: animacy (Experiment 1), subject-verb agreement (Experiment 2), and word order (Experiment 3). In Experiments 1 and 2, word order was stronger than animacy and subject-verb agreement when bilinguals read for translation...
November 27, 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172587/entra%C3%A3-nement-de-la-m%C3%A3-moire-de-travail-effets-sur-la-performance-en-math%C3%A3-matiques
#18
Camille Charest-Girard, Véronique Parent
The main components of working memory (WM; Baddeley & Hitch, 1974), central executive, phonological loop and visuospatial sketchpad, are related to mathematics skills (Friso-van den Bos, Van der Ven, Kroesbergen, & Van Luit, 2013). Different studies have shown that WM training can increase WM capacity (Randall & Tyldesley, 2016). In that context, this research seeks to verify the effects of WM training on the components of WM as well as on performance in arithmetic and in problem solving among students in the firsts grades of primary school (6 to 8 years of age)...
November 27, 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172586/alpha-span-a-measure-of-working-memory
#19
Fergus I M Craik, Ellen Bialystok, Susan Gillingham, Donald T Stuss
In the alpha span test, short lists of words are presented and the participant's task is to mentally reorder the words and give them back in correct alphabetical order. Alpha span is the longest list of words correctly recalled; the article also describes a scoring method in which credit is given for partially correct answers. Alpha span provides a quick and easily completed measure of verbal-numerical working memory (WM), and evidence is presented to show that it is also a valid and reliable measure. One purpose of the article is to present data on age-related differences in WM in participants 17 to 87 years of age...
November 27, 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172585/an-eye-tracking-examination-of-readers-sensitivity-to-pragmatic-scope-information-during-the-processing-of-conditional-inducements
#20
Jeffrey S Wood, Matthew Haigh, Andrew J Stewart
Previous research into conditional inducements has shown that readers are sensitive after reading such conditionals to pragmatic scope differences between promises and threats; specifically, threats can be referred to as promises, but promises cannot be referred to as threats. Crucially, previous work has not revealed whether such scope effects emerge while processing the conditional itself. In the experiment reported here, participants' eye movements were recorded while they read vignettes containing conditional promises and threats...
November 27, 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
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