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Eating Disorders

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791281/disparities-in-psychological-well-being-based-on-subjective-and-objective-eating-disorder-recovery-statuses-and-recovery-status-concordance
#1
Kelly A Romano, Deborah Ebener
This research examines how eudaimonic psychological well-being (PWB) relates to variant levels of eating disorder (ED) recovery (full, partial, active ED), both self-defined and objectively determined, and to subjective-objective recovery status concordance. Participants (N = 132; Mage = 30.1) completed an online survey targeting ED symptomology, PWB, and recovery. MANOVAs revealed idiosyncratic relationships between recovery and PWB when objective criteria, subjective perceptions, and concordance were considered...
May 23, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737942/starvation-symptoms-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Simona Calugi, Elisa Chignola, Marwan El Ghoch, Riccardo Dalle Grave
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the change in starvation symptoms over time and their role as potential predictors of change in eating disorder and general psychopathology in patients with anorexia nervosa treated by means of intensive enhanced cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT-E). METHOD: Ninety adult female patients with anorexia nervosa (63 restricting type and 27 binge-eating/purging type) were recruited. Body mass index (BMI), Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) interview, Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and Starvation Symptoms Inventory (SSI) scores were recorded at admission, at the end of treatment, and at 6-month follow-up...
May 8, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683775/-they-don-t-really-get-heard-a-qualitative-study-of-sibling-involvement-across-two-forms-of-family-based-treatment-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#3
Tanja van Langenberg, Rony E Duncan, J Sabura Allen, Susan M Sawyer, Daniel Le Grange, Elizabeth K Hughes
Little is known about the involvement of siblings in family-based treatment (FBT) for anorexia nervosa (AN). To explore the experience of families, adolescents who had completed FBT, their siblings, and parents were interviewed. Siblings reported that involvement in FBT enhanced their understanding of anorexia and that they supported their family in various ways. While siblings often wished they had attended more sessions, there was no consensus among parents and patients regarding sibling attendance and many were concerned about potential negative impacts on siblings...
April 23, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683772/adolescents-perceptions-of-the-quality-of-interpersonal-relationships-and-eating-disorder-symptom-severity-the-mediating-role-of-low-self-esteem-and-negative-mood
#4
Jade Pelletier Brochu, Dominique Meilleur, Giuseppina DiMeglio, Danielle Taddeo, Eric Lavoie, Julius Erdstein, Robert Pauzé, Caroline Pesant, Isabelle Thibault, Jean-Yves Frappier
Few studies have examined how the perceived quality of multiple interpersonal relationships is related to eating disorder (ED) symptom severity in adolescents and how psychological variables might influence these associations. The aim of this study is to determine whether the perceived level of trust, communication, and alienation in the relationship with one's mother, father, and peers are predictive of ED severity in adolescent females and to test the mediating effects of low self-esteem and negative mood on these associations...
April 23, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601272/unhealthy-weight-control-behaviors-among-youth-sex-of-sexual-partner-is-linked-to-important-differences
#5
Ryan J Watson, Nicole A VanKim, Hilary A Rose, Carolyn M Porta, Jacqueline Gahagan, Marla E Eisenberg
Unhealthy weight control behaviors (UWCBs) have been decreasing for most youth over time, yet little is known whether these behaviors have changed for sexual minority (e.g., non-heterosexual) youth. This is important because many studies have found that sexual minorities report some of the highest rates of UWCBs. To determine whether or not these behaviors have changed over time, given the extreme changes in social contexts over the past two decades, we utilised three waves of the Minnesota Student Survey (N = 55,597, Mage  = 17)...
March 30, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578841/achieving-body-confidence-for-young-children-development-and-pilot-study-of-a-universal-teacher-led-body-image-and-weight-stigma-program-for-early-primary-school-children
#6
Stephanie R Damiano, Zali Yager, Siân A McLean, Susan J Paxton
Negative body image attitudes develop in early childhood and there is a need for school-based resources during the early school years, but no teacher-delivered curriculum-based resources exist to mitigate these attitudes in young children. Achieving Body Confidence for Young Children (ABC-4-YC), a universal body dissatisfaction and weight stigma prevention program, was developed and then delivered in a pilot study. Fifty-one 5- to 8-year-old children completed pre- and post-intervention interviews assessing body image attitudes, and seven teachers provided feedback...
March 26, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565734/emotions-before-and-after-loss-of-control-eating
#7
Brittany L Stevenson, Robert D Dvorak, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Kathryn H Gordon
Our study examined momentary mood and emotional instability pre- and post-loss of control (LOC) eating on non-LOC and LOC eating days, using randomly timed assessments. Community and university participants (n = 45) who endorsed LOC eating at least once per week completed 2 weeks of ecological momentary assessment. All negative moods and emotional instability were elevated on LOC eating days, but trajectories between days did not differ. Guilt exhibited an increasing trajectory prior to a LOC eating episode, but remained elevated after LOC eating episodes...
March 22, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565723/lack-of-implementation-of-eating-disorder-education-and-prevention-programs-in-high-schools-data-from-incoming-college-freshmen
#8
Emalee T Green, Amanda Venta
The purpose of this study was to examine the implementation of eating disorder education and prevention programs in high schools retrospectively, as reported by incoming college freshmen, exploring whether characteristics of the school influenced implementation. The sample, 169 first-year students from a public university, participated in an online survey inquiring about exposure to programs and high school characteristics. Results demonstrated few students exposed to any eating disorder programming (29.0%), with no students reporting exposure to prevention programming...
March 22, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589819/eating-disorders-the-journal-of-treatment-and-prevention-new-editors-vision-statement
#9
EDITORIAL
Catherine Cook-Cottone, Leslie Karwoski Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929944/increasing-body-image-flexibility-in-a-residential-eating-disorder-facility-correlates-with-symptom-improvement
#10
Eric B Lee, Clarissa W Ong, Michael P Twohig, Tera Lensegrav-Benson, Benita Quakenbush-Roberts
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of changes in body image psychological flexibility over the course of treatment on various outcome variables. METHOD: Participants included 103 female, residential patients diagnosed with an eating disorder. Pretreatment and posttreatment data were collected that examined body image psychological flexibility, general psychological flexibility, symptom severity, and other outcome variables. RESULTS: Changes in body image psychological flexibility significantly predicted changes in all outcome measures except for obsessive-compulsive symptoms after controlling for body mass index, depression, and anxiety...
March 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452025/subgrouping-the-users-of-a-specialized-app-for-eating-disorders
#11
Shiri Sadeh-Sharvit, Jane Paik Kim, Alison M Darcy, Eric Neri, Molly Vierhile, Athena Robinson, Jenna Tregarthen, James D Lock
Although mobile technologies for eating disorders (EDs) are burgeoning, there is limited data about the clinical characteristics of individuals using specialized smartphone applications (apps) without accompanying traditional forms of treatment. This study evaluated whether the users of an ED app cluster in clinically meaningful groups. Participants were 1,280 app users (91.3% female; mean age 27) who reported not being in a weekly treatment for their ED. A hierarchical cluster analysis distinguished five groups of participants, all approximating DSM-5 ED categories...
February 16, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384466/affective-predictors-of-the-severity-and-change-in-eating-psychopathology-in-residential-eating-disorder-treatment-the-role-of-social-anxiety
#12
Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Rachel C Leonard, Chad T Wetterneck, Brad E R Smith, Nicholas R Farrell, Brad C Riemann
Despite evidence documenting relationships between eating disorder (ED) psychopathology, depression, and anxiety, little is known regarding how social anxiety is related to ED symptoms in treatment. Therefore this study examined associations between depression, general anxiety, social anxiety, and ED psychopathology at the beginning and end of treatment (EOT) among patients (N = 380) treated in a residential ED program. Participants completed measures of ED psychopathology and affective variables. Higher depression and general anxiety, but not social anxiety, were related to higher ED psychopathology at baseline...
January 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384465/a-test-of-a-state-based-self-control-theory-of-binge-eating-in-adults-with-obesity
#13
Carolyn M Pearson, Tyler B Mason, Li Cao, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Jason M Lavender, Ross D Crosby, Scott J Crow, Scott G Engel, Stephen A Wonderlich, Carol B Peterson
It has been theorized that state the levels of self-control depletion (as caused by negative affect and restraint) may lead to binge eating (BE) when individuals also endorse momentary expectancies that eating will make them feel better (EE). Given commonalities in precipitants of BE across populations, the current study tested this theory in a sample of adults with obesity using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Fifty obese adults completed the EMA protocol during which they provided pre-eating episode ratings of negative affect, restraint, and EE, and post-eating episode ratings of BE...
January 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384464/an-introduction-to-the-special-issue-on-emotion-regulation-and-eating-disorders
#14
Kimberly Claudat, Jason M Lavender
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384463/emotion-dysregulation-across-the-spectrum-of-pathological-eating-comparisons-among-women-with-binge-eating-overeating-and-loss-of-control-eating
#15
Sarah E Racine, Sarah A Horvath
Emotion regulation difficulties influence the etiology and maintenance of binge eating and eating disorders, but differential associations between emotion dysregulation and objective binge eating (OBE) components have not been examined. We compared emotion dysregulation dimensions in women with OBEs (n = 27), overeating only (n = 25), loss of control (LOC) only (n = 32), or no pathological eating (n = 137). Women with OBEs had significantly more difficulty with overall emotion dysregulation, access to strategies, and impulse control when upset than other groups...
January 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384462/an-open-trial-targeting-emotional-eating-among-adolescents-with-overweight-or-obesity
#16
Kerri N Boutelle, Abby Braden, Stephanie Knatz-Peck, Leslie K Anderson, Kyung E Rhee
Emotional eating is associated with obesity and disordered eating in adolescents, and thus, is an important target for treatment. We developed a program called PEER (Preventing Emotional Eating Routines), which incorporates emotion regulation skills with behavioral weight loss and parenting techniques for adolescents who are overweight or obese (OW/OB) and their parent. This open label trial evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of the PEER program. Thirty adolescents who were OW/OB (86...
January 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384461/restrictive-eating-is-associated-with-emotion-regulation-difficulties-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#17
Ann F Haynos, Shirley B Wang, Alan E Fruzzetti
The relationship between emotion regulation difficulties and restrictive eating has not been established in non-clinical samples. In this study, undergraduates (n = 98) provided information regarding general and specific emotion regulation difficulties on the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) and whether they had engaged in recent restrictive eating. Generalized linear models were used to determine if individuals endorsing versus denying recent restrictive eating differed on emotion regulation problems...
January 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384460/negative-urgency-and-expectancies-increase-vulnerability-to-binge-eating-in-bulimia-nervosa
#18
Sarah Fischer, Joseph Wonderlich, Lauren Breithaupt, Catherine Byrne, Scott Engel
Negative urgency (NU), the tendency to act impulsively when distressed, is associated with binge eating. Women who believe that eating alleviates negative affect are also more likely to binge eat. Thus, it is hypothesized that the individuals with high levels of NU, and who endorse these eating expectancies, will binge eat the following acute distress. This study tested these hypotheses using ecological momentary assessment. Sixteen women with the symptoms of BN completed clinical assessments, and were asked to report on distress and binges multiple times daily for two weeks...
January 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384459/radically-open-dbt-targeting-emotional-loneliness-in-anorexia-nervosa
#19
Roelie Hempel, Emily Vanderbleek, Thomas R Lynch
This article conceptualizes Anorexia Nervosa (AN) as a prototypical overcontrolled disorder, characterized by low receptivity and openness, low flexible control, pervasive inhibited emotional expressiveness, low emotional awareness, and low social connectedness and intimacy with others. As a result, individuals with AN often report high levels of emotional loneliness. A new evidence-based treatment, Radically Open Dialectical Behavior Therapy (RO-DBT), and its underlying neuroregulatory theory, offer a novel way of understanding how self-starvation and social signaling deficits are used as maladaptive regulation strategies to reduce negative affect...
January 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384458/out-of-touch-interoceptive-deficits-are-elevated-in-suicide-attempters-with-eating-disorders
#20
April Smith, Lauren Forrest, Elizabeth Velkoff
People with eating disorders have elevated interoceptive deficits and risk for self-injurious behaviors (SIBs). Across two eating disorder samples, the relationship between interoceptive deficits (IDs) and SIBs was tested. Study 1 (n = 100) found that suicide attempters and those engaging in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) had greater IDs than those with no self-injury history. Lack of access to emotion regulation strategies accounted for the link between IDs and SIBs. In Study 2 (n = 92) multiple suicide attempters had greater IDs than single attempters and those engaging in NSSI; however, the latter two groups did not differ from one another...
January 2018: Eating Disorders
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