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Eating Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394743/a-qualitative-analysis-of-male-eating-disorder-symptoms
#1
Katherine D Arnow, Talya Feldman, Elizabeth Fichtel, Iris Hsiao-Jung Lin, Amber Egan, James Lock, Marcus Westerman, Alison M Darcy
Insights into how males experience eating disorder symptoms early in the course of illness are important to improve detection efforts and may also provide valuable information for treatment. In this qualitative study, 10 adolescent males and 10 matched female patients completed standardized questionnaires and were interviewed. Results indicated that although there were many similarities between the genders, females were more likely to describe the involvement of family systems and males were more likely to describe involvement in sports as being catalysts for their disorders...
April 10, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394720/lessons-learned-from-training-peer-leaders-to-conduct-body-project-workshops
#2
Rachel Vanderkruik, Samantha Strife, Sona Dimidjian
The Body Project is a cognitive-dissonance intervention that is effective in improving body satisfaction for high school and college aged women. The Body Project can be implemented by trained peers, thus increasing its potential for broad and cost-effective dissemination. Little is known, however, about peer-leaders' perceptions of their training needs and preferences to deliver prevention programs. This qualitative study explored the perceptions of training strengths and areas of improvement among 14 Body Project peer-leaders at a college campus through a series of focus groups...
April 10, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287919/cost-effectiveness-of-achieving-clinical-improvement-with-a-dissonance-based-eating-disorder-prevention-program
#3
Laura Akers, Paul Rohde, Eric Stice, Meghan L Butryn, Heather Shaw
Using data from an effectiveness trial delivered by college clinicians, we examined the cost-effectiveness of the dissonance-based Body Project program for reducing eating disorder symptoms in women with body dissatisfaction. The outcome of interest was individual-level change; 14.9% of Body Project participants attained clinically meaningful improvement vs. 6.7% of controls. Delivering the intervention costs approximately $70 (2012 U.S. dollars) per person. Incremental cost-effectiveness was $838 for each additional at-risk person reducing eating disorder symptomology to a clinically meaningful degree...
March 13, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281883/exploring-the-association-between-eating-disorders-and-gender-dysphoria-in-youth
#4
Stephen Feder, Leanna Isserlin, Emily Seale, Nicole Hammond, Mark L Norris
This study reviews the overlap between eating disorders (EDs) and gender dysphoria (GD) in an adolescent population. A retrospective chart review was conducted on a clinical population presenting for concerns of GD. It was noted that five of the 97 patients had been found to be suffering from an ED at presentation. An additional 10 patients were noted to have ED-related symptoms. Although ED risk was elevated in trans males and females, absolute risk was higher in trans males when compared to population based prevalence rates...
March 10, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139177/comparison-of-a-gratitude-based-and-cognitive-restructuring-intervention-for-body-dissatisfaction-and-dysfunctional-eating-behavior-in-college-women
#5
Wendy L Wolfe, Kaitlyn Patterson
Researchers have investigated the efficacy of a gratitude intervention for decreasing body dissatisfaction (BD) in an internet treatment-seeking sample and demonstrated it worked equally well to decrease BD as cognitive restructuring. We extend this research by testing the efficacy of a gratitude intervention on BD, along with common sequelae of BD: dysfunctional eating, negative mood, and depressive symptoms. Females were randomly assigned to Gratitude, Cognitive Restructuring, or Control conditions. Pre- to post-intervention period comparisons found the gratitude intervention to perform better than the other conditions at increasing body esteem, decreasing BD, reducing dysfunctional eating, and reducing depressive symptoms...
January 31, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139175/association-of-a-history-of-childhood-onset-obesity-and-dieting-with-eating-disorders
#6
Hellas Cena, Fatima Cody Stanford, Luana Ochner, Maria Luisa Fonte, Ginevra Biino, Rachele De Giuseppe, Elsie Taveras, Madhusmita Misra
This was a retrospective, observational chart review conducted on a convenience sample of 537 outpatients, aged 16-60 years, referred to an Italian Dietetic and Nutrition University Center. The study aimed to look at the association between a history of childhood obesity and dieting behaviors with development of eating disorders (EDs) at a later age. Subjects with a history of EDs (n = 118), assessed using both self-report and health records, were compared with those with no EDs (n = 419), who were attending the clinic mainly for primary prevention of metabolic and cardiovascular risk...
January 31, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151055/can-patients-with-eating-disorders-learn-to-eat-intuitively-a-2-year-pilot-study
#7
P Scott Richards, Sabree Crowton, Michael E Berrett, Melissa H Smith, Kimberly Passmore
The present article reports on a 2-year pilot study that evaluated the effectiveness of an intuitive eating program for patients in an eating disorder treatment center. Standardized measures of intuitive eating and eating disorder and psychological symptoms were administered. Psychotherapists and dietitians rated patients on the healthiness of their eating attitudes and behaviors. Preliminary findings indicated that patients can develop the skills of intuitive eating, and that the ability to eat intuitively is associated with positive treatment outcomes for each diagnostic category (i...
March 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060579/a-comparison-of-the-metabolic-complications-and-hospital-course-of-severe-anorexia-nervosa-by-binge-purge-and-restricting-subtypes
#8
Melanie Rylander, John T Brinton, Allison L Sabel, Philip S Mehler, Jennifer L Gaudiani
This study examines adult patients with severe, life-threatening anorexia nervosa who were admitted to an inpatient, medical stabilization unit between October 1, 2008 and December 31, 2014. Specifically, the study compares anorexia nervosa, binge purge subtype (AN-BP) and anorexia nervosa, restricting subtype (AN-R) on admission measures, hospital course, and outcomes. Of the 232 patients, 46% (N = 108) had AN-BP. Patients with AN-R manifested a higher frequency of underweight-mediated medical complications, including bone marrow dysfunction, hepatic dysfunction, and hypoglycemia...
January 6, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060578/therapist-self-disclosure-and-the-therapeutic-alliance-in-the-treatment-of-eating-problems
#9
Laura M Simonds, Naomi Spokes
Evidence is mixed regarding the potential utility of therapist self-disclosure. The current study modelled relationships between perceived helpfulness of therapist self-disclosures, therapeutic alliance, patient non-disclosure, and shame in participants (n = 120; 95% women) with a history of eating problems. Serial multiple mediator analyses provided support for a putative model connecting the perceived helpfulness of therapist self-disclosures with current eating disorder symptom severity through therapeutic alliance, patient self-disclosure, and shame...
January 6, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059633/adolescent-and-young-adult-women-s-opinions-of-common-eating-disorder-prevention-messages
#10
Jennifer S Mills, Nicole Vu, Ron Manley, Shasha Tse
We examined young women's opinions of five common eating disorder (ED) prevention themes in terms of persuasiveness and impact on behavioral intentions. Video-taped prevention themes were rated by female adolescents and young adults (ages 13-25) with and without eating disorders. Overall, younger participants found the prevention messages less persuasive than older participants. Controlling for age, clinical participants found the messages to be less persuasive than did non-clinical participants. Clinical participants reported no change in their behavioral intentions after watching the videos, whereas non-clinical participants reported a lower intention to diet and make body comparisons after viewing the messages...
January 6, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051927/female-athlete-experiences-of-seeking-and-receiving-treatment-for-an-eating-disorder
#11
Carolyn R Plateau, Jon Arcelus, Newman Leung, Caroline Meyer
Clinical eating disorders are common among athletes; however research has yet to explore the process of seeking and receiving treatment for an eating disorder in this population. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 female athletes currently receiving treatment for an eating disorder. A total of three themes emerged: challenges to treatment seeking, feeling out of place, and coping with exercise transitions. Athletes reported low levels of eating disorder literacy and lacked motivation to engage with therapy due to a lack of perceived relevance...
January 4, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051922/evidence-informed-practices-in-the-real-world-treatment-of-people-with-eating-disorders
#12
Howard Steiger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869569/change-in-expressed-emotion-and-treatment-outcome-in-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#13
Ashley A Moskovich, C Alix Timko, Lisa K Honeycutt, Nancy L Zucker, Rhonda M Merwin
Expressed emotion (EE) has been associated with poor outcomes in anorexia nervosa (AN); however, whether changes in EE predict superior treatment outcomes is unknown. The current study examined whether decreases in EE during an open trial of a novel family-based treatment for AN predicted symptoms at end of treatment. Forty-seven adolescents (12-18 years of age) with AN or sub-threshold AN and their parents (mothers: n = 47, fathers: n = 39) participated in 6 months of family treatment. Measures of AN symptomatology (Eating Disorder Examination completed by adolescent and end of treatment recovery status) and parental EE (Family Questionnaire completed by parents which measures two facets of EE: critical communication [CC] and emotional over-involvement [EOI]) were collected at baseline and end of treatment...
January 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775490/neuroticism-and-clinical-course-of-weight-restoration-in-a-meal-based-rapid-weight-gain-inpatient-partial-hospitalization-program-for-eating-disorders
#14
Laura K Fischer, Colleen C Schreyer, Janelle W Coughlin, Graham W Redgrave, Angela S Guarda
We evaluated the impact of personality on weight restoration in 211 underweight (BMI ≤ 19 kg/m(2)) females admitted to an inpatient-partial hospitalization program for eating disorders. Symptomatology and personality were assessed by questionnaires, and clinical and demographic variables were assessed by chart review. Neuroticism, a personality trait associated with reactivity to stress, was correlated with higher symptomatology, chronicity, length of stay, and income source. Contrary to our hypothesis, neuroticism was positively associated with weight restoration...
January 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775488/fluctuations-in-negative-emotions-predict-binge-eating-both-in-women-and-men-an-experience-sampling-study
#15
Katrin Kukk, Kirsti Akkermann
This study investigated the associations between emotional fluctuations and emotion regulation difficulties in predicting binge eating and overeating episodes using the experience sampling method among 97 women and 61 men. Among women, fluctuations in negative emotion, emotion regulation difficulties, restrained eating, and the interaction of negative emotion fluctuations and emotion regulation difficulties predicted binge eating. Among men, trait impulsivity and fluctuations in negative emotion predicted binge eating...
January 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723416/yoga-in-the-treatment-of-eating-disorders-within-a-residential-program-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carly R Pacanowski, Lisa Diers, Ross D Crosby, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
To investigate the effect of yoga on negative affect (an eating disorders risk factor), 38 individuals in a residential eating disorder treatment program were randomized to a control or yoga intervention: 1 hour of yoga before dinner for 5 days. Negative affect was assessed pre- and post-meal. Mixed-effects models compared negative affect between groups during the intervention period. Yoga significantly reduced pre-meal negative affect compared to treatment as usual; however, the effect was attenuated post-meal...
January 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715475/learning-to-eat-again-intuitive-eating-practices-among-retired-female-collegiate-athletes
#17
Carolyn R Plateau, Trent A Petrie, Anthony Papathomas
The present study used an open-ended survey to collect information about current eating practices and coping strategies among 218 retired female athletes. An inductive and deductive thematic analysis revealed three themes relevant to the intuitive eating framework-permission to eat; recognizing internal hunger and satiety cues; and eating to meet physical and nutritional needs. Athletes described feeling liberated with regards to their eating following retirement from sport, and for some this included an alleviation of disordered eating practices...
January 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485375/assessing-treatment-barriers-in-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Natasha T Innes, Bonnie A Clough, Leanne M Casey
This systematic review evaluated methods used to assess treatment barriers among individuals with eating disorders or disordered eating. A total of 11 studies were identified and evaluated according to attributes considered important in the accurate assessment of treatment barriers. The majority of studies used qualitative methods, with five studies utilizing either a checklist or scale-based instrument. Adequate psychometric investigation was lacking. This review highlights the paucity of research examining barriers to accessing and/or receiving treatment in disordered eating populations...
January 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27463764/frontline-clinicians-perspectives-on-and-utilization-of-trauma-focused-therapy-with-individuals-with-eating-disorders
#19
Kathryn Trottier, Candice M Monson, Stephen A Wonderlich, Danielle E MacDonald, Marion P Olmsted
With this study, we sought to survey clinicians regarding their perspectives and use of concurrent or integrated psychotherapy for co-occurring eating disorders (EDs) and posttraumatic stress disorder. We conducted a quantitative survey of 184 frontline ED clinicians to investigate whether, and to what extent, they view concurrent EDs and trauma-focused therapy as clinically important. We also assessed clinicians' specific concerns regarding concurrent EDs and trauma-focused treatment, as well as barriers to implementation of an evidence-based concurrent treatment...
January 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935473/correlates-of-the-over-evaluation-of-weight-and-shape-in-binge-eating-disorder-and-mixed-eating-disorder-samples-a-meta-analytic-review
#20
Jake Linardon
This meta-analysis assessed the strength of the association between correlates of shape and weight over-evaluation across binge eating disorder and mixed eating disorder samples. Across 32 studies, over-evaluation correlates were divided into demographic, eating pathology, or psychosocial. Shape and weight over-evaluation was associated with higher eating pathology and psychosocial impairment. The method of assessment (interview versus self-report questionnaire) moderated some of the relationships. Over-evaluation was unrelated to demographics and treatment outcome...
December 9, 2016: Eating Disorders
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