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Eating Disorders

Laura K Fischer, Colleen C Schreyer, Janelle W Coughlin, Graham W Redgrave, Angela S Guarda
We evaluated the impact of personality on weight restoration in 211 underweight (BMI ≤ 19 kg/m(2)) females admitted to an inpatient-partial hospitalization program for eating disorders. Symptomatology and personality were assessed by questionnaires, and clinical and demographic variables were assessed by chart review. Neuroticism, a personality trait associated with reactivity to stress, was correlated with higher symptomatology, chronicity, length of stay, and income source. Contrary to our hypothesis, neuroticism was positively associated with weight restoration...
October 24, 2016: Eating Disorders
Katrin Kukk, Kirsti Akkermann
This study investigated the associations between emotional fluctuations and emotion regulation difficulties in predicting binge eating and overeating episodes using the experience sampling method among 97 women and 61 men. Among women, fluctuations in negative emotion, emotion regulation difficulties, restrained eating, and the interaction of negative emotion fluctuations and emotion regulation difficulties predicted binge eating. Among men, trait impulsivity and fluctuations in negative emotion predicted binge eating...
October 24, 2016: Eating Disorders
Carly R Pacanowski, Lisa Diers, Ross D Crosby, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
To investigate the effect of yoga on negative affect (an eating disorders risk factor), 38 individuals in a residential eating disorder treatment program were randomized to a control or yoga intervention: 1 hour of yoga before dinner for 5 days. Negative affect was assessed pre- and post-meal. Mixed-effects models compared negative affect between groups during the intervention period. Yoga significantly reduced pre-meal negative affect compared to treatment as usual; however, the effect was attenuated post-meal...
October 10, 2016: Eating Disorders
Carolyn R Plateau, Trent A Petrie, Anthony Papathomas
The present study used an open-ended survey to collect information about current eating practices and coping strategies among 218 retired female athletes. An inductive and deductive thematic analysis revealed three themes relevant to the intuitive eating framework-permission to eat; recognizing internal hunger and satiety cues; and eating to meet physical and nutritional needs. Athletes described feeling liberated with regards to their eating following retirement from sport, and for some this included an alleviation of disordered eating practices...
August 12, 2016: Eating Disorders
Natasha T Innes, Bonnie A Clough, Leanne M Casey
This systematic review evaluated methods used to assess treatment barriers among individuals with eating disorders or disordered eating. A total of 11 studies were identified and evaluated according to attributes considered important in the accurate assessment of treatment barriers. The majority of studies used qualitative methods, with five studies utilizing either a checklist or scale-based instrument. Adequate psychometric investigation was lacking. This review highlights the paucity of research examining barriers to accessing and/or receiving treatment in disordered eating populations...
August 2, 2016: Eating Disorders
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October 2016: Eating Disorders
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October 2016: Eating Disorders
Elide Francesca De Caro, Lisa Di Blas
Eating disorders are mosy likely to occur for the first time in adolescence. Delineating vulnerable personality profiles of unhealthy conditions helps prevent their onset and development. This study investigated a non-clinical sample of 142 adolescents and how some theoretically salient individual differences in personality contribute to predict changes in behaviors, attitudes, and psychological characteristics that are clinically significant in eating disorders (EDs). The results from cross-lagged pattern analyses supported the influence of depression, obsessiveness, and self-esteem in the trajectories favoring the development of psychological characteristics, such as ineffectiveness and interoceptive awareness, which are salient in the ED risk process...
October 2016: Eating Disorders
Anna M Bardone-Cone, M K Higgins, Sara M St George, Ilyssa Rosenzweig, Lauren M Schaefer, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Taylor M Henning, Brittany F Preston
This study examined the relationship between behavioral and psychological aspects of exercise and eating disorder recovery. Participants were categorized as having an eating disorder (n = 53), partially recovered (n = 15), fully recovered (n = 20), or non-eating disorder controls (n = 67). Groups did not differ significantly in time spent exercising, but did differ in exercise intensity, guilt-related exercise, obsessive exercise cognitions, and appearance/weight management and stress/mood management motivations for exercise...
October 2016: Eating Disorders
Loren M Gianini, Diane A Klein, Christine Call, Laurel Mayer, Richard W Foltin, B Timothy Walsh, Yuanjia Wang, Peng Wu, Evelyn Attia
The purpose of the current study was to examine the relative reinforcing effect of exercise compared to a non-monetary alternative reinforcer (leisure activity), and to money, before and after weight restoration in an inpatient population with anorexia nervosa (AN). Sixty-two inpatients with AN completed a progressive ratio (PR) task to earn exercise, leisure activities, or cash at low weight and after weight restoration. Measures of pathology and motivation to exercise were completed and post-treatment discharge weights were collected...
October 2016: Eating Disorders
Ana Isabel Vieira, Sofia Ramalho, Isabel Brandão, Joana Saraiva, Sónia Gonçalves
The comorbidity between non-suicidal self-injury and eating disorder behaviors suggests that psychosocial factors may play a role in both types of behaviors. This study aimed to assess the presence of non-suicidal self-injury in 66 eating disorder patients and to analyze the associations among adversity, emotion regulation, non-suicidal self-injury, and disordered eating behavior. A total of 24 participants (36.4%) reported non-suicidal self-injury. Patients endorsing self-injury had a higher severity of disordered eating behavior...
October 2016: Eating Disorders
Sarah Cassone, Vivienne Lewis, Dimity A Crisp
This study investigated the effectiveness of a 6-week cognitive-behavioral group intervention in promoting the development of positive body image. The study also examined if, in accordance with the objectification theory, participants who reported higher levels of body shame would (a) report higher levels of body dissatisfaction, and (b) demonstrate less improvement in response to the Positive Bodies program. A total of 52 women aged 17-54 years completed self-report measures of self-esteem, body area satisfaction, body image quality of life, body shame, and self-surveillance at the commencement and conclusion of the program...
October 2016: Eating Disorders
Marisol Perez, Tara K Ohrt, Amanda B Bruening
The objective of this study-getting individuals to participate in eating disorder prevention programs-is difficult yet crucial for dissemination efforts. Little research has investigated what incentive strategies can be particularly efficacious, and even less is published on their cost-effectiveness. The following study examined two types of email advertisements and six incentive strategies in an empirically supported body acceptance program disseminated at a large university. A total of 5,978 undergraduate women received email advertisements, of which 430 signed up to participate...
October 2016: Eating Disorders
Debbie Plath, Lauren T Williams, Cath Wood
A questionnaire and in-depth interviews with 20 allied health clinicians generated data on key aspects of family-based treatment for adolescent anorexia nervosa that enhance recovery, processes that engage parents in treatment, and how and why clinicians modify or adapt the manualized Maudsley Family Based Treatment model. Findings indicate that clinicians support key principles in the Maudsley model, but that the approach is not implemented in the full, manualized form. Rather, aspects are integrated with clinicians' own clinical judgements based on assessment of the needs and capacities of families, cultural appropriateness, impact on family dynamics, and gains during early treatment...
October 2016: Eating Disorders
Kathryn Trottier, Candice M Monson, Stephen A Wonderlich, Danielle E MacDonald, Marion P Olmsted
With this study, we sought to survey clinicians regarding their perspectives and use of concurrent or integrated psychotherapy for co-occurring eating disorders (EDs) and posttraumatic stress disorder. We conducted a quantitative survey of 184 frontline ED clinicians to investigate whether, and to what extent, they view concurrent EDs and trauma-focused therapy as clinically important. We also assessed clinicians' specific concerns regarding concurrent EDs and trauma-focused treatment, as well as barriers to implementation of an evidence-based concurrent treatment...
July 27, 2016: Eating Disorders
Rinat Carter, Dana Yanykulovitch-Levy, Hadas Wertheim, Shirley Gordon-Erez, Meital Shahimov, Abraham Weizman, Daniel Stein
Cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) is the recommended intervention in bulimia nervosa (BN) and eating disorders not otherwise specified with binge/purge (EDNOS-B/P) symptoms. There are fewer data on its application in a group format. We sought to investigate the effect of group CBT in female soldiers with B/P symptomatology in an open trial design. For this purpose we assessed 64 female soldiers serving in the Israeli Defense Force diagnosed with BN and EDNOS-B/P who participated in a group CBT format of 16 weekly sessions and one follow-up session...
July 2016: Eating Disorders
Nina Lackner, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Dimitris Skliris, Sandra Shaheen, Marguerite Dunitz-Scheer, Guilherme Wood, Peter Jaron Zwi Scheer, Sandra Johanna Wallner-Liebmann, Christa Neuper
A pre-post design including 22 females was used to evaluate the effectiveness of neurofeedback in the treatment of adolescent anorexia nervosa. Resting EEG measures and a psychological test-battery assessing eating behavior traits, clinical symptoms, emotionality, and mood were obtained. While both the experimental (n = 10) and control group (n = 12) received their usual maintenance treatment, the experimental group received 10 sessions of individual alpha frequency training over a period of 5 weeks as additional treatment...
July 2016: Eating Disorders
Shiri Sadeh-Sharvit, Eynat Zubery, Esty Mankovski, Evelyne Steiner, James D Lock
The children of mothers with eating disorders are at high risk of feeding and eating problems and broader developmental difficulties. The Parent-Based Prevention (PBP) of eating disorders targets risk factors and facilitates behavioral change in parents to mitigate potentially negative outcomes of their children. This pre/post uncontrolled study evaluated the feasibility and preliminary outcomes of PBP. PBP was found to be a feasible intervention for mothers with eating disorders and their spouses, with satisfactory retention rates...
July 2016: Eating Disorders
Davy Vancampfort, Simon Rosenbaum, Michel Probst, Joanne Connaughton, Christy Du Plessis, Taisei Yamamoto, Jolien Diedens, Brendon Stubbs
Despite emerging evidence illustrating the benefits of physical activity for people with binge eating disorder, engaging this population in physical activity is challenging. The International Organization of Physical Therapists in Mental Health (IOPTMH) set out to summarize, appraise, and strengthen the direction of physical activity endeavors. This process led to the identification of 10 important research questions which are discussed. Addressing these 10 research questions is critical for developing evidence-based approaches for promoting and sustaining an active lifestyle in people with binge eating disorder...
July 2016: Eating Disorders
Hannah M Borowsky, Marla E Eisenberg, Michaela M Bucchianeri, Niva Piran, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Using data from a community-based sample (Project EAT-III), this study (N = 1241; mean age = 25.2) examined the relationship of feminist identity with body image and disordered eating. Feminist-identified women reported significantly higher body satisfaction than non-feminist women and women who did not identify as feminists but held feminist beliefs. However, feminist-identified women did not differ from non-feminist women in disordered eating. Women holding feminist beliefs and non-feminist women did not differ in body satisfaction...
July 2016: Eating Disorders
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