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Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332061/design-and-implementation-of-an-advanced-telemedicine-model-for-the-rural-people-of-bangladesh
#1
Uzzal Kumar Prodhan, Mohammad Zahidur Rahman, Israt Jahan
OBJECTIVES: Telemedicine based healthcare service faces different difficulties especially in the remote people of Bangladesh. The objective of this study was to implement an advanced telemedicine model in order to provide the healthcare services for the rural people of Bangladesh. METHODS: We developed the telemedicine model using an ardunio based low cost portable telemedicine tool kit by interfacing android application. Then we collected ECG, blood pressure, temperature, concentration of glucose in blood, SPO2, body position, airflow, height and weight through our developed model...
January 5, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332060/information-technology-as-a-tool-for-the-italian-institute-of-social-security-inps-in-the-management-of-social-security-and-civil-disability-pro-and-cons
#2
Michele Sammicheli, Marcella Scaglione
We examine, from a medical-legal perspective, the pro and cons of the information technology procedures that the Italian Institute of Social Security (INPS) has implemented to manage the provision of social disability assistance, meaning that separate from the payment of pension contributions, being welfare, anchored to an administrative requirement by way of the compulsory payment of a minimum social security contribution.
January 5, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332059/analysis-of-skeletal-muscle-performance-using-piezoelectric-film-sensors
#3
Anat Ratnovsky, Emanuel Kusayev, Sara Naftali
A flexible piezoelectric thin film sensor has been proposed recently in several studies for detection of muscle movements. The objective of this study was to investigate the ability of this sensor to assess skeletal muscle performance and fatigue under isokinetic contractions. Simultaneous noninvasive measurements of muscles activity were done using surface electromyography (EMG) electrodes and two thin film piezoelectric sensors. Measurements were taken from the biceps during slow and fast elbow flexion with and without strong grip, during different weight lifting and from the gastrocnemius during treadmill marching at speeds of 4 and of 10 kph...
January 5, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332058/3d-surface-imaging-for-volumetric-measurement-in-people-with-obesity
#4
Sean Clarkson, Stuart W Flint, David R Broom, Matt Capehorn, Jonathan Wheat
BACKGROUND: Current methods for tracking the progress of people with obesity towards a weight loss goal appear simple and potentially misleading. A technique to quantify change in body shape whilst visualising areas of the body where weight loss occurs would be advantageous, and has the potential to be used as a motivational tool. Three-dimensional (3D) surface-imaging would serve as a good basis for such a technique, however current systems are prohibitively expensive. OBJECTIVE: Highlight the use of a cheaper alternative 3D surface-imaging system for volumetric measurement in people with obesity...
January 5, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332057/evaluation-of-thickness-of-cad-cam-fabricated-zirconia-cores-by-digital-microscope
#5
Syed Rashid Habib, Asim Khaled Al Otaibi, Talal Ali Al Anazi, Samer Mosleh Al Anazi
Despite several advantages of digitalized workflow, researchers have noted discrepancies in the precision and trueness. This study investigated the accuracy in the final thickness of Zirconia (Zr) cores fabricated by five CAD/CAM systems. Standardized manufacturing of the cores with 1 mm thickness were carried out. Cores were then sectioned into two halves and measurement made with Digital Microscope at 5 points in micrometers. Overall, mean thickness for the groups was 1048.81 ± 94.01, which was 48 μm higher than the thickness programmed in the software...
December 29, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332056/ozone-injection-with-or-without-percutaneous-microdiscectomy-for-treatment-of-cervical-disc-herniation
#6
Haiting Wang, Yi Zhou, Zhongpu Jiang
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study compared the efficacy of combined percutaneous ozone injection and percutaneous discectomyto percutaneous ozone injection alone for the treatment of cervical disc herniation. METHODS: Patients with cervical disc herniation who were enrolled in our hospital from October 2010 to June 2015 were divided into two groups: 1) treated with percutaneous ozone injection alone (control; n= 19); and 2) those treated with combined ozone injection and percutaneous microdiscectomy (combined treatment; n= 28)...
December 29, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332055/operating-room-scheduling-and-surgeon-assignment-problem-under-surgery-durations-uncertainty
#7
Hongwei Liu, Tianyi Zhang, Shuai Luo, Dan Xu
BACKGROUND: Scientific management methods are urgently needed to balance the demand and supply of heath care services in Chinese hospitals. Operating theatre is the bottleneck and costliest department. Therefore, the surgery scheduling is crucial to hospital management. OBJECTIVE: To increase the utilization and reduce the cost of operating theatre, and to improve surgeons' satisfaction in the meantime, a practical surgery scheduling which could assign the operating room (OR) and surgeon for the surgery and sequence surgeries in each OR was provided for hospital managers...
December 29, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309046/securing-electronic-medical-record-in-near-field-communication-using-advanced-encryption-standard-aes
#8
Mikhael Bagus Renardi, Noor Cholis Basjaruddin, Edi Rakhman
Doctors usually requires patients' medical records before medical examinations. Nevertheless, obtaining such records may take time. Hence, Near Field Communication (NFC) could be used to store and send medical records between doctors and patients. Another issue is that there could be a threat such as, Man In The Middle Attack and eavesdropping, thus, a security method is required to secure the data. Furthermore, the information regarding the key and initialisation vector in NFC cannot be sent using one data package, hence, the data transmission should be done several times...
December 29, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309045/low-vitamin-d-levels-affect-outcomes-of-orthopedic-spinal-surgery-an-observational-study-in-clinical-practice
#9
Jil Breidebach, Ernst M W Koch, Rahel Bornemann, Philip P Roessler, Andreas Strauss, Sönke P Frey, Dieter C Wirtz, Robert Pflugmacher
BACKGROUND: Low vitamin D is a major risk factor for osteoporotic fractures. Evidence also suggests correlation between deficiency and musculoskeletal pain. OBJECTIVE: Non-interventional study in patients undergoing spine surgery to investigate links between vitamin D levels and clinical features. METHODS: 25-OH vitamin D levels were assessed in two cohorts: Cohort 1 (vertebral fractures; VF) and Cohort 2 (other spinal issues; excluding VF)...
December 29, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309044/differentiation-of-neutrophil-like-hl-60-cells-strongly-impacts-their-rolling-on-surfaces-with-various-adhesive-properties-under-a-pressing-force
#10
Atsushi Shirai, Yoshiro Sugiyama, Jean-Paul Rieu
BACKGROUND: HL-60 cells have been used in in vitro experiments of neutrophils rolling. They lose uniform spherical appearance and enhance deformability by differentiation to neutrophil-like cells, which would affect their rolling characteristics. OBJECTIVE: We investigate the influence of differentiation and coating of target substrate on the fundamental rolling characteristics of the cells under a constant pressing force which mimics the pressing force to the vessel wall by erythrocytes in vivo...
December 29, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309042/using-multi-attribute-decision-making-approaches-in-the-selection-of-a-hospital-management-system
#11
Mohammad Ali Arasteh, Shahaboddin Shamshirband, Por Lip Yee
The most appropriate organizational software is always a real challenge for managers, especially, the IT directors. The illustration of the term "enterprise software selection", is to purchase, create, or order a software that; first, is best adapted to require of the organization; and second, has suitable price and technical support. Specifying selection criteria and ranking them, is the primary prerequisite for this action. This article provides a method to evaluate, rank, and compare the available enterprise software for choosing the apt one...
December 29, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309041/first-application-of-segmental-trabecular-metal-cones-in-a-custom-made-revision-tumor-prosthesis-of-the-knee-a-technical-note
#12
Roslind Karolina Hackenberg, Jochen Nessler, Dietmar Pierre König
BACKGROUND: Tumor prostheses are established as a standard procedure in tumors of the lower extremities. Septic and aseptic loosening remains the main reason for the failure of tumor prostheses. Due to bone defects, the possibilities of anchoring revision prostheses are limited. Trabecular metal cones are established in prosthetic revision surgery. However, the use of segmental trabecular metal cones in a custom-made tumor revision prosthesis has not yet been described. OBJECTIVE: A 58-year-old patient, who initially received a resection of the distal femur and reconstruction with a tumor prosthesis due to chondrosarcoma, attended our clinic...
December 29, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309043/alterations-of-synaptic-plasticity-in-aged-rats-evidence-of-functional-and-morphological-studies
#13
Qiong Xiang, Xian-Hui Li, Xin-Xing Fang, Jing Jia, Jie Ren, Yu-Chun Dong, Cheng Ou-Yang
BACKGROUND: The aging-related disease and associated neurodegenerative complications, such as cognitive impairment, has received increasing attention. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to show changes in cognitive behavior and molecular related the synaptic plasticity in aged-induced cognitive deficits rats. METHODS: We used novel object recognition testing and morphological staining as well as western blot to detect changes in cognitive behavior and molecular related the synaptic plasticity...
December 22, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286943/integrating-simulation-based-learning-into-nursing-education-programs-hybrid-simulation
#14
Vesile Unver, Tulay Basak, Hatice Ayhan, Fatma Ilknur Cinar, Emine Iyigun, Nuran Tosun, Sevinc Tastan, Gulsah Köse
BACKGROUND: Hybrid simulation can be developed with mannequins of any fidelity and tabletop simulators with a standardized patient to create a complex, high-level learning activity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze the effects of a hybrid simulation technique used with nursing students in a scenario about the emergency setting. METHODS: This one-group quasi-experimental study was carried out with 39 students in Ankara, Turkey, from October to July 2014...
December 22, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286942/novel-approach-for-automating-medical-emergency-protocol-in-military-environment
#15
Ivica Kocev, Jugoslav Achkoski, Dimitar Bogatinov, Saso Koceski, Vladimir Trajkovik, Goce Stevanoski, Boban Temelkovski
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Categorization of the casualties in accordance with medical care priorities is crucial in a military environment. Automation of the triage process is still a challenging task. The goal of the paper is to propose a novel algorithm for automation of medical emergency protocol in the military environment by the creation of classifiers that can provide accurate prioritization of injured soldier cases. It is a part of a complex military telemedicine system that provides continuous monitoring of soldiers' vital data gathered on-site using an unobtrusive set of sensors...
December 22, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286941/thermic-effect-on-metal-body-piercing-by-electro-coagulation-an-ex-vivo-study-on-pig-skin-and-bovine-liver
#16
Moritz C Deml, Hans Goost, Christian Schyma, Christoph Deborre
BACKGROUND: Piercings are placed at different body sites often invisible to medical staff. They may cause additional injuries in trauma and emergency surgery by electro-cautery. OBJECTIVE: To clarify whether electro-coagulation will have a direct damaging effect to the skin around a pierced skin area. METHODS: Metallic piercings were fixed at defined distances from the neutral and active electrode on abdominal pig skin. The distance of the active electrode was reduced by 5 mm increments to 0...
December 22, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278901/assessing-the-use-of-radio-frequency-identification-technologies-as-an-alternative-for-insurance-costs-in-hospitals
#17
Iraj Asgharzadeh-Karamshahloo, Armin Jabbarzadeh, Saeed Shavvalpour
OBJECTIVES: This research assesses the use of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technologies as an alternative for insurance costs in hospitals. METHODS: Despite the advantages of RFID, this technology has not been applied in most hospitals due to implementation costs and amortization of RFID. In this paper, we intend to model the total profit of hospitals in three scenarios namely, application of RFID technology in the hospital, without applying RFID technology in the hospital and insuring patients and equipment in the hospital...
December 15, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254119/a-spiral-bi-planar-gradient-coil-design-for-open-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#18
Peng Zhang, Yaohui Wang, Wendong Wang, Yikai Shi
PURPOSE: To design planar gradient coil for MRI applications without discretization of continuous current density and loop-loop connection errors. METHODS: In the new design method, the coil current is represented using a spiral curve function described by just a few control parameters. Using a proper parametric equation set, an ensemble of spiral contours is reshaped to satisfy the coil design requirements, such as gradient linearity, inductance and shielding. RESULTS: In the given case study, by using the spiral coil design, the magnetic field errors in the imaging area were reduced from 5...
December 8, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199648/proteomic-investigation-of-resistance-to-chemotherapy-drugs-in-osteosarcoma
#19
Shuang Zhang, Yu-Ping Qin, Jiang-Ming Kuang, Yi-He Liu
BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma, which is also termed osteogenic sarcoma or osteoma sarcomatosum, is the most common form of bone cancer. Typical osteosarcoma can occur at any age, including in infants, children, and the elderly, but more than half of cases occur in individuals who are 10-20 years old. OBJECTIVE: Here, the objective was to search for protein markers to indicate resistance to cisplatin in osteosarcoma and provide a theoretical basis for the early and accurate use of cisplatin to treat osteosarcoma...
November 17, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172016/applicability-of-simplified-computational-models-in-prediction-of-peak-wall-stress-in-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#20
Kamil Novak, Stanislav Polzer, Jiri Bursa
In the paper impact of different material models on the calculated peak wall stress (PWS) and peak wall rupture risk (PWRR) in abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) is assessed. Computational finite element models of 70 patient-specific AAAs were created using two different material models - a realistic one based on mean population results of uniaxial tests of AAA wall considered as reference, and a 100 times stiffer artificial model. The calculated results of PWS and PWRR were tested to evaluate statistical significance of differences caused by the non-realistic material model...
November 17, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
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