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Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128775/clinical-judgment-research-on-economic-topics-role-of-congruence-of-tasks-in-clinical-practice
#1
Christine C Huttin
This paper discusses what can ensure the performance of judgment studies with an information design that integrates economics of medical systems, in the context of digitalization of healthcare. It is part of a series of 5 methodological papers on statistical procedures and problems to implement judgment research designs and decision models, especially to address cost of care, and ways to measure conversation on cost of care between physicians and patients, with unstructured data such as economic narratives to complement billing and financial information (e...
January 20, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128773/hip-and-knee-effects-after-implantation-of-a-drop-foot-stimulator
#2
Daiwei Yao, Matthias Lahner, Eike Jakubowitz, Anna Thomann, Sarah Ettinger, Yvonne Noll, Christina Stukenborg-Colsman, Kiriakos Daniilidis
BACKGROUND: An active ankle dorsiflexion is essential for a proper gait pattern. If there is a failure of the foot lifting, considerable impairments occur. The therapeutic effect of an implantable peroneus nerve stimulator (iPNS) for the ankle dorsiflexion is already approved by recent studies. However, possible affection for knee and hip motion after implantation of an iPNS is not well described. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this retrospective study was to examine with a patient cohort whether the use of iPNS induces a lower-extremity flexion withdrawal response in the form of an increased knee and hip flexion during swing phase...
January 20, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128774/smart-cloud-system-with-image-processing-server-in-diagnosing-brain-diseases-dedicated-for-hospitals-with-limited-resources
#3
Fahmi Fahmi, Tigor H Nasution
The use of medical imaging in diagnosing brain disease is growing. The challenges are related to the big size of data and complexity of the image processing. High standard of hardware and software are demanded, which can only be provided in big hospitals. Our purpose was to provide a smart cloud system to help diagnosing brain diseases for hospital with limited infrastructure. The expertise of neurologists was first implanted in cloud server to conduct an automatic diagnosis in real time using image processing technique developed based on ITK library and web service...
January 19, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128772/professionalism-social-media-and-the-orthopaedic-surgeon-what-do-you-have-on-the-internet
#4
Trevor Call, Ronald Hillock
BACKGROUND: Unprofessional conduct is detrimental to the Orthopaedic Surgery profession. Currently, no formal guidelines exist to define online professionalism other than the protection of patient confidentiality. OBJECTIVE: This study will extract a random but statistically significant number of practicing Orthopaedic Surgeons and review their online postings. METHODS: We observed the Internet content posted by 1,021 Orthopaedic Surgeons that were randomly selected from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 2013 member directory...
January 19, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106574/walking-ability-of-spinal-cord-injury-individuals-how-to-improve-it
#5
Morteza Sadeghi, Gholam Hussein Ghasemi, Mohammad Taghi Karimi
BACKGROUND: Subjects with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) should use various assistive devices to stand and walk. Unfortunately they suffer from slow walking speed, high energy consumption, and too much force applied on upper limb while walking. The aim of this study was to determine the gap between the gait performance of SCI and normal subjects to conclude how the performance of SCI can be improved. METHOD: Three groups of SCI walked with orthosis, SCI walked without orthosis, and normal subjects were recruited in this study...
January 13, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106573/effects-of-strengthening-exercise-integrated-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-motor-function-recovery-in-subacute-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Hyun Gyu Cha, Myoung Kwon Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of strengthening exercise integrated repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on motor function recovery in subacute stroke patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty subacute stroke patients were randomly assigned to three groups: an ankle strengthening exercise group (group I), ankle strengthening exercise integrated rTMS group (group II), or an rTMS group (control group (CG)). Study subjects received therapy five days per week for eight weeks...
January 13, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085021/evaluation-of-the-scattered-radiations-of-lead-and-lead-free-aprons-in-diagnostic-radiology-by-mcnpx
#7
Mansour Tayebi, Fatemeh Shekoohi Shooli, Mahdi Saeedi-Moghadam
BACKGROUND: Over the past few years, because of high attenuation and lightweight, non-toxic, lead-free aprons (LFAs) have been replaced by lead aprons (LAs). Lots of studies declared that this fact was based on the interactions of diagnostic X-ray with material such as the photoelectric effect (PE) and Compton scattering. These studies have demonstrated that in these types of aprons, due to the presence of different K-edge absorption, PE has a wide absorption in various metals with divers K-edges...
January 3, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085020/development-of-a-mobile-application-of-breast-cancer-e-support-program-for-women-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-chemotherapy
#8
Jiemin Zhu, Lyn Ebert, Zhimin Xue, Qu Shen, Sally Wai-Chi Chan
BACKGROUND: Women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy experience a variety of physical and psychosocial symptoms, which have negative effect on women's quality of life and psychological well-being. Although M-health technologies provides innovative and easily accessible option to provide psychosocial support, mobile phone based interventions remain limited for these women in China. OBJECTIVE: To develop a new mobile application to offer information as well as social and emotional support to women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy to promote their self-efficacy and social support, thus improving symptom management strategies...
January 3, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387686/testing-of-mechanical-ventilators-and-infant-incubators-in-healthcare-institutions
#9
Almir Badnjevic, Lejla Gurbeta, Elvira Ruiz Jimenez, Ernesto Iadanza
The medical device industry has grown rapidly and incessantly over the past century. The sophistication and complexity of the designed instrumentation is nowadays rising and, with it, has also increased the need to develop some better, more effective and efficient maintenance processes, as part of the safety and performance requirements. This paper presents the results of performance tests conducted on 50 mechanical ventilators and 50 infant incubators used in various public healthcare institutions. Testing was conducted in accordance to safety and performance requirements stated in relevant international standards, directives and legal metrology policies...
2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387685/investigation-of-heart-rate-variability-of-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-cabg
#10
A Hossen, D Jaju, M Al-Abri, H Al-Sabti, M Mukaddirov, M Hassan, K Al-Hashmi
BACKGROUND: Myocardial revascularization by coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is an effective measure for reducing symptoms and mortality in patients with unstable or severe coronary artery disease (CAD). Autonomic function can be estimated non-invasively using heart rate variability (HRV). HRV of patients undergoing CABG is investigated before and after CABG using a soft-decision wavelet based spectral analysis. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this work is to evaluate non-invasively HRV in patients undergoing CABG before operation; and to monitor the status of patients through HRV investigation on day 6 and day 30 after the CABG operation...
2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085019/the-neglected-value-of-health-information-technologies-in-universal-health-coverage-in-developing-countries
#11
Mehdi Haghi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886019/an-analysis-of-a-digital-variant-of-the-trail-making-test-using-machine-learning-techniques
#12
Jessamyn Dahmen, Diane Cook, Robert Fellows, Maureen Schmitter-Edgecombe
BACKGROUND: The goal of this work is to develop a digital version of a standard cognitive assessment, the Trail Making Test (TMT), and assess its utility. OBJECTIVE: This paper introduces a novel digital version of the TMT and introduces a machine learning based approach to assess its capabilities. METHODS: Using digital Trail Making Test (dTMT) data collected from (N = 54) older adult participants as feature sets, we use machine learning techniques to analyze the utility of the dTMT and evaluate the insights provided by the digital features...
2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886017/influence-of-proprioceptive-insoles-on-spinal-curvature-in-patients-with-slight-idiopathic-scoliosis
#13
Christine Noll, Vanessa Steitz, Dorothea Daentzer
PURPOSE: Proprioceptive insoles are known to influence the functions of posture and gait by modulations of the sensory structures at the sole of the foot. Literature has shown that they could improve the position of the upper-body in patients with postural complaints of the musculoskeletal system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of proprioceptive insoles on the spinal curvature in patients with slight idiopathic scoliosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients were included in this prospective, single-centre, randomized study...
2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689562/cybersecurity-in-healthcare-a-systematic-review-of-modern-threats-and-trends
#14
Clemens Scott Kruse, Benjamin Frederick, Taylor Jacobson, D Kyle Monticone
BACKGROUND: The adoption of healthcare technology is arduous, and it requires planning and implementation time. Healthcare organizations are vulnerable to modern trends and threats because it has not kept up with threats. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review is to identify cybersecurity trends, including ransomware, and identify possible solutions by querying academic literature. METHODS: The reviewers conducted three separate searches through the CINAHL and PubMed (MEDLINE) and the Nursing and Allied Health Source via ProQuest databases...
2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689561/angiojet-rheolytic-thrombectomy-combined-with-catheter-fragmentation-in-a-patient-presenting-with-massive-pulmonary-embolism-and-cardiogenic-shock
#15
Jianming Guo, Yongquan Gu, Lianrui Guo, Zhu Tong, Xixiang Gao
Massive pulmonary embolism (MPE) is associated with a high rate of mortality, and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension leads to ongoing morbidity among many survivors. Here we report a case of a MPE successfully treated by Angiojet rheolytic thrombectomy combined with catheter fragmentation. This is the first report of the use of these two methods together for MPE treatment.
2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689560/moodle-the-cost-effective-solution-for-internet-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-i-cbt-interventions
#16
Melvyn W B Zhang, Roger C M Ho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689557/increased-rate-of-bacterial-colonization-on-pe-components-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-an-evaluation-through-sonication
#17
Viktor Janz, Georgi I Wassilew, Carsten F Perka, Benjamin Bartek
BACKGROUND: It is currently unclear if an isolated exchange of the mobile components, in cases of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), leads to a complete eradication of all bacteria or if residual bacteria remain attached to the retained components? OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate if bacteria only adhere to certain components or materials, or if they are ubiquitously distributed throughout the joint. METHODS: Twenty hundred and eighty four patients undergoing revision total hip or total knee arthroplasty surgery were included in this retrospective cohort study...
2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689556/muscle-synergy-extraction-during-arm-reaching-movements-at-different-speeds
#18
Vahid Reza Sabzevari, Amir Homayoun Jafari, Reza Boostani
OBJECTIVE: Muscle synergy is the activation of a group of muscles that contribute to a particular movement. The goal of the present study is to examine the hypothesis that human reaching movements at different speeds share similar muscle synergies and to investigate the kinesiology basis and innervation of muscles. METHODS: Electromyographic activity from six muscles of the upper limb and shoulder girdle were recorded during three movements at different speeds, i...
2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689555/forecasting-behavior-in-smart-homes-based-on-sleep-and-wake-patterns
#19
Jennifer A Williams, Diane J Cook
BACKGROUND: The goal of this research is to use smart home technology to assist people who are recovering from injuries or coping with disabilities to live independently. OBJECTIVE: We introduce an algorithm to model and forecast wake and sleep behaviors that are exhibited by the participant. Furthermore, we propose that sleep behavior is impacted by and can be modeled from wake behavior, and vice versa. METHODS: This paper describes the Behavior Forecasting (BF) algorithm...
2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689554/modeling-the-virus-immune-system-interactions-in-the-peripheral-bloodstream-of-hiv-infected-individuals-using-a-cellular-automata-model-with-considering-the-effects-of-antiretroviral-therapy
#20
Gelayol Nazari Golpayegani, Amir Homayoun Jafari, Nader Jafarnia Dabanloo
BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization, by the end of last year, about 37 million people throughout the world were diagnosed with AIDS and millions of people die each year from this disease. OBJECTIVE: To develop an appropriate model which depicts the mechanism of the dynamics involved in the interactions between HIV and immune system in peripheral bloodstream of HIV infected individuals by considering the phenomena of virus mutation and taking into account the role of latently infected cells in speared of infection and considering the effects of antiretroviral drugs and occurrence of drug resistance in our model in order to assess the results obtained from applying different therapeutic methods...
2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
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