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Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124460/effect-of-cement-application-techniques-on-the-adaptation-and-retention-of-provisional-crowns
#1
Malek Ahmed Alabdulkader, Syed Rashid Habib
BACKGROUND: A well-made and properly cemented provisional restoration is essential for the health of abutment teeth and periodontium. Few focused studies are available on the effect of cementation techniques on the fit as well as on the retention of the provisional crowns. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of six cement application techniques on the adaptation and retention of provisional crowns. METHODS: Seventy-two provisional crowns (Bisacryl resin) were fabricated over identical self-cured resin dies and were divided into six groups (N= 72; 6 ×n= 12) of cement application techniques (Temp Bond NE, Kerr Corporation)...
August 6, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124459/effects-of-robot-assisted-therapy-on-upper-extremity-function-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-hemiplegic-patients-a-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Min-Jae Lee, Jung-Hoon Lee, Sun-Min Lee
BACKGROUND: Many robots can induce passive movements and passive resistance movements to facilitate recovery of upper-extremity function, but it is rare to find robots that can also enable active resistance movements. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of robot-assisted therapy on upper-extremity function and the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL) in patients with stroke-induced hemiplegia. METHODS: Thirty patients with stroke-induced hemiplegia were randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups, with 15 patients in each group...
August 6, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124458/diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-using-resting-state-fmri-and-graph-theory
#3
Mahtab Mohammadpoor Faskhodi, Zahra Einalou, Mehrdad Dadgostar
BACKGROUND: The study of the brain network based on the basis of the resting-state functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) provided some promising results to investigate changes in connectivity among different brain regions because of Alzheimer's disease (AD). OBJECTIVE: In addition, the graph theory has been utilized as an efficient tool in diagnosing Alzheimer and in finding the developed differences in the brain as the result of this disease. METHODS: This study considers 16 areas of the brain, which play major role in the development of AD...
August 6, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124457/anterior-posterior-displacement-of-center-of-pressure-measured-by-insole-foot-pressure-measurement-system-in-subacute-recovery-stage-of-post-stroke-hemiplegia
#4
Hanboram Choi, Woo-Sub Kim
BACKGROUND: Anterior-posterior displacement of center of pressure (AP_CoP) reflects stance limb function. However, AP_CoP's clinical applicability in post-stroke hemiplegia is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical usefulness of parameters from AP_CoP in subacute stage post-stroke hemiplegia, their relationships with usage of gait aid, functional ambulatory category, and spatial-temporal parameters were tested. METHODS: Nineteen participants with post-stroke hemiplegia were included in gait with aid group...
August 6, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124456/assessment-of-newly-developed-real-time-human-respiration-carbon-dioxide-measurement-device-for-management-of-asthma-outside-of-hospital
#5
Om Prakash Singh, Ismail Bin Ahmed, M B Malarvili
BACKGROUND: Assessment of asthma outside of the hospital using a patient independent device is highly in demand due to the limitation of existing devices, which are manual and unreliable if patients are not cooperative. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to verify the use of newly developed human respiration, carbon dioxide (CO2) measurement device for the management of asthma outside of the hospital. METHOD: The data were collected from 60 subjects; aged between 18-35 years via convenience sampling method reported in UTM Health Center using the device...
August 5, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124455/early-diagnosis-and-detection-of-breast-cancer
#6
Marina Milosevic, Dragan Jankovic, Aleksandar Milenkovic, Dragan Stojanov
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women. It is often characterized by a lack of early symptoms, which results in late detection of the disease. Detection at advanced stages of the decease implies the treatment is more difficult and uncertain. The appropriate screening programs have been conducted within the organized preventive examinations and have made significant contributions to the early breast cancer detection. OBJECTIVE: It is necessary to improve the screening process in order to reduce the percentage of female population that is not covered by screening programs and increase the number of early-detected breast cancers...
August 4, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124454/factors-affecting-operative-time-in-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-retrospective-single-hospital-cohort-study-of-7674-cases
#7
Jan Bredow, Christoph Kolja Boese, Thilo Flörkemeier, Martin Hellmich, Peer Eysel, Henning Windhagen, Johannes Oppermann, Gabriela von Lewinski, Stefan Budde
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is one of the most common orthopedic procedures in developed countries, and the high volume of surgery and the socioeconomic burden of failures demand continuous optimization. Operative time has been identified as a significant independent factor influencing the clinical outcome of THA. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze factors influencing the operative time for THA in a large, single-center cohort. METHODS: A consecutive series of 7,674 cases undergoing primary THA was identified, and after multiple imputation of missing values, univariable and multivariable linear regression analyses were performed...
August 4, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103357/the-role-of-the-smoking-on-the-mechanical-properties-of-the-human-lung
#8
Alireza Karimi, Reza Razaghi
The mechanical functions of the lungs are concerned with ventilating the alveoli and aiding venous return to the heart. The mechanical properties of the lung allow this to be fulfilled with a very small expenditure of energy. Smoking via chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can affect this mechanical function through the alteration of the mechanical properties of the lung tissue. So far, no study has been conducted to experimentally compare the in vitro mechanical properties of the human lung tissue among the healthy nonsmokers and unhealthy smokers...
July 29, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103358/the-effects-of-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-on-active-range-of-motion-functional-fitness-flexibility-and-isokinetic-strength-in-high-school-basketball-players
#9
Hyun-Seung Rhyu, Hyun-Gu Han, Soung-Yob Rhi
Although many studies have focused on stretching techniques for athletes, no comprehensive studies have investigated the use of the instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) technique in young basketball players. The active properties of muscle and subjective reporting of functional ability were used to identify the effects of IASTM on the calf muscle. Active range of motion (AROM), functional fitness, and isokinetic lower strength in the knees and ankles were measured in 40 healthy young basketball players...
July 28, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103356/controlling-of-smart-home-system-based-on-brain-computer-interface
#10
Qiang Gao, Xuewen Zhao, Xiao Yu, Yu Song, Zhe Wang
BACKGROUND: Brain computer interface (BCI) technology is a communication and control approach. Up to now many studies have attempted to develop an EEG-based BCI system to improve the quality of life of people with severe disabilities, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), paralysis, brain stroke and so on. The proposed BCIBSHS could help to provide a new way for supporting life of paralyzed people and elderly people. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this paper is to explore how to set up a cost-effective and safe-to-use online BCIBSHS to recognize multi-commands and control smart devices based on SSVEP...
July 27, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103355/reduction-thermal-damage-to-cortical-bone-using-ultrasonically-assisted-drilling
#11
Qingchun Zheng, Lei Xia, Xu Zhang, Chunqiu Zhang, Yahui Hu
BACKGROUND: Thermal damage induced by bone drilling is a common problem during surgical procedures. A recent and promising method utilizes high-frequency low-amplitude vibration in the feed direction during drilling and has the potential to reduce drilling temperature, minimizing the risk of thermal damage. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of ultrasonically-assisted drilling (UAD) on cortical bone temperature. METHODS: A series of experiments was conducted to compare the cortical bone temperature during UAD with that during conventional drilling (CD)...
July 26, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30040772/algorithm-for-diabetes-risk-evaluation-from-past-gestational-diabetes-data
#12
Mindaugas Marozas, Sergej Sosunkevič, Miglė Francaitė-Daugėlienė, Džilda Veličkienė, Arunas Lukoševičius
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as glucose intolerance that is diagnosed in pregnancy period, leading to possible complications for both mother and fetus during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to build an objective method to evaluate diabetes mellitus (DM) risk from past GDM data recorded 15 years ago and find a short list of most informative indicators. The dataset consists of demographic, lifestyle, clinical, genetic and pregnancy related information recorded 15 years ago. Due to the large time gap data are limited and have missing values (MVs)...
July 13, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30040773/performance-evaluation-of-an-automated-image-based-fluorescence-cd4-cell-analyzer
#13
Myoung-Ock Cho, Subin Kim, Ji Yeon Lee, Jong Hyun Oh, Jee Young Kim, Sung Rok Bong, Chanil Chung, Jung Kyung Kim
BACKGROUND: Although AIDS-related mortality has declined since the introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART), HIV/ AIDS patients are predominantly present in developing countries that lack high-cost diagnostic devices and human expertise. OBJECTIVE: New methods for counting CD4+ cells cost-effectively are needed to replace conventional flow cytometry-based diagnosis. METHODS: We developed a CD4+ cell analyzer, ADAM II, which is a benchtop fluorescence image-based CD3+/4+ cell counting analyzer...
July 11, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30040771/a-review-of-gamification-approaches-in-commercial-cognitive-bias-modification-gaming-applications
#14
Melvyn W B Zhang, Jiang Bo Ying, Guo Song, Roger C M Ho
BACKGROUND: Cognitive biases are mostly automatic processes that result in individuals giving increased attention to threatening stimuli, with the difficulties in disengaging from these stimuli. Recent reviews have reported the presence for attention bias in several psychiatric conditions and provided evidence that such biases could be subjected to modification. Web-based and mobile based bias modification have mixed efficacy and gamification techniques proposed as a solution. There remains a gap in knowledge pertaining to the gamified applications for bias modification that are commercially available...
July 11, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30040770/effect-of-drilling-direction-and-depth-on-thermal-necrosis-during-tibia-drilling-an-in-vitro-study
#15
Seifollah Gholampour, Ehsan Shakouri, Hossein Haghighi Hassanali Deh
Thermal necrosis is one of the main concerns in bone drillings. This study has been designed with the aim of improving the surgeons' knowledge on how to reduce thermal necrosis in tibia drilling with various depths and directions. A drilling machine was developed, which made the direct transfer of gas coolants into the drilling site during drilling possible. Results indicated that 2000 r/min is the most proper rotational speed for minimizing thermal necrosis. Changing the drilling direction from radial to longitudinal raised the temperature at drilling site...
July 10, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30040769/handmade-trileaflet-valve-design-and-validation-for-patch-valved-conduit-reconstruction-using-generalized-regression-machine-learning-model
#16
Chung-Dann Kan, Jieh-Neng Wang, Chia-Hung Lin, Wei-Ling Chen, Pong-Jeu Lu, Ming-Yao Chan, Jui-Te Wu
Pulmonary valve diseases include the different degrees of aortic stenosis or congenital defects in children or adults. Valve repair or replacement surgery is commonly performed to relieve valvular dysfunction and improve the significant flow regurgitation in the aortic valve and the pulmonary valve. However, commercial valve stents and valved conduits are sometimes not available for children or patients with special conditions. The handmade trileaflet valve design has been used with different range of diameters for patch-valved conduit reconstruction...
July 10, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991151/a-support-vector-machine-approach-to-detect-trans-tibial-prosthetic-misalignment-using-3-dimensional-ground-reaction-force-features-a-proof-of-concept
#17
Xueyi Zhang, Goeran Fiedler, Zhe Cao, Zhicheng Liu
BACKGROUND: Prosthetists conventionally evaluate alignment based on visual interpretation of patients' gait, which is convenient, but largely subjective and depends on prosthetists' experience. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we explore the feasibility of using a support vector machine (SVM) approach to automatically detect misalignment of trans-tibial prostheses through ground reaction force (GRF). METHODS: Alternate classification algorithms with varying kernels and feature sets were compared to assess the suitability for detection of a representative misalignment (six degrees of ankle plantar flexion) from normal alignment...
June 29, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991150/changes-in-trunk-sway-and-impairment-during-sitting-and-standing-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#18
Do Hyun Kim, Duk-Hyun An, Won-Gyu Yoo
BACKGROUND: Poor postural control constitutes a major impairment in children with cerebral palsy (CP), compromising everyday activities such as sitting- and standing-position. PURPOSE: In this study, we measured trunk sway during sitting- and standing-position. Additionally, we assessed trunk control ability using the trunk impairment scale (TIS), trunk control measurement scale (TCMS), and sitting assessment test for children with neuromotor dysfunction (SACND), in children with CP...
June 29, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991149/diagnosing-periprosthetic-hip-joint-low-grade-infection-via-arthroscopic-neo-synovium-biopsies
#19
Leif Claassen, Nils Wirries, Sarah Ettinger, Marc-Frederic Pastor, Henning Windhagen, Thilo Flörkemeier
BACKGROUND: There is currently a lack of consensus regarding the most effective diagnostic algorithm for cases of supposed low-grade infection after total hip arthoplasty (THA). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess reliability in the use of biopsies, obtained by hip arthroscopy, to detect a periprosthetic hip joint infection (PJI). METHODS: From 2012 to 2016, diagnostic arthroscopy of the hip joint was performed in 20 patients with a supposed PJI following THA...
June 27, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991148/low-variable-rate-stimulation-strategy-for-cochlear-implants-using-temporal-cues-and-electrophysiological-factors
#20
Elham Zarei, Hamed Sadjedi
BACKGROUND: The performance of a cochlear implant (CI), especially in conveying pitch depends on its electrical stimulation strategy. OBJECTIVE: The present study proposes a variable-rate stimulation algorithm which improves speech emotion perception by using temporal fine-structure cues and electrophysiological parameters of the patient. METHODS: This method is based on the coding of the phase information at the peak time intervals of the band-passed signals...
June 27, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
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