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Saudi Dental Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490847/sexual-dimorphism-pattern-of-third-molar-and-mandibular-second-premolar-agenesis-in-indian-paediatric-orthodontic-patients
#1
Apurva Mishra, Ramesh K Pandey
OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare the prevalence and pattern of agenesis of third molar and mandibular second premolar in paediatric orthodontic patients of age group 9-15 for sexual dimorphism. METHODS: The digital orthopantograph was obtained from the archive record of patients of age group 9-15 year. Radiographs of 301 patients were evaluated after taking exclusion criteria into account and were assessed for the presence/absence of third molars and mandibular second premolar...
April 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490846/reliability-of-intra-oral-camera-using-teledentistry-in-screening-of-oral-diseases-pilot-study
#2
Kalyana Chakravarthy Pentapati, Preetinanda Mishra, Mehrshad Damania, Siddharth Narayanan, Garima Sachdeva, Geetanshu Bhalla
OBJECTIVE: Reliability of intra-oral camera using teledentistry in screening of oral diseases. METHODOLOGY: A trained and calibrated examiner used intra-oral camera to capture videos of oral cavity along with clinical examination to evaluate caries, plaque, calculus, tooth wear and fluorosis, stains in children. RESULTS: The mean DT and DMFT were significantly higher with use of intra-oral camera than with clinical examination (p = 0.001 and 0...
April 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490845/a-survey-of-pediatric-dentists-caries-related-treatment-decisions-and-restorative-modalities-a-web-based-survey
#3
Hassan S Halawany, Fouad Salama, Vimal Jacob, Nimmi Biju Abraham, Tarfa Nasser Bin Moharib, Abdulfatah Samih Alazmah, Jawaher Abdulaziz Al Harbi
OBJECTIVE: To identify current practices and the preferred caries-related treatment decisions and restorative modalities of primary teeth among pediatric dental practitioners in Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a web-based cross-sectional survey conducted among licensed pediatric dental practitioners in Saudi Arabia. Following the retrieval of the email addresses from the Saudi Dental Council, an email explaining the purpose of the study and a link to SurveyMonkey electronic survey consisting of 23 questions was sent to all the members registered under the pediatric dentistry practitioners, starting in September till December 2013...
April 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490844/attitudes-of-dental-professional-staff-and-auxiliaries-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia-toward-disclosure-of-medical-errors
#4
Nora S Al-Nomay, Abdulghani Ashi, Aljohara Al-Hargan, Abdulaziz Alshalhoub, Emad Masuadi
AIM: To collect empirical data on the attitudes of dental professionals and dental auxiliaries in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, regarding the disclosure of medical errors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted, involving the administration of a questionnaire to a sample of 586 participants recruited from over 10 government and private dental institutions in Riyadh between August 2015 and January 2016. The questionnaire collected information regarding participant opinions on (a) personal beliefs, norms, and practices regarding medical errors, (b) the nature of errors that should be disclosed, and (c) who should disclose errors...
April 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490843/factors-affecting-polymerization-of-resin-based-composites-a-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Maan M AlShaafi
AIM: The aim of this review was to help clinicians improve their understanding of the polymerization process for resin-based composites (RBC), the effects of different factors on the process and the way in which, when controlled, the process leads to adequately cured RBC restorations. METHODS: Ten factors and their possible effects on RBC polymerization are reviewed and discussed, with some recommendations to improve that process. These factors include RBC shades, their light curing duration, increment thickness, light unit system used, cavity diameter, cavity location, light curing tip distance from the curing RBC surface, substrate through which the light is cured, filler type, and resin/oral cavity temperature...
April 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490842/the-need-for-virtual-reality-simulators-in-dental-education-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Elby Roy, Mahmoud M Bakr, Roy George
Virtual reality simulators are becoming an essential part of modern education. The benefits of Virtual reality in dentistry is constantly being assessed as a method or an adjunct to improve fine motor skills, hand-eye coordination in pre-clinical settings and overcome the monetary and intellectual challenges involved with such training. This article, while providing an overview of the virtual reality dental simulators, also looks at the link between virtual reality simulation and current pedagogical knowledge...
April 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270708/a-rare-case-of-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-of-the-mandible-mimicking-a-malignant-tumor
#7
Mohammed Ghazi AlKindi
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) of the head and neck is a rare benign proliferative lesion of unknown etiology that mimics malignant lesions clinically and radiographically. I report the case of a 27-year-old woman who presented with a mass in her left mandible associated with restricted mouth opening that had developed over the preceding 7 months. The mass was resected completely with 5 mm margin under general anesthesia. The mass was extending to the floor of the mouth and impinging on the masseter and temporalis muscles...
January 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270707/determination-of-the-position-of-mental-foramen-and-frequency-of-anterior-loop-in-saudi-population-a-retrospective-cbct-study
#8
H Al-Mahalawy, H Al-Aithan, B Al-Kari, B Al-Jandan, S Shujaat
OBJECTIVES: To determine the position of mental foramen (MF) and frequency of anterior loop (AL) using dental cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved the evaluation of 302 CBCT scans (196 males, 106 females). The position of MF was determined with respect to adjacent teeth, nearest root apex of adjacent teeth and mandibular borders. MF position was also assessed based on gender and age. In addition, prevalence of anterior loop was evaluated by categorizing the inferior alveolar canal (IAC) patterns into linear, perpendicular and anterior looping...
January 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270706/patients-with-burning-mouth-sensations-a-clinical-investigation-of-causative-factors-in-a-group-of-compete-denture-wearers-jordanian-population
#9
Gadeer Elea Mukatash-Nimri, Marwan A Al-Nimri, Omar G Al-Jadeed, Zaid R Al-Zobe, Khuzama K Aburumman, Nader A Masarwa
AIM: To find out the prevalence of "true" burning mouth syndrome and study the association between patients' spontaneous complaints of burning mouth and systemic conditions in a group of middle age and elderly "denture wearers" patients in Jordan. METHODS: A group of 129 patients (112 female and 17 male) of "complete denture wearers" subjects aged 40 years and over attended prosthetic clinic at King Hussein Medical Hospital complaining from oral burning, with no oral lesion possibly responsible for the burning sensations were selected...
January 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270705/dental-specialty-career-preferences-and-their-influencing-factors-among-final-year-dental-students-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Hassan Suliman Halawany, Abdullah Salman Binassfour, Waleed Khalid AlHassan, Rami Ayed Alhejaily, Nassr Al Maflehi, Vimal Jacob, Nimmi Biju Abraham
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate evolving trends in dental post graduate specialty preferences and career aspirations among final year dental students in Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among final year dental students from seventeen universities in Saudi Arabia. The questionnaire enquired about socio-demographic details and the ranking of three of their best preferences among the list of specialties/general dentistry and career options...
January 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270704/role-of-ethical-beliefs-and-attitudes-of-dental-students-in-providing-care-for-hiv-aids-patients
#11
Saad Ahmed Khan, Min Li Liew, Hanan Omar
INTRODUCTION: Dental care has remained as an unmet need for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs). Dental students are considered as future healthcare workforce and having beliefs which are discriminating may have negative attitudes towards providing care to these individuals (Azodo et al., 2010). The study aimed to assess the ethical beliefs and attitudes of dental students towards PLWHAs for providing care. METHODS: It is a descriptive correlational and cross sectional study...
January 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270703/effectiveness-of-salvadora-persica-extracts-against-common-oral-pathogens
#12
Hanan Balto, Ibrahim Al-Sanie, Sultan Al-Beshri, Abdullah Aldrees
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of ethanol and hexane extracts of Salvadora persica against common oral pathogens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Well diffusion, Minimum Inhibition Concentration (MIC), Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC), and Broth microdilution tests were used to determine the optimum antimicrobial concentrations of S. persica extracts against Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans), Streptococcus sanguis (S...
January 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872552/preserving-esthetics-occlusion-and-occlusal-vertical-dimension-in-a-patient-with-fixed-prostheses-seeking-dental-implant-treatment
#13
Abdulaziz Al Baker, Syed Rashid Habib, Mohammad D Al Amri
The preservation of esthetics and occlusal vertical dimension is critical in patients with existing full-arch tooth-retained fixed prostheses. This clinical report describes the provision of a maxillary immediate complete denture in a patient with a maxillary full-arch fixed dental prosthesis over nonviable teeth. The existing fixed dental prosthesis was used in the fabrication of the maxillary immediate complete denture to preserve esthetics. The technique involved recording and preservation of the occlusal vertical dimension and occlusion of the existing prosthesis...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872551/evaluation-of-fluoride-levels-in-bottled-water-and-their-contribution-to-health-and-teeth-problems-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#14
Mohamed Yehia Z Abouleish
Fluoride is needed for better health, yet if ingested at higher levels it may lead to health problems. Fluoride can be obtained from different sources, with drinking water being a major contributor. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), bottled water is the major source for drinking. The aim of this research is to measure fluoride levels in different bottled water brands sold in UAE, to determine whether fluoride contributes to better health or health problems. The results were compared to international and local standards...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872550/waterpipe-smoking-among-health-sciences-university-students-knowledge-attitude-and-patterns-of-use
#15
K H Awan, A Alrshedan, M Al Kahtani, S Patil
INTRODUCTION: Although waterpipe smoking is common in Gulf counties, its prevalence in Saudi Arabia is uncertain. The purposes of this study were (a) to assess the prevalence of waterpipe smoking among healthcare university students in Saudi Arabia and (b) to determine their attitudes and practices of waterpipe smoking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among university students of three different health sciences colleges, namely medical, dental, and pharmacy, of a public university, through random cluster sampling...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872549/tooth-numbering-system-in-saudi-arabia-survey
#16
Sulieman S Al-Johany
OBJECTIVE: There were four aims of the current study: (1) to find the most commonly used Tooth Numbering System (TNS) in Saudi Arabia in both academic and non-academic institutions, (2) to identify the most commonly taught TNS in dental colleges, (3) to understand the reasons why dental practitioners prefer to use a specific TNS, and (4) the consequences of using more than one TNS. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Between May 2014 and May 2015, a self-administered questionnaire containing 21 questions was randomly distributed to 121 individuals (20 deans of dental colleges and 101 heads of governmental dental centers)...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872548/perception-of-altered-smile-esthetics-among-moroccan-professionals-and-lay-people
#17
L Ousehal, H Aghoutan, S Chemlali, I Filali Anssari, N Talic
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the impact of altered smile characteristics on the perception of smile esthetics between Moroccan dentists and lay people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four digital smile photographs displaying alterations in crown length and width, lateral incisor gingival margin position, gingival exposition, midline diastema, and upper midline deviation were presented to a sample of 30 dentists and 30 lay people. The ratings were assessed with a visual analog scale...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872547/measuring-dental-students-preference-a-comparison-of-light-microscopy-and-virtual-microscopy-as-teaching-tools-in-oral-histology-and-pathology
#18
Ohoud Alotaibi, Dalal ALQahtani
OBJECTIVES: Light microscopy used to be the traditional modality of teaching histology and pathology disciplines. Recent advances and innovations in the information technology field have revolutionized the use of hard- and software in medical education. An example of such an innovation is the so-called virtual microscopy. Many schools have started to adopt virtual microscopy as a new method aimed at enhancing student learning. Nonetheless, few reports have described the experiences of introducing virtual microscopy in dental education...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872546/evaluation-of-root-canal-morphology-of-maxillary-second-premolars-in-a-saudi-arabian-sub-population-an-in-vitro-microcomputed-tomography-study
#19
Mutasim Elnour, Abdul Khabeer, Emad AlShwaimi
AIM: To investigate the root canal morphology of maxillary second premolars in a Saudi Arabian subpopulation using microcomputed tomography (micro-CT). METHODOLOGY: Micro-CT analysis was performed on 100 maxillary second premolars. The anatomy of each tooth (number of roots, canals, orifices, and apical foramina, and the presence of apical deltas and accessory canals) was analyzed from reconstructed three-dimensional images. RESULTS: The most common morphology was a single root (67%), followed by two roots (30%), and three roots (3%)...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872545/how-effective-the-problem-based-learning-pbl-in-dental-education-a-critical-review
#20
REVIEW
Ali Alrahlah
The purpose of this critical review is to explore the research supporting the effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) as a teaching method in dental education. PBL was developed more than 40 years ago in reaction to the problems and limitations of traditional teaching approaches. Here, aspects of the PBL teaching approach are reviewed, and the reasons for the substantial effect of this approach on dental education are discussed. Evidence shows that students in PBL-based courses exhibit superior professional skills and effective learning compared with those instructed using traditional approaches...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
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