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Saudi Dental Journal

Harpreet Singh, Pranav Kapoor, Poonam Sharma, Raj Kumar Maurya, Tanmay Mittal
The orthodontic management of patients with Class III malocclusion poses numerous prognostic and treatment challenges to the clinician. Various removable, orthopaedic, myofunctional and fixed appliances have been recommended for the correction of Class III malocclusion. The Reverse Twin Block (RTB) is a simple and well tolerated appliance which has often been used for the early management of such cases in mixed dentition. Cases reporting use of RTB in permanent dentition are however, limited. This article presents an insight into the encouraging results of reverse twin block (RTB) appliance used in conjunction with fixed mechanotherapy for the successful treatment of a 12-year-old patient presenting with skeletal Class III malocclusion and a concave facial profile...
October 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Manal Alsheddi, Mohammed Alkindi, Mohammed Badwelan, Noura Alotaibi, Sundar Ramalingam
Schwannomas are slow-growing, benign neoplasms arising from the Schwann cells and are commonly reported as peripheral tumors in the head and neck region. Central intramandibular schwannomas are extremely rare lesions. We report a case of intramandibular schwannoma in a 70 year old male patient. Panoramic radiography revealed a large, multilocular radiolucent lesion with distinct borders involving the right mandibular body and ramus. A complete excision was achieved by removing the tumor followed by reconstruction of the mandible...
October 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Dalia Mamdouh Talaat, Aly Abd El-Aziz Sharaf, Mona Abd El-Moneim Ghoneim, Soraya Ali El-Shazly, Omar Abd El Sadek El Meligy
Objective: To compare the efficacy of two types of mouth rinse sprays (Periogard and Plax) in inhibiting the growth of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) on toothbrush bristles used by children. Methods: An experimental comparative study was performed. The sample included 60 children aged 6-8 years with high caries index. Children were divided randomly into 3 groups (20 each) according to materials applied on toothbrush. Each group was further subdivided into 2 subgroups A and B (10 each) according to the laboratory standards for processing microbiological specimens...
October 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Mohamed M Ammar, Gihan H Waly, Sayed H Saniour, Taheya A Moussa
Periodontium regeneration is a highly challenging process as it requires the regeneration of three different tissues simultaneously. The aim of this study was to develop a composite material that can be easily applied and can sufficiently deliver essential growth factors and progenitor cells for periodontal tissue regeneration. Freeze-dried platelet concentrate (FDPC) was prepared and incorporated in a thermo-sensitive chitosan/β-glycerol phosphate (β-GP) hydrogel at concentrations of 5, 10, or 15 mg/ml...
October 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Harsh Kapil, D K Suresh, Shalu Chandna Bathla, Karandeep Singh Arora
Objectives: To evaluate the potential benefits of local application of Thymoquinone gel as an adjunctive to scaling and root planing (SRP) in subjects with chronic periodontitis. Material and methods: Twenty subjects with 40 test sites were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. They were further divided into 2 groups. Group I comprised of study subjects (Thymoquinone in addition to SRP) and Group II comprised of control subjects (only SRP). Clinical parameters such as Plaque Index (PI), Gingival Index (GI), Probing Pocket Depth (PPD), Relative Attachment Level (RAL), were monitored at baseline and 6 weeks post operatively...
October 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Kiran Kumar Ganji, Mohammad Khursheed Alam, Ashraf Farhan Alanazi, Mohanad Aldahali
Background: Recently quantitative evaluation of gingival zenith position was evaluated in different facial forms suggesting clinicians may need to evaluate patients facial form and then decide to distalise the Gingival Zenith position in relation to Vertical Bisected Midline (VBM). The aim of the study was to quantitatively evaluate the gingival zenith width in convex, concave and straight facial profiles for Saudi, Indian and Bangladeshi nationals. Materials/methods: 114 subjects of each Saudi, Indian & Bangladeshi nationality were grouped into convex, concave and straight profile based on angle of convexity...
October 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Olawale O Adamson, Olalekan M Gbotolorun, Olalekan Odeniyi, Oyinlola O Oduyebo, Wasiu L Adeyemo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Hussein A Abdullah, Faiza M Abdul-Ameer
Objective: The approximate life span of a silicone maxillofacial prosthesis is as short as 1.5-2 years of clinical service, then a new prosthesis should be fabricated. The most common reason for re-making the prosthesis is silicone mechanical properties degradation. The aim of this study was to assess some mechanical properties of VST-30 silicone for maxillofacial prostheses after addition of intrinsic pigments. Methods: Two types of intrinsic pigments (rayon flocking and burnt sienna); each of them was incorporated into silicone...
October 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Abhay P Kolte, Rajashri A Kolte, Pranjali Bawankar
Objectives: Open gingival embrasures leading to appearance of black triangles which apart from being unesthetic contribute towards food retention, adversely affecting the health of the periodontium. Correction of such papillary deformities is extremely challenging, which requires an in depth knowledge about the interproximal geometry for the appropriate management of interdental papilla. So, the present study was aimed to determine the proximal contact areas of maxillary anterior teeth and their influence on the interdental papilla...
October 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Fatima Zohra Kiari, Boumediene Meddah, Aicha Tir Touil Meddah
An in vitro evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of essential oil (EO) and methanol extract (ME) from Algerian Nigella sativa L. seeds against microbial strains isolated from the oral cavities of periodontal patients was performed. Twelve Gram-positive bacteria, eleven Gram-negative bacteria and three microscopic fungi strains were isolated and identified. The antimicrobial activities of EO and ME were tested against Staphylococcus aureus , Staphylococcus epidermidis , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Enterococcus faecalis , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Proteus sp...
October 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Taye J Lasisi, Rukiyat A Abdus-Salam
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between pregnancy-induced periodontal inflammation and levels of some salivary cytokines and antimicrobial proteins (AMPs). The study was a cohort longitudinal study that included pregnant women attending a secondary health facility. Consented participants had oral examination and saliva sampling during pregnancy and post-partum (three months after pregnancy). Saliva samples were used for the analysis of cytokines (TNF-α, IFN-gamma and IL-1β) and AMPs (Lactoferin, Lysozyme, and β defensin-1) using ELISA...
October 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Abdullah Al Farraj Al Dosari, Syed Rashid Habib, Talal Alnassar, Abdulmonem Alshihri, Ranan Kamalan
Purpose: To investigate the current considerations in the fabrication of dental implant prostheses (DIP) and the state of prosthetic complications from the dental technicians (DT) perspective. Methods: A self-designed pretested questionnaire and an informed consent were distributed to 150 certified DT working in dental laboratories of Riyadh, KSA. The demographic data, questions related to the implant fixed/removable prostheses and questions on the prosthetic complications related to the DIP were collected...
October 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
K J Nisha, Aparnna Suresh, A Anilkumar, Shyam Padmanabhan
Aim: Chemokines released by different host cells when exposed to the components of periodontopathic bacteria induce and maintain an inflammatory response in the periodontium. The aim of the study was to estimate the salivary levels of two chemokines, macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1α) and monocyte chemo attractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in health, gingivitis and periodontitis and to evaluate their role as reliable salivary biomarkers in discriminating gingivitis and periodontitis from health...
October 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Manal Mohamed Almoudi, Alaa Sabah Hussein, Mohamed Ibrahim Abu Hassan, Nurhayati Mohamad Zain
Objectives: The aim of this study was to systematically review the growth inhibition effectiveness of zinc against Streptococcus mutan s. The main question was, "Does the zinc inhibit the growth of oral Streptococcus mutans in vitro? Methods: Literature search on PubMed, Medline, and science direct databases was carried out for in vitro studies published in English from 1990 to 2016, and the reported outcomes of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBC), zone of inhibition (ZOI) and bacterial count method using colony forming unit (CFU) were used to assess the antibacterial effectiveness of zinc...
October 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Sumaya M Abusrewil, William McLean, J Alun Scott
Introduction: Periradicular surgery involves the placement of a root-end filling following root-end resection, to provide an apical seal to the root canal system. Historically several materials have been used in order to achieve this seal. Recently a class of materials known as Bioceramics have been adopted. The aim of this article is to provide a review of the outcomes of periradicular surgery when Bioceramic root-end filling materials are used on human permanent teeth in comparison to "traditional" materials...
October 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Thakib A Al-Shalan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
A Sumathi Felicita
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the efficacy of forced extrusion using the sling shot elastic. A 21 year adult patient reported with an Ellis Class VIII fracture of the maxillary right lateral incisor. Root canal treatment followed by a fiber reinforced composite post was placed and core build up was done. A metal button was bonded to the tooth. Begg brackets were placed from the second premolar on one side to the second premolar on the opposite side. 0.016″ × 0.025″ stainless steel was placed in ribbon mode...
July 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Rahul G Morankar, Ashima Goyal, Krishan Gauba, Aditi Kapur
Meier-Gorlin syndrome (MGS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the triad of microtia, absent or small patellae and short stature. The other associated clinical features may include developmental delay, congenital pulmonary emphysema, gastro-esophageal reflux, urogenital anomalies, such as cryptorchidism and feeding problems. The facial characteristics during childhood are typical, comprising of a small mouth with full lips and micrognathia/retrognathia. The condition is rare affecting about one to nine individuals per million...
July 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Mansour Al-Askar, Duaa Alsaffar
Purpose: This case report demonstrates the feasibility of using allograft bone with a resorbable collagen membrane to correct an alveolar ridge defect and achieve a highly esthetic restoration. Case presentation: A 30-year-old woman with generalized aggressive periodontitis and advanced periodontal vertical bone loss in periodontally hopeless upper left right premolar which required a fixed restoration. A staged surgical strategy was devised. First, a resorbable collagen membrane and allograft bone grafts were used to guide bone regeneration in the vertical alveolar defect...
July 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Faisal Al Sineedi, Yasin Alavi Aruveetil, Abdul Majeed Kavarodi, Shawqi Osman Harbi
Unicystic ameloblastoma is a less encountered variant of the ameloblastoma that usually presented as unicystic lesions of jaw occurring in 3rd and 4th decades of life. It shows a typical ameloblastomatous epithelium lining the cyst cavity, with or without variable tumor proliferations. The case presented here is of a 9 yr old boy who was referred to our center for the management of a large diffuse swelling on the right side of the face. Clinical and radiologic evaluation showed two interconnected cystic lesions in the right body and the symphyseal regions of the mandible associated with impacted canines bilaterally...
July 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
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