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Saudi Dental Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628741/caries-risk-profiles-in-orthodontic-patients-a-4-year-follow-up-study-using-the-cariogram-model-in-governmental-vs-private-clinics
#1
Naif A Almosa, Ted Lundgren, Anas Al-Mulla, Dowen Birkhed, Heidrun Kjellberg
Objectives: To (1) analyze caries-related factors and (2) evaluate caries risk using the Cariogram model for governmental and private orthodontic patients at de-bonding and 4 years after de-bonding. Materials and methods: Forty orthodontic patients with mean age of 26.4 years were recruited from a governmental (G) group (n = 20) and private (P) group (n = 20) and were examined at de-bonding (T1) and 4 years after de-bonding (T2). The examination included a questionnaire, plaque scoring, caries examination, bitewing radiographs, and assessment of salivary secretion rate, buffering capacity and cariogenic microorganisms...
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628740/total-and-soluble-fluoride-concentration-present-in-various-commercial-brands-of-children-toothpastes-available-in-saudi-arabia-a-pilot-study
#2
Imran Farooq, Saqib Ali, Khalifa Sulaiman Al-Khalifa, Khalid Alhooshani
Objective: The aim of this pilot study was to perform chemical analysis and investigate the total and soluble fluoride concentrations in various brands of children toothpastes. Materials and methods: Three samples of five different commercial brands of children toothpastes were collected and divided into five groups; group A - Biorepair Oral Care toothpaste containing no fluoride (control), group B - Signal Kids Strawberry toothpaste having 500 ppm fluoride, group C - Aquafresh Milk Teeth toothpaste having 500 ppm fluoride, group D - Aquafresh Little Teeth toothpaste having 500 ppm fluoride, and group E - Siwak F Junior having 400 ppm F...
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628739/maxillary-lateral-incisor-agenesis-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#3
Naji Ziad Arandi, Shockry Mustafa
Objective: This study aims to estimate the prevalence of congenitally missing lateral incisors in a sample of 2662 dental patients in Palestine. Methods: A total of 2662 digital panoramic radiographs were retrospectively examined for the presence of congenitally missing permanent lateral incisors. The radiographs were obtained from the archival records of patients attending a local dental center at the city of Nablus in Palestine. Results: The prevalence of missing lateral incisors among the examined population (n = 2662) was found to be 1...
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628738/calcification-of-the-stylohyoid-complex-in-libyans
#4
Galal Omami
Objective: To investigate the prevalence and pattern of calcification of the stylohyoid complex in Libyan population. Material and methods: Archived digital panoramic radiographs of 3343 patients were collected; 181 images were excluded for underage or poor image quality. Thus, the images of 3162 patients (1081 men, 2081 women; women-to-men ratio, 2:1; age range, 16-68 years; mean age, 36.7 years) retrieved and assigned to one of four morphological patterns of the stylohyoid complex: regular, elongated, calcified, and undetected...
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628737/-in-vitro-study-of-white-spot-lesion-maxilla-and-mandibular-teeth
#5
Alizae Marny Mohamed, Kiong Hung Wong, Wan Jen Lee, Murshida Marizan Nor, Haizal Mohd Hussaini, Tanti Irawati Rosli
Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of resin infiltration on colour changes and surface roughness of artificial white spot lesions (WSLs) on maxillary and mandibular premolar. Materials and methods: Sixty (60) extracted sound Maxilla (Mx) and Mandibular (Mn) premolars were randomly divided into 2 groups (test and control). Artificial WSLs were produced on buccal surface of teeth and were immersed in artificial saliva for 8 weeks. Colour components (L∗ , a∗ , b∗ ) and surface roughness (Sa∗ ) were assessed on 40 teeth using colour difference meter RD-100 and Alicona® Infinite Focus profilometer respectively...
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628736/comparative-evaluation-of-dimensional-stability-of-impression-materials-from-developing-countries-and-developed-countries-after-disinfection-with-different-immersion-disinfectant-systems-and-ultraviolet-chamber
#6
Rupandeep Kaur Samra, Shreenivas Vasant Bhide
Objectives: It was to analyse and compare the effect of different disinfectant systems on the dimensional stability of commonly used irreversible hydrocolloid and addition silicone impression materials from developing countries as compared to materials from developed countries. Material and methods: Disinfectant systems used were glutaraldehyde, sodium hypochlorite and ultraviolet chamber. The stability after disinfection of commonly used alginate and addition silicone of native origin (Algin-Gum & Ad-Sil) was compared with similar impression materials from developed countries (Vignette and Aquasil) and results compared...
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628735/chilean-dentistry-students-levels-of-empathy-and-empathic-erosion-necessary-evaluation-before-a-planned-intervention-levels-of-empathy-evaluation-and-intervention
#7
Víctor Patricio Díaz-Narváez, Ana Cristina Amezaga-Avitia, Pablo Alexander Sarabia-Alvarez, Macarena Lagos-Elgueta, Monserrat Saavedra-Madrid, Pablo Silva-Reyes, Mariela Padilla, María Paz Rodríguez-Hopp
Objectives: To estimate the general empathy levels and the potential for empathic growth in Dentistry students and demonstrate that the empathic erosion model is not med. Material and methods: Exploratory and cross-sectional study. Population: First- to fifth-year Dentistry students at Universidad San Sebastián, Santiago Campus (Chile). The total student population (N) was 800. The participants completed the Jefferson Scale of Empathy in its Spanish version for medical students, validated and adapted in Chile...
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628734/the-implications-and-applications-of-nanotechnology-in-dentistry-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Rawan N AlKahtani
The emerging science of nanotechnology, especially within the dental and medical fields, sparked a research interest in their potential applications and benefits in comparison to conventional materials used. Therefore, a better understanding of the science behind nanotechnology is essential to appreciate how these materials can be utilised in our daily practice. The present paper will help the reader understand nanoscience, and the benefits and limitations of nanotechnology by addressing its ethical, social, and health implications...
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628733/setting-up-dental-sedation-services-for-special-care-and-medically-compromised-patients
#9
EDITORIAL
Hassan Abed, Aza Rahman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033530/orthodontic-management-of-a-dilacerated-central-incisor-and-partially-impacted-canine-with-unilateral-extraction-a-case-report
#10
A Sumathi Felicita
AIM: To align a dilacerated maxillary central incisor and partially impacted canine with unilateral extraction in a young patient with skeletal deep bite. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 14 year old male patient reported to the hospital with skeletal deep bite (basal plane angle-17°), severe horizontal pattern of growth (Go-Gn to Sn -22°), upright maxillary incisors (U1 to NA -26°) and retroclined lower incisors (L1 to NB -11°). The maxillary left central incisor was dilacerated, and the maxillary left canine was partially impacted...
October 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033529/fracture-resistance-of-different-primary-anterior-esthetic-crowns
#11
Manar Zaki Al Shobber, Thamer A Alkhadra
PURPOSE: Investigate and compare fracture resistance of four commercially available esthetic crowns. METHODS: Sixty-four anterior crowns were used: NuSmile Primary crowns (NuSmile, Houston, Tex. USA) (16); Preveneered Cheng Crowns, (Orthodontic Technologies Inc., Houston, TX) (16); NuSmile ZR (NuSmile, Houston, Tex. USA); and Cheng Crowns zirconia (Orthodontic Technologies Inc., Houston, TX). Crowns were mounted and cemented on a negative replica and placed under servo hydraulic mechanical universal testing machine...
October 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033528/in-vitro-performance-of-diagnodent-laser-fluorescence-device-for-dental-calculus-detection-on-human-tooth-root-surfaces
#12
Thomas E Rams, Abdulaziz Y Alwaqyan
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the reproducibility of a red diode laser device, and its capability to detect dental calculus in vitro on human tooth root surfaces. MATERIAL AND METHODS: On each of 50 extracted teeth, a calculus-positive and calculus-free root surface was evaluated by two independent examiners with a low-power indium gallium arsenide phosphide diode laser (DIAGNOdent) fitted with a periodontal probe-like sapphire tip and emitting visible red light at 655 nm wavelength...
October 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033527/dental-students-perceptions-of-an-online-learning
#13
Moshabab A Asiry
OBJECTIVES: To identify the readiness of students for online learning, to investigate their preference and perception, and to measure the quality of online tutorials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 14-statement questionnaire was administered to fourth year undergraduate dental students in male campus at King Saud University who completed preclinical orthodontic course. The students responded to each statement by using Likert scale. RESULTS: The results reveal a high agreement of students (27...
October 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033526/complexity-of-comprehensive-care-treatments-in-undergraduate-dental-programs-the-benefits-of-observing-and-assisting-experienced-faculty-members
#14
Moataz Elgezawi, Khalid Hassan, Adel Alagl, Ahmad M Al-Thobity, Basel Al-Mutairi, Thamir Al-Houtan, Shazia Sadaf
OBJECTIVE: To improve the confidence of the final year dental students in completing occlusal and oral rehabilitation of patients, with complexities beyond their scope, based on full analysis of the biomechanical and esthetic considerations of each case. MATERIAL & METHODS: Two comprehensive patient situations presenting with special difficulties including extensive, reduced vertical dimension of occlusion, limited interocclusal space and maxillary alveolar bone for implant insertion necessitating bone augmentation and a sinus lift surgery was managed by two students at our institute...
October 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033525/oral-health-comprehension-in-parents-of-saudi-cerebral-palsy-children
#15
Amjad H Wyne, Nouf S Al-Hammad, Christian H Splieth
OBJECTIVE: To determine oral health comprehension among parents of cerebral palsy (CP) children. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was utilized to obtain the required information. The study was conducted in two main centers for disabled children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. RESULTS: Parents of all 157 CP children registered in the two centers completed the questionnaire. Mothers mostly (86.6%) completed the questionnaire. Majority (98...
October 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033524/influence-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-on-post-extraction-socket-healing-a-clinical-and-radiographic-study
#16
Ahmed Abdullah Alzahrani, Afraa Murriky, Sami Shafik
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinically and radiographically, extraction socket healing using autologous platelet rich fibrin (PRF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four subjects needing single tooth simple extractions were selected. Twenty-four extraction sockets were divided into test group (PRF, n = 12) and control group (blood clot, n = 12). PRF was prepared with blood drawn from individuals after extraction using standard technique. PRF was placed in test group sockets followed by pressure application and figure 8 sutures...
October 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033523/mothers-teething-beliefs-and-treatment-practices-in-mansoura-egypt
#17
Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Fawzia El Sayed Abusaad
OBJECTIVES: To reveal mothers' beliefs about signs and symptoms associated with teething and their treatment practices. POPULATION AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study done in Mansoura District on 457 mothers and their children with one or more erupted teeth. Mothers were interviewed during vaccination session at 25 chosen health facilities. Mothers were asked whether they agree or disagree about 24 signs and symptoms claimed to be associated with teething. RESULTS: Only 1...
October 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033522/mandibular-alveolar-bone-volume-in-patients-with-different-vertical-facial-dimensions
#18
Thamer Alkhadra
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if there is any difference in alveolar bone surface area in patients with high vertical facial dimension (long face), average vertical facial dimension (average face), and low vertical facial dimension (square short face). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients who had cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) as part of their orthodontic records were chosen according to their facial vertical dimension. Each group consisted of fifteen patients...
October 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033521/reliability-of-rubrics-in-the-assessment-of-orthodontic-oral-presentation
#19
Naif A Bindayel
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of using rubrics in dental education, specifically for undergraduate students' assessment in orthodontic oral presentation. METHODS: A rubric-based case presentation assessment form was introduced to three contributing instructors. In each instructor's group, the course director, along with the assigned instructor, assessed 8 randomly selected fourth year male dental students utilizing the same assessment form (total of 24 students)...
October 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725131/oral-kaposi-sarcoma-in-hiv-seronegative-saudi-patient-literature-review-and-case-report
#20
Asmaa Faden, Manal AlSheddi, Mohammed AlKindi, Lama Alabdulaaly
Kaposi Sarcoma (KS) is an intermediate neoplasm affecting the endothelial cells of mucous membranes and skin. It arises most commonly among HIV-infected individuals. We present an intra-oral KS in an 80-year-old Saudi male patient, who is HIV-seronegative, non-immunosuppressed, and with no history of organ transplantation. The patient was treated with fractionated radiation therapy, and had no recurrence in the 48 months of follow-up. The clinical disease, histologic features, and treatment modality used, as well as the relative literature are presented in this paper...
July 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
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