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Saudi Dental Journal

Salwa Omar Bajunaid
The development of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing systems for dentistry in the 1980s resulted in the successful fabrication of crowns, fixed dental prostheses, and superstructures for both natural teeth and dental implants. Today, this technology is available for constructing digitally designed and milled, completely removable dental prostheses. The procedure uses clinical and laboratory protocols that allow fabrication of completely removable prostheses within two clinical appointments...
July 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Ebtissam Z Murshid
OBJECTIVE: Epidemiological studies conducted in different parts of the world have revealed the postponement of first dental visits and an increased prevalence of early childhood caries in general populations in developed and developing countries. This study aimed to assess the average age of and most common reasons for first dental visits in children attending governmental and private dental clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively from the dental records of new pediatric patients attending a governmental institute (College of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, King Saud University) and a private clinic (the investigator's private practice) in Riyadh...
July 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Ibrahim Al-Arfaj, Ahmad Al-Shammari, Turki Al-Subai, Ghanim Al-Absi, Mohammad AlJaffari, Ahmad Al-Kadi, Maha El Tantawi, Asim Al-Ansari
The risk of dental trauma may increase during sports participation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices of sports participants concerning sports-related dental trauma and associated emergency/preventive practices. The study included 124 male subjects over 18 years of age participating in contact and non-contact sports in three clubs in the Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. A questionnaire was used to assess past experience of dental trauma related to sports in addition to the use of a mouth guard and knowledge of related emergency procedures...
July 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Jwan Ibrahim Jawzali
BACKGROUND: Smoking is an environmental risk factor causing poor dental health. Sialic acid is a salivary marker of oxidative stress for research of periodontal diseases. AIMS: To identify diagnostic sialic acid fraction and its scavenger effect for periodontal diseases among smokers and periodental health status. SUBJECT AND METHOD: This study carried out in the Khanzad specialized dental center - Erbil city. The study population is composed of 62 convenient samples...
July 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Salwa Abdulrahman AlSadhan
OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted to determine the prevalence of self-perceived halitosis among adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and to assess the relation of halitosis with some socio-demographic factors, oral habits and health practices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to randomly selected subjects including senior high school students, college students and employees working in governmental offices. High schools and governmental offices were selected using systematic random sampling from each of the main five regions of Riyadh...
July 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Walid Ahmed Abdullah
AIM: To compare bone regeneration in noncritical rat calvarial bone defects filled with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), alone or combined with beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP), using micro-computed tomographic (MCT) evaluation. ANIMALS AND METHODS: Two calvarial bone defects were created in each of 45 male Sprague-Dawley rats (age: 20-22 weeks, weight: 350-450 g), using a dental trephine with an external diameter of 3 mm. The 90 defects were randomly allocated among three groups, each containing 30 unilateral defects in a total of 30 rats...
July 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Fahad Ali Alshehri
We reviewed the indexed literature regarding the efficacy of laser therapy in the treatment of peri-implantitis (PI). Databases were searched using combinations of the following keywords: peri-implantitis, bone loss, photodynamic therapy, laser, and light-activated disinfection. Titles and abstracts of publications from these search results were screened to determine which studies fulfilled the eligibility criteria. Full texts of relevant studies were read and independently assessed against the eligibility criteria...
July 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Ahmed Qannam, Ibrahim O Bello
INTRODUCTION: The increased life expectancy being observed worldwide necessitates careful planning for future geriatric oral health care needs, which should be based on epidemiologic surveys to identify these needs. We aimed to survey the range of lesions diagnosed in soft-tissue biopsies of patients over age 60 over a 30-year period in a Saudi Arabian teaching hospital. METHODS: The histopathology records of geriatric patients with complete demographic data who were diagnosed between 1984 and 2013 at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University, were reviewed...
April 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
K H Awan
OBJECTIVE: E-cigarettes are becoming popular among youth as safe nicotine delivery systems. Many have expressed concern, however, that e-cigarettes may serve as a gateway to future smoking, given their low perceived risk, or that their use may prevent regular smokers from quitting by maintaining their nicotine addiction. The aim of this study was to assess experimentation with and correlates of e-cigarette use among university students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 480 university students from four faculties at a university in Riyadh in August-October 2014...
April 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Mansour K Assery
OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare dental knowledge between two generations of pregnant women attending the same antenatal clinic in Al-Jubail, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross sectional self administered questionnaire was conducted among 252 pregnant women in three different antenatal clinics. Data were analyzed using SPSS (v. 21), p value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Most surveyed women were knowledgeable about dental health issues, although a large percentage did not visit dental clinics regularly during pregnancy...
April 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Giath Gazal, Ahmed W Tola, Wamiq M Fareed, Ahmad A Alnazzawi, Muhammad S Zafar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the value of using the visual information for reducing the level of dental fear and anxiety in patients undergoing teeth extraction under LA. METHODS: A total of 64 patients were indiscriminately allotted to solitary of the study groups following reading the information sheet and signing the formal consent. If patient was in the control group, only verbal information and routine warnings were provided. If patient was in the study group, tooth extraction video was showed...
April 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Ohoud Alotaibi, Manal Al Sheddi
OBJECTIVE: Oral and maxillofacial lesions of neural origin are rare soft tissue neoplasms. The aim of the present study is to review the epidemiological data of oral and maxillofacial neurogenic lesions submitted for diagnosis to our laboratory over a 31-year period (August 1984-March 2015). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The available formalin-fixed embedded specimens, Hematoxylin and Eosin slides, demographic and clinical data were retrieved. RESULTS: Thirty-one cases were included in this study, representing 0...
April 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Adel M Alhadlaq
OBJECTIVE: To establish the anterior alveolar dimensions among a sample of Saudi subjects with different vertical facial heights. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lateral cephalometric radiographs of 63 Saudi subjects (30 males and 33 females) were included in this retrospective study. The sample was divided into high angle (SN-MP ⩾ 39°), low angle (SN-MP ⩽ 28°) and average angle (30° < SN-MP < 37°) groups. The anteroposterior and vertical dimensions of the alveolus surrounding the root apex of upper and lower incisors were calculated...
April 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
M S Archana
Paracelsus contrasted poisons from nonpoisons, stating that "All things are poisons, and there is nothing that is harmless; the dose alone decides that something is a poison". Living organisms, such as plants, animals, and microorganisms, constitute a huge source of pharmaceutically useful medicines and toxins. Depending on their source, toxins can be categorized as phytotoxins, mycotoxins, or zootoxins, which include venoms and bacterial toxins. Any toxin can be harmful or beneficial. Within the last 100 years, the perception of botulinum neurotoxin (BTX) has evolved from that of a poison to a versatile clinical agent with various uses...
April 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Alaa'a M Salloum
PROBLEM STATEMENT: Tooth movement has been shown to occur during and after the processing of complete dentures. An understanding of this phenomenon may permit one to construct functional complete dentures that require less occlusal adjustment in the articulator and in the patient's mouth. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of three different investing methods on tooth movement occurring during the processing of simulated maxillary complete dentures...
January 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Ibraheem F Alshiddi, Amjad Aljinbaz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate and compare the fracture resistance and fracture mode of extensive indirect inlay and onlay composite resin restorations performed for endodontically treated premolars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 55 extracted maxillary premolars were randomly divided into four groups. The first group (n = 15) remained untreated to serve as a positive control; the second group (n = 15) was endodontically treated with inlay cavities prepared and restored with indirect composite inlay restorations; the third group (n = 15) was also endodontically treated with onlay cavities prepared and restored with indirect composite onlay restorations; and the fourth group (n = 10) was endodontically treated with mesio-occlusodistal (MOD) cavities prepared and left unrestored to serve as negative controls...
January 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
K H Awan, S Khan, Z Abadeen, T Khalid
AIMS: Obesity is a chronic medical condition associated with various oral health problems. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes of dental students towards obesity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Second-, third-, and fourth-year dental students completed a self-administered questionnaire. An ethics committee approved the study. Participants were asked questions focused on three areas: (i) knowledge, (ii) perceptions, and (iii) attitudes about obesity...
January 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Asim Al-Ansari, Fahad Al-Harbi, Wafaa AbdelAziz, Maha AbdelSalam, Maha M El Tantawi, Ismail ElRefae
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess the level of participation of dental undergraduate students in extracurricular activities (ECAs) and the factors affecting this participation. METHODS: The study included dental students enrolled in undergraduate programs at the Faculty of Dentistry, Alexandria University, Egypt, and the College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia. A questionnaire was developed to collect background information about students, their participation in ECAs, and time allocated for these activities...
January 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
I A Al-Riyami, W M Thomson, L S Al-Harthi
UNLABELLED: Short form versions of the Parental-Caregivers Perception Questionnaire (P-CPQ) and Family Impact Scale (FIS) have been developed for use as measures of oral health-related quality of life in dental research. OBJECTIVES: (1) To translate the original English short form versions of the P-CPQ and FIS and examine their validity, and (2) to describe the impact of early childhood caries on oral health-related quality of life in young Omani children and their families...
January 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Kehinde A Umeizudike, Sandra O Iwuala, Obianuju B Ozoh, Patricia O Ayanbadejo, Olufemi A Fasanmade
OBJECTIVE: To assess internal medicine residents' knowledge of associations between periodontal disease and systemic illnesses, and attitudes toward patients' periodontal health. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among internal medicine residents attending the Faculty of Internal Medicine 2014 Update Course organized by the National Postgraduate Medical College of Nigeria. Participants came from all over the country...
January 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
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