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Saudi Dental Journal

Abdulaziz Al Baker, Syed Rashid Habib, Mohammad D Al Amri
The preservation of esthetics and occlusal vertical dimension is critical in patients with existing full-arch tooth-retained fixed prostheses. This clinical report describes the provision of a maxillary immediate complete denture in a patient with a maxillary full-arch fixed dental prosthesis over nonviable teeth. The existing fixed dental prosthesis was used in the fabrication of the maxillary immediate complete denture to preserve esthetics. The technique involved recording and preservation of the occlusal vertical dimension and occlusion of the existing prosthesis...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Mohamed Yehia Z Abouleish
Fluoride is needed for better health, yet if ingested at higher levels it may lead to health problems. Fluoride can be obtained from different sources, with drinking water being a major contributor. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), bottled water is the major source for drinking. The aim of this research is to measure fluoride levels in different bottled water brands sold in UAE, to determine whether fluoride contributes to better health or health problems. The results were compared to international and local standards...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
K H Awan, A Alrshedan, M Al Kahtani, S Patil
INTRODUCTION: Although waterpipe smoking is common in Gulf counties, its prevalence in Saudi Arabia is uncertain. The purposes of this study were (a) to assess the prevalence of waterpipe smoking among healthcare university students in Saudi Arabia and (b) to determine their attitudes and practices of waterpipe smoking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among university students of three different health sciences colleges, namely medical, dental, and pharmacy, of a public university, through random cluster sampling...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Sulieman S Al-Johany
OBJECTIVE: There were four aims of the current study: (1) to find the most commonly used Tooth Numbering System (TNS) in Saudi Arabia in both academic and non-academic institutions, (2) to identify the most commonly taught TNS in dental colleges, (3) to understand the reasons why dental practitioners prefer to use a specific TNS, and (4) the consequences of using more than one TNS. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Between May 2014 and May 2015, a self-administered questionnaire containing 21 questions was randomly distributed to 121 individuals (20 deans of dental colleges and 101 heads of governmental dental centers)...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
L Ousehal, H Aghoutan, S Chemlali, I Filali Anssari, N Talic
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the impact of altered smile characteristics on the perception of smile esthetics between Moroccan dentists and lay people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four digital smile photographs displaying alterations in crown length and width, lateral incisor gingival margin position, gingival exposition, midline diastema, and upper midline deviation were presented to a sample of 30 dentists and 30 lay people. The ratings were assessed with a visual analog scale...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Ohoud Alotaibi, Dalal ALQahtani
OBJECTIVES: Light microscopy used to be the traditional modality of teaching histology and pathology disciplines. Recent advances and innovations in the information technology field have revolutionized the use of hard- and software in medical education. An example of such an innovation is the so-called virtual microscopy. Many schools have started to adopt virtual microscopy as a new method aimed at enhancing student learning. Nonetheless, few reports have described the experiences of introducing virtual microscopy in dental education...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Mutasim Elnour, Abdul Khabeer, Emad AlShwaimi
AIM: To investigate the root canal morphology of maxillary second premolars in a Saudi Arabian subpopulation using microcomputed tomography (micro-CT). METHODOLOGY: Micro-CT analysis was performed on 100 maxillary second premolars. The anatomy of each tooth (number of roots, canals, orifices, and apical foramina, and the presence of apical deltas and accessory canals) was analyzed from reconstructed three-dimensional images. RESULTS: The most common morphology was a single root (67%), followed by two roots (30%), and three roots (3%)...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Ali Alrahlah
The purpose of this critical review is to explore the research supporting the effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) as a teaching method in dental education. PBL was developed more than 40 years ago in reaction to the problems and limitations of traditional teaching approaches. Here, aspects of the PBL teaching approach are reviewed, and the reasons for the substantial effect of this approach on dental education are discussed. Evidence shows that students in PBL-based courses exhibit superior professional skills and effective learning compared with those instructed using traditional approaches...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Salwa Omar Bajunaid
The development of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing systems for dentistry in the 1980s resulted in the successful fabrication of crowns, fixed dental prostheses, and superstructures for both natural teeth and dental implants. Today, this technology is available for constructing digitally designed and milled, completely removable dental prostheses. The procedure uses clinical and laboratory protocols that allow fabrication of completely removable prostheses within two clinical appointments...
July 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Ebtissam Z Murshid
OBJECTIVE: Epidemiological studies conducted in different parts of the world have revealed the postponement of first dental visits and an increased prevalence of early childhood caries in general populations in developed and developing countries. This study aimed to assess the average age of and most common reasons for first dental visits in children attending governmental and private dental clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively from the dental records of new pediatric patients attending a governmental institute (College of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, King Saud University) and a private clinic (the investigator's private practice) in Riyadh...
July 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Ibrahim Al-Arfaj, Ahmad Al-Shammari, Turki Al-Subai, Ghanim Al-Absi, Mohammad AlJaffari, Ahmad Al-Kadi, Maha El Tantawi, Asim Al-Ansari
The risk of dental trauma may increase during sports participation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices of sports participants concerning sports-related dental trauma and associated emergency/preventive practices. The study included 124 male subjects over 18 years of age participating in contact and non-contact sports in three clubs in the Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. A questionnaire was used to assess past experience of dental trauma related to sports in addition to the use of a mouth guard and knowledge of related emergency procedures...
July 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Jwan Ibrahim Jawzali
BACKGROUND: Smoking is an environmental risk factor causing poor dental health. Sialic acid is a salivary marker of oxidative stress for research of periodontal diseases. AIMS: To identify diagnostic sialic acid fraction and its scavenger effect for periodontal diseases among smokers and periodental health status. SUBJECT AND METHOD: This study carried out in the Khanzad specialized dental center - Erbil city. The study population is composed of 62 convenient samples...
July 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Salwa Abdulrahman AlSadhan
OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted to determine the prevalence of self-perceived halitosis among adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and to assess the relation of halitosis with some socio-demographic factors, oral habits and health practices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to randomly selected subjects including senior high school students, college students and employees working in governmental offices. High schools and governmental offices were selected using systematic random sampling from each of the main five regions of Riyadh...
July 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Walid Ahmed Abdullah
AIM: To compare bone regeneration in noncritical rat calvarial bone defects filled with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), alone or combined with beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP), using micro-computed tomographic (MCT) evaluation. ANIMALS AND METHODS: Two calvarial bone defects were created in each of 45 male Sprague-Dawley rats (age: 20-22 weeks, weight: 350-450 g), using a dental trephine with an external diameter of 3 mm. The 90 defects were randomly allocated among three groups, each containing 30 unilateral defects in a total of 30 rats...
July 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Fahad Ali Alshehri
We reviewed the indexed literature regarding the efficacy of laser therapy in the treatment of peri-implantitis (PI). Databases were searched using combinations of the following keywords: peri-implantitis, bone loss, photodynamic therapy, laser, and light-activated disinfection. Titles and abstracts of publications from these search results were screened to determine which studies fulfilled the eligibility criteria. Full texts of relevant studies were read and independently assessed against the eligibility criteria...
July 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Ahmed Qannam, Ibrahim O Bello
INTRODUCTION: The increased life expectancy being observed worldwide necessitates careful planning for future geriatric oral health care needs, which should be based on epidemiologic surveys to identify these needs. We aimed to survey the range of lesions diagnosed in soft-tissue biopsies of patients over age 60 over a 30-year period in a Saudi Arabian teaching hospital. METHODS: The histopathology records of geriatric patients with complete demographic data who were diagnosed between 1984 and 2013 at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University, were reviewed...
April 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
K H Awan
OBJECTIVE: E-cigarettes are becoming popular among youth as safe nicotine delivery systems. Many have expressed concern, however, that e-cigarettes may serve as a gateway to future smoking, given their low perceived risk, or that their use may prevent regular smokers from quitting by maintaining their nicotine addiction. The aim of this study was to assess experimentation with and correlates of e-cigarette use among university students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 480 university students from four faculties at a university in Riyadh in August-October 2014...
April 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Mansour K Assery
OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare dental knowledge between two generations of pregnant women attending the same antenatal clinic in Al-Jubail, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross sectional self administered questionnaire was conducted among 252 pregnant women in three different antenatal clinics. Data were analyzed using SPSS (v. 21), p value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Most surveyed women were knowledgeable about dental health issues, although a large percentage did not visit dental clinics regularly during pregnancy...
April 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Giath Gazal, Ahmed W Tola, Wamiq M Fareed, Ahmad A Alnazzawi, Muhammad S Zafar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the value of using the visual information for reducing the level of dental fear and anxiety in patients undergoing teeth extraction under LA. METHODS: A total of 64 patients were indiscriminately allotted to solitary of the study groups following reading the information sheet and signing the formal consent. If patient was in the control group, only verbal information and routine warnings were provided. If patient was in the study group, tooth extraction video was showed...
April 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
Ohoud Alotaibi, Manal Al Sheddi
OBJECTIVE: Oral and maxillofacial lesions of neural origin are rare soft tissue neoplasms. The aim of the present study is to review the epidemiological data of oral and maxillofacial neurogenic lesions submitted for diagnosis to our laboratory over a 31-year period (August 1984-March 2015). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The available formalin-fixed embedded specimens, Hematoxylin and Eosin slides, demographic and clinical data were retrieved. RESULTS: Thirty-one cases were included in this study, representing 0...
April 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
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