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Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502756/child-psychiatry-in-the-age-of-the-internet
#1
EDITORIAL
Kristopher Kaliebe, Paul Weigle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502755/the-interplay-between-digital-media-use-and-development
#2
REVIEW
Roslyn L Gerwin, Kristopher Kaliebe, Monica Daigle
Today's youth develop immersed in a digital media world and the effects are specific to their developmental stage. Clinicians and caretakers should be mindful regarding digital media use patterns; however, this complex and reciprocal relationship defies simple linear descriptions. The impacts of digital media can be powerful. It is important to be cautious but not over-pathologize media use because digital media enables social connections, allows self-soothing in some children, and fills needs for stimulation and self-expression...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502754/treatment-considerations-in-internet-and-video-game-addiction-a-qualitative-discussion
#3
REVIEW
David N Greenfield
Internet and video game addiction has been a steadily developing consequence of modern living. Behavioral and process addictions and particularly Internet and video game addiction require specialized treatment protocols and techniques. Recent advances in addiction medicine have improved our understanding of the neurobiology of substance and behavioral addictions. Novel research has expanded the ways we understand and apply well-established addiction treatments as well as newer therapies specific to Internet and video game addiction...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502753/internet-and-video-game-addictions-diagnosis-epidemiology-and-neurobiology
#4
REVIEW
Clifford J Sussman, James M Harper, Jessica L Stahl, Paul Weigle
In the past 2 decades, there has been substantial increase in availability and use of digital technologies, including the Internet, computer games, smart phones, and social media. Behavioral addiction to use of technologies spawned a body of related research. The recent inclusion of Internet gaming disorder as a condition for further study in the DSM-V invigorated a new wave of researchers, thereby expanding our understanding of these conditions. This article reviews current research, theory, and practice regarding the diagnosis, epidemiology, and neurobiology of Internet and video game addictions...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502752/risky-business-talking-with-your-patients-about-cyberbullying-and-sexting
#5
REVIEW
Elizabeth K Englander
This article reviews cyberbullying and sexting research and presents new research exploring relatively neglected areas of cyberbullying and cell phone ownership among children and outcomes following sexting in college. Two samples are studied: 4584 elementary school children and 1332 college freshman. Findings include: owning a cell phone increased the risk of becoming involved in cyberbullying in grades 3, 4, and 5; and, of college freshman who sexted, 61% reported no outcomes, 19% reported negative outcomes, 13% reported positive outcomes, and 7% reported mixed outcomes...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502751/media-engagement-and-identity-formation-among-minority-youth
#6
REVIEW
Amy Mayhew, Paul Weigle
Clinicians who work with youth should understand how they engage with screen media, including differences between ethnic groups, and how to maximize its positive potential and minimize negative consequences. This article presents data summarizing patterns of media use by youth, with an emphasis on European Americans, African Americans, and Hispanic Americans. The authors explain how identity formation and social identity theory relate to online influences, benefits, and risks of online engagement, including those specific to minority populations...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502750/geeks-fandoms-and-social-engagement
#7
REVIEW
Dale Peeples, Jennifer Yen, Paul Weigle
The Internet changed the way the global community interacts and communicates. This cultural shift allows like-minded individuals to connect and share ideas. It creates spaces for stigmatized communities to gather in a virtual presence. Youth now have greater options to explore identity, and to reach peers with niche interests. From a clinical perspective, it is helpful to understand the nature of communities our patients join on the Internet. This article focuses on the broad umbrella of "geek" culture, exploring a variety of interests such as cosplay, fanfiction, and gaming...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502749/youth-screen-media-habits-and-sleep-sleep-friendly-screen-behavior-recommendations-for-clinicians-educators-and-parents
#8
REVIEW
Lauren Hale, Gregory W Kirschen, Monique K LeBourgeois, Michael Gradisar, Michelle M Garrison, Hawley Montgomery-Downs, Howard Kirschen, Susan M McHale, Anne-Marie Chang, Orfeu M Buxton
With the widespread use of portable electronic devices and the normalization of screen media devices in the bedroom, insufficient sleep has become commonplace. In a recent literature review, 90% of included studies found an association between screen media use and delayed bedtime and/or decreased total sleep time. This pervasive phenomenon of pediatric sleep loss has widespread implications. There is a need for basic, translational, and clinical research examining the effects of screen media on sleep loss and health consequences in children and adolescents to educate and motivate clinicians, teachers, parents and youth themselves to foster healthy sleep habits...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502748/adolescent-eating-disorder-risk-and-the-online-world
#9
REVIEW
Jennifer S Saul, Rachel F Rodgers
The proliferation of social media and rapid increase in the use of the Internet by adolescents generates new dynamics and new risks for the development and maintenance of eating disorders. Here, the authors review different types of online content and how they are relevant to eating disorders within different theoretic frameworks, before examining the empirical evidence for the risks posed by online content in the development and maintenance of eating disorders. They describe pro-eating disorder content specifically and examine the research related to it, before considering its implications, and considering directions for future research, and prevention and intervention strategies...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502747/electronic-screen-media-use-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
REVIEW
McLeod Frampton Gwynette, Shawn S Sidhu, Tolga Atilla Ceranoglu
Electronic and social media play a prominent role in the lives of children and teenagers. Evidence suggests youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) use media differently than typically developing peers, and some of these differences place them at greater risk for negative health outcomes related to unhealthy and improper use of media. Such outcomes include physiologic, cognitive, social, emotional, and legal/safety problems. However, several technology-aided interventions have emerged to help youth with ASD across multiple domains...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502746/the-interplay-of-media-violence-effects-and-behaviorally-disordered-children-and-adolescents-guidelines-for-practitioners
#11
REVIEW
Manuel D Reich
A robust body of scientific research explores the effects of violent media on youths. For practitioners, the volume of interdisciplinary research and controversial findings can be confusing and difficult to generalize for best practice. This article briefly reviews the literature and presents guidelines for parenting and treating youths exposed and enmeshed in violent media. Attention is given to at-risk populations and children presenting with aggressive, violent, and antisocial behavior. Guidelines assume a family based, cognitive-behavioral approach suitable for the eclectic practitioner, with a focus on the complex, developmental, and ecological factors that contribute to presenting symptoms...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502745/inattention-to-problematic-media-use-habits-interaction-between-digital-media-use-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#12
REVIEW
Tolga Atilla Ceranoglu
As digital media (DM) access among youths continues to surge, caregivers and clinicians are concerned about problems associated with its excessive use. Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have an increased risk of experiencing negative effects on sleep, academic achievement, attention, and cognitive skills. ADHD symptom severity and circumstances of DM access are among the factors that mediate these negative effects. Key interventions for parents and clinicians to assist youths with problematic DM habits and opportunities for advocacy groups and the DM industry for public health interventions are discussed...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502744/-kidsanxiety-and-social-media-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Jenna Glover, Sandra L Fritsch
This article reviews the available literature regarding the interaction between child and adolescent anxiety and electronic media. It reviews current research contributing to understanding of the correlation of youth anxiety with engagement in social media and other online platforms, including risk and protective factors. mHealth and eHealth prevention and treatment options, available via various digital resources, are discussed. Suggestions for mental health clinicians' assessment of client's online behaviors and a review of novel treatment options are provided...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502743/relationship-between-adolescent-suicidality-self-injury-and-media-habits
#14
REVIEW
Erin L Belfort, Lindsey Miller
Media has changed the daily lives of most Americans, especially adolescents. The interplay between development and media habits is complex. There is a link between excessive media use and risk-taking behaviors, with an alarming increase in adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury, suicidal behavior, and completed suicide. The link is complex and not necessarily causal. Clinicians should routinely take a media history that distinguishes types and extent of use, content, and psychological impact. Media is a significant part of adolescents' lives and exploring their engagement with media is a critical piece of the initial assessment, risk assessment, and ongoing treatment...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502742/digital-media-use-in-families-theories-and-strategies-for-intervention
#15
REVIEW
Kristin A Dalope, Leonard J Woods
Family dynamics are increasingly being influenced by digital media. Three frameworks are described to help clinicians to understand and respond to this influence. First, a social-ecological framework shows how media has both a direct and indirect impact on individuals, relationships, communities, and society. Next, family systems theory is introduced to demonstrate digital media-related interactions within families. Finally, a developmental framework explores the role of digital media in shaping parenting. These theories are then integrated into practical strategies that clinicians can use, including recommendations and resources from the American Academy of Pediatrics...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502741/assessment-of-digital-media-use-in-the-adolescent-psychiatric-evaluation
#16
REVIEW
Nicholas J Carson, Meredith Gansner, Jeane Khang
Digital media (also called "new media") have become an important ecosystem in which adolescents develop biologically, psychologically, and socially. When assessing adolescents in the psychiatric interview, a nuanced understanding of digital media use can inform a more accurate formulation. However, there are few published resources to help the psychiatrist assess the impact of digital media during the initial adolescent interview. The authors propose an innovation on the traditional psychiatric assessment that addresses teen Internet use and digital media habits...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157506/co-occurring-medical-illnesses-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-updates-and-treatment-considerations
#17
EDITORIAL
Matthew D Willis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157505/sports-related-concussion-acute-management-and-chronic-postconcussive-issues
#18
REVIEW
Navid Mahooti
Sports-related concussion (SRC) is a common problem in youth sports. Concussion may occur after a forceful hit to the body or head, resulting in transient neuropathological changes that spontaneously resolve with relative rest and activity modification in most patients. Most SRCs are effectively managed by primary care physicians and sports medicine specialists. In some cases, symptoms may persist and the child and adolescent psychiatrist may be consulted. This article reviews important background information regarding SRC and highlights a variety of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment options that consultant psychiatrists should know...
January 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157504/domestic-minor-sex-trafficking
#19
REVIEW
Amy Goldberg, Jessica Moore
Commercial sexual exploitation of children and child sex trafficking is a major public health issue globally. Domestic minor sex trafficking has become increasingly recognized within the United States. Sexually exploited minors are commonly identified as having psychosocial risk factors, including histories of abuse or neglect, running away, substance use or abuse, and involvement with child protective services. Youth also suffer a variety of physical and mental health consequences, including posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, and suicidality...
January 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157503/a-review-of-the-prevention-and-medical-management-of-childhood-obesity
#20
REVIEW
Kristin L Anderson
Prevention and management of childhood obesity remains a public health priority and necessitates an integrated chronic care approach. Obesity prevention efforts should focus on healthy family-based lifestyle modifications. The United States Prevention Services Task Force recommends children older than age 6 of years be screened for obesity and, if clinically indicated, be referred for moderate to high intensity comprehensive behavioral interventions. Childhood obesity and its comorbidities affect most medical specialties...
January 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
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