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Harvard Review of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016379/oxidative-stress-inflammation-and-neuroprogression-in-chronic-ptsd
#1
Mark W Miller, Alex P Lin, Erika J Wolf, Danielle R Miller
Posttraumatic stress disorder is a serious and often disabling syndrome that develops in response to a traumatic event. Many individuals who initially develop the disorder go on to experience a chronic form of the condition that in some cases can last for many years. Among these patients, psychiatric and medical comorbidities are common, including early onset of age-related conditions such as chronic pain, cardiometabolic disease, neurocognitive disorders, and dementia. The hallmark symptoms of posttraumatic stress-recurrent sensory-memory reexperiencing of the trauma(s)-are associated with concomitant activations of threat- and stress-related neurobiological pathways that occur against a tonic backdrop of sleep disturbance and heightened physiological arousal...
October 9, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117025/heads-up-the-presentation-of-schizoaffective-disorder-in-an-elite-college-soccer-player-with-prior-concussion
#2
Solomon J Adelsky, Simon Ducharme, Emily K Wilner, Benjamin Yudkoff, Simon Lejeune
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117024/behavioral-genetics-in-criminal-and-civil-courts
#3
Maya Sabatello, Paul S Appelbaum
Although emerging findings in psychiatric and behavioral genetics create hope for improved prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders, the introduction of such data as evidence in criminal and civil proceedings raises a host of ethical, legal, and social issues. Should behavioral and psychiatric genetic data be admissible in judicial proceedings? If so, what are the various means for obtaining such evidence, and for what purposes should its admission be sought and permitted? How could-and should-such evidence affect judicial outcomes in criminal and civil proceedings? And what are the potential implications of using behavioral and psychiatric genetic evidence for individuals and communities, and for societal values of equality and justice? This article provides an overview of the historical and current developments in behavioral genetics...
November 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117023/legal-evidence-of-subjective-states-a-brain-based-model-of-chronic-pain-increases-accuracy-and-fairness-in-law
#4
Amanda C Pustilnik
Advances in structural and functional neuroimaging offer new ways to conceptualize chronic pain disorders and to prevent, diagnose, and treat chronic pain. Advances in pain science, though, do not entail changes in the concepts of chronic pain in law and culture. Authoritative legal and cultural conceptions of chronic pain continue to promote abstruse theories, characterizing these disorders as arising out of everything from a person's unmet need for love to resistance to "patriarchy." These constructs have consequences, impeding treatment and affecting whether individuals with chronic pain can obtain legal redress...
November 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117022/dementia-decision-making-and-capacity
#5
R Ryan Darby, Bradford C Dickerson
After participating in this activity, learners should be better able to:• Assess the neuropsychological literature on decision making and the medical and legal assessment of capacity in patients with dementia• Identify the limitations of integrating findings from decision-making research into capacity assessments for patients with dementia ABSTRACT: Medical and legal professionals face the challenge of assessing capacity and competency to make medical, legal, and financial decisions in dementia patients with impaired decision making...
November 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117021/the-science-of-addiction-and-criminal-law
#6
Stephen J Morse
Although there is debate in the scientific and clinical literature about how much choice addicts have concerning the use of drugs and related activities, this article demonstrates that Anglo-American criminal law is most consistent with the position that addicts have substantial choice about engaging in crimes involving their addiction. It suggests that the criminal law's approach is consistent with plausible and reasonable current scientific and clinical understanding of addiction and is therefore defensible, but it also suggests that the law is unduly harsh and far from optimum...
November 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117020/introduction
#7
Judith G Edersheim, Rebecca W Brendel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117019/a-quarter-century-of-progress-in-psychiatric-genetics
#8
Jordan W Smoller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117018/neurotherapeutic-interventions-for-psychiatric-illness
#9
Darin D Dougherty, Alik S Widge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885277/neuroimaging-in-psychiatry-a-quarter-century-of-progress
#10
David A Silbersweig, Scott L Rauch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816791/resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-the-human-connectome-project-current-status-and-relevance-to-understanding-psychopathology
#11
Deanna M Barch
A key tenet of modern psychiatry is that psychiatric disorders arise from abnormalities in brain circuits that support human behavior. Our ability to examine hypotheses around circuit-level abnormalities in psychiatric disorders has been made possible by advances in human neuroimaging technologies. These advances have provided the basis for recent efforts to develop a more complex understanding of the function of brain circuits in health and of their relationship to behavior-providing, in turn, a foundation for our understanding of how disruptions in such circuits contribute to the development of psychiatric disorders...
September 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696950/the-role-of-stigma-and-denormalization-in-suicide-prevention-laws-in-east-asia-a-sociocultural-historical-and-ethical-perspective
#12
Justin A Chen, Andrew Courtwright, Kevin Chien-Chang Wu
In many Western countries, the criminalization and stigmatization of suicide has given way to a biomedical approach aimed at destigmatizing suicide and treating underlying mental illness. By contrast, in many East Asian countries, suicide has never historically been criminalized or stigmatized. High rates of suicide in Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan have recently led policy makers in those countries to pursue innovative suicide-prevention strategies. The intentional denormalization of harmful behaviors has been discussed in the public health and ethics literatures, particularly with regard to smoking cessation, and could represent a novel mechanism for preventing suicides in East Asia...
September 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795979/treating-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-the-postpartum-period-diagnostic-and-cultural-considerations
#13
Angela Fang, Noah C Berman, Justin A Chen, Lisa Zakhary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953035/scope-scale-and-dose-of-the-world-s-largest-school-based-mental-health-programs
#14
J Michael Murphy, Madelaine R Abel, Sharon Hoover, Michael Jellinek, Mina Fazel
Untreated mental health problems are among the most disabling, persistent, and costly health conditions. Because they often begin in childhood and continue into adulthood, there has been growing interest in preventive mental health programs for children. In recent years, several such programs have been implemented at regional, state, or national scale, and although many experimental studies have documented positive outcomes of individual programs, this article represents the first attempt to systematically compare the largest programs in terms of scope, scale, and dose...
August 5, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787304/scope-scale-and-dose-of-the-world-s-largest-school-based-mental-health-programs
#15
J Michael Murphy, Madelaine R Abel, Sharon Hoover, Michael Jellinek, Mina Fazel
Untreated mental health problems are among the most disabling, persistent, and costly health conditions. Because they often begin in childhood and continue into adulthood, there has been growing interest in preventive mental health programs for children. In recent years, several such programs have been implemented at regional, state, or national scale, and although many experimental studies have documented positive outcomes of individual programs, this article represents the first attempt to systematically compare the largest programs in terms of scope, scale, and dose...
August 5, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759479/bipolar-disorder-and-early-emotional-trauma-a-critical-literature-review-on-indicators-of-prevalence-rates-and-clinical-outcomes
#16
Aline Limiéri Dualibe, Flávia L Osório
OBJECTIVES: We performed a systematic literature review to (1) evaluate the prevalence rates of early emotional trauma (EET) in patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and the impact of these traumas on the development of the disorder, and (2) integrate the findings of our review with those previously reported by Fisher and Hosang, Daruy-Filho and colleagues, and Maniglio. METHODS: The literature search was performed on PubMed, SciELO, and PsycINFO databases using the keywords bipolar disorder, early trauma, physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, maltreatment, adversity, and neglect...
July 29, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678076/psychotherapy-over-the-last-four-decades
#17
Myrna Weissman, Pim Cuijpers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557811/the-prevalence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-primary-care-a-systematic-review
#18
Margaret Spottswood, Dimitry S Davydow, Hsiang Huang
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After participating in this activity, learners should be better able to:• Determine the prevalence of clinician-diagnosed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in primary care patients• Identify the prevalence of questionnaire-ascertained PTSD symptoms in primary care patients OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of clinician-diagnosed PTSD and questionnaire-ascertained PTSD symptoms in primary care patients. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature using the PRISMA method, searching MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Database, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and relevant book chapter bibliographies...
July 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504978/beyond-googling-the-ethics-of-using-patients-electronic-footprints-in-psychiatric-practice
#19
Carl E Fisher, Paul S Appelbaum
Electronic communications are an increasingly important part of people's lives, and much information is accessible through such means. Anecdotal clinical reports indicate that mental health professionals are beginning to use information from their patients' electronic activities in treatment and that their data-gathering practices have gone far beyond simply searching for patients online. Both academic and private sector researchers are developing mental health applications to collect patient information for clinical purposes...
July 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650853/a-case-of-functional-dystonia-with-associated-functional-neurological-symptoms-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenges
#20
Christopher D Stephen, Nutan Sharma, Janet Callahan, Alan J Carson, David L Perez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
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