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Harvard Review of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816791/resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-the-human-connectome-project-current-status-and-relevance-to-understanding-psychopathology
#1
Deanna M Barch
A key tenet of modern psychiatry is that psychiatric disorders arise from abnormalities in brain circuits that support human behavior. Our ability to examine hypotheses around circuit-level abnormalities in psychiatric disorders has been made possible by advances in human neuroimaging technologies. These advances have provided the basis for recent efforts to develop a more complex understanding of the function of brain circuits in health and of their relationship to behavior-providing, in turn, a foundation for our understanding of how disruptions in such circuits contribute to the development of psychiatric disorders...
August 16, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795979/treating-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-the-postpartum-period-diagnostic-and-cultural-considerations
#2
Angela Fang, Noah C Berman, Justin A Chen, Lisa Zakhary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787304/scope-scale-and-dose-of-the-world-s-largest-school-based-mental-health-programs
#3
J Michael Murphy, Madelaine R Abel, Sharon Hoover, Michael Jellinek, Mina Fazel
Untreated mental health problems are among the most disabling, persistent, and costly health conditions. Because they often begin in childhood and continue into adulthood, there has been growing interest in preventive mental health programs for children. In recent years, several such programs have been implemented at regional, state, or national scale, and although many experimental studies have documented positive outcomes of individual programs, this article represents the first attempt to systematically compare the largest programs in terms of scope, scale, and dose...
August 5, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759479/bipolar-disorder-and-early-emotional-trauma-a-critical-literature-review-on-indicators-of-prevalence-rates-and-clinical-outcomes
#4
Aline Limiéri Dualibe, Flávia L Osório
OBJECTIVES: We performed a systematic literature review to (1) evaluate the prevalence rates of early emotional trauma (EET) in patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and the impact of these traumas on the development of the disorder, and (2) integrate the findings of our review with those previously reported by Fisher and Hosang, Daruy-Filho and colleagues, and Maniglio. METHODS: The literature search was performed on PubMed, SciELO, and PsycINFO databases using the keywords bipolar disorder, early trauma, physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, maltreatment, adversity, and neglect...
July 29, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696950/the-role-of-stigma-and-denormalization-in-suicide-prevention-laws-in-east-asia-a-sociocultural-historical-and-ethical-perspective
#5
Justin A Chen, Andrew Courtwright, Kevin Chien-Chang Wu
In many Western countries, the criminalization and stigmatization of suicide has given way to a biomedical approach aimed at destigmatizing suicide and treating underlying mental illness. By contrast, in many East Asian countries, suicide has never historically been criminalized or stigmatized. High rates of suicide in Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan have recently led policy makers in those countries to pursue innovative suicide-prevention strategies. The intentional denormalization of harmful behaviors has been discussed in the public health and ethics literatures, particularly with regard to smoking cessation, and could represent a novel mechanism for preventing suicides in East Asia...
July 11, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650853/a-case-of-functional-dystonia-with-associated-functional-neurological-symptoms-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenges
#6
Christopher D Stephen, Nutan Sharma, Janet Callahan, Alan J Carson, David L Perez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885277/neuroimaging-in-psychiatry-a-quarter-century-of-progress
#7
David A Silbersweig, Scott L Rauch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678076/psychotherapy-over-the-last-four-decades
#8
Myrna Weissman, Pim Cuijpers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557811/the-prevalence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-primary-care-a-systematic-review
#9
Margaret Spottswood, Dimitry S Davydow, Hsiang Huang
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After participating in this activity, learners should be better able to:• Determine the prevalence of clinician-diagnosed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in primary care patients• Identify the prevalence of questionnaire-ascertained PTSD symptoms in primary care patients OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of clinician-diagnosed PTSD and questionnaire-ascertained PTSD symptoms in primary care patients. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature using the PRISMA method, searching MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Database, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and relevant book chapter bibliographies...
July 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504978/beyond-googling-the-ethics-of-using-patients-electronic-footprints-in-psychiatric-practice
#10
Carl E Fisher, Paul S Appelbaum
Electronic communications are an increasingly important part of people's lives, and much information is accessible through such means. Anecdotal clinical reports indicate that mental health professionals are beginning to use information from their patients' electronic activities in treatment and that their data-gathering practices have gone far beyond simply searching for patients online. Both academic and private sector researchers are developing mental health applications to collect patient information for clinical purposes...
July 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537949/mobile-technologies-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-pushing-for-further-awareness-and-research
#11
Shih Yee-Marie Tan Gipson, John Torous, Eleni Maneta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471819/hyperventilation-induced-non-epileptic-seizures-in-an-adolescent-boy-with-pediatric-medical-traumatic-stress
#12
Parul Chandra, Kasia Kozlowska, Catherine Cruz, Gaston C Baslet, David L Perez, M Elena Garralda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475505/practical-issues-in-delivery-of-clinician-to-patient-telemental-health-in-an-academic-medical-center
#13
Jessica Abrams, Sarah Sossong, Lee H Schwamm, Lauren Barsanti, Michael Carter, Naomi Kling, Meghan Kotarski, Jaclyn Leddy, Benjamin Meller, Marcy Simoni, Michael Sullivan, Janet Wozniak
BACKGROUND: In the age of online communication, psychiatric care can now be provided via videoconferencing technologies. While virtual visits as a part of telepsychiatry and telemental health provide a highly efficient and beneficial modality of care, the implementation of virtual visits requires attention to quality and safety issues. As practitioners continue to utilize this technology, issues of clinician licensing, treatment outcomes of virtual visits versus in-person visits, and cost offset require ongoing study...
May 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475504/technology-based-interventions-for-substance-use-and-comorbid-disorders-an-examination-of-the-emerging-literature
#14
Dawn E Sugarman, Aimee N C Campbell, Brittany R Iles, Shelly F Greenfield
Among individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs), comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders is common and often noted as the rule rather than the exception. Standard care that provides integrated treatment for comorbid diagnoses simultaneously has been shown to be effective. Technology-based interventions (TBIs) have the potential to provide a cost-effective platform for, and greater accessibility to, integrated treatments. For the purposes of this review, we defined TBIs as interventions in which the primary targeted aim was delivered by automated computer, Internet, or mobile system with minimal to no live therapist involvement...
May 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475503/internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-depression-current-progress-and-future-directions
#15
Christian A Webb, Isabelle M Rosso, Scott L Rauch
The World Health Organization estimates that during a given 12-month period, approximately 34 million people suffering from major depressive disorder go untreated in Europe and the Americas alone. Barriers to treatment include geographic distance, lack of mental health insurance, prohibitive cost of treatment, long wait-lists, and perceived stigma. Over the past two decades, Internet-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (iCBT) programs have proliferated. A growing body of research supports the efficacy of iCBT for depression and other psychiatric conditions, and these programs may help address barriers that hinder access to effective treatment...
May 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475502/the-use-of-virtual-reality-technology-in-the-treatment-of-anxiety-and-other-psychiatric-disorders
#16
Jessica L Maples-Keller, Brian E Bunnell, Sae-Jin Kim, Barbara O Rothbaum
After participating in this activity, learners should be better able to:• Evaluate the literature regarding the effectiveness of incorporating virtual reality (VR) in the treatment of psychiatric disorders• Assess the use of exposure-based intervention for anxiety disorders ABSTRACT: Virtual reality (VR) allows users to experience a sense of presence in a computer-generated, three-dimensional environment. Sensory information is delivered through a head-mounted display and specialized interface devices. These devices track head movements so that the movements and images change in a natural way with head motion, allowing for a sense of immersion...
May 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475501/introduction
#17
Dawn E Sugarman, Scott L Rauch, Isabelle M Rosso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475500/addiction-25-years-later
#18
Shelly F Greenfield, Roger D Weiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234658/methodology-and-reporting-of-mobile-heath-and-smartphone-application-studies-for-schizophrenia
#19
John Torous, Joseph Firth, Nora Mueller, J P Onnela, Justin T Baker
The increasing prevalence of mobile devices among patients of all demographic groups has the potential to transform the ways we diagnose, monitor, treat, and study mental illness. As new tools and technologies emerge, clinicians and researchers are confronted with an increasing array of options both for clinical assessment, through digital capture of the essential behavioral elements of a condition, and for intervention, through formalized treatments, coaching, and other technology-assisted means of patient communication...
May 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437359/what-s-in-a-med-check-unpacking-the-psychopharmacology-encounter
#20
Justin A Chen, Nicholas Kontos, Scott N Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
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