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Yearbook of Medical Informatics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480479/historical-roots-of-international-biomedical-and-health-informatics-the-road-to-ifip-tc4-and-imia-through-cybernetic-medicine-and-the-elsinore-meetings
#1
C A Kulikowski
Background: It is 50 years since the International Federation of Information Processing (IFIP) Societies approved the formation of a new Technical Committee (TC) 4 on Medical Information Processing under the leadership of Professor Francois Grémy, which was the direct precursor of the International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA). Objectives: The goals of this paper are to give a very brief overview of early international developments leading to informatics in medicine, with the origins of the applications of computers to medicine in the USA and Europe, and two meetings - of the International Society of Cybernetic Medicine, and the Elsinore Meetings on Hospital Information Systems-that took place in 1966...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480478/imia-accreditation-of-biomedical-and-health-informatics-education-current-state-and-future-directions
#2
M W Jaspers, J Mantas, E Borycki, A Hasman
Objectives: The educational activities initiated by the International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA) have had global impacts and influenced national societies and local academic programs in the field of Biomedical and Health Informatics (BMHI). After the successful publication and dissemination of its educational recommendations, IMIA launched an accreditation procedure for educational programs in BMHI. The accreditation procedure was pilot tested by several BMHI academic programs in different countries and continents to obtain a global perspective...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480477/evaluation-considerations-for-secondary-uses-of-clinical-data-principles-for-an-evidence-based-approach-to-policy-and-implementation-of-secondary-analysis
#3
P J Scott, M Rigby, E Ammenwerth, J Brender McNair, A Georgiou, H Hyppönen, N de Keizer, F Magrabi, P Nykänen, W T Gude, W Hackl
Objectives: To set the scientific context and then suggest principles for an evidence-based approach to secondary uses of clinical data, covering both evaluation of the secondary uses of data and evaluation of health systems and services based upon secondary uses of data. Method: Working Group review of selected literature and policy approaches. Results: We present important considerations in the evaluation of secondary uses of clinical data from the angles of governance and trust, theory, semantics, and policy...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480476/the-role-of-free-libre-and-open-source-software-in-learning-health-systems
#4
C Paton, T Karopka
Objective: To give an overview of the role of Free/Libre and Open Source Software (FLOSS) in the context of secondary use of patient data to enable Learning Health Systems (LHSs). Methods: We conducted an environmental scan of the academic and grey literature utilising the MedFLOSS database of open source systems in healthcare to inform a discussion of the role of open source in developing LHSs that reuse patient data for research and quality improvement. Results: A wide range of FLOSS is identified that contributes to the information technology (IT) infrastructure of LHSs including operating systems, databases, frameworks, interoperability software, and mobile and web apps...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480475/clinical-data-reuse-or-secondary-use-current-status-and-potential-future-progress
#5
S M Meystre, C Lovis, T Bürkle, G Tognola, A Budrionis, C U Lehmann
Objective: To perform a review of recent research in clinical data reuse or secondary use, and envision future advances in this field. Methods: The review is based on a large literature search in MEDLINE (through PubMed), conference proceedings, and the ACM Digital Library, focusing only on research published between 2005 and early 2016. Each selected publication was reviewed by the authors, and a structured analysis and summarization of its content was developed. Results: The initial search produced 359 publications, reduced after a manual examination of abstracts and full publications...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480474/secondary-use-and-analysis-of-big-data-collected-for-patient-care
#6
F J Martin-Sanchez, V Aguiar-Pulido, G H Lopez-Campos, N Peek, L Sacchi
Objectives: To identify common methodological challenges and review relevant initiatives related to the re-use of patient data collected in routine clinical care, as well as to analyze the economic benefits derived from the secondary use of this data. Through the use of several examples, this article aims to provide a glimpse into the different areas of application, namely clinical research, genomic research, study of environmental factors, and population and health services research. This paper describes some of the informatics methods and Big Data resources developed in this context, such as electronic phenotyping, clinical research networks, biorepositories, screening data banks, and wide association studies...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480473/the-imia-history-working-group-inception-through-the-imia-history-taskforce-and-major-events-leading-up-to-the-50th-anniversary-of-imia
#7
C A Kulikowski, G Mihalas, R A Greenes, V Yacubsohn, H-A Park
Background: The 50th Anniversary of IMIA will be celebrated in 2017 at the World Congress of Medical Informatics in China. This takes place 50 years after the International Federation of Information Processing (IFIP) Societies approved the formation of a new Technical Committee (TC) 4 on Medical Information Processing, which was the predecessor of IMIA, under the leadership of Dr. Francois Grémy. The IMIA History Working Group (WG) was approved in 2014 to document and write about the history of the field and its organizations...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480472/added-value-from-secondary-use-of-person-generated-health-data-in-consumer-health-informatics
#8
P-Y Hsueh, Y-K Cheung, S Dey, K K Kim, F J Martin-Sanchez, S K Petersen, T Wetter
Introduction: Various health-related data, subsequently called Person Generated Health Data (PGHD), is being collected by patients or presumably healthy individuals as well as about them as much as they become available as measurable properties in their work, home, and other environments. Despite that such data was originally just collected and used for dedicated predefined purposes, more recently it is regarded as untapped resources that call for secondary use. Method: Since the secondary use of PGHD is still at its early evolving stage, we have chosen, in this paper, to produce an outline of best practices, as opposed to a systematic review...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480471/measuring-quality-of-healthcare-outcomes-in-type-2-diabetes-from-routine-data-a-seven-nation-survey-conducted-by-the-imia-primary-health-care-working-group
#9
W Hinton, H Liyanage, A McGovern, S-T Liaw, C Kuziemsky, N Munro, S de Lusignan
Background: The Institute of Medicine framework defines six dimensions of quality for healthcare systems: (1) safety, (2) effectiveness, (3) patient centeredness, (4) timeliness of care, (5) efficiency, and (6) equity. Large health datasets provide an opportunity to assess quality in these areas. Objective: To perform an international comparison of the measurability of the delivery of these aims, in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) from large datasets. Method: We conducted a survey to assess healthcare outcomes data quality of existing databases and disseminated this through professional networks...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480470/on-contributing-to-the-progress-of-medical-informatics-as-publisher
#10
R Haux, A Geissbuhler, J Holmes, M-C Jaulent, S Koch, C A Kulikowski, C U Lehmann, A T McCray, B Séroussi, L F Soualmia, J H van Bemmel
May 1st, 2017, will mark Dieter Bergemann's 80th birthday. As Chief Executive Officer and Owner of Schattauer Publishers from 1983 to 2016, the biomedical and health informatics community owes him a great debt of gratitude. The past and present editors of Methods of Information in Medicine, the IMIA Yearbook of Medical Informatics, and Applied Clinical Informatics want to honour and thank Dieter Bergemann by providing a brief biography that emphasizes his contributions, by reviewing his critical role as an exceptionally supportive publisher for Schattauer's three biomedical and health informatics periodicals, and by sharing some personal anecdotes...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480469/toward-an-information-infrastructure-for-global-health-improvement
#11
C P Friedman, J C Rubin, K J Sullivan
Profound global challenges to individual and population health, alongside the opportunities to benefit from digital technology, have spawned the concept of the Learning Health System. Learning Health Systems (LHSs)--which can function at organizational, network, regional, and national levels of scale--have the capability of continuous data-driven self-study that promotes change and improvement. The LHS concept, which originated in the U.S. in 2007, is rapidly gaining attention around the world. LHSs require, but also transcend, the secondary use of health data...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830261/nursing-informatics-certification-worldwide-history-pathway-roles-and-motivation
#12
B Séroussi, L F Soualmia, J H Holmes
INTRODUCTION: Official recognition and certification for informatics professionals are essential aspects of workforce development. OBJECTIVE: To describe the history, pathways, and nuances of certification in nursing informatics across the globe; compare and contrast those with board certification in clinical informatics for physicians. METHODS: (1) A review of the representative literature on informatics certification and related competencies for nurses and physicians, and relevant websites for nursing informatics associations and societies worldwide; (2) similarities and differences between certification processes for nurses and physicians, and (3) perspectives on roles for nursing informatics professionals in healthcare Results: The literature search for 'nursing informatics certification' yielded few results in PubMed; Google Scholar yielded a large number of citations that extended to magazines and other non-peer reviewed sources...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830260/the-virtuous-circles-of-clinical-information-systems-a-modern-utopia
#13
P Degoulet
CONTEXT: Clinical information systems (CIS) are developed with the aim of improving both the efficiency and the quality of care. OBJECTIVE: This position paper is based on the hypothesis that such vision is partly a utopian view of the emerging eSociety. METHODS: Examples are drawn from 15 years of experience with the fully integrated Georges Pompidou University Hospital (HEGP) CIS and temporal data series extracted from the data warehouses of Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP) acute care hospitals which share the same administrative organization as HEGP...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830259/a-new-informatics-geography
#14
E Coiera
INTRODUCTION: Anyone with knowledge of information systems has experienced frustration when it comes to system implementation or use. Unanticipated challenges arise frequently and unanticipated consequences may follow. OBJECTIVE: Working from first principles, to understand why information technology (IT) is often challenging, identify which IT endeavors are more likely to succeed, and predict the best role that technology can play in different tasks and settings...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830258/some-innovative-approaches-for-public-health-and-epidemiology-informatics
#15
L Toubiana, N Griffon
OBJECTIVES: Summarize excellent current research published in 2015 in the field of Public Health and Epidemiology Informatics. METHODS: The complete 2015 literature concerning public health and epidemiology informatics has been searched in PubMed and Web of Science, and the returned references were reviewed by the two section editors to select 14 candidate best papers. These papers were then peer-reviewed by external reviewers to allow the editorial team an enlightened selection of the best papers...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830257/public-health-and-epidemiology-informatics
#16
A Flahault, A Bar-Hen, N Paragios
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this manuscript is to provide a brief overview of the scientific challenges that should be addressed in order to unlock the full potential of using data from a general point of view, as well as to present some ideas that could help answer specific needs for data understanding in the field of health sciences and epidemiology. METHODS: A survey of uses and challenges of big data analyses for medicine and public health was conducted. The first part of the paper focuses on big data techniques, algorithms, and statistical approaches to identify patterns in data...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830256/clinical-natural-language-processing-in-2015-leveraging-the-variety-of-texts-of-clinical-interest
#17
A Névéol, P Zweigenbaum
OBJECTIVE: To summarize recent research and present a selection of the best papers published in 2015 in the field of clinical Natural Language Processing (NLP). METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was performed by the two section editors of the IMIA Yearbook NLP section by searching bibliographic databases with a focus on NLP efforts applied to clinical texts or aimed at a clinical outcome. Section editors first selected a shortlist of candidate best papers that were then peer-reviewed by independent external reviewers...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830255/aspiring-to-unintended-consequences-of-natural-language-processing-a-review-of-recent-developments-in-clinical-and-consumer-generated-text-processing
#18
D Demner-Fushman, N Elhadad
OBJECTIVES: This paper reviews work over the past two years in Natural Language Processing (NLP) applied to clinical and consumer-generated texts. METHODS: We included any application or methodological publication that leverages text to facilitate healthcare and address the health-related needs of consumers and populations. RESULTS: Many important developments in clinical text processing, both foundational and task-oriented, were addressed in community- wide evaluations and discussed in corresponding special issues that are referenced in this review...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830254/clinical-research-informatics-contributions-from-2015
#19
C Daniel, R Choquet
OBJECTIVES: To summarize key contributions to current research in the field of Clinical Research Informatics (CRI) and to select best papers published in 2015. METHOD: A bibliographic search using a combination of MeSH and free terms search over PubMed on Clinical Research Informatics (CRI) was performed followed by a double-blind review in order to select a list of candidate best papers to be then peer-reviewed by external reviewers. A consensus meeting between the two section editors and the editorial team was finally organized to conclude on the selection of best papers...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830253/clinical-research-informatics-for-big-data-and-precision-medicine
#20
C Weng, M G Kahn
OBJECTIVES: To reflect on the notable events and significant developments in Clinical Research Informatics (CRI) in the year of 2015 and discuss near-term trends impacting CRI. METHODS: We selected key publications that highlight not only important recent advances in CRI but also notable events likely to have significant impact on CRI activities over the next few years or longer, and consulted the discussions in relevant scientific communities and an online living textbook for modern clinical trials...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
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