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Yearbook of Medical Informatics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830261/nursing-informatics-certification-worldwide-history-pathway-roles-and-motivation
#1
Mollie R Cummins, Adi V Gundlapalli, Aditya V Gundlapalli, Peter Murray, Hyeoun-Ae Park, Christoph U Lehmann
INTRODUCTION: Official recognition and certification for informatics professionals are essential aspects of workforce development. OBJECTIVE: To describe the history, pathways, and nuances of certification in nursing informatics across the globe; compare and contrast those with board certification in clinical informatics for physicians. METHODS: (1) A review of the representative literature on informatics certification and related competencies for nurses and physicians, and relevant websites for nursing informatics associations and societies worldwide; (2) similarities and differences between certification processes for nurses and physicians, and (3) perspectives on roles for nursing informatics professionals in healthcare Results: The literature search for 'nursing informatics certification' yielded few results in PubMed; Google Scholar yielded a large number of citations that extended to magazines and other non-peer reviewed sources...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830260/the-virtuous-circles-of-clinical-information-systems-a-modern-utopia
#2
P Degoulet
CONTEXT: Clinical information systems (CIS) are developed with the aim of improving both the efficiency and the quality of care. OBJECTIVE: This position paper is based on the hypothesis that such vision is partly a utopian view of the emerging eSociety. METHODS: Examples are drawn from 15 years of experience with the fully integrated Georges Pompidou University Hospital (HEGP) CIS and temporal data series extracted from the data warehouses of Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP) acute care hospitals which share the same administrative organization as HEGP...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830259/a-new-informatics-geography
#3
E Coiera
INTRODUCTION: Anyone with knowledge of information systems has experienced frustration when it comes to system implementation or use. Unanticipated challenges arise frequently and unanticipated consequences may follow. OBJECTIVE: Working from first principles, to understand why information technology (IT) is often challenging, identify which IT endeavors are more likely to succeed, and predict the best role that technology can play in different tasks and settings...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830258/some-innovative-approaches-for-public-health-and-epidemiology-informatics
#4
L Toubiana, N Griffon
OBJECTIVES: Summarize excellent current research published in 2015 in the field of Public Health and Epidemiology Informatics. METHODS: The complete 2015 literature concerning public health and epidemiology informatics has been searched in PubMed and Web of Science, and the returned references were reviewed by the two section editors to select 14 candidate best papers. These papers were then peer-reviewed by external reviewers to allow the editorial team an enlightened selection of the best papers...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830257/public-health-and-epidemiology-informatics
#5
A Flahault, A Bar-Hen, N Paragios
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this manuscript is to provide a brief overview of the scientific challenges that should be addressed in order to unlock the full potential of using data from a general point of view, as well as to present some ideas that could help answer specific needs for data understanding in the field of health sciences and epidemiology. METHODS: A survey of uses and challenges of big data analyses for medicine and public health was conducted. The first part of the paper focuses on big data techniques, algorithms, and statistical approaches to identify patterns in data...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830256/clinical-natural-language-processing-in-2015-leveraging-the-variety-of-texts-of-clinical-interest
#6
A Névéol, P Zweigenbaum
OBJECTIVE: To summarize recent research and present a selection of the best papers published in 2015 in the field of clinical Natural Language Processing (NLP). METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was performed by the two section editors of the IMIA Yearbook NLP section by searching bibliographic databases with a focus on NLP efforts applied to clinical texts or aimed at a clinical outcome. Section editors first selected a shortlist of candidate best papers that were then peer-reviewed by independent external reviewers...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830255/aspiring-to-unintended-consequences-of-natural-language-processing-a-review-of-recent-developments-in-clinical-and-consumer-generated-text-processing
#7
D Demner-Fushman, N Elhadad
OBJECTIVES: This paper reviews work over the past two years in Natural Language Processing (NLP) applied to clinical and consumer-generated texts. METHODS: We included any application or methodological publication that leverages text to facilitate healthcare and address the health-related needs of consumers and populations. RESULTS: Many important developments in clinical text processing, both foundational and task-oriented, were addressed in community- wide evaluations and discussed in corresponding special issues that are referenced in this review...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830254/clinical-research-informatics-contributions-from-2015
#8
C Daniel, R Choquet
OBJECTIVES: To summarize key contributions to current research in the field of Clinical Research Informatics (CRI) and to select best papers published in 2015. METHOD: A bibliographic search using a combination of MeSH and free terms search over PubMed on Clinical Research Informatics (CRI) was performed followed by a double-blind review in order to select a list of candidate best papers to be then peer-reviewed by external reviewers. A consensus meeting between the two section editors and the editorial team was finally organized to conclude on the selection of best papers...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830253/clinical-research-informatics-for-big-data-and-precision-medicine
#9
C Weng, M G Kahn
OBJECTIVES: To reflect on the notable events and significant developments in Clinical Research Informatics (CRI) in the year of 2015 and discuss near-term trends impacting CRI. METHODS: We selected key publications that highlight not only important recent advances in CRI but also notable events likely to have significant impact on CRI activities over the next few years or longer, and consulted the discussions in relevant scientific communities and an online living textbook for modern clinical trials...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830252/findings-from-the-section-on-bioinformatics-and-translational-informatics
#10
H Dauchel, T Lecroq
OBJECTIVES: To summarize excellent current research and propose a selection of best papers published in 2015 in the field of Bioinformatics and Translational Informatics with application in the health domain and clinical care. METHOD: We provide a synopsis of the articles selected for the IMIA Yearbook 2016, from which we attempt to derive a synthetic overview of current and future activities in the field. As last year, a first step of selection was performed by querying MEDLINE with a list of MeSH descriptors completed by a list of terms adapted to the section...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830251/biomechanisms-of-comorbidity-reviewing-integrative-analyses-of-multi-omics-datasets-and-electronic-health-records
#11
N Pouladi, I Achour, H Li, J Berghout, C Kenost, M L Gonzalez-Garay, Y A Lussier
OBJECTIVES: Disease comorbidity is a pervasive phenomenon impacting patients' health outcomes, disease management, and clinical decisions. This review presents past, current and future research directions leveraging both phenotypic and molecular information to uncover disease similarity underpinning the biology and etiology of disease comorbidity. METHODS: We retrieved ~130 publications and retained 59, ranging from 2006 to 2015, that comprise a minimum number of five diseases and at least one type of biomolecule...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830250/all-that-glitters-is-not-gold-consumer-health-informatics-and-education-in-the-era-of-social-media-and-health-apps-findings-from-the-yearbook-2016-section-on-consumer-health-informatics
#12
L Fernandez-Luque, P Staccini
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the state of the art published during the year 2015 in the areas related to consumer health informatics and education with a special emphasis on unintended consequences of applying mobile and social media technologies in that domain. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of articles published in PubMed with a predefined set of queries, which lead to the selection of over 700 potential relevant articles. Section editors screened those papers on the title, abstract, and finally complete paper basis, taking into account the papers' relevance for the section topic...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830249/efficient-results-in-semantic-interoperability-for-health-care-findings-from-the-section-on-knowledge-representation-and-management
#13
L F Soualmia, J Charlet
OBJECTIVES: To summarize excellent current research in the field of Knowledge Representation and Management (KRM) within the health and medical care domain. METHOD: We provide a synopsis of the 2016 IMIA selected articles as well as a related synthetic overview of the current and future field activities. A first step of the selection was performed through MEDLINE querying with a list of MeSH descriptors completed by a list of terms adapted to the KRM section. The second step of the selection was completed by the two section editors who separately evaluated the set of 1,432 articles...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830248/knowledge-representation-and-management-a-linked-data-perspective
#14
M Barros, F M Couto
INTRODUCTION: Biomedical research is increasingly becoming a data-intensive science in several areas, where prodigious amounts of data is being generated that has to be stored, integrated, shared and analyzed. In an effort to improve the accessibility of data and knowledge, the Linked Data initiative proposed a well-defined set of recommendations for exposing, sharing and integrating data, information and knowledge, using semantic web technologies. OBJECTIVE: The main goal of this paper is to identify the current status and future trends of knowledge representation and management in Life and Health Sciences, mostly with regard to linked data technologies...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830247/computerized-clinical-decision-support-contributions-from-2015
#15
V Koutkias, J Bouaud
OBJECTIVE: To summarize recent research and select the best papers published in 2015 in the field of computerized clinical decision support for the Decision Support section of the IMIA yearbook. METHOD: A literature review was performed by searching two bibliographic databases for papers related to clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) and computerized provider order entry (CPOE) systems. The aim was to identify a list of candidate best papers from the retrieved papers that were then peer-reviewed by external reviewers...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830246/the-unintended-consequences-of-health-information-technology-revisited
#16
E Coiera, J Ash, M Berg
INTRODUCTION: The introduction of health information technology into clinical settings is associated with unintended negative consequences, some with the potential to lead to error and patient harm. As adoption rates soar, the impact of these hazards will increase. OBJECTIVE: Over the last decade, unintended consequences have received great attention in the medical informatics literature, and this paper seeks to identify the major themes that have emerged. RESULTS: Rich typologies of the causes of unintended consequences have been developed, along with a number of explanatory frameworks based on socio-technical systems theory...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830245/unintended-consequences-of-sensor-signal-and-imaging-informatics-new-problems-and-new-solutions
#17
C Hughes, S Voros, A Moreau-Gaudry
OBJECTIVES: This synopsis presents a selection for the IMIA (International Medical Informatics Association) Yearbook 2016 of excellent research in the broad field of Sensor, Signal and Imaging Informatics published in the year 2015, with a focus on Unintended consequences: new problems and new solutions. METHODS: We performed a systematic initial selection and a double blind peer review process to find the best papers in this domain published in 2015, from the PubMed and Web of Science databases...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830244/a-review-of-numerical-simulation-and-analytical-modeling-for-medical-devices-safety-in-mri
#18
J Kabil, L Belguerras, S Trattnig, C Pasquier, J Felblinger, A Missoffe
OBJECTIVES: To review past and present challenges and ongoing trends in numerical simulation for MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) safety evaluation of medical devices. METHODS: A wide literature review on numerical and analytical simulation on simple or complex medical devices in MRI electromagnetic fields shows the evolutions through time and a growing concern for MRI safety over the years. Major issues and achievements are described, as well as current trends and perspectives in this research field...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830243/new-problems-new-solutions-a-never-ending-story-findings-from-the-clinical-information-systems-perspective-for-2015
#19
W O Hackl, T Ganslandt
OBJECTIVE: To summarize recent research and to propose a selection of best papers published in 2015 in the field of Clinical Information Systems (CIS). METHOD: The query which had been used last year to retrieve articles for the CIS section of the IMIA Yearbook of Medical Informatics 2015 was refined. It again aimed at identifying relevant publications in the field of CIS and comprised search terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) catalog as well as additional free text search terms from PubMed and Web of Science...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830242/building-a-privacy-ethics-and-data-access-framework-for-real-world-computerised-medical-record-system-data-a-delphi-study-contribution-of-the-primary-health-care-informatics-working-group
#20
H Liyanage, S-T Liaw, C T Di Iorio, C Kuziemsky, R Schreiber, A L Terry, S de Lusignan
BACKGROUND: Privacy, ethics, and data access issues pose significant challenges to the timely delivery of health research. Whilst the fundamental drivers to ensure that data access is ethical and satisfies privacy requirements are similar, they are often dealt with in varying ways by different approval processes. OBJECTIVE: To achieve a consensus across an international panel of health care and informatics professionals on an integrated set of privacy and ethics principles that could accelerate health data access in data-driven health research projects...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
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