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Yearbook of Medical Informatics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157527/cancer-informatics-in-2017-a-new-beginning-and-a-bright-future
#1
Jeremy L Warner, Debra A Patt
OBJECTIVE:  To summarize significant research contributions on cancer informatics published in 2017. METHODS:  An extensive search using PubMed/Medline, Google Scholar, and manual review was conducted to identify the scientific contributions published in 2017 that address topics in cancer informatics. The selection process comprised three steps: (i) 15 candidate best papers were first selected by the two section editors, (ii) external reviewers from internationally renowned research teams reviewed each candidate best paper, and (iii) the final selection of three best papers was conducted by the editorial board of the Yearbook...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157526/the-omics-revolution-continues-the-maturation-of-high-throughput-biological-data-sources
#2
REVIEW
Ewy Mathé, John L Hays, Daniel G Stover, James L Chen
OBJECTIVE:  The aim is to provide a comprehensive review of state-of-the art omics approaches, including proteomics, metabolomics, cell-free DNA, and patient cohort matching algorithms in precision oncology. METHODS:  In the past several years, the cancer informatics revolution has been the beneficiary of a data explosion. Different complementary omics technologies have begun coming into their own to provide a more nuanced view of the patient-tumor interaction beyond that of DNA alterations...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157525/artificial-intelligence-in-public-health-and-epidemiology
#3
REVIEW
Rodolphe Thiébaut, Frantz Thiessard
OBJECTIVES:  To introduce and summarize current research in the field of Public Health and Epidemiology Informatics. METHODS:  The 2017 literature concerning public health and epidemiology informatics was searched in PubMed and Web of Science, and the returned references were reviewed by the two section editors to select 14 candidate best papers. These papers were then peer-reviewed by external reviewers to provide the editorial team with an enlightened vision to select the best papers...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157524/public-and-population-health-informatics-the-bridging-of-big-data-to-benefit-communities
#4
REVIEW
Roland Gamache, Hadi Kharrazi, Jonathan P Weiner
OBJECTIVE:  To summarize the recent public and population health informatics literature with a focus on the synergistic "bridging" of electronic data to benefit communities and other populations. METHODS:  The review was primarily driven by a search of the literature from July 1, 2016 to September 30, 2017. The search included articles indexed in PubMed using subject headings with (MeSH) keywords "public health informatics" and "social determinants of health"...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157523/expanding-the-diversity-of-texts-and-applications-findings-from-the-section-on-clinical-natural-language-processing-of-the-international-medical-informatics-association-yearbook
#5
REVIEW
Aurélie Névéol, Pierre Zweigenbaum
OBJECTIVES:  To summarize recent research and present a selection of the best papers published in 2017 in the field of clinical Natural Language Processing (NLP). METHODS:  A survey of the literature was performed by the two editors of the NLP section of the International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA) Yearbook. Bibliographic databases PubMed and Association of Computational Linguistics (ACL) Anthology were searched for papers with a focus on NLP efforts applied to clinical texts or aimed at a clinical outcome...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157522/advancing-the-state-of-the-art-in-clinical-natural-language-processing-through-shared-tasks
#6
REVIEW
Michele Filannino, Özlem Uzuner
OBJECTIVES:  To review the latest scientific challenges organized in clinical Natural Language Processing (NLP) by highlighting the tasks, the most effective methodologies used, the data, and the sharing strategies. METHODS:  We harvested the literature by using Google Scholar and PubMed Central to retrieve all shared tasks organized since 2015 on clinical NLP problems on English data. RESULTS:  We surveyed 17 shared tasks. We grouped the data into four types (synthetic, drug labels, social data, and clinical data) which are correlated with size and sensitivity...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157521/clinical-research-informatics-contributions-from-2017
#7
REVIEW
Christel Daniel, Dipak Kalra
OBJECTIVES:  To summarize key contributions to current research in the field of Clinical Research Informatics (CRI) and to select best papers published in 2017. METHOD:  A bibliographic search using a combination of MeSH descriptors and free terms on CRI was performed using PubMed, followed by a double-blind review in order to select a list of candidate best papers to be then peer-reviewed by external reviewers. A consensus meeting between the two section editors and the editorial team was organized to finally conclude on the selection of best papers...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157520/between-scylla-and-charybdis-charting-the-wicked-problem-of-reusing-health-data-for-clinical-research-informatics
#8
REVIEW
Nathan C Lea, Jacqueline Nicholls, Natalie K Fitzpatrick
OBJECTIVES:  Recognising dilemmas posed by the sharing and reuse of health data as a classic wicked problem and uncover some current key challenges to clinical research informatics. METHODS:  A modified thematic review process including identification of agreed critical research questions, appropriate query terms and search strategy, identification of relevant papers in accordance with inclusion criteria, and authors' co-review of full text papers. RESULTS:  Queries returned 4,779 papers published between January 2014 and November 2017...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157519/findings-from-2017-on-consumer-health-informatics-and-education-health-data-access-and-sharing
#9
REVIEW
Pascal Staccini, Annie Y S Lau
OBJECTIVE:  To summarize the state of the art during the year 2017 in consumer health informatics and education, with a special emphasis on sharing health data and accessing personal health information (PHI) from patients' and consumers' perspective. METHODS:  We conducted a systematic search of articles published in PubMed using a predefined set of queries which identified 228 potential articles for review. The section editors then screened these articles according to topic relevance and selected 15 candidate best papers for full review and scoring by a panel of international experts...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157518/consumer-health-informatics-adoption-among-underserved-populations-thinking-beyond-the-digital-divide
#10
REVIEW
Jina Huh, Jejo Koola, Alejandro Contreras, Alanah Kp Castillo, Melissa Ruiz, Keely G Tedone, Melissa Yakuta, Melody K Schiaffino
OBJECTIVES:  Underserved populations can benefit from consumer health informatics (CHI) that promotes self-management at a lower cost. However, prior literature suggested that the digital divide and low motivation constituted barriers to CHI adoption. Despite increased Internet use, underserved populations continue to show slow CHI uptake. The aim of the paper is to revisit barriers and facilitators that may impact CHI adoption among underserved populations. METHODS:  We surveyed the past five years of literature...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157517/as-ontologies-reach-maturity-artificial-intelligence-starts-being-fully-efficient-findings-from-the-section-on-knowledge-representation-and-management-for-the-yearbook-2018
#11
REVIEW
Ferdinand Dhombres, Jean Charlet
OBJECTIVES:  To select, present, and summarize the best papers published in 2017 in the field of Knowledge Representation and Management (KRM). METHODS:  A comprehensive and standardized review of the medical informatics literature was performed to select the most interesting papers of KRM published in 2017, based on a PubMed query. RESULTS:  In direct line with the research on data integration presented in the KRM section of the 2017 edition of the International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA) Yearbook, the five best papers for 2018 demonstrate even further the added-value of ontology-based integration approaches for phenotype-genotype association mining...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157516/recent-developments-in-clinical-terminologies-snomed-ct-loinc-and-rxnorm
#12
Oliver Bodenreider, Ronald Cornet, Daniel J Vreeman
OBJECTIVE:  To discuss recent developments in clinical terminologies. SNOMED CT (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms) is the world's largest clinical terminology, developed by an international consortium. LOINC (Logical Observation Identifiers, Names, and Codes) is an international terminology widely used for clinical and laboratory observations. RxNorm is the standard drug terminology in the U.S. METHODS AND RESULTS:  We present a brief review of the history, current state, and future development of SNOMED CT, LOINC and RxNorm...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157515/contributions-from-the-2017-literature-on-clinical-decision-support
#13
REVIEW
V Koutkias, J Bouaud
OBJECTIVES:  To summarize recent research and select the best papers published in 2017 in the field of computerized clinical decision support for the Decision Support section of the International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA) yearbook. METHODS:  A literature review was performed by searching two bibliographic databases for papers referring to clinical decision support systems (CDSSs). The aim was to identify a list of candidate best papers from the retrieved bibliographic records, which were then peer-reviewed by external reviewers...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157514/behavioral-economics-interventions-in-clinical-decision-support-systems
#14
REVIEW
Insook Cho, David W Bates
BACKGROUND:  Clinical decision support (CDS) systems can improve safety and facilitate evidence-based practice. However, clinical decisions are often affected by the cognitive biases and heuristics of clinicians, which is increasing the interest in behavioral and cognitive science approaches in the medical field. OBJECTIVES:  This review aimed to identify decision biases that lead clinicians to exhibit irrational behaviors or responses, and to show how behavioral economics can be applied to interventions in order to promote and reveal the contributions of CDS to improving health care quality...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157513/sensor-signal-and-imaging-informatics-in-2017
#15
REVIEW
William Hsu, Thomas M Deserno, Charles E Kahn
OBJECTIVE:  To summarize significant contributions to sensor, signal, and imaging informatics literature published in 2017. METHODS:  PubMed® and Web of Science® were searched to identify the scientific publications published in 2017 that addressed sensors, signals, and imaging in medical informatics. Fifteen papers were selected by consensus as candidate best papers. Each candidate article was reviewed by section editors and at least two other external reviewers...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157512/deep-learning-on-1-d-biosignals-a-taxonomy-based-survey
#16
REVIEW
Nagarajan Ganapathy, Ramakrishnan Swaminathan, Thomas M Deserno
OBJECTIVES:  Deep learning models such as convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have been applied successfully to medical imaging, but biomedical signal analysis has yet to fully benefit from this novel approach. Our survey aims at (i) reviewing deep learning techniques for biosignal analysis in computer- aided diagnosis; and (ii) deriving a taxonomy for organizing the growing number of applications in the field. METHODS:  A comprehensive literature research was performed using PubMed, Scopus, and ACM...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157511/on-the-way-to-close-the-loop-in-information-logistics-data-from-the-patient-value-for-the-patient
#17
REVIEW
Werner O Hackl, Alexander Hoerbst
OBJECTIVE:  To summarize recent research and to propose a selection of best papers published in 2017 in the field of Clinical Information Systems (CIS). METHOD:  Each year a systematic process is carried out to retrieve articles and to select a set of best papers for the CIS section of the International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA) Yearbook of Medical Informatics. The query aiming at identifying relevant publications in the field of CIS was refined by the section editors during the last years...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157510/recent-advancement-of-clinical-information-systems-opportunities-and-challenges
#18
REVIEW
Md Mohaimenul Islam, Tahmina Nasrin Poly, Yu-Chuan Jack Li
OBJECTIVES:  Clinical information systems (CISs) have generated opportunities for meaningful improvements both in patient care and workflow but there is still a long way to perfection. Healthcare providers are still facing challenges of data exchange, management, and integration due to lack of functionality among these systems. Our objective here is to systematically review, synthesize, and summarize the literature that describes the current stage of clinical information systems, so as to assess the current state of knowledge, and identify benefits and challenges...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157509/findings-from-the-2018-yearbook-section-on-human-factors-and-organizational-issues
#19
REVIEW
Sylvia Pelayo, Johanna Kaipio
OBJECTIVE:  To summarize significant research contributions published in 2017 on Human Factors and Organizational Issues (HFOI) in medical informatics. METHODS:  An extensive search using PubMed/Medline and Web of Science® was conducted to identify the scientific contributions published in 2017 that HFOI issues in medical informatics. The selection process comprised three steps: (i) 15 candidate best papers out of 695 references were first selected by the two section editors, (ii) external reviewers from internationally renowned research teams reviewed each candidate best paper, and (iii) the final selection of five best papers was conducted by the editorial board of the Yearbook...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157508/expanding-human-computer-interaction-methods-to-understand-user-needs-in-the-design-process-of-personal-health-systems
#20
REVIEW
Katie A Siek
OBJECTIVES:  To review innovative human computer interaction methods researchers utilize to identify stakeholders' needs that inform the design of personal health systems outside of clinical environments. METHODS:  A selective review of recent literature. RESULTS:  Summaries of exemplar needs analysis papers showing how researchers utilize novel methods to surface the lived experiences of users. CONCLUSIONS:  The medical informatics community is encouraged to ensure that we are designing health technology for all individuals - including underrepresented and underserved populations - by investigating the complex needs of target users...
August 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
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