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Ocular Immunology and Inflammation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914584/circumferential-ciliary-body-cysts-presenting-as-acute-pigment-dispersion-and-ocular-hypertension
#1
Almila Sarıgül Sezenöz, Sirel Gür Güngör, Hayyam Kıratlı, Ahmet Akman
PURPOSE: To report a case of circumferential neuroepithelial cyst of the ciliary body presenting with pigment dispersion (PD) and ocular hypertension. CASE REPORT: 48-year-old female patient presented with a complaint of pain in the left eye. On examination, visual acuity of the left eye was 0.9, and the intraocular pressure was 48 mmHg. Biomicroscopic anterior segment examination of the left eye revealed 4+ pigmented cells in the anterior chamber. Active PD from the pupillary region at 11 o'clock was noticed at the time of the examination...
September 15, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914578/the-choroidal-vascularity-index-decreases-and-choroidal-thickness-increases-in-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease-patients-during-a-recurrent-anterior-uveitis-attack
#2
Shulin Liu, Liping Du, Qingyun Zhou, Qi Zhang, Ke Hu, Jian Qi, Liang Liang, Chunjiang Zhou, Aize Kijlstra, Peizeng Yang
PURPOSE: To measure changes in the choroidal vascularity index (CVI) in chronic Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease during a recurrent anterior uveitis attack. METHODS: Forty VKH patients and 40 normal controls were included in this study. Choroidal images were recorded before and during a recurrent anterior uveitis attack, as well as after appropriate treatment. CVI was measured by the binarization technique using ImageJ software (Bethesda, MD). RESULTS: The CVI was 0...
September 15, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914577/unbalanced-vitreous-levels-of-osteoprotegerin-rankl-rank-and-trail-in-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy
#3
Ahmed M Abu El-Asrar, Ajmal Ahmad, Kaiser Alam, Emilie Bittoun, Mohammad Mairaj Siddiquei, Ghulam Mohammad, Ahmed Mousa, Gert De Hertogh, Ghislain Opdenakker
PURPOSE: We investigated the expression of the proinflammatory and proangiogenic factor osteoprotegerin (OPG) and its ligands, receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL), tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), and the receptor RANK in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Vitreous samples from PDR and nondiabetic control patients and epiretinal membranes from PDR patients were studied by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunohistochemistry, and Western blot analysis...
September 15, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914568/human-embryonic-stem-cell-derived-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-decrease-the-development-of-severe-experimental-autoimmune-uveitis-in-b10-riii-mice
#4
Yu Qin, Ann M Chan, Yu-Ling Chang, Anna Matynia, Nicholas A Kouris, Erin A Kimbrel, Negin Ashki, Sachin Parikh, Michael B Gorin, Robert Lanza, Ralph D Levinson, Lynn K Gordon
PURPOSE: We investigated the effect of exogenously administered human embryonic stem cell-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (hESC-MSCs) in experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) in B10.RIII mice, a murine model of severe uveitis. METHODS: B10.RIII mice were immunized with an uveitogenic peptide, and intraperitoneal injections of 5 million hESC-MSCs per animal were given on the same day. Behavioral light sensitivity assays, histological evaluation, cytokine production, and regulatory T cells were analyzed at the peak of the disease...
September 15, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914559/bilateral-posterior-scleritis-associated-with-giant-cell-arteritis-a-case-report
#5
Mehmet Erdogan, Nihat Sayin, Dilbade Yıldız Ekinci, Sadik Bayramoglu
AIM: To report a case of bilateral posterior scleritis associated with giant cell arteritis Case Report: A 62-year-old female patient presented with bilateral progressive vision loss was diagnosed with bilateral posterior scleritis. According to clinical signs and symptoms and laboratory testing, Giant cell arteritis was also diagnosed. Within 8 weeks of the corticosteroid treatment, the serous retinal detachments completely resolved and choroidal thickness decreased in both eyes. Visual acuity increased, and the symtoms related to Giant cell arteritis improved...
September 15, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910561/assessment-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-dry-eye-disease
#6
Tuba Celik
PURPOSE: To evaluate the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) levels in patients with dry eye disease (DED). METHODS: The white blood cell, neutrophil, platelet, and lymphocyte counts were performed in 78 dry eye patients and 60 controls. The NLR was calculated by dividing neutrophil count by lymphocyte count and the PLR was calculated by dividing platelet count by lymphocyte count. RESULTS: The mean age was 53...
September 14, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910560/intravitreal-adalimumab-for-the-control-of-breakthrough-intraocular-inflammation
#7
Wajiha J Kheir, Carl-Joe Mehanna, Maamoun Abdul Fattah, Sara Al Ghadban, Marwan El Sabban, Ahmad M Mansour, Rola N Hamam
PURPOSE: Investigate the efficacy of intravitreal adalimumab in breakthrough panuveitis in patients on systemic adalimumab for more than 3 months. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients on systemic adalimumab with breakthrough panuveitis requiring intravitreal adalimumab therapy. RESULTS: Seven eyes of four patients with Adamantiades-Behçet disease panuveitis were included and all were maintained on systemic adalimumab for 7.3 months (range 3-11) with inflammation controlled for 4...
September 14, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910557/vogt-koyanagi-harada-syndrome-in-a-group-of-patients-in-two-ophthalmology-referral-centers-in-bogot%C3%A3-colombia
#8
Carol L Guayacán, Brahyan Galindo-Mendez, Alejandra de-la-Torre
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical presentation of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome in a group of patients in Colombia. METHODS: Retrospective review of 2638 medical records of patients with uveitis in two centers during 17 years. RESULTS: A total of 25 patients with uveitis were diagnosed with VKH syndrome (0.95%), 23 patients were included in the data analysis (0.87%), 78.3% females, and mean age of diagnosis was 37 years (SD ± 29)...
September 14, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910555/conjunctival-necrosis-masquerading-as-necrotizing-scleritis
#9
Mamta Agarwal, Amala Elizabeth, Ronnie George, Jyotirmay Biswas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910554/ocular-self-microemulsifying-drug-delivery-system-of-prednisolone-improves-therapeutic-effectiveness-in-the-treatment-of-experimental-uveitis
#10
Rahul Tiwari, Vibhuti Dubey, Karthikeyan Kesavan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the self-microemulsifying drug delivery systems (SMEDDS) for ophthalmic delivery of Prednisolone (PDN) to treat uveitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pseudo-ternary phase diagrams were developed, and various SMEDDS were prepared using Linoleic acid as oil, Cremophore RH 40 as a surfactant, and propylene glycol as a co-surfactant. Physicochemical parameters (globule size, zeta potential, viscosity, and pH) and in vitro release of SMEDDS were studied...
September 14, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910553/sympathetic-ophthalmia-following-accidental-burn-with-hot-water-involving-the-other-eye
#11
Zahedur Rahman, Sowkath Ali, Parthopratim Dutta Majumder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910552/the-use-of-topical-corticosteroids-for-treatment-of-dry-eye-syndrome
#12
Carlo Alberto Cutolo, Stefano Barabino, Chiara Bonzano, Carlo Enrico Traverso
Dry eye disease (DED) is a multifactorial disease that results in symptoms of discomfort, visual disturbance, and damage to the ocular surface. Because chronic inflammation plays an important role in DED, treatment with topical corticosteroids has been demonstrated to ameliorate the signs and symptoms of the disease. Although these agents have proven short-term efficacy, their long-term use may cause intraocular pressure elevation and cataract progression. A carefully review of the different studies shows that differences between corticosteroids may exist regarding the incidence of side effects and evidence of efficacy in DED patients...
September 14, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700283/update-on-immunological-test-quantiferon-tb-gold-contribution-in-the-management-of-tuberculosis-related-ocular-inflammation
#13
S Trad, B Bodaghi, D Saadoun
PURPOSE: To clarify interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) contributions to intraocular tuberculosis management, according to related TB endemic prevalence. METHODS: Despite extensive investigations, including IGRA, the diagnosis of intraocular tuberculosis (TB) is still challenging and remains mostly presumptive. According to the literature, it appears that management of suspected ocular TB differs significantly based on whether patients are from areas of high TB prevalence or from non-TB-endemic countries...
July 12, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700280/biologic-treatment-options-for-retinal-neovascularization-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#14
Nikos N Markomichelakis, Evaggelia K Aissopou, Stelios Maselos, Ilknur Tugal-Tutkun, Petros P Sfikakis
PURPOSE: Relapsing ocular inflammation occurs in about 70% of patients with Behçet's disease (BD) and can lead to permanent loss of vision. Neovascularization of the optic disc (NVD) or elsewhere in the retina (NVE) is a relatively uncommon but severe complication that lacks standardized treatment. METHODS: We report on the therapeutic use of anti-TNF monoclonal antibodies for BD-associated NVD and NVE in one pediatric patient (subcutaneous adalimumab) and one young man (intravenous infliximab)...
July 12, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700252/modified-allogenic-simple-limbal-epithelial-transplantation-followed-by-keratoplasty-as-treatment-for-total-limbal-stem-cell-deficiency
#15
Alfonso Vasquez-Perez, Mayank A Nanavaty
PURPOSE: To describe a modified allogenic simple limbal epithelial transplant (SLET) technique with large donor tissue explants followed by keratoplasty. METHODS: A 69-year-old with conjunctival melanoma on her left eye developed total limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) after multiple cycles of topical mitomycin. She also had herpes stromal keratitis while on treatment with mitomycin. She underwent modified allogenic SLET with large donor limbal tissue explants glued on the cornea directly and the amniotic membrane placed over the limbal explants...
July 12, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700251/choroidal-and-retinal-anatomical-responses-following-systemic-corticosteroid-therapy-in-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease-using-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography
#16
Durgasri Jaisankar, Rajiv Raman, Hitesh R Sharma, Neha Khandelwal, Muna Bhende, Rupesh Agrawal, Sridharan Sudharshan, Jyotirmay Biswas
PURPOSE: To assess structural changes in retina and choroid after systemic corticosteroid therapy in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). METHODS: SS-OCT was conducted before treatment and during first-month follow-up in 16 eyes treated with systemic corticosteroids for active VKH. Retina was divided into five zones depending on pretreatment choroidal thickness (CT) of <100, >100 to <200, >200 to <300, >300 to <400 and >400μm, and changes in retinal thickness and CT after treatment in these zones were compared with baseline...
July 12, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700250/false-negative-toxoplasma-serology-in-an-immunocompromised-patient-with-pcr-positive-ocular-toxoplasmosis
#17
Rehan Rajput, Alastair K Denniston, Philip I Murray
PURPOSE: The authors report a case of a 60-year-old Caucasian male with a background of treated Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL) with secondary hypogammaglobulinaemia present with toxoplasma chorioretinitis and negative serum toxoplasma serology on presentation and on subsequent reactivation. METHODS: Retrospective case notes review with fundal photographs. RESULTS: In this case, on initial presentation and on recurrence, the patient's serum anti-Toxoplasma IgG remained negative...
July 12, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700247/long-term-efficacy-of-pegylated-interferon-alpha-2b-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-uveitis-a-small-case-series
#18
Hande Celiker, Haluk Kazokoglu, Haner Direskeneli
PURPOSE: To assess the long-term efficacy and safety of pegylated interferon alpha-2b (peg-IFN-α-2b) for severe uveitis associated with Behçet's disease. METHODS: Peg-IFN-α-2b was administrated at an initial dosage of 0,5-1,5 µg/kg/week. If any complications were observed, the dosage was tapered. Ocular examinations, systemic findings, and treatment compliance of the patients were evaluated. RESULTS: Control of ocular inflammation was achieved in all patients (n = 4)...
July 12, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665750/cat-scratch-disease-not-a-benign-condition
#19
Sandra Barros, Gabriel Costa De Andrade, Cecilia Cavalcanti, Heloisa Nascimento
PURPOSE: Describe a case series of ocular Cat-scratch-disease (CSD) with vision-threatening findings and poor outcomes, indicating severity of disease. METHODS: Retrospective case series from the Uveitis Department of São Paulo Federal University from 2011 to 2015. RESULTS: In this period, six eyes of four patients had confirmed diagnosis of CSD. Two were male and two female. Mean age was 24.8 years old [7-45]. Two had bilateral disease. Visual acuity at presentation ranged from no light perception to 20/25...
June 30, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665743/polymerase-chain-reaction-and-its-correlation-with-clinical-features-and-treatment-response-in-tubercular-uveitis
#20
Sudheer Bhagya, Prajna Lalitha, Arya Lalan Kumar, Sivakumar Rathinam
PURPOSE: Correlation of results of polymerase chain reaction for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB PCR) with clinical features and treatment response in tubercular uveitis. METHODS: Retrospective case study. RESULTS: Among 56 patients, 31 (55.3%) had acute and 25 (44.6%) had chronic uveitis. Uveitis was unilateral in 40 (71.4%) and bilateral in the remaining 16 (28.6%). Anatomical subtypes of uveitis were: anterior in 10 (13.9%) eyes, intermediate in 9 (12...
June 30, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
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