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Ocular Immunology and Inflammation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700283/update-on-immunological-test-quantiferon-tb-gold-contribution-in-the-management-of-tuberculosis-related-ocular-inflammation
#1
S Trad, B Bodaghi, D Saadoun
PURPOSE: To clarify interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) contributions to intraocular tuberculosis management, according to related TB endemic prevalence. METHODS: Despite extensive investigations, including IGRA, the diagnosis of intraocular tuberculosis (TB) is still challenging and remains mostly presumptive. According to the literature, it appears that management of suspected ocular TB differs significantly based on whether patients are from areas of high TB prevalence or from non-TB-endemic countries...
July 12, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700280/biologic-treatment-options-for-retinal-neovascularization-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#2
Nikos N Markomichelakis, Evaggelia K Aissopou, Stelios Maselos, Ilknur Tugal-Tutkun, Petros P Sfikakis
PURPOSE: Relapsing ocular inflammation occurs in about 70% of patients with Behçet's disease (BD) and can lead to permanent loss of vision. Neovascularization of the optic disc (NVD) or elsewhere in the retina (NVE) is a relatively uncommon but severe complication that lacks standardized treatment. METHODS: We report on the therapeutic use of anti-TNF monoclonal antibodies for BD-associated NVD and NVE in one pediatric patient (subcutaneous adalimumab) and one young man (intravenous infliximab)...
July 12, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700252/modified-allogenic-simple-limbal-epithelial-transplantation-followed-by-keratoplasty-as-treatment-for-total-limbal-stem-cell-deficiency
#3
Alfonso Vasquez-Perez, Mayank A Nanavaty
PURPOSE: To describe a modified allogenic simple limbal epithelial transplant (SLET) technique with large donor tissue explants followed by keratoplasty. METHODS: A 69-year-old with conjunctival melanoma on her left eye developed total limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) after multiple cycles of topical mitomycin. She also had herpes stromal keratitis while on treatment with mitomycin. She underwent modified allogenic SLET with large donor limbal tissue explants glued on the cornea directly and the amniotic membrane placed over the limbal explants...
July 12, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700251/choroidal-and-retinal-anatomical-responses-following-systemic-corticosteroid-therapy-in-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease-using-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography
#4
Durgasri Jaisankar, Rajiv Raman, Hitesh R Sharma, Neha Khandelwal, Muna Bhende, Rupesh Agrawal, Sridharan Sudharshan, Jyotirmay Biswas
PURPOSE: To assess structural changes in retina and choroid after systemic corticosteroid therapy in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). METHODS: SS-OCT was conducted before treatment and during first-month follow-up in 16 eyes treated with systemic corticosteroids for active VKH. Retina was divided into five zones depending on pretreatment choroidal thickness (CT) of <100, >100 to <200, >200 to <300, >300 to <400 and >400μm, and changes in retinal thickness and CT after treatment in these zones were compared with baseline...
July 12, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700250/false-negative-toxoplasma-serology-in-an-immunocompromised-patient-with-pcr-positive-ocular-toxoplasmosis
#5
Rehan Rajput, Alastair K Denniston, Philip I Murray
PURPOSE: The authors report a case of a 60-year-old Caucasian male with a background of treated Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL) with secondary hypogammaglobulinaemia present with toxoplasma chorioretinitis and negative serum toxoplasma serology on presentation and on subsequent reactivation. METHODS: Retrospective case notes review with fundal photographs. RESULTS: In this case, on initial presentation and on recurrence, the patient's serum anti-Toxoplasma IgG remained negative...
July 12, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700247/long-term-efficacy-of-pegylated-interferon-alpha-2b-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-uveitis-a-small-case-series
#6
Hande Celiker, Haluk Kazokoglu, Haner Direskeneli
PURPOSE: To assess the long-term efficacy and safety of pegylated interferon alpha-2b (peg-IFN-α-2b) for severe uveitis associated with Behçet's disease. METHODS: Peg-IFN-α-2b was administrated at an initial dosage of 0,5-1,5 µg/kg/week. If any complications were observed, the dosage was tapered. Ocular examinations, systemic findings, and treatment compliance of the patients were evaluated. RESULTS: Control of ocular inflammation was achieved in all patients (n = 4)...
July 12, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665750/cat-scratch-disease-not-a-benign-condition
#7
Sandra Barros, Gabriel Costa De Andrade, Cecilia Cavalcanti, Heloisa Nascimento
PURPOSE: Describe a case series of ocular Cat-scratch-disease (CSD) with vision-threatening findings and poor outcomes, indicating severity of disease. METHODS: Retrospective case series from the Uveitis Department of São Paulo Federal University from 2011 to 2015. RESULTS: In this period, six eyes of four patients had confirmed diagnosis of CSD. Two were male and two female. Mean age was 24.8 years old [7-45]. Two had bilateral disease. Visual acuity at presentation ranged from no light perception to 20/25...
June 30, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665743/polymerase-chain-reaction-and-its-correlation-with-clinical-features-and-treatment-response-in-tubercular-uveitis
#8
Sudheer Bhagya, Prajna Lalitha, Arya Lalan Kumar, Sivakumar Rathinam
PURPOSE: Correlation of results of polymerase chain reaction for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB PCR) with clinical features and treatment response in tubercular uveitis. METHODS: Retrospective case study. RESULTS: Among 56 patients, 31 (55.3%) had acute and 25 (44.6%) had chronic uveitis. Uveitis was unilateral in 40 (71.4%) and bilateral in the remaining 16 (28.6%). Anatomical subtypes of uveitis were: anterior in 10 (13.9%) eyes, intermediate in 9 (12...
June 30, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628344/rituximab-induction-and-maintenance-treatment-in-patients-with-scleritis-and-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-wegener-s
#9
Caiyun You, Lina Ma, Andres F Lasave, C Stephen Foster
AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of rituximab (RTX) induction and maintenance treatment for patients with scleritis and granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), Wegener's. METHODS: Nine patients (12 eyes) with scleritis with GPA who did not respond to corticosteroids and more than one immunosuppressive agent who received ongoing maintenance RTX treatment were identified. Demographics and outcome measures were recorded. RESULTS: Median follow-up time of 30 months (range, 15 to 87 months)...
June 19, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628343/chronic-herpetic-retinitis-clinical-features-and-long-term-outcomes
#10
Soufiane Souissi, Christine Fardeau, Hoang Mai Le, Flore Rozenberg, Bahram Bodaghi, Phuc Le Hoang
INTRODUCTION: Chronic uveitis treated with immunosuppressive agents may have unfavorable outcomes due to delays in diagnosis. The aim of this study was to review initial data from clinical and ocular assessments and patient outcomes following specific treatments for atypical herpes virus ocular infections. METHODS: The records of four consecutive patients with recurrent uveitis for at least five years treated in our department between 2001 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
June 19, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628340/the-role-of-quantiferon-%C3%A2-tb-gold-and-tuberculin-skin-test-as-diagnostic-tests-for-intraocular-tuberculosis-in-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-patients-in-south-africa
#11
Derrick P Smit, Tonya M Esterhuizen, David Meyer
PURPOSE: To compare QuantiFERON®-TB Gold and tuberculin skin testing as diagnostic tests for intraocular tuberculosis in HIV positive and negative patients. METHODS: A prospective study evaluating two different tests to help diagnose intraocular tuberculosis. RESULTS: Thirty-five of 106 patients (33.0%) were diagnosed with intraocular tuberculosis including 11 (31.4%) with HIV infection. Patients were 6.95 times more likely to have intraocular tuberculosis if TST alone was positive (p < 0...
June 19, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622063/characteristic-profiles-of-inflammatory-cytokines-in-the-aqueous-humor-of-glaucomatous-eyes
#12
Taiki Kokubun, Satoru Tsuda, Hiroshi Kunikata, Masayuki Yasuda, Noriko Himori, Shiho Kunimatsu-Sanuki, Kazuichi Maruyama, Toru Nakazawa
PURPOSE: To analyze cytokine profiles of the aqueous humor of eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), neovascular glaucoma (NVG), and cataract (as controls). METHODS: A multiplex bead assay was used to measure concentrations of 27 cytokines in aqueous humor samples from 54 eyes. RESULTS: Detection rates were as follows: IL-7: NVG higher than POAG; IL-10: POAG lower than cataract or NVG; and GM-CSF: cataract higher than POAG or NVG. Concentrations were as follows: IL-8, IP-10, MCP-1, and MIP-1β: POAG and NVG higher than cataract; IL-9: POAG lower than NVG; IL-12: POAG lower than cataract or NVG; and VEGF: NVG higher than cataract or POAG and POAG lower than cataract...
June 16, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622059/author-s-reply-zika-virus-infection-and-ophthalmic-examination-in-newborn
#13
Hnin Hnin Oo, Praveen Kumar Balne, Rupesh Agrawal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622058/herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-with-orbital-apex-syndrome-difference-in-outcomes-and-literature-review
#14
Jie Jie Lim, Yu Ming Ong, M Zain Wan Zalina, May May Choo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622043/anterior-segment-injury-by-a-high-power-handheld-blue-laser-device
#15
Mohammad A Al-Amry, Sulaiman M Alsulaiman, Nicola G Ghazi
PURPOSE: To report a case of severe anterior segment inflammation secondary to exposure to a high-power blue laser device. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 14-year-old male presented with redness, pain and decreased vision in his left eye after exposure to blue laser. Examination indicated severe conjunctival injection associated with 4+ cells in the anterior chamber with fibrinous reaction. The posterior pole was normal. CONCLUSION: Blue laser devices are easily available through the Internet...
June 16, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609207/protection-of-lipopolysaccharide-lps-preconditioning-against-endotoxin-induced-uveitis-eiu-in-rats-is-associated-with-overexpression-of-interleukin-1-receptor-associated-kinase-m-irak-m
#16
Shuo Yu, Xinli Liu, Nan Zhang, Shuo Yang, Cui Mao, Shilan Feng, Hong Lu
PURPOSE: To investigate the protective effect of LPS preconditioning against EIU in rats. METHODS: EIU in Wistar rats was developed by subcutaneous injection of LPS (200 μg). Lower dose of LPS (0.1 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) or its carrier was injected daily for five days before EIU induction. Twenty-four hours after EIU, eyes were examined and then enucleated. The degree of inflammatory reaction was determined by routine histological examinations. Real-time RT-PCR and Western blot were used to determine the activation of NF-kB and expression of IRAK-1, IRAK-4, and IRAK-M Results: Repeated pre-administration of LPS induced a significant reduction in ocular inflammation and the expression of NF-κb p65 in neurons...
June 13, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562149/in-vivo-laser-confocal-microscopy-using-the-hrt-rostock-cornea-module-diversity-and-diagnostic-implications-in-patients-with-uveitis
#17
Lyndell L Lim, Jing Xie, Chyn C Chua, Tiffany Wong, Lani T Hoang, Matthias D Becker, Eric B Suhler, James T Rosenbaum, Friederike Mackensen
PURPOSE: Keratic precipitates (KP) are a common feature of uveitis. We prospectively examined KP with the Heidelberg Retinal Tomograph II confocal laser scanning microscope and Rostock Corneal Module (HRT-RCM) to explore their diagnostic implications. METHODS: Prospective, observational, multicenter study. HRT-RCM images were classified by two masked observers. RESULTS: 120 scans on 120 eyes from 110 subjects were included. The majority (N = 93) had non-infectious uveitis...
May 31, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548582/bilateral-iris-depigmentation-and-ocular-hypotony-as-end-stage-manifestations-of-untreated-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease
#18
Miguel Cuevas, Alejandra de-la-Torre, Andrea Córdoba
PURPOSE: To describe severe bilateral iris depigmentation and persistent ocular hypotony as end-stage manifestations of untreated Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease. METHODS: We present the clinical findings and diagnostic studies performed for three patients with bilateral iris depigmentation. RESULTS: Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease in late recurrent stage was diagnosed in three patients with bilateral severe iris depigmentation and persistent ocular hypotony...
May 26, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548554/screening-for-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-active-uveitis
#19
Sumru Onal, Merih Oray, Cagla Yasa, Mehmet Akman, Gunay Uludag, Aylin Koc Akbay, Ilknur Tugal-Tutkun
PURPOSE: To screen for psychological disorders in patients with active uveitis. METHODS: Patients were screened for depression (BDI-II), state anxiety (STAI-I), VR-QOL (NEI-VFQ-25), and HR-QOL (SF-36). Association of depression and anxiety with sociodemographic and clinical parameters and with VR-QOL and HR-QOL were analyzed. Multivariate linear regression models were constructed for NEI-VFQ-25 and SF-36 subscales. RESULTS: Of 99 patients, 37...
May 26, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548552/serum-cyr61-is-associated-with-disease-activity-in-graves-orbitopathy
#20
Young Jun Woo, Yuri Seo, Jin Joo Kim, Ji Won Kim, Yil Park, Jin Sook Yoon
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical implications of cysteine-rich angiogenic inducer 61 (CYR61) in Graves' orbitopathy (GO). METHODS: Sera from 52 GO patients, 23 Graves' disease (GD) patients, and 20 healthy controls, and orbital fat tissue samples from 12 of 52 GO patients and 8 control subjects were included for analysis. Concentrations of CYR61 were measured from sera with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and CYR61 mRNA expression levels were evaluated from orbital fat tissue with polymerase chain reaction...
May 26, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
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