journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ocular Immunology and Inflammation

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323511/photoreceptor-cell-injury-starts-in-the-initial-stage-of-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease
#1
Ruilin Zhu, Jing Zhang, Lijun Qiao, Yadi Zhang, Xiaopeng Gu, Liu Yang
PURPOSE: To demonstrate photoreceptor cell injury in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease. METHODS: The SD-OCT and FAF tests of 16 patients diagnosed with VKH disease that was followed up from the initial stage to the convalescent stage were reviewed. RESULTS: In the initial stage of VKH disease, there was hyperautofluerescence around the macular edema. In the convalescent stage of VKH disease, loss of photoreceptor and injury of RPE have been detected by OCT scan at the same area, which was corresponded with the abnormalities in FAF...
March 21, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323505/pattern-of-uveitis-in-a-referral-hospital-in-bangladesh
#2
Zahedur Rahman, Ziaul Ahsan, Niaz Abdur Rahman, Parthopratim Dutta Majumder
PURPOSE: To report the pattern of uveitis in a tertiary eye care center in Bangladesh. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all uveitis cases visiting uveitis clinic of Bangladesh Eye Hospital between January, 2009 and April, 2015. RESULTS: In total, 652 patients (mean age 32.3 years, female 47.8%) were included in the study. Uveitis was bilateral in 42.6% of cases. Anterior uveitis was the most common (39.2%) case, closely followed by intermediate uveitis (22...
March 21, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323496/dengue-fever-presenting-as-purtscher-like-retinopathy
#3
Luiz H Lima, Silvana Vianello, Sérgio Pimentel, Gabriel Costa de Andrade, Claudio Zett, Léo Muller, Michel E Farah, Rubens Belfort
PURPOSE: To report the fundus manifestations and spectral-domain optical coherence tomographic (SD-OCT) features of dengue fever presenting as Purtscher-like retinopathy. METHODS: Retrospective review of two cases of dengue fever. RESULTS: Color fundus photograph revealed the presence of cotton-wool spots in a Purtscher-like configuration in the posterior pole of all study eyes. SD-OCT demonstrated increased reflectivity signal in the inner retinal layers, and after a variable follow-up period, there was complete disappearance of cotton-wool spots and persistence of the hyperreflectivity signal...
March 21, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323495/vision-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-non-infectious-uveitis-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Pedro Arriola-Villalobos, Lydia Abásolo, Julián García-Feijoo, Benjamín Fernández-Gutiérrez, Rosalía Méndez-Fernández, Esperanza Pato, David Díaz-Valle, Luis Rodriguez-Rodriguez
PURPOSE: To analyze the influence of socio-demographic, comorbidity, and clinical-related variables in the vision-related quality of life (VR-QoL) of non-infectious uveitis patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional study includes 156 consecutive non-infectious uveitis patients from a tertiary uveitis clinic from Madrid (Spain). The main outcome was the log-transformed composite score of the Visual Functioning Questionnaire 25. Bivariate and multivariate ordinary least-squares regression models were performed and results expressed using effect sizes with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI)...
March 21, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323491/the-effect-of-closed-eye-tear-film-conditions-on-blood-isolated-neutrophils-in-vitro
#5
Cameron Postnikoff, Maud Gorbet
PURPOSE: Eyelid closure results in influx of neutrophils onto the ocular surface, which are non-responsive to inflammatory stimuli. This investigation examined whether incubation of blood-isolated neutrophils in closed-eye conditions induce a tear-film neutrophil phenotype. METHODS: Blood-isolated neutrophils were incubated combining various conditions: hypoxia, corneal epithelial cells (HCEC), artificial tear solution (ATS). RESULTS: A hypoxic environment induced no differential effect on membrane receptor expression...
March 21, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323489/incidence-rates-and-risk-factors-for-vision-loss-among-aids-related-cytomegalovirus-retinitis-patients-in-southern-thailand
#6
Wantanee Sittivarakul, Usanee Seepongphun
PURPOSE: To describe the incidence of and risk factors for visual acuity (VA) loss in patients with AIDS and cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis. METHODS: A total of 132 patients were included. The main outcome measurements were the incidences of VA loss to ≤20/50 and ≤20/200. RESULTS: The incidences of VA loss to ≤20/50 and ≤20/200 were 0.22/eye-year (EY) and 0.12/EY, respectively. Risk factors for the incidence of VA loss to ≤20/50 were low nadir CD4(+) T-cell count (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 3...
March 21, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318359/zika-virus-and-eye
#7
Rupesh Agrawal, Hnin Hnin Oo, Praveen Kumar Balne, Lisa Ng, Louis Tong, Yee Sin Leo
Zika virus (ZIKV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus, is the latest global health concern. Transmission is mainly via Aedes mosquitoes and the infection can be diagnosed on molecular or serologic testings. It typically causes a mild self-remitting illness of low-grade fever, maculopapular rash, and myalgia, but when severe, it is associated with neurological deficits and congenital structural defects. Ocular manifestations are usually mild like nonpurulent conjunctivitis in adults, though it may be linked to uveitis, maculopathy, and hypertensive iridocyclitis...
March 20, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318350/clinical-course-and-outcomes-of-pediatric-tubercular-uveitis-in-north-india
#8
Savleen Kaur, Kanika Aggarwal, Aniruddha Agarwal, Deepti Suri, Anju Gupta, Ramandeep Singh, Reema Bansal, Surjit Singh, Nirbhai Singh, Amod Gupta, Vishali Gupta
PURPOSE: To analyze the clinical features, course, management, and outcomes of tubercular (TB) uveitis in the pediatric population and assess the response to anti-tubercular therapy (ATT). METHODS: Hospital records of children (≤16 years) from a large tertiary-care institute between January 2001 and December 2015 were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 32 children (mean age: 10.7 ± 4.27 years; range 2-16) were diagnosed with TB-associated uveitis...
March 20, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318349/visual-morbidity-and-ocular-complications-in-presumed-intraocular-tuberculosis-an-analysis-of-354-cases-from-a-non-endemic-population
#9
Dinesh Visva Gunasekeran, Bhaskar Gupta, Joao Cardoso, Carlos E Pavesio, Rupesh Agrawal
PURPOSE: To describe the visual morbidity associated with intraocular tuberculosis (TB) and to report ocular complications of intraocular TB. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of patients diagnosed with intraocular TB at a tertiary referral eye care hospital in central London. Data on baseline and final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) along with ocular complications were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: In total, 354 patients with intraocular TB were included in this study...
March 20, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318344/clinical-outcomes-of-intravitreal-preservative-free-triamcinolone-preparation-triesence%C3%A2-for-cystoid-macular-oedema-and-inflammation-in-patients-with-uveitis
#10
Laura R Steeples, Nitin Anand, Jiten Moraji, Nicholas P Jones
PURPOSE: To assess the outcomes of intravitreal benzyl alcohol-free triamcinolone acetonide suspension in uveitis-related macular oedema. METHODS: Single-center retrospective cohort study of 66 injections to 44 eyes of 40 patients. Uveitis diagnosis, systemic and local therapy, intraocular pressure (IOP), central retinal thickness (CRT), number of injections, time to re-injection and side-effects were noted during 6-months minimum follow-up. RESULTS: Sixty eight percent of eyes received a single injection...
March 20, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318342/pattern-of-uveitic-hypotony-in-a-tertiary-eye-hospital-in-india
#11
Parthopratim Dutta Majumder, Keerthi Burugupalli, Nitin Kumar Menia, Sudha K Ganesh, Jyotirmay Biswas
PURPOSE: To report pattern of uveitic patients with hypotony in Indian population. METHODS: Retrospective medical record review of 30 eyes of 21 consecutive patients with uveitic hypotony. Patient demographics, ocular findings and systemic association were recorded. RESULTS: Mean age of the patients was 29.5 years (range 7-71 years) and 80.9%(17 patients) were below the age of 40 years. Most common complaint associated with the development of hypotony was diminution of vision (26 eyes; 86...
March 20, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281863/multimodal-imaging-including-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-serpiginous-choroiditis
#12
Seong Joon Ahn, Seung Hoon Park, Byung Ro Lee
PURPOSE: To report multimodal imaging in patients with serpiginous choroiditis. METHODS: A 60-year-old woman with active serpiginous choroiditis in the right eye was evaluated during the disease course with multimodal imaging, which included fluorescein angiography, swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT), OCT angiography, fundus autofluorescence (FAF), and retromode imaging. RESULTS: The patient had subretinal, yellowish lesion on the macula at presentation...
March 10, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281853/lymphocytic-meningitis-in-patients-with-sympathetic-ophthalmia
#13
Mathilde Goudot, Matthieu Groh, Sawsen Salah, Dominique Monnet, Philippe Blanche, Antoine P Brézin
PURPOSE: This study aimed at reporting lymphocytic meningitis in patients diagnosed with sympathetic ophthalmia (SO). METHODS: In this single-center retrospective observational case series, we reviewed cases diagnosed with SO. We analyzed the patients' inciting injuries, the characteristics of uveitis and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analyses. RESULTS: Nine patients were diagnosed with SO and CSF analyses were available in all cases. Four cases had lymphocytic pleocytosis, 3 of which showed marked CSF inflammation with more than 300 lymphocytes/mm(3)...
March 10, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282739/in-vivo-confocal-microscopic-characteristics-of-crystalline-keratopathy-in-patients-with-sclerokeratitis
#14
Noopur Gupta, Anita Ganger, Shibal Bhartiya, Meena Verma, Radhika Tandon
PURPOSE: To report in vivo confocal features in a clinical case series of patients with sclerokeratitis presenting as crystalline keratopathy. METHODS: Five cases of crystalline keratopathy following sclerokeratitis are described. Confocal microscopic images of the cornea were captured in all cases to confirm the diagnosis by evaluating the morphology of the crystals. RESULTS: Unilateral and non-progressive peripheral crystalline keratopathy manifested after previous episodes of sclerokeratitis in the involved eye...
February 22, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282738/stroke-due-to-cerebral-vasculitis-in-a-patient-with-relentless-placoid-chorioretinitis
#15
Eileen S Hwang, James E Bell, Edward P Quigley, Robert E Hoesch, Akbar Shakoor
PURPOSE: To report the first case of stroke in a patient with relentless placoid chorioretinitis. METHODS: Observational case report. RESULTS: A 20-year-old female with newly diagnosed relentless placoid chorioretinitis was urgently evaluated for unilateral paresthesias. She was found to have acute bilateral pontine strokes and cerebral vasculitis on magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and cerebral angiography. CONCLUSIONS: We report the first case of stroke due to cerebral vasculitis in a patient with relentless placoid chorioretinitis...
February 22, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282737/choroidal-thickness-changes-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-the-effects-of-short-term-hydroxychloroquine-treatment
#16
Omer Karti, Ziya Ayhan, Mehmet Ozgur Zengin, Mahmut Kaya, Tuncay Kusbeci
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to evaluate choroidal thickness (CT) in patients with rheumatoid artritis (RA) and the effects of short-term hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) treatment. METHODS: Thirty RA patients (group 1) and 30 normal subjects (group 2) were enrolled in the study. Group 1 was further divided into two subgroups as follows: group 1A (Before HCQ treatment) and group 1B (1 year after HCQ treatment). The CTs were measured using optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT)...
February 22, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282736/ocular-inflammation-associated-with-polymyalgia-rheumatica-without-concomitant-giant-cell-arteritis-a-report-of-three-cases
#17
Takahiro Arai, Rie Tanaka, Toshikatsu Kaburaki
PURPOSE: We report three cases of ocular inflammation and polymyalgia rheumatica without concomitant giant-cell arteritis. METHODS: Report of three cases. RESULTS: Polymyalgia rheumatica onset was at a mean age of 66.7 years, and ocular inflammation, which developed 7-21 months later, was bilateral in all patients. Ocular inflammation presented as episcleritis, scleritis, or anterior uveitis, and it emerged during the tapering of low-dose prednisolone prescribed for polymyalgia rheumatica in all patients...
February 22, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146368/roles-of-il-6-in-ocular-inflammation-a-review
#18
Hassan Ghasemi
PURPOSE: This review represents the current in vitro, in vivo animal and human researches on the roles of IL-6 in inflammatory ocular disorders. Data sources were literature reviewed using PubMed, Medline, and ISI Databases (since 1981 to late 2016). Search items included interleukine-6 (IL-6); chemokine; cytokine, alone or in combination with serum, aqueous, vitreous, eye, ocular, ophthalmic, and review. RESULTS: IL-6 is found to be involved in ocular inflammation...
February 1, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146367/corneal-involvement-by-lichen-planus-pigmentosus
#19
Mohammad Soleimani, Seyed Ali Tabatabaei, Reza Mirshahi, Zohreh Nozarian, Amir Hasan Matini
IMPORTANCE: Lichen planus pigmentosus (LPP) is an exclusive form of lichen planus (LP) characterized by pigmentary incontinence in histopathologic slides. OBSERVATIONS: We report a known case of LPP with ocular manifestations including pigmented eyelid margins and conjunctival and corneal pigmented lesions. Histopathologic and confocal scanning findings of these lesions were compatible with the diagnosis of underlying systemic disease. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: To our knowledge, we report the first case of cornea directly involved by LP and ophthalmic presentations of LPP...
February 1, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146363/keratitis-in-dry-eye-disease-and-topical-ciclosporin-a
#20
Andrea Leonardi, Bruno Flamion, Christophe Baudouin
Tear film alterations in dry eye disease (DED) include reduced tear volume and an increase in inflammatory cytokines. Instability and reduced tear production initiate a vicious cycle where hyperosmolarity, ocular inflammation, and apoptosis may induce damage of the ocular surface including keratitis. Topical cyclosporine (CsA) has been used for the treatment of moderate-to-severe DED; however, previous studies failed to demonstrate its benefits by the European Agency standards. A new formulation of CsA 0.1% has been recently approved in the EU to treat severe keratitis in DED patients...
February 1, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
journal
journal
31419
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"