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Ocular Immunology and Inflammation

Natasha Gautam, Ramandeep Singh, Aniruddha Agarwal, Sonam Yangzes, Mohit Dogra, Ashok Sharma, Reema Bansal, Vishali Gupta, Mangat R Dogra, Amod Gupta
PURPOSE: To report the pattern of pediatric uveitis in a tertiary care referral center in North India. METHODS: In a retrospective study, records of pediatric uveitis cases presenting at our center between 1996 and 2015 were reviewed for demographic data, anatomic distribution, and diagnosis. RESULTS: Out of 9600 patients with uveitis, 369 children (3.84%; age ≤16 years; males: 54.20%) were included in the study. Anterior uveitis was the commonest presentation (n = 158; 42...
October 21, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Hiroshi Keino, Annabelle A Okada, Takayo Watanabe, Makiko Nakayama, Tomoko Nakamura
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of infliximab (IFX) on refractory uveoretinitis between Behçet disease (BD) patients with short duration (≤18 months, n = 6) versus long duration (>18 months, n = 7) of their ocular disease. METHODS: Records of 13 BD patients treated with IFX for 24 months were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Frequency of ocular attacks decreased with IFX treatment in both groups, with no significant difference. Retinal and disc vascular leakage scores also decreased in both groups, however was significantly lower in the short-duration group...
October 21, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Parthopratim Dutta Majumder, Avirupa Ghose, Meenakshi Chidambaram, Sudha K Ganesh, Jyotirmay Biswas
PURPOSE: To report the clinical profile of a series of necrotizing scleritis in an Indian population. METHODS: A retrospective medical record review of 27 consecutive patients with necrotizing scleritis. Patient demographics, ocular and systemic findings, treatment modalities, and visual outcome were recorded. RESULTS: There were 19 males and 8 females (31 eyes) with mean age at presentation of 49.5 years (range: 30-84 years). Underlying immunologically induced disorders was present in 37%...
October 20, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Nazanin Ebrahimiadib, Bobeck S Modjtahedi, Samaneh Davoudi, C Stephen Foster
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of chlorambucil in the treatment of serpiginous choroiditis. METHODS: Patient records from the Massachusetts Eye Research and Surgery Institution (MERSI) were reviewed from over the past 10 years. In total, 17 patients with the diagnosis of serpiginous choroiditis treated with chlorambucil were identified. QuantiFERON gold was negative in all of them. Chlorambucil was started at 0.15 mg/kg and dosage was titrated up using weekly white blood cell (WBC) count to achieve a target cell number of 3...
October 18, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Julie Gueudry, Jennifer E Thorne, Rakesh Bansie, Juergen Braun, P Martin van Hagen, Bahram Bodaghi
The treatment of articular and extra-articular manifestations associated with HLA-B27 has undergone dramatic changes over the past two decades, mainly as a consequence of the introduction of biologic agents and in particular anti-tumor necrosis factor α (anti-TNFα) agents. Uveitis is known to be the most frequent extra-articular feature in HLA-B27-associated spondyloarthritides. Topical corticosteroids and cycloplegic agents remain the cornerstones of treatment. However, biologic therapy may be effective in the management of refractory or recurrent forms of uveitis...
October 17, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Nikolaos Krassas, Guillermo de la Mata Perez, Nicholas Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Ashvini K Reddy, Bryn M Burkholder, Irfan R Khan, Jennifer E Thorne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Bozho Todorich, Aristomenis Thanos, Yoshihiro Yonekawa, Benjamin J Thomas, Ashkan M Abbey, Lisa J Faia
PURPOSE: Secondary intraocular lens (IOL) placement in uveitic eyes is challenging. We describe a series of sclerally fixated IOLs using a transconjunctival sutureless (SIS) technique in eyes with history of uveitis. METHODS: This is an interventional, retrospective, consecutive case series. RESULTS: Five patients with a history of well-controlled uveitis were included. All underwent vitrectomy, with removal of residual lens fragments if necessary...
October 11, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Myhanh Nguyen, Jay Siak, Soon-Phaik Chee, Vo Quang Hong Diem
PURPOSE: To describe the pattern of uveitis among Vietnamese at two eye hospitals in Southern Vietnam. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 212 consecutive uveitis cases that presented to two eye hospitals in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, from July 2011 to February 2015. The patients were identified from a database maintained by the hospitals. Patients with keratitis, episcleritis, orbital inflammation, post-surgical endophthalmitis, traumatic iritis, and corneal graft rejection were excluded...
October 11, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Aniruddha Agarwal, Sarakshi Mahajan, Moncef Khairallah, Padmamalini Mahendradas, Amod Gupta, Vishali Gupta
Intraocular tuberculosis presents a diagnostic challenge because of its protean clinical manifestations. Thus, it becomes imperative to distinguish chorioretinal inflammation due to tuberculosis from other infectious as well as non-infectious posterior uveitis since the clinical manifestations of these entities may be quite similar. With advancing technology, a number of novel imaging modalities are available today that enable in vivo near-histologic assessment of the chorioretinal tissue, greatly aiding the clinician in establishing a diagnosis and monitoring the therapeutic response of tubercular lesions...
October 11, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Vanessa Waisberg, Walter Dos Santos Lima, Daniel Vitor Vasconcelos-Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Vanesa Calvo-Río, Ricardo Blanco, Montserrat Santos-Gómez, David Díaz-Valle, Esperanza Pato, Javier Loricera, María C González-Vela, Rosalía Demetrio-Pablo, José L Hernández, Miguel A González-Gay
PURPOSE: To evaluate tocilizumab (TCZ) efficacy in severe and refractory birdshot chorioretinopathy (BSCR). METHODS: Assessment of BSCR patients refractory to conventional immunosuppressive and anti-TNF-α drugs who underwent TCZ therapy. RESULTS: Two HLA-A29 positive patients (man/37 years and woman/38 years; four affected eyes) with BSCR were studied. They had a chronic bilateral posterior uveitis. Patient 1 had been treated with intraocular and oral corticosteroids, cyclosporine A, and infliximab whereas Patient 2 received intravenous methylprednisolone pulses, cyclosporine A, azathioprine, and adalimumab...
October 11, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Mohammed El Amine Ghembaza, Ali Lounici
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Ji Young Kwon, Hyun Soo Lee, Choun-Ki Joo
PURPOSE: To determine the immunologic functions of TRPA1 or TRPV1 in allergic conjunctivitis (AC). METHODS: Mice were sensitized with ovalbumin (OVA), after which TRPA1 antagonist or TRPV1 antagonist was administered before topical OVA challenge. Expression of TRPV1 or TRPA1 in AC was examined by western blotting and multicolor immunofluorescence. Clinical signs, OVA-specific IgE, infiltration of inflammatory cells into conjunctivae (CJs), and Th2 cytokine in draining lymph nodes (LNs) were evaluated by microscopy, flow cytometry, and ELISA...
October 11, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Tito Fiore, Barbara Iaccheri, Alessio Cerquaglia, Marco Lupidi, Giovanni Torroni, Daniela Fruttini, Carlo Cagini
PURPOSE: To perform an analysis of optical coherence tomography (OCT) abnormalities in patients with MEWDS, during the acute and recovery stages, using enhanced depth imaging-OCT (EDI-OCT). METHODS: A retrospective case series of five patients with MEWDS was included. EDI-OCT imaging was evaluated to detect retinal and choroidal features. RESULTS: In the acute phase, focal impairment of the ellipsoid zone and external limiting membrane, hyperreflective dots in the inner choroid, and full-thickness increase of the choroidal profile were observed in the affected eye; disappearance of these findings and restoration of the choroidal thickness (p = 0...
October 11, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Samaneh Davoudi, Tina Ahmadi, Evangelia Papavasilieou, Ilya Leskov, Lucia Sobrin
PURPOSE: To identify autoantigens in autoimmune retinopathy patients by phage immunoprecipitation sequencing (PhIP-Seq), a new technique for autoantigen discovery. METHODS: PhIP-Seq was used to sequence putative autoantibodies in plasma from 11 patients with autoimmune retinopathy and eight controls. We compared the autoantibodies' molecular weights with those of proteins detected by Western blot. RESULTS: Several autoantigens were found in cases and not detected in the controls...
October 11, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Julio González-Martin-Moro, Inés Contreras, Belén Pilo-de-la-Fuente, Fernando Gómez-Sanz
PURPOSE: To report the correlation between visual function and subfoveal choroidal thickness (SChT) in a case of POEMS syndrome. CASE REPORT: A 53 year old man diagnosed with POEMS syndrome was referred due to blurred vision. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 0.5 in his right eye (RE) and 0.7 in his left eye (LE), with a mild perimetric defect in the RE. SChT was 356 and 263 µm in his RE and LE. After an autologous peripheral blood stem-cell transplantation, both visual and systemic symptoms improved...
October 11, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Preethi S Ganapathy, Careen Y Lowder, Sunil K Srivastava
PURPOSE: HLA-B27-associated uveitis is classically thought to be a disease of the young, with a median age of onset in the 30s. There is a paucity of literature reporting on older individuals with HLA-B27 uveitis. Here, we describe cases of HLA-B27 uveitis presenting initially at age ≥70. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with HLA-B27-associated uveitis that presented initially at ≥70 years of age. RESULTS: Three patients were identified...
October 11, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Jianjun Gu, Jiajie Zhai, Guiqing Liao, Jiaqi Chen
PURPOSE: To describe the results of Boston keratoprosthesis implantation in a patient with Stevens-Johnson syndrome following autologous submandibular gland transplantation. DESIGN: Observational case report. METHODS: We report the case of a man diagnosed with Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Autologous submandibular gland transplantation was performed in the right eye in 2008 to ameliorate tear film deficiency. Due to the improvement in the microenvironment of the ocular surface, Boston keratoprosthesis implantation was performed in the right eye in 2011...
October 11, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Lubhani Jain, Namrata Gupta, Mamatha M Reddy, Ruchi Mittal, Manas Ranjan Barik, Bharat Panigrahi, Tom Monie, Soumyava Basu
We report a 12-year-old girl who presented with bilateral granulomatous anterior uveitis accompanied by boggy arthritis of knee and ankle joints, intermittent fever, and nodular skin rash. She was diagnosed with sporadic Blau syndrome (early-onset sarcoidosis) based on above clinical signs and presence of non-necrotising granuloma on iris biopsy. DNA sequencing revealed a previously unreported heterozygous mutation consisting of a G>A transition in exon 4 of the NOD2 gene. This resulted in a glutamic acid to lysine substitution in helical domain 2 of the nucleotide binding and oligomerization (NACHT) region, possibly reducing efficiency of auto-inhibition in NOD2 signaling...
September 13, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
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