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Ocular Immunology and Inflammation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481679/intravenous-ceftriaxone-for-syphilitic-uveitis
#1
Fernanda A Agostini, Rafael P Queiroz, Danuza O M Azevedo, Juliana F Henriques, Wesley R Campos, Daniel V Vasconcelos-Santos
PURPOSE: Report of clinical/multimodal imaging outcomes of patients with syphilitic uveitis alternatively treated with intravenous(IV) ceftriaxone, due to unavailability of penicillin G. METHODS: Chart review of all cases of syphilitic uveitis presenting to Hospital São Geraldo/HC-UFMG and treated with intravenous ceftriaxone, between January and August 2014. Clinical, serological and ophthalmological data were collected. RESULTS: Twelve consecutive patients with syphilitic uveitis receiving IV ceftriaxone were identified...
May 8, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471284/pharmacogenetic-aspect-of-intravitreal-ranibizumab-treatment-in-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-five-year-follow-up
#2
Elvan Alper Sengul, Ozgur Artunay, Rifat Rasier, Alev Kockar, Ceyda Afacan, Veysel Sabri Hancer, Erdal Yuzbasioglu
PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate the role of complement factor H (CFH) in response to intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) treatment, which is administered to patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). METHODS: In this retrospective study, 90 nAMD patients' 90 eyes were evaluated. IVR was injected once a month for three consecutive months, and then, patients were followed up for five years by using pro re nata method. RESULTS: Average visual acuity (BCVA) values in TT group for the third, fourth and fifth years were found to be significantly higher than those in TC and CC groups, while average BCVA values in TC group were significantly higher than those in CC group (all p = ...
May 4, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471283/inflammatory-choroidal-neovascularization-beyond-the-intravitreal-approach
#3
Alessio Cerquaglia, Christine Fardeau, Carlo Cagini, Tito Fiore, Phuc LeHoang
PURPOSE: To describe the importance of a customized combined systemic and local therapy in the management of inflammatory choroidal neovascularization (iCNV). METHODS: Observational retrospective case series. RESULTS: Four iCNV cases, complicating posterior uveitis or panuveitis affecting young patients, are reported. Combination of both intravitreal (IVT) and systemic drugs represented a successful treatment strategy. CONCLUSIONS: iCNV is a sight-threatening disease which affects mostly young people...
May 4, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471252/type-iv-hypersensitivity-to-gold-weight-upper-eyelid-implant-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Caroline L S Kilduff, Edward J Casswell, Richard Imonikhe, Branka Marjanovic
PURPOSE: Complications associated with gold-weight insertion for lagophthalmos are uncommon, recent reports have provided evidence to suggest that type IV hypersensitivity to gold can cause a persistent inflammatory reaction. METHODS: We present a case of a 46-year-old man who experienced persistent post-operative inflammation, and summarize previously documented cases. This patient underwent uncomplicated insertion of an upper eyelid gold weight for right-sided facial nerve palsy...
May 4, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459297/regarding-comments-by-mathis-t-and-kodjikian-l-on-choroidal-neovascularization-associated-with-multiple-evanescent-white-dot-syndrome-treated-with-intravitreal-ranibizumab
#5
Maurizio Battaglia Parodi, Pierluigi Iacono, Ilaria Zucchiatti, Francesco Bandello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453408/salmonella-typhi-associated-endogenous-endophthalmitis-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-literature
#6
Suchit D Dadia, Rohit Ramesh Modi, Shruti Shirwadkar, Nayana A Potdar, Chhaya A Shinde, Akshay Gopinathan Nair
AIM: To report a rare case of Salmonella typhi associated endogenous endophthalmitis in an immunocompetent male and to review the available literature. METHODS: Retrospective chart review. RESULTS: A 28-year-old immunocompetent male presented with a 3-day-old history of pain, redness and diminished vision in his left eye. Conjunctival chemosis, corneal haze, and hypopyon were noted and yellowish exudates filled the vitreous cavity. A detailed elicitation of history revealed that patient had been treated for enteric fever that presented with diarrhea and fever, two weeks prior to current presentation...
April 28, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453374/intraocular-cytokine-levels-in-post-cataract-endophthalmitis-and-their-association-with-visual-outcome
#7
Arnaud Sauer, Ermanno Candolfi, David Gaucher, Catherine Creuzot-Garcher, Alain Bron, Christophe Chiquet, Jean-Paul Berrod, Nicolas Meyer, Gilles Prevost, Tristan Bourcier
PURPOSE: The host immune reaction during endophthalmitis, studied in particular through the intraocular cytokine network, is essential for the comprehension of the disease and the development of new therapies. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to elucidate the cytokine composition of aqueous humor during endophthalmitis. METHODS: In a multicenter case-control study, forty-nine patients with postoperative endophthalmitis and 60 controls (cataract surgery) were included...
April 28, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448751/role-of-pu-1-expression-as-an-inflammatory-marker-in-experimental-autoimmune-uveoretinitis
#8
Akihiko Umazume, Takeshi Kezuka, Ryusaku Matsuda, Yoshihiko Usui, Hiroki Takahashi, Naoyuki Yamakawa, Takuya Yashiro, Chiharu Nishiyama, Hiroshi Goto
PURPOSE: PU.1 is an Ets family transcription factor, which is essential for the development of immune system through generation of myeloid and lymphoid lineages. In this study, we investigated PU.1 expression in the retina of mice with experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU) and the association between PU.1 expression level and inflammation in EAU. METHODS: IRBP 1-20 peptide-immunized mice were used. Quantitative PCR, ELISA analysis, cytometric bead array (CBA), assay and immunostaining were conducted using ocular tissues and lymph nodes...
April 27, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448735/in-response-to-parodi-mb-iacono-p-zucchiatti-et-al-choroidal-neovascularization-associated-with-multiple-evanescent-white-dot-syndrome-treated-with-intravitreal-ranibizumab
#9
Thibaud Mathis, Laurent Kodjikian
In response to the article by Parodi et al. about choroidal neovascularization (CNV) associated with Multiple Evanescent White Dot Syndrome (MEWDS) treated with intravitreal Ranibizumab. This article highlights the efficacy of intravitreal Ranibizumab in the treatment of CNV associated with MEWDS. In our experience, CNV is mostly associated with MEWDS in cases of a wider inflammatory spectrum such as overlapping syndrome with multifocal choroiditis (MFC) or punctuate inner choroidopathy (PIC). The whole pattern of the case presented in the article is compatible with the diagnosis of PIC, meaning that this case described an overlapping between MEWDS and PIC diagnoses...
April 27, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448734/in-response-to-agrawal-r-oo-hh-balne-pk-et-al-zika-virus-and-eye
#10
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448733/endogenous-meningococcal-endophthalmitis-with-isolated-joint-involvement-in-immunocompetent-adults
#11
Vishal Shah, Anurag Garg, Miles Stanford
PURPOSE: We report two cases of endogenous meningococcal endophthalmitis in immunocompetent adults presenting with unilateral ocular disease and joint involvement. METHODS: A retrospective review of two patients with endogenous endophthalmitis due to Neisseria meningitidis with associated arthropathy was conducted. The clinical presentation, investigations, treatment, and outcomes are presented. RESULTS: Vitreous sampling confirmed Neisseria meningitidis via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in both cases...
April 27, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448732/cytomegalovirus-anterior-uveitis-following-topical-cyclosporine-a
#12
Jay Siak, Soon-Phaik Chee
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) anterior uveitis and endotheliitis occurs among immunocompetent individuals and may manifest as Posner-Schlossman syndrome or Fuchs uveitis syndrome. The condition may first present following ophthalmic surgery, the use of a fluocinolone-sustained steroid drug delivery implant, or the use of topical prostaglandin analogues for the treatment of glaucoma. We report the first case of a non-human immunodeficiency virus-infected individual who presented with CMV anterior uveitis after the use of topical cyclosporine A 0...
April 27, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448730/retinal-manifestations-of-juvenile-dermatomyositis-case-report-of-bilateral-diffuse-chorioretinopathy-with-paracentral-acute-middle-maculopathy-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Rene Y Choi, Russell J Swan, Aimee Hersh, Albert T Vitale
PURPOSE: To review a case of bilateral diffuse chorioretinopathy as a presenting sign of juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) and review the literature regarding retinal manifestations associated with this disease. METHODS: Review of case record and literature regarding retinal manifestations related to juvenile dermatomyositis. RESULTS: A 13-year-old girl presented with bilateral diffuse chorioretinopathy as the presenting sign of juvenile dermatomyositis...
April 27, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448727/long-term-outcomes-of-a-large-cohort-of-patients-with-eales-disease
#14
Jyotirmay Biswas, Reesha K R, Bikramjit Pal, Harshal P Gondhale, Ranju Kharel Sitaula
PURPOSE: To analyze the long-term visual outcomes of Eales' patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of Eales' patients diagnosed between 1985 and 1995 with >10 years follow-up done. RESULTS: We included 500 patients (898 eyes) with mean follow-up duration of 15.8 years (10-25 years), and 81% patients had bilateral disease. Patients using oral steroid during acute stage disease had significantly better visual outcome at the final visit [0...
April 27, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448726/intravitreal-injection-of-sulfamethoxazole-and-trimethoprim-associated-with-dexamethasone-as-an-alternative-therapy-for-ocular-toxoplasmosis
#15
Carlos E Souza, Heloisa Nascimento, Acácio Lima, Cristina Muccioli, Rubens Belfort
PURPOSE: To evaluate intravitreal injections of sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim in association with dexamethasone for treating toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis. METHODS: Thirteen patients with active, recurrent ocular focal toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis and visual acuity worse than 20/63 in the affected eye were included. Ocular toxoplasmosis was diagnosed according to the classic clinical findings. The primary end point was the change in the final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA)...
April 27, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448725/endogenous-cryptococcal-endophthalmitis-in-immunocompetent-host-case-report-and-review-of-multimodal-imaging-findings-and-treatment
#16
Atchara Amphornphruet, Sukhum Silpa-Archa, Janine M Preble, C Stephen Foster
PURPOSE: To describe a case of bilateral endogenous cryptococcal endophthalmitis in an immunocompetent host and to review adjunctive ophthalmic imaging patterns and treatment. METHODS: A retrospective case report. RESULTS: A 45-year-old female patient with two distinct presentations of endogenous cryptococcal endophthalmitis in each eye presented initially with progressive blurred vision in the left eye, beginning more than 10 years after a craniotomy with ventriculoperitoneal shunt...
April 27, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448724/in-response-to-ranjan-p-joshi-p-and-gupta-m-staphylococcus-aureus-induced-endogenous-endophthalmitis-with-pink-hypopyon
#17
Koushik Tripathy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448723/pediatric-uveitis-in-a-well-defined-population-improved-outcomes-with-immunosuppressive-therapy
#18
David S Curragh, Marie O'Neill, Clara E McAvoy, Madeleine Rooney, Eibhlin McLoone
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to assess the incidence, etiology, visual outcomes, and complication rates of pediatric uveitis patients at a dedicated multidisciplinary uveitis clinic in Northern Ireland. METHODS: Data were collected from charts of all patients attending the clinic at the Belfast Health and Social Care Trust between 2011 and 2015. Demographics, disease characteristics, treatments, visual acuity, and complications were recorded. RESULTS: There were 94 patients with uveitis onset before the age of 16 years...
April 27, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448722/immunostaining-of-immunoglobulin-g4-in-the-lacrimal-sac
#19
Yasuhiro Takahashi, Hiroshi Ikeda, Emiko Takahashi, Hirohiko Kakizaki
PURPOSE: To immunohistochemically examine the lacrimal sac walls harvested during dacryocystorhinostomy using an immunostain for immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4). METHODS: Forty-four lacrimal sac walls were evaluated. We determined "intensively positive," "sparsely positive," or "negative" staining when the specimens showed IgG4-positive lymphoplasmacytic staining with or without >50 IgG4-positive cells/high-power field, or the absence of stained IgG4-positive cells...
April 27, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375033/the-role-of-ifn-alpha-in-experimental-and-clinical-uveitis
#20
Xiaoli Liu, Maria Diedrichs-Möhring, Gerhild Wildner
PURPOSE: IFN-α is the only treatment capable of inducing long-term remission in some patients with ocular Behçet's disease. In this review, we focus on immune mechanisms of IFN-α in animal models and patients and compare the outcome of different clinical studies. METHODS: Review of literature using PubMed and Google and original data from rat models with monophasic/chronic or relapsing experimental autoimmune uveitis treated with IFN-α. RESULTS: The role of IFN-α and its effect on various cell types were investigated, in some cases with contradictory results...
April 4, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
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