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Ocular Immunology and Inflammation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901644/clinical-profile-treatment-and-visual-outcome-of-ocular-toxocara-in-a-tertiary-eye-care-centre
#1
Ekta S Sahu, Bikramjit Pal, Tarun Sharma, Jyotirmay Biswas
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical features, treatment, and visual outcome in ocular toxocariasis. METHODS: A total of 16 cases diagnosed as ocular toxocariasis clinically and/or serologically were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 22.6 years. Cases were categorized into three clinical types with peripheral granuloma (43.7%) as the most common presentation. Of the patients, 10 (62.5%) had positive serum ELISA for T...
November 30, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901637/angiographic-evaluation-of-inflammation-in-atopic-keratoconjunctivitis
#2
Bernhard Steger, Vito Romano, Stephen B Kaye
PURPOSE: Grading of disease activity in patients with atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) is limited by intra- and inter-observer variability. The aim of this study was to identify angiographic parameters to help evaluate inflammation and disease activity. METHODS: In 12 patients (4 with active, 2 with inactive AKC, and 6 controls), disease activity were assessed using a validated biomicroscopic grading scale. Imaging of upper tarsal conjunctiva was undertaken using color photography, fluorescein (FA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA)...
November 30, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901620/etiology-and-clinical-features-of-ocular-inflammatory-diseases-in-a-tertiary-referral-centre-in-sydney-australia
#3
Sophia L Zagora, Richard Symes, Aaron Yeung, Will Yates, Denis Wakefield, Peter J McCluskey
PURPOSE: To report the pattern of uveitis in patients attending a tertiary uveitis service in Sydney, Australia. METHODS: The charts of patients seen between January 2009 and December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Data pertaining to patient demographics, eye examination on presentation, work-up and final diagnoses were collected. RESULTS: The total number of patients with uveitis seen over this period was 1165. There were 650 males (56%) and 515 females (44%)...
November 30, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892777/uveitis-and-papillitis-in-the-setting-of-dabrafenib-and-trametinib-therapy-for-metastatic-melanoma-a-case-report
#4
Jennifer Lim, Anna J Lomax, Catriona McNeil, Brian Harrisberg
PURPOSE: To report the diagnosis of acute VKH-like syndrome as a complication from dabrafenib (a serine/threonine inhibitor of BRAF V600) and trametinib (a MEK inhibitor). In combination, these targeted agents have been shown to prolong overall survival and progression free survival in BRAF mutant metastatic melanoma. METHODS: Retrospective medical chart review including radiologic and ophthalmologic investigations. RESULTS: A patient with metastatic melanoma being treated with dabrafenib and trametinib for 2 months presented with 1 week of visual blurring...
November 28, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892751/decline-in-ocular-toxoplasmosis-over-40-years-at-a-tertiary-referral-practice-in-the-united-states
#5
Joshua H Hou, Sarju S Patel, Asim V Farooq, Asad A Qadir, Howard H Tessler, Debra A Goldstein
PURPOSE: To identify whether there has been a decline in ocular toxoplasmosis at a tertiary uveitis practice. METHODS: Retrospective review of new patients at the University of Illinois Uveitis Service from 1973 to 2012. RESULTS: There were 6820 patients with adequate records for inclusion; 323 (4.7%) were diagnosed with ocular toxoplasmosis. There was a 78.0% decline in prevalence of ocular toxoplasmosis from 2008 to 2012 compared with 1973 to 1977...
November 28, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892746/choroidal-neovascularization-associated-with-multiple-evanescent-white-dot-syndrome-treated-with-intravitreal-ranibizumab
#6
Maurizio Battaglia Parodi, Pierluigi Iacono, Ilaria Zucchiatti, Francesco Bandello
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical outcomes of intravitreal ranibizumab treatment for subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) associated with multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (MEWDS). METHODS: This is a prospective, interventional, case series. All recruited patients underwent a baseline intravitreal ranibizumab injection and were monitored monthly over a 12-month follow-up, following a pro-re-nata regimen. RESULTS: Four patients (four eyes) were included in the study...
November 28, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849448/myeloid-related-protein-14-mrp-14-s100a9-calgranulin-b-is-associated-with-inflammation-in-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy
#7
Ahmed M Abu El-Asrar, Kaiser Alam, Mohammad M Siddiquei, Kathleen Van den Eynde, Ghulam Mohammad, Gert De Hertogh, Ghislain Opdenakker
PURPOSE: To investigate the expression of the leukocyte proteins myeloid-related protein (MRP)-8 and MRP-14 in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and the effect of MRP-8/MRP-14 (calprotectin) heterodimer on induction of proinflammatory factors in human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (HRMEC). METHODS: Epiretinal membranes from 20 patients with PDR and 10 patients with proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), vitreous fluid samples from PDR and non-diabetic subjects and HRMEC were studied by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis...
November 16, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849421/management-of-neonatal-herpes-simplex-infection-a-rare-case-of-blepharoconjunctivitis-and-concurrent-epithelial-and-stromal-keratitis
#8
Rita J C Matos, Joana M S Pires, Dionísio Cortesão
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849419/short-term-intensive-immunosuppression-a-randomized-three-arm-study-of-intravenous-pulse-methylprednisolone-and-cyclophosphamide-in-macular-serpiginous-choroiditis
#9
Pradeep Venkatesh, Akshay Tayade, Varun Gogia, Shikha Gupta, Bhavin M Shah, Rajpal Vohra
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of pulse cyclophosphamide with pulse dexamethasone in acute macular serpiginous choroiditis (SC). METHODS: A total of 30 patients with macular SC were prospectively randomized into three treatment groups: group D (pulse dexamethasone); group C (pulse cyclophosphamide); and combination (pulse group DCP) administered for 3 days. Macular SC was defined as any active lesion involving/threatening macula. RESULTS: A total of 30 patients were enrolled, with 10 patients in each group...
November 16, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849414/clinical-features-and-complications-of-scleritis-in-chinese-patients
#10
Peizeng Yang, Zi Ye, Jihong Tang, Liping Du, Qingyun Zhou, Jian Qi, Liang Liang, Lili Wu, Chaokui Wang, Mei Xu, Yuan Tian, Aize Kijlstra
PURPOSE: To characterize the clinical features of scleritis in Chinese patients. METHODS: The history, demographics, ocular findings, auxiliary examination findings, complications, systemic diseases and therapeutic effects were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: The study included 124 male and 169 female patients with scleritis. Anterior and posterior scleritis were, respectively, found in 243 and 42 patients. The other eight patients had both anterior and posterior involvement...
November 16, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849408/ocular-siderosis-subsequent-to-a-missed-pars-plana-metallic-foreign-body-that-masqueraded-as-refractory-intermediate-uveitis
#11
Michael Politis, Boris Rosin, Radgonde Amer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849402/a-review-of-the-role-of-intravitreal-corticosteroids-as-an-adjuvant-to-antibiotics-in-infectious-endophthalmitis
#12
Dawn Ching Wen Ho, Aniruddha Agarwal, Cecilia S Lee, Jay Chhablani, Vishali Gupta, Manoj Khatri, Jayabalan Nirmal, Carlos Pavesio, Rupesh Agrawal
Infectious endophthalmitis is an important cause of vision loss worldwide. This entity most often occurs as a complication of intraocular surgery especially following cataract surgery or intravitreal injection. Endophthalmitis is regarded as a serious complication following ocular surgery and the final visual outcome is fundamentally contingent on timely recognition and intervention. Intravitreal and oral antibiotics in combination with pars plana vitrectomy or vitreous aspiration remain the mainstay in the management of endophthalmitis...
November 16, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849401/looking-for-ocular-tuberculosis-prevalence-and-clinical-manifestations-of-patients-with-uveitis-and-positive-quantiferon-%C3%A2-tb-gold-test
#13
Kessara Pathanapitoon, Paradee Kunavisarut, Wasna Sirirungsi, Aniki Rothova
PURPOSE: To report on the prevalence of ocular TB and positive QuantiFERON(®)-TB Gold (QFT-G) test in uveitis patients and describe their clinical manifestations. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 108 new human immunodeficiency virus-negative uveitis patients. All patients underwent a tailored screening protocol for uveitis and received QFT-G test and tuberculin skin tests (TST). RESULTS: QFT-G test was positive in 39/108 (36%) of patients, while TST ≥15 mm was positive in 16/108 (15%) patients...
November 16, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782772/clinical-patterns-and-causes-of-intraocular-inflammation-in-a-uveitis-patient-cohort-from-egypt
#14
Rowayda M Amin, Mohamed Gowieda, Ahmed Bedda, Ahmed Kamel, Alaa Radwan
PURPOSE: To analyze the patterns and causes of intraocular inflammation in patients attending uveitis referral clinics in Egypt. METHODS: The study included 454 patients with uveitis examined both at the Department of Ophthalmology, Alexandria Faculty of Medicine, and tertiary uveitis referral clinics in Cairo and the International Eye Clinic in Upper Egypt, between August 2013 and March 2016. All patients had a comprehensive ocular examination and systemic work-up...
October 26, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782762/epidemiology-and-clinical-features-of-uveitis-from-urban-populations-in-south-india
#15
Swapnali Sabhapandit, Somasheila I Murthy, Vivek M Singh, Ketaki Gaitonde, Madhumita Gopal, Kerul Marsonia, Shajeera Sajid, Kalpana Babu
PURPOSE: To report the epidemiology of uveitis in two urban centers in South India. METHODS: Case records seen between January 2014 and December 2014 at two tertiary eye centers in South India were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 1123 patients in the study population had uveitis. Anterior uveitis was seen in 48.9%, posterior in 20.5%, intermediate in 17.3%, and panuveitis in 13.3%. Of these cases, 68.4% were acute uveitis. Pediatric uveitis constituted 6...
October 26, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775459/intravitreal-administration-of-ranibizumab-and-bevacizumab-for-choroidal-neovascularization-secondary-to-ocular-toxocariasis-a-case-report
#16
Do Yeh Yoon, Se Joon Woo
PURPOSE: To report a case of a choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to ocular toxocariasis treated with intravitreal injections of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents. METHODS: A 66-year-old woman presented with decreased vision (20/40) and metamorphopsia in the right eye. Fundus examination revealed inferotemporal retinal whitish lesion and subretinal hemorrhage in the right eye. RESULTS: She was diagnosed with ocular toxocariasis based on the clinical features and positive serological anti-toxocara antibody test result...
October 24, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775458/efficacy-of-anti-tnf-%C3%AE-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-non-infectious-uveitis-a-retrospective-study-of-21-patients
#17
Audrey-Elodie Mercier, Emmanuel Ribeiro, Jean-François Korobelnik, Marie-Noëlle Delyfer, Marie-Bénédicte Rougier
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of anti-TNF alpha (TNF-α) therapy in patients with non-infectious uveitis. METHODS: This was a monocentric observational study of 21 patients with non-infectious uveitis treated with anti-TNF-alpha. The primary endpoint was the control of ocular inflammation. The secondary endpoints included the study of macular thickness and visual acuity, changes in other treatments, and adverse effects. RESULTS: The etiologies of uveitis were Behçet disease (33...
October 24, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775457/serum-vitamin-d-levels-in-children-with-vernal-keratoconjunctivitis
#18
Banu Bozkurt, Hasibe Artac, Hulya Ozdemir, Ali Ünlü, Mete Kaan Bozkurt, Murat Irkec
PURPOSE: To evaluate serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D3] levels of vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) children. METHODS: A total of 62 non-atopic healthy children (64.5% male, mean age 10.79 ± 3.3 years) and 29 VKC children (75.9%, mean age 12.17 ± 2.7 years) were included in the study. Serum 25(OH)D3 levels measured by HPLC were compared between the two groups and a p value of <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. RESULTS: The mean serum 25(OH)D3 level of VKC group was significantly lower than in the control group (11...
October 24, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775456/a-case-of-necrobiotic-xanthogranuloma-presenting-as-bilateral-posterior-scleritis
#19
Alenka Lavric, Rupesh Agrawal, Carlos Pavesio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775450/adalimumab-treatment-in-patients-with-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease
#20
Cristóbal Couto, Ariel Schlaen, Mercedes Frick, Marina Khoury, Matilde Lopez, Erika Hurtado, Debra Goldstein
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical outcome and safety of adalimumab in patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease. METHODS: VKH patients treated with adalimumab seen at the University of Buenos Aires were reviewed. Main outcome measures were visual acuity, anterior segment inflammation, optic nerve inflammation (ONI), steroid sparing effect, number of immunosuppressives, and relapses. RESULTS: In total, 14 VKH patients, mean age 23.07 ± 8 years; median of adalimumab treatment 10 months, were analyzed...
October 24, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
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