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Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

Shiwei Ma, Xue Li, Bo Peng, Weihua Wu, Xin Wang, Hui Liu, Lihong Yuan, Shisong Fang, Jiahai Lu
Avian influenza A (H7N9) virus has caused several epidemics and infection in both human and poultry. With mutation, the H7N9 virus gained its fifth endemic in China. Early diagnosis is crucial for the control of viral spread in poultry and prognosis of infected patients. In this study, we developed and evaluated a lateral flow dipstick recombinase polymerase amplification (LFD-RPA) assay for rapid detection of both hemagglutinin and neuraminidase gene of H7N9. Our H7-LFD-RPA and N9-LFD-RPA assay were able to detect 32 fg H7N9 nucleic acid which is more convenient and rapid than previous methods...
September 20, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Cheng Wei Lu, Hsi Lung Hsieh, Tzu Yu Lin, Ting Yang Hsie, Shu Kuei Huang, Su Jane Wang
Echinacoside is a major compound of Cistanche Herb and has glutamate release-inhibiting activity in the brain. Given the involvement of excitotoxicity caused by massive glutamate in the pathophysiology of epilepsy, we explored the antiepileptic effect of echinacoside on kainic acid-induced seizures in rats. The rats were intraperitoneally administrated echinacoside for 30 min prior to intraperitoneal injection with kainic acid. The results showed that kainic acid induced seizure-like behavioral patterns, increased glutamate concentrations, caused neuronal loss and microglial activation, and stimulated proinflammatory cytokine gene expression in the hippocampus...
September 8, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Masahiro Tsuda, Yuki Otani, Atsushi Yonezawa, Sho Masui, Yasuaki Ikemi, Masaya Denda, Yuki Sato, Shunsaku Nakagawa, Tomohiro Omura, Satoshi Imai, Takayuki Nakagawa, Makoto Hayakari, Kazuo Matsubara
Biosimilar products of therapeutic antibodies have been launched all over the world. They can relieve some of the economic burden of medicines. Although clinical trials have demonstrated the equivalency of biosimilar products with their reference product, biosimilar products are not commonly used in clinical practice. One reason is that the structural difference between the reference product and a biosimilar one remains unclear. We analyzed glycoforms and amino acids of an infliximab biosimilar product approved in Japan compared to that of the reference product (Remicade® )...
August 30, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Michihisa Tohda, Hiroshi Watanabe
This review article mentions about the following points, and proposes its importance and positive thinking. 1) Wakan-yaku (Japanese oriental medicines) is covered by the national health insurance system in Japan as therapeutic drugs to be actively used in medical practice to treat illness. 2) Applications of Wakan-yaku is accomplished based on the reliable own theories which are established with long histories. 3) Promotion of studies based on these theories will be highly expected to find novel view points which breaks conventional concepts and to novel standards for developing new medicinal drugs...
August 28, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Yashu Xu, Cheng Yang, Shujun Zhang, Jiajun Li, Qing Xiao, Wenxiang Huang
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasingly prevalent and represents a growing challenge in terms of prevention and treatment. The purpose of this study is to investigate the protective effects of ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1), an active ingredient of a natural medicine, and further clarify its protective mechanisms, in a mouse model of NAFLD induced by a high-fat diet. Rg1 significantly reduced liver weight, serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), triglyceride (TG), liver free fatty acids (FFAs) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, and increased superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity...
August 21, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Jiansheng Li, Ya Li, Xiaofan Lu, Haifeng Wang, Yang Wang, Hangjie Li, Zhaohuan Wu
The risk-window (RW) of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a period after an acute exacerbation (AE) but before the following stable phase, in which exacerbations are easy to relapse. We established a sequential COPD-AE-RW rat model by cigarette-smoke and bacterial exposures in the first 8 weeks, and was challenged with Klebsiella pneumonia to mimic an AE on Day 1 of week 9, and found that body temperature, white blood cell, neutrophils, serum amyloid A (SAA) and C-reactive protein (CRP) increased in AECOPD rats 24 hours after challenge, and declined in 3 ~ 6 days, while lung function declined in 48 hours, and recovered in 7 ~ 16 days...
July 28, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Airi Ohsaki, Sei-Ichi Tanuma, Mitsutoshi Tsukimoto
External stimuli, such as radiation, induce inflammatory cytokine and chemokine production in skin, but the mechanisms involved are not completely understood. We previously showed that the P2Y11 nucleotide receptor, p38 MAPK and NF-κB all participate in IL-6 production induced by γ-irradiation. Here, we focused on the transient receptor potential V4 (TRPV4) channel, which is expressed in skin keratinocytes and has been reported to play a role in inflammation. We found that irradiation of human epidermal keratinocytes HaCaT cells with 5 Gy of γ-rays (137 Cs: 0...
July 19, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Hiroaki Tanaka, Toshihiro Miura, Takenori Yamashita, Misao Yoneda, Satoshi Takagi
We evaluated the suitability of Nagoya Shibata Yasuda (NSY) mice as an animal model for examining the influence of a glucose metabolism disorder on bone integrity, using Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice as controls. We selected six NSY and ICR mice each that were matched for weight, and measured serum glucose levels, serum insulin levels, and conducted an oral glucose tolerance test. Histological sections of the femurs of both mouse lines were prepared, and the bone strength, mass, and microstructure of the femur were compared, along with bone metabolism...
July 13, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Takayuki Ishii, Kana Miyauchi, Yoshiharu Nitta, Kazuhiro Kaneko, Takuro Maruyama, Takeshi Sato
Upon differentiation of cells, remarkable changes in the structures of glycans linked to lipids on cell surface have been observed. Lactosylceramide (Lac-Cer) serves as a common precursor for a series of glycosphingolipids with diverse structures. In the present study, we examined the underlying mechanism for the biosynthesis of Lac-Cer upon differentiation of 3T3-L1 mouse preadipocytes to adipocytes. TLC analysis showed that the amounts of Lac-Cer decrease in 3T3-L1 adipocytes compared to 3T3-L1 preadipocytes...
September 1, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Yue-Hua Jiang, Ling-Yu Jiang, Sai Wu, Wen-Jun Jiang, Lifang Xie, Wei Li, Chuan-Hua Yang
Tribulus terrestris L. (Zygophyllaceae) (TT) is usually used as a cardiotonic, diuretic, and aphrodisiac, as well as for herbal post-stroke rehabilitation in traditional Chinese medicine. However, little is known about the renoprotective effects of TT on obesity-related glomerulopathy (ORG). In this study, 340 monomeric compounds were identified from TT extracts obtained with ethyl acetate combined with 50% methanol. In vitro, IC50 of TT was 912.01 mg/L, and the appropriate concentration of TT against oxidized-low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) induced human renal glomerular endothelial cells (HRGECs) was 4 mg/L...
September 1, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Dalin Sun, Weihang Dong, Baofang Jin, Guanghui Chen, Bin Cai, Weimin Deng, Yugui Cui, Yihan Jin
The present study aims to investigate the roles of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) in Yangjing Capsule (YC) induced anti-apoptotic effects on Leydig cells and the related mechanism. Leydig tumor cells (MLTC-1) were cultured and treated with YC, and immunofluorescence assay was performed to examine the expression of StAR; furthermore, luciferase reporter assay was conducted to evaluate the impact of YC on StAR promoter; next, MLTC-1 cells were treated with StAR small interfering RNA (siRNA), and flow cytometry was carried out to examine the effect of StAR siRNA on the apoptosis of the cells; furthermore, quantitative (q)RT-PCR and Western blot methods was used to determine the expression of StAR and apoptosis related molecules Bcl-2, Bax and Caspase-3 on both mRNA and protein levels in different groups; finally the secretion of testosterone in different groups was examined by radioimmunoassay...
September 1, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Takako Kato, Yoko Idota, Kazuyo Shiragami, Mariko Koike, Fumiya Nishibori, Miho Tomokane, Takahiro Seki, Keiko Itabashi, Keiko Hakoda, Hitoe Takahashi, Kentaro Yano, Tsutomu Kobayashi, Nobuyuki Obara, Takuo Ogihara
We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind, 3-group, 3-phase crossover study to evaluate the effect of calcium alginate (Ca-Alg) on the postprandial increase of blood glucose in 15 healthy adult subjects who were given udon noodles containing or not containing Ca-Alg (5 or 8%). The value of ΔCmax (difference between the maximum (Cmax ) and pre-feeding (C0 ) blood glucose levels) was significantly reduced in both Ca-Alg groups, and the area under the blood glucose level-time curve over 120 min (ΔAUC, with C0 as the baseline) was also significantly reduced...
September 1, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Yoko Idota, Takako Kato, Kazuyo Shiragami, Mariko Koike, Akari Yokoyama, Hitoe Takahashi, Kentaro Yano, Takuo Ogihara
Calcium alginate (Ca-Alg) is known to suppress the postprandial increase of blood glucose, and therefore may be helpful for preventing lifestyle-related diseases such as diabetes. In this work, we examined the mechanism of this effect. As α-amylase activity and α-glucosidase activity are involved in the digestion of starch, we examined the in vitro inhibitory effect of Ca-Alg on these enzymes. Ca-Alg showed little inhibition of α-amylase, but markedly inhibited α-glucosidase activity. The direct binding affinity of glucose for Ca-Alg was low...
September 1, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Yan-Yan Wang, Yan-Yan Li, Lin Li, Dong-Li Yang, Kun Zhou, Yu-Hong Li
The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effects of Shenfu injection (SFI) against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) in model rats and to explore its mechanism of action. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were pretreated with SFI and NG -nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) via tail vein injection and then rats were subjected to ischemia by occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min followed by reperfusion for 120 min. Left ventricular function was evaluated by echocardiography...
September 1, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Lu Xu, Jieyi Cai, Aofei Tian, Kai Qian, Renan Qin, Shaoyun Qi, Xupeng Tan, Yuqin Qiu, Mengjuan Gong, Bin Han, Xuguang Hu
The intestinal barrier dysfunction is a critical pathological change in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of Prim-O-glucosylcimifugin (POG) on intestinal barrier dysfunction and reveal possible molecular mechanisms. Human colon adenocarcinoma cell line (Caco-2) cell monolayers induced by tryptase (TRYP) were used to establish an intestinal barrier dysfunction model. Caco-2 cell monolayers from both functional and dysfunctional samples were treated with POG (30, 60 and 120 µg/mL) for 2, 8, 24, 36, 48 and 72 h...
September 1, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Jianhui Liu, Honggang Wang, Yi Li, Peiliang Shi, Jianfeng Gong, Lili Gu, Weiming Zhu, Jieshou Li
Recent studies suggested that excessive T helper (Th)1/17 cells concomitant with regulatory T cell deficiency might play important roles in Crohn's disease. Anti-cluster of differentiation 52 (CD52) monoclonal antibody (mAb), which aims on CD52 antigen on mature immunocytes, has both T cell depletion and immunosuppressive activities. In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic effects and possible mechanisms of anti-CD52 treatment on interleukin-10 (IL-10) deficient mouse. Anti-mouse CD52 mAb was administered to C3H/HeJBir...
September 1, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Xiong Zhang, Qi Ni, Ying Wang, Hongwei Fan, Yingbin Li
Temozolomide (TMZ) is currently the first-line drug used for clinical postoperative or non-surgical chemotherapy for glioma, but acquired and intrinsic resistance to TMZ limits its application. The anti-proliferative effect of formononetin on human glioma cells had been confirmed. To improve therapeutic effects of TMZ, we studied the effect of formononetin in combination with TMZ on C6 glioma cells. The anti-proliferative effect of C6 cells was tested by 3-4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay...
August 1, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Jeong-Min Hong, Jun-Kyu Shin, Jeom-Yong Kim, Min-Jung Jang, Sun-Kyu Park, Jong-Hoon Lee, Jung-Hyo Choi, Sun-Mee Lee
Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. latilobum (CZ) has been used as a traditional medicine in Asian countries for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. Recently, CZ extract was shown to inhibit differentiation of osteoclasts and provide protection against rheumatoid arthritis. The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms of BST106, the ethanol extract of CZ, for cartilage protection in monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced osteoarthritis (OA), particularly focusing on apoptosis and autophagy...
August 1, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Chikako Shimizu, Yutaka Mitani, Youichi Tsuchiya, Toshitaka Nabeshima
Ethanol (EtOH) dosage, frequency, and paired associative learning affect the risk of alcoholism. Recently, Spanagel et al. reported that acamprosate calcium (Acam Ca) prescribed for alcoholism exerts an anti-relapse effect via Ca. Ca is contained in foods, sometimes consumed with alcohol. Therefore, we investigated the association among oral Ca ingestion, EtOH-induced locomotor sensitization, and plasma Ca levels on how to consume Ca for moderate drinking. We used DBA/2 CrSlc mice, and CaCl2 as water-soluble Ca salts...
July 1, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Takehiro Yamada, Shungo Imai, Yasuyuki Koshizuka, Yuki Tazawa, Keisuke Kagami, Naoki Tomiyama, Ryosuke Sugawara, Akira Yamagami, Tsuyoshi Shimamura, Ken Iseki
Therapeutic drug monitoring for voriconazole, an antifungal agent, is essential for maximizing efficacy and preventing toxicity. The aim of this study was to elucidate the optimal maintenance dose of voriconazole in patients with severe liver cirrhosis (Child-Pugh class C) by reviewing the plasma trough concentrations obtained by therapeutic drug monitoring and daily doses of voriconazole. We retrospectively evaluated 6 patients with Child-Pugh class C cirrhosis who received oral voriconazole treatment and were liver transplant recipients or were awaiting liver transplantation...
July 1, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
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