Read by QxMD icon Read


Guido Kluxen, Frank Krogmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2019: Strabismus
Sibylle Scholtz, Lee MacMorris, Frank Krogmann, Gerd U Auffarth
PURPOSE: To be cross-eyed is a wide-spread dysfunction of the eye and squinting is currently regarded as unattractive. However, in ancient times, societies saw squinting as a sign of piety or even beauty. Even Venus was depicted heterophoric quite often. The most famous artist who was cross-eyed was Giovanni Francesco Barbieri (*08.02.1591; †22.12.1666, both Italy). His nickname was "Il Guercino" which means "the squinter." This article reflects on vision and art from the perspective of a cross-eyed person...
January 9, 2019: Strabismus
Rahul Dwivedi, Ian Bruce Marsh
PURPOSE: To report the surgical outcomes of the superior oblique tuck procedure in the management of superior oblique palsies performed at a single centre over a 25-year period. METHODS: A retrospective study of superior oblique tuck performed as a primary and secondary procedure by a single surgeon over a 25-year period between 1992 and 2016. We evaluated patient demographics, the angle of deviation pre- and post-surgery in prism dioptres (PD), amount of muscle tuck surgery performed (mm), complications (iatrogenic Brown's Syndrome) and improvement of diplopia post-operatively...
December 20, 2018: Strabismus
Sandra C Ganesh, Shilpa G Rao, Kalpana Narendran, Aashish R Dhage
INTRODUCTION: We report a case of inferior oblique (IO) muscle adherence with fat adherence, which developed following unilateral IO anteriorization (IOAT). METHODS: A 14-year-old child with V pattern left exotropia, bilateral IO overaction, bilateral dissociated vertical deviation (DVD), and strabismic amblyopia (OS) underwent recess/resect procedure along with IOAT. He developed consecutive esotropia and drooping of upper eyelid with marked limitation of levoelevation (-4)...
December 20, 2018: Strabismus
Seyhan B Özkan, Ayse Ipek Akyuz Unsal, Derya Buran Kagnici
PURPOSE: The information about superior rectus (SR) recession in cases with SR contracture coexisting with superior oblique palsy (SOP) is very limited in previous literature. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of SR recession, as a combined procedure with inferior oblique (IO) disinsertion, in long-standing SOP with secondary SR contracture. METHODS: The medical records of the 145 patients operated for SOP were retrospectively reviewed and 15 patients who underwent SR recession met the inclusion criteria...
December 7, 2018: Strabismus
Mohammad Reza Akbari, Reza Bayat, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi, Bahman Inanloo, Reza Mirshahi
OBJECTIVES: To report the clinical outcomes of a new modification to muscle belly union surgery in heavy eye syndrome. METHODS: Muscle belly union was performed in patients with large-angle esotropia and characteristic findings of heavy eye syndrome on orbital imaging. After isolation of superior and lateral rectus muscle and passing a single armed suture in each muscle belly, approximation was achieved via tying of both arms of separate sutures together. Medial rectus (MR) was also recessed considering the results of the intraoperative force duction test...
December 2018: Strabismus
Aditi Das, Ana Quartilho, Wen Xing, Catey Bunce, Gary Rubin, Kelly MacKenzie, Gillian Adams, Annegret Dahlmann-Noor, Maria Theodorou
PURPOSE: IINS is associated with mild/moderate visual impairment, strabismus and compensatory head postures (CHP), which can negatively impact quality of life. Standard visual acuity assessments tend to underestimate the effect of IINS on visual functioning. Published evidence on the effect of INS on quality of life is slowly emerging. Our study examines visual functioning of adults with IINS using the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionairre-25 (VFQ-25). METHODS: 38 participants were recruited to participate in the study...
October 16, 2018: Strabismus
Stela Petrova Dikova, Stefan Atanasov Dragoev, Violeta Silvi Chernodrinska
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to establish the prevalence of amblyopia in children, aged 4 to 10 years, in Bulgaria, who underwent a complete eye examination. METHODS: The study was designed as cross-sectional epidemiological study, and the results were calculated in percentages. A complete ophthalmological examination was performed on 1,675 children, aged 4 to 10 years (mean age 7.7 years), during the period 01 Feb 2017-21 April 2017, in five cities, in the western part of Bulgaria...
October 16, 2018: Strabismus
Aldo Vagge, Kammi B Gunton, Bruce Schnall
Treatment compliance is the most important factor for predicting a successful outcome in amblyopia treatment. Electronic applications have been successfully employed in other medical conditions in an effort to improve compliance. AIM: To determine whether a smartphone medical adherence application (app) (RxmindMe® Prescription/Medicine Reminder and Pill Tracker) may be successfully incorporated into the treatment plan of patients 3-7 years of age who have not previously been treated for amblyopia...
October 16, 2018: Strabismus
Robert P Rutstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2018: Strabismus
Gregory Tsoucalas, Theodoros Papaioannou, Marianna Karamanou
Strabismus was a known eye misalignment since the Hippocratic era (ca 5th century BC). Hippocrates and his followers were the first to introduce the hypothesis of a hereditary condition. Many ancient Greek physicians like Galen (ca 2nd AD) provided several definitions, while Paul of Aegina (625-690 AD) was the scholar who introduced a method to treat it. Paul used a full face mask and an oil lamb to guide the eyeballs toward the desired direction. It seems that this approach endured for centuries to come. During 11th century AD in Constantinople, the Byzantine scholar and politician Michael Constantine Psellus (ca 1020-1105 AD) composed a series of philosophical, religious, political and scientific treatises...
September 2018: Strabismus
Deborah Lysons, Jane Tapley
AIM: A study was carried out to determine if the presence of microtropia with identity is a reliable indicator for the presence of amblyopia, and likely need for occlusion, following optical treatment in "straight-eyed" anisometropic children. METHOD: A retrospective case note review was carried out of all children referred from Orthoptic school vision screening during a 10-year period. Children who had unequal visual acuity, no manifest strabismus and who were prescribed spectacles to correct anisometropia (inter-ocular difference one dioptre or more in any meridian) were included in the study...
September 2018: Strabismus
Priyanka Kumar, Scott R Lambert
PURPOSE: To report outcomes of vertical extraocular muscle surgery to correct abnormal vertical head posture in children with horizontal infantile nystagmus. METHODS: Retrospective case series of seven patients evaluated at one institution with abnormal vertical head position (chin-up or chin-down) in the setting of horizontal infantile nystagmus. All patients underwent bilateral vertical extraocular muscle surgery with the same surgeon. Pre- and postoperative vertical head position under binocular viewing conditions was the primary outcome measure...
September 2018: Strabismus
Aliakbar Sabermoghadam, Mohammad Etezad Razavi, Mohammad Sharifi, Mohammad Yaser Kiarudi, Sadegh Ghafarian
INTRODUCTION: Multiple different procedures have been proposed to address complete sixth nerve palsy with severe abduction limitation. In this study, we report a modification of the Hummelsheim's procedure. It is in fact muscle pulley transposition that obviates the need for tenotomy or muscle splitting. For the first time, Muraki and Nishida proposed this technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with large angle esotropia and abduction limitation of minus four or greater were enrolled...
September 2018: Strabismus
Sonali Gupta, Jason Gan, Saurabh Jain
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that botulinum toxin can be an important adjunct to management of convergence spasm. However, we have not experienced the same level of success in our cohort of patients. METHODS: Using retrospective review, we collected data on patients presenting to our department with convergence spasm. This included presenting symptoms, examination findings, response to atropine and plus lenses, number and dosage of botulinum toxin injections received, and the status at last follow-up/discharge...
September 2018: Strabismus
Tess Garretty
Convergence excess esotropia describes a heterophoria with binocular single vision (BSV) on distance viewing that becomes esotropic on accommodation upon near fixation. Prism adaptation test (PAT) is a procedure routinely used to reveal the maximum angle of deviation preoperatively for many types of strabismus and has been shown to improve surgical outcomes; however, it is not conventionally used for convergence excess esotropia. AIM: This study compares the angle of deviation at 1/3 m and 6 m before and after prism adaptation in subjects with convergence excess esotropia to determine if a masked distance angle of deviation can be demonstrated similar to the masked near angle of deviation in some intermittent exotropes...
September 2018: Strabismus
Hassan Hashemi, Payam Nabovati, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Abbasali Yekta, Mohammad Hassan Emamian, Akbar Fotouhi
PURPOSE: To determine the distribution of near point of convergence (NPC) and its related factors in 6 to 12-year-old children. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study in 2015, the urban and rural children of Shahroud, north of Iran, were sampled. All rural schoolchildren were invited to the study, and in the urban area, we conducted random cluster sampling. Examinations included measurement of uncorrected and corrected visual acuity, manifest, subjective, and cycloplegic refraction...
September 2018: Strabismus
Anne-Catherine Stockman, Maria Dieltiëns, Hilde Janssens, Maria Van Lammeren, Liesbet Beelen, Veerle Van Bellinghen, Catherine Cassiman
Ocular neuromyotonia (ONM) is a rare eye movement disorder, presenting as a paroxysmal involuntary spasm of one or more extra-ocular muscles, that can persist for a few seconds up to several minutes. The phenomenon is caused by the contraction of an extra-ocular muscle, excited by a damaged nerve, which leads to delayed muscle relaxation. We present eight patients with this rare condition together with an overview of the literature on all published ONM cases. One of the presented cases is possibly secondary to hypovitaminosis D...
September 2018: Strabismus
Prapatsorn Patikulsila, Atitaya Apivatthakakul, Kasem Seresirikachorn
PURPOSE: To report a case of recovery of a medial rectus which was accidentally disinserted after surgical treatment of a recurrent pterygium. METHOD: Report of a case of inadvertent medial rectus disinsertion after pterygium excision at a secondary care hospital which was referred to a tertiary care hospital in Northern Thailand. RESULT: A 40-year-old healthy woman was referred by a general ophthalmologist at a secondary care center to our hospital...
September 2018: Strabismus
Sabine Naxer, Maren Horn, Michael Schittkowski
INTRODUCTION: In ophthalmology amniotic membrane is usually used for the treatment of corneal ulcerations and chemical burns of the ocular surface. Also, it is useful in the treatment of conjunctival defects. There are few publications on the long-term outcomes with the use of amniotic membrane to replace the conjunctiva. In our cases, we used it in patients with restrictive strabismus or conjunctival problems during or following complex eye muscle surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective case study, we reviewed the charts of the patients who had been treated with Ambio5® (IOP Inc...
August 21, 2018: Strabismus
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"