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Transplant Immunology

Geisiane Custódio, Patrícia Schwarz, Daisy Crispim, Rafael B Moraes, Mauro Czepielewski, Cristiane B Leitão, Tatiana H Rech
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D insufficiency is linked to several common inflammatory disorders. Brain death (BD) causes a massive catecholamine release, leading to intense inflammatory activity. We aimed to evaluate vitamin D serum levels in brain-dead individuals in comparison to critically ill patients without BD to assess the correlation between vitamin D and cytokine levels. METHODS: Sixteen brain-dead patients and 32 critically ill controls were prospectively enrolled...
February 28, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Yihang Jiang, Sujuan Feng, Jiawei Ji, Zhemin Lin, Xiaodong Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Post-infectious immunosuppression is disadvantageous to patients' long-term outcomes, especially in transplant recipients receiving large doses of immunosuppressants. A growing body of evidence indicates the immunoregulatory ability of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). We herein investigate the characteristics of monocytic-MDSCs (M-MDSCs) in a cohort of renal transplant recipients with/without infection to clarify the potential involvement in post-infectious immunosuppression...
February 22, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Nozomi Aibara, Kaname Ohyama, Masaaki Hidaka, Naoya Kishikawa, Yasuyoshi Miyata, Mitsuhisa Takatsuki, Susumu Eguchi, Naotaka Kuroda
Liver transplantation is a life-saving procedure for many end-stage liver diseases; however, rejection after transplantation is still occurs in some recipients. The most common form of rejection is T cell-related acute cellular rejection (ACR). To understand the mechanism of rejection, it is necessary to identify immune targets. Since the development of B cell immunity depends upon concordant T cell immunity, we hypothesized that rejection-specific antigens in circulating immune complexes (CICs) may be present in the sera of recipients experiencing rejection, and as such, may be useful as diagnostic biomarkers for ACR...
February 22, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Hong Yan, Zhao Xiangyu, Yu Xingxing, Bian Zhilei, Chang Yingjun, Yu Wang, Zhang Xiaohui, Xu Lanping, Huang Xiaojun, Zhao Xiaosu
INTRODUCTION: Invariant natural killer T cells (iNKTs) are a rare but vital subset of immunomodulatory T cells and play an important role in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell trans-plantation (HSCT). The association of donor characteristics with the number and frequency of the iNKTs subsets in allografts remains poorly understood. In this paper, we prospectively investigate the association of donor characteristics with iNKTs dose and frequency in granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilized marrow and peripheral blood harvests...
February 20, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Benjamin Coiffard, Davide Piloni, Mohamed Boucekine, Monica Morosini, Federica Meloni, Romain Kessler, Martine Reynaud-Gaubert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Jianxin Yang, Malou L H Snijders, Geert W Haasnoot, Cees van Kooten, Marko Mallat, Johan W de Fijter, Marian C Clahsen-van Groningen, Frans H J Claas, Michael Eikmans
BACKGROUND: Molecules of the innate immune response are increasingly recognized as important mediators in allograft injury during and after kidney transplantation. We therefore aimed to establish the relationship between the expression of these genes at implantation, during an acute rejection (AR) and on graft outcome. METHODS: A total of 19 genes, including Toll like receptors (TLRs), complement components and regulators, and apoptosis-related genes were analyzed at the mRNA level by qPCR in 123 biopsies with acute rejection and paired pre-transplantation tissue (n = 75)...
February 20, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Shang Zhang, Haitao Wu, Changlin Liu
It has been demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have potent immunosuppressive capacities. But it is controversial whether differentiated mature stromal cells (SCs) share the immunosuppressive capacities. A previous study examined the ability of SCs from different human tissue sites to inhibit the proliferation of lymphocytes. The results are all positive but the mechanism isn't clear, and few mouse data have been published on this topic. Using an efficient mixed cell culture assay, our in vitro data show that the anti-proliferative ability of murine MSCs on lymphocytes is shared by mature murine SCs, i...
February 19, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Zhi-Hong Chen, Chao Wang, Fa-Xing Wei, Bin-Bin Xu, Jun Liu, Yong Pu, Shou-Liang Zhang, Peng-Cheng Jiang
BACKGROUND: To discuss the effect and mechanism of adenovirus-mediated OX40Ig gene transfer in inducing long-term survival of liver allografts in rats. METHODS: Orthotopic liver transplantation was performed from Lewis to Brown Norway (BN) rats through the modified two-cuffed technique, and all rats were randomly divided equally into four groups: control, AdEGFP, AdOX40Ig, and FK506. The survival times of the rats were recorded. The rats' liver function, serum cytokines, hepatocyte pathology, OX40Ig protein level, and mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) with or without recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) were evaluated...
February 15, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Yue Xia, Jin Deng, Qin Zhou, Xiaofei Shao, Xingyan Yang, Mengjiao Shao, Hequn Zou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression and significance of Sirt1 in renal allografts at the early stage of chronic renal allograft dysfunction (CRAD). METHODS: CRAD rat models were established using classical orthotopic F344-Lewis kidney transplantation. F344 and Lewis uninephrectomized rats were used as controls. Twelve weeks after the operation, the rats were sacrificed for renal function, histological, immunohistochemistry and molecular biological analyses...
February 13, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Morteza Hosseinzadeh, Pedram Ahmadpoor, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Fatemeh Pourrezagholi, Farshad Foroughi, Mina Ghorbanpour, Mehri Barabadi, Sanaz K Shahbaz, Ghasem Solgi, Aliakbar Amirzargar
This cohort intends to determine the sequential dynamic changes in Toll-like receptor (TLR)-4, TLR-2, and myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MYD88) mRNA expressions in PBMCs and biopsy samples from kidney allograft recipients in relation to graft function. This study enrolled 52 renal transplant patients, 27 with well functioning graft (WFG) and 25 graft dysfunction (GD). Peripheral blood samples pre- and post-transplantation (days 2, 90 and 180) were collected to analyze mRNA expression levels of TLR-2, TLR-4, and MYD88 genes in relation to allograft function during one-year follow up...
February 13, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Senthil Kumar, Nihar Mohapatra, Deeplaxmi Purushottam Borle, Ashok Choudhury, Shashwat Sarin, Ekta Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Li-Ping Wang, Zhi-Bo Jia, Yue Liu, Qiang Gao, Su-Jun Cheng, Di Jin, Lan Ma, Xin-Hua Yin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of wild-type P53 gene transfer on graft coronary artery disease (GCAD) after heart transplantation and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: A rat model of heterotopic heart transplantation was established using Wistar rats as donors and Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats as recipients. The donor hearts were collected and perfused, via the coronary artery, with 800 μl of recombinant adenovirus carrying the P53 gene (Ad-P53)...
February 6, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Patmika Jiaravuthisan, Akira Maeda, Chihiro Takakura, Han-Tang Wang, Rieko Sakai, Afifah Mohd Shabri, Pei-Chi Lo, Rei Matsuura, Tasuku Kodama, Hiroshi Eguchi, Hiroomi Okuyama, Shuji Miyagawa
OBJECTIVE: Surfactant protein D (SP-D), which is secreted mainly in the lung, is an oligometric C type lectin that promotes phagocytosis by binding to carbohydrates on microbial surfaces. SP-D can also bind SIRPα, leading to a decrease in cytokine production by monocytes/macrophages. In the present study, we examined the possibility that SP-D suppresses macrophage-mediated xenogeneic cytotoxicity, by creating a membrane-type SP-D. METHODS: The cDNA for the carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) of human SP-D was switched to that of a membrane-type protein, collectin placenta 1 (CL-P1), with a Flag-tag...
February 6, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Maria Izabel de Holanda, Evandro Klumb, Alicia Imada, Livia A Lima, Isabela Alcântara, Flavia Gregório, Luis Fernando Christiani, Clarice Oliveira Martins, Branca Engel Timoner, Juliana Motta, Roberto Pozzan, Luis Cristóvão Pôrto
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a severe autoimmune disease that involves multiple organ systems. Lupus nephritis (LN) is a complication of SLE and is associated with poor survival and high morbidity. Many genomic studies have been performed worldwide, and several histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA) loci are linked to lupus susceptibility. OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated the association of HLA alleles in a lupus patient population, LN group and control group...
February 5, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Ke Zhang, Yan-Ling Sun, Fan Yang, Yan-Chao Shi, Lei Jin, Zhen-Wen Liu, Fu-Sheng Wang, Ming Shi
Circulating CD4+CXCR5+ T follicular helper cells (cTfh) have been demonstrated to be involved in B cell-mediated systemic autoimmune diseases and alloreactive responses following kidney transplantation; however, whether cTfh cells are involved in alloreactive responses after liver transplantation (LT) remains unclear. Our present study aimed to investigate the characteristics of cTfh, as well as CXCR3+CCR6-Tfh1, CXCR3-CCR6-Tfh2, and CXCR3-CCR6+Tfh17 subsets in liver allograft recipients. A total of 30 liver transplant recipients were enrolled in this study...
January 19, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Kunal Yadav, Adrian Cotterell, Pamela Kimball, Laura Warmke, Melissa Contos, Gaurav Gupta, Anne King, Dhiren Kumar, Marlon Levy
This case describes a 34year old female who underwent an HLA identical living donor kidney transplant with a positive flow cytometric crossmatch (FCXM), but without any donor specific antibody (DSA). Tests to detect non-HLA antibody and autoantibody were negative. Allograft functioned well without rejection. She later received a pancreas allograft, again with a weakly positive FCXM, without DSA. After good initial graft function, she developed hyperglycemia six weeks posttransplant. Cross-sectional imaging demonstrated non-enhancing pancreas allograft with new vein thrombosis...
January 6, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Amir Salek Farrokhi, Amir-Hassan Zarnani, Seyed Mohammad Moazzeni
The imbalance of Th1/Th2 cytokines is well known in recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) mouse model. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess potent immunoregulatory properties that could modulate the Th1 cytokine responses in benefit of Th2 types. In this study, we aimed to analyze the local and systemic balance of Th1/Th2 cytokines following MSCs therapy. Syngeneic adipose derived MSCs were administered to abortion prone mice during the implantation window. The abortion rate was determined and IL-4, IL-6, IL-12, IL-2, IFN-γ and GM-CSF gene expression was evaluated by Real-Time-PCR in decidual and placental tissues of pregnant mice at day 13...
January 6, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Yassine Bouatou, Geurt Stokman, Nike Claessen, Joris J T H Roelofs, Frédérike Bemelman, Jesper Kers, Sandrine Florquin
BACKGROUND: BK virus nephropathy (BKPyVN) is a major complication after renal transplantation. Little is known about the intra renal immune response during BKPyVN. The role of macrophages remains elusive. The activation of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) - a transcription factor involved in drug metabolism - plays a key role in inflammation and viral tolerance through modulation of macrophages polarization. Since AHR has not been studied in kidney transplantation, our aim was to compare the AHR expression within renal grafts in BKPyVN with T-cell mediated rejection (TCMR) as a control...
January 2, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Alison J Gareau, Chris Wiebe, Denise Pochinco, Ian W Gibson, Julie Ho, David N Rush, Peter W Nickerson
Studies investigating the potential pathogenic effects of non-HLA antibodies (Ab) have identified Ab against the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1 R-Ab) as a risk factor for rejection and kidney graft loss. This study sought to validate the risk of AT1 R-Ab for acute rejection and to explore the role of other non-HLA Abs in this capacity. Pre- and post-transplant sera from a cohort of 101 patients (n=453 samples total) were tested for AT1 R-Ab and other non-HLA Ab using a commercially available ELISA kit and the Luminex platform, respectively...
February 2018: Transplant Immunology
Ya Mei Li, Yi Li, Yun Ying Shi, Lin Yan, Xiao Juan Wu, Jiang Tao Tang, Yang Juan Bai, Lan Lan Wang
BACKGROUND: T follicular helper cells (Tfh) are recently revealed to be vital in antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). However, the impact of immunosuppressive drugs on Tfh cells is not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the variation of Tfh cells phenotypically and functionally in KTRs treated with different immunosuppression regimens. METHODS: We recruited 26 KTRs treated with tacrolimus (TAC) -based regimen, 13 with sirolimus (SRL) -based regimen and 10 healthy controls (HC) in this study...
February 2018: Transplant Immunology
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