Read by QxMD icon Read

Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH

Chivon H Fitch, Zavin Nazaretian, Devon Himmel
BACKGROUND: Since Braithwaite advanced reintegrative shaming theory about 25 years ago, the theory has almost invariably been retested only in relation to predatory offending. Few studies have tested the relevance of the theory for non-predatory offending. AIM: This study aims to explore the utility of reintegrative shaming theory in explaining non-predatory crimes. Our main research question was: is acknowledgement of shame apportioned by others associated with reduction in non-predatory offending? METHODS: We used zero-inflated negative binomial modelling to analyse data from a national, longitudinal, population-based study of 1,726 adolescents...
March 8, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Richard Stansfield
BACKGROUND: Religious beliefs and practices have been shown to have some association with desistance from offending, as have cognitive processes, including emotion regulation, self-control, reasoning, learning, and empathy. Religious behaviours may, however, be moderated or mediated by cognitive abilities, but few studies take this into account. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the role of cognitive ability in any relationship between religious beliefs and behaviours and desistance from substance use among adolescents...
March 1, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Sven Smith, Christopher J Ferguson, Kevin M Beaver
BACKGROUND: Researchers, such as Bandura, have proposed that children's mere exposure to the use of play weapons encourages deviant displays of aggression, but there is very little research to support this hypothesis of 20 years. AIM: To examine the relationship between amount of weapon play and concurrent aggression as well as later violent juvenile crime, while controlling for other variables possibly influencing criminal pathways. METHOD: Using longitudinal survey data collected from mothers and children (n = 2019) from age 5, with follow-up at age 15, correlations between children's play with toy weapons and juvenile criminality were examined...
January 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Stephanie R Penney, Aaron Prosser, Alexander I F Simpson
BACKGROUND: Developmental typologies regarding age of onset of violence and offending have not routinely taken account of the role of serious mental illness (SMI), and whether age of onset of offending in relation to onset of illness impacts on the manifestation of offending over the life course. AIMS: To test whether forensic psychiatric patients can be classified according to age of onset of SMI and offending, and, if so, whether subtypes differ by sex. METHODS: Details of all 511 patients enrolled into a large forensic mental health service in Ontario, Canada, in 2011 or 2012 were collected from records...
January 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Anna-Karin Ivert, Frida Andersson, Robert Svensson, Lieven J R Pauwels, Marie Torstensson Levander
BACKGROUND: There is a well-documented gender difference in offending, with evidence that boys, on average, are more involved in crime than girls. Opinions differ, however, on whether the causes of crime apply to girls and boys similarly. AIMS: Our aim is to explore crime propensity in boys and girls. Our research questions were (1) are there differences between boys and girls in moral values and self-control; (2) are these attributes similarly correlated with offending among girls and boys; and (3) is any interaction effect between morality and self-control identical for girls and boys...
January 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Samuel Adjorlolo, Edward Asamoah, Sarah Adu-Poku
BACKGROUND: Impulsivity is one of several variables associated with delinquent and criminal acts, but its utility depends on the psychometric properties of the measure used. AIM: To investigate the latent structure of the abbreviated Barratt Impulsivity Scale (ABIS) and its convergent validity with measures of aggression and psychopathy in a Ghanaian sample. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey, high school students were recruited from two randomly selected schools in Ghana and asked to respond to the ABIS and measures of delinquency, aggression and psychopathy...
December 28, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Sean McArdle, Ian Lambie
BACKGROUND: Young people admitted to secure facilities generally have particularly high rates of mental, emotional and behavioural problems, but little is known about the mental health needs of this group in New Zealand. AIMS: To describe prevalence of probable mental health disorder and related needs among young people in secure facilities in New Zealand. METHODS: Massachusetts youth screening instrument - second version (MAYSI-2) data were obtained from the records of young people admitted to one secure care facility (n = 204) within a 12 month period...
December 27, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Vaseekaran Sivarajasingam, Simon Read, Martina Svobodova, Lucy Wight, Jonathan Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Hate crimes - those perpetrated because of perceived difference, including disability, race, religion, sexual orientation or transgender status - have not been studied at the point of the victim's hospital emergency department (ED) use. AIM: To investigate the frequency, levels of physical harm and circumstances of targeted violence in those seeking treatment at EDs in three UK cities. METHOD: In a multimethods study, face-to-face semi-structured interviews were conducted with 124 adult ED attenders with violent injuries...
December 19, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Norman Lamb, Sue Sibbald, Alex Stirzaker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Edwin J Burns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Penelope Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Laura Longdon, Rachel Edworthy, Jeremy Resnick, Adrian Byrne, Martin Clarke, Natalie Cheung, Najat Khalifa
BACKGROUND: Health services are increasingly required to measure outcomes after treatment, which can be reported to the funding body and may be scrutinised by the public. Extensive high-quality measurements are time consuming. Routinely collected clinical data might, if anonymised, provide good enough evidence of useful change consequent on service received. RESEARCH QUESTION: Do the Health of the Nation Scale and the 20-item Historical, Clinical, Risk structured professional judgement tool scores provide evidence of clinical and risk change among low security hospital patients at 6 and 12 months after admission? METHODS: One hundred and eight men were either resident on the unit on 1 January 2011 or new admissions to the census date of 31 May 2013...
December 7, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Carla Maden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Asha Khambhaita, Callum Ross
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Claudio Di Lorito, Tom Dening, Birgit Völlm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Glenn D Walters
BACKGROUND: There is some consensus on the value of cognitive-behaviourally informed interventions in the criminal justice system, but uncertainty about which components are of critical value. AIMS: To test the hypothesis that change in prisoners - criminal thinking and institutional misconduct - will both follow completion of a brief cognitive behavioural intervention. METHODS: A one-group pre-test-post-test quasi-experimental design was used to assess change on the General Criminal Thinking (GCT) scale of the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles among 219 male prisoners completing a 10-week cognitive behavioural intervention, referred to as 'Lifestyle Issues'...
December 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Sanne Oostermeijer, Kirsten C Smeets, Lucres M C Jansen, Tijs Jambroes, Nanda N J Rommelse, Floor E Scheepers, Jan K Buitelaar, Arne Popma
BACKGROUND: Aggression is often divided into reactive and proactive forms. Reactive aggression is typically thought to encompass 'blaming others' and 'assuming the worst', while proactive aggression relates to 'self-centeredness' and 'minimising/mislabelling'. AIM: Our aim was to evaluate relationships between reactive and proactive aggression and cognitive distortions and to test whether changes in these cognitions relate to changes in aggression. METHODS: A total of 151 adolescents (60% boys; mean age 15...
December 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Marko Manninen, Jaana Suvisaari, Niko Marola, Mikko Aaltonen
BACKGROUND: There is evidence from around the world that disruptive behaviour during adolescence is associated with increased risk of later criminality. Outcomes for young people placed in the Finnish residential school because of severe conduct problems are not known. AIMS: Our aims were to investigate criminality after leaving a residential school placement during adolescence, and to compare trends in criminality between four successive graduate cohorts (1991, 1996, 2001 and 2006)...
December 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
John Robst, Mary Armstrong, Norin Dollard
BACKGROUND: High rates of mental health disorders and exposure to trauma among the juvenile justice population highlight the importance of understanding whether and how mental health services can help prevent further justice system involvement as well as provide treatment. AIMS: We had two principal questions: Is out-of-home mental health treatment after arrest associated with reduced recidivism among young people who have been exposed to trauma? Are particular types of out-of-home treatment associated with better outcomes? We hypothesised that type of residential setting would affect outcomes among those with histories of serious trauma...
December 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Pietro Muratori, Marinella Paciello, Carlo Buonanno, Annarita Milone, Laura Ruglioni, John E Lochman, Gabriele Masi
BACKGROUND: Callous-unemotional traits have been proposed as risk factors for a poorer prognosis in young people with disruptive behaviour disorders. Identification of factors that may cause or maintain elevated levels of such traits could help in developing targeted therapeutic interventions. Some previous studies have investigated the role of moral cognitive mechanisms, such as moral disengagement, but these previous studies focused primarily on normal or 'at-risk' samples. AIM: We aimed to evaluate associations and possible interactions between moral disengagement as a cognitive dimension and callous-unemotional traits as an affective dimension in adolescents with disruptive behaviour disorders...
December 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"