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Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH

Nicolas Combalbert, Valérie Pennequin, Claude Ferrand, Marine Armand, Morgane Anselme, Brigitte Geffray
BACKGROUND: There is a wealth of studies of somatic and mental illness among prisoners, but little on older prisoners and their cognitive aging. AIMS: Our study examines the cognitive performance of older male prisoners and its effect on their perceived health and quality of life. METHODS: A total of 138 men aged 50 or over were recruited in seven French prisons and 138 men of similar ages from the general population. Two assessments of executive cognitive functions - the mini-mental state examination and the frontal assessment battery - were administered to each participant, together with self rating schedules of health (Nottingham Health Profile), subjective state of mental health and quality of life (the brief World Health Organisation Quality of Life Questionnaire)...
March 9, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
John Robst, Mary Armstrong, Norin Dollard
BACKGROUND: High rates of mental health disorders and exposure to trauma among the juvenile justice population highlight the importance of understanding whether and how mental health services can help prevent further justice system involvement as well as provide treatment. AIMS: We had two principal questions: Is out-of-home mental health treatment after arrest associated with reduced recidivism among young people who have been exposed to trauma? Are particular types of out-of-home treatment associated with better outcomes? We hypothesised that type of residential setting would affect outcomes among those with histories of serious trauma...
March 9, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Conor Duggan, Roland Jones
Predicting the likelihood of harm posed by mentally disordered offenders remains controversial. It is proposed that a Bayesian approach may help quantify the uncertainty surrounding such prediction. An example of this approach quantifying the risk of breast cancer in the event of a positive mammogram is provided. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
February 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Cameron N McIntosh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Karin M Vermeulen, Danielle E M C Jansen, Erik J Knorth, Erik Buskens, Sijmen A Reijneveld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Kasja Woicik, Rosalind van der Lem, Jelle J Sijtsema, Stefan Bogaerts
BACKGROUND: 'No-show' is important in today's mental healthcare services, yet in forensic psychiatry, little is known about its relationship to general and disorder-specific patient characteristics. AIMS: The aim of this article is to determine the prevalence of no-show and any general and disorder-specific features associated with no-show in a cohort of offenders with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder registered at a specialist forensic mental health clinic...
February 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Karin M Vermeulen, Daniëlle E M C Jansen, Erik J Knorth, Erik Buskens, Sijmen A Reijneveld
BACKGROUND: Behavioural problems are common among adolescents. The burden on society in social disturbance, health, failures to contribute and costs has triggered innovative community-based interventions such as multisystemic therapy (MST). AIMS: Our aim was to compare the cost-effectiveness of MST and treatment as usual (TAU). METHODS: Cost-effectiveness was assessed alongside a randomised clinical trial. One hundred and sixteen adolescents were allocated to MST or TAU...
February 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Lydia Dalhuisen, Frans Koenraadt, Marieke Liem
BACKGROUND: Prior research has classified firesetters by motive. The multi-trajectory theory of adult firesetting (M-TTAF) takes a more aetiological perspective, differentiating between five hypothesised trajectories towards firesetting: antisocial cognition, grievance, fire interest, emotionally expressive/need for recognition and multifaceted trajectories. AIM: The objective of this study was to validate the five routes to firesetting as proposed in the M-TTAF...
February 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Emily C Talbot, Birgit Völlm, Najat Khalifa
BACKGROUND: Academic literature and government initiatives have emphasised the importance of work as a means of improving health and reducing reoffending among offenders with mental disorders. Whilst a number of work skills programmes have shown promise for offenders more generally, evaluation of evidence for their effectiveness for those with a mental disorder is lacking, particularly in relation to improving employment outcomes. AIMS: To assess the evidence on the effectiveness of work skills programmes for mentally disordered offenders...
February 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Cornelia Schumann, Laila Asmal, Bonginkosi Chiliza, Robin Emsley
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the reasons why people with schizophrenia have contact with police, especially prior to the first episode of illness. AIM: To investigate the prevalence and correlates of police contact in first-episode schizophrenia. METHODS: The prevalence and type of police contact was established among all 110 patients presenting to psychiatric services in one catchment area during a first episode of schizophrenia and among 65 non-mentally ill controls, by participant and collateral interview and from records...
February 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Henrik Elonheimo, Lauri Sillanmäki, André Sourander
BACKGROUND: Offending is known to be associated with various health problems and premature death, but previous studies on associations between offending and mortality have often been only with men, convicted offenders or highly selected samples. A more sensitive measure of offending may be preferable when trying to understand the extent of health disadvantages among people who offend. AIMS: The aim of this paper was to study the associations between investigated offending, death and causes of death in a nationally representative birth cohort...
February 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Hannah Ching, Michael Daffern, Stuart Thomas
BACKGROUND: Widespread public concern about youth violence persists, particularly the so-called acts of appetitive violence characterised by positive affect and exemplified in modern trends such as 'happy slapping'. Empirical research into this phenomenon is scant. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether perpetration of appetitive violence signals a specific offending trajectory. METHOD: We reviewed reports and related material from 105 violent young offenders referred to court mental health services in the state of Victoria, Australia...
February 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Adam Lankford
BACKGROUND: For years, many scholars dismissed the possibility that terrorists - including suicide attackers - could be mentally ill or primarily suicidal. However, that view is gradually changing. AIM: Researchers continue to face significant challenges when attempting to detect mental health problems and suicidal motives among terrorists and mass shooters, because many offenders cannot easily be psychologically assessed. This article offers several specific recommendations for how researchers can better understand offenders' mental state by studying their life histories and behaviour...
December 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Annika Thomson, Jari Tiihonen, Jouko Miettunen, Matti Virkkunen, Nina Lindberg
BACKGROUND: High rates of attempted and completed suicide have been reported among offenders, but there has been little attention in this respect to fire setters specifically. Aim Our aim was to investigate hospital-treated suicide attempts among male fire setters. METHODS: For each of a consecutive series of 441 pre-trial fire setters, four controls matched for age, gender and place of birth were randomly selected from the Central Population Register. Data on hospitalisation and causes of death over a 39-year period were obtained from the Finnish national registers...
December 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Michael Ferriter, Trevor Gedeon, Sandra Buchan, Sharyn Findlay, Dumisani Mbulawa, Melanie Powney, Irene Cormac
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric patients are known to have poorer physical health than the general population and to have premature mortality, but the impact of institutional care on the physical health of patients is less clear. AIMS: This study aimed to compare mortality rates and causes of death between a high-security psychiatric hospital cohort and the general population in England for the periods 1920-1961 and 1972-2000. METHOD: Data were obtained from various clinical and non-clinical archives and death certificates...
December 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Max M Loomans, Joke H M Tulen, Yolanda B de Rijke, Hjalmar J C van Marle
BACKGROUND: Altered levels of cortisol and testosterone have previously been associated with anti-social personality disorder (ASPD) and psychopathy, but there is some conflicting evidence as to how characteristic these findings are. AIM: To test the hypothesis that diurnal fluctuations in cortisol and/or testosterone will differentiate ASPD and psychopathy among male forensic psychiatric inpatients and distinguish both groups from healthy men not in treatment. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-six men participated: 81 patients with ASPD, 42 of whom had a Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) score of 26 or more and 39 with a score of 25 or less, 51 forensic hospital employees and 34 general population men...
December 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Laura E O'Shea, Dev-Kishan Thaker, Marco M Picchioni, Fiona L Mason, Caroline Knight, Geoffrey L Dickens
BACKGROUND: Violent and non-violent sexual behaviour is a fairly common problem among secure mental health service patients, but specialist sexual violence risk assessment is time-consuming and so performed infrequently. AIMS: We aimed to establish whether a commonly used violence risk assessment tool, the Health Clinical Risk management 20(HCR-20), has predictive validity specifically for inappropriate sexual behaviour. METHODS: A pseudo-prospective cohort design was used for a study in the adult wards of a large provider of specialist secure mental health services...
December 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Cyril Boonmann, Rebecca J Nelson, Frank DiCataldo, Lucres M C Jansen, Theo A H Doreleijers, Robert R J M Vermeiren, Olivier F Colins, Thomas Grisso
BACKGROUND: There is a need for better knowledge about the relationship between sexual offending by young people and mental health problems. AIM: This study aimed to compare mental health problems between young people who commit sexual offences and those who do not. METHODS: After completion of the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-Version 2 (MAYSI-2), 334 young people who, according to MAYSI-2 information, had committed a sex offence were compared with 334 young people whose MAYSI-2 data suggested that they had not committed a sex offence...
December 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Eveline van Vugt, Rolf Loeber, Dustin Pardini
BACKGROUND: Children born to mothers who were younger than average at their first childbirth are at increased risk for future persistent delinquent behaviour, but explanations for this remain unclear. AIMS: Our aim was to identify possible family and parenting variables that may help explain this relationship. We hypothesised that parental stress, large number of children in the home, low socioeconomic status (including neighbourhood problems) and poor parenting would account for the link between early first motherhood and their offspring's delinquency...
December 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Kimberly A Rhoades, Leslie D Leve, J Mark Eddy, Patricia Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Most juvenile offenders desist from offending as they become adults, but many continue and ultimately enter the adult corrections system. There has been little prospective examination of which variables may predict the latter transition, particularly for women. AIMS: Our aim was to find out, for men and women separately, what variables identifiable in adolescent offenders predict their continuation of offending into adult life. METHODS: Participants were 61 male and 81 female youths who had been referred from the juvenile justice system for chronic delinquency and recruited into randomised controlled trials comparing Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care with group care ('treatment as usual')...
December 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
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