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Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215871/recovery-and-forensic-care-recent-advances-and-future-directions
#1
EDITORIAL
Alexander I F Simpson, Stephanie R Penney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206997/aggression-attributional-style-and-locus-of-control-among-imprisoned-migrants-from-the-former-soviet-union
#2
Maria Isabel Fontao, Thomas Ross
BACKGROUND: In the 1990s, over two million migrants from the former Soviet Union with German ancestry came to Germany, a small number of whom committed offences. AIM: The aim of this study is to investigate aggression, locus of control, and attributional style in these (male) migrants imprisoned in Germany. METHODS: Three groups of men with German ancestry were compared: 1.36 prisoners migrating into Germany from the former Soviet Union (migrant-P), 2...
September 11, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30182436/positive-and-negative-social-influences-and-crime-acceleration-during-the-transition-from-childhood-to-adolescence-the-interplay-of-risk-and-protective-factors
#3
Glenn D Walters
BACKGROUND: Social influences are believed to play a vital role in delinquency development within the context of the child-to-adolescent transition. AIMS: It was hypothesised that (a) positive social influences would be at least as important as negative social influences in shaping later offending behaviour during the child-to-adolescent transition; (b) parental social influences would be more prominent during childhood, and sibling and peer social influences would be more prominent during adolescence; and (c) parents would have a more positive influence than siblings or peers...
September 4, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30051934/three-good-deeds-and-three-blessings-the-kindness-and-gratitude-interventions-with-chinese-prisoners
#4
Ying Yang, Haiyan Zhao, Ma Aidi, Yu Kou
BACKGROUND: Studies have found lower well-being among prisoners than in the general population. Positive psychological interventions provide fruitful ways of enhancing people's well-being, but little is known about whether these contribute to prisoners' well-being. AIMS: To test the effects of two typical positive psychological interventions - kindness and gratitude - on Chinese prisoners' well-being. METHODS: One hundred and forty-four participants were randomly assigned to three conditions: kindness or gratitude groups in addition to 'treatment as usual' and a control condition of treatment as usual alone, with 48 men in each condition...
July 27, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952143/bullying-and-alexithymia-are-there-differences-between-traditional-cyber-combined-bullies-and-nonbullies-in-reading-their-own-emotions
#5
Sebastian Wachs, Michelle F Wright
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30133955/duty-to-warn-for-potential-risk-of-psychological-harm
#6
Naista Zhand, David G Attwood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971844/men-and-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder-resident-in-dutch-special-psychiatric-units-in-prisons-a-descriptive-and-comparative-study
#7
Chantal van den Brink, Joke M Harte, A Dorina Denzel
BACKGROUND: The overall prevalence of borderline personality disorder is well known, but characteristics of offender patients with the condition are less clear, especially among men. AIM: Describe characteristics of men and women with borderline personality disorder in special psychiatric units in Dutch prisons on three domains: prevalence of child abuse, comorbidity of borderline personality disorder with other disorders, and clinical symptoms. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-seven people were assigned to this study based on a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5) diagnoses retrieved from records...
August 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732624/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-cognitive-skills-programme-for-offenders-with-mental-illness
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Drew A Kingston, Mark E Olver, Jared McDonald, Colin Cameron
BACKGROUND: Interventions for offenders with mental illness have tended to be confined to treatment of illness, with the expectation that symptom reduction will be accompanied by reduced criminal recidivism, but recent evidence suggests that other treatment targets may be more effective against recidivism. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a cognitive skills programme (Reasoning and Rehabilitation 2: Short Version for Adults [R&R2]) among offenders with mental illness...
August 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516559/exploring-the-efficacy-of-reintegrative-shaming-for-non-predatory-offending
#9
Chivon H Fitch, Zavin Nazaretian, Devon Himmel
BACKGROUND: Since Braithwaite advanced reintegrative shaming theory about 25 years ago, the theory has almost invariably been retested only in relation to predatory offending. Few studies have tested the relevance of the theory for non-predatory offending. AIM: This study aims to explore the utility of reintegrative shaming theory in explaining non-predatory crimes. Our main research question was: is acknowledgement of shame apportioned by others associated with reduction in non-predatory offending? METHODS: We used zero-inflated negative binomial modelling to analyse data from a national, longitudinal, population-based study of 1,726 adolescents...
August 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498133/religion-and-desistance-from-substance-use-among-adolescent-offenders-the-role-of-cognitive-functioning
#10
Richard Stansfield
BACKGROUND: Religious beliefs and practices have been shown to have some association with desistance from offending, as have cognitive processes, including emotion regulation, self-control, reasoning, learning, and empathy. Religious behaviours may, however, be moderated or mediated by cognitive abilities, but few studies take this into account. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the role of cognitive ability in any relationship between religious beliefs and behaviours and desistance from substance use among adolescents...
August 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336086/learning-to-blast-a-way-into-crime-or-just-good-clean-fun-examining-aggressive-play-with-toy-weapons-and-its-relation-with-crime
#11
Sven Smith, Christopher J Ferguson, Kevin M Beaver
BACKGROUND: Researchers, such as Bandura, have proposed that children's mere exposure to the use of play weapons encourages deviant displays of aggression, but there is very little research to support this hypothesis of 20 years. AIM: To examine the relationship between amount of weapon play and concurrent aggression as well as later violent juvenile crime, while controlling for other variables possibly influencing criminal pathways. METHOD: Using longitudinal survey data collected from mothers and children (n = 2019) from age 5, with follow-up at age 15, correlations between children's play with toy weapons and juvenile criminality were examined...
August 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336084/age-onset-of-offending-and-serious-mental-illness-among-forensic-psychiatric-patients-a-latent-profile-analysis
#12
Stephanie R Penney, Aaron Prosser, Alexander I F Simpson
BACKGROUND: Developmental typologies regarding age of onset of violence and offending have not routinely taken account of the role of serious mental illness (SMI), and whether age of onset of offending in relation to onset of illness impacts on the manifestation of offending over the life course. AIMS: To test whether forensic psychiatric patients can be classified according to age of onset of SMI and offending, and, if so, whether subtypes differ by sex. METHODS: Details of all 511 patients enrolled into a large forensic mental health service in Ontario, Canada, in 2011 or 2012 were collected from records...
August 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920809/what-influences-social-outcomes-among-offenders-with-personality-disorder-a-systematic-review
#13
Catriona Connell, Vivek Furtado, Elizabeth A McKay, Swaran P Singh
BACKGROUND: Personality disorder is highly prevalent in offender populations and is associated with poor health, criminal justice, and social outcomes. Research has been conducted into factors that influence offending and health, but, in order to improve (re)habilitation, service providers must also be able to identify the variables associated with social outcomes and the mechanisms by which they operate. AIM: To establish what is known about what influences social outcomes among offenders with personality disorder...
June 19, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870108/prison-mental-health-care-in-northern-ireland
#14
Adrian East
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870107/alone-in-isolation-a-clinician-s-guide-to-women-in-solitary-confinement
#15
Ali Winters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336069/an-examination-of-the-interaction-between-morality-and-self-control-in-offending-a-study-of-differences-between-girls-and-boys
#16
Anna-Karin Ivert, Frida Andersson, Robert Svensson, Lieven J R Pauwels, Marie Torstensson Levander
BACKGROUND: There is a well-documented gender difference in offending, with evidence that boys, on average, are more involved in crime than girls. Opinions differ, however, on whether the causes of crime apply to girls and boys similarly. AIMS: Our aim is to explore crime propensity in boys and girls. Our research questions were (1) are there differences between boys and girls in moral values and self-control; (2) are these attributes similarly correlated with offending among girls and boys; and (3) is any interaction effect between morality and self-control identical for girls and boys...
June 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285817/predicting-delinquency-by-self-reported-impulsivity-in-adolescents-in-ghana
#17
Samuel Adjorlolo, Edward Asamoah, Sarah Adu-Poku
BACKGROUND: Impulsivity is one of several variables associated with delinquent and criminal acts, but its utility depends on the psychometric properties of the measure used. AIM: To investigate the latent structure of the abbreviated Barratt Impulsivity Scale (ABIS) and its convergent validity with measures of aggression and psychopathy in a Ghanaian sample. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey, high school students were recruited from two randomly selected schools in Ghana and asked to respond to the ABIS and measures of delinquency, aggression and psychopathy...
June 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280509/screening-for-mental-health-needs-of-new-zealand-youth-in-secure-care-facilities-using-the-maysi-2
#18
Sean McArdle, Ian Lambie
BACKGROUND: Young people admitted to secure facilities generally have particularly high rates of mental, emotional and behavioural problems, but little is known about the mental health needs of this group in New Zealand. AIMS: To describe prevalence of probable mental health disorder and related needs among young people in secure facilities in New Zealand. METHODS: Massachusetts youth screening instrument - second version (MAYSI-2) data were obtained from the records of young people admitted to one secure care facility (n = 204) within a 12 month period...
June 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266565/injury-resulting-from-targeted-violence-an-emergency-department-perspective
#19
Vaseekaran Sivarajasingam, Simon Read, Martina Svobodova, Lucy Wight, Jonathan Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Hate crimes - those perpetrated because of perceived difference, including disability, race, religion, sexual orientation or transgender status - have not been studied at the point of the victim's hospital emergency department (ED) use. AIM: To investigate the frequency, levels of physical harm and circumstances of targeted violence in those seeking treatment at EDs in three UK cities. METHOD: In a multimethods study, face-to-face semi-structured interviews were conducted with 124 adult ED attenders with violent injuries...
June 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218747/patient-characteristics-and-outcome-measurement-in-a-low-secure-forensic-hospital
#20
Laura Longdon, Rachel Edworthy, Jeremy Resnick, Adrian Byrne, Martin Clarke, Natalie Cheung, Najat Khalifa
BACKGROUND: Health services are increasingly required to measure outcomes after treatment, which can be reported to the funding body and may be scrutinised by the public. Extensive high-quality measurements are time consuming. Routinely collected clinical data might, if anonymised, provide good enough evidence of useful change consequent on service received. RESEARCH QUESTION: Do the Health of the Nation Scale and the 20-item Historical, Clinical, Risk structured professional judgement tool scores provide evidence of clinical and risk change among low security hospital patients at 6 and 12 months after admission? METHODS: One hundred and eight men were either resident on the unit on 1 January 2011 or new admissions to the census date of 31 May 2013...
June 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
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