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Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH

Pietro Muratori, Marinella Paciello, Carlo Buonanno, Annarita Milone, Laura Ruglioni, John E Lochman, Gabriele Masi
BACKGROUND: Callous-unemotional traits have been proposed as risk factors for a poorer prognosis in young people with disruptive behaviour disorders. Identification of factors that may cause or maintain elevated levels of such traits could help in developing targeted therapeutic interventions. Some previous studies have investigated the role of moral cognitive mechanisms, such as moral disengagement, but these previous studies focused primarily on normal or 'at-risk' samples. AIM: We aimed to evaluate associations and possible interactions between moral disengagement as a cognitive dimension and callous-unemotional traits as an affective dimension in adolescents with disruptive behaviour disorders...
September 13, 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Gary Sweeten, Matthew Larson, Alex R Piquero
AIM: We estimate group-based dating violence trajectories and identify the adolescent risk factors that explain membership in each trajectory group. METHOD: Using longitudinal data from the Pathways to Desistance Study, which follows a sample of 1354 serious juvenile offenders from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Phoenix, Arizona between mid-adolescence and early adulthood, we estimate group-based trajectory models of both emotional dating violence and physical dating violence over a span of five years in young adulthood...
October 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Lia Ahonen, Rolf Loeber
BACKGROUND: Teen dating violence (TDV) is a common phenomenon of great public concern. TDV may lead to severe long-term consequences for victims and offenders, and even more so for females than for males. AIM: The aim of this paper is to investigate possible underlying factors for involvement in TDV either as a perpetrator or a victim. Social learning theory is commonly used to explain internalisation of parents' behaviour on children's behavioural expressions, but less so on parents' emotion regulation as a direct link to later TDV...
October 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Jennifer E Copp, Peggy C Giordano, Monica A Longmore, Wendy D Manning
BACKGROUND: Scholars have documented the significant physical health consequences of intimate partner violence. Yet, because existing research draws primarily on clinical samples of adult women, it is unclear whether exposure to dating violence is related to health detriments among young men and women. Furthermore, data limitations largely have precluded consideration of the mechanisms underlying these previously observed associations. AIMS: We sought to examine the direct association between dating violence and self-rated physical health during adolescence and across the transition to adulthood...
October 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Sarah J Greenman, Mauri Matsuda
BACKGROUND: Previous literature has found continuity for intimate partner violence, but little research has explored continuity between dating violence and adult intimate partner violence (IPV) or whether protective factors may attenuate this relationship. AIMS: This research hypothesised a positive relationship between dating violence in early adulthood and later adulthood IPV and that support and attachment would provide buffering and direct protection for this relationship...
October 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Delphine Theobald, David P Farrington, Maria M Ttofi, Rebecca V Crago
BACKGROUND: Dating violence is an important problem. Evidence suggests that women are more likely to perpetrate dating violence. AIMS: The present study investigates the prevalence of dating violence compared with cohabiting violence in a community sample of men and women and assesses to what extent child and adolescent explanatory factors predict this behaviour. A secondary aim is to construct a risk score for dating violence based on the strongest risk factors...
October 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
James Tapp, Estelle Moore
AIM: The objective of this paper is to review risk instruments that have been used in the assessment of the potential for violence within the dating relationships of young people. METHOD: A review of the dating violence literature was conducted to identify risk assessment approaches that have been used to predict harmful behaviour within the dating relationships of people aged between 15 and 30 years. Risk assessments were evaluated on recommended quality criteria: predictive validity, accuracy (sensitivity and specificity) and inter-rater reliability...
October 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Todd I Herrenkohl, Hyunzee Jung
BACKGROUND: Children's exposure to violence increases their risk for later victimisation and perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV). However, the relative influence of child abuse, adolescent violence, peer approval of violence and pro-violence attitudes on later IPV is not well established. AIMS: Analyses focus on the prediction of adult IPV from variables measured in childhood and adolescence to establish the unique influence of earlier victimisation and perpetration of violence, as well as other variables grounded in theory and empirical findings...
October 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Delphine Theobald, David P Farrington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Michael T Baglivio, Kevin T Wolff, Matt DeLisi, Michael G Vaughn, Alex R Piquero
BACKGROUND: There is a view that young people presenting with an animal cruelty and firesetting combination represent a uniquely risky group, but prior work has relied on samples with insufficient power. RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the prevalence of the co-occurrence of animal cruelty and firesetting behaviour among young delinquents? What other features correlate with this? METHODS: We measured the prevalence of animal cruelty and firesetting among 292,649 juvenile offenders and used rare events logistic regression to examine demographic, criminal, mental health and family histories as correlates...
September 4, 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Jan C Román-Ithier, Rafael A González, María C Vélez-Pastrana, Gloria M González-Tejera, Carmen E Albizu-García
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether adult offenders with a history of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more likely to re-offend, and if so, in any specific offences. AIM: This study aimed to examine correlates of childhood ADHD symptoms among prisoners. METHODS: A randomly selected sample of 1179 participants from the adult sentenced population of Puerto Rico (USA) reported their history of violent and non-violent offences, age of first arrest and re-offending...
July 26, 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Lindsay D G Thomson, Kris Goethals, Norbert Nedopil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Susannah Clark, Stuart John Chuan
BACKGROUND: The Camden and Islington Impact Personality Disorder Project provided psychologically informed consultation and training to probation staff in a Public Protection Unit and staff in two 'approved premises' (probation hostels) working with high-risk prison sentenced offenders on licence in the community; some direct therapeutic work was also conducted jointly with probation officers. Most of the offenders had behaviours associated with personality disorder, although had not necessarily received a diagnosis of personality disorder...
July 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Pål Grøndahl, Ulf Stridbeck
BACKGROUND: England, Scotland and Norway have established Criminal Cases Review Commissions to review the convictions of persons who may have been wrongly found guilty of a criminal offence. AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the Norwegian Criminal Cases Review Commission (NCCRC) practice when legal insanity constitutes grounds for possible reopening of a criminal case. METHODS: We identified all cases between 2004 and 2012 where an application to the NCCRC to reopen a case was on grounds of concerns about insanity...
July 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Annelea M C Bousardt, Adriaan W Hoogendoorn, Eric O Noorthoorn, Jacobus W Hummelen, Henk L I Nijman
BACKGROUND: Empirical knowledge of 'predictors' of physical inpatient aggression may provide staff with tools to prevent aggression or minimise its consequences. AIM: To test the value of a self-reported measure of impulsivity for predicting inpatient aggression. METHODS: Self-report measures of different domains of impulsivity were obtained using the Urgency, Premeditation, Perseverance, Sensation seeking, Positive urgency (UPPS-P) impulsive behaviour scale with all 74 forensic psychiatric inpatients in one low-security forensic hospital...
July 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Daniel Boduszek, Katie Dhingra, Philip Hyland, Agata Debowska
BACKGROUND: There is considerable debate about the underlying factor structure of the Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version (PCL: SV). An established view is that it reflects a unitary construct underpinned by two correlated factors. More recent research has, however, undermined this conceptualisation. AIMS: Our aim was to compare 10 competing models of the PCL: SV in a sample of civil psychiatric patients. METHOD: Ten distinct factor models were specified and tested using conventional confirmatory factor analytic techniques, along with confirmatory bifactor modelling...
July 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Ap Zaalberg, Jos Wielders, Erik Bulten, Cees van der Staak, Anouk Wouters, Henk Nijman
BACKGROUND: Earlier studies have suggested associations between diet-related blood parameters and both aggression and psychopathological symptoms, but little is known about this in forensic psychiatric inpatients. AIM: This article aims to explore the levels of diet-related blood parameters and their relationship to aggressive behaviour and/or psychopathology among Dutch forensic psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: Minerals, vitamins, lead and fatty acid levels were measured in blood samples from 51 inpatients, well enough to consent and participate in the study, from a possible total of 99...
July 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Mehdi Alemohammad, Jane L Wood, James Tapp, Estelle Moore, Alan Skelly
BACKGROUND: Treatment non-engagement in forensic health settings has ethical and economic implications. The multifactor offender readiness model (MORM) provides a framework for assessing treatment readiness across person, programme and contexts. AIMS: To answer the following question: Are the internal factors of the MORM associated with likelihood of engagement in groups by patients in forensic mental health services? METHOD: In a retrospective design, associations were investigated between internal factors of the MORM, measured as part of assessment for group participation, and the outcomes of treatment refusal, treatment dropout and treatment completion...
June 20, 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Susan Brown, Chris Beeley, Gita Patel, Birgit Völlm
BACKGROUND: The UK Strategy on Managing High Risk of Serious Harm Offenders with Severe Personality Disorder proposes an important role for offender managers in completing case formulations about such offenders. There is little evidence on whether this can be achieved. AIM: Our primary aims were to devise, implement and evaluate training in case formulation for offender managers. A secondary aim was to assess whether the training led to changes in offender manager attitudes towards working with offenders with personality disorder...
June 20, 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Kaoru Arai, Ayumi Takano, Takako Nagata, Naotsugu Hirabayashi
BACKGROUND: Most structured assessment tools for assessing risk of violence were developed in Western countries, and evidence for their effectiveness is not well established in Asian countries. AIMS: Our aim was to examine the predictive accuracy of the Historical-Clinical-Risk Management-20 (HCR-20) for violence in forensic mental health inpatient units in Japan. METHODS: A retrospective record study was conducted with a complete 2008-2013 cohort of forensic psychiatric inpatients at the National Center Hospital of Neurology and Psychiatry, Tokyo...
June 13, 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
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