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Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH

Adam Lankford
BACKGROUND: For years, many scholars dismissed the possibility that terrorists - including suicide attackers - could be mentally ill or primarily suicidal. However, that view is gradually changing. AIM: Researchers continue to face significant challenges when attempting to detect mental health problems and suicidal motives among terrorists and mass shooters, because many offenders cannot easily be psychologically assessed. This article offers several specific recommendations for how researchers can better understand offenders' mental state by studying their life histories and behaviour...
December 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Annika Thomson, Jari Tiihonen, Jouko Miettunen, Matti Virkkunen, Nina Lindberg
BACKGROUND: High rates of attempted and completed suicide have been reported among offenders, but there has been little attention in this respect to fire setters specifically. Aim Our aim was to investigate hospital-treated suicide attempts among male fire setters. METHODS: For each of a consecutive series of 441 pre-trial fire setters, four controls matched for age, gender and place of birth were randomly selected from the Central Population Register. Data on hospitalisation and causes of death over a 39-year period were obtained from the Finnish national registers...
December 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Michael Ferriter, Trevor Gedeon, Sandra Buchan, Sharyn Findlay, Dumisani Mbulawa, Melanie Powney, Irene Cormac
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric patients are known to have poorer physical health than the general population and to have premature mortality, but the impact of institutional care on the physical health of patients is less clear. AIMS: This study aimed to compare mortality rates and causes of death between a high-security psychiatric hospital cohort and the general population in England for the periods 1920-1961 and 1972-2000. METHOD: Data were obtained from various clinical and non-clinical archives and death certificates...
December 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Max M Loomans, Joke H M Tulen, Yolanda B de Rijke, Hjalmar J C van Marle
BACKGROUND: Altered levels of cortisol and testosterone have previously been associated with anti-social personality disorder (ASPD) and psychopathy, but there is some conflicting evidence as to how characteristic these findings are. AIM: To test the hypothesis that diurnal fluctuations in cortisol and/or testosterone will differentiate ASPD and psychopathy among male forensic psychiatric inpatients and distinguish both groups from healthy men not in treatment. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-six men participated: 81 patients with ASPD, 42 of whom had a Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) score of 26 or more and 39 with a score of 25 or less, 51 forensic hospital employees and 34 general population men...
December 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Laura E O'Shea, Dev-Kishan Thaker, Marco M Picchioni, Fiona L Mason, Caroline Knight, Geoffrey L Dickens
BACKGROUND: Violent and non-violent sexual behaviour is a fairly common problem among secure mental health service patients, but specialist sexual violence risk assessment is time-consuming and so performed infrequently. AIMS: We aimed to establish whether a commonly used violence risk assessment tool, the Health Clinical Risk management 20(HCR-20), has predictive validity specifically for inappropriate sexual behaviour. METHODS: A pseudo-prospective cohort design was used for a study in the adult wards of a large provider of specialist secure mental health services...
December 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Cyril Boonmann, Rebecca J Nelson, Frank DiCataldo, Lucres M C Jansen, Theo A H Doreleijers, Robert R J M Vermeiren, Olivier F Colins, Thomas Grisso
BACKGROUND: There is a need for better knowledge about the relationship between sexual offending by young people and mental health problems. AIM: This study aimed to compare mental health problems between young people who commit sexual offences and those who do not. METHODS: After completion of the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-Version 2 (MAYSI-2), 334 young people who, according to MAYSI-2 information, had committed a sex offence were compared with 334 young people whose MAYSI-2 data suggested that they had not committed a sex offence...
December 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Eveline van Vugt, Rolf Loeber, Dustin Pardini
BACKGROUND: Children born to mothers who were younger than average at their first childbirth are at increased risk for future persistent delinquent behaviour, but explanations for this remain unclear. AIMS: Our aim was to identify possible family and parenting variables that may help explain this relationship. We hypothesised that parental stress, large number of children in the home, low socioeconomic status (including neighbourhood problems) and poor parenting would account for the link between early first motherhood and their offspring's delinquency...
December 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Kimberly A Rhoades, Leslie D Leve, J Mark Eddy, Patricia Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Most juvenile offenders desist from offending as they become adults, but many continue and ultimately enter the adult corrections system. There has been little prospective examination of which variables may predict the latter transition, particularly for women. AIMS: Our aim was to find out, for men and women separately, what variables identifiable in adolescent offenders predict their continuation of offending into adult life. METHODS: Participants were 61 male and 81 female youths who had been referred from the juvenile justice system for chronic delinquency and recruited into randomised controlled trials comparing Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care with group care ('treatment as usual')...
December 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Gary Sweeten, Matthew Larson, Alex R Piquero
AIM: We estimate group-based dating violence trajectories and identify the adolescent risk factors that explain membership in each trajectory group. METHOD: Using longitudinal data from the Pathways to Desistance Study, which follows a sample of 1354 serious juvenile offenders from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Phoenix, Arizona between mid-adolescence and early adulthood, we estimate group-based trajectory models of both emotional dating violence and physical dating violence over a span of five years in young adulthood...
October 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Lia Ahonen, Rolf Loeber
BACKGROUND: Teen dating violence (TDV) is a common phenomenon of great public concern. TDV may lead to severe long-term consequences for victims and offenders, and even more so for females than for males. AIM: The aim of this paper is to investigate possible underlying factors for involvement in TDV either as a perpetrator or a victim. Social learning theory is commonly used to explain internalisation of parents' behaviour on children's behavioural expressions, but less so on parents' emotion regulation as a direct link to later TDV...
October 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Jennifer E Copp, Peggy C Giordano, Monica A Longmore, Wendy D Manning
BACKGROUND: Scholars have documented the significant physical health consequences of intimate partner violence. Yet, because existing research draws primarily on clinical samples of adult women, it is unclear whether exposure to dating violence is related to health detriments among young men and women. Furthermore, data limitations largely have precluded consideration of the mechanisms underlying these previously observed associations. AIMS: We sought to examine the direct association between dating violence and self-rated physical health during adolescence and across the transition to adulthood...
October 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Sarah J Greenman, Mauri Matsuda
BACKGROUND: Previous literature has found continuity for intimate partner violence, but little research has explored continuity between dating violence and adult intimate partner violence (IPV) or whether protective factors may attenuate this relationship. AIMS: This research hypothesised a positive relationship between dating violence in early adulthood and later adulthood IPV and that support and attachment would provide buffering and direct protection for this relationship...
October 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Delphine Theobald, David P Farrington, Maria M Ttofi, Rebecca V Crago
BACKGROUND: Dating violence is an important problem. Evidence suggests that women are more likely to perpetrate dating violence. AIMS: The present study investigates the prevalence of dating violence compared with cohabiting violence in a community sample of men and women and assesses to what extent child and adolescent explanatory factors predict this behaviour. A secondary aim is to construct a risk score for dating violence based on the strongest risk factors...
October 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
James Tapp, Estelle Moore
AIM: The objective of this paper is to review risk instruments that have been used in the assessment of the potential for violence within the dating relationships of young people. METHOD: A review of the dating violence literature was conducted to identify risk assessment approaches that have been used to predict harmful behaviour within the dating relationships of people aged between 15 and 30 years. Risk assessments were evaluated on recommended quality criteria: predictive validity, accuracy (sensitivity and specificity) and inter-rater reliability...
October 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Todd I Herrenkohl, Hyunzee Jung
BACKGROUND: Children's exposure to violence increases their risk for later victimisation and perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV). However, the relative influence of child abuse, adolescent violence, peer approval of violence and pro-violence attitudes on later IPV is not well established. AIMS: Analyses focus on the prediction of adult IPV from variables measured in childhood and adolescence to establish the unique influence of earlier victimisation and perpetration of violence, as well as other variables grounded in theory and empirical findings...
October 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Delphine Theobald, David P Farrington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Pietro Muratori, Marinella Paciello, Carlo Buonanno, Annarita Milone, Laura Ruglioni, John E Lochman, Gabriele Masi
BACKGROUND: Callous-unemotional traits have been proposed as risk factors for a poorer prognosis in young people with disruptive behaviour disorders. Identification of factors that may cause or maintain elevated levels of such traits could help in developing targeted therapeutic interventions. Some previous studies have investigated the role of moral cognitive mechanisms, such as moral disengagement, but these previous studies focused primarily on normal or 'at-risk' samples. AIM: We aimed to evaluate associations and possible interactions between moral disengagement as a cognitive dimension and callous-unemotional traits as an affective dimension in adolescents with disruptive behaviour disorders...
September 13, 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Michael T Baglivio, Kevin T Wolff, Matt DeLisi, Michael G Vaughn, Alex R Piquero
BACKGROUND: There is a view that young people presenting with an animal cruelty and firesetting combination represent a uniquely risky group, but prior work has relied on samples with insufficient power. RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the prevalence of the co-occurrence of animal cruelty and firesetting behaviour among young delinquents? What other features correlate with this? METHODS: We measured the prevalence of animal cruelty and firesetting among 292,649 juvenile offenders and used rare events logistic regression to examine demographic, criminal, mental health and family histories as correlates...
September 4, 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Jan C Román-Ithier, Rafael A González, María C Vélez-Pastrana, Gloria M González-Tejera, Carmen E Albizu-García
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether adult offenders with a history of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more likely to re-offend, and if so, in any specific offences. AIM: This study aimed to examine correlates of childhood ADHD symptoms among prisoners. METHODS: A randomly selected sample of 1179 participants from the adult sentenced population of Puerto Rico (USA) reported their history of violent and non-violent offences, age of first arrest and re-offending...
July 26, 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Lindsay D G Thomson, Kris Goethals, Norbert Nedopil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
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