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Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30406961/psychiatric-disorders-substance-use-and-executive-functioning-in-older-probationers
#1
Lucy Fitton, Andrew Bates, Adrian Hayes, Seena Fazel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402993/use-of-solitary-confinement-in-children-and-young-people
#2
EDITORIAL
Heidi Hales, Oliver White, Mayura Deshpande, David Kingsley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402893/serving-a-community-sentence-with-a-mental-health-treatment-requirement-offenders-perspectives
#3
Abigail Manjunath, Rebecca Gillham, Chiara Samele, Pamela J Taylor
BACKGROUND: Safe alternatives to custody for offenders with mental disorder are vital, not least as self-harm, and violence rates are rising among them in prisons. In England and Wales, the Criminal Justice Act 2003 allows a mental health treatment requirement (MHTR) to supplement a community or suspended prison sentence, but this combination is poorly understood and rarely sought. AIM: To explore offenders' perspectives on the MHTR. METHODS: We interviewed all 25 consenting offenders under an MHTR in two probation areas...
November 6, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328151/effectiveness-of-aggression-replacement-training-in-reducing-criminal-recidivism-among-convicted-adult-offenders
#4
Martin Lardén, Elisabeth Nordén, Mats Forsman, Niklas Långström
BACKGROUND: Aggression replacement training (ART) is a widely used cognitive behavioural intervention for reducing aggression-related recidivism among criminal offenders. Its effectiveness in reducing offending, however, remains uncertain. AIM: To examine the effect of ART on adult offenders' criminal recidivism rates. METHOD: We compared 1,124 convicted adult offenders who began ART in the Swedish Prison and Probation Services 2003-2009 with 3,372 offenders in the system at the same time who did not participate in ART...
October 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264412/use-of-self-reported-psychopathy-assessments-with-older-adults-an-update-on-evaluation-of-their-psychometrics-for-people-over-60-years
#5
Katherine J Holzer, Michael G Vaughn
BACKGROUND: Psychometric properties of self-report psychopathy scales have generally been established in samples of people under the age of 40. Personality traits are, however, likely to persist into old age, so it is important to understand the performance of user-friendly self-report psychopathy measures among older people. AIMS: The aims of this study were to find out the extent to which self-reported scales developed for rating psychopathy have been used with people of 60 years or older and the extent of any evidence that the psychometric properties of the scales vary with age...
September 28, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215871/recovery-and-forensic-care-recent-advances-and-future-directions
#6
EDITORIAL
Alexander I F Simpson, Stephanie R Penney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206997/aggression-attributional-style-and-locus-of-control-among-imprisoned-migrants-from-the-former-soviet-union
#7
Maria Isabel Fontao, Thomas Ross
BACKGROUND: In the 1990s, over two million migrants from the former Soviet Union with German ancestry came to Germany, a small number of whom committed offences. AIM: The aim of this study is to investigate aggression, locus of control, and attributional style in these (male) migrants imprisoned in Germany. METHODS: Three groups of men with German ancestry were compared: 1.36 prisoners migrating into Germany from the former Soviet Union (migrant-P), 2...
September 11, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30256470/prenatal-maternal-smoking-maternal-offending-and-offspring-behavioural-and-cognitive-outcomes-in-early-childhood
#8
Stacy Tzoumakis, Vaughan J Carr, Kimberlie Dean, Kristin R Laurens, Maina Kariuki, Felicity Harris, Melissa J Green
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking during pregnancy and parental offending are both linked to adverse offspring outcomes. Few studies have examined how these exposures together influence diverse offspring outcomes in early childhood. AIMS: To examine associations between quantity of prenatal maternal smoking and frequency of maternal offending and offspring behavioural and cognitive outcomes at age 5 years. METHODS: Over 66,000 Australian children (mean age 5...
October 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30182436/positive-and-negative-social-influences-and-crime-acceleration-during-the-transition-from-childhood-to-adolescence-the-interplay-of-risk-and-protective-factors
#9
Glenn D Walters
BACKGROUND: Social influences are believed to play a vital role in delinquency development within the context of the child-to-adolescent transition. AIMS: It was hypothesised that (a) positive social influences would be at least as important as negative social influences in shaping later offending behaviour during the child-to-adolescent transition; (b) parental social influences would be more prominent during childhood, and sibling and peer social influences would be more prominent during adolescence; and (c) parents would have a more positive influence than siblings or peers...
October 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30051934/three-good-deeds-and-three-blessings-the-kindness-and-gratitude-interventions-with-chinese-prisoners
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ying Yang, Haiyan Zhao, Ma Aidi, Yu Kou
BACKGROUND: Studies have found lower well-being among prisoners than in the general population. Positive psychological interventions provide fruitful ways of enhancing people's well-being, but little is known about whether these contribute to prisoners' well-being. AIMS: To test the effects of two typical positive psychological interventions - kindness and gratitude - on Chinese prisoners' well-being. METHODS: One hundred and forty-four participants were randomly assigned to three conditions: kindness or gratitude groups in addition to 'treatment as usual' and a control condition of treatment as usual alone, with 48 men in each condition...
October 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952143/bullying-and-alexithymia-are-there-differences-between-traditional-cyber-combined-bullies-and-nonbullies-in-reading-their-own-emotions
#11
Sebastian Wachs, Michelle F Wright
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined alexithymia, the inability to identify or describe one's emotions, as a possible correlate of bullying. AIMS: To investigate whether there are differences among 12-18 year-olds in capacity for identifying and/or describing own emotions between traditional bullies, cyber bullies, combined bullies, and nonbullies. METHODS: Data from self-report questionnaires completed by 897 female and 652 male 12-18 year-olds (mean 14...
October 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920809/what-influences-social-outcomes-among-offenders-with-personality-disorder-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Catriona Connell, Vivek Furtado, Elizabeth A McKay, Swaran P Singh
BACKGROUND: Personality disorder is highly prevalent in offender populations and is associated with poor health, criminal justice, and social outcomes. Research has been conducted into factors that influence offending and health, but, in order to improve (re)habilitation, service providers must also be able to identify the variables associated with social outcomes and the mechanisms by which they operate. AIM: To establish what is known about what influences social outcomes among offenders with personality disorder...
October 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767436/police-interactions-and-interventions-with-suspects-flagged-as-experiencing-mental-health-problems
#13
Eddie Kane, Emily Evans, Jurgen Mitsch, Tahseen Jilani, Philip Quinlan, Jack Cattell, Najat Khalifa
BACKGROUND: Interactions between individuals experiencing mental health (MH) problems and the police are complex, and effectiveness of innovative support and diversion models in England and Wales not yet fully evaluated. AIMS/HYPOTHESES: Our aims were to examine police interactions with suspects and to measure the immediate effectiveness of police/NHS MH interventions, including liaison and diversion and embedded staff in police contact and control rooms. We hypothesised that those with an MH flag would have significantly greater benefit from such interventions than those without in terms of how far they are taken down the criminal justice pathway and how long they spend in police custody...
October 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30133955/duty-to-warn-for-potential-risk-of-psychological-harm
#14
Naista Zhand, David G Attwood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971844/men-and-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder-resident-in-dutch-special-psychiatric-units-in-prisons-a-descriptive-and-comparative-study
#15
Chantal van den Brink, Joke M Harte, A Dorina Denzel
BACKGROUND: The overall prevalence of borderline personality disorder is well known, but characteristics of offender patients with the condition are less clear, especially among men. AIM: Describe characteristics of men and women with borderline personality disorder in special psychiatric units in Dutch prisons on three domains: prevalence of child abuse, comorbidity of borderline personality disorder with other disorders, and clinical symptoms. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-seven people were assigned to this study based on a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5) diagnoses retrieved from records...
August 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732624/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-cognitive-skills-programme-for-offenders-with-mental-illness
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Drew A Kingston, Mark E Olver, Jared McDonald, Colin Cameron
BACKGROUND: Interventions for offenders with mental illness have tended to be confined to treatment of illness, with the expectation that symptom reduction will be accompanied by reduced criminal recidivism, but recent evidence suggests that other treatment targets may be more effective against recidivism. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a cognitive skills programme (Reasoning and Rehabilitation 2: Short Version for Adults [R&R2]) among offenders with mental illness...
August 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516559/exploring-the-efficacy-of-reintegrative-shaming-for-non-predatory-offending
#17
Chivon H Fitch, Zavin Nazaretian, Devon Himmel
BACKGROUND: Since Braithwaite advanced reintegrative shaming theory about 25 years ago, the theory has almost invariably been retested only in relation to predatory offending. Few studies have tested the relevance of the theory for non-predatory offending. AIM: This study aims to explore the utility of reintegrative shaming theory in explaining non-predatory crimes. Our main research question was: is acknowledgement of shame apportioned by others associated with reduction in non-predatory offending? METHODS: We used zero-inflated negative binomial modelling to analyse data from a national, longitudinal, population-based study of 1,726 adolescents...
August 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498133/religion-and-desistance-from-substance-use-among-adolescent-offenders-the-role-of-cognitive-functioning
#18
Richard Stansfield
BACKGROUND: Religious beliefs and practices have been shown to have some association with desistance from offending, as have cognitive processes, including emotion regulation, self-control, reasoning, learning, and empathy. Religious behaviours may, however, be moderated or mediated by cognitive abilities, but few studies take this into account. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the role of cognitive ability in any relationship between religious beliefs and behaviours and desistance from substance use among adolescents...
August 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336086/learning-to-blast-a-way-into-crime-or-just-good-clean-fun-examining-aggressive-play-with-toy-weapons-and-its-relation-with-crime
#19
Sven Smith, Christopher J Ferguson, Kevin M Beaver
BACKGROUND: Researchers, such as Bandura, have proposed that children's mere exposure to the use of play weapons encourages deviant displays of aggression, but there is very little research to support this hypothesis of 20 years. AIM: To examine the relationship between amount of weapon play and concurrent aggression as well as later violent juvenile crime, while controlling for other variables possibly influencing criminal pathways. METHOD: Using longitudinal survey data collected from mothers and children (n = 2019) from age 5, with follow-up at age 15, correlations between children's play with toy weapons and juvenile criminality were examined...
August 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336084/age-onset-of-offending-and-serious-mental-illness-among-forensic-psychiatric-patients-a-latent-profile-analysis
#20
Stephanie R Penney, Aaron Prosser, Alexander I F Simpson
BACKGROUND: Developmental typologies regarding age of onset of violence and offending have not routinely taken account of the role of serious mental illness (SMI), and whether age of onset of offending in relation to onset of illness impacts on the manifestation of offending over the life course. AIMS: To test whether forensic psychiatric patients can be classified according to age of onset of SMI and offending, and, if so, whether subtypes differ by sex. METHODS: Details of all 511 patients enrolled into a large forensic mental health service in Ontario, Canada, in 2011 or 2012 were collected from records...
August 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
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