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Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767436/police-interactions-and-interventions-with-suspects-flagged-as-experiencing-mental-health-problems
#1
Eddie Kane, Emily Evans, Jurgen Mitsch, Tahseen Jilani, Philip Quinlan, Jack Cattell, Najat Khalifa
BACKGROUND: Interactions between individuals experiencing mental health (MH) problems and the police are complex, and effectiveness of innovative support and diversion models in England and Wales not yet fully evaluated. AIMS/HYPOTHESES: Our aims were to examine police interactions with suspects and to measure the immediate effectiveness of police/NHS MH interventions, including liaison and diversion and embedded staff in police contact and control rooms. We hypothesised that those with an MH flag would have significantly greater benefit from such interventions than those without in terms of how far they are taken down the criminal justice pathway and how long they spend in police custody...
May 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732624/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-cognitive-skills-programme-for-offenders-with-mental-illness
#2
Drew A Kingston, Mark E Olver, Jared McDonald, Colin Cameron
BACKGROUND: Interventions for offenders with mental illness have tended to be confined to treatment of illness, with the expectation that symptom reduction will be accompanied by reduced criminal recidivism, but recent evidence suggests that other treatment targets may be more effective against recidivism. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a cognitive skills programme (Reasoning and Rehabilitation 2: Short Version for Adults [R&R2]) among offenders with mental illness...
May 6, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516559/exploring-the-efficacy-of-reintegrative-shaming-for-non-predatory-offending
#3
Chivon H Fitch, Zavin Nazaretian, Devon Himmel
BACKGROUND: Since Braithwaite advanced reintegrative shaming theory about 25 years ago, the theory has almost invariably been retested only in relation to predatory offending. Few studies have tested the relevance of the theory for non-predatory offending. AIM: This study aims to explore the utility of reintegrative shaming theory in explaining non-predatory crimes. Our main research question was: is acknowledgement of shame apportioned by others associated with reduction in non-predatory offending? METHODS: We used zero-inflated negative binomial modelling to analyse data from a national, longitudinal, population-based study of 1,726 adolescents...
March 8, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498133/religion-and-desistance-from-substance-use-among-adolescent-offenders-the-role-of-cognitive-functioning
#4
Richard Stansfield
BACKGROUND: Religious beliefs and practices have been shown to have some association with desistance from offending, as have cognitive processes, including emotion regulation, self-control, reasoning, learning, and empathy. Religious behaviours may, however, be moderated or mediated by cognitive abilities, but few studies take this into account. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the role of cognitive ability in any relationship between religious beliefs and behaviours and desistance from substance use among adolescents...
March 1, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624781/predictive-analytics-in-secure-settings
#5
Fearnley David, Welle Dana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417661/shining-lights-in-dark-corners-of-people-s-lives-reaching-consensus-for-people-with-complex-mental-health-difficulties-who-are-given-a-diagnosis-of-personality-disorder
#6
Norman Lamb, Sue Sibbald, Alex Stirzaker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417660/do-terrorists-suffer-from-alexithymia
#7
LETTER
Edwin J Burns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417659/ethical-challenges-to-research-in-the-criminal-justice-system
#8
Penelope Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752943/correlations-between-psychopathology-and-self-reported-quality-of-life-among-adolescents-in-youth-correctional-facilities-in-lagos-nigeria-a-short-report
#9
Olayinka Atilola, Bolanle Ola, Gbonjubola Abiri, Abiodun O Adewuya
BACKGROUND: The relationship between psychopathology and quality of life (QoL) and well-being among young incarcerated offenders has hardly been explored. AIMS: Our aim was to test the hypothesis that higher self-rated psychopathology would be associated with lower QoL among adolescents resident within youth correctional facilities in Lagos. METHODS: Psychopathology was assessed using the Strength and Difficulty Questionnaire (SDQ), while QoL was measured by using the Paediatric Quality of Life...
February 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707709/a-period-prevalence-study-of-being-a-parent-in-a-secure-psychiatric-hospital-and-a-description-of-the-parents-the-children-and-the-impact-of-admission-on-parent-child-contact
#10
Sarah Elizabeth Argent, Laura Riddleston, Jodie Warr, Hannah Tippetts, Zoe Meredith, Pamela Jane Taylor
BACKGROUND: Most secure psychiatric hospital patients are of childbearing age, but their parental status is minimally researched. AIM: The aim of the study is to describe the parent patients in one regional secure hospital and explore post-admission child-parent contact. METHODS: A 9-year records survey of a complete secure hospital admissions cohort was conducted. RESULTS: Nearly half of the cohort of 165 patients (46%) were parents...
February 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632345/multiple-traumatic-experiences-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-offending-behaviour-in-female-prisoners
#11
Thanos Karatzias, Kevin Power, Caroline Woolston, Prathima Apurva, Amelie Begley, Khadija Mirza, Lisa Conway, Carol Quinn, Sally Jowett, Ruth Howard, Allister Purdie
BACKGROUND: Although it is well established that prisoners commonly have histories of childhood trauma, little is known about mediators between exposure to trauma and criminal behaviour. HYPOTHESES: We hypothesised that the experience of trauma in adulthood, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and emotional dysregulation would mediate the relationship between childhood traumatic events and later criminal behaviour. METHODS: Eighty-nine female prisoners were interviewed using standardised scales, in a cross-sectional study design...
February 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568744/structured-risk-assessment-for-reduction-of-multiple-risk-outcomes-in-a-secure-mental-health-setting-use-of-the-start
#12
Cevher Gunenc, Laura E O'Shea, Geoffrey L Dickens
BACKGROUND: Structured risk assessment is commonly used in secure settings to aid prediction and prevention of risky behaviours; the expected benefits have rarely been investigated. AIMS: The aim of the study is to determine whether adverse outcomes (physical and verbal aggression, self-harm, victimisation, self-neglect, unauthorised leave and substance abuse) reduced after patients were assessed with the Short-term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START). METHODS: In a naturalistic study, anonymised demographic and clinical information was collected from 50 male patients...
February 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402002/mental-health-and-associated-factors-among-young-offenders-in-chile-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Jorge Gaete, Nicolas Labbé, Paloma Del Villar, Catalina Allende, Ricardo Araya, Eduardo Valenzuela
BACKGROUND: Few studies in Latin America have explored mental disorder among young offenders, or variables associated with it. AIMS: Our aim was to test for associations between childhood adversity or substance misuse and psychiatric disorders among young offenders. METHODS: Sentenced adolescent offenders were recruited from young offenders' institutions or community centres provided by the Chilean National Service for Minors. Psychiatric disorders were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, conducted by trained psychologists...
February 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276180/cognitive-impairment-self-perceived-health-and-quality-of-life-of-older-prisoners
#14
Nicolas Combalbert, Valérie Pennequin, Claude Ferrand, Marine Armand, Morgane Anselme, Brigitte Geffray
BACKGROUND: There is a wealth of studies of somatic and mental illness among prisoners, but little on older prisoners and their cognitive aging. AIMS: Our study examines the cognitive performance of older male prisoners and its effect on their perceived health and quality of life. METHODS: A total of 138 men aged 50 or over were recruited in seven French prisons and 138 men of similar ages from the general population. Two assessments of executive cognitive functions - the mini-mental state examination and the frontal assessment battery - were administered to each participant, together with self rating schedules of health (Nottingham Health Profile), subjective state of mental health and quality of life (the brief World Health Organisation Quality of Life Questionnaire)...
February 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27324072/training-probation-officers-in-case-formulation-for-personality-disordered-offenders
#15
Susan Brown, Chris Beeley, Gita Patel, Birgit Völlm
BACKGROUND: The UK Strategy on Managing High Risk of Serious Harm Offenders with Severe Personality Disorder proposes an important role for offender managers in completing case formulations about such offenders. There is little evidence on whether this can be achieved. AIM: Our primary aims were to devise, implement and evaluate training in case formulation for offender managers. A secondary aim was to assess whether the training led to changes in offender manager attitudes towards working with offenders with personality disorder...
February 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336086/learning-to-blast-a-way-into-crime-or-just-good-clean-fun-examining-aggressive-play-with-toy-weapons-and-its-relation-with-crime
#16
Sven Smith, Christopher J Ferguson, Kevin M Beaver
BACKGROUND: Researchers, such as Bandura, have proposed that children's mere exposure to the use of play weapons encourages deviant displays of aggression, but there is very little research to support this hypothesis of 20 years. AIM: To examine the relationship between amount of weapon play and concurrent aggression as well as later violent juvenile crime, while controlling for other variables possibly influencing criminal pathways. METHOD: Using longitudinal survey data collected from mothers and children (n = 2019) from age 5, with follow-up at age 15, correlations between children's play with toy weapons and juvenile criminality were examined...
January 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336084/age-onset-of-offending-and-serious-mental-illness-among-forensic-psychiatric-patients-a-latent-profile-analysis
#17
Stephanie R Penney, Aaron Prosser, Alexander I F Simpson
BACKGROUND: Developmental typologies regarding age of onset of violence and offending have not routinely taken account of the role of serious mental illness (SMI), and whether age of onset of offending in relation to onset of illness impacts on the manifestation of offending over the life course. AIMS: To test whether forensic psychiatric patients can be classified according to age of onset of SMI and offending, and, if so, whether subtypes differ by sex. METHODS: Details of all 511 patients enrolled into a large forensic mental health service in Ontario, Canada, in 2011 or 2012 were collected from records...
January 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336069/an-examination-of-the-interaction-between-morality-and-self-control-in-offending-a-study-of-differences-between-girls-and-boys
#18
Anna-Karin Ivert, Frida Andersson, Robert Svensson, Lieven J R Pauwels, Marie Torstensson Levander
BACKGROUND: There is a well-documented gender difference in offending, with evidence that boys, on average, are more involved in crime than girls. Opinions differ, however, on whether the causes of crime apply to girls and boys similarly. AIMS: Our aim is to explore crime propensity in boys and girls. Our research questions were (1) are there differences between boys and girls in moral values and self-control; (2) are these attributes similarly correlated with offending among girls and boys; and (3) is any interaction effect between morality and self-control identical for girls and boys...
January 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285817/predicting-delinquency-by-self-reported-impulsivity-in-adolescents-in-ghana
#19
Samuel Adjorlolo, Edward Asamoah, Sarah Adu-Poku
BACKGROUND: Impulsivity is one of several variables associated with delinquent and criminal acts, but its utility depends on the psychometric properties of the measure used. AIM: To investigate the latent structure of the abbreviated Barratt Impulsivity Scale (ABIS) and its convergent validity with measures of aggression and psychopathy in a Ghanaian sample. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey, high school students were recruited from two randomly selected schools in Ghana and asked to respond to the ABIS and measures of delinquency, aggression and psychopathy...
December 28, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280509/screening-for-mental-health-needs-of-new-zealand-youth-in-secure-care-facilities-using-the-maysi-2
#20
Sean McArdle, Ian Lambie
BACKGROUND: Young people admitted to secure facilities generally have particularly high rates of mental, emotional and behavioural problems, but little is known about the mental health needs of this group in New Zealand. AIMS: To describe prevalence of probable mental health disorder and related needs among young people in secure facilities in New Zealand. METHODS: Massachusetts youth screening instrument - second version (MAYSI-2) data were obtained from the records of young people admitted to one secure care facility (n = 204) within a 12 month period...
December 27, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
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