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Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH

Thanos Karatzias, Kevin Power, Caroline Woolston, Prathima Apurva, Amelie Begley, Carol Quinn, Sally Jowett, Ruth Howard, Allister Purdie
BACKGROUND: Although it is well established that prisoners commonly have histories of childhood trauma, little is known about mediators between exposure to trauma and criminal behaviour. HYPOTHESES: We hypothesised that the experience of trauma in adulthood, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and emotional dysregulation would mediate the relationship between childhood traumatic events and later criminal behaviour. METHODS: Eighty-nine female prisoners were interviewed using standardised scales, in a cross-sectional study design...
June 20, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Glenn D Walters
BACKGROUND: There is some consensus on the value of cognitive-behaviourally informed interventions in the criminal justice system, but uncertainty about which components are of critical value. AIMS: To test the hypothesis that change in prisoners - criminal thinking and institutional misconduct - will both follow completion of a brief cognitive behavioural intervention. METHODS: A one-group pre-test-post-test quasi-experimental design was used to assess change on the General Criminal Thinking (GCT) scale of the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles among 219 male prisoners completing a 10-week cognitive behavioural intervention, referred to as 'Lifestyle Issues'...
June 7, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Cevher Gunenc, Laura E O'Shea, Geoffrey L Dickens
BACKGROUND: Structured risk assessment is commonly used in secure settings to aid prediction and prevention of risky behaviours; the expected benefits have rarely been investigated. AIMS: The aim of the study is to determine whether adverse outcomes (physical and verbal aggression, self-harm, victimisation, self-neglect, unauthorised leave and substance abuse) reduced after patients were assessed with the Short-term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START). METHODS: In a naturalistic study, anonymised demographic and clinical information was collected from 50 male patients...
June 1, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Sanne Oostermeijer, Kirsten C Smeets, Lucres M C Jansen, Tijs Jambroes, Nanda N J Rommelse, Floor E Scheepers, Jan K Buitelaar, Arne Popma
BACKGROUND: Aggression is often divided into reactive and proactive forms. Reactive aggression is typically thought to encompass 'blaming others' and 'assuming the worst', while proactive aggression relates to 'self-centeredness' and 'minimising/mislabelling'. AIM: Our aim was to evaluate relationships between reactive and proactive aggression and cognitive distortions and to test whether changes in these cognitions relate to changes in aggression. METHODS: A total of 151 adolescents (60% boys; mean age 15...
May 24, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Jorge Gaete, Nicolas Labbé, Paloma Del Villar, Catalina Allende, Ricardo Araya, Eduardo Valenzuela
BACKGROUND: Few studies in Latin America have explored mental disorder among young offenders, or variables associated with it. AIMS: Our aim was to test for associations between childhood adversity or substance misuse and psychiatric disorders among young offenders. METHODS: Sentenced adolescent offenders were recruited from young offenders' institutions or community centres provided by the Chilean National Service for Minors. Psychiatric disorders were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, conducted by trained psychologists...
April 12, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Marko Manninen, Jaana Suvisaari, Niko Marola, Mikko Aaltonen
BACKGROUND: There is evidence from around the world that disruptive behaviour during adolescence is associated with increased risk of later criminality. Outcomes for young people placed in the Finnish residential school because of severe conduct problems are not known. AIMS: Our aims were to investigate criminality after leaving a residential school placement during adolescence, and to compare trends in criminality between four successive graduate cohorts (1991, 1996, 2001 and 2006)...
April 3, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Simona Traverso, Giovanni Battista Traverso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Martin Clarke, Leah Warwick, Birgit Völlm
BACKGROUND: Circles of support and accountability, or Circles, use community volunteers to help reintegrate sex offenders at risk of reoffending in the community. AIMS: The aims of this study are to describe the first 275 male sex offenders ('core members') in England and Wales supported by a Circle and to compare those attending the five largest Circles. METHODS: As part of their monitoring activity, 10 Circles extracted data from case files, anonymised it and submitted it to Circles UK, the national oversight body...
April 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Gwen Adshead, Natalie Pyszora, Claire Wilson, Ramesh Gopie, Deryk Thomas, Julia Smith, Emily Glorney, Estelle Moore, James Tapp
BACKGROUND: Moving on from high secure psychiatric care can be a complex and potentially stressful experience, which may hinder progression. A leavers' group in a UK high secure hospital is offered to support patients with this transition. AIMS: The aims of this study are to investigate characteristics of patients referred for the leavers' group and compare outcomes for leavers' group graduates with those for patients who never attended a leavers' group for any reason...
April 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Jesse Cale, Patrick Lussier
BACKGROUND: Very little is understood about the developmental antecedents of sexual behaviour prior to adolescence. AIMS: Our aim was to examine the impact of different forms of intimate partner violence on early childhood sexual development. METHODS: We used data from an ongoing prospective longitudinal cohort study of Canadian families. Intimate partner violence of various kinds was measured using a modified version of the Conflict Tactics Scale...
April 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Hideki Miura, Yasuyuki Fuchigami
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested a relationship between cognitive impairment and recidivism, but most have adopted a retrospective design. AIM: The aim of this study was to test for any relationship between impaired executive function in adolescents with conduct disorder and subsequent recidivism up to 3 years later. METHOD: In this prospective cohort study, 221 male adolescents with conduct disorder, admitted to a juvenile justice assessment centre for the first time, were interviewed about their offence, age, onset of delinquency and family history...
April 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
John Stratton, Michael Brook, Robert E Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive dysfunction, a core feature of schizophrenia, is thought to contribute to the impulsive violent aggression manifested by some individuals with schizophrenia, but not enough is known about how homicidal individuals with schizophrenia perform on neuropsychological measures. AIMS: The primary aim of our study was to describe the neuropsychological profiles of homicide offenders with schizophrenia. Supplementary analyses compared the criminal, psychiatric and neuropsychological features of schizophrenic homicide offenders with and without God/Satan/demon-themed psychotic symptoms...
April 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Mansfield Mela, Marilyn Baetz, Gene Marcoux, Daniel Delury, Brent Cooper, Tolulope T Sajobi
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials and meta-analyses provide some evidence for effectiveness of forgiveness therapy delivered individually or in groups. To date, however, forgiveness therapy has not been evaluated with mentally disordered offenders. Given the high prevalence of experienced and perpetrated trauma among such people, this population may particularly benefit from such an intervention. AIM: The aim of this study is to test the feasibility and impact of a 'learn to forgive' group programme among mentally disordered offenders on a specialist secure hospital setting...
April 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Kristina Sygel, Joakim Sturup, Uno Fors, Hanna Edberg, Joakim Gavazzeni, Katarina Howner, Mats Persson, Marianne Kristiansson
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests that female violent offenders at risk of a prison sentence are more likely than their male counterparts to be assessed as having mental health problems of a nature or degree that would lead to a court requirement for hospital treatment. AIMS/HYPOTHESES: To test the hypothesis that there is bias towards hospital disposal of female compared with male violent offenders with mental disorder. METHODS: In Sweden, the National Board of Forensic Medicine oversees all assessments of mental disorder for the criminal courts...
April 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Nicolas Combalbert, Valérie Pennequin, Claude Ferrand, Marine Armand, Morgane Anselme, Brigitte Geffray
BACKGROUND: There is a wealth of studies of somatic and mental illness among prisoners, but little on older prisoners and their cognitive aging. AIMS: Our study examines the cognitive performance of older male prisoners and its effect on their perceived health and quality of life. METHODS: A total of 138 men aged 50 or over were recruited in seven French prisons and 138 men of similar ages from the general population. Two assessments of executive cognitive functions - the mini-mental state examination and the frontal assessment battery - were administered to each participant, together with self rating schedules of health (Nottingham Health Profile), subjective state of mental health and quality of life (the brief World Health Organisation Quality of Life Questionnaire)...
March 9, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
John Robst, Mary Armstrong, Norin Dollard
BACKGROUND: High rates of mental health disorders and exposure to trauma among the juvenile justice population highlight the importance of understanding whether and how mental health services can help prevent further justice system involvement as well as provide treatment. AIMS: We had two principal questions: Is out-of-home mental health treatment after arrest associated with reduced recidivism among young people who have been exposed to trauma? Are particular types of out-of-home treatment associated with better outcomes? We hypothesised that type of residential setting would affect outcomes among those with histories of serious trauma...
March 9, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Conor Duggan, Roland Jones
Predicting the likelihood of harm posed by mentally disordered offenders remains controversial. It is proposed that a Bayesian approach may help quantify the uncertainty surrounding such prediction. An example of this approach quantifying the risk of breast cancer in the event of a positive mammogram is provided. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
February 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Cameron N McIntosh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Karin M Vermeulen, Danielle E M C Jansen, Erik J Knorth, Erik Buskens, Sijmen A Reijneveld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Kasja Woicik, Rosalind van der Lem, Jelle J Sijtsema, Stefan Bogaerts
BACKGROUND: 'No-show' is important in today's mental healthcare services, yet in forensic psychiatry, little is known about its relationship to general and disorder-specific patient characteristics. AIMS: The aim of this article is to determine the prevalence of no-show and any general and disorder-specific features associated with no-show in a cohort of offenders with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder registered at a specialist forensic mental health clinic...
February 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
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