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Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607230/preventing-torture-for-people-deprived-of-freedom-the-atlantic-hope-and-black-swan-prison-model
#1
Ernest N Ogbozor, Mara L Schoeny, Andrew Baer
International law and minimum standards provide certain protection for detainees and prisoners of war (POW) against torture and ill-treatment. Places of detention and parties to conflicts are often monitored to ensure that they adhere to the required standards through, for example, visits to individual detainees and the assessment of facilities. However, monitoring between the point of arrest and eventual remand in prisons is largely inadequate. This paper explains an emerging model to enhance protection of prisoners through readiness training for prospective humanitarian personnel...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607229/recognition-and-treatment-of-law-enforcement-violence-against-detainees-and-prisoners-a-survey-among-israeli-physicians-and-medical-students
#2
Zvi Benninga, Bettina Steiner-Birmanns, Revital Arbel, Firas Abu Akar, Mushira Aboo Dia
INTRODUCTION: Physicians regularly encounter victims of violence. Although some at-risk groups are increasingly recognized as such, the risks faced by prisoners and detainees are often overlooked. The scope of violence against them is unknown and their treatment is often hampered by unique social and institutional impediments. This article reviews the need for improved recognition and protection of such patients and the associated obstacles, while presenting information on the experience, knowledge and attitudes of physicians in Israel regarding the maltreatment of prisoners and detainees...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607228/mercy-for-money-torture-s-link-to-profit-in-sri-lanka-a-retrospective-review
#3
Wendell Block, Jessica Lee, Kera Vijayasingham
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this retrospective study is to describe the pattern of bribe taking in exchange for release from torture, during and after the decades-long war in Sri Lanka. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of 98 refugee claimants from Sri Lanka referred to the Canadian Centre for Victims of Torture for medical assessments prior to their refugee hearings in Toronto between 1989 and 2013. We tallied the number of incidents in which claimants described paying cash or jewelry to end torture, and collected other associated data such as demographics, organizations of the perpetrators, locations, and, if available, amounts paid...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607227/an-evaluation-of-combined-narrative-exposure-therapy-and-physiotherapy-for-comorbid-ptsd-and-chronic-pain-in-torture-survivors
#4
Iselin Dibaj, Joar Øveraas Halvorsen, Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair, Håkon Inge Stenmark
INTRODUCTION: Torture is associated with adverse health consequences, with especially high rates of PTSD, depression and chronic pain. Despite increased awareness of the relationship between pain and posttraumaticsymptoms, and the accompanying need for effective treatment strategies, few studies have examined an integrated treatment of comorbid PTSD and pain. METHODS: In this study, using an A-B case series design with three and six month follow-up, six refugee torture survivors with comorbid PTSD, depression and chronic pain received 20 sessions of Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET) and 10 sessions of physiotherapy...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607226/psychotherapy-for-torture-survivors-suggested-pathways-for-research
#5
Pau Pérez-Sales
Editorial.
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102190/related-to-a-comparative-study-of-the-use-of-the-istanbul-protocol-amongst-civil-society-organizations-in-low-income-countries-pp-60-73-response-to-comment-i-and-ii-by-the-authors
#6
Toby Kelly, Steffen Jensen, Morten Koch Andersen, Catrine Christiansen, Jeevan Raj Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102189/debate-related-to-a-comparative-study-of-the-use-of-the-istanbul-protocol-amongst-civil-society-organizations-in-low-income-countries-pp-60-73-comment-ii-documentation-of-torture-and-justice-bon-pour-l-orient-i
#7
Önder Özkalıpcı
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102188/debate-related-to-a-comparative-study-of-the-use-of-the-istanbul-protocol-amongst-civil-society-organizations-in-low-income-countries-pp-60-73-comment-i-istanbul-protocol-in-low-income-countries-a-reply
#8
Rusudan Beriashvili, Vincent Iacopino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102187/a-comparative-study-of-the-use-of-the-istanbul-protocol-amongst-civil-society-organizations-in-low-income-countries
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Toby Kelly, Steffen Jensen, Morten Koch Andersen, Catrine Christiansen, Jeevan Raj Sharma
The Istanbul Protocol (IP) is one of the great success stories of the global anti-torture movement, setting out universal guidelines for the production of rigorous, objective and reliable evidence about allegations of torture and ill-treatment. The IP is explicitly designed to outline 'minimum standards for States'. However, it is all too often left to civil society organizations to investigate allegations of torture and ill-treatment. In this context, important questions remain as to how and where the IP can be used best by such organizations...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102186/enhancing-empathy-among-humanitarian-workers-through-project-miracle-development-and-initial-validation-of-the-helpful-responses-to-refugees-questionnaire
#10
Miriam Potocky, Kristen L Guskovict
BACKGROUND: Empathy is an important tool needed for service providers working with people who have experienced trauma, such as refugees and torture survivors. However, the high caseloads, rigorous deadlines, and overwhelming circumstances under which humanitarian workers typically operate often make it challenging to employ empathy. The Helpful Responses to Refugees Questionnaire (HRRQ) was developed to measure empathetic responsiveness, a core skill of Motivational Interviewing, among service providers working with refugees, including torture survivors...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102185/incommunicado-detention-and-torture-in-spain-part-iv-psychological-and-psychiatric-consequences-of-ill-treatment-and-torture-trauma-and-human-worldviews
#11
Miguel Angel Navarro-Lashaya, Pau Pérez-Sales, Gabriela Lopez Neyr, Maitane Arnoso Martínez, Benito Morentin
BACKGROUND: Most literature on psychological consequences of torture is related to prolonged detention. Psychological consequences of intensive physical and psychological torture in brief detention have not been investigated. The aim of this study is to analyse the psychological impact of torture in short-term incommunicado detention. METHOD: A sample of 45 Basque people who had allegedly been subjected to ill-treatment or torture whilst held in incommunicado detention between two and 11 days in Spain in the period 1980-2012 was analysed...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102184/incommunicado-detention-and-torture-in-spain-part-iii-five-days-is-enough-the-concept-of-torturing-environments
#12
Pau Pérez-Sales, Miguel Angel Navarro-Lashayas, Angeles Plaza, Benito Morentin, Oihana Barrios Salinas
BACKGROUND: Torture is changing in western societies, evolving from pain-producing torture to more subtle mixed psychological methods that are harder to detect. Despite this, there is not an adequate understanding of the complexities of contemporary psychological techniques used in coercive interrogation and torture. METHODS: The interrogation and torture techniques used on 45 detainees held in short-term incommunicado detention in Spain during the period 1980-2012 were analyzed...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102183/incommunicado-detention-and-torture-in-spain-part-ii-enhanced-credibility-assessment-based-on-the-istanbul-protocol
#13
Pau Pérez-Sales, Benito Morentin, Olatz Barrenetxea, Miguel Angel Navarro-Lashayas
BACKGROUND: The Istanbul Protocol (IP) is the key instrument in the documentation of allegations of torture. However, few scientific studies have evaluated its effectiveness as a tool to assess credibility of allegations of ill-treatment or torture. OBJECTIVE: Present data on the credibility of allegations of torture in a sample of 45 Basque people held in short-term incommunicado detention between 1980 and 2012, using a modified version of the Standard Evaluation Form for Credibility Assessment (SEC), a new tool to assess credibility based on the IP...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102182/incommunicado-detention-and-torture-in-spain-part-i-the-istanbul-protocol-project-in-the-basque-country
#14
(no author information available yet)
There is increasing evidence to show that torture is a serious problem in the Basque Country. Whilst such evidence can be found in reports of international human rights monitoring bodies, sentences of Spanish and international courts, and empirical studies, they are limited in not having followed the Istanbul Protocol (IP) in order to evaluate the reliability of torture. A working group composed of professional associations of psychiatrists, psychologists, physicians and lawyers, in collaboration with the University of the Basque Country, conducted a four-year study on the medical and psychological consequences of torture in incommunicado detainees, including an assessment of credibility in line with the IP...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102181/editorial-the-torture-journal-a-home-for-all
#15
Pau Pérez-Sales
Editorial.
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858782/statement-on-anal-examinations-in-cases-of-alleged-homosexuality
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858781/torture-survivors-symptom-load-compared-to-chronic-pain-and-psychiatric-in-patients
#17
Uwe Harlacher, Linda Nordin, Peter Polatin
Before their entry into the rehabilitation program at the Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture Victims ('RCT') in Copenhagen, the degree of symptoms of a group of resettled traumatized refugees was assessed by means of two rating scales: the Disability Rating Index (DRI) (n=197), measuring pain-related functional disability, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) (n=147). The results obtained were compared with other patient populations, which included (1) a large Swedish mixed pain group and (2) various groups of pain patients previously investigated in the validation study of the DRI scale...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858780/prevalence-of-torture-and-other-warrelated-traumatic-events-in-forced-migrants-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Erika Sigvardsdotter, Marjan Vaez, Ann-Marie Rydholm Hedman, Fredrik Saboonchi
AIM: To describe and appraise the research literature reporting prevalence of torture and/or war-related potentially traumatic experiences (PTEs) in adult forced migrants living in high-income countries. METHODS: A search for peer-reviewed articles in English was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, PILOTS, key journals, and reference lists. Studies based on clinical samples and samples where less than half of participants were forced migrants were excluded. Data was extracted and a methodological quality appraisal was performed...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858779/measuring-change-and-changing-measures-the-development-of-a-torture-survivor-specific-measure-of-change
#19
Rebecca Horn, Andy Keefe
Freedom from Torture is a UK-based human rights organisation dedicated to the treatment and rehabilitation of torture survivors. The organisation has been working towards the development of a clinical outcome tool for a number of years, and the purpose of this paper is to (a) describe the process of developing the tool and the final tool itself, and (b) to outline the system which Freedom from Torture has established to collect, record and analyse the data produced. A review of the literature revealed that existing measures were not appropriate for measuring psychological and emotional change amongst torture survivors; therefore the organisation undertook to develop a tool specifically designed for this target group...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858778/creating-community-life-among-immigrant-survivors-of-torture-and-their-allies
#20
Nancy Bothne, Christopher B Keys
This qualitative study describes how immigrant survivors of torture in the United States built relationships among each other to form a psychological sense of community. Eight men and seven women from 11 different countries were recruited through a torture treatment center and a survivor-led advocacy and support coalition. This qualitative study explored how participants described their experiences of community life. An advisory group that included torture survivors, torture treatment practitioners, abolition advocates and academic experts guided the study...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
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