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Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047490/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-a-south-african-psychosocial-model-for-the-rehabilitation-of-torture-survivors
#1
Dominique Dix-Peek, Dominique Dix-Peek, Merle Werbeloff
To address the consequences of past torture experiences as well as current traumas and daily stressors, the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation (CSVR) developed a contextually appropriate psychosocial framework for the rehabilitation of individuals who have been affected by torture. METHOD: To test the efficacy of this framework, a quasiexperimental study was conducted with torture survivor clients of the CSVR who met the 1985 United Nations Convention Against Torture (UNCAT) definition...
2018: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047488/ill-treatment-and-torture-in-demonstrations-and-other-non-custodial-settings-how-can-academic-research-help-in-the-discussion
#2
Pau Pérez-Sales
Editorial.
2018: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047494/factor-interaction-in-prevention-of-torture-reflections-based-on-carver-s-and-handley-s-research
#3
Hans Draminsky Petersen
"Does torture prevention work?" is a very comprehensive book based on commendably profound research in 16 countries. It contains a wealth of very important results concerning the relationship between a multitude of factors in the prevention and occurrence of torture. However, the results described may be interpreted in a manner different to how it was done in the book. The intention of this paper is to draw attention to some challenges in the research design and to give a broader view of the complexity of torture prevention...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047493/cultural-logics-of-emotion-implications-for-understanding-torture-and-its-sequelae
#4
L J Kirmayer, Lauren Ban, James Jaranson
This paper explores the significance of cultural variations in emotion for the meaning and impact of torture, focusingon the dynamics of shame, humiliation, and powerlessness. Forms of physical and psychological pain and suffering share some common neurobiological pathways and regulatory systems that are influenced by social and cultural factors. All forms of torture follow an affective logic rooted both in human biology and in local social and cultural meanings of experience. Understanding the impact of specific forms of torture on individuals requires knowledge of their learning histories, and of the personal and cultural meanings of specific kinds of violence...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047492/an-ethical-and-aesthetic-challenge-symbolic-reparation-and-the-construction-of-memory
#5
Vera Vital-Brasil
This article concerns the Clínicas do Testemunho, a pilot project carried out in Rio de Janeiro, which was supported by the Amnesty Commission of the Brazilian Ministry of Justice and was carried out between 2013 and 2015. It highlights how giving testimony can be a vehicle for psychological reparation and can help in the process of constructing individual and collective memory, as well as resistance. The article begins with a narrative about the dictatorship and the struggle for Memory, Truth, Justice and Reparation that followed, showing how psychological reparation emerged as one of the components of this process...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047491/the-chronic-traumatic-stress-framework-a-conceptual-model-to-guide-empirical-investigation-and-mental-health-treatment-for-refugees-and-survivors-of-torture
#6
Karen Fondacaro, Emily Mazzulla
An increasing number of refugees and survivors of torture resettled in the United States are presenting to clinics for treatment related to trauma and postmigration difficulties. Although clinicians experienced in treating trauma with diverse populations may recognize the limitations of a PTSD diagnosis, one of the primary diagnoses received by refugees and survivors of torture remains post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A variety of interventions exist (e.g., supportive, trauma specific, interdisciplinary including physical, social and psychological) for survivors of torture and trauma that move beyond this diagnosis, however, a unifying conceptual model is needed to guide treatment and further the empirical investigation and evidence base in this growing field...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047489/towards-a-contextually-appropriate-framework-to-guide-counseling-of-torture-survivors-in-sub-saharan-africa
#7
Craig Higson-Smith, Gillian Eagle
INTRODUCTION: If the right to rehabilitation is to become a meaningful reality for torture survivors in sub-Saharan Africa, it is necessary that counseling practice be responsive to the contextual and cultural demands of the region. Recent reviews of evidence-based practice with torture survivors are discussed with a focus on those approaches developed and/or tested with torture survivors in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: The results of a mixed methods study of ongoing torture rehabilitation work are reported...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043769/tortured-logic-information-and-brutality-in-interrogations
#8
John John W Schiemann
BACKGROUND: Pragmatic arguments for interrogational torture rest on the twin assumptions that torture generates reliable information and that torture can be controlled and limited. METHODS: I assess the claims of torture proponents by providing the intuition behind a game theoretic model of interrogational torture. Tracing out the logic of different combinations of possible interrogators and detainee types results in eight outcomes that can be compared to three claims made by torture proponents: that information will be predictably reliable, that the frequency of torture will be minimized, including no torture of innocents, and that the severity of torture can likewise be limited and controlled...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043768/impact-of-net-on-torture-survivors-in-the-mena-region
#9
A K Viller Hansen, Nete Sloth Hansen-Nord, Issam Smeir, Lianne Engelkes-Heby, Jens Modvig
INTRODUCTION: Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET) is a brief cognitive-behavioural intervention for individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) which has mostly been used to treat traumatised asylum seekers and refugees in highincome settings. Evidence is scarce on the effectiveness of NET with torture survivors, especially in the Middle East and North African (MENA) region where health systems are unable to meet the increasing needs of mental health disorders caused by war and displacement...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043767/rehabilitation-of-torture-survivors-and-prevention-of-torture-priorities-for-research-through-a-modified-delphi-study
#10
Pau Pérez-Sales, Nicola Witcombe, Diego Alonso-Otero
BACKGROUND: Research is a key element in prevention and in ensuring that survivors of torture have access to appropriate and effective rehabilitation, but it is often neglected as more pressing issues frequently come first. METHODS: A modified Delphi study with three rounds of consultation was used to reach a consensus of expert panellists with respect to top research priorities in the interdisciplinary field of torture rehabilitation and prevention. Panellists included professionals (medical, psychologists and psychiatrists, lawyers, social workers and members of organizations of survivors) from 23 countries balanced by gender, geographical area, profession and area of work (country of asylum versus where torture is perpetrated)...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043766/call-to-action-reinvigorating-a-global-research-agenda-for-the-sector
#11
Pau Pérez-Sales
Editorial.
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043765/the-united-states-supreme-court-case-ziglar-v-abbasi-and-the-severe-psychological-and-physiological-harms-of-solitary-confinement
#12
Eric Ordway, Jessica Djilani, Alexandria Swette
In the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, a group of Middle Eastern, North African, and South Asian men was arrested for immigration violations, held as "terrorism suspects," and detained in federal prison for months. Each of these men was, or was believed to be, Muslim or Arab. These men (the "Detainees") alleged that they were detained solely on the basis of their religion or race, and that there was no individualized basis to suspect them of terrorism. They further alleged that, during their detention, they were abused physically and verbally and subjected to inhumane conditions, including solitary confinement...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043764/obstacles-to-torture-rehabilitation-at-guant%C3%A3-namo-bay
#13
James Connell, Alka Pradhan, Margaux Lander
This article sets out the legal duty of the United States of America to provide victims of torture and cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment (CIDT) the right to full rehabilitation under international law, including those still detained at the facility at Guantánamo Bay. After an examination of some of the torture methods used on these detainees, while they were in the custody of the CIA and arguably afterwards, it goes on to indicate the current obstacles to rehabilitation, including on-going incarceration, lack of impunity, classification of medical documents and limited access to non-military staff...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043763/an-account-of-life-after-guant%C3%A3-namo-a-rehabilitation-project-for-former-guant%C3%A3-namo-detainees-across-continents
#14
Polly Rossdale, Katie Taylor
This paper describes a project established in 2009 by the human rights charity, Reprieve, to coordinate rehabilitation for men who have been released from long-term detention at the US military base of Guantánamo Bay. The majority of the men referred to the project were deemed unable to return to their home country because of the risk they faced of torture or other persecution and were therefore resettled in a third country. This paper also refers to Tunisian former Guantánamo detainees with whom Reprieve worked, who had initially been resettled in a third country but then following the Jasmine Revolution and the fall of the Ben Ali regime, were able to return to their home country...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043762/detainees-perception-of-the-doctors-and-the-medical-institution-in-spanish-police-stations-an-impediment-in-the-fight-against-torture-and-ill-treatment
#15
Hans Draminsky Petersen, Jessica Lee, Benito Morentin
BACKGROUND: As part of a program by the Basque Government (Spain) and the University of the Basque Country, persons who have alleged exposure to torture and ill-treatment have been examined by psychologists and psychiatrists according to the Istanbul Protocol (IP). Medical examinations of detainees with the aim, inter alia, to document abuses is fundamental for torture prevention. The IP prescribes how this should be done to ensure data collection and prevent reprisals for having reported ill-treatment to the doctor...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043761/can-disability-predict-treatment-outcome-among-traumatized-refugees
#16
Sabrina Friis Jørgensen, Mikkel A Auning-Hansen, Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair, Ask Elklit
The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of disability on changes in symptoms of PTSD, anxiety, and depression among treatment-seeking traumatized refugees. Eighty-one refugees participated in different rehabilitation programs. PTSD symptomatology was assessed by the HTQ-IV and symptoms of depression and anxiety were assessed by the HSCL-25. Disability was assessed by the WHODAS 2.0 before treatment. Following treatment, no statistically significant changes in PTSD, depression, and anxiety symptom scores were observed...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043760/drawing-the-fine-line-between-interrogation-and-torture-towards-a-universal-protocol-on-investigative-interviewing
#17
Pau Pérez-Sales
Editorial.
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607230/preventing-torture-for-people-deprived-of-freedom-the-atlantic-hope-and-black-swan-prison-model
#18
Ernest N Ogbozor, Mara L Schoeny, Andrew Baer
International law and minimum standards provide certain protection for detainees and prisoners of war (POW) against torture and ill-treatment. Places of detention and parties to conflicts are often monitored to ensure that they adhere to the required standards through, for example, visits to individual detainees and the assessment of facilities. However, monitoring between the point of arrest and eventual remand in prisons is largely inadequate. This paper explains an emerging model to enhance protection of prisoners through readiness training for prospective humanitarian personnel...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607229/recognition-and-treatment-of-law-enforcement-violence-against-detainees-and-prisoners-a-survey-among-israeli-physicians-and-medical-students
#19
REVIEW
Zvi Benninga, Bettina Steiner-Birmanns, Revital Arbel, Firas Abu Akar, Mushira Aboo Dia
INTRODUCTION: Physicians regularly encounter victims of violence. Although some at-risk groups are increasingly recognized as such, the risks faced by prisoners and detainees are often overlooked. The scope of violence against them is unknown and their treatment is often hampered by unique social and institutional impediments. This article reviews the need for improved recognition and protection of such patients and the associated obstacles, while presenting information on the experience, knowledge and attitudes of physicians in Israel regarding the maltreatment of prisoners and detainees...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607228/mercy-for-money-torture-s-link-to-profit-in-sri-lanka-a-retrospective-review
#20
REVIEW
Wendell Block, Jessica Lee, Kera Vijayasingham
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this retrospective study is to describe the pattern of bribe taking in exchange for release from torture, during and after the decades-long war in Sri Lanka. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of 98 refugee claimants from Sri Lanka referred to the Canadian Centre for Victims of Torture for medical assessments prior to their refugee hearings in Toronto between 1989 and 2013. We tallied the number of incidents in which claimants described paying cash or jewelry to end torture, and collected other associated data such as demographics, organizations of the perpetrators, locations, and, if available, amounts paid...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
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