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Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858782/statement-on-anal-examinations-in-cases-of-alleged-homosexuality
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858781/torture-survivors-symptom-load-compared-to-chronic-pain-and-psychiatric-in-patients
#2
Uwe Harlacher, Linda Nordin, Peter Polatin
Before their entry into the rehabilitation program at the Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture Victims ('RCT') in Copenhagen, the degree of symptoms of a group of resettled traumatized refugees was assessed by means of two rating scales: the Disability Rating Index (DRI) (n=197), measuring pain-related functional disability, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) (n=147). The results obtained were compared with other patient populations, which included (1) a large Swedish mixed pain group and (2) various groups of pain patients previously investigated in the validation study of the DRI scale...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858780/prevalence-of-torture-and-other-warrelated-traumatic-events-in-forced-migrants-a-systematic-review
#3
Erika Sigvardsdotter, Marjan Vaez, Ann-Marie Rydholm Hedman, Fredrik Saboonchi
AIM: To describe and appraise the research literature reporting prevalence of torture and/or war-related potentially traumatic experiences (PTEs) in adult forced migrants living in high-income countries. METHODS: A search for peer-reviewed articles in English was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, PILOTS, key journals, and reference lists. Studies based on clinical samples and samples where less than half of participants were forced migrants were excluded. Data was extracted and a methodological quality appraisal was performed...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858779/measuring-change-and-changing-measures-the-development-of-a-torture-survivor-specific-measure-of-change
#4
Rebecca Horn, Andy Keefe
Freedom from Torture is a UK-based human rights organisation dedicated to the treatment and rehabilitation of torture survivors. The organisation has been working towards the development of a clinical outcome tool for a number of years, and the purpose of this paper is to (a) describe the process of developing the tool and the final tool itself, and (b) to outline the system which Freedom from Torture has established to collect, record and analyse the data produced. A review of the literature revealed that existing measures were not appropriate for measuring psychological and emotional change amongst torture survivors; therefore the organisation undertook to develop a tool specifically designed for this target group...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858778/creating-community-life-among-immigrant-survivors-of-torture-and-their-allies
#5
Nancy Bothne, Christopher B Keys
This qualitative study describes how immigrant survivors of torture in the United States built relationships among each other to form a psychological sense of community. Eight men and seven women from 11 different countries were recruited through a torture treatment center and a survivor-led advocacy and support coalition. This qualitative study explored how participants described their experiences of community life. An advisory group that included torture survivors, torture treatment practitioners, abolition advocates and academic experts guided the study...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857003/mental-health-interventions-and-priorities-for-research-for-adult-survivors-of-torture-and-systematic-violence-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
William M Weiss, Ana M Ugueto, Zayan Mahmooth, Laura K Murray, Brian J Hall, Maya Nadison, Andrew Rasmussen, Jennifer S Lee, Andrea Vazzano, Judy Bass, Paul Bolton
This research describes the development and findings of a literature review and analysis meant to inform the international torture and trauma treatment community. The review focuses on interventions that have been used among populations affected by torture, based on a review of journals indexed in commonly used search engines. Work on the review began in September 2008 and continued to be updated until March 2014. In total, 88 studies of interventions for torture victims were identified. Studies ranged from randomized controlled trials utilizing evidence-based treatments to case studies employing non-structured, supportive therapies...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857002/reviewing-outcomes-of-psychological-interventions-with-torture-survivors-conceptual-methodological-and-ethical-issues
#7
Nimisha Patel, Amanda C de C Williams, Blerina Kellezi
BACKGROUND: Torture survivors face multiple problems, including psychological difficulties, whether they are refugees or remain in the country where they were tortured. Provision of rehabilitation varies not only with the needs of survivors and resources available, but also with service models, service provider preferences and the local and country context. Despite increasing efforts in research on effectiveness of psychological interventions with torture survivors, results are inconclusive...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857004/group-treatment-for-survivors-of-torture-and-severe-violence-a-literature-review
#8
Mary Bunn, Charles Goesel, Melodie Kinet, Faith Ray
METHODS: The authors conducted a systematic review of scholarly journals and manuscripts. The search was limited to articles published in English that focused on group treatment with torture survivors. FINDINGS: The authors identified 36 articles and chapters for review describing a variety of group interventions for survivors of torture, including: • Supportive Group Therapy • Empowerment Workshops • Group Treatment for Sleep Disorders • Den Bosch model • Wraparound approach • Stage-oriented model The literature examined varied in approach and format: present-day and past-focused groups; structured, time-limited groups; and flexible, ongoing support groups...
2015: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26932130/elusive-retributive-justice-in-post-khmer-rouge-cambodia-challenges-of-using-eccc-victim-information-forms-as-a-victim-participatory-rights-mechanism
#9
Leakhena Nou
This paper focuses on the procedural challenges of using the Victim Information Forms (VIFs) to analyze survivors' experiences with the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), commonly known as the Khmer Rouge Tribunal. The paper takes a systematic public/medical sociology approach to examining the VIF as a participatory rights mechanism for victims wishing to pursue justice for themselves and their loved ones who experienced the Khmer Rouge atrocities, torture, forced relocation, starvation, forced labor, rape, robbery, and other physical and psychological torment, firsthand...
2015: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26932129/descriptive-inferential-functional-outcome-data-on-9-025-torture-survivors-over-six-years-in-the-united-states
#10
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The National Consortium of Torture Treatment Programs conducted a large voluntary research project among torture rehabilitation centers in the United States (US). Its goal is to fill the void in the literature on demographic and diagnostic data of torture survivors across a large country. METHODS: Twenty-three centers across the US collaborated over six years, utilizing training and making decisions via conference calls and webinars. A data use agreement signed by all the participating centers governed plans and the use of the data...
2015: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26932128/testimonial-therapy-impact-on-social-participation-and-emotional-wellbeing-among-indian-survivors-of-torture-and-organized-violence
#11
Mia Myhre Jørgensen, Jens Modvig, Inger Agger, Lenin Raghuvansh, Shirin Shabana Khan, Peter Polatin
INTRODUCTION: Traumatizing events, such as torture, cause considerable impairments in psycho-social functioning. In developing countries, where torture is often perpetrated, few resources exist for the provision of therapeutic or rehabilitating interventions. The current study investigated the effectiveness of Testimonial Therapy (TT) as a brief psycho-social intervention to ameliorate the distress of Indian survivors of torture and related violence. METHOD: Three outcome measures (the WHO-5 Well-Being Scale, Social Participation-Scale and Pain and Anger Analogue) were compared before and after receiving TT, and semi structured interviews were conducted with survivors who had previously received TT...
2015: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26932127/geographical-distribution-of-torture-an-epidemiological-study-of-torture-reported-by-asylum-applicants-examined-at-the-department-of-forensic-medicine-university-of-copenhagen
#12
J Busch, S H Hansen, H P Hougen
Using reports from 154 examinations of alleged torture victims among asylum applicants to Denmark conducted by the Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Copenhagen, between 2001 and 2013, we have categorized the victims into four geographical regions, as well as according to the conflict that caused them to flee. The torture incidents described by the victims were divided into 12 different categories defined by the Istanbul Protocol. These data were cross referenced in order to identify any differences in the prevalence of the 12 forms of torture...
2015: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26932126/effect-of-counseling-by-paraprofessionals-on-depression-anxiety-somatization-and-functioning-in-indonesian-torture-survivors
#13
Deborah Larson-Stoa, Gerard A Jacobs, Abraham Jonathan, Bhava Poudyal
The Indonesian population has faced political violence, victimization, and torture throughout the last 70 years. Due to the scarcity of mental health professionals in many low and middle-income countries, counseling programs are increasingly utilizing paraprofessionals to provide support to the affected population as a strategy of task shifting. In this article, we would like to examine the effectiveness of counseling services provided by such trained paraprofessionals. This study was part of program evaluation to determine whether the participants (torture survivors) improved after counseling services provided by trained paraprofessionals in Indonesia...
2015: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26021348/statement-on-virginity-testing
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26021347/the-dsm-5-and-the-istanbul-protocol-diagnosis-of-psychological-sequels-of-torture
#15
Thomas Wenzel, Andreas Frewer, Siroos Mirzaei
The Manual on Effective Investigation and Documentation of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, commonly known as the Istanbul Protocol, is an interdisciplinary standard supported by, among others, the United Nations and the World Medical Association. It aims at aiding the fight against torture by giving clear guidelines to ensure better and more effective assessment of physical and psychological sequels. Mental health is a key aspect of diagnostical assessment and documentation due to the severe and frequently long-lasting impact of torture that often lasts longer than physical sequels...
2015: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26021346/-after-all-the-traumas-my-body-has-been-through-i-feel-good-that-it-is-still-working-basic-body-awareness-therapy-for-traumatised-refugees
#16
Kajsa Stade, Signe Skammeritz, Charlotte Hjortkjær, Jessica Carlsson
UNLABELLED: Basic Body Awareness Therapy (BBAT) is a form of physiotherapy that is often used for psychiatric patients in Scandinavian countries. To our knowledge there has not been any studies investigating BBAT as a treatment for traumatised refugees until now. OBJECTIVE: To explore the compliance, acceptability and treatment satisfaction using group BBAT in traumatised refugees. To study changes in psychiatric and somatic symptoms as well as quality of life, level of functioning and quality of movement during treatment with BBAT...
2015: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26021345/cognitive-behavioral-psychotherapeutic-treatment-at-a-psychiatric-trauma-clinic-for-refugees-description-and-evaluation
#17
Cæcilie Buhmann, Ida Andersen, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Jasmina Ryberg, Merete Nordentoft, Morten Ekstrøm
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) with trauma focus is the most evidence supported psychotherapeutic treatment of PTSD, but few CBT treatments for traumatized refugees have been described in detail. PURPOSE: To describe and evaluate a manualized cognitive behavioral therapy for traumatized refugees incorporating exposure therapy, mindfulness and acceptance and commitment therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 85 patients received six months' treatment at a Copenhagen Trauma Clinic for Refugees and completed self-ratings before and after treatment...
2015: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26021344/follow-up-study-of-the-treatment-outcomes-at-a-psychiatric-trauma-clinic-for-refugees
#18
Cæcilie Buhmann, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Merete Nordentoft, Jasmina Ryberg, Morten Ekstrøm
PURPOSE: To describe change in mental health after treatment with antidepressants and trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy. METHODS: Patients receiving treatment at the Psychiatric Trauma Clinic for Refugees in Copenhagen completed self-ratings of level of functioning, quality of life, and symptoms of PTSD, depression and anxiety before and after treatment. Changes in mental state and predictors of change were evaluated in a sample that all received well-described and comparable treatment...
2015: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25590464/activity-of-daily-living-performance-amongst-danish-asylum-seekers-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Anne-Le Morville, Lena-Karin Erlandsson, Mona Eklund, Bente Danneskiold-Samsøe, Robin Christensen, Kirstine Amris
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent of Activities of Daily Living (ADL) ability impairment in newly arrived Danish asylum seekers. It was hypothesized that exposure to trauma and torture would negatively influence ADL performance and that measures of ADL ability would be lower in individuals exposed to torture as compared to the non-tortured. SUBJECTS: Forty-three newly arrived asylum seekers aged 20-50 years, from Iran, Afghanistan and Syria, were consecutively included in the study...
2014: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25590463/psychotherapy-with-traumatised-refugees-the-design-of-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Erik Vindbjerg, Christoph Klimpke, Jessica Carlsson
There is little evidence as to which kind of psychotherapy is the most effective in the treatment of traumatised refugees. At the Competence Center for Transcultural Psychiatry, a series of clinical trials have been conducted since 2008. The first results are pending publication. The aim of this paper is to discuss some of the challenges in adapting Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) to the treatment of traumatised refugees, as well as describe a randomised clinical trial designed to test two such adaptations...
2014: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
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