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Journal of Medical Biography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514934/a-hypothesis-king-henry-viii-s-1491-1547-personality-change-a-case-of-lead-poisoning
#1
Anne Charlton
Henry VIII (1491-1547) became King of England in 1509. He started out as a good monarch, sensible, reasonable and pleasant, but later his behaviour changed drastically. He became irascible, intolerant, violent and tyrannical. In January 1536, Henry had a serious jousting accident and was unconscious for 2 h. It is generally believed that this accident played a major role in his personality change. Letters of that time, however, indicate that the change began insidiously in 1534 and became most drastic in 1535, a year before the accident...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514933/obituary-notice-dr-john-moll
#2
Christopher Gardner Thorpe, A J Larner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092478/editorial
#3
A J Larner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26758581/a-white-horse-in-the-desert-the-life-of-dr-thomas-somerville-1887-1941
#4
P E Watkins
This article details the remarkable life of Dr Thomas Somerville, who qualified both as a veterinary surgeon and medical practitioner, served in two world wars and was recommended for the nation's highest award for gallantry. In doing so, it records the life of a man whose repeated gallantry on the battlefield has been overlooked.
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26025846/paul-klee-1879-1940-as-a-tragic-figure-what-the-artist-learned-from-his-illness
#5
W R Albury, G M Weisz
Paul Klee was a major contributor to the development of modern European art. An ethnic German (although born in Switzerland) and a German citizen, he was persecuted by the Nazi government on political rather than racial grounds because of his allegedly "degenerate" artistic style. Dismissed from his teaching position, he emigrated to Switzerland in 1933; shortly afterward he became ill with systemic sclerosis and struggled with this condition for the remaining years of his life. Many publications have examined the effect of social rejection and illness on his art, but the present study considers the effect of these adversities on Klee's attitude toward his fellow humans...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26025845/morris-young-pioneer-physician
#6
Vartan Manoug Amadouny
This concise biography of Morris Young shows how he developed the medical services of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company in the first three decades of the twentieth century, and ended his career working with Sir Alexander Fleming at St Mary's Hospital in London. Young is an important figure in the history of medicine in Persia, and this biography introduces the achievements of this modest man who devoted his life to medicine.
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26025842/ralph-albert-blakelock-1847-1919-psychiatric-hospitalization-and-the-abduction-of-an-american-landscape-artist
#7
Jonathan Rt Davidson
Ralph Blakelock was a leading American landscape painter. Much of his life was lived in obscurity and destitution. He developed late onset paranoid schizophrenia, resulting in prolonged hospitalization. During his time in hospital, demand for Blakelock's works grew, but he was unable to enjoy any of this success. Instead, the artist fell prey to unscrupulous and unlikely exploitation by a self-appointed guardian, aided and abetted by Blakelock's psychiatrists, which broke his spirit and may well have hastened his demise...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26025840/alice-welford-1887-1918-a-nurse-in-world-war-i-the-impact-of-kindness-and-compassion
#8
PeterJ Watkins, Valerie J Watkins
The contribution of nurses to the morale of wounded and dying young men during World War 1 was immense. Alice Welford came from the small North Yorkshire village of Crathorne, joined the Queen Alexandra Imperial Military Nursing Service in 1915 and spent the following two and one half years in nursing casualties from some of the fiercest battles of the war including Gallipoli and Salonika. She kept an autograph book inscribed by wounded and dying soldiers, with poignant verses and humorous drawings showing love, wit and tragedy...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26025839/louis-pasteur-s-three-artist-compatriots-henner-pointelin-and-perraud-a-story-of-friendship-science-and-art-in-the-1870s-and-1880s
#9
Bert Hansen, Richard E Weisberg
Biographers have largely ignored Louis Pasteur's many and varied connections with art and artists. This article is the second in a series of the authors' studies of Pasteur's friendships with artists. This research project has uncovered data that enlarge the great medical chemist's biography, throwing new light on a variety of topics including his work habits, his social life, his artistic sensibilities, his efforts to lobby on behalf of his artist friends, his relationships to their patrons and to his own patrons, and his use of works of art to foster his reputation as a leader in French medical science...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26025838/louis-pasteur-1822-1895-his-friendships-with-the-artists-max-claudet-1840-1893-and-paul-dubois-1829-1905-and-his-public-image-in-the-1870s-and-1880s
#10
Bert Hansen, Richard E Weisberg
Biographers have largely ignored Louis Pasteur's many and varied connections with art and artists. This article is the third in a series of the authors' studies of Pasteur's friendships with artists. This research project has uncovered data that enlarge the great medical chemist's biography, throwing new light on a variety of topics including his work habits, his social life, his artistic sensibilities, his efforts to lobby on behalf of his artist friends, his relationships to their patrons and to his own patrons, and his use of works of art to foster his reputation as a leader in French medical science...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26025837/dr-girolamo-fracastoro-1478-1553-and-the-poetry-of-syphilis
#11
Ray Cavanaugh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26025836/john-p-peters-1887-1955-mccarthyism-and-the-unfinished-revision-of-quantitative-clinical-chemistry
#12
Richard M Rocco
John P Peters is considered one of the founders of modern clinical chemistry. In more than 200 research articles, he brought clinical biochemistry to the bedside, advancing the use of laboratory medicine in diagnosis and disease management. His two-volume landmark textbook Quantitative Clinical Chemistry, coauthored with Donald Dexter van Slyke (1883-1971) and released in 1931-1932, defined clinical chemistry as a distinct professional discipline within medicine. A three-volume revision was begun in 1937. Peters took on the task of revising Volumes I and II but never finished Volume II...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25745871/victor-eisenmenger-1864-1932-the-man-behind-the-syndrome
#13
Martin Duke
Although much has been written about the cardiovascular abnormalities present in Eisenmenger's syndrome, little has been recorded previously in the medical literature about Victor Eisenmenger, the Austrian doctor whose name is attached eponymously to this disorder. Archival material together with information provided by his descendants and relatives has been gathered to make available further details of his life, family, schooling, medical training and accomplishments. An examination of Eisenmenger's book about his observations and experiences while serving from 1895 to 1914 as personal physician to Archduke Francis Ferdinand, the heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, also sheds light on Eisenmenger's personality, abilities and interests...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382836/dr-charles-combe-frs-fsa-1743-1817-the-scholarly-apothecary
#14
Penelope Hunting
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382833/dr-john-mclennan-md-aberdeen-frcp-lond-1801-1874-and-the-medical-school-of-bombay-that-failed
#15
Sunil K Pandya
In 1826, Dr John McLennan was asked by Governor Mounstuart Elphinstone of Bombay to set up the first school to teach modern medicine to Indian citizens. He was expected to create textbooks on a variety of subjects in local languages and teach medicine to poorly educated students in their native tongues. Despite his valiant efforts, the school was deemed a failure and was abolished by the Government in 1832. Sir Robert Grant, appointed Governor of Bombay in 1835, analysed records pertaining to this medical school and concluded that the school failed since Dr McLennan was not provided the assistance he needed and as his suggestions for access to a hospital to teach medicine were not heeded...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382829/a-greek-physician-s-portrait-in-windsor-castle
#16
Christos S Bartsocas
To the visitor to Windsor Castle, the Thomas Lawrence portraits in the Waterloo Chamber represent the most important contributors to the military defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte, by British, Prussian, Russian and Austrian forces at the Battle of Waterloo. Nevertheless, only few individuals realise that a Greek physician, Count Ioannis Capodistrias, a native of the island of Corfu, stands among these leading personalities as a diplomat, the Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs, who contributed remarkably to European unity in the early nineteenth century and as a statesman ('Governor' of Greece) with a tragic end to his life, after establishing a Greek State practically from ruins...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092482/alfred-caleb-taylor-1860-1927-x-ray-pioneer-and-martyr
#17
Martyn Thomas
Alfred Caleb Taylor was the first radiographer at the Peterborough Infirmary and Dispensary from 1896 to 1923. He constructed the first X-ray apparatus and oversaw the development of the X-ray service in Peterborough. He contracted a chronic radiation dermatitis from exposure to X-rays which was a source of considerable suffering for him. When he died in 1927, X-ray dermatitis was considered to have contributed to his death, and he was recognised as an X-ray martyr and a victim of science. In spite of his achievements and his ill-health from working with X-rays, his name is not included on the Martyrs Memorial in Hamburg...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885153/karl-otto-landsteiner-1868-1943-physician-biochemist-immunologist
#18
Armond S Goldman, Frank C Schmalsteig
Karl Landsteiner applied the sciences of biochemistry, pathology, microbiology, and immunology in medical research to great success during the first half of the 20th century. Although he is principally known for elucidating the major blood group antigens A and B and their isoantibodies for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Landsteiner made many other important medical discoveries. In that respect, he ascertained that paralytic poliomyelitis was due to a virus, the pancreas was damaged in cystic fibrosis, simple chemicals called haptens were able to combine with antibodies, and the Rh antigen that was later found to be the principal cause of hemolytic anemia of the newborn was found in most humans...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885152/first-use-of-ether-anaesthesia-under-combat-conditions
#19
Henry Connor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885151/sushruta-father-of-plastic-surgery-in-benares
#20
Khushbir Bath, Sourabh Aggarwal, Vishal Sharma
Sushruta has been regarded as one of the pioneers of surgery. He performed procedures with crude surgical instruments that paved the path for today's operations. However, his existence is shrouded in myth and mystery. Sushruta belonged to a rich heritage of learned scholars and practiced and taught surgery at Benares University around 600BC. His work is assembled into a monumental thesis, possibly the first text book on surgery, the 'Sushruta Samhita' where he describes surgical instruments, procedures, illnesses, medicinal plants and preparation, dissection and the study of human anatomy, embryology and fractures...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
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