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Journal of Medical Biography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26508624/beethoven-s-autopsy-revisited-a-pathologist-sounds-a-final-note
#1
Stanley J Oiseth
This review of the original autopsy report of Beethoven's remains indicates Paget's disease within the skull, which was dense and twice normal thickness, with dilated vessels at the petrous bone. The facial nerves were enlarged and the eighth nerves atrophied despite their sharing a common meatus at the internal auditory canal. Nephrolithiasis and pyelonephritis with cortical and perinephric abscesses were also reported. The hypercalcaemia was probably caused by hyperparathyroidism, which may be associated with Paget's disease, and both may have played a role in his psychiatric symptoms as well as in his abdominal pain and gastrointestinal complaints...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26508623/edward-gantt-1742-1837-us-senate-chaplain-and-first-white-house-physician-to-thomas-jefferson
#2
Harrison Dwight Cavanagh
In his long and eventful life, Edward Gantt (1742-1837) made important contributions to the newly independent American Republic, as well as to the development of scientific evidence-based American medicine. Unfortunately, his achievements have gone unrecognized and unreported in mainstream historical publications. Specifically, his service as the first designated White House doctor, and personal physician to President Thomas Jefferson from 1801 to 1809 has not been reported. The purpose of this paper is to document the biographical and scientific details of his extraordinary life and notable contributions...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26508621/charles-bernard-puestow-1902-1973-american-surgeon-and-commander-of-the-27th-evacuation-hospital-during-the-second-world-war
#3
Anand N Bosmia, John D Christein
Dr. Charles Bernard Puestow (1902-1973) was an American surgeon who is well known for developing the longitudinal pancreaticojejunostomy, which is known as the "Puestow procedure" in his honor. Puestow served in the American military during the Second World War and commanded the 27th Evacuation Hospital, which provided medical and surgical services to wounded individuals in Europe and North Africa. In 1946, he founded the surgical residency training program at the Hines Veterans Hospital, which was the first such program in the United States based at a veterans hospital...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26385978/james-bell-pettigrew-1832-1908-md-lld-frs-comparative-anatomist-physiologist-and-aerobiologist
#4
Dugald Gardner
After leaving Glasgow University, Pettigrew joined the Edinburgh Medical School in 1856. Professor Goodsir determined Pettigrew's entire future by awarding him the Anatomy Gold Medal for an essay on cardiac muscle. The essay was accompanied by dissections of such high quality that they led to the Croonian Lecture of the Royal Society of London in 1860. After graduating, Pettigrew's time as House Surgeon to James Syme was followed by a position in the Hunterian Museum, London. Intensive studies of urinary and alimentary muscle, and observations of insects and animals, with lectures on flight to distinguished societies, contributed to disabling illness and a long convalescence but in 1869 Pettigrew became Conservator of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh and then Pathologist to the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26385977/nikolay-nikolayovich-blokhin-1912-1993-patriarch-of-20th-century-russian-medicine-and-surgery
#5
Sergey P Glyantsev, Alexandr D Koshelev, Yan G Kolesnikov
This paper focuses on the personal and professional life of Nikolay Nikolayevich Blokhin, an outstanding Russian surgeon and highly innovative oncologist. In addition to a highly successful clinical career, he was a member and President of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences and Director of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences Institute of Experimental and Clinical Oncology. Although his reputation as a medical and political figure is firmly established within Russian medical history, his achievements in surgery and oncology now merit recognition by an international audience...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26385976/great-teachers-of-gaspare-tagliacozzi-1546-1599
#6
Raffi Gurunluoglu, Aslin Gurunluoglu, Jamie Arton
Gaspare Tagliacozzi successfully practised the art of plastic surgery in the sixteenth century and conducted a long series of precise observations on the basis of which he formulated detailed principles for rhinoplastic. He wrote the first complete description of nasal reconstruction using skin from the arm. Tagliacozzi's teachers at the University of Bologna during his student days remain largely unfamiliar, Giulio Cesare Aranzio, Ulisse Aldrovandi and Girolamo Cardano. Aldrovandi taught the 'ordinary', that is the principal course in natural philosophy...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26385975/sir-william-brooke-o-shaughnessy-1808-1889-md-frs-lrcs-ed-chemical-pathologist-pharmacologist-and-pioneer-in-electric-telegraphy
#7
Neil MacGillivray
This article reviews the life and work of Sir William O'Shaughnessy Brooke (formerly Sir William Brooke O'Shaughnessy), an Edinburgh doctor of medicine and Fellow of the Royal Society who as a young doctor in London analysed the blood and excreta of cholera victims, an action which led to the first successful use of intravenous replacement therapy. His career in India was distinguished in several spheres: chemistry, pharmacology in which he introduced cannabis indica to Europe, and in the field of electric telegraphy where he became the superintendent of telegraphs for India...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26307412/centennial-ties-harvey-cushing-1869-1939-and-william-osler-1849-1919-on-andreas-vesalius-1514-1564
#8
Nadeem Toodayan
Andreas Vesalius is often regarded as the founding father of modern anatomical study. The quincentennial anniversary of his birth - 31 December 2014 - has been very widely commemorated, and it is the purpose of this article to contrast these celebrations with what happened during the Vesalius quatercentenary year of 1914. More specifically, we look at how Vesalius was perceived a century ago by examining his influence on two of western medicine's most iconic gentlemen - Harvey Williams Cushing (1869-1939) and his larger than life mentor, Sir William Osler (1849-1919)...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514934/a-hypothesis-king-henry-viii-s-1491-1547-personality-change-a-case-of-lead-poisoning
#9
Anne Charlton
Henry VIII (1491-1547) became King of England in 1509. He started out as a good monarch, sensible, reasonable and pleasant, but later his behaviour changed drastically. He became irascible, intolerant, violent and tyrannical. In January 1536, Henry had a serious jousting accident and was unconscious for 2 h. It is generally believed that this accident played a major role in his personality change. Letters of that time, however, indicate that the change began insidiously in 1534 and became most drastic in 1535, a year before the accident...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514933/obituary-notice-dr-john-moll
#10
Christopher Gardner Thorpe, A J Larner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092478/editorial
#11
A J Larner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26758581/a-white-horse-in-the-desert-the-life-of-dr-thomas-somerville-1887-1941
#12
P E Watkins
This article details the remarkable life of Dr Thomas Somerville, who qualified both as a veterinary surgeon and medical practitioner, served in two world wars and was recommended for the nation's highest award for gallantry. In doing so, it records the life of a man whose repeated gallantry on the battlefield has been overlooked.
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26025846/paul-klee-1879-1940-as-a-tragic-figure-what-the-artist-learned-from-his-illness
#13
W R Albury, G M Weisz
Paul Klee was a major contributor to the development of modern European art. An ethnic German (although born in Switzerland) and a German citizen, he was persecuted by the Nazi government on political rather than racial grounds because of his allegedly "degenerate" artistic style. Dismissed from his teaching position, he emigrated to Switzerland in 1933; shortly afterward he became ill with systemic sclerosis and struggled with this condition for the remaining years of his life. Many publications have examined the effect of social rejection and illness on his art, but the present study considers the effect of these adversities on Klee's attitude toward his fellow humans...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26025845/morris-young-pioneer-physician
#14
Vartan Manoug Amadouny
This concise biography of Morris Young shows how he developed the medical services of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company in the first three decades of the twentieth century, and ended his career working with Sir Alexander Fleming at St Mary's Hospital in London. Young is an important figure in the history of medicine in Persia, and this biography introduces the achievements of this modest man who devoted his life to medicine.
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26025842/ralph-albert-blakelock-1847-1919-psychiatric-hospitalization-and-the-abduction-of-an-american-landscape-artist
#15
Jonathan Rt Davidson
Ralph Blakelock was a leading American landscape painter. Much of his life was lived in obscurity and destitution. He developed late onset paranoid schizophrenia, resulting in prolonged hospitalization. During his time in hospital, demand for Blakelock's works grew, but he was unable to enjoy any of this success. Instead, the artist fell prey to unscrupulous and unlikely exploitation by a self-appointed guardian, aided and abetted by Blakelock's psychiatrists, which broke his spirit and may well have hastened his demise...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26025840/alice-welford-1887-1918-a-nurse-in-world-war-i-the-impact-of-kindness-and-compassion
#16
PeterJ Watkins, Valerie J Watkins
The contribution of nurses to the morale of wounded and dying young men during World War 1 was immense. Alice Welford came from the small North Yorkshire village of Crathorne, joined the Queen Alexandra Imperial Military Nursing Service in 1915 and spent the following two and one half years in nursing casualties from some of the fiercest battles of the war including Gallipoli and Salonika. She kept an autograph book inscribed by wounded and dying soldiers, with poignant verses and humorous drawings showing love, wit and tragedy...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26025839/louis-pasteur-s-three-artist-compatriots-henner-pointelin-and-perraud-a-story-of-friendship-science-and-art-in-the-1870s-and-1880s
#17
Bert Hansen, Richard E Weisberg
Biographers have largely ignored Louis Pasteur's many and varied connections with art and artists. This article is the second in a series of the authors' studies of Pasteur's friendships with artists. This research project has uncovered data that enlarge the great medical chemist's biography, throwing new light on a variety of topics including his work habits, his social life, his artistic sensibilities, his efforts to lobby on behalf of his artist friends, his relationships to their patrons and to his own patrons, and his use of works of art to foster his reputation as a leader in French medical science...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26025838/louis-pasteur-1822-1895-his-friendships-with-the-artists-max-claudet-1840-1893-and-paul-dubois-1829-1905-and-his-public-image-in-the-1870s-and-1880s
#18
Bert Hansen, Richard E Weisberg
Biographers have largely ignored Louis Pasteur's many and varied connections with art and artists. This article is the third in a series of the authors' studies of Pasteur's friendships with artists. This research project has uncovered data that enlarge the great medical chemist's biography, throwing new light on a variety of topics including his work habits, his social life, his artistic sensibilities, his efforts to lobby on behalf of his artist friends, his relationships to their patrons and to his own patrons, and his use of works of art to foster his reputation as a leader in French medical science...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26025837/dr-girolamo-fracastoro-1478-1553-and-the-poetry-of-syphilis
#19
Ray Cavanaugh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26025836/john-p-peters-1887-1955-mccarthyism-and-the-unfinished-revision-of-quantitative-clinical-chemistry
#20
Richard M Rocco
John P Peters is considered one of the founders of modern clinical chemistry. In more than 200 research articles, he brought clinical biochemistry to the bedside, advancing the use of laboratory medicine in diagnosis and disease management. His two-volume landmark textbook Quantitative Clinical Chemistry, coauthored with Donald Dexter van Slyke (1883-1971) and released in 1931-1932, defined clinical chemistry as a distinct professional discipline within medicine. A three-volume revision was begun in 1937. Peters took on the task of revising Volumes I and II but never finished Volume II...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
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