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Journal of Medical Biography

Marie-France Weiner, John Russell Silver
Recently discovered primary sources in the form of letters, memoranda and private communications between George Riddoch and Ludwig Guttmann provide much information on the setting up of spinal units in the United Kingdom during the Second World War. The two men developed a close relationship and in Guttmann, Riddoch found a man who had the knowledge, the ability and the energy to implement this shared vision.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
Todd M Olszewski
In 1910, James Bryan Herrick published the first clinical and laboratory description of sickle cell anemia. Two years later, he published a case report on coronary thrombosis. Together, these case reports solidified his reputation as one of the premier diagnosticians of his generation. Now regarded as a central figure in the history of American medicine, Herrick played an integral role in the clinical adoption of the electrocardiograph and the professionalization of cardiology in the United States. Although a full decade passed before the medical profession recognized his clinical description of coronary thrombosis and myocardial infarction, it has had profound implications for cardiovascular medicine and prevention over the past hundred years...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
Daryl Ramai, Karl Zakhia, Denzil Etienne, Madhavi Reddy
The widespread use of endoscopy in today's clinical arena underscores its utility and growing significance within the field of medicine. Primitive forms of endoscopy have existed for hundreds of years, but it was not until the early 19th century that Dr Philipp Bozzini invented an endoscope that would form the basis of modern endoscopy. Born into an influential Italian family, Bozzini practiced medicine in a time and place of conflict and political unrest. His passion, ingenuity, and important social connections allowed him to create and introduce to the medical profession the Lichtleiter (light-conductor), which overcame two key issues plaguing endoscopy: inadequate lighting and poor penetration...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
Iain Macintyre
After graduating in medicine Douglas Guthrie embarked on a career as an ENT surgeon. When his Edinburgh hospital appointment ended in 1936 he began to write History of Medicine, which, thanks to a favourable review by George Bernard Shaw, became a worldwide best seller when first published in 1945. This marked the start of Guthrie's second career as a lecturer in history of medicine at the University of Edinburgh where his prime responsibility was delivering systematic lectures on medical history to medical undergraduates...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
Nadeem Toodayan
Except if it be in the shadow of his worshipful student William Osler (1849-1919), the life of Reverend William Arthur Johnson (1816-1880), a 19th century English-Canadian clerical naturalist, teacher, and early mentor to 'the Father of Modern Medicine', has escaped special scrutiny over the years. Written in commemoration of his 200th birthday, this recollection will aim to more purposefully categorise what is currently known of Johnson's life and work, not only in his important relations to the revered Osler, but also in the context of his own personal achievements, life story, and legacy...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
J Allister Vale, John W Scadding
This paper will review Winston Churchill's severe respiratory illness in March 1886 when he developed pneumonia of the right lung as an 11-year-old boy. Winston was treated supportively with 'nourishment, stimulants [probably alcohol] and close watching' at his school by the 'celebrated' family physician, Dr Robson Roose, with the assistance of Dr Joseph Rutter. Roose was exemplary in his commitment to his young patient and assiduous in informing Lord Randolph Churchill of his son's clinical progress by letter...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
Helen M Davies
Major advances in the French medical system following the French Revolution have stimulated a rich historiography of which Michel Foucault's Naissance de la clinique: une archéologie du regard médical (1963) and Erwin H. Ackerknecht's Medicine at the Paris Hospital, 1794-1848 (1967) are of lasting significance. Changes in the organisation and structure of hospitals accompanied the development and availability of new medical technologies and procedures and encouraged a more intense study of the aetiology and pathology of disease...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
David Kc Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
Holger Steinberg, Peter Schönknecht
This paper aims to investigate the character and etiological basis of German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's mental disorder. From 1898, German neuropsychiatrist Paul Julius Möbius developed the hypothesis that Goethe's work provided several hints for the notion that the German poet suffered from a distinct bipolar disorder. The paper investigates Möbius's psychopathographic study on Goethe and his hypothesis of a mood periodicity in Goethe against the mirror of modern concepts. Möbius came to the conclusion that Goethe's illness was bipolar in character and became visible at intervals of seven years and lasted for about two years...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
Robert M Feibel
Mortimer Frank (1874-1919) was an ophthalmologist in Chicago, Illinois. He published a number of papers on the history of medicine, and was secretary of the Chicago Society of the History of Medicine and editor of their Bulletin. His major contribution to the history of medicine relates to the history of anatomical illustration. The classic book on that subject had been published in 1852 in German by the physician and historian, Johann Ludwig Choulant (1791-1861). However, by Frank's time this text was both out dated and out of print...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
George M Bohigian, Robert M Feibel
The Francis I. Proctor Foundation for Research in Ophthalmology is internationally recognized for its research in the fields of ocular inflammatory and infectious diseases. Although the name of one of its founders, Francis I. Proctor, MD (1864-1936) is memorialized, the legacy of his wife, Elizabeth C. Proctor (1882-1975) is not as well known. They were both full partners in this endeavor. Francis, a successful and wealthy ophthalmologist, retired to Santa Fe, New Mexico. After their marriage, they became interested in the problem of blinding trachoma, then an endemic problem on the Native American Indian reservations...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
Peter D Mohr
Catherine Corbett was the second woman to gain a medical degree from the University of Manchester Medical School in 1905; however, little was known about her life or work, apart from the fact that she was a School Medical Inspector (SMI) and never married. The rediscovery of her Diary in Serbia (1916) has revealed her work for the Scottish Women's Hospitals (SWH) during the First World War in Serbia (1915-1916). Her time alongside her female colleagues was a good experience, however the harsh conditions, especially those she experienced during a further period working in Russia (1916-1917), left her exhausted and psychologically stressed...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
Jeanne Abrams, James R Wright
Martha Wollstein was not only the first fully specialized pediatric perinatal pathologist practicing exclusively in a North America children's hospital, she also blazed another pathway as a very early pioneer female clinician-scientist. Wollstein provided patient care at Babies Hospital of New York City from 1891 until her retirement in 1935, and also simultaneously worked for many years as a basic scientist at the prestigious Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research. Wollstein published over 65 papers, many frequently cited, during her career on a wide range of topics including pediatric and infectious diseases...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
Maryam Taghavi-Shirazi, Roshanak Ghods, Fataneh Hashem-Dabaghian, Arman Zargaran
In the early medieval era, in the time which is called the Islamic Golden Age, medicine flourished through the practice of Persian physicians (9th to 12th century AD). Abu-Sahl al-Masihi (died circa 1010 AD) was one of the physicians in that period who had great influence on the progress of medicine by his own writings as well as his influence on great scholars like Biruni and Avicenna as their teacher. He was a polymath and had many writings in various fields of science, in particular medical sciences. Some of his manuscripts in medicine were Al-Mia fil-Tibb (Book of the Hundred), Kitab al-Teb al-Koli (The General Medicine), Ezhar al-Hekmat Allah Ta'ala fi Khalgh al-Ensan (God's Mystery on the Creation of Man), Resalat al-Adwiya (Treatise of Drugs), Osool Elm Nabz (the Principles of Pulse), and Resala f ī Taḥqiq Amral-Waba' (On the determination of the matter of infectious diseases)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
Arpan K Banerjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
A J Larner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
I D Conacher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
Henry Connor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
Andrew J Howe
Sir William Ellis (1780-1839) was superintendent of the West Riding Pauper Lunatic Asylum and Hanwell Asylum. He was a practitioner of moral therapy and non-restraint. He added his own religious aspects to his treatment based on his personal experiences. These interventions were novel and benefitted his patients. However, he is less well known in the present day than his contemporaries who also championed non-restraint. In 1838, he left Hanwell Asylum, as he disagreed with plans to expand patient capacity. The resurgence of Whig politics at the time also played its part in his resignation...
November 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
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