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Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424510/the-effect-of-slow-loaded-breathing-training-on-the-blood-pressure-response-to-handgrip-exercise-in-patients-with-isolated-systolic-hypertension
#1
Chulee Ubolsakka-Jones, Benjarat Sangthong, Wilaiwan Khrisanapant, David A Jones
Isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) is the most common form of hypertension in older people. It is characterized by increased resting systolic blood pressure (sBP) and increased sBP in response to exercise. It has previously been shown that slow breathing training reduces resting sBP, and the objective of the present study was to determine whether it also reduced the blood pressure response to static handgrip exercise. ISH patients aged between 60 and 74 years were randomly divided into a control group (10 subjects, 4 of which were male) that breathed normally and a trained group (10 subjects, 4 of which were male) that trained daily for 8 weeks by slow breathing against an inspiratory resistance of 18 cmH2O...
April 20, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405012/accumulation-of-evidence-regarding-home-blood-pressure-during-pregnancy-is-necessary
#2
Hirohito Metoki, Michihiro Satoh, Takahisa Murakami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381875/masked-uncontrolled-hypertension-in-patients-on-maintenance-hemodialysis
#3
Wenjin Liu, Liang Wang, Zhuxing Sun, Xiurong Li, Jianmei Zhou, Chaoqing Gao, Hong Chu, Wei Fan, Youwei Bai, Junwei Yang
Masked uncontrolled hypertension (MUCH) has been proven to be associated with increased cardiovascular risk in the general population. We performed the current analysis to determine its prevalence in dialysis patients and its association with pulse wave velocity (PWV). From 368 participants of another cohort study, we selected 145 subjects with controlled predialysis blood pressure (BP). All subjects underwent ambulatory BP monitoring and PWV measurement. MUCH was defined as controlled predialysis BP with daytime BP⩾135/85 mm Hg (definition-1); total ambulatory BP⩾130/80 mm Hg (definition-2); and either daytime BP⩾135/85 mm Hg or nighttime BP⩾120/70 mm Hg (definition-3)...
April 6, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381874/antihypertensive-medication-and-risk-of-kidney-stones-a-canadian-wake-up-call
#4
Daniel G Fuster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381873/from-apelin-to-exercise-emerging-therapies-for-management-of-hypertension-in-pregnancy
#5
Jeffrey S Gilbert
Studies over the last couple of decades have provided exciting new insights into mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. In addition, several novel and innovative molecules and ideas for management of the syndrome have also come forth. While our basic understanding of the initiating events of preeclampsia continues to be placental ischemia/hypoxia stimulating the release of a variety of factors from the placenta that act on the cardiovascular and renal systems, the number of candidate pathways for intervention continues to increase...
April 6, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381872/impact-of-mild-to-moderate-alcohol-consumption-and-smoking-on-kidney-function
#6
Naoki Nakagawa, Naoyuki Hasebe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381871/novel-insight-into-arrhythmogenic-remodeling-a-target-for-reversal
#7
Sandor Batkai, Ariana Foinquinos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381870/cardiovascular-calcification-and-subcortical-bone-demineralization-in-hypertension
#8
Chiara Cirillo, Giancarlo Bilancio, Francesco Natale, Claudia Concilio, Maria Giovanna Russo, Paolo Calabrò, Massimo Cirillo
The present study investigated cardiovascular calcification, peripheral bone mineral density (BMD), and lab indices in hypertensive patients aged 55-74 years without severe kidney dysfunction. Cardiovascular calcification was investigated by ultrasound examinations at eight sites: aortic valve, left and right common carotid artery, left and right carotid artery bifurcation, left and right internal carotid artery, and abdominal aorta. The presence/absence of calcification at each site was coded as 1/0, respectively, for the calculation of a cumulative score...
April 6, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381869/does-the-pathophysiology-of-heart-failure-prime-the-incidence-of-cancer
#9
Mari Sakamoto, Takuya Hasegawa, Masanori Asakura, Hideaki Kanzaki, Hiroyuki Takahama, Makoto Amaki, Naoki Mochizuki, Toshihisa Anzai, Toshimitsu Hamasaki, Masafumi Kitakaze
Both chronic heart failure (CHF) and cancer are among the most frequent causes of death in developed countries. Given that CHF activates neurohumoral factors, such as cytokines, the pathophysiology of CHF could prime the onset or progression of cancer. We consecutively enrolled 5238 patients with CHF who had been hospitalized in the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine in our institute between 2001 and 2013. We followed these patients until April 2015. We examined the cohort of patients from our hospital and compared it with a control cohort derived from the 2008 cancer database 'Monitoring of Cancer Incidence in Japan' from the National Cancer Center, Japan...
April 6, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356575/ejection-time-influence-of-hemodynamics-and-site-of-measurement-in-the-arterial-tree
#10
Yurie Obata, Maki Mizogami, Sarabdeep Singh, Daniel Nyhan, Dan E Berkowitz, Jochen Steppan, Viachaslau Barodka
The left ventricular ejection time is routinely measured from a peripheral arterial waveform. However, the arterial waveform undergoes constant transformation as the pulse wave propagates along the arterial tree. Our goal was to determine if the left ventricular ejection time measured peripherally in the arterial tree accurately reflected the ejection time measured through the aortic valve. Moreover, we examined/accessed the modulating influence of hemodynamics on ejection time measurements. Continuous wave Doppler waveform images through the aortic valve and the simultaneously obtained radial artery pressure waveforms were analyzed to determine central and peripheral ejection times, respectively...
March 30, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356574/comments-on-the-associations-of-systolic-and-diastolic-blood-pressure-night-to-day-ratios-with-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-diseases
#11
Saeid Safiri, Erfan Ayubi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331215/description-of-a-strong-relationship-among-total-cell-free-dna-levels-ldh-values-ast-values-and-platelet-count-in-patients-with-hellp-syndrome
#12
Pablo Stiefel, María L Miranda, Hada Macher, Luis M Beltran-Romero, Rocio Muñoz-Hernandez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331214/antihypertensive-medications-and-the-risk-of-kidney-stones-in-older-adults-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
R Todd Alexander, Eric McArthur, Racquel Jandoc, Blayne Welk, Jade S Hayward, Arsh K Jain, Branko Braam, Veit Flockerzi, Amit X Garg, Robert Ross Quinn
Antihypertensives are widely prescribed and could influence kidney stone risk by altering urinary calcium excretion. However, the impact of different classes of antihypertensives on kidney stone risk is unknown. To assess this impact, we conducted a retrospective, population-based cohort study using linked health administrative databases. Individuals aged >65 years who initiated one of the four antihypertensive classes (that is, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEis)/angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers or thiazide diuretics) were included...
March 23, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298656/a-high-salt-diet-enhances-leukocyte-adhesion-in-association-with-kidney-injury-in-young-dahl-salt-sensitive-rats
#14
Hidenori Takahashi, Suguru Nakagawa, Yaqiong Wu, Yukari Kawabata, Atsushi Numabe, Yasuo Yanagi, Yasuhiro Tamaki, Yoshio Uehara, Makoto Araie
Salt-sensitive hypertension is associated with severe organ damage. Generating oxygen radicals is an integral component of salt-induced kidney damage, and activated leukocytes are important in oxygen radical biosynthesis. We hypothesized that a high-salt diet causes the upregulation of immune-related mechanisms, thereby contributing to the susceptibility of Dahl salt-sensitive rats to hypertensive kidney damage. For verifying the hypothesis, we investigated leukocytes adhering to retinal vessels when Dahl salt-sensitive rats were challenged with a high-salt (8% NaCl) diet using acridine orange fluoroscopy and a scanning laser ophthalmoscope...
March 16, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298655/dual-nep-ece-inhibition-improves-endothelial-function-in-mesenteric-resistance-arteries-of-32-week-old-shr
#15
Pieter Lemkens, Leon Ja Spijkers, Merlijn J Meens, Jelly Nelissen, Ben Janssen, Stephan Lm Peters, Paul Mh Schiffers, Jo Gr De Mey
Endothelin 1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictor, pro-mitogenic and pro-inflammatory peptide, may promote development of endothelial dysfunction and arterial remodeling. ET-1 can be formed through cleavage of big-ET-1 by endothelin-converting enzyme (ECE) or neutral endopeptidase (NEP). We investigated whether chronic treatment with the novel dual NEP/ECE inhibitor SOL1 improves functional and structural properties of resistance-sized arteries of 32-week-old male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). SHR received a chronic 4-week treatment with SOL1, losartan or hydralazine...
March 16, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298654/standing-orthostatic-blood-pressure-measurements-cannot-be-replaced-by-sitting-measurements
#16
Anna C Breeuwsma, Laura C Hartog, Adriaan M Kamper, Klaas H Groenier, Henk Jg Bilo, Nanne Kleefstra, Kornelis Jj Van Hateren
As many elderly patients are not able to stand for several minutes, sitting orthostatic blood pressure (BP) measurements are sometimes used as an alternative. We aimed to investigate the difference in BP response and orthostatic hypotension (OH) prevalence between the standard postural change to the sitting and the standing position in a cross-sectional observational study. BP was measured with a continuous BP measurement device during two postural changes, from supine to the sitting and from supine to the standing position...
March 16, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298653/response-to-dr-sabour-prediction-and-prevention-of-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-a-methodological-mistake
#17
Akihide Ohkuchi, Shigeki Matsubara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298652/patient-specific-blood-pressure-correction-technique-for-arterial-stiffness-evaluation-in-a-cohort-on-anti-angiogenic-medication
#18
Bart Spronck, Tammo Delhaas, Anouk Gw De Lepper, Julie Giroux, François Goldwasser, Pierre Boutouyrie, Maureen Alivon, Koen D Reesink
Arterial pulse wave velocity (PWV) depends on blood pressure (BP). Correction of PWV for BP is commonly performed using a statistical approach, requiring a patient cohort. We recently developed a mechanistic, model-predictive approach to assess BP-independent changes in carotid PWV (cPWV) at the level of the individual. The goal of the present study is to compare our novel technique to conventional statistical correction, in the context of anti-cancer therapy using anti-angiogenic drugs (AADs). AADs frequently lead to a PWV increase, but also to hypertension, underlining the need for BP correction of PWV measurements...
March 16, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298651/amelioration-of-arterial-pressure-lability-an-unmissable-target-for-diabetes-management
#19
Atsushi Tanaka, Koichi Node
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275237/the-association-of-alcohol-and-smoking-with-ckd-in-a-japanese-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Ayako Matsumoto, Yasuyuki Nagasawa, Ryohei Yamamoto, Maki Shinzawa, Yukiko Hasuike, Takahiro Kuragano, Yoshitaka Isaka, Takeshi Nakanishi, Kunitoshi Iseki, Kunihiro Yamagata, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Hideaki Yoshida, Shouichi Fujimoto, Koichi Asahi, Toshiki Moriyama, Tsuyoshi Watanabe
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by a reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and proteinuria. Modifiable lifestyle factors such as smoking and alcohol contribute to CKD. Recent cohort studies have shown that moderate alcohol consumption attenuates the decline of the GFR and smoking has been previously shown to be associated with CKD. However, the association of smoking and alcohol consumption on CKD is not entirely clear. To examine whether there is evidence to assume that smoking is an effective modifier of the association between CKD and alcohol consumption, we conducted a cross-sectional study of a population of people who presented for a health checkup under a program that targets the insured population aged ≧40 years using data from the Specific Health Check and Guidance in Japan between April 2008 and March 2009...
March 9, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
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