Read by QxMD icon Read

Cell Biology International

Xinhui Wu, Yao Fu, Xulei Sun, Chang Liu, Menglong Chai, Chengzhen Chen, Lisheng Dai, Yan Gao, Hao Jiang, Jiabao Zhang
Porcine cumulus cells are localized around oocytes and act as a specific type of granulosa that plays essential roles in the development and maturation of oocytes, the development and atresia of follicles and the development of embryos. Studies of FAT1 have demonstrated its functions in cell-cell contact, actin dynamics, and cell growth suppression. To understand whether the FAT1 gene affects the apoptosis of porcine cumulus cells and to elucidate the mechanism of this potential action, FAT1 was knocked down using RNA interference...
October 20, 2016: Cell Biology International
E Sacide Çağlayan
Dual-specificity thyrosine phosphorylation-regulated kinase 1A (DYRK1A) is a strong therapeutic target to ameliorate cognitive functions of Down Syndrome (DS). Genetic normalization of Dyrk1a is sufficient to normalize early cortical developmental phenotypes in DS mouse models. Gyrencephalic human neocortical development is more complex than that in lissencephalic mice, hence cerebral organoids (COs) can be used to model early neurodevelopmental defects of DS. Single copy DYRK1A knockout COs (scDYRK1AKO-COs) can be generated from manipulated DS derived (DS-) induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and genetic normalization of DYRK1A is expected to result in corrected neurodevelopmental phenotypes that can be reminiscent of normal COs...
October 15, 2016: Cell Biology International
Yoshitaka Hosokawa, Ikuko Hosokawa, Satoru Shindo, Yoshihiro Ohta, Kazumi Ozaki, Takashi Matsuo
Alkannin, which is found in Alkanna tinctoria, a member of the borage family, is used as a food coloring. Alkannin has recently been reported to have certain biological functions, such as anti-microbial and anti-oxidant effects. It is known that CC chemokine receptor (CCR) 5-positive leukocytes contribute to alveolar bone resorption in periodontal lesions. The aim of this study was to examine whether alkannin inhibits the production of CC chemokine ligand (CCL) 3 and CCL5, which are CCR5 ligands, in human periodontal ligament cells (HPDLC)...
October 15, 2016: Cell Biology International
Maryam Kaviani, Negar Azarpira, Mohammad Hossein Karimi, Ismail Al-Abdullah
Cell-based therapies suggest novel treatments to overcome the complication of the current therapeutic approaches in diabetes mellitus type 1. Replacement of the destroyed pancreatic islet β-cells by appropriate alternative cells needs an efficient approach to differentiate the cells into viable and functional insulin producing cells. Small non-coding RNA molecules, MicroRNAs (miRNA), have critical roles in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Therefore, they can direct the cells toward β-cell like cells and control islet β-cell development...
October 15, 2016: Cell Biology International
Chen Tu, Shuang Wang, Xiao Hu, Wenju Wang, Yingying Dong, Shengxiang Xiao, Xiaopeng Wang
Bacterial infection is an important factor that can trigger and exacerbate psoriasis. The protein triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells type-1 (TREM-1) is overexpressed in psoriasis and decreased after a successful treatment. Hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), subunit of the transcription factor HIF-1, has participated in angiogenesis and inflammation in psoriasis. Increased expressions of TREM-1 and HIF-1α are associated with the infection of microbial pathogens. However, the association between TREM-1 and HIF-1α still need to be elucidated...
October 15, 2016: Cell Biology International
Mabel Buelna-Chontal, Luz Hernández-Esquivel, Francisco Correa, Jorge Luis Díaz-Ruiz, Edmundo Chávez
In this work, we studied the effect of tamoxifen and cyclosporin A on mitochondrial permeability transition caused by addition of the thiol-oxidizing pair Cu(2+) -orthophenanthroline. The findings indicate that tamoxifen and cyclosporin A circumvent the oxidative membrane damage manifested by matrix Ca(2+) release, mitochondrial swelling, and transmembrane electrical gradient collapse. Furthermore, it was found that tamoxifen and cyclosporin A prevent the generation of TBARs promoted by Cu(2+) -orthophenanthroline, as well as the inactivation of the mitochondrial enzyme aconitase and disruption of mDNA...
October 12, 2016: Cell Biology International
Qiu-Fang Gao, Xiu-Hong Zhang, Feng-Lai Yuan, Ming-Dong Zhao, Xia Li
Bone loss is a critical pathology responsible for the functional disability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is well known that receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) ligand (RANKL) plays a crucial role in bone loss in RA. The purpose of this study was to determine whether recombinant human endostatin (rh-endostatin) mediates bone erosion in RA by regulation of RANKL expression in an experimental model of RA, consisting of mice with adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA). Cultured AA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) obtained from these mice were induced by tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) combined with or without rh-endostatin...
October 12, 2016: Cell Biology International
Carolina Nogueira de Moraes, Leandro Maia, Marianne Camargos Dias, Camila P Freitas Dell'Aqua, Ligia Souza Lima Silveira da Mota, Aspinas Chapwanya, Fernanda da Cruz Landim-Alvarenga, Eunice Oba
Endometrial mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells (eMSCs) are multipotent cells known to modulate the immune system and have clinical application for human and animal health. This makes these bovines cells attractive for dual use as cellular therapy and experimental model. The aim of this study was to isolate, evaluate the differentiation potential, immunophenotypic and immunocytochemistry characteristics, chromosomal stability, cloning efficiency, and cryopreservation response of bovine eMSCs collected in two phases of the estrous cycle...
October 4, 2016: Cell Biology International
Fariheen Aisha Ansari, Shaikh Nisar Ali, Riaz Mahmood
Sodium nitrite (NaNO2 ) is a common contaminant of drinking water and food and feed chain. Nitrite induces oxidative damage in humans and animals. In this work we studied the protective effect of crocin, the active constituent of Crocus sativus (saffron), on NaNO2 -induced oxidative damage in human erythrocytes. Changes in oxidative stress parameters following NaNO2 incubation of erythrocytes in presence and absence of crocin were determined. It was found that crocin pre-treatment significantly attenuated NaNO2 -induced oxidative damage of proteins, lipids and plasma membrane...
September 28, 2016: Cell Biology International
Man-Yu Liu, Wei-Zhang Wang, Fen-Fang Liao, Qing-Qing Wu, Xiang-Hua Lin, Yong-Hen Chen, Lin Chen, Xiao-Bao Jin, Jia-Yong Zhu
Imatinib mesylate (IM) and other BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have improved chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patient survival markedly but fail to eradicate quiescent CML leukemia stem cells (LSCs). Thus, strategies targeting LSCs are required to induce long-term remission and achieve cure. Here we investigated the ability of topoisomerase II (Top II) inhibitor etoposide (Eto) to target CML LSCs. Treatment with Eto combined with IM markedly induced apoptosis in primitive CML CD34(+) CD38(-) stem cells resistant to eradication by IM alone, but not in normal hematopoietic stem cells, CML and normal mature CD34(-) cells and other leukemia and lymphoma cell lines...
September 28, 2016: Cell Biology International
Danying Chen, Zuolin Wang
Sympathetic signaling is involved in bone homeostasis; however, the cellular and molecular mechanisms remain unknown. In this study, we found that the psychological stress mediator adrenaline inhibited osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow-derived stem cells (hMSC) by reducing microRNA-21 (miR-21) expression. Briefly, adrenaline significantly inhibited the osteogenic differentiation of hMSCs, as observed with both Alizarin red staining and maker gene expression (RUNX2, OSX, OCN and OPN). During this process, miR-21 was suppressed by adrenaline via inhibition of histone acetylation, as verified by H3K9Ac chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay...
September 27, 2016: Cell Biology International
Hashemeyah Al-Mosauwi, Elizabeth Ryan, Alison McGrane, Stefanie Riveros-Beltran, Caragh Walpole, Eugene Dempsey, Danielle Courtney, Naomi Fearon, Desmond Winter, Alan Baird, Gavin Stewart
Bacterially-derived short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), such as butyrate, are vital in maintaining the symbiotic relationship that exists between humans and their gastrointestinal microbial populations. A key step in this process is the transport of SCFAs across colonic epithelial cells via MCT1 transporters. This study investigated MCT1 protein abundance in various human intestinal tissues. Initial RT-PCR analysis confirmed the expected MCT1 RNA expression pattern of colon > small intestine > stomach...
September 16, 2016: Cell Biology International
Tetiana Kochubei, Volodymyr Kitam, Oksana Maksymchuk, Oksana Piven, Lybov Lukash
Leukoagglutinin is one of the phytohemagglutinin isolectins isolated from Phaseolus vulgaris. In our recentl study we showed that this lectin is able to influence the growth of human cancer cells in vitro. In additon, using the acridine orange and ethidium bromide staining, we found that leukoagglutinin can induce apoptosis. In order to understand the molecular mechanisms of induction of apoptosis, we performed computational modeling with subsequent experimental verification of theoretical data in vitro. We developed computational models of leukoagglutinin interaction with pro-apoptotic (FasR and TNFR) and anti-apoptotic (IGF-1 and EGFR) receptors, and confirmed that leukoagglutinin may specifically interact with these receptors...
September 15, 2016: Cell Biology International
Miyako Yoshioka, Takato Takenouchi, Hiroshi Kitani, Hiroyuki Okada, Noriko Yamanaka
Immortalized bovine sinusoidal cell lines provide useful tools to study the immunological responses in the liver to the gastrointestinal tract-derived toxic substances, which may cause systemic symptoms in the affected livestock. Here we established two immortalized bovine liver sinusoidal cell lines, endothelial-like B46 and myofibroblast-like A26, from primary cultures of bovine liver cells by the transfection with SV40 large T antigen. The pro-inflammatory cytokine responses in these cell lines to deoxynivalenol (DON) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were then compared to those in the primary bovine Kupffer cells (BKC)...
September 14, 2016: Cell Biology International
Shaveta Sharma, Anuradha Garg, Rakesh S Dhanda, Deepak Kaul
The oncogenic potential of Apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide-like 3G (APOBEC3G) was recently appreciated by the finding that revealed its ability to downregulate Kruppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) gene translation through its affinity for 3'UTR of KLF4 mRNA. Keeping in view the fact that KLF4 is known to repress apoptosis antagonizing transcription factor (AATF) gene expression, the present study employed stem cells as archetype model to explore the effect of APOBEC3G over-expression upon AATF gene expression within these cells as well as on the genes involved in oncogenic transformation...
September 9, 2016: Cell Biology International
Qichang Yang, Xingjian Cao, Guohua Tao, Feng Zhou, Ping Zhao, Yi Shen, Xiang Chen
As one member of Forkhead Box transcription factors, Forkhead Box J2 (FOXJ2) has been found to be involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process. However, the role and mechanism of FOXJ2 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and EMT regulation have not been fully revealed. In this paper, it was revealed that the expression of FOXJ2 was lower in NSCLC samples compared with matched peritumoral lung tissue. We demonstrated that FOXJ2 expression was down-regulated by transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) treated, and overexpression of FOXJ2 inhibited TGF-β1-induced EMT...
September 9, 2016: Cell Biology International
Fu Gui, Zhengdong Hong, Zhipeng You, Hongxi Wu, Yulan Zhang
MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) was reported to act as an oncogene during the development of many human tumors. However, little was revealed about the function of miR-21 in retinoblastoma (RB). In this study, we examined the expression of miR-21 in RB tissues and explored the relationship between miR-21 and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) / phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase (PI3K) /AKT signal. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) results showed that the level of miR-21 in RB tissues was higher than that in retinal normal tissues...
September 7, 2016: Cell Biology International
Jianguo Yang, Jiping Nie, Su Fu, Song Liu, Jianqun Wu, Liang Cui, Yongtao Zhang, Bin Yu
The canonical Wnt pathway is vital to bone physiology by increasing bone mass through elevated osteoblast survival. Although investigated extensively in stem cells, its role in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells has not been completely determined. To explore how this pathway is regulated by different conditions, we assessed the anti-apoptotic effects of substance P on the canonical Wnt pathway in MC3T3-E1 cells by treating cells with serum deprivation or serum starving with "substance P", a neuropeptide demonstrated to promote bone growth and stimulate Wnt signaling...
September 5, 2016: Cell Biology International
Hiroki Nishimoto, Akihiro Yamamoto, Souhei Furukawa, Satoshi Wakisaka, Takashi Maeda
Adipose tissue-derived adipokines influence a number of organs critical for energy homeostasis and metabolism. One of the most extensively studied adipokines is adiponectin, which exerts anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic functions on various cell types. CTRP3, a paralog of adiponectin, is a member of the C1q and tumor necrosis factor-related protein (CTRP) superfamily. CTRP3 reduces hepatic triglyceride levels in diet-induced obese (DIO) mice. However, the physiological role of CTRP3 in adipocytes is largely unknown...
September 3, 2016: Cell Biology International
Ruiting Liu, Guorong Wang, Chang Liu, Jian Qiu, Likun Yan, Xiaojun Li, Xiaoqiang Wang
: DNA binding proteinA (dbpA) has been reported associated with the pathogenesis and development of various cancers. However, no evidence showed the gene expression profiling alternation involved in dbpA knockdown in colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. Small interference RNA (siRNA) method was used to knock down dbpA expression in SW620 cells. The changes of gene expression profiles in dbpA knockdown SW620 cells were determined by microarray analysis and western blot. A total of 578 genes expressed differentially (2-fold change), 181 genes were up-regulated and 397 down-regulated in the dbpA knockdown group in comparison with the control group...
August 29, 2016: Cell Biology International
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"