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Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association

Eliza Grylls, Max Kinsky, Amy Baggott, Cecile Wabnitz, Ailsa McLellan
PURPOSE: To establish if listening to Mozart's Sonata for two pianos in D major (K448) has an anti-epileptic effect on the EEGs (electroencephalograms) of children. METHODS: Forty five children (2-18 years; mean 7 years 10 months) who had epileptiform activity on EEG were recruited from those attending for scheduled EEG investigations. Mozart's Sonata for two pianos in D major (K448) and an age-appropriate control music were played during the EEG. There were five consecutive states during the record, each lasting 5 min; before Mozart music (baseline), during Mozart music, after Mozart music/before control music, during control music and after control music...
May 9, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Pablo Cabezudo-García, Natalia Mena-Vázquez, Macarena Villagrán-García, Pedro J Serrano-Castro
OBJECTIVE: Review the evidence of the efficacy of AEDs (antiepileptic drugs) in autoimmune epilepsy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Literature research on Medline and Embase was carried out through January 2018. We included MeSH terms, free text and terms related to "autoimmune epilepsy", "autoimmune encephalitis", "limbic encephalitis", "autoimmune seizures", "antiepileptic drug", "seizure treatment", and "epilepsy treatment"...
May 7, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Jans S van Ool, Alexandra I Haenen, Francesca M Snoeijen-Schouwenaars, Albert P Aldenkamp, Jos G M Hendriksen, H Jurgen Schelhaas, In Y Tan, Richard H C Lazeron, Nynke M G Bodde
PURPOSE: To describe the main characteristics of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) in adults with epilepsy and intellectual disability (ID), and to analyse the differences regarding psychosocial functioning, epilepsy severity and ID between patients with PNES and a control group without PNES. METHODS: Medical records of adults with ID and epilepsy living at an epilepsy care facility (N = 240) were screened for PNES and evaluated by a neurologist. A control group consisting of patients with epilepsy and ID, without PNES, was matched according to age, sex and level of ID...
May 4, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
I C Zibrandtsen, P Kidmose, T W Kjaer
PURPOSE: Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is associated with generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) with most deaths occurring during sleep. Seizure detection devices have been suggested as a SUDEP prevention strategy. EMG-based GTCS detection can take advantage of the GTCS characteristic of sustained high-amplitude, high-frequency activity in the time-domain. METHOD: We present a GTCS-detection method based on median-filtered variance estimates on surface EMG measurements and describe its performance in a small exploratory proof-of-concept setting involving a group of 15 patients with 3 GTCS recorded with ear-EEG and another group of 6 patients with 11 GTCS recorded with scalp-EEG...
May 4, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Jan Chrastina, Zdeněk Novák, Tomáš Zeman, Jitka Kočvarová, Martin Pail, Irena Doležalová, Jiří Jarkovský, Milan Brázdil
PURPOSE: The paper presents a long-term follow-up study of VNS patients, analyzing seizure outcome, medication changes, and surgical problems. METHOD: 74 adults with VNS for 10 to 17 years were evaluated yearly as: non-responder - NR (seizure frequency reduction <50%), responder - R (reduction ≥ 50% and <90%), and 90% responder - 90R (reduction ≥ 90%). Delayed R or 90R (≥ 4 years after surgery), patients with antiepileptic medication changes and battery or complete system replacement were identified...
April 30, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Henrik Falhammar, Jonatan D Lindh, Jan Calissendorff, Shermineh Farmand, Jakob Skov, David Nathanson, Buster Mannheimer
PURPOSE: Hyponatremia induced by antiepileptic drugs is common, but detailed evidence is lacking. This can be problematic for the treating neurologist confronted with a patient with severe hyponatremia in need of an alternative drug. The objective of this study was to examine the association between individual antiepileptic drugs and hospitalization due to hyponatremia. METHODS: This was a register-based case-control study of patients in the general Swedish population...
April 30, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Priyanka Madaan, Sheffali Gulati, Biswaroop Chakrabarty, Savita Sapra, Rajesh Sagar, Akbar Mohammad, R M Pandey, Manjari Tripathi
PURPOSE: The current study was designed to analyze the clinical spectrum of Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) in children. METHODS: Children aged 6-16years with clinically suspected PNES, confirmed by short-term VEEG (STVEEG{video electroencephalogram}) and induction were classified as per Seneviratne classification. Stressors, associated co morbidities, Verbal IQ (Intelligence Quotient) and behavioral abnormalities were assessed using HTP(House tree person) test, DSM IV (Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders) TR criteria, MISIC (Malin intelligence scale for Indian children) and CBCL (Child behaviour checklist)...
April 27, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Saba Jafarpour, Coral M Stredny, Juan Piantino, Kevin E Chapman
PURPOSE: To summarize different aspects of short and long-term outcomes associated with SE, including mortality, recurrence, subsequent epilepsy, neurocognitive dysfunction, imaging abnormalities, and health-related quality of life. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE for studies that assessed the short-term and long-term outcome of status epilepticus in pediatric population, including mortality, recurrence of seizure and status epilepticus, neurological, cognitive, or behavioral impairment, and health-related quality of life...
April 27, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Aram Kwon, Byung Ok Kwak, Kyungmin Kim, Jongseok Ha, Soo-Jin Kim, Sun Hwan Bae, Jae Sung Son, Soo-Nyung Kim, Ran Lee
PURPOSE: Febrile seizures (FSs) are the most common form of childhood seizures. During infection, both pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines are produced. Complex interactions among immune-inflammatory process, cytokine activation, and genetic factors are involved in the pathogenesis of FSs. The association between cytokines and FSs during childhood is inconclusive due to inconsistent results reported in different studies. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine an association between cytokines and FS in children...
April 27, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Thomas De Cooman, Carolina Varon, Anouk Van de Vel, Katrien Jansen, Berten Ceulemans, Lieven Lagae, Sabine Van Huffel
PURPOSE: Automated seizure detection at home is mostly done using either patient-independent algorithms or manually personalized algorithms. Patient-independent algorithms, however, lead to too many false alarms, whereas the manually personalized algorithms typically require manual input from an experienced clinician for each patient, which is a costly and unscalable procedure and it can only be applied when the patient had a sufficient amount of seizures. We therefore propose a nocturnal heart rate based seizure detection algorithm that automatically adapts to the patient without requiring seizure labels...
April 26, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
A Orsini, A Bonuccelli, P Striano, A Azzara, G Costagliola, R Consolini, D G Peroni, A Valetto, V Bertini
Terminal deletions of long arm of chromosome 13 are rare and poorly characterized by cytogenetic studies, making for difficult genotype-phenotype correlations. We report two siblings presenting generalized epilepsy, intellectual disability, and genitourinary tract defects. Array CGH detected a 1.3 Mb deletion at 13q34; it contains two protein-coding genes, SOX1 and ARHGEF7, whose haploinsufficiency can contribute to the epileptic phenotype.
April 26, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Xing Fan, Yucai Li, Xia Shan, Gan You, Zhifeng Wu, Zhibao Li, Hui Qiao, Tao Jiang
PURPOSE: Seizures are the most common presenting sign of patients with diffuse glioma. In the current study, we performed a meta-analysis to determine the correlation of seizures at presentation to survival outcomes in adult diffuse glioma, and the possible mechanisms were also discussed. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PUBMED, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. The pooled hazard ratio (HR) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to estimate effects...
April 25, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Ali A Asadi-Pooya, Fateme Ziyaee
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to investigate the long-term outcome of patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) and factors potentially associated with their outcome in Iran. METHODS: We investigated all patients with PNES admitted to the epilepsy monitoring unit at the Shiraz Comprehensive Epilepsy Center from 2008 through 2013. Patients included in this study had a confirmed diagnosis of PNES. In a phone call interview to the patients in December 2017, we obtained the following information: seizure outcome (seizure-free during the past 12 months or not), history of receiving any psychotherapy after confirming their diagnosis in the past, and number of psychotherapy sessions the patient had received...
April 25, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Masahiro Takeshima, Hiroyasu Ishikawa, Takahiro Ono, Takashi Kanbayashi, Tetsuo Shimizu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Wassim Nasreddine, Maya Dirani, Samir Atweh, Achraf Makki, Ahmad Beydoun
PURPOSE: To evaluate variables affecting the valproate (VPA) free fraction and develop an equation for computing free VPA concentration from total VPA concentration. METHODS: Trough total and free VPA concentrations were collected from patients who participated in a prospective VPA monotherapy trial. All available paired data of trough total and free VPA concentrations were included. Significant variables from the univariate analysis were evaluated in a multivariate model...
April 23, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Emanuela C Turco, Anna Andreolli, Francesco Pisani
Tap seizure is a type of reflex myoclonic epilepsy in which seizures are evoked mainly by unexpected tactile stimuli and which is classified among the electroclinical syndromes of infancy. This condition, whose onset is in the first two years of life, is characterized by excellent prognosis and is extremely rare. We reviewed all published articles and case reports on Reflex Myoclonic Epilepsies focusing on touch-induced seizures in order to clarify clinical and electroencephalographic findings. Our aim is to increase knowledge about this specific disorder in order to help pediatricians avoid extensive investigations when making their diagnosis and reassure parents regarding absence of long-term complications...
April 23, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Carolin Meschede, Juri-Alexander Witt, Michael Rademacher, Randi D von Wrede, Christian E Elger, Christoph Helmstaedter
PURPOSE: This retrospective longitudinal study aims to compare the longer-term cognitive and behavioral side effects of adjunctive antiepileptic treatment with perampanel (PER) and lacosamide (LCM), two third generation antiepileptic drugs with suggested favorable cognitive profiles. The two drugs were monitored according to a previously established routine diagnostic protocol (Helmstaedter et al. E&B 2013;26:182-7) which facilitates the retrospective comparison of antiepileptic drug tolerability in a naturalistic outpatient setting...
April 22, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Preena Uppal, Michael Cardamone, John A Lawson
OBJECTIVE: Due to a gap between published clinical guidelines on status epilepticus SE and clinician management of SE, a systematic review was performed to investigate treatment adherence to SE guidelines and its impact on patient outcomes. METHODS: Medline and Embase searches were conducted for studies appraising adherence to SE guidelines (from 1970 and 1st April 2018). The quality of eligible studies was assessed by QUADAS- 2 criteria. Comparison was made between patients where guidelines were followed and not followed...
April 16, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Stoyan Popkirov, Alan J Carson, Jon Stone
A history of head injury is common in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). This association has so far been interpreted as either spurious or psychologically mediated. Biased recall and misattribution could foster illness beliefs about brain damage that promote symptom production. Furthermore, the emotional impact of head injury could induce long-term changes in stress responsivity. Lastly, maladaptive cognitive-behavioural processes involving symptom modelling and aversive conditioning, known to play a role in functional neurological disorders, could contribute to the development of PNES after head trauma...
April 14, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Weixing Feng, Shenghui Mei, Leting Zhu, Yazhen Yu, Weili Yang, Baoqin Gao, Xiaojuan Wu, Zhigang Zhao, Fang Fang
PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate the associations between genetic polymorphisms and the effect of sodium valproate (VPA) therapy in children with generalized seizures. METHODS: A total of 174 children with generalized seizures on VPA therapy were enrolled. Steady-state trough plasma concentrations of VPA were analyzed. Seventy-six single nucleotide polymorphisms involved in the absorption, metabolism, transport, and target receptor of VPA were identified, and their associations with the therapeutic effect (seizure reduction) were evaluated using logistic regression adjusted by various influence factors...
April 14, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
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