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Journal of Tissue Viability

Anke Scheel-Sailer, Angela Frotzler, Gabi Mueller, Simon Annaheim, René Michel Rossi, Siegfried Derler
AIM OF THE STUDY: To examine biophysical skin properties in the sacral region in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients suffering from a grade 1 pressure ulcer (PU) defined as non-blanchable erythema (SCI/PU), SCI patients in the post-acute phase (SCI/PA) and able-bodied participants (CON). Also, for SCI/PU patients, both the affected skin and healthy skin close to the PU were examined. STUDY DESIGN: An experimental controlled study with a convenience sample. SETTING: A Swiss acute care and rehabilitation clinic specializing in SCIs...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Carol Bartley, Melanie Stephens
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of WaterCell(®) Technology on pressure redistribution and self-reported comfort and discomfort scores of adults with mobility problems who remain seated for extended periods of time. METHODS: Twelve participants, were recruited and ranged in gender, age, height, weight, and body mass index. Five were male, seven were female, and five were permanent wheelchair users. Each participant was randomly allocated a chair, whose seat comprised of visco-elastic memory foam, high-elastic reflex foam, and watercells, to trial for a week...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
M Schario, T Tomova-Simitchieva, A Lichterfeld, H Herfert, G Dobos, N Lahmann, U Blume-Peytavi, J Kottner
BACKGROUND: Pressure Ulcers (PUs) are a severe form of skin and soft tissue lesions, caused by sustained deformation. PU development is complex and depends on different factors. Skin structure and function change during prolonged loading on PU predilection sites and surfaces being in direct contact with skin are likely to have an impact as well. Little is known about the influence of fabrics on skin function under pressure conditions. OBJECTIVES: To investigate skin responses to sustained loading in a sitting position and possible differences between two fabrics...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Anna-Barbara Schlüer
While the problem of Pressure Ulcers (PU) in adults has received a great deal of attention, far less is known about PUs in neonates and children. The overall health status of children is generally better and multi-morbidity is limited to a small percentage of patients, like very low term neonates (born before 32 weeks of gestation age), newborns with congenital abnormalities, genetic disorders, perinatal distress syndrome or children with a limited immunity. Survival rates of both critically and chronically ill neonates, infants and children have improved dramatically in recent years, introducing new challenges for medical and nursing care...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Ferdaous Ghrab Ben Djemaa, Khaled Bellassoued, Sami Zouari, Abdelfatteh El Feki, Emna Ammar
Lavandula aspic L. is a strongly aromatic shrub plant of the Lamiaceae family and traditionally used in herbal medicine for the treatment of several skin disorders, including wounds, burns, and ulcers. The present study aimed to investigate the composition and in vitro antioxidant activity of lavender essential oil. In addition, it aimed to evaluate the excision wound healing activity and antioxidant property of a Lavandula aspic L. essential oil formulated in ointment using a rat model. The rats were divided into five groups of six animals each...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Dan Bader, Lisette Schoonhoven
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Pedro Miguel Garcez Sardo, Cláudia Sofia Oliveira Simões, José Joaquim Marques Alvarelhão, João Filipe Fernandes Lindo Simões, Paulo Alexandre Puga Machado, Francisco Manuel Lemos Amado, António José Monteiro Amaro, Elsa Maria Oliveira Pinheiro de Melo
AIM: To gain more insight into the magnitude of the problem of pressure ulcer incidence in general wards of a Portuguese hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of electronic health record database from 7132 adult patients admitted to medical and surgical wards of Aveiro Hospital during 2012. The development of (at least) one pressure ulcer during the length of stay was associated with age, gender, type of admission, specialty units, first Braden Scale score, length of stay, patient discharge outcome and ICD-9 diagnosis...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Zeliha Tulek, Cansu Polat, Ilknur Ozkan, Dimitris Theofanidis, Rifat Erdem Togrol
STUDY AIM: Sound knowledge of pressure ulcers is important to enable good prevention. There are limited instruments assessing pressure ulcer knowledge. The Pressure Ulcer Prevention Knowledge Assessment Instrument is among the scales of which psychometric properties have been studied rigorously and reflects the latest evidence. This study aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Pressure Ulcer Prevention Knowledge Assessment Instrument (PUPKAI-T), an instrument that assesses knowledge of pressure ulcer prevention by using multiple-choice questions...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Shaurya Jhamb, Venkat N Vangaveti, Usman H Malabu
Diabetic Foot Ulcers (DFUs) are major complications associated with diabetes and often correlate with peripheral neuropathy, trauma and peripheral vascular disease. It is necessary to understand the molecular and genetic basis of diabetic foot ulcers in order to tailor patient centred care towards particular patient groups. This review aimed to evaluate whether current literature was indicative of an underlying molecular and genetic basis for DFUs and to discuss clinical applications. From a molecular perspective, wound healing is a process that transpires following breach of the skin barrier and is usually mediated by growth factors and cytokines released by specialised cells activated by the immune response, including fibroblasts, endothelial cells, phagocytes, platelets and keratinocytes...
November 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
H E W de Laat, A C de Munter, M J van der Burg, D J O Ulrich, O Kloeters
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about health activation and self-management behavior in preventing pressure ulcers (PU) in paraplegic patients. Therefore this study aimed to describe the extent of health activation and self-management behavior in paraplegics to prevent PU's and associations between this behavior and patient characteristics. Furthermore, we aimed to find differences in health activation in paraplegics who never had a PU compared to paraplegics with a previous history of PU's or a new-onset PU's...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Yoshiko Takahashi, Tetsuya Nemoto, Fumihiro Mizokami, Katsunori Furuta, Yusuke Murasawa, Masahiko Yoneda, Zenzo Isogai
AIM: A pressure ulcer is localized injury to the skin and/or underlying tissue usually over a bony prominence, as a result of pressure, or pressure in combination with shear. Although the external forces and bony prominences differ depending on ulcer location, the way in which these anatomical differences affect pressure ulcer development is not well studied. METHODS: To clarify the location-dependent factors for pressure ulcer development, we focused on superficial injuries that develop over an undermining lesion, which we have termed them bilayer pressure ulcers...
August 21, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Farina Hashmi, Suzanne Kirkham, Christopher Nester, Sharon Lam
INTRODUCTION: Foot blisters are a common injury, which can impact on activity and lead to infection. Increased skin surface hydration has been identified as a risk factor for blister formation, indicating that a reduction in hydration could reduce the risk of blister. METHOD: Thirty healthy adults were randomised into 3 groups, each receiving a preventative foot blister treatment (2Toms(®) Blister Shield(®); Flexitol(®) Blistop and Boots Anti-Perspirant Foot Spray)...
August 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Elaine Aparecida Rocha Domingues, Marianna Carvalho E Souza Leão Cavalcanti, Paula Cristina Pereira da Costa, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes Lopes, Inês Monteiro, Neusa Maria Costa Alexandre
Chronic wounds are considered a worldwide epidemic and pain is the most frequently symptom referred by the patients who have this type of wound. The aim was to assess the prevalence of pain in chronic wounds and relate socio-demographic and clinical variables to pain. This is an analytical cross-sectional study, carried out in Basic Health Units (BHU), Family Health Strategy (ESF) and in a university hospital in two cities of Minas Gerais. 200 individuals who had chronic ulcers of different etiologies participated...
August 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Alessandro Ragno, Emanuela Cavallaro, Daniele Marsili, Michele Apa, Laura D'Erasmo, Luis Severino Martin
We would like to remark on the mechanisms and therapeutic properties of honey, bee pollen and unsaponifiable fractions of vegetable oils in wound healing.
August 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Karen A Lamb, Michael R Backhouse, Una J Adderley
OBJECTIVE: The focus of this study was to identify the factors that impact upon the recruitment of participants to research studies in wound care from the community nurses' perspective. METHOD: A qualitative approach utilising classic grounded theory methodology was used. Semi structured interviews were used to generate data and data analysis was facilitated by using QSR International's NVivo10 qualitative data analysis software (2012). RESULTS: Eight participants consisting of community registered nursing staff of differing levels of seniority took part in the study...
August 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Tyler Freeto, Allissa Cypress, Sarah Amalraj, Mohamed Shaif Yusufishaq, Kath M Bogie
STUDY AIM: Pressure ulcers (PU) are a common comorbidity among wheelchair users. An appropriate wheelchair cushion is essential to relieve pressure and reduce PU development during sitting. The microenvironment, specifically excessive heat and moisture, impacts risk for PU development. An effective wheelchair cushion should maintain a healthy microenvironment at the seating interface. Measurement of heat and moisture can characterize microenvironmental conditions at the wheelchair cushion interface under load...
August 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Andrea Lichterfeld-Kottner, Elisabeth Hahnel, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Jan Kottner
BACKGROUND: Skin conditions and dermatological diseases associated with advanced age (e.g. fungal infection, dry skin and itch) receive increasingly attention in clinical practice and research. Cost and economic evaluations are important sources to inform priority setting and ressource allocation decisions in healthcare. The economics of skin conditions in aged populations has not been systematically reviewed so far. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this mapping review was to summarize the economic evidence of selected skin conditions in the aged (65 + years)...
July 25, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Lawrence Kingi, Roger Grech, Michael Lam, Ajith Dissanayake, Simon Otter
This case history describes a rare complaint - Calciphylaxis, seen in a New Zealand Maori patient undergoing renal dialysis. This condition causes non-healing tissue ulceration, typically with sepsis and is associated with a very high mortality rate. The need for vigilance among health professionals is highlighted, including the risk factors that may faciliate an early diagnosis; together with the value associated with a multi-disciplinary team approach to management.
July 5, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Kenji Hayashida, Masaki Fujioka, Shin Morooka, Hiroto Saijo, Sadanori Akita
AIM OF THE STUDY: Pediatric hand deep dermal and deep burns may lead to serious hand deformity with functional impairment and result in an esthetically unfavorable outcome. Since there is no guideline regarding the use of growth factors for pediatric hand burns, we sought to investigate the effectiveness of an angiogenic and regenerative growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). METHODS: Consecutive series of second degree or third degree palmer burns at less than 3 years of age seen from January 2010 to June 2014 were included for evaluation at 6 months post-wound healing...
June 29, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
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