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Journal of Tissue Viability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776817/investigation-of-the-prevalence-of-pressure-ulcers-and-patient-related-risk-factors-in-hospitals-in-the-province-of-erzurum-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Mağfiret Kaşıkçı, Meyreme Aksoy, Emrah Ay
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are a significant health care problem all across the world due to their associated high mortality and morbidity rates and high health care costs. The prevalence of pressure ulcers serves as one of the most important indicators of the quality of nursing care. STUDY AIM: This study aims to determine the prevalence of pressure ulcers and patient-related risk factors in inpatients receiving treatment in the province of Erzurum, located in the eastern part of Turkey...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776816/patterns-and-associations-of-structural-and-functional-cutaneous-responses-during-loading-at-heel-and-sacral-skin-in-aged-females-a-reanalysis-of-clinical-study-data
#2
Eva K B Pfannes, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Jan Kottner
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to explore possible interrelationships and cutaneous response patterns at the heel and sacral skin due to prolonged loading. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Skin stiffness, elasticity, roughness and transepidermal water loss, stratum corneum hydration, erythema, and temperature of n = 20 aged females (mean age 69.9 years) were measured before and after 90 and 150 min loading in supine position. Delta values were calculated and correlated using Spearman's rho...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773438/the-relationship-of-subepidermal-moisture-and-early-stage-pressure-injury-by-visual-skin-assessment
#3
Chul-Gyu Kim, Seungmi Park, Ji Woon Ko, Sungho Jo
AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of subepidermal moisture and early stage pressure injury by visual skin assessment in elderly Korean. METHODS: Twenty-nine elderly participated at a particular nursing home. Data were collected for 12 weeks by one wound care nurse. Visual skin assessment and subepidermal moisture value were measured at both buttocks, both ischia, both trochanters, sacrum, and coccyx of each subject once a week. RESULTS: Subepidermal moisture value of stage 1 pressure injury was significantly higher than that of no injury and blanching erythema...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606422/investigating-thermal-performance-of-different-chairs-at-the-user-seat-interface-by-a-temperature-sensor-array-system-while-participants-perform-office-work
#4
Zhuofu Liu, Ye Yuan, Meimei Liu, Vincenzo Cascioli, Peter W McCarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428186/laminin-peptide-yigsr-enhances-epidermal-development-of-skin-equivalents
#5
Young-Yoon Kim, Hailan Li, Yu Seok Song, Hyo-Soon Jeong, Hye-Young Yun, Kwang Jin Baek, Nyoun Soo Kwon, Yong Kyoo Shin, Kyoung-Chan Park, Dong-Seok Kim
Since the use of animal experimentation is restricted with regard to cosmetic materials, alternative in vitro models such as skin equivalents (SEs) are needed. Laminin is one of the major non-collagenous glycoproteins. The pentapeptide YIGSR (Tyr-Ile-Gly-Ser-Arg) is a functional motif of laminin that binds to the laminin receptor. In the present study, we examined whether YIGSR could improve the reconstruction of SEs. YIGSR has no effects on monolayer cell proliferation of CCD25-Sk fibroblasts or HaCaT keratinocytes...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398293/pressure-ulcer-incidence-and-braden-subscales-retrospective-cohort-analysis-in-general-wards-of-a-portuguese-hospital
#6
Pedro Miguel Garcez Sardo, Jenifer Adriana Domingues Guedes, José Joaquim Marques Alvarelhão, Paulo Alexandre Puga Machado, Elsa Maria Oliveira Pinheiro Melo
AIM: To study the influence of Braden subscales scores (at the first pressure ulcer risk assessment) on pressure ulcer incidence using a univariate and a multivariate time to event analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of electronic health record database from adult patients admitted without pressure ulcer(s) to medical and surgical wards of a Portuguese hospital during 2012. The hazard ratio of developing a pressure ulcer during the length of inpatient stay was calculated by univariate Cox regression for each variable of interest and by multivariate Cox regression for the Braden subscales that were statistically significant...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475598/editorial
#7
EDITORIAL
Amit Gefen, Dan Bader
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29268953/exploring-repositioning-movements-in-sitting-with-at-risk-groups-using-accelerometry-and-interface-pressure-mapping-technologies
#8
May Stinson, Rachel Ferguson, Alison Porter-Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Despite high quality guidelines underpinning pressure ulcer care (NPUAP/EPUAP/PPPIA, 2014), pressure ulceration still poses a significant financial impact on health care services in treatment and staff costs as well as having a profound effect on the health and quality of life of individuals experiencing them. Repositioning is a key preventative technique recommended by occupational therapists and other health care professionals. The frequency and quality of repositioning movements performed by individuals, however, can be difficult to determine...
February 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103915/grand-convergence-in-wound-healing-the-imperative-for-collaboration-in-research-innovation-and-quality-improvement
#9
EDITORIAL
Ray Samuriwo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054302/monitoring-the-biomechanical-and-physiological-effects-of-postural-changes-during-leisure-chair-sitting
#10
Peter R Worsley, Dan Rebolledo, Sally Webb, Silvia Caggiari, Dan L Bader
BACKGROUND: Individuals with limited mobility can spend prolonged periods in leisure chairs, increasing their risk of developing a seated acquired pressure ulcer. The present study aims to use objective measures of posture and tissue viability to identify the associated risks of leisure chair related pressure ulcers. METHODS: Healthy participants (n = 13) were recruited to sit on a leisure chair with either a viscoelastic foam or air cushion. Participants were asked to adopt four different postures for a period of 10 min followed by a 10 min refractory period...
February 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919021/developing-the-tissue-viability-seating-guidelines
#11
Melanie Stephens, Carol Bartley, Ria Betteridge, Ray Samuriwo
BACKGROUND: Costs for the prevention and management of pressure ulcers have increased significantly with limited published advice from health and social care organisations on seating and preventing pressure ulcers. At the request of the UK Tissue Viability Society the aim of the publication was to develop a practical guide for people, carers and health and social care professionals on how the research and evidence base on pressure ulcer prevention and management can be applied to those who remain seated for extended periods of time...
February 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919020/understanding-the-association-between-pressure-ulcers-and-sitting-in-adults-what-does-it-mean-for-me-and-my-carers-seating-guidelines-for-people-carers-and-health-social-care-professionals
#12
M Stephens, C A Bartley
The aim of the publication was to develop a practical guide for people, carers and health and social care professionals on how the research and evidence base on pressure ulcer prevention and management can be applied to those who remain seated for extended periods of time. This publication was developed at the request of the Tissue Viability Society in order to revise the original seating guidelines from 2008 as evidence and subsequent care has moved forward in relation to this area. Since 2008, the costs for the prevention and management of pressure ulcers have increased significantly and there is limited published advice from health and social care organisations on seating and preventing pressure ulcers...
February 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864351/adaptation-of-a-mr-imaging-protocol-into-a-real-time-clinical-biometric-ultrasound-protocol-for-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-at-risk-for-deep-tissue-injury-a-reliability-study
#13
Jillian M Swaine, Andrew Moe, William Breidahl, Daniel L Bader, Cees W J Oomens, Leanne Lester, Edmond O'Loughlin, Nick Santamaria, Michael C Stacey
BACKGROUND: High strain in soft tissues that overly bony prominences are considered a risk factor for pressure ulcers (PUs) following spinal cord impairment (SCI) and have been computed using Finite Element methods (FEM). The aim of this study was to translate a MRI protocol into ultrasound (US) and determine between-operator reliability of expert sonographers measuring diameter of the inferior curvature of the ischial tuberosity (IT) and the thickness of the overlying soft tissue layers on able-bodied (AB) and SCI using real-time ultrasound...
February 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637592/personalized-modeling-for-real-time-pressure-ulcer-prevention-in-sitting-posture
#14
Vincent Luboz, Mathieu Bailet, Christelle Boichon Grivot, Michel Rochette, Bruno Diot, Marek Bucki, Yohan Payan
Ischial pressure ulcer is an important risk for every paraplegic person and a major public health issue. Pressure ulcers appear following excessive compression of buttock's soft tissues by bony structures, and particularly in ischial and sacral bones. Current prevention techniques are mainly based on daily skin inspection to spot red patches or injuries. Nevertheless, most pressure ulcers occur internally and are difficult to detect early. Estimating internal strains within soft tissues could help to evaluate the risk of pressure ulcer...
February 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446371/beware-of-the-toilet-the-risk-for-a-deep-tissue-injury-during-toilet-sitting
#15
Maayan Lustig, Ayelet Levy, Kara Kopplin, Zehava Ovadia-Blechman, Amit Gefen
A pressure injury (PrI) compromises quality of life and can be life-threatening. The fundamental cause of PrIs is sustained deformations in weight-bearing soft tissues, e.g., during prolonged sitting on inadequate surfaces such as a toilet seat. In nursing homes and geriatric facilities, patients need assistance using the restroom, and patients being left on the toilet for tens-of-minutes is a real-world scenario, unfortunately. Nevertheless, there are no published studies regarding sustained tissue loads during toilet sitting and their effects on tissue physiology...
February 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431799/an-mri-investigation-of-the-effects-of-user-anatomy-and-wheelchair-cushion-type-on-tissue-deformation
#16
David Brienza, Jaxon Vallely, Patricia Karg, Jonathan Akins, Amit Gefen
AIM OF THE STUDY: Tissue deformation is recognized as an important risk factor for pressure injuries. This study investigated the effects of anatomy and wheelchair cushion type on tissue deformation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Direct 3-dimensional tissue deformation response was measured for six participants sitting on six different wheelchair cushions using MR imaging. Two participants had a traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) within one year of the assessment, two sustained traumatic SCI at least 13 years prior, and two were without SCI...
February 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343746/preliminary-development-of-an-advanced-modular-pressure-relief-cushion-testing-and-user-evaluation
#17
Tyler Freeto, Steven J Mitchell, Kath M Bogie
STUDY AIM: Effective pressure relief cushions are identified as a core assistive technology need by the World Health Organization Global Cooperation on Assistive Technology. High quality affordable wheelchair cushions could provide effective pressure relief for many individuals with limited access to advanced assistive technology. MATERIALS: Value driven engineering (VdE) principles were employed to develop a prototype modular cushion. Low cost dynamically responsive gel balls were arranged in a close packed array and seated in bilayer foam for containment and support...
February 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310861/never-too-old-to-regenerate-wound-induced-hair-follicle-neogenesis-after-secondary-intention-healing-in-a-geriatric-patient
#18
Tak-Wah Wong, Michael Hughes, Szu-Han Wang
Wound healing is a natural process to restore the structure and function of injured or diseased tissues. Repair of a skin wound usually leads to a scar while regeneration implies fully recovery of function and structure of the damaged tissue. Adult skin wound usually heals with scar while fetal skin heals scarless. Hair regeneration in elderly scalp wound has never been observed. We reported an 80-year-old patient with a large wound on the scalp after excision of a basal cell carcinoma healed by secondary intention wound healing...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229278/the-impact-of-hoist-sling-fabrics-on-interface-pressure-whilst-sitting-in-healthy-volunteers-and-wheelchair-users-a-comparative-study
#19
J Webb, M Twiste, L A Walton, P Hogg
AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the effect of three sling fabrics on gluteal interface pressure whilst sitting in a population of wheelchair users and to compare these to data previously collected in a pilot study with a healthy population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A repeated measures experimental design was used with 32 adult wheelchair users (15 women, 17 men). Healthy population pilot study consisted of 61 participants (51 women, 10 men) recruited from staff and students at The University of Salford...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100715/dynamic-computational-simulations-for-evaluating-tissue-loads-applied-by-regulated-negative-pressure-assisted-wound-therapy-rnpt-system-for-treating-large-wounds
#20
Rona Katzengold, Moris Topaz, Amit Gefen
Regulated negative pressure-assisted wound therapy (RNPT) is one of the most important wound treatment technologies developed and applied over the last two decades. To-date RNPT has been proven to be clinically effective in treating chronic wounds, however, the effects of different specific pressure delivery protocols on the progress and quality of tissue repair are not adequately understood yet. Here, we suggest a viscoelastic, three-dimensional finite element modeling framework of RNPT, with several realistic features such as a non-symmetrically configured multi-layered tissue structure...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
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