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Journal of Tissue Viability

I C Chetter, A V Oswald, M Fletcher, J C Dumville, N A Cullum
BACKGROUND: Surgical wounds healing by secondary intention (SWHSI) are often difficult and costly to treat. There is a dearth of clinical and research information regarding SWHSI. The aim of this survey was to estimate the prevalence of SWHSI and to characterise the aetiology, duration and management of these wounds. METHODS: Anonymised data were collected from patients with SWHSI receiving treatment in primary, secondary and community settings. Over a two weeks period, data were collected on the patients, their SWHSI, clinical and treatment details...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Julieta M F Chacon, Leila Blanes, Luis G Borba, Luis R M Rocha, Lydia M Ferreira
AIM: to estimate the direct variable costs of the topical treatment of stages III and IV pressure injuries of hospitalized patients in a public university hospital, and assess the correlation between these costs and hospitalization time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients of both sexes who had been admitted to the São Paulo Hospital, São Paulo, SP, Brazil, from 2011 to 2012, with pressure injuries in the sacral, ischial or trochanteric region were included...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Fabiana da Silva Augusto, Leila Blanes, Denise Nicodemo, Lydia Masako Ferreira
AIM: To translate into Brazilian Portuguese and cross-culturally adapt the Cardiff Wound Impact Schedule, a specific measure of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for patients with chronic wounds. Chronic wounds have a relevant impact on the HRQoL of patients. However, there are few instruments cross-culturally adapted and validated in Brazil to assess HRQoL in patients with wounds. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted following six steps: (1) translation of the original instrument into Brazilian-Portuguese by two independent translators; (2) construction of a consensus version based on both translations; (3) two independent back-translations into English of the consensus version; (4) review by an expert committee and construction of the pre-final version; (5) testing of the pre-final version on patients with chronic wounds; and (6) construction of the final version...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Manuel Escamilla Cardeñosa, Gabriel Domínguez-Maldonado, Antonio Córdoba-Fernández
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyse the efficacy and safety of using platelet rich in growth factor (PRGF) as a local treatment for venous ulcers. METHODS: In a clinical trial 102 venous ulcers (58 patients) were randomly assigned to the study group (application of PRGF) or the control group (standard cure with saline). For both groups the healed area was calculated before and after the follow up period (twenty-four weeks). The Kundin method was used to calculate the healed area (Area = Length × Width × 0...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Anke Scheel-Sailer, Angela Frotzler, Gabi Mueller, Simon Annaheim, René Michel Rossi, Siegfried Derler
AIM OF THE STUDY: To examine biophysical skin properties in the sacral region in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients suffering from a grade 1 pressure ulcer (PU) defined as non-blanchable erythema (SCI/PU), SCI patients in the post-acute phase (SCI/PA) and able-bodied participants (CON). Also, for SCI/PU patients, both the affected skin and healthy skin close to the PU were examined. STUDY DESIGN: An experimental controlled study with a convenience sample. SETTING: A Swiss acute care and rehabilitation clinic specializing in SCIs...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Carol Bartley, Melanie Stephens
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of WaterCell(®) Technology on pressure redistribution and self-reported comfort and discomfort scores of adults with mobility problems who remain seated for extended periods of time. METHODS: Twelve participants, were recruited and ranged in gender, age, height, weight, and body mass index. Five were male, seven were female, and five were permanent wheelchair users. Each participant was randomly allocated a chair, whose seat comprised of visco-elastic memory foam, high-elastic reflex foam, and watercells, to trial for a week...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
M Schario, T Tomova-Simitchieva, A Lichterfeld, H Herfert, G Dobos, N Lahmann, U Blume-Peytavi, J Kottner
BACKGROUND: Pressure Ulcers (PUs) are a severe form of skin and soft tissue lesions, caused by sustained deformation. PU development is complex and depends on different factors. Skin structure and function change during prolonged loading on PU predilection sites and surfaces being in direct contact with skin are likely to have an impact as well. Little is known about the influence of fabrics on skin function under pressure conditions. OBJECTIVES: To investigate skin responses to sustained loading in a sitting position and possible differences between two fabrics...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Ferdaous Ghrab Ben Djemaa, Khaled Bellassoued, Sami Zouari, Abdelfatteh El Feki, Emna Ammar
Lavandula aspic L. is a strongly aromatic shrub plant of the Lamiaceae family and traditionally used in herbal medicine for the treatment of several skin disorders, including wounds, burns, and ulcers. The present study aimed to investigate the composition and in vitro antioxidant activity of lavender essential oil. In addition, it aimed to evaluate the excision wound healing activity and antioxidant property of a Lavandula aspic L. essential oil formulated in ointment using a rat model. The rats were divided into five groups of six animals each...
November 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Dan Bader, Lisette Schoonhoven
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Pedro Miguel Garcez Sardo, Cláudia Sofia Oliveira Simões, José Joaquim Marques Alvarelhão, João Filipe Fernandes Lindo Simões, Paulo Alexandre Puga Machado, Francisco Manuel Lemos Amado, António José Monteiro Amaro, Elsa Maria Oliveira Pinheiro de Melo
AIM: To gain more insight into the magnitude of the problem of pressure ulcer incidence in general wards of a Portuguese hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of electronic health record database from 7132 adult patients admitted to medical and surgical wards of Aveiro Hospital during 2012. The development of (at least) one pressure ulcer during the length of stay was associated with age, gender, type of admission, specialty units, first Braden Scale score, length of stay, patient discharge outcome and ICD-9 diagnosis...
November 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Zeliha Tulek, Cansu Polat, Ilknur Ozkan, Dimitris Theofanidis, Rifat Erdem Togrol
STUDY AIM: Sound knowledge of pressure ulcers is important to enable good prevention. There are limited instruments assessing pressure ulcer knowledge. The Pressure Ulcer Prevention Knowledge Assessment Instrument is among the scales of which psychometric properties have been studied rigorously and reflects the latest evidence. This study aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Pressure Ulcer Prevention Knowledge Assessment Instrument (PUPKAI-T), an instrument that assesses knowledge of pressure ulcer prevention by using multiple-choice questions...
November 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Lawrence Kingi, Roger Grech, Michael Lam, Ajith Dissanayake, Simon Otter
This case history describes a rare complaint - Calciphylaxis, seen in a New Zealand Maori patient undergoing renal dialysis. This condition causes non-healing tissue ulceration, typically with sepsis and is associated with a very high mortality rate. The need for vigilance among health professionals is highlighted, including the risk factors that may faciliate an early diagnosis; together with the value associated with a multi-disciplinary team approach to management.
November 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Kenji Hayashida, Masaki Fujioka, Shin Morooka, Hiroto Saijo, Sadanori Akita
AIM OF THE STUDY: Pediatric hand deep dermal and deep burns may lead to serious hand deformity with functional impairment and result in an esthetically unfavorable outcome. Since there is no guideline regarding the use of growth factors for pediatric hand burns, we sought to investigate the effectiveness of an angiogenic and regenerative growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). METHODS: Consecutive series of second degree or third degree palmer burns at less than 3 years of age seen from January 2010 to June 2014 were included for evaluation at 6 months post-wound healing...
November 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
A M Mahon
This report documents an unusual case of distal symmetrical peripheral neuropathy (DSPN) in an otherwise healthy patient without diabetes mellitus (DM) presenting to a podiatric wound care clinic. The development of gas gangrene coupled with Charcot neuroarthropathic changes ultimately resulted in a potentially life-saving transmetatarsal (TMT) amputation. Causation of, or at least a contributor to, the DSPN was likely phenytoin usage for epileptic seizures. Long-term use of phenytoin can lead to axonal shrinkage and random clusters of nerve demyelination [1]...
November 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Shaurya Jhamb, Venkat N Vangaveti, Usman H Malabu
Diabetic Foot Ulcers (DFUs) are major complications associated with diabetes and often correlate with peripheral neuropathy, trauma and peripheral vascular disease. It is necessary to understand the molecular and genetic basis of diabetic foot ulcers in order to tailor patient centred care towards particular patient groups. This review aimed to evaluate whether current literature was indicative of an underlying molecular and genetic basis for DFUs and to discuss clinical applications. From a molecular perspective, wound healing is a process that transpires following breach of the skin barrier and is usually mediated by growth factors and cytokines released by specialised cells activated by the immune response, including fibroblasts, endothelial cells, phagocytes, platelets and keratinocytes...
November 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Woonhyeok Jeong, Daemyung Oh, Sunyoung Kwon, Jinhee Kim, Daegu Son
A chronic wound or non-healing wound is one that fails to heal for at least 30 days after injury. This study was designed to create delayed wound healing induced by irradiation and mechanical compression using silicone block. Two female pigs received a single fraction of 20 Gy with 6-MeV electrons to a 22 × 60 cm field on the dorsal body skin 7 weeks before experimentation. A 30 × 30 mm sized wounds were created with preservation of muscle fascia on the dorsum. In groups of six, wounds were designated to be control (C) or test areas of irradiation only (T0), irradiation with silicone blocks for 1 week (T1), irradiation with silicone blocks for 2 weeks (T2), and irradiation with silicone blocks for 3 weeks (T3)...
November 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Nan Zhang, Xin Yu, Qiuyan Zhao, Kai Shi, Zhenghua Jin, Xi Zhang, Hong Lei, Jiaao Yu
National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (NPUAP) stage 3 and 4 pressure ulcers typically require surgical repair with perforator-based flaps and fasciocutaneous flaps. We designed advancement/rotation flaps based on two different perforators originating from two different mother vessels that covered large pressure ulcers without the need for additional skin grafts for donor sites. In this paper, we describe the surgical technique on the use of the advancement/rotation flaps and report the preliminary results of surgical management of 11 cases of pressure ulcers using advancement/rotation flaps...
November 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Anna-Barbara Schlüer
While the problem of Pressure Ulcers (PU) in adults has received a great deal of attention, far less is known about PUs in neonates and children. The overall health status of children is generally better and multi-morbidity is limited to a small percentage of patients, like very low term neonates (born before 32 weeks of gestation age), newborns with congenital abnormalities, genetic disorders, perinatal distress syndrome or children with a limited immunity. Survival rates of both critically and chronically ill neonates, infants and children have improved dramatically in recent years, introducing new challenges for medical and nursing care...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
H E W de Laat, A C de Munter, M J van der Burg, D J O Ulrich, O Kloeters
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about health activation and self-management behavior in preventing pressure ulcers (PU) in paraplegic patients. Therefore this study aimed to describe the extent of health activation and self-management behavior in paraplegics to prevent PU's and associations between this behavior and patient characteristics. Furthermore, we aimed to find differences in health activation in paraplegics who never had a PU compared to paraplegics with a previous history of PU's or a new-onset PU's...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Yoshiko Takahashi, Tetsuya Nemoto, Fumihiro Mizokami, Katsunori Furuta, Yusuke Murasawa, Masahiko Yoneda, Zenzo Isogai
AIM: A pressure ulcer is localized injury to the skin and/or underlying tissue usually over a bony prominence, as a result of pressure, or pressure in combination with shear. Although the external forces and bony prominences differ depending on ulcer location, the way in which these anatomical differences affect pressure ulcer development is not well studied. METHODS: To clarify the location-dependent factors for pressure ulcer development, we focused on superficial injuries that develop over an undermining lesion, which we have termed them bilayer pressure ulcers...
August 21, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
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