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Health Economics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464788/the-impact-of-child-welfare-legislation-on-domestic-violence-related-homicide-rates
#1
Kabir Dasgupta, Gail Pacheco
State-specific statutes providing legal consequences for perpetrating domestic violence in the presence of a child have been enacted across the United States between 1996 and 2012. This paper examines the impact of this child welfare legislation, using a difference-in-differences approach. We find a significant drop in domestic violence-related homicide rates, when considering a wide range of victim-offender relationships. However, this result does not hold for marital homicides, suggesting that for this subpopulation, the risk of reprisal and consequent reduction in reporting may be counterbalancing the hypothesized deterrent impacts of the legislation...
February 21, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446177/how-does-retirement-affect-healthcare-expenditures-evidence-from-a-change-in-the-retirement-age
#2
Anikó Bíró, Péter Elek
Using individual-level administrative panel data from Hungary, we estimate causal effects of retirement on outpatient and inpatient care expenditures and pharmaceutical expenditures. Our identification strategy is based on an increase in the official early retirement age of women, using that the majority of women retire upon reaching that age. According to our descriptive results, people who are working before the early retirement age have substantially lower healthcare expenditures than nonworkers, but the expenditure gap declines after retirement...
February 15, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424031/ageing-and-healthcare-expenditures-exploring-the-role-of-individual-health-status
#3
Marc Carreras, Pere Ibern, José María Inoriza
In 1999, Zweifel, Felder, and Meiers questioned conventional wisdom on ageing and healthcare expenditure (HCE). According to these authors, the positive association between age and HCE is due to an increasing age-specific mortality and the high cost of dying. After a weighty academic debate, a new consensus was reached on the importance of proximity to death when analysing HCE. Nevertheless, the influence of individual health status remains unknown. The objective of our study is to analyse the influence individual health status has on HCE, when compared to proximity to death and demographic effects and considering a comprehensive view of healthcare services and costs...
February 9, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424005/the-gift-of-time-school-starting-age-and-mental-health
#4
Thomas S Dee, Hans Henrik Sievertsen
Using linked Danish survey and register data, we estimate the causal effect of age at kindergarten entry on mental health. Danish children are supposed to enter kindergarten in the calendar year in which they turn 6 years. In a "fuzzy" regression-discontinuity design based on this rule and exact dates of birth, we find that a 1-year delay in kindergarten entry dramatically reduces inattention/hyperactivity at age 7 (effect size = -0.73), a measure of self-regulation with strong negative links to student achievement...
February 9, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423941/is-health-care-infected-by-baumol-s-cost-disease-test-of-a-new-model
#5
Akinwande Atanda, Andrea Kutinova Menclova, W Robert Reed
Rising health care costs are a policy concern across the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and relatively little consensus exists concerning their causes. One explanation that has received revived attention is Baumol's cost disease (BCD). However, developing a theoretically appropriate test of BCD has been a challenge. In this paper, we construct a 2-sector model firmly based on Baumol's axioms. We then derive several testable propositions. In particular, the model predicts that (a) the share of total labor employed in the health care sector and (b) the relative price index of the health and non-health care sectors should both be positively related to economy-wide productivity...
February 9, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383773/a-framework-for-testing-the-equality-between-the-health-concentration-curve-and-the-45-degree-line
#6
Mohamad A Khaled, Paul Makdissi, Rami V Tabri, Myra Yazbeck
The health concentration curve is the standard graphical tool to depict socioeconomic health inequality in the literature on health inequality. This paper shows that testing for the absence of socioeconomic health inequality is equivalent to testing if the conditional expectation of health on income is a constant function that is equal to average health status. In consequence, any test for parametric specification of a regression function can be used to test for the absence of socioeconomic health inequality (subject to regularity conditions)...
January 31, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349842/is-end-of-life-a-special-case-connecting-q-with-survey-methods-to-measure-societal-support-for-views-on-the-value-of-life-extending-treatments
#7
Helen Mason, Marissa Collins, Neil McHugh, Jon Godwin, Job Van Exel, Cam Donaldson, Rachel Baker
Preference elicitation studies reporting societal views on the relative value of end-of-life treatments have produced equivocal results. This paper presents an alternative method, combining Q methodology and survey techniques (Q2S) to determine the distribution of 3 viewpoints on the relative value of end-of-life treatments identified in a previous, published, phase of this work. These were Viewpoint 1, "A population perspective: value for money, no special cases"; Viewpoint 2, "Life is precious: valuing life-extension and patient choice"; and Viewpoint 3, "Valuing wider benefits and opportunity cost: the quality of life and death...
January 19, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341413/effects-of-health-insurance-coverage-on-risky-behaviors
#8
Jungtaek Lee
Prior to implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, dependent health insurance coverage was typically available only for young adults under the age of 19. As of September 2010, the Affordable Care Act extended dependent health insurance coverage to include young adults up to the age of 26. I use the National Health Interview Survey for the sample period from 2011 to 2013 to analyze the causal relationship between the expansion of dependent coverage and risky behaviors including smoking and drinking as well as preventive care...
January 17, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315964/do-gender-gaps-in-education-and-health-affect-economic-growth-a-cross-country-study-from-1975-to-2010
#9
Bidisha Mandal, Raymond G Batina, Wen Chen
We use system-generalized method-of-moments to estimate the effect of gender-specific human capital on economic growth in a cross-country panel of 127 countries between 1975 and 2010. There are several benefits of using this methodology. First, a dynamic lagged dependent econometric model is suitable to address persistence in per capita output. Second, the generalized method-of-moments estimator uses dynamic properties of the data to generate appropriate instrumental variables to address joint endogeneity of the explanatory variables...
January 8, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282798/estimating-a-cost-effectiveness-threshold-for-the-spanish-nhs
#10
Laura Vallejo-Torres, Borja García-Lorenzo, Pedro Serrano-Aguilar
The cost of generating a quality-adjusted life year (QALY) within a National Health Service provides an approximation of the average opportunity cost of funding decisions. This information can be used to inform a cost-effectiveness threshold. The aim of this paper is to estimate the cost per QALY at the Spanish National Health Service. We exploit variation across 17 regional health services and the exogenous changes in expenditure that took place as a consequence of the economic crisis over 5 years of data...
December 28, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282793/centralisation-of-acute-stroke-services-in-london-impact-evaluation-using-two-treatment-groups
#11
Rocco Friebel, Katharina Hauck, Paul Aylin
The bundling of clinical expertise in centralised treatment centres is considered an effective intervention to improve quality and efficiency of acute stroke care. In 2010, 8 London Trusts were converted into Hyper Acute Stroke Units. The intention was to discontinue acute stroke services in 22 London hospitals. However, in reality, provision of services declined only gradually, and 2 years later, 15% of all patients were still treated in Trusts without a Hyper Acute Stroke Unit. This study evaluates the impact of centralising London's stroke care on 7 process and outcome indicators using a difference-in-difference analysis with two treatment groups, Hyper Acute and discontinued London Trusts, and data on all stroke patients recorded in the hospital episode statistics database from April 2006 to April 2014...
December 28, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280222/the-eyes-have-it-using-eye-tracking-to-inform-information-processing-strategies-in-multi-attributes-choices
#12
Mandy Ryan, Nicolas Krucien, Frouke Hermens
Although choice experiments (CEs) are widely applied in economics to study choice behaviour, understanding of how individuals process attribute information remains limited. We show how eye-tracking methods can provide insight into how decisions are made. Participants completed a CE, while their eye movements were recorded. Results show that although the information presented guided participants' decisions, there were also several processing biases at work. Evidence was found of (a) top-to-bottom, (b) left-to-right, and (c) first-to-last order biases...
December 27, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29271088/the-impact-of-aid-on-health-outcomes-in-uganda
#13
Tonny Odokonyero, Robert Marty, Tony Muhumuza, Alex T Ijjo, Godfrey Owot Moses
The health sector has attracted significant foreign aid; however, evidence on the effectiveness of this support is mixed. This paper combines household panel data with geographically referenced subnational foreign aid data to investigate the contribution of health aid to health outcomes in Uganda. Using a difference-in-differences approach, we find that aid had a strong effect on reducing the productivity burden of disease indicated by days of productivity lost due to illness but was less effective in reducing disease prevalence...
December 22, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237234/mortality-effects-of-containing-moral-hazard-evidence-from-disability-insurance-reform
#14
Pilar García-Gómez, Anne C Gielen
We exploit an age discontinuity in a Dutch disability insurance reform to identify the health impact of stricter eligibility criteria and reduced generosity. Our results show substantial adverse effects on life expectancy for women subject to the more stringent criteria. A €1,000 reduction in annual benefits leads to a 2.4 percentage points higher probability of death more than 10 years after the reform. This negative health effect is restricted to women with low pre-disability earnings. We find that the mortality rate of men subject to the stricter rules is reduced by 0...
December 13, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237231/the-effect-of-parental-education-on-child-health-quasi-experimental-evidence-from-a-reduction-in-the-length-of-primary-schooling-in-egypt
#15
Fatma Romeh M Ali, Mahmoud A A Elsayed
This paper examines the impact of parental education on child health using a reduction in the length of primary schooling in Egypt. We use a fuzzy regression discontinuity design to compare the health outcomes of children whose parents were exposed to different schooling requirements because they were born either side of a threshold date. Using data from the Demographic and Health Survey (1992-2014), we find no effect of maternal education on child mortality or nutritional status. There is some evidence, although not entirely robust, that father's education reduces the likelihood of child stunting...
December 13, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210492/well-paid-nurses-are-good-nurses
#16
Alessandro Fedele
Some recent articles suggest that increasing wage in the nursing market with the aim of reducing shortage can negatively impact on the average ability and motivation of applicants attracted and, in turn, on the average quality of care. This finding is at odds with empirical evidence and has been criticized on the grounds that nurses' motivation is modeled in an overly simplistic way. This paper provides a novel theoretical framework where the orientation of nurses' motivation-intrinsic versus extrinsic-is taken into account, and the precise distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation is delineated on the basis of self-determination and person-environment fit theories...
December 6, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210134/socio-economic-status-and-physicians-treatment-decisions
#17
Kurt R Brekke, Tor Helge Holmås, Karin Monstad, Odd Rune Straume
This paper studies the relationship between patients' socio-economic status and general practitioners' (GPs') service provision by exploiting administrative patient-level data with information on consultation length, medical tests, and fee payments for each visit in Norway over a 5-year period (2008-2012). To reduce patient heterogeneity, we limit the sample to a given condition, diabetes type II, that is treated almost exclusively in primary care. We estimate GP fixed-effect models and control for a wide set of patient characteristics...
December 6, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210133/health-disparities-across-education-the-role-of-differential-reporting-error
#18
Anna Choi, John Cawley
One of the most robust findings in health economics is that higher educated individuals tend to be in better health. This paper tests whether health disparities across education are to some extent due to differences in reporting error across education. We test this hypothesis using data from the pooled National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 1999-2012, which include both self-reports and objective verification for an extensive set of health behaviors and conditions, including smoking, obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes...
December 6, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194846/supply-side-effects-from-public-insurance-expansions-evidence-from-physician-labor-markets
#19
Alice Chen, Anthony T Lo Sasso, Michael R Richards
Medicaid and the Child Health Insurance Programs (CHIP) are key sources of coverage for U.S. children. Established in 1997, CHIP allocated $40 billion of federal funds across the first 10 years but continued support required reauthorization. After 2 failed attempts in Congress, CHIP was finally reauthorized and significantly expanded in 2009. Although much is known about the demand-side policy effects, much less is understood about the policy's impact on providers. In this paper, we leverage a unique physician dataset to examine if and how pediatricians responded to the expansion of the public insurance program...
December 1, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411469/eq-5d-5l-smaller-steps-but-a-major-step-change
#20
EDITORIAL
John Brazier, Andrew Briggs, Stirling Bryan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Health Economics
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