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Public Understanding of Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732954/1891-the-collins-hosking-debate-christchurch
#1
Martin Bush
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683059/wind-power-and-the-situatedness-of-community-engagement
#2
Hyomin Kim, Seung Hee Cho, Sungsoo Song
Jeju, an island in Korea, became a place to site wind turbines with an unusually high level of public acceptance. Based on interviews, media analyses, and policy research, we found that the collective memory of socio-economic deprivation enabled community engagement to matter to residents, the provincial government, and environmental activists. It was within socio-historically contextualized processes of articulating the vision of a "good" society that an actual form of community engagement, however inadequate it might appear to some, became relevant to stakeholders in a particular locality...
April 1, 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683057/the-usefulness-of-science-knowledge-for-parents-of-hearing-impaired-children
#3
Sophie Shauli, Ayelet Baram-Tsabari
Hearing-impaired children's chances of integrating into hearing society largely depend on their parents, who need to learn vast amounts of science knowledge in the field of hearing. This study characterized the role played by science knowledge in the lives of nonscientists faced with science-related decisions by examining the interactions between general science knowledge, contextual science knowledge in the field of hearing, and parents' advocacy knowledge and attitudes. Based on six semi-structured interviews and 115 questionnaires completed by parents of hearing-impaired children, contextual science knowledge emerged as the only predictor for having slightly better advocacy attitudes and knowledge (5...
April 1, 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676659/an-animated-episode-in-the-history-of-science-remembering-giordano-bruno-beyond-1600
#4
Steven Gil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616889/farmers-prevailing-perception-profiles-regarding-gm-crops-a-classification-proposal
#5
Carla Almeida, Luisa Massarani
Genetically modified organisms have been at the centre of a major public controversy, involving different interests and actors. While much attention has been devoted to consumer views on genetically modified food, there have been few attempts to understand the perceptions of genetically modified technology among farmers. By investigating perceptions of genetically modified organisms among Brazilian farmers, we intend to contribute towards filling this gap and thereby add the views of this stakeholder group to the genetically modified debate...
April 1, 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616888/listened-to-but-not-heard-the-failure-to-represent-the-public-in-genetically-modified-food-policies
#6
Jesper Lassen
'In the mid-1990s, a mismatch was addressed between European genetically modified food policy, which focused primarily on risks and economic prospects, and public anxieties, which also included other concerns, and there was a development in European food policy toward the inclusion of what were referred to as "ethical aspects." Using parliamentary debates in Denmark in 2002 and 2015 as a case, this article examines how three storylines of concern that were visible in public discourse at the time were represented by the decision makers in parliament...
April 1, 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607775/identifying-diffusion-patterns-of-research-articles-on-twitter-a-case-study-of-online-engagement-with-open-access-articles
#7
Juan Pablo Alperin, Charles J Gomez, Stefanie Haustein
The growing presence of research shared on social media, coupled with the increase in freely available research, invites us to ask whether scientific articles shared on platforms like Twitter diffuse beyond the academic community. We explore a new method for answering this question by identifying 11 articles from two open access biology journals that were shared on Twitter at least 50 times and by analyzing the follower network of users who tweeted each article. We find that diffusion patterns of scientific articles can take very different forms, even when the number of times they are tweeted is similar...
March 1, 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720064/-the-winner-takes-it-all-nobel-laureates-and-the-public-image-of-science
#8
Massimiano Bucchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720063/the-character-of-scientists-in-the-nobel-prize-speeches
#9
Celeste M Condit
This essay describes the ethos (i.e. the character projected to specific audiences) of the 25 Nobel Lectures in Physics, Chemistry, and Physiology or Medicine given in 2013-2015 and the 15 Presentation Speeches given at the Nobel Banquets between 2011 and 2015. A thematically focused qualitative analysis grounded in theories of epideictic discourse indicates the Nobel speakers demonstrated a range of strategies for and degrees of success in negotiating the tensions created by the implicit demands of ceremonial speeches, the scientific emphasis on didactic style and research content, and the different potential audiences (scientific experts and interested publics)...
May 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720062/from-engaged-citizen-to-lone-hero-nobel-prize-laureates-on-british-television-1962-2004
#10
Jean-Baptiste Gouyon
Between 1962 and 2004, Nobel Prize laureates appear in the British television science programme Horizon in various roles, denoting differing understandings of science in relation to society and culture. These representations are the outcome of an interplay of cultural and institutional factors. They vary with the broadcasting environment. Notably, the article establishes that the choice of presenting scientists as heroic characters in strongly determined storylines from the late-1990s onwards originates in a reaction to institutional imperatives as a means to preserve the existence of the Horizon series...
May 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720060/the-laureate-as-celebrity-genius-how-scientific-american-s-john-horgan-profiled-nobel-prize-winners
#11
Declan Fahy
When scientists become Nobel laureates, they become famous in science and public life, but few studies have examined the nature of their scientific celebrity. This article examines how Scientific American portrayed laureates in order to identify and explain core features of Nobel fame. It examines the portrayals of seven laureates - Francis Crick, Linus Pauling, Hans Bethe, Murray Gell-Mann, Brian Josephson, Philip Anderson and Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar - in magazine profiles written between 1992 and 1995 by science writer John Horgan...
May 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720059/what-s-so-special-about-the-nobel-prize
#12
Nils Hansson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720058/nobel-laureates-in-fiction-from-la-fin-du-monde-to-the-big-bang-theory
#13
Alberto Brodesco
The history of the Nobel Prize, since its establishment, interlaces with the history of the public image of science. The aim of this article is to illustrate cinematic scientists, portrayed precisely in their moment of maximum glory. The films and television shows upon which the study is based compose a corpus of 189 media texts. The article identifies three main areas that concern the relation between the Nobel Prize and its audiovisual representations: biopics of real Nobel laureates, the presence of real or fictional Nobel laureates in the film or the show plot, and films and TV series that depict the Nobel ceremony...
May 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720057/global-and-local-teachable-moments-the-role-of-nobel-prize-and-national-pride
#14
Ayelet Baram-Tsabari, Elad Segev
This study examined to what extent Nobel Prize announcements and awards trigger global and local searches or "teachable moments" related to the laureates and their discoveries. We examined the longitudinal trends in Google searches for the names and discoveries of Nobel laureates from 2012 to 2017. The findings show that Nobel Prize events clearly trigger more searches for laureates, but also for their respective discoveries. We suggest that fascination with the Nobel prize creates a teachable moment not only for the underlying science, but also about the nature of science...
May 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720056/the-image-of-the-nobel-prize
#15
Gustav Källstrand
This article traces the origins of the Nobel Prize as a ubiquitous symbol of excellence in science. The public image of the Nobel Prize was created and became established quickly, which can be explained by it being such a useful phenomenon for the co-production of other values and ideas such as national prestige. Through being an easily recognizable symbol for excellence, the Nobel Prize is an important factor for the public image of science. And the image of the Nobel Prize is co-produced with several other sets of values and images that range from the large and thematic to the local and specific...
May 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720055/the-nobel-science-prizes-and-their-constituencies
#16
Sven Widmalm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480068/1998-celebrating-oceans-in-lisbon-expo-98-world-exhibitions-and-science-communication
#17
Bruno Pinto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338564/1986-the-michael-faraday-prize-and-the-promotion-of-science-in-the-nineteenth-century
#18
Frank A J L James
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241419/genomics-england-s-implementation-of-its-public-engagement-strategy-blurred-boundaries-between-engagement-for-the-united-kingdom-s-100-000-genomes-project-and-the-need-for-public-support
#19
Gabrielle Natalie Samuel, Bobbie Farsides
The United Kingdom's 100,000 Genomes Project has the aim of sequencing 100,000 genomes from National Health Service patients such that whole genome sequencing becomes routine clinical practice. It also has a research-focused goal to provide data for scientific discovery. Genomics England is the limited company established by the Department of Health to deliver the project. As an innovative scientific/clinical venture, it is interesting to consider how Genomics England positions itself in relation to public engagement activities...
April 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841813/-you-need-to-do-your-research-vaccines-contestable-science-and-maternal-epistemology
#20
Melissa L Carrion
Individuals who refuse vaccines are often painted as anti-science or ill-informed. However, drawing from interviews with 50 mothers who refused one or more vaccines ( n = 50), results from this study suggest that such depictions lack nuance and may detract from the ability of communication efforts to effectively address concerns. In particular, participants' explanations for vaccine refusal relied on paradoxical arguments about science and expertise. On one hand, participants defended the ideal of science but criticized existing research for failing to meet requisite standards...
April 2018: Public Understanding of Science
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