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Public Understanding of Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903808/setting-up-crowd-science-projects
#1
Kaja Scheliga, Sascha Friesike, Cornelius Puschmann, Benedikt Fecher
Crowd science is scientific research that is conducted with the participation of volunteers who are not professional scientists. Thanks to the Internet and online platforms, project initiators can draw on a potentially large number of volunteers. This crowd can be involved to support data-rich or labour-intensive projects that would otherwise be unfeasible. So far, research on crowd science has mainly focused on analysing individual crowd science projects. In our research, we focus on the perspective of project initiators and explore how crowd science projects are set up...
November 29, 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899471/when-science-becomes-too-easy-science-popularization-inclines-laypeople-to-underrate-their-dependence-on-experts
#2
Lisa Scharrer, Yvonne Rupieper, Marc Stadtler, Rainer Bromme
Science popularization fulfills the important task of making scientific knowledge understandable and accessible for the lay public. However, the simplification of information required to achieve this accessibility may lead to the risk of audiences relying overly strongly on their own epistemic capabilities when making judgments about scientific claims. Moreover, they may underestimate how the division of cognitive labor makes them dependent on experts. This article reports an empirical study demonstrating that this "easiness effect of science popularization" occurs when laypeople read authentic popularized science depictions...
November 29, 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888259/the-disengaged-in-science-communication-how-not-to-count-audiences-and-publics
#3
Maureen Burns, Fabien Medvecky
In this article, we suggest that three concepts from cultural and media studies might be useful for analysing the ways audiences are constructed in science communication: that media are immanent to society, media are multiple and various, and audiences are active. This article uses those concepts, along with insights from Science and Technology Studies (STS), to examine the category of 'the disengaged' within science communication. This article deals with the contrast between 'common sense' and scholarly ideas of media and audiences in the field of cultural and media studies...
November 25, 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872200/transferring-scientific-discovery-to-the-public-the-intramercurial-planet-vulcan-in-1860
#4
Hsiang-Fu Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872199/somatic-individuality-in-context-a-comparative-case-study
#5
Kelly Pender
Scholars have challenged the totalizing nature of the "geneticization thesis," arguing that its brushstrokes are too broad to capture the complicated nature of the new genetics. One such challenge has come from Nikolas Rose's argument that genetic medicine is governed by a new biopolitics in which patients understand themselves as "somatic individuals" who treat their bodies as an "ethical substance" to be worked on in order to secure a healthier future. I argue that Rose's argument, while compelling, paints the new genetics in equally broad brushstrokes and that in order for a concept like somatic individuality to become useful, we must study its manifestation across different communities of at-risk individuals...
November 21, 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647666/selling-science-2-0-what-scientific-projects-receive-crowdfunding-online
#6
Mike S Schäfer, Julia Metag, Jessica Feustle, Livia Herzog
Crowdfunding has emerged as an additional source for financing research in recent years. The study at hand identifies and tests explanatory factors influencing the success of scientific crowdfunding projects by drawing on news value theory, the "reputation signaling" approach, and economic theories of online payment. A standardized content analysis of 371 projects on English- and German-language platforms reveals that each theory provides factors influencing crowdfunding success. It shows that projects presented on science-only crowdfunding platforms have a higher success rate...
September 19, 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856836/book-review-richard-maxwell-jon-raundalen-and-nina-lager-vestberg-eds-media-and-the-ecological-crisis
#7
Liisa Antilla Kellems
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856835/book-review-sabine-h%C3%A3-hler-spaceship-earth-in-the-environmental-age-1960-1990
#8
Jon Turney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856834/book-review-alessandro-delfanti-biohackers-the-politics-of-open-science
#9
Krishna Ravi Srinivas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856833/book-review-peter-washer-emerging-infectious-diseases-and-society
#10
Declan Fahy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856832/book-review-the-editor-as-catalyst-and-activist
#11
Ullica Segerstrale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856831/new-media-and-social-networks
#12
Yves Laberge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856830/new-texts-in-science-communication
#13
Jonathan Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856829/scientific-uncertainty-in-media-content-some-reflections-on-this-special-issue
#14
Robert J Griffin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856828/scientific-uncertainty-in-media-content-introduction-to-this-special-issue
#15
Hans Peter Peters, Sharon Dunwoody
This introduction sets the stage for the special issue on the public communication of scientific uncertainty that follows by sketching the wider landscape of issues related to the communication of uncertainty and showing how the individual contributions fit into that landscape. The first part of the introduction discusses the creation of media content as a process involving journalists, scientific sources, stakeholders, and the responsive audience. The second part then provides an overview of the perception of scientific uncertainty presented by the media and the consequences for the recipients' own assessments of uncertainty...
November 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26060249/fukushima-effects-in-germany-changes-in-media-coverage-and-public-opinion-on-nuclear-power
#16
Dorothee Arlt, Jens Wolling
Based on a literature review on factors that explain media effects and previous findings on media coverage and public opinion on nuclear power, this article examines the effects of Fukushima on media coverage and public opinion in Germany in two studies. The first study uses content analysis data to analyse changes in media coverage, and the second one is based on panel survey data to examine attitude changes on an individual level. The results of both studies show changes in media coverage and public opinion on nuclear power...
October 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26009149/opening-up-animal-research-and-science-society-relations-a-thematic-analysis-of-transparency-discourses-in-the-united-kingdom
#17
Carmen McLeod, Pru Hobson-West
The use of animals in scientific research represents an interesting case to consider in the context of the contemporary preoccupation with transparency and openness in science and governance. In the United Kingdom, organisations critical of animal research have long called for more openness. More recently, organisations involved in animal research also seem to be embracing transparency discourses. This article provides a detailed analysis of publically available documents from animal protection groups, the animal research community and government/research funders...
October 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25968446/mapping-the-minds-of-the-mediators-the-cognitive-frames-of-climate-journalists-from-five-countries
#18
Sven Engesser, Michael Brüggemann
This article is based on the premise that journalists play an important role as mediators of scientific information and their interpretations of climate change influence media debates and public opinion. The study maps the minds of climate journalists from five different countries (Germany, India, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and different types of leading media outlets. It identifies five cognitive frames that vary between attributing the responsibility for climate change to lobbying and national interests, blaming consumerist culture and the capitalist system, and expressing technological optimism...
October 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25957297/embracing-and-resisting-climate-identities-in-the-australian-press-sceptics-scientists-and-politics
#19
Rusi Jaspal, Brigitte Nerlich, Kitty van Vuuren
This article charts the development of a label that appeared early on in Australian debates on climate change, namely 'greenhouse sceptics'. We explore who uses the label, for what purposes and with which effects, and how this label may contribute to the development of social representations in the climate debate. Our findings show that over the last 25 years, 'greenhouse sceptic' has been used by journalists and climate scientists to negativize those criticizing mainstream climate science, but that it has also been used, even embraced, by Australian climate sceptics to label themselves in order to construct a positive identity modelled on celebrity sceptics in the United States...
October 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25944795/what-s-science-where-s-science-science-journalism-in-german-print-media
#20
Annika Summ, Anna-Maria Volpers
This article examines the current state of science coverage in German print media. It deals with the following questions: (1) how the main characteristics of science journalism can be described, (2) whether there is a difference between various scientific fields, and (3) how different definitions of science journalism lead to differing findings. Two forms of science coverage were analyzed in a standardized, two-part content analysis of German newspapers (N = 1730 and N = 1640). The results show a significant difference between a narrow and a broad definition of science journalism...
October 2016: Public Understanding of Science
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