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Health & Social Care in the Community

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486784/exploring-the-prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-advice-on-prescription-medicines-a-survey-of-community-pharmacies-in-an-english-city
#1
Peter H Rivers, Jon Waterfield, Martin Grootveld, David K Raynor
Service users rely upon pharmacy staff to provide advice on prescription medicines. The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of advice-giving in pharmacies located across different areas within an inner-city population. A questionnaire was administered with service users outside 29 community pharmacies in an English Midlands city between February and July 2014. The primary outcome measure was the percentage who had received information or advice when collecting a prescription medicine. A total of 1206 service users took part, of whom 49...
May 9, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470745/-what-makes-an-excellent-mental-health-doctor-a-response-integrating-the-experiences-and-views-of-service-users-with-critical-reflections-of-psychiatrists
#2
Imani Gunasekara, Sue Patterson, James G Scott
While therapeutic relationships are appropriately recognised as the foundation of mental health service, service users commonly report suboptimal experiences. With shared understanding critical to improvement in practice, we explored service users' experiences and expectations of psychiatrists and consultations, engaging psychiatrists throughout the process. Using an iterative qualitative approach we co-produced a response to the question 'what makes an excellent mental health doctor?' Experiences and expectations of psychiatrists were explored in interviews with 22 service users...
May 3, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470691/revealing-gendered-identity-and-agency-in-dementia
#3
Geraldine Boyle
As identity and agency are central to the well-being of people with dementia, this paper explores whether their dialogue conveys a gendered sense of identity and agency. The author discusses whether they demonstrate not just a subjective sense of being but also an understanding of their relational selves. Findings are presented from a qualitative study in the North of England which examined the everyday decisions made by married couples when one partner had dementia. Ethnographic methods were used, including participant observation and interviews...
May 3, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370837/bringing-it-all-back-home-understanding-the-medical-difficulties-encountered-by-newly-released-prisoners-in-new-orleans-louisiana-a-qualitative-study
#4
William Lee Vail, Anjali Niyogi, Norris Henderson, Ashley Wennerstrom
Formerly incarcerated persons (FIPs) face a disproportionate risk of death and serious illness in the immediate post-release period. Therefore, it is a critical time to initiate community-based care for chronic illnesses and behavioural disorders. Little is known about the unique transitional health and social support needs of FIPs in Louisiana, which has the highest incarceration rate in the world. As the average age of prisoners in the United States rises, the release of older prisoners with chronic conditions will become increasingly common...
March 28, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370767/insiders-and-incomers-how-lay-public-health-workers-knowledge-might-improve-public-health-practice
#5
Heather Yoeli, Mima Cattan
Since 2005, health trainers and other lay public health workers (LPHWs) have been increasingly active in the UK. Although elsewhere in the world LPHWs are expected to come from the communities within which they work and know that their knowledge is valued, neither is the case for LPHWs in the UK. This study sought to discover the lay knowledge of health trainers and other LPHWs, aiming to ascertain how this knowledge might more effectively be utilised within UK public health services. This paper describes a participatory and ethnographic case study research project undertaken on an anonymised urban estate in North East England...
March 28, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370623/a-review-of-self-rated-generic-quality-of-life-instruments-used-among-older-patients-receiving-home-care-nursing
#6
REVIEW
Marit Leegaard, Inger Utne, Liv Halvorsrud, Berit Taraldsen Valeberg, Astrid Torbjørnsen, Ann Kristin Bjørnnes, Heidi Bjørge, Ellen Karine Grov, Borghild Løyland
In the last two decades, quality of life and health-related quality of life have become commonly used outcome measures in the large number of studies evaluating healthcare and home care nursing. The objective of this systematic search and review was to evaluate studies that include self-rated generic quality of life instrument used among elderly patients receiving home care nursing. Searches were conducted in Medline, Embase, PsycINFO and Cinahl for articles published between January 2005 and June 2016, with 17 studies in eight countries meeting the inclusion criteria and assessed for quality...
March 28, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337829/peer-bullying-in-seniors-subsidised-apartment-communities-in-saskatoon-canada-participatory-research
#7
Donna Goodridge, Jennifer Heal-Salahub, Elliot PausJenssen, George James, Joan Lidington
Given that 'home' is the major physical-spatial environment of many older adults and that home, social and neighbourhood environments are well-recognised to impact both the ability to age in place and quality of life in this population, a better understanding of the nature of social interactions within seniors' communal living environments is critical for health promotion. This paper describes a two-phase participatory research study examining peer bullying by older adults conducted in April and May, 2016. Responding to needs expressed by tenants, the objectives of this study were to identify the nature, prevalence and consequences of peer bullying for tenants of two low-income senior apartment communities...
March 23, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329916/online-support-for-transgender-people-an-analysis-of-forums-and-social-networks
#8
Sabrina Cipolletta, Riccardo Votadoro, Elena Faccio
Transgender people face a range of personal and social conflicts that strongly influence their well-being. In many cases, the Internet can become the main resource in terms of finding support. The aim of this study was to understand how transgender people give and receive help online. Between 2013 and 2015, 122 online community conversations were collected on Italian forums and Facebook groups involving transgender people, and online interviews were conducted with 16 users of these communities. A qualitative content analysis was conducted by using the software package, NVivo10...
March 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295847/effects-on-leisure-activities-and-social-participation-of-a-case-management-intervention-for-frail-older-people-living-at-home-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Marianne Granbom, Jimmie Kristensson, Magnus Sandberg
Frailty causes disability and restrictions on older people's ability to engage in leisure activities and for social participation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a 1-year case management intervention for frail older people living at home in Sweden in terms of social participation and leisure activities. The study was a randomised controlled trial with repeated follow-ups. The sample (n = 153) was consecutively and randomly assigned to intervention (n = 80) or control groups (n = 73)...
March 12, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294449/exploring-experiences-of-personal-support-worker-education-in-ontario-canada
#10
Christine Kelly
There is growing attention to the training and education of Personal Support Workers, or PSWs, who work in community, home and long-term care settings supporting older people and people with disabilities. In Ontario, Canada, amid a volatile policy landscape, the provincial government launched an effort to standardise PSW education. Using qualitative methods, this study considered the question: What are the central educational issues reflected by students, working PSWs and key informants, and are they addressed by the PSW programme and training standards? Phase one was a public domain analysis completed between January and March 2014 and updated for major developments after that period...
March 12, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294463/information-sharing-with-respite-care-services-for-older-adults-a-qualitative-exploration-of-carers-experiences
#11
Linda C McSwiggan, Judith Marston, Martin Campbell, Timothy B Kelly, Thilo Kroll
Respite services play an important role in supporting older adults and their carers. When an older person is unable to fully represent themselves, provision of respite care relies on effective information-sharing between carers and respite staff. This study aimed to explore, from carers' perspectives, the scope, quality and fit of information-sharing between carers, older people and respite services. An explorative, cross-sectional qualitative study involving a purposive sample of 24 carers, recruited via carer support groups and community groups in voluntary organisations, was undertaken in North East Scotland...
March 10, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276169/intergenerational-transfers-and-informal-care-for-disabled-elderly-persons-in-china-evidence-from-charls
#12
Xiaoting Liu, Bei Lu, Zhixin Feng
Aiming at 'ageing healthier and ageing better', a certain amount of high-quality informal care should be available for elderly persons with physical disability as formal care is barely accessible in China. The demographic transition and family structural changes have dramatically weakened traditional norms of filial piety and the structure of intergenerational transfers. This article employed nationwide representative data from the first wave (2011) of Chinese Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) in order to identify the duration of informal care provision at home for frail elders (1122 in rural areas and 577 in urban areas, total 1699), measured in monthly hours, before estimating the associations between intergenerational transfers and the received time of informal care with Tobit Model analysis...
March 9, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238205/co-ordinated-action-between-youth-care-and-sports-facilitators-and-barriers
#13
Niels Hermens, Lisanne de Langen, Kirsten T Verkooijen, Maria A Koelen
In the Netherlands, youth-care organisations and community sports clubs are collaborating to increase socially vulnerable youths' participation in sport. This is rooted in the idea that sports clubs are settings for youth development. As not much is known about co-ordinated action involving professional care organisations and community sports clubs, this study aims to generate insight into facilitators of and barriers to successful co-ordinated action between these two organisations. A cross-sectional study was conducted using in-depth semi-structured qualitative interview data...
February 26, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215055/occupational-hazards-for-home-care-nurses-across-the-rural-to-urban-gradient-in-ontario-canada
#14
Matthew Wong, Margaret Saari, Erin Patterson, Martine Puts, Ann E Tourangeau
The purpose of this paper was to describe occupational hazards for nurses working in home care (HC) and explore how they differ across the rural-to-urban gradient. Responses (n = 823) from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2012 of HC nurses registered to practise nursing in the Province of Ontario, Canada were used. Using chi-square analysis and posthoc pairwise tests with a Bonferroni correction, 14 occupational hazards were individually tested for differences between four geographical settings (rural, town, suburban or urban areas)...
May 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178751/a-study-on-the-factors-influencing-the-community-participation-of-older-adults-in-china-based-on-the-charls2011-data-set
#15
Wenyi Lin
Many communities provide older people with various opportunities to participate in the society. The 2010 Chinese census reveals that the majority of the older adults in China are still healthy, but research shows that older adults have relatively low levels of community participation. This study aims to determine the factors that affect the community participation of older adults in China using data collected from the 2011 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). The CHARLS survey used a multistage sampling strategy to select respondents from 450 resident or village communities in China...
May 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147452/an-open-trial-of-equine-assisted-therapy-for-children-exposed-to-problematic-parental-substance-use
#16
Menka Tsantefski, Lynne Briggs, Jessica Griffiths, Anne Tidyman
Children exposed to problematic parental substance use (PPSU) often face a number of deleterious developmental outcomes, yet these children are less likely to become known to child protection and welfare services. Although there is a growing evidence base for equine-assisted therapy (EAT) as an effective treatment modality for atypically developing children and adolescents, scant research has explored the benefit of EAT for children exposed to PPSU. The current study is the first to explore the benefit of EAT for children exposed to PPSU in Victoria, Australia...
May 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147433/cost-effectiveness-of-aftercare-services-for-people-with-severe-mental-disorders-an-analysis-parallel-to-a-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial-in-iran
#17
Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Mohsen Yaghoubi, Ahmad Hajebi, Seyed Kazem Malakouti, Mohamad Ghadiri Vasfi
Aftercare services are not part of the usual care for people with severe mental disorders in Iran. This study was performed to assess the cost-effectiveness of aftercare services, including telephone follow-up or home visit, in addition to caregivers' education and training of social skills, for all subjects during the 20 months after hospital discharge. An economic evaluation was performed along with a registered randomised controlled trial (IRCT201009052557N2) on two groups of 60 persons recruited between 2010 and 2012...
May 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138985/exploring-physical-activity-engagement-and-barriers-for-asylum-seekers-in-australia-coping-with-prolonged-uncertainty-and-no-right-to-work
#18
Lisa Hartley, Caroline Fleay, Marian E Tye
This paper explores the engagement in physical activity as a potential coping strategy for asylum seekers living in the Australian community without the right to work and with prolonged uncertainty, and benefits or barriers to undertaking such activity. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were held with 29 asylum seekers who had arrived to Australia by boat and were living in the community in the cities of Perth, Sydney or Melbourne in July-October 2013 after their release from immigration detention. The ratio of the numbers of men and women interviewed (23 men and 6 women) was comparable to the ratio of men and women who came by boat to Australia seeking asylum in 2012-2013...
May 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122414/value-for-money-an-examination-of-the-relationship-between-need-and-cost-in-intellectual-disability-services
#19
Jodi Cronin, Jane Bourke
The recent economic crisis along with changing demographic trends has stimulated an increased interest in the value obtained from social care expenditure so as to ensure the sustainability of systems in the future. In Ireland, the Department of Health, further to a recent review of its disability services, commited to a new approach that will reshape and redesign its service provision. It specifically outlined a reorganisation of financing services, from a model of prospective block grant funding to a system of individualised budgeting based on an assessment of need...
May 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122408/personal-goals-and-factors-related-to-qol-in-dutch-homeless-people-what-is-the-role-of-goal-related-self-efficacy
#20
Jorien van der Laan, Sandra N Boersma, Barbara van Straaten, Gerda Rodenburg, Dike van de Mheen, Judith R L M Wolf
Very little is known about the personal goals of homeless people and how these relate to their quality of life (QoL). By using survey data on 407 homeless adults upon entry to the social relief system in 2011, we examined the personal goals of homeless adults and the association between their perceived goal-related self-efficacy and their QoL. A hierarchical regression analysis was used to analyse the association between QoL and goal-related self-efficacy, relative to factors contributing to QoL, such as demographic characteristics, socioeconomic resources, health and service use...
May 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
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