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Health & Social Care in the Community

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370837/bringing-it-all-back-home-understanding-the-medical-difficulties-encountered-by-newly-released-prisoners-in-new-orleans-louisiana-a-qualitative-study
#1
William Lee Vail, Anjali Niyogi, Norris Henderson, Ashley Wennerstrom
Formerly incarcerated persons (FIPs) face a disproportionate risk of death and serious illness in the immediate post-release period. Therefore, it is a critical time to initiate community-based care for chronic illnesses and behavioural disorders. Little is known about the unique transitional health and social support needs of FIPs in Louisiana, which has the highest incarceration rate in the world. As the average age of prisoners in the United States rises, the release of older prisoners with chronic conditions will become increasingly common...
March 28, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370767/insiders-and-incomers-how-lay-public-health-workers-knowledge-might-improve-public-health-practice
#2
Heather Yoeli, Mima Cattan
Since 2005, health trainers and other lay public health workers (LPHWs) have been increasingly active in the UK. Although elsewhere in the world LPHWs are expected to come from the communities within which they work and know that their knowledge is valued, neither is the case for LPHWs in the UK. This study sought to discover the lay knowledge of health trainers and other LPHWs, aiming to ascertain how this knowledge might more effectively be utilised within UK public health services. This paper describes a participatory and ethnographic case study research project undertaken on an anonymised urban estate in North East England...
March 28, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370623/a-review-of-self-rated-generic-quality-of-life-instruments-used-among-older-patients-receiving-home-care-nursing
#3
REVIEW
Marit Leegaard, Inger Utne, Liv Halvorsrud, Berit Taraldsen Valeberg, Astrid Torbjørnsen, Ann Kristin Bjørnnes, Heidi Bjørge, Ellen Karine Grov, Borghild Løyland
In the last two decades, quality of life and health-related quality of life have become commonly used outcome measures in the large number of studies evaluating healthcare and home care nursing. The objective of this systematic search and review was to evaluate studies that include self-rated generic quality of life instrument used among elderly patients receiving home care nursing. Searches were conducted in Medline, Embase, PsycINFO and Cinahl for articles published between January 2005 and June 2016, with 17 studies in eight countries meeting the inclusion criteria and assessed for quality...
March 28, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337829/peer-bullying-in-seniors-subsidised-apartment-communities-in-saskatoon-canada-participatory-research
#4
Donna Goodridge, Jennifer Heal-Salahub, Elliot PausJenssen, George James, Joan Lidington
Given that 'home' is the major physical-spatial environment of many older adults and that home, social and neighbourhood environments are well-recognised to impact both the ability to age in place and quality of life in this population, a better understanding of the nature of social interactions within seniors' communal living environments is critical for health promotion. This paper describes a two-phase participatory research study examining peer bullying by older adults conducted in April and May, 2016. Responding to needs expressed by tenants, the objectives of this study were to identify the nature, prevalence and consequences of peer bullying for tenants of two low-income senior apartment communities...
March 23, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329916/online-support-for-transgender-people-an-analysis-of-forums-and-social-networks
#5
Sabrina Cipolletta, Riccardo Votadoro, Elena Faccio
Transgender people face a range of personal and social conflicts that strongly influence their well-being. In many cases, the Internet can become the main resource in terms of finding support. The aim of this study was to understand how transgender people give and receive help online. Between 2013 and 2015, 122 online community conversations were collected on Italian forums and Facebook groups involving transgender people, and online interviews were conducted with 16 users of these communities. A qualitative content analysis was conducted by using the software package, NVivo10...
March 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295847/effects-on-leisure-activities-and-social-participation-of-a-case-management-intervention-for-frail-older-people-living-at-home-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Marianne Granbom, Jimmie Kristensson, Magnus Sandberg
Frailty causes disability and restrictions on older people's ability to engage in leisure activities and for social participation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a 1-year case management intervention for frail older people living at home in Sweden in terms of social participation and leisure activities. The study was a randomised controlled trial with repeated follow-ups. The sample (n = 153) was consecutively and randomly assigned to intervention (n = 80) or control groups (n = 73)...
March 12, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294449/exploring-experiences-of-personal-support-worker-education-in-ontario-canada
#7
Christine Kelly
There is growing attention to the training and education of Personal Support Workers, or PSWs, who work in community, home and long-term care settings supporting older people and people with disabilities. In Ontario, Canada, amid a volatile policy landscape, the provincial government launched an effort to standardise PSW education. Using qualitative methods, this study considered the question: What are the central educational issues reflected by students, working PSWs and key informants, and are they addressed by the PSW programme and training standards? Phase one was a public domain analysis completed between January and March 2014 and updated for major developments after that period...
March 12, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294463/information-sharing-with-respite-care-services-for-older-adults-a-qualitative-exploration-of-carers-experiences
#8
Linda C McSwiggan, Judith Marston, Martin Campbell, Timothy B Kelly, Thilo Kroll
Respite services play an important role in supporting older adults and their carers. When an older person is unable to fully represent themselves, provision of respite care relies on effective information-sharing between carers and respite staff. This study aimed to explore, from carers' perspectives, the scope, quality and fit of information-sharing between carers, older people and respite services. An explorative, cross-sectional qualitative study involving a purposive sample of 24 carers, recruited via carer support groups and community groups in voluntary organisations, was undertaken in North East Scotland...
March 10, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276169/intergenerational-transfers-and-informal-care-for-disabled-elderly-persons-in-china-evidence-from-charls
#9
Xiaoting Liu, Bei Lu, Zhixin Feng
Aiming at 'ageing healthier and ageing better', a certain amount of high-quality informal care should be available for elderly persons with physical disability as formal care is barely accessible in China. The demographic transition and family structural changes have dramatically weakened traditional norms of filial piety and the structure of intergenerational transfers. This article employed nationwide representative data from the first wave (2011) of Chinese Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) in order to identify the duration of informal care provision at home for frail elders (1122 in rural areas and 577 in urban areas, total 1699), measured in monthly hours, before estimating the associations between intergenerational transfers and the received time of informal care with Tobit Model analysis...
March 9, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238205/co-ordinated-action-between-youth-care-and-sports-facilitators-and-barriers
#10
Niels Hermens, Lisanne de Langen, Kirsten T Verkooijen, Maria A Koelen
In the Netherlands, youth-care organisations and community sports clubs are collaborating to increase socially vulnerable youths' participation in sport. This is rooted in the idea that sports clubs are settings for youth development. As not much is known about co-ordinated action involving professional care organisations and community sports clubs, this study aims to generate insight into facilitators of and barriers to successful co-ordinated action between these two organisations. A cross-sectional study was conducted using in-depth semi-structured qualitative interview data...
February 26, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231615/what-do-older-people-experiencing-loneliness-think-about-primary-care-or-community-based-interventions-to-reduce-loneliness-a-qualitative-study-in-england
#11
Kalpa Kharicha, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Mima Cattan, Claire Goodman, Maggie Kirby-Barr, Janet H Whitehouse, Kate Walters
Loneliness in later life is a common problem with poor health outcomes. However, interventions to prevent or ameliorate loneliness have a weak evidence base. The views of older people experiencing or at risk of loneliness in the community are important in identifying features of potential support, but have been little studied. Twenty-eight community dwelling people, aged 65 and over who reported being 'lonely much of the time' or identified as lonely from the de Jong Gierveld six-item loneliness scale in a larger study, participated in in-depth interviews, between June 2013 and May 2014...
February 23, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226406/what-do-we-know-about-older-former-carers-key-issues-and-themes
#12
Mary Larkin, Alisoun Milne
Despite a significant growth in the number older former family carers, they remain largely invisible in carer-related research and literature. To begin to address this deficit, a four-stage literature review was conducted to identify existing knowledge about older former carers. Narrative synthesis of the findings yielded five themes - the concept of 'older former carer', the legacies of caring, influences on the legacies of caring, conceptualising post-caring and support services for older former carers. Critical analysis of these findings suggests that existing evidence has a number of strengths...
February 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226395/healthcare-professionals-accounts-of-challenges-in-managing-motor-neurone-disease-in-primary-healthcare-a-qualitative-study
#13
Sverre Vigeland Lerum, Kari Nyheim Solbraekke, Jan C Frich
Motor neurone disease (MND) is a progressive neurological disease causing muscle wasting, gradual paralysis and respiratory failure, with a life expectancy of 2-4 years. In order to better understand how MND is managed in the community, we conducted a qualitative study to explore the challenges healthcare professionals encounter when managing MND in primary healthcare. Based on data from 15 semi-structured interviews with primary healthcare professionals in Norway, we found that MND is viewed as a condition that requires exceptional effort and detailed planning...
February 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226394/the-social-dimensions-of-therapeutic-horticulture
#14
Holly Harris
Harnessing nature to promote mental health is increasingly seen as a sustainable solution to healthcare across the industrialised world. The benefits of these approaches to well-being include reduced symptoms of anxiety, depression and improved social functioning. Many studies assume that contact with nature is the main therapeutic component of these interventions yet 'green care' programmes typically include activities not based on 'nature' that may contribute to positive outcomes. This study explored the views of service users participating in a Therapeutic Horticultural programme on what factors promoted their engagement in the project, to identify variables other than 'nature' that may be responsible for successful engagement in these programmes...
February 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226393/supporting-self-management-by-community-matrons-through-a-group-intervention-an-action-research-study
#15
Abigail M Barkham, Steven J Ersser
The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and impact of a group intervention by Community Matrons to support those living with multiple long-terms conditions. Little evidence exists as to how the role of the Community Matron (CM) should be delivered to effectively enhance disease self-management and levels of self-efficacy for the service users. This qualitative participatory action research study explored the use of group work as a method of intervention by CMs. A purposive sample of 29 participants was recruited...
February 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222493/mobilising-culture-against-domestic-violence-in-migrant-and-ethnic-communities-practitioner-perspectives-from-aotearoa-new-zealand
#16
Rachel Simon-Kumar, Priya A Kurian, Faith Young-Silcock, Nirmala Narasimhan
Studies on domestic violence in ethnic minority communities highlight that social norms, family structures and cultural practices are among the key triggers of violence against women. Not surprisingly, most anti-violence interventions in these communities aim to redeem women from the oppressive features of these cultures. More recently, however, emergent scholarship advocates mobilising, rather than erasing, culture within existing anti-violence strategies. This paper explores the nature of culturally informed interventions used by front-line workers...
February 21, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215048/unmet-home-healthcare-needs-and-quality-of-life-in-cancer-patients-a%C3%A2-hospital-based-turkish-sample
#17
Gülsen Ataman, Tugrul Erbaydar
Home healthcare services in Turkey are provided primarily to patients that are bedridden or seriously disabled. There are no such services integrated with hospital services that are specifically designed for cancer patients. The present study aimed to explore the home healthcare needs of cancer patients and their experiences related to unmet home healthcare needs. The study included 394 adult cancer patients who were followed up at the surgical oncology department of a university hospital. A 37-item, study-specific questionnaire and the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire for cancer patients (EORTC-QLQ-C30) were administered, and patient clinical records were evaluated...
February 19, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215044/developing-caring-conversations-in-care-homes-an-appreciative-inquiry
#18
Belinda Dewar, Tamsin MacBride
Relationship-centred practice is key to delivering quality care in care homes. Evidence is strong about the centrality of human interaction in developing relationships that promote dignity and compassion. The Caring Conversations framework is a framework for delivering compassionate care based on human interactions that was developed in the acute healthcare setting. The key attributes are: be courageous, connect emotionally, be curious, consider other perspectives, collaborate, compromise and celebrate. This paper reports on a study to explore its relevance to the care home setting and the development of an educational intervention, based on the framework, to enhance development of human interaction...
February 19, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132415/older-people-receiving-family-based-support-in-the-community-a-survey-of-quality-of-life-among-users-of-shared-lives-in-england
#19
Lisa Callaghan, Nadia Brookes, Sinead Palmer
Shared Lives (adult placement) is a model of community-based support where an adult who needs support and/or accommodation moves into or regularly visits the home of an approved Shared Lives carer, after they have been matched for compatibility. It is an established but small service which has been used mainly by people with learning disabilities but which has the potential to offer an alternative to traditional services for some older people. However, there is little research on the outcomes for older users of Shared Lives...
January 29, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215055/occupational-hazards-for-home-care-nurses-across-the-rural-to-urban-gradient-in-ontario-canada
#20
Matthew Wong, Margaret Saari, Erin Patterson, Martine Puts, Ann E Tourangeau
The purpose of this paper was to describe occupational hazards for nurses working in home care (HC) and explore how they differ across the rural-to-urban gradient. Responses (n = 823) from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2012 of HC nurses registered to practise nursing in the Province of Ontario, Canada were used. Using chi-square analysis and posthoc pairwise tests with a Bonferroni correction, 14 occupational hazards were individually tested for differences between four geographical settings (rural, town, suburban or urban areas)...
May 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
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