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Evolutionary Anthropology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429570/why-can-we-ask-why-our-adaptability-adaptation-programs-us-not-to-be-programmed
#1
Kenneth Weiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429569/celebrating-fifty-years-of-research-at-the-duke-lemur-center
#2
Elaine E Guevara, Chloe Chen-Kraus, Rachel L Jacobs, Andrea L Baden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429568/the-evolutionary-radiation-of-plesiadapiforms
#3
Mary T Silcox, Jonathan I Bloch, Doug M Boyer, Stephen G B Chester, Sergi López-Torres
Very shortly after the disappearance of the non-avian dinosaurs, the first mammals that had features similar to those of primates started appearing. These first primitive forms went on to spawn a rich diversity of plesiadapiforms, often referred to as archaic primates. Like many living primates, plesiadapiforms were small arboreal animals that generally ate fruit, insects, and, occasionally, leaves. However, this group lacked several diagnostic features of euprimates. They also had extraordinarily diverse specializations, represented in eleven families and more than 140 species, which, in some cases, were like nothing seen since in the primate order...
April 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429567/the-tsimane-health-and-life-history-project-integrating-anthropology-and-biomedicine
#4
Michael Gurven, Jonathan Stieglitz, Benjamin Trumble, Aaron D Blackwell, Bret Beheim, Helen Davis, Paul Hooper, Hillard Kaplan
The Tsimane Health and Life History Project, an integrated bio-behavioral study of the human life course, is designed to test competing hypotheses of human life-history evolution. One aim is to understand the bidirectional connections between life history and social behavior in a high-fertility, kin-based context lacking amenities of modern urban life (e.g. sanitation, banks, electricity). Another aim is to understand how a high pathogen burden influences health and well-being during development and adulthood...
April 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429566/the-extended-reach-of-the-selfish-gene
#5
David Haig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429565/european-acheuleans-northern-v-southern-europe-hominins-technical-behaviour-chronological-and-environmental-contexts-international-conference-national-museum-of-natural-history-paris-france-november-19-21-2014
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429564/small-things-and-big-news-at-the-2016-safa-meetings-in-toulouse-france
#7
Justin Pargeter, Clément Ménard, Elisabeth Hildebrand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429563/the-second-meeting-of-the-northeastern-evolutionary-primatologists
#8
Clare M Kimock, Katarina D Evans, Rachel M Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233391/primate-archeology-international-workshop-university-of-oxford-june-2016
#9
Tomos Proffitt, Adrian Arroyo, Michael Haslam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233390/sixth-annual-meeting-of-the-european-society-for-the-study-of-human-evolution
#10
Fotios Alexandros Karakostis, Elizabeth C Velliky, Andrew W Kandel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233389/the-76th-annual-meeting-of-the-society-of-vertebrate-paleontology-salt-lake-city-utah
#11
Nicole M Webb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233388/mother-s-little-helpers-what-we-know-and-don-t-know-about-cooperative-infant-care-in-callitrichines
#12
Wendy M Erb, Leila M Porter
Since Darwin (), scientists have been puzzled by how behaviors that impose fitness costs on helpers while benefiting their competitors could evolve through natural selection. Hamilton's () theory of inclusive fitness provided an explanation by showing how cooperative behaviors could be adaptive if directed at closely related kin. Recent studies, however, have begun to question whether kin selection is sufficient to explain cooperative behavior in some species (Bergmüller, Johnstone, Russell, & Bshary, ). Many researchers have instead emphasized the importance of direct fitness benefits for helpers in the evolution of cooperative breeding systems...
January 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233387/the-crown-joules-energetics-ecology-and-evolution-in-humans-and-other-primates
#13
Herman Pontzer
Biological diversity is metabolic diversity: Differences in anatomy, physiology, life history, and activity reflect differences in energy allocation and expenditure among traits and tasks. Traditional frameworks in primatology, human ecology, public health, and paleoanthropology view daily energy expenditure as being more variable within than between species, changing with activity level but essentially fixed for a given body size. Growing evidence turns this view on its head. Total energy expenditure (kcal/d), varies relatively little within species, despite variation in physical activity; it varies considerably among species even after controlling for the effect of body size...
January 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233386/primatology-on-the-pier-the-2016-joint-meeting-of-the-international-primatological-society-and-the-american-society-of-primatologists
#14
M Elise Lauterbur, Katherine J Kling, Alicia R Lamb, Gena C Sbeglia, Andrew J Zamora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004895/cooperation-collective-action-and-the-archeology-of-large-scale-societies
#15
David M Carballo, Gary M Feinman
Archeologists investigating the emergence of large-scale societies in the past have renewed interest in examining the dynamics of cooperation as a means of understanding societal change and organizational variability within human groups over time. Unlike earlier approaches to these issues, which used models designated voluntaristic or managerial, contemporary research articulates more explicitly with frameworks for cooperation and collective action used in other fields, thereby facilitating empirical testing through better definition of the costs, benefits, and social mechanisms associated with success or failure in coordinated group action...
November 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004894/explanations-for-adaptations-just-so-stories-and-limitations-on-evidence-in-evolutionary-biology
#16
Richard J Smith
Explanations of the historical origin of specific individual traits are a key part of the research program in paleontology and evolutionary biology. Why did bipedalism evolve in the human lineage? Why did some dinosaurs and related species have head crests? Why did viviparity evolve in some reptiles? Why did the common ancestor of primates evolve stereoscopic vision, grasping hands and feet, nails instead of claws, and large brains? These are difficult questions. To varying degrees, an explanation must grapple with (1) judgments about changes in fitness that might follow from a change in morphology - without actually observing behavior or measuring reproductive success, (2) the relationship between genes and traits, (3) limitations on doing relevant experiments, (4) the interpretation of causes that are almost certainly contingent, multifactorial, interactive, hierarchical, nonlinear, emergent, and probabilistic rather than deterministic, (5) limited information about variation and ontogeny, (6) a dataset based on the random fortunes of the historical record, including only partial hard-tissue morphology and no soft-tissue morphology, (7) an equally partial and problematic (for example, time-averaged) record of the environment, (8) the compression of all data into a geological time scale that is likely to miss biologically important events or fluctuations, (9) dependence on a process that can only be inferred ("form and even behavior may leave fossil traces, but forces like natural selection do not", (1:130) ) and finally, (10) the assumption of the "adaptationist programme"(2) that the trait in question is in fact an adaptation rather than a consequence of genetic drift, correlated evolution, pleiotropy, exaptation, or other mechanisms...
November 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004893/the-psychology-of-cooperation-insights-from-chimpanzees-and-children
#17
Alicia P Melis, Felix Warneken
Across all cultures, humans engage in cooperative activities that can be as simple as preparing a meal or sharing food with others and as complex as playing in an orchestra or donating to charity. Although intraspecific cooperation exists among many other animal species, only humans engage in such a wide array of cooperative interaction and participate in large-scale cooperation that extends beyond kin and even includes strangers.
November 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004892/tropical-forests-and-the-genus-homo
#18
Patrick Roberts, Nicole Boivin, Julia Lee-Thorp, Michael Petraglia, Jay Stock
Tropical forests constitute some of the most diverse and complex terrestrial ecosystems on the planet. From the Miocene onward, they have acted as a backdrop to the ongoing evolution of our closest living relatives, the great apes, and provided the cradle for the emergence of early hominins, who retained arboreal physiological adaptations at least into the Late Pliocene. There also now exists growing evidence, from the Late Pleistocene onward, for tool-assisted intensification of tropical forest occupation and resource extraction by our own species, Homo sapiens...
November 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004891/gang-warfare-what-are-the-criteria-for-deriving-assertions-from-facts-in-science
#19
Kenneth M Weiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004890/uncovering-the-behavior-and-cognition-of-the-earliest-stone-tool-makers
#20
Alexandra G Rosati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
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