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Evolutionary Anthropology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233391/primate-archeology-international-workshop-university-of-oxford-june-2016
#1
Tomos Proffitt, Adrian Arroyo, Michael Haslam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233390/sixth-annual-meeting-of-the-european-society-for-the-study-of-human-evolution
#2
Fotios Alexandros Karakostis, Elizabeth C Velliky, Andrew W Kandel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233389/the-76th-annual-meeting-of-the-society-of-vertebrate-paleontology-salt-lake-city-utah
#3
Nicole M Webb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233388/mother-s-little-helpers-what-we-know-and-don-t-know-about-cooperative-infant-care-in-callitrichines
#4
Wendy M Erb, Leila M Porter
Since Darwin (), scientists have been puzzled by how behaviors that impose fitness costs on helpers while benefiting their competitors could evolve through natural selection. Hamilton's () theory of inclusive fitness provided an explanation by showing how cooperative behaviors could be adaptive if directed at closely related kin. Recent studies, however, have begun to question whether kin selection is sufficient to explain cooperative behavior in some species (Bergmüller, Johnstone, Russell, & Bshary, ). Many researchers have instead emphasized the importance of direct fitness benefits for helpers in the evolution of cooperative breeding systems...
January 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233387/the-crown-joules-energetics-ecology-and-evolution-in-humans-and-other-primates
#5
Herman Pontzer
Biological diversity is metabolic diversity: Differences in anatomy, physiology, life history, and activity reflect differences in energy allocation and expenditure among traits and tasks. Traditional frameworks in primatology, human ecology, public health, and paleoanthropology view daily energy expenditure as being more variable within than between species, changing with activity level but essentially fixed for a given body size. Growing evidence turns this view on its head. Total energy expenditure (kcal/d), varies relatively little within species, despite variation in physical activity; it varies considerably among species even after controlling for the effect of body size...
January 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233386/primatology-on-the-pier-the-2016-joint-meeting-of-the-international-primatological-society-and-the-american-society-of-primatologists
#6
M Elise Lauterbur, Katherine J Kling, Alicia R Lamb, Gena C Sbeglia, Andrew J Zamora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004895/cooperation-collective-action-and-the-archeology-of-large-scale-societies
#7
David M Carballo, Gary M Feinman
Archeologists investigating the emergence of large-scale societies in the past have renewed interest in examining the dynamics of cooperation as a means of understanding societal change and organizational variability within human groups over time. Unlike earlier approaches to these issues, which used models designated voluntaristic or managerial, contemporary research articulates more explicitly with frameworks for cooperation and collective action used in other fields, thereby facilitating empirical testing through better definition of the costs, benefits, and social mechanisms associated with success or failure in coordinated group action...
November 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004894/explanations-for-adaptations-just-so-stories-and-limitations-on-evidence-in-evolutionary-biology
#8
Richard J Smith
Explanations of the historical origin of specific individual traits are a key part of the research program in paleontology and evolutionary biology. Why did bipedalism evolve in the human lineage? Why did some dinosaurs and related species have head crests? Why did viviparity evolve in some reptiles? Why did the common ancestor of primates evolve stereoscopic vision, grasping hands and feet, nails instead of claws, and large brains? These are difficult questions. To varying degrees, an explanation must grapple with (1) judgments about changes in fitness that might follow from a change in morphology - without actually observing behavior or measuring reproductive success, (2) the relationship between genes and traits, (3) limitations on doing relevant experiments, (4) the interpretation of causes that are almost certainly contingent, multifactorial, interactive, hierarchical, nonlinear, emergent, and probabilistic rather than deterministic, (5) limited information about variation and ontogeny, (6) a dataset based on the random fortunes of the historical record, including only partial hard-tissue morphology and no soft-tissue morphology, (7) an equally partial and problematic (for example, time-averaged) record of the environment, (8) the compression of all data into a geological time scale that is likely to miss biologically important events or fluctuations, (9) dependence on a process that can only be inferred ("form and even behavior may leave fossil traces, but forces like natural selection do not", (1:130) ) and finally, (10) the assumption of the "adaptationist programme"(2) that the trait in question is in fact an adaptation rather than a consequence of genetic drift, correlated evolution, pleiotropy, exaptation, or other mechanisms...
November 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004893/the-psychology-of-cooperation-insights-from-chimpanzees-and-children
#9
Alicia P Melis, Felix Warneken
Across all cultures, humans engage in cooperative activities that can be as simple as preparing a meal or sharing food with others and as complex as playing in an orchestra or donating to charity. Although intraspecific cooperation exists among many other animal species, only humans engage in such a wide array of cooperative interaction and participate in large-scale cooperation that extends beyond kin and even includes strangers.
November 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004892/tropical-forests-and-the-genus-homo
#10
Patrick Roberts, Nicole Boivin, Julia Lee-Thorp, Michael Petraglia, Jay Stock
Tropical forests constitute some of the most diverse and complex terrestrial ecosystems on the planet. From the Miocene onward, they have acted as a backdrop to the ongoing evolution of our closest living relatives, the great apes, and provided the cradle for the emergence of early hominins, who retained arboreal physiological adaptations at least into the Late Pliocene. There also now exists growing evidence, from the Late Pleistocene onward, for tool-assisted intensification of tropical forest occupation and resource extraction by our own species, Homo sapiens...
November 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004891/gang-warfare-what-are-the-criteria-for-deriving-assertions-from-facts-in-science
#11
Kenneth M Weiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004890/uncovering-the-behavior-and-cognition-of-the-earliest-stone-tool-makers
#12
Alexandra G Rosati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753219/a-comparison-between-bonobos-and-chimpanzees-a-review-and-update
#13
REVIEW
Thibaud Gruber, Zanna Clay
Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and bonobos (P. paniscus) are our closest living relatives, with the human lineage diverging from the Pan lineage only around five to seven Mya, but possibly as early as eight Mya.(1-2) Chimpanzees and bonobos even share genetic similarities with humans that they do not share with each other.(2) Given their close genetic relationship to humans, both Pan species represent crucial living models for reconstructing our last common ancestor (LCA) and identifying uniquely human features...
September 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753218/digestive-enzymes-of-human-and-nonhuman-primates
#14
REVIEW
Mareike Cora Janiak
All living organisms need to consume nutrients to grow, survive, and reproduce, making the successful acquisition of food resources a powerful selective pressure. However, acquiring food is only part of the challenge. While all animals spend much of their daily activity budget hunting, searching for, or otherwise procuring food, a large part of what is involved in overall nutrition occurs once the meal has been swallowed. Most nutritional components are too complex for immediate use and must be broken down into simpler compounds, which can then be absorbed by the body...
September 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753217/transparency-usability-and-reproducibility-guiding-principles-for-improving-comparative-databases-using-primates-as-examples
#15
Carola Borries, Aaron A Sandel, Andreas Koenig, Eduardo Fernandez-Duque, Jason M Kamilar, Caroline R Amoroso, Robert A Barton, Joel Bray, Anthony Di Fiore, Ian C Gilby, Adam D Gordon, Roger Mundry, Markus Port, Lauren E Powell, Anne E Pusey, Amanda Spriggs, Charles L Nunn
Recent decades have seen rapid development of new analytical methods to investigate patterns of interspecific variation. Yet these cutting-edge statistical analyses often rely on data of questionable origin, varying accuracy, and weak comparability, which seem to have reduced the reproducibility of studies. It is time to improve the transparency of comparative data while also making these improved data more widely available. We, the authors, met to discuss how transparency, usability, and reproducibility of comparative data can best be achieved...
September 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753216/robert-wald-sussman-1941-2016
#16
Ian Tattersall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753215/the-cat-in-between-nature-nurture-neither
#17
Kenneth M Weiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753214/how-to-make-stone-soup-is-the-paleo-diet-a-missed-opportunity-for-anthropologists
#18
Melanie L Chang, April Nowell
For the past few years, people everywhere have been "going Paleo." Websites and social media touting the benefits of eating a "Paleo diet" and following a "Paleolithic life style" serve as calls to arms for health-conscious individuals seeking information about the latest health and fitness trends. Many of these people participate in programs such as Crossfit, which involve major social and life-style modification components and therefore facilitate the dissemination of dietary fads.(1) The PALEOf(x)(TM) conference, which bills itself as "the world's premier holistic wellness event," has attracted sellout crowds of thousands of attendees for the last four years...
September 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519459/archeological-insights-into-hominin-cognitive-evolution
#19
Thomas Wynn, Frederick L Coolidge
How did the human mind evolve? How and when did we come to think in the ways we do? The last thirty years have seen an explosion in research related to the brain and cognition. This research has encompassed a range of biological and social sciences, from epigenetics and cognitive neuroscience to social and developmental psychology. Following naturally on this efflorescence has been a heightened interest in the evolution of the brain and cognition. Evolutionary scholars, including paleoanthropologists, have deployed the standard array of evolutionary methods...
July 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519458/the-evolution-of-inequality
#20
Siobhán M Mattison, Eric A Smith, Mary K Shenk, Ethan E Cochrane
Understanding how systems of political and economic inequality evolved from relatively egalitarian origins has long been a focus of anthropological inquiry. Many hypotheses have been suggested to link socio-ecological features with the rise and spread of inequality, and empirical tests of these hypotheses in prehistoric and extant societies are increasing. In this review, we synthesize several streams of theory relevant to understanding the evolutionary origins, spread, and adaptive significance of inequality...
July 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
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