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Evolutionary Anthropology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30444563/why-evolutionary-biology-needs-anthropology-evaluating-core-assumptions-of-the-extended-evolutionary-synthesis
#1
REVIEW
Melinda A Zeder
Anthropologists have a long history of applying concepts from evolutionary biology to cultural evolution. Evolutionary biologists, however, have been slow to turn to anthropology for insights about evolution. Recently, evolutionary biology has been engaged in a debate over the need to revise evolutionary theory to account for developments made in 60 years since the Modern Synthesis, the standard evolutionary paradigm, was framed. Revision proponents maintain these developments challenge central tenets of standard theory that can only be accounted for in an extended evolutionary synthesis (EES)...
November 16, 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383910/epigenetic-clocks
#2
Elaine E Guevara, Richard R Lawler
Recent research has revealed clock-like patterns of epigenetic change across the life span in humans. Models describing these epigenetic changes have been dubbed "epigenetic clocks," and they can not only predict chronological age but also reveal biological age, which measures physiological homeostasis and deterioration over the life span. Comparative studies of the epigenetic clocks of different primate species are likely to provide insights into the evolution of life history schedules, as well as shed light on the physiological and genetic bases of aging and aging-related diseases...
November 1, 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30290031/rethinking-the-evolution-of-property-and-possession-a-review-and-methodological-proposition
#3
REVIEW
Lucy Tibble, Susana Carvalho
Property is a key feature of modern human society; however, identifying the origin of this multifaceted behavior poses a formidable challenge. Here, we explore the methodologies for researching the origin of property. We discuss how an interdisciplinary approach can shed light on how our human ancestors shifted behaviorally from possessing an object to having exclusive property control over it. Possession occurs when social group members only respect an individual's claim to have exclusive access to an object when the individual has physical control over the object...
October 5, 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369007/living-in-poisoning-environments-invisible-risks-and-human-adaptation
#4
Bernardo Arriaza, Dulasiri Amarasiriwardena, Vivien Standen, Jorge Yáñez, John Van Hoesen, Leonardo Figueroa
This article describes the hidden natural chemical contaminants present in a unique desert environment and their health consequences on ancient populations. Currently, millions of people are affected worldwide by toxic elements such as arsenic. Using data gathered from Atacama Desert mummies, we discuss long-term exposure and biocultural adaptation to toxic elements. The rivers that bring life to the Atacama Desert are paradoxically laden with arsenic and other minerals that are invisible and tasteless. High intake of these toxic elements results in severe health and behavioral problems, and even death...
September 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30326183/pleistocene-dental-calculus-recovering-information-on-paleolithic-food-items-medicines-paleoenvironment-and-microbes
#5
REVIEW
Karen Hardy, Stephen Buckley, Les Copeland
Dental calculus is now widely used to recover information on items ingested in the past. It is particularly valuable in the earlier Paleolithic, where recovered data may represent the only evidence for plant use. Several recovery methods are used and each one produces different results. Biomolecular markers and genetic material recovered from dental calculus is providing new data on identifiable dietary and medicinal items and human microbial communities. The recovery of microfossils, in particular, starch granules, has triggered a new awareness of the role of plants in the diet throughout the Paleolithic...
September 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325554/variation-in-the-social-organization-of-gorillas-life-history-and-socioecological-perspectives
#6
REVIEW
Martha M Robbins, Andrew M Robbins
A focus of socioecological research is to understand how ecological, social, and life history factors influence the variability of social organization within and between species. The genus Gorilla exhibits variability in social organization with western gorilla groups being almost exclusively one-male, yet approximately 40% of mountain gorilla groups are multimale. We review five ultimate causes for the variability in social organization within and among gorilla populations: human disturbance, ecological constraints on group size, risk of infanticide, life history patterns, and population density...
September 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30257073/second-annual-workshop-of-the-association-of-early-career-social-learning-researchers-in-st-andrews-scotland
#7
Marco Smolla, Edith Invernizzi, Marina Bazhydai, Marco Casoli, Dominik Deffner, Gonçalo S Faria, Nicholas Jones, Jasmeen Kanwal, Anna-Margarete Staehler, Ryutaro Uchiyama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30257046/in-the-jungle-of-cultural-complexity
#8
Charlotte Elizabeth Holmes Wilks, Kirsten H Blakey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30242943/the-evolution-of-the-human-foot
#9
REVIEW
Ellison J McNutt, Bernhard Zipfel, Jeremy M DeSilva
There are 26 bones in each foot (52 in total), meaning that roughly a quarter of the human skeleton consists of foot bones. Yet, early hominin foot fossils are frustratingly rare, making it quite difficult to reconstruct the evolutionary history of the human foot. Despite the continued paucity of hominid or hominin foot fossils from the late Miocene and early Pliocene, the last decade has witnessed the discovery of an extraordinary number of early hominin foot bones, inviting a reassessment of how the human foot evolved, and providing fresh new evidence for locomotor diversity throughout hominin evolution...
September 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30133077/look-in-the-trees-hylobatids-as-evolutionary-models-for-extinct-hominins
#10
Julia M Zichello
Studying extant apes is of central importance to paleoanthropology. This approach is informative in inferring how hominin skeletal morphology reflects phylogeny, behavior, development, and ecological context. Traditionally, great apes have dominated the paleoanthropological literature as extant analogs for extinct hominins, to the exclusion of their phylogenetic sister group, the hylobatids. Phylogenetic proximity, large body size, and high encephalization quotients may have contributed to decisions to use great apes as models for hominins...
July 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099809/four-misunderstandings-about-cultural-attraction
#11
REVIEW
Thom Scott-Phillips, Stefaan Blancke, Christophe Heintz
Cultural attraction theory (CAT) is a research agenda the purpose of which is to develop causal explanations of cultural phenomena. CAT is also an evolutionary approach to culture, in the sense that it treats culture as a population of items of different types, with the frequency of tokens of those types changing over time. Now more than 20 years old, CAT has made many positive contributions, theoretical and empirical, to the naturalization of the social sciences. In consequence of this growing impact, CAT has, in recent years, been the subject of critical discussion...
July 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085387/primate-society-of-great-britain-spring-meeting-2018-cognition-and-communication
#12
Bridget M Waller, Juliane Kaminski, Joanna M Setchell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30015414/tropical-heterothermy-is-cool-the-expression-of-daily-torpor-and-hibernation-in-primates
#13
REVIEW
Marina B Blanco, Kathrin H Dausmann, Sheena L Faherty, Anne D Yoder
Living nonhuman primates generally inhabit tropical forests, and torpor is regarded as a strategy employed by cold-adapted organisms. Yet, some primates employ daily torpor or hibernation (heterothermy) under obligatory, temporary, or emergency circumstances. Though heterothermy is present in most mammalian lineages, there are only three extant heterothermic primate lineages: bushbabies from Africa, lorises from Asia, and dwarf and mouse lemurs from Madagascar. Here, we analyze their phenotypes in the general context of tropical mammalian heterothermy...
July 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971905/the-87th-annual-meeting-of-the-american-association-of-physical-anthropologists-in-austin-texas
#14
Amanda J Fuchs, Rachel B Bell, Ignacio Lazagabaster, Andrew J Zamora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971904/reproductive-tolerance-in-male-primates-old-paradigms-and-new-evidence
#15
Markus Port, Oliver Schülke, Julia Ostner
Within social groups of primates, males commonly compete over reproduction, but they may also rely on cooperation with other males. Theory suggests that it may be adaptive for male primates to tolerate some reproduction by other males if reproductive tolerance fosters cooperation, particularly that dominant males yield so-called reproductive concessions to subordinates to entice their cooperation. We review four recent studies that claimed to have found evidence for reproductive concessions or similar forms of reproductive tolerance...
May 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845689/lagoa-santa-s-contribution-to-the-origins-and-life-of-early-americans
#16
REVIEW
Pedro Da-Gloria, Mark Hubbe, Walter A Neves
The region of Lagoa Santa, Central-Eastern Brazil, provides an exceptional archeological record about Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene occupation of the Americas. Since the first interventions made by the Danish naturalist Peter Lund in the 19th century, hundreds of human skeletons have been exhumed in the region. These skeletons are complemented by a rich botanic, faunal, technological, and geomorphological archeological record. We explore here the contributions of Lagoa Santa material to the origins and lifestyle of early Americans, providing an historic background...
May 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845686/live-music-bats-bbq-and-science-the-2018-paleoanthropology-society-meetings
#17
Ignacio Lazagabaster, Maryse Biernat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845668/the-83rd-society-for-american-archaeology-meeting-new-directions-in-the-archeology-of-human-evolution
#18
Hilary Duke, Eric Heffter, Sarah Hlubik, Kathryn Ranhorn, Jesse Wolfhagen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624831/biology-by-the-bay
#19
Amanda McGrosky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575403/celebrating-50-years-of-the-primate-society-of-great-britain
#20
Emily J Bethell, Lewis Dean, Andrew Smith, Simon K Bearder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
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