Read by QxMD icon Read

Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE

Liliana C Baptista, André Pinto Amorim, João Valente-Dos-Santos, Aristides M Machado-Rodrigues, Manuel Teixeira Veríssimo, Raul A Martins
BACKGROUND: This study aims to analyze the effects of anti-hypertensive monotherapy and combined therapy on functional status, and cardiovascular risk outcomes in older adults. METHODS: This longitudinal non-randomized cohort study, involved hypertensive older adults (n = 440) aged 60 or more years with comorbidities. Participants underwent a community exercise training program and one of the following 2 conditions: i) use of daily mono-dose angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi; n= 232); ii) combined therapy including ACEi plus other class agent (Combined; n= 208)...
January 16, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Huijuan Kou, Jie Deng, Dengfeng Gao, Anqi Song, Zhenhua Han, Jin Wei, Xin Jin, Rui Ma, Qiangsun Zheng
Adiponectin, which is secreted specifically by adipose tissue, has been shown to have anti-atherogenic and anti-inflammatory effects and to improve insulin resistance (IR). The aim of this study was to determine the correlations among adiponectin, IR and atherosclerosis in non-diabetic hypertensive patients and healthy volunteers. In this case control study, we collected complete demographic data from and measured several laboratory parameters in all enrolled subjects. The homeostasis model of assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was calculated as an insulin sensitivity index...
January 16, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Peng Cai, Yan Peng, Li Li, Wei Chu, Xukai Wang
In this case-control study, 246 EH patients and 157 healthy controls were selected from Chinese Han population to explore the associations between the fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) gene polymorphisms and essential hypertension (EH).The SequenomMassarray system was used for the genotyping of three FGF23 gene Tag single-nucleotide polymorphisms, namely rs7955866, rs13312756, and rs3812822. The primers were designed by Assay Designer 3.1 software, and then the samples were added to a 384-well plate for the polymerase chain reaction amplification, shrimp alkaline phosphatase reaction, and desalting after extension...
January 16, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Hyun Yoon, Jun Ho Lee, Gwang Seok Kim, Yu Jeong Kim, Eun Young Hwang, Chang Eun Park, Jong Park
The present study was conducted to assess the relationship between anemia and pulse pressure (PP) and hypertension (HTN). Data from 16,060 adults (aged ≥20 years) in the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010-2012) were analyzed. Several key findings were identified. First, after adjusting for related variables, the odds ratio (OR) of anemia (hemoglobin <13 and <12 g/dL, in men and women, respectively), using the normal PP group (PP ≤61 mmHg) as a reference, was significant for the high PP cohort (PP >61 mmHg; OR, 1...
January 10, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Wei-Hua Liu, Xiao-Hong Xu, Qin Luo, Hong-Liang Zhang, Yong Wang, Qun-Ying Xi, Zhi-Hui Zhao, Zhi-Hong Liu
BACKGROUND: Recent research has shown that statins improve pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), but their mechanisms of action are not fully understood. This study aimed to investigate the role of RhoA/ROCK1 regulation in the therapeutic effects of simvastatin on PAH. METHODS: For in vivo experiments, rats (N = 40) were randomly assigned to four groups: control, simvastatin, monocrotaline (MCT), and MCT + simvastatin. The MCT group and MCT + simvastatin groups received proline dithiocarbamate (50 mg/kg, i...
January 10, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Colin J Petrie, Piotr Ponikowski, Marco Metra, Veselin Mitrovic, Mikhail Ruda, Alberto Fernandez, Alexander Vishnevsky, Gad Cotter, Olga Milo, Ute Laessing, Yiming Zhang, Marion Dahlke, Robert Zymlinski, Adriaan A Voors
AIMS: In chronic heart failure, proportional pulse pressure (PPP) is suggested as an estimate of cardiac index (CI). The association between CI and PPP in acute heart failure (AHF) has not been described. METHODS: This was examined using hemodynamic measurements (from a trial using serelaxin) in 63 stabilized AHF patients. RESULTS: Mean (SD) age was 68 (11), 74% male, mean (SD) ejection fraction (EF) was 33.4% (13.7), mean (SD) CI (L/min/m2) was 2...
December 21, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Lin Yun, Xingshun Xu, Ying Dai, Rui Xu, Guohua Li, Yucai Yao, Jiamin Li, Fei Zheng
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of single and combined administration of ramipril and losartan on renal structure and function in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Thirty-two 9-week-old SHRs and eight Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were randomly divided into five groups: the WKY control group, the SHR control group, the SHR-ramipril group, the SHR-losartan group, and the SHR-combined mediation group. The rat body weight, SBP, heart rate, and urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER) were measured...
December 19, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Minako Inoue, Kiyoshi Matsumura, Yoshie Haga, Yasuo Kansui, Kenichi Goto, Toshio Ohtsubo, Takanari Kitazono
The relationship between the renin-angiotensin aldosterone system and short-term blood pressure variability has not been well elucidated. Here, we investigated whether blood pressure variability determined by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring differed among patients with primary aldosteronism (PA), renovascular hypertension (RVHT), and essential hypertension (EHT). We examined 25 patients with PA, 28 patients with RVHT, and 18 patients with EHT. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was conducted in all patients...
December 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Valéria C Sandrim, Solange Diniz, Nibia Mariana Eleuterio, Karina B Gomes, Luci Maria S Dusse, Ricardo C Cavalli
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia results in maternal and fetal complications and some studies have reported the role of MMPs and TIMPs in its pathophysiology. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare plasma TIMP-4 levels in preeclampsia and healthy pregnant; and to correlate these levels with clinical parameters and expression of Let7a-5p (3´UTR post-transcriptionally regulation) Methods: TIMP-4 was measured by ELISA and miR-Let7a-5p expression by qPCR. RESULTS: Elevated plasma TIMP-4 levels in preeclampsia compared to healthy pregnant was found 1450 ± 411 vs...
December 12, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
XiaoXiao Zhao, Liujin Bo, Hongwei Zhao, Lihong Li, Yingyan Zhou, Hongyu Wang
BACKGROUND: Carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) is a significant early prediction signal for preclinical atherosclerosis. Plasma homocysteine (Hcy) level is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Pulse wave velocity (PWV), an index of arterial stiffness (AS), has showed its value in the evaluation of AS in vascular-related diseases. The data regarding the relationships between cIMT and other indices of vascular damage are limited and partly controversial. We aim to investigate the relationships between cIMT and other indices of vascular damage such as Hcy and carotid femoral PWV (CF-PWV)...
December 11, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Ping Zheng, Shiliang Li, Chun Liu, Zhengbiao Zha, Xiang Wei, Yuan Yuan
Mutations in mitochondrial DNA, especially in mitochondrial tRNA (mt-tRNA) genes, are the important causes for maternally inherited hypertension. In this study, we reported the clinical, genetic, and molecular characterization of a Han Chinese family with hypertension. Most strikingly, this family exhibited a high penetrance and expressivity of hypertension. Sequence analysis of the complete mt-tRNA genes showed the presence of tRNAMet A4435G and tRNAAla C5601T mutations. The A4435G had already been reported as a pathogenic mutation associated with hypertension; in addition, the C5601T mutation, which was located at the highly conserved nucleotide of T arm of tRNAAla, created a novel Watson-Crick base pairing and may result in failure of tRNA metabolism...
December 6, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Julia R Smith, Lisa Hillman, Paul E Drawz
Evening dosing of antihypertensive medications lowers nighttime blood pressure, and in one large randomized trial, it reduced the risk for cardiovascular outcomes. However, the feasibility of nighttime dosing in routine clinical practice is unknown. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effect of a brief pharmacist intervention to assign patients to take antihypertensive medications at specific times of the day. In this pilot, randomized controlled trial, 79 patients with moderate to severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) taking one or more antihypertensive medications once daily were randomized to take one once-daily antihypertensive either in the morning or in the evening...
December 6, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Milad Gholami, Reza Mirfakhraie, Reihaneh Pirjani, Robabeh Taheripanah, Sahar Bayat, Seyyedeh Anita Daryabari, Matina Noori, Sayyed Mohamad Hossein Ghaderian
Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a multifactorial pregnancy disorder, with serious consequences for both the mother and the fetus. Despite intense studies, the pathophysiology of PE remains enigmatic. Previous studies suggested that Treg dysfunction is involved in the pathogenesis of PE. We hypothesized that functional variants of the FOXP3 gene might be associated with PE via dysregulation of Treg cells. Of the 276 subjects, we genotyped three variants of FOXP3 by PCR-RFLP and Tetra ARMS-PCR methods. The genotypic frequencies of rs2232365 were found to be protective from the development of PE under codominant [odds ratio (OR) 0...
December 5, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Hong Chen, Min Sun, Zhen Fan, Maoqing Tong, Guodong Chen, Danhui Li, Jihui Ye, Yumin Yang, Yongding Zhu, Jianhua Zhu
Here, we reported a Han Chinese essential hypertensive pedigree based on clinical hereditary and molecular data. To know the molecular basis on this family, mitochondrial genome of one proband from the family was identified through direct sequencing analysis. The age of onset year and affected degree of patients are different in this family. And matrilineal family members carrying C4375T mutation and belong to Eastern Asian halopgroup C. Phylogenetic analysis shows 4375C is highly conservative in 17 species...
December 4, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Misbah Hussain, Fazli Rabbi Awan
Renin angiotensin system (RAS) is an endogenous hormone system involved in the control of blood pressure and fluid volume. Dysregulation of RAS has a pathological role in causing cardiovascular diseases through hypertension. Among several key components of RAS, angiotensin peptides, varying in amino acid length and biological function, have important roles in preventing or promoting hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, stroke, vascular remodeling etc. These peptides are generated by the metabolism of inactive angiotensinogen or its derived peptides by hydrolyzing action of certain enzymes...
November 30, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Shinichiro Nishio, Yukio Maruyama, Naoki Sugano, Tatsuo Hosoya, Takashi Yokoo, Satoru Kuriyama
AIM: The present study explored the gender interaction on the risk of uric acid in the new development of hypertension. STUDY DESIGN: A longitudinal retrospective cohort. SUBJECTS & METHODS: A total of 5,807 individuals with an average age of 38 ± 7 years old were recruited. Individuals whose blood pressure rose more than 140/90mmHg or those who newly commenced antihypertensive treatment were defined as a new onset of hypertension. Cox regression analysis was employed for the analysis...
November 28, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Linda Koshy, S V Vijayalekshmi, S Harikrishnan, Kutty V Raman, V T Jissa, A Jayakumaran Nair, A Gangaprasad, G M Nair, P R Sudhakaran
Epigenetic regulation of arterial blood pressure mediated through mirSNPs in renin-angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) genes is a less explored hypothesis. Recently, the mirSNP rs11174811 in the 3'UTR of the AVPR1A gene was associated with higher arterial blood pressure in a large study population from the Study of Myocardial Infarctions Leiden (SMILE). The aim of the present study was to replicate the association of mirSNP rs11174811 with blood pressure outcomes and hypertension in a south Indian population...
November 28, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Wei Wang, Peng Ji, Yi Wang, Hongmei Guo, Rongwen Bian, Jiaren Xu, Yaqing Xiong
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia (Hhcy) and its major determinants in Chinese urban population with new-onset hypertension. METHODS: A total of 574 adults (404 men and 170 women) with newly diagnosed primary hypertension were recruited from seven communities in Nanjing, China. Data on lifestyle factors, such as physical activities, current smoking and drinking status, dietary habits, and familial factors were collected in interviews, and laboratory examinations were performed by well-trained personnel...
November 27, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Hala Salah Abdel Kawy
Neither ACEI nor ARBs completely repress the RAAS. Aliskiren is a newer agent that inhibits renin. However, it increases the biosynthesis and secretion of renin and prorenin, that might induce renal tissue damage. This study was conducted to investigate the renoprotective effects of aliskiren and valsartan the ARB, either alone or in combination, on hypertensive nephropathy induced by L-NAME. Aliskiren (50 mg/kg/daily i.p.), valsartan (10 mg/kg daily i.p.) alone or in half dose combination were administered with L-NAME (30-40 mg daily in drinking water) for 8 weeks...
November 27, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Dian He, Shaowen Wu, Haiping Zhao, Zihe Zheng, Weiyuan Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study was to evaluate effects of high normal blood pressure (HNBP) in early pregnancy on total preeclampsia, early preeclampsia, and severe preeclampsia. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, national representative retrospective cohort study. HNBP was defined as systolic blood pressure between 130 and 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure between 85 and 90 mmHg. We used multivariable logistic regression to examine the associations of HNBP and the risks of above three types of preeclampsia...
November 27, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"