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Australian Journal of Rural Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239073/knowledge-perception-access-and-utilisation-of-hiv-counselling-and-testing-among-pregnant-women-in-rural-communities-of-osogbo-town-nigeria
#1
Adekemi E Olowokere, Oluyemi A Adelakun, Abiola O Komolafe
OBJECTIVE: To assess knowledge, perception, access and utilisation of HIV counselling and testing among pregnant women from rural communities in Nigeria. DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Primary health care facilities in rural communities of Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria. PARTICIPANTS: Three-hundred pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in primary health care facilities. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Knowledge of HIV counselling and testing, perception of HIV counselling and testing, utilisation of HIV counselling and testing and barriers associated with HIV counselling and testing utilisation...
December 14, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226464/place-of-death-in-the-snowy-monaro-region-of-new-south-wales-a-study-of-residents-who-died-of-a-condition-amenable-to-palliative-care
#2
Suzanne Rainsford, Nicholas J Glasgow, Rod D MacLeod, Teresa Neeman, Christine B Phillips, Robert B Wiles
OBJECTIVE: To describe the place of death of residents in a rural region of New South Wales. DESIGN: Cross-sectional quantitative study using death data collected from local funeral directors (in person and websites), residential aged-care facilities, one multipurpose heath service and obituary notices in the local media (newspapers/radio). SETTING: Snowy Monaro region (NSW Australia). PARTICIPANTS: Residents, with advanced frailty or one of 10 conditions amenable to palliative care, who died between 1 February 2015 and 31 May 2016...
December 11, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218752/addressing-the-needs-of-first-time-fathers-in-tasmania-a-qualitative-study-of-father-only-antenatal-groups
#3
Meredith Nash
OBJECTIVE: To examine how first-time fathers in rural Tasmania experienced father-only antenatal support/education groups. DESIGN: Semistructured interviews with expectant fathers were used for this study. Purposive sampling was used to recruit fathers in 2014. Participants were recruited face-to-face via email through a government health service and not-for-profit organisation that runs a state-wide fatherhood program. Several participants were recruited through a company that holds antenatal education classes for men in a pub...
December 8, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214687/urban-rural-differences-in-health-literacy-and-its-determinants-in-iran-a-community-based-study
#4
Farzaneh Golboni, Haidar Nadrian, Sarisa Najafi, Shayesteh Shirzadi, Hassan Mahmoodi
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown a remarkable difference in functional health literacy among residents of urban and rural areas which may be attributed to socioeconomic inequalities between these areas. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences (if any) in the level of functional health literacy and its determinants between urban and rural areas in Sanandaj, Iran. DESIGN: A descriptive analytical cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: A multistage clustered random sample of 1000 respondents older than 18 years...
December 6, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168589/time-to-delivery-transfers-for-threatened-preterm-labour-and-prelabour-rupture-of-membranes-in-western-australia
#5
Jade Hollingworth, Rachel Pietsch, Mathias Epee-Bekima, Elizabeth Nathan
OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcomes of patients transferred to King Edward Memorial Hospital (KEMH) with signs of labour at preterm gestations. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study of the 69 cases transferred to KEMH during 2015. SETTING: Patient transfers from all locations across Western Australia (WA) to the sole tertiary perinatal centre in Perth. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women within WA with threatened or actual preterm labour (PTL) or preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM) between 23 and 32 weeks gestation...
November 23, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168587/effect-of-secondary-penicillin-prophylaxis-on-valvular-changes-in-patients-with-rheumatic-heart-disease-in-far-north-queensland
#6
Shankar Haran, Natalie Crane, Saniya Kazi, Louise Axford-Haines, Andrew White
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of secondary penicillin prophylaxis (SPP) on echocardiographic diagnosed valvular changes in patients with rheumatic heart disease (RHD) or history of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) in the Townsville Health district. DESIGN: Patients with known ARF/RHD were identified from the North Queensland RHD register, serial echocardiogram results and number of SPP doses received in 2014 were collated. Descriptive statistics were utilised. SETTING: Townsville Hospital and outreach clinics within the Townsville Health catchment zone...
November 23, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168577/screening-for-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-in-a-rural-health-district-an-analysis-of-practice
#7
Suzanne Wright, Elizabeth Cotterell, David Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: To describe hip dysplasia screening practices in a local rural health district. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of hospital birth records, local physiotherapy records, public community health electronic medical record (Community Health Information Management Enterprise database) and a survey of local clinicians who work with infants and children. SETTING: Three rural public hospitals and community health centres in a New South Wales health district...
November 23, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131469/do-programs-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-leaving-prison-meet-their-health-and-social-support-needs
#8
REVIEW
Penelope Abbott, Jane E Lloyd, Chandni Joshi, Kathy Malera-Bandjalan, Eileen Baldry, Elizabeth McEntyre, Juanita Sherwood, Jennifer Reath, Devon Indig, Mark F Harris
The objective of this review was to synthesise evidence on the health and social support needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people leaving prison and on programs which aid successful community re-entry. A systematic literature review was undertaken of peer-reviewed and grey literature published between 2001 and 2013, focusing on the post-release needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults and pre- and post-release programs. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have high health and social support needs on leaving prison...
November 13, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131446/food-provision-among-food-relief-agencies-in-rural-australia-and-perceived-barriers-and-enablers-to-provide-healthy-food
#9
Natalia Bortolin, Jaqueline Priestly, Janice Sangster
OBJECTIVE: Food insecurity affects 4-14% of Australians, and up to 82% of vulnerable groups. Food relief agencies commonly provide food parcels or food vouchers. Little research has been undertaken on food relief agencies within rural Australia. This study determined the type of food assistance provided by rural FRAs, and barriers and enablers to provide healthy food. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, using telephone questionnaires with qualitative and quantitative aspects...
November 13, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131425/stage-of-diagnosis-of-prostate-breast-and-colorectal-cancer-in-farm-residents-compared-with-other-rural-and-urban-residents-in-new-south-wales
#10
Julie Depczynski, Timothy Dobbins, Bruce Armstrong, Tony Lower
OBJECTIVE: To determine if stage at diagnosis of prostate, breast and colorectal cancers differs between farm, rural non-farm and urban residents. DESIGN: Data linkage of baseline survey information from a large cohort study, with state cancer registry records from 2006 to 2009. SETTING: New South Wales, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: New South Wales residents enrolled in the 45 and Up Study cohort. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adjusted odds ratio of non-localised cancer stage was modelled using binary logistic regression, controlling for commonly known cancer risk factors...
November 13, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115700/the-challenge-of-generalist-care-in-remote-australia-beyond-aeromedical-retrieval
#11
Zachary Pancer, Malcolm Moore, John T Wenham, Maelynn Burridge
OBJECTIVE: To examine clinical service activity amongst patients of the Royal Flying Doctor Service South Eastern Section in Far West New South Wales and to evaluate the management of chronic disease among frequent users of evacuation services. DESIGN: A retrospective audit of the Royal Flying Doctor Service South Eastern Section patient database inclusive of patients within the geographical study area who accessed a clinical or remote consultation, or evacuation service at least once between 1 July 2008 and 30 June 2013...
November 8, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105939/are-patients-with-concussion-getting-optimal-discharge-advice-at-a-regional-emergency-department
#12
Ashlee M Brown, Dara M Twomey, Anna Wong Shee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105937/point-of-care-testing-facilitates-screening-and-treatment-for-anaemia-in-women-and-children-in-rural-pakistan
#13
Tessa McCormack, Rukhsana Ayub, Faisal Aziz, Lara Motta, Brooke Spaeth, Mark Shephard
OBJECTIVE: To use point-of-care testing to screen and facilitate treatment for anaemia and to establish an estimate of the prevalence of anaemia in the local population. DESIGN: An uncontrolled before and after study design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention on the anaemia status of participants. SETTING: This study took place in a rural mountain community (population approximately 1000) in the Haripur district in northern Pakistan...
November 6, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105870/service-learning-partnerships-features-that-promote-transformational-and-sustainable-rural-and-remote-health-partnerships-and-services
#14
Debra Jones, Lindy McAllister, Robert Dyson, David Lyle
OBJECTIVE: To describe features that promote transformational and sustainable community engaged health partnerships and services in rural and remote Australian locations. DESIGN: A pragmatic qualitative study using focus groups and individual semi-structured interviews. Data were analysed using four stages of data comparison. SETTING: Far west New South Wales, Australia. The health partnership, initiated by primary school principals in 2008, aimed to address allied health service inequities experienced by regional children...
November 6, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105183/looking-after-1-a-short-report-of-the-interim-analysis-of-a-self-care-course-for-remote-health-professionals
#15
Timothy A Carey, Kathleen Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076569/assessing-the-impact-of-vulnerability-on-perceptions-of-social-cohesion-in-the-context-of-community-resilience-to-disaster-in-the-blue-mountains
#16
Sarah Redshaw, Valerie Ingham, Marion McCutcheon, John Hicks, Oliver Burmeister
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of network communications, community participation and elements of vulnerability on the perception of social cohesiveness in the Blue Mountains local government area (Blue Mountains LGA). DESIGN: A questionnaire was administered to residents of the Blue Mountains LGA. Econometric analysis of the resulting data was undertaken. SETTING: Blue Mountains LGA, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: One thousand one hundred and three residents of the Blue Mountains LGA responded to the questionnaire...
October 27, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231288/affordable-acceptable-and-appropriate-access
#17
Mark Diamond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231287/using-secondments-in-tertiary-health-facilities-to-build-paediatric-expertise-in-allied-health-professionals-working-in-rural-new-south-wales
#18
Carmel Blayden, Sonia Hughes, Jennifer Nicol, Susan Sims, Isobel J Hubbard
OUTLINE OF PROBLEM: Allied health professionals working in rural settings have broad caseloads requiring advanced skills as general specialists. This can include children with specialised needs. DESIGN: Educational secondments were coordinated for allied health professionals to achieve self-nominated learning objectives. Learning objectives were assessed using pre and post evaluations to determine the effect of the educational secondment on knowledge and confidence specific to the nominated learning outcomes...
December 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231286/equally-well-physical-health-and-mental-illness
#19
EDITORIAL
Russell Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034610/private-health-insurance-a-good-deal-in-rural-and-remote-australia
#20
Peter Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
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