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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815789/cost-effectiveness-of-emergency-department-initiated-treatment-for-opioid-dependence
#1
Susan H Busch, David A Fiellin, Marek C Chawarski, Patricia H Owens, Michael V Pantalon, Kathryn Hawk, Steven L Bernstein, Patrick G O'Connor, Gail D'Onofrio
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In a recent randomized trial, patients with opioid dependence receiving brief intervention, emergency department (ED)-initiated buprenorphine and ongoing follow-up in primary care with buprenorphine (buprenorphine) were twice as likely to be engaged in addiction treatment compared with referral to community-based treatment (referral) or brief intervention and referral (brief intervention). Our aim was to evaluate the relative cost-effectiveness of these three methods of intervening on opioid dependence in the ED...
August 16, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809069/response-to-aubin-et-al-2017
#2
LETTER
Kipling M Bohnert, Mark A Ilgen, John F McCarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809061/associations-between-substance-use-disorders-and-suicide-mortality-risk-should-be-adjusted-for-tobacco-use-disorder
#3
LETTER
Henri-Jean Aubin, Amandine Luquiens, Stéphane Legleye, Ivan Berlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804980/using-bayes-factors-to-evaluate-evidence-for-no-effect-examples-from-the-sips-project
#4
Zoltan Dienes, Simon Coulton, Nick Heather
AIMS: To illustrate how Bayes Factors are important for determining the effectiveness of interventions. METHOD: We consider a case where inappropriate conclusions were publicly drawn based on significance testing, namely the SIPS Project (Screening and Intervention Programme for Sensible drinking), a pragmatic, cluster-randomized controlled trial in each of two healthcare settings and in the criminal justice system. We show how Bayes Factors can disambiguate the non-significant findings from the SIPS Project and thus determine whether the findings represent evidence of absence or absence of evidence...
August 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804966/associations-of-parental-alcohol-use-disorders-and-parental-separation-with-offspring-initiation-of-alcohol-cigarette-and-cannabis-use-and-sexual-debut-in-high-risk-families
#5
Vivia V McCutcheon, Arpana Agrawal, Sally I-Chun Kuo, Jinni Su, Danielle M Dick, Jacquelyn L Meyers, Howard J Edenberg, John I Nurnberger, John R Kramer, Samuel Kuperman, Marc A Schuckit, Victor M Hesselbrock, Andrew Brooks, Bernice Porjesz, Kathleen K Bucholz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Parental alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and parental separation are associated with increased risk for early use of alcohol in offspring, but whether they increase risks for early use of other substances and for early sexual debut is under-studied. We focused on associations of parental AUDs and parental separation with substance initiation and sexual debut to (1) test the strength of the associations of parental AUDs and parental separation with time to initiation (age in years) of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis use, and sexual debut, and (2) compare the strength of association of parental AUD and parental separation with initiation...
August 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804929/factors-moderating-the-relative-effectiveness-of-varenicline-and-nicotine-replacement-therapy-in-clients-using-smoking-cessation-services
#6
Neil Walker, Heather Gainforth, Vasiliki Kiparoglou, Hayley Robinson, Hugo van Woerden, Robert West
AIMS: To assess how far the greater effectiveness of varenicline over nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is moderated by characteristics of the smokers or setting in clinical practice. DESIGN: We used observational data from 22,472 treatment episodes between 2013 and 2016 from smoking cessation services in England to assess whether differences between varenicline and NRT were moderated by a set of smoker and setting characteristics: these included level of social deprivation, age, gender, ethnic group, nicotine dependence, and treatment context...
August 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799198/does-paying-service-providers-by-results-improve-recovery-outcomes-for-drug-misusers-in-treatment-in-england
#7
Andrew Jones, Matthias Pierce, Matt Sutton, Thomas Mason, Tim Millar
AIM: To compare drug recovery outcomes in commissioning areas included in a 'payment by results' scheme with all other areas. DESIGN: Observational and data linkage study of the National Drug Treatment Monitoring System, Office for National Statistics mortality database, and Police National Computer criminal records, for two years before and after introduction of the scheme. Pre-post controlled comparison compared outcomes in participating versus non-participating areas following adjustment for drug use, functioning and drug treatment status...
August 10, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793181/associations-of-coffee-genetic-risk-scores-with-consumption-of-coffee-tea-and-other-beverages-in-the-uk-biobank
#8
Amy E Taylor, George Davey Smith, Marcus R Munafò
AIMS: To evaluate the utility of coffee-related genetic variants as proxies for coffee consumption in Mendelian randomisation studies, by examining their association with non-alcoholic beverage consumption (including subtypes of coffee and tea) and a range of sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. DESIGN: Observational study of the association of genetic risk scores for coffee consumption with different types of non-alcoholic beverage consumption. SETTING: UK general population PARTICIPANTS: Individuals of European ancestry aged 40-70 years from the UK Biobank between 2006 and 2010 (N = 114,316)...
August 9, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786222/qualitative-research
#9
Lisa Maher, George Dertadian
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This narrative review aims to highlight key insights from qualitative research on drug use and drug users by profiling a selection of classic works. METHODS: Consensus methods were used to identify and select four papers published in 1938, 1969, 1973 and 1984 considered to be classics. RESULTS: These landmark qualitative studies included the first account of addiction as a social process, demonstrating that people have meaningful responses to drug use that cannot be reduced to their pharmacological effects; the portrayal of inner-city heroin users as exacting, energetic and engaged social agents; identification of the interactive social learning processes involved in becoming a drug user; the application of the 'career' concept to understanding transitions and trajectories of drug use over time; and the articulation of a framework for understanding drug use that incorporates the interaction between pharmacology, psychology and social environments...
August 7, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786147/gateway-effects-and-electronic-cigarettes
#10
Jean-François Etter
BACKGROUND: E-cigarettes are alleged to be a gateway to cigarette smoking in non-smokers. This study examines whether the gateway theory has value, whether the criteria to establish causality have been met and what type of evidence is required to test this theory. ANALYSIS: Experiments are impractical, and we may not be able to test properly the gateway effects via observational studies that simply adjust for confounders. Multivariate models cannot eliminate all the variance in propensity to smoke captured by the variable 'vaping' because of the proximity of these two behaviours...
August 7, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779527/ecological-momentary-analysis-of-the-relations-among-stressful-events-affective-reactivity-and-smoking-among-smokers-with-high-vs-low-depressive-symptoms-during-a-quit-attempt
#11
Haruka Minami, Brandon E Frank, Krysten W Bold, Danielle E McCarthy
AIMS: To assess whether individuals trying to quit smoking who have high depressive symptoms (HD), compared with low-depressive-symptom (LD) symptoms: 1) report more frequent stressful events (SEs), 2) are more likely to smoke after SEs, 3) experience greater acute or persistent changes in affect after a SE, and 4) are at greater risk of smoking following affective changes. DESIGN: Smoking cessation data were analyzed using multilevel path modeling to examine the moderating effects of depressive symptoms on relations among SEs, subsequent affect, and smoking...
August 5, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771966/american-exceptionalism-and-the-failure-to-learn-from-mistakes-of-the-past
#12
Bryce Pardo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770575/recommendations-for-the-implementation-of-who-framework-convention-on-tobacco-control-article-14-on-tobacco-cessation-support
#13
EDITORIAL
Martin Raw, Olalekan Ayo-Yusuf, Frank Chaloupka, Michael Fiore, Thomas Glynn, Feras Hawari, Judith Mackay, Ann McNeill, Srinath Reddy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766792/will-growth-in-cryptomarket-drug-buying-increase-the-harms-of-illicit-drugs
#14
Judith Aldridge, Alex Stevens, Monica J Barratt
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cryptomarkets-on-line, anonymous market-places for illicit goods and services that specialize mainly in drugs-account for a small but rapidly growing share of the illicit drug market in many countries. Policy responses so far are based generally on the assumption that their rise will only increase drug harms. In this contribution for debate, we question this assumption. METHODS: We provide a narrative review of the emerging literature connected to drug cryptomarkets...
August 2, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762250/response-to-miller-2017-communicating-the-role-of-cannabis-in-the-risk-of-developing-psychosis
#15
LETTER
Ian Hamilton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 31, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762233/the-disconnect-between-the-science-on-cannabis-and-public-health-campaigns
#16
LETTER
Christine L Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 31, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745013/moving-alcohol-prevention-research-forward-part-ii-new-directions-grounded-in-community-based-system-dynamics-modeling
#17
Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Michael K Lemke, Adam E Barry, Kristen Hassmiller Lich
BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS: Given the complexity of factors contributing to alcohol misuse, appropriate epistemologies and methodologies are needed to understand and intervene meaningfully. We aimed to (1) provide an overview of computational modeling methodologies, with an emphasis on system dynamics modeling; (2) explain how community-based system dynamics modeling can forge new directions in alcohol prevention research; and (3) present a primer on how to build alcohol misuse simulation models using system dynamics modeling, with an emphasis on stakeholder involvement, data sources, and model validation...
July 25, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742932/a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial-testing-integrated-12-step-facilitation-itsf-treatment-for-adolescent-substance-use-disorder
#18
John F Kelly, Yifrah Kaminer, Christopher W Kahler, Bettina Hoeppner, Julie Yeterian, Julie V Cristello, Christine Timko
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The integration of 12-Step philosophy and practices is common in adolescent substance use disorder (SUD) treatment programs, particularly in North America. However, although numerous experimental studies have tested 12-Step facilitation (TSF) treatments among adults, no studies have tested TSF-specific treatments for adolescents. We tested the efficacy of a novel integrated TSF. DESIGN: Explanatory, parallel-group, randomized clinical trial comparing 10 sessions of either motivational enhancement therapy/cognitive-behavioral therapy (MET/CBT; n = 30) or a novel integrated TSF (iTSF; n = 29), with follow-up assessments at 3, 6 and 9 months following treatment entry...
July 25, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734128/the-experience-of-initiating-injection-drug-use-and-its-social-context-a-qualitative-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis
#19
REVIEW
Andy Guise, Danielle Horyniak, Jason Melo, Ryan McNeill, Dan Werb
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Understanding the experience of initiating injection drug use and its social contexts is crucial to inform efforts to prevent transitions into this mode of drug consumption and support harm reduction. We systematically reviewed and synthesized existing qualitative scientific literature to identify the socio-structural contexts for, and experiences of, the initiation of injection drug use. METHODS: We systematically searched six databases (Medline, Embase, PsychINFO, CINAHL, IBSS, and SSCI), along with a manual search, including of key journals and subject experts...
July 22, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734126/german-estsmoke-estimating-adult-smoking-related-costs-and-consequences-of-smoking-cessation-for-germany
#20
Diana Sonntag, Simon Gilbody, Winkler Volker, Shehzad Ali
AIMS: We compared predicted lifetime health care costs for current, never and ex-smokers in Germany under the current set of tobacco control polices. We compared these economic consequences of the current situation with an alternative in which Germany were to implement more comprehensive tobacco control policies consistent with the WHO Framework Convention for Tobacco Control (FCTC) guidelines. DESIGN: German EstSmoke, an adapted version of the UK EstSmoke simulation model, applies the Markov modelling approach...
July 22, 2017: Addiction
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