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Addiction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220587/the-relationship-between-different-dimensions-of-alcohol-use-and-the-burden-of-disease-an-update
#1
REVIEW
Jürgen Rehm, Gerhard E Gmel, Gerrit Gmel, Omer S M Hasan, Sameer Imtiaz, Svetlana Popova, Charlotte Probst, Michael Roerecke, Robin Room, Andriy V Samokhvalov, Kevin D Shield, Paul A Shuper
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Alcohol use is a major contributor to injuries, mortality and the burden of disease. This review updates knowledge on risk relations between dimensions of alcohol use and health outcomes to be used in global and national Comparative Risk Assessments (CRAs). METHODS: Systematic review of reviews and meta-analyses on alcohol consumption and health outcomes attributable to alcohol use. For dimensions of exposure: volume of alcohol use, blood alcohol concentration and patterns of drinking, in particular heavy drinking occasions were studied...
February 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206689/working-memory-ability-and-early-drug-use-progression-as-predictors-of-adolescent-substance-use-disorders
#2
Atika Khurana, Daniel Romer, Laura M Betancourt, Hallam Hurt
AIMS: To test a neurobehavioral model of adolescent substance use disorder (SUD) resulting from an imbalance between a hyperactive reward motivation system and a hypoactive executive control system. Specifically, we tested (1) if early weakness in working memory (WM) and associated imbalance indicators of acting-without-thinking (AWT) and delay discounting (DD) predict SUD in late adolescence, and (2) if early drug use progression mediates this relation. DESIGN: Five waves of longitudinal data collected annually from 2005-2010, with a final follow-up in 2012...
February 16, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205283/making-recovery-more-rewarding-difficult-with-possible-unintended-consequences-but-successful-examples-are-out-there
#3
James R McKay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198052/how-can-we-conceptualize-behavioural-addiction-without-pathologizing-common-behaviours
#4
Daniel Kardefelt-Winther, Alexandre Heeren, Adriano Schimmenti, Antonius van Rooij, Pierre Maurage, Michelle Carras, Johan Edman, Alexander Blaszczynski, Yasser Khazaal, Joël Billieux
Following the recent changes to the diagnostic category for addictive disorders in DSM-5, it is urgent to clarify what constitutes behavioural addiction to have a clear direction for future research and classification. However, in the years following the release of DSM-5, an expanding body of research has increasingly classified engagement in a wide range of common behaviours and leisure activities as possible behavioural addiction. If this expansion does not end, both the relevance and the credibility of the field of addictive disorders might be questioned, which may prompt a dismissive appraisal of the new DSM-5 subcategory for behavioural addiction...
February 15, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194819/on-sentinel-samples-sales-data-and-potency
#5
Simon Lenton, Todd Subritzky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194818/data-on-cannabis-use-now-that-legalization-is-gaining-momentum
#6
Jan C van Ours
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192643/associations-between-substance-use-disorders-and-suicide-or-suicide-attempts-in-people-with-mental-illness-a-danish-nationwide-prospective-register-based-study-of-patients-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia-bipolar-disorder-unipolar-depression-or-personality-disorder
#7
Marie L D Østergaard, Merete Nordentoft, Carsten Hjorthøj
AIM: To estimate and test associations between substance use disorders (SUDs) and both completed suicides and suicide attempts in a population with severe mental illness. DESIGN: Register-based cohort study with adjusted Cox regression of substance use disorders as time-varying covariates. SETTING: Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: People born in Denmark since 1955 with a diagnosis of schizophrenia (n = 35,625), bipolar disorder (n = 9,279), depression (n = 72,530), or personality disorder (n = 63,958)...
February 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192622/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-baclofen-to-reduce-alcohol-use-in-veterans-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Peter Hauser, Bret Fuller, Samuel B Ho, Paul Thuras, Shira Kern, Eric Dieperink
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are common among people with chronic hepatitis C (HCV) and accelerate the development of fibrosis and cirrhosis caused by HCV. Baclofen, a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) beta-receptor agonist, differs from medications for AUDs currently approved by the United States (US) Federal Drug Administration (FDA) as it is metabolized primarily through the kidneys. The primary outcome of this study was to compare baclofen with a placebo in the percentage of days abstinent from alcohol...
February 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192615/the-impact-of-tv-mass-media-campaigns-on-calls-to-a-national-quitline-and-the-use-of-prescribed-nicotine-replacement-therapy-a-structural-vector-autoregression-analysis
#9
Houra Haghpanahan, Daniel F Mackay, Jill P Pell, David Bell, Tessa Langley, Sally Haw
AIMS: To estimate 1) the immediate impact; 2) the cumulative impact; and 3) the duration of impact of Scottish tobacco control TV mass media campaigns (MMCs) on smoking cessation activity, as measured by calls to Smokeline and the volume of prescribed nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). DESIGN: Multivariate time series analysis using secondary data on population level measures of exposure to TV MMCs broadcast and smoking cessation activity between 2003 and 2012...
February 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191702/hospitalizations-costs-and-outcomes-associated-with-heroin-and-prescription-opioid-overdoses-in-the-united-states-2001-2012
#10
Douglas J Hsu, Ellen P McCarthy, Jennifer P Stevens, Kenneth J Mukamal
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The full burden of the opioid epidemic on U.S. hospitals has not been described. We aimed to estimate how heroin (HOD) and prescription opioid (POD) overdose-associated admissions, costs, outcomes, and patient characteristics have changed from 2001 - 2012. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of hospital admissions from the National Inpatient Sample. SETTING: United States of America. PARTICIPANTS: Hospital admissions in patients 18 years of age or older admitted with a diagnosis of HOD or POD...
February 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191694/generalizability-of-findings-from-randomized-controlled-trials-application-to-the-national-institute-of-drug-abuse-clinical-trials-network
#11
Ryoko Susukida, Rosa M Crum, Cyrus Ebnesajjad, Elizabeth A Stuart, Ramin Mojtabai
AIMS: To compare randomized controlled trial (RCT) sample treatment effects with the population effects of substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. DESIGN: Statistical weighting was used to re-compute the effects from ten RCTs such that the participants in the trials had characteristics that resembled those of patients in the target populations. SETTINGS: Multi-site RCTs and usual SUD treatment settings in the USA. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3,592 patients in ten RCTs and 1,602,226 patients from usual SUD treatment settings between 2001 and 2009...
February 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181334/pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-for-people-who-inject-drugs-reconciling-community-views-and-biomedical-advances
#12
Andy Guise, Eliot Ross Albers, Steffanie A Strathdee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178373/modifiable-parenting-factors-associated-with-adolescent-alcohol-misuse-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#13
Marie B H Yap, Tony W K Cheong, Foivos Zaravinos-Tsakos, Dan I Lubman, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adolescent alcohol misuse is a growing global health concern. Substantial research suggests that parents have an important role in reducing young people's risk for early initiation of alcohol and alcohol-related harms. To facilitate research translation, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analyses of longitudinal studies examining the range of modifiable parenting factors that are associated with adolescent alcohol initiation and levels of later use/misuse...
February 8, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168847/unintended-impact-of-using-different-inclusion-cut-offs-for-males-and-females-in-intervention-trials-for-hazardous-drinking
#14
LETTER
John A Cunningham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164407/volatility-and-change-in-chronic-pain-severity-predict-outcomes-of-treatment-for-prescription-opioid-addiction
#15
Matthew J Worley, Keith G Heinzerling, Steven Shoptaw, Walter Ling
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Buprenorphine-naloxone (BUP-NLX) can be used to manage prescription opioid addiction among persons with chronic pain, but post-treatment relapse is common and difficult to predict. This study estimated whether changes in pain over time and pain volatility during BUP-NLX maintenance would predict opioid use during the taper BUP-NLX taper. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a multisite clinical trial for prescription opioid addiction, using data obtained during a 12-week BUP-NLX stabilization and 4-week BUP-NLX taper...
February 5, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160494/intravenous-midazolam-droperidol-combination-droperidol-or-olanzapine-monotherapy-for-methamphetamine-related-acute-agitation-subgroup-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Celene Y L Yap, David Mc D Taylor, Jonathan C Knott, Simone E Taylor, Georgina A Phillips, Jonathan Karro, Esther W Chan, David C M Kong, David J Castle
AIM: To examine the efficacy and safety of (1) midazolam-droperidol vs droperidol and (2) midazolam-droperidol vs olanzapine for methamphetamine-related acute agitation. DESIGN AND SETTING: A multi-centre, randomised, double-blind, controlled, clinical trial was conducted in two Australian emergency departments, between October 2014 and September 2015. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred and sixty-one patients, aged 18-65 years, requiring intravenous medication sedation for acute agitation were enrolled...
February 4, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160345/does-exposure-to-opioid-substitution-treatment-in-prison-reduce-the-risk-of-death-after-release-a-national-prospective-observational-study-in-england
#17
John Marsden, Garry Stillwell, Hayley Jones, Alisha Cooper, Brian Eastwood, Michael Farrell, Tim Lowden, Nino Maddalena, Chris Metcalfe, Jenny Shaw, Matthew Hickman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: People with opioid use disorder (OUD) in prison face an acute risk of death after release. We estimated whether prison-based opioid substitution treatment (OST) reduces this risk. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study using prison healthcare, national community drug misuse treatment and deaths registers. SETTING: Recruitment at 39 adult prisons in England (32 male; 7 female) accounting for 95% of OST treatment in England during study planning...
February 4, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155251/european-observations-on-cannabis-legalization
#18
Brendan Hughes, Eoghan Quigley, Danilo Ballotta, Paul Griffiths
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155249/are-uk-opioid-substitution-treatment-agencies-fit-for-purpose
#19
Duncan Raistrick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150388/a-daily-reprieve-contingent-on-the-maintenance-of-our-spiritual-condition
#20
Wendy Dossett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Addiction
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