Read by QxMD icon Read


Mahesh K B Parmar, John Strang, Louise Choo, Angela M Meade, Sheila M Bird
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Naloxone is an opioid antagonist used for emergency resuscitation following opioid overdose. Prisoners with a history of heroin injection have a high risk of drug-related death soon after release from prison. The N-ALIVE pilot trial (ISRCTN34044390) tested feasibility measures for randomized provision of naloxone-on-release (NOR) to eligible prisoners in England. DESIGN: Parallel group randomized controlled pilot trial. SETTING: English prisons...
October 24, 2016: Addiction
Benjamin H Han, Scott Sherman, Pia M Mauro, Silvia S Martins, James Rotenberg, Joseph J Palamar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The ageing United States (US) population is providing an unprecedented population of older adults who use recreational drugs. We aimed to estimate the trends in the prevalence of past-year use of cannabis, describe the patterns and attitudes, and determine correlates of cannabis use by adults age 50 and older. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health survey from 2006 to 2013, a cross-sectional survey given to a nationally representative probability sample of populations living in US households...
October 21, 2016: Addiction
Abdullah Turhan, Simone Onrust, Peter Ten Klooster, Marcel Pieterse
AIMS: To test effectiveness of the Healthy School and Drugs (HSD) program on tobacco and alcohol use in Dutch secondary special education (SE) schools, and whether this depends on subtypes of SE-schools and the level of implementation. DESIGN: In a quasi-experimental design with baseline and post-treatment follow-up 35 classes (N = 363) were allocated arbitrarily or depending on teacher motivation to either intervention condition (N = 205) or usual curriculum (N = 158)...
October 21, 2016: Addiction
Jennifer L Pilgrim, Elizabeth L Jenkins, Yeliena Baber, David Caldicott, Olaf H Drummer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Fatal poisonings in children comprise a small proportion of cases investigated by an Australian coroner; however, they present a major opportunity for death prevention. This study aimed to examine fatal child poisonings in Australia to 1) estimate the rate of acute poisoning deaths in children; 2) describe the key characteristics of the cohort; and 3) describe the outcomes of coronial recommendations made as a death prevention measure. DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
October 21, 2016: Addiction
Jane Landon, Tim Lobstein, Fiona Godfrey, Paula Johns, Chris Brookes, David Jernigan
Background and aims The 2011 UN Summit on Non-Communicable Disease failed to call for global action on alcohol marketing despite calls in the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Action Plan on Non-Communicable Diseases 2013-20 to restrict or ban alcohol advertising. In this paper we ask what it might take to match the global approach to tobacco enshrined in the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), and suggest that public health advocates can learn from the development of the FCTC and the Code of Marketing on infant formula milks and the recent recommendations on restricting food marketing to children...
October 18, 2016: Addiction
Bryce Pardo, Peter Reuter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Addiction
M Taylor, J Sullivan, S M Ring, J Macleod, M Hickman
AIMS: We investigate the extent of and factors associated with denial of previously reported cannabis and other illicit drug use, and assess the potential of hair testing for measuring substance use in general population samples. DESIGN: Birth cohort study. SETTING: United Kingdom, 1991-present. PARTICIPANTS: 3643 participants who provided hair and self-report measures of cannabis and other illicit drug use in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) at age 18 years...
October 15, 2016: Addiction
Johannes Thrul, Florian Labhart, Emmanuel Kuntsche
AIMS: To investigate how gender composition of the drinking group affects young adults' alcohol consumption on weekend evenings over and above the effect of drinking-group size. DESIGN: Using the Internet-based cell phone-optimized assessment technique (ICAT), participants completed online questionnaires on their cell phones every hour from 8 p.m. to midnight on Thursday, Friday, and Saturday evenings over five consecutive weekends. SETTING: French-speaking Switzerland...
October 14, 2016: Addiction
Lorraine Mazerolle, Ingrid McGuffog, Jason Ferris, Mitchell B Chamlin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Electronic Tracking Systems (ETS) are used extensively in pharmacies across the US and Australia to control suspicious sales of pseudoephedrine. This study measures the impact of one ETS - Project STOP - on the capacity of police to reduce production, supply and possession of methamphetamine. DESIGN: Using official police data of incidents of production, supply and possession from January 1996 to December 2011 (N = 192 data points/months over 16 years), we used a quasi-experimental, time series approach...
October 14, 2016: Addiction
Lauren M Hickling, Victor Ortiz-García de la Foz, Rosa Ayesa-Arriola, Benedicto Crespo-Facorro, Philip McGuire, Rocio Perez-Iglesias
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Research suggests that tobacco smokers may develop psychosis at an earlier age than non-smokers, with effects on psychotic symptoms. We aimed to test the difference in age of onset of psychosis between smokers and non-smokers . Design Self-report data was collected from smokers and non-smokers in a population of first episode psychosis patients. SETTING: Outpatient first episode psychosis programme in Santander (Cantabria), Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred and ninety seven patients (226 male, 171 female) who agreed to take part between 2001 and 2011...
October 14, 2016: Addiction
Karl Erik Lund, Tord Finne Vedøy, Linda Bauld
AIMS: To examine how the relative size of six groups of male ever snus users (current and former users of snus who were current, former or never cigarette smokers) varied over time in Norway, and how these groups differ with regards to important measures of tobacco behaviour. DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional nationally representative surveys of tobacco use. The association between survey year and the six categories of ever snus use was examined using cross tabulation and multinomial logistic regression...
October 14, 2016: Addiction
Christopher N Morrison, Beidi Dong, Charles C Branas, Therese S Richmond, Douglas J Wiebe
AIMS: This study estimated, with high spatial and temporal specificity, individuals' risk of being assaulted relative to their momentary proximity to alcohol outlets during daily activities. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. PARTICIPANTS: Cases were 194 non-gun assault victims and 135 gun assault victims aged between 10 and 24 years. Age-matched controls (n = 274) were selected using random-digit dialing...
October 14, 2016: Addiction
Ryan Mills, Steve Kisely, Rosa Alati, Lane Strathearn, Jake M Najman
AIMS: To investigate whether: (1) child maltreatment is associated with lifetime cannabis use, early onset cannabis use, daily cannabis use and DSM-IV cannabis abuse in young adulthood; and (2) behaviour problems, tobacco use and alcohol use at 14 are associated with cannabis use. DESIGN: Birth cohort using linked government agency child protection data to define exposure to child maltreatment. SETTING: The Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy in Brisbane, Australia...
October 14, 2016: Addiction
Tracy T Smith, Rachel N Cassidy, Jennifer W Tidey, Xianghua Luo, Chap T Le, Dorothy K Hatsukami, Eric C Donny
AIMS: To assess the impact of a reduction in the nicotine content of cigarettes on estimated consumption of reduced nicotine cigarettes and usual brand cigarettes at a variety of hypothetical prices. DESIGN: Double blind study with participants randomly assigned to receive cigarettes for six weeks that were either usual brand or an investigational cigarette with one of five nicotine contents. SETTING: Ten sites across the United States PARTICIPANTS: 839 eligible adult smokers randomized from 2013 to 2014 Intervention and comparator: Investigational cigarettes had one of five nicotine contents: 15...
October 14, 2016: Addiction
Mohammadali Nikoo, Nooshin Nikoo, Sanam Javid, Afshar Amiri, Marc Vogel, Fiona Choi, Amir Ali Sepehry, Amir Hooshang Bagheri Valoojerdi, Kerry Jang, Christian Schütz, Shahin Akhondzadeh, Michael Krausz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recently, there has been a growing interest in using Opium Tincture (OT) for treating opioid dependence in certain regions. We aimed to assess the evidence on its safety and efficacy for this indication. METHODS: We searched several databases (CENTRAL, Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science, PsychINFO, ProQuest Dissertation & Theses Database, Iran Medex,, and with no language or publication date limitations. Two reviewers selected Randomized Controlled Trials (RCT), cohort /case-control/ cross-sectional studies and case-series on safety or efficacy of OT for treating opioid dependence and then extracted reported measures of mentioned outcomes from selected studies...
October 14, 2016: Addiction
Brandon D L Marshall, M-J Milloy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: Addiction
John F Kelly
BACKGROUND: Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is a world-wide recovery mutual-help organization that continues to arouse controversy. In large part, concerns persist because of AA's ostensibly quasi-religious/spiritual orientation and emphasis. In 1990 the United States' Institute of Medicine called for more studies on AA's effectiveness and its mechanisms of behavior change (MOBC) stimulating a flurry of federally funded research. This paper reviews the religious/spiritual origins of AA and its program and contrasts its theory with findings from this latest research...
October 8, 2016: Addiction
Elias M Klemperer, John R Hughes, Laura J Solomon, Peter W Callas, James R Fingar
AIMS: To test whether, in comparison to usual care, brief motivational or reduction interventions increase quit attempts (QA) or abstinence among smokers who are not ready to quit. DESIGN: A parallel-group randomized controlled trial of brief motivational (n = 185), reduction (n = 186) or usual care (n = 189) telephone interventions delivered over the course of 4 weeks. Outcomes were assessed at 6- and 12-month follow-ups. No medication was provided. SETTING: United States...
October 5, 2016: Addiction
David Best
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2016: Addiction
Annie Britton, Steven Bell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: Addiction
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"