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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923264/nationwide-access-to-an-internet-based-contingency-management-intervention-to-promote-smoking-cessation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Jesse Dallery, Bethany R Raiff, Sunny Jung Kim, Lisa A Marsch, Maxine Stitzer, Michael J Grabinski
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Contingency management (CM) is one of the most effective behavioral interventions to promote drug abstinence, but availability of this treatment is limited. We evaluated the efficacy and acceptability of Internet-based CM relative to an Internet-based monitoring and goal setting control group in a nationwide sample of cigarette smokers. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with 3- and 6-month follow ups. SETTING: USA. PARTICIPANTS: Smokers (n = 94) from 26 states were enrolled (mean age 36, 56% female)...
December 6, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922203/vulnerability-to-alcohol-related-problems-a-policy-brief-with-implications-for-the-regulation-of-alcohol-marketing
#2
Thomas F Babor, Katherine Robaina, Jonathan K Noel, E Bruce Ritson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The concern that alcohol advertising can have detrimental effects on vulnerable viewers has prompted the development of codes of responsible advertising practices. This paper evaluates critically the concept of vulnerability as it applies to (1) susceptibility to alcohol-related harm and (2) susceptibility to the effects of marketing, and describes its implications for the regulation of alcohol marketing. METHOD: We describe the findings of key published studies, review papers and expert reports to determine whether these two types of vulnerability apply to population groups defined by (1) age and developmental history; (2) personality characteristics; (3) family history of alcoholism; (4) female sex and pregnancy risk; and (5) history of alcohol dependence and recovery status...
December 6, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917536/the-potential-of-neuroimaging-for-identifying-predictors-of-adolescent-alcohol-use-initiation-and-misuse
#3
Laura O'Halloran, Charlotte Nymberg, Lee Jollans, Hugh Garavan, Robert Whelan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dysfunction in brain regions underlying impulse control, reward processing and executive function have been associated previously with adolescent alcohol misuse. However, identifying pre-existing neurobiological risk factors, as distinct from changes arising from early alcohol-use, is difficult. Here, we outline how neuroimaging data can identify the neural predictors of adolescent alcohol-use initiation and misuse by using prospective longitudinal studies to follow initially alcohol-naive individuals over time and by neuroimaging adolescents with inherited risk factors for alcohol misuse...
December 5, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915464/experimental-study-designs-examining-social-context-and-smoking-scientific-challenges-and-considerations
#4
Zeena Harakeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915462/counting-the-costs-of-alcohol-how-useful-an-aid-to-policymaking
#5
Franco Sassi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914104/counting-the-cost-of-alcohol-what-you-measure-will-shape-the-policy-response
#6
Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910165/more-carrots-less-sticks-the-role-of-incentives-in-drug-treatment
#7
Emma Wincup
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905179/methamphetamine-related-psychosis-an-opportunity-for-assertive-intervention-and-prevention
#8
EDITORIAL
Julia M Lappin, Grant E Sara, Michael Farrell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905157/alcohol-and-cancer-individual-risk-factors
#9
Helmut K Seitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896905/testing-bidirectional-associations-among-emotion-regulation-strategies-and-substance-use-a-daily-diary-study
#10
Nicole H Weiss, Krysten W Bold, Tami P Sullivan, Stephen Armeli, Howard Tennen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Alcohol and marijuana are widely used among college students. Emotion regulation strategies have been linked to alcohol and marijuana use but little attention has been devoted to modeling the directionality of these associations. Aims of the current study were to test whether (a) daytime use of emotion regulation strategies influences the likelihood of evening substance use and (b) evening substance use influences the likelihood of next-day use of emotion regulation strategies...
November 29, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896885/use-of-digital-media-for-alcohol-marketing-response-to-carah-meurk
#11
LETTER
Tim Lobstein, Jane Landon, Nicole Thornton, David Jernigan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896879/we-need-a-media-platform-perspective-on-alcohol-marketing-a-reply-to-lobstein-et-al
#12
LETTER
Nicholas Carah, Carla Meurk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891693/understanding-and-learning-from-the-diversification-of-cannabis-supply-laws
#13
Beau Kilmer, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Prohibitions on producing, distributing and selling cannabis are loosening in various jurisdictions around the world. This paper describes the diversification of cannabis supply laws and discusses the challenges to and opportunities for learning from these changes. METHODS: We document changes in cannabis supply laws that de jure legalized cannabis production for medical and/or non-medical purposes (excluding industrial hemp) in Australasia, Europe, North America and South America...
November 27, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891690/alcohol-s-contribution-to-cancer-is-underestimated-for-exactly-the-same-reason-that-its-contribution-to-cardioprotection-is-overestimated
#14
Tim Stockwell, Jinhui Zhao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886658/identifying-inpatient-costs-attributable-to-the-clinical-sequelae-and-comorbidities-of-alcoholic-liver-disease-in-a-national-hospital-database
#15
Kevin C Heslin, Anne Elixhauser, Claudia A Steiner
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The clinical sequelae and comorbidities of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) often require hospitalization. The aims of this study were (1) to compare the average costs of hospitalizations with ALD and the costs of hospitalizations with other alcohol-related diagnoses that do not involve the liver; and (2) to estimate the percentage of the difference in costs between the ALD and non-ALD hospitalizations that may be attributed to ascites, protein-calorie malnutrition, and other conditions...
November 25, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886657/receipt-of-addiction-treatment-as-a-consequence-of-a-brief-intervention-for-drug-use-in-primary-care-a-randomized-trial
#16
Theresa W Kim, Judith Bernstein, Debbie M Cheng, Christine Lloyd-Travaglini, Jeffrey H Samet, Tibor P Palfai, Richard Saitz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Screening, brief intervention and 'referral to treatment' programs have been widely promoted as US federal policy. Little is known about the efficacy of the RT component (referral to treatment) of brief intervention for motivating patients with unhealthy drug use identified by screening to use addiction treatment. This study aimed to compare receipt of addiction treatment following two types of brief intervention for drug use vs a no-intervention control group among primary care patients screening positive for drug use...
November 25, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886656/neural-mechanisms-underlying-visual-attention-to-health-warnings-on-branded-and-plain-cigarette-packs
#17
Olivia M Maynard, Jonathan C W Brooks, Marcus R Munafò, Ute Leonards
AIMS: To (1) test if activation in brain regions related to reward (nucleus accumbens) and emotion (amygdala) differ when branded and plain packs of cigarettes are viewed, (2) test whether these activation patterns differ by smoking status, and (3) examine whether activation patterns differ as a function of visual attention to health warning labels on cigarette packs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study combining fMRI with eye-tracking. Non-smokers, weekly smokers and daily smokers performed a memory task on branded and plain cigarette packs with pictorial health warnings presented in an event-related design...
November 25, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886652/factors-associated-with-short-term-transitions-of-nondaily-smokers-socio-demographic-characteristics-and-other-tobacco-product-use
#18
Yingning Wang, Hai-Yen Sung, Tingting Yao, James Lightwood, Wendy Max
AIMS: To examine the transitions in smoking status among nondaily smokers who transitioned to daily or former smokers or remained as nondaily smokers over a 12-month period. We analyzed factors associated with these transitions, including the use of cigars and smokeless tobacco (SLT). DESIGN: Secondary data analyses using pooled data from the 2003, 2006/07 and 2010/11 Tobacco Use Supplements to the Current Population Survey (TUS-CPS). SETTING: USA PARTICIPANTS: Self-respondents aged 18+ who have smoked for more than 5 years and were nondaily smokers 12 months before the interview (n = 13,673 or 14...
November 25, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886650/the-relationship-between-gestational-age-and-the-severity-of-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#19
Kelly S Gibson, Ms Sydney Stark, Deepak Kumar, Jennifer L Bailit
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The relationship between gestational age at delivery and the severity of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is poorly understood. Our objective was to compare the length of pharmacotherapy and hospital stay among opioid exposed infants born during the late preterm, early term, full term, and late term periods. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of infants affected by NAS SETTING: MetroHealth Medical Center in Cleveland, Ohio, USA: an urban tertiary care hospital serving as the referral center for opioid dependency in pregnancy with a level III neonatal intensive care unit PARTICIPANTS: All deliveries complicated by maternal opioid exposure from January 2000 to October 2014; 403 were eligible to be included (n = 102 Late Preterm, 34-36weeks (LP), n = 158 Early Term, 37-38weeks (ET), n = 122 Full Term, 39-40weeks (FT), n = 21 Late Term, ≥41 weeks (LT))...
November 25, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873380/which-costs-of-alcohol-do-policymakers-care-about
#20
Colin Angus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Addiction
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