journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Addiction

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645137/-to-take-or-not-to-take-the-association-between-perceived-addiction-risk-expected-analgesic-response-and-likelihood-of-trying-novel-pain-relievers-in-self-identified-chronic-pain-patients
#1
D Andrew Tompkins, Andrew S Huhn, Patrick S Johnson, Michael T Smith, Eric C Strain, Robert R Edwards, Matthew W Johnson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Probability discounting refers to the effect of outcome uncertainty on decision making. Using probability discounting, we examined the degree to which self-identified chronic pain patients (CPP) were likely to try a novel analgesic medication given increasing addiction risk. We postulated that propensity for opioid misuse, trait impulsivity, and previous opioid experience would be positively associated with likelihood of risky medication use. DESIGN: This cross-sectional online study determined state/trait associations with addiction-related medication decisions in CPP...
June 23, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645136/childhood-traumatic-experiences-and-the-association-with-marijuana-and-cocaine-use-in-adolescence-through-adulthood
#2
Joy D Scheidell, Kelly Quinn, Susan P McGorray, B Christopher Frueh, Nisha N Beharie, Linda B Cottler, Maria R Khan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Examination of longitudinal relationships between childhood traumatic experiences and drug use across the life-course at the national level, with control of confounding by other forms of trauma, is needed. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of nine typologies of childhood traumas and the cumulative number experienced, correlation between traumas, and associations between individual and cumulative number of traumas with drug use during adolescence, emerging adulthood, and adulthood...
June 23, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644580/a-free-ride-an-analysis-of-the-association-of-casino-bus-tours-and-problem-gambling-among-older-adults
#3
Mark van der Maas, Robert E Mann, Flora I Matheson, Nigel E Turner, Hayley A Hamilton, John McCready
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Little research has examined the relationship between incentives used by gambling venues to attract customers and the experience of gambling related harm. Organized and subsidized bus tours are a common example of such incentives. The aim of this study was to examine whether bus tour patronage was associated with increased odds of problem gambling among older adults. This study also compared rates of bus tour use by sociodemographic characteristics and gambling behaviours...
June 23, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635161/the-contribution-of-unrecorded-alcohol-to-health-harm
#4
LETTER
Jürgen Rehm, Gerhard Gmel, Omer S M Hasan, Sameer Imtiaz, Svetlana Popova, Charlotte Probst, Michael Roerecke, Robin Room, Andriy V Samokhvalov, Kevin D Shield, Paul A Shuper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623880/associations-between-anhedonia-and-marijuana-use-escalation-across-mid-adolescence
#5
Adam M Leventhal, Junhan Cho, Matthew D Stone, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Chih-Ping Chou, Steven Y Sussman, Nathaniel R Riggs, Jennifer B Unger, Janet Audrain-McGovern, David R Strong
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Anhedonia-a transdiagnostic psychopathological trait indicative of inability to experience pleasure-could lead to and result from adolescent marijuana use, yet this notion has not been tested. This study aimed to estimate the association of: (1) anhedonia at age 14 with rate of change in marijuana use over an 18-month follow-up, and (2) marijuana use at age 14 with rate of change in anhedonia over follow-up. Secondary aims were to test whether gender, baseline marijuana use history, and peer marijuana use moderated these associations...
June 17, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623865/deriving-low-risk-gambling-limits-from-longitudinal-data-collected-in-two-independent-canadian-studies
#6
Shawn R Currie, David C Hodgins, David M Casey, Nady El-Guebaly, Garry J Smith, Robert J Williams, Don P Schopflocher
AIMS: To derive low-risk gambling limits using the method developed by Currie et al. (2006) applied to longitudinal data. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from the Quinte Longitudinal Study (N = 3054) and Leisure, Lifestyle, and Lifecycle Project (N = 809), two independently conducted cohort studies of the natural progression of gambling in Canadian adults. SETTING: Community dwelling adults in Southeastern Ontario and Alberta, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 3863 adults (50% male; median age = 44) who reported gambling in the past year...
June 17, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623859/self-reported-cognitive-scales-in-a-u-s-national-survey-reliability-validity-and-preliminary-evidence-for-associations-with-alcohol-and-drug-use
#7
Efrat Aharonovich, Dvora Shmulewitz, Melanie M Wall, Bridget F Grant, Deborah S Hasin
AIMS: To evaluate relationships between measures of cognitive functioning and alcohol or drug use among adults (≥18 years) in the U.S. general population. DESIGN: Two cognitive scales were created based on dimensionality and reliability of self-reported Executive Function Index items. Relationships between the two scales and validators were evaluated. Associations between the cognitive scales and past-year frequency of alcohol or drug use were estimated with adjusted odds ratios (aOR)...
June 17, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623848/very-brief-physician-advice-and-supplemental-proactive-telephone-calls-to-promote-smoking-reduction-and-cessation-in-chinese-male-smokers-with-no-intention-to-quit-a-randomized-trial
#8
Lei Wu, Yao He, Bin Jiang, Di Zhang, Hui Tian, Fang Zuo, Tai Hing Lam
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is inconsistent evidence that behavioural support to promote smoking reduction is effective at increasing smoking cessation. We examined the effectiveness of a brief physician advice together with four very brief telephone calls in promoting smoking cessation among Chinese men via reduction compared with equivalent advice on diet and exercise. DESIGN: A two-group pragmatic randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Male patients attending the Endocrinology and Acupuncture outpatient clinics of a general hospital in Beijing, China...
June 17, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613454/changes-in-undergraduates-marijuana-heavy-alcohol-and-cigarette-use-following-legalization-of-recreational-marijuana-use-in-oregon
#9
David C R Kerr, Harold Bae, Sandi Phibbs, Adam C Kern
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recreational marijuana legalization (RML) went into effect in Oregon in July 2015. RML is expected to influence marijuana use by adolescents and young adults in particular, and by those with a propensity for substance use. We sought to quantify changes in rates of marijuana use among college students in Oregon from pre- to post-RML relative to college students in other states across the same time period. DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional survey data from the 2012-2016 administrations of the Healthy Minds Study...
June 14, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612362/the-economic-burden-of-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-in-the-united-states
#10
Tammy E Corr, Christopher S Hollenbeak
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: While hospital charges related to neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) have increased recently, there are no data available regarding costs. Therefore, we sought to describe the NAS population and compare with the non-NAS population, determine the incidence of NAS in the United States and estimate the total annual costs and hospital days of NAS admissions, and estimate the incremental costs and length of stay of an NAS admission compared with a non-NAS admission. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study...
June 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608455/reply-to-osborne-serdarevic-2017-potential-impact-of-exposure-definition-when-examining-non-medical-use-of-prescription-opioids-among-us-veterans
#11
LETTER
Geetanjoli Banerjee, E Jennifer Edelman, Declan T Barry, William C Becker, Magdalena Cerdá, Stephen Crystal, Julie R Gaither, Adam J Gordon, Kirsha S Gordon, Robert D Kerns, Silvia S Martins, David A Fiellin, Brandon D L Marshall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608368/potential-impact-of-exposure-definition-when-examining-non-medical-use-of-prescription-opioids-among-us-veterans
#12
LETTER
Vicki Osborne, Mirsada Serdarevic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603836/rates-characteristics-and-circumstances-of-methamphetamine-related-death-in-australia-a-national-7-year-study
#13
Shane Darke, Sharlene Kaye, Johan Duflou
AIMS: Assess trends in the number, and mortality rates, of methamphetamine-related death in Australia, 2009-2015; 2. Assess the characteristics, and the cause, manner and circumstances of death; and 3. Assess the blood methamphetamine concentrations and the presence of other drugs in methamphetamine-related death. DESIGN: Analysis of cases of methamphetamine-related death retrieved from the National Coronial Information System (NCIS). SETTING: Australia...
June 11, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600897/examination-of-cumulative-effects-of-early-adolescent-depression-on-cannabis-and-alcohol-use-disorder-in-late-adolescence-in-a-community-based-cohort
#14
Isaac C Rhew, Charles B Fleming, Ann Vander Stoep, Semret Nicodimos, Cheng Zheng, Elizabeth McCauley
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although they often co-occur, the longitudinal relationship between depression and substance use disorders during adolescence remains unclear. This study estimated the effects of cumulative depression during early adolescence (ages 13-15) on the likelihood of cannabis use disorder (CUD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) at age 18. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of youth assessed at least annually between 6(th) and 9(th) grade (~ age 12 to 15) and again at age 18...
June 10, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600886/progress-in-implementation-of-who-fctc-article-14-and-its-guidelines-a-survey-of-tobacco-dependence-treatment-provision-in-142-countries
#15
Kapka Nilan, Martin Raw, Tricia M McKeever, Rachael L Murray, Ann McNeill
AIMS: To 1) estimate the number of Parties to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) providing tobacco dependence treatment in accordance with the recommendations of Article 14 and its guidelines; 2) assess association between provision and countries' income level; and 3) assess progress over time. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. SETTING: Online survey from December 2014 to July 2015. PARTICIPANTS: Contacts in 172 countries were surveyed, representing 169 of the 180 FCTC Parties at the time of the survey...
June 10, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600883/association-between-elementary-school-personality-and-high-school-smoking-and-drinking
#16
Sarah J Peterson, Gregory T Smith
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Among U.S. high school students, alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking are associated with numerous concurrent and future harms. We tested whether multiple elementary school personality dispositions to behave impulsively can predict these addictive behaviors invariably across gender and race. DESIGN AND SETTING: This longitudinal design involved testing whether individual differences on impulsigenic traits in elementary school predicted drinking and smoking four years later in high school in 23 public schools in Kentucky, USA...
June 10, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600882/the-impacts-of-minimum-alcohol-pricing-on-alcohol-attributable-morbidity-in-regions-of-british-colombia-canada-with-low-medium-and-high-mean-family-income
#17
Jinhui Zhao, Tim Stockwell
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Previous research indicates that minimum alcohol pricing (MAP) is negatively associated with alcohol attributable (AA) hospitalizations. Modeling studies predict this association will be stronger for people on lower incomes. The objective of this study was to test whether the association between MAP and AA hospitalizations is greater in low income regions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional versus time-series analysis using multivariate multilevel effect models...
June 10, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600881/ready-willing-and-able-the-role-of-cannabis-use-opportunities-in-understanding-adolescent-cannabis-use
#18
Jasmina Burdzovic Andreas, Anne Line Bretteville-Jensen
AIMS: To examine adolescent cannabis use -- both at the national and individual level -- by deconstructing it into its necessary conditions of realistic use opportunities and willingness to use the drug given such opportunities. DESIGN: Nationally-representative, repeated cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Norway. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 8,818 16-year olds who participated in the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD) in 2007, 2011, and 2015...
June 10, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600874/loose-regulation-of-medical-marijuana-programs-associated-with-higher-rates-of-adult-marijuana-use-but-not-cannabis-use-disorder
#19
Arthur Robin Williams, Julian Santaella-Tenorio, Christine M Mauro, Frances R Levin, Silvia S Martins
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Most U.S. states have passed medical marijuana laws (MMLs), with great variation in program regulation impacting enrollment rates. We aimed to compare changes in rates of marijuana use, heavy use, and Cannabis Use Disorder across age groups while accounting for whether states enacted medicalized (highly regulated) or non-medical MML programs. DESIGN: Difference-in-differences estimates with time-varying state-level MML coded by program type (medicalized v...
June 10, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600805/assessing-the-impact-of-a-temporary-class-drug-order-on-ethylphenidate-related-infections-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-lothian-scotland-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#20
Alan Yeung, Amanda Weir, Hannah Austin, Kirsty Morrison, Donald Inverarity, Jim Sherval, Naomi Henderson, Shruti Joshi, Roisin Ure, Andrew McAuley
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In April 2015, the UK government enacted a temporary class drug order (TCDO) on ethylphenidate in response to reported harms associated with its use, in particular an outbreak of infections among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Lothian, Scotland. This study assesses the effect that the TCDO had on reducing the most common infections identified during the outbreak; Streptococcus pyogenes (S. pyogenes) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). DESIGN: The outbreak was split into a pre-intervention period (35 weeks) and a post-intervention period (26 weeks) based around the date of the TCDO...
June 10, 2017: Addiction
journal
journal
31282
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"