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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30411428/response-to-brown-et-al-does-the-offer-of-e-cigarettes-benefit-smoking-cessation-among-unselected-smokers
#1
LETTER
Michael O Harhay, Andrea B Troxel, Kevin G Volpp, Scott D Halpern
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30411423/does-the-offer-of-e-cigarettes-benefit-smoking-cessation-among-unselected-smokers
#2
LETTER
Jamie Brown, Lion Shahab, Robert West
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30399197/the-evolving-drug-epidemic-of-prescription-opioid-injection-and-its-association-with-hcv-transmission-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-montreal-canada
#3
Julie Bruneau, Nelson Arruda, Geng Zang, Didier Jutras-Aswad, Élise Roy
AIMS: To examine temporal trends in prescription opioid (PO) injection and to assess its association with hepatitis C virus (HCV) seroconversion among people who inject drugs (PWID). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study spanning 2004 to 2016. SETTING: Montreal, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: PWID reporting injection in the past 6 months. MEASUREMENTS: PWID were recruited between 2004 and 2016. At each 3-6 month follow-up visit, participants completed interview-administered questionnaires and were tested for HCV-Antibody (HCV-Ab)...
November 6, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30398695/a-prospective-study-of-alcohol-involvement-and-the-dual-systems-model-of-adolescent-risk-taking-during-late-adolescence-and-emerging-adulthood
#4
Jarrod M Ellingson, Robin Corley, John K Hewitt, Naomi P Friedman
AIMS: To estimate interactions and unique effects of behavioral approach and behavioral control on alcohol involvement hypothesized by dual-systems models, during adolescence and emerging adulthood. DESIGN: In a longitudinal study, behavioral approach and behavioral control were examined in relation to alcohol involvement, cross-sectionally and prospectively. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 846 general population twins born in Colorado, USA were assessed twice (M=17...
November 6, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30397977/extension-for-community-healthcare-outcomes-echo-as-a-tool-for-continuing-medical-education-on-opioid-use-disorder-and-comorbidities
#5
LETTER
Jon Agley, Zachary W Adams, Leslie A Hulvershorn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30397976/an-analysis-of-issues-in-the-classification-and-reporting-of-heroin-related-deaths
#6
Nathan C Stam, Dimitri Gerostamoulos, Jennifer L Pilgrim, Karen Smith, Lauren Moran, Sarah Parsons, Olaf H Drummer
AIMS: To investigate the extent of variability in the reporting of heroin-related deaths in Victoria, Australia. Additionally, to identify opportunities to improve the accuracy and consistency of heroin-related death reporting by examining variability in the attribution, death certification, classification and coding of heroin-related death cases. METHODS: Heroin-related deaths in Victoria, Australia over a two-year period (2012 - 2013) were identified using the National Coronial Information System (NCIS) and used as the 'gold standard' measure in this study...
November 5, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30397972/are-abuse-deterrent-opioid-formulations-all-they-are-crushed-up-to-be
#7
Lewis S Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380587/evaluating-dynamic-impacts-of-abuse-deterrent-prescription-opioid-formulations
#8
Keith Humphreys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30370685/progressive-nicotine-patch-dosing-prior-to-quitting-smoking-feasibility-safety-and-effects-during-the-pre-quit-and-post-quit-periods
#9
Dunja Przulj, Luis Wehbe, Hayden McRobbie, Peter Hajek
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) may be more effective in aiding smoking cessation if higher doses of nicotine from it can be tolerated. We examined the responses to, and 4-week abstinence rates observed when, titrating the dose of transdermal nicotine patch up to 84mg/day over 4 weeks prior to a target quit date and titrating down again over 4 weeks afterwards. DESIGN: Clinical cohort study. SETTING: Tobacco dependence clinic, Mar del Plata, Argentina...
October 29, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30370636/concordance-between-the-diagnostic-guidelines-for-alcohol-and-cannabis-use-disorders-in-the-draft-icd-11-and-other-classification-systems-analysis-of-data-from-the-who-s-world-mental-health-surveys
#10
Louisa Degenhardt, Chrianna Bharat, Raimondo Bruno, Meyer D Glantz, Nancy A Sampson, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Jordi Alonso, Laura Helena Andrade, Brendan Bunting, Jose Miguel Caldas-de-Almeida, Alfredo H Cia, Oye Gureje, Elie G Karam, Mohammad Khalaf, John McGrath, Jacek Moskalewicz, Sing Lee, Zeina Mneimneh, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Carmen C Sasu, Kate Scott, Yolanda Torres, Vladimir Poznyak, Somnath Chatterji, Ronald C Kessler
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The World Health Organization's (WHO's) proposed International Classification of Diseases, 11th Edition (ICD-11) includes several major revisions to substance use disorder (SUD) diagnoses. It is essential to ensure the consistency of within-subject diagnostic findings across countries, languages and cultures. To date, agreement analyses between different SUD diagnostic systems have largely been based in high-income countries and clinical samples rather than general population samples...
October 29, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30370561/substance-use-and-the-objectives-of-current-global-health-frameworks-measurement-matters
#11
EDITORIAL
Kevin D Shield, Jürgen Rehm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 29, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30367729/rat-park-how-a-rat-paradise-changed-the-narrative-of-addiction
#12
Suzanne H Gage, Harry R Sumnall
'Rat Park' is the name given to a series of studies undertaken in the late 1970s by Bruce K. Alexander and colleagues. They found that rats housed in enriched environments consumed less morphine solution than those in isolated cages, when rats were pre-exposed to morphine, naïve to morphine, and whether they had spent their early life in isolation or in enriched housing. The measured conclusions from the authors at the time have become somewhat lost in translation.
October 27, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30347473/the-public-health-consequences-of-e-cigarettes-a-review-by-the-national-academies-of-sciences-a-call-for-more-research-a-need-for-regulatory-action
#13
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30347471/test-uptake-and-hepatitis-c-prevalence-in-5483-danish-people-in-drug-use-treatment-from-1996-to-2015-a-register-based-cohort-study
#14
Anne Øvrehus, Stine Nielsen, Janne Fuglsang Hansen, Dorte Kinggaard Holm, Peer Christensen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aims were, in people in treatment for drug use in Funen, Denmark: 1) to assess prevalence of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) test uptake and prevalence of HCV; 2) to identify predictors of test update and HCV infection; and 3) to characterize changes between 1996 and 2015 in test uptake, HCV prevalence and drug use. DESIGN: Cohort study linking the Danish National Register on Drug Users in Treatment to the regional hepatitis test register and the Danish Death Certificate Register thus combining longitudinal data on drug use with data on HCV testing and results...
October 22, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30347119/a-dynamic-modifiable-model-for-estimating-cost-effectiveness-of-smoking-cessation-interventions-in-pregnancy-application-to-an-rct-of-self-help-delivered-by-text-message
#15
Matthew Jones, Murray Smith, Sarah Lewis, Steve Parrott, Tim Coleman
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Previous evaluations of smoking cessation interventions in pregnancy have several limitations. Our solution to these limitations is the Economics of Smoking in Pregnancy (ESIP) model which estimates the lifetime cost-effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions in pregnancy from a National Health Service (NHS) and personal social services perspective. We aim to (1) describe how ESIP has been constructed, and (2) illustrate its use with trial data. METHODS: ESIP links mothers' and offspring pregnancy outcomes to estimate the burdens of smoking-related disease they experience with different rates of smoking in pregnancy, both in pregnancy and across their lifetimes...
October 22, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30347115/estimating-alcohol-attributable-fractions-for-injuries-based-on-data-from-emergency-department-and-observational-studies-a-comparison-of-two-methods
#16
Yu Ye, Kevin Shield, Cheryl J Cherpitel, Jakob Manthey, Rachael Korcha, Jürgen Rehm
AIM: To compare the injury alcohol-attributable fractions (AAFs) estimated using emergency department (ED) data to AAFs estimated by combining population alcohol consumption data with corresponding relative risks (RRs). DESIGN: Comparative Risk Assessment SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: ED studies in 27 countries (n = 24,971) MEASUREMENTS: AAFs were estimated by means of an acute method using data on injury cases from 36 ED studies combined with odds ratios obtained from ED case-crossover studies...
October 22, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30345640/extended-release-injectable-naltrexone-xr-ntx-a-response-to-clinical-issues-raised-by-brewer-streel
#17
LETTER
Brantley P Jarvis, August F Holtyn, Shrinidhi Subramaniam, D Andrew Tompkins, Emmanuel A Oga, George Bigelow, Kenneth Silverman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30345573/long-acting-naltrexone-has-long-acting-benefits-and-100-induction-rates-are-not-difficult-to-achieve
#18
LETTER
Colin Brewer, Emmanuel Streel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30326548/alcohol-consumption-and-diabetes-risk-in-a-chinese-population-a-mendelian-randomization-analysis
#19
Miaomiao Peng, Jiaoyue Zhang, Tianshu Zeng, Xiang Hu, Jie Min, Shenghua Tian, Ying Wang, Geng Liu, Limin Wan, Qiulan Huang, Shengqing Hu, Lulu Chen
AIM: To assess the causality between alcohol intake, diabetes risk and related traits. DESIGN: Mendelian randomization (MR) study. Subgroup analysis, standard instrumental variable analysis and local average treatment effect (LATE) methods were applied to assess linear and nonlinear causality. SETTING: China PARTICIPANTS: 4536 participants, including 721 diabetes cases. FINDINGS: Carriage of an ALDH2 rs671 A allele reduced alcohol consumption by 44...
October 16, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324672/developing-accurate-and-transparent-low-risk-drinking-guidelines-implications-for-providers-patients-and-health-information-consumers
#20
Michael A Cucciare, Christine Timko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2018: Addiction
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