journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Addiction

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319291/high-risk-of-overdose-death-following-release-from-prison-variations-in-mortality-during-a-15-year-observation-period
#1
Anne Bukten, Marianne Riksheim Stavseth, Svetlana Skurtveit, Aage Tverdal, John Strang, Thomas Clausen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The time post-release from prison involves elevated mortality, especially overdose deaths. Variations in overdose mortality both by time since release from prison and time of release has not been sufficiently investigated. Our aims were to estimate and compare overdose death rates at time intervals after prison release and to estimate the effect on overdose death rates over calendar time. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, MEASUREMENTS: This 15-year cohort study includes all persons (n= 91,090) released from prison (01...
March 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318072/lifetime-risk-of-mortality-due-to-different-levels-of-alcohol-consumption-in-seven-european-countries-implications-for-low-risk-drinking-guidelines
#2
Kevin D Shield, Gerrit Gmel, Gerhard Gmel, Pia Mäkelä, Charlotte Probst, Robin Room, Jürgen Rehm
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Low-risk alcohol drinking guidelines require a scientific basis that extends beyond individual or group judgements of risk. Lifetime mortality risks, judged against established thresholds for acceptable risk, may provide such a basis for guidelines. Therefore, the aim of this study was to estimate alcohol mortality risks for seven European countries based on different average daily alcohol consumption amounts. METHODS: The maximum acceptable voluntary premature mortality risk was determined to be 1 in 1,000, with sensitivity analyses of 1 in 100...
March 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317212/binge-drinking-and-family-history-of-alcoholism-are-associated-with-an-altered-developmental-trajectory-of-impulsive-choice-across-adolescence
#3
Scott A Jones, Joel S Steele, Bonnie J Nagel
AIMS: To test whether binge drinking, the density of familial alcoholism (FHD), and their interaction are associated with an altered developmental trajectory of impulsive choice across adolescence, and whether more lifetime drinks is associated with a greater change in impulsive choice across age. DESIGN: Alcohol-naïve adolescents, with varying degrees of FHD, were recruited as part of an ongoing longitudinal study on adolescent development, and were grouped based on whether they remained non-drinkers (n = 83) or initiated binge drinking (n = 33) during follow-up...
March 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317210/epidemiology-of-hiv-and-hepatitis-c-infection-among-women-who-inject-drugs-in-northeast-india-a-respondent-driven-sampling-study
#4
Allison M Mcfall, Sunil S Solomon, Greg M Lucas, David D Celentano, Aylur K Srikrishnan, Muniratnam S Kumar, Shruti H Mehta
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Despite extensive research on HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) among people who inject drugs (PWID), there remains a gap in knowledge on the burden among women who inject drugs and their unique contexts and risk factors. This analysis compares HIV and HCV prevalence in female and male PWID and estimates injection and sexual risk correlates of prevalent HIV and HCV infection among women in Northeast India. DESIGN: Cross-sectional sample accrued using respondent-driven sampling...
March 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301070/substance-use-disorders-and-the-risk-of-suicide-mortality-among-men-and-women-in-the-us-veterans-health-administration
#5
Kipling M Bohnert, Mark A Ilgen, Samantha Louzon, John F McCarthy, Ira R Katz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Limited information is available regarding links between specific substance use disorders (SUDs) and suicide mortality; however, the preliminary evidence that is available suggests that suicide risk associated with SUDs may differ for men and women. This study aimed to estimate associations between SUDs and suicide for men and women receiving Veterans Health Administration (VHA) care. DESIGN: A cohort study using national administrative health records...
March 16, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299855/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-poor-oral-health-and-substance-abuse
#6
REVIEW
Hooman Baghaie, Steve Kisely, Malcolm Forbes, Emily Sawyer, Dan J Siskind
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Substance use disorders are associated commonly with comorbid physical illness. There are fewer data on dental disease in these conditions, in spite of high rates of dry mouth (xerostomia), as well as the associated indirect or life-style effects such as poverty and lack of access to care. We compared the oral health of people with substance use disorders (SUDs) with non-using controls. METHOD: This was a systematic search for studies from the last 35 years of the oral health of people reporting SUDs...
March 16, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295768/the-need-for-more-nuance-in-headline-adult-cigarette-smoking-prevalence-estimates
#7
EDITORIAL
Sara C Hitchman, Jennifer L Pearson, Andrea C Villanti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295758/internet-interventions-for-adult-illicit-substance-users-a-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Nikolaos Boumparis, Eirini Karyotaki, Michael P Schaub, Pim Cuijpers, Heleen Riper
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Research has shown that internet interventions can be effective for dependent users of various substances. However, less is known about the effects of these interventions on users of opioids, cocaine, and amphetamines than for other substances. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of internet interventions in decreasing the usage of these types of substances. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search in the databases of PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, and the Cochrane Library to identify randomized controlled trials examining the effectiveness of internet interventions compared with control conditions in reducing the use of opioids, cocaine, and amphetamines...
March 10, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276110/adjustment-for-survey-non-representativeness-using-record-linkage-refined-estimates-of-alcohol-consumption-by-deprivation-in-scotland
#9
Emma Gorman, Alastair H Leyland, Gerry McCartney, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Lisa Rutherford, Lesley Graham, Mark Robinson, Linsay Gray
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Analytical approaches to addressing survey non-participation bias typically only use demographic information to improve estimates. We applied a novel methodology which uses health information from data linkage to adjust for non-representativeness. We illustrate the method by presenting adjusted alcohol consumption estimates for Scotland. DESIGN: Data on consenting respondents to the Scottish Health Surveys (SHeSs) 1995-2010 were confidentially linked to routinely-collected hospital admission and mortality records...
March 9, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258605/dimensional-personality-traits-and-alcohol-treatment-outcome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
James A Foulds, Giles M Newton-Howes, Nicola H Guy, Joseph M Boden, Roger T Mulder
AIMS: To identify dimensional personality traits associated with treatment outcome for patients with an alcohol use disorder (AUD). METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials and longitudinal studies of ≥8 weeks in patients receiving treatment for AUD, in which the association between personality dimensions and treatment outcome was reported. Primary outcomes were relapse and alcohol consumption measures. Treatment retention was a secondary outcome...
March 4, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257600/modelling-the-impact-of-incarceration-and-prison-based-hepatitis-c-virus-hcv-treatment-on-hcv-transmission-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-scotland
#11
Jack Stone, Natasha K Martin, Matthew Hickman, Sharon J Hutchinson, Esther Aspinall, Avril Taylor, Alison Munro, Karen Dunleavy, Erica Peters, Peter Bramley, Peter C Hayes, David J Goldberg, Peter Vickerman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: People who inject drugs (PWID) experience high incarceration rates, and previous incarceration is associated with elevated hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission risk. In Scotland, national survey data indicate lower HCV incidence in prison than the community (4.3 versus 7.3 per 100 person-years), but a 2.3-fold elevated transmission risk among recently released (< 6 months) PWID. We evaluated the contribution of incarceration to HCV transmission among PWID and the impact of prison-related prevention interventions, including scaling-up direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) in prison...
March 3, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257157/trajectories-of-risky-drinking-around-the-time-of-statutory-retirement-a-longitudinal-latent-class-analysis
#12
Jaana I Halonen, Sari Stenholm, Anna Pulakka, Ichiro Kawachi, Ville Aalto, Jaana Pentti, Tea Lallukka, Marianna Virtanen, Jussi Vahtera, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Life transitions such as retirement may influence alcohol consumption, but only a few studies have described this using longitudinal data. We identified patterns and predictors of risky drinking around the time of retirement. DESIGN: A cohort study assessing trajectories and predictors of risky drinking among employees entering statutory retirement between 2000 and 2011. Setting and Participants 5805 men and women from the Finnish Public Sector study who responded to questions on alcohol consumption one to three times prior to (w-3 , w-2 , w-1 ), and one to three times after (w+1 , w+2 , w+3 ) retirement...
March 3, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247578/criminalizing-substance-use-in-pregnancy-misplaced-priorities
#13
EDITORIAL
Katrina Hui, Cara Angelotta, Carl E Fisher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244244/poor-implementation-of-naloxone-needs-to-be-better-understood-in-order-to-save-lives
#14
LETTER
Lavinia Black, Ian Connolly, Mel Getty, Cassandra Hogan, Paul Lennon, Martin Mc Cusker, Joanne Neale, John Strang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244175/response-to-commentaries-neither-optimism-or-nihilism%C3%A2-but-reasons-for-hope
#15
Ed Day, Luke Mitcheson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239995/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-brief-intervention-for-alcohol-and-drugs-linked-to-the-alcohol-smoking-and-substance-involvement-screening-test-assist-in-primary-health-care-in-chile
#16
Fernando Poblete, Nicolas A Barticevic, M Soledad Zuzulic, Rodrigo Portilla, Alvaro Castillo-Carniglia, Jaime C Sapag, Luis Villarroel, Brena F Sena, Magdalena Galarce
AIM: To study the effectiveness of a Brief Intervention (BI) associated with the ASSIST (Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test) for alcohol and illicit drug use as part of a systematic screening program implemented in primary care. DESIGN: A multi-center randomized open-label trial stratified using the ASSIST-specific substance involvement score (for alcohol, scores ranged from 11 to 15 and 16 to 20; and for the other substances, from 4 to 12 and 13 to 20)...
February 27, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239984/cost-effectiveness-of-extended-release-naltrexone-to-prevent-relapse-among-criminal-justice-involved-persons-with-a-history-of-opioid-use-disorder
#17
Sean M Murphy, Daniel Polsky, Joshua D Lee, Peter D Friedmann, Timothy W Kinlock, Edward V Nunes, Richard J Bonnie, Michael Gordon, Donna T Chen, Tamara Y Boney, Charles P O'Brien
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Criminal-justice-involved persons are highly susceptible to opioid relapse and overdose-related deaths. In a recent randomized trial, we demonstrated the effectiveness of extended release naltrexone (XR-NTX; Vivitrol®) in preventing opioid relapse among criminal-justice-involved U.S. adults with a history of opioid use disorder. The cost of XR-NTX may be a significant barrier to adoption. Thus, it is important to account for improved quality of life, and downstream cost-offsets...
February 26, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239942/extended-treatment-for-cigarette-smoking-cessation-a-randomized-control-trial
#18
Jennifer R Laude, Steffani R Bailey, Erin Crew, Ann Varady, Anna Lembke, Danielle McFall, Anna Jeon, Diana Killen, Joel D Killen, Sean P David
AIM: To test the potential benefit of extending cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) relative to not extending CBT on long-term abstinence from smoking. DESIGN: Two-group parallel randomised controlled trial. Patients were randomized to receive non-extended CBT (n = 111) or extended CBT (n = 112) following a 26-week open-label treatment. SETTING: Community clinic in the USA. PARTICIPANTS: 219 smokers (mean age: 43 years; mean cigarettes/day: 18)...
February 26, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239919/large-multicentre-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-testing-a-low-cost-tailored-self-help-smoking-cessation-text-message-intervention-for-pregnant-smokers-miquit
#19
Felix Naughton, Sue Cooper, Katharine Foster, Joanne Emery, Jo Leonardi-Bee, Stephen Sutton, Matthew Jones, Michael Ussher, Rachel Whitemore, Matthew Leighton, Alan Montgomery, Steve Parrott, Tim Coleman
AIMS: To estimate the effectiveness of pregnancy smoking cessation support delivered by SMS text message and key parameters needed to plan a definitive trial. DESIGN: Multicentre, parallel-group, single-blinded, individual randomised controlled trial SETTING: 16 antenatal clinics in England. PARTICIPANTS: 407 participants were randomised to the intervention (n = 203) or usual care (n = 204). Eligible women were <25 weeks gestation, smoked at least 1 daily cigarette (>5 pre-pregnancy), were able to receive and understand English SMS texts and were not already using text-based cessation support...
February 26, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238214/self-reported-substance-use-in-iraq-findings-from-the-iraqi-national-household-survey-of-alcohol-and-drug-use-2014
#20
Nesif Al-Hemiery, Rufaidah Dabbagh, Mushtaq T Hashim, Salih Al-Hasnawi, Ali Abutiheen, Emad A Abdulghani, Jawad K Al-Diwan, Neeraj Kak, Hala AlMossawi, Jane Carlisle Maxwell, Mary-Lynn Brecht, Valerie Antonini, Albert Hasson, Richard A Rawson
AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of tobacco, alcohol, and drug use in Iraq using data from the Iraqi National Household Survey of Alcohol and Drug Use (INHSAD). DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a multi-stage cluster sampling method. Trained surveyors conducted face-to-face household interviews. SETTING: Iraq, from April 2014 to December 2014. PARTICIPANTS: 3,200 adult, non-institutionalized Iraqi citizens residing across all 18 governorates of Iraq...
February 26, 2017: Addiction
journal
journal
31282
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"