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Consciousness and Cognition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146175/autobiographical-memory-sources-of-threats-in-dreams
#1
Alexandre Lafrenière, Monique Lortie-Lussier, Allyson Dale, Raphaëlle Robidoux, Joseph De Koninck
Temporal sources of dream threats were examined through the paradigm of the Threat Simulation Theory. Two groups of young adults (18-24 years old), who did not experience severe threatening events in the year preceding their dream and reported a dream either with or without threats, were included. Participants (N = 119) kept a log of daily activities and a dream diary, indicating whether dream components referred to past experiences. The occurrence of oneiric threats correlated with the reporting of threats in the daily logs, their average severity, and the stress level experienced the day preceding the dream...
November 13, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128283/emotional-prediction-an-ale-meta-analysis-and-macm-analysis
#2
Guangming Ran, Xiaojun Cao, Xu Chen
The prediction of emotion has been explored in a variety of functional brain imaging and neurophysiological studies. However, an overall picture of the areas involved this process remains unexploited. Here, we quantitatively summarized the published literature on emotional prediction using activation likelihood estimation (ALE) in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Furthermore, the current study employed a meta-analytic connectivity modeling (MACM) to map the meta-analytic coactivation maps of regions of interest (ROIs)...
November 8, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128282/daydreams-incorporate-recent-waking-life-concerns-but-do-not-show-delayed-dream-lag-incorporations
#3
Elaine van Rijn, Alexander M Reid, Christopher L Edwards, Josie E Malinowski, Perrine M Ruby, Jean-Baptiste Eichenlaub, Mark T Blagrove
This study investigates the time course of incorporation of waking life experiences into daydreams. Thirty-one participants kept a diary for 10 days, reporting major daily activities (MDAs), personally significant events (PSEs) and major concerns (MCs). They were then cued for daydream, Rapid Eye Movement (REM) and N2 dream reports in the sleep laboratory. There was a higher incorporation into daydreams of MCs from the previous two days (day-residue effect), but no day-residue effect for MDAs or PSEs, supporting a function for daydreams of processing current concerns...
November 8, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126870/susceptibility-to-unconscious-influences-is-unaffected-by-a-challenging-inhibitory-task-or-mental-exhaustion
#4
Angela Gurney, Anna-Nepheli L Lagos, Abigail Manning, Ryan B Scott
Unconscious influences have been demonstrated in a variety of behavioural contexts, however, a key question remains - to what extent do such influences vary with our changing mental states? We examine whether a prior inhibitory challenge increases susceptibility to subliminal priming in a stem completion task employing neutral (Experiment 1) and reward salient terms (Experiment 2). Results show stem completions to be significantly influenced by unconscious priming, and the challenging inhibitory task (the Stroop) to be significantly more mentally exhausting than the control task...
November 7, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103810/subjective-behavioral-and-physiological-responses-to-the-rubber-hand-illusion-do-not-vary-with-age-in-the-adult-phase
#5
Priscila Palomo, Adrián Borrego, Ausiàs Cebolla, Roberto Llorens, Marcelo Demarzo, Rosa M Baños
The Rubber Hand Illusion (RHI) is a perceptual illusion that enables integration of artificial limbs into the body representation through combined multisensory integration. Most previous studies investigating the RHI have involved young healthy adults within a very narrow age range (typically 20-30 years old). The purpose of this paper was to determine the influence of age on the RHI. The RHI was performed on 93 healthy adults classified into three groups of age (20-35 years old, N = 41; 36-60 years old, N = 28; and 61-80 years old, N = 24), and its effects were measured with subjective (Embodiment of Rubber Hand Questionnaire), behavioral (proprioceptive drift), and physiological (changes in skin temperature and conductance) measures...
November 3, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100796/the-part-whole-perception-of-emotion
#6
Trip Glazer
A clever argument purports to show that we can directly perceive the emotions of others: (1) some emotional expressions are parts of the emotions they express; (2) in perceiving a part of something, one can perceive the whole; (3) therefore, in perceiving some emotional expressions, one can perceive the emotions they express. My aim in this paper is to assess the extent to which contemporary theories of emotion support the first premise of this argument.
October 31, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100795/highly-relevant-stimuli-may-passively-elicit-processes-associated-with-consciousness-during-the-sleep-onset-period
#7
Paniz Tavakoli, Sonia Varma, Kenneth Campbell
Sleep onset marks the transition from waking to sleep, during which conscious awareness of the external environmental is gradually lost. The present study examines the extent of processing of acoustic change during sleep onset. An auditory optimal paradigm was used to record event-related potentials to six deviant stimuli during wakefulness, stage N1, and stage N2 sleep. During waking and early-stage N1, two of the deviants, environmental sounds and white noise, elicited a P3a reflecting processes that may lead to conscious awareness of acoustic change...
October 31, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096941/the-neuropsychophysiology-of-tingling
#8
REVIEW
Benedek T Tihanyi, Eszter Ferentzi, Florian Beissner, Ferenc Köteles
Tingling is a bodily sensation experienced under a variety of conditions from everyday experiences to experimental and therapeutic situations. It can be induced by both peripheral or afferent (external stimulation, peripheral pathology) and higher cognitive (expectation) processes. The paper summarizes the current scientific knowledge on the neurophysiological and psychological concomitants of the tingling sensation. Four possible models are identified and presented: the afferent, the attention-disclosed, the attention-evoked, and the efferent model...
October 30, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107470/is-an-off-task-mind-a-freely-moving-mind-examining-the-relationship-between-different-dimensions-of-thought
#9
Caitlin Mills, Quentin Raffaelli, Zachary C Irving, Dylan Stan, Kalina Christoff
Mind wandering is frequently defined as task-unrelated or perceptually decoupled thought. However, these definitions may not capture the dynamic features of a wandering mind, such as its tendency to 'move freely'. Here we test the relationship between three theoretically dissociable dimensions of thought: freedom of movement in thought, task-relatedness, and perceptual decoupling (i.e., lack of awareness of surroundings). Using everyday life experience sampling, thought probes were randomly delivered to participants' phones for ten days...
October 26, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102412/anosognosia-denial-of-illness-and-the-right-hemisphere-dominance-for-emotions-some-historical-and-clinical-notes
#10
REVIEW
Guido Gainotti
Poor disease awareness ('anosognosia') is often observed in patients with various disabilities caused by brain damage. The lack of disease awareness can be due to the disruption of specific cognitive mechanisms and the development of psychodynamic mechanisms of denial. The aim of this paper is to review how these phenomena were discovered and evolved over time and to consider the relationships between them and the right hemisphere dominance for emotions. It is not clear whether the term 'anosognosia' refers to a basic mechanism that can explain similar awareness defects in different behavioural domains or whether it must be viewed as a multifaceted phenomenon in which both the disruption of cognitive or sensorimotor mechanisms and the emergence of motivational factors can play different roles in various forms of disease unawareness and in different kinds of 'anosognosic' patients...
October 25, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073509/rhythms-of-the-body-rhythms-of-the-brain-respiration-neural-oscillations-and-embodied-cognition
#11
Somogy Varga, Detlef H Heck
In spite of its importance as a life-defining rhythmic movement and its constant rhythmic contraction and relaxation of the body, respiration has not received attention in Embodied Cognition (EC) literature. Our paper aims to show that (1) respiration exerts significant and unexpected influence on cognitive processes, and (2) it does so by modulating neural synchronization that underlies specific cognitive processes. Then, (3) we suggest that the particular example of respiration may function as a model for a general mechanism through which the body influences cognitive functioning...
October 23, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065317/inspired-by-mary-jane-mechanisms-underlying-enhanced-creativity-in-cannabis-users
#12
Emily M LaFrance, Carrie Cuttler
Previous research suggests cannabis may enhance some aspects of creativity, although the results remain somewhat equivocal. Moreover, it is unclear whether differences in cannabis users' personalities may account for any potentially beneficial effects of cannabis on creativity. This study was designed to examine whether sober cannabis users demonstrate superior self-reported and objective creativity test performance relative to non-users, and to determine whether any of the Big 5 personality domains underlie these effects...
October 21, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065316/testosterone-facilitates-the-sense-of-agency
#13
Donné van der Westhuizen, James Moore, Mark Solms, Jack van Honk
Sense of agency (SoA) refers to feelings of being in control of one's actions. Evidence suggests that SoA might contribute towards higher-order feelings of personal control - a key attribute of powerful individuals. Whether testosterone, a steroid hormone linked to power in dominance hierarchies, also influences the SoA is not yet established. In a repeated-measures design, 26 females participated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to test the effects of 0.5 mg testosterone on SoA, using an implicit measure based upon perceived shifts in time between a voluntary action and its outcome...
October 21, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065315/switching-memory-perspective
#14
Shazia Akhtar, Lucy V Justice, Catherine Loveday, Martin A Conway
The perspective in which memories were spontaneously recalled, field (original perspective) or observer (see oneself in the memory), was examined for both recent and remote memories. Recent memories were dominated by field perspective whilst remote memories were dominated by observer perspective. Further, field memories contained reliably more episodic detail than observer memories. After a 1-week interval, the same memories were recalled again but with a switched memory perspective. Switching from an observer to a field perspective did not reliably increase the amount of episodic details in a memory...
October 21, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054786/registered-reports-for-consciousness-and-cognition
#15
EDITORIAL
Gregory Francis, Talis Bachmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054785/attention-expectation-and-iconic-memory-a-reply-to-aru-and-bachmann-2017
#16
LETTER
Arien Mack, Jason Clarke, Muge Erol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045917/learning-to-infer-the-time-of-our-actions-and-decisions-from-their-consequences
#17
Helena Matute, Carmelo P Cubillas, Pablo Garaizar
Research shows that people infer the time of their actions and decisions from their consequences. We asked how people know how much time to subtract from consequences in order to infer their actions and decisions. They could either subtract a fixed, default, time from consequences, or learn from experience how much time to subtract in each situation. In two experiments, participants' actions were followed by a tone, which was presented either immediately or after a delay. In Experiment 1, participants estimated the time of their actions; in Experiment 2, the time of their decisions to act...
October 14, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035750/attention-and-the-sense-of-agency-a-review-and-some-thoughts-on-the-matter
#18
REVIEW
Nicholas Hon
Much is now known about the sense of agency and how it is produced. What is lacking, though, is an understanding of how it relates to other cognitive domains and operations. Here, the relationship between the sense of agency and attention is explored. A review of the literature suggests that attention is involved in the sense of agency in (at least) two key ways. First, agency processing is dependent on attentional resources. Second, attentional enhancement is necessary for extraneous information to have an influence over the sense of agency...
October 13, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032111/paranormal-belief-and-errors-of-probabilistic-reasoning-the-role-of-constituent-conditional-relatedness-in-believers-susceptibility-to-the-conjunction-fallacy
#19
Paul Rogers, John E Fisk, Emma Lowrie
The present study examines the extent to which stronger belief in either extrasensory perception, psychokinesis or life-after-death is associated with a proneness to making conjunction errors (CEs). One hundred and sixty members of the UK public read eight hypothetical scenarios and for each estimated the likelihood that two constituent events alone plus their conjunction would occur. The impact of paranormal belief plus constituents' conditional relatedness type, estimates of the subjectively less likely and more likely constituents plus relevant interaction terms tested via three Generalized Linear Mixed Models...
October 12, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024889/unitary-and-dual-models-of-phenomenal-consciousness
#20
Tomáš Marvan, Michal Polák
There is almost unanimous consensus among the theorists of consciousness that the phenomenal character of a mental state cannot exist without consciousness. We argue for a reappraisal of this consensus. We distinguish two models of phenomenal consciousness: unitary and dual. Unitary model takes the production of a phenomenal quality and it's becoming conscious to be one and the same thing. The dual model, which we advocate in this paper, distinguishes the process in which the phenomenal quality is formed from the process that makes this quality conscious...
October 9, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
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