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European Spine Journal

S H Bakker, W C H Jacobs, W Pondaag, H Gelderblom, R A Nout, P D S Dijkstra, W C Peul, C L A Vleggeert-Lankamp
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this systematic review is to describe the epidemiology of chordoma and to provide a clear overview of clinical prognostic factors predicting progression-free and overall survival. METHODS: Four databases of medical literature were searched. Separate searches were performed for each of the two objectives. Reference and citation tracking was performed. Papers were processed by two independent reviewers according to a protocol that included risk of bias analysis...
September 15, 2018: European Spine Journal
J G Ten Brinke, S R Groen, M Dehnad, T P Saltzherr, M Hogervorst, J C Goslings
PURPOSE: The practice of prehospital immobilization is coming under increasing scrutiny. Unravelling the historical sequence of prehospital immobilization might shed more light on this matter and help resolve the situation. Main purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the development and reasoning behind the implementation of prehospital spine immobilization. METHODS: An extensive search throughout historical literature and recent evidence based studies was conducted...
September 15, 2018: European Spine Journal
Fabio Martino Doniselli, Moreno Zanardo, Luigi Manfrè, Giacomo Davide Edoardo Papini, Alex Rovira, Francesco Sardanelli, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Estanislao Arana
PURPOSE: To assess the methodologic quality of guidelines for the management of low back pain (LBP) and compare their recommendations. METHODS: No ethics committee approval was needed for this systematic review. In March 2017, a systematic search was performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE, National Guideline Clearinghouse, and National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence to find practice guidelines of assessment and management of LBP. The evaluation of guidelines quality was performed independently by four authors using the AGREE II tool, and the results were compared with previous appraisals performed in 2004 and 2009...
September 15, 2018: European Spine Journal
S Richner-Wunderlin, A F Mannion, A Vila-Casademunt, F Pellise, M Serra-Burriel, B Seifert, E Aghayev, E Acaroglu, A Alanay, F J S Pérez-Grueso, I Obeid, F Kleinstück
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate factors that distinguish between patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) with and without an indication for surgery, irrespective of their final treatment. METHODS: Baseline variables (demographics, medical history, outcome measures, coronal, sagittal and neurologic parameters) were evaluated in a multicentre, prospective cohort of patients with ASD. Multivariable analyses were carried out for idiopathic and degenerative patients separately with the dependent variable being "indication for surgery" and baseline parameters as independent variables...
September 14, 2018: European Spine Journal
Robert D Fraser, Francis Brooks, Kris Dalzell
PURPOSE: Degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) is a degenerative condition of the spine which, unlike others, is more common in a female population. Previous studies have highlighted possible causative factors such as facet tropism and pregnancy as reasons for this. This study sets out to assess the possible link between abdominal musculature and DS. METHOD: A prospective cross-sectional cohort study in a single surgeon practice assessed all patients aged over 50 years attending for degenerative lumbar spinal complaints...
September 14, 2018: European Spine Journal
Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Kei Ando, Fumihiko Kato, Koji Sato, Mitsuhiro Kamiya, Mikito Tsushima, Masaaki Machino, Kyotaro Ota, Masayoshi Morozumi, Satoshi Tanaka, Shunsuke Kanbara, Sadayuki Ito, Naoki Ishiguro, Shiro Imagama
PURPOSE: To report a case series of surgically proven spinal ependymomas of WHO grade II in which there were changes in the preoperative MRI characteristics over time. METHODS: A total of 71 patients with spinal cord ependymoma of WHO grade II underwent surgery. There were ten cases in which surgery was performed at an average of 2.2 years after the tumor was found. Cystic components, syringomyelia, hemorrhage "cap sign," Gd enhancement pattern, characteristic changes in MRI, MIB-1 index, and neurological assessment during the preoperative period were examined...
September 12, 2018: European Spine Journal
Noriaki Yokogawa, Hideki Murakami, Satoru Demura, Satoshi Kato, Katsuhito Yoshioka, Takaki Shimizu, Norihiro Oku, Ryo Kitagawa, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
PURPOSE: We reported the surgical outcomes of total en bloc spondylectomy (TES) with intralesional T-saw transpedicular osteotomy in patients with Enneking stage III spinal giant cell tumors (GCTs). METHODS: The medical records and imaging and pathological studies of 25 consecutive patients with Enneking stage III spinal GCTs undergoing surgery at our institution who were followed for at least 2 years were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Eight men and 17 women (mean age: 34...
September 12, 2018: European Spine Journal
Jean-Luc Clément, Yann Pelletier, Federico Solla, Virginie Rampal
PURPOSE: In adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), there is a close relationship between thoracic kyphosis (TK) and proximal lumbar lordosis (PLL). The hypothesis states correction of hypokyphosis increases lumbar lordosis (LL) through increase in PLL after surgical correction of TK. METHODS: 111 consecutive thoracic AIS, Lenke 1 or 2 who underwent posterior selective thoracic fusion with reduction by simultaneous translation on 2 rods and 2 years follow-up have been prospectively selected and analyzed...
September 11, 2018: European Spine Journal
Ivan Domazet, Jakob Nemir, Petra Barl, Krešimir Saša Đurić, Ivan Pašalić, Hrvoje Barić, Marin Stančić
PURPOSE: To translate, cross-culturally adapt, and validate the Croatian version of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). METHODS: The original English-language ODI was cross-culturally adapted into Croatian and then evaluated in a group of 114 patients with chronic low back pain (LBP) at the Department of Neurosurgery, Zagreb University School of Medicine. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted with three models: two were theory driven (unidimensional and two dimensional-static and dynamic factors); the other was based on our exploratory factor analysis (EFA)...
September 8, 2018: European Spine Journal
Fan Ding, Zhiwei Jia, Zhigang Zhao, Lin Xie, Xinfeng Gao, Dezhang Ma, Ming Liu
The authors declare that when writing their article [1] they referenced two previously published papers [2, 3]. Several sentences on pages 807, 808, and 813 were similar to sentences from these two previously published articles.
September 8, 2018: European Spine Journal
Imke Galazky, Christina Caspari, Hans-Jochen Heinze, Joerg Franke
PURPOSE: This observational study was aimed at quantification of low back pain (LBP) in Parkinsonian patients and its morphological correlation. BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common disabling condition in the elderly population. Parkinsonian patients frequently are troubled by LBP. Causes for LBP in PD are muscular imbalances by the movement disorder itself and skeletal degeneration. METHODS: Ninety-seven PD patients and 97 controls were inquired about low back pain through the Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire and visual analogue scales...
September 8, 2018: European Spine Journal
Yoshiharu Nakaya, Atsushi Nakano, Kenta Fujiwara, Takashi Fujishiro, Sachio Hayama, Toma Yano, Masashi Neo
PURPOSE: The first purpose of this study is to confirm whether the spinal cord and the surrounding tissues can be visualized clearly after laminoplasty using percutaneous ultrasonography. And second purpose is to evaluate the changes in the status of the spinal cord over time. METHODS: Fifty patients who underwent cervical laminoplasty with suture anchors were evaluated using intraoperative ultrasonography and postoperative (1 week, 2 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year) percutaneous ultrasonography...
September 7, 2018: European Spine Journal
Alexander Yu Mushkin, Denis G Naumov, Valery A Evseev
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of anterior fusion option on the short- and long-time outcomes on multilevel spinal reconstructions in young children. METHODS: Forty-five patients aged under 4 years old (2 years 2 months ± 11 months in average) underwent spinal reconstruction due to tuberculosis spondylitis (35), pyogenic spondylitis (9) and spinal tumors (1) complicated by angular kyphosis exceeded 20° (49.2° ± 14.3° in average). All lesions involved two or more spinal motion segments...
September 7, 2018: European Spine Journal
Zhonghai Li, Huarong Wu, Jin Chu, Mozhen Liu, Shuxun Hou, Shunzhi Yu, Tiesheng Hou
PURPOSE: Retrospective kinematic analysis of treated level, adjacent levels, and overall cervical spine after single-level dynamic cervical implant (DCI) stabilization versus anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). METHODS: Between June 2009 and March 2013, 70 consecutive patients with a symptomatic single-level cervical degenerative disk disease (DDD) were enrolled in this study and divided into DCI (n = 35) group and ACDF (n = 35) group. All cases were followed up for more than 5 years...
September 7, 2018: European Spine Journal
Nour Khalil, Aren Joe Bizdikian, Ziad Bakouny, Michel Salameh, Naji Bou Zeid, Fares Yared, Joeffroy Otayek, Khalil Kharrat, Gaby Kreichati, Ismat Ghanem, Renaud Lafage, Virginie Lafage, Ibrahim Obeid, Ayman Assi
PURPOSE: To investigate the different cervical strategies for maintaining horizontal gaze in asymptomatic subjects. METHODS: One hundred and forty-four asymptomatic adults filled the SF-36 quality of life questionnaire and underwent full-body biplanar radiographs. Chin brow vertical angle (CBVA) and postural and cervical parameters were measured. Subjects were grouped according to cervical spine curvature (C2-C7 angle): kyphotic (< - 5°), straight [- 5°, 5°], lordotic (> 5°)...
September 7, 2018: European Spine Journal
Byung-Jou Lee, Jin Hoon Park, Sang-Ryong Jeon, Seung-Chul Rhim, Sung Woo Roh
PURPOSE: To investigate radiographic parameters to improve the accuracy of radiologic diagnosis for ossification of ligamentum flavum (OLF)-induced thoracic myelopathy and thereby establish a useful diagnostic method for identifying the responsible segment. METHODS: We classified 101 patients who underwent surgical treatment for OLF-induced thoracic myelopathy as the myelopathy group and 102 patients who had incidental OLF and were hospitalized with compression fracture as the non-myelopathy group between January 2009 and December 2016...
September 6, 2018: European Spine Journal
Ho-Joong Kim, Saejong Park, Soo-Hyun Park, Jeong Hyun Lee, Bong-Soon Chang, Choon-Ki Lee, Jin S Yeom
PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of frailty in patients with symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and a propensity score-matched control group, and to analyze the association between symptomatic LSS and frailty. METHODS: This study included 2 groups: 1 consisting of patients with symptomatic LSS (LSS group) and the other including healthy elderly subjects without degenerative spinal disease (control group). Baseline sociodemographic data, variables regarding frailty assessment, and clinical outcomes were collected...
September 1, 2018: European Spine Journal
Dominika Ignasiak, Waldo Valenzuela, Mauricio Reyes, Stephen J Ferguson
PURPOSE: The interrelations between age-related muscle deterioration (sarcopenia) and vertebral fractures have been suggested based on clinical observations, but the biomechanical relationships have not been explored. The study aim was to investigate the effects of muscle ageing and sarcopenia on muscle recruitment patterns and spinal loads, using musculoskeletal multi-body modelling. METHODS: A generic AnyBody model of the thoracolumbar spine, including > 600 fascicles representing trunk musculature, was used...
August 28, 2018: European Spine Journal
Gylfi Olafsson, Emma Jonsson, Peter Fritzell, Olle Hägg, Fredrik Borgström
PURPOSE: To estimate the societal costs of low back pain with/without radiating leg pain (LBP). LBP is a major burden in terms of both personal suffering and societal costs. METHODS: Patients visiting healthcare providers with a LBP-diagnosis in the Western region of Sweden (Västra Götaland) in 2008-2011 were identified in national registers and an administrative patient database. Direct healthcare costs and indirect costs in terms of sick leave and early retirement were summarized over time periods called LBP episodes, starting with a LBP-related healthcare contact or work absence due to LBP and ended when 6 months had elapsed without any LBP-related healthcare contact or work absence...
August 28, 2018: European Spine Journal
Scott Haldeman, Claire D Johnson, Roger Chou, Margareta Nordin, Pierre Côté, Eric L Hurwitz, Bart N Green, Christine Cedraschi, Emre Acaroğlu, Deborah Kopansky-Giles, Arthur Ameis, Afua Adjei-Kwayisi, Selim Ayhan, Fiona Blyth, David Borenstein, O'Dane Brady, Peter Brooks, Connie Camilleri, Juan M Castellote, Michael B Clay, Fereydoun Davatchi, Robert Dunn, Christine Goertz, Erin A Griffith, Maria Hondras, Edward J Kane, Nadège Lemeunier, John Mayer, Tiro Mmopelwa, Michael Modic, Jean Moss, Rajani Mullerpatan, Elijah Muteti, Lillian Mwaniki, Madeleine Ngandeu-Singwe, Geoff Outerbridge, Kristi Randhawa, Heather Shearer, Erkin Sönmez, Carlos Torres, Paola Torres, Leslie Verville, Adriaan Vlok, William Watters, Chung Chek Wong, Hainan Yu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this report is to describe the development of an evidence-based care pathway that can be implemented globally. METHODS: The Global Spine Care Initiative (GSCI) care pathway development team extracted interventions recommended for the management of spinal disorders from six GSCI articles that synthesized the available evidence from guidelines and relevant literature. Sixty-eight international and interprofessional clinicians and scientists with expertise in spine-related conditions were invited to participate...
August 27, 2018: European Spine Journal
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