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European Journal of Cancer Care

N Erickson, K Paradies, D Buchholz, J Huebner
In order to quantify gaps in the provision of medical nutrition care in Germany and pinpoint specific areas of need, we collected data from patients, nurses and physicians. The results from the patient survey were published separately. A total of 506 participants from 69 certified centers answered the questions developed in cooperation with representatives from different professional groups (physicians, nurses and dietitians). Only about a third of participants reported that their institution provides structured pathways to nutritional counseling...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
De-Ping Tong, Li-Qin Wu, Xiao-Ping Chen, Yi Li
The care of 40 patients with primary liver cancer with obstructive jaundice treated with liver puncture bile drainage or biliary stent implantation was reported. Treated with the interventional therapy, patients were observed closely to identify symptoms of hepatic encephalopathy and pain; diet care was well performed. Bile drainage tube and skin acre were performed carefully. Liver function, bilirubin and other biochemical indicators were monitored; occurrence of bleeding, acute pancreatitis, biliary tract infection, leakage of ascites around drainage tube and other complication were observed with good discharge instruction...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
S Morishita, A Tsubaki, J B Fu, Y Mitobe, H Onishi, T Tsuji
We investigated the difference in relationship between muscle strength and quality of life (QOL)/fatigue in long-term cancer survivors and healthy subjects. Thirty-six cancer survivors and 29 healthy subjects were assessed for body composition and bone status at the calcaneus using the Osteo Sono Assessment Index. Muscle strength was evaluated via handgrip and knee extensor strength. Health-related QOL was assessed using the Medical Outcome Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey. Fatigue was measured using the brief fatigue inventory...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
W K Hou, K M Lau, T C Y Shum, A C K Cheng, T M C Lee
This study examined concordances of cancer patients' received and caregivers' provided support and dyadic relationship quality, and their predictive utility in prospective psychological distress and well-being. A total of 83 Chinese cancer patient-caregiver dyads were recruited in two government-funded hospitals in Hong Kong. Participants reported received (patient)/provided (caregiver) emotional and instrumental support and dyadic relationship quality within 6 months after diagnosis (T1), and anxiety and depressive symptoms, positive affect and life satisfaction at both T1 and 6-month follow-up (T2)...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
Alexander Haussmann, Martina Gabrian, Nadine Ungar, Stefan Jooß, Joachim Wiskemann, Monika Sieverding, Karen Steindorf
Despite a large body of evidence showing that physical activity (PA) is beneficial to patients with cancer, healthcare professionals (HCPs) are promoting it too scarcely. Factors that hinder HCPs from promoting PA have remained understudied so far. Using a qualitative approach, this study aimed at a comprehensive description of influencing factors for HCPs' PA promotion behaviour and at identifying the reasons and mechanisms behind them. Semi-structured interviews with 30 HCPs were undertaken with a focus on concerns, patient characteristics and structural factors...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
M O Del Valle, R Martín-Payo, B Cuesta-Briand, A Lana
Breast cancer is the most common neoplasm among women worldwide. Improvements in early detection and treatment have resulted in improved survival rates; however, the continuation of unhealthy behaviours after diagnosis can increase the risk of second primary tumours. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two nurse-led health education interventions aiming at improving dietary behaviours among women diagnosed with breast cancer. Participants (n = 492) were included in a double-blind randomized controlled trial with three arms: a control group received usual care; women in the first intervention group received a booklet containing dietary advice; women in the second intervention group received the same booklet plus a tailored telephone intervention delivered by a trained nurse...
May 4, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
S Vehling, D Gerstorf, F Schulz-Kindermann, K Oechsle, R Philipp, K Scheffold, M Härter, A Mehnert, C Lo
Individual adaptation at the end of life may be characterised by how patients fluctuate in their orientation towards losses and death or engagement in meaningful activities in daily life. To describe these intraindividual patterns of change, we conducted a daily diary study over 7 days with 17 advanced cancer patients from in- and outpatient oncology and psycho-oncology clinics. Patients reported on the daily frequency of behaviours associated with loss orientation and life engagement using a standardised questionnaire...
April 27, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
S R Mendes, M E S Silva, J O A Firmo, M H N G de Abreu
Differences in the perceptions of treatment between healthcare team and patients should be identified, aiming to provide a more humanised health care. We sought to understand and evaluate the concepts regarding oral health and dental care among haematopoietic stem cell transplant patients. Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with patients, from both sexes, in the post-haematopoietic stem cell transplant stage, who underwent dental treatment. All interviews were recorded and transcribed, respecting the spelling and syntax used by the interviewees...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
N Miaris, E Samantas, I Siafaka, E Logothetis, N Iacovidou, A Chalkias, T Xanthos
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in patients with cancer is an ethical issue of worldwide interest. A questionnaire-based study was carried out in a Greek oncology hospital aiming to explore the attitude of Greek cancer patients towards CPR. Overall, 200 patients (94 male, 106 female) of a mean age of 62.8 years took part in the study. Only 42 (21%) patients indicated that they knew what CPR really involves and only 20 (10%) patients thought that CPR has serious side effects, while the mean estimated in-hospital CPR survival rate to hospital discharge was 56...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
J M Bickford, J Coveney, J Baker, D Hersh
Adjustment after total laryngectomy is complex, and the resultant support needs are extensive. Current practice is often guided by health-related quality of life measures. While useful, many of these tools were developed without considering the perspectives of people who have experienced the surgery. To improve understanding of the support needs after total laryngectomy, multiple viewpoints were examined, for example individuals with a laryngectomy (IWL), significant others (SO) and health professionals (HP)...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
K Friis, F B Larsen, C V Nielsen, A-M H Momsen, C M Stapelfeldt
The aim of this study was to compare health behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and diet), to explore social inequality in these behaviours among cancer survivors and individuals with no history of cancer, respectively, and to study the impact of time since diagnosis on cancer survivors' health behaviours. Data from the Danish National Health Survey from 2013 were linked with data from the Danish Cancer Registry to identify all cancer diagnoses among the respondents during the period 1945-2012...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
J J Saw, E A Curry, S L Ehlers, P D Scanlon, B A Bauer, J Rian, D R Larson, A P Wolanskyj
Treatment of cancer-related symptoms represents a major challenge for physicians. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether a brief bedside visual art intervention (BVAI) facilitated by art educators improves mood, reduces pain and anxiety in patients with haematological malignancies. Thirty-one patients (21 women and 10 men) were invited to participate in a BVAI where the goal of the session was to teach art technique for ~30 min. Primary outcome measures included the change in visual analog scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule scale, from baseline prior to and immediately post-BVAI...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
A Al-Bahri, M Al-Moundhri, Z Al-Mandhari, M Al-Azri
There are limited numbers of studies available in Middle Eastern Arabic countries regarding participation of family ‎members in cancer treatment decision-making (TDM). The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of family members' ‎in TDM among ‎adult Omani cancer ‎patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted in two main teaching hospitals. All adult Omani patients who were diagnosed with cancer and their nominated family members were invited to ‎participate. A tool developed by Cancer Care Outcomes Research and ‎Surveillance Consortium was used to identify the level of family involvement in TDM...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
M M DeMello, B M Pinto, S Mitchell, S I Dunsiger, K Stein
Interventions offering peer mentoring programmes promoting moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) have shown improvements in MVPA and well-being from baseline; however, research is limited. The purpose of this study was to compare the physical activity (PA) levels and psychosocial well-being of coaches and participants at baseline and following a 12-week intervention. Breast cancer survivors (<5 years) were recruited and randomised into either exercise (Reach-to-Recovery (RTR) + PA) or control (RTR Control)...
April 10, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
M K Lee, S Y Park, G-S Choi
The purpose of this study was to examine the association of support from family and friends for adoption of healthy eating habits and performing exercise with improvements of self-leadership in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). This cross-sectional study examined 251 patients with CRC who received primary curative surgery in South Korea. Demographic and clinical information, receipt of social support for adoption of healthy eating habits and performing exercise and self-leadership were collected. Greater participation by family and the use of rewards for performance of exercise were associated with greater behavioural awareness and volition, greater task motivation and constructive cognition of self-leadership in patients...
April 10, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
S Rees
There has been a recent increase in research considering the perceptions of the term "cancer survivor" held by individuals who have or have had cancer. This article explores the meaning of the term to young women living with a history of breast cancer. Twenty women participated in semi-structured interviews about their experience of breast cancer. The methodology was informed by social constructionist grounded theory. Three of the women interviewed said they would use the term survivor to describe themselves, but most of the women felt it did not fit with their experiences...
April 6, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
A Okanli, E Y Karabulutlu, S Asi Karakaş, Ö Şahin Altun, N Yildirim
This study aimed to determine how alexithymia affects the perception of illness in patients with cancer. This was a descriptive study conducted at the Atatürk University Health, Research and Practice Hospital and the Erzurum Regional Training and Research Hospital's Medical Oncology Clinic and Chemotherapy Unit. The study data were collected between July 2013 and January 2014. In total, data were collected from 283 patients with cancer. The data were collected using questionnaires enquiring about demographic and medical information: the IPQ and TAS-20...
April 2, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
C-C Tang, C Draucker, M Tejani, D Von Ah
Symptom management is one of the primary goals of care for advanced pancreatic cancer (APC) patients. The purpose of this study was to examine recorded healthcare encounters to better understand the symptom experiences of APC patients as told to healthcare providers (HCP). In this qualitative descriptive study, content analysis was used to analyze 37 transcripts of audio-recorded, naturally occurring encounters among APC patients, caregivers, and HCP. Transcripts were drawn from a larger randomized controlled study, which recruited advanced cancer patients and caregivers across the United States...
March 30, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
M Augustussen, M L Pedersen, L Hounsgaard, H Timm, P Sjøgren
A prospective national cohort study assessed the development of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and symptoms in adult patients undergoing treatment and care for advanced cancer in Greenland. HRQol was examined by EORTC QLQ-C30 version 3.0 questionnaire monthly for 4 months. Changes over time and between-group comparisons were examined. Of 58 patients included in the study, 47% completed the questionnaire four times. Functioning was generally high, and improved social functioning was observed after 1 and 2 months...
March 26, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
S Loeffler, K Poehlmann, B Hornemann
This study aimed to explore individual meaning systems in the course of a breast cancer disease to test the assumed positive relation between meaning and well-being and to investigate the relationship between post-traumatic growth and well-being. A total of 65 patients with breast cancer were examined 1 year after initial treatment and another year follow-up. Questionnaires addressed meaning in life (MLQ), anxiety and depression (HADS), satisfaction with life (SWLS), health-related quality of life (EQ-5D, EORTC) and post-traumatic growth (PTGI)...
March 24, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
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