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European Journal of Cancer Care

B Kim, P Patterson, K White
The literature concerning the impact of having cancer during adolescence and emerging adulthood has been widely discussed in relation to the unique nature of psychosocial challenges. The current study presents these findings within the context of developmental literature to further our understanding on how their developmental transitioning can be affected by having cancer. Specifically, two developmental milestones considered to be the pre-requisites for acquiring an adult status were focused on: forming identity and establishing independence...
March 15, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
L Granek, O Nakash, S Ariad, S Shapira, M Ben-David
The purpose of this research was to examine oncologists' perspectives on indicators of mental health distress in patients: what strategies they use to identify these indicators, and what barriers they face in this task. Twenty-three oncologists were interviewed, and the grounded theory method of data collection and analysis was used. Oncologists perceived distress to be a normative part of having cancer and looked for affective, physical, verbal and behavioural indicators using a number of strategies. Barriers to identification of mental health distress included difficulty in differentiating between mental health distress and symptoms of the disease, and lack of training...
March 6, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
K Zhang, J Tian, Z He, W Sun, B Pekbay, Y Lin, D Wu, J Zhang, P Chen, H Guo, Y Wan, M Wang, S Yang, J Zheng, L Zhang
This is a single centre study in mainland China aiming to evaluate the reliability, validity and responsiveness of the Chinese version of EORTC QLQ-BN20, designed by The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Group to evaluate the life quality of patients with brain tumour, cancer or metastases. One hundred and eighty-eight patients with primary or secondary brain cancer from Hunan Provincial Tumor Hospital during September 2013 to June 2014 completed the Chinese EORTC QLQ-C30/BN20 questionnaires developed by translation, back translation and cultural adaptation...
February 20, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
C Thomas, A C Wootten, P Robinson, P C F Law, D P McKenzie
Prostate cancer (PCa) poses a large health burden globally. Research indicates that men experience a range of psychological challenges associated with PCa including changes to identity, self-esteem and body image. The ways in which sexual orientation plays a role in the experience of PCa, and the subsequent impact on quality of life (QoL), body image and self-esteem have only recently been addressed. By addressing treatment modality, where participant numbers were sufficient, we also sought to explore whether gay (homosexual) men diagnosed with PCa (PCaDx) and with a primary treatment modality of surgery would report differences in body image and self-esteem compared with straight (heterosexual) men with PCaDx with a primary treatment modality of surgery, compared with gay and straight men without PCaDx...
February 20, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
M-S Paek, C L Nightingale, J A Tooze, B-J Milliron, K E Weaver, K R Sterba
Head and neck cancer (HNC) caregivers are especially vulnerable to poor outcomes because the HNC patients are at high risk for physical and functional impairments. This study examines contextual and stress process variables potentially associated with HNC caregivers' physical and psychological well-being. Patient-caregiver variables included socio-demographics, primary stressors (caregiving, patient clinical characteristics, HNC-related symptoms/dysfunction), secondary stressors (caregiver employment, childcare responsibilities and sleep duration <7 hr), appraisal, and response (physical activity)...
February 20, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
M C Hebdon, K Abrahamson, R R Griggs, S A McComb
Quality cancer survivorship care relies on care continuity within the healthcare team. The purpose of this study was to explore the perspectives of healthcare team members regarding cancer survivorship care using the framework of shared mental models. Semi-structured interviews of cancer survivors, primary support individuals, oncology providers, primary care providers and registered nurses were completed. Data were extrapolated to seven primary themes with associated secondary themes. Primary themes included survivor definition and identity, care setting, team member roles, care gaps, survivor needs, barriers to care and facilitators of care...
February 8, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
C Dobson, A Russell, S Brown, G Rubin
Prolonged diagnostic intervals are associated with poorer outcomes, and the patient interval appears to be a substantial contributor to the overall length of the diagnostic interval. This study sought to understand how the broader context of people's lives influenced symptom appraisal and help-seeking, comparing experiences by length of the patient interval. Patients referred with a suspicion of lung or colorectal cancer were invited to complete a questionnaire about their symptoms, with 26 respondents purposively sampled to take part in a semi-structured interview about their patient intervals...
February 8, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
C J Semple, D Lannon, E Qudairat, E McCaughan, R McCormac
The efficacy of traditional follow-up care is being challenged, as cancer survivors' supportive and psychological needs are often neither identified, nor addressed. This study's aim was to develop a holistic surgical follow-up clinic for oral and oropharyngeal cancer patients were participants completed a disease-specific health-related quality of life tool (UWQOLv4) and item prompt list (Patient Concern Inventory) on a touchscreen computer. Information generated was used to focus the consultation on patient's identified needs and concerns...
February 8, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
Maureen Macleod, Annie S Anderson
Cancer prevention and early detection strategies are fundamental to reducing breast cancer burden. Offering prevention guidance on modifiable risk factors within early detection settings is rare. We aimed to evaluate the acceptability of a magazine focused on lifestyle and cancer prevention for use in breast screening clinics. A lifestyle magazine was developed and distributed within two breast screening settings in the West of Scotland over a 2-month period. Women were either offered the magazine on arrival or in a self-service format...
January 30, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
K Crandall, R Maguire, A Campbell, N Kearney
Surgical removal remains the best curative option for patients diagnosed with early-stage lung cancer. However, it is also associated with significant morbidity and reduced quality of life. Interventions to improve patient outcomes are required. This study aimed to explore the views, attitudes and beliefs of key stakeholders on exercise intervention for people who are surgically treated for lung cancer to inform the development of future interventions. Focus groups and individual interviews were carried out at two Scottish sites...
January 29, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
C Jackson, A J Dowd, L C Capozzi, W Bridel, H Y Lau, S N Culos-Reed
This study examined the exercise barriers and preferences of head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors in relation to exercise experience. Participants (n = 22; 46.8% response rate) completed retrospective self-report questionnaires on demographic and medical information, exercise barriers and preferences. A subset of participants then completed semi-structured interviews (n = 18). Participants had previously engaged in the ENHANCE trial during, or immediately following, radiation treatment, an average of 22...
January 29, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
C Dubois, H De Schutter, R Leroy, S Stordeur, C De Gendt, V Schillemans, L Kohn, L Van Eycken, F Vrijens
The concept of multidisciplinary team meetings (MDTs) in cancer care is endorsed internationally, but its uptake varies considerably. In Belgium, MDT meetings were financially recognised in 2003 to encourage healthcare professionals to join their knowledge and competences to improve the quality and coordination of cancer care. This study aimed to evaluate for seven cancer types diagnosed between 2004 and 2011, the practices of MDT meetings in Belgium by means of population-based administrative databases. Results show a clear increase over time in the proportion of individual patients discussed at MDT meetings...
January 29, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
A L Artese, E Simonavice, T A Madzima, J-S Kim, B H Arjmandi, J Z Ilich, L B Panton
While prognosis for breast cancer in women has improved, adverse side effects of treatments may negatively affect body composition and bone mineral density (BMD). This study assessed body composition and BMD changes in breast cancer survivors (BCS) (n = 10, 57.9 ± 5.7 years) and age-matched women (non-cancer, n = 10, 56.5 ± 4.3 years) over a 12- to 15-month period via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. No differences were observed between groups at baseline except forearm BMD values were lower in BCS (BCS: 0...
January 24, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
F Smith, J Öhlén, L-O Persson, E Carlsson
This study describes the most stressful events and coping strategies used by patients with colorectal cancer 4-6 weeks after surgery and whether the coping strategies were considered helpful or not. For the investigation of situational coping, an exploratory design was used. One hundred and five patients from three Swedish hospitals were included to fill in the Daily Coping Assessment. Most stressful event, number and types of pre-defined coping strategies used, and if the coping strategy used was considered helpful or not, were measured for 5 days...
January 24, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
M C Keeman, C A W Bolman, I Mesters, R A Willems, I M Kanera, L Lechner
Information and support needs increase emotional distress and can impede cancer survivors' adjustment. To investigate the information and support needs of Dutch cancer survivors, the Cancer Survivors' Unmet Needs measure (CaSUN) was translated into Dutch and applied in two Dutch studies with cancer survivors (N = 255; N = 467). The CaSUN-NL entailed the original five CaSUN scales, extended with respectively a returning to work and lifestyle scale. This study aimed to determine the psychometric properties of the CaSUN-NL...
January 22, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
A Holst-Hansson, E Idvall, I Bolmsjö, A Wennick
This study aimed at exploring how women from Iraq and the former Yugoslavia, diagnosed with breast cancer and living in Sweden, experience their everyday life during radiation therapy. A qualitative research design was used comprising interviews with ten women, five originating from Iraq and five from the former Yugoslavia. Striving to survive, the women experienced their everyday life during radiation therapy as extremely challenging. This experience can be placed into three categories: strategies for survival, keeping up appearances and staying in control...
January 18, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
F Chen, J Fang, H Wang, T Song, W Zhu, M Wu, Y Wu
This retrospective study investigated the efficiency of nutritional support in unresectable locally advanced oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (LAOSCC) patients who received concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) based on 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin. In the routine care group, 63 patients served as historical controls and received nutrition support in a reactive manner. In addition, 57 patients in the nutritional support group received timely diet counselling, oral nutritional supplements, enteral nutrition and/or parenteral nutrition during CCRT...
January 18, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
Georgia K B Halkett, Melissa N Berg, Lauren J Breen, David Cutt, Michael Davis, Martin A Ebert, Desley Hegney, Michael House, Rachel Kearvell, Leanne Lester, Sharon Maresse, Jan McKay
This study aimed to determine and compare Radiation Therapists' (RTs') and Radiation Oncology Medical Physicists' (ROMPs') perspectives about their profession and workplace, satisfaction with career progression opportunities, and leaving the current workplace. RTs and ROMPs who were currently or had previously worked in Australia were invited to complete an online survey. Univariate and multivariate methods were used for analysis. Participants were 342 RTs and 112 ROMPs with estimated response rates of 14% and 26% respectively...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
E Partanen, T Lemetti, E Haavisto
The purpose of the review was to describe what kind of research has been conducted concerning relatives' participation in the care of cancer patients in hospital and how relatives have participated in the care. Data (n = 9) were identified through a manual search and by searching the electronic databases (n = 8) Cinahl, PubMed and Cochrane Library and analysed with deductive content analysis. According to the review, participation in the concrete care appeared as taking care of comprehensive care and the quality of care, helping with daily activities and helping the healthcare professionals...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
M Sousa, M Peate, C Lewis, S Jarvis, A Willis, M Hickey, M Friedlander
Clinical trials of adjuvant endocrine therapy in women with early breast cancer have consistently reported that genitourinary symptoms are common. However, little is known about women's experiences of genitourinary symptoms, their views about the symptoms and how they impact on their lives. The aim of this study was to explore knowledge, attitudes and experiences of genitourinary symptoms among women receiving adjuvant endocrine therapy for early breast cancer. Thirty-two semi-structured interviews were conducted and subjected to a rigorous qualitative analysis...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
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