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Journal of Athletic Training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140128/lower-extremity-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-after-concussion-recovery-in-high-school-athletes
#1
Robert C Lynall, Timothy C Mauntel, Ryan T Pohlig, Zachary Y Kerr, Thomas P Dompier, Eric E Hall, Thomas A Buckley
CONTEXT:   Although an association between concussion and musculoskeletal injury has been described in collegiate and professional athletes, no researchers have investigated an association in younger athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To determine if concussion in high school athletes increased the risk for lower extremity musculoskeletal injury after return to activity. DESIGN:   Observational cohort study. SETTING:   One hundred ninety-six high schools across 26 states...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140127/proprioceptive-training-for-the-prevention-of-ankle-sprains-an-evidence-based-review
#2
Matthew J Rivera, Zachary K Winkelmann, Cameron J Powden, Kenneth E Games
Reference:  Schiftan GS, Ross LA, Hahne AJ. The effectiveness of proprioceptive training in preventing ankle sprains in sporting populations: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Sci Med Sport. 2015;18(3):238-244. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Does the use of proprioceptive training as a sole intervention decrease the incidence of initial or recurrent ankle sprains in the athletic population? DATA SOURCES:   The authors completed a comprehensive literature search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) from inception to October 2013...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125782/quality-improvement-in-athletic-health-care
#3
Andrea D Lopes Sauers, Eric L Sauers, Alison R Snyder Valier
CONTEXT:   Quality Improvement (QI) is a health care concept that ensures patients receive high-quality (safe, timely, effective, efficient, equitable, patient-centered) and affordable care. Despite its importance, the application of QI in athletic health care has been limited. OBJECTIVES:   To describe the need for and define QI in health care, to describe how to measure quality in health care, and to present a QI case in athletic training. DESCRIPTION:   As the athletic training profession continues to grow, a widespread engagement in QI efforts is necessary to establish the value of athletic training services for the patients that we serve...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120225/descriptive-values-for-dancers-on-baseline-concussion-tools
#4
Lauren McIntyre, Marc Campo
CONTEXT:   Capturing baseline data before a concussion can be a valuable tool in individualized care. However, not all athletes, including dancers, have access to baseline testing. When baseline examinations were not performed, clinicians consult normative values. Dancers are unique athletes; therefore, describing values specific to dancers may assist those working with these athletes in making more informed decisions. OBJECTIVE:   To describe values for key concussion measures of dancers...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140129/calling-injury-timeouts-for-the-medical-evaluation-of-concussion-determinants-of-collegiate-football-officials-behavior
#5
Emily Kroshus, John Parsons, Brian Hainline
CONTEXT:   Sports officials can play an important role in concussion safety by calling injury timeouts so that athletic trainers can evaluate athletes with possible concussions. Understanding the determinants of whether officials call an injury timeout when they suspect a concussion has important implications for the design of interventions that better support officials in this role. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the knowledge of US collegiate football officials about concussion symptoms and to determine the associations between knowledge, perceived injunctive norms, and self-efficacy and calling injury timeouts for suspected concussions in athletes...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116831/clinician-friendly-physical-performance-tests-for-the-knee
#6
Jerrod J Harrison, Marissa K Yorgey, Alexander J Csiernik, Joseph H Vogler, Kenneth E Games
Reference:  Hegedus EJ, McDonough S, Bleakley C, Cook CE, Baxter GD. Clinician-friendly lower extremity physical performance measures in athletes: a systematic review of measurement properties and correlation with injury. Part 1: the tests for knee function including the hop tests. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49(10):642-648. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Do individual physical performance tests (PPTs) used as measures for lower extremity function have any relationship to injuries in athletes aged 12 years or older? DATA SOURCES:   Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were used to locate articles...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116830/hip-strength-as-a-predictor-of-ankle-sprains-in-male-soccer-players-a-prospective-study
#7
Christopher M Powers, Navid Ghoddosi, Rachel K Straub, Khalil Khayambashi
CONTEXT:   Diminished hip-abductor strength has been suggested to increase the risk of noncontact lateral ankle sprains. OBJECTIVE:   To determine prospectively whether baseline hip-abductor strength predicts future noncontact lateral ankle sprains in competitive male soccer players. DESIGN:   Prospective cohort study. SETTING:   Athletic training facilities and various athletic fields. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Two hundred ten competitive male soccer players...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116829/nonsurgical-management-of-an-anterior-cruciate-ligament-deficient-knee-in-a-women-s-soccer-player-a-validation-clinical-case-report
#8
Courtney E Gray, Chris Hummel, Todd Lazenby
BACKGROUND:   A collegiate women's soccer player sustained an isolated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear and expressed a desire to continue her season without surgical intervention. DESIGN:   Case report. INTERVENTION(S):   Using the results of a randomized controlled trial and published clinical guidelines, the clinicians classified the patient as an ACL-deficient coper. The patient completed her soccer season without incident, consistent with the findings of the established clinical guidelines...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116828/calling-injury-timeouts-for-the-medical-evaluation-of-concussion-determinants-of-collegiate-football-officials-behavior
#9
Emily Kroshus, John Parsons, Brian Hainline
CONTEXT:   Sports officials can play an important role in concussion safety by calling injury timeouts so that athletic trainers can evaluate athletes with possible concussions. Understanding the determinants of whether officials call an injury timeout when they suspect a concussion has important implications for the design of interventions that better support officials in this role. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the knowledge of US collegiate football officials about concussion symptoms and to determine the associations between knowledge, perceived injunctive norms, and self-efficacy and calling injury timeouts for suspected concussions in athletes...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116827/frontal-plane-variability-in-foot-orientation-during-fatiguing-running-exercise-in-individuals-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#10
Denise McGrath, Matthew Patterson, Ulrik McCarthy Persson, Brian Caulfield
CONTEXT:   Researchers have reported increased variability in frontal-plane movement at the ankle during jumping in individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI), which may increase their risk of recurrent ankle sprain. It is not known if this behavior is present during running gait or how fatigue affects the amount of frontal-plane-movement variability in individuals with CAI. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the amount of roll-angle variability at the foot during a fatiguing exercise protocol in participants with CAI...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095037/the-heat-strain-of-various-athletic-surfaces-a-comparison-between-observed-and-modeled-wet-bulb-globe-temperatures
#11
J Luke Pryor, Riana R Pryor, Andrew Grundstein, Douglas J Casa
CONTEXT:   The National Athletic Trainers' Association recommends using onsite wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGT) measurement to determine whether to modify or cancel physical activity. However, not all practitioners do so and instead they may rely on the National Weather Service (NWS) to monitor weather conditions. OBJECTIVE:   To compare regional NWS WBGT estimates with local athletic-surface readings and compare WBGT measurements among various local athletic surfaces...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048200/automated-quantification-of-the-landing-error-scoring-system-with-a-markerless-motion-capture-system
#12
Timothy C Mauntel, Darin A Padua, Laura E Stanley, Barnett S Frank, Lindsay J DiStefano, Karen Y Peck, Kenneth L Cameron, Stephen W Marshall
CONTEXT:   The Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) can be used to identify individuals with an elevated risk of lower extremity injury. The limitation of the LESS is that raters identify movement errors from video replay, which is time-consuming and, therefore, may limit its use by clinicians. A markerless motion-capture system may be capable of automating LESS scoring, thereby removing this obstacle. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the reliability of an automated markerless motion-capture system for scoring the LESS...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035582/video-feedback-and-2-dimensional-landing-kinematics-in-elite-female-handball-players
#13
Anne Benjaminse, Wytze Postma, Ina Janssen, Egbert Otten
CONTEXT: In team handball, an anterior cruciate ligament injury often occurs during landing after a jump shot. Many intervention programs try to reduce the injury rate by instructing athletes to land more safely. Video is an effective way to provide feedback, but little is known about its influence on landing technique in sport-specific situations. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of a video-overlay feedback method on landing technique in elite handball players...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135302/in-memory-clint-thompson-ms-atc
#14
Craig R Denegar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949247/the-epidemiology-of-overuse-conditions-in-youth-football-and-high-school-football-players
#15
Kevin Morris, Janet E Simon, Dustin R Grooms, Chad Starkey, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   High-intensity sport training at the youth level has led to increased concern for overuse conditions. Few researchers have examined overuse conditions in youth sports. OBJECTIVE:   To examine the rates, risks, and distributions of overuse conditions between youth and high school football players. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiologic study. SETTING:   Youth and high school football teams. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   The Youth Football Safety Study (YFSS) investigated youth football athletes from age 5 to 14 years...
October 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937802/the-epidemiology-of-stress-fractures-in-collegiate-student-athletes-2004-2005-through-2013-2014-academic-years
#16
Katherine H Rizzone, Kathryn E Ackerman, Karen G Roos, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Stress fractures are injuries caused by cumulative, repetitive stress that leads to abnormal bone remodeling. Specific populations, including female athletes and endurance athletes, are at higher risk than the general athletic population. Whereas more than 460 000 individuals participate in collegiate athletics in the United States, no large study has been conducted to determine the incidence of stress fractures in collegiate athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the incidence of stress fractures in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes and investigate rates and patterns overall and by sport...
October 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937801/clinical-implications-of-hand-position-and-lower-limb-length-measurement-method-on-y-balance-test-scores-and-interpretations
#17
Kim Hébert-Losier
CONTEXT:   The Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test (LQ-YBT) was developed to provide an effective and efficient screen for injury risk in sports. Earlier protocol recommendations for the LQ-YBT involved the athlete placing the hands on the hips and the clinician normalizing scores to lower limb length measured from the anterior-superior iliac spine to the lateral malleolus. The updated LQ-YBT protocol recommends the athlete's hands be free moving and the clinician measure lower limb length to the medial malleolus...
October 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937790/the-doctor-of-philosophy-experience-of-athletic-trainers-facilitators-and-barriers-to-anticipatory-faculty-socialization
#18
Thomas G Bowman, Joanne C Klossner, Stephanie M Mazerolle
CONTEXT:   It is important to understand the process whereby athletic trainers learn about their future roles, particularly when the roles can be complex and demanding. Little is known about the experiences of athletic training doctoral students, including facilitators and barriers to socialization as aspiring faculty members. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate factors influencing the anticipatory socialization of athletic training doctoral students into future faculty roles...
October 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937789/identifying-dyslexia-risk-in-student-athletes-a-preliminary-protocol-for-concussion-management
#19
Rebecca Wiseheart, Robin Wellington
Learning disability (LD) has been identified as a potential risk factor for a sport-related concussion, yet students with LD are rarely included in concussion research. Here, we draw special attention to dyslexia, a common but often underdiagnosed LD. Reading and learning problems commonly associated with dyslexia are often masked by protective factors, such as high verbal ability or general intelligence. Hence, high-achieving individuals with dyslexia may not be identified as being in a high-risk category...
October 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937785/gaining-access-to-providing-medical-care-to-male-sport-teams-the-female-athletic-trainer-perspective
#20
Alicia Pike, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Jessica L Barrett
CONTEXT:   Female athletic trainers (ATs) can face barriers to employment within the profession. Although there is evidence for an increasing percentage of women in athletic training, the portion providing medical care to male sport teams within the professional sport and collegiate settings continues to be small. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the experiences of female ATs when seeking employment with male sport teams within the Division I setting. DESIGN:   Qualitative study...
October 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
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