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Journal of Athletic Training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905859/baseline-neurocognitive-performance-and-clearance-for-athletes-to-return-to-contact
#1
Breton M Asken, James R Clugston, Aliyah R Snyder, Russell M Bauer
CONTEXT:  Computerized neurocognitive assessments are commonly used to manage sport-related concussion. Variations in baseline performance may influence neurocognitive performance after injury as well as the amount of time needed for an athlete to be cleared for return to sport participation. OBJECTIVE:  To investigate the relationship between mean baseline Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT) scores and postconcussion reliable decline as well as the association between postconcussion cognitive decline and days missed after injury...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905858/seasonal-effects-on-body-composition-muscle-characteristics-and-performance-of-collegiate-swimmers-and-divers
#2
Erica J Roelofs, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Eric T Trexler, Katie R Hirsch
CONTEXT:  Previous researchers have indicated the importance of body composition and muscle quality in athletic performance. However, body composition and muscle-quality measures in swimmers and divers over a training season have yet to be evaluated. OBJECTIVE:  To identify changes in body composition and muscle characteristics over a competitive season and identify relationships between these variables and performance in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I swimmers and divers...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875057/national-athletic-trainers-association-position-statement-preventing-and-managing-sport-related-dental-and-oral-injuries
#3
Trenton E Gould, Scott G Piland, Shane V Caswell, Dennis Ranalli, Stephen Mills, Michael S Ferrara, Ron Courson
OBJECTIVE:  To provide athletic trainers, health care professionals, and all those responsible for the care of athletes with clinical recommendations for preventing and managing sport-related dental and oral injuries. BACKGROUND:  Participation in competitive sports continues to grow at both the interscholastic and intercollegiate levels. Therefore, exposure to, and the incidence of athletic-related injury, including orofacial injury, will also likely increase...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874299/cooling-effectiveness-of-a-modified-cold-water-immersion-method-after-exercise-induced-hyperthermia
#4
Katherine E Luhring, Cory L Butts, Cody R Smith, Jeffrey A Bonacci, Ramon C Ylanan, Matthew S Ganio, Brendon P McDermott
CONTEXT:  Recommended treatment for exertional heat stroke includes whole-body cold-water immersion (CWI). However, remote locations or monetary or spatial restrictions can challenge the feasibility of CWI. Thus, the development of a modified, portable CWI method would allow for optimal treatment of exertional heat stroke in the presence of these challenges. OBJECTIVE:  To determine the cooling rate of modified CWI (tarp-assisted cooling with oscillation [TACO]) after exertional hyperthermia...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874298/volitional-spine-stabilization-during-a-drop-vertical-jump-from-different-landing-heights-implications-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#5
Ram Haddas, Troy Hooper, C Roger James, Phillip S Sizer
CONTEXT:  Volitional spine stabilization (VSS) during dynamic activities may alter trunk motion, but the role of the core musculature in positioning the trunk during landing tasks is unclear. OBJECTIVE:  To determine whether volitional core-muscle activation incorporated during a drop vertical jump alters lower extremity kinematics and kinetics, as well as trunk and lower extremity muscle activity at different landing heights. DESIGN:  Controlled laboratory study...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874297/organizational-infrastructure-in-the-collegiate-athletic-training-setting-part-i-quality-of-life-comparisons-and-commonalities-among-the-models
#6
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason, Ashley Goodman
CONTEXT:  Some anecdotal evidence has suggested that organizational infrastructure may affect the quality of life of athletic trainers (ATs). OBJECTIVE:  To compare ATs' perspectives on work-life balance, role strain, job satisfaction, and retention in collegiate practice settings within the various models. DESIGN:  Cross-sectional and qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I, II, and III...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863189/hemophilia-in-sports-a-case-report-and-prophylactic-protocol
#7
Mark Maffet, Jimmy Roton
OBJECTIVE:   To describe a successful prophylactic protocol for managing an athlete with hemophilia playing at a high level of contact sports. BACKGROUND:   Published data show that team physicians are not comfortable either treating athletes with bleeding disorders or allowing them to participate in contact sports. Much of the literature historically has recommended against allowing athletes with bleeding disorders to play sports at all and certainly against playing contact sports...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863188/the-use-of-2-conditioning-programs-and-the-fitness-characteristics-of-police-academy-cadets
#8
Charles Cocke, Jay Dawes, Robin Marc Orr
CONTEXT:  Police academy training must physically prepare cadets for the rigors of their occupational tasks to prevent injury and allow them to adequately perform their duties. OBJECTIVE:  To compare the effects of 2 physical training programs on multiple fitness measures in police cadets. DESIGN:  Cohort study. SETTING:  Police training academy. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:  We collected data from 70 male (age = 27...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849389/core-stability-exercise-versus-general-exercise-for-chronic-low-back-pain
#9
Brian J Coulombe, Kenneth E Games, Elizabeth R Neil, Lindsey E Eberman
: Reference: Wang XQ, Zheng JJ, Yu ZW, et al. A meta-analysis of core stability exercise versus general exercise for chronic low back pain. PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e52082. Clinical Questions: Is core stability exercise more effective than general exercise in the treatment of patients with nonspecific low back pain (LBP)? DATA SOURCES: The authors searched the following databases: China Biological Medicine disc, Cochrane Library, Embase, and PubMed from 1970 through 2011...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849388/competition-level-differences-on-the-lower-quarter-y-balance-test-in-baseball-players
#10
Robert J Butler, Garrett Bullock, Todd Arnold, Phillip Plisky, Robin Queen
CONTEXT: Decreased performance in dynamic balance has previously been associated with a history of ulnar collateral ligament injury in baseball players. Previous research on dynamic balance in soccer players has shown that test performance depends on competition level. However, dynamic balance has yet to be examined in baseball players. OBJECTIVE: To understand normative values and determine differences in dynamic balance, as measured by the Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test, across competition levels in baseball players...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834507/graduate-assistant-athletic-trainers-perceptions-of-the-supervisor-s-role-in-professional-socialization-part-ii
#11
Ashley B Thrasher, Stacy E Walker, Dorice A Hankemeier, Thalia Mulvihill
CONTEXT:  Many new athletic trainers (ATs) obtain graduate-assistant (GA) positions to gain more experience and professional development while being mentored by a veteran AT; however, GA ATs' perceptions of the supervisor's role in professional development are unknown. OBJECTIVE:  To explore the supervisor's role in the professional development of GAs in the collegiate setting. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  Phone interviews...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834506/evidence-based-considerations-and-recommendations-for-athletic-trainers-caring-for-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#12
Elizabeth S Wolfe, Kelly J Madden
CONTEXT:  Patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be noncompliant, impulsive, and disruptive in an athletic training or physical rehabilitation facility. Athletic trainers (ATs) are valuable and essential health care providers for active patients with ADHD. However, for a patient with ADHD to have a successful outcome in a busy athletic training environment, the AT or health care provider must tailor the treatment setting to the patient's needs. OBJECTIVE:  To educate and raise awareness among ATs about patients with ADHD and to provide ATs with strategies and tools that will allow them to treat patients with ADHD more effectively...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834505/concussion-like-symptoms-in-child-and-youth-athletes-at-baseline-what-is-typical
#13
Anne Williams Hunt, Melissa Paniccia, Nick Reed, Michelle Keightley
CONTEXT:  After a concussion, guidelines emphasize that an athlete should be asymptomatic before starting a return-to-play protocol. However, many concussion symptoms are nonspecific and may be present in individuals without concussion. Limited evidence exists regarding the presence of "typical" or preinjury (baseline) symptoms in child and youth athletes. OBJECTIVE:  To describe the frequency of symptoms reported at baseline by child and youth athletes and identify how age, sex, history of concussion, and learning factors influence the presence of baseline symptoms...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834504/redistribution-of-mechanical-work-at-the-knee-and-ankle-joints-during-fast-running-in-minimalist-shoes
#14
Joel T Fuller, Jonathan D Buckley, Margarita D Tsiros, Nicholas A T Brown, Dominic Thewlis
CONTEXT:  Minimalist shoes have been suggested as a way to alter running biomechanics to improve running performance and reduce injuries. However, to date, researchers have only considered the effect of minimalist shoes at slow running speeds. OBJECTIVE:  To determine if runners change foot-strike pattern and alter the distribution of mechanical work at the knee and ankle joints when running at a fast speed in minimalist shoes compared with conventional running shoes...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834503/upper-quadrant-field-tests-and-isokinetic-upper-limb-strength-in-overhead-athletes
#15
Dorien Borms, Annelies Maenhout, Ann M Cools
CONTEXT:  Isokinetic testing is used to determine possible deficits in upper extremity strength in overhead athletes. Given that isokinetic testing is restricted to a laboratory setting, field tests, such as the Seated Medicine Ball Throw (SMBT) and were developed to assess upper body performance. The relationship between these field tests and isokinetic strength has not been examined. OBJECTIVE:  To investigate the relationship between isokinetic strength testing for shoulder external and internal rotation and elbow flexion and extension and SMBT distance and YBT-UQ performance in overhead athletes...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834502/support-received-during-the-transition-to-practice-for-the-secondary-school-graduate-assistant-athletic-trainer
#16
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Stacy E Walker, Jessica L Kirby
CONTEXT:  Transitioning into clinical practice can be stressful for the newly credentialed athletic trainer (AT). The support provided by mentors, peers, and athletic training faculty can increase confidence and enhance the transition. To create specific initiatives for a smoother transition, the perspectives of those in the secondary school setting are needed. OBJECTIVE:  To examine the transition to practice and mentorship of newly credentialed ATs providing medical care in the secondary school setting...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831747/neuromuscular-alterations-after-ankle-sprains-an-animal-model-to-establish-causal-links-after-injury
#17
Lindsey K Lepley, Patrick O McKeon, Shane G Fitzpatrick, Catherine L Beckemeyer, Timothy L Uhl, Timothy A Butterfield
CONTEXT:  The mechanisms that contribute to the development of chronic ankle instability are not understood. Investigators have developed a hypothetical model in which neuromuscular alterations that stem from damaged ankle ligaments are thought to affect periarticular and proximal muscle activity. However, the retrospective nature of these studies does not allow a causal link to be established. OBJECTIVE:  To assess temporal alterations in the activity of 2 periarticular muscles of the rat ankle and 2 proximal muscles of the rat hind limb after an ankle sprain...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831746/the-interrelationship-of-common-clinical-movement-screens-establishing-population-specific-norms-in-a-large-cohort-of-military-applicants
#18
Sarah J de la Motte, Timothy C Gribbin, Peter Lisman, Anthony I Beutler, Patricia Deuster
CONTEXT:  Musculoskeletal injuries (MSK-Is) are a leading cause of missed duty time and morbidity in the military. Modifiable risk factors for MSK-Is, such as inadequate core stability, poor movement patterns, and dynamic balance deficits, have not been identified in military applicants on entering service. OBJECTIVE:  To establish normative functional movement data using a series of screens in military applicants entering basic training and explore relationships among several movement tests...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831745/graduate-assistant-athletic-trainers-perceptions-of-professional-socialization-in-the-collegiate-setting-part-i
#19
Ashley B Thrasher, Stacy E Walker, Dorice A Hankemeier, Thalia Mulvihill
CONTEXT:  Many newly credentialed athletic trainers (ATs) pursue graduate assistantships, which allow them to gain experience while being supervised by an experienced AT. The graduate-assistant (GA) ATs' perception of their socialization process into the collegiate setting is unknown. OBJECTIVE:  To explore the professional socialization of GAs in the collegiate setting. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  Phone interviews...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835044/patient-experiences-of-recovery-after-autologous-chondrocyte-implantation-a-qualitative-study
#20
Jenny L Toonstra, Dana Howell, Robert A English, Christian Lattermann, Carl G Mattacola
CONTEXT:  The recovery process after autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) can be challenging for patients and clinicians alike due to significant functional limitations and a lengthy healing time. Understanding patients' experiences during the recovery process may assist clinicians in providing more individualized care. OBJECTIVE:  To explore and describe patients' experiences during the recovery process after ACI. DESIGN:  Qualitative study...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
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