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Journal of Athletic Training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350556/rehabilitation-of-a-young-athlete-with-extension-based-low-back-pain-addressing-motor-control-impairments-and-central-sensitization
#1
John J Winslow, Mark Jackson, Andrew Getzin, Michael Costello
OBJECTIVE:   To describe the conservative management of a young athlete with extension-based (EB) low back pain (LBP). BACKGROUND:   We present the case of a 15-year-old female high school gymnast with a 4-year history of EB LBP. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a healed spondylolysis and significant lumbar multifidi muscle (LMM) atrophy with fatty infiltrate. She had several courses of outpatient orthopaedic rehabilitation that focused on core muscle strengthening (improving activation and strength of the LMM and transversus abdominus muscle in a neutral pelvic position) without long-lasting improvement...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350555/outcomes-of-latarjet-procedure-compared-with-bankart-repair-for-recurrent-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-instability
#2
Kellie C Huxel Bliven, Gail P Parr
Reference/Citation:  An VV, Sivakumar BS, Phan K, Trantalis J. A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical and patient-reported outcomes following two procedures for recurrent traumatic anterior instability of the shoulder: Latarjet procedure vs. Bankart repair. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2016;25(5):853-863. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Are clinical and patient-reported outcomes different between the Latarjet and Bankart repair stabilization procedures when performed for recurrent traumatic anterior shoulder instability? DATA SOURCES:   Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane databases, American College of Physicians Journal Club, and Database of Abstracts of Review of Effectiveness were searched up to June 2015...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350554/quadriceps-neuromuscular-function-and-jump-landing-sagittal-plane-knee-biomechanics-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#3
Sarah H Ward, Troy Blackburn, Darin A Padua, Laura E Stanley, Matthew S Harkey, Brittney A Luc-Harkey, Brian G Pietrosimone
CONTEXT:   Aberrant biomechanics may affect force attenuation at the knee during dynamic activities, potentially increasing the risk of sustaining a knee injury or hastening the development of osteoarthritis after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Impaired quadriceps neuromuscular function has been hypothesized to influence the development of aberrant biomechanics. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the association between quadriceps neuromuscular function (strength, voluntary activation, and spinal-reflex and corticomotor excitability) and sagittal-plane knee biomechanics during jump landings in individuals with ACLR...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350553/role-strain-part-1-experiences-of-athletic-trainers-employed-in-the-professional-sports-setting
#4
Manual G Romero, William A Pitney, Kirk Brumels, Stephanie M Mazerolle
CONTEXT:   The demands and expectations of athletic trainers employed in professional sports settings (ATPSSs) have increased over the years. Meeting these demands and expectations may predispose the athletic trainer to workplace stress and ultimately role strain. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the concept of role strain among ATPSSs. DESIGN:   Sequential, explanatory mixed-methods study consisting of 2 phases: (1) population role-strain survey and (2) personal interviews...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350552/role-strain-part-2-perceptions-among-athletic-trainers-employed-in-the-professional-practice-setting
#5
Manual G Romero, William A Pitney, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Kirk Brumels
CONTEXT:   Athletic trainers (ATs) employed in the professional sports setting (ATPSSs) demonstrate moderate to high degrees of role strain. The experiences and perceptions of these ATs provide insight regarding the sources of role strain as well as ways to reduce it. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the perceptions of ATPSSs regarding role strain. DESIGN:   Qualitative study. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   From a purposeful sampling of 389 ATs employed in the 5 major sport leagues (Major League Baseball, Major League Soccer, National Basketball Association, National Football League, and National Hockey League), we identified 34 participants willing to participate in a phone interview...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350551/hip-and-knee-kinematics-and-kinetics-during-landing-tasks-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Adam S Lepley, Christopher M Kuenze
OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate the current evidence concerning kinematic and kinetic strategies adopted during dynamic landing tasks by patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). DATA SOURCES:   PubMed, Web of Science. STUDY SELECTION:   Original research articles that evaluated kinematics or kinetics (or both) during a landing task in those with a history of ACLR were included. DATA EXTRACTION:   Methodologic quality was assessed using the modified Downs and Black checklist...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341795/the-ability-to-provide-quality-chest-compressions-over-lacrosse-shoulder-pads
#7
Richard J Boergers, Thomas G Bowman, Monica Lininger
CONTEXT:   Performance of quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation is essential for improving patient outcomes. Performing compressions over football equipment inhibits compression depth and rate, but lacrosse equipment has not yet been studied. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the effect of lacrosse shoulder pads on the ability to provide quality chest compressions on simulation manikins. DESIGN:   Crossover study. SETTING:   Simulation laboratory...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341794/preseason-strength-assessment-of-the-rotator-muscles-and-shoulder-injury-in-handball-players
#8
Bénédicte Forthomme, Jean-Louis Croisier, François Delvaux, Jean-François Kaux, Jean-Michel Crielaard, Sophie Gleizes-Cervera
CONTEXT:   Few researchers have identified intrinsic risk factors for shoulder injury in team handball players by analyzing measurements of maximal isokinetic rotator muscle strength. OBJECTIVE:   To identify possible intrinsic risk factors for shoulder injury by analyzing measurements of maximal isokinetic rotator muscle strength. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. SETTING:   Male team handball senior divisions (the highest level) in France and Belgium...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332472/statistical-primer-for-athletic-trainers-the-essentials-of-understanding-measures-of-reliability-and-minimal-important-change
#9
Bryan L Riemann, Monica Lininger
OBJECTIVE:   To describe the concepts of measurement reliability and minimal important change. BACKGROUND:   All measurements have some magnitude of error. Because clinical practice involves measurement, clinicians need to understand measurement reliability. The reliability of an instrument is integral in determining if a change in patient status is meaningful. DESCRIPTION:   Measurement reliability is the extent to which a test result is consistent and free of error...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332471/fatal-exertional-heat-stroke-and-american-football-players-the-need-for-regional-heat-safety-guidelines
#10
Andrew J Grundstein, Yuri Hosokawa, Douglas J Casa
CONTEXT:   Weather-based activity modification in athletics is an important way to minimize heat illnesses. However, many commonly used heat-safety guidelines include a uniform set of heat-stress thresholds that do not account for geographic differences in acclimatization. OBJECTIVE:   To determine if heat-related fatalities among American football players occurred on days with unusually stressful weather conditions based on the local climate and to assess the need for regional heat-safety guidelines...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332470/a-school-based-neuromuscular-training-program-and-sport-related-injury-incidence-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#11
Kim D Barber Foss, Staci Thomas, Jane C Khoury, Gregory D Myer, Timothy E Hewett
CONTEXT:   An estimated 40 million school-aged children (age range = 5-18 years) participate annually in sports in the United States, generating approximately 4 million sport-related injuries and requiring 2.6 million emergency department visits at a cost of nearly $2 billion. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the effects of a school-based neuromuscular training (NMT) program on sport-related injury incidence across 3 sports at the high school and middle school levels, focusing particularly on knee and ankle injuries...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332469/balance-regularity-among-former-high-school-football-players-with-or-without-a-history-of-concussion
#12
Julianne D Schmidt, Douglas P Terry, Jihyun Ko, Karl M Newell, L Stephen Miller
CONTEXT:   Subclinical postural-control changes may persist beyond the point when athletes are considered clinically recovered postconcussion. OBJECTIVE:   To compare postural-control performance between former high school football players with or without a history of concussion using linear and nonlinear metrics. DESIGN:   Case-control study. SETTING:   Clinical research laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   A total of 11 former high school football players (age range, 45-60 years) with 2 or more concussions and 11 age- and height-matched former high school football players without a history of concussion...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314903/national-athletic-trainers-association-position-statement-prevention-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#13
Darin A Padua, Lindsay J DiStefano, Timothy E Hewett, William E Garrett, Stephen W Marshall, Grace M Golden, Sandra J Shultz, Susan M Sigward
OBJECTIVE:   To provide certified athletic trainers, physicians, and other health care and fitness professionals with recommendations based on current evidence regarding the prevention of noncontact and indirect-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in athletes and physically active individuals. BACKGROUND:   Preventing ACL injuries during sport and physical activity may dramatically decrease medical costs and long-term disability. Implementing ACL injury-prevention training programs may improve an individual's neuromuscular control and lower extremity biomechanics and thereby reduce the risk of injury...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314872/collegiate-football-players-ankle-range-of-motion-and-dynamic-balance-in-braced-and-self-adherent-taped-conditions
#14
Kristin Willeford, Justin M Stanek, Todd A McLoda
CONTEXT:   Ankle sprains are one of the most common injuries in the physically active population. Previous researchers have shown that supporting the ankle with taping or bracing is effective in preventing ankle sprains. However, no authors have compared the effects of self-adherent tape and lace-up ankle braces on ankle range of motion (ROM) and dynamic balance in collegiate football players. OBJECTIVE:   To examine the effectiveness of self-adherent tape and lace-up ankle braces in reducing ankle ROM and improving dynamic balance before and after a typical collegiate football practice...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314871/normative-functional-performance-values-in-high-school-athletes-the-functional-pre-participation-evaluation-project
#15
James A Onate, Cambrie Starkel, Daniel R Clifton
CONTEXT:   The fourth edition of the Preparticipation Physical Evaluation recommends functional testing for the musculoskeletal portion of the examination; however, normative data across sex and grade level are limited.3 Establishing normative data can provide clinicians reference points with which to compare their patients, potentially aiding in the development of future injury-risk assessments and injury-mitigation programs. OBJECTIVE:   To establish normative functional performance and limb-symmetry data for high school-aged male and female athletes in the United States...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283678/pitch-volume-and-glenohumeral-and-hip-motion-and-strength-in-youth-baseball-pitchers
#16
Josie L Harding, Kelsey J Picha, Kellie C Huxel Bliven
CONTEXT:   Increased pitch volume and altered glenohumeral (GH) and hip range of motion (ROM) and strength contribute to injury risk in baseball pitchers. Although these factors affect one another, whether they are related is unknown. OBJECTIVE:   To examine relationships among cumulative and seasonal pitch volume, ROM, and strength of the GH and hip joints in youth baseball pitchers. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. SETTING:   Baseball practice facilities...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251536/collegiate-athletic-trainers-knowledge-of-the-female-athlete-triad-and-relative-energy-deficiency-in-sport
#17
Emily Kroshus, J D DeFreese, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   The female athlete triad (Triad) and relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S) specify the consequences of energy imbalance. Athletic trainers (ATs) are positioned to identify athletes who are fueling themselves inadequately and experiencing related health and performance consequences. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the knowledge of collegiate ATs about the Triad and RED-S and to examine variability in related screening and referral behaviors among National Collegiate Athletic Association divisions...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251535/validation-of-the-professional-identity-and-values-scale-among-an-athletic-trainer-population
#18
Christianne M Eason, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Craig R Denegar, Laura Burton, Jennifer McGarry
CONTEXT:   Forming a professional identity is a process by which an individual achieves an awareness of his or her own self-concept in with the context of the profession. Identity in relation to an individual's profession includes the ability to articulate the role as a professional and professional philosophy. Professional identity has been studied extensively in other fields, but currently no professional identity scales have been validated within the athletic training profession...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251534/the-organizational-climate-in-collegiate-athletics-an-athletic-trainer-s-perspective
#19
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason
CONTEXT:   An organizational climate is largely based on an employee's perceptions of the working conditions in which he or she engages regularly. A multifaceted concept, the organizational climate is often formed by perceptions of employee welfare, rewards, and support. Achieving work-life balance is also a part of the climate. OBJECTIVE:   To learn collegiate athletic trainers' perceptions of organizational climate and specifically how it may pertain to their work-life balance...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251533/the-functional-movement-screen-as-a-predictor-of-injury-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-division-ii-athletes
#20
Bryan Dorrel, Terry Long, Scott Shaffer, Gregory D Myer
CONTEXT:   The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a tool used to assess the quality of human movement. Previous FMS researchers reported a difference between the comprehensive and individual FMS test scores of injured and uninjured participants. OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate the accuracy of the FMS for predicting injury in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division II athletes and to evaluate how an injury definition may affect the prognostic values. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
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