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Journal of Athletic Training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207294/validity-of-core-temperature-measurements-at-3-rectal-depths-during-rest-exercise-cold-water-immersion-and-recovery
#1
Kevin C Miller, Lexie E Hughes, Blaine C Long, William M Adams, Douglas J Casa
CONTEXT:  No evidence-based recommendation exists regarding how far clinicians should insert a rectal thermistor to obtain the most valid estimate of core temperature. Knowing the validity of temperatures at different rectal depths has implications for exertional heat-stroke (EHS) management. OBJECTIVE:  To determine whether rectal temperature (Trec) taken at 4 cm, 10 cm, or 15 cm from the anal sphincter provides the most valid estimate of core temperature (as determined by esophageal temperature [Teso]) during similar stressors an athlete with EHS may experience...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156130/evaluation-of-various-cooling-systems-after-exercise-induced-hyperthermia
#2
Pearl M S Tan, Eunice Y N Two, Noreffendy B Ali, Bryan C H Ang, Iswady Iskandar, Lydia Y L Law, Jason K W Lee
CONTEXT:  Rapid diagnosis and expeditious cooling of individuals with exertional heat stroke is paramount for survival. OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate the efficacy of various cooling systems after exercise-induced hyperthermia. DESIGN:  Crossover study. SETTING:  Laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:  Twenty-two men (age = 24 ± 2 years, height = 1.76 ± 0.07 m, mass = 70.7 ± 9.5 kg) participated...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145740/adaptive-alterations-in-shoulder-range-of-motion-and-strength-in-young-tennis-players
#3
Benoit Gillet, Mickaël Begon, Violaine Sevrez, Christian Berger-Vachon, Isabelle Rogowski
CONTEXT:  Playing tennis requires unilateral and intensive movement of the upper limb, which may lead to functional adaptations of the shoulder and an increased injury risk. Identifying which athletes will be future elite tennis players starts at 5 to 6 years of age. Therefore, highly skilled players practice intensively in their childhood. However, whether these functional changes occur during the prepubertal years has not been established. OBJECTIVES:  To assess changes in glenohumeral-joint-rotation range of motion and strength of the shoulder-complex muscles in prepubertal elite tennis players...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145739/achilles-tendon-loading-during-heel-raising-and-lowering-exercises
#4
Andrew Revak, Keith Diers, Thomas W Kernozek, Naghmeh Gheidi, Christina Olbrantz
CONTEXT:  Achilles tendinopathies are common injuries during sport participation, although men are more prone to Achilles tendon injuries than women. Heel-raising and -lowering exercises are typically suggested for Achilles tendon rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE:  To compare the estimated Achilles tendon loading variables and the ankle range of motion (ROM) using a musculoskeletal model during commonly performed heel-raising and -lowering exercises. DESIGN:  Controlled laboratory study...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140625/ncaa-football-off-season-training-unanswered-prayers%C3%A2-a-prayer-answered
#5
Scott Anderson
Off-season training in year-round collegiate football is purported to be performance enhancing. Absent principles of exercise physiology, excesses in sport-training regimens pose risk to the participant athletes. Since 2000, 32 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) football players have died in sport: 26 nontraumatic deaths and 6 traumatic deaths, a ratio of more than 4 nontraumatic deaths for every traumatic death. On average, 2 NCAA football players die per season played. Best practices, consensus guidelines, and precautions are ignored, elevating the risk...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140624/normative-data-for-the-neurocom-sensory-organization-test-in-us-military-special-operations-forces
#6
Erin R Pletcher, Valerie J Williams, John P Abt, Paul M Morgan, Jeffrey J Parr, Meleesa F Wohleber, Mita Lovalekar, Timothy C Sell
CONTEXT:  Postural stability is the ability to control the center of mass in relation to a person's base of support and can be affected by both musculoskeletal injury and traumatic brain injury. The NeuroCom Sensory Organization Test (SOT) can be used to objectively quantify impairments to postural stability. The ability of postural stability to predict injury and be used as an acute injury-evaluation tool makes it essential to the screening and rehabilitation process. To our knowledge, no published normative data of the SOT from a healthy, highly active population are available for use as a reference for clinical decision making...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125270/response-to-tendon-vibration-questions-the-underlying-rationale-of-proprioceptive-training
#7
Anat Vilnai Lubetzky, Sarah Westcott McCoy, Robert Price, Deborah Kartin
CONTEXT:  Proprioceptive training on compliant surfaces is used to rehabilitate and prevent ankle sprains. The ability to improve proprioceptive function via such training has been questioned. Achilles tendon vibration is used in motor-control research as a form of proprioceptive stimulus. Using measures of postural steadiness with nonlinear measures to elucidate control mechanisms, tendon vibration can be applied to investigate the underlying rationale of proprioceptive training. OBJECTIVE:  To test whether the effect of vibration on young adults' postural control depended on the support surface...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118030/the-epidemiology-of-severe-injuries-sustained-by-national-collegiate-athletic-association-student-athletes-2009-2010-through-2014-2015
#8
Melissa C Kay, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Aaron D Gray, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:  Few researchers have described the incidence of the most severe injuries sustained by student-athletes at the collegiate level. OBJECTIVE:  To describe the epidemiology of severe injuries within 25 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports in the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years. DESIGN:  Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:  Aggregate injury and exposure data from 25 NCAA sports...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092165/recommendations-for-best-disinfectant-practices-to-reduce-the-spread-of-infection-via-wrestling-mats
#9
Linda Mull Young, Vicki Abram Motz, Emily R Markey, Suzanne C Young, Ronald E Beaschler
CONTEXT:  At the request of the National Wrestling Coaches Association and the head wrestling coach at our university, we conducted a study of infection transmission in collegiate wrestlers. OBJECTIVE:  To examine disinfectant effectiveness and develop best-practice guidelines for minimizing the spread of skin infections via wrestling mats. DESIGN:  Controlled laboratory study and crossover study. SETTING:  Laboratory and two 15-college wrestling invitational meets...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071936/concussion-baseline-testing-preexisting-factors-symptoms-and-neurocognitive-performance
#10
Eric Hall, Jordan Cottle, Caroline Ketcham, Kirtida Patel, Kenneth P Barnes
CONTEXT:  Neurocognitive test scores are often considered an important aspect of concussion management. To best use these data, clinicians must understand potential factors that may influence baseline performance on these tests. OBJECTIVE:  To determine preexisting factors that may influence performance on the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT). DESIGN:  Cross-sectional study. SETTING:  Research laboratory...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157403/athletic-trainer-services-in-public-and-private-secondary-schools
#11
Alicia M Pike, Riana R Pryor, Lesley W Vandermark, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Douglas J Casa
CONTEXT:  The presence of athletic trainers (ATs) in secondary schools to provide medical care is crucial, especially with the rise in sports participation and resulting high volume of injuries. Previous authors have investigated the level of AT services offered, but the differences in medical care offered between the public and private sectors have not been explored. OBJECTIVE:  To compare the level of AT services in public and private secondary schools. DESIGN:  Concurrent mixed-methods study...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977302/organizational-infrastructure-in-the-collegiate-athletic-training-setting-part-iii-benefits-of-and-barriers-in-the-medical-and-academic-models
#12
Christianne M Eason, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Ashley Goodman
CONTEXT:  Academic and medical models are emerging as alternatives to the athletics model, which is the more predominant model in the collegiate athletic training setting. Little is known about athletic trainers' (ATs') perceptions of these models. OBJECTIVE:  To investigate the perceived benefits of and barriers in the medical and academic models. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I, II, and III...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977301/organizational-infrastructure-in-the-collegiate-athletic-training-setting-part-ii-benefits-of-and-barriers-in-the-athletics-model
#13
Ashley Goodman, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason
CONTEXT:  The athletics model, in which athletic training clinical programs are part of the athletics department, is the predominant model in the collegiate athletic training setting. Little is known about athletic trainers' (ATs') perceptions of this model, particularly as it relates to organizational hierarchy. OBJECTIVE:  To explore the perceived benefits of and barriers in the athletics model. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I and III...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977300/preventive-neuromuscular-training-for-young-female-athletes-comparison-of-coach-and-athlete-compliance-rates
#14
Dai Sugimoto, Carl G Mattacola, Heather M Bush, Staci M Thomas, Kim D Barber Foss, Gregory D Myer, Timothy E Hewett
CONTEXT:  Fewer athletic injuries and lower anterior cruciate ligament injury incidence rates were noted in studies of neuromuscular-training (NMT) interventions that had high compliance rates. However, several groups have demonstrated that preventive NMT interventions were limited by low compliance rates. OBJECTIVE:  To descriptively analyze coach and athlete compliance with preventive NMT and compare the compliance between study arms as well as among school levels and sports...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905859/baseline-neurocognitive-performance-and-clearance-for-athletes-to-return-to-contact
#15
Breton M Asken, James R Clugston, Aliyah R Snyder, Russell M Bauer
CONTEXT:  Computerized neurocognitive assessments are commonly used to manage sport-related concussion. Variations in baseline performance may influence neurocognitive performance after injury as well as the amount of time needed for an athlete to be cleared for return to sport participation. OBJECTIVE:  To investigate the relationship between mean baseline Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT) scores and postconcussion reliable decline as well as the association between postconcussion cognitive decline and days missed after injury...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905858/seasonal-effects-on-body-composition-muscle-characteristics-and-performance-of-collegiate-swimmers-and-divers
#16
Erica J Roelofs, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Eric T Trexler, Katie R Hirsch
CONTEXT:  Previous researchers have indicated the importance of body composition and muscle quality in athletic performance. However, body composition and muscle-quality measures in swimmers and divers over a training season have yet to be evaluated. OBJECTIVE:  To identify changes in body composition and muscle characteristics over a competitive season and identify relationships between these variables and performance in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I swimmers and divers...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874297/organizational-infrastructure-in-the-collegiate-athletic-training-setting-part-i-quality-of-life-comparisons-and-commonalities-among-the-models
#17
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason, Ashley Goodman
CONTEXT:  Some anecdotal evidence has suggested that organizational infrastructure may affect the quality of life of athletic trainers (ATs). OBJECTIVE:  To compare ATs' perspectives on work-life balance, role strain, job satisfaction, and retention in collegiate practice settings within the various models. DESIGN:  Cross-sectional and qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I, II, and III...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863189/hemophilia-in-sports-a-case-report-and-prophylactic-protocol
#18
Mark Maffet, Jimmy Roton
OBJECTIVE:  To describe a successful prophylactic protocol for managing an athlete with hemophilia playing at a high level of contact sports. BACKGROUND:  Published data show that team physicians are not comfortable either treating athletes with bleeding disorders or allowing them to participate in contact sports. Much of the literature historically has recommended against allowing athletes with bleeding disorders to play sports at all and certainly against playing contact sports...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849389/core-stability-exercise-versus-general-exercise-for-chronic-low-back-pain
#19
Brian J Coulombe, Kenneth E Games, Elizabeth R Neil, Lindsey E Eberman
: Reference: Wang XQ, Zheng JJ, Yu ZW, et al. A meta-analysis of core stability exercise versus general exercise for chronic low back pain. PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e52082. Clinical Questions: Is core stability exercise more effective than general exercise in the treatment of patients with nonspecific low back pain (LBP)? DATA SOURCES:  The authors searched the following databases: China Biological Medicine disc, Cochrane Library, Embase, and PubMed from 1970 through 2011...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107049/statistical-primer-for-athletic-trainers-using-confidence-intervals-and-effect-sizes-to-evaluate-clinical-meaningfulness
#20
Monica Lininger, Bryan L Riemann
OBJECTIVE: To describe confidence intervals (CIs) and effect sizes and provide practical examples to assist clinicians in assessing clinical meaningfulness. BACKGROUND: As discussed in our first article in 2015, which addressed the difference between statistical significance and clinical meaningfulness, evaluating the clinical meaningfulness of a research study remains a challenge to many readers. In this paper, we will build on this topic by examining CIs and effect sizes...
December 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
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