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Journal of Athletic Training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319422/phototherapy-for-improvement-of-performance-and-exercise-recovery-comparison-of-3-commercially-available-devices
#1
Thiago De Marchi, Vinicius Mazzochi Schmitt, Carla Danúbia da Silva Fabro, Larissa Lopes da Silva, Juliane Sene, Olga Tairova, Mirian Salvador
CONTEXT:   Recent studies suggest the prophylactic use of low-powered laser/light has ergogenic effects on athletic performance and postactivity recovery. Manufacturers of high-powered lasers/light devices claim that these can produce the same clinical benefits with increased power and decreased irradiation time; however, research with high-powered lasers is lacking. OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate the magnitude of observed phototherapeutic effects with 3 commercially available devices...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318316/bilateral-proprioceptive-evaluation-in-individuals-with-unilateral-chronic-ankle-instability
#2
Andreia S P Sousa, João Leite, Bianca Costa, Rubim Santos
CONTEXT: Despite extensive research on chronic ankle instability, the findings regarding proprioception have been conflicting and focused only on the injured limb. Also, the different components of proprioception have been evaluated in isolation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate bilateral ankle proprioception in individuals with unilateral ankle instability. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Research laboratory center in a university...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318315/the-epidemiology-of-deltoid-ligament-sprains-in-25-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports-2009-2010-through-2014-2015-academic-years
#3
Elizabeth E Hibberd, Thomas J Kopec, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT: Deltoid ligament sprains among collegiate student-athletes have not been extensively investigated. Research regarding the mechanisms, participation-restriction time, and recurrence of deltoid ligament sprains in collegiate student-athletes is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of deltoid ligament sprains in 25 National Collegiate Athletic Association championship sports. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318314/promising-and-established-investigators-experiences-participating-in-the-national-athletic-trainers-association-foundation-research-mentor-program-a
#4
Sara L Nottingham, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Jessica L Barrett
CONTEXT: Mentorship is a helpful resource for individuals who transition from doctoral student to tenure-track faculty member. The National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA) Research & Education Foundation offers a Research Mentor Program to provide mentorship to promising investigators, particularly as they work to establish independent lines of research. OBJECTIVE: To gain the perspectives of promising and established investigators on their participation in the NATA Foundation Research Mentor Program...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294629/sport-concussion-management-using-facebook-a-feasibility-study-of-an-innovative-adjunct-icon
#5
Osman Hassan Ahmed, Anthony G Schneiders, Paul R McCrory, S John Sullivan
CONTEXT:   Sport concussion is currently the focus of much international attention. Innovative methods to assist athletic trainers in facilitating management after this injury need to be investigated. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the feasibility of using a Facebook concussion-management program termed iCon (interactive concussion management) to facilitate the safe return to play (RTP) of young persons after sport concussion. DESIGN:   Observational study...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290704/predicting-manual-therapy-treatment-success-in-patients-with-chronic-ankle-instability-improving-self-reported-function
#6
Eric A Wikstrom, Patrick O McKeon
CONTEXT: Therapeutic modalities that stimulate sensory receptors around the foot-ankle complex improve chronic ankle instability (CAI)-associated impairments. However, not all patients have equal responses to these modalities. Identifying predictors of treatment success could improve clinician efficiency when treating patients with CAI. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a response analysis on existing data to identify predictors of improved self-reported function in patients with CAI...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207294/validity-of-core-temperature-measurements-at-3-rectal-depths-during-rest-exercise-cold-water-immersion-and-recovery
#7
Kevin C Miller, Lexie E Hughes, Blaine C Long, William M Adams, Douglas J Casa
CONTEXT:  No evidence-based recommendation exists regarding how far clinicians should insert a rectal thermistor to obtain the most valid estimate of core temperature. Knowing the validity of temperatures at different rectal depths has implications for exertional heat-stroke (EHS) management. OBJECTIVE:  To determine whether rectal temperature (Trec) taken at 4 cm, 10 cm, or 15 cm from the anal sphincter provides the most valid estimate of core temperature (as determined by esophageal temperature [Teso]) during similar stressors an athlete with EHS may experience...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263694/thank-you-to-guest-reviewers
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156130/evaluation-of-various-cooling-systems-after-exercise-induced-hyperthermia
#9
Pearl M S Tan, Eunice Y N Teo, Noreffendy B Ali, Bryan C H Ang, Iswady Iskandar, Lydia Y L Law, Jason K W Lee
CONTEXT: Rapid diagnosis and expeditious cooling of individuals with exertional heat stroke is paramount for survival. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of various cooling systems after exercise-induced hyperthermia. DESIGN: Crossover study. SETTING: Laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two men (age = 24 ± 2 years, height = 1.76 ± 0.07 m, mass = 70.7 ± 9.5 kg) participated. INTERVENTION(S): Each participant completed a treadmill walk until body core temperature reached 39...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145740/adaptive-alterations-in-shoulder-range-of-motion-and-strength-in-young-tennis-players
#10
Benoit Gillet, Mickaël Begon, Violaine Sevrez, Christian Berger-Vachon, Isabelle Rogowski
CONTEXT: Playing tennis requires unilateral and intensive movement of the upper limb, which may lead to functional adaptations of the shoulder and an increased injury risk. Identifying which athletes will be future elite tennis players starts at 5 to 6 years of age. Therefore, highly skilled players practice intensively in their childhood. However, whether these functional changes occur during the prepubertal years has not been established. OBJECTIVES: To assess changes in glenohumeral-joint-rotation range of motion and strength of the shoulder-complex muscles in prepubertal elite tennis players...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145739/achilles-tendon-loading-during-heel-raising-and-lowering-exercises
#11
Andrew Revak, Keith Diers, Thomas W Kernozek, Naghmeh Gheidi, Christina Olbrantz
CONTEXT: Achilles tendinopathies are common injuries during sport participation, although men are more prone to Achilles tendon injuries than women. Heel-raising and -lowering exercises are typically suggested for Achilles tendon rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To compare the estimated Achilles tendon loading variables and the ankle range of motion (ROM) using a musculoskeletal model during commonly performed heel-raising and -lowering exercises. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140625/ncaa-football-off-season-training-unanswered-prayers%C3%A2-a-prayer-answered
#12
Scott Anderson
Off-season training in year-round collegiate football is purported to be performance enhancing. Absent principles of exercise physiology, excesses in sport-training regimens pose risk to the participant athletes. Since 2000, 33 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) football players have died in sport: 27 nontraumatic deaths and 6 traumatic deaths, a ratio of 4.5 nontraumatic deaths for every traumatic death. On average, 2 NCAA football players die per season. Best practices, consensus guidelines, and precautions are ignored, elevating the risk...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140624/normative-data-for-the-neurocom-sensory-organization-test-in-us-military-special-operations-forces
#13
Erin R Pletcher, Valerie J Williams, John P Abt, Paul M Morgan, Jeffrey J Parr, Meleesa F Wohleber, Mita Lovalekar, Timothy C Sell
CONTEXT: Postural stability is the ability to control the center of mass in relation to a person's base of support and can be affected by both musculoskeletal injury and traumatic brain injury. The NeuroCom Sensory Organization Test (SOT) can be used to objectively quantify impairments to postural stability. The ability of postural stability to predict injury and be used as an acute injury-evaluation tool makes it essential to the screening and rehabilitation process. To our knowledge, no published normative data for the SOT from a healthy, highly active population are available for use as a reference for clinical decision making...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125270/response-to-tendon-vibration-questions-the-underlying-rationale-of-proprioceptive-training
#14
Anat Vilnai Lubetzky, Sarah Westcott McCoy, Robert Price, Deborah Kartin
CONTEXT: Proprioceptive training on compliant surfaces is used to rehabilitate and prevent ankle sprains. The ability to improve proprioceptive function via such training has been questioned. Achilles tendon vibration is used in motor-control research as a form of proprioceptive stimulus. Using measures of postural steadiness with nonlinear measures to elucidate control mechanisms, tendon vibration can be applied to investigate the underlying rationale of proprioceptive training. OBJECTIVE: To test whether the effect of vibration on young adults' postural control depended on the support surface...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118030/the-epidemiology-of-severe-injuries-sustained-by-national-collegiate-athletic-association-student-athletes-2009-2010-through-2014-2015
#15
Melissa C Kay, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Aaron D Gray, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT: Few researchers have described the incidence of the most severe injuries sustained by student-athletes at the collegiate level. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of severe injuries within 25 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports in the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: Aggregate injury and exposure data from 25 NCAA sports. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Collegiate student-athletes in the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092165/recommendations-for-best-disinfectant-practices-to-reduce-the-spread-of-infection-via-wrestling-mats
#16
Linda Mull Young, Vicki Abram Motz, Emily R Markey, Suzanne C Young, Ronald E Beaschler
CONTEXT: At the request of the National Wrestling Coaches Association and the head wrestling coach at our university, we conducted a study of infection transmission in collegiate wrestlers. OBJECTIVE: To examine disinfectant effectiveness and develop best-practice guidelines for minimizing the spread of skin infections via wrestling mats. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study and crossover study. SETTING: Laboratory and two 15-college wrestling invitational meets...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071936/concussion-baseline-testing-preexisting-factors-symptoms-and-neurocognitive-performance
#17
Jordan E Cottle, Eric E Hall, Kirtida Patel, Kenneth P Barnes, Caroline J Ketcham
CONTEXT: Neurocognitive test scores are often considered an important aspect of concussion management. To best use these data, clinicians must understand potential factors that may influence baseline performance on these tests. OBJECTIVE: To determine preexisting factors that may influence performance on the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Research laboratory...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157403/athletic-trainer-services-in-public-and-private-secondary-schools
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Alicia M Pike, Riana R Pryor, Lesley W Vandermark, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Douglas J Casa
CONTEXT:  The presence of athletic trainers (ATs) in secondary schools to provide medical care is crucial, especially with the rise in sports participation and resulting high volume of injuries. Previous authors have investigated the level of AT services offered, but the differences in medical care offered between the public and private sectors have not been explored. OBJECTIVE:  To compare the level of AT services in public and private secondary schools. DESIGN:  Concurrent mixed-methods study...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977302/organizational-infrastructure-in-the-collegiate-athletic-training-setting-part-iii-benefits-of-and-barriers-in-the-medical-and-academic-models
#19
Christianne M Eason, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Ashley Goodman
CONTEXT:  Academic and medical models are emerging as alternatives to the athletics model, which is the more predominant model in the collegiate athletic training setting. Little is known about athletic trainers' (ATs') perceptions of these models. OBJECTIVE:  To investigate the perceived benefits of and barriers in the medical and academic models. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I, II, and III...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977301/organizational-infrastructure-in-the-collegiate-athletic-training-setting-part-ii-benefits-of-and-barriers-in-the-athletics-model
#20
Ashley Goodman, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason
CONTEXT:  The athletics model, in which athletic training clinical programs are part of the athletics department, is the predominant model in the collegiate athletic training setting. Little is known about athletic trainers' (ATs') perceptions of this model, particularly as it relates to organizational hierarchy. OBJECTIVE:  To explore the perceived benefits of and barriers in the athletics model. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I and III...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
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