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Journal of Athletic Training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809606/a-comparative-meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-concussion-on-a-computerized-neurocognitive-test-and-self-reported-symptoms
#1
Bara Alsalaheen, Kayla Stockdale, Dana Pechumer, Steven P Broglio, Gregory F Marchetti
CONTEXT:   Meta-analyses examining construct-specific cognitive impairment concurrently with self-reported symptoms postconcussion are sparse. OBJECTIVE:   To review the literature on the effects of concussion on construct-specific neurocognitive declines and to compare them with self-reported symptoms before 1 week and between 1 and 3 weeks postconcussion. DATA SOURCES:   Relevant studies in PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO published from January 1, 1999 through November 30, 2015...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800252/progressive-changes-in-walking-kinematics-and-kinetics-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-and-reconstruction-a-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Lindsay V Slater, Joseph M Hart, Adam R Kelly, Christopher M Kuenze
CONTEXT:   Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and ACL reconstruction (ACLR) result in persistent alterations in lower extremity movement patterns. The progression of lower extremity biomechanics from the time of injury has not been described. OBJECTIVE:   To compare the 3-dimensional (3D) lower extremity kinematics and kinetics of walking among individuals with ACL deficiency (ACLD), individuals with ACLR, and healthy control participants from 3 to 64 months after ACLR...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796530/athletic-trainers-roles-and-responsibilities-regarding-academic-adjustments-as-part-of-the-concussion-management-process-in-the-secondary-school-setting
#3
Cailee E Welch Bacon, Melissa C Kay, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
CONTEXT:   Athletic trainers (ATs) play a vital role in managing the care of student-athletes after a sport-related concussion, yet little is known about their specific involvement in the implementation of academic adjustments as part of the concussion-management plan. OBJECTIVE:   To explore ATs' perceived roles and responsibilities regarding the implementation of academic adjustments for concussed student-athletes. DESIGN:   Qualitative study...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796528/acute-passive-static-stretching-and-cramp-threshold-frequency
#4
Gino Panza, Justin Stadler, Donal Murray, Nicholas Lerma, Tomas Barrett, Ryan Pettit-Mee, Jeffrey E Edwards
CONTEXT:   Exercise-associated muscle cramps are a common clinical problem for athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To determine whether acute passive static stretching altered cramp threshold frequency (CTF) of electrically induced muscle cramps. DESIGN:   Crossover study. SETTING:   Laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Seventeen healthy college-aged individuals. INTERVENTION(S):   Stretching or no stretching...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787183/clinician-friendly-physical-performance-tests-for-the-hip-ankle-and-foot
#5
Joseph H Vogler, Alexander J Csiernik, Marissa K Yorgey, Jerrod J Harrison, Kenneth E Games
Reference:  Hegedus EJ, McDonough SM, Bleakley C, Baxter D, Cook CE. Clinician-friendly lower extremity physical performance tests in athletes: a systematic review of measurement properties and correlation with injury. Part 2: the tests for the hip, thigh, foot, and ankle including the Star Excursion Balance Test. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49(10):649-656. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Do individual physical performance tests (PPTs) for the lower extremity have any relation to injury in athletes 12 years of age and older? DATA SOURCES:   The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed to locate articles...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787180/reliability-and-validity-of-the-belt-stabilized-handheld-dynamometer-in-hip-and-knee-strength-tests
#6
Jaqueline Martins, Janaina Rodrigues da Silva, Marcelo Rodrigues Barbosa da Silva, Débora Bevilaqua-Grossi
CONTEXT:   The belt-stabilized handheld dynamometer (HHD) has been used to assess the strength of knee- and hip-muscle groups. However, few researchers have examined its reliability and validity for assessing the strength of these muscles. OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate the intraexaminer reliability of the belt-stabilized HHD and its validity and agreement with the isokinetic dynamometer for assessing the strength of knee- and hip-muscle groups. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787176/validity-of-the-digital-inclinometer-and-iphone-when-measuring-thoracic-spine-rotation
#7
Jonathan Bucke, Simon Spencer, Louise Fawcett, Lawrence Sonvico, Alison Rushton, Nicola R Heneghan
CONTEXT:   Spinal axial rotation is required for many functional and sporting activities. Eighty percent of axial rotation occurs in the thoracic spine. Existing measures of thoracic spine rotation commonly involve laboratory equipment, use a seated position, and include lumbar motion. A simple performance-based outcome measure would allow clinicians to evaluate isolated thoracic spine rotation. Currently, no valid measure exists. OBJECTIVE:   To explore the criterion and concurrent validity of a digital inclinometer (DI) and iPhone Clinometer app (iPhone) for measuring thoracic spine rotation using the heel-sit position...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771033/the-ability-of-an-aftermarket-helmet-add-on-device-to-reduce-impact-force-accelerations-during-drop-tests
#8
Katherine Breedlove, Evan Breedlove, Eric Nauman, Thomas Bowman, Monica R Lininger
CONTEXT:   The Guardian Cap provides a soft covering intended to mitigate energy transfer to the head during football contact. Yet how well it attenuates impacts remains unknown. OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate the changes in the Gadd Severity Index (GSI) and linear acceleration during drop tests on helmeted headforms with or without Guardian Caps. DESIGN:   Crossover study. SETTING:   Laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Nine new football helmets sent directly from the manufacturer...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771032/reliability-of-computerized-neurocognitive-tests-for-concussion-assessment-a-meta-analysis
#9
James L Farnsworth, Lucas Dargo, Brian G Ragan, Minsoo Kang
OBJECTIVE:   Although widely used, computerized neurocognitive tests (CNTs) have been criticized because of low reliability and poor sensitivity. A systematic review was published summarizing the reliability of Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) scores; however, this was limited to a single CNT. Expansion of the previous review to include additional CNTs and a meta-analysis is needed. Therefore, our purpose was to analyze reliability data for CNTs using meta-analysis and examine moderating factors that may influence reliability...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704635/rehabilitation-and-improvement-of-health-related-quality-of-life-detriments-in-individuals-with-chronic-ankle-instability-a-meta-analysis
#10
Cameron J Powden, Johanna M Hoch, Matthew C Hoch
OBJECTIVE:   To conduct a systematic review with meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness of conservative rehabilitation programs for improving health-related quality of life (HRQL) in individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI). DATA SOURCES:   PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus were searched from inception to January 2016. STUDY SELECTION:   Studies were included if the researchers examined the effects of a conservative rehabilitation protocol in individuals with CAI, used validated patient-reported outcomes (PROs) to quantify participant-perceived HRQL, and provided adequate data to calculate the effect sizes (ESs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535097/comparative-effectiveness-of-plantar-massage-techniques-on-postural-control-in-those-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#11
Erik A Wikstrom, Kyeongtak Song, Ashley Lea, Nastassia Brown
CONTEXT:   One of the major concerns after an acute lateral ankle sprain is the potential for development of chronic ankle instability (CAI). The existing research has determined that clinician-delivered plantar massage improves postural control in those with CAI. However, the effectiveness of self-administered treatments and the underlying cause of any improvements remain unclear. OBJECTIVES:   To determine (1) the effectiveness of a self-administered plantar-massage treatment in those with CAI as well and (2) whether the postural-control improvements were due to the stimulation of the plantar cutaneous receptors...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813185/table-of-contents
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813184/masthead
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722468/evaluating-the-recovery-curve-for-clinically-assessed-reaction-time-after-concussion
#14
Gianluca Del Rossi
CONTEXT:   A change in reaction time is one of various clinical measures of neurocognitive function that can be monitored after concussion and has been reported to be among the most sensitive indicators of cognitive impairment. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the timeline for clinically assessed simple reaction time to return to baseline after a concussion in high school athletes. DESIGN:   Observational study. SETTING:   Athletic training room...
August 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722467/the-influence-of-lower-extremity-lean-mass-on-landing-biomechanics-during-prolonged-exercise
#15
Melissa M Montgomery, Amanda J Tritsch, John R Cone, Randy J Schmitz, Robert A Henson, Sandra J Shultz
CONTEXT:   The extent to which lower extremity lean mass (LELM) relative to total body mass influences one's ability to maintain safe landing biomechanics during prolonged exercise when injury incidence increases is unknown. OBJECTIVES:   To examine the influence of LELM on (1) pre-exercise lower extremity biomechanics and (2) changes in biomechanics during an intermittent exercise protocol (IEP) and (3) determine whether these relationships differ by sex. We hypothesized that less LELM would predict higher-risk baseline biomechanics and greater changes toward higher-risk biomechanics during the IEP...
August 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715283/temperate-water-immersion-as-a-treatment-for-hyperthermic-humans-wearing-american-football-uniforms
#16
Kevin C Miller, Tyler Truxton, Blaine Long
CONTEXT:   Cold-water immersion (CWI; 10°C) can effectively reduce body core temperature even if a hyperthermic human is wearing a full American football uniform (PADS) during treatment. Temperate-water immersion (TWI; 21°C) may be an effective alternative to CWI if resources for the latter (eg, ice) are unavailable. OBJECTIVE:   To measure rectal temperature (Trec) cooling rates, thermal sensation, and Environmental Symptoms Questionnaire (ESQ) scores of participants wearing PADS or shorts, undergarments, and socks (NOpads) before, during, and after TWI...
August 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715282/player-and-game-characteristics-and-head-impacts-in-female-youth-ice-hockey-players
#17
Nick Reed, Tim Taha, Richard Greenwald, Michelle Keightley
CONTEXT:   Despite the growing popularity of ice hockey among female youth and interest in the biomechanics of head impacts in sport, the head impacts sustained by this population have yet to be characterized. OBJECTIVES:   To describe the number of, biomechanical characteristics of, and exposure to head impacts of female youth ice hockey players during competition and to investigate the influences of player and game characteristics on head impacts. DESIGN:   Cohort study...
August 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662349/injury-surveillance-of-head-neck-and-facial-injuries-in-collegiate-ice-hockey-players-2009-2010-through-2013-2014-academic-years
#18
Molly MacMhathan Simmons, David I Swedler, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Ice hockey is a high-speed, full-contact sport with a high risk of head/face/neck (HFN) injuries. However, men's and women's ice hockey differ; checking is allowed only among men. OBJECTIVES:   To describe the epidemiology of HFN injuries in collegiate men's and women's ice hockey during the 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 academic years. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Ice hockey data from the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Injury Surveillance Program during the 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 academic years...
August 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661204/user-survey-of-3-ankle-braces-in-soccer-volleyball-and-running-which-brace-fits-best
#19
Kasper Janssen, Anjulie Van Den Berg, Willem Van Mechelen, Evert Verhagen
CONTEXT:   Recurrence rates for ankle sprains are high. Therefore, preventive measures such as ankle bracing during sports are recommended. OBJECTIVE:   To systematically evaluate the perceived ease of use, quality, comfort, stability, and hindrance of and the overall satisfaction with 3 contemporary brace types in 3 types of sports. DESIGN:   Randomized comparative user survey. SETTING:   Recreational sports: soccer, volleyball, and running...
August 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650700/the-size-and-scope-of-collegiate-athletic-training-facilities-and-staffing
#20
Andrew R Gallucci, Jeffrey C Petersen
CONTEXT:   Athletic training facilities have been described in terms of general design concepts and from operational perspectives. However, the size and scope of athletic training facilities, along with staffing at different levels of intercollegiate competition, have not been quantified. OBJECTIVE:   To define the size and scope of athletic training facilities and staffing levels at various levels of intercollegiate competition. To determine if differences existed in facilities (eg, number of facilities, size of facilities) and staffing (eg, full time, part time) based on the level of intercollegiate competition...
August 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
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