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Journal of Athletic Training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775379/decision-to-return-to-sport-participation-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-part-ii-self-reported-and-functional-performance-outcomes
#1
Jennifer L Werner, Julie P Burland, Carl G Mattacola, Jenny Toonstra, Robert A English, Jennifer S Howard
CONTEXT:   Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR) is the most commonly used method for helping athletes regain function and return to preinjury activity levels after ACL injury. Outcomes after ACLR have suggested that athletes return to a level of function that would support a return to sport participation; however, in a recent meta-analysis, pooled return rates were only 55%. It is unclear whether this discrepancy is a result of functional impairments. OBJECTIVE:   To compare patient-reported outcomes (PROs), dynamic balance, dynamic functional performance, strength, and muscular endurance in athletes who have returned to sport (RTS) and athletes who have not returned to sport (NRTS) after ACLR...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771139/it-s-a-hard-knock-life-game-load-fatigue-and-injury-risk-in-the-national-basketball-association
#2
Melanie Lewis
CONTEXT:   National Basketball Association (NBA) athletes experience a high rate of injuries. Injury prevention requires identifying observable and controllable risk factors. OBJECTIVE:   To examine the relationship among game load, fatigue, and injuries in NBA athletes. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. SETTING:   Game statistics and injury reports over 3 NBA seasons (2012-2015). PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Data represented 627 players (height = 200...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771138/rate-of-upper-extremity-injury-in-high-school-baseball-pitchers-who-played-catcher-as-a-secondary-position
#3
Elizabeth E Hibberd, Sakiko Oyama, Joseph B Myers
CONTEXT:   Many high school pitchers play another position after they have finished pitching for the day or on their rest days from pitching. Because of the cumulative demands on the arm, pitchers who also play catcher may have a greater risk of developing a throwing-related shoulder or elbow injury. OBJECTIVE:   To compare the rate of throwing-related upper extremity injuries between high school baseball pitchers who also played catcher as a secondary position and those who did not play catcher...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749751/visual-motor-control-of-drop-landing-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#4
Dustin R Grooms, Ajit Chaudhari, Stephen J Page, Deborah S Nichols-Larsen, James A Onate
CONTEXT:   Visual feedback is crucial in the control of human movement. When vision is obstructed, alterations in landing neuromuscular control may increase movements that place individuals at risk for injury. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury may further alter the motor-control response to alterations in visual feedback. The development of stroboscopic glasses that disrupt visual feedback without fully obscuring it has enabled researchers to assess visual-motor control during movements that simulate the dynamic demands of athletic activity...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693423/landing-kinematics-in-elite-male-youth-soccer-players-of-different-chronologic-age-and-stage-of-maturation
#5
Paul J Read, Jon L Oliver, Mark B A De Ste Croix, Gregory D Myer, Rhodri S Lloyd
CONTEXT:   Despite the high frequency of knee injuries in athletes, few researchers have studied the effects of chronologic age and stage of maturation on knee-joint kinematics in male youth soccer players. OBJECTIVE:   To use a coach-friendly screening tool to examine knee-valgus scores for players of different ages and at different stages of maturation. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. SETTING:   Academy soccer clubs...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693422/radius-of-care-in-secondary-schools-in-the-midwest-are-automated-external-defibrillators-sufficiently-accessible-to-enable-optimal-patient-care
#6
Michael Osterman, Tina Claiborne, Victor Liberi
CONTEXT:   Sudden cardiac arrest is the leading cause of death among young athletes. According to the American Heart Association, an automated external defibrillator (AED) should be available within a 1- to 1.5-minute brisk walk from the patient for the highest chance of survival. Secondary school personnel have reported a lack of understanding about the proper number and placement of AEDs for optimal patient care. OBJECTIVE:   To determine whether fixed AEDs were located within a 1- to 1...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688028/transition-to-practice-for-graduate-assistant-athletic-trainers-providing-medical-care-in-the-secondary-school-setting
#7
Jessica L Kirby, Stacy E Walker, Stephanie M Mazerolle
CONTEXT:   Transition to clinical practice can be challenging for newly credentialed athletic trainers (ATs), who are expected to immediately step into their roles as autonomous clinicians. For those providing care in the secondary school setting, this transition may be complicated by the fact that many practice in isolation from other health care providers. OBJECTIVE:   To explore the transition to practice of newly credentialed graduate assistant ATs providing medical care in the secondary school setting...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667845/development-of-an-instrument-to-assess-athletic-trainers-attitudes-toward-transgender-patients
#8
Kristine A Ensign, Brian M Dodge, Debra Herbenick, Carrie L Docherty
CONTEXT:   The unique contexts in which athletic trainers (ATs) work require specific tools in order to understand their attitudes toward diverse patient populations, including sexual and gender minorities. OBJECTIVE:   To develop and validate the Attitudes Toward Transgender Patients (ATTP) instrument for ATs. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. SETTING:   Semistructured interviews, paper-based questionnaire, and electronic questionnaire...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667844/lower-extremity-biomechanics-during-a-drop-vertical-jump-in-participants-with-or-without-chronic-ankle-instability
#9
C Collin Herb, Kaitlyn Grossman, Mark A Feger, Luke Donovan, Jay Hertel
CONTEXT:   Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is a condition characterized by range-of-motion, neuromuscular, and postural-control deficits and subjective disability, reinjury, and posttraumatic osteoarthritis. Differences have been reported in kinematics, kinetics, surface electromyography (EMG), and ground reaction forces during functional tasks performed by those with CAI. These measures are often collected independently, and the research on collecting measures simultaneously during a movement task is limited...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667429/quadriceps-function-knee-pain-and-self-reported-outcomes-in-patients-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#10
Adam S Lepley, Brian Pietrosimone, Marc L Cormier
CONTEXT:   Interactions among muscle strength, pain, and self-reported outcomes in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) are not well understood. Clarifying these interactions is of clinical importance because improving physical and psychological function is thought to optimize outcomes after ACLR. OBJECTIVE:   To examine the relationships among neuromuscular quadriceps function, pain, self-reported knee function, readiness to return to activity, and emotional response to injury both before and after ACLR...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659298/agreement-between-visual-assessment-and-2-dimensional-analysis-during-jump-landing-among-healthy-female-athletes
#11
Alon Rabin, Ofira Einstein, Zvi Kozol
CONTEXT:   Altered movement patterns, including increased frontal-plane knee movement and decreased sagittal-plane hip and knee movement, have been associated with several knee disorders. Nevertheless, the ability of clinicians to visually detect such altered movement patterns during high-speed athletic tasks is relatively unknown. OBJECTIVE:   To explore the association between visual assessment and 2-dimensional (2D) analysis of frontal-plane knee movement and sagittal-plane hip and knee movement during a jump-landing task among healthy female athletes...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652169/contribution-of-neuromuscular-factors-to-quadriceps-asymmetry-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#12
Alexa K Johnson, Riann M Palmieri-Smith, Lindsey K Lepley
CONTEXT:   To quantify quadriceps weakness after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), researchers have often analyzed only peak torque. However, analyzing other characteristics of the waveform, such as the rate of torque development (RTD), time to peak torque (TTP), and central activation ratio (CAR), can lend insight into the underlying neuromuscular factors that regulate torque development. OBJECTIVE:   To determine if interlimb neuromuscular asymmetry was present in patients with ACLR at the time of clearance to return to activity...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569944/shoulder-taping-and-neuromuscular-control
#13
Suzanne J Snodgrass, Scott F Farrell, Henry Tsao, Peter G Osmotherly, Darren A Rivett, Lucy S Chipchase, Siobhan M Schabrun
CONTEXT:   Scapular taping can offer clinical benefit to some patients with shoulder pain; however, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Understanding these mechanisms may guide the development of treatment strategies for managing neuromusculoskeletal shoulder conditions. OBJECTIVE:   To examine the mechanisms underpinning the benefits of scapular taping. DESIGN:   Descriptive laboratory study. SETTING:   University laboratory...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569943/whole-body-vibration-training-and-balance-in-recreational-athletes-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#14
Rafael Sierra-Guzmán, Fernando Jiménez-Diaz, Carlos Ramírez, Paula Esteban, Javier Abián-Vicén
CONTEXT:   Deficits in the propioceptive system of the ankle contribute to chronic ankle instability (CAI). Recently, whole-body-vibration training has been introduced as a preventive and rehabilitative tool. OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate how a 6-week WBV training program on an unstable surface affected balance and body composition in recreational athletes with CAI. DESIGN:   Randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING:   Research laboratory...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565643/delivering-chest-compressions-and-ventilations-with-and-without-men-s-lacrosse-equipment
#15
Michael D Clark, Mikaela P Davis, Meredith A Petschauer, Erik E Swartz, Jason P Mihalik
CONTEXT:   Current management recommendations for equipment-laden athletes in sudden cardiac arrest regarding whether to remove protective sports equipment before delivering cardiopulmonary resuscitation are unclear. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the effect of men's lacrosse equipment on chest compression and ventilation quality on patient simulators. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. SETTING:   Controlled laboratory...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543036/an-examination-of-adolescent-athletes-and-nonathletes-on-baseline-neuropsychological-test-scores
#16
Christopher P Tomczyk, Megan Mormile, Megan S Wittenberg, Jody L Langdon, Tamerah N Hunt
CONTEXT:   An estimated 15.3 million adolescent students are enrolled in U.S. high schools, with approximately 7.8 million participating in athletics. Researchers have examined various demographics in high school athletes; however, athletic participation may play a larger role in test performance than previously thought. Currently, investigations of concussion assessment may rely on uninjured athletes as controls. However, due to the intense nature of athletics, this may not be an appropriate practice...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528687/peak-lower-extremity-landing-kinematics-in-dancers-and-nondancers
#17
Bethany L Hansberger, Shellie Acocello, Lindsay V Slater, Joseph M Hart, Jatin P Ambegaonkar
CONTEXT:   Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries often occur during jump landings and can have detrimental short-term and long-term functional effects on quality of life. Despite frequently performing jump landings, dancers have lower incidence rates of ACL injury than other jump-landing athletes. Planned versus unplanned activities and footwear may explain differing ACL-injury rates among dancers and nondancers. Still, few researchers have compared landing biomechanics between dancers and nondancers...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505304/decision-to-return-to-sport-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-part-i-a-qualitative-investigation-of-psychosocial-factors
#18
Julie P Burland, Jenny Toonstra, Jennifer L Werner, Carl G Mattacola, Dana M Howell, Jennifer S Howard
CONTEXT:   Return-to-sport criteria after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury are often based on "satisfactory" functional and patient-reported outcomes. However, an individual's decision to return to sport is likely multifactorial; psychological and physical readiness to return may not be synonymous. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the psychosocial factors that influence the decision to return to sport in athletes 1 year post-ACL reconstruction (ACLR)...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775421/probability-of-heat-intolerance-standardized-interpretation-of-heat-tolerance-testing-results-versus-specialist-judgment
#19
Haggai Schermann, Erin Craig, Einat Yanovich, Itay Ketko, Gary Kalmanovich, Ran Yanovich
CONTEXT:   The heat-tolerance test (HTT) is a screening tool for secondary prevention of exertional heat illness by the Israel Defense Forces. To discern participant tolerance, recruits are exposed to intermediate environmental and exercise stresses, and their physiological responses, core temperature, and heart rate are monitored. When their physiological measures rise at a higher rate or exceed the upper levels of absolute values compared with other participants, heat intolerance (HI) is diagnosed...
April 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624454/a-growing-consensus-for-change-in-interpretation-of-clinical-research-evidence
#20
Gary B Wilkerson, Craig R Denegar
CONTEXT:   The paradigm of evidence-based practice (EBP) is well established among the health care professions, but perspectives on the best methods for acquiring, analyzing, appraising, and using research evidence are evolving. BACKGROUND:   The EBP paradigm has shifted away from a hierarchy of research-evidence quality to recognize that multiple research methods can yield evidence to guide clinicians and patients through a decision-making process. Whereas the "frequentist" approach to data interpretation through hypothesis testing has been the dominant analytical method used by and taught to athletic training students and scholars, this approach is not optimal for integrating evidence into routine clinical practice...
March 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
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