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Journal of Athletic Training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722468/evaluating-the-recovery-curve-for-clinically-assessed-reaction-time-after-concussion
#1
Gianluca Del Rossi
CONTEXT:   A change in reaction time is one of various clinical measures of neurocognitive function that can be monitored after concussion and has been reported to be among the most sensitive indicators of cognitive impairment. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the timeline for clinically assessed simple reaction time to return to baseline after a concussion in high school athletes. DESIGN:   Observational study. SETTING:   Athletic training room...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722467/the-influence-of-lower-extremity-lean-mass-on-landing-biomechanics-during-prolonged-exercise
#2
Melissa M Montgomery, Amanda J Tritsch, John R Cone, Randy J Schmitz, Robert Henson, Sandra J Shultz
CONTEXT:   The extent to which lower extremity lean mass (LELM) relative to total body mass influences one's ability to maintain safe landing biomechanics during prolonged exercise when injury incidence increases is unknown. OBJECTIVES:   To examine the influence of LELM on (1) pre-exercise lower extremity biomechanics and (2) changes in biomechanics during an intermittent exercise protocol (IEP) and (3) determine whether these relationships differ by sex. We hypothesized that less LELM would predict higher-risk baseline biomechanics and greater changes toward higher-risk biomechanics during the IEP...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715283/temperate-water-immersion-as-a-treatment-for-hyperthermic-humans-wearing-american-football-uniforms
#3
Kevin C Miller, Tyler Truxton, Blaine Long
CONTEXT:   Cold-water immersion (CWI; 10°C) can effectively reduce body core temperature even if a hyperthermic human is wearing a full American football uniform (PADS) during treatment. Temperate-water immersion (TWI; 21°C) may be an effective alternative to CWI if resources for the latter (eg, ice) are unavailable. OBJECTIVE:   To measure rectal temperature (Trec) cooling rates, thermal sensation, and Environmental Symptoms Questionnaire (ESQ) scores of participants wearing PADS or shorts, undergarments, and socks (NOpads) before, during, and after TWI...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715282/player-and-game-characteristics-and-head-impacts-in-female-youth-ice-hockey-players
#4
Nick Reed, Tim Taha, Richard Greenwald, Michelle Keightley
CONTEXT:   Despite the growing popularity of ice hockey among female youth and interest in the biomechanics of head impacts in sport, the head impacts sustained by this population have yet to be characterized. OBJECTIVES:   To describe the number of, biomechanical characteristics of, and exposure to head impacts of female youth ice hockey players during competition and to investigate the influences of player and game characteristics on head impacts. DESIGN:   Cohort study...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704635/rehabilitation-and-improvement-of-health-related-quality-of-life-detriments-in-individuals-with-chronic-ankle-instability-a-meta-analysis
#5
Cameron J Powden, Johanna M Hoch, Matthew C Hoch
OBJECTIVE:   To conduct a systematic review with meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness of conservative rehabilitation programs for improving health-related quality of life (HRQL) in individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI). DATA SOURCES:   PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus were searched from inception to January 2016. STUDY SELECTION:   Studies were included if the researchers examined the effects of a conservative rehabilitation protocol in individuals with CAI, used validated patient-reported outcomes (PROs) to quantify participant-perceived HRQL, and provided adequate data to calculate the effect sizes (ESs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662349/injury-surveillance-of-head-neck-and-facial-injuries-in-collegiate-ice-hockey-players-2009-2010-through-2013-2014-academic-years
#6
Molly MacMhathan Simmons, David I Swedler, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Ice hockey is a high-speed, full-contact sport with a high risk of head/face/neck (HFN) injuries. However, men's and women's ice hockey differ; checking is allowed only among men. OBJECTIVES:   To describe the epidemiology of HFN injuries in collegiate men's and women's ice hockey during the 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 academic years. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Ice hockey data from the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Injury Surveillance Program during the 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 academic years...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661204/user-survey-of-3-ankle-braces-in-soccer-volleyball-and-running-which-brace-fits-best
#7
Kasper Janssen, Anjulie Van Den Berg, Willem Van Mechelen, Evert Verhagen
CONTEXT:   Recurrence rates for ankle sprains are high. Therefore, preventive measures such as ankle bracing during sports are recommended. OBJECTIVE:   To systematically evaluate the perceived ease of use, quality, comfort, stability, and hindrance of and the overall satisfaction with 3 contemporary brace types in 3 types of sports. DESIGN:   Randomized comparative user survey. SETTING:   Recreational sports: soccer, volleyball, and running...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650700/the-size-and-scope-of-collegiate-athletic-training-facilities-and-staffing
#8
Andrew R Gallucci, Jeffrey C Petersen
CONTEXT:   Athletic training facilities have been described in terms of general design concepts and from operational perspectives. However, the size and scope of athletic training facilities, along with staffing at different levels of intercollegiate competition, have not been quantified. OBJECTIVE:   To define the size and scope of athletic training facilities and staffing levels at various levels of intercollegiate competition. To determine if differences existed in facilities (eg, number of facilities, size of facilities) and staffing (eg, full time, part time) based on the level of intercollegiate competition...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650685/colored-glasses-to-mitigate-photophobia-symptoms-posttraumatic-brain-injury
#9
Joseph Clark, Kim Hasselfeld, Katy Bigsby, Jon Divine
CONTEXT:   After a concussion or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), patients often suffer from light sensitivity, or photophobia, which contributes to decreased quality of life post-mTBI. Whereas sunglasses may provide some relief from photophobia, they are not practical indoors or in low light. A light-mitigation strategy that can be easily used indoors as needed to optimize the relief. We have found that many photophobic patients experience relief using colored sunglasses. OBJECTIVE:   To provide the athletic trainer with a means and method to assess whether an athlete is suffering from photophobia after concussion and to determine if colored glasses provide relief...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574752/athletic-trainers-perceptions-of-and-barriers-to-patient-care-documentation-a-report-from-the-athletic-training-practice-based-research-network
#10
Cailee E Welch Bacon, Bradly L Eppelheimer, Tricia M Kasamatsu, Kenneth C Lam, Sara L Nottingham
CONTEXT:   For the practice characteristics of the services athletic trainers (ATs) provide to be identified, all ATs must complete high-quality patient care documentation. However, little is known about ATs' perceptions of patient care documentation or the potential barriers they may encounter while trying to ensure high-quality documentation. OBJECTIVE:   To explore ATs' perceptions of and barriers to patient care documentation via the Clinical Outcomes Research Education for Athletic Trainers electronic medical record system in the secondary school setting...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574751/athletic-trainers-reasons-for-and-mechanics-of-documenting-patient-care-a-report-from-the-athletic-training-practice-based-research-network
#11
Sara L Nottingham, Kenneth C Lam, Tricia M Kasamatsu, Bradly L Eppelheimer, Cailee E Welch Bacon
CONTEXT:   Documenting patient care is an important responsibility of athletic trainers (ATs). However, little is known about ATs' reasons for documenting patient care and mechanics of completing documentation tasks. OBJECTIVE:   To understand ATs' perceptions about reasons for and the mechanics of patient care documentation. DESIGN:   Qualitative study. SETTING:   Individual telephone interviews with Athletic Training Practice-Based Research Network members...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561626/sex-differences-in-high-school-athletes-knowledge-of-sport-related-concussion-symptoms-and-reporting-behaviors
#12
Jessica Wallace, Tracey Covassin, Erica Beidler
CONTEXT: Recent researchers have reported that athletes' knowledge of sport-related concussion (SRC) has increased but that athletes still lack knowledge of all the signs and symptoms of SRC. Understanding the signs and symptoms of SRC and the dangers of playing while symptomatic are critical to reporting behaviors in high school athletes. OBJECTIVE: To examine sex differences in knowledge of SRC symptoms and reasons for not reporting a suspected SRC to an authoritative figure in high school athletes...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535099/do-sideline-concussion-assessments-predict-subsequent-neurocognitive-impairment-after-sport-related-concussion
#13
Alicia Sufrinko, Jamie McAllister-Deitrick, Melissa Womble, Anthony Kontos
CONTEXT:   Comprehensive, multi-domain assessment is the standard of care after sport-related concussion. However, the relationship between performance on sideline concussion-assessment tools and in-office computerized neurocognitive testing has received little attention, and the prognostic utility of sideline measures is unknown. OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate concurrent impairment on commonly used concussion measures 24 to 48 hours postinjury while also determining the predictive utility of sideline measures on computerized neurocognitive testing in the acute to subacute recovery periods postinjury...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535098/ball-contact-injuries-in-11-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports-the-injury-surveillance-program-2009-2010-through-2014-2015
#14
Melissa A Fraser, Dustin R Grooms, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Surveillance data regarding injuries caused by ball contact in collegiate athletes have not been well examined and are mostly limited to discussions of concussions and catastrophic injuries. OBJECTIVE:   To describe the epidemiology of ball-contact injuries in 11 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Convenience sample of NCAA programs in 11 sports (men's football, women's field hockey, women's volleyball, men's baseball, women's softball, men's and women's basketball, men's and women's lacrosse, and men's and women's soccer) during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535097/comparative-effectiveness-of-plantar-massage-techniques-on-postural-control-in-those-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#15
Erik A Wikstrom, Kyeongtak Song, Ashley Lea, Nastassia Brown
CONTEXT:   One of the major concerns after an acute lateral ankle sprain is the potential for development of chronic ankle instability (CAI). The existing research has determined that clinician-delivered plantar massage improves postural control in those with CAI. However, the effectiveness of self-administered treatments and the underlying cause of any improvements remain unclear. OBJECTIVES:   To determine (1) the effectiveness of a self-administered plantar-massage treatment in those with CAI as well and (2) whether the postural-control improvements were due to the stimulation of the plantar cutaneous receptors...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535096/mandated-high-school-concussion-education-and-collegiate-athletes-understanding-of-concussion
#16
Miriam Carroll-Alfano
CONTEXT:   Concussions in student-athletes are a serious problem. Most states have enacted legislation mandating concussion education for student-athletes, under the assumption that education leads to better self-reporting of concussions and improved knowledge of symptoms. OBJECTIVE:   (1) To determine the effect of state-based concussion legislation on the proportion of student-athletes receiving concussion education and to assess the moderation of this effect by gender and sport and (2) to assess the effect of concussion education on student-athletes' knowledge of concussion symptoms and likelihood of seeking treatment after a concussion...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530512/deaflympians-satisfaction-with-athletic-training-services-at-the-2013-deaflympic-summer-games
#17
Matthew Paul Brancaleone, René Revis Shingles, Nailya DeLellis
CONTEXT:   Athletic trainers have the opportunity to treat unique populations. Determining athletes' satisfaction with the athletic training services supplied can offer insights into how to improve the health care provided to athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To explore Deaflympians' satisfaction with athletic training services at the 2013 Deaflympic Summer Games. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional survey. SETTING:   The 2013 Deaflympic Summer Games in Sofia, Bulgaria...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459281/self-managed-exercises-strength-and-fitness-training-and-multifidus-muscle-size-in-elite-footballers
#18
Julie A Hides, Jazmin Walsh, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, M Dilani Mendis
CONTEXT:   Low back pain (LBP) and lower limb injuries are common among Australian Football League (AFL) players. Smaller size of 1 key trunk muscle, the lumbar multifidus (MF), has been associated with LBP and injuries in footballers. The size of the MF muscle has been shown to be modifiable with supervised motor-control training programs. Among AFL players, supervised motor-control training has also been shown to reduce the incidence of lower limb injuries and was associated with increased player availability for games...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722492/table-of-contents
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722491/comparative-effectiveness-of-plantar-massage-techniques-on-postural-control-in-those-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#20
Erik A Wikstrom, Kyeongtak Song, Ashley Lea, Nastassia Brown
CONTEXT:   One of the major concerns after an acute lateral ankle sprain is the potential for development of chronic ankle instability (CAI). The existing research has determined that clinician-delivered plantar massage improves postural control in those with CAI. However, the effectiveness of self-administered treatments and the underlying cause of any improvements remain unclear. OBJECTIVES:   To determine (1) the effectiveness of a self-administered plantar-massage treatment in those with CAI and (2) whether the postural-control improvements were due to the stimulation of the plantar cutaneous receptors...
July 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
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