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Journal of Athletic Training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30226790/an-examination-of-relationships-among-resiliency-hardiness-affectivity-and-work-life-balance-in-collegiate-athletic-trainers
#1
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason, Ashley Goodman
CONTEXT:  A multilevel model has been used to describe the complex nature of work-life balance in sport organizations. Organizational aspects such as work scheduling, hours worked, job demands, and decreased perceived value have been reported as factors that can positively or negatively affect work-life balance. However, the individual factors that contribute to this balance have not been well studied. OBJECTIVE:  To better understand the individual factors (emotional stability and coping) that may facilitate or inhibit work-life balance among athletic trainers (ATs)...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221981/removal-of-the-long-spine-board-from-clinical-practice-a-historical-perspective
#2
Francis X Feld
Since the early 1970s, initial management of patients with suspected spinal injuries has involved the use of a cervical collar and long spine board for full immobilization, which was thought to prevent additional injury to the cervical spine. Despite a growing body of literature demonstrating the detrimental effects and questionable efficacy of spinal immobilization, the practice continued until 2013, when the National Association of EMS Physicians issued a position statement1 calling for a reduction in the use of spinal immobilization and a shift to spinal-motion restriction...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212235/contrast-baths-intramuscular-hemodynamics-and-oxygenation-as-monitored-by-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#3
Babak Shadgan, Amir H Pakravan, Alison Hoens, W Darlene Reid
CONTEXT:   Contrast baths (CB) is a thermal treatment modality used in sports medicine, athletic training, and rehabilitation settings. Proposed physiological effects of CB include increasing tissue blood flow and oxygenation and decreasing tissue swelling and edema to promote better healing, improved limb function, and quicker recovery. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the physiological effects of CB on the intramuscular hemodynamics and oxygenation of the lower leg muscles using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), an optical method for monitoring changes in tissue oxygenated (O2 Hb), deoxygenated (HHb), and total hemoglobin (tHb) as well as tissue oxygen saturation index (TSI%)...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212234/assessment-of-evidence-based-health-and-safety-policies-on-sudden-death-in-secondary-school-athletics-a-benchmark-study
#4
William M Adams, Samantha E Scarneo, Douglas J Casa
CONTEXT:   Implementation of best-practice health and safety policies has been shown to be effective at reducing the risk of sudden death in sport; however, little is known about the extent to which these policies are required within secondary school athletics. OBJECTIVE:   To examine best-practice health and safety policies pertaining to the leading causes of sudden death and concussion management in sport mandated at the state level for secondary school athletics...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198745/demographic-parental-and-personal-factors-and-youth-athletes-concussion-related-knowledge-and-beliefs
#5
Johna K Register-Mihalik, Richelle M Williams, Stephen W Marshall, Laura A Linnan, Jason P Mihalik, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
CONTEXT:   Currently, significant attention is focused on improving care for patients with concussions through legislative mandates that include educational interventions. Few researchers have examined young athletes' concussion knowledge and the factors that may influence their knowledge. OBJECTIVE:   To use the socioecological model to examine demographic, parental, and personal factors associated with youth athletes' knowledge of concussion. Our ultimate goal is to inform the planning and implementation of youth sport concussion-related interventions...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30138047/the-first-decade-of-web-based-sports-injury-surveillance-descriptive-epidemiology-of-injuries-in-united-states-high-school-football-2005-2006-through-2013-2014-and-national-collegiate-athletic-association-football-2004-2005-through-2013-2014
#6
Zachary Y Kerr, Gary B Wilkerson, Shane V Caswell, Dustin W Currie, Lauren A Pierpoint, Erin B Wasserman, Sarah B Knowles, Thomas P Dompier, R Dawn Comstock, Stephen W Marshall
CONTEXT:   The advent of Web-based sports injury surveillance via programs such as the High School Reporting Information Online system and the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program has aided the acquisition of football injury data. OBJECTIVE:   To describe the epidemiology of injuries sustained in high school football in the 2005-2006 through 2013-2014 academic years and collegiate football in the 2004-2005 through 2013-2014 academic years using Web-based sports injury surveillance...
August 23, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024769/the-first-decade-of-web-based-sports-injury-surveillance-2004-2005-through-2013-2014-methods-of-the-national-collegiate-athletic-association-injury-surveillance-program-and-high-school-reporting-information-online
#7
Zachary Y Kerr, R Dawn Comstock, Thomas P Dompier, Stephen W Marshall
OBJECTIVE:   To describe the methods of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Injury Surveillance Program (ISP) and High School Reporting Information Online (HS RIO) system as a complement to the sport-specific manuscripts that will follow. BACKGROUND:   The NCAA-ISP and HS RIO collect injury and exposure data from samples of collegiate and high school sports programs, respectively. The NCAA-ISP, which the NCAA has maintained since 1982, was relaunched as a Web-based platform at the beginning of the 2004-2005 academic year...
August 23, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30133319/preinjury-to-postinjury-disablement-and-recovery-after-a-lateral-ankle-sprain-a-case-report
#8
John J Fraser, Jay Hertel
A healthy 19-year-old male college student (height = 177.8 cm, mass = 64.3 kg, body mass index = 20.3 kg/m2 , Foot Posture Index = -1) participating in a study sustained a grade 2 inversion lateral ankle sprain 3 days after completing patient-reported outcome measures. A treatment protocol including therapeutic exercises and midfoot mobilizations was provided. Patient-reported outcomes assessing physical health, mental health, and foot-ankle function were completed 3 days preinjury and 1, 3, and 12 weeks postinjury...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095304/the-use-of-patient-reported-outcomes-measures-secondary-school-athletic-trainers-perceptions-practices-and-barriers
#9
Brian J Coulombe, Kenneth E Games, Lindsey E Eberman
CONTEXT:   Incorporating patient-reported outcomes (PROs) into daily routine is essential for patient-centered clinical practice. Secondary school athletic trainers (ATs) may encounter unique barriers that limit their willingness to use PROs. OBJECTIVE:   To explore how secondary school ATs who were using PROs perceived their application, benefits, and problems compared with those who did not. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. SETTING:   Web-based survey...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29995460/the-first-decade-of-web-based-sports-injury-surveillance-descriptive-epidemiology-of-injuries-in-us-high-school-girls-field-hockey-2008-2009-through-2013-2014-and-national-collegiate-athletic-association-women-s-field-hockey-2004-2005-through-2013-2014
#10
Robert C Lynall, Elizabeth C Gardner, Jordan Paolucci, Dustin W Currie, Sarah B Knowles, Lauren A Pierpoint, Erin B Wasserman, Thomas P Dompier, R Dawn Comstock, Stephen W Marshall, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   The advent of Web-based sports injury surveillance via programs such as the High School Reporting Information Online system and the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program has aided the acquisition of data for girls' and women's field hockey injuries. OBJECTIVE:   To describe the epidemiology of injuries sustained in high school girls' field hockey in the 2008-2009 through 2013-2014 academic years and college women's field hockey in the 2004-2005 through 2013-2014 academic years using Web-based sports injury surveillance...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192681/two-4-week-balance-training-programs-for-chronic-ankle-instability
#11
Ben Anguish, Michelle A Sandrey
CONTEXT:   Traditional single-limb balance (SLB) and progressive dynamic balance-training programs for those with chronic ankle instability (CAI) have been evaluated in the literature. However, which training program may be more beneficial is not known. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the effects of a progressive hop-to-stabilization balance (PHSB) program compared with an SLB program on self-reported function, dynamic postural control, and joint position sense (JPS) where angle and direction were self-reported by participants with CAI...
July 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192680/statistical-primer-for-athletic-trainers-understanding-the-role-of-statistical-power-in-comparative-athletic-training-research
#12
Monica R Lininger, Bryan L Riemann
OBJECTIVE:   To describe the concept of statistical power as related to comparative interventions and how various factors, including sample size, affect statistical power. BACKGROUND:   Having a sufficiently sized sample for a study is necessary for an investigation to demonstrate that an effective treatment is statistically superior. Many researchers fail to conduct and report a priori sample-size estimates, which then makes it difficult to interpret nonsignificant results and causes the clinician to question the planning of the research design...
July 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192678/reply
#13
Justin Stanek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192677/letter-to-the-editor
#14
Mike Ploski, John W Schrader
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30109948/normative-performance-on-the-balance-error-scoring-system-by-youth-high-school-and-collegiate-athletes
#15
Sarah J Ozinga, Susan M Linder, Mandy Miller Koop, Tanujit Dey, Richard Figler, Andrew N Russman, Richard So, Alan H Rosenthal, Jason Cruickshank, Jay L Alberts
CONTEXT:   Annually, more than 1 million youth athletes in the United States receive or are suspected of receiving a concussion. The Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) is the most commonly used clinical balance evaluation designed to provide a better understanding of the motor-control processes of individuals with concussion. Despite the widespread use of the BESS, a fundamental gap exists in applying this tool to young athletes, as normative values are lacking for this population...
July 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30109947/countermovement-jump-and-isokinetic-dynamometry-as-measures-of-rehabilitation-status-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#16
Edwenia O'Malley, Chris Richter, Enda King, Siobhán Strike, Kieran Moran, Andrew Franklyn-Miller, Ray Moran
CONTEXT:   Despite an increase in the literature, few definitive guidelines are available to determine when an athlete has been fully rehabilitated after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). OBJECTIVE:   To examine countermovement jump and isokinetic dynamometry measures to (1) identify which measures can best distinguish between ACLR and control participants and (2) provide normative values for identified measures in young adult male multidirectional field-sport athletes...
July 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102553/intended-hydration-strategies-and-knowledge-of-exercise-associated-hyponatraemia-in-marathon-runners-a-questionnaire-based-study
#17
Thomas Leggett, Jonathan Williams, Colm Daly, Courtney Kipps, Richard Twycross-Lewis
CONTEXT:   Exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) is a potentially fatal condition that can be prevented by avoiding excessive fluid intake. Running has become more popular in recent years, so it is important to assess the safety of runners' hydration strategies. OBJECTIVE:   (1) To explore the intended hydration strategies of a sample of marathon runners before the 2014 London Marathon, (2) to examine their sources of information and knowledge about fluid intake and their understanding of EAH, and (3) to compare these findings with the results of a similar study carried out before the 2010 London Marathon...
July 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102070/perceptions-of-interprofessional-and-collaborative-practice-in-collegiate-athletic-trainers
#18
Dorice Hankemeier, Sarah A Manspeaker
CONTEXT:   The ability to engage in interprofessional and collaborative practice (IPCP) has been identified as one of the Institute of Medicine's core competencies required of all health care professionals. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the perceptions of athletic trainers (ATs) in the collegiate setting regarding IPCP and current practice patterns. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Of 6313 ATs in the collegiate setting, 739 (340 men, 397 women, 2 preferred not to answer; clinical experience = 10...
July 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095303/the-lived-experiences-of-retired-collegiate-athletes-with-a-history-of-1-or-more-concussions
#19
Rebecca Cover, Trevor Roiger, Mary Beth Zwart
CONTEXT:   Concussions remain misunderstood, underreported, and undiagnosed. Although most concussion symptoms resolve within 2 weeks, some patients experience persistent symptoms that adversely affect physical, emotional, social, or cognitive functioning or a combination of these. Minimal evidence delineating the effect of concussions on recently retired collegiate athletes currently exists. OBJECTIVE:   To examine the lived experiences of retired collegiate athletes with a history of 1 or more concussions to discern individual concussion histories, knowledge and perceptions of concussions, and postconcussion quality of life...
July 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095302/short-and-medium-latency-responses-in-participants-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#20
Andreia S P Sousa, Isabel Valente, Ana Pinto, Tiago Soutelo, Márcia Silva
CONTEXT:   The determinant role of medium latency responses (MLRs) during compensatory postural adjustments in postural stability and the lack of clarity about the mechanisms behind chronic ankle instability (CAI) sustain the hypothesis that these postural responses are impaired in this condition. However, to the best of our knowledge, no authors have assessed MLRs in patients with CAI; most of the research regarding compensatory postural adjustments has been directed at the timing of short latency responses (SLRs)...
July 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
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