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Blood Pressure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124943/simultaneous-inter-arm-and-inter-leg-systolic-blood-pressure-differences-to-diagnose-peripheral-artery-disease-a-diagnostic-accuracy-study
#1
Ángel Herráiz-Adillo, Alba Soriano-Cano, José Alberto Martínez-Hortelano, Miriam Garrido-Miguel, Julián Ángel Mariana-Herráiz, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno, Blanca Notario-Pacheco
PURPOSE: Inter-arm systolic blood pressure differences (IASBPD) and inter-leg systolic blood pressure differences (ILSBPD) have arisen as potential tools to detect peripheral artery disease (PAD) and individuals at high cardiovascular risk. This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of IASBPD and ILSBPD to detect PAD, and whether IASBPD or ILSBPD improves diagnostic accuracy of the oscillometric ankle-brachial index (ABI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, eligible for inclusion were consecutive adults, with at least one of the following cardiovascular risk factors: diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, smoking habit or age ≥65...
November 10, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082765/correction-to-larkins-et-al-the-prevalence-and-predictors-of-hypertension-in-a-national-survey-of-australian-children
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 29, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073803/the-usefulness-of-a-single-arm-cuff-oscillometric-method-arteriograph-to-assess-changes-in-central-aortic-blood-pressure-and-arterial-stiffness-by-antihypertensive-treatment-results-from-the-doxazosin-ramipril-study
#3
Andreas Jekell, Thomas Kahan
PURPOSE: Inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system may have effects on vascular structure and function beyond the effects on blood pressure (BP) reduction. We studied the ability of a single arm cuff oscillometric method (Arteriograph, TensioMed, Hungary) to assess effects of antihypertensive treatment on BP and arterial stiffness. Furthermore, this technique was compared to pulse wave analysis and applanation tonometry (SphygmoCor, AtCor Medical, Australia). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Brachial and aortic BP, augmentation index (AIx), and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) was simultaneously assessed by both techniques in 71 untreated hypertensive patients...
October 26, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069927/how-to-perform-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-with-surrogate-endpoint-renal-denervation-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension-denerhtn-trial-as-an-example
#4
Julie Bulsei, Meryl Darlington, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski, Michel Azizi
Whilst much uncertainty exists as to the efficacy of renal denervation (RDN), the positive results of the DENERHTN study in France confirmed the interest of an economic evaluation in order to assess efficiency of RDN and inform local decision makers about the costs and benefits of this intervention. The uncertainty surrounding both the outcomes and the costs can be described using health economic methods such as the non-parametric bootstrap. Internationally, numerous health economic studies using a cost-effectiveness model to assess the impact of RDN in terms of cost and effectiveness compared to antihypertensive medical treatment have been conducted...
October 26, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057671/retinal-vascular-resistance-in-arterial-hypertension
#5
Dennis Kannenkeril, Joanna M Harazny, Agnes Bosch, Christian Ott, Georg Michelson, Roland E Schmieder, Stefanie Friedrich
PURPOSE: Retinal microcirculation represents an easily accessible, non-invasive, in-vivo possibility to assess early microvascular changes. In addition to the assessment of functional (e.g. retinal capillary flow, RCF) and retinal arteriolar structural parameters (e.g. wall-to-lumen-ratio, WLR) we now suggest a new parameter reflecting the resistance in small retinal arterioles (RVR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 45 normotensive (NT) subjects and 123 patients with hypertension stage 1 (HT) we assessed RCF, WLR, arteriolar diameter, lumen diameter and wall cross section area in the retinal circulation by using scanning laser Doppler flowmetry (SLDF)...
October 23, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982248/profiles-of-blood-pressure-among-children-and-adolescents-with-different-body-mass-index-categories-in-shandong-china
#6
Shu-Rong Wang, Yong-Bao Zhu, Yan Cheng, Ying-Xiu Zhang
BACKGROUND: The International Obesity Task Force recently developed an extended body mass index (BMI) cut-offs for screening thinness, overweight and obesity among children and adolescents. The present study examined the profiles of blood pressure (BP) among children and adolescents with different BMI categories in Shandong, China. METHODS: Data for this study were obtained from a large cross-sectional survey of schoolchildren. A total of 44,630 students (22,404 boys and 22,226 girls) aged 7-18 years participated in this study...
October 5, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958152/use-of-oscillometric-devices-in-atrial-fibrillation-a-comparison-of-three-devices-and-invasive-blood-pressure-measurement
#7
Matthieu Halfon, Gregoire Wuerzner, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Patrick Taffe, Julien Vaucher, Bernard Waeber, Lucas Liaudet, Zied Ltaief, Milen Popov, Gerard Waeber
BACKGROUND: The use of automated (oscillometric) blood pressure (BP) devices is not validated in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the reliability of three oscillometric BP devices, and the agreement with invasive arterial blood pressure(IBP) in AF patients. METHODS: 48 AF patients with randomized sequences of 10 consecutive BP measurements with two pairs of devices: (1) OmronR7™(wrist) and OmronHEM907™(arm); (2) OmronR7™ and Microlife WatchBPhome(arm)...
September 28, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952798/patterns-of-blood-pressure-response-during-intensive-bp-lowering-and-clinical-events-results-from-the-secondary-prevention-of-small-subcortical-strokes-trial
#8
Elaine Ku, Rebecca Scherzer, Michelle C Odden, Michael Shlipak, Carole L White, Thalia S Field, Oscar Benavente, Pablo E Pergola, Carmen A Peralta
PURPOSE: We applied cluster analysis to identify discrete patterns of concomitant responses of systolic (SBP), diastolic (DBP) and pulse pressure (PP) during intensive BP lowering; and to evaluate their clinical relevance and association with risk of mortality, major vascular events (MVEs), and stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used an unsupervised cluster procedure to identify distinct patterns of BP change during the first 9 months of anti-hypertensive therapy intensification among 1,331 participants in the Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Strokes Trial who were previously randomized to lower BP target (SBP < 130 mm Hg) after lacunar stroke...
September 27, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937287/the-prevalence-and-predictors-of-hypertension-in-a-national-survey-of-australian-children
#9
Nicholas G Larkins, Armando Teixeira-Pinto, Jonathan C Craig
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of hypertension and predictors of blood pressure (BP) in a population based survey of Australian children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional data for 2071 children, aged 5-17 years, from the Australian Health Survey 2011-13. Hypertension and high-normal BP were defined by a systolic or diastolic BP greater than the 95th and 90th centiles respectively, using the National High Blood Pressure Education Program fourth report reference data...
September 22, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922954/determinants-of-carotid-femoral-pulse-wave-velocity-progression-in-hypertensive-patients-over-a-3-7-years-follow-up
#10
Paolo Meani, Alessandro Maloberti, Paola Sormani, Giulia Colombo, Luca Giupponi, Miriam Stucchi, Marisa Varrenti, Paola Vallerio, Rita Facchetti, Guido Grassi, Giuseppe Mancia, Cristina Giannattasio
OBJECTIVE: The role of risk factors on the progression of arterial stiffness has not yet been extensively evaluated. The aim of the current longitudinal study was to evaluate the determinants of the PWV progression over a 4 years follow-up period in hypertensive subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 333 consecutive hypertensive outpatients 18-80 aged, followed by the Hypertension Unit of St. Gerardo Hospital (Monza, Italy). At baseline anamnestic, clinical, BP, laboratory data and cfPWV were assessed...
September 18, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975817/renal-denervation-in-hypertension-is-it-the-end-or-the-beginning-of-a-spyral
#11
Michel Burnier, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Sverre E Kjeldsen, Suzanne Oparil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724313/treatment-strategies-for-comorbid-conditions-lower-residual-risk-in-patients-with-treated-hypertension-fourier-and-other-randomized-outcome-trials
#12
Sverre E Kjeldsen, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Michel Burnier, Suzanne Oparil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701047/heart-rate-is-a-useful-marker-of-adherence-to-beta-blocker-treatment-in-hypertension
#13
Eva Kociánová, Jan Václavík, Jana Tomková, Peter Ondra, Jiří Jarkovský, Klára Benešová, Tomáš Václavík, Monika Kamasová, Miloš Táborský
OBJECTIVES: Suboptimal medication adherence is common among patients with hypertension. Measurements of plasma or urinary levels of antihypertensive drugs are useful, but not widely available. The aim of our study was to investigate the relation of patients' heart rates to their serum beta-blocker levels. METHODS: We correlated 220 measurements of serum beta-blocker levels in 106 patients with apparently resistant hypertension to their corresponding office heart rate...
October 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270031/high-blood-pressure-variability-predicts-30-day-mortality-but-not-1-year-mortality-in-hospitalized-elderly-patients
#14
Avraham Weiss, Yaron Rudman, Yichayaou Beloosesky, Amit Akirov, Tzippy Shochat, Alon Grossman
BACKGROUND: The association of blood pressure (BP) variability (BPV) in hospitalized patients, which represents day-to-day variability, with mortality has been extensively reported in patients with stroke, but poorly defined for other medical conditions. AIM AND METHOD: To assess the association of day-to-day blood pressure variability in hospitalized patients, 10 BP measurements were obtained in individuals ≥75 years old hospitalized in a geriatric ward. Day-to-day BPV, measured 3 times a day, was calculated in each patient as the coefficient of variation of systolic BP...
October 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830251/the-effect-of-renal-denervation-on-arterial-stiffness-central-blood-pressure-and-heart-rate-variability-in-treatment-resistant-essential-hypertension-a-substudy-of-a-randomized-sham-controlled-double-blinded-trial-the-reset-trial
#15
Christian Daugaard Peters, Ole Norling Mathiassen, Henrik Vase, Jesper Bech Nørgaard, Kent Lodberg Christensen, Anne Pauline Schroeder, Hans Joachim von Hofe Rickers, Ulla Kampmann Opstrup, Per Løgstrup Poulsen, Sten Langfeldt, Gratien Andersen, Klavs Würgler Hansen, Hans Erik Bøtker, Morten Engholm, Jannik Buus Bertelsen, Erling Bjerregaard Pedersen, Anne Kaltoft, Niels Henrik Buus
OBJECTIVES: To investigate, whether renal denervation (RDN) improves arterial stiffness, central blood pressure (C-BP) and heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with treatment resistant hypertension. METHODS: ReSET was a randomized, sham-controlled, double-blinded trial (NCT01459900). RDN was performed by a single experienced operator using the Medtronic unipolar Symplicity Flex(TM) catheter. C-BP, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), and HRV were obtained at baseline and after six months with the SphygmoCor(®)-device...
August 23, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830245/truncal-pattern-of-subcutaneous-fat-distribution-is-associated-with-obesity-and-elevated-blood-pressure-among-children-and-adolescents
#16
Ying-Xiu Zhang, Shu-Rong Wang, Jin-Shan Zhao, Zun-Hua Chu
BACKGROUND: The association between elevated blood pressure (BP) and childhood obesity has been documented in several studies. However, little is known the difference in BP levels among children and adolescents with different patterns of fat distribution. The present study examined the association of subcutaneous fat distributional pattern with obesity and elevated BP among children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 38,687 students (19,386 boys and 19,301 girls) aged 7-17 years participated in the study...
August 23, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566004/prevention-of-heart-failure-mortality-and-hospitalizations-in-sprint-empa-reg-allhat-and-hyvet-are-diuretics-the-clue
#17
Michel Burnier, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Sverre E Kjeldsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443356/sham-or-no-sham-control-that-is-the-question-in-trials-of-renal-denervation-for-resistant-hypertension-a-systematic-meta-analysis
#18
Fadl Elmula M Fadl Elmula, Ying-Mei Feng, Lotte Jacobs, Anne C Larstorp, Sverre E Kjeldsen, Alexandre Persu, Jan A Staessen
BACKGROUND: Studies of renal denervation (RDN) in patients with apparent treatment resistant hypertension have been hampered by a number of patient and physician related confounders on blood pressure (BP) including poor drug adherence. It remains uncertain whether RDN lowers BP. We aimed to investigate whether the use of sham control is essential in RDN studies or whether systematic use of 24-hour ambulatory BP provides enough information thereby making an invasive sham control redundant...
August 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155333/cardioprotective-role-of-zofenopril-in-hypertensive-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-pooled-individual-data-analysis-of-the-smile-studies
#19
Claudio Borghi, Stefano Omboni, Giorgio Reggiardo, Stefano Bacchelli, Daniela Degli Esposti, Ettore Ambrosioni
PURPOSE: The four SMILE studies demonstrated that early administration of zofenopril following acute myocardial infarction is prognostically beneficial compared to placebo or other angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. In the present retrospective pooled analysis of individual SMILE studies, we evaluated the efficacy of zofenopril on cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in 1880 hypertensive and 1662 normotensive patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred and forty-nine hypertensives and 486 normotensives were treated with placebo, 980 and 786 with zofenopril 30-60 mg daily, 252 and 259 with lisinopril 5-10 mg daily, 199 and 131 with ramipril 10 mg daily, for 6 to 48 weeks...
August 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006963/re-polymorphisms-of-three-genes-ace-agt-and-cyp11b2-in-the-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-are-not-associated-with-blood-pressure-salt-sensitivity-a-systematic-meta-analysis
#20
LETTER
Justine Horne, Colleen O'Connor, Janet Madill, Sylvia Rinaldi, Jason Gilliland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Blood Pressure
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