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Blood Pressure

Géraldine Petit, Elena Berra, Coralie M G Georges, Arnaud Capron, Qi-Fang Huang, Marilucy Lopez-Sublet, Franco Rabbia, Jan A Staessen, Pierre Wallemacq, Philippe de Timary, Alexandre Persu
PURPOSE: Patients with apparent treatment-resistant hypertension (a-TRH) are often poorly adherent to drug treatment and have an unusual personal history and psychological profile. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of drug adherence and drug resistance in a cohort of patients with aTRH, with emphasis on psychological characteristics. METHODS: All patients with confirmed aTRH on standardized antihypertensive treatment were eligible. Drug adherence was assessed by drug dosages in urine using Liquid Chromatography coupled with tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)...
June 28, 2018: Blood Pressure
Sverre E Kjeldsen, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Michel Burnier, Suzanne Oparil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 25, 2018: Blood Pressure
Wen-Yi Yang, Lutgarde Thijs, Zhen-Yu Zhang, Kei Asayama, José Boggia, Tine W Hansen, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Jørgen Jeppesen, Katarzyna Stolarz-Skrzypek, Sofia Malyutina, Edoardo Casiglia, Yuri Nikitin, Yan Li, Ji-Guang Wang, Yutaka Imai, Kalina Kawecka-Jaszcz, Eoin O'Brien, Jan A Staessen
BACKGROUND: Guidelines on the required number of ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) readings focus on individual patients. Clinical researchers often face the dilemma of applying recommendations and discarding potentially valuable information or accepting fewer readings. METHODS: Starting from ABP recordings with ≥30/≥10 awake/asleep readings in 4277 participants enrolled in eight population studies in the International Database on Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Relation to Cardiovascular Outcomes (IDACO), we randomly selected a certain number of readings (from 30 to 1 awake and 10 to 1 asleep readings) at a time over 1000 bootstraps at each step...
June 17, 2018: Blood Pressure
Sirje Sammul, Margus Viigimaa
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is an important public health problem which causes premature morbidity and mortality. Cardiovascular diseases are responsible for about 55% of deaths in Estonia. THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: was to assess, through a follow-up period, the prevalence of hypertension and to observe which risk factors of cardiovascular disease impact the occurrence of the disease. The second aim of the study was to evaluate the role of psychosocial factors and personality traits among individuals with a diagnosis of hypertension...
May 27, 2018: Blood Pressure
Ragab A Mahfouz, Mohammad Goda, Islam Galal, Mohamed S Ghareb
Background & hypothesis: We hypothesized that exaggerated morning blood pressure surge, may contribute in cardiac dysfunction and arterial stiffness in patients with cardiac syndrome X. Thus we investigated the impact of morning blood pressure surge on cardiac function and carotid intima-media thickness in subjects with cardiac syndrome X. METHODS: We studied patients with cardiac syndrome X using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and investigated the association of morning blood pressure surge with carotid intima thickness, left atrial volume index and left ventricular filling (E/e')...
May 23, 2018: Blood Pressure
Joanna Kanarek-Kucner, Adrian Stefański, Rufus Barraclough, Tomasz Gorycki, Jacek Wolf, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Michał Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Primary aldosteronism (PA) is the most common cause of secondary hypertension and bilateral adrenal hyperplasia (BAH) and aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) seem to be the most common causes of PA. Unilateral adrenalectomy (UA) is the preferred treatment for APA, although the benefits are still difficult to assess. CASE REPORT: We present a case report of a 69-year old man with a 30 year history of hypertension and probably long-standing PA due to APA, with typical organ complications...
May 9, 2018: Blood Pressure
Monesha Gupta-Malhotra, Syed Shahrukh Hashmi, Michelle S Barratt, Dianna M Milewicz, Sanjay Shete
PURPOSE: Determining familial aggregation is an important first step in narrowing the search for disease-causing genes and hence we determined the familial aggregation of EH among first degree relatives of children with EH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively enrolled children with EH along with their first degree relatives from a tertiary pediatric hypertension clinic in a large ambulatory care center. We utilized rigorous methodology for blood pressure (BP) measurements and diagnoses of EH to reduce the heterogeneity in the phenotype...
April 26, 2018: Blood Pressure
Leoné Malan, Andrea de Kock, Mark Hamer, Marike Cockeran, Nicolaas Theodor Malan
OBJECTIVES: Taxing psychosocial stress and defensive coping have been associated with hypoactivity in cortisol, a vasoconstrictive agent. Estradiol has vasodilatory properties with cardio- and neuroprotective effects. It can however also induce α1 -adrenergic vasoconstrictive responsiveness. We aimed to determine whether the cortisol-to-estradiol ratio (Cort:E2) may augment α1 -adrenergic responsiveness and hypertension risk when habitually using defensive coping. METHODS: African (n = 168) and Caucasian (n = 207) men and women (46 ± 9 years) were included...
April 18, 2018: Blood Pressure
Radovan Prijić, Vedran Premužić, Marko Brinar, Željko Krznarić, Bojan Jelaković, Silvija Čuković-Čavka
PURPOSE: Chronic inflammatory diseases are related with earlier onset of atherosclerosis. We hypothesized that inflammatory bowel disease patients with chronic, systemic inflammation have an increased arterial stiffness associated with the disease duration. Also, we wanted to compare arterial stiffness markers between inflammatory bowel disease and well-controlled hypertension patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 89 inflammatory bowel disease patients (60 patients with Crohn's disease and 29 patients with ulcerative colitis, age range 20-64 years) without history of arterial hypertension or diabetes were enrolled and age matched with a control group of patients (73 patients, age range 25-69 years, 41 (56...
August 2018: Blood Pressure
Peter R van Dijk, Kornelis J J van Hateren, Nanne Kleefstra, Gijs W D Landman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Blood Pressure
Åshild Oftedal, Eva Gerdts, Ulrike Waje-Andreassen, Annette Fromm, Halvor Naess, Anja Linde, Sahrai Saeed
PURPOSE: Hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for stroke. Few data are available on control of hypertension in younger ischemic stroke survivors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We assessed clinic and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) measurements in 320 patients aged 15-60 years (mean 48 ± 10) included in the Norwegian Stroke in the Young Study during 3-months follow-up after the index stroke. Controlled hypertension was defined as ambulatory BP <130/80 mmHg...
June 2018: Blood Pressure
Dagmara Hering, Wiesława Kucharska, Marzena Chrostowska, Krzysztof Narkiewicz
BACKGROUND: Elevated heart rate (HR) increases cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertension. The impact of beta-blockers on patient prognosis in hypertension is controversial. This study examined the age-related effects of betaxolol on HR, muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA), blood pressure (BP) and sympathovagal balance in untreated males with hypertension and tachycardia. METHODS: Ten young (age 26 ± 1 years) and seven older (age 50 ± 4 years) males underwent measurement of BP, HR, HR variability (Poincare plot) and MSNA before and after 8 weeks treatment with betaxolol at the initial starting dose of 10 mg/day, which was increased to 20 mg/day once daily after 4 weeks in all subjects...
June 2018: Blood Pressure
Woo-In Yang, In-Jai Kim, Mi-Sun Kim, Sang-Hoon Kim, Jae-Youn Moon, Jung-Hoon Sung, Sang-Wook Lim, Dong-Hoon Cha, Seung-Yun Cho
OBJECTIVES: Cerebral white matter lesions (WMLs) are regarded to be subclinical ischemic changes of the cerebral parenchyma. Many previous studies have shown that baseline blood pressure (BP) is one of the most important factors for WMLs, but the relation between exercise BP and WMLs has not been fully evaluated. So, we sought to investigate the relationships between cerebral WMLs and peak exercise BP. METHODS: Brain magnetic resonance imaging scan and treadmill testing were performed simultaneously in 130 consecutive subjects without history of stroke or transient ischemic stroke...
June 2018: Blood Pressure
Thiago Veiga Jardim, Carolina de Souza Carneiro, Polyana Morais, Vanessa Roriz, Karla Lorena Mendonça, Flávia Miquetichuc Nascente, Thaís Inácio Rolim Póvoa, Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso, Ana Luiza Lima Sousa, Paulo César Veiga Jardim
PURPOSE: Population-based studies estimating prevalence's of white-coat, masked and sustained hypertension in non-European adolescents are needed, particularly in developing countries. Aiming to determine these estimates and, additionally identify factors associated to these conditions this study was conducted. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study with a representative sample of secondary school students from a Brazilian state capital. Office measurements were performed with validated semi-automatic devices...
June 2018: Blood Pressure
Masato Iida, Mitsuru Yamamoto, Yuko Ishiguro, Haruo Honjo, Kaichirou Kamiya
AIM: Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) with the maximum velocity >2.8m/s has been newly integrated into the diagnostic criteria for left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction. Although the maximum velocity of TR within the normal range (TR < 2.8m/s) is frequently detected in hypertensive patients and is associated with enlarged left atrial (LA) volumes, the influence of TR < 2.8m/s on LV diastolic dysfunction remains unknown in uncomplicated hypertension. METHODS: Echocardiography was performed to assess the mitral annular velocity (e'), E/e', LV mass, and LA phasic volumes and emptying fractions (total, passive, and active) in 100 patients with uncomplicated hypertension with TR within the normal range and in 77 of those without measurable TR...
June 2018: Blood Pressure
Kuibao Li, Wenshu Zhao, Lefeng Wang, Xiyan Yang, Xinchun Yang
AIMS: There may exist an effect modification of hypertension on the relation of vitamin D deficiency with cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to investigate this interaction on coronary heart disease. METHODS: We investigated 348 consecutive patients (mean age 62.4 ± 10.5 years; 56.3% male) who underwent coronary angiography because of chest discomfort at our heart center. Serum 25-OH vitamin D was also detected by ELISA method in these patients...
June 2018: Blood Pressure
Hiromi Rakugi, Kohei Shimizu, Yuya Nishiyama, Yuhei Sano, Yuusuke Umeda
PURPOSE: Patients with essential hypertension who are receiving treatment with an angiotensin II receptor blocker and a calcium channel blocker often develop inadequate blood pressure (BP) control and require the addition of a diuretic. This study aimed to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of a triple combination therapy with 20 mg azilsartan (AZL), 5 mg amlodipine (AML) and 12.5 mg hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The phase III, open-label, multicenter study (NCT02277691) comprised a 4-week run-in period and 52-week treatment period...
June 2018: Blood Pressure
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Blood Pressure
Mark R de Jong, Annemiek F Hoogerwaard, Ahmet Adiyaman, Jaap Jan J Smit, Jan-Evert Heeg, Boudewijn A A M van Hasselt, Anand R Ramdat Misier, Arif Elvan
PURPOSE: Recently we reported the use of renal nerve stimulation (RNS) during renal denervation (RDN) procedures. RNS induced changes in blood pressure (BP) and heart rate are not fully delineated yet. We hypothesized that electrical stimulation of the sympathetic nerve tissue in the renal artery would lead to an increase in BP and vagal stimulation would cause a decrease in BP. We report the different patterns of BP and heart rate responses elicited by RNS prior to RDN. METHODS: 35 patients with drug-resistant hypertension were included...
April 13, 2018: Blood Pressure
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