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Blood Pressure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334265/prevalence-and-covariates-of-uncontrolled-hypertension-in-ischemic-stroke-survivors-the-norwegian-stroke-in-the-young-study
#1
Åshild Oftedal, Eva Gerdts, Ulrike Waje-Andreassen, Annette Fromm, Halvor Naess, Anja Linde, Sahrai Saeed
PURPOSE: Hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for stroke. Few data are available on control of hypertension in younger ischemic stroke survivors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We assessed clinic and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) measurements in 320 patients aged 15-60 years (mean 48 ± 10) included in the Norwegian Stroke in the Young Study during 3-months follow-up after the index stroke. Controlled hypertension was defined as ambulatory BP <130/80 mmHg...
January 15, 2018: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334262/a-multicentre-study-on-unattended-automated-office-blood-pressure-measurement-in-treated-hypertensive-patients
#2
Jan Filipovský, Jitka Seidlerová, Jiří Ceral, Petra Vysočanová, Jiří Špác, Miroslav Souček, Ivan Řiháček, Markéta Mateřánková, Petr König, Hana Rosolová
AIMS: Unattended automated office blood pressure (uAutoOBP) may eliminate white-coat effect. In the present study, we studied its relationships to attended office blood pressure (BP) and ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Stable treated hypertensive subjects were examined in four Czech academic hypertension centres. uAutoOBP was measured with the BP Tru device; attended BP was measured six times: three times with auscultatory method (AuscOBP) by the physician followed optionally by three oscillometric measurements (OscOBP)...
January 15, 2018: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308931/age-dependent-sympathetic-neural-responses-to-%C3%AE-1-selective-beta-blockade-in-untreated-hypertension-related-tachycardia
#3
Dagmara Hering, Wiesława Kucharska, Marzena Chrostowska, Krzysztof Narkiewicz
BACKGROUND: Elevated heart rate (HR) increases cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertension. The impact of beta-blockers on patient prognosis in hypertension is controversial. This study examined the age-related effects of betaxolol on HR, muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA), blood pressure (BP) and sympathovagal balance in untreated males with hypertension and tachycardia. METHODS: Ten young (age 26 ± 1 years) and seven older (age 50 ± 4 years) males underwent measurement of BP, HR, HR variability (Poincare plot) and MSNA before and after 8 weeks treatment with betaxolol at the initial starting dose of 10 mg/day, which was increased to 20 mg/day once daily after 4 weeks in all subjects...
January 8, 2018: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308930/association-of-elevated-blood-pressure-during-exercise-with-cerebral-white-matter-lesions
#4
Woo-In Yang, In-Jai Kim, Mi-Sun Kim, Sang-Hoon Kim, Jae-Youn Moon, Jung-Hoon Sung, Sang-Wook Lim, Dong-Hoon Cha, Seung-Yun Cho
OBJECTIVES: Cerebral white matter lesions (WMLs) are regarded to be subclinical ischemic changes of the cerebral parenchyma. Many previous studies have shown that baseline blood pressure (BP) is one of the most important factors for WMLs, but the relation between exercise BP and WMLs has not been fully evaluated. So, we sought to investigate the relationships between cerebral WMLs and peak exercise BP. METHODS: Brain magnetic resonance imaging scan and treadmill testing were performed simultaneously in 130 consecutive subjects without history of stroke or transient ischemic stroke...
January 8, 2018: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302991/white-coat-masked-and-sustained-hypertension-detected-by-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-adolescents-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#5
Thiago Veiga Jardim, Carolina de Souza Carneiro, Polyana Morais, Vanessa Roriz, Karla Lorena Mendonça, Flávia Miquetichuc Nascente, Thaís Inácio Rolim Póvoa, Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso, Ana Luiza Lima Sousa, Paulo César Veiga Jardim
PURPOSE: Population-based studies estimating prevalence's of white-coat, masked and sustained hypertension in non-European adolescents are needed, particularly in developing countries. Aiming to determine these estimates and, additionally identify factors associated to these conditions this study was conducted. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study with a representative sample of secondary school students from a Brazilian state capital. Office measurements were performed with validated semi-automatic devices...
January 5, 2018: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254386/association-of-tricuspid-regurgitation-within-normal-range-on-the-development-of-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-in-patients-with-uncomplicated-hypertension
#6
Masato Iida, Mitsuru Yamamoto, Yuko Ishiguro, Haruo Honjo, Kaichirou Kamiya
AIM: Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) with the maximum velocity >2.8m/s has been newly integrated into the diagnostic criteria for left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction. Although the maximum velocity of TR within the normal range (TR < 2.8m/s) is frequently detected in hypertensive patients and is associated with enlarged left atrial (LA) volumes, the influence of TR < 2.8m/s on LV diastolic dysfunction remains unknown in uncomplicated hypertension. METHODS: Echocardiography was performed to assess the mitral annular velocity (e'), E/e', LV mass, and LA phasic volumes and emptying fractions (total, passive, and active) in 100 patients with uncomplicated hypertension with TR within the normal range and in 77 of those without measurable TR...
December 19, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254371/effect-modification-of-hypertension-on-the-association-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-with-severity-of-coronary-stenosis
#7
Kuibao Li, Wenshu Zhao, Lefeng Wang, Xiyan Yang, Xinchun Yang
AIMS: There may exist an effect modification of hypertension on the relation of vitamin D deficiency with cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to investigate this interaction on coronary heart disease. METHODS: We investigated 348 consecutive patients (mean age 62.4 ± 10.5 years; 56.3% male) who underwent coronary angiography because of chest discomfort at our heart center. Serum 25-OH vitamin D was also detected by ELISA method in these patients...
December 18, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235365/a-phase-iii-open-label-multicenter-study-to-evaluate-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-long-term-triple-combination-therapy-with-azilsartan-amlodipine-and-hydrochlorothiazide-in-patients-with-essential-hypertension
#8
Hiromi Rakugi, Kohei Shimizu, Yuya Nishiyama, Yuhei Sano, Yuusuke Umeda
PURPOSE: Patients with essential hypertension who are receiving treatment with an angiotensin II receptor blocker and a calcium channel blocker often develop inadequate blood pressure (BP) control and require the addition of a diuretic. This study aimed to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of a triple combination therapy with 20 mg azilsartan (AZL), 5 mg amlodipine (AML) and 12.5 mg hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The phase III, open-label, multicenter study (NCT02277691) comprised a 4-week run-in period and 52-week treatment period...
December 13, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232986/simultaneous-inter-arm-and-inter-leg-systolic-blood-pressure-differences-to-diagnose-peripheral-artery-disease-a-diagnostic-accuracy-study
#9
Ángel Herráiz-Adillo, Alba Soriano-Cano, José Alberto Martínez-Hortelano, Miriam Garrido-Miguel, Julián Ángel Mariana-Herráiz, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno, Blanca Notario-Pacheco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221429/measuring-inter-leg-difference-to-diagnose-peripheral-artery-disease
#10
Samir Henni, Pierre Abraham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179586/challenges-in-oscillometric-blood-pressure-measurement-in-atrial-fibrillation-looking-for-practical-solutions
#11
Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Sverre E Kjeldsen, Michel Burnier, Suzanne Oparil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172726/association-between-serum-osteocalcin-level-and-blood-pressure-in-a-chinese-population
#12
Yiting Xu, Xiaojing Ma, Qin Xiong, Xiang Hu, Xueli Zhang, Yeqing Yuan, Yuqian Bao
PURPOSE: This observational study investigated the association between serum osteocalcin level and blood pressure in a Chinese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2241 subjects (909 men and 1,332 women; age, 24-78 years) from Shanghai communities were recruited. Subjects were divided into non-hypertensive and hypertensive groups according to diagnosis of hypertension based on the 1999 World Health Organization-International Society of Hypertension Guidelines...
November 27, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172715/the-rationale-and-design-of-reduction-of-uncontrolled-hypertension-by-remote-monitoring-and-telemedicine-remote-study
#13
Midori Sasaki Yatabe, Junichi Yatabe, Kei Asayama, Jan A Staessen, Blerim Mujaj, Lutgarde Thijs, Kyotaro Ito, Tomohiro Sonoo, Satoshi Morimoto, Atsuhiro Ichihara
PURPOSE: Although self-measurement of home blood pressure (HBP) is common in Japan and HBP telemonitoring via the Internet is possible, whether telemonitoring improves HBP control better than conventional practice remains unclear. Furthermore, hypertension care with online communication using telemonitored HBP is feasible, whereas the efficacy and safety of such telemedicine have not been established. We aim to compare traditional care, care with office visits using HBP telemonitoring, and antihypertensive telemedicine based on HBP telemonitoring...
November 27, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124943/simultaneous-inter-arm-and-inter-leg-systolic-blood-pressure-differences-to-diagnose-peripheral-artery-disease-a-diagnostic-accuracy-study
#14
Ángel Herráiz-Adillo, Alba Soriano-Cano, José Alberto Martínez-Hortelano, Miriam Garrido-Miguel, Julián Ángel Mariana-Herráiz, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno, Blanca Notario-Pacheco
PURPOSE: Inter-arm systolic blood pressure differences (IASBPD) and inter-leg systolic blood pressure differences (ILSBPD) have arisen as potential tools to detect peripheral artery disease (PAD) and individuals at high cardiovascular risk. This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of IASBPD and ILSBPD to detect PAD, and whether IASBPD or ILSBPD improves diagnostic accuracy of the oscillometric ankle-brachial index (ABI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, eligible for inclusion were consecutive adults, with at least one of the following cardiovascular risk factors: diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, smoking habit or age ≥65...
November 10, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082765/correction-to-larkins-et-al-the-prevalence-and-predictors-of-hypertension-in-a-national-survey-of-australian-children
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 29, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073803/the-usefulness-of-a-single-arm-cuff-oscillometric-method-arteriograph-to-assess-changes-in-central-aortic-blood-pressure-and-arterial-stiffness-by-antihypertensive-treatment-results-from-the-doxazosin-ramipril-study
#16
Andreas Jekell, Thomas Kahan
PURPOSE: Inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system may have effects on vascular structure and function beyond the effects on blood pressure (BP) reduction. We studied the ability of a single arm cuff oscillometric method (Arteriograph, TensioMed, Hungary) to assess effects of antihypertensive treatment on BP and arterial stiffness. Furthermore, this technique was compared to pulse wave analysis and applanation tonometry (SphygmoCor, AtCor Medical, Australia). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Brachial and aortic BP, augmentation index (AIx), and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) was simultaneously assessed by both techniques in 71 untreated hypertensive patients...
October 26, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069927/how-to-perform-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-with-surrogate-endpoint-renal-denervation-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension-denerhtn-trial-as-an-example
#17
Julie Bulsei, Meryl Darlington, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski, Michel Azizi
Whilst much uncertainty exists as to the efficacy of renal denervation (RDN), the positive results of the DENERHTN study in France confirmed the interest of an economic evaluation in order to assess efficiency of RDN and inform local decision makers about the costs and benefits of this intervention. The uncertainty surrounding both the outcomes and the costs can be described using health economic methods such as the non-parametric bootstrap. Internationally, numerous health economic studies using a cost-effectiveness model to assess the impact of RDN in terms of cost and effectiveness compared to antihypertensive medical treatment have been conducted...
October 26, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745077/validity-of-a-protocol-to-estimate-patients-pre-morbid-basal-blood-pressure
#18
Rakshit Panwar, Brendan Sullohern, Emily Shiel, Catherine Alexis Brown, Anthony Quail
PURPOSE: The pre-illness basal mean arterial BP (MAP) is an important reference point to gauge the degree of relative hypotension among unwell patients. We aimed to assess mean bias, correlation, and agreement between basal MAP measured during nighttime ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) and basal MAP estimated using a standardized protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For a cohort of 137 consecutive patients, aged ≥40 years, who recently underwent ABPM, a blinded investigator estimated basal MAP from up to five most recent clinic BP measurements...
February 2018: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975817/renal-denervation-in-hypertension-is-it-the-end-or-the-beginning-of-a-spyral
#19
Michel Burnier, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Sverre E Kjeldsen, Suzanne Oparil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057671/retinal-vascular-resistance-in-arterial-hypertension
#20
Dennis Kannenkeril, Joanna M Harazny, Agnes Bosch, Christian Ott, Georg Michelson, Roland E Schmieder, Stefanie Friedrich
PURPOSE: Retinal microcirculation represents an easily accessible, non-invasive, in-vivo possibility to assess early microvascular changes. In addition to the assessment of functional (e.g. retinal capillary flow, RCF) and retinal arteriolar structural parameters (e.g. wall-to-lumen-ratio, WLR) we now suggest a new parameter reflecting the resistance in small retinal arterioles (RVR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 45 normotensive (NT) subjects and 123 patients with hypertension stage 1 (HT) we assessed RCF, WLR, arteriolar diameter, lumen diameter and wall cross section area in the retinal circulation by using scanning laser Doppler flowmetry (SLDF)...
October 23, 2017: Blood Pressure
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