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Blood Pressure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100084/obituary
#1
Paolo Verdecchia, Giovanni de Simone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092977/hypertension-is-associated-with-increased-mortality-in-patients-with-ischaemic-heart-disease-after-revascularization-with-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-report-from-scaar
#2
Ott Saluveer, Björn Redfors, Oskar Angerås, Christian Dworeck, Inger Haraldsson, Charlotta Ljungman, Petur Petursson, Jacob Odenstedt, Dan Ioanes, Peter Lundgren, Sebastian Völz, Truls Råmunddal, Bert Andersson, Elmir Omerovic, Niklas Bergh
BACKGROUND: The prognostic role of hypertension on long-term survival after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is limited and inconsistent. We hypothesize that hypertension increases long-term mortality after PCI. METHODS: We analyzed data from SCAAR (Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry) for all consecutive patients admitted coronary care units in Sweden between January 1995 and May 2013 and who underwent PCI due to ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)/unstable angina (UA) or stable angina pectoris...
January 16, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092973/elevated-ambulatory-systolic-diastolic-pressure-regression-index-is-genetically-determined-in-hypertensive-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#3
Marcin Wirtwein, Olle Melander, Marketa Sjőgren, Michal Hoffmann, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Marcin Gruchala, Wojciech Sobiczewski
OBJECTIVES: Ambulatory systolic-diastolic pressure regression index (ASDPRI) as a composite marker of cardiovascular (CV) properties is related to CV complications. However, genetic determinants of ASDPRI are not known. The aim of this study is to report the relationship between certain single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) and ASDPRI in hypertensive patients with CAD confirmed by coronary angiography. METHODS: A total of 1345 hypertensive subjects with CAD were included...
January 16, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078909/apparent-treatment-resistant-hypertension-patient-physician-relationship-and-ethical-issues
#4
Julian E Mariampillai, Per Anders Eskås, Sondre Heimark, Anne Cecilie K Larstorp, Fadl Elmula M Fadl Elmula, Aud Høieggen, Per Nortvedt
BACKGROUND: Poor drug adherence is a major cause of apparent treatment-resistant hypertension. As a consequence, several methods have been developed and attempted implemented in clinical practice to reveal non-adherence and to monitor drug adherence. There are, however, several hitherto unresolved ethical aspects regarding potential methods for drug monitoring in these patients. RESULTS: The most striking challenge is the balance between patient autonomy and the physician's desire for the patient to adhere to the prescribed therapy...
January 12, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027698/hypertension-and-functional-capacities-in-community-dwelling-older-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Hélio José Coelho Junior, Bruno Rodrigues, Samuel da Silva Aguiar, Ivan de Oliveira Gonçalves, Flávio de Oliveira Pires, Ricardo Yukio Asano, Marco Carlos Uchida
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to investigate the association between hypertension and physical/functional capacities in community-dwelling older females. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Older female volunteers were dichotomized in two groups: hypertensive (n = 134) and normotensive (n = 244). Volunteers had their medical records reviewed and underwent evaluations of anthropometric data (weight, height and body mass index) and of physical and functional capacities...
December 27, 2016: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006963/re-polymorphisms-of-three-genes-ace-agt-and-cyp11b2-in-the-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-are-not-associated-with-blood-pressure-salt-sensitivity-a-systematic-meta-analysis
#6
Justine Horne, Colleen O'Connor, Janet Madill, Sylvia Rinaldi, Jason Gilliland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2016: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710139/higher-pulse-pressure-stroke-volume-index-is-associated-with-impaired-outcome-in-hypertensive-patients-with-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-the-life-study
#7
Costantino Mancusi, Eva Gerdts, Giovanni de Simone, Helga Midtbø, Mai Tone Lønnebakken, Kurt Boman, Kristian Wachtell, Björn Dahlöf, Richard B Devereux
We tested the prognostic impact of a marker of arterial stiffness, pulse pressure/stroke volume index (PP/SVi) in patients with hypertension and left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. We used data from 866 patients randomized to losartan or atenolol-based antihypertensive treatment, over a median of 4.8 years, in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study. The association of PP/SVi with outcomes was tested in Cox regression analyses and reported as hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
October 6, 2016: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808564/endothelin-receptor-antagonist-can-reduce-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-hypertension-a-meta-analysis
#8
Wenming Yuan, Genyang Cheng, Bin Li, Yansheng Li, Shan Lu, Dong Liu, Jing Xiao, Zhanzheng Zhao
The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the effectiveness and safety of endothelin-receptor antagonist (ERA) in the patients with hypertension. Searches of the PubMed, EMBASE, and CENTRAL databases were conducted to include all the randomized control trials (RCTs). Eighteen trials including 4898 patients were used in the meta-analysis, of which nine were classified as low risk of bias and the other nine as unclear risk of bias. There was no statistically significant difference in all-cause mortality between ERA and placebo groups [6 trials, fixed effects model, RR 1...
November 3, 2016: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049345/the-intersalt-study-and-the-complex-relationship-between-salt-intake-and-blood-pressure
#9
Sverre E Kjeldsen, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Michel Burnier, Suzanne Oparil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825280/crosstalk-between-obesity-and-mmp-9-in-cardiac-remodelling-a-cross-sectional-study-in-apparent-treatment-resistant-hypertension
#10
Alessandra Mileni Versuti Ritter, Ana Paula de Faria, Natália Barbaro, Andréa Rodrigues Sabbatini, Nathália Batista Corrêa, Veridiana Brunelli, Rivadavio Amorim, Rodrigo Modolo, Heitor Moreno
The balance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMP) plays a key role in the development of hypertension and obesity. We aimed to evaluate the levels of MMP-2 and 9 and TIMP-2 and -1 in obese and non-obese apparent treatment-resistant hypertensive subjects (aTRH) and its association with cardiac hypertrophy. This cross-sectional study enrolled 122 subjects and divided into obese aTRH (n = 67) and non-obese (n = 55) group. Clinical and biochemical data were compared between both groups, including office BP, ambulatory BP, plasma MMP-2 and 9, TIMP-2 and 1 and left ventricular mass index (LVMI)...
April 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27653044/arterial-stiffness-is-not-increased-in-patients-with-short-duration-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-ankylosing-spondylitis
#11
Anna Dzieża-Grudnik, Joanna Sulicka, Magdalena Strach, Olga Siga, Ewa Klimek, Mariusz Korkosz, Tomasz Grodzicki
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have increased cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. Arterial stiffness is an independent predictor of CV events. The aim of the study was to assess arterial stiffness and inflammatory markers in patients with short duration chronic arthritis. We assessed carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation index (AIx), traditional CV risk factors and inflammatory and endothelial markers in 71 chronic arthritis patients (RA and AS) and in 29 healthy controls...
April 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601201/performance-of-targeted-screening-for-the-identification-of-hypertension-in-children
#12
Clemens Bloetzer, Pascal Bovet, Fred Paccaud, Michel Burnier, Arnaud Chiolero
Targeted screening of hypertension in childhood might be more efficient than universal screening. We estimated the sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values of combined parental history of hypertension and overweight/obesity for the diagnosis of hypertension in 5207 children aged 10-14 years. Children had hypertension if they had sustained elevated blood pressure over three separate visits. The prevalence of hypertension was 2.2%. 14% of children were overweight or obese, 20% had a positive history of hypertension in at least one parent and 30% had either or both conditions...
April 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601135/relationship-between-abnormal-p-wave-terminal-force-in-lead-v1-and-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-in-hypertensive-patients-the-life-study
#13
Michael T Tanoue, Sverre E Kjeldsen, Richard B Devereux, Peter M Okin
BACKGROUND: Abnormal P-wave terminal force in lead V1 (PTF-V1) is an ECG marker of increased left atrial (LA) volume, elevated LA filling pressures and/or LA systolic dysfunction. Because left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction is one of the potential mechanisms driving LA remodelling, we hypothesized that PTF-V1 might be an additional ECG marker of diastolic dysfunction. METHODS: LV diastolic function after 3 years' systematic antihypertensive treatment was examined in relation to baseline PTF-V1 in 431 hypertensive patients undergoing protocol-driven blood pressure reduction who had baseline and year-3 ECG and echocardiographic data and a preserved LV ejection fraction (EF >45%) at year-3...
April 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599391/the-influence-of-white-coat-hypertension-on-left-atrial-phasic-function
#14
Marijana Tadic, Cesare Cuspidi, Biljana Pencic, Branislav Rihor, Jana Radojkovic, Vesna Kocijanic, Vera Celic
We aimed to investigate the association between white-coat hypertension (WCH) and left atrial (LA) phasic function assessed by the volumetric and speckle tracking method. This cross-sectional study included 52 normotensive individuals, 49 subjects with WCH and 56 untreated hypertensive patients who underwent a 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring and complete two-dimensional echocardiographic examination (2DE). WCH was diagnosed if clinic blood pressure (BP) was elevated and 24-h BP was normal. We obtained that maximum, minimum LA and pre-A LAV volumes and volume indexes gradually and significantly increased from the normotensive subjects, throughout the white-coat hypertensive individuals to the hypertensive patients...
April 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546817/antihypertensive-treatment-decreases-arterial-stiffness-at-night-but-not-during-the-day-results-from-the-hypertension-in-the-very-elderly-trial
#15
Christopher J Bulpitt, Richard Webb, Nigel Beckett, Ruth Peters, Elizabeth Cheek, Craig Anderson, Riitta Antikainen, Jan A Staessen, Chakravarthi Rajkumar
The main Hypertension in the Very Elderly Trial (HYVET) demonstrated a very marked reduction in cardiovascular events by treating hypertensive participants 80 years or older with a low dose, sustained release prescription of indapamide (indapamide SR, 1.5 mg) to which was added a low dose of an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor in two-thirds of cases (perindopril 2-4 mg). This report from the ambulatory blood pressure sub-study investigates whether changes in arterial stiffness and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) could both explain the benefits observed in the main trial...
April 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435119/diurnal-blood-pressure-profile-and-coronary-atherosclerosis-extent-are-related-to-cardiovascular-complications
#16
Marcin Wirtwein, Marcin Gruchala, Wojciech Sobiczewski
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between 24 h blood pressure (BP) profile, extent of significant coronary artery stenosis, confirmed by coronary angiography, and cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease. Coronary angiographies were performed for all included subjects and significant coronary artery stenosis was considered as ≥ 50% stenosis by atherosclerotic plaque. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory BP monitoring was performed. Major advanced cardiovascular events (MACE) included revascularization, cardiovascular mortality, total mortality, acute coronary syndromes and stroke...
April 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310566/improved-control-of-blood-pressure-and-albuminuria-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-finnish-open-care
#17
Juha Varis, Kaj Metsärinne, Veikko Koivisto, Leo Niskanen, Aila Rissanen, Antti Virkamäki, Tina Appelroth, Nora Pöntynen, Tuija Poussa, Ilkka Kantola
Risk of cardiovascular events within the diabetic population has decreased and survival increased with patients living longer and thus facing the development of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This calls for good care of patient with diabetes with a focus on hypertension. Patient data were collected from 42 Finnish primary care centres. Each was asked to enrol 10-12 consecutive patients with type-2 diabetes between March 2011 and August 2012. Along with the office blood pressure measurements and laboratory tests, the presence of albuminuria was measured and glomerular filtration rate estimated (eGFR)...
April 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310420/effects-of-leptin-and-leptin-receptor-snps-on-clinical-and-metabolic-related-traits-in-apparent-treatment-resistant-hypertension
#18
Ana Paula de Faria, Alessandra M V Ritter, Andréa R Sabbatini, Rodrigo Modolo, Heitor Moreno
Leptin is associated to the lack of blood pressure control as well as target organ damage in resistant hypertensive (RH) subjects. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs7799039 and rs1137101 in leptin (LEP) and leptin receptor (LEPR) genes, respectively, are associated with cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. We evaluated the association of these two SNPs with clinical and biochemical features in 109 apparent treatment-RH subjects (aTRH) and 125 controlled hypertensives. Homozygous genotypes GG (n = 43) vs...
April 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951726/the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015-and-blood-pressure
#19
Sverre E Kjeldsen, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Michel Burnier, Suzanne Oparil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887039/corrigendum
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Blood Pressure
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