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Blood Pressure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385080/blood-pressure-control-in-anticoagulated-patients-with-hypertension-and-atrial-fibrillation
#1
Vivencio Barrios, Carlos Escobar, Luis Prieto Valiente, Jose María Lobos, Diego Vargas-Ortega, Jose Polo, Nuria Marin Montañés
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical profile and blood pressure (BP) control rates of anticoagulated patients with hypertension and atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: The PAULA study was a multicenter cross-sectional/retrospective observational study conducted throughout Spain. The study included patients with nonvalvular AF who were receiving vitamin K antagonist therapy during the past year and were attended at primary care setting. Adequate BP control was defined according to 2013 ESC/ESH guidelines...
April 7, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376650/office-blood-pressure-measurements-with-oscillometric-devices-in-adolescents-a-comparison-with-home-blood-pressure
#2
Thiago Veiga Jardim, Thomas A Gaziano, Flávia Miquetichuc Nascente, Carolina de Souza Carneiro, Polyana Morais, Vanessa Roriz, Karla Lorena Mendonça, Thaís Inácio Rolim Póvoa, Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso, Ana Luiza Lima Sousa, Paulo César Veiga Jardim
PURPOSE: Compare multiple in office BP measurements in adolescents using an oscillometric device with out-of-office blood pressure measurements (home blood pressure monitoring - HBPM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Office measurements were performed with validated semi-automatic devices twice (3 minutes interval) in two different moments (1 week apart), with a total of four readings. These BP readings were named R1, R2, R3 and R4 (following the sequence they were performed), FDM (mean of two readings on first day) and SDM (mean of two readings on second day) and SRM (R2-R4 means)...
April 4, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325106/impact-of-age-on-left-ventricular-geometry-and-diastolic-function-in-elderly-patients-with-treated-hypertension
#3
Ayumi Toba, Taro Kariya, Rie Aoyama, Taizo Ishiyama, Yusuke Tsuboko, Kazuhiro Takeda, Hajime Fujimoto, Kentaro Shimokado, Kazumasa Harada
PURPOSE: Left ventricular (LV) remodelling is observed in numerous patients with hypertension and is a principal cause of heart failure in elderly patients. The aim of this study was to determine the relationships between age and structural/functional LV remodelling observed in elderly hypertensive patients. METHODS: A total of 557 elderly hypertensive patients (mean age: 74.0 ± 8.6 years) with preserved LV systolic function underwent echocardiography and 24-hour blood pressure (BP) measurement...
March 22, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270031/high-blood-pressure-variability-predicts-30-day-mortality-but-not-1-year-mortality-in-hospitalized-elderly-patients
#4
Avraham Weiss, Yaron Rudman, Yichayaou Beloosesky, Amit Akirov, Tzippy Shochat, Alon Grossman
BACKGROUND: The association of blood pressure (BP) variability (BPV) in hospitalized patients, which represents day-to-day variability, with mortality has been extensively reported in patients with stroke, but poorly defined for other medical conditions. AIM AND METHOD: To assess the association of day-to-day blood pressure variability in hospitalized patients, 10 BP measurements were obtained in individuals ≥75 years old hospitalized in a geriatric ward. Day-to-day BPV, measured 3 times a day, was calculated in each patient as the coefficient of variation of systolic BP...
March 7, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276719/outdoor-temperature-and-temperature-maintenance-associated-with-blood-pressure-in-438-811-chinese-adults
#5
Shuojia Wang, Minchao Li, Zhengjiang Hua, Chun Ye, Shuying Jiang, Zhaopin Wang, Zhenya Song, Yunxian Yu
OBJECTIVES: The association of temperature maintenance with blood pressure (BP) has not been studied and the association of temperature with season-related BP was not being well understood. The present study aims to be further aware of season-related BP variation in Chinese adults. METHODS: We used decoded data from adults who visited the hospital for health examination from January 2008 to November 2013. Multivariate regression models were used to analyses the association between outdoor temperature and BP...
March 1, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276720/exercise-systolic-blood-pressure-at-moderate-workload-predicts-cardiovascular-disease-and-mortality-through-35-years-of-follow-up-in-healthy-middle-aged-men
#6
Julian E Mariampillai, Kristian Engeseth, Sverre E Kjeldsen, Irene Grundvold, Knut Liestøl, Gunnar Erikssen, Jan Erikssen, Johan Bodegard, Per Torger Skretteberg
OBJECTIVE: There is an association between exercise systolic blood pressure (SBP) and cardiovascular disease and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate this association, with 35 years of follow-up. METHODS: Through 1972-75, 2014 healthy, middle-aged men underwent thorough medical examination and a bicycle exercise test. 1999 participants completed six minutes at 100 W. SBP was measured manually, both before the test and every two minutes during the test...
February 16, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276721/relationship-between-different-subpopulations-of-circulating-cd4-t-lymphocytes-and-microvascular-or-systemic-oxidative-stress-in-humans
#7
Carolina De Ciuceis, Claudia Agabiti-Rosei, Claudia Rossini, Paolo Airò, Mirko Scarsi, Angela Tincani, Guido Alberto Massimo Tiberio, Silvia Piantoni, Enzo Porteri, Leonardo Solaini, Sarah Duse, Francesco Semeraro, Beatrice Petroboni, Luigi Mori, Maurizio Castellano, Alice Gavazzi, Enrico Agabiti-Rosei, Damiano Rizzoni
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Different components of the immune system, including innate and adaptive immunity (T effector lymphocytes and T regulatory lymphocytes - TREGs) may be involved in the development of hypertension, vascular injury and inflammation. However, no data are presently available in humans about possible relationships between T-lymphocyte subtypes and microvascular oxidative stress. Our objective was to investigate possible relationships between T-lymphocyte subtypes and systemic and microvascular oxidative stress in a population of normotensive subjects and hypertensive patients...
February 15, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276722/non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-and-blood-pressure-control-in-patients-treated-for-hypertension-results-from-the-swedish-primary-care-cardiovascular-database
#8
Charlotta Ljungman, Thomas Kahan, Linus Schiöler, Björn Wettermark, Kristina B Boström, Jan Hasselström, Per Hjerpe, Karin Manhem
PURPOSE: The aim of this observational cohort study was to investigate blood pressure level and the possibility to reach target blood pressure during concomitant use of NSAID in hypertensive patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From the Swedish primary care cardiovascular database (SPCCD) a cohort of 5463 patients (2007 to 2008) with at least one prescription of NSAID dispensed 6 months prior to the last blood pressure measurement were included. Clinical data were extracted from computerized medical records and linked to the Prescribed Drug Register...
February 13, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155333/cardioprotective-role-of-zofenopril-in-hypertensive-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-pooled-individual-data-analysis-of-the-smile-studies
#9
Claudio Borghi, Stefano Omboni, Giorgio Reggiardo, Stefano Bacchelli, Daniela Degli Esposti, Ettore Ambrosioni
PURPOSE: The four SMILE studies demonstrated that early administration of zofenopril following acute myocardial infarction is prognostically beneficial compared to placebo or other angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. In the present retrospective pooled analysis of individual SMILE studies, we evaluated the efficacy of zofenopril on cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in 1880 hypertensive and 1662 normotensive patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred and forty-nine hypertensives and 486 normotensives were treated with placebo, 980 and 786 with zofenopril 30-60 mg daily, 252 and 259 with lisinopril 5-10 mg daily, 199 and 131 with ramipril 10 mg daily, for 6 to 48 weeks...
February 3, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142262/brachial-ankle-pwv-for-predicting-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-acute-stroke
#10
Kye Taek Ahn, Jin-Ok Jeong, Seon-Ah Jin, Mijoo Kim, Jin Kyung Oh, Ung-Lim Choi, Seok-Woo Seong, Jun Hyung Kim, Si Wan Choi, Hye Seon Jeong, Hee-Jung Song, Jei Kim, In-Whan Seong
BACKGROUND: Although brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is well-known for predicting the cardiovascular mortality and morbidity, its anticipated value is not demonstrated well concerning acute stroke. METHODS: Total 1557 patients with acute stroke who performed baPWV were enrolled. We evaluated the prognostic value of baPWV predicting all-cause death and vascular death in patients with acute stroke Results: Highest quartile of baPWV was ≥23.64 m/s. All-caused deaths (including vascular death; 71) were 109 patients during follow-up periods (median 905 days)...
January 31, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224820/the-interstroke-study-hypertension-is-by-far-the-most-important-modifiable-risk-factor-for-stroke
#11
Sverre E Kjeldsen, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Michel Burnier, Suzanne Oparil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116919/morning-blood-pressure-surge-and-arterial-stiffness-in-newly-diagnosed-hypertensive-patients
#12
Ali Kıvrak, Süleyman Özbiçer, Gülhan Yüksel Kalkan, Mustafa Gür
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the relationship between the morning blood pressure (BP) surge and arterial stiffness in patients with newly diagnosed hypertension. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Three hundred and twenty four (mean age 51.7 ± 11.4 years) patients who had newly diagnosed hypertension with 24 h ambulatory BP monitoring were enrolled. Parameters of arterial stiffness, pulse wave velocity and augmentation index (Aix) were measured by applanation tonometry and aortic distensibility was calculated by echocardiography...
June 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092977/hypertension-is-associated-with-increased-mortality-in-patients-with-ischaemic-heart-disease-after-revascularization-with-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-report-from-scaar
#13
Ott Saluveer, Björn Redfors, Oskar Angerås, Christian Dworeck, Inger Haraldsson, Charlotta Ljungman, Petur Petursson, Jacob Odenstedt, Dan Ioanes, Peter Lundgren, Sebastian Völz, Truls Råmunddal, Bert Andersson, Elmir Omerovic, Niklas Bergh
BACKGROUND: The prognostic role of hypertension on long-term survival after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is limited and inconsistent. We hypothesize that hypertension increases long-term mortality after PCI. METHODS: We analyzed data from SCAAR (Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry) for all consecutive patients admitted coronary care units in Sweden between January 1995 and May 2013 and who underwent PCI due to ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)/unstable angina (UA) or stable angina pectoris...
June 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092973/elevated-ambulatory-systolic-diastolic-pressure-regression-index-is-genetically-determined-in-hypertensive-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#14
Marcin Wirtwein, Olle Melander, Marketa Sjőgren, Michal Hoffmann, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Marcin Gruchala, Wojciech Sobiczewski
OBJECTIVES: Ambulatory systolic-diastolic pressure regression index (ASDPRI) as a composite marker of cardiovascular (CV) properties is related to CV complications. However, genetic determinants of ASDPRI are not known. The aim of this study is to report the relationship between certain single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) and ASDPRI in hypertensive patients with CAD confirmed by coronary angiography. METHODS: A total of 1345 hypertensive subjects with CAD were included...
June 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078909/apparent-treatment-resistant-hypertension-patient-physician-relationship-and-ethical-issues
#15
REVIEW
Julian E Mariampillai, Per Anders Eskås, Sondre Heimark, Anne Cecilie K Larstorp, Fadl Elmula M Fadl Elmula, Aud Høieggen, Per Nortvedt
BACKGROUND: Poor drug adherence is a major cause of apparent treatment-resistant hypertension. As a consequence, several methods have been developed and attempted implemented in clinical practice to reveal non-adherence and to monitor drug adherence. There are, however, several hitherto unresolved ethical aspects regarding potential methods for drug monitoring in these patients. RESULTS: The most striking challenge is the balance between patient autonomy and the physician's desire for the patient to adhere to the prescribed therapy...
June 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027698/hypertension-and-functional-capacities-in-community-dwelling-older-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Hélio José Coelho Junior, Bruno Rodrigues, Samuel da Silva Aguiar, Ivan de Oliveira Gonçalves, Flávio de Oliveira Pires, Ricardo Yukio Asano, Marco Carlos Uchida
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to investigate the association between hypertension and physical/functional capacities in community-dwelling older females. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Older female volunteers were dichotomized in two groups: hypertensive (n = 134) and normotensive (n = 244). Volunteers had their medical records reviewed and underwent evaluations of anthropometric data (weight, height and body mass index) and of physical and functional capacities...
June 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808564/endothelin-receptor-antagonist-can-reduce-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-hypertension-a-meta-analysis
#17
Wenming Yuan, Genyang Cheng, Bin Li, Yansheng Li, Shan Lu, Dong Liu, Jing Xiao, Zhanzheng Zhao
The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the effectiveness and safety of endothelin-receptor antagonist (ERA) in the patients with hypertension. Searches of the PubMed, EMBASE, and CENTRAL databases were conducted to include all the randomized control trials (RCTs). Eighteen trials including 4898 patients were used in the meta-analysis, of which nine were classified as low risk of bias and the other nine as unclear risk of bias. There was no statistically significant difference in all-cause mortality between ERA and placebo groups [6 trials, fixed effects model, RR 1...
June 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710139/higher-pulse-pressure-stroke-volume-index-is-associated-with-impaired-outcome-in-hypertensive-patients-with-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-the-life-study
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Costantino Mancusi, Eva Gerdts, Giovanni de Simone, Helga Midtbø, Mai Tone Lønnebakken, Kurt Boman, Kristian Wachtell, Björn Dahlöf, Richard B Devereux
We tested the prognostic impact of a marker of arterial stiffness, pulse pressure/stroke volume index (PP/SVi), in patients with hypertension and left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. We used data from 866 patients randomized to losartan or atenolol-based antihypertensive treatment, over a median of 4.8 years, in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study. The association of PP/SVi with outcomes was tested in Cox regression analyses and reported as hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
June 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049345/the-intersalt-study-and-the-complex-relationship-between-salt-intake-and-blood-pressure
#19
EDITORIAL
Sverre E Kjeldsen, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Michel Burnier, Suzanne Oparil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825280/crosstalk-between-obesity-and-mmp-9-in-cardiac-remodelling-a-cross-sectional-study-in-apparent-treatment-resistant-hypertension
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Alessandra Mileni Versuti Ritter, Ana Paula de Faria, Natália Barbaro, Andréa Rodrigues Sabbatini, Nathália Batista Corrêa, Veridiana Brunelli, Rivadavio Amorim, Rodrigo Modolo, Heitor Moreno
The balance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMP) plays a key role in the development of hypertension and obesity. We aimed to evaluate the levels of MMP-2 and 9 and TIMP-2 and -1 in obese and non-obese apparent treatment-resistant hypertensive subjects (aTRH) and its association with cardiac hypertrophy. This cross-sectional study enrolled 122 subjects and divided into obese aTRH (n = 67) and non-obese (n = 55) group. Clinical and biochemical data were compared between both groups, including office BP, ambulatory BP, plasma MMP-2 and 9, TIMP-2 and 1 and left ventricular mass index (LVMI)...
April 2017: Blood Pressure
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