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Journal of Child Sexual Abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775169/outcry-consistency-and-prosecutorial-decisions-in-child-sexual-abuse-cases
#1
Tammy E Bracewell
This study examines the correlation between the consistency in a child's sexual abuse outcry and the prosecutorial decision to accept or reject cases of child sexual abuse. Case-specific information was obtained from one Texas Children's Advocacy Center on all cases from 2010 to 2013. After the needed deletion, the total number of cases included in the analysis was 309. An outcry was defined as a sexual abuse disclosure. Consistency was measured at both the forensic interview and the sexual assault exam. Logistic regression was used to evaluate whether a correlation existed between disclosure and prosecutorial decisions...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617213/child-parent-relationship-therapy-with-extra-familial-abused-children
#2
Roy Tal, Kineret Tal, Ohad Green
Sexual abuse by a perpetrator outside of the family is the most prevalent form of child sexual abuse. It is associated with serious consequences for both the child and his family. Surprisingly, however, the issue of extra-familial sexual abuse has received very little research and clinical attention. The purpose of the current study was to explore the effectiveness of Child-Parent Relationship Therapy (CPRT), which uses nondirective play therapy tools, among parents of extra-familial abused children and their parents...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601282/risk-assessment-of-adolescents-with-intellectual-disabilities-who-exhibit-sexual-behavior-problems-or-sexual-offending-behavior
#3
Gerry D Blasingame
Adolescents with intellectual disabilities are known to engage in various sexual behavior problems or sexual offending behaviors. This article provides a review of important aspects of risk assessment within the context of a broader, more comprehensive and holistic assessment of these individuals. Pertinent risk and sexual interest assessment tools are identified along with their strengths and limitations. Issues that are often unattended to are addressed, including consideration of the behavioral implications of the young person's diagnosis and level of cognitive functioning, need for sexual knowledge and sexual interest assessment, and issues related to making a mental health diagnosis...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558340/university-students-perceptions-of-child-sexual-offenders-impact-of-classroom-instruction
#4
Sandy K Wurtele
Research with the public suggests that knowledge about sexual offenders, especially child sexual offenders, is limited and often inaccurate. In general, the public tends to believe that adults who commit sex crimes against children are pedophiles or monstrous strangers who cannot be rehabilitated. However, there is some evidence to suggest that these perceptions can be changed through curricular intervention. The current study was designed to determine whether a course on sex crimes against children could influence college students' knowledge and attitudes toward child sexual offenders...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488833/prevention-of-child-sexual-abuse-within-the-family-system-guidelines-for-an-educational-social-group-work-program
#5
Daniel Tuelo Masilo
Children have the right to be brought up in safe environments. However, this right is often infringed by people who are supposed to provide love, care, and protection to children. These people can include biological fathers, step-fathers, brothers, cousins, aunts, mothers, and uncles. Violation of children takes place in a variety of ways, however, for the purpose of this paper, the focus is on child sexual abuse within the family system. A literature review is adopted as the methodology for the discussions in this paper...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533149/examining-the-effects-of-a-service-trained-facility-dog-on-stress-in-children-undergoing-forensic-interview-for-allegations-of-child-sexual-abuse
#6
Cheryl A Krause-Parello, Michele Thames, Colleen M Ray, John Kolassa
Disclosure of child sexual abuse can be a stressful experience for the child. Gaining a better understanding of how best to serve the child, while preserving the quality of their disclosure, is an ever-evolving process. The data to answer this question come from 51 children aged 4-16 (M = 9.1, SD = 3.5), who were referred to a child advocacy center in Virginia for a forensic interview (FI) following allegations of sexual abuse. A repeated measures design was conducted to examine how the presence of a service-trained facility dog (e...
April 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488835/determining-the-appropriateness-of-the-what-if-situations-test-wist-with-turkish-pre-schoolers
#7
Gulseren Citak Tunc, Gulay Gorak, Nurcan Ozyazicioglu, Bedriye Ak, Ozlem Isil, Pinar Vural
Measurement instruments are needed to assess the child's sexual abuse prevention program. The purpose of the study was to determine the reliability and validity of the WIST (What If Situations Test) for Turkish culture. Participants were children of the 3-6 age group attending pre-school education institutions and the sample size was identified by means of a power analysis. Seventy children were identified as the sample with 0.85 power and 0.05 type I error according to the power analysis. Language validity, content validity, internal validity coefficient (Cronbach alpha coefficient), and test-retest analyses were conducted in terms of validity and reliability in the scope of efforts for adaptation to Turkish culture...
April 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488832/-what-will-my-friends-think-social-consequences-for-danish-victims-of-sexual-assaults-in-peer-groups
#8
Line Engel Clasen, Anne Bruun Blauert, Svend Aage Madsen
Being exposed to sexual assaults has numerous psychological and social consequences, which may interfere with the adolescent's still-ongoing development. This article focuses on social consequences for adolescents exposed to sexual assault by someone from their peer group. Participants were 148 in number and 15-18 year olds (M = 16.34 years, 90.5% female) from Centre for Victims of Sexual Assault's "Youth Programme." A mixed methods design combined extensive survey data collected from the 148 adolescents and five case stories...
April 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509103/betrayal-of-the-body-group-approaches-to-hypo-sexuality-for-adult-female-sufferers-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#9
Agnes Wohl, Gregory W Kirschen
Hypo-sexuality, self-reported hypoactive sexual desire and/or sexual aversion, is a common symptom experienced by women who were victims of childhood sexual abuse. This symptom may be distressing to the patient herself, and may place strain on her romantic relationships in adulthood. Unfortunately, this problem often remains undiscussed between patient and provider, in part due to the provider's lack of comfort or knowledge regarding how best to address this issue. In this article, we explore several strategies that providers may employ in a group setting in order to help women realize their sexuality while minimizing untoward side effects such as feelings of guilt or shame, or flashbacks...
February 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509078/prevalence-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-in-china-a-meta-analysis
#10
Yidan Ma
The objective of the current study was to explore the estimated prevalence of childhood sexual abuse in China. We conducted a meta-analysis that used the data from 36 articles. A total of 125 independent samples and 131,734 participants were included. The results revealed no significant difference in the prevalence of childhood sexual abuse between Chinese men (9.1%) and women (8.9%). The prevalence of childhood sexual abuse in studies from mainland areas was significantly higher than that from Hong Kong/Taiwan...
February 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494794/parental-discussion-of-child-sexual-abuse-is-it-associated-with-the-parenting-practices-of-involvement-monitoring-and-general-communication
#11
Julia Rudolph, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Dianne C Shanley, Kerrryann Walsh, Russell Hawkins
We investigated whether parents who reported more positive parenting practices (i.e., monitoring, involvement, and communication) reported more discussion of child sexual abuse (CSA) with their children. Parents from Australia and the UK (N = 248), with children aged 6 to 11 years, completed an online survey. About half of parents reported directly discussing CSA, whereas 35% reported telling their children that CSA perpetrators may be family members. Rates of discussion were higher for other CSA-related topics such as body integrity and abduction...
February 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488855/critique-of-the-vatican-s-role-in-recent-child-protection-practice-a-brief-report
#12
Faisal Rashid, Ian Barron
The current report aims to clarify the practices and implicit intentions of the Holy See in addressing child sexual abuse (CSA) by clerics in the twenty-first century. Church investigation reports, United Nations reports, press coverage, and academic literature were explored to understand the relationship between Church intention and practice. Various types of literature highlight the Roman Catholic Church (RCC) as an organization that is self-referential and self-defensive, with the implicit aim of protecting the reputation of RCC at the expense of children...
February 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488844/children-s-disclosure-of-sexual-abuse-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-research-exploring-barriers-and-facilitators
#13
Sarah Elizabeth Morrison, Caroline Bruce, Sarah Wilson
This study evaluates and synthesizes qualitative evidence addressing factors affecting a child's decision to disclose an experience of sexual abuse. Childhood sexual abuse is a devastating crime, with long-term negative impacts. Understanding the factors that affect a child's decision to disclose is vital. Disclosure enables access to support and protection, both therapeutically and legally. A systematic review was conducted focusing on factors affecting a child's decision to disclose an experience of sexual abuse...
February 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488829/is-tourism-marriage-of-young-girls-in-egypt-a-form-of-child-sexual-abuse-a-family-exploitation-perspective
#14
Hussein Hassan Soliman, Nagwa Ibrahim Alsharqawi, Mustafa Ahmed Younis
Tourism marriage in Egypt is considered a part of the child marriage phenomenon, as parents following false interpretations of Islamic teachings offer up their daughters for short-term sexual relationships in return for money from tourists. This exploratory study used qualitative methods to interview 42 parents who reside in the city of Darasa, Giza, Egypt, whose daughters were persuaded to engage in tourism marriage. Eight social work students utilized an interview guide that contained 10 questions exploring how parents strike deals with tourists and avoid all legal and traditional procedures of marriage in Egypt...
February 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161220/speaking-with-and-without-words-an-analysis-of-foster-children-s-expressions-and-behaviors-that-are-suggestive-of-prior-sexual-abuse
#15
Dorijn Wubs, Laura Batstra, Hans W E Grietens
This exploratory study reports on foster children's informal self-disclosures of previously unknown histories of sexual abuse. Data were collected from 40 children's files, and an inductive thematic analysis of verbal and behavioral expressions was conducted. Findings suggest that foster children's self-disclosures can be fragmented, spontaneous, narrative, or triggered and often occur during everyday activities in the foster family. The children disclose their past by referring to the perpetrator or the severity of the abuse or by acting out, mostly by reenacting sexual abuse experiences...
January 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125806/the-secret-of-intrafamilial-child-sexual-abuse-who-keeps-it-and-how
#16
Dafna Tener
This article analyzes how women survivors of intrafamilial child sexual abuse perceive the family members who took part in keeping it secret and their tactics for doing so. Analysis of 20 in-depth interviews with Jewish Israeli women revealed unique ways of guarding the secret. These were attributed to the perpetrator, the mother and the family. Secret-keeping tactics included presenting a normative public identity or an unstable psychological identity, presenting multiple personas, reframing the abuse, concealing any trace of the secret after it was disclosed, as if the abuse had never happened, and making a monument of the abuser...
January 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972456/child-sexual-abuse-and-intimate-partner-violence-victimization-in-adulthood-sex-differences-in-the-mediating-influence-of-age-of-sexual-initiation
#17
Timothy O Ihongbe, Saba W Masho
Child sexual abuse is a major public health concern in the United States with devastating sequelae. Although the relationship between child sexual abuse and intimate partner violence victimization in adulthood is known, little is known about the mediating influence of the age of sexual initiation on the association, or whether sex differences exist. Using data from waves I, III, and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (N = 1,163), we aimed to examine the mediating influence of age of sexual initiation on the association between child sexual abuse and intimate partner violence victimization in adulthood and identify sex differences...
January 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910231/professionals-attitude-toward-reporting-child-sexual-abuse-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Dalia M Al-Saif, Majid Al-Eissa, Hassan Saleheen, Huda Al-Mutlaq, Mark D Everson, Maha A Almuneef
Child sexual abuse (CSA) requires specialized knowledge and training that includes forensic interview skills. The aim of this study was to determine variations in professionals' attitudes toward CSA by measuring three aspects of forensic attitudes (sensitivity, specificity, and skepticism) and evaluating disagreements concerning the assessment of CSA cases in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional, web-based study, in which the Child Forensic Attitude Scale was used to measure professionals' attitudes, was conducted...
January 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771095/educators-observations-of-children-s-display-of-problematic-sexual-behaviors-in-educational-settings
#19
Lesley-Anne Ey, Elspeth McInnes
It is widely recognized that children are sexual beings and their sexual development begins at an early age. Recently, there has been some concern about children's sexual behavior in educational settings (Knowles 2014). Obtaining a better understanding of what behaviors children are displaying in these settings provides valuable information to inform teacher education in this area as well as support systems for children. One hundred and seven Australian educators from care organizations, preschools, and government, independent, and Catholic primary schools participated in an extensive online questionnaire in relation to their understanding of and experiences with children's problematic sexual behaviors and their management strategies...
January 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767010/social-support-of-adolescent-survivors-of-child-sexual-abuse-and-sexual-revictimization-in-turkey
#20
Nilüfer Koçtürk, Filiz Bilge
Sexual revictimization refers to having a history of child sexual abuse and an experience of being assaulted again in adolescence or adulthood. This descriptive study examined perceived social support of nonvictim adolescents and adolescents who had survived single sexual abuse and sexual revictimization. Participants were 210 adolescent girls, all aged between 15 and 18, selected by a convenience sampling method; 70 had survived sexual revictimization, 70 had survived single sexual abuse, and 70 were nonvictims...
January 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
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