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Journal of Child Sexual Abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718707/child-sexual-abuse-and-adult-mental-health-sexual-risk-behaviors-and-drinking-patterns-among-latino-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#1
Ethan Czuy Levine, Omar Martinez, Brian Mattera, Elwin Wu, Sonya Arreola, Scott Edward Rutledge, Bernie Newman, Larry Icard, Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Seth Welles, Scott D Rhodes, Brian M Dodge, Sarah Alfonso, M Isabel Fernandez, Alex Carballo-Diéguez
One in five Latino men who have sex with men has experienced child sexual abuse. Although concerning in itself, child sexual abuse may increase an individuals' likelihood of depression and risk-taking in adult life, including engagement in HIV risk behaviors and alcohol and substance use. It is therefore urgent that researchers and practitioners better understand the long-term effects of child sexual abuse. We utilized logistic and linear regression to assess associations between child sexual abuse (operationalized as forced or coerced sexual activity before age 17) and depression, sexual behaviors, and drinking patterns in a sample of 176 adult Latino men who have sex with men from New York City...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715275/twice-silenced-the-underreporting-of-child-sexual-abuse-in-orthodox-jewish-communities
#2
David Katzenstein, Lisa Aronson Fontes
Child sexual abuse remains an underreported crime throughout the world, despite extensive research and resources dedicated both to improving investigative techniques and helping children disclose their experiences. The discovery of rampant cover-ups within the Catholic Church has exposed some of the ways religious and cultural issues can impede reporting to authorities. This article examines specific factors that contribute to the underreporting of child sexual abuse within Orthodox Jewish communities. It also explores ways in which these communities have handled child sexual abuse reporting in the past and describes recent progress...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657500/-a-very-steep-climb-therapists-perspectives-on-barriers-to-disclosure-of-child-sexual-abuse-experiences-for-men
#3
Elizabeth Gruenfeld, Danny G Willis, Scott D Easton
Recent studies indicate that men experience unique barriers to disclosure of child sexual abuse. Blind spots held by mental health providers and social service agencies may inadvertently help produce and sustain these barriers. However, therapists who specialize in treating this population may also hold important insights into the barriers clients face. Because delayed and nondisclosure of child sexual abuse have been associated with negative mental health outcomes for adult survivors, understanding these barriers is critical to improve clinical practice and facilitate help-seeking...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656806/baseline-characteristics-of-dependent-youth-who-have-been-commercially-sexually-exploited-findings-from-a-specialized-treatment-program
#4
Monica Landers, Kimberly McGrath, Melissa H Johnson, Mary I Armstrong, Norin Dollard
Commercial sexual exploitation of children has emerged as a critical issue within child welfare, but little is currently known about this population or effective treatment approaches to address their unique needs. Children in foster care and runaways are reported to be vulnerable to exploitation because they frequently have unmet needs for family relationships, and they have had inadequate supervision and histories of trauma of which traffickers take advantage. The current article presents data on the demographic characteristics, trauma history, mental and behavioral health needs, physical health needs, and strengths collected on a sample of 87 commercially sexually exploited youth...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628371/sexual-desire-among-an-online-sample-of-men-sexually-attracted-to-children
#5
Renae C Mitchell, Alex P Bravo, M Paz Galupo
Sexual attraction to children occurs in roughly 3 to 9 percent of the population. However, most knowledge about such desires comes from forensic samples, and most studies fail to assess preferred sexual activity and sexual partner. A new multimodal assessment of sexual desire was used to investigate interest in consensual and nonconsensual sex with adults and children in an online sample of men sexually attracted to children (n = 101). Desires were compared across history of sex offending behavior and preferred gender of child victim...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569610/the-stability-of-retrospective-child-sexual-abuse-reports-and-its-association-with-problem-avoidance
#6
Nnenna L Okeke, Anna V Wilkinson, Robert E Roberts
Due to reliability problems, use of retrospective measurement to assess child sexual abuse has long concerned researchers. Possible psychosocial causes of these reliability issues-including problem avoidance-have not been thoroughly studied. We tested the reliability of retrospective child sexual abuse measurement in a nationally representative sample of 12,438 adults over two periods (2001-2002, 2007-2008), assessed sex differences in reliability, and examined whether reliability depends on problem avoidance tendencies...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696908/the-place-of-culture-and-religion-in-patterns-of-disclosure-and-reporting-sexual-abuse-of-males-a-case-study-of-ultra-orthodox-male-victims
#7
Sara Zalcberg
This article deals with reporting patterns of sexual abuse in males in a religious-cultural context through a case study of ultra-Orthodox Jewish (Haredi) men who were young victims of sexual abuse. The study is based on in-depth interviews with 40 Haredi men. The results indicate that sexual abuse involving ultra-Orthodox boys was and is underreported. Moreover, the results indicate that even when such incidents were reported, the avenues for disclosure were parents, educational-religious figures, and friends...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696907/child-sexual-abuse-and-hiv-related-substance-use-and-sexual-risk-across-the-life-course-among-males-and-females
#8
Joy D Scheidell, Pritika C Kumar, Taylor Campion, Kelly Quinn, Nisha Beharie, Susan P McGorray, Maria R Khan
Child sexual abuse is associated with substance use and sexual risk behaviors during adolescence and adulthood, but no known studies have documented associations across the life course in a nationally representative U.S. SAMPLE: We used the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health to measure associations between child sexual abuse and substance use and sexual risk behaviors during adolescence, young adulthood, and adulthood among males and females (n = 11,820). Approximately 10% of females and 7% of males reported child sexual abuse...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661824/sexual-abuse-prevention-mobile-application-sap_mobapp-for-primary-school-children-in-korea
#9
Kyoung Ja Moon, Kyung Min Park, Yunsick Sung
This study aimed to develop and evaluate the effects of a sexual abuse prevention mobile application, SAP_MobAPP, for primary school children. Forty-five subjects were trained for 40 minutes once a week. The experimental group received education that utilized the SAP_MobAPP. Control group A received Web based sexual abuse prevention education, while control group B received textbook based sexual abuse prevention education. Effectiveness was verified through a survey on child sexual abuse recognition and avoidance skills administered before and after training...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657475/predicting-time-spent-in-treatment-in-a-sample-of-danish-survivors-of-child-sexual-abuse
#10
Shelley Fletcher, Ask Elklit, Mark Shevlin, Cherie Armour
The aim of this study was to identify significant predictors of length of time spent in treatment. In a convenience sample of 439 Danish survivors of child sexual abuse, predictors of time spent in treatment were examined. Assessments were conducted on a 6-month basis over a period of 18 months. A multinomial logistic regression analysis revealed that the experience of neglect in childhood and having experienced rape at any life stage were associated with less time in treatment. Higher educational attainment and being male were associated with staying in treatment for longer periods of time...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644722/the-effects-of-polyvictimization-and-quality-of-caregiver-attachment-on-disclosure-of-illegal-sexual-behavior
#11
Megan E Harrelson, Apryl A Alexander, Hugo B Morais, Barry R Burkhart
The current study examined the relationship among self-disclosure of illegal sexual behaviors and two conceptually relevant constructs in psychotherapy: childhood polyvictimization (i.e., cumulative types of victimization experienced during childhood) and caregiver attachment. Participants consisted of 63 adolescent males participating in mandated treatment for illegal sexual behavior. Childhood polyvictimization and caregiver attachment were expected to predict self-disclosure of illegal sexual behaviors. Quality of caregiver attachment was also expected to mediate the relationship between polyvictimization and disclosure...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628378/knowledge-and-behavioral-impact-of-adult-participation-in-child-sexual-abuse-prevention-evaluation-of-the-protecting-god-s-children-program
#12
Anne M Nurse
This article presents findings from an evaluation of a popular adult training program (Protecting God's Children) used in Catholic institutions, including schools, churches, and social service agencies. The study explores knowledge and behavior change based on pretest/posttest questionnaires administered to over 500 adults and follow-up questionnaires sent six months after the training. The participants in the training were compared to a control group of adults who did not participate in the program. The results indicate that participants arrive at the training with fairly high rates of preexisting knowledge but that the program increases knowledge across demographic groups...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569650/high-betrayal-child-sexual-abuse-and-hallucinations-a-test-of-an-indirect-effect-of-dissociation
#13
Jennifer M Gómez, Jennifer J Freyd
Though hallucinations traditionally have been conceptualized as a central feature of psychosis, some hallucinations may be dissociative, with dissociation potentially contributing to hallucinations. Childhood trauma has been linked with dissociation and hallucinations. Betrayal trauma theory distinguishes abusive experiences based on closeness to the perpetrator. In the current study, we examined the indirect effect of dissociation on the relationship between high betrayal child sexual abuse (perpetrated by a close other) and hallucinations...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569648/edutainment-as-a-strategy-for-parental-discussion-with-israeli-children-the-potential-of-a-children-s-play-in-preventing-sexual-abuse
#14
Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Talia Fridman, Rachel Lev-Wiesel
Edutainment is a communication strategy to influence attitudes and behaviors through the use of the media. Through the children's play "Yael Learns to Take Care of Her Body," designed for joint viewing by children aged 5-8 and their parents, sexual abuse is raised. This qualitative study findings indicate that parents from low socioeconomic subgroups from the secular sector reported that their awareness had been raised by viewing the play and that they received tools for holding a conversation. Conversely, parents from high socioeconomic subgroups in the secular sector and parents from the national-religious sector were more ambivalent regarding the play's effectiveness...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537852/-i-felt-like-i-was-being-abused-all-over-again-how-survivors-of-child-sexual-abuse-make-sense-of-the-perinatal-period-through-their-narratives
#15
Jane Byrne, Cordet Smart, Gilli Watson
Sequelae following child sexual abuse pervade the lives of adult survivors, significantly impacting on pregnancy and childbirth. Symptoms of this distress are recognized, but meanings for women are less understood. This research aimed to examine the meaning for women themselves of the impact of child sexual abuse on experiences of pregnancy, childbirth, and the postnatal period. Taking a critical feminist perspective, three open-ended interviews with three survivors enabled women's narratives of pregnancy and childbirth to be heard, explored the structure of these narratives, including how experiences were connected, and identified key themes and how selves and others were positioned...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537851/family-characteristics-and-structure-as-determinants-of-sexual-abuse-among-female-secondary-school-students-in-nigeria-a-brief-report
#16
Chigozirim Nlewem, Olukemi K Amodu
Child sexual abuse is associated with factors that enhance the vulnerability of the child, raising physical and mental health complications in adulthood. Three hundred and fifty students participated in this cross-sectional study. Important determinants of sexual abuse were parents not living together, not living with parents, family type, and current parents' marital status (p < 0.05). Respondents living with both parents were two times less likely to experience sexual abuse (OR = 0.5, CI: 0.3, 0.9) than respondents living with their guardians...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537850/predictors-of-clinical-outcomes-in-sexually-abused-adolescents
#17
Lotem Tocker, Galit Ben-Amitay, Netta Horesh-Reinman, Michal Lask, Paz Toren
This cross-sectional, case control study examines the association between child sexual abuse and interpersonal and intrapersonal outcomes among 54 adolescents, examining specific clinical measures (depression, anxiety, dissociation, and posttraumatic stress disorder, attachment patterns, self-esteem, self-disclosure, and family environment characteristics). The research results point to a correlation between sexual abuse and higher levels of the clinical measures. In addition, a correlation was found between sexual abuse and level of avoidant attachment, self-esteem, and family environment characteristics...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441103/perceptions-of-abusive-parenting-behaviors-a-preliminary-exploration-into-the-underrecognition-of-mother-daughter-sexual-abuse
#18
Christine J Hatchard, Jamie L Goodwin, Eryn Siddall, Lauren Muniz
The current study examined the influence of the sex of the parent and the sex of the child on perceptions of sexually abusive behaviors. Vignettes illustrating different forms of sexual abuse were rated by 124 participants, with the different parent-child pairs (mother-daughter, mother-son, father-daughter, father-son) substituted into the vignettes being the only difference between groups. Two-way between subjects ANOVAs revealed that sexually abusive behaviors by mothers were perceived as less damaging to child victims (F (1, 120 = 7...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441096/judicial-decision-making-and-juvenile-offenders-effects-of-medical-evidence-and-victim-age
#19
John Michael Falligant, Rebecca L Fix, Apryl A Alexander
A growing body of evidence suggests that jurors place greater weight on DNA or other types of forensic evidence than non-forensic evidence (Cole & Dioso-Villa, 2009). For cases involving child sexual abuse, certain types of evidence, including forensic medical evidence, may be viewed as more important or indicative of abuse than other types of evidence, such as victim statements or disclosure. The present study evaluated perceptions of juvenile offenders and victim credibility across four vignettes that systematically manipulated variables related to victim age and physical indicators of abuse...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350266/pedophiles-in-the-ultra-orthodox-haredi-sector-in-israel-thought-processes-regarding-their-actions
#20
Gil Hamo, Yael Idisis
This study explores thought patterns of Jewish Ashkenazi Ultra-Orthodox pedophiles in Israel and how they resolve the contradiction between their commitment to Jewish Law and having committed sexual offenses against minors. Ten adult men participated in this study. Using open semistructured interviews, their cognitive distortions before, during, and after the abuse were examined. Content analysis revealed that participants used cognitive distortions based on their own world of Jewish Law and social-cultural values...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
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