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Journal of Child Sexual Abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161221/from-freud-to-feminism-gendered-constructions-of-blame-across-theories-of-child-sexual-abuse
#1
Corry Azzopardi, Ramona Alaggia, Barbara Fallon
Most theories of child sexual abuse are, to some degree, gendered, with nonoffending mothers bearing the burden of blame, ideologically and legally, for the transgressions of predominantly male offenders. This article explores the social construction of blame for child sexual abuse via critical analyses of evolving theoretical perspectives on maternal culpability for the inception and maintenance of abuse dynamics. Drawing on selected conceptual and research knowledge that supports and refutes anecdotal claims, this synthesis of the literature culminates in the proposal of an evidence-informed, feminist-grounded, multitheoretical child sexual abuse framework that disrupts dominant mother-blaming discourse and guides socially just and ethically responsive policy, practice, and research...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161220/speaking-with-and-without-words-an-analysis-of-foster-children-s-expressions-and-behaviors-that-are-suggestive-of-prior-sexual-abuse
#2
Dorijn Wubs, Laura Batstra, Hans W E Grietens
This exploratory study reports on foster children's informal self-disclosures of previously unknown histories of sexual abuse. Data were collected from 40 children's files, and an inductive thematic analysis of verbal and behavioral expressions was conducted. Findings suggest that foster children's self-disclosures can be fragmented, spontaneous, narrative, or triggered and often occur during everyday activities in the foster family. The children disclose their past by referring to the perpetrator or the severity of the abuse or by acting out, mostly by reenacting sexual abuse experiences...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161219/a-case-study-perspective-the-experiences-of-young-persons-testifying-to-child-sexual-exploitation-in-british-criminal-court
#3
Elizabeth Ahern, Marlene Kowalski, Michael E Lamb
Three young persons who gave evidence about child sexual exploitation in criminal court using various testimonial supports were interviewed about their testimony experiences. The witnesses reported that they felt extreme pressure to remember events accurately and cared greatly about being believed. None reported their own coping strategies to alleviate stress and took comfort breaks only after they cried on the stand. Defense attorney questions were reportedly repetitive, rapid, confusing, and focused on secondary content rather than the central criminal acts...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131716/compassion-focused-therapy-as-an-intervention-for-adult-survivors-of-sexual-abuse
#4
Lisa McLean, Stanley R Steindl, Matthew Bambling
Child sexual abuse can have long-term negative impacts across psychological, physical, and interpersonal domains. Some of the common issues for survivors of sexual abuse include shame and self-blame, attachment-based difficulties, avoidant coping strategies, and reduced capacity for self-compassion. Compassion-focused therapy is a transdiagnostic intervention that specifically responds to these concerns. Compassion-focused therapy was originally developed for clients who experience high levels of shame and self-criticism and aims to strengthen the soothing and affiliative system through the cultivation of compassion...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125806/the-secret-of-intrafamilial-child-sexual-abuse-who-keeps-it-and-how
#5
Dafna Tener
This article analyzes how women survivors of intrafamilial child sexual abuse perceive the family members who took part in keeping it secret and their tactics for doing so. Analysis of 20 in-depth interviews with Jewish Israeli women revealed unique ways of guarding the secret. These were attributed to the perpetrator, the mother and the family. Secret-keeping tactics included presenting a normative public identity or an unstable psychological identity, presenting multiple personas, reframing the abuse, concealing any trace of the secret after it was disclosed, as if the abuse had never happened, and making a monument of the abuser...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972456/child-sexual-abuse-and-intimate-partner-violence-victimization-in-adulthood-sex-differences-in-the-mediating-influence-of-age-of-sexual-initiation
#6
Timothy O Ihongbe, Saba W Masho
Child sexual abuse is a major public health concern in the United States with devastating sequelae. Although the relationship between child sexual abuse and intimate partner violence victimization in adulthood is known, little is known about the mediating influence of the age of sexual initiation on the association, or whether sex differences exist. Using data from waves I, III, and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (N = 1,163), we aimed to examine the mediating influence of age of sexual initiation on the association between child sexual abuse and intimate partner violence victimization in adulthood and identify sex differences...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972452/the-role-of-early-maladaptive-schemas-in-the-appearance-of-psychological-symptomatology-in-adult-women-victims-of-child-abuse
#7
Ana Estévez, Paula Jauregui, Nagore Ozerinjauregi, David Herrero-Fernández
Child abuse affects people's ways of thinking, feeling, and observing the world, resulting in dysfunctional beliefs and maladaptive schemas. Thus, consequences of child abuse may persist during adulthood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the psychological consequences (anxiety, phobic anxiety, depression, and hopelessness) of different types of maltreatment (physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and physical and emotional neglect) and to study the role of early maladaptive schemas in the onset of symptomatology in adult female victims of child abuse...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952898/exorcism-leads-to-reenactment-of-trauma-in-a-mauritian-woman
#8
Igor Jacob Pietkiewicz, Mylene Lecoq-Bamboche
Childhood trauma can have a lasting effect on personality and daily functioning, leading to dissociative changes in behavior and identity. How these are interpreted and handled usually depends on local culture and beliefs. This article presents the case of a Mauritian woman with a history of childhood abuse who was exorcised to "dispel an evil spirit." An in-depth interview exploring her experiences and meaning-making was transcribed and subjected to interpretative phenomenological analysis. This article discusses possession as a culturally accepted metaphor for incomprehensible behaviors...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910231/professionals-attitude-toward-reporting-child-sexual-abuse-in-saudi-arabia
#9
Dalia M Al-Saif, Majid Al-Eissa, Hassan Saleheen, Huda Al-Mutlaq, Mark D Everson, Maha A Almuneef
Child sexual abuse (CSA) requires specialized knowledge and training that includes forensic interview skills. The aim of this study was to determine variations in professionals' attitudes toward CSA by measuring three aspects of forensic attitudes (sensitivity, specificity, and skepticism) and evaluating disagreements concerning the assessment of CSA cases in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional, web-based study, in which the Child Forensic Attitude Scale was used to measure professionals' attitudes, was conducted...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857725/-i-am-not-a-victim-i-am-a-survivor-resilience-as-a-journey-for-female-survivors-of-child-sexual-abuse
#10
Kimmery Newsom, Karen Myers-Bowman
This study was designed to expand our understanding of the positive aspects of coping and resilience in female survivors of child sexual abuse. Research questions focused on women's lived experiences of being survivors of child sexual abuse and how they have experienced resilience, developed healthy intimate relationships, and viewed themselves as sexual beings. Using a qualitative research lens of phenomenology, we captured the essence of survivors' experiences of resilience. Although each woman's experience was unique, similar patterns of processes and outcomes emerged as meaningful in their development of resilient and healthy sexuality and relationship functioning...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857691/exploring-the-relationship-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-hope
#11
Michael A Baxter, Eden J Hemming, Heather C McIntosh, Chan M Hellman
To explore the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and hope, a convenience sample of caregivers bringing in children for medical investigation of child abuse at a regional child advocacy center were surveyed for adverse childhood experiences and dispositional hope. Hope in this sample had a significant negative correlation to the adverse childhood experiences subscale "abuse" (r = -.19; p < .05). The relationship between hope and the other adverse childhood experiences subscales "neglect" (r = -...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895803/-otis-a-case-study-of-an-online-attempt-to-purchase-children-for-sex
#12
Stacey Diane A Litam, Jesse Edward Bach
The researchers analyzed court documents to develop a case study of an individual convicted of buying sexual services from exploited children. Findings indicate that the subject deviates from preexisting victim selection processes and demonstrates characteristics inconsistent with existing sexual offender typologies that likens offender behaviors to the hunting techniques and behaviors of predatory animals. As evidenced in the case study, the individual perceived the victims solely as a means of deviant sexual satiation and did not participate in traditionally established victim acquisition techniques...
October 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873043/recovering-process-from-child-sexual-abuse-during-adulthood-from-an-integrative-approach-to-solution-focused-therapy-a-case-study
#13
Carolina Gonzalez
In recent times, strengths-based recovery approaches that focus on the present and build strategies that look toward the future have become popular. However, some cases require the consideration of experiences from previous stages of the clients' development. This single-case study explores the psychotherapeutic process of a middle-aged woman who presented with a history of child sexual abuse (incest) and a long-term adult diagnosis of depression that was treated in public health services. This psychotherapy involved an integrative approach to solution-focused therapy; specifically, the approach proposed by Yvonne Dolan to work with adult survivors of sexual abuse, in conjunction with techniques and strategies from the transtheoretical model...
October 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857724/a-case-study-approach-to-reducing-the-risks-of-child-sexual-exploitation-cse
#14
Lauren Janine Berry, Ruth J Tully, Vincent Egan
The risk of child sexual exploitation is a growing concern, both within community and child care settings. Within community services working with vulnerable young people, the risks of exploitation are pervasive and present a constant management problem for professionals. This makes the need for focused educational interventions within such settings all the more vital. This case study aims to describe the assessment, formulation, intervention, and outcomes of a young female considered to be at risk of sexual exploitation...
October 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857722/-she-got-spoilt-perceptions-of-victims-of-child-sexual-abuse-in-ghana
#15
Bettina Böhm
International research has commented on social stigma as a key reason for nondisclosure of child sexual abuse. However, the actual components of this social stigma frequently remain unexplored. The present study deals with perceptions of consequences of child sexual abuse among professionals and laypeople in Ghana (N = 44), employing a bystander perspective. As a qualitative study using a grounded theory framework, it considers these consequences in light of their underlying beliefs about child and adolescent development, particularly in relation to gender-based expectations placed on girls and boys...
October 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857690/child-sexual-abuse-attributions-among-undergraduate-psychology-students-in-singapore
#16
Russell Hawkins, Stephanie Teng Sze Wei
Experimental vignettes were used to investigate attributions relating to child sexual abuse with a focus on the degree of blame allocated to the family and to society, factors thought to be particularly relevant in a collectivist society. One hundred and sixty-two undergraduates in Singapore evaluated media reports describing a case of child sexual abuse. A 2 x 2 x 2 between-subjects design manipulated victim sex, perpetrator sex, and victim-perpetrator relationship. Participants rated the vignettes on degree of blame and prevention potential and rated the abusiveness of the case...
October 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857688/it-happened-to-me-a-qualitative-analysis-of-boys-narratives-about-child-sexual-abuse
#17
Jennifer M Foster
Previous research on children's narratives about sexual abuse written predominately by girls uncovered several themes, including: (a) memories of the abuse, (b) the disclosure and subsequent events, and (c) the healing journey and a meta-theme titled "fear and safety." This follow-up study explored how boys describe their life prior to, during, and after sexual abuse in the form of trauma narratives and if there are distinctive features of boys' experiences that differ from those of girls. Analysis of narratives written by males ages 3 to 17 (N = 19) found that boys ascribe to the same themes as the initial research but also have experiences and perspectives that are unique to being male survivors...
October 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767001/victims-retrospective-explanations-of-sibling-sexual-violence
#18
Courtney McDonald, Katherine Martinez
While sibling sexual abuse may be the most common form of sexual violence within the family, relatively few studies have been conducted on this topic. The current study addresses this gap in the literature through analyses of thematic categories in narratives gathered from an online survey of sibling sexual violence. Survivors were asked to report why they believed their siblings had become sexually abusive toward them. Participants believed that their abusers had learned to be abusive due to their own victimization or exposure to pornography, were abusive to establish dominance over them, or had some undisclosed mental illness...
October 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771095/educators-observations-of-children-s-display-of-problematic-sexual-behaviors-in-educational-settings
#19
Lesley-Anne Ey, Elspeth McInnes
It is widely recognized that children are sexual beings and their sexual development begins at an early age. Recently, there has been some concern about children's sexual behavior in educational settings (Knowles 2014). Obtaining a better understanding of what behaviors children are displaying in these settings provides valuable information to inform teacher education in this area as well as support systems for children. One hundred and seven Australian educators from care organizations, preschools, and government, independent, and Catholic primary schools participated in an extensive online questionnaire in relation to their understanding of and experiences with children's problematic sexual behaviors and their management strategies...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767010/social-support-of-adolescent-survivors-of-child-sexual-abuse-and-sexual-revictimization-in-turkey
#20
Nilüfer Koçtürk, Filiz Bilge
Sexual revictimization refers to having a history of child sexual abuse and an experience of being assaulted again in adolescence or adulthood. This descriptive study examined perceived social support of nonvictim adolescents and adolescents who had survived single sexual abuse and sexual revictimization. Participants were 210 adolescent girls, all aged between 15 and 18, selected by a convenience sampling method; 70 had survived sexual revictimization, 70 had survived single sexual abuse, and 70 were nonvictims...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
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