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Journal of Child Sexual Abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537852/-i-felt-like-i-was-being-abused-all-over-again-how-survivors-of-child-sexual-abuse-make-sense-of-the-perinatal-period-through-their-narratives
#1
Jane Byrne, Cordet Smart, Gilli Watson
Sequelae following child sexual abuse pervade the lives of adult survivors, significantly impacting on pregnancy and childbirth. Symptoms of this distress are recognized, but meanings for women are less understood. This research aimed to examine the meaning for women themselves of the impact of child sexual abuse on experiences of pregnancy, childbirth, and the postnatal period. Taking a critical feminist perspective, three open-ended interviews with three survivors enabled women's narratives of pregnancy and childbirth to be heard, explored the structure of these narratives, including how experiences were connected, and identified key themes and how selves and others were positioned...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537851/family-characteristics-and-structure-as-determinants-of-sexual-abuse-among-female-secondary-school-students-in-nigeria-a-brief-report
#2
Chigozirim Nlewem, Olukemi K Amodu
Child sexual abuse is associated with factors that enhance the vulnerability of the child, raising physical and mental health complications in adulthood. Three hundred and fifty students participated in this cross-sectional study. Important determinants of sexual abuse were parents not living together, not living with parents, family type, and current parents' marital status (p < 0.05). Respondents living with both parents were two times less likely to experience sexual abuse (OR = 0.5, CI: 0.3, 0.9) than respondents living with their guardians...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537850/predictors-of-clinical-outcomes-in-sexually-abused-adolescents
#3
Lotem Tocker, Galit Ben-Amitay, Netta Horesh-Reinman, Michal Lask, Paz Toren
This cross-sectional, case control study examines the association between child sexual abuse and interpersonal and intrapersonal outcomes among 54 adolescents, examining specific clinical measures (depression, anxiety, dissociation, and posttraumatic stress disorder, attachment patterns, self-esteem, self-disclosure, and family environment characteristics). The research results point to a correlation between sexual abuse and higher levels of the clinical measures. In addition, a correlation was found between sexual abuse and level of avoidant attachment, self-esteem, and family environment characteristics...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441103/perceptions-of-abusive-parenting-behaviors-a-preliminary-exploration-into-the-underrecognition-of-mother-daughter-sexual-abuse
#4
Christine J Hatchard, Jamie L Goodwin, Eryn Siddall, Lauren Muniz
The current study examined the influence of the sex of the parent and the sex of the child on perceptions of sexually abusive behaviors. Vignettes illustrating different forms of sexual abuse were rated by 124 participants, with the different parent-child pairs (mother-daughter, mother-son, father-daughter, father-son) substituted into the vignettes being the only difference between groups. Two-way between subjects ANOVAs revealed that sexually abusive behaviors by mothers were perceived as less damaging to child victims (F (1, 120 = 7...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441096/judicial-decision-making-and-juvenile-offenders-effects-of-medical-evidence-and-victim-age
#5
John Michael Falligant, Rebecca L Fix, Apryl A Alexander
A growing body of evidence suggests that jurors place greater weight on DNA or other types of forensic evidence than non-forensic evidence (Cole & Dioso-Villa, 2009). For cases involving child sexual abuse, certain types of evidence, including forensic medical evidence, may be viewed as more important or indicative of abuse than other types of evidence, such as victim statements or disclosure. The present study evaluated perceptions of juvenile offenders and victim credibility across four vignettes that systematically manipulated variables related to victim age and physical indicators of abuse...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350266/pedophiles-in-the-ultra-orthodox-haredi-sector-in-israel-thought-processes-regarding-their-actions
#6
Gil Hamo, Yael Idisis
This study explores thought patterns of Jewish Ashkenazi Ultra-Orthodox pedophiles in Israel and how they resolve the contradiction between their commitment to Jewish Law and having committed sexual offenses against minors. Ten adult men participated in this study. Using open semistructured interviews, their cognitive distortions before, during, and after the abuse were examined. Content analysis revealed that participants used cognitive distortions based on their own world of Jewish Law and social-cultural values...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350242/comparison-of-psychopathological-symptoms-in-adolescents-who-experienced-sexual-violence-as-a-victim-and-or-as-a-perpetrator
#7
Jeannine Ohlert, Corinna Seidler, Thea Rau, Jörg Fegert, Marc Allroggen
Research on sexual violence victims and perpetrators indicates that victims in general are found to report higher levels of psychopathological symptoms, especially internalizing behavior, whereas perpetrators often show externalizing behavior. Little is known, however, about the psychopathology of perpetrators of sexual violence who have also experienced sexual victimization (victim-perpetrators). Thus, the aim of the current study was to examine this group within a sample of adolescents living in residential care or federal boarding schools...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306391/prevalence-rate-and-demographic-and-clinical-correlates-of-child-sexual-abuse-among-new-psychiatric-outpatients-in-a-city-in-northern-alberta
#8
Vincent I O Agyapong, Michal Juhás, Amanda Ritchie, Olurotimi Ogunsina, Lorella Ambrosano, Sandra Corbett
The prevalence rate for child sexual abuse among new psychiatric outpatients in Fort McMurray was 20.7%. With an odds ratio for sex of 3.30, female patients are about 3 times more likely to report a history of child sexual abuse compared with male patients when controlling for other factors. Similarly, patients with at most high school education and those with previous contact with psychiatric services were about 2 times more likely to report a history of child sexual abuse compared to the patients with college or university education or no previous contact with psychiatric services, respectively...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471341/psychometrics-of-a-child-report-measure-of-maternal-support-following-disclosure-of-sexual-abuse
#9
Daniel W Smith, Genelle K Sawyer, Nicholas C Heck, Kristyn Zajac, David Solomon, Shannon Self-Brown, Carla K Danielson, M Elizabeth Ralston
The study examined a new child report measure of maternal support following child sexual abuse. One hundred and forty-six mother-child dyads presenting for a forensic evaluation completed assessments including standardized measures of adjustment. Child participants also responded to 32 items considered for inclusion in a new measure, the Maternal Support Questionnaire-Child Report (MSQ-CR). Exploratory factor analysis of the Maternal Support Questionnaire-Child Report resulted in a three factor, 20-item solution: Emotional Support (9 items), Skeptical Preoccupation (5 items), and Protection/Retaliation (6 items)...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471340/an-investigation-of-socially-advantaged-and-disadvantaged-turkish-mothers-views-about-training-on-preventing-children-from-sexual-abuse
#10
İsmail Sanberk, Meltem Emen, Duygu Kabakçı
This study aims to investigate the views of socially advantaged (N = 8) and disadvantaged mothers (N = 8) whose children are aged between 48 and 66 months old about the issue of sexual abuse before and after the training provided to them. The views of mothers in both groups were investigated before and after the 5-week experience-based training about my body belongs to me, knowing and expressing feelings, good and bad touch, good and bad secrets, knowing how to say no, and help resources. The data were analyzed using content analysis methods...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471339/child-and-adolescent-sexual-abuse-in-women-seeking-help-for-sexual-and-reproductive-mental-health-problems-prevalence-characteristics-and-disclosure
#11
Sílvia López, Concepció Faro, Lourdes Lopetegui, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera, Mònica Monteagudo, Àngels Avecilla-Palau, Cristina Martínez, Jesús Cobo, María-Isabel Fernández
This is a multicentric, descriptive, cross-sectional study of child and adolescent sexual abuse in women over 18 years in 24 primary care sexual and reproductive health centers in Catalonia. A total of 1,013 women were recruited; 345 (37.6%, 95% CI: 34.6-40.9) reported exposure to child sexual abuse: 32.4% disclosed being touched in a sexual way, and 9.6% reported completed sexual intercourse. Abuse occured before the age of 13 in 63.4% of respondents. The perpetrator was a relative or an acquaintance in almost 80% of cases...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471338/the-effect-of-case-severity-on-sentence-length-in-cases-of-child-sexual-assault-in-canada
#12
Patricia I Coburn, Kristin Chong, Deborah A Connolly
Surprisingly, little research exists on the determination of sentence length in cases of child sexual assault. This is striking given the profound short-term and long-term consequences this crime can have on victims and their families. Previous research shows that severity of the offense commonly accounts for much of the variability in sentences in this context. A critical point, however, is that the definition of offense severity varies widely and is often confounded with the age of the complainant. The current archival study, through the examination of 1,783 judicial sentencing decisions, evaluated the effects of key variables on length of sentence in cases of child sexual assault in Canada...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471337/childhood-maltreatment-and-child-protective-services-involvement-among-the-commercially-sexually-exploited-a-comparison-of-women-who-enter-as-juveniles-or-as-adults
#13
Andrea N Cimino, Elissa E Madden, Kris Hohn, Courtney M Cronley, Jaya B Davis, Karen Magruder, M Alexis Kennedy
A risk for commercial sexual exploitation is childhood maltreatment. It's unknown whether juveniles in commercial sexual exploitation experience more childhood maltreatment than adults or how involved child protective services is in investigating maltreatment, a focus of this study. Women (N = 96) who sold sex commercially completed a cross-sectional questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, t tests, chi-squares, and odds ratios were used to examine differences in background, childhood maltreatment, and child protective services involvement by juvenile or adult entry...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471336/gender-differences-in-the-path-from-sexual-victimization-to-hiv-risk-behavior-among-homeless-youth
#14
Taylor Harris, Eric Rice, Harmony Rhoades, Hailey Winetrobe, Suzanne Wenzel
Experiencing sexual victimization prior to becoming homeless is common among homeless youth and is associated with increased HIV risk behavior. This study examined mediating variables that underlie this association, adding to the understanding of gender differences in these paths. Participants were homeless youth in Los Angeles recruited through service access centers who completed a computerized self-administered interview in English or Spanish using an iPad. Findings indicate a high presence of sexual victimization across both genders...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471335/do-participants-detect-sexual-abuse-depicted-in-a-drawing-investigating-the-impact-of-betrayal-trauma-exposure-on-state-dissociation-and-betrayal-awareness
#15
Robyn L Gobin, Jennifer Freyd
An inability to identify betrayal may increase risk for victimization. Harm perpetrated by close others early in life may impair the ability to identify betrayal and develop trust. Dissociation may facilitate impaired betrayal awareness. The present study examined the impact of high betrayal trauma on state dissociation and betrayal awareness in a college sample (N = 216). Self-report measures were used to assess trauma history and state dissociation. Awareness for betrayal was measured using a drawing depicting an ambiguous interpersonal interaction between an adult and a child...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306390/study-of-cases-of-child-sexual-abuse-referred-for-medico-legal-examination-in-cairo-and-giza-egypt-2007-2011
#16
Amany E Abd El Rahman, Sonya M S Azab, Mohamed Ramadan
Child sexual abuse is a complex problem that results in detrimental effects on its victims. This study aimed to investigate the pattern of child sexual abuse in cases referred for medico-legal examination in Cairo and Giza governorates in the period between 2007-2011. The study included 813 cases of child sexual abuse. Female gender was more predominant than male gender (52.8%, 4.29 cases), and adolescents were the most frequent age group identified as victims of sexual abuse (43.8%, 356 cases). All perpetrators were male and most of them were persons outside the victims' families (89...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350265/persistent-complications-of-child-sexual-abuse-sexually-compulsive-behaviors-attachment-and-emotions
#17
Dixie Meyer, Aaron Cohn, Brittany Robinson, Fatima Muse, Rachel Hughes
Child sexual abuse has the potential to cause distress for the victim across the lifespan. Romantic relationships may be particularly difficult for victims of child sexual abuse. This retrospective study examined differences in adult romantic attachment, sexually compulsive behaviors, and emotion regulation by history of child sexual abuse in a large, nonclinical sample. Those with a history of child sexual abuse reported more attachment anxiety in romantic relationships and engaged in more sexually compulsive behaviors...
February 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350264/some-epidemiological-characteristics-of-perpetrators-and-victims-of-incest-in-contemporary-ghana-analysis-of-media-reports
#18
Emmanuel N-B Quarshie, Joseph Osafo, Charity S Akotia, Jennifer Peprah, Johnny Andoh-Arthur
In Ghana, incest is considered sinful, taboo, and illegal. However, recent media reports show that incest has become a daily reality in Ghana. This study is a situational analysis of the pattern of incest in Ghana as reported in the media from January 2008 through July 2015. Qualitative content analysis was conducted on 48 incest news reports in Ghana. The findings showed that father-daughter incest was most frequent across the study period. Forty-seven females aged 3 to 25 years and a male aged 3 years were identified as victims...
February 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350263/child-sexual-behaviors-in-school-context-age-and-gender-differences
#19
Sarah Miragoli, Elena Camisasca, Paola Di Blasio
The main purpose of the study was to explore the child sexual behaviors that Italian teachers have observed in the school context. A representative sample of 227 children, from 5 to 10 years old, was rated by their teachers through the Child Sexual Behavior Inventory. Frequencies of sexual behaviors among children aged 5 to 6, 7 to 8, and 9 to 10 are presented. Younger children showed a broader range of sexual behaviors that decrease with the growing age, such as males in comparison to females. Moreover, findings showed that child sexual behavior is not only related to age and gender but also to family characteristics...
February 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350262/the-effect-of-gender-on-perceptions-of-credibility-in-child-sexual-assault-cases-a-systematic-review
#20
Ashmyra Voogt, Bianca Klettke
Child sexual assault cases have one of the highest attrition rates throughout the justice system, with jurors' perceptions of the credibility of the child playing a critical role in the judicial process and resulting outcomes. One of the most prominent influences on credibility is gender, specifically victim and perceiver gender. This article reports the findings of a systematic search of the literature exploring the impact of these factors on perceptions of victim credibility. Results suggest that overall females tend to rate victim credibility higher than do males; however, this gender effect is minimized when the alleged perpetrator is not the biological parent of the victim...
February 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
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