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Journal of Child Sexual Abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771095/educators-observations-of-children-s-display-of-problematic-sexual-behaviors-in-educational-settings
#1
Lesley-Anne Ey, Elspeth McInnes
It is widely recognized that children are sexual beings and their sexual development begins at an early age. Recently, there has been some concern about children's sexual behavior in educational settings (Knowles 2014). Obtaining a better understanding of what behaviors children are displaying in these settings provides valuable information to inform teacher education in this area as well as support systems for children. One hundred and seven Australian educators from care organizations, preschools, and government, independent, and Catholic primary schools participated in an extensive online questionnaire in relation to their understanding of and experiences with children's problematic sexual behaviors and their management strategies...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767010/social-support-of-adolescent-survivors-of-child-sexual-abuse-and-sexual-revictimization-in-turkey
#2
Nilüfer Koçtürk, Filiz Bilge
Sexual revictimization refers to having a history of child sexual abuse and an experience of being assaulted again in adolescence or adulthood. This descriptive study examined perceived social support of nonvictim adolescents and adolescents who had survived single sexual abuse and sexual revictimization. Participants were 210 adolescent girls, all aged between 15 and 18, selected by a convenience sampling method; 70 had survived sexual revictimization, 70 had survived single sexual abuse, and 70 were nonvictims...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767001/victims-retrospective-explanations-of-sibling-sexual-violence
#3
Courtney McDonald, Katherine Martinez
While sibling sexual abuse may be the most common form of sexual violence within the family, relatively few studies have been conducted on this topic. The current study addresses this gap in the literature through analyses of thematic categories in narratives gathered from an online survey of sibling sexual violence. Survivors were asked to report why they believed their siblings had become sexually abusive toward them. Participants believed that their abusers had learned to be abusive due to their own victimization or exposure to pornography, were abusive to establish dominance over them, or had some undisclosed mental illness...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766998/linguistic-analysis-as-a-method-for-assessing-symptoms-after-sexual-trauma-among-female-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatients
#4
Kaisa Marshall, Amanda Venta, Craig Henderson, Maria Barker, Carla Sharp
Using a sample of female psychiatric inpatient adolescents, the current study aimed to extend this literature to an adolescent sample for the first time by examining if linguistic markers and their subcategories (cognitive process words, pronoun use, and somatosensory detail) in a trauma account are related to trauma symptomology and recovery during inpatient care. Results indicated that greater use of body words and fewer insight words were related to increased trauma symptoms at admission. In addition, use of fewer cognitive process words at admission predicted greater symptom change at discharge, extending previous research findings to an adolescent sample...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753119/advocacy-journey-promoting-child-sexual-abuse-prevention-in-hong-kong
#5
Monit Cheung, Carol A Leung, Elaine Suk-Ching Liu
In a country without a mandatory child abuse reporting system, advocacy for child welfare law can be a tedious and difficult process. This article documents a 10-year advocacy journey based on the capacity-building concept in social sustainability theory which aims to: raise public awareness of child sexual abuse, provide an idea for branding an inquiry column, and connect advocacy efforts to law reforms. Over the past decade in Hong Kong, a total of 336 public inquiries were anonymously sent to Wu Miu Column and published in three local major newspapers...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718707/child-sexual-abuse-and-adult-mental-health-sexual-risk-behaviors-and-drinking-patterns-among-latino-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#6
Ethan Czuy Levine, Omar Martinez, Brian Mattera, Elwin Wu, Sonya Arreola, Scott Edward Rutledge, Bernie Newman, Larry Icard, Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Seth Welles, Scott D Rhodes, Brian M Dodge, Sarah Alfonso, M Isabel Fernandez, Alex Carballo-Diéguez
One in five Latino men who have sex with men has experienced child sexual abuse. Although concerning in itself, child sexual abuse may increase an individuals' likelihood of depression and risk-taking in adult life, including engagement in HIV risk behaviors and alcohol and substance use. It is therefore urgent that researchers and practitioners better understand the long-term effects of child sexual abuse. We utilized logistic and linear regression to assess associations between child sexual abuse (operationalized as forced or coerced sexual activity before age 17) and depression, sexual behaviors, and drinking patterns in a sample of 176 adult Latino men who have sex with men from New York City...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715275/twice-silenced-the-underreporting-of-child-sexual-abuse-in-orthodox-jewish-communities
#7
David Katzenstein, Lisa Aronson Fontes
Child sexual abuse remains an underreported crime throughout the world, despite extensive research and resources dedicated both to improving investigative techniques and helping children disclose their experiences. The discovery of rampant cover-ups within the Catholic Church has exposed some of the ways religious and cultural issues can impede reporting to authorities. This article examines specific factors that contribute to the underreporting of child sexual abuse within Orthodox Jewish communities. It also explores ways in which these communities have handled child sexual abuse reporting in the past and describes recent progress...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657500/-a-very-steep-climb-therapists-perspectives-on-barriers-to-disclosure-of-child-sexual-abuse-experiences-for-men
#8
Elizabeth Gruenfeld, Danny G Willis, Scott D Easton
Recent studies indicate that men experience unique barriers to disclosure of child sexual abuse. Blind spots held by mental health providers and social service agencies may inadvertently help produce and sustain these barriers. However, therapists who specialize in treating this population may also hold important insights into the barriers clients face. Because delayed and nondisclosure of child sexual abuse have been associated with negative mental health outcomes for adult survivors, understanding these barriers is critical to improve clinical practice and facilitate help-seeking...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656806/baseline-characteristics-of-dependent-youth-who-have-been-commercially-sexually-exploited-findings-from-a-specialized-treatment-program
#9
Monica Landers, Kimberly McGrath, Melissa H Johnson, Mary I Armstrong, Norin Dollard
Commercial sexual exploitation of children has emerged as a critical issue within child welfare, but little is currently known about this population or effective treatment approaches to address their unique needs. Children in foster care and runaways are reported to be vulnerable to exploitation because they frequently have unmet needs for family relationships, and they have had inadequate supervision and histories of trauma of which traffickers take advantage. The current article presents data on the demographic characteristics, trauma history, mental and behavioral health needs, physical health needs, and strengths collected on a sample of 87 commercially sexually exploited youth...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628371/sexual-desire-among-an-online-sample-of-men-sexually-attracted-to-children
#10
Renae C Mitchell, Alex P Bravo, M Paz Galupo
Sexual attraction to children occurs in roughly 3 to 9 percent of the population. However, most knowledge about such desires comes from forensic samples, and most studies fail to assess preferred sexual activity and sexual partner. A new multimodal assessment of sexual desire was used to investigate interest in consensual and nonconsensual sex with adults and children in an online sample of men sexually attracted to children (n = 101). Desires were compared across history of sex offending behavior and preferred gender of child victim...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569610/the-stability-of-retrospective-child-sexual-abuse-reports-and-its-association-with-problem-avoidance
#11
Nnenna L Okeke, Anna V Wilkinson, Robert E Roberts
Due to reliability problems, use of retrospective measurement to assess child sexual abuse has long concerned researchers. Possible psychosocial causes of these reliability issues-including problem avoidance-have not been thoroughly studied. We tested the reliability of retrospective child sexual abuse measurement in a nationally representative sample of 12,438 adults over two periods (2001-2002, 2007-2008), assessed sex differences in reliability, and examined whether reliability depends on problem avoidance tendencies...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696908/the-place-of-culture-and-religion-in-patterns-of-disclosure-and-reporting-sexual-abuse-of-males-a-case-study-of-ultra-orthodox-male-victims
#12
Sara Zalcberg
This article deals with reporting patterns of sexual abuse in males in a religious-cultural context through a case study of ultra-Orthodox Jewish (Haredi) men who were young victims of sexual abuse. The study is based on in-depth interviews with 40 Haredi men. The results indicate that sexual abuse involving ultra-Orthodox boys was and is underreported. Moreover, the results indicate that even when such incidents were reported, the avenues for disclosure were parents, educational-religious figures, and friends...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696907/child-sexual-abuse-and-hiv-related-substance-use-and-sexual-risk-across-the-life-course-among-males-and-females
#13
Joy D Scheidell, Pritika C Kumar, Taylor Campion, Kelly Quinn, Nisha Beharie, Susan P McGorray, Maria R Khan
Child sexual abuse is associated with substance use and sexual risk behaviors during adolescence and adulthood, but no known studies have documented associations across the life course in a nationally representative U.S. SAMPLE: We used the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health to measure associations between child sexual abuse and substance use and sexual risk behaviors during adolescence, young adulthood, and adulthood among males and females (n = 11,820). Approximately 10% of females and 7% of males reported child sexual abuse...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661824/sexual-abuse-prevention-mobile-application-sap_mobapp-for-primary-school-children-in-korea
#14
Kyoung Ja Moon, Kyung Min Park, Yunsick Sung
This study aimed to develop and evaluate the effects of a sexual abuse prevention mobile application, SAP_MobAPP, for primary school children. Forty-five subjects were trained for 40 minutes once a week. The experimental group received education that utilized the SAP_MobAPP. Control group A received Web based sexual abuse prevention education, while control group B received textbook based sexual abuse prevention education. Effectiveness was verified through a survey on child sexual abuse recognition and avoidance skills administered before and after training...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657475/predicting-time-spent-in-treatment-in-a-sample-of-danish-survivors-of-child-sexual-abuse
#15
Shelley Fletcher, Ask Elklit, Mark Shevlin, Cherie Armour
The aim of this study was to identify significant predictors of length of time spent in treatment. In a convenience sample of 439 Danish survivors of child sexual abuse, predictors of time spent in treatment were examined. Assessments were conducted on a 6-month basis over a period of 18 months. A multinomial logistic regression analysis revealed that the experience of neglect in childhood and having experienced rape at any life stage were associated with less time in treatment. Higher educational attainment and being male were associated with staying in treatment for longer periods of time...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644722/the-effects-of-polyvictimization-and-quality-of-caregiver-attachment-on-disclosure-of-illegal-sexual-behavior
#16
Megan E Harrelson, Apryl A Alexander, Hugo B Morais, Barry R Burkhart
The current study examined the relationship among self-disclosure of illegal sexual behaviors and two conceptually relevant constructs in psychotherapy: childhood polyvictimization (i.e., cumulative types of victimization experienced during childhood) and caregiver attachment. Participants consisted of 63 adolescent males participating in mandated treatment for illegal sexual behavior. Childhood polyvictimization and caregiver attachment were expected to predict self-disclosure of illegal sexual behaviors. Quality of caregiver attachment was also expected to mediate the relationship between polyvictimization and disclosure...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628378/knowledge-and-behavioral-impact-of-adult-participation-in-child-sexual-abuse-prevention-evaluation-of-the-protecting-god-s-children-program
#17
Anne M Nurse
This article presents findings from an evaluation of a popular adult training program (Protecting God's Children) used in Catholic institutions, including schools, churches, and social service agencies. The study explores knowledge and behavior change based on pretest/posttest questionnaires administered to over 500 adults and follow-up questionnaires sent six months after the training. The participants in the training were compared to a control group of adults who did not participate in the program. The results indicate that participants arrive at the training with fairly high rates of preexisting knowledge but that the program increases knowledge across demographic groups...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569650/high-betrayal-child-sexual-abuse-and-hallucinations-a-test-of-an-indirect-effect-of-dissociation
#18
Jennifer M Gómez, Jennifer J Freyd
Though hallucinations traditionally have been conceptualized as a central feature of psychosis, some hallucinations may be dissociative, with dissociation potentially contributing to hallucinations. Childhood trauma has been linked with dissociation and hallucinations. Betrayal trauma theory distinguishes abusive experiences based on closeness to the perpetrator. In the current study, we examined the indirect effect of dissociation on the relationship between high betrayal child sexual abuse (perpetrated by a close other) and hallucinations...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569648/edutainment-as-a-strategy-for-parental-discussion-with-israeli-children-the-potential-of-a-children-s-play-in-preventing-sexual-abuse
#19
Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Talia Fridman, Rachel Lev-Wiesel
Edutainment is a communication strategy to influence attitudes and behaviors through the use of the media. Through the children's play "Yael Learns to Take Care of Her Body," designed for joint viewing by children aged 5-8 and their parents, sexual abuse is raised. This qualitative study findings indicate that parents from low socioeconomic subgroups from the secular sector reported that their awareness had been raised by viewing the play and that they received tools for holding a conversation. Conversely, parents from high socioeconomic subgroups in the secular sector and parents from the national-religious sector were more ambivalent regarding the play's effectiveness...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537852/-i-felt-like-i-was-being-abused-all-over-again-how-survivors-of-child-sexual-abuse-make-sense-of-the-perinatal-period-through-their-narratives
#20
Jane Byrne, Cordet Smart, Gilli Watson
Sequelae following child sexual abuse pervade the lives of adult survivors, significantly impacting on pregnancy and childbirth. Symptoms of this distress are recognized, but meanings for women are less understood. This research aimed to examine the meaning for women themselves of the impact of child sexual abuse on experiences of pregnancy, childbirth, and the postnatal period. Taking a critical feminist perspective, three open-ended interviews with three survivors enabled women's narratives of pregnancy and childbirth to be heard, explored the structure of these narratives, including how experiences were connected, and identified key themes and how selves and others were positioned...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
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