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European Journal of Cancer Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926538/effect-of-spirogyra-neglecta-on-the-early-stages-of-1-2-dimethylhydrazine-induced-colon-carcinogenesis-in-rats
#1
Sirinya Taya, Tarika Thumvijit, Teera Chewonarin, Charatda Punvittayagul, Rawiwan Wongpoomchai
This study focused on the chemopreventive effects of Spirogyra neglecta extract (SNE) and dried S. neglecta mixed diet on the early stages of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced colon carcinogenesis in rats. Male Wistar rats were injected with DMH to initiate aberrant crypt foci (ACF) formation. In the initiation stage, SNE significantly decreased the number of ACF in the colon of DMH-treated rats. Rats that received a low dose of SNE showed enhanced activity of several detoxifying and antioxidant enzymes. In the postinitiation stage, a low dose of SNE significantly decreased the number of ACF in the colon of DMH-treated rats...
December 6, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902644/coffee-consumption-and-risk-of-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer-a-dose-response-meta-analysis
#2
Golnaz Vaseghi, Shaghayegh Haghjoo-Javanmard, Jamal Naderi, Azadeh Eshraghi, Manijeh Mahdavi, Marjan Mansourian
Several epidemiological studies have evaluated the associations between coffee consumption and the risk of skin cancer; however, the results were not conclusive. This systematic review and meta-analysis of the cohort and case-control studies was carried out to determine the association between coffee intake and the risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer. Studies were identified by searching the PubMed and MEDLINE databases (to November 2015). Study-specific risk estimates were pooled under the random-effects model...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898584/prostate-cancer-characteristics-in-the-world-trade-center-cohort-2002-2013
#3
Dana Hashim, Paolo Boffetta, Matthew Galsky, William Oh, Roberto Lucchini, Michael Crane, Benjamin Luft, Jaqueline Moline, Iris Udasin, Denise Harrison, Emanuela Taioli
An increased incidence of prostate cancer was reported in three cohorts of World Trade Center (WTC) respondents. It is uncertain whether this increase is because of WTC-related exposures or enhanced surveillance. Prostate cancer cases (2002-2013) were obtained from the WTC Health Program. Age, race, and Gleason score distribution were compared with New York State Cancer Registry cases from the same time period. Multivariate models were adjusted for age and race. Analyses of clinical characteristics of prostate cancer cases within the cohort were also carried out, adjusting for age, race, and WTC exposure categories...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879495/fish-consumption-and-prostate-cancer-risk-and-mortality-in-a-danish-cohort-study
#4
Malene Outzen, Anne Tjønneland, Jane Christensen, Anja Olsen
Within the Danish 'Diet, Cancer and Health' cohort, we aimed to investigate the association between prediagnostic fish intake (total, lean, fatty) and (a) incidence of total and high-grade prostate cancer and (b) the risk of all-cause and prostate cancer-specific mortality among men with prostate cancer. Among 27 178 men, 1690 prostate cancer cases were identified through 2012. Of these, 1042 had a Gleason score of 7 or above and 498 had a Gleason score of 8 or above at the time of diagnosis; 364 died (n=228 from prostate cancer) during follow-up through 2013...
November 22, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879494/gynecologists-and-human-papillomavirus-dna-testing-exploring-knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-in-italy
#5
Claudia Caglioti, Claudia Pileggi, Carmelo G A Nobile, Maria Pavia
The aim of this survey was to examine the knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of gynecologists in terms of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA testing as a primary screening tool for cervical cancer. A national cross-sectional web survey was carried out through multistage sampling using an overall sample of 1000 gynecologists. Gynecologists were asked to fill in a self-administered questionnaire exploring their knowledge, attitudes, and practice toward cervical cancer screening and HPV-DNA testing. A total of 582 gynecologists completed the web questionnaire...
November 22, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879493/socioeconomic-status-and-site-specific-cancer-incidence-a-bayesian-approach-in-a-french-cancer-registries-network-study
#6
Joséphine Bryere, Olivier Dejardin, Ludivine Launay, Marc Colonna, Pascale Grosclaude, Guy Launoy
The aim of this study was to identify and compare cancer sites whose incidence is influenced by social deprivation. The study population comprised 189 144 cases of cancer diagnosed between 2006 and 2009, recorded in member registries of the French Network of Cancer Registries. Social environment was assessed at an aggregate level using the European Deprivation Index. The association between incidence and socioeconomic status was assessed by a geographical Bayesian Poisson model enabling a reduction of the overall variability and smoothing of the relative risks by sharing information provided by multiple geographic units...
November 22, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870643/yellow-fever-vaccine-17d-administered-to-healthy-women-aged-between-40-and-54-years-halves-breast-cancer-risk-an-observational-study
#7
Giuseppe Mastrangelo, Sofia Pavanello, Emanuela Fadda, Alessandra Buja, Ugo Fedeli
Transcripts of human endogenous retrovirus K are expressed in most breast cancers (BCs). Yellow fever vaccine 17D (YFV) expresses a protein with a closely homologous epitope. Cross-reactive immunity could hypothetically inhibit BC growth at least in women aged around 50 years at diagnosis, in whom the prognosis of BC was found to be better than that in women younger or older. A cohort of 12 804 women who received YFV in the Veneto Region, Italy, was divided into two subcohorts according to age at vaccination and followed up through the Veneto Tumor Registry...
November 18, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845951/does-low-dose-aspirin-use-for-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-reduce-colorectal-cancer-deaths-a-comparison-of-two-cohorts-in-the-florence-district-italy
#8
Leonardo Ventura, Guido Miccinesi, Alessandro Barchielli, Gianfranco Manneschi, Donella Puliti, Paola Mantellini, Francesco Orso, Marco Zappa
Aspirin has been associated with reduced incidence and mortality of colorectal and a few other cancers. The aim of our paper was to study the effect of low-dose aspirin intake on cancer mortality in a population-based cohort study. The study included inhabitants of the Florence district (Italy) at the beginning of 2007. We considered two cohorts: patients who received prescriptions of low-dose aspirin for the whole year and patients who did not have any prescriptions over the same period. We followed the two cohorts until 31 December 2013...
November 14, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845960/meat-and-haem-iron-intake-in-relation-to-glioma-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-study
#9
Heather A Ward, Alicia Gayle, Paula Jakszyn, Melissa Merritt, Beatrice Melin, Heinz Freisling, Elisabete Weiderpass, Anne Tjonneland, Anja Olsen, Christina C Dahm, Kim Overvad, Verena Katzke, Tilman Kühn, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Andreas Kyrozis, Domenico Palli, Vittorio Krogh, Rosario Tumino, Fulvio Ricceri, Amalia Mattiello, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H Peeters, José Ramón Quirós, Antonio Agudo, Miguel Rodriguez-Barranco, Nerea Larrañaga, José M Huerta, Aurelio Barricarte, Emily Sonestedt, Isabel Drake, Maria Sandström, Ruth C Travis, Pietro Ferrari, Elio Riboli, Amanda J Cross
Diets high in red or processed meat have been associated positively with some cancers, and several possible underlying mechanisms have been proposed, including iron-related pathways. However, the role of meat intake in adult glioma risk has yielded conflicting findings because of small sample sizes and heterogeneous tumour classifications. The aim of this study was to examine red meat, processed meat and iron intake in relation to glioma risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832036/factors-associated-with-the-lack-of-access-to-cervical-cancer-screening-test-results-in-the-brazilian-unified-health-system-network-in-the-municipality-of-rio-de-janeiro
#10
Luís Felipe L Martins, Liz Maria de Almeida, André S Szklo, Moyses Szklo, Luiz Claudio S Thuler, Maria de Fátima G Enes, Rejane S Pinheiro, Cláudia M Coeli
Papanicolaou test screening remains an effective approach for the control of cervical cancer. However, for successful control of the disease, patients need to have access to the test results and complete the treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the factors associated with lack of access to results from the most recent Papanicolaou test in women living in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro who used the Brazilian Unified Health System. Overall prevalence of lack of access to test results was 18...
November 9, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824663/socioeconomic-and-healthcare-use-related-determinants-of-cervical-breast-and-colorectal-cancer-screening-practice-in-the-french-west-indies
#11
Gwenn Menvielle, Julien Dugas, Jean-Baptiste Richard, Danièle Luce
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of socioeconomic and healthcare use characteristics in the participation in breast, cervical and colorectal cancer screening in the French West Indies. We used data from a national health survey conducted in 2014 in Martinique (n=2026) and Guadeloupe (n=2028). Logistic regressions adjusted for various sociodemographic and morbidity variables were performed. The following determinants were investigated: having hot water at home, having received income support for low-income individuals during the last year, educational level, occupational class, complementary health insurance, healthcare renouncement and visit to the general practitioner (GP) during the last year...
November 7, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824662/no-association-of-reproductive-risk-factors-with-breast-cancer-tumor-grade
#12
Sahana Somasegar, Li Li, Cheryl L Thompson
Histological tumor grade is a well-established marker of breast tumor aggressiveness and prognosis. A number of reproductive factors, including parity and age at first birth, have been shown to be related to breast cancer risk, but few studies have examined the association of these variables with breast cancer aggressiveness. In this study, 813 newly diagnosed breast cancer patients were surveyed for demographic and lifestyle characteristics. Tumor grade and other clinical variables were abstracted from medical records...
November 7, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824661/changes-in-health-behavior-1-year-after-testing-negative-at-a-colorectal-cancer-screening-a-randomized-controlled-study
#13
Markus D Knudsen, Anette Hjartåker, Marie K E Olsen, Geir Hoff, Thomas D Lange, Tomm Bernklev, Paula Berstad
When planning national screening programs, it is important to investigate potential changes in health behavior initiated by the screening. Knowledge of the consequences of different colorectal cancer (CRC) screening modalities for health behavior is limited. We aimed to investigate differences in 1-year health behavior changes after testing negative in CRC screening by one of two screening modalities. Participants of both sexes aged 50-74 years assigned randomly to five biennial rounds of fecal immunochemical test (FIT), one round of flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS), or no screening (control) were invited to complete a self-reported lifestyle questionnaire on smoking, body weight, physical activity, alcohol intake, and consumption of selected dietary items at baseline and at 1-year follow-up...
November 7, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824660/establishment-of-a-national-cervical-screening-programme-in-ireland-cervicalcheck-the-first-6-years
#14
Gráinne M Flannelly, Marie T Mooney, Gráinne M Greehy, Eoin B Keogh, Sara A McNally, Patricia E Fitzpatrick
The national cervical screening programme, CervicalCheck, commenced in Ireland in 2008. Free cervical smear tests are offered to over 1.2 million women aged 25-60 every 3 (aged 25-44) and 5 (aged 45-60) years. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the achievements and document the experience of the first 6 years of a new cervical screening programme. Data were extracted from the programme screening register and colposcopy management systems. SAS, version 9.4 was used for statistical analysis. Over 1.98 million smear tests were performed in over 1 million women during the first 6 years of the programme...
November 7, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768609/long-chain-%C3%AF-6-plasma-phospholipid-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-association-with-colon-adenomas-in-adult-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Charles A Pickens, Mariana de Fátima Albuquerque Pereira, Jenifer I Fenton
Dietary lipid intake can be associated with an increased risk for colorectal cancer depending on its composition. Carcinogenesis alters lipid metabolism to facilitate cell growth and survival. For instance, metabolites of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are associated with increasing colon cell proliferation. Moreover, precancerous colon lesions (i.e. adenomas) increase the risk for colorectal cancer. In this study, we investigated associations between plasma PUFAs and the number of colon polyps and polyp type (i...
October 20, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755135/genetic-analysis-of-melanocortin-1-receptor-red-hair-color-variants-in-a-russian-population-of-eastern-siberia
#16
Anna V Motorina, Nadezhda V Palkina, Anna V Komina, Tatiana G Ruksha, Ivan P Artyukhov, Vasily V Kozlov
The melanocortin 1 receptor is a Gs protein-coupled receptor implicated in melanogenesis regulation. The receptor gene is highly polymorphic, which accounts for the association of several of its single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with an increased risk of melanoma. The present study aimed to evaluate the distribution of melanocortin 1 receptor gene variants R151C, R160W, and D294H within the Russian population of Eastern Siberia and its association with melanoma development. Melanoma patients (n=95) admitted to Krasnoyarsk Territorial Oncological Center and healthy controls (n=334) were enrolled in the study...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749495/sun-related-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-primary-and-secondary-schoolchildren-in-western-switzerland
#17
Anne Vuadens, Simone Ackermann, Fabio Levi, Jean-Luc Bulliard
Switzerland, particularly its western region, has the highest incidence of melanoma in Europe. Although the risk of melanoma increases with sun overexposure during childhood, sun-related knowledge and attitudes of Swiss children are scarcely documented. We report the first investigation of the knowledge of the danger of ultraviolet radiation, attitudes towards a suntan and parental influence of schoolchildren in western Switzerland. All fifth, eighth and eleventh graders (average ages of 9, 12 and 15, respectively) in the 18 primary (fifth grade, n=431) and secondary (eighth and eleventh grades, n=837) public schools of La Chaux-de-Fonds were surveyed during regular school classes...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749494/occupational-exposure-to-polychlorinated-biphenyls-and-risk-of-cutaneous-melanoma-a-meta-analysis
#18
Paolo Boffetta, Simona Catalani, Cesare Tomasi, Enrico Pira, Pietro Apostoli
The aim of this study was to carry out a meta-analysis of studies on exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and the risk of malignant melanoma (MM). We searched Scopus, PubMed, and reference lists; among 807 potentially relevant articles, we selected those based on 12 populations. Data were extracted according to a standardized form; the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used to assess study quality. Meta-analyses were carried out according to fixed-effect and random-effects models. The fixed-effect summary relative risk (RR) for MM was 0...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749382/breast-cancer-risk-is-increased-in-the-years-following-false-positive-breast-cancer-screening
#19
Mathijs C Goossens, Isabel De Brabander, Jacques De Greve, Evelien Vaes, Chantal Van Ongeval, Koen Van Herck, Eliane Kellen
A small number of studies have investigated breast cancer (BC) risk among women with a history of false-positive recall (FPR) in BC screening, but none of them has used time-to-event analysis while at the same time quantifying the effect of false-negative diagnostic assessment (FNDA). FNDA occurs when screening detects BC, but this BC is missed on diagnostic assessment (DA). As a result of FNDA, screenings that detected cancer are incorrectly classified as FPR. Our study linked data recorded in the Flemish BC screening program (women aged 50-69 years) to data from the national cancer registry...
October 4, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749381/differences-in-cervical-cancer-screening-between-immigrants-and-nonimmigrants-in-norway-a-primary-healthcare-register-based-study
#20
Kathy A Møen, Bernadette Kumar, Samera Qureshi, Esperanza Diaz
The prevalence of cervical cancer is high among some groups of immigrants. Although there is evidence of low participation in cervical cancer screening programs among immigrants, studies have been subject to selection bias and accounted for few immigrant groups. The aim of this study was to compare the proportion of several groups of immigrants versus nonimmigrants attending the cervical cancer-screening program in Norway. In addition, we aimed to study predictors for attendance to the screening program. Register-based study using merged data from four national registries...
October 4, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
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