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European Journal of Cancer Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639952/toward-a-comprehensive-cancer-registration-in-germany
#1
Bernd Holleczek, Alexander Katalinic
This article presents the current status of the implementation of clinical cancer registration across all German federal states that started in 2013 and that is basis for setting up comprehensive clinical and population-based cancer registries (CRs). A nationwide definition of relevant cancers, a common model of passive registration, a standard basic set of data items as well as a sustainable funding are prerequisites for a standardized collection of cancer data in Germany. For the collected information, the tools and methods used for data collection and processing, for statistical analyses and reporting, the potential synergies of a comprehensive CR implementing the tasks of both a clinical CR and a population-based CR become evident...
June 20, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617683/estimation-of-population-based-cancer-specific-potential-years-of-life-lost-in-belgium
#2
Geert Silversmit, Evelien Vaes, Liesbet van Eycken
The potential years of life lost (PYLL) observed in a cohort of cancer patients cannot be fully assigned to the cancer as both cancer-related and non-cancer-related deaths contribute. A method is presented to decompose the observed all-cause PYLL into cancer mortality and population background mortality fractions when cause of death information is not available. Furthermore, the association of cancer-specific PYLL with cancer-specific mortality and mean age at diagnosis is explored and the impact of the follow-up window length is examined...
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604420/the-impact-of-under-reporting-of-cases-on-the-estimates-of-childhood-cancer-incidence-and-survival-in-estonia
#3
Keiu Paapsi, Margit Mägi, Sirje Mikkel, Kadri Saks, Tiiu Aareleid, Kaire Innos
About 35 new childhood cancer cases are diagnosed in Estonia (population 1.3 million in 2011) every year. Despite continuous improvements in the healthcare system and available cancer treatment options, the survival rates for childhood cancers have appeared to remain lower than the European average. These observations and the accompanying decrease in incidence led us to hypothesize that some nonfatal cases might be missing from the Estonian Cancer Registry (ECR). The aim of this study was to evaluate the completeness of reporting of childhood cancer cases to the ECR and its impact on the estimates of cancer incidence and survival...
June 9, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598889/survival-of-solid-cancer-patients-in-france-1989-2013-a-population-based-study
#4
Anne Cowppli-Bony, Zoé Uhry, Laurent Remontet, Nicolas Voirin, Anne-Valérie Guizard, Brigitte Trétarre, Anne-Marie Bouvier, Marc Colonna, Nadine Bossard, Anne-Sophie Woronoff, Pascale Grosclaude
This study provides updates of net survival (NS) estimates at 5, 10, and 15 years as well as survival trends for 35 solid cancers in France using data from 19 population-based cancer registries. The study considered all cases of solid cancer diagnosed between 1989 and 2010 in patients older than 15 years of age who were actively followed up until 30 June 2013. NS was estimated using the Pohar-Perme method. The age-standardized NS used the international cancer survival standard weights. The 5-year age-standardized NSs ranged from 4% (pleural mesothelioma) to 93% (prostate) in men and from 10% (pancreas) to 97% (thyroid) in women...
June 8, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590274/survival-from-cancer-in-the-north-region-of-portugal-results-from-the-first-decade-of-the-millennium
#5
Luís Antunes, Lúcio L Santos, Maria José Bento
The aim of this study was to evaluate net survival from cancer diagnosed during the period 2001/2010 in the north region of Portugal to identify the tumours that need actions to improve the outcomes. Data were retrieved from the North Region Cancer Registry of Portugal database. The top 20 cancer sites in adults were considered: oesophagus, stomach, colon, rectum, pancreas, liver, larynx, lung, skin melanoma, breast, cervix, corpus uteri, ovary, prostate, kidney, bladder, brain and central nervous system, thyroid, non-Hodgkin lymphoma and multiple myeloma...
June 5, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590273/incidence-and-survival-of-hodgkin-lymphoma-patients-in-girona-spain-over-three-decades-a-population-based-study
#6
Marta Solans, Laura Serra, Gemma Renart, Gemma Osca-Gelis, Raquel Comas, Loreto Vilardell, David Gallardo, Rafael Marcos-Gragera
Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is characterized by heterogeneous histologic findings, clinical presentation and outcomes. Using the Girona population-based cancer registry data we sought to explore the incidence of HL over three decades in Girona Province (Spain) and examine the relationship between clinical features at diagnosis and survival. From 1985 to 2013, 459 cases were recorded. Patients were stratified by sex, age group, stage at diagnosis, histological subtypes and the presence of B-symptoms. The crude incidence rate (CR) was 2...
June 5, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574869/cancer-incidence-estimation-method-an-apulian-experience
#7
Anna M Nannavecchia, Ivan Rashid, Francesco Cuccaro, Antonio Chieti, Danila Bruno, Maria G Burgio Lo Monaco, Cinzia Tanzarella, Lucia Bisceglia
The Cancer Registry of Puglia (RTP) was instituted in 2008 as a regional population-based cancer registry. It consists of six sections (Foggia, Barletta-Andria-Tran, Bari, Brindisi, Lecce, and Taranto) and covers more than 4 000 000 inhabitants. At present, four of six sections have received accreditation by AIRTUM (53% of regional population). To point out possible regional geographic variability in cancer incidence and also to support health services planning, we developed an original estimation method to ensure a complete territorial coverage...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574868/evaluation-of-completeness-of-case-ascertainment-in-swiss-cancer-registration
#8
Matthias Lorez, Andrea Bordoni, Christine Bouchardy, Jean-Luc Bulliard, Bertrand Camey, Silvia Dehler, Harald Frick, Isabelle Konzelmann, Manuela Maspoli, Seyed M Mousavi, Sabine Rohrmann, Volker Arndt
This is the first comprehensive evaluation of completeness of case ascertainment in Swiss cancer registration. There is currently no method available that is considered to be the gold standard. Apart from simple measures such as the proportion of cases where registration was initiated by a death certificate and the proportion of diagnoses on the basis of histology or cytology/haematology, we applied two dedicated approaches: (i) the semiquantitative method of comparing the mortality to incidence rate ratio with relative survival (MI-Surv method) and (ii) the Flow method, which provides a quantitative estimate for the completeness depending on time since diagnosis...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574867/breast-cancer-screening-effectiveness-in-portugal-central-region
#9
Joana Bastos, Vitor Rodrigues, Ellen Paap, Mireille Broeders, Miguel Pina, Dário Cruz, Branca Carrito, Manuel António Silva
The central region of Portugal is covered by an organized population-based breast cancer screening programme. We designed a case-referent study to investigate the association of overall mortality with mammographic screening attendance. The study population (SP) included women aged 50-69 years who received at least one invitation to the breast cancer screening programme. A case was defined as a woman from the SP diagnosed with breast cancer between 2000 and 2006 who died before 1 August 2015. Index invitation (IV) was defined as the most recent invitation before diagnosis of the case...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574866/a-population-based-approach-to-compare-patient-reported-outcomes-of-long-term-hodgkin-s-lymphosma-survivors-according-to-trial-participation-a-joint-study-from-the-patient-reported-outcomes-following-initial-treatment-and-long-term-evaluation-of-survivorship
#10
Melissa S Y Thong, Michal Kicinski, Corneel Coens, Francesco Giusti, Lonneke van de Poll-Franse, Jan Bogaerts, Lifang Liu
Survival discrepancy between patients treated in a clinical trial and routine practice is well recognized. No study has assessed the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of long-term Hodgkin's lymphoma survivors (HLS) according to trial participation. We applied a population-based approach to examine the differences in HRQL, healthcare utilization, and satisfaction with healthcare among long-term HLS who had participated in a trial (tHLS) and those treated in routine care (rHLS). All HLS diagnosed during the period 1989-1998 and living in southern Netherlands were selected from the Netherlands Cancer Registry in 2004 to participate in the Patient Reported Outcomes Following Initial treatment and Long-term Evaluation of Survivorship registry study...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542079/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-and-risk-of-gastric-cancer-results-of-a-case-control-study-in-italy
#11
Jovana Stojanovic, Luca Giraldi, Dario Arzani, Roberta Pastorino, Alberto Biondi, Roberto Persiani, Stefania Boccia, Emanuele Leoncini
The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between adherence to Mediterranean diet (MD) and gastric cancer (GC). A case-control study was carried out at the Fondazione Policlinico 'A. Gemelli' (Rome, Italy) from 2003 to 2015. A total of 223 incident cases and 223 controls were interviewed. Dietary intake was assessed through a validated food frequency questionnaire that collected information on more than 25 food items. The association between adherence to MD and risk of GC was quantified by calculating Odds Ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542078/a-population-level-investigation-of-cancer-clinical-trials-participation-in-a-uk-region
#12
Conan B Donnelly, Amy C Wotherspoon, Melanie Morris, Richard H Wilson, Jingwen J Chen, Victoria Cairnduff, Eileen Morgan, Amy Devlin, Anna T Gavin
The aim of this study was to document cancer trial participation since establishment of the Northern Ireland Cancer Trials Network and investigate population and disease factors associated with trial participation. An independent cohort of over 51 000 cancer patients from the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry covering the same population (2007-2012) was linked to a database of 1316 interventional cancer trial participants in a UK region. The primary outcome measure was participation in an intervention clinical trial...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542077/physical-activity-sedentary-time-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-the-singapore-chinese-health-study
#13
Yvonne L Eaglehouse, Woon-Puay Koh, Renwei Wang, Jin Aizhen, Jian-Min Yuan, Lesley M Butler
Singapore has experienced a marked increase in colorectal cancer incidence over the past 40 years. Evidence from prospective studies in Western Europe and the USA suggests that low physical activity and high amounts of sedentary time are associated with increased colorectal cancer risk. The aim of this study is to evaluate these relationships in an Asian population. The Singapore Chinese Health Study enrolled 63 257 adults between 1993 and 1998. At enrollment, participants reported past year physical activity and time spent sitting...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538041/the-frequency-of-bladder-cancer-in-alexandria-egypt-over-the-last-two-decades
#14
Iman El Sayed, Fayek Elkhwsky, Carlo La Vecchia, Gianfranco Alicandro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538040/interleukin-10-592c-a-but-not-1082a-g-promoter-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-is-associated-with-a-decreased-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-in-an-ethnic-kashmiri-population-a-case-control-study
#15
Mujeeb Z Banday, Aga S Sameer, Nissar A Chowdri, Ehtishamul Haq
Chronic inflammation influences the development of various cancers including colorectal cancer (CRC). Interleukin-10 (IL-10), an anti-inflammatory cytokine, plays a vital role in several homeostatic physiological processes occurring in the human gastrointestinal tract including intestinal inflammation and is a key regulator of several gastrointestinal tract pathophysiological processes such as inflammatory bowel diseases that are associated with an increased predisposition to CRC. Several studies have reported the association of various polymorphisms in the human IL-10 gene including IL-10 -592C/A and IL-10 -1082A/G single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with various cancers including CRC, but these SNPs are yet to be studied in a Kashmiri population with respect to CRC risk...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538039/association-of-physical-activity-and-sitting-time-with-incident-colorectal-cancer-in-postmenopausal-women
#16
Anna M Gorczyca, Charles B Eaton, Michael J LaMonte, David O Garcia, Jeanne D Johnston, Ka He, Aurelian Bidulescu, Deborah Goodman, Erik Groessl, Dorothy Lane, Marcia L Stefanick, Polly Newcomb, Charles Mouton, Andrea K Chomistek
Findings from epidemiological studies have found that physical activity (PA) is associated with a lower risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Recent studies have found an increased CRC risk with higher sitting time (ST); however, many studies did not include PA as a potential confounder. The objective of this project was to investigate the independent and combined associations of ST and PA with the risk of incident CRC, specifically colon and rectal cancer. Participants in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (n=74 870), 50-79 years of age self-reported ST and PA at baseline, years 3 and 6...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368946/genetic-polymorphisms-in-tlr1-tlr2-tlr4-and-tlr10-of-helicobacter-pylori-associated-gastritis-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study-in-thailand
#17
Taweesak Tongtawee, Theeraya Bartpho, Soraya Kaewpitoon, Natthawut Kaewpitoon, Chavaboon Dechsukhum, Wilairat Leeanansaksiri, Ryan A Loyd, Krajang Talabnin, Likit Matrakool, Sukij Panpimanmas
The toll-like receptors (TLRs) mediate the recognition of Helicobacter pylori and initiate the innate immune response to infection. We hypothesized those genetic polymorphisms in the TLR1, TLR2, TLR4, and TLR10 influence bacterial infection, affecting susceptibility H. pylori to disease outcomes. Genomic DNA was extracted and genotypes of TLR1 (rs4833095), TLR2 (rs3804099 and rs3804100), TLR4 (rs10759932), and TLR10 (rs10004195) polymorphism were detected by the TagMan single-nucleotide epolymorphisms genotyping assay using the real-time PCR hybridization probe method...
May 15, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368950/cervical-cancer-screening-and-subsequent-procedures-in-women-under-the-age-of-25-years-between-2007-and-2013-in-france-a-nationwide-french-healthcare-database-study
#18
Géric Maura, Christophe Chaignot, Alain Weill, François Alla, Isabelle Heard
Cervical cancer screening in young women may lead to the detection of lesions with a high potential for spontaneous regression and no benefit of surgery. French guidelines recommend initiating cervical cancer screening by the Pap test from the age of 25 years. To date, no French nationwide study has assessed cervical cancer screening in young women and the related subsequent work-up and surgical procedures among screen-positive women. Using data from the French national healthcare databases (around 50 million beneficiaries), annual and 3-year Pap test screening rates were calculated among women aged 15-24 years between 2007 and 2013...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471803/search-for-genetic-factor-association-with-cancer-free-prostate-specific-antigen-level-elevation-on-the-basis-of-a-genome-wide-association-study-in-the-korean-population
#19
Eun Kyung Choe, Young Lee, Jeong Yeon Cho, Seung Ho Choi, Boram Park, Jong-Eun Lee, Eun Young Cho
We investigated the genetic markers associated with elevated serum prostate-specific antigen (sPSA) levels to improve the predictive power of sPSA in screening for prostate cancer. A genome-wide association study was carried out among 4124 healthy Korean male adults using the Affymetrix Axiom Customized Biobank Genotyping Arrays for sPSA levels. A subgroup analysis for increased sPSA levels who underwent a prostate biopsy (n=64) was also carried out. We detected 11 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) near the Solute carrier family 45member 3, AGAP7P, MSMB, LOC101929917, and KLK3 genes associated with sPSA levels...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489708/muc1-muc5ac-and-muc6-polymorphisms-helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-gastric-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Luca Giraldi, Maria B Michelazzo, Dario Arzani, Roberto Persiani, Roberta Pastorino, Stefania Boccia
The risk of Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection, as well as gastric cancer (GC), in association with genetic polymorphisms of gene encoding for mucins, has been investigated with contradictory results. We carried out this systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the relationship between MUC1, MUC5AC, and MUC6 polymorphisms and HP infection, as well as GC risk. We searched MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Scopus bibliographic databases and the HuGE Navigator database. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated to assess the association between the genetic polymorphisms, and HP/GC risk...
May 1, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
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