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European Journal of Cancer Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461280/the-rationale-for-a-role-for-diet-and-nutrition-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-cancer
#1
Jean Logan, Megan W Bourassa
There is considerable evidence to support dietary recommendations for prevention of cancer as well as for patients undergoing or recovering from cancer treatment. We consider here implications from human, animal and in-vitro studies of the effects of dietary factors (macronutrients and micronutrients-phytochemicals) on cancer. An important epidemiology study, the China Project found a significant correlation between disease incidence and markers of animal product consumption. Evidence of the role of animal protein in the promotion of cancer also comes from animal studies...
February 15, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438162/serum-glucose-and-insulin-and-risk-of-cancers-of-the-breast-endometrium-and-ovary-in-postmenopausal-women
#2
Geoffrey C Kabat, Mimi Y Kim, Dorothy S Lane, Oleg Zaslavsky, Gloria Y F Ho, Juhua Luo, Wanda K Nicholson, Rowan T Chlebowski, Wendy E Barrington, Mara Z Vitolins, Xiaochen Lin, Simin Liu, Thomas E Rohan
Limited evidence suggests that hyperinsulinemia may contribute to the risk of breast, endometrial, and, possibly, ovarian cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the association of serum glucose and insulin with risk of these cancers in postmenopausal women, while taking into account potential confounding and modifying factors. We studied 21 103 women with fasting baseline insulin and glucose measurements in a subsample of the Women's Health Initiative. The subsample was composed of four studies within Women's Health Initiative with different selection and sampling strategies...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438161/25-hydroxyvitamin-d-serum-levels-and-melanoma-risk-a-case-control-study-and-evidence-synthesis-of-clinical-epidemiological-studies
#3
Maria Sofia Cattaruzza, Daniela Pisani, Laura Fidanza, Sara Gandini, Giovanna Marmo, Alessandra Narcisi, Armando Bartolazzi, Marta Carlesimo
There is accumulating evidence that the vitamin D pathway may play a role in melanoma. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] serum levels and the risk of cutaneous melanoma. A case-control study with 137 incident cases of melanoma (serum samples collected at the time of diagnosis) and 99 healthy controls (serum samples collected between October and April) was carried out and evaluated in the framework of an evidence synthesis of clinical epidemiological studies on the topic to facilitate comparisons and summarize the scientific evidence produced so far...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424754/inaccurate-data-in-meta-analysis-dietary-patterns-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-a-meta-analysis
#4
Fred K Tabung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406336/swedish-women-s-awareness-of-human-papillomavirus-and-health-related-quality-of-life-anxiety-and-depression-after-a-notification-of-an-abnormal-pap-smear-result-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Marie Rask, Katarina Swahnberg, Marie Oscarsson
This study aims to assess (a) women's awareness of the human papillomavirus (HPV), (b) women's health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and levels of anxiety and depression symptoms, and (c) to compare the outcomes between women who are aware of the sexually transmitted nature of the HPV infection and women who are not. Swedish women who have been notified of an abnormal Pap smear result completed a questionnaire. This questionnaire consisted of sociodemographic characteristics, items on awareness of HPV, and how to cope with the Pap smear result and the instruments: the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Cervical Dysplasia and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406335/fish-shellfish-intake-and-the-risk-of-head-and-neck-cancer
#6
Kathleen M McClain, Patrick T Bradshaw, Nikhil K Khankari, Marilie D Gammon, Andrew F Olshan
Fish intake and other dietary sources of omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to be associated with a reduced risk for some cancers. Although previous studies of head and neck cancer have reported associations with different dietary factors, including reduced risks for fruits and vegetables and putatively healthy dietary patterns, associations specific to fish intake are unclear. This study investigated the association between fish/shellfish intake and risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) using data from the Carolina Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology Study, a population-based case-control study conducted in 46 North Carolina counties with cases recruited from 2002 through 2006...
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384759/harms-of-cigarette-smoking-call-to-increase-knowledge-among-children
#7
Bradley Lonergan, Victoria Harding, Hannah Cohen, Elisa Wylleman, Richard Cohen, Justin Stebbing
Although the major burden of disease caused by smoking is observed in the adult population, two-third of smokers start before the age of 18 years. Reducing the number of young smokers could lead to marked improvements to the health of the UK population and save billions of pounds in National Health Service finances. However, very little is known about what makes children decide to not smoke or to quit early. We believe that increased awareness of the health risks associated with smoking will reduce smoking uptake among children...
January 30, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369836/congenital-malformation-in-offspring-of-female-cancer-survivors-a-national-cohort-study
#8
Jianguang Ji, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
Current evidence on congenital malformations in the offspring of cancer survivors is largely inconsistent. Therefore, through this study we aimed to explore the prevalence of congenital malformations in the offspring of cancer survivors. To this end, female cancer survivors were identified from the Swedish Cancer Register and were further linked to the Swedish Medical Birth Register and Hospital Discharge Register to identify congenital malformation in their children at birth or during adulthood between 1987 and 2010...
January 24, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360649/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-ex-smokers-and-characteristics-associated-with-quitting-smoking-the-polish-norwegian-study-pons
#9
Marta Manczuk, Jakub Lobaszewski, Urszula Sulkowska, Dana Hashim, Paolo Boffetta
Tobacco smoking remains a number one preventable risk factor of premature death worldwide. Findings of recent research show concurrent trends of lung cancer deaths in males and females in Europe. Although lung cancer death rates are consistently decreasing in male population, in women an upward trend is observed. The burden of tobacco-related harm can be prevented by smoking cessation. The main goal of this analysis is to identify the crucial correlates of successful smoking cessation in the middle-aged Polish population...
January 22, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360648/artificial-intelligence-estimates-the-impact-of-human-papillomavirus-types-in-influencing-the-risk-of-cervical-dysplasia-recurrence-progress-toward-a-more-personalized-approach
#10
Giorgio Bogani, Antonino Ditto, Fabio Martinelli, Mauro Signorelli, Valentina Chiappa, Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Francesca Taverna, Claudia Lombardo, Chiara Borghi, Cono Scaffa, Domenica Lorusso, Francesco Raspagliesi
The objective of this study was to determine whether the pretreatment human papillomavirus (HPV) genotype might predict the risk of cervical dysplasia persistence/recurrence. Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of consecutive 5104 women who underwent the HPV-DNA test were matched with retrospective data of women undergoing either follow-up or medical/surgical treatment(s) for genital HPV-related infection(s). Artificial neuronal network (ANN) analysis was used in order to weight the importance of different HPV genotypes in predicting cervical dysplasia persistence/recurrence...
January 22, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334503/family-history-of-autoimmune-diseases-and-risk-of-gastric-cancer-a-national-cohort-study
#11
Jianguang Ji, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
A personal history of autoimmune diseases is associated with an increased incidence of gastric cancer, but whether they share familial susceptibility is still unknown. The contribution of shared environmental or genetic factors toward the observed familial aggregation has not been determined. We used a few Swedish registers, including the Swedish Multigeneration Register and the Cancer Register, to examine the familial risk of gastric cancer among individuals with a family history of a set of autoimmune diseases...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324583/an-explanatory-and-predictive-model-of-the-variation-in-esophageal-cancer-incidence-on-the-basis-of-changes-in-the-exposure-to-risk-factors
#12
Clara Castro, Bárbara Peleteiro, Samantha Morais, Milton Severo, Maria José Bento, Nuno Lunet
Variations in the exposure to risk factors may be used to explain past cancer trends and to predict its future burden. This study aimed to develop a model to describe and predict the variation of esophageal cancer incidence in 1995-2005, taking into account changes in exposures to risk factors. We adapted an existing model to calculate the expected variation in the number of esophageal cancer cases, between 1995 and 2005, in Australia, Japan, Italy, Portugal, the UK, and the USA, because of changes in exposures to risk factors, taking into account the corresponding lag times...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280915/bladder-cancer-risk-in-users-of-selected-drugs-for-cardiovascular-disease-prevention
#13
Valentina Guercio, Federica Turati, Cristina Bosetti, Jerry Polesel, Diego Serraino, Maurizio Montella, Massimo Libra, Antonio Galfano, Carlo La Vecchia, Alessandra Tavani
The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between bladder cancer risk and the use of selected drugs for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention, such as aspirin, statins, and calcium channel blockers (CCBs). We analyzed data from a multicentric case-control study carried out in Italy between 2003 and 2014, including 690 bladder cancer cases and 665 hospital controls. Odds ratios (ORs) of bladder cancer and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using unconditional multiple logistic regression models...
December 26, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215374/empirically-derived-dietary-patterns-and-ovarian-cancer-risk-a-meta-analysis
#14
Hai-Fang Wang, Ai-Lin Yao, Yan-Yan Sun, Ai-Hua Zhang
Dietary patterns, which reflect overall diet and possible nutrient and food interactions, have been reported to be related to ovarian cancer (OC) risk. However, studies on the relationship between dietary patterns and OC risk have been inconsistent. Thus, we carried out a systematic meta-analysis to assess the relationship between dietary patterns and the risk of OC. Relevant studies are identified by searching the Medline and Embase electronic databases up to December 2016. The Cochrane Q statistic and the I statistical were used to evaluate heterogeneity...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194280/conization-and-healthcare-use-a-population-based-register-study
#15
Maria E Frederiksen, Miguel Vázquez-Prada Baillet, Pernille T Jensen, Carsten Rygaard, Jesper Hallas, Elsebeth Lynge
The aim of this study was to assess whether negative psychological consequences of conization reported in questionnaire studies translated into increased use of the healthcare services that could relieve such symptoms. This was a population-based register study comparing women undergoing conization with a control group of women with normal cytology results. Data were derived from Danish registers. Using the difference-in-differences method, we measured contacts with general practitioners (GPs), hospitals, psychiatrist/psychologists, and use of anxiolytic and antidepressant prescription drugs over 5 years 'before' and 'after' the conization in the study group, and in comparable periods in the control group...
November 29, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369941/comment-on-%C3%AE-blocker-use-and-mortality-in-cancer-patients-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies-zhong-et-al-2015-published-epub-ahead-of-print-3-september-2015
#16
Janick Weberpals, Prudence R Carr, Michael Hoffmeister, Lina Jansen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176350/low-participation-in-organized-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-france-underlying-ethical-issues
#17
Grégoire Moutel, Nathalie Duchange, Astrid Lièvre, Marie Brigitte Orgerie, Odile Jullian, Hélène Sancho-Garnier, Sylviane Darquy
International studies have shown a significant reduction in colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality following the implementation of organized screening programs, given a sufficient participation rate and adequate follow-up. The French national CRC screening program has been generalized since 2008 and targets 18 million men and women aged 50-74 years. Despite broad recommendations, the participation rate remains low (29.8%), questioning the efficiency of the program. A panel of experts was appointed by the French National Cancer Institute to critically examine the place of autonomy and efficiency in CRC screening and propose recommendations...
November 24, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135538/cervical-morbidity-in-alsace-france-results-from-a-regional-organized-cervical-cancer-screening-program
#18
Jean-Jacques Baldauf, Muriel Fender, Christine Bergeron, Emilie Marrer, Michel Velten, Pierre Pradat, Marc Arbyn
In 1994, a pilot program of cervical cancer screening was introduced in the Alsace region, France. Women aged 25-65 years were proposed to have one Pap smear every 3 years. The objective was to assess cervical morbidity in Alsace before the human papillomavirus vaccinated population reaches the age of screening. Data on cervical lesions and cancers were collected by EVE for the period September 2008 to August 2011 from existing medical services and cytopathology laboratories in Alsace. Cytological and histological data were completed with data from the two cancer registries covering the region (Bas-Rhin and Haut-Rhin)...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552246/on-the-international-agency-for-research-on-cancer-classification-of-glyphosate-as-a-probable-human-carcinogen
#19
Robert E Tarone
The recent classification by International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) of the herbicide glyphosate as a probable human carcinogen has generated considerable discussion. The classification is at variance with evaluations of the carcinogenic potential of glyphosate by several national and international regulatory bodies. The basis for the IARC classification is examined under the assumptions that the IARC criteria are reasonable and that the body of scientific studies determined by IARC staff to be relevant to the evaluation of glyphosate by the Monograph Working Group is sufficiently complete...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111981/the-detection-of-interval-colorectal-cancers-following-screening-by-fecal-immunochemical-test-may-predict-worse-outcomes-and-prompt-ethical-concerns-a-6-year-population-based-cohort-study-in-a-full-district
#20
Corrado R Asteria, Giuseppe Lucchini, Linda Guarda, Paolo Ricci, Mauro Pagani, Luigi Boccia
The rates of colorectal cancer (CRC) interval surveyed in screen-detected patients using a fecal immunochemical test (FIT) are not negligible. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of interval cancer on outcomes compared with a population with cancer diagnosed after a positive test result. All patients between 50 and 71 years of age, who were residents of the Mantua district, affected by CRC and operated on from 2005 to 2010 were reviewed. Other than patient-related, disease-related, and treatment-related factors and tumor location, this population was differentiated as either participating or not to screening and then into populations developing interval cancer after a negative FIT result...
November 3, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
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