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Cellular and Molecular Biology

S Ghasemi, M Moradzadeh, S H Mousavi, H R Sadeghnia
Defects in the apoptotic pathways are responsible for both the colorectal cancer pathogenesis and resistance to therapy. In this study, we examined the level of cellular oxidants, cytotoxicity and apoptosis induced by hydroalcoholic extract of U. dioica radix (0-2000 µg/mL) and oxaliplatin (0-1000 µg/mL, as positive control) in human gastric (MKN45) and colon (HT29) cancer, as well as normal human foreskin fibroblast (HFF) cells. Exposure to U. dioica or oxaliplatin showed a concentration dependent suppression in cell survival with IC50 values of 24...
October 15, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
S Goldar, B Baradaran, M Shekari Khaniani, A Azadmehr, S M Derakhshan, A Mohammadi, B Mansoori, V Khaze, D Shanehbandi, L Mohammadnejad, E Baghbani
Some species of the Scrophularia genus have been extensively used as a natural remedy for treatment of various medical conditions. The objective of this study was to evaluate the growth inhibitory activity of Scrophularia frigida Boiss extracts as well as to study the effect of the potent extracts on the induction of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest on human breast cancer cells. S. frigida Boiss extracts exhibited obvious inhibitory effects on the growth of cancer cells and induced apoptosis. It is suggested that the extracts exert their anti-proliferative effect through multiple implications such as suppressing growth, arresting the cell cycle, increased DNA fragmentation, downregulation of the expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 and myeloid cell Leukemia-1, and upregulation of pro-apoptotic messenger RNAs like caspase-3 and caspase-9...
October 6, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
V Paunovic, M Kosic, S Djordjevic, A Zugic, N Djalinac, U Gasic, V Trajkovic, J Harhaji-Trajkovic
Marrubium vulgare is a European medicinal plant with numerous beneficial effects on human health. The aim of the study was to isolate the plant ethanolic extract (MVE) and to investigate its anti-melanoma and anti-glioma effects. MVE was prepared by the modified pharmacopoeial percolation method and characterized by UHPLC-LTQ OrbiTrap MS. MVE dose-dependently reduced viability of melanoma (B16) and glioma (U251) cells, but not peripheral blood mononuclear cells. It arrested cell cycle in S+G2/M phase, which was associated with the activation of MAP kinase p38 and up-regulation of antiproliferative genes p53, p21 and p27...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
N Taimori, D Kahrizi, V Abdossi, A H Papzan
The present study describes the effects of light conditions, different kinds and concentrations of auxins [Naphthylacetic acid (NAA) and dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D)] with cytokinin (Kin) in MS medium on callus induction and embryogenesis in Crataegus pseudoheterophylla, C. aronia and C.meyeri. At first leave explants sections were cultured on different combinations of plant growth regulators in dark and light for callus initiation and light conditions to evaluation the percentage and duration of survival, callus diameter, callus fresh weight and dry...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
F-H Liu, W-J Ni, G-K Wang, J-J Zhang
Renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) damage may arise due to nephron sparing surgery in patient with a solitary kidney of restricted renal parenchymas. Apoptosis, inflammation and oxidative stress play a significant role in the expansion of renal dysfunction following renal I/R. The aim of the current investigation was to particularize the potential effect of curcumin against hypoxia induced renal injury. The albino Wistar rats divided into groups and each group contains six rats. They groups are normal control; disease control; curcumin (5 mg/kg per day) and another group orally treated with curcumin (10 mg/kg per day) for two weeks before induction of renal I/R...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
M Seifi-Najmi, M Hajivalili, R Safaralizadeh, S Sadreddini, S Esmaeili, R Razavi, M Ahmadi, H Mikaeili, B Baradaran, K Shams-Asenjan, M Yousefi
High-mobility group AT-hook2 (HMGA2), involved in epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) process, has a pivotal role in lung cancer metastasis. Lung cancer therapy with HMGA2 suppressing small interfering RNA (siRNA) has been introduced recently while doxorubicin (DOX) has been used as a frequent cancer chemotherapy agent. Both reagents have been faced with obstacles in clinic which make them ineffective. NanoParticles (NPs) provided a platform for efficient co delivery of the anticancer drugs. The aim of this study was production and in vitro characterization of different pharmacological groups (siRNA, DOX or siRNA-DOX) of carboxymethyl dextran thrimethyl chitosan nanoparticles (CMDTMChiNPs) on cytotoxicity, gene expression, apoptosis and migration of metastatic lung cancer cell line (A-549)...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
A Mardomi, M Sabzichi, M Hussein Somi, D Shanehbandi, R Rahbarghazi, O Taj Sanjarani, N Samadi
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) display differential migration ability toward different tumor-released factors. Migration of MSCs is highly important in induction of proliferation and invasiveness of hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cells. In this study, the role of CXCR4/CXCL12 axis and TGF-βR signaling were evaluated in the migration of MSCs toward HepG2 cells. The MSCs were incubated with SDF-1α (CXCL12), antagonists of CXCR4, TGF-βR, and co-receptor of TGF-β, (endoglin) for 48h. Then, the migration of these cells toward HepG2 cells was analyzed using in vitro migration assay...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
M Khaleghi, A Farsinejad, S Dabiri, G Asadikaram
The current study is aimed at investigation of the opium effects on the apoptosis of different cell lines in culture medium and compares such effects with one another. The study is carried out on over 8 cell lines (AA8, AGS, Hela, HepG2, MCF7, N2a, PC12, WEHI). A 2.86 x 10-4 g/ml opium concentration was prepared and added to the culture medium of the cell lines for 48 hours. Cytotoxicity was tested by 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The apoptotic effect of opium on the cell lines was analyzed by Annexin-PI test...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
D Li, F Liu, T Yang, T Jin, H Zhang, X Luo, M Wang
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) results in a devastating brain disorder with high mortality and poor prognosis and effective therapeutic intervention for the disease remains a challenge at present. The present study investigated the neuroprotective effects of rapamycin on ICH-induced brain damage and the possible involvement of activated microglia. ICH was induced in rats by injection of type IV collagenase into striatum. Different dose of rapamycin was systemically administrated by intraperitoneal injection beginning at 1 h after ICH induction...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
E Darvishi, Z Aziziaram, K Yari, M Bagheri Dehbaghi, D Kahrizi, H Karim, S Vaziri, J Zargooshi, K Ghadiri, S Muhammadi, E Kazemi, M T Moradi, M Shokrinia, N Mohammadi
Periodontal disease is one of the most prevalent inflammatory illnesses and is a main cause of tooth loss in human population. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) gene is one of pro-inflammatory cytokines which has important role in pathogenesis of periodontal disease. The main purpose of this study is to determine genotype abundance of TNF-α-1031 gene in both groups of patients and controls, and also investigation of relation of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) these genotypes with periodontal disease risk...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
G H Ji, Y Cui, H Yu, X B Cui
Lung cancer is one of the most malignant tumors worldwide with a high mortality rate, which has not been improved since several decades ago. FOX gene family members have been reported to play extensive roles in regulating many biological processes and disorders. In order to clarify the contribution of FOX gene family members in lung cancer biology, we performed expression profiling analysis of FOX gene family members from FOXA to FOXR in lung cancer cell lines and tissue specimens by Real-time PCR, western blot and immunohistochemistry analysis...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
S Pejić, A Todorović, V Stojiljković, I Pavlović, L Gavrilović, N Popović, S B Pajović
Endometrial tissue is under a strong influence of sex hormones. These hormones are considered as developmental factors of endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial cancer. We examined the influence of gonadotropins (follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormone) and sex hormones (estradiol, progesterone) on oxidant/antioxidant parameters in blood and endometrial tissue of women with complex endometrial hyperplasia. In blood, superoxide dismutase activity was significantly higher in luteal phase and postmenopause compared to the follicular phase...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
X Chen, Q Lv, Y Liu, W Deng
Although the role of PLCγ2 in apoptotic response has been reported, too little is known about whether PLCγ2 induces liver cell apoptosis during liver regeneration. Therefore, this study firstly packaged Ad-PLCγ2 recombinant adenovirus and primarily evaluated its effect on apoptosis of rat liver cell BRL-3A in vitro. Following ten days of co-transfection of pHBAd-MCMV-GFP-PLCγ2 and pHBAd-BHG into HEK293 cells, viral cytopathic effect (CPE) was apparent. Following three rounds of amplification, tissue culture infectious dose 50 (TCID50) assay showed that the titer value reached 1×1010 PFU/mL...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
X Liu, X Zhang, K Ma, R Zhang, P Hou, B Sun, S Yuan, Z Wang, Z Liu
Matrine is a quinolizidine alkaloid derived from the herb Radix Sophorae Flavescentis, and possesses anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumoral properties. However, its effectiveness against subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is not well known. In this study, we investigated the effects of matrine on early brain injury (EBI) and the related potential mechanisms following SAH in rats. Our results showed that matrine pretreatment partially alleviated SAH-induced EBI, including neurological deficit, severity of SAH grade, brain edema, and blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption in rats...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
C-M Chu, K-C Kao, S-H Huang, D-Y Chuang, H-P Wu
Severe sepsis is associated with significant mortality and massive immune cell lose, or apoptosis. It is unclear whether plasma apoptosis biomarkers could be used as a diagnostic test for severe sepsis. Forty patients with severe sepsis and 35 healthy controls were enrolled. The percentage and apoptosis of monocytes and lymphocytes were detected by flow cytometric analysis. Plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, soluble TNF receptor (sTNFR), soluble Fas (sFas), Fas ligand (FasL), caspase-1, and procalcitonin (PCT) were measured...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
G-Y Li, J-Z Liu, L Zhang, S-J Li, G-Z Liu, T-W Xiao, J-X Wang, L-X Wang, M Hou
Serine/threonine protein phosphatase 5 (PPP5C) participates in multiple signaling pathways including cell cycle control and cell growth. PPP5C is involved in the progression of human breast cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, its function in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) remains unknown. In this study, we constructed a lentivirus system to knock down the expression level of PPP5C in leukemic cell line U937. Cell proliferation and cell cycles were assessed by MTT assay and flow cytometry respectively...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Y H Lee, G G Song
This study aimed to determine whether Glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1), P1 (GSTT1), NFKB1 polymorphisms confer susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We performed a meta-analysis on the associations between GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes, and NFKB1 -94 ins/delATTG polymorphisms and SLE. In total, seven studies were considered for this meta-analysis, which comprised 2,119 SLE patients and 3,014 healthy controls. Meta-analysis of the GSTM1 null polymorphism in 869 SLE and 1,544 control subjects revealed an association between SLE and the GSTM1 null genotype (OR = 1...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
M A Rosales-Reynoso, A R Arredondo-Valdez, C I Juárez-Vázquez, L I Wence-Chavez, P Barros-Núñez, M P Gallegos-Arreola, S E Flores-Martínez, M C Morán-Moguel, J Sánchez-Corona
Accumulative evidence suggests that alterations due to mutations or genetic polymorphisms in the TCF7L2 and CCND1 genes, which are components of the Wnt signaling pathway, contributes to carcinogenesis. The present study was designated to clarify whether common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the transcription factor 7- like 2 (TCF7L2) and cyclin D1 (CCND1) genes are associated with colorectal cancer risk in Mexican patients. A case-control study including 197 colorectal cancer patients and 100 healthy subjects was conducted in a Mexican population...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
H Rostami-Ahmadvandi, D Kahrizi, K Cheghamirza, I Nosratti, J Zargooshi
Iran, especially its western provinces, is one of the most chickpea producing countries of the world with the yield about 500 kg/ ha in average. Narrow genetic variability for chickpea is one of the most limitations in conventional breeding approaches. In this study, derived genetic variation among 94 chickpea (Bivanij cultivar) mutant lines produced by Ethyl Methane Sulfonate (EMS) were assessed based on ISSR, RAPD markers in M4 and morpho-agronomic traits in M3 generation. The induced variation via EMS in field experiment, showed significant differences among mutant lines based on almost measured traits...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
M Namdari, A Eatemadi, B Negahdari
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), also known as a B-type natriuretic peptide, is one of the important biomarkers with a proven role in the diagnosis of congestive heart failure (CHF). Researchers from the different clinical field have researched into the performance features of BNP testing in the acute care set-up to assist and improve in diagnosing CHF and in predicting future morbidity and mortality rates. The potency of BNP has also been researched into in cases like myocardial ischemia and infarction, cor pulmonale, and acute pulmonary embolism (PE)...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
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