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Cellular and Molecular Biology

Bei Wang, Rongju Sun, Wei Chen, Tanshi Li
 Despite recent advances, treatment of acute superior mesenteric artery embolism (SMAE) in emergency is still very difficult. The comparative rarity, the difficulty of early diagnosis, and the extremely high mortality of SMAE give us the sufficient reasons to report our successful experience in curing a patient with acute SMAE. In the present case, the patient was diagnosed early without evidence of intestinal necrosis. The diagnosis of SMAE was verified by computed tomography angiography (CTA). A comprehensive treatment was immediately employed including a combination of intra-arterial thrombolysis and embolectomy operation with emergent laparotomy...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Yu Liu, Haojiang Zuo, Xuewei Liu, Jingyuan Xiong, Xiaofang Pei
Herba Epimedii (Yinyanghuo or Horny Goat Weed) is a traditional Chinese medicine widely used in treating osteoporosis. As the major active component, icariin is intensively investigated in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in ovariectomized rats. However, misleading conclusions can be generated in animal studies with various experimental designs. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy of icariin against osteoporosis in ovariectomized rats. PubMed, EMBASE and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were searched to identify studies of icariin in ovariectomized rats...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Ye Xin, Fu-Gang Han, Dong Chen, Jing Chen, Chun-Xia Fang, Li Lou, Han Liu
Several studies reported the association between Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) rs2252586 mutation and glioma susceptibility. However, the results of these studies were inconsistent. A computer-based search using EMBASE and PubMed databases was conducted. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to assess the strength of association between EGFR rs2252586 mutation and glioma susceptibility. The EGFR rs2252586 mutation was significantly associated with an increased risk of glioma (OR=1...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Xiao-Yun Huang, Wen-Jin Fu, Zhi-Zhong Mei, Ying-Li Yu, Yi-Hong Huang, Han Lin, Jian-Jun Chen, Ming-Xia Wang, Shao-Bing Guan, Hao-Wei Fang
Many studies have been examined the association of platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ia C807T polymorphism with ischemic stroke (IS) susceptibility. However, the results of these studies are inconsistent. To further assess the effects of GP Ia C807T polymorphism on the risk of IS, a meta-analysis was performed in a separate ethnic group. Relevant studies were identified using PubMed and Chinese databases through January 2017. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the strength of the associations...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Ting Cai, Zheng-Yan Yang, Li Nie, Jia-Xiu Zhen, Li Deng, Zhi Zhou
Although many researchers have studied on the association between vitamin D receptor (VDR) BsmI polymorphism and periodontitis, this association remains elusive. To further assess the effects of VDR BsmI polymorphism on the risk of periodontitis, a meta-analysis was performed in a single ethnic group. We searched PubMed and Chinese databases for relevant studies till April 2017. The strength of the associations were assessed used pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Six studies including 757 periodontitis cases and 670 controls were identified at last...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Ali Beheshti Ale Agha, Danial Kahrizi, Asma Ahmadvand, Hoda Bashiri, Roza Fakhri
Thiobacillus is a genus of Gram-negative, rod-shaped and autotrophic Betaproteobacteria. They catalyze the dissimilatory oxidation of elemental sulfur and reduced inorganic sulfur compounds. Whereas more than 30 species have been known in this genus, most were never reliably or effectively published. The rest were either reclassified into Thiomonas, Paracoccus, Starkeya, Sulfuriferula, Halothiobacillus, Thermithiobacillus or Acidithiobacillus, were lost from culture. Most of Thiobacillus species are obligate autotrophs via elementary sulfur, thiosulfate or polythionates as energy sources...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Masataka Sunohara, Iwao Sato, Shigeru Morikawa
Thrombopoietin (TPO) and its receptor, c-Mpl, are the central regulators of megakaryocyte development and platelet production and are also crucial to regulate megakaryocytopoiesis. TPO remarkably elevated c-mpl promoter activity, while the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors, GF109203, H7 and Calphostin C, clearly reduced the steady level of its promoter activity.  In the present study, motifs crucial for c-mpl promoter activity induced by TPO treatment has been analyzed using a human megakaryoblastic cell line, CMK...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Raëd Farhat, Ayman El-Seedy, Caroline Norez, Hugo Talbot, Marie-Claude Pasquet, Catherine Adolphe, Alain Kitzis, Véronique Ladevèze
Cystic Fibrosis is the most common recessive autosomal rare disease found in Caucasian. It is caused by mutations on the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator gene (CFTR) that encodes for a protein located on the apical membrane of epithelial cells. c.3909C>G (p.Asn1303Lys) is one of the most common worldwide mutations located in nucleotide binding domain 2. The effect of the p.Asn1303Lys mutation on misprocessing was studied by immunofluorescence and western blotting analysis in presence and absence of treatment...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Khushbukhat Khan, Muhammad Adeel Aslam, Fatima Tuz Zahra, Hamid Basheer, Muhammad Bilal, Aleena Sumrin
Major hurdle faced by many physicians in treating various respiratory tract infections and lung carcinomas is their late or mis-diagnosis. In most respiratory tract infections the manner of infection is not completely understood. Similarly, various lung carcinomas are diagnosed at advance stages at which not only the treatment possibilities are narrowed but the chances of survival are also reduced. So, for the sake of better treatment, the quick and improved diagnostic strategies are suggested. Protein biomarkers fully fit the description in this regard as they have shown great potential in specific diagnosis of many respiratory diseases and also have shown capability in timely pin pointing different stages of lung carcinomas...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Abdurrahim Kocyigit, Eray Metin Guler
Melanoma is the most malignant skin cancer. Curcumin has shown to have therapeutic effects when used in the treatment of malignant diseases. However, the precise molecular mechanisms of its action are not fully elucidated. In this research, we hypothesized that reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a key role in curcumin induced DNA damage, apoptosis and cell dead. To test our hypothesis, cytotoxic, genotoxic, apoptotic, ROS generating and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) of curcumin on mouse melanoma cancer cells (B16-F10) and fibroblastic normal cells (L-929) were investigated...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Hamid Reza Seyedabadi, Sima Savar Sofla, Elham Kazemi
The aim of this study was to evaluate genetic characterization of the Caspian horse population using microsatellite markers. This study determined the efficiency of microsatellite markers for conservation plans and breeding strategies in Caspian horse population. For this purpose, 120 Caspian horse samples including 95 adults and 25 foals were genotyped by using seventeen microsatellite markers recommended by ISAG. The number of allele per locus varied from 5 (HMS01 and HTG07) to 9 (HTG10) with an average value of 7...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Rafika Metoui, Jalloul Bouajila, Mansour Znati, Sylvie Cazaux, Mohamed Neffati, Ahmed Akrout
Four flavones were isolated from dried leaves of Artemisia campestris L. 2',4',5,7-tetrahydroxy-5',6-dimethoxyflavone, eupatilin and dimethoxycentaureidin were reported for the first time in this species whereas cirsiliol was previously identified but it was isolated for the first time. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, including 1D and 2D NMR experiments and mass spectrometry analysis. In addition, all isolated flavones were evaluated for their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-superoxide dismutase, anti-xanthine oxidase and cytotoxic activities...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Flavia Biamonte, Fabiana Zolea, Gianluca Santamaria, Anna M Battaglia, Giovanni Cuda, Francesco Costanzo
MicroRNAs post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression thus playing a critical role in a wide range of physiological and pathological processes, including cancer initiation and progression. Moreover, a growing number of evidences highlights that miRNAs themselves are differentially expressed between normal and malignant tissues. In this study, we analysed differences in miRNA expression profile between haematological and epithelial tumor-derived cell lines and explored their role in definying different cancer cells phenotypes...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Yan Jiao, Mingming Niu, Cheng Tian, Jian Yan, Aron W Vancil, Xuenan Yan, Ming Zhang
Vitamin D (VD) and vitamin C (VC) have been recognized as essential elements for human health.  Animal models, especially mouse models, have been widely used in the study of VD and VC. This study is to investigate how VD and VC interact at molecular level using whole genome expression profiles from spleens of 111 mouse strains and livers from 40 mouse strains. We first identified the genes that are closely correlated to vitamin D receptor (Vdr) and gulonolactone oxidase (Lgo). We next analyzed the potential molecular pathways of Vdrand Lgo correlated genes and examined how these two sets of pathways are connected in liver and spleen...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Mariam E Amin, Marwa M Azab, Amro M Hanora, Salah Abdalla
Fungal infections caused by dermatophytes recently became more common. Available antifungal drugs are limited because of emergence of resistant strains due to prophylaxis with them, so there is an urgent need for novel antifungals. This study is aimed to detect the antifungal activity of silver nanoparticles (SNPs) on Fluconazole resistant dermatophytes isolated from primary school children clinically suffering from tinea capitis and attending El-Sheikh Zaid Dermatology Center in Ismailia. The study was done on 112 clinical cases...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Sahar Khadem Nezhad, Ali Taghavi Zenouz, Marzieh Aghazadeh, Hossein Samadi Kafil
Lactobacillus spp. are one of the first microorganisms involved in the development of dental caries in the first years of life of the child. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antibacterial effect of alcoholic extract of hypericin against strains of Lactobacillus spp. and determine its related MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration); and cytotoxic effect against gingival fibroblasts. Antimicrobial activity and MIC were evaluated using micro broth dilution method based on CLSI (clinical and laboratory standards institute) protocols...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Inass M Taha, Azza M Abdu Allah, Maha A F Hamoudah, S Justin Carlus
Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) is a wide spread bone matrix protein that affect the function, formation and cell-cell interactions of osteoclasts and osteoblasts to regulate bone remodeling and sustain adequate bone mass. The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of the two polymorphism of transforming growth factor-β1 T869C and C-509T in developing osteoporosis in postmenopausal Egyptian women. This study was performed on 138 postmenopausal osteoporosis/osteopenic women and 128 postmenopausal female control group...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Nese Colcimen, Gülay Bulut, Ozlem Ergul Erkec, Murat Cetin Ragbetli
Preeclampsia is a disease characterized by hypertension and proteinuria occurred after 20 weeks of gestation. Preeclampsia is a major cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality.  The pathophysiological mechanism of preeclampsia is not known exactly yet. Preeclampsia endothelial cell dysfunction, associated with inadequate trophoblastic invasion is characterized by abnormal placentation. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) according to is an angiogenic cytokine, Annexin A5 is among endogenous peptides are both expressed from placental trophoblasts and Apelin is a multifunctional peptide and expressed by placental trophoblasts and endothelial cells...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Mohamed A M Kadry, Hanan R H Mohamed, Mohamed Hosney
This study was carried out to study the diet type, genetic, morphometric and histological variations between two natural populations of Trachylepis quinquetaeniata inhabiting Abu-Rawash, Embaba, North Giza and Garfas-Senoures, El-Faiyum habitats. In this study, morphometric examination showed that Trachylepis quinquetaeniata is a typically ground-dwelling Skink and seems to be frequently associated with grass and below shrubs. Geographic variation in sexual size dimorphism (SSD) and head size dimorphism (HSD) with greater dimensions in Garfas-Senoures, El-Faiyum compared with Abu-Rawash, Embaba, North Giza might be correlated with spatial food availability and abundance or micro-evolutionary change or phenotypic plasticity...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Maliheh Moradzadeh, Hamid Reza Sadeghnia, Seyed Hadi Mousavi, Merat Mahmoodi, Azar Hosseini
Ferula species known for its oleo-resins that are recognized valuable industrial crops and food products. In this study, we examined the level of cellular oxidants, cytotoxicity, apoptosis and differentiation induced by oleo resin gum from Ferula gummosa (30-250 µg/mL), as well as Arsenic trioxide (50 µM, as positive control), in leukemic (NB4 and HL-60 cells) and normal polymorph nuclear cells during 72 h. Resazurin assay was used to determine cell viability following treatment with F. gummosa (30-250 µg/mL)...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
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