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Cellular and Molecular Biology

Marcelo Falcão de Santana, Lucas Menezes Marques, Vitor Lopes Gibara, Galeno E Magalhaes Neto, Luiz Gustavo De Quadros, Roberto Luiz Kaiser Júnior, Mikaell Alexandre Gouvêa Faria, Idiberto Zotarelli Filho
An ectopic spleen occurs with less than 600 cases reported and has a large series of splenectomies less than 0.3%. Its highest prevalence occurs between 20 and 40 years of age, being more frequent in female patients. To present an original case report on the occurrence of ectopic spleen, mimicking hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after bariatric surgery. Occurrence of migratory spleen after late bariatric surgery, mimicking an HCC discovered in a routine evaluation. JCA patient, male, 66 years old, previously with sleep apnea, hypertensive and diabetic patients on medication regularly, who weighed 112...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Hua-Fei Chen, Li-Xin Wu, Xiao-Feng Li, You-Cai Zhu, Wen-Xian Wang, Chun-Wei Xu, Dong-Fang Xie, Jian-Hui Huang, Kai-Qi Du
Many studies conducted on the relationship between serum iron levels and lung cancer risk had produced inconsistent results. We therefore conducted a meta-analysis to determine whether serum iron levels were lower in lung cancer patients compared to those in controls.A literature survey was conducted by searching the PubMed, WanFang, CNKI, and SinoMed databases for articles published as of Mar 1, 2018. Standard mean differences (SMD) with the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were executed by Stata 12...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Abdol-Reza Shamari, Ali-Ashraf Mehrabi, Abbas Maleki, Ali Rostami
Oak decline is a complex syndrome in which several damaging agents interact and bring about a serious dieback in tree condition. Genetic diversity is a key factor for better adoption of natural populations to environmental stresses. The objective of this research was to identify the association of polymorphism patterns of different reproducible genomic Inter simple sequence repeats (ISSR markers) to level of dieback phenomena and also growth type in 18 different stands of Persian oak in central Zagros region...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Qin Weilan, Yan Yan, Liu Xuemei, Shen Wei, Liu Xiaohan, Ma Qingke, Wang Ying, Jin Xianglan
To investigate the effect of medicated thread moxibustion onapoptosis in hippocampal neuronsin a rat model of chronic cerebral ischemic vascular dementia. A total of 40 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal group and sham-operated group (7 rats each), and rat model of chronic cerebral ischemic vascular dementia (14 rats). The model group rats were treated with medicated thread moxibustion two weeks after surgery, once a day, with one day break every six days, (24 times in all)and an observation period of 4 weeks...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Yaşar Özyiğit, Bilal Aydinoğlu
This study was conducted to predict some quality factors of the annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) with spectral reflectance values in the Forage Crops Laboratory in the Department of Field Crops at the Agriculture Faculty, Akdeniz University, Turkey. In the study, variations resulting from different implementations (moisture level, bale density, propionic acid application and storage period) made during haymaking were determined with reflectance values. For reflectance measurements, a portable spectroradiometer and a contact probe (plant probe) were used and predicting models were created...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Amany H Mahmoud Elgoly, Lobna F Wahman, Magda Hm Yousef
Hypothyroidism is an endocrine disorder due to decreased thyroid hormone production. This endocrine disorder significantly affects the menstrual cycle and fertility. The aim of this present study was to assess the efficacy of Panax ginseng, one of traditional Chinese medicine, in ameliorating the gonadal hormonal dysfunction and lowering oxidative stress accompanied with hypothyroidism in adult female albino rats. After confirming regularity of the oestrus cycle in the female rats in this study, hypothyroidism was induced by using daily 5...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Han Junli, Tian Hongyan, Liu Ya, Fan Fenling
Pulmonary arterial hypertension is caused by an imbalance of pulmonary vasoconstriction and vasodilation. Pulmonary arteriolar remodeling is a primary pathological change and proliferation of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMC) is an important pathological basis for pulmonary arteriolar remodeling. Vasoactive substances, such as 5-HT, may play a role in proliferation of PASMC via unknown mechanisms. In vitro experiments with PASMC showed that the TRPC channel inhibitor SKF96365 inhibited the effects 5-HT and DOI on PASMC proliferation and G2M percentage increase, and decreased expression of TRPC1, TRPC6 and calcineurin A/NFATc3 induced by 5-HT and DOI...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Hurrem Turan Akkoyun
In this study, the effect of boric acid on the important trace elements copper (Cu), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn) and nickel (Ni) in liver and kidney tissue of rats treated with mercury chloride was investigated. Twenty-four male Wistar albino rats (weighing 200 ± 300 g) were divided into 3 groups: Control (C), Mercury chloride (HgCl2), Mercury chloride (HgCl2) + boric acid (BA). Iron and copper were decreased whereas Mn, Zn and Ni levels were increased in liver tissue in Hg administered group compared to control...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Milad Shahini Shams Abadi, Abolfazl Gholipour, Nahal Hadi
RND (Resistance-Nodulation-Division) family transporters have a vital role in both intrinsic and acquired multi-drug resistance in Gram-negative bacteria. It is important to find a conserved domain in the RND family between different pathogenic bacteria for diagnostic and therapeutic purpose. Total sequences of three-component system RND efflux pumps were retrieved from NCBI nucleotide and protein database and were subjected to conservation and variation analysis using the multiple sequence alignment feature of the CLC workbench...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Evren Büyükfırat, İsmail Koyuncu, Mahmut Alp Karahan, Orhan Binici, Nuray Altay, Adnan Kirmit, Ataman Gönel
Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, including Neostigmine, have been used to reverse neuromuscular blockage for many years. Sugammadex reverses this blockage using its gamma cyclodextrin ring, a mechanism that differs from that of cholinesterases and so circumvents the side effects of Neostigmine. Although the superiority of Sugammadex to Neostigmine has been outlined in several clinical studies, to our knowledge, there is not any research into cell culture that compares the cytotoxic, genotoxic and apoptotic effects of the two drugs...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Mohd Saeed, Mohd Imran, Mohd Hassan Baig, Mohd Adnan Kausar, Sma Shahid, Irfan Ahmad
Glutathione-S-transferase also referred as GST is one of the major detoxification enzymes in parasitic helminths. The crucial role played by GST in various chronic infections has been well reported. The dependence of nematodes on detoxification enzymes to maintain their survival within the host established the crucial role of GST in filariasis and other related diseases. Hence, this well-established role of GST in filariasis along with its greater nonhomology with its human counterpart makes it an important therapeutic drug target...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Adel Qlayel Alkhedaide
Bile acids are strong cytotoxic endogenous compounds implicated in several diseases in various organs, such as the liver, gallbladder and small and large intestines. Lithocholic acid is one such acid, produced by flora, and causes liver injury, cholestasis, and colon cancer. The present study aimed to examine the preventive effects of Juniperus procera extract on lithocholic acid‑induced liver injury in experimental mice. Forty adult male mice were divided equally into four groups. The negative control group gained free access to food and water...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Abir Ben Bacha, Ikram Jemel, Ramesa Shafi Bhat, Mona Awad Onizi
Many enzymes are involved in numerous pathologies which are related to metabolic reactions and inflammatory diseases such as pancreatic lipase, α-amylase, α-glucosidase and xanthine oxidase and secreted phospholipases A2 (Group IIA, V and X), respectively. Therefore, inhibiting these enzymes offer the potential to block production of more inflammatory substances and decrease the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. The purpose of this study was to investigate some potent, bioavailable and selective inhibitors of some catalytic proteins implicated to metabolic syndrome and their antioxidant effects from various solvent extracts of R...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Kamal Aktar, Xiang Liu, Xiaowei Yang
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of anti-early apoptotic cell autoantibodies, anti-SSA, and anti-SSB with clinical features of lupus nephritis (LN). Multiparameter flow cytometry was used to determine early apoptotic cells and for measuring the simultaneous binding of annexin V, 7-AAD, and IgG from LN patients (n = 39). The association between clinical features of LN and autoantibodies against early apoptotic cells, and between the autoantibodies and anti-SSA and anti-SSB, were further investigated...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Almira Zada, Puspasari S Susanto, Raden L Putri, Edhyana K Sahiratmadja, Bethy S Hernowo, Andri Rezano, Yunia Sribudiani
The tissue sample may have important genetic information in diagnostic, prognostic and counselling issues. Formalin-Fixed-Paraffin-Embedded (FFPE) is a routine method for preserving tissues. However, DNA isolated from FFPE tissue is often difficult to be amplified in PCR due to fragmentation and DNA-protein crosslinks. This study aimed to optimize the DNA isolation method from FFPE tissue and compare the performance of four different PCR ready-to-use kits. Genomic DNA was isolated from FFPE tissue colon of Short-segment Hirschsprung (S-HSCR) patients and prostate cancer tissue using Quick-DNA™ FFPE Kit (Zymo Research) with and without pre-heating treatment in KOH/NOH solution...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Ozlem Kucukhuseyin, Sumbul Khalid, Uteuliyev Yerzhan Sabitaliyevich, Cihat Kucukhuseyin
Induction of cardiac contractures by 4-AP in Ca2+-free medium implied the involvement of SR and PLC-IP3 cascade. Thus, the role of PLC-IP3 cascade against contractile actions of 4-AP in electrically-driven rat atrial and diaphragmatic strips were studied both in the presence, and absence of Ca2+ using neomycin, a PLC inhibitor, and heparin, an IP3-R antagonist. 4-AP was applied cumulatively in logarithmically increasing concentrations in the range of 1-16µg/ml, and the preparations were treated with neomycin (400µM) or heparin (400µg/ml) for 3min prior to 4-AP injection...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Chen Cheng, Wang Xiaohua, Jiang Ning, Zong Dan, Yao Chengyun, Zhao Lijun, Yin Li, Huang Shengfu, Ji Hong, Xia He
To investigate the effects of microRNA-122 (miR-122) on the proliferation and apoptosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) HONE-1 cells, and its correlation with the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway. Human NPC cell line (HONE-1) was transfected with miR-122 inhibitor (anti-miR-122 group), negative controls (vector control group) via lipofectamines, and HONE-1 cell lines undergoing no transfection were selected (non-transfection group). The expression of miR-122, cell proliferation, apoptosis, and expressions of PI3K/AKT pathway and downstream target proteins in the three groups were determined using fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), cell counting kit-8 (CCK8), immunofluorescence (IF) and Western blotting, respectively...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Inass Mohamed Taha, Azza M Abdu Allah, Eman Masoud Abd El Gayed
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) plays an important role in modulating innate immunity. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic disease that is characterized by impaired insulin resistance and abnormal immune response. Genetic background and consequently genetic factors might have a key role in both onset and progression of T2DM-related complications.  The aim of this work was to study the role of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study was carried out on 90 subjects, 30 type 2 diabetic patients, 30 patients with impaired glucose tolerance and 30 age and gender matched healthy controls...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Gurdal Kanat
The biodegradation of pyroxasulfone (C12H14F5N3O4S), which is the selective herbicide in wheat farming in Turkey is compared with some soil bacteria. These microorganisms were isolated in collected soil samples in Thrace region of Turkey from an agricultural area previously unexposed to pyroxasulfone. The microbial biodegradation of pyroxasulfone was investigated using liquid experiments with identified cultures to determine which of the microorganisms shows best removal performance under agitated culture conditions...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
İbrahim Halil Yıldırım, Ecir Ali Çakmak, Celaleddin Camcı
Pancreatic cancer is characterized by rapid metastasis and resistant to medical treatments. As the other cancers, mutations of tumor suppressor genes that involved in suppression of cell growth are observed in pancreatic cancers. ING4 protein is one of the proteins involved in the regulation of p53 tumor suppressor gene functions. ING4 involved in suppression of cell proliferation, chromosome rearrangement, cell migration, and angiogenesis. In this study, gene expressions and splicing variants of ING4 gene were investigated...
October 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
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