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Cellular and Molecular Biology

F Fallah, H Minaei Chenar, H Amiri, S Omodipour, F Shirbande Ghods, D Kahrizi, M Sohrabi, T Ghorbani, E Kazemi
High quality DNA is essential for molecular research. Secondary metabolites can affect the quantity and quality DNA. In current research two DNA isolation methods including CTAB and Delaporta (protocols 1 & 2 respectively) were applied in three leave samples from Cotinus coggygria, Citrus sinensis and Genus juglans that their leaves are rich of secondary metabolites. We successfully isolated DNA from C. coggygria, C. sinensis and Genus Juglans using the two protocols described above. Good quality DNA was isolated from C...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
P Tokarz, E Pawlowska, J Bialkowska-Warzecha, J Blasiak
DNA methylation, an epigenetic modification plays a role in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC). CRC cases, both sporadic and familial, are often characterized by abnormal pattern of the cytosine methylation in CpG dinucleotides in regulatory regions of genes important for cancer transformation. Also genes mutated in CRC can have their epigenetic pattern altered and we suggest that changes in DNA methylation array can be important for CRC metastatic potential ‒ the main reason of CRC-associated mortality...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
M J Dehghan Esmatabadi, A Bozorgmehr, S N Hajjari, A Sadat Sombolestani, Z V Malekshahi, M Sadeghizadeh
People have known the bacteria and have used various ways to deal with them, from a long time ago. Perhaps, natural antibiotics with have been the first step in fighting against pathogens. However, several factors, such as dealing with unfamiliar bacteria or emergence of drug-resistant species, have motivated us to discover new antibiotics or  even change previous types. In this regard, a variety of natural and synthetic antibiotics with different origins, mechanism of action, structures and functional spectrum, have been developed and used...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
X Lin, M Z Qureshi, M A Romero, I Yaylim, S Arif, I Ucak, S Fayyaz, A A Farooqi, Q Mansoor, M Ismail
Overwhelmingly increasing scientific evidence has provided near complete resolution of prostate cancer landscape and it is now more understandable that wide ranging factors underlies its development and progression. Increasingly it is being realized that genetic/epigenetic factors, Intra-tumoral and inter-tumoral heterogeneity, loss of apoptosis, dysregulations of spatio-temporally controlled signaling cascades, Darwinian evolution in response to therapeutic pressures play instrumental role in prostate carcinogenesis...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
N Karami, A Karimi, A Aliahmadi, F Mirzajan, H Rezadoost, A Ghassempour, F Fallah
The rapid diagnosis of respiratory infections has always been an important goal for medical professionals, because rapid and accurate diagnosis leads to proper and timely treatment, and consequently, reduces the costs of incorrect and long-term treatments, and antibiotic resistance. The present study was conducted with the aim of detecting volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in three bacteria: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, Klebsiella pneumoniae. Headspace of the studied bacteria, after separately culturing in two types of liquid medium in three different time-periods, was extracted by solid phase microextraction and analysed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry The analysis results of the VOCs produced by the studied bacteria indicate that some VOCs are common and some are unique in each bacterium...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
F Akbari, A Arminian, D Kahrizi, A Fazeli
Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni belongs to Asteraceae family that leaves 200-300 times sweeter than sugar. Low seed fertility is one of the most important problems in Stevia production. So, Plant tissue culture is an efficient method for mass propagation of Stevia. In this research, we studied the effect of various concentrations of nitrogen on some morphological traits of stevia under in vitro conditions. We used axillary nodes as explants and they were cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing inorganic nitrogen sources i...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Y Behram Kandemir, C Aydin, G Gorgisen
Mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway has important roles in the regulation of puberty onset, gonadotropin secretion, follicular development and ovulation. Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) is a lipophilic hormone has multiple functions in regulating the fertility. Recent studies have shown that melatonin affected the number or maturation of follicles in the ovary. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of melatonin on mTOR expression and quantity of follicle in rat ovary...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
M Khazaei, Z Tahergorabi
Ghrelin is a 28 amino acids peptide that initially was recognized as an endogenous ligand for growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHSR). Recently, a number of studies demonstrated that ghrelin is a cardiovascular hormone with a series cardiovascular effect. The main objective of this study was to investigate the effect of systemic ghrelin administration on angiogenesis in the heart and its correlation with serum leptin levels in normal and diet-induced obese mice. 24 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into four groups: normal diet (ND) or control, ND+ghrelin, high-fat-diet (HFD) or obese and HFD+ghrelin (n=6/group)...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Y Liu, L Zhang, G Zhao, L Che, H Zhang, J Fang
Our objective is to explore the clinical value of thinprep cytologic test (TCT) combined with HPV-DNA detection in screening cervical cancer. 420 cervical cancer patients admitted in our hospital between April, 2011-April, 2014 were selected. All patients received TCT and HPV-DNA detection, and cervical tissue biopsy was used to confirm the diagnosis. TCT screening results showed that there were 175 patients were >ASCUS and the positive rate was 41.7%, histopathological screening showed that there were 199 patients were ≥cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) I and the positive rate was 47...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
S L Nasroen, A Tajrin, P N Fauziah, A M Maskoen, E S S Soemantri, H Soedjana, D Hilmanto
Non-syndromic cleft palate only (NS CPO) is one of the most common congenital malformations that affect between 1 in 1000 - 2500 live births worldwide. The etiopathogenesis of clefts including NS CPO has been widely studied but is still poorly understood. NS CPO is considered to be a genetically complex, multifactorial disease. Based on several studies, mutations of TGFβ3 gene emerged as the strong candidate gene associated with NS CPO. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between the TGFβ3 / SfaN1 gene variant and the risk of NS CPO in Indonesian patients...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
M Gargouri, C Magné, I Ben Amara, H Ben Saad, A El Feki
Lead (Pb) is a highly toxic metal present in the environment. It causes disturbances of several functions, including hematologic, renal, reproductive and nervous ones. Preventive or curative use of medicinal plants against these disorders may be a promising and safe therapeutic strategy. This study evaluated the hepatic toxic effects of prenatal exposure to lead in rats and the possible protective effect of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) added to the diet. Female rats were given a normal diet (control) or a diet enriched with dandelion (treated)...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
L Nasehi, M H Ghahremani, K Yavari, J Hadjati, A Fallah, B Abdolhossein Zadeh, Z Saltanatpour
Insulin-like growth factors are among the peptide mitogens that regulate cell proliferation and differentiation as well as mediator of antiapoptotic signals. The imbalance between the expression and activities of these molecules may lead to malignancy in cells. Evidences have suggested the insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) signaling pathway as a therapeutic target in the management and treatment of cancer. In this present study, we have generated silencing stable clones of HEK cells using six different pGIPZ (lentiviral vector) shRNAs targeted to human IGF-1R gene and a pGIPZ non-silencing shRNAmir lentiviral vector (as negative control)...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
F Shaveisi-Zadeh, R Alibakhshi, R Asgari, Z Rostami-Far, M Bakhtiari, H Abdi, A Movafagh, R Mirfakhraie
Y chromosome has a number of genes that are expressed in testis and have a role in spermatogenesis. TTY2L12A and TTY2L2A are the members of testis transcript Y2 (TTY2) that are Y linked multi-copy gene families, located on Yp11 and Yq11 loci respectively. The aim of this study was to investigate frequency of TTY2L12A and TTY2L2A deletions in azoospermic patients compared with fertile males. This study was performed on 45 infertile males with idiopathic azoospermia without any AZF micro deletions (group A), 33 infertile males with azoospermia which do not screened for AZF micro deletions (group B) and 65 fertile males (group C), from October 2013 to April 2015 in west of Iran...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Z A Sinirlioglu, E Coskunpinar, F Akbas
Long- lasting alterations in brain gene expression in alcohol addiction have been determined although no clear mechanism has yet been elucidated. There exist many factors regulating the mechanism of gene expression. We aimed in this study to detect miRNA (microRNA) and mRNA expression profile at the specific brain regions regarding ethanol exposure and withdrawal. Rats were exposed to liquid alcohol consumption for 21 days. Oligonucleotides microarrays and bioinformatics analyses were used to identify gene expression, miRNA expression and their functions in the Prefrontal cortex, Hippocampus and Corpus striatum of wistar rats...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
C S Lee, W Ahn, Y E Choi
In eukaryotic cells, many important functions of specific G-proteins have been identified, but microalgal G-proteins are poorly studied. In this work, we characterized a gene (CGA1) encoding the G-protein α-subunit in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Independent knockdown mutants of CGA1 were generated via RNA interference (RNAi). CGA1 expression levels were consistently and significantly reduced in both independent CGA1 mutant cell lines (cga1). Both cga1 mutants had a higher survival rate at 35°C in comparison with the wild type...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
A Feki, H Ben Saad, I Jaballi, C Magne, O Boudawara, K M Zeghal, A Hakim, Y Ben Ali, I Ben Amara
The aim of this study was to elucidate the redox effects of Thiophanate methyl (MT) in the rat liver and kidney. Our results showed, after 3 days of MT injection (700 mg/kg), an increase in malondialdehyde (MDA), hydrogen peroxide and advanced oxidation protein products levels. Glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase activities were also remarkably increased in the liver but decrease in the kidney. Glutathione and vitamin C values were significantly reduced. The changes in biochemical parameters were substantiated by histological and molecular data...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
M Ahmadi, B Salehi
The position of genes along the genome is an important evolutionary factor for organizing gene regulation. Hence, transcriptional regulatory network have been studied much more extensively from gene distributions rather than other viewpoints. The systematics of intergenic distances, therefore, should be taken into account as an important source of information on the controls exerted on gene expression by various biological mechanisms. Here we study a collection of features including, intergenic and interoperonic distances, distances between isolated genes, distances between regulatory genes and distances between isolated and regulatory genes/operons in order to provide a more informative picture of gene distributions via firstly discovering the statistical model of these features...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
S T Rahideh, M Keramatipour, M Nourbakhsh, F Koohdani, M Hoseini, F Shidfar
Nobiletin (NOB) and hesperetin (HES) are the citrus polymethoxyflavone and flavonone. Aromatase or cytochrome P450 (CYP19) enzyme is a key enzyme in estrogen biosynthesis. The objective of this study was to investigate the combinational effects of HES, NOB and letrozole (LET) as aromatase inhibitors on the activity and expression of aromatase in MCF-7 cells. In this study, aromatase enzyme activity based on the conversion of androgen substrate testosterone to 17β-Estradiol was determined. Estradiol concentrations were measured using an electrochemiluminescence immunoassay...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Y H Lee, S-C Bae
This study systemically reviewed evidence regarding the relationship between circulating blood transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) levels and systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and associations between TGF-β1 polymorphisms and susceptibility to SLE and RA.  We conducted a meta-analysis on the serum/plasma TGF-β1 levels in SLE and RA patients and healthy controls, and the associations between TGF-β1 +869 T/C, +915 C/G, and -509 T/C polymorphisms and SLE or RA risk. Twenty-eight studies were considered in this meta-analysis...
February 22, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
O Ozcelik, S Algul
The association between hyperglycaemia and serum nitric oxide (NO) levels has not yet been fully clarified. Thus, it was aimed to evaluate the concentration of NO metabolites (nitrate, nitrite) in diabetic patients and to find the relationship between hyperglycaemia and serum NO levels in diabetic and prediabetic patients, and control groups. In this study, 100 subjects were divided into 3 groups: healthy control (n=20), prediabetic (n=40) and diabetic (n=40). Glycemic control was assessed using glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c)...
February 22, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
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