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Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927556/lipid-emulsion-therapy-for-diphenhydramine-toxicity
#1
LETTER
Ju-Tae Sohn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911792/facial-profile-and-frontal-changes-after-bimaxillary-surgery-in-patients-with-mandibular-prognathism
#2
Chun-Ming Chen, Michael Yuan-Chien Chen, Jung-Hsuan Cheng, Kwei-Jing Chen, Yu-Chuan Tseng
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Patients are always concerned about their postoperative appearance before surgery for facial deformity correction. The present study investigated the facial profile and frontal changes following two-jaw surgery. METHODS: Forty patients who underwent two-jaw surgery were divided by the amount of mandibular setback (group I: ≤8 mm and group II: >8 mm). Cephalometric radiograms (lateral and frontal) were collected and analyzed at three intervals: preoperatively (T1), immediately postoperatively (T2), and final follow-up (T3)...
September 11, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911791/three-tier-five-level-preventive-strategy-for-domestic-violence-and-sexual-violence-prevention-in-taiwan
#3
Hsiu-Yuan Chang, Chun-Yen Lin, Song-Yan Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888355/the-correlation-of-controlled-attenuation-parameter-results-with-ultrasound-identified-steatosis-in-real-world-clinical-practice
#4
Yi-Hao Yen, Jung-Fu Chen, Cheng-Kun Wu, Ming-Tsung Lin, Kuo-Chin Chang, Po-Lin Tseng, Ming-Chao Tsai, Jung-Ting Lin, Tsung-Hui Hu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) is a method for measuring steatosis based on FibroScan. Despite observer dependency, ultrasound (US) robustly diagnoses moderate and severe steatosis. Here, we aimed to evaluate the correlation of CAP with US-identified steatosis in real-world clinical practice. METHODS: CAP and US were performed for 1554 chronic liver disease (CLD) patients. CAP was performed by two technicians, and US was performed by 30 hepatologists...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888354/reply-to-daily-egg-consumption-should-be-still-limited-in-hypercholesterolemic-patients
#5
LETTER
Tsung-Hsien Lin, Yi-Heng Li, Hung-I Yeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888353/preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-and-screening-current-status-and-future-challenges
#6
REVIEW
Hsin-Fu Chen, Shee-Uan Chen, Gwo-Chin Ma, Sung-Tsang Hsieh, Horng-Der Tsai, Yu-Shih Yang, Ming Chen
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is a clinically feasible technology to prevent the transmission of monogenic inherited disorders in families afflicted the diseases to the future offsprings. The major technical hurdle is it does not have a general formula for all mutations, thus different gene locus needs individualized, customized design to make the diagnosis accurate enough to be applied on PGD, in which the quantity of DNA is scarce, whereas timely result is sometimes requested if fresh embryo transfer is desired...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888352/high-fat-diet-aggravates-atrial-and-ventricular-remodeling-of-hypertensive-heart-disease-in-aging-rats
#7
Yi-Lin Shiou, I-Chieh Huang, Hsin-Ting Lin, Hsiang-Chun Lee
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Left ventricular hypertrophy is a major cause of heart failure in aging population. This study is to determine whether an excess dietary fat is lipotoxic or lipoprotein to the hypertrophic aging heart. METHODS: At 44-week-old, a normal chow (12% fat) was replaced a high-fat diet (HFD; 45% fat) for randomly selective spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR + HFD, n = 6) and Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY + HFD, n = 6, normotensive control). Others (SHR, n = 11; WKY, n = 10) were continuously fed with normal diets...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882423/hepatitis-b-virus-related-mortality-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-undergoing-long-term-low-dose-glucocorticoid-treatment-a-population-based-study
#8
Sheng-Shun Yang, Chin-Tun Hung, Shu-Fen Li, Horng-Mo Lee, Yueh-Chin Chung, Hsin-Hua Chen, Shu-Chuan Chang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Glucocorticoids (GC) are commonly used in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients which bears a risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk of HBV-related mortality under long-term low-dose GCs in Taiwanese RA patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 45,423 RA patients using National Health Insurance Research Database from January 1999 to December 2011. Of them, 2204 patients had the diagnosis of HBV and were classified into four groups according to GCs regimens...
September 4, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877853/vitamins-supplementation-affects-the-onset-of-preeclampsia
#9
REVIEW
Zhu-Mei Fu, Zhen-Zhi Ma, Guo-Jie Liu, Lan-Ling Wang, Yong Guo
Preeclampsia may affect between 2-8% of all pregnancies. It seriously affects maternal health after pregnancy. This meta-analysis was performed to define the efficacy of vitamins supplementation on the risk of preeclampsia. Potential articles were systematically searched on the databases of Pubmed, Embase and Web of Science up to May 2016. Relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) were used to analyze the relationship of vitamins supplementation with risk of preeclampsia. Cochran Q test was used to test inter-study heterogeneity...
September 3, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874330/comparison-of-rifle-akin-and-kdigo-classifications-for-assessing-prognosis-of-patients-on-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#10
Tsung-Yu Tsai, Hao Chien, Feng-Chun Tsai, Heng-Chih Pan, Huang-Yu Yang, Shen-Yang Lee, Hsiang-Hao Hsu, Ji-Tseng Fang, Chih-Wei Yang, Yung-Chang Chen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Acute kidney injury (AKI) developing during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is associated with very poor outcome. The Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) group published a new AKI definition in 2012. This study analyzed the outcomes of patients treated with ECMO and identified the relationship between the prognosis and the KDIGO classification. METHODS: This study examined total 312 patients initially, and finally reviewed the medical records of 167 patients on ECMO support at a tertiary care university hospital between March 2002 and November 2011...
September 2, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867455/role-of-adjuvant-radiotherapy-in-figo-stage-iiic-endometrial-carcinoma-treatment-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-in-52-irradiated-patients
#11
He-Yuan Hsieh, Lily Wang, Chien-Hsing Lu, Jin-Ching Lin, Chien-Chih Chen
BACKGROUND: To retrospectively review the postoperative radiotherapy treatment outcomes and the prognostic factors for the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IIIC endometrial carcinoma. METHODS: Fifty-two patients who were newly diagnosed and previously untreated FIGO stage IIIC endometrial carcinoma over a 33-year period (September 1983 to April 2015) were retrospectively reviewed. They had received radical surgery followed by adjuvant radiotherapy with or without adjuvant chemotherapy...
August 31, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863873/evaluation-of-the-associations-between-immunoglobulin-e-levels-and-the-number-of-natural-teeth
#12
Kyungdo Han, Eunjoo Lee, Jun-Beom Park
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the association between the number of natural teeth and the total serum immunoglobulin E (IgE), allergen-specific IgE against Dermatophagoides farina, allergen-specific IgE against cockroaches, or allergen-specific IgE against dogs with nationally representative data using the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). METHODS: This study involved a cross-sectional analysis using KNHANES data from 2010...
August 29, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830648/feasibility-of-corifollitropin-alfa-gnrh-antagonist-protocol-combined-with-gnrh-agonist-triggering-and-freeze-all-strategy-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-patients
#13
Jiann-Loung Hwang, Shee-Uan Chen, Hen-Ju Chen, Hsin-Fu Chen, Yu-Shih Yang, Chin-Hao Chang, Kok-Min Seow, Chii-Ruey Tzeng, Yu-Hung Lin
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The long-acting corifollitropin alfa is comparable to FSH in terms of pregnancy outcomes in normal responders and poor responders. Corifollitropin alfa has never been studied in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients because of concerns of excessive ovarian stimulation and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). The purpose of the study was to evaluate if corifollitropin alfa can be used in PCOS patients. METHODS: Forty PCOS patients who were going to undergo in vitro fertilization were enrolled in this study...
August 19, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811069/prevalence-of-primate-and-interdental-spaces-for-primary-dentition-in-3-to-6-year-old-children-in-taiwan
#14
Kuo-Ting Sun, Yu-Fen Li, Jui-Ting Hsu, Ming-Gene Tu, Chung-Jui Hung, Ya-Hsin Hsueh, Hung-Huey Tsai
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Spaced primary dentition plays a critical role in the eruption of permanent teeth and the establishment of ideal occlusion. A lack of these spaces in deciduous dentition may result in disproportionate jaw and tooth sizes. Additionally, spaced primary dentition is significantly affected by ethnic factors. However, few of these studies have been conducted in Asia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of spaced primary dentition in Taiwan. METHODS: One hundred and forty-seven 3- to 6-year-old Taiwanese children (58 girls and 89 boys) were recruited for a cross-sectional study...
August 12, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781098/recent-advances-in-surgical-management-of-early-lung-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Shun-Mao Yang, Hsao-Hsun Hsu, Jin-Shing Chen
The broad application of low-dose computed tomography screening has resulted in the detection of many more cases of early lung cancer than ever before in modern history. Recent advances in the management of early-stage non-small cell lung cancer have focused on making therapy less traumatic, enhancing recovery, and preserving lung function. In this review, we discuss several new modalities associated with minimally invasive surgery for lung cancer. Firstly, less lung parenchyma resection via sublobar resection has become an acceptable alternative to lobectomy in patients with tumors less than 2 cm in size or with poor cardiopulmonary reserve...
August 3, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779848/tgf-%C3%AE-1-stimulates-cyclooxygenase-2-expression-and-pge2-production-of-human-dental-pulp-cells-role-of-alk5-smad2-and-mek-erk-signal-transduction-pathways
#16
Po-Shuen Lin, Ru-Hsiu Cheng, Mei-Chi Chang, Jang-Jaer Lee, Hsiao-Hua Chang, Wei-Ling Huang, Sin-Yuet Yeung, Ya-Ching Chang, Jiiang-Huei Jeng
BACKGROUND/PURPOSES: TGF-β1 is an important growth factor that may influence the odontoblast differentiation and matrix deposition in the reactionary/reparative dentinogenesis to dental caries or other tooth injuries. TGF-β1 exerts its effects through various signaling pathways, such as Smads and MAPKs. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is a membrane-associated enzyme that produces prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) at sites of pulpal injury and inflammation, which leads to tissue swelling, redness and pain...
August 2, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757314/using-ion-torrent-sequencing-to-study-genetic-mutation-profiles-of-fatal-thyroid-cancers
#17
Jin-Ying Lu, Wern-Cherng Cheng, Kuen-Yuan Chen, Chia-Chi Lin, Ching-Chung Chang, Kuan-Ting Kuo, Pei-Lung Chen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Surgery followed by radioiodine is a mainstay of treatment for thyroid cancers of follicular origins. However, about 5% of the thyroid cancers are non-operable and/or radioiodine-refractory diseases, which are either locally advanced or metastatic and result in a survival of less than 5 years. How to treat this population of thyroid cancer patients becomes a critical issue requiring further understanding of the tumor's genetic information. METHODS: We used formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens of 22 fatal thyroid cancers and their corresponding non-tumor parts, if available, to yield genomic DNA, and applied the Ion Torrent™ Personal Genome Machine (IT-PGM) System (Life Technologies), a next generation sequencing technology, to interrogate 740 mutational hotspots in 46 oncogenes...
July 27, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755796/significant-association-of-inflammation-grade-with-the-number-of-langerhans-cells-in-odontogenic-keratocysts
#18
Chun-Han Chang, Yang-Che Wu, Yu-Hsueh Wu, Andy Sun, Shih-Jung Cheng, Hsin-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Langerhans cells (LCs) are antigen-presenting cells. This study assessed the LC counts in odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs). METHODS: The LC numbers in the lining epithelia and subepithelial connective tissues were counted at 60 OKC sites without inflammation, 39 OKC sites with mild/moderate inflammation, and 13 OKC sites with severe inflammation from 60 OKC specimens immunostained with anti-S100 antibodies. RESULTS: The mean LC counts in the lining epithelia and subepithelial connective tissues increased significantly from no inflammation (0...
July 26, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751089/significant-association-of-high-grade-inflammation-and-thick-lining-epithelium-with-the-increased-number-of-langerhans-cells-in-dentigerous-cysts
#19
Chun-Han Chang, Yang-Che Wu, Yu-Hsueh Wu, Andy Sun, Shih-Jung Cheng, Hsin-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Langerhans cells (LCs) are antigen-presenting cells. This study assessed the LC counts in 80 dentigerous cysts (DCs). METHODS: The CD1a-positive LC numbers in the lining epithelia and subepithelial connective tissues were counted at 80 DC sites without inflammation, 33 DC sites with mild/moderate inflammation, and 9 DC sites with severe inflammation from 80 DC specimens. RESULTS: The mean LC counts in the lining epithelia and subepithelial connective tissues increased significantly from no inflammation (0...
July 24, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751088/hypoalbuminemia-is-a-predictor-of-mortality-and-rebleeding-in-peptic-ulcer-bleeding-under-proton-pump-inhibitor-use
#20
Hsiu-Chi Cheng, Er-Hsiang Yang, Chung-Tai Wu, Wen-Lun Wang, Po-Jun Chen, Meng-Ying Lin, Bor-Shyang Sheu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Peptic ulcer bleeding remains a deadly disease, and a simple indicator of long-term outcomes is crucial. This study validated whether hypoalbuminemia and its related factors in patients with peptic ulcer bleeding can indicate long-term mortality and rebleeding under proton pump inhibitor use. METHODS: The prospective cohort study enrolled 426 patients with peptic ulcer bleeding who had high risk stigmata at endoscopy and had received endoscopic hemostasis...
July 24, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
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