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Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754805/emergence-of-livestock-associated-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-should-it-be-a-concern
#1
Chih-Jung Chen, Yhu-Chering Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753458/gastric-parietal-cell-and-thyroid-autoantibodies-in-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-patients-with-concomitant-oral-lichen-planus
#2
Yang-Che Wu, Julia Yu-Fong Chang, Yi-Ping Wang, Yu-Hsueh Wu, Hsin-Ming Chen, Andy Sun
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Gastric parietal cell antibody (GPCA), thyroglobulin antibody (TGA), and thyroid microsomal antibody (TMA) have not yet been reported in recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) patients with concomitant oral lichen planus (OLP/RAS patients). This study mainly assessed the frequencies of serum GPCA, TGA, and TMA (GPCA/TGA/TMA) positivities in 44 OLP/RAS patients. METHODS: The frequencies of serum GPCA/TGA/TMA positivities in 44 OLP/RAS patients, OLP/RAS patients of four different subgroups, 520 RAS patients, and 352 healthy control subjects were calculated and compared...
May 9, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753457/assessment-of-esophageal-function-using-provocative-tests-during-high-resolution-manometry-a-single-center-experience
#3
Ming-Wun Wong, Wei-Yi Lei, Jui-Sheng Hung, Tso-Tsai Liu, Chih-Hsun Yi, Chien-Lin Chen
BACKGROUND: Provocative tests were used to provide additional information during performing high resolution manometry (HRM). The study aimed to evaluate whether it is feasible to test esophageal function with different esophageal provocative tests during HRM. METHODS: 23 healthy volunteers (9 women; mean age 25 years, range 21-30 years) underwent water-perfused HRM. Each subject received 10 liquid swallows, 10 solid swallows, 10 liquid swallows with abdominal compression, and 5 multiple rapid swallowing (MRS)...
May 9, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752043/application-of-molecular-cytogenetic-techniques-to-characterize-the-aberrant-y-chromosome-arising-de-novo-in-a-male-fetus-with-mosaic-45-x-and-solve-the-discrepancy-between-karyotyping-chromosome-microarray-and-multiplex-ligation-dependent-probe-amplification
#4
Shin-Yu Lin, Chien-Nan Lee, Ai-Ying Peng, Ti-Jia Yuan, Dong-Jay Lee, Wen-Hsiang Lin, Gwo-Chin Ma, Ming Chen
We present a rare male fetus with karyotype of mosaic 45,X that comprises two types of aberrant Y chromosomes arising de novo (Yq12 deletion and isodicentric Yq11.22). Both types of the aberrant Y chromosomes lack the AZFc region which are expected to result in oligospermia but unaffected male external genitalia. Genetic analyses by karyotyping, chromosome microarray (CMA), and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) for the fetus revealed conflicting results. Additional molecular cytogenetics tools including fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and multicolor banding (mBAND) were performed, which help resolving the discrepancy and delineated the composition of the aberrant Y chromosomes...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743147/incidence-of-sicca-syndrome-is-3-6-fold-higher-in-areas-with-farm-soils-high-in-chromium-and-nickel
#5
Ie-Bin Lian, Ie-Ran Wen, Che-Chun Su
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Chromium and nickel are important soil pollutants in Taiwan. Previously, we showed that blood chromium levels correlated strongly with soil chromium levels. Our observation that many patients with dry eyes or a dry mouth came from areas where soils contain high chromium levels prompted us to investigate whether incidence and prevalence of SS are higher in areas where soils contain high levels of heavy metals. METHODS: We used a database from national health insurance (NHI) to study the epidemiology of SS...
May 7, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731386/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-do-not-resuscitate-patients-admitted-to-the-emergency-department-intensive-care-unit
#6
An-Yi Wang, Hon-Ping Ma, Wei-Fong Kao, Shin-Han Tsai, Cheng-Kuei Chang
BACKGROUND: Appropriate utilization of intensive care unit (ICU) beds are essential. Patients with critical illness who have do not resuscitate (DNR) have a reduced priority of intensive care. However, the possibility of recovery/survival is ambiguous and multifactorial. OBJECTIVE: To deliberate the characteristics and outcomes of critical illness in patients with prior DNR who were admitted to the emergency department (ED)-ICU. METHOD: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted between April 2015 and November 2015 in a university-based hospital...
May 3, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716764/significantly-higher-frequencies-of-hemoglobin-iron-vitamin-b12-and-folic-acid-deficiencies-and-of-hyperhomocysteinemia-in-patients-with-behcet-s-disease
#7
Ying-Shiung Kuo, Julia Yu-Fong Chang, Yi-Ping Wang, Yang-Che Wu, Yu-Hsueh Wu, Andy Sun
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Behcet's disease (BD) patients may have one or more hematinic deficiencies. This study evaluated whether there were significantly higher frequencies of hemoglobin, iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid deficiencies and of hyperhomocysteinemia in BD patients. METHODS: The blood hemoglobin, iron, vitamin B12, folic acid, and homocysteine concentrations in 63 BD patients were measured and compared with the corresponding levels in 126 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects...
April 28, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709340/il-1%C3%AE-induced-il-8-and-upa-expression-production-of-dental-pulp-cells-role-of-tak1-and-mek-erk-signaling
#8
Szu-I Lin, Li-Deh Lin, Hsiao-Hua Chang, Mei-Chi Chang, Yin-Lin Wang, Yu-Hwa Pan, Guay-Feng Huang, Hseuh-Jen Lin, Jiiang-Huei Jeng
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in the inflammatory processes of dental pulp. IL-8 and urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) are two inflammatory mediators. However, the role of transforming growth factor beta-activated kinase-1 (TAK1) and mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathways in responsible for the effects of IL-1β on IL-8 and uPA expression/secretion of dental pulp cells are not clear...
April 27, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709339/prognostic-factors-and-treatment-outcomes-of-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma-in-eastern-asian-patients-a-taiwanese-study
#9
Ting-Hui Wu, Lukas Jyuhn-Hsiarn Lee, Chang-Tsu Yuan, Tom Wei-Wu Chen, James Chih-Hsin Yang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: There are scarce reports on the prognostic factors and treatment outcomes of patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) in Asia. This study aimed to address these matters in a real-world setting. METHODS: Medical records of patients with histologically proven MPM diagnosed between 1977 and 2016 at the National Taiwan University Hospital were reviewed. Variables including age, gender, performance status, asbestos exposure, smoking history, histology subtype, staging, and treatment received were recorded...
April 27, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705222/combination-therapy-for-chronic-hepatitis-b-the-future-and-beyond
#10
LETTER
Chih-Lin Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681417/fulminant-primary-cardiac-lymphoma-with-sudden-cardiac-death-a-case-report-and-brief-review
#11
Jen-Fang Cheng, Sze-Hwei Lee, Ron-Bin Hsu, Shan-Chi Yu, Chia-Tung Shun, Pang-Shuo Huang, Ying-Hsien Chen, Chii-Ming Lee
Primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) is very rare, with the variable clinical manifestations potentially leading to a delayed diagnosis. PCL is usually detected incidentally through image studies, whereas the diagnosis can be confirmed via analysis of pericardial effusion, endomyocardial biopsy tissue, or surgical specimens. Although no standard therapy has been established for PCL, without treatment, the prognosis is grave, with the estimated overall survival being approximately 1 year. We report a difficult diagnosis and complicated case of fulminant PCL, which is the first comprehensively reported case of PCL with secondary hemophagocytosis...
April 19, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669691/resistance-index-of-hepatic-artery-can-predict-anastomotic-biliary-complications-after-liver-transplantation-in-children
#12
Fang-Min Liao, Mei-Hwei Chang, Ming-Chih Ho, Huey-Ling Chen, Yen-Hsuan Ni, Hong-Yuan Hsu, Jia-Feng Wu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Biliary complications remain a major morbidity after liver transplantation in children. Inadequate arterial supply to the bile duct after transplantation plays an important role in developing anastomotic biliary complications. We aimed to elucidate the relationship between the resistance index (RI) of hepatic artery and the anastomotic biliary complications after liver transplantation in children. METHODS: This is a retrospective, case-control design study...
April 16, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665984/emergency-department-overcrowding-quality-improvement-in-a-taiwan-medical-center
#13
Chen-Mei Hsu, Li-Lin Liang, Yun-Te Chang, Wang-Chuan Juang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Overcrowding of hospital emergency departments (ED) is a worldwide health problem. The Taiwan Joint Commission on Hospital Accreditation has stressed the importance of finding solutions to overcrowding, including, reducing the number of patients with >48 h stay in the ED. Moreover, the Ministry of Health and Welfare aims at transferring non-critical patients to district or regional hospitals. We report the results of our Quality Improvement Project (QIP) on ED overcrowding, especially focusing on reducing length of stay (LOS) in ED...
April 14, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661488/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-whoqol-bref-taiwan-version-across-five-kinds-of-taiwanese-cancer-survivors-rasch-analysis-and-confirmatory-factor-analysis
#14
Chung-Ying Lin, Jing-Shiang Hwang, Wen-Chung Wang, Wu-Wei Lai, Wu-Chou Su, Tzu-Yi Wu, Grace Yao, Jung-Der Wang
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) is important for clinicians to evaluate how cancer survivors judge their sense of well-being, and WHOQOL-BREF may be a good tool for clinical use. However, at least three issues remain unresolved: (1) the psychometric properties of the WHOQOL-BREF for cancer patients are insufficient; (2) the scoring method used for WHOQOL-BREF needs to be clarify; (3) whether different types of cancer patients interpret the WHOQOL-BREF similarly. METHODS: We recruited 1000 outpatients with head/neck cancer, 1000 with colorectal cancer, 965 with liver cancer, 1438 with lung cancer and 1299 with gynecologic cancers in a medical center...
April 13, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655606/the-prevalence-and-bother-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-men-and-women-aged-40-years-or-over-in-taiwan
#15
Shih-Ping Liu, Yao-Chi Chuang, Budiwan Sumarsono, Hui-Chen Chang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men and women in the general population in Taiwan is unclear. Community-based data on the epidemiology and effects of LUTS would therefore help improve understanding of the condition in this country. METHODS: This study was an internet-based, self-administered survey, conducted in randomly selected adults aged ≥40 years. Participants answered questions on International Continence Society (ICS) symptom definitions, the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and the overactive bladder (OAB) symptom score...
April 11, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655605/physiology-and-pathophysiology-of-renal-erythropoietin-producing-cells
#16
REVIEW
Hong-Mou Shih, Chih-Jen Wu, Shuei-Liong Lin
Anemia is a common complication and contributes to increased morbidity and mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Whereas there has been a significant improvement of understanding the underlying mechanism of erythropoiesis, the treatment of renal anemia is still restricted to erythropoietin (EPO)-stimulating agents. The purpose of this article is to review the physiology of erythropoiesis, functional role of EPO and underlying molecular and cellular basis that regulate EPO production. Regulation of EPO production is at mRNA level...
April 11, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653880/gastric-parietal-cell-and-thyroid-autoantibodies-in-behcet-s-disease-patients-with-or-without-atrophic-glossitis
#17
Yu-Hsueh Wu, Julia Yu-Fong Chang, Yi-Ping Wang, Yang-Che Wu, Hsin-Ming Chen, Andy Sun
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Behcet's disease (BD) patients should have recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) but they may or may not have atrophic glossitis (AG). This study mainly assessed the frequencies of serum gastric parietal cell antibody (GPCA), thyroglobulin antibody (TGA), and thyroid microsomal antibody (TMA) positivities in 30 AG-positive RAS/BD (AG+ RAS/BD) and 33 AG-negative RAS/BD (AG־RAS/BD) patients. METHODS: The frequencies of serum GPCA, TGA, and TMA positivities in 30 AG+ RAS/BD patients, 33 AG־RAS/BD patients, and 126 healthy control subjects were calculated and compared...
April 10, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29636296/prevalence-of-current-oral-hpv-infection-among-100-betel-nut-chewers-or-cigarette-smokers-in-northern-taiwan
#18
Cheng-Ping Wang, Tseng-Cheng Chen, Hao-Hui Chen, Wan-Lun Hsu, Yih-Leong Chang
BACKGROUND: The incidence of HPV positive oropharyngeal cancer is increasing in Taiwan. Given this, it is critical to understand the prevalence of oral HPV infection since this cancer is potentially preventable. A community-based study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of oral HPV infection and sexual behavior changes. METHODS: Between January and December 2016, 100 subjects between 20 and 70 years-old with current/ever betel nut chewing or current cigarette smoking visited the Department of Health, New Taipei City...
April 7, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631903/laparoscopic-distal-gastrectomy-for-clinical-stage-i-gastric-adenocarcinoma-techniques-evolution-and-oncological-outcomes-of-the-first-100-cases
#19
Chi-Chuan Yeh, Hung-Hsuan Yen, I-Rue Lai
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: While gaining more acceptance, the use of laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG) to treat gastric cancer were still limited in Taiwan. This study reviewed our experience about the technique evolution and outcome of using LDG for the patients with clinical stage (c-stage) I gastric cancers. METHODS: A retrospective review of the patients undergoing LDG for c-stage I gastric cancers at a medical center of Taiwan was performed. The demographics, peri-operative parameters, reconstruction methods, morbidities, pathologic and oncological outcomes were analyzed...
April 6, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625845/current-status-and-outlook-on-the-development-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-in-taiwan
#20
Hui-Hsin Chen, Su-Lin Tsai, Wan-Ru You, Chao-Jung Chen, Ping-Chi Chen, Mei-Chih Lin, Wen-Jye Chu, Yi-Tsau Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
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