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Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30245144/comparison-of-tunneled-central-venous-catheters-and-native-arteriovenous-fistulae-by-evaluating-the-mortality-and-morbidity-of-patients-with-prevalent-hemodialysis
#1
Chien-Hua Chiu, Chun-Yeh Wang, Sin-Hua Moi, Chien-Hsing Wu, Cheng-Hong Yang, Jin-Bor Chen
PURPOSE: We examined the association between catheter use for maintenance hemodialysis (HD) and mortality/hospitalization in a cohort of patients with prevalent HD. METHODS: In this study, 70 HD patients with tunneled cuffed central venous catheters (TCVCs) from a Taiwanese HD center during 2014-2016 were enrolled and compared with 70 matched HD patients with native arteriovenous fistulae (AVF). The compared variables included demographic parameters and laboratory and dialysis-related indices...
September 20, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30245143/calycosin-7-o-%C3%AE-d-glucoside-reduces-myocardial-injury-in-heat-stroke-rats
#2
Cheng-Chia Tsai, Hsing-Hsien Wu, Ching-Ping Chang, Cheng-Hsien Lin, Hsi-Hsing Yang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside (CG), a calycosin derivative compound derived from Astragali Radix, has protective effect against ischemia/reperfusion injury as well as bacterial endotoxin-induced vascular cell injury. In the present study, we ascertained whether CG could reduce myocardial injury in heatstroke rats. METHODS: Heat stroke was induced by exposing anaesthetized rats to heat stress (43 °C for 70 min). Rats were given an i.p. dose of CG (26...
September 20, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30243505/impact-of-type-d-personality-on-clinical-outcomes-in-asian-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#3
Hsin-Bang Leu, Wei-Hsian Yin, Wei-Kung Tseng, Yen-Wen Wu, Tsung-Hsien Lin, Hung-I Yeh, Kuan- Cheng Chang, Ji-Hung Wang, Chau-Chung Wu, Jaw-Wen Chen
BACKGROUND: Some personality types are associated with cardiovascular (CV) diseases and may be related to clinical outcomes in coronary artery disease (CAD). This study investigates the association between type D personality and clinical outcomes in stable CAD patients in an Asian cohort. METHODS: Stable CAD patients were enrolled and prospectively followed up for at least 1 year in Taiwan. The inclusion criteria were at least one successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and stable medical treatment for at least 1 month before enrollment...
September 19, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30237041/computed-tomography-guided-dye-localization-prior-to-uniportal-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-lung-nodules-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#4
Tung-Ming Tsai, Wan-Ting Hung, Mong-Wei Lin, Hsao-Hsun Hsu, Jin-Shing Chen
PURPOSE: Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has recently been reported as an alternative to conventional VATS. However, preoperative image-guided localization is usually required for small nodules. The present study evaluated the efficacy of preoperative computed tomography-guided dye localization prior to uniportal VATS for small undetermined pulmonary nodules. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 298 consecutive patients who underwent uniportal VATS to treat undetermined pulmonary nodules (diameter ≤ 1...
September 17, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217410/long-term-outcomes-of-surgical-treatment-for-intravascular-leiomyomatosis
#5
Hsi-Yu Yu, Hsiao-En Tsai, Nai-Hsin Chi, Kuan-Ting Kuo, Shoei-Shen Wang, Chi-An Chen, Yih-Sharng Chen
BACKGROUND: Intravascular leiomyomatosis (IVL) is relatively rare. The optimal surgical method and long-term outcomes are not completely understood. METHODS: Medical records between 2007 and 2017 in our hospital were analyzed to identify IVL cases with surgical intervention. Their medical records, operative details, and follow-up were collected by chart review and telephone communication. RESULTS: Eight patients with IVL were included in the study, accounting for 0...
September 11, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30195970/a-single-institution-study-of-predisposing-factors-of-patients-with-bavms-to-flow-related-aneurysm
#6
Wen-Yuan Yang, Chao-Bao Luo, Yuang-Seng Tsuei, Wan-Yuo Guo, Hsiu-Mei Wu, Wen-Yue Chung
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to assess the potential risk factors leading to flow-related aneurysm (FA) formation in patients with brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVMs) in Taiwanese. METHODS: We recruited 890 patients with BAVMs: 72 had FA(s) and 818 did not. Several factors were assessed including patient's age, gender, BAVM volume and location, and Spetzler-Martin grade. RESULTS: The 890 patients with BAVM had a mean age of 30 years (range: 2-84), mean BAVM volume of 10...
September 5, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30195969/management-of-dental-extractions-in-patients-on-warfarin-and-antiplatelet-therapy
#7
Shin-Yu Lu, Liang-Ho Lin, Shui-Sang Hsue
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Planning dental extractions for Taiwanese patients on antithrombotic therapy remains controversial. This study aimed to examine management of dental extraction in patients on warfarin and antiplatelet therapy. METHODS: Subjects comprised 1331 patients, with (1) 60 on warfarin with intentional normalized ratio (INR) below 4.0 (warfarin continued: 28 patients/33 occasions; warfarin stopped and switched to heparin under hospitalization: 32 patients/37 occasions); (2) 183 on antiplatelet therapy (aspirin: 125 patients/185 occasions; clopidogrel: 42 patients/65 occasions; dual therapy: 16 patients/24 occasions); and (3) a control group of 1088 patients/1472 occasions without any antithrombotic therapy...
September 5, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193836/the-association-between-clinical-diagnostic-factors-and-the-prevalence-of-vertical-root-fracture-in-endodontic-surgery
#8
Wi-Kiong See, Jung-Chun Ho, Chiung-Fang Huang, Wei-Chiang Hung, Chun-Wei Chang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Diagnosis of vertical root fractures (VRFs) can often be challenging due to the similarity of signs and symptoms with other common dental infectious diseases. This study was aimed at evaluating the potential relationship between VRFs and commonly used clinical diagnostic factors. METHODS: 330 root-filled teeth with endodontic failures were subjected to endodontic microsurgery over a six-year period. VRFs were identified in 61 teeth. A randomly age- and sex-matched retrospective case-control study was conducted on a subset of 59 root-filled teeth with VRFs (cases) and 177 root-filled teeth without VRFs (controls)...
September 4, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193835/multiple-subependymal-pseudocysts-in-neonates-play-a-role-in-later-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-and-autistic-spectrum-disorder
#9
Hsi Chang, Chung-Min Tsai, Chun-Yin Hou, Sung-Hui Tseng, Ju-Chin Lee, Min-Lan Tsai
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To assess the long-term neurodevelopmental outcome of normal-term neonates who were accidentally found to exhibit subependymal pseudocysts (SEPCs), frontal horn cysts, or choroid plexus cysts through cranial ultrasound (CUS) examination in a neonatal health examination. METHODS: In total, 5569 neonates received CUS examination as an item in a health examination during the first week of birth between 2002 and 2012. Among them, 5147 infants fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
September 4, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193834/the-prevalence-and-association-of-patients-with-impaired-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-and-complete-left-bundle-branch-block-in-taiwan
#10
Hui-Chun Huang, Kuo-Liong Chien, Hung-Ju Lin, Yen-Bin Liu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: A deleterious effect of complete left bundle-branch block (cLBBB) on left ventricular (LV) function has been established. The underutilization of cardiac resynchronization therapy has been noted in Taiwan and the Asian-Pacific area, but the reasons remain unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and association of cLBBB and impaired LV ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients at the National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH). METHODS: We enrolled 164,049 patients who underwent standard 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) between January 2010 and December 2013 at NTUH...
September 4, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30190092/factors-increasing-the-detection-rate-of-intrauterine-lesions-on-hysteroscopy-in-infertile-women-with-sonographically-normal-uterine-cavities
#11
Jehn-Hsiahn Yang, Mei-Jou Chen, Po-Kai Yang
BACKGROUND: Detection of intrauterine lesions is important for infertile women, as the uterine cavity is the site for embryo growth. This study aims to investigate factors that increase the detection rate of intrauterine lesions on office hysteroscopy in infertile women with sonographically normal uterine cavities. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 1726 infertile women who had normal uterine cavities on two-dimensional transvaginal sonography. Office hysteroscopy was performed in the early proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle...
September 3, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30190091/public-knowledge-attitudes-and-willingness-regarding-bystander-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-nationwide-survey-in-taiwan
#12
Edward Pei-Chuan Huang, Wen-Chu Chiang, Ming-Ju Hsieh, Hui-Chih Wang, Chih-Wei Yang, Tsung-Chien Lu, Chih-Hung Wang, Kah-Meng Chong, Chih-Hao Lin, Chan-Wei Kuo, Jen-Tang Sun, Jr-Jiun Lin, Ming-Chin Yang, Matthew Huei-Ming Ma
BACKGROUND: A low bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) rate is one of the factors associated with low cardiac arrest survival. This study aimed to assess knowledge, attitudes, and willingness towards performing CPR and the barriers for implementation of bystander-initiated CPR. METHODS: Telephone interviews were conducted using an author-designed and validated structured questionnaire in Taiwan. After obtaining a stratified random sample from the census, the results were weighted to match population data...
September 3, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30181015/fecal-microbiota-transplantation-review-and-update
#13
REVIEW
Jiunn-Wei Wang, Chao-Hung Kuo, Fu-Chen Kuo, Yao-Kuang Wang, Wen-Hung Hsu, Fang-Jung Yu, Huang-Ming Hu, Ping-I Hsu, Jaw-Yuan Wang, Deng-Chyang Wu
Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a method to directly change the recipient's gut microbiota to normalize the composition and gain a therapeutic benefit. The history of FMT has been traced back to the 4th century and has been highly regarded since 2013, when the United States Food and Drug Administration approved FMT for treating recurrent and refractory Clostridium difficile infection. Since then, the range of FMT applications extended rapidly and broadly not only in gastrointestinal disorders, but also in extra-gastrointestinal diseases...
September 1, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30181014/national-survey-of-abc-a1c-blood-pressure-cholesterol-of-diabetes-health-promotion-institutes-in-taiwan-2002-2018
#14
Chih-Yuan Wang, Shih-Te Tu, Wayne H-H Sheu, I-Chun Chen, Lee-Ming Chuang, Ming-Shiang Wu, Chong-Jen Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173930/concomitant-use-of-direct-acting-antiviral-agents-and-chemotherapy-in-hepatitis-c-virus-reactivation
#15
LETTER
I-Hsuan Huang, Tsai-Yuan Hsieh, Jung-Chun Lin, Tzu-Chuan Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173931/far-infrared-ray-radiation-promotes-neurite-outgrowth-of-neuron-like-pc12-cells-through-akt1-signaling
#16
Jue-Long Wang, Yong-Chong Lin, Tai-Horng Young, Min-Huey Chen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Far-infrared (FIR) therapy is a safe and noninvasive source for medical applications. Animal study has shown the effects of FIR in promoting nerve repair. However, the cellular mechanism is not well known. Nerve growth factor (NGF) treated neuron-like PC12 cells for neurite outgrowth have been widely employed as the in vitro model for neural regeneration. METHODS: In this study, we tried to evaluate the potential of FIR in promoting neurite outgrowth and related mechanism by using NGF-treated neuron-like PC12 cells as a cellular model...
August 30, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30172451/mirabegron-escalation-to-50-mg-further-improves-daily-urgency-and-urgency-urinary-incontinence-in-asian-patients-with-overactive-bladder
#17
Chun-Hou Liao, Hann-Chorng Kuo
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of mirabegron dose escalation from 25 to 50 mg in Asian patients with overactive bladder (OAB). METHODS: A total of 242 patients (mean age: 67 years) with OAB were randomized to two groups: M25 (mirabegron 25 mg daily for 12 weeks) and M50 (mirabegron 25 mg daily for 4 weeks + 50 mg daily for 8 weeks). The primary endpoint was the percentage of patients without urgency or with a reduction of ≥2 in daily urgency episodes after treatment...
August 30, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30172452/patient-derived-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-for-models-of-cancer-and-cancer-stem-cell-research
#18
REVIEW
Hsiao-Mei Chao, Edward Chern
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are embryonic stem cell-like cells reprogrammed from somatic cells by four transcription factors, OCT4, SOX2, KLF4 and c-MYC. iPSCs derived from cancer cells (cancer-iPSCs) could be a novel strategy for studying cancer. During cancer cell reprogramming, the epigenetic status of the cancer cell may be altered, such that it acquires stemness and pluripotency. The cellular behavior of the reprogrammed cells exhibits dynamic changes during the different stages of reprogramming...
August 29, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30170877/pure-type-1-collagen-application-to-third-molar-extraction-socket-reduces-postoperative-pain-score-and-duration-and-promotes-socket-bone-healing
#19
Shang-Jye Tsai, Mu-Hsiung Chen, Hung-Ying Lin, Chun-Pin Lin, Hao-Hueng Chang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Extraction of the third molar may cause post-operative complications. This study assessed whether application of pure type-1 collagen to the third molar extraction socket can reduce post-operative pain score and duration and promote socket bone healing. METHODS: Fourteen patients who underwent 20 bilateral and symmetric third molar extractions were included in this study. After two tooth extractions at two different occasions in the same patient, one socket was filled with pure type-1 collagen (experimental group, n = 20) and the other socket received nothing but the blood clot (control group, n = 20)...
August 28, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30170876/metastatic-lung-carcinoma-in-the-right-maxilla
#20
LETTER
Hung Ying Lin, Chun-Pin Chiang, Yi-Ping Wang, Julia Yu-Fong Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
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