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Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325624/clinical-outcomes-for-primary-molars-treated-by-different-types-of-pulpotomy-a%C3%A2-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Heng-Yeh Kuo, Jr-Rung Lin, Wen-Hsi Huang, Meng-Ling Chiang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pulpotomy is the amputation of coronally infected pulp tissue to maintain the vitality and function of the radicular pulp. This study was designed to assess the clinical and radiographic success rates of primary molars treated by pulpotomy using diode laser, sodium hypochlorite, or no medication after a follow-up period of 24 months. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted by evaluating the success rates of primary molars treated by pulpotomy with diode laser, sodium hypochlorite, or no medication according to the clinical symptoms and signs and radiographic features...
March 18, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314600/anemia-and-hematinic-deficiencies-in-gastric-parietal-cell-antibody-positive-and-negative-oral-mucosal-disease-patients-with-microcytosis
#2
Hung-Pin Lin, Yu-Hsueh Wu, Yi-Ping Wang, Yang-Che Wu, Julia Yu-Fong Chang, Andy Sun
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Microcytosis is defined as mean corpuscular volume (MCV) < 80 fL. This study assessed the anemia statuses and hematinic deficiencies in 30 patients with gastric parietal cell antibody-positive microcytosis (GPCA+/microcytosis) and 210 patients with GPCA-negative microcytosis (GPCA-/microcytosis). METHODS: We measured and compared the mean red blood cell (RBC) count, MCV, and RBC distribution width (RDW), as well as blood levels of hemoglobin, iron, vitamin B12, folic acid, and homocysteine among the aforementioned patient groups and 240 healthy controls...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292624/differential-neuropsychological-functioning-between-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-with-and-without-conduct-disorder
#3
Yu-Ju Lin, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate neuropsychological functioning of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with and without comorbidities of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and/or conduct disorder (CD) and the mediation effects of the neuropsychological functions in the relationship between ADHD and ODD/CD symptoms to increase our understanding about these frequently co-occurring disorders. METHODS: Adolescents aged 11-18 years were interviewed by the Kiddie epidemiologic version of the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia to confirm their previous and current ADHD status and other psychiatric diagnoses...
March 11, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292623/additive-value-of-interleukin-6-and-c-reactive-protein-in-risk-prediction-for-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-among-a-representative-adult-cohort-in-taiwan
#4
Yu-Hsuan Lin, Dana Glei, Maxine Weinstein, Shiow-Ing Wu, Kuo-Liong Chien
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) are inflammatory makers of potential interest in all-cause and cardiovascular death risk prediction, but their additive explanatory value to established risk factors is not well documented among nonwestern populations. METHODS: We investigated the additive value of IL-6 and CRP to the Framingham risk score and lifestyle factors in predicting all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among a population-representative sample of 1023 adults aged 54 years and above in Taiwan...
March 11, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292622/langerhans-cell-counts-in-oral-epithelial-dysplasia-and-their-correlation-to-clinicopathological-parameters
#5
Yi-Ping Wang, I-Chang Chen, Yu-Hsueh Wu, Yang-Che Wu, Hsin-Ming Chen, Julia Yu-Fong Chang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Langerhans cells (LCs) are antigen presenting cells. This study assessed the LC counts in oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) and their correlation to clinicopathological parameters. METHODS: This study examined the LC counts in the epithelia and subepithelial connective tissues of 58 patients with OED (21 mild, 18 moderate, and 19 severe OED lesions) and 10 specimens of normal oral mucosa (NOM) by anti-S-100 protein immunostaining. RESULTS: We found that the mean LC counts in the epithelia or subepithelial connective tissues increased significantly from NOM samples through mild and moderate OED to severe OED samples...
March 11, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291568/anemia-and-hematinic-deficiencies-in-oral-mucosal-disease-patients-with-microcytosis
#6
Yu-Hsueh Wu, Yi-Ping Wang, Julia Yu-Fong Chang, Yang-Che Wu, Hsin-Ming Chen, Andy Sun
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Patients with microcytosis (defined as mean corpuscular volume < 80 fL) are not uncommonly found in oral mucosal disease clinics. This study assessed the anemia statuses and hematinic deficiencies in 240 oral mucosal disease patients with microcytosis. METHODS: The mean red blood cell (RBC) count, mean corpuscular volume, and RBC distribution width, as well as blood concentrations of hemoglobin (Hb), iron, vitamin B12, folic acid, and homocysteine in 240 microcytosis patients and in 240 age- and sex-matched healthy control individuals were measured and compared...
March 11, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291567/demographic-characteristics-of-dengue-virus-outbreaks-in-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-province-pakistan-during-2003-2015
#7
Muhammad Suleman, Rani Faryal, Muhammad Masroor Alam, Syed Sohail Zahoor Zaidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285919/free-palatal-mucosal-graft-for-treatment-of-erosive-oral-lichen-planus
#8
Ji-Jong Yan, Mark Yen-Ping Kuo, Chun-Pin Chiang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284724/langerhans-cells-in-granular-cell-ameloblastoma
#9
Yu-Hsueh Wu, Julia Yu-Fong Chang, Yi-Ping Wang, Chun-Pin Chiang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256366/bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-loaded-poly-d-l-lactide-co-glycolide-microspheres-enhance-osteogenic-potential-of-gelatin-hydroxyapatite-%C3%AE-tricalcium-phosphate-cryogel-composite-for-alveolar-ridge-augmentation
#10
Hao-Chieh Chang, Connie Yang, Fang Feng, Feng-Huei Lin, Chi-Hwa Wang, Po-Chun Chang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Sufficient bony support is essential to ensure the success of dental implant osseointegration. However, the reconstruction of vertical ridge deficiencies is still a major challenge for dental implants. This study introduced a novel treatment strategy by infusing poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microspheres encapsulating bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) within a gelatin/hydroxyapatite/β-tricalcium phosphate (gelatin/HA/β-TCP) cryogel composite to facilitate supra-alveolar ridge augmentation...
February 27, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242176/2017-taiwan-lipid-guidelines-for-high-risk-patients
#11
REVIEW
Yi-Heng Li, Kwo-Chang Ueng, Jiann-Shing Jeng, Min-Ji Charng, Tsung-Hsien Lin, Kuo-Liong Chien, Chih-Yuan Wang, Ting-Hsing Chao, Ping-Yen Liu, Cheng-Huang Su, Shih-Chieh Chien, Chia-Wei Liou, Sung-Chun Tang, Chun-Chuan Lee, Tse-Ya Yu, Jaw-Wen Chen, Chau-Chung Wu, Hung-I Yeh
In Taiwan, the prevalence of hyperlipidemia increased due to lifestyle and dietary habit changes. Low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) are all significant predicting factors of coronary artery disease in Taiwan. We recognized that lipid control is especially important in patients with existed atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD), including coronary artery disease (CAD), ischemic stroke and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Because the risk of ASCVD is high in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), chronic kidney disease (CKD) and familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), lipid control is also necessary in these patients...
February 24, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237779/failure-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-to-rescue-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-caused-by-dual-infection-of-influenza-a-h1n1-and-invasive-pulmonary-aspergillosis
#12
Po-An Su, Wen-Liang Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254265/outcomes-of-pediatric-cataract-surgery-with-triamcinolone-assisted-vitrectomy
#13
Tzu-Hsun Tsai, Chia-Ying Tsai, Jehn-Yu Huang, Fung-Rong Hu
PURPOSE: To evaluate outcomes in pediatric patients undergoing lensectomy, posterior capsulotomy, and triamcinolone-assisted vitrectomy for congenital cataract. METHODS: This retrospective study included 34 patients younger than 72 months who underwent lensectomy, posterior capsulotomy, and triamcinolone-assisted vitrectomy with or without intraocular lens (IOL) implantation for cataract at the National Taiwan University Hospital from July 2006 to December 2012...
February 18, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215672/study-of-poly-%C3%A9-caprolactone-membranes-for-pleurodesis
#14
Ke-Cheng Chen, Min-Shu Hsieh, Yun-Ru Li, Yong-Chong Lin, Hong-Shiee Lai, Ming-Jium Shieh, Jin-Shing Chen, Tai-Horng Young
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pleurodesis with biomaterial membrane is an emerging treatment method for pneumothorax. However, the ideal one for the common disease is still under debate. METHODS: We investigate the Poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL) membrane pleurodesis by using New Zealand White rabbits, which was sacrificed for examination one month later. Moreover, inflammation and fibrosis scoring were done under microscopic evaluation, as well as Western blot analysis in vitro and in vivo...
February 16, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215410/predicting-the-risk-of-osteopenia-for-women-aged-40-55-years
#15
Jen-Hau Chen, Yen-Ching Chen, Min-Kuang Tsai, Jeng-Min Chiou, Wen-Chung Lee, Chwen-Keng Tsao, Keh-Sung Tsai, Wei-Chu Chie
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Osteoporosis has been linked to an increased fracture risk and subsequent mortality in the later life. Previous prediction models have focused on osteoporosis in postmenopausal women; however, a prediction tool for osteopenia is needed. Our objective was to establish a prediction model for osteopenia risk in women aged 40-55 years. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. A total of 1350 Taiwanese women aged 40-55 years were recruited from a health checkup center from 2009 to 2010...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214178/validation-of-the-university-of-washington-quality-of-life-chinese-version-uwqol-c-for-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-in-taiwan
#16
Yun-Hsiang Lee, Yeur-Hur Lai, Bevan Yueh, Pen-Yuan Chu, Yen-Ju Chen, Shu-Ching Chen, Cheng-Ping Wang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The purposes of this three-phase study were to: (1) translate and evaluate the burden, content, and face validity of the Chinese version of the University of Washington Quality of Life Scale, version 4 (UWQOL-v4-C); and (2) examine the psychometric properties of the UWQOL-v4-C in oral cancer and laryngeal cancer patients in Taiwan. METHODS: This instrument translation and validation study was part of a major research project. The first phase of this study developed and validated the content of the UWQOL-v4-C...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209360/levels-of-high-mobility-group-box-1-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-in-nonsmokers-and-smokers-with-chronic-periodontitis
#17
Yi-Chun Lin, Ching-Yi Wu, Lien-Yu Chang, Ching-Chu Chen, Hsuan-Hung Chen, Yu-Lin Lai, Shan-Ling Hung
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: High-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1), a proinflammatory cytokine, plays a role in inflammatory disorders. Smoking is a well-established risk factor for periodontal disease. The aim of this study was to compare the levels of HMGB1 in the gingival crevicular fluid from periodontally healthy nonsmokers, chronic periodontitis nonsmokers, and chronic periodontitis smokers. Furthermore, the relationship between levels of HMGB1 and periodontal parameters was examined. METHODS: Periodontal parameters of 17 nonsmokers with chronic periodontitis, nine smokers with chronic periodontitis, and nine periodontally healthy nonsmokers were examined...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202222/early-initiation-of-immunosuppressive-treatment-in-membranous-nephropathy-patients
#18
Chieh Kai Chan, Tai Shuan Lai, Ping Min Chen, Yu Hsiang Chou, Ching Fang Wu, Yen Ling Chiu, Wen Chih Chiang, Yung Ming Chen, Tzong-Shinn Chu, Kwan Dun Wu
BACKGROUND: Suggestion for the management of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) includes 6 months of observation, followed with steroid plus alkylating agent. However, delayed immunosuppression exposes the kidneys to persistent damage. This study aimed to examine the benefit of early immunosuppression in IMN patients. METHOD: A retrospective study was performed. From 1993 to 2013, 161 IMN patients were enrolled. Patients receiving immunosuppression within 6 months after diagnosis were classified as initial-treatment group, whereas other patients as initial-no-treatment group...
February 12, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209244/apparent-versus-real-incidence-of-takotsubo-syndrome-in-patients-with-dengue-fever
#19
LETTER
John E Madias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190667/repeated-episodes-of-acute-stroke-as-manifestation-of-neurosyphilis-in-a-well-controlled-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-patient-successful-treatment-with-ceftriaxone
#20
Tsung-Chia Chen, Jen-Hsien Wang, Tzung-Chang Tsai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
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