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Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442263/minor-mental-disorders-and-work-conditions
#1
LETTER
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438434/connective-tissue-growth-factor-decreases-mitochondrial-metabolism-through-ubiquitin-mediated-degradation-of-mitochondrial-transcription-factor-a-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#2
Wei-Ting Lai, Yue-Ju Li, Shi-Bei Wu, Cheng-Ning Yang, Tai-Sheng Wu, Yau-Huei Wei, Yi-Ting Deng
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Deregulation of metabolic pathways is one of the hallmarks of cancer progression. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) acts as a tumor suppressor in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, the role of CTGF in modulating cancer metabolism is still unclear. METHODS: OSCC cells stably overexpressing CTGF (SAS/CTGF) and shRNA against CTGF (TW2.6/shCTGF) were established. Oxygen consumption rate (OCR) and extracellular acidification rate (ECAR) were examined by the Seahorse XF24 analyzer...
April 21, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434708/dual-phase-18-f-florbetapir-positron-emission-tomography-in-patients-with-primary-progressive-aphasia-alzheimer-s-disease-and-healthy-controls-a-preliminary-study
#3
Hung-Chou Kuo, Ing-Tsung Hsiao, Chia-Ju Hsieh, Chu-Yun Huang, Kuo-Lun Huang, Yau-Yau Wai, Wen-Li Chuang, Mei-Ping Kung, Yi-Chuan Chu, Tzu-Chen Yen, Kun-Ju Lin, Chin-Chang Huang
BACKGROUND: To determine whether dual-phase (18)F-florbetapir positron emission tomography imaging with perfusion-like and amyloid deposition information can distinguish among primary progressive aphasia (PPA), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and healthy controls (HCs). METHODS: Patients diagnosed with PPA, including four semantic dementia (SD) and two progressive nonfluent aphasia (PNFA), as well as one logopenic variant (LV) of PPA, were studied. All PPA patients, and age-/sex-matched patients with probable AD (n=8) and HCs (n=8) were subjected to dual-phase (18)F-florbetapir imaging...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427824/association-between-monocyte-chemoattractant-protein-1-2518-a-g-gene-polymorphism-and-the-outcome-of-the-nonsurgical-periodontal-treatment
#4
Ching-Wen Chang, Hsiu-Hui Lin, Shih-Yun Wu, Ching-Yi Wu, Yu-Lin Lai, Shan-Ling Hung
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Elevated monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is related to severe periodontal destruction. Furthermore, MCP-1 -2518 A/G gene polymorphism affects MCP-1 after inflammatory stimuli. This study analyzed the association between MCP-1 -2518 gene polymorphism and the outcome of nonsurgical periodontal treatment. METHODS: Forty periodontal patients were recruited and MCP-1 -2518 A/G gene polymorphisms were analyzed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay...
April 17, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420554/the-incidence-and-clinical-associated-factors-of-interval-colorectal-cancers-in-southern-taiwan
#5
Cheng-En Tsai, Keng-Liang Wu, Yi-Chun Chiu, Seng-Kee Chuah, Wei-Chen Tai, Ming-Luen Hu, Chih-Ming Liang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Interval colorectal cancer (CRC) is an emerging issue in CRC screening and surveillance. The frequency of interval CRC and its associated factors have not been well studied in Eastern Asia. We aim to clarify the factors associated with interval CRC. METHODS: CRC patients who had negative colonoscopy results 6-36 months prior to cancer diagnosis were defined as cases of interval CRC. Patient characteristics, past history, colon preparation, colonoscopy findings, and pathology were retrospectively evaluated...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420553/incidence-of-respiratory-viral-infections-and-associated-factors-among-children-attending-a-public-kindergarten-in-taipei-city
#6
Chun-Yi Lu, Li-Min Huang, Tsui-Yien Fan, A-Ling Cheng, Luan-Yin Chang
BACKGROUND: Kindergarteners frequently encounter various infectious diseases, so surveillance of viral infectious diseases would provide information for their health promotion. METHODS: We enrolled kindergarten attendees, age 2-5 years, during the academic years of 2006 and 2007 in a Taipei City kindergarten. Daily monitoring of illness and regular biweekly physical examinations were undertaken. Multiple infections were defined as one child having two or more laboratory-confirmed viral infections with different viruses or different serotypes during one academic year...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416075/muscle-strength-rather-than-muscle-mass-is-associated-with-osteoporosis-in-older-chinese-adults
#7
Yixuan Ma, Liyuan Fu, Liye Jia, Peipei Han, Li Kang, Hairui Yu, XiaoYu Chen, Xing Yu, Lin Hou, Lu Wang, Wen Zhang, Kaijun Niu, Qi Guo
BACKGROUND: Assessment of the association of muscle strength and muscle mass with osteoporosis (OP) is of special interest as muscles are a potential target for interventions (i.e., strength training). METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study encompassing people aged ≥ 60 years (average age: 66.9 ± 6.2 years; men, n = 516; women, n = 652) in the Hangu area of Tianjin, China. The study populations were invited to participate in a comprehensive geriatric assessment...
April 13, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411877/combined-resection-and-radiofrequency-ablation-versus-transarterial-embolization-for-intermediate-stage-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-propensity-score-matching-study
#8
Wendell Espinosa, Yueh-Wei Liu, Chih-Chi Wang, Chih-Che Lin, Jing-Houng Wang, Sheng-Nan Lu, Chao-Hung Hung
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the outcomes of combined hepatic resection (HR) plus intraoperative radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and transarterial embolization (TAE) for Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage B hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in case-controlled patient groups using the propensity score. METHODS: A total of 179 patients with multifocal HCC treated with HR plus RFA (n = 26) or TAE (n = 153) were retrospectively studied. All patients were classified as BCLC stage B and Child-Pugh class A...
April 13, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408197/a-new-orthodontic-force-system-for-moment-control-utilizing-the-flexibility-of-common-wires-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-contractile-force-and-hook-length
#9
Wei-Jen Lai, Yoshiyuki Midorikawa, Zuisei Kanno, Hiroshi Takemura, Kazuhiro Suga, Kohei Soga, Takashi Ono, Motohiro Uo
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The application of an appropriate force system is indispensable for successful orthodontic treatments. Second-order moment control is especially important in many clinical situations, so we developed a new force system composed of a straight orthodontic wire and two crimpable hooks of different lengths to produce the second-order moment. The objective of this study was to evaluate this new force system and determine an optimum condition that could be used in clinics...
April 10, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404481/clinical-utility-and-diagnostic-accuracy-of-palm-held-mini-sized-ultrasonocardiographic-scanner-in-congenital-heart-disease
#10
Mao-Hung Lo, Chien-Fu Huang, I-Chun Lin, Ying-Jui Lin, Hsuan-Chang Kuo, Kai-Sheng Hsieh
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To investigate whether a palm-held ultrasonocardiographic scanner would be useful for screening and follow-up in congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the echocardiographic images from June 1, 2014 to November 1, 2014. All patients underwent two ultrasonographic examinations including palm-held scanner examination and standard echocardiography. To compare the quality of the two instruments, we developed a diagnostic scoring system ranging from 1 point to 10 points, with 10 points indicating the best quality...
April 9, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396171/effective-tuberculosis-case-management-of-prisons-in-taiwan
#11
LETTER
Jih-Chiao Chu, Yi-Chi Hung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392195/clinical-characteristics-of-taiwanese-children-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-due-to-21-hydroxylase-deficiency-detected-by-neonatal-screening
#12
Shih-Yao Liu, Cheng-Ting Lee, Yi-Ching Tung, Yin-Hsiu Chien, Wuh-Liang Hwu, Wen-Yu Tsai
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Neonatal screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) has been conducted in Taiwan since 2000. This study aimed to determine the clinical characteristics of Taiwanese children with CAH due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) detected by neonatal screening. METHODS: From 2000 to 2015, 26 neonates (14 boys and 12 girls) with classic 21-OHD detected by neonatal screening and confirmed at National Taiwan University Hospital were enrolled...
April 6, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392194/extended-bandwidth-nonlinear-frequency-compression-in-mandarin-speaking-hearing-aid-users
#13
Wen-Hsuan Tseng, Dun-Lieh Hsieh, Wan-Ting Shih, Tien-Chen Liu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The high frequency information of consonant messages is important for recognition of speech. Recently, the nonlinear frequency compression (NLFC) technique has been shown to improve the speech perception in patients with high frequency hearing loss. In Mandarin, seven consonants are located over 10-16 kHz. Extended-bandwidth (EB) NLFC may provide an additional benefit for recognition of Mandarin words. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of NLFC and EB-NLFC on Mandarin word recognition in patients with high frequency hearing loss...
April 6, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392193/changes-in-serum-%C3%AE-fetoprotein-level-predicts-treatment-response-and-survival-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients-and-literature-review
#14
Wen-Chi Chou, Chia-Lin Lee, Tsai-Sheng Yang, Chen-Yang Huang, Wei Teng, Ya-Ting Tseng, Jen-Shi Chen, Yung-Chang Lin, Ming-Mo Hou, Ho-Hsiang Chang, Jason Chia-Hsun Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy is an alternative systemic treatment for patients with metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who were refractory or intolerant to sorafenib. To date, there have been no biomarkers reported to monitor the therapeutic efficacy and to predict the outcomes of HCC patients receiving oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. METHODS: Eighty-one HCC patients with elevated baseline α-fetoprotein (AFP) levels and extrahepatic spreading who received oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy between 2012 and 2014 were retrospectively enrolled in this study...
April 6, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390753/changes-in-prevalence-of-precancerous-oral-submucous-fibrosis-from-1996-to-2013-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-population-based-retrospective-study
#15
Shun-Fa Yang, Yu-Hsun Wang, Ni-Yu Su, Hui-Chieh Yu, Chia-Yi Wei, Chuan-Hang Yu, Yu-Chao Chang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) has been regarded as a precancerous condition. Research examining the prevalence of OSF could be the first step in preventing or reducing malignant transformation. In this study, we probed a nationwide registered database to assess the prevalence, gender distribution, age, income, and urbanization status of OSF patients in Taiwan. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the registered database compiled by the National Health Insurance provided by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taiwan...
April 5, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390752/tuberculosis-in-prisons-honduras-central-america-2007-2014
#16
LETTER
Lysien I Zambrano, Itzel Fuentes, Heidy Rodas-Ortez, Marvin Maldonado, Bredy Lara, Manuel Sierra, Diana M Castañeda-Hernández, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389144/clear-cell-carcinomas-of-the-ovary-have-poorer-outcomes-compared-with-serous-carcinomas-results-from-a-single-center-taiwanese-study
#17
Fei-Chun Ku, Ren-Chin Wu, Lan-Yan Yang, Yun-Hsin Tang, Wei-Yang Chang, Jung-Erh Yang, Chun-Chieh Wang, Shih-Ming Jung, Cheng-Tao Lin, Ting-Chang Chang, Angel Chao, Chyong-Huey Lai
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes of Taiwanese patients with ovarian clear cell carcinomas (CCCs) and serous carcinomas (SCs). METHODS: We retrieved the clinical records of women with epithelial ovarian cancer (Stage I-IV) who received primary surgeries between 2000 and 2013. Cancer-specific survival (CSS), progression-free survival, and survival after recurrence (SAR) of CCC and SC patients were retrospectively compared. Multivariate analysis was used to identify the independent predictors of survival...
April 4, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389143/identification-of-treatment-experienced-hepatitis-c-patients-with-poor-cost-effectiveness-of-pegylated-interferon-plus-ribavirin-from-a-real-world-cohort
#18
Ta-Wei Liu, Pei-Chien Tsai, Ching-I Huang, Yi-Shan Tsai, Shu-Chi Wang, Yu-Min Ko, Ching-Chih Lin, Kuan-Yu Chen, Po-Cheng Liang, Yi-Hung Lin, Ming-Yen Hsieh, Nai-Jen Hou, Chung-Feng Huang, Ming-Lun Yeh, Zu-Yau Lin, Shinn-Cherng Chen, Chia-Yen Dai, Wan-Long Chuang, Jee-Fu Huang, Ming-Lung Yu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pegylated interferon (PegIFN) plus ribavirin (RBV) combination therapy has been the standard of care since 2002. Although a better viral response has been achieved among chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients in Taiwan, approximately 25% of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 (G1) patients and 15% of G2 patients failed to achieve a sustained virological response (SVR) at the first therapy. The actual cost-effectiveness of the retreatment remains elusive. The present study conducted a real-world cost-effectiveness analysis of a large cohort among different pre-specified subgroups of treatment-experienced CHC patients...
April 4, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385484/genetic-mutation-in-egyptian-children-with-steroid-resistant-nephrotic-syndrome
#19
Manal Micheal Thomas, Mohamed S Abdel-Hamid, Nermine Nabil Mahfouz, Emad Emil Ghobrial
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Nephrotic syndrome is the commonest etiology of proteinuria in children. Steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) is defined by resistance to standard steroid therapy, and it continues to be one of the most intractable etiologies of renal failure. Molecular studies discovered specialized molecules in podocytes that play a role in proteinuria. Mutations in NPHS2 that encodes for podocin constitute a frequent cause of SRNS worldwide. This study aimed to screen for podocin mutations in SRNS Egyptian children and their parents...
April 3, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372854/potential-media-influence-on-the-high-incidence-of-medical-disputes-from-the-perspective-of-plastic-surgeons
#20
Chiehfeng Chen, Ching-Feng Lin, Cha-Chun Chen, Shih-Feng Chiu, Fuh-Yuan Shih, Shu-Yu Lyu, Ming-Been Lee
PURPOSE: The main purpose of this study is to investigate the prevalence of medical disputes among plastic surgeons in Taiwan and to elucidate their perspectives regarding the influence of medical litigation media coverage on the physician-patient relationship. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed among plastic surgeons attending a series of continuing education training lectures organized by the Taiwan Society of Plastic Surgery in 2015. RESULTS: Of the 109 respondents, over a third (36...
March 31, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
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