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Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158106/lipoma-of-the-tongue
#1
LETTER
Yu-Hsueh Wu, Ping-Yi Lin, Min-Hsiang Chang, Chun-Pin Chiang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158105/the-effect-and-associated-factors-of-dispatcher-recognition-of-stroke-a-retrospective-observational-study
#2
Ming-Ju Hsieh, Kuo-Liong Chien, Jen-Tang Sun, Sung-Chun Tang, Li-Kai Tsai, Wen-Chu Chiang, Yu-Chun Chien, Jiann-Shing Jeng, Matthew Huei-Ming Ma
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Details of the communication between the caller and dispatcher have not been reported previously in Taiwan. This study aimed to: (1) understand the details of the communication between the caller and dispatcher among the calls for stroke patients, (2) identify factors associated with stroke recognition by dispatchers, and (3) evaluate the association between stroke recognition by dispatchers and stroke management. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study involving patients with stroke or transient ischemic stroke transported by the emergency medical service, and arriving at 9 hospitals in Taipei within 3 h of symptom onset from January 1, 2013 to February 28, 2014...
November 17, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129647/salivary-biomarker-combination-prediction-model-for-the-diagnosis-of-periodontitis-in-a-taiwanese-population
#3
Yun-Chun Wu, Lee Ning, Yu-Kang Tu, Chen-Pang Huang, Nien-Tsu Huang, Yih-Fan Chen, Po-Chun Chang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study aimed at screening the diagnostic potential of salivary biomarkers and pairing them to establish a prediction model with higher accuracy in diagnosing periodontitis in the Taiwanese population. METHODS: Fifty-seven participants were divided into a non-periodontitis group and a periodontitis group. Salivary biomarkers CRP, IL-6, IL-8, IL-1β, IL-1ra, lactoferrin, MMP-8, MMP-9, PDGF-BB, TNF-α, and VEGF, were analyzed. The potential and reliability of the biomarkers for diagnosing periodontitis were analyzed dichotomously...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122404/are-we-ready-for-the-global-emergence-of-multidrug-resistant-candida-auris-in-taiwan
#4
REVIEW
Po-Liang Lu, Wei-Lun Liu, Hsiu-Jung Lo, Fu-Der Wang, Wen-Chien Ko, Po-Ren Hsueh, Mao-Wang Ho, Chun-Eng Liu, Yen-Hsu Chen, Yee-Chun Chen, Yin-Ching Chuang, Shan-Chwen Chang
Candida auris is a recently identified multi-resistant Candida species, first reported in Japan in 2009, and poses a serious global health threat. Lack of awareness of this new Candida species and difficulties with laboratory identification have impacted significantly on outbreak detection and management, and compromised patient outcome. Accordingly, there is an urgent need to raise awareness of healthcare personnel to this emerging pathogen and determine its prevalence, impact, and challenges to the Taiwan healthcare system...
November 6, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100742/outcome-of-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-in-mri-staged-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-retrospective-analysis-of-123-chinese-patients
#5
Shing Fung Lee, Chi Leung Chiang, Francis Ann Shing Lee, Yiu Wah Wong, Chi Ming Poon, Frank Chi Sing Wong, Stewart Yuk Tung
BACKGROUND: For advanced rectal cancer with involved or threatened mesorectal fascia (MRF), current standard is pre-operative long course chemoradiotherapy (PLCRT) with either capecitabine or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). However, few Chinese data on its clinical outcome are available, especially for those with pelvic MRI staging. METHODS: Between Jan-2009 and Oct-2014, 123 consecutive patients with biopsy proven adenocarcinoma of rectum, all with pelvic MRI staging, selected for PLCRT after multi-disciplinary team discussion were recruited...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100744/the-incidence-and-clinical-associated-factors-of-interval-colorectal-cancers-in-southern-taiwan-methodological-issues
#6
LETTER
Saeid Safiri, Mostafa Qorbani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100743/comments-on-low-bone-mineral-density-may-be-associated-with-long-term-risk-of-cancer-in-the-middle-aged-population-a-retrospective-observational-study-from-a-single-center
#7
LETTER
Saeid Safiri, Ahad Ashrafi-Asgarabad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097076/the-treatment-outcome-and-impact-on-blood-transfusion-demand-of-peg-interferon-ribavirin-in-thalassemic-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c
#8
Po-Cheng Liang, Pei-Chin Lin, Ching-I Huang, Chung-Feng Huang, Ming-Lun Yeh, Yu-Sheng Zeng, Wan-Yi Hsu, Ming-Yen Hsieh, Zu-Yau Lin, Shinn-Cherng Chen, Jee-Fu Huang, Chia-Yen Dai, Wan-Long Chuang, Shyh-Shin Chiou, Ming-Lung Yu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevails in patients with thalassemia. We aimed to investigate the efficacy, safety, and impact on red blood cells (RBC) transfusion demand of pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN)/ribavirin therapy in thalassemic patients with HCV. METHODS: This retrospective study included 18 thalassemic patients (16 with HCV-1b, one HCV-1b/2b, and one HCV-2b) and 54 consecutive sex- and genotype-matched controls. Patients with HCV-2, or HCV-1 or mixed HCV-1/2 with lower viral loads plus rapid virological response (RVR) received 24-week Peg-IFN/ribavirin; whereas HCV-1 or mixed HCV-1/2 with higher viral loads or without RVR received 48-week regimens...
October 30, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097075/endovascular-thrombectomy-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-single-center-experience-in-taiwan
#9
Hai-Jui Chu, Sung-Chun Tang, Chung-Wei Lee, Jiann-Shing Jeng, Hon-Man Liu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Endovascular thrombectomy has been strongly recommended for treatment of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with large vessel occlusion. This study aimed to evaluate its efficacy and safety in an Asian population from a single center in Taiwan. METHODS: Patients who experienced AIS and received endovascular thrombectomy during the period of September 2014 to September 2016 at National Taiwan University Hospital were included. Factors related to favorable outcome, defined as modified Rankin scale 0-2 at 90 days after stroke, were analyzed...
October 30, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089161/association-between-pnpla3-rs738409-c-g-variant-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-asian-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Yi-Hao Yen, Ming-Chao Tsai, Cheng-Kun Wu, Kuo-Chin Chang, Chao-Hung Hung, King-Wah Chiu, Sheng-Nan Lu, Jing-Houng Wang, Chien-Hung Chen, Kwong-Ming Kee, Yuan-Hung Kuo, Po-Lin Tseng, Ming-Tsung Lin, Chao-Min Huang, Jung-Ting Lin, Tsung-Hui Hu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Prdevious meta-analyses assess whether or not patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 3 (PNPLA3) (rs738409 C > G) was associated with increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Caucasians patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related cirrhosis, these meta-analyses did not provide firm conclusions. Only one cross-sectional study involving Asian patients has previously been conducted to explore this issue. We aim to investigate this in a longitudinal cohort of Asian chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients...
October 28, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107439/effects-of-exercise-improves-muscle-strength-and-fat-mass-in-patients-with-high-fracture-risk-a-randomized-control-trial
#11
Ding-Cheng Chan, Chirn-Bin Chang, Der-Sheng Han, Cian-Hui Hong, Jawl-Shan Hwang, Keh-Sung Tsai, Rong-Sen Yang
BACKGROUND: The deterioration of the musculoskeletal system imposes significant impact on physical activity. Exercise is an important strategy which minimizes these changes. It is not clear which type of exercise provides better improvement on low physical performance, low muscle mass and low strength of sarcopenia. We aim to develop an integrated care (IC) model and compare its relative efficacy in limb fat free mass, muscle strength, and physical performance with low extremities exercise (LEE) in community dwelling older adults with high risk of fractures (Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX(®))) ≧3% for hip fracture, ≧20% for major osteoporotic fracture or 1-min osteoporosis risk test (≧1 point) or fall (≧2 falls in previous year)...
October 26, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074347/management-consensus-guideline-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-2016-updated-by-the-taiwan-liver-cancer-association-and-the-gastroenterological-society-of-taiwan
#12
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality in Taiwan. To help clinical physicians to manage patients with HCC, the Taiwan Liver Cancer Association and the Gastroenterological Society of Taiwan produced the management consensus guideline for HCC. METHODS: The recommendations focus on nine important issues on management of HCC, including surveillance, diagnosis, staging, surgery, local ablation, transarterial chemoembolization/transarterial radioembolization/hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy, systemic therapy, radiotherapy, and prevention...
October 23, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070437/factors-associated-with-diabetic-nephropathy-in-children-adolescents-and-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#13
Chi-Yu Huang, Wei-Hsin Ting, Fu-Sung Lo, Jeng-Daw Tsai, Fang-Ju Sun, Chon-In Chan, Ya-Ting Chiang, Chao-Hsu Lin, Bi-Wen Cheng, Yi-Lei Wu, Chen-Mei Hung, Yann-Jinn Lee
BACKBROUD/PURPOSE: Microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria are markers of diabetic nephropathy (DN). The purpose of this study was to unravel the risk factors for DN in the young patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D). METHODS: 341 patients (160 males) with T1D diagnosed at the age 7.6 ± 4.0 years with disease duration 11.5 ± 6.5 years were assessed. Among them, 185 were young adults (aged 18.0-36.2 years). Urinary albumin creatinine ratio (UACR) was checked on morning spot urine...
October 23, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046246/elevated-body-mass-index-is-a-risk-factor-associated-with-possible-liver-cirrhosis-across-different-etiologies-of-chronic-liver-disease-methodological-issues
#14
LETTER
Saeid Safiri, Erfan Ayubi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037453/establishment-of-calculated-panel-reactive-antibody-and-its-potential-benefits-in-improving-the-kidney-allocation-strategy-in-taiwan
#15
Ssu-Wen Shen, Chun-Kai Chang, Yi-Shun Gao, Pin-Jou Hsu, Shuo-Chueh Cheng, Fei-Yun Liu, Shyh-Chyi Lo
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Renal transplant candidates who are highly sensitized to human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) tend to wait longer to find a matched donor and have poor outcomes. Most organ-sharing programs prioritize highly sensitized patients in the allocation scoring system. The HLA sensitization status is traditionally evaluated by the panel-reactive antibody (PRA) assay. However, this assay is method dependent and does not consider the ethnic differences in HLA frequencies. A calculated PRA (cPRA), based on a population's HLA frequency and patients' unacceptable antigens (UAs), correctly estimates the percentage of donors suitable for candidates...
October 13, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032021/clinical-characteristics-and-survival-outcomes-of-terminally-ill-patients-undergoing-withdrawal-of-mechanical-ventilation
#16
Yu-Shin Hung, Shu-Hui Lee, Chia-Yen Hung, Chao-Hui Wang, Chen-Yi Kao, Hung-Ming Wang, Wen-Chi Chou
BACKGROUND: Withdrawal of mechanical ventilation is an important, but rarely explored issue in Asia during end-of-life care. This study aimed to describe the clinical characteristics and survival outcomes of terminally ill patients undergoing withdrawal of mechanical ventilation in Taiwan. METHODS: One-hundred-thirty-five terminally ill patients who had mechanical ventilation withdrawn between 2013 and 2016, from a medical center in Taiwan, were enrolled. Patients' clinical characteristics and survival outcomes after withdrawal of mechanical ventilation were analyzed...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032020/long-term-impact-of-suboptimal-rotavirus-vaccines-on-acute-gastroenteritis-in-hospitalized-children-in-northern-taiwan
#17
Wan-Ju Yu, Shih-Yen Chen, Chi-Neu Tsai, Hsun-Ching Chao, Man-Shan Kong, Yi-Jung Chang, Cheng-Hsun Chiu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Rotavirus vaccines were launched in Taiwan since early 2006. Our study was aimed to figure out long-term extended molecular epidemiology in acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in hospitalized young children after rotavirus vaccination in Taiwan. METHODS: During the 10-year period from January 2007 to December 2016, fecal samples from children under 5 years old with AGE hospitalized in Chang Gung Children's Hospital (CGCH) were examined for enteric pathogens and they were divided into two time intervals: early post-vaccine (Jan...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988890/current-status-and-future-challenge-of-population-based-organized-colorectal-cancer-screening-lesson-from-the-first-decade-of-taiwanese-program
#18
REVIEW
Ying-Wei Wang, Hsiu-Hsi Chen, Ming-Shiang Wu, Han-Mo Chiu
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most common cancer in Taiwan, and is the third leading cause of cancer-related death. Screening has been proven the most effective way to reduce CRC mortality, and stool-based screening is currently the most popular method of screening worldwide. In 2004, Taiwanese government launched a nationwide screening program and fecal immunochemical test (FIT) is offered biennially to individuals aged 50 to 75. The results from the program have demonstrated that FIT screening could effectively reduce the mortality from CRC...
October 5, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988889/severe-aortic-arch-calcification-predicts-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-peritoneal-dialysis-methodological-issues
#19
LETTER
Mostafa Qorbani, Saeid Safiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988888/small-bowel-tumors-a-digestive-endoscopy-society-of-taiwan-dest-multicenter-enteroscopy-based-epidemiologic-study
#20
Chen-Shuan Chung, Chi-Ming Tai, Tien-Yu Huang, Chen-Wang Chang, Kuan-Chih Chen, Chao-Ming Tseng, Horng-Yuan Wang, Cheng-Hsin Chu, Jiann-Ming Wu, Yun Chen, Hsiu-Po Wang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Small bowel (SB) accounts for the majority of gastrointestinal tract but its tumors are rare and always overlooked. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the epidemiology of SB tumors. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study utilized endoscopy database from 2006/11 to 2016/07. Baseline demographic characteristics, clinical, radiologic and endoscopic findings were collected. RESULTS: Totally 103 (34 benign, 69 malignant lesions) patients with SB tumors in 1070 enteroscopic examinations were enrolled...
October 5, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
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