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Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia

Ana Dias-Amaral, André Marques-Pinto
Genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorder (GPPPD) can be an extremely bothersome condition for patients, and a tough challenge for professionals regarding its assessment and treatment. The goal of the present paper is to review the etiology, assessment, and treatment of GPPPD, especially focusing on the cognitive aspects of the disease and cognitive-behavioral treatment options, through a non-systematic review of articles indexed to the Medline, Scopus and Web of Science databases, using the following MeSH queries: pelvic pain; dyspareunia; vaginismus; vulvodynia; and cognitive therapy ...
November 14, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Vitor Coca Sarri, Beatriz Maria Ferrari, Larissa Fernandes Magalhães, Paula Almeida Rodrigues, Almir Coelho Rezende, Marisa Afonso Andrade Brunherotti
OBJECTIVE:  The aim of this study is to evaluate whether exposure to different environmental lighting conditions affects the reproductive parameters of pregnant mice and the development of their offspring. METHODS:  Fifteen pregnant albino mice were divided into three groups: light/dark, light, and dark. The animals were euthanized on day 18 of pregnancy following the Brazilian Good Practice Guide for Euthanasia of Animals. Maternal and fetal specimens were measured and collected for histological evaluation...
November 14, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Elisa Santos Lopes, Francisco Edson de Lucena Feitosa, Antonio Viana Brazil, José Daniel Vieira de Castro, Jesus Irajacy Fernandes da Costa, Edward Araujo Júnior, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Francisco Herlânio Costa Carvalho
OBJECTIVE:  To assess and compare the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of placenta accreta in patients with placenta previa. METHODS:  This retrospective cohort study included 37 women, and was conducted between January 2013 and October 2015; 16 out of the 37 women suffered from placenta accreta. Histopathology was considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of placenta accreta; in its absence, a description of the intraoperative findings was used...
November 14, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Cátia Liliana Martins Ferreira, Cláudia Maria Lopes Guerra, Ana Isabel Teixeira Jesus Silva, Helena Rafaela Vieira do Rosário, Maria Beatriz Ferreira Leite de Oliveira Pereira
OBJECTIVE:  To access the benefits or harms of an exercise program, based on the current American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists guidelines, on the mode of delivery, duration and onset of labor. METHODS:  A study performed at the Hospital Senhora da Oliveira between October 2015 and February 2017. This was a quasi-experimental study involving 255 women divided into two groups: an intervention group engaged in a controlled and supervised exercise program during pregnancy ( n  = 99), and a control group that did not participate in the exercise program ( n  = 156)...
November 14, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Iramar Baptistella do Nascimento, Guilherme Dienstmann, Matheus Leite Ramos de Souza, Raquel Fleig, Carla Beatriz Pimentel Cesar Hoffmann, Jean Carl Silva
OBJECTIVE:  Does the use of metformin have an influence on the outcomes of preeclampsia (PE)? SOURCES OF DATA:  The descriptors pregnancy , metformin , treatment , and preeclampsia associated with the Boolean operators AND and OR were found in the MEDLINE, LILACS, Embase and Cochrane databases. A flowchart with exclusion criteria and inclusion strategy using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) protocol, and eligibility criteria was used...
November 6, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Priscilla Bianchini Salomão, Paula Andrea Navarro, Adriana Peterson Mariano Salata Romão, Maria Rita Lerri, Lúcia Alves da Silva Lara
OBJECTIVE:  To assess the sexual function, anxiety, and depression of infertile women relative to a control group. METHODS:  Infertile women (infertile group, IG) of reproductive age were invited to participate in this controlled study. A control group (CG) of women was recruited from the general population of the same city. Sexual function was assessed by the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), and anxiety and depression were measured by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
October 31, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Cátia Sofia Ferreira, Ângela Melo, Ana Helena Fachada, Helena Solheiro, Nuno Nogueira Martins
OBJECTIVE:  To analyze if umbilical artery pH (pHua ) ≤7.00 and umbilical artery blood deficit (BDua ) ≥12.00 mmol/L are good predictors of adverse neonatal outcomes. METHODS:  This was an observational, longitudinal and retrospective cohort study, conducted at the department of obstetrics and gynecology of Centro Hospitalar Tondela Viseu between September 2013 and September 2015. Total cohort and subgroup analysis were performed: group A-women with umbilical cord blood gas analysis (UCBGA) performed for non-reassuring fetal cardiotocographic patterns, placental abruption, or shoulder dystocia; and group B-all the others...
October 30, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Corintio Mariani Neto, Rosemeire Sartori de Albuquerque, Sonia Cristina de Souza, Renata Oliveira Giesta, Andrea Penha Spinola Fernandes, Bárbara Mondin
OBJECTIVE:  To compare two different treatments-the use of highly purified anhydrous (HPA) lanolin and expressed breast milk-for women with pain and nipple trauma during the breastfeeding process. METHOD:  A total of 180 puerperal women were randomly assigned to 2 groups: one was treated with HPA lanolin and the other with their own expressed breast milk. All of the participants received the same breastfeeding technique instructions and therapeutic care standard...
October 29, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Leonardo Fleury Orlandini, Francisco José Cândido Dos Reis, Willian Abraham da Silveira, Marcelo Guimarães Tiezzi, Jurandyr Moreira de Andrade, Alfredo Ribeiro-Silva, Ryan Deaton, Maarten Bosland, Daniel Guimarães Tiezzi
OBJECTIVE:  The use of molecular markers can identify a subgroup of tumors with distinct recurrence patterns. The present study aimed to characterize the immunohistochemical expression of vimentin (VIM), of E-cadherin (CDH1), and of cytokeratin 5 (CK5) in patients with invasive ductal carcinomas (IDCs). METHODS:  We have constructed a tissue microarray (TMA) from 87 patients with IDC of the breast. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed to study the expression of estrogen and progesterone receptors (ER and PgR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), VIM, CDH1, CK5, and Ki67...
October 25, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Melissa Gonzalez Veiga, Rogério Tadeu Felizi, Dayane Guerino Reis, Ivo Carelli Filho, Cesar Eduardo Fernandes, Ricardo Peres do Souto, Emerson Oliveira
OBJECTIVE:  Epidemiological studies have shown evidence of the effect of sex hormones in the pathogenesis of breast cancer, and have suggested a relationship of the disease with variations in genes involved in estrogen synthesis and/or metabolism. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between the CYP3A4*1B gene polymorphism (rs2740574) and the risk of developing breast cancer. METHODS:  In the present case-control study, the frequency of the CYP3A4*1B gene polymorphism was determined in 148 women with breast cancer and in 245 women without the disease...
October 18, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Sule Ozel, Selen Yaman, Hatice Kansu-Celik, Necati Hancerliogullari, Nurgul Balci, Yaprak Engin-Ustun
OBJECTIVE:  The aim of this study was to analyze and compare obstetric and neonatal outcomes between Syrian refugees and ethnic Turkish women. METHODS:  Retrospective, observational study. A total of 576 Syrian refugees and 576 ethnic Turkish women were included in this study, which was conducted between January 2015 and December 2015 at a tertiary maternity training hospital in Ankara, Turkey. The demographic characteristics, obstetric and neonatal outcomes were compared...
October 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Cristiano Santos de Caires, Marcelo Luis Steiner, Luciano de Melo Pompei, Rodolfo Strufaldi, Cesar Eduardo Fernandes
OBJECTIVE:  The aim of the present study is to identify the association between personality traits of postmenopausal women and the occurrence of sexual dysfunction. METHODS:  A total of 43 postmenopausal women were evaluated according to their self-perception of the quality of their sexual life. They answered the following questionnaires: Sociodemographic Profile Questionnaire, Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Factorial Personality Inventory (FPI-II)...
October 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Luigi Nappi, Lorenzo Vasciaveo, Felice Sorrentino, Gennaro Scutiero, Piergiorgio Iannone, Pantaleo Greco
Noncompaction cardiomyopathy (NCCM) and left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC), in their isolated form, are rare cardiomyopathies. They are characterized by a thickened myocardium due to the presence of deep trabeculae recesses, and to thick trabeculae. This condition is associated with a variable clinical phenotype including heart failure, thromboembolism, and sudden death. We report a case of LVNC at 26 weeks and 4 days of gestation revised on the basis of what is currently reported in the literature. A review of the literature was performed to better describe this rare condition...
October 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Joana Moreira-Barros, Kuan-Gen Huang, Tsung-Hsun Tsai
OBJECTIVE:  To describe a case of radiation-induced uterine carcinosarcoma 6 years after a cervical squamous cell carcinoma treatment, which imposed some diagnostic and management challenges. CASE REPORT:  A 57-year-old woman with a history of pelvic chemoradiotherapy ∼ 6.5 years before the event described in this study, following an International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IIB cervical cancer, presented with a cervical mass, involving the uterine cavity, the cervical canal and the upper two thirds of the vagina...
October 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Inês Sarmento Gonçalves, Joana Sampaio, Joana Félix, Ana Catarina Silva, Gisela Fornelos, Pedro Tiago Silva
Recurrent adnexal torsion is a rare gynecological emergency. We report a case of recurrent ipsilateral adnexal torsion in a woman with polycystic ovaries, previously submitted to a laparoscopic plication of the utero-ovarian ligament. Due to the recurrence after the plication of the utero-ovarian ligament, the authors performed a laparoscopic oophoropexy to the round ligament, which is an underreported procedure. The patient was asymptomatic for 1 year, after which she had a new recurrence and needed a unilateral laparoscopic adnexectomy...
October 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Fabio Barra, Lorenzo Ferro Desideri, Giulio Evangelisti, Matteo Tantari, Carolina Scala, Simone Ferrero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Tatiana Henriques Leite, Emanuele Souza Marques, Vitor Barreto Paravidino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Ahmed Reda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Shigeki Matsubara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Pedro Pires, Edward Araujo Júnior
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
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