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Brazilian Dental Journal

Humberto Gomes Vidal, Inês Morais Caldas, Luiz Gutenberg Toledo de Miranda Coelho Júnior, Eliane Helena Alvim de Souza, Marcus Vitor Diniz de Carvalho, Evelyne Pessoa Soriano, Maria Lurdes Pereira, Arnaldo de França Caldas
The aim of this study was to verify the prevalence of acts of aggression to the head, face and neck towards victims of Physical Violence against Children and Adolescents (PVCA) who were examined at the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences Delegation North (INMLCF-DN) in Porto, Portugal. A study was carried out on 2,148 complaints of physical aggression against children and adolescents (0 to less than 18 years old) occurred between 2009 and 2013 and which were retrieved from information about violence held on INMLCF-DN data files...
May 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Lisiane Bernardi, Bárbara Capitanio de Souza, Nicole Canalli Sonda, Fernanda Visioli, Pantelis Varvaki Rados, Marcelo Lazzaron Lamers
The aim of this study was to investigate salivary levels of TGFβ1 and proliferation/ maturation of epithelial mucosa cells in diabetic and hypertensive patients. DESIGN: in this cross-sectional study, whole stimulated saliva and oral mucosa exfoliative cytology specimens were collected from 39 patients that were healthy (control, n=10) or presented history of arterial hypertension (HAS, n=9), diabetes mellitus (DM, n=10) or both (DM+HAS, n=10). Salivary flow rate (SFR), TGFβ1 level in saliva, AgNORs and the epithelial maturation were evaluated...
May 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Bárbara Nascimento Albuquerque, Milena Moreira Araújo, Tarcília Aparecida Silva, Luís Otávio Miranda Cota, Sheila Cavalca Cortelli, Fernando Oliveira Costa
There are few studies on the clinical and immunological periodontal status of intensive care unit (ICU) in-patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the periodontal condition among ICU in-patients through clinical and immunological periodontal parameters. From the sample of 373 hospitalized ICU patients, 182 were submitted' to a thorough clinical periodontal and immunological evaluation. Data on bleeding on probing (BOP), probing depth (PD), and clinical attachment level (CAL) were collected and gingival sulcular fluid samples were quantified through ELISA on IL-1, IL-6, and MMP-2 for immunological evaluation...
May 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Caio Vinicius G Roman-Torres, Matthew S Bryington, Sergio T Kussaba, Angelica Castro Pimentel, Ryo Jimbo, José Roberto Cortelli, Giuseppe Alexandre Romito
In the search for the ideal treatment of periodontal disease various non-surgical techniques should be considered. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of full-mouth scaling (FMS) by clinical and microbiological parameters. 670 individuals were evaluated with 230 subjects meeting the selection criteria and were divided into two groups; 115 subjects treated with FMS and 115 treated with weekly sessions of scaling and root planning (SRP). The patient population had a mean age of 51.67 years, with moderate chronic periodontitis...
May 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Luciana Bitello-Firmino, Vanessa Kern Soares, Nailê Damé-Teixeira, Clarissa Cavalcanti Fatturi Parolo, Marisa Maltz
The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to compare the remaining microbial load after treatments based on complete and selective caries removal and sealing. Patients with active carious lesions in a permanent molar were randomly allocated into 2 groups: a test group (selective caries removal-SCR; n=18) and a control group (complete caries removal - CCR; n=18). Dentin samples were collected following the excavation and three months after sealing. Streptococcus species, Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus species, and total viable microorganisms were cultured to count the viable cells and frequency of species isolation...
May 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Carlos José Soares, Gabriel Felipe de Bragança, Renata Afonso da Silva Pereira, Monise de Paula Rodrigues, Stella Sueli Lourenço Braga, Laís Rani Sales Oliveira, Marcelo Giannini, Richard Bengt Price
The combination of the restoration location, the hand preference of the operator using the light-curing unit (LCU), and the design of the LCU all can have an impact on the amount of the light delivered to the restoration. To evaluate the effect of left-handed or right-handed users, the position of the operator (dentist or assistant), and the LCU design on the irradiance, radiant exposure and emission spectrum delivered to the same posterior tooth. Two light emitting diode (LED) LCUs were tested: an angulated monowave LCU Radii-Cal (SDI, Victoria, Australia) and a straight aligned multi-peak LCU Valo Cordless (Ultradent, South Jordan, UT, USA)...
May 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Arthur Magno Medeiros de Araújo, Ana Beatriz do Nascimento Januário, Dayanne Monielle Duarte Moura, João Paulo Mendes Tribst, Mutlu Özcan, Rodrigo Othávio Assunção Souza
This study evaluated the effectiveness of a multi-mode adhesive (SBU-Scotch Bond Universal/3M) as a substitute for silica coating and silane application on the bonding of zirconia ceramics to resin cement. One-hundred and twenty sintered zirconia ceramic blocks (5 x 5 x 5 mm) were obtained, finished by grounding with silicon carbide paper (#600, #800, #1000 and #1200) and randomly divided into 12 groups (n=10) in accordance with the factors "surface treatment" (ScSi - silicatization + silanization; ScSBU - silicatization + SBU; SBU - SBU without photoactivation and SBUp - SBU photoactivated) and "ceramic" (Lava / 3M ESPE, Ceramill Zirconia / Amann Girrbach and Zirkonzahn / Zirkonzahn)...
May 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Lara Almeida Cyrillo Cerqueira, Ana Rosa Costa, Ana Maria Spohr, Eduardo Miyashita, Benito André Silveira Miranzi, Saturnino Calabrez Filho, Lourenço Correr-Sobrinho, Gilberto Antonio Borges
The aim was to evaluate the influence of different dentin preparation mode in the smear layer characteristics (SL), hybrid layer (HL), and microtensile bond strength (µTBS) to dentin with two resin cements. The occlusal dentin of 120 third molars was exposed. The teeth were divided into 4 groups (n=30) according to the dentin preparation mode: 1- fine grain diamond bur; 2- coarse grain diamond bur; 3- multi laminate carbide steel bur; and, 4- ultrasonic CV Dentus diamond bur. Each treated dentin group was divided into 2 sub-groups (n=15) according to the resin cement: (1) RelyX U200 and (2) RelyX ARC...
May 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Lauber Jose Dos Santos Almeida Junior, Estevam Carlos de Oliveira Lula, Karla Janilee de Souza Penha, Vinicius Souza Correia, Fernando Augusto Cintra Magalhães, Darlon Martins Lima, Leily Macedo Firoozmand
The present study aimed to evaluates polymerization shrinkage (PS) using microcomputed tomography (μCT) and microtensile bond strength (μTBS) in bulk fill composites (BFC) and conventional class I restorations as well as the correlation between these factors. Class I cavities (4 x 5 x 4 mm), factor-C = 4.2, were created in third molars that were free of caries, which were randomly divided in 4 groups (n = 6): XTI (Filtek Supreme XTE: incremental technique); XTB (Filtek Supreme XTE: single fill technique); TBF (Tetric Bulk Fill); and SF (SonicFill)...
May 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Adrian Camargo Amaral Jorge-Araújo, Marcelo Carlos Bortoluzzi, Flares Baratto-Filho, Fábio André Santos, Márcia Thaís Pochapski
In spite of advances in root canal therapy and better knowledge of pulpal and periapical inflammation, up 40% of endodontic patients report varying degrees of pain. The aim of this present study was to compare the effect of single preoperative dose of ibuprofen or dexamethasone on post-endodontic pain. Sixty volunteers were divided into three groups (n=20 per group): PL, placebo; IB, 400 mg of ibuprofen; and DE, 8 mg of dexamethasone. The primary outcome was the post-endodontic pain intensity measured with a numerical rating scale (4, 8, 12, 24, and 48 h)...
May 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Raquel Esmeralda Guillén, Cleber Keiti Nabeshima, Hector Caballero-Flores, Miguel Roig Cayón, Montse Mercadé, Silvana Cai, Manoel Eduardo de Lima Machado
The aim of this study was to evaluate the WaveOne Gold and One Shape New Generation systems regarding the bacterial removal from root canals infected with Enterococcus faecalis by comparing them to the conventional WaveOne and One Shape systems. Forty-eight distobuccal root canals of maxillary molars sterilized with ethylene oxide were infected with E. faecalis for 21 days, and then root canal initial bacterial sample was collected with paper cones and plated on M-enterococcus agar. The specimens were randomly divided into 4 groups according to the instrumentation: WaveOne Gold, One Shape New Generation, WaveOne and One Shape...
May 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Ozgur Genc Sen, Burcu Bilgin, Sibel Koçak, Baran Can Sağlam, Mustafa Murat Koçak
The aim of this study was to compare the amount of apically extruded debris during root canal instrumentation using ProTaper Next (PTN), Twisted File (TF) Adaptive, and Reciproc instruments. Forty-five extracted human maxillary canines were selected and randomly assigned into 3 groups. The root canals were prepared using PTN instruments with continuous rotation (n=15), TF Adaptive instruments with adaptive motion (n=15), Reciproc instruments with reciprocating motion (n=15). During the preparations, canals were irrigated using distilled water and material extruded apically was collected in pre-weighed Eppendorf tubes...
May 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Samira Saati, Abbas Shokri, Maryam Foroozandeh, Jalal Poorolajal, Nooshin Mosleh
Most failures in endodontic treatment of mandibular incisors are due to the presence of a missed canal specifically the lingual. This investigation aimed to examine the root morphology and number of canals in mandibular incisors using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Two hundred and seven patients were assessed in terms of their mandibular central and lateral incisors of CBCT. The inclusion criteria were absence of root resorption, coronal restoration or root filling and clarity and optimal resolution of images...
May 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Milena Suemi Irie, Gustavo Davi Rabelo, Rubens Spin-Neto, Paula Dechichi, Juliana Simeão Borges, Priscilla Barbosa Ferreira Soares
Micro computed tomography (µCT) follows the same principle of computed-tomography used for patients, however providing higher-resolution. Using a non-destructive approach, samples can be scanned, and each section obtained is used to build a volume using tridimensional reconstruction. For bone analysis, it is possible to obtain information about the tissue's microarchitecture and composition. According to the characteristics of the bone sample (e.g. human or animal origin, long or irregular shape, epiphysis or diaphysis region) the pre-scanning parameters must be defined...
May 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Eduarda Santiago Vaz-Garcia, Victor Talarico Leal Vieira, Natasha Pereira da Silva Ferreira Petitet, Edson Jorge Lima Moreira, Hélio Pereira Lopes, Carlos Nelson Elias, Emmanuel João Nogueira Leal Silva, Henrique Dos Santos Antunes
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the cyclic fatigue of two anatomic finishing files: XP-Endo Finisher and XP-Clean. Roughness pattern and the micro-hardness of the files were also assessed. Instruments were subjected to cyclic fatigue resistance measuring the time to fracture in an artificial stainless-steel canal with a 60° angle and a 5-mm radius of curvature. The fracture surface of all fragments was examined with a scanning electron microscope. The roughness of the working parts was quantified by using a profilometer and the micro-hardness test was carried out using a Vickers hardness tester...
April 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Ekim Onur Orhan, Özgür Irmak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Rafaelle Ferreira Dos Santos, Rogéria Lucio de Oliveira, Marina Gallottini, Rubens Caliento, Dmitry José de Santana Sarmento
The objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence of actinic cheilitis among extractive mining workers and factors associated with the condition, especially the relationship between clinical appearance and the length of occupational exposure to sunlight. A cross-sectional study was performed in Dona Inês, Paraíba, Brazil between 2014 and 2015. A clinical examination, clinical photography and a questionnaire were applied to 201 extractive mining workers. The T-student's, ANOVA one-way, Fisher's exact and Pearson chi-squared tests were performed and the significance level was set at 5%...
March 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Fabíola Jardim Barbon, Rafael Ratto Moraes, Noéli Boscato, Rodrigo Alessandretti, Aloísio Oro Spazzin
This study evaluated the effect of the accelerated artificial aging (AAA) on feldspar ceramic strength and the reinforcing effect promoted by adhesive cementation with resin luting agent. One hundred twenty feldspar ceramic disks were obtained. Sixty disks were acid-etched, silanized, and coated with an experimental resin luting agent simulating the adhesive luting procedures. Four groups were created (n=30): uncoated ceramic (control group), uncoated ceramic submitted to AAA, ceramic coated with resin luting agent, and coated ceramic submitted to AAA...
March 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Marina Carvalho Prado, Nancy Kudsi de Carvalho, Rafael Pino Vitti, Fabrício Aulo Ogliari, Luciana Moura Sassone, Emmanuel João Nogueira Leal Silva
This study investigated the bond strength of two experimental root canal sealers based on MTA and butyl ethylene glycol disalicylate: MTAe and MTAe-HA. The reference materials used for comparison were AH Plus and MTA Fillapex. Twenty human upper incisors were selected and one 1 mm slice was obtained from the cervical third of each root. On the coronal surface of each slice, four 0.9 mm wide holes were drilled through the dentine. Standardized irrigation was performed and holes were filled with one of the four tested sealers: AH Plus, MTA Fillapex, MTAe, and MTAe-HA...
March 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Flavia Kolling Marquezan, Patricia Maria Poli Kopper, Angela Isabel Dos Santos Dullius, Diego Machado Ardenghi, Renata Grazziotin-Soares
This study investigated the effect of blood-contamination on the push-out bond strength of BiodentineTM (BD) and MTA Angelus® (MTA-A) to root dentin over time. Twenty-five teeth were sectioned horizontally to obtain 120 root slices. The lumens were filled with MTA-A or BD: 60 for each cement (30 uncontaminated and 30 blood contaminated). Push out bond strength to dentin was assessed at 24 h (n=10), 7 days (n=10) and 28 days (n=10). Failure modes were classified as: cohesive, adhesive or mixed failure. Two-way ANOVA was used to investigate the interaction between blood contamination vs...
March 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
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