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Studies in Health Technology and Informatics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508821/measuring-the-negative-impact-of-long-sitting-hours-at-high-school-students-using-the-microsoft-kinect
#1
Norbert Gal-Nadasan, Emanuela Georgiana Gal-Nadasan, Vasile Stoicu-Tivadar, Dan V Poenaru, Diana Popa-Andrei
This paper suggests the usage of the Microsoft Kinect to detect the onset of the scoliosis at high school students due to incorrect sitting positions. The measurement is done by measuring the overall posture in orthostatic position using the Microsoft Kinect. During the measuring process several key points of the human body are tracked like the hips and shoulders to form the postural data. The test was done on 30 high school students who spend 6 to 7 hours per day in the school benches. The postural data is statistically processed by IBM Watson's Analytics...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508820/developing-interactive-plug-ins-for-transmart-using-the-smartr-framework-the-case-of-survival-analysis
#2
Christian Knell, Martin Sedlmayr, Jan Christoph
BACKGROUND: TranSMART has become an important and widely used platform for the translational research. Included features for analysing data have significant deficiencies concerning user interactivity with and export of the generated results. SmartR, a plugin for tranSMART, promises to close this gap with its interactive workflows. OBJECTIVES: Test with a proof of concept whether an own SmartR workflow is possible. Improvement of the integrated survival analysis with a self-build workflow, taking specific user requirements into account...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508819/128-shades-of-red-objective-remote-assessment-of-radiation-dermatitis-by-augmented-digital-skin-imaging
#3
Richard Partl, Beata Jonko, Stefan Schnidar, Michael Schöllhammer, Max Bauer, Sanchit Singh, Julia Simeckova, Kathrin Wiesner, Andreas Neubauer, Harald Schnidar
The purpose of our investigation was to develop a novel and state of the art digital skin imaging method capable for remote monitoring and objective assessment of Radiation Induced Dermatitis (RID). Therefore, radiation therapy related side effects were assessed by medical experts according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade of severity in 20 female breast cancer patients in a clinical trial over the treatment time frame of 25-28 radiation cycles, 50.0-50.4 Gy each. Furthermore the intensity of developed skin erythema was documented by using conventional spectrophotometry plus digital skin imaging...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508818/biosignals-standards-and-fhir-the-way-to-go
#4
Stefan Sauermann, Veronika David, Alois Schlögl, Reinhard Egelkraut, Matthias Frohner, Birgit Pohn, Philipp Urbauer, Alexander Mense
BACKGROUND: Standards have become available to share semantically encoded vital parameters from medical devices, as required for example by personal healthcare records. Standardised sharing of biosignal data largely remains open. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this work is to explore available biosignal file format and data exchange standards and profiles, and to conceptualise end-to-end solutions. METHODS: The authors reviewed and discussed available biosignal file format standards with other members of international standards development organisations (SDOs)...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508817/development-of-and-adherence-to-a-computer-based-gamified-environment-designed-to-promote-health-and-wellbeing-in-older-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#5
Mark Scase, Blessing Marandure, Jennie Hancox, Karl Kreiner, Sten Hanke, Johannes Kropf
BACKGROUND: The older population of Europe is increasing and there has been a corresponding increase in long term care costs. This project sought to promote active ageing by delivering tasks via a tablet computer to participants aged 65-80 with mild cognitive impairment. OBJECTIVES: An age-appropriate gamified environment was developed and adherence to this solution was assessed through an intervention. METHODS: The gamified environment was developed through focus groups...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508816/physicians-use-of-online-clinical-evidence-in-mashhad-university-of-medical-sciences-iran
#6
Masoumeh Sarbaz, Khalil Kimiafar, Alireza Banaye Yazdipour
The Internet is an important source of medical information. It is expected that the use of online sources will improve clinical decisions. This study aims to evaluate online information seeking behavior of physicians of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences on the use of online clinical evidence. A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was carried out between November and December 2014 in the five academic hospitals. A total of 252 physicians completed the questionnaire. The majority of physicians (63...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508815/bluetooth-low-energy-peripheral-android-health-app-for-educational-and-interoperability-testing-purposes
#7
Matthias Frohner, Philipp Urbauer, Stefan Sauermann
Based on recent telemonitoring activities in Austria for enabling integrated health care, the communication interfaces between personal health devices (e.g. blood pressure monitor) and personal health gateway devices (e.g. smartphone, routing received information to wide area networks) play an important role. In order to ease testing of the Bluetooth Low Energy interface functionality of the personal health gateway devices, a personal health device simulator was developed. Based on specifications from the Bluetooth SIG a XML software test configuration file structure is defined that declares the specific features of the personal health devices simulated...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508814/plausibility-of-individual-decisions-from-random-forests-in-clinical-predictive-modelling-applications
#8
Dieter Hayn, Harald Walch, Jörg Stieg, Karl Kreiner, Hubert Ebner, Günter Schreier
BACKGROUND: Machine learning algorithms are a promising approach to help physicians to deal with the ever increasing amount of data collected in healthcare each day. However, interpretation of suggestions derived from predictive models can be difficult. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to quantify the influence of a specific feature on an individual decision proposed by a random forest (RF). METHODS: For each decision tree within the RF, the influence of each feature on a specific decision (FID) was quantified...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508813/web-and-mobile-based-hiv-prevention-and-intervention-programs-pros-and-cons-a-review
#9
Sharareh Niakan, Esmaeil Mehraeen, Tayebeh Noori, Elahe Gozali
BACKGROUND: With the increasing growth of HIV positive people the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) can play an important role in controlling the spread of the AIDS. Web and Mobile are the new technologies that young people take advantage from them. OBJECTIVES: In this study a review to investigate the web and mobile based HIV prevention and intervention programs was carried out. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted including PubMed, Science direct, Web of Science and Proquest to find relevant sources that published in 2009 to 2016...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508812/comparison-of-control-group-generating-methods
#10
Szabolcs Szekér, György Fogarassy, Ágnes Vathy-Fogarassy
Retrospective studies suffer from drawbacks such as selection bias. As the selection of the control group has a significant impact on the evaluation of the results, it is very important to find the proper method to generate the most appropriate control group. In this paper we suggest two nearest neighbors based control group selection methods that aim to achieve good matching between the individuals of case and control groups. The effectiveness of the proposed methods is evaluated by runtime and accuracy tests and the results are compared to the classical stratified sampling method...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508811/disease-monitoring-related-adherence-and-its-association-with-mortality-in-lower-austrian-diabetes-patients
#11
Daniel Vilsecker, Christoph Mitsch, Angelika Geroldinger, Gottfried Endel, Georg Duftschmid
BACKGROUND: Patient adherence is an important component of an efficient therapy. For diabetes patients it may contribute to controlled glucose values and reduction of adverse outcomes. OBJECTIVES: We aim to examine a potential association of Lower Austrian diabetes patients' adherence concerning their disease monitoring and mortality. METHODS: Using a retrospective cohort study design, claims data of 55,873 diabetes patients were examined for regular HbA1c lab tests that served as a proxy for monitoring related adherence...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508810/timed-up-and-go-device-for-unsupervised-functional-assessment-of-elderly-patients
#12
Andreas Ziegl, Robert Modre-Osprian, Alberto Sánchez, Markus Falgenhauer, Peter Kastner, Günter Schreier
Functional evaluation of elderly patients is one key component in a comprehensive Geriatric Assessment. The increased workload and high costs associated to close and continuous monitoring in clinical settings may be counterbalanced by the application of ICT-supported remote follow-up. Although clinical parameters and questionnaires can be supported with smartphones and smart gadgets, physical performance trials pose a challenge for community-based approaches with difficulties arising from setting up trials, the lack of guidance and supervision...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508809/health-information-system-in-a-cloud-computing-context
#13
Farahnaz Sadoughi, Leila Erfannia
Healthcare as a worldwide industry is experiencing a period of growth based on health information technology. The capabilities of cloud systems make it as an option to develop eHealth goals. The main objectives of the present study was to evaluate the advantages and limitations of health information systems implementation in a cloud-computing context that was conducted as a systematic review in 2016. Science direct, Scopus, Web of science, IEEE, PubMed and Google scholar were searched according study criteria...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508808/digital-media-for-primary-health-care-in-austria
#14
Johannes Kriegel, Linda Tuttle-Weidinger, Luise Reckwitz
Primary health care (PHC) is currently being improved in all developed industries. The aim is to make healthcare more patient-centered and close to the patient's place of residence. In addition to the organizational and interdisciplinary reorientation, the use of digital media is increasingly being emphasized. Through literature research and an online survey among Austrian doctors and general practitioners, the current and future challenges for the use of digital media in networked and regional primary health care were identified and prioritized...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508807/new-service-excellence-model-for-ehealth-and-aal-solutions-a-framework-for-continuous-new-service-development
#15
Johannes Kriegel, Luise Reckwitz, Klemens Auinger, Linda Tuttle-Weidinger, Stephanie Schmitt-Rüth, Renate Kränzl-Nagl
The development of eHealth and AAL (Ambient Assisted Living) services with the aim to reduce the complexity of living environments for the elderly often does not lead to the desired results on the market. The design of an eHealth/AAL specific framework for continuous New Service Development is presented in this paper. Our research addresses this challenge with a new Service Excellence Model (SEM) and outlines the benefits of this specific approach. The research is based on the data of the DALIA project (Assistant for DAily LIfe Activities at Home) and the PenAAL project (Performance Measurement Index for AAL solutions), parts of which the projects were the classification of relevant business dimensions and the development of a related scoring tool for continuous benchmarking and improvement...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508806/telemonitoring-and-medical-care-of-heart-failure-patients-supported-by-left-ventricular-assist-devices-the-medolution-project
#16
Nils Reiss, Thomas Schmidt, Frerk Müller-von Aschwege, Wolfgang Thronicke, Jan-Dirk Hoffmann, Jenny Inge Röbesaat, Ezin Deniz, Andreas Hein, Heiko Krumm, Franz-Josef Stewing, Detlev Willemsen, Jan Dieter Schmitto, Christina Feldmann
Long-term survival after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation in heart failure patients is mainly determined by a sophisticated after-care. Ambulatory visits only take place every 12 weeks. In case of life-threatening complications (pump thrombosis, driveline infection) this might lead to delayed diagnosis and delayed intervention. It is the intention of the international project Medolution (Medical care evolution) to develop new approaches in order to create best structures for telemonitoring of LVAD patients...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508805/data-quality-and-master-data-management-a-hospital-case
#17
Klaus Arthofer, Dominic Girardi
Poor data quality prevents the analysis of data for decisions which are critical for business. It also has a negative impact on business processes. Nevertheless the maturity level of data quality- and master data management is still insufficient in many organizations nowadays. This article discusses the corresponding maturity of companies and a management cycle integrating data quality- and master data management in a case dealing with benchmarking in hospitals. In conclusion if data quality and master data are not properly managed, structured data should not be acquired in the first place due to the added expense and complexity...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508804/ehealth-networking-information-systems-the-new-quality-of-information-exchange
#18
Karin Messer-Misak, Christoph Reiter
BACKGROUND: The development and introduction of platforms that enable interdisciplinary exchange on current developments and projects in the area of eHealth have been stimulated by different authorities. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this project was to develop a repository of eHealth projects that will make the wealth of eHealth projects visible and enable mutual learning through the sharing of experiences and good practice. METHODS: The content of the database and search criteria as well as their categories were determined in close co-ordination and cooperation with stakeholders from the specialist areas...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508803/a-first-standardized-swiss-electronic-maternity-record
#19
Michel Murbach, Sabine Martin, Kerstin Denecke, Stephan Nüssli
BACKGROUND: During the nine months of pregnancy, women have to regularly visit several physicians for continuous monitoring of the health and development of the fetus and mother. Comprehensive examination results of different types are generated in this process; documentation and data transmission standards are still unavailable or not in use. Relevant information is collected in a paper-based maternity record carried by the pregnant women. OBJECTIVES: To improve availability and transmission of data, we aim at developing a first prototype for an electronic maternity record for Switzerland...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508802/knowledge-engineering-as-a-component-of-the-curriculum-for-medical-cybernetists
#20
Sergey Karas, Arthur Konev
According to a new state educational standard, students who have chosen medical cybernetics as their major must develop a knowledge engineering competency. Previously, in the course "Clinical cybernetics" while practicing project-based learning students were designing automated workstations for medical personnel using client-server technology. The purpose of the article is to give insight into the project of a new educational module "Knowledge engineering". Students will acquire expert knowledge by holding interviews and conducting surveys, and then they will formalize it...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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