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Pomme van Maarschalkerweerd, Jany Rademakers, Mieke Rijken
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore cancer survivors' level of patient activation, i.e., their knowledge, skills and confidence for self-management, and to examine its relations to their participation in paid work and work-related problems. METHODS: 524 Dutch cancer survivors, 208 younger than 65 years, completed the Patient Activation Measure (PAM-13) and the RAND-36 General Health scale. Cancer survivors younger than 65 years also reported on their participation in paid work and work-related problems...
February 16, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Barry D Bultz
In medicine, referral to a medical oncology specialty is based on recent history, physical examination, pathology, surgery reports, imaging, blood work and the patient's vital signs. By contrast, referral to a psychosocial specialist has typically been based on the patients expressed request for psychosocial support or the health care team's observation of the patient's limited adjustment or poor coping with the diagnosis, treatment or end of life distress. These observations are usually based on clinical acumen not on metrics...
February 15, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Hyo Min Kim, Seon Wook Hwang, In Cheol Hwang, Youn Seon Choi, Yong Ju Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Hannah Matthews, Natalie Carroll, Derek Renshaw, Andrew Turner, Alan Park, Jo Skillman, Kate McCarthy, Elizabeth A Grunfeld
OBJECTIVE: Breast reconstruction is associated with multiple psychological benefits. However, few studies have identified clinical and psychological factors associated with improved satisfaction and quality of life. This study examined factors which predict satisfaction with breast appearance, outcome satisfaction and quality of life following post-mastectomy breast reconstruction. METHODS: Women who underwent post-mastectomy breast reconstruction between 2010 and 2016 received a postal questionnaire consisting of: The BREAST-Q Patient Reported Outcomes Instrument, The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-30 Questionnaire, The Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale and a series of Visual-Analogue Scales...
February 13, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Donna M Posluszny, Dana H Bovbjerg, Mounzer E Agha, Jing-Zhou Hou, Anastasios Raptis, Michael M Boyiadzis, Jacqueline Dunbar-Jacob, Richard Schulz, Mary Amanda Dew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Po-Hsien Lin, Shih-Cheng Liao, I-Ming Chen, Po-Hsiu Kuo, Jia-Chi Shan, Ming-Been Lee, Wei J Chen
BACKGROUND: National Health Insurance (NHI), launched in 1995 in Taiwan, lightens patient's financial burdens but its effect on the suicide risk in cancer patients is unclear. We aimed to investigate the impacts of the NHI on the suicide in newly diagnosed cancer patients. METHODS: We identified patients with newly diagnosed cancer from the nationwide Taiwan Cancer Registration from 1985 to 2007, and ascertained suicide deaths from the national database of registered deaths between 1985 and 2009...
February 8, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Kristen R Hoskinson, Kelly R Wolfe, Keith Owen Yeates, E Mark Mahone, Kim M Cecil, M Douglas Ris
OBJECTIVE: Children are at risk for behavioral and adaptive difficulties following pediatric brain tumor. This study explored whether familial/demographic, developmental, diagnostic, or treatment-related variables best predict post-treatment behavioral and adaptive functioning. METHODS: Participants included 40 children (mean age = 12.76 years, SD = 4.01) post-treatment (mean time since diagnosis = 1.99 years, SD = 0.21) for pediatric brain tumor...
February 7, 2017: Psycho-oncology
K A Pateman, M D Batstone, P J Ford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Weidan Cao, Xiaona Qi, Xuanye Han
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to build a model to explain the relationships between social support, uncontrollability appraisal, adaptive coping, and posttraumatic growth (PTG) among cancer patients in China. METHODS: The participants who were cancer patients in a cancer hospital in China filled out a survey. The final sample size was 201. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to to build a model explaining PTG. RESULTS: SEM results indicated higher levels of social support predicted higher levels of adaptive coping, higher levels of uncontrollability appraisal predicted lower levels of adaptive coping, and higher levels of adaptive coping predicted higher levels of PTG...
February 7, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Christopher F Sharpley, Vicki Bitsika, Amelia K Warren, David R H Christie
OBJECTIVE: To explore any possible subgroupings of prostate cancer (PCa) patients based upon their combined anxiety-depression symptoms for the purposes of informing targeted treatments. METHODS: A sample of 119 prostate cancer patients completed the GAD7 (anxiety) and PHQ9 (depression), plus a background questionnaire, by mail survey. Data on the GAD7 and PHQ9 were used in a Cluster Analysis procedure to identify and define any cohesive subgroupings of patients within the sample...
February 3, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Daniel S J Costa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Denalee O'Malley, Asa A Dewan, Pamela Ohman-Strickland, Daniel A Gundersen, Suzanne M Miller, Shawna V Hudson
OBJECTIVE: Patient activation is associated with improved outcomes among the chronically ill. This study aims to identify factors associated with patient activation in breast and prostate cancer survivors. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were analyzed from cancer survivors diagnosed with Stage I or II breast and prostate cancers who completed treatment in four community-hospital sites in New Jersey during 2012-2013. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) were used to identify patient characteristics (demographic and psychosocial), clinical factors, and patient perceptions of care associated with patient activation...
January 30, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Lise Paquet, Shailendra Verma, Barbara Collins, Anne Chinneck, Marc Bedard, Xinni Song
PURPOSE: A puzzling observation pertaining to the impact of breast cancer (BC) on memory is the frequently reported dissociation between BC survivors self-reported memory problems and memory performance. We evaluated the hypothesis that the dissociation is related to the fact that the objective memory measures previously used assessed retrospective memory (RM) and did not tap prospective memory (PM), a domain about which survivors are complaining. METHODS: In a case-healthy-control (N = 80) cross-sectional study, the Memory for Intention Screening Test was used to assess PM and the Wechsler Logical Memory Test was employed to evaluate RM...
January 27, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Shannon Groff, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc, Deborah White, Barry D Bultz
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that cancer patients experience significant multifactorial distress during their journey. To address this, cancer centers are implementing Screening for Distress programs; however, little is known about the sustainability of these programs. This study sought to examine the sustainability of a Screening for Distress program in two cancer clinics six months post-implementation. METHODS: A mixed-method cross-sectional design was utilized...
January 27, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Sandra Abou Kassm, Sani Hlais, Christina Khater, Issam Chehade, Ramzi Haddad, Johnny Chahine, Mohammad Yazbeck, Rita Abi Warde, Wadih Naja
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer bears considerable morbidity and mortality and is well known to increase the risk of major depression, whereas religiosity has been reported to be protective. We searched for an association between depression and religiosity in breast cancer patients. We also sought to find an association between depression and various socio-demographic and disease variables. METHODS: 102 patients were interviewed. Socio-demographic, cancer profile and religiosity questionnaires were administered...
January 26, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Maru Barrera, Eshetu G Atenafu, Lillian Sung, Ute Bartels, Fiona Schulte, Joanna Chung, Danielle Cataudella, Kelly Hancock, Laura Janzen, Amani Saleh, Douglas Strother, Andrea Downie, Shayna Zelcer, Juliette Hukin, Dina McConnell
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a group social skills intervention program improves social competence and quality of life (QOL) in pediatric brain tumor survivors (PBTS). METHODS: We conducted a randomized control trial in which PBTS (8-16 years old, off therapy for over 3 months) were allocated to receive Social Skills Training (e.g. cooperation, assertion, using social cognitive problem solving strategies, role playing, games, arts and crafts) in eight weekly two-hour sessions, or an attention placebo control (games, arts and crafts only)...
January 26, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Rebecca Maguire, Paul Hanly, Frances J Drummond, Anna Gavin, Linda Sharp
OBJECTIVE: Fear of recurrence (FOR) is a key concern among survivors of all cancers. In prostate cancer, FOR varies with health and treatment type, but little is known about how survivors' appraisals of their treatment, and in particular their level of regret over treatment decisions, may affect this. METHODS: 1229 prostate cancer survivors between two and five years post-diagnosis were invited to complete a postal questionnaire including a FOR scale, Decisional Regret Scale and the EORTC QLQ C30 health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instrument...
January 26, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Thomas A D'Agostino, Elyse Shuk, Erin K Maloney, Rebecca Zeuren, R Michael Tuttle, Carma L Bylund
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop an in-depth understanding of papillary microcarcinoma (PMC) patients' decision-making process when offered options of surgery and active surveillance. METHODS: 15 PMC patients and six caregivers participated in either a focus group or individual interview. Focus groups were segmented by patients' treatment choice. Primary themes were identified in transcripts using thematic text analysis. RESULTS: Four themes emerged from the surgery subsample: (1) Decision to undergo thyroidectomy quickly and with a sense of urgency; (2) Perception of PMC as a potentially life-threatening disease; (3) Fear of disease progression and unremitting uncertainty with active surveillance; and (4) Surgery as a means of control and potential cure...
January 26, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Asta Medisauskaite, Caroline Kamau
OBJECTIVE: High mortality from cancer and rising patient numbers can trigger distress among oncologists because of a heavy and emotionally demanding workload. This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the prevalence of high levels of distress among oncologists. METHODS: The PRISMA protocol is registered at the PROSPERO international prospective register (Ref. 2015:CRD42015016325). We categorized data items according to the following distress factors: burnout, psychiatric morbidity, stress, depression, disrupted sleep, stress-induced physical symptoms, and substance use...
January 23, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Flora Tzelepis, Joseph H Hanna, Christine L Paul, Allison W Boyes, Mariko L Carey, Timothy Regan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Psycho-oncology
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