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Ana Bártolo, Andrea Andrade, Diana Silva, Sara Monteiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Sharon A Cook, Peter Salmon, Gemma Hayes, Angela Byrne, Peter L Fisher
OBJECTIVE: Why some people recover emotionally after diagnosis and treatment of cancer and others do not is poorly understood. To identify factors around the time of diagnosis that predict longer-term distress is a necessary step in developing interventions to reduce patients' vulnerability. This review identified the demographic, clinical, social, and psychological factors available at or within 3 months of diagnosis that are reliable predictors of emotional distress at least 12 months later...
January 10, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Mohammad Al Qadire, Hind Al-Sheikh, Mohammad Suliman, Loai Tawalbeh, Mohammed ALBashtawy, Moawayeh Al-Radwan, Hanan Abu Msameh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Terence Ng, Sreemanee Raaj Dorajoo, Yin Ting Cheung, Yick Ching Lam, Hui Ling Yeo, Maung Shwe, Yan Xiang Gan, Koon Mian Foo, Wei-Jen Kiley Loh, Si-Lin Koo, Amit Jain, Guek Eng Lee, Rebecca Dent, Yoon Sim Yap, Raymond Ng, Alexandre Chan
OBJECTIVES: Currently, there are no studies that have established the self-perceived cognitive trajectories experienced by breast cancer patients (BCPs) post-chemotherapy. Therefore, we characterized the long-term trajectory of self-perceived cognitive function among Asian early-stage BCPs using the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) of a subjective measure of cognitive function. METHODS: Early-stage BCPs who received chemotherapy were recruited and assessed at four time points: Before chemotherapy initiation (T1), 6 weeks post-chemotherapy initiation (T2), 12 weeks post-chemotherapy initiation (T3), and 15-months post-chemotherapy initiation (T4)...
January 9, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Jenny J Lin, Cardinale B Smith, Shelli Feder, Nina A Bickell, Dena Schulman-Green
OBJECTIVE: Family members can significantly impact advanced cancer patients' treatment and are important participants in goals of care (GoC) conversations. Yet, research on patient and physician perspectives about family involvement and influence on GoC conversations is limited. Our purpose was to describe patients' and oncologists' perspectives about family involvement and influence on GoC conversations among patients with advanced cancer. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews at academic, community and municipal hospitals (n=4) with patients with advanced cancer (n=39) and their oncologists (n=21)...
January 5, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Daniel C McFarland, Kelly M Shaffer, Amy Tiersten, Jimmie Holland
BACKGROUND: Patients with breast cancer have high rates of physical symptoms that negatively impact their quality of life. The relationship between women's perceptions of these physical symptoms and patient demographic and breast cancer characteristics is less well known. This study describes breast cancer patients' physical symptoms and their relationship with patient characteristics. METHODS: Patients (n=125) with breast cancer (Stage 0-IV) completed questionnaires in a dedicated academic medical center breast cancer clinic...
January 5, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Wei-I Tsai, Su-Ching Kuo, Fur-Hsing Wen, Holly G Prigerson, Siew Tzuh Tang
BACKGROUND: Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) and depression are recognized as distinct emotional-distress disorders for bereaved family caregivers. However, this distinction has been mostly validated in cross-sectional studies, neglecting the dynamic characteristics of bereaved caregivers' emotional distress. OBJECTIVE: To validate the distinction between symptoms of PGD and depression across the first bereavement year for family caregivers of terminally ill cancer patients...
January 4, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Joakim Isaksson, Sara Lilliehorn, Pär Salander
OBJECTIVE: Although oncology social workers (OSWs) have emerged as a core profession in the provision of psychosocial services, there is a lack of empirical studies that describe their daily clinical work with patients. The overall aim of this study was to explore cancer patients' motives for consulting an OSW. METHODS: From a nationwide survey, we used data from 226 patient cases that OSWs met face to face. The OSWs were asked to describe how the case was referred to them, the patient's characteristics, and what they perceived as the patient's motives for contacting them as well as additional motives that came up during the consultations...
January 4, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Shao-Tzu Li, Shirley Sun, Désirée Lie, Marie Met-Domestici, Eliza Courtney, Sapna Menon, Geok Hoon Lim, Joanne Ngeow
OBJECTIVE: Reluctance to share hereditary cancer syndrome genetic test results with family is reported among Asian patients. This study aims to explore patient factors influencing result-sharing with family, to improve overall testing uptake. METHODS: Participants were women with a personal/family history of breast and/or ovarian cancer who received a positive, negative, or variant of uncertain significance (VUS) test result. In-depth interviews were conducted to theme saturation to explore facilitators and barriers for sharing results with family...
January 3, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Guillermo A Cañadas-De la Fuente, Jose L Gómez-Urquiza, Elena M Ortega-Campos, Gustavo R Cañadas, Luis Albendín-García, Emilia I De la Fuente-Solana
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of high levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and low personal accomplishment in nursing professionals in oncology services. METHODS: A meta-analytical study was performed. The search was carried out in March 2017 in Pubmed, CINAHL, Scopus, Scielo, Proquest, CUIDEN and LILACS databases. Studies using Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) for the assessment of burnout were included. RESULTS: The total sample of oncology nurses was n=9959...
January 3, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Laura Inhestern, Wiebke Geertz, Frank Schulz-Kindermann, Corinna Bergelt
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate the characteristics of users of a specific child-centred counselling service (COSIP) and to compare those to parents using an individual psycho-oncological treatment (PO). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis on data of users of COSIP and users of PO. Database was the routine assessment (demographic and disease-related characteristics, GAD-7, PHQ-9, EORTC QLQ-C30 and current concerns) of an outpatient psycho-oncological clinic with additional child-centred counselling...
December 27, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Jaesung Heo, Mison Chun, Young-Taek Oh, O Kyu Noh, Logyoung Kim
PURPOSE: The aim of this time-dependent study was to analyze the prevalence of mental disorders in ovarian cancer survivors using claims data in South Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We confirmed mental disorders in a nationwide cohort of 9,763 patients who were diagnosed with ovarian cancer between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2014. We categorized the prevalence of mental disorders based on the age and the time of diagnosis. RESULTS: A total of 821 ovarian cancer patients were diagnosed with a mental disorder, 1 year prior to the cancer diagnosis...
December 26, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Gemma Skaczkowski, Victoria White, Kate Thompson, Helen Bibby, Michael Coory, Ross Pinkerton, Lisa M Orme, Rachel Conyers, Marianne B Phillips, Michael Osborn, Rosemary Harrup, Antoinette Anazodo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between the cancer care experiences of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) and their quality of life. METHODS: 209 AYAs completed a cross-sectional, self-report survey distributed through the population-based cancer registries in two Australian states (New South Wales and Victoria). Eligible AYAs were diagnosed at 15-24 years old with any cancer (excluding early stage melanoma) and were 3-24 months post-diagnosis. Questions examined whether particular care experiences occurred for the patient at different points in the cancer care pathway, including diagnosis, treatment, inpatient care and at the end of treatment...
December 26, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Aleksandra Kroemeke, Zuzanna Kwissa-Gajewska, Małgorzata Sobczyk-Kruszelnicka
OBJECTIVES: The literature offers very few in-depth reports on the time directly before hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Also, researchers have focused on selected aspects of psychophysical well-being and treated the sample as homogeneous. Thus, we chose to investigate distinct multidimensional well-being profiles (including anxiety, depressive symptoms, and health-related quality of life [HRQOL] domains) among patients just before HSCT, as well as profile predictors (generalized self-efficacy) and outcomes (transplant appraisal) based on the transactional stress model...
December 26, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Wendy W T Lam, Danielle Ng, Sarah Wong, Tatia M C Lee, Ava Kwong, Richard Fielding
OBJECTIVE: To examine if bias in attention to and interpretation of cancer-related stimuli differentiates women with persistent psychological distress from those with low/transient distress following breast cancer. METHODS: 140 women classified in a prior longitudinal study as having low(n=73) or persistent high(n=67) distress completed two modified dot-probe tasks assessing attention bias and an ambiguous cues task assessing interpretation bias towards cancer-related vs...
December 23, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Melissa K Hyde, Melissa Legg, Stefano Occhipinti, Stephen J Lepore, Anna Ugalde, Leah Zajdlewicz, Kirstyn Laurie, Jeff Dunn, Suzanne K Chambers
OBJECTIVE: Female partners of men with prostate cancer (PCa) experience heightened psychological distress, however, long term distress for this group is not well described. We examined partner's psychological and cancer-specific distress over 2 years and predictors of change. METHODS: A cohort of 427 female partners (63% response, mean age 62.6 years) of PCa survivors completed baseline (2-4 years post-PCa treatment) assessments of anxiety, depression, and cancer-specific distress; and were followed up at 6, 12, 18, and 24-months...
December 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
A M M De Vries, M M Gholamrezaee, I M Verdonck-de Leeuw, Y de Roten, J N Despland, F Stiefel, J Passchier
OBJECTIVE: In cancer care optimal communication between patients and their physicians is, among other things, dependent on physicians' emotion regulation which might be related to physicians' as well as patients' characteristics. In this study we investigated physicians' emotion regulation during communication with advanced cancer patients, in relation to physicians' (stress, training, alexithymia) and patients'(sadness, anxiety, alexithymia) characteristics. METHODS: In this study, 134 real-life consultations between 24 physicians and their patients were audio-recorded and transcribed...
December 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Mary E Mihuta, Heather J Green, David H K Shum
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive dysfunction associated with cancer is frequently reported and can reduce quality of life. This study evaluated a web-based cognitive rehabilitation therapy program (eReCog) in cancer survivors compared to a waitlist control group. METHODS: Adult cancer survivors with self-reported cognitive symptoms who had completed primary treatment at least 6 months prior were recruited. Participants completed telephone screening and were randomly allocated to the 4-week online intervention or waitlist...
December 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
A Nicolaisen, M Hagedoorn, D G Hansen, H L Flyger, R Christensen, N Rottmann, P B Lunn, H Terp, K Soee, C Johansen
OBJECTIVE: Patients and partners both cope individually and as a dyad with challenges related to a breast cancer diagnosis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a psychological attachment-oriented couple intervention for breast cancer patients and partners in the early treatment phase. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial including 198 recently diagnosed breast cancer patients and their partners. Couples were randomised to the Hand in Hand (HiH) intervention in addition to usual care or to usual care only...
December 18, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Maho Aoyama, Yukihiro Sakaguchi, Tatsuya Morita, Asao Ogawa, Daisuke Fujisawa, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Satoru Tsuneto, Yasuo Shima, Mitsunori Miyashita
OBJECTIVE: Complicated grief (CG) is considered a distinctive symptom from other bereavement-related mental impairments such as major depressive disorder (MDD). CG and MDD may appear independently or co-morbidly; however, the factors associated with each situation are unclear. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide cross-sectional questionnaire survey involving bereaved family members of cancer patients in 175 institutions. The following items were included in the questionnaires to assess the prevalence of CG and MDD, and the following associated factors: demographic characteristics; bereaved family depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-9) and grief status (Brief Grief Questionnaire); structure and process of care (Care Evaluation Scale); overall care satisfaction; and achievement of a good death (Good Death Inventory)...
December 16, 2017: Psycho-oncology
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