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Psycho-oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637083/changes-in-spiritual-well-being-and-psychological-outcomes-in-ovarian-cancer-survivors
#1
Lauren Z Davis, Michaela Cuneo, Premal H Thaker, Michael J Goodheart, David Bender, Susan Lutgendorf
OBJECTIVE: Because of the poor prognosis of ovarian cancer and concomitant distress, understanding contributors to positive well-being is critical. This study examines spiritual growth as a domain of posttraumatic growth and its contribution to longitudinal emotional outcomes in ovarian cancer. METHODS: Ovarian cancer patients (N=241) completed measures assessing spirituality (FACIT-SP-12; subscales: faith, meaning, and peace), depression (CESD), cancer-specific anxiety (IES), and total mood disturbance (TMD: POMS) prior to surgery and one-year post-surgery...
June 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637082/positive-aspects-of-having-had-cancer-a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-responses-from-the-american-cancer-society-survivors-of-cancer-ii-studies
#2
Gail Adorno, Ellen Lopez, Mary Ann Burg, Victoria Loerzel, Michael Killian, Amy B Dailey, Joanne D Iennaco, Cara Wallace, Dinghy Kristine B Sharma, Kevin Stein
PURPOSE: This study focused on understanding positive aspects of cancer amongst a large, national sample of survivors, two, five, and ten years' post-cancer diagnosis, who responded to the American Cancer Society Survivors of Cancer-II survey question "Please tell us about any positive aspects of having cancer." METHODS: A sequential mixed methods approach examined 1) thematic categories of positive aspects from cancer survivors (n = 5149) and 2) variation in themes by sociodemographics, cancer type, stage of disease, and length of survivorship...
June 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636795/cancer-related-disease-factors-and-smoking-cessation-treatment-analysis-of-an-ongoing-clinical-trial
#3
Allison J Carroll, Anna K Veluz-Wilkins, Sonja Blazekovic, Ravi Kalhan, Frank T Leone, E Paul Wileyto, Robert A Schnoll, Brian Hitsman
OBJECTIVE: Smoking cessation treatment should be an important aspect of cancer care. In this study, we evaluated whether cancer-related disease factors adversely influence smoking cessation treatment. METHODS: Smokers with cancer (within 5 years of diagnosis, any tumor site) were recruited for an ongoing trial of varenicline for smoking cessation. Disease factors, assessed at baseline, included tumor site, cancer treatment, time since diagnosis, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
June 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635073/oncologists-nurses-and-social-workers-strategies-and-barriers-to-identifying-suicide-risk-in-cancer-patients
#4
Leeat Granek, Ora Nakash, Merav Ben-David, Shahar Shapira, Samuel Ariad
OBJECTIVE: To identify oncologists', nurses', and social workers' strategies and barriers in identifying suicide risk in cancer patients. METHODS: Sixty-one oncology healthcare professionals (HCPs) at two cancer centers were interviewed. We used the grounded theory method (GT) of data collection and analysis. Analysis involved line-by-line coding, and was inductive, with codes and categories emerging from participants' narratives. RESULTS: The majority of oncologists and nurses reported that they had encountered at least one patient who had committed suicide during their careers (56%, 55%, respectively) and/or had suicidal ideation (65%, 75%, respectively)...
June 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626867/kind-of-blue-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-music-interventions-in-cancer-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Margrethe Langer Bro, Kira Vibe Jespersen, Julie Bolvig Hansen, Peter Vuust, Niels Abildgaard, Jeppe Gram, Christoffer Johansen
OBJECTIVES: Music may be a valuable and low-cost coping strategy for cancer patients. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify the psychological and physical effects of music interventions in cancer treatment. METHODS: We included randomized, controlled trials with adult patients in active cancer treatment exposed to different music interventions versus control conditions. Qualitative studies and systematic reviews were excluded. We identified a total of 2624 records through two systematic searches (June 2015, September 2016) in PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, Cinahl, Web of Science, Cochrane and PsycINFO and used Risk of Bias Assessment, GRADE and Checklist for Reporting Music-Based Interventions to evaluate the music applied and quality of the studies...
June 18, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623651/an-investigation-of-support-services-available-by-internet-searching-to-families-impacted-by-a-parent-s-cancer
#6
Ms Julia Morris, Jeneva Ohan, Angelita Martini
OBJECTIVE: Throughout a parent's cancer diagnosis and treatment, families are likely to turn to the Internet to find social, emotional and informational support services. It is important professionals understand the content and availability of support discoverable through web searches. This study identified and described web-based information regarding support services offered to families when a parent has cancer. METHODS: Pre-defined key search terms were searched across two public web browsers for a period of 3 months...
June 16, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618128/sexual-life-after-mastectomy-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#7
Nasrin Fouladi, Farhad Pourfarzi, Negin Dolattorkpour, Sara Alimohammadi, Elham Mehrara
BACKGROUND: Mastectomy is a highly frequent form of breast cancer treatment in Iran, and exual dysfunction after mastectomy has been reported in the majority of breast cancer survivors in Iran. In this qualitative study, an attempt was made to examine the stages that patients go through in their sexual lives after mastectomy. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Using purposeful sampling, 30 married women, who had undergone surgery and had completed an adjuvant treatment period, participated in the study...
June 15, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612468/decision-making-processes-among-men-with-low-risk-prostate-cancer-a-survey-study
#8
Richard M Hoffman, Stephen K Van Den Eeden, Kimberly M Davis, Tania Lobo, George Luta, Jun Shan, David Aaronson, David F Penson, Amethyst D Leimpeter, Kathryn Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To characterize decision-making processes and outcomes among men expressing early treatment preferences for low-risk prostate cancer. METHODS: We conducted telephone surveys of men newly diagnosed with low-risk prostate cancer in 2012-14. We analyzed subject who had discussed prostate cancer treatment with a clinician and expressed a treatment preference. We asked about decision-making processes, including physician discussions, prostate-cancer knowledge, decision-making styles, treatment preference, and decisional conflict...
June 13, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612404/validation-of-the-factor-structure-of-the-five-facets-of-mindfulness-questionnaire-in-men-diagnosed-with-advanced-prostate-cancer
#9
Kirstyn Laurie, Melissa K Hyde, Stephen J Lepore, Suzanne K Chambers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608482/examining-the-role-of-attachment-styles-and-self-control-in-suicide-ideation-and-death-anxiety-for-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-in-iran
#10
Ahmad Valikhani, Mehdi Reza Sarafraz, Pooneh Moghimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603908/depression-profile-in-cancer-patients-and-patients-without-a-chronic-somatic-disease
#11
Christoph Nikendei, Valentin Terhoeven, Johannes C Ehrenthal, Imad Maatouk, Beate Wild, Wolfgang Herzog, Hans-Christoph Friederich
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether depressed oncology patients show a specific depressive symptom profile, we compared depression symptoms in depressed cancer patients (CANCER-DEP) and depressed patients without a chronic somatic disease (NONCANCER-DEP). METHODS: Of a total of 2493 outpatients from a comprehensive cancer center and a center for psychosocial medicine, 1054 (42.3%) met the DSM-5 criteria for depression, measured with the patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
June 11, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603876/patients-and-family-caregivers-understanding-of-the-cancer-stage-treatment-goal-and-chance-of-cure-a-study-with-patient-caregiver-physician-triad
#12
Dong Wook Shin, Juhee Cho, So Young Kim, Hyung Kook Yang, Keeho Park, Sun-Seog Kweon, Dai Ha Koh, Hae-Sung Nam, Jong-Hyock Park
BACKGROUND: Accurate understanding of the extent of disease, treatment goal, and prognosis is a prerequisite for the patients with cancer and their caregivers to make informed decision. We sought to evaluate patients' and family caregivers' understanding of the cancer stage, treatment goal, and chance of cure taking their own physician's evaluation as reference. METHODS: A national survey was performed with 750 patient-caregiver dyads (75.5% participation rate) recruited by 134 oncologists in 13 cancer centers (93% participation rate) in Korea...
June 11, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600855/predicting-future-major-depression-and-persistent-depressive-symptoms-development-of-a-prognostic-screener-and-phq4-cutoffs-in-breast-cancer-patients
#13
Karen L Weihs, Joshua F Wiley, Catherine M Crespi, Jennifer L Krull, Annette L Stanton
OBJECTIVE: Create a brief, self-report screener for recently diagnosed breast cancer patients to identify patients at risk of future depression. METHODS: Breast cancer patients (N = 410) within 2 ± 1 months after diagnosis provided data on depression vulnerability (DV). Depression outcomes were defined as a high depressive symptom trajectory or a major depressive episode during 16 months after diagnosis. Stochastic gradient boosting of regression trees identified seven items highly predictive for the depression outcomes from a pool of 219 candidate DV items...
June 9, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600801/rates-and-predictors-of-psychotherapy-utilization-after-psychosocial-evaluation-for-stem-cell-transplant
#14
Valentina Penalba, Yasmin Asvat, Teresa L Deshields, Jessica R Vanderlan, Nyadow Chol
OBJECTIVE: Although standard of care prior to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) includes a psychosocial evaluation, little is known about the rate and predictors of psychotherapy utilization among patients presenting for pre-HSCT evaluations. This study aimed to examine the proportion of patients undergoing pre-HSCT evaluations who subsequently utilize psychotherapy services and to explore predictive factors, including distress, anxiety, depression and quality of life (QoL)...
June 9, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599340/2016-president-s-plenary-international-psycho-oncology-society-challenges-and-opportunities-for-growing-and-developing-psychosocial-oncology-programmes-worldwide
#15
Luzia Travado, Barry D Bultz, Andreas Ullrich, Chioma C Asuzu, Jane Turner, Luigi Grassi, Paul Jacobsen
Consistent with the International Psycho-Oncology Society's (IPOS) vision and goals, we are committed to improving quality cancer care and cancer policies through psychosocial care globally. As part of IPOS's mission, upon entering "Official Relations" for a second term with the World Health Organisation (WHO), IPOS has dedicated much attention to reaching out to countries, which lack formalized psychosocial care programs. One of IPOS's strategies to accomplish this goal has been to bring psycho-oncology training programs to low and middle income countries and regions...
June 9, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574170/rumination-in-breast-and-lung-cancer-patients-preliminary-data-within-an-italian-sample
#16
Alessandra Gorini, Silvia Riva, Chiara Marzorati, Mark Cropley, Gabriella Pravettoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568377/one-in-two-cancer-patients-is-significantly-distressed-prevalence-and-indicators-of-distress
#17
A Mehnert, T J Hartung, M Friedrich, S Vehling, E Brähler, M Härter, M Keller, H Schulz, K Wegscheider, J Weis, U Koch, H Faller
OBJECTIVE: Psychological distress is common in cancer patients and awareness of its indicators is essential. We aimed to assess the prevalence of psychological distress and to identify problems indicative of high distress. METHODS: We used the Distress Thermometer (DT) and its 34-item Problem List to measure psychological distress in 3,724 cancer patients (mean age 58 years; 57% women) across major tumor entities, enrolled in an epidemiological multicenter study...
May 31, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557112/effect-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-on-sexual-function-and-bother-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-a-controlled-comparison
#18
Kristine A Donovan, Brian D Gonzales, Ashley M Nelson, Mayer N Fishman, Babu Zachariah, Paul B Jacobsen
OBJECTIVES: The adverse sexual effects of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) on men with prostate cancer have been well described. Less well-known is the relative degree of sexual dysfunction and bother associated with ADT compared to other primary treatment modalities such as radical prostatectomy. We sought to describe the trajectory and relative magnitude of changes in sexual function and bother in men on ADT and to examine demographic and clinical predictors of ADT's adverse sexual effects...
May 30, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557067/anxiety-and-depression-in-spanish-speaking-latina-cancer-patients-prior-to-starting-chemotherapy
#19
Morgan S Lee, Dinorah Martinez, Brian D Gonzales, Brent J Small, Suzanne C Lechner, Michael H Antoni, Andrea Vinard, Madeline Krause, Cathy Meade, Paul B Jacobsen
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety and depression can substantially impact the life of a cancer patient, but literature on emotional distress in the Hispanic cancer population is sparse. Additionally, the influence of psychosocial variables including age, acculturation, and spiritual wellbeing on emotional distress in this population remains unclear. The purpose of the present report was to assess the prevalence of anxiety and depression in Spanish-speaking Latina cancer patients preparing to begin chemotherapy and to explore the predictors and correlates of these outcomes...
May 30, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548222/addressing-psychosocial-concerns-for-prostate-cancer-survivors-we-ve-found-a-problem-now-what
#20
Alicia Morgans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: Psycho-oncology
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