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Psycho-oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743174/the-effectiveness-of-a-group-intervention-to-facilitate-posttraumatic-growth-among-women-with-breast-cancer
#1
Catarina Ramos, Pedro Alexandre Costa, Tânia Rudnicki, Ana Lúcia Marôco, Isabel Leal, Raquel Guimarães, José Luís Fougo, Richard G Tedeschi
OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal study tested the effectiveness of a group intervention designed to facilitate Posttraumatic Growth (PTG). The effects of group participation on components of the PTG model were also explored. METHODS: Sample consisted of 205 women diagnosed with non-metastatic breast cancer who were either assigned to an intervention group (n = 58) or to a control group (n = 147). PTG, challenge to core beliefs, and rumination (intrusive and deliberate) were assessed at baseline (T1), at 6 months (T2) and at 12 months after baseline (T3)...
July 25, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742228/prevalence-and-predictors-of-conflict-in-the-families-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-nationwide-survey-of-bereaved-family-members
#2
Jun Hamano, Tatsuya Morita, Masanori Mori, Naoko Igarashi, Yasuo Shima, Mitsunori Miyashita
OBJECTIVES: Family conflict has several adverse impacts on caregivers. Thus, there is significant value in determining the prevalence and predictors of family conflict, which can enable the health care provider to intervene if family conflict arises during end-of-life care. Accordingly, we aimed to explore the prevalence and predictors of conflict among the families of patients with advanced cancer who died in palliative care units. METHODS: This study was a nationwide multicenter questionnaire survey of bereaved family members of cancer patients who died in Japanese palliative care units participating in evaluation of the quality of end-of-life care...
July 25, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734133/physicians-self-reported-practice-behaviour-regarding-fertility-related-discussions-in-paediatric-oncology-in-sweden
#3
G M Armuand, J Nilsson, K A Rodriguez-Wallberg, J Malmros, J Arvidson, C Lampic, L Wettergren
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate practice behaviours of Swedish physicians with regard to discussing the impact of cancer treatment on fertility with paediatric oncology patients and their parents, and to identify factors associated with such discussions. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted targeting all physicians in Sweden working in paediatric oncology care settings. Participants responded to a questionnaire measuring practice behaviour, attitudes, barriers, and confidence in knowledge...
July 22, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734119/a-systematic-review-of-patient-oncofertility-support-needs-in-reproductive-cancer-patients-aged-14-to-45-years-of-age
#4
REVIEW
S Logan, J Perz, J M Ussher, M Peate, A Anazodo
OBJECTIVE: Decline in fertility potential brought about by a cancer diagnosis or cancer treatment is one of the biggest impacts to cancer patients' long term quality of life. As such, the current manuscript aimed to systematically review the literature on oncofertility support needs for cancer patients of a reproductive age (14-45 years of age). METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted in May 2016 through the searching of electronic databases Medline, EMBASE, PSYCH Info, Web of Science and SCOPUS, alongside the screening of relevant reference lists...
July 22, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728212/men-s-information-seeking-behaviour-regarding-cancer-risk-and-screening-a-meta-narrative-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Mohamad M Saab, Mary Reidy, Josephine Hegarty, Mairin O'Mahony, Mike Murphy, Christian Von Wagner, Frances J Drummond
OBJECTIVE: Preventive strategies are known to reduce cancer risk and incidence and improve prognosis. Men seldom seek medical information about cancer prevention and risk reduction. The aim of this meta-narrative systematic review was to critically appraise evidence from qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods studies that explored men's information-seeking behaviours in relation to cancer prevention and risk reduction. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, Education Full Text, and ERIC were systematically searched for studies published in English between January 1(st) 2006 and May 30(th) 2016...
July 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727897/the-course-of-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-different-patterns-by-age-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#6
Daniëlle E J Starreveld, Sabine E Markovitz, Gerard van Breukelen, Madelon L Peters
OBJECTIVE: To examine the time course and predictors of fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) in breast cancer survivors over a period of 18 months after initial surgery. METHODS: Breast cancer patients (n = 267) were followed until 18 months after primary breast surgery. Shortly after surgery, participants completed the Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) to measure optimism and the Concerns about Recurrence Scale (CARS) to measure FCR. Mixed regression analysis was performed with age, optimism, marital status, education, type of surgery, with or without lymphectomy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or radiotherapy, time since surgery and all interactions with time as predictors of FCR...
July 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727892/end-of-life-experiences-of-family-caregivers-of-deceased-patients-with-cancer-a-nation-wide-survey
#7
Kayo Hirooka, Hiroyuki Otani, Tatsuya Morita, Tomofumi Miura, Hiroki Fukahori, Maho Aoyama, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Yasuo Shima, Satoru Tsuneto, Mitsunori Miyashita
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was (1) to describe the end-of-life experience of family caregivers of cancer patients, (2) to describe talking about death and dying of the patient to minor children, and (3) to examine the association of family caregivers' experiences by their characteristics and talking about death and dying of the patient. METHODS: A cross-sectional nationwide survey of bereaved family caregivers was conducted. In total, 968 questionnaires were sent to bereaved family caregivers, and 711 were completed and returned...
July 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727224/a-mixed-methods-study-to-explore-the-supportive-care-needs-of-breast-cancer-survivors
#8
K K F Cheng, H L Cheng, W H Wong, C Koh
BACKGROUND: Needs assessment is the essence of quality cancer survivorship care. The aim of this study was to explore the supportive care needs of breast cancer survivors (BCS) in the first five years post-treatment. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was employed. A quantitative study included a Supportive Care Needs Survey, which was completed by 250 BCS to identify the level of their needs for help. The quantitative data informed semi-structured qualitative interviews undertaken with 60 BCS to explore in details their post-treatment needs and experiences...
July 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699657/validation-of-the-modified-chinese-cancer-survivor-s-unmet-needs-casun-c-for-women-with-breast-cancer
#9
Su-Ying Fang, Hsiu-Rong Cheng, Chung-Ying Lin
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were to modify the Cancer Survivor's Unmet Need (CaSUN) Scale into a short form and then test its psychometric scale-specific properties for breast cancer survivors in Taiwan. METHODS: Using convenience sampling, recruited breast cancer survivors were separated into 2 samples (sample 1, n=150, and sample 2, n=162). First, we translated and modified the CaSUN to ensure cultural adaptation. Second, we used statistical methods to eliminate some items and conducted an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) using sample 1 to explore the factor structure of the CaSUN-C...
July 12, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695612/a-revised-model-for-coping-with-advanced-cancer-mapping-concepts-from-a-longitudinal-qualitative-study-of-patients-and-carers-coping-with-advanced-cancer-onto-folkman-and-greer-s-theoretical-model-of-appraisal-and-coping
#10
Diane Roberts, Lynn Calman, Paul Large, Lynda Appleton, Gunn Grande, Mari Lloyd-Williams, Catherine Walshe
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether the Folkman and Greer theoretical model of appraisal and coping reflects the processes used by people living with advanced cancer. METHODS: Interview data from a longitudinal qualitative study with people with advanced (stage 3 or 4) cancer (n=26) were mapped onto the concepts of the Folkman and Greer theoretical model. Qualitative interviews conducted in home settings, 4-12 weeks apart (n=45) examined coping strategies, why people thought they were effective, and in what circumstances...
July 11, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692205/limitations-in-the-inverse-association-between-psychological-resilience-and-depression-in-prostate-cancer-patients-experiencing-chronic-physiological-stress
#11
Christopher F Sharpley, David R H Christie, Vicki Bitsika, Linda L Agnew, Nicholas M Andronicos, Mary E McMillan, Timothy M Richards
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of chronic stress as measured in cortisol concentrations upon the association between Psychological Resilience (PR) and depression in prostate cancer (PCa) patients. METHODS: 104 men with PCa completed inventories on PR, depression and background factors, plus gave a sample of their saliva for cortisol assay. RESULTS: The inverse correlation between PR and depression was present only for PCa patients with low or moderate concentrations of salivary cortisol (when classified as more than 1...
July 10, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685892/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-peer-led-multimodal-intervention-for-men-with-prostate-cancer-to-increase-exercise-participation
#12
Daniel A Galvão, Robert U Newton, Afaf Girgis, Stephen J Lepore, Anna Stiller, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Robert A Gardiner, Dennis R Taaffe, Stefano Occhipinti, Suzanne K Chambers
OBJECTIVE: Exercise may reduce morbidity, increase survival and improve quality of life (QoL) in prostate cancer patients. However, effective ways to encourage exercise outside carefully controlled clinical trials remains uncertain. We evaluated the effectiveness of peer-led self-management for increasing exercise participation in men with localized prostate cancer. METHODS: Four hundred and sixty-three prostate cancer patients from Queensland, Australia were randomised to a monthly telephone-based group peer support for 6 months supported by self-management materials and exercise equipment (INT, n=232) or usual care (UC, n=231)...
July 7, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685499/body-image-mediates-the-effect-of-cancer-related-stigmatization-on-depression-a-new-target-for-intervention
#13
Peter Esser, Anja Mehnert, Christoffer Johansen, Beate Hornemann, Andreas Dietz, Jochen Ernst
OBJECTIVE: Since cancer-related stigmatization is prevalent but difficult to change, research on its impact on psychological burden and intervening variables is needed. Therefore, we investigated the effect of stigmatization on depressive symptomatology and whether body image mediates this relationship. METHODS: This bi-centric study assessed patients of four major tumor entities. We measured stigmatization (SIS-D), depressive symptomatology (PHQ-9) and body image (FKB-20)...
July 6, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672093/does-age-matter-comparing-post-treatment-psychosocial-outcomes-in-young-adult-and-older-adult-cancer-survivors-with-their-cancer-free-peers
#14
Michael Lang, Janine Giese-Davis, Scott Patten, David J T Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents and Young Adult cancer survivors (AYA) are a unique sub-population with high levels of distress and unmet need. To date studies have not disentangled distress due to developmental life stage from distress due to cancer survivorship. This population-based study allowed a direct comparison between AYA cancer survivors, Older Adult (OA) cancer survivors and their cancer-free peers. METHODS: We combined four annual cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS, 2007-2010) to obtain a final sample of 239,316 respondents...
July 3, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666060/ssris-associated-with-decreased-risk-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-population-based-case-control-study
#15
Hsiang-Lin Chan, Wei-Che Chiu, Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Kuo-You Huang, Tsu-Nai Wang, Yena Lee, Roger S McIntyre, Tsai-Ching Hsu, Charles Tzu-Chi Lee, Bor-Show Tzang
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cancer-related cause of mortality worldwide. Antidepressants, especially selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs), are commonly used worldwide. Available evidence investigating the association between SSRIs use and HCC risk is limited. OBJECTIVE: he present study aimed to investigate if the effect of all kinds of SSRIs on HCC was the same or not using population-based study. METHODS: The nationwide population-based study herein using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database included a total of 59,859 cases with HCC and 285,124 matched controls...
June 30, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665554/ehealth-and-mhealth-interventions-in-the-treatment-of-fatigued-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Annina Seiler, Vanessa Klaas, Gerhard Tröster, Christopher P Fagundes
OBJECTIVES: To (1) evaluate existing eHealth/mHealth interventions developed to help manage cancer-related fatigue (CRF); and (2) summarize the best available evidence on their effectiveness. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library up to November 2016 was conducted. Study outcomes were extracted, tabulated and summarized. Random effects meta-analyses were conducted for the primary outcome (fatigue), and the secondary outcomes quality of life and depression, yielding pooled effect sizes (r) and 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
June 30, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665542/effects-of-stepped-psycho-oncological-care-on-referral-to-psychosocial-services-and-emotional-well-being-in-cancer-patients-a-cluster-randomised-phase-iii-trial
#17
Susanne Singer, Helge Danker, Julia Roick, Jens Einenkel, Susanne Briest, Henning Spieker, Andreas Dietz, Isabell Hoffmann, Kirsten Papsdorf, Jürgen Meixensberger, Joachim Mössner, Franziska Schiefke, Anja Dietel, Hubert Wirtz, Dietger Niederwieser, Thomas Berg, Anette Kersting
BACKGROUND: Emotional distress in cancer patients often goes unnoticed in daily routine; therefore distress screening is now recommended in many national guidelines. However, screening alone does not necessarily translate into better well-being. We examined whether stepped psycho-oncological care improves referral to consultation-liaison (CL) services and improves well-being. METHODS: In a cluster-randomised trial, wards were randomly allocated to stepped vs. standard care...
June 30, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665541/feasibility-of-the-mobile-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-breast-cancer-mmbsr-bc-program-for-symptom-improvement-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#18
Cecile A Lengacher, Richard R Reich, Sophia Ramesar, Carissa B Alinat, Manolete Moscoso, Lakeshia Cousin, Victoria R Marino, Maya N Elias, Carly L Paterson, Carmen S Rodriguez, Hsiao-Lan Wang, Kevin E Kip, Hongdao Meng, Jong Y Park
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to test the feasibility of delivering the mobile Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Breast Cancer (mMBSR(BC)) program using an iPad and to evaluate its impact on symptom improvement. METHODS: A single group, pre-posttest design was implemented among female stages 0-III breast cancer survivors (BCS) who completed treatment. Data were collected at baseline and week 6 on measures of psychological and physical symptoms and quality of life...
June 30, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665521/traumatic-stress-in-patients-with-acute-leukemia-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Gary Rodin, Amy Deckert, Eryn Tong, Lisa W Le, Anne Rydall, Aaron Schimmer, Charles R Marmar, Chris Lo, Camilla Zimmermann
OBJECTIVE: Acute leukemia (AL) is associated with an immediate threat to life, an unpredictable clinical course, and substantial physical suffering. Traumatic stress symptoms that may meet criteria for acute stress disorder (ASD) may be common and disabling in this context, but have received little clinical attention. We investigated the incidence over time and risk factors for traumatic stress symptoms and ASD in the 3 months following diagnosis or relapse of AL. METHODS: Individuals with AL were recruited at a tertiary cancer centre in Canada within one month of diagnosis or relapse...
June 30, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665010/reduction-in-social-activities-mediates-the-relationship-between-diarrhea-and-distress-in-rectal-anal-cancer-survivors
#20
Catherine Benedict, Katherine DuHamel, Christian J Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Psycho-oncology
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