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Sarah M Belcher, Emilie A Hausmann, Susan M Cohen, Heidi S Donovan, Elizabeth A Schlenk
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of multiple primary cancers (MPC) is increasing, but little is known about psychological distress in this population. The purpose of this study is to review and synthesize the literature regarding what is known about psychological distress in adults who have experienced MPC diagnoses. METHODS: All potentially eligible studies identified in PubMed and CINAHL were reviewed by two independent evaluators, and each relevant article was assessed for methodological quality...
October 18, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Makiko Tomita, Miyako Takahashi, Nobumi Tagaya, Miyako Kakuta, Ichiro Kai, Takashi Muto
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic growth (PTG) is a positive psychological change occurring after struggling with a highly challenging experience. The purposes of this study were to investigate how women's demographic and clinical characteristics as well as psychosocial factors are associated with PTG, and to reveal the influence of PTG on depressive symptoms. METHODS: Participants were 157 women with breast cancer (BC) who attended a breast oncology clinic at a university hospital in Japan...
October 12, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Fei-Fei Huang, Qing Yang, Xuan Ye Han, Jing-Ping Zhang, Ting Lin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a Self-Efficacy Scale for Rehabilitation Management designed specifically for postoperative lung cancer patients (SESPRM-LC), and to evaluate its psychometric properties. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Based on the concept of self-management of chronic disease, items were developed from literature review and semi-structured interviews of 10 lung cancer patients and screened by expert consultation and pilot testing. Psychometric evaluation was done with 448 postoperative lung cancer patients recruited from five tertiary hospitals in Fuzhou, China, by incorporating classical test theory (CTT) and item response theory (IRT) methods...
October 10, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Chao Xu Peh, Jianlin Liu, George D Bishop, Hui Yu Chan, Shi Min Chua, Ee Heok Kua, Rathi Mahendran
PURPOSE: A proportion of newly diagnosed cancer patients may experience anxiety and depression. Emotion suppression has been associated with poorer psycho-emotional outcomes, while reappraisal may be an adaptive emotion regulation strategy. Few studies have examined potential mechanisms linking reappraisal to psycho-emotional outcomes in cancer patients. This study aims to replicate findings on reappraisal and suppression, and further examine if hope mediates the association between reappraisal and anxiety/depression in patients newly diagnosed with cancer...
October 10, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Isabelle Merckaert, Florence Lewis, France Delevallez, Sophie Herman, Marie Caillier, Nicole Delvaux, Yves Libert, Aurore Liénard, Jean-Marie Nogaret, David Ogez, Pierre Scalliet, Jean-Louis Slachmuylder, Paul Van Houtte, Darius Razavi
OBJECTIVE: To compare in a multicenter randomized controlled trial the benefits in terms of anxiety regulation of a 15-session single-component group intervention (SGI) based on support with those of a 15-session multi-component structured manualized group intervention (MGI) combining support with cognitive-behavioral and hypnosis components. METHODS: Patients with non-metastatic breast cancer were randomly assigned at the beginning of the survivorship period to the SGI (n = 83) or MGI (n = 87)...
October 8, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Geraldine M Leydon, Beth Stuart, Lisa Danquah, Katie Ekberg, Lucy Brindle, Sue Latter, Clare Moynihan, Peter Salmon, Sonia Howe, Elizabeth Stokoe, Paul Little
BACKGROUND: There are over 1500 UK health helplines in operation, yet we have scant knowledge about the resources in place to support the seeking and delivering of cancer-related telephone help and support. This research aimed to identify and describe cancer and cancer-related helpline service provision: the number of helplines available, the variety of services provided and accessibility of those services. METHOD: Online national questionnaire survey sent to 95 cancer and cancer-related helplines in the UK RESULTS: 69 (73%) of 95 surveyed cancer and cancer-related helplines completed the survey...
October 8, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Katharina Kuba, Peter Esser, Angela Scherwath, Lena Schirmer, Frank Schulz-Kindermann, Andreas Dinkel, Friedrich Balck, Uwe Koch, Nicolaus Kröger, Heide Götze, Anja Mehnert
OBJECTIVE: In this prospective multicenter study, we investigated cancer-and-treatment-specific distress (CTXD) and its impact on symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS: Patients were consulted before (T0, N = 239), 3 (T1, N = 150) and 12 months after HSCT (T2, N = 102). Medical (e.g., diagnosis, pre-treatment) and demographic information, CTXD and PTSD (PCL-C) were assessed...
October 8, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Mariko Shiozaki, Makiko Sanjo, Kei Hirai
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated avoidance behaviors of healthy partners of breast cancer patients and sought to (1) describe men's perception of their own avoidance behavior and (2) identify the background factors associated with such behavior. METHODS: An internet-based survey was conducted, and analysis was performed on the responses of 368 male spouses of female breast cancer patients. RESULTS: Thirty to forty percent of spouses had some type of problem avoidance behavior toward their wives...
October 5, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Yao-Tiao Deng, Jie Liu, Jie Zhang, Bo-Yan Huang, Ting-Wu Yi, Yu-Qing Wang, Bo Zheng, Di Luo, Pei-Xin Du, Yu Jiang
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to develop a novel tool-the Burnout Battery-for briefly screening burnout among oncology professionals in China and assessing its validity. METHODS: A multicenter study was conducted in doctors and nurses of the oncology departments in China from November 2014 to May 2015. The Burnout Battery was administered with the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) and the Doctors' Job Burnout Questionnaire. RESULTS: Of 538 oncology doctors and nurses who completed all the survey, using MBI-HSS as the standard tool for measuring burnout, 52% had emotional exhaustion, 39...
October 5, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Leeat Granek, Ora Nakash, Michal Cohen, Merav Ben-David, Samuel Ariad
BACKGROUND: Oncologists must communicate effectively with patients and their families about end of life (EOL). Despite the importance of communicating on this topic, many oncologists avoid these conversations. The objective of this study was to examine the associations between secondary traumatic stress and compassion satisfaction and approach and avoidant communication about EOL with cancer patients. METHODS: A convenience sample of 79 oncologists (n = 27 men, n = 52 women) participated in the study...
October 4, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Jeff Dunn, Maggie Watson, Joanne F Aitken, Melissa K Hyde
BACKGROUND: New advanced melanoma therapies are associated with improved survival however quality of survivorship, particularly psychosocial outcomes, for patients overall and those treated with newer therapies is unclear. OBJECTIVE: Synthesise qualitative and quantitative evidence about psychosocial outcomes for advanced (stage III/IV) melanoma patients. METHODS: Five databases were searched (01/01/1980 to 31/01/2016). INCLUSION CRITERIA: advanced melanoma patients or sub-group analysis; assessed psychosocial outcomes; English language...
October 3, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Sarah J Hardcastle, Rachael Glassey, Stuart Salfinger, Jason Tan, Paul Cohen
BACKGROUND: The study purpose was to investigate endometrial cancer survivors' health perceptions following cessation of active cancer treatment and to explore factors influencing participation in health-promoting behaviors. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with participants who had completed active treatment of cancer within the previous 3 years. Participants were 22 endometrial cancer survivors (mean age = 62.55 years, SD = 7.08) at risk of cardiovascular disease who were recruited from 2 oncologists in Perth, Western Australia...
September 25, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Alexis Colley, Jodi Halpern, Steven Paul, Guy Micco, Maureen Lahiff, Fay Wright, Jon D Levine, Judy Mastick, Marilyn J Hammer, Christine Miaskowski, Laura B Dunn
OBJECTIVE: Oncology patients are increasingly encouraged to play an active role in treatment decision making. While previous studies have evaluated relationships between demographic characteristics and decision-making roles, less is known about the association of symptoms and psychological adjustment characteristics (eg, coping styles and personality traits) and decision-making roles. METHODS: As part of a larger study of symptom clusters, patients (n = 765) receiving chemotherapy for breast, gastrointestinal, gynecological, or lung cancer provided information on demographic, clinical, symptom, and psychological adjustment characteristics...
September 20, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Catherine E Mosher, Danielle B Tometich, Adam Hirsh, Kevin L Rand, Shelley A Johns, Marianne S Matthias, Samantha D Outcalt, Jonathan Bricker, Bryan Schneider, Lida Mina, Anna Maria Storniolo, Erin Newton, Kathy Miller
OBJECTIVE: This study examined symptom-based subgroups of metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients and the extent to which they differed across key constructs of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). METHODS: Eighty women with MBC completed self-report surveys assessing 10 common symptoms and several ACT variables (ie, activity engagement, psychological inflexibility, value obstruction, and value progress) during a single time point. RESULTS: A cluster analysis yielded 3 patient subgroups: low symptoms, low-moderate symptoms, and moderate-high symptoms...
September 20, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Jonathan Komisar, Daniel C McFarland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Heather J Campbell-Enns, Roberta L Woodgate
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the psychosocial experience of women with breast cancer from a lifespan perspective by examining the findings of qualitative studies. METHODS: A meta-aggregate review of 24 qualitative studies was undertaken. To be included, studies must include women with a breast cancer diagnosis and focus on younger or older women (as defined by the study), or compare a psychosocial issue across the lifespan. Eight databases were searched systematically...
September 20, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Charlotte Vrinten, Lesley M McGregor, Małgorzata Heinrich, Christian von Wagner, Jo Waller, Jane Wardle, Georgia B Black
BACKGROUND: Cancer has long inspired fear, but the effect of fear is not well understood; it seems both to facilitate and to deter early diagnosis behaviours. To elucidate fear's behavioural effects, we systematically reviewed and synthesised qualitative literature to explore what people fear about cancer. METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, PsycInfo, Web of Science, AnthroSource, and Anthrobase for studies on cancer fear in breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening and analysed 102 studies from 26 countries using thematic synthesis...
September 19, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Madeline Li, Erin B Kennedy, Nelson Byrne, Caroline Gérin-Lajoie, Mark R Katz, Homa Keshavarz, Scott Sellick, Esther Green
OBJECTIVE: Previous systematic reviews have found limited evidence for the effectiveness of pharmacological and psychological interventions for the management of depression in patients with cancer. This paper provides the first meta-analysis of newer collaborative care interventions, which may include both types of treatment, as well as integrated delivery and follow-up. Meta-analyses of pharmacological and psychological interventions are included as a comparison. METHODS: A search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library from July 2005 to January 2015 for randomized controlled trials of depression treatments for cancer patients diagnosed with a major depressive disorder, or who met a threshold on a validated depression rating scale was conducted...
September 19, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Sarah Davies, Bridget Young, Peter Salmon
OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to synthesise qualitative research on problems in the parent-practitioner relationship in childhood cancer, to understand how these problems arise, how they are conceptualised and how they might be resolved. METHODS: A systematic search of five electronic databases identified 2863 articles. After screening, 81 full text papers were assessed for eligibility, and four were included in the review. Six further papers were identified through searching reference lists and citation tracking...
September 19, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Huilin Cheng, Janet W H Sit, Karis K F Cheng
BACKGROUND: With increasing awareness in the chronic nature of cancer, promoting the engagement of breast cancer survivors in self-management has become a priority of cancer care reform initiatives. This study aimed to reveal Chinese breast cancer survivors' views and experiences of self-management in extended survivorship. METHODS: Archived interview transcripts from 19 breast cancer survivors (<5 years since diagnosis) were subjected to a secondary analysis...
September 13, 2016: Psycho-oncology
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