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Melissa Henry, Zeev Rosberger, Lola E Ianovski, Michael Hier, Anthony Zeitouni, Karen Kost, Alex Mlynarek, Martin Black, Christina MacDonald, Keith Richardson, Fabienne Fuhrmann, Gabrielle Chartier, Saul Frenkiel
OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to identify predictors of Major Depressive Disorder in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients in the immediate post-treatment period (i.e., at three months post-diagnosis), with a focus on previously unexamined historical and contextual factors. METHODS: Prospective longitudinal study of 223 consecutive adults (72% participation) newly diagnosed with a first occurrence of primary HNC, including validated psychometric measures, Structured Clinical Interviews for DSM Disorders, and medical chart reviews...
March 13, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Kazuho Hisamura, Eisuke Matsushima, Syouichi Tsukayama, Shinya Murakami, Yoshiharu Motoo
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the social problems experienced by cancer patients in non-Western countries. The aims of this study were: 1) to explore the characteristics and frequencies of social problems in cancer outpatients, as well as their associations with the need for help, and 2) to take the initial steps to develop an instrument for the assessment of cancer-related social problems in Japan. METHODS: A cross-sectional group of 109 patients completed the Social Problem Checklist (SPC) and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-C30 (EORTC-QLQ-C30)...
March 12, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Christian Graugaard, Cecilie Dyg Sperling, Bibi Hølge-Hazelton, Kirsten A Boisen, Gitte Stentebjerg Petersen
OBJECTIVE: The negative impact of malignant disease on sexual and relational functioning is well-documented among adults, but scarcely investigated among adolescents and young adults. This study explored the body image, self-perceived attractiveness and sexual/romantic experiences of Danes diagnosed with cancer at the age of 15-29 years. It also aimed to clarify whether self-perceived needs for counseling were in fact met by health-care providers. METHODS: All Danes who had been diagnosed with cancer at the age of 15-29 years during the period 2009-2013 were included in a cross-sectional nationwide questionnaire study...
March 12, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Carina Lindblad, Ann Langius-Eklöf, Lena-Marie Petersson, Helena Sackey, Matteo Bottai, Kerstin Sandelin
OBJECTIVE: Sense of coherence (SOC) reflects a person´s overall orientation to life. SOC guides the person in finding and utilizing resources to maintain health and manage stress. Previously we demonstrated SOC's stability over time among breast cancer (BC) patients, and in the present article SOC´s predictive value for survival is tested. METHODS: A cohort of 487 women, underwent surgery for invasive BC and completed preoperatively the SOC-13 within a multicenter trial...
March 12, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Wei Liu, Yin Ting Cheung, Tara M Brinkman, Pia Banerjee, Deokumar Srivastava, Vikki G Nolan, Hongmei Zhang, James G Gurney, Ching-Hon Pui, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Kevin R Krull
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of emotional, behavioral and psychiatric outcomes in child and adolescent survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated on a chemotherapy-only protocol were not well defined. METHODS: Self- and parent-reported emotional and behavioral symptoms were assessed for 161 survivors of childhood ALL (51.0% female; mean [SD] age 12.1[2.6] years; 7.5[1.6] years post-diagnosis). Age- and sex-adjusted scores were calculated for standardized measures, and compared to 90th percentile of norms...
March 9, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Hersha Patel, Esther L Moss, Susan M Sherman
BACKGROUND: Primary HPV cervical screening is due to be implemented in England within the next 2years however, the acceptability of HPV testing as the primary screening test is unclear. This study explores women's awareness and attitudes towards HPV testing/screening. METHODS: Qualitative interviews (semi-structured and focus group) were conducted with forty-six women (aged 25-65years) from community and secondary care settings. Data was analysed using the inductive-framework method...
March 9, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Sylvie Lambert, Nicholas Hulbert-Williams, Eric Belzile, Antonio Ciampi, Afaf Girgis
OBJECTIVE: Caregiver research has relied on composite measures (e.g., count) of unmet supportive care needs to determine relationships with anxiety and depression. Such composite measures assume that all unmet needs have a similar impact on outcomes. The purpose of this study is to identify individual unmet needs most associated with caregivers' anxiety and depression. METHODS: 219 Caregivers completed the 44-item Supportive Care Needs Survey and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale [minimal clinically important difference (MCID)=1...
March 6, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Ching-Rong Lin, Shu-Ching Chen, Sébastien Simard, Joseph Tung-Chien Chang, Yeur-Hur Lai
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to develop a Chinese version of the Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory-caregiver (FCRI-c Chinese) and assess the psychometrics of this test in the family caregivers (FCs) of Taiwanese patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). METHODS: An instrument testing study was conducted at a major medical center in Taiwan. HNC patients and their major FCs were recruited as dyads from the radiation outpatient department. The FCRI-c Chinese was tested for internal consistency reliability, test-retest reliability, and construct validity (including theoretically supported correlation, discriminant validity, and factor structure)...
March 6, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Jing-Min Yuan, Jun-E Zhang, Mei-Chun Zheng, Xiu-Qing Bu
BACKGROUND: Although stomas are necessary for disease treatment, they unavoidably affect patients' lives from physical, psychological, social, spiritual and familial perspectives and contribute to feelings of embarrassment and shame. This study explored the current status and factors influencing stigma among Chinese patients with stoma. METHODS: A total of 209 patients with stoma at the stoma clinic of a tertiary cancer centre in Guangzhou, China, were recruited and investigated using the Social Impact Scale, the Coping Self-Efficacy Scale, the State Self-Esteem Scale, and a demographic questionnaire...
March 5, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Mengfei Ye, Kanghui Du, Jingying Zhou, Quanqian Zhou, Mengna Shou, Baiqi Hu, Panruo Jiang, Nan Dong, Luying He, Shenglin Liang, Chaoyang Yu, Jian Zhang, Zhinan Ding, Zheng Liu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) on Quality of Life (QOL) and psychological health of breast cancer survivors and patients. METHODS: A total of 1289 references were examined from an overall literature search in PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Randomized controlled trials assessing the efficacy of CBT compared with a range of comparators in cancer survivors. We assessed the effect of CBT using the standardized mean difference as effect size...
March 2, 2018: Psycho-oncology
I Esteban, M Vilaró, E Adrover, N Angulo, E Carrasco, N Gadea, A Sánchez, T Ocaña, G Llort, R Jover, J Cubiella, S Servitja, M Herráiz, L Cid, S Martínez, M J Oruezábal-Moreno, I Garau, S Khorrami, A Herreros de Tejada, R Morales, J M Cano, R Serrano, M H López-Ceballos, S González-Santiago, M J Juan-Fita, C Alonso-Cerezo, A Casas, B Graña-Suarez, A Teulé, E Alba, A Antón, C Guillén-Ponce, A B Sánchez-Heras, J E Alés-Martínez, J Brunet, F Balaguer, J Balmaña
OBJECTIVE: Patients' psychological reactions to multi-gene cancer panel testing might differ compared with the single-gene testing reactions due to the complexity and uncertainty associated with the different possible results. Understanding patients' preferences and psychological impact of multi-gene panel testing is important to adapt the genetic counselling model. METHODS: One hundred and eighty-seven unrelated patients with clinical suspicion of hereditary cancer undergoing a 25-gene panel test completed questionnaires after pre-test genetic counseling and at one week, three months and twelve months after results to elicit their preferences regarding results disclosure and to measure their cancer worry and testing-specific distress and uncertainty...
March 2, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Lauren M Carney, Crystal L Park
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about survivors' understanding of the cause of their cancer and of their recovery, nor how these ways of understanding relate to their well-being. No study has examined both secular and religious appraisals of the same event. The current study aimed to examine both religious (God) and secular (self) appraisals of both the cause (attributions) and course/cure of cancer in relation to multiple aspects of adjustment. METHODS: Data were obtained from a sample of cancer survivors at Time 1 (n = 250) and one year later (Time 2, n = 167)...
February 28, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Linda Baldensperger, Amelie U Wiedemann, Lauri Wessel, Ulrich Keilholz, Nina Knoll
OBJECTIVE: Socioemotional selectivity theory (SST) proposes that with more limited future time perspective (FTP) the meaning of individual life goals shifts from instrumental and long-term goals, such as autonomy, to emotionally meaningful and short-term life goals, especially concerning meaningful social relationships. Adverse side effects of cancer therapy may conflict with the realization of emotionally meaningful goals leading to non-adherence. In line with the theoretical assumptions, this study aimed to investigate a) associations between disease symptoms, physical-, and cognitive limitations and FTP and b) between FTP, family network size, striving for autonomy, and treatment adherence...
February 28, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Mercedes Bellido-Pérez, Iris Crespo, Keith G Wilson, Josep Porta-Sales, Albert Balaguer, Cristina Monforte-Royo
INTRODUCTION: The Desire for Death Rating Scale (DDRS) and the short form of the Schedule of Attitudes toward Hastened Death (SAHD-5) are different approaches to assessing the wish to hasten death (WTHD). Both have clinical threshold scores for identifying individuals with a meaningfully elevated WTHD. However, the agreement between the two measures, and patient opinions about assessment of the WTHD, are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To compare the DDRS and SAHD-5 and to analyse patient opinions about assessment of the WTHD...
February 28, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Chioma C Asuzu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Yun-Hsiang Lee, Yu-Chien Liao, Shiow-Ching Shun, Kuan-Chia Lin, Wei-Yu Liao, Pi-Hua Chang, Sin-Yuan Jhang, Chong-Jen Yu, Pan-Chyr Yang, Pei-Yin Hsieh, Yeur-Hur Lai
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (1) identify the changes of five domains of family caregiver (FC) burden, overall burden and its sub-trajectories when caring for newly-diagnosed advanced lung cancer patients during the first six months following cancer diagnosis; and (2) identify the FC- and patient-related factors most associated with the overall FC burden and each of its sub-trajectories. METHODS: 150 newly-diagnosed advanced lung cancer patient-FC dyads were recruited from a Taiwanese medical center...
February 24, 2018: Psycho-oncology
M B Bingisser, D Eichelberger, V Ehrbar, H J Huggenberger, C Urech, J Alder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 24, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Shoshana M Rosenberg, Mary L Greaney, Andrea F Patenaude, Karen R Sepucha, Meghan E Meyer, Ann H Partridge
OBJECTIVE: Young women with unilateral breast cancer are increasingly choosing contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM), despite its limited medical benefit for most women. The purpose of this study was to better understand this choice through a qualitative exploration of surgical decision-making in young survivors, including how issues particular to younger women affected their decision and the post-surgical experience. METHODS: Women age ≤40 years with stage 0-III breast cancer, 1-3 years from diagnosis who had undergone breast cancer surgery were recruited to participate...
February 24, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Jo Bayly, Dominique Wakefield, Nilay Hepgul, Andrew Wilcock, Irene J Higginson, Matthew Maddocks
OBJECTIVES: International guidelines recommend that rehabilitation be offered to people with thoracic cancer to improve symptoms, function and quality of life. When rehabilitation interventions require a change in behaviour, the use of theory and behaviour change techniques (BCTs) enhance participation. Our objective was to systematically identify BCTs and examine their use in relation to the Capability,Opportunity,Motivation-Behaviour model and known enablers and barriers to engagement in this population...
February 24, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Peter Esser, Tim J Hartung, Michael Friedrich, Christoffer Johansen, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Hermann Faller, Uwe Koch, Martin Härter, Monika Keller, Holger Schulz, Karl Wegscheider, Joachim Weis, Anja Mehnert
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety in cancer patients may represent a normal psychological reaction. To detect patients with pathological levels, appropriate screeners with established cut-offs are needed. Given that previous research is sparse, we investigated the diagnostic accuracy of two frequently used screening tools in detecting generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). METHODS: We used data of a multi-center study including 2141 cancer patients. Diagnostic accuracy was investigated for the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Screener (GAD-7) and the anxiety module of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-A)...
February 23, 2018: Psycho-oncology
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