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Jacqueline Galica, Sarah Brennenstuhl, Christine Maheu, Carol Townsley, Kelly Metcalfe
OBJECTIVE: Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is common concern among cancer survivors and the Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory (FCRI) is a frequently used measure to assess FCR. Given that the dimensionality of FCR has received recent debate, the overall goal of this secondary analysis was to re-examine the dimensionality of the FCRI using confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) to compare models of FCR, using data from a large sample of cancer survivors. METHODS: Three models of FCR (including uni-dimensional and multi-dimensional models of the FCRI) were informed by the literature and proposed a priori...
July 11, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Gary Rodin
The human dimensions of medical care were highlighted by such pioneering figures as Cicely Saunders, Elizabeth Kubler-Ross and Jimmie Holland and their tireless advocacy helped to build an evidence base for psychosocial and palliative interventions. In that spirit, we studied physical and psychological distress in advanced cancer and modelled pathways to distress in this population. We considered acute stress disorder (ASD) as the prototype for psychological disturbances following the acute onset of life-threatening disorders, showing that it occurred in one-third of patients after the diagnosis of acute leukemia, To treat and prevent these symptoms, we developed Emotion and Symptom-Focused Engagement (EASE), an integrated psychotherapeutic and palliative intervention...
July 6, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Lucy Braude, Laura Kirsten, Jemma Gilchrist, Ilona Juraskova
OBJECTIVE: Risk-reducing mastectomies (RRM) and contralateral prophylactic mastectomies (CPM) are increasingly prevalent strategies to reduce breast cancer risk. Given the associated physical and emotional challenges, pre-surgical psychological assessment is frequently recommended for this population, yet limited research exists to guide this. This study aimed to reach a consensus on the most relevant content and format of a psychological consultation prior to RRM/CPM. METHODS: A modified two-round online Delphi study was conducted Australia-wide...
July 2, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Qiuping Li, Yi Lin, Huiya Zhou, Yinghua Xu, Liping Yang, Yongyong Xu
OBJECTIVE: With growing recognitions of the significance of benefit finding (BF) in cancer practice, research has increased to explore factors that may influence BF in the cancer context. Few studies have focused explicitly on factors influencing BF from the dyadic perspective of cancer patient (CP)-family caregiver (FC) dyads. The objectives of the study were to examine BF relationship between CPs and FCs; and to investigate factors that may modify the BF relationships between CPs and FCs...
July 2, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Ulrike Boehmer, Jeffrey E Stokes, Angela R Bazzi, Michael Winter, Melissa A Clark
OBJECTIVE: To assess dyadic stress among sexual minority cancer survivor and caregivers compared to heterosexual cancer survivors and their caregivers. METHODS: We recruited 167 survivors of non-metastatic breast cancer of different sexual orientations and their caregivers, who were interviewed via telephone after obtaining consent. We used inverse propensity score weighting to account for differences by sexual orientation in age and length of the survivor-caregiver relationship and simultaneous equation models consistent with the needs for analyzing dyadic data...
June 29, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Belinda C Goodwin, Sonja March, Leah Zajdlewicz, Richard H Osborne, Jeff Dunn, Suzanne K Chambers
OBJECTIVE: To test the Health Literacy Questionnaire in a sample of men with prostate cancer and examine the components of health literacy that are most strongly associated with mental and physical health-related quality of life in men with prostate cancer. METHOD: Members (N=565) of a state-wide prostate cancer support network in Queensland, Australia (Mage = 71.14, SD = 8.68) completed the HLQ along with the Medical Outcomes Study, 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36)...
June 29, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Simon Dunne, Laura Coffey, Linda Sharp, Aileen Timmons, Deirdre Desmond, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Eleanor O'Sullivan, Ivan Keogh, Conrad Timon, Pamela Gallagher
OBJECTIVE: Active self-management practices may help head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors to deal with challenges to their physical, functional, social, and psychological wellbeing presented by HNC and its treatment. This study investigates the factors perceived by HNC survivors to act as barriers to their active self-management following primary treatment. METHODS: In this qualitative study, 27 HNC survivors identified through four designated cancer centres in Ireland participated in face-to-face semi-structured interviews...
June 29, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Natalie Bauereiß, Stefanie Obermaier, Selçuk Erol Özünal, H Baumeister
OBJECTIVES: To synthesize the evidence of existential interventions in adult patients with cancer. METHODS: Embase, MEDLINE, CENTRAL, CINAHL, PsycINFO, PSYNDEX and the WHO ICTRP were searched up until January 26th 2018. Eligibility criteria for studies were 1) adult patients with cancer, 2) evaluation of existential interventions, 3) compared to active/non-active control, 4) assessing relevant spiritual, psychological or physical outcomes and 5) conducted as randomized controlled trials...
June 29, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Tamara E Lacourt, Richard De La Garza, Robert Dantzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Alla Sikorskii, David Victorson, Patrick O'Connor, Vered Hankin, Abolfazl Safikhani, Tracy Crane, Terry Badger, Gwen Wyatt
OBJECTIVE: Accurate and efficient measurement of patient-reported outcomes is key in cancer symptom management trials. The newer Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) and previously developed measures of similar conceptual content (legacy) are available to measure symptoms and functioning. This report compares the performance of two sets of measures, PROMIS and legacy, in a recently completed trial of a supportive care intervention that enrolled breast cancer patients and their friend or family caregivers...
June 28, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Chelsea Anderson, Eliza M Park, Donald L Rosenstein, Hazel B Nichols
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have suggested that suicide rates are elevated among cancer patients relative to the general population. In this analysis, we comprehensively evaluated characteristics associated with higher suicide rates among patients with cancers of the digestive system. METHODS: Using the United States (U.S.) Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, we identified all patients diagnosed with digestive system cancers during 2000-2014...
June 28, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Deborah McLeod, Mary Jane Esplen, Jiahui Wong, Thomas F Hack, Lise Fillion, Doris Howell, Margaret Fitch, Julie Dufresne
PURPOSE: Therapeutic Practices for Distress Management (TPDM) Project was carried out to support clinicians in integrating recommendations from four Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) in routine care at five Pan Canadian cancer care sites. METHODOLOGY: Using a concurrent, mixed-method study design and knowledge translation (KT) activities, this project included two phases: Phase I - a baseline/preparation phase and Phase II - an intervention phase plus evaluation...
June 28, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Brittany L Smalls, Adaeze Aroh, Kristen McQuerry, Adebola Adegboyega, Nancy Schoenberg, Jennifer Hatcher
PURPOSE: Women in the Appalachian region have a high mortality rate attributable to cancer in spite of lower incidence of cancer compared to the general US population. Empirical evidence suggests that social support influences cancer outcomes, including adherence to screening guidelines and treatment recommendations. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of social support on breast cancer screening patterns in a sample of rural Appalachian women. METHODS: This paper reports the results of analyses of baseline cross-sectional data on breast cancer screening collected during a community-based group-randomized trial...
June 28, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Ashley M Nelson, Alexandra Albizu-Jacob, Alyssa L Fenech, Hye Sook Chon, Robert M Wenham, Kristine A Donovan
OBJECTIVE: Pelvic exenteration (PE) in carefully-selected gynecologic cancer patients has a 5-year survival rate as high as 60%. Thus, there is a growing number of PE survivors dealing with the effects of this radical surgery. The current study sought to explore women's physical, psychological, and social quality of life (QOL) after PE. METHODS: Fourteen women who had undergone PE for recurrent gynecologic cancer at least one year previously completed semi-structured qualitative interviews designed to elicit expectations and experiences of QOL following PE...
June 28, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Mary Jane Esplen, Molyn Leszcz, Jonathan Hunter, Jiahui Wong, Yvonne W Leung, Brenda Toner, Sandra Messner, Gord Glendon, Noreen Stuckless, Catherine Butler
Women with a family history of breast cancer (BC) often overestimate their BC risk. Heightened psychological distress may interfere with risk comprehension and screening adherence. The primary purpose of this study was to test the efficacy of a 12-week manual-based supportive-expressive (SE) group intervention for this population. METHODS: Using a randomized control trial design, this study compared two interventions: a standard risk-counselling arm (RC) compared to that plus SE group intervention...
June 27, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Leonhard Quintero Garzón, Susan Koranyi, Dorit Engelmann, Rebecca Philipp, Katharina Scheffold, Frank Schulz-Kindermann, Martin Härter, Anja Mehnert
BACKGROUND: Advanced diseases pose a great burden on patients and go hand in hand with existential concerns. Demoralization is considered as a syndrome of existential distress with a perceived inability to cope with loss of meaning in life and feelings of helplessness and hopelessness. Professional health care providers play an important role in providing support for patients and unfavorable conversational styles in their relationship can increase patient's distress. In this study we examine the association between the patient's perceived relationship to health care providers and demoralization...
June 27, 2018: Psycho-oncology
M P Masterson, E Slivjak, G Jankauskaite, W Breitbart, H Pessin, E Schofield, J Holland, W G Lichtenthal
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and common themes of unfinished business (UB) and its associations with distress among advanced cancer patients. METHOD: 223 patients from a larger RCT of Individual Meaning-Centered Psychotherapy (IMCP) completed self-report questionnaires that assessed UB and UB-related distress, hopelessness, desire for hastened death, anxiety and depression, quality of life, spiritual well-being and purpose/meaning. UB themes were identified by qualitative analysis of open-ended data...
June 27, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Maria Giulia Nanni, Rosangela Caruso, Luzia Travado, Cidalia Ventura, Alessandra Palma, Alejandra M Berardi, Elena Meggiolaro, Federica Ruffilli, Cristina Martins, David Kissane, Luigi Grassi
BACKGROUND: Demoralization syndrome is a significant condition that has not been greatly studied in Southern European countries. AIMS: To extend the knowledge of demoralization in Southern Europe by examining its prevalence according to different methods of assessment, its relationship with anxiety and depression, and its impact on quality of life among cancer patients. METHODS: A convenience sample of 195 cancer outpatients from two oncology centers (102 from Lisbon, Portugal and 93 from Ferrara, Italy) participated in an observational, cross-sectional study using the Diagnostic Criteria of Psychosomatic Research-Demoralization interview (DCPR/D) and psychometric tools (Demoralization scale-DS; Patient Health Questionnaire-9/PHQ-9; Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale-HADS; and European Quality of Life-5-EQ-5D)...
June 25, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Jurgita Kazlauskiene, Auguste Kaceniene, Giedre Smailyte, Kestutis Zagminas, Alvydas Navickas, Giedre Bulotiene
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Meerim Park, Hyeon Jin Park, Jae Min Lee, Hee Young Ju, Byung Kiu Park, Eun-Seung Yu, Hyung-Kook Yang, Ji Yoon Kim, Sang Kyu Park, Young Ho Lee, Ye Jee Shim, Heung Sik Kim, Jun Ah Lee, Yeon-Jung Lim, Hee Won Cheuh, Ji Kyoung Park, Mee Jeong Lee, Soon Ki Kim, Hyoung Soo Choi, Jeong Ok Hah, Kyung Duk Park, Hyoung Jin Kang, Hee Young Shin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate school performance of childhood cancer survivors focusing on the child's functioning, including peer relationships, school attendance, and academic achievement METHODS: We studied 241 children from 15 institutions in Korea between 2015 and 2016. The self-reported paper-and-pencil questionnaires were used. RESULTS: Approximately 22% of the survivors suffered from lack of friends. Bullying was reported by 30% of survivors. Survivors who returned to primary school reported a higher incidence of bullying compared to survivors who returned to middle or high school (P=0...
June 21, 2018: Psycho-oncology
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