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Arden L Corter, Reuben Broom, David Porter, Vernon Harvey, Michael Findlay
BACKGROUND: Failing to take endocrine therapy (ET) as prescribed (nonadherence) increases risk of morbidity and mortality from breast cancer recurrence. We explored predictors of nonadherence, including demographic, clinical, treatment and personal factors, among women newly prescribed ET for early stage breast cancer. We also examined predictors of their thoughts about stopping treatment (TST). METHODS: A baseline survey prior to ET assessed demographics, illness beliefs, beliefs about medicines, fear of recurrence, symptoms and negative affect...
May 18, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Gemechu B Gerbi, Stranjae' Ivory, Elaine Archie Booker, Mechelle D Claridy, Stephanie Miles-Richardson
OBJECTIVE: According to the American Cancer Society, 25 percent of cancer survivors in the United States develop depression. The objective of this study is to assess factors associated with self-reported history of depression diagnosis among cancer survivors aged ≥18 years in the United States. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) (N=6,079). The BRFSS collects data about US residents regarding their health-related risk behaviors and events, chronic health conditions, and use of preventive services...
May 18, 2018: Psycho-oncology
I-Chan Huang, Tara M Brinkman, Larry Mullins, Ching-Hon Pui, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Kevin R Krull
BACKGROUND: How family environment and parental factors affect health status and symptoms in childhood cancer survivors is understudied. We examined the influence of family cohesion, parent distress, and overprotection on child symptom burden and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and family strain in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). METHODS: Parents of 213 children treated with chemotherapy-only completed a survey when survivors were at least five-years post-diagnosis...
May 17, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Oliver Rick, Monika Reuß-Borst, Timm Dauelsberg, Holger Hass, Volker König, Reiner Caspari, Gabriele Götz-Keil, Jürgen Pfitzner, Christa Kerschgens, Klaus Fliessbach, Christian Hoppe
OBJECTIVE: Complaints about cognitive dysfunction (CD) reportedly persist in approximately one third of breast cancer patients but the nature of CD and possible risk factors are unknown. METHODS: A cross-sectional, multicenter study was set-up at 9 German oncological rehabilitation centers. Objective cognitive performance was assessed by the NeuroCog FX test, a short computerized screening (duration <30 min) which assesses working memory, alertness, verbal/figural memory and language/executive...
May 17, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Kristen D Rosen, Samantha M Paniagua, William Kazanis, Shaun Jones, Jennifer Sharpe Potter
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to evaluate the efficacy of commercially available mobile app-delivered mindfulness training (AMT), compared to waitlist control (WC), on quality of life (QOL) among women diagnosed with breast cancer. The secondary outcome was dispositional mindfulness. Enrollment, app utilization, and study completion are reported as feasibility objectives. METHODS: Women diagnosed with breast cancer ≤ 5 years (n=112) were randomized to AMT (n=57) or WC (n=55), over 8-weeks, with 4 weeks of follow-up...
May 15, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Martin Eichler, Marlene Hechtner, Beatrice Wehler, Roland Buhl, Jan Stratmann, Martin Sebastian, Heinz Schmidberger, Jessica Peuser, Cornelius Kortsik, Ursula Nestle, Sebastian Wiesemann, Hubert Wirtz, Thomas Wehler, Maria Blettner, Susanne Singer
OBJECTIVE: Despite the high incidence of lung cancer, little is known about distress in lung cancer survivors and patients who have survived diagnose for at least one year. We investigated distress prevalence and associated factors. METHODS: We performed a multicenter (n=6 hospitals) cross-sectional study. Data were collected using medical records, questionnaires, and a telephone interview. Distress was measured with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-4). Odds ratios (OR) for factors potentially associated with distress were calculated using multivariable logistic regression...
May 14, 2018: Psycho-oncology
I Bobevski, D W Kissane, S Vehling, D P McKenzie, H Glaesmer, A Mehnert
OBJECTIVES: Demoralization as a form of existential distress involves poor coping, low morale, hopelessness, helplessness and meaninglessness. In a secondary analysis of a cohort of German cancer patients, we aimed to explore latent class structure to assess the contribution that symptoms of demoralization make to anhedonic depression, anxiety, adjustment and somatic disorders. METHODS: Measures of demoralization, depression, anxiety, physical symptoms and functional impairment had been completed cross-sectionally by 1527 patients with early or advanced cancer...
May 14, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Jennifer Lennon, David Hevey, Louise Kinsella
OBJECTIVE: Gender role conflict or the negative consequences of male socialization may compromise men's adjustment to prostate cancer by shaping how patients perceive and cope with their illness. Given mixed findings regarding how gender role conflict interacts with emotional approach coping to regulate distress in prostate cancer patients, the present study examined the effects of emotional approach coping, when considered alongside self-compassion, the ability to be kind and understanding of oneself...
May 14, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Donna Radl, Maureen Vita, Nancy Gerber, Edward J Gracely, Joke Bradt
OBJECTIVE: National attention on patients' cancer-related emotional distress produced a need for evidence-based, psychosocial interventions in oncology care. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Self-Book© art therapy for emotional distress and psychological well-being of female oncology patients during active oncology treatment. METHODS: Sixty consenting women with cancer were randomly assigned to either a six-session Self-Book© art therapy program or standard care...
May 10, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Daniel L Hall, Christina M Luberto, Lisa L Philpotts, Rhayun Song, Elyse R Park, Gloria Y Yeh
OBJECTIVE: Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is a common existential concern and source of distress among adults with a cancer history. Multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have examined mind-body approaches to mitigating FCR. We summarized characteristics of these trials and calculated their pooled effects on decreasing FCR. METHODS: Six electronic databases were systematically searched from inception to May 2017, using a strategy that included multiple terms for RCTs, cancer, mind-body medicine, and FCR...
May 10, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Hee-Ju Kim, Andrea M Barsevick, Alexandre Chan, Jung-Woo Chae
OBJECTIVE: To identify those experiencing significant self-reported cognitive decline over 2 time points during chemotherapy, examine the risk factors for cognitive decline, and examine differences between those with and without significant decline in functional limitations. METHODS: This secondary analysis used data from 163 cancer patients, collected from a Korean University hospital. Significant decline was determined by 15% or more reduction from baseline in the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cognitive Function...
May 10, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Chiara Besani, Chris McCusker, Aiveen Higgins, Anthony McCarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Susan Aguiñaga, Diane K Ehlers, Josh Cosman, Joan Severson, Arthur F Kramer, Edward McAuley
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of physical activity from pre-diagnosis to post-treatment survivorship on the psychological well-being (PWB) outcomes of fatigue, depression, anxiety, and quality of life (QoL) in breast cancer survivors (BCS). METHODS: Participants (N=387) completed a questionnaire battery using an iPad-based platform. Measures included self-reported PA (before diagnosis and currently), and perceptions of fatigue, depression, anxiety, and QoL...
May 8, 2018: Psycho-oncology
A Casellas-Grau, E C Sumalla, M Lleras, J Vives, A Sirgo, C León, A Rodríguez, G Campos, Y Valverde, J M Borràs, C Ochoa
OBJECTIVE: Changes perceived as both positive (e.g., post-traumatic growth [PTG]) and negative (e.g. post-traumatic stress symptoms [PTSS]) have been associated with intensive internet use among breast cancer survivors. In this multi-center study, we analyzed the role of PTG and PTSS on the amount of time spent looking for online cancer information, its content, and its psychological impact. METHODS: PTSS and PTG were assessed in 182 breast cancer survivors using the Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist and Post-traumatic Growth Inventory questionnaires...
May 8, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Jennifer White, Joanne Park, K Brooke Russell, K A Reynolds, A Madani, Linda E Carlson, Janine Giese-Davis
BACKGROUND: The population of adult survivors of childhood cancers (ASCCs) is growing, resulting in unique long-term challenges. This study explored experiences of perceived unmet ASCC survivorship needs. METHODS: We invited ASCCs to complete surveys sent through the cancer registry. Four open-ended questions allowed participants to write in comments. We analyzed responses to these open-ended questions thematically, employing a process of constant comparison. RESULTS: Our sample included 94 ASCCs who completed open-ended questions (61 female; aged 20-78 years, mean age=34...
May 8, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Amos Deogratius Mwaka, Elialilia Sarikiaeli Okello, Henry Wabinga
OBJECTIVE: To explore perceptions and beliefs of people in a rural community in northern Uganda regarding surgical operations for the diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer. The aim of the study was to inform interventions to reduce delay and improve timely diagnosis and prompt appropriate treatments for patients with symptoms of cervical cancer. METHODS: A semi-structured study guide informed by Kleinman's explanatory model for illness was used to collect data during 24 focus group discussions involving 175 men and women aged 18 - 59 years in Gulu, northern Uganda...
May 2, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Jeanette Bresson Ladegaard Knox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Jennifer Brunet, Amanda Wurz, Shirin M Shallwani
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity can improve health, functional capacity, and quality of life in children and adults with cancer. Physical activity may also offer important benefits to adolescents and young adults diagnosed with cancer (AYAs). We conducted a scoping review to determine the extent, range, and nature of published studies on physical activity among AYAs, identify knowledge gaps, and provide directions for future research. METHODS: We searched four electronic databases for published studies...
May 2, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Alexandra Champagne, Hans Ivers, Josée Savard
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients commonly report experiencing fear of cancer recurrence (FCR), which may lead to several negative consequences. This study aimed at examining whether clinical levels of FCR are linked to a greater use of health care services. METHOD: This is a secondary analysis of a longitudinal study of 962 cancer patients on the epidemiology of cancer-related insomnia. They completed the Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory - Short form (FCRI-SF) and reported information on their consultations (medical, psychosocial and complementary and alternative medicine [CAM]) and medication usage (anxiolytics/hypnotics and antidepressants) at six time points over an 18-month period...
May 2, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Deborah Ejem, J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Yasemin Turkman, Sara Knight, Dan Willis, Peter Kaufman, Marie Bakitas
OBJECTIVE: Women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) face numerous, complex treatment and advance care planning (ACP) decisions. Our aim was to develop a better understanding of women with MBC's decision-making preferences overtime and relative to specific types of decisions. METHODS: Convergent, parallel mixed-methods study. Participants completed the Control Preferences Scale (CPS) and a semi-structured interview of decision-making experiences at enrollment (T1; n=22) and when facing a decision or 3 months later (T2; n=19)...
April 30, 2018: Psycho-oncology
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