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Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123372/the-effect-of-musculoskeletal-problems-on-fatigue-and-productivity-of-office-personnel-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
REVIEW
H Daneshmandi, A R Choobineh, H Ghaem, M Alhamd, A Fakherpour
Introduction: Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSDs) can impact on fatigue and productivity of office workers. This study aimed to investigate the effect of musculoskeletal problems on fatigue and productivity among office personnel. Methods: This study was performed on 101 Iranian office workers. Data were gathered through a demographic questionnaire, Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire, Numeric Rating Scale, Persian version of Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue Scale, and Persian version of Health and Work Questionnaire...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123371/monitoring-biodiversity-in-libraries-a-pilot-study-and-perspectives-for-indoor-air-quality
#2
REVIEW
F Valeriani, C Cianfanelli, G Gianfranceschi, S Santucci, V Romano Spica, N Mucci
Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) in libraries is influenced by the presence of specific factors which can impact on both paper storage as well as people health. Microclimatic conditions induce and support a biodiversity pattern involving environmental and anthropic microorganisms. We used a multidisciplinary monitoring model to characterize microflora biodiversity by Next Generation Sequencing (NGS). Biodiversity indexes were adapted to evaluate anthropic vs environmental pollution by combining Shannon mean index (H), species representativeness (EH), human/environmental pollution ratio (SA) to better characterize the NGS output and acquire synthetic information on Indoor Air Microbial Biodiversity (IAMB)...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123370/assessing-hand-hygiene-compliance-among-healthcare-workers-in-six-intensive-care-units
#3
REVIEW
M Musu, A Lai, N M Mereu, M Galletta, M Campagna, M Tidore, M F Piazza, L Spada, M V Massidda, S Colombo, P Mura, R C Coppola
Introduction: Healthcare associated infections (HAIs) are a cause of high morbidity, disability and reduced quality of life, as well as mortality and rising costs for health systems. Preventing the HAI risk by planning and implementing effective preventive strategies is important to safeguard patient health. Methods: The study aimed to evaluate the presence of procedures and protocols for infection control, to assess the adhesion to the different aspects of hand hygiene (HH) and hand washing technique by healthcare workers in six ICUs...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123369/universal-proposal-strategies-of-anti-hpv-vaccination-for-adolescents-comparative-analysis-between-school-based-and-clinic-immunization-programs
#4
REVIEW
F Desiante, C Russo, A Giorgino, G Caputi, T Battista, R Cipriani, M Conversano
Introduction: A promising approach to increase teenager's adherence to immunization against HPV is the administration of vaccinations within the school facilities. The Local Health Unit of Taranto experienced two different vaccine strategy proposals in the twelve-year-olds: the first one was the usual active call strategy in the outpatient clinic, while the second one provided the involvement of the schools in the area. The aim of the study is to evaluate the results of the proposed vaccination strategies in both sexes and in towns of different sizes in order to identify an effective path for achieving vaccine coverage improvement...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123368/atherosclerosis-is-associated-with-a-higher-risk-of-hepatic-steatosis-in-hiv-infected-patients
#5
REVIEW
A Zizza, M Guido, M R Tumolo, A De Donno, F Bagordo, P Grima
Introduction: Cardiovascular Diseases (CD) have emerged as a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV population. Some studies have reported higher carotid Intima Media Thickness (c-IMT), a measure of subclinical atherosclerosis (AT), in this cohort of patients. Methods: Here, we evaluate the role of Hepatic Steatosis (HS) as likely marker for AT in 128 HIV-infected patients without hepatitis C infection. c-IMT has been detected non-invasively by carotid ultrasonography to assess the progression of AT...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123367/epidemiological-hiv-infection-surveillance-among-subjects-with-risk-behaviours-in-the-city-of-messina-sicily-from-1992-to-2015
#6
REVIEW
G Visalli, E Avventuroso, P Laganà, P Spataro, A Di Pietro, M P Bertuccio, I Picerno
Introduction: Epidemiological studies are a key element in determining the evolution and spread of HIV infection among the world population. Knowledge of the epidemiological dynamics improves strategies for prevention and monitoring. Methods: We examined 2,272 subjects who voluntarily underwent HIV testing from January 1992 to December 2015. For each subject, an anonymous form was completed to obtain information on personal data, sexual habits and exposure to risk factors...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123366/new-approach-for-promoting-hpv-vaccination-in-college-men-based-on-multi-theory-model-mtm-of-health-behavior-change
#7
REVIEW
M Sharma, V K Nahar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123365/political-and-medical-role-in-the-last-ebola-outbreak
#8
REVIEW
G Troiano, N Nante
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900362/knowledge-and-training-needs-on-built-environment-and-indoor-health-of-italian-public-health-residents-a-national-survey
#9
REVIEW
L Capasso, F Campanella, C Costantino, M Gaeta, S Capolongo, M Arpesella, D D'Alessandro
INTRODUCTION: The Working Group for Hygiene of Built Environment and the National Council of Residents of the Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health conducted a nation-wide survey to evaluate the knowledge and training needs on Built Environment and Indoor Health of Italian public health residents. RESULTS: The compliance was very high (52,4%), covering the totality of Italian postgraduate schools. The results underline a severe lack of theoretical formation and practical training, but also diffuse discrepancies across the country, and show a strong interest of residents on this topic...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900361/developing-a-stoma-acceptance-questionnaire-to-improve-motivation-to-adhere-to-enterostoma-self-care
#10
REVIEW
A Bagnasco, R Watson, M Zanini, G Catania, G Aleo, L Sasso
INTRODUCTION: In stoma care, patient education is often weak in terms of improving patients' level of acceptance of living with a stoma. Self-care educational interventions in enterostomal patients, which according to Orem's Theory should take into account these patients' specific needs, require instruments that measure patients' stoma acceptance to improve motivation based on the resumption of activities they used to carry out before having a stoma. The aim of the study was to develop an instrument that measures the level of stoma acceptance to improve motivation to adhere to enterostoma self-care...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900360/resource-allocation-criteria-in-a-hospital
#11
REVIEW
A Bodina, A Pavan, S Castaldi
INTRODUCTION: Allocate fixed resources among competing users is a challenge in terms of hospital management in order to obtain the best performance considering strategic objectives. In order to address this need, a system of evaluation in an important research and teaching hospital was designed. This study describes resource allocation criteria in a hospital focusing on the evaluation system and its developed application methodology. METHODS: The indicator system allows the strategic management to rapidly detect the priorities in the evaluations of the Strategic, Organizational, Managerial, Economic, Research and Qualitative conditions of each unit...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900359/effectiveness-of-atp-bioluminescence-to-assess-hospital-cleaning-a-review
#12
REVIEW
N Nante, E Ceriale, G Messina, D Lenzi, P Manzi
INTRODUCTION: Contamination of hospital surfaces plays an important role in the transmission of several healthcare-associated microorganisms, therefore methods for evaluating hospital surfaces' cleaning gain particular importance. Among these, there are visual inspection, quantitative microbiology, fluorescent markers and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) bioluminescence. The latter seems to provide interesting features, detecting the presence of ATP on surface (as Relative Light Units, RLU), a proxy of organic matter and microbial contamination...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900358/risk-assessment-of-legionellosis-in-cardiology-units
#13
REVIEW
P Laganà, S Delia, E Avventuroso, M Casale, G Dattilo
Infective Endocarditis (IE) is a disease with high morbidity and mortality. Nowadays, in addition to classic pathogens were isolated exigent Gram negative bacteria as A. baumannii, A. lwoffii, C. burnetii, Bartonella, Chlamydia and Legionella. We present our experience of Legionella isolations in environmental sample (water and air) collected from the Cardiology units belonging to two hospitals in Messina (Italy). A total of 80 samples were carried out, 30 and 50, respectively in the first and in the second structure: 55 of water and 25 of aerosol...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900357/five-year-microbiological-monitoring-of-wards-and-operating-theatres-in-southern-italy
#14
REVIEW
V La Fauci, C Genovese, A Facciolà, M A R Palamara, R Squeri
INTRODUCTION: Nosocomial infections are one of the greatest problems in public health. Several studies have highlighted the role played by the hospital environment as a possible source of transmission of nosocomial pathogens. METHODS: A five-year monitoring of bacterial contamination on healthcare workers hands, surfaces most closely in contact with inpatient wards, operating theatres and "at rest" and "in use" operating theatre air samples. For the samples, we used sterile swabs, contact slides, manual API, and automated VITEK systems for identification...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900356/humidifiers-for-oxygen-therapy-what-risk-for-reusable-and-disposable-devices
#15
REVIEW
V La Fauci, G B Costa, A Facciolà, A Conti, R Riso, R Squeri
INTRODUCTION: Nosocomial pneumonia accounts for the vast majority of healthcare-associated infections (HAI). Although numerous medical devices have been discussed as potential vehicles for microorganisms, very little is known about the role played by oxygen humidifiers as potential sources of nosocomial pathogens. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the safety of the reuse of humidifiers by analysing the rate of microbial contamination in reusable and disposable oxygen humidifiers used during therapy, and then discuss their potential role in the transmission of respiratory pathogens...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900355/distribution-of-blatem-blashv-and-blactx-m-genes-among-esbl-producing-p-aeruginosa-isolated-from-qazvin-and-tehran-hospitals-iran
#16
REVIEW
A Peymani, T Naserpour-Farivar, E Zare, K H Azarhoosh
INTRODUCTION: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is as an important opportunistic human pathogen, which is associated with several clinical infections that are usually difficult to treat because of resistance to multiple antimicrobials. The production of extendedspectrum ß-lactamases (ESBLs) is an important mechanism of ß-lactam resistance. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of ESBLs, antimicrobial susceptibility, and to detect the blaTEM, blaSHV, and blaCTX-M genes. METHODS: In this study, carried out from March 2013 to December 2014, 266 P...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900354/knowledge-attitudes-beliefs-and-practices-of-occupational-physicians-towards-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-a-cross-sectional-study-from-north-eastern-italy
#17
REVIEW
M Riccò, S Cattani, F Casagranda, G Gualerzi, C Signorelli
INTRODUCTION: The present study aims to characterize personal attitudes and knowledge of a sample of Italian Occupational Physicians (OPh) towards Seasonal Influenza Vaccine (SIV) in healthcare workers (HCWs). METHODS: In total, 92 OPh (42.4% males, 57.6% females, mean age of 47.3 ± 10.4 years, 50 specialists in Occupational Medicine, 42 specialists in Hygiene and Public Health) were asked about their attitudes towards influenza vaccine, their general knowledge of vaccine practice, their propensity towards vaccines and, eventually, their risk perception about the influenza and influenza vaccine was investigated...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900353/brain-doping-stimulants-use-and-misuse-among-a-sample-of-italian-college-students
#18
REVIEW
S Majori, D Gazzani, S Pilati, J Paiano, A Sannino, S Ferrari, E Checchin
INTRODUCTION: The non-medical use of prescription stimulants (NMUPS) has become the subject of great interest for its diffusion among university students, who abuse these substances to cope with the increasing load of academic stress. NMUPS has been widely investigated in the U.S. due to its increasing trend; this behavior, however, has also been reported in Europe. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine stimulants misuse in a Northern Italian geographic area, identifying possible developments of the phenomenon in Italy...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900352/exploring-patient-safety-culture-in-preventive-medicine-settings-an-experience-from-northern-italy
#19
REVIEW
C Tereanu, G Sampietro, F Sarnataro, G Mazzoleni, B Pesenti, L C Sala, R Cecchetti, M Arvati, D Brioschi, M Viscardi, C Prati, G Sala, G G Barbaglio
INTRODUCTION: Patient safety and quality in healthcare are inseparable. Examining patient safety culture in staff members contributes to further develop quality in healthcare. In Italy there has been some experience in assessing patient safety culture in staff working in hospital. In this pilot study we explored patient safety culture in public health staff working in Italian Local Health Authorities. METHODS: We carried out a descriptive cross sectional study in four Italian territorial Prevention facilities in Northern Italy...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900351/an-overview-of-different-health-indicators-used-in-the-european-health-systems
#20
REVIEW
M Gaeta, F Campanella, L Capasso, G M Schifino, L Gentile, G Banfi, G Pelissero, C Ricci
INTRODUCTION: In the European Union three different health systems could be defined according to service delivery, financing, and economic policies: Beveridge, Bismarck and Mixed system. Although health systems are hardly to compare, various organizations are developing methods assessing performance. In the present work the performance of the three systems were evaluated using European Community Health Indicators according to Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. METHODS: The study has been conducted among the 28 states of the European Union using the following indicators: Standardized death rate for diseases of the circulatory system, standardized death rate of malignant neoplasms, road traffic accidents with injury, life expectancy at birth, incidence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), infant deaths, pure alcohol consumption, infants vaccinated against Diphtheria Tetanus Pertussis (DTP), public and total expenditure on health over the period 2001-2010...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
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