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Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707665/helminths-and-heavy-metals-in-soils-from-a-dumpsite-in-ibadan-city-nigeria
#1
A Adesewa, O Morenikeji
Waste generation is inevitable because humans continue to generate waste due to increase in population, urbanization and advancement in technology. This generation of waste is of public health concern especially when the waste materials are deposited on dumpsites. This study assessed the helminths and heavy metal content of Awotan dumpsite in Ibadan city. Surface soils (0-15cm depth) of the dumpsite were randomly sampled at different dumpsite areas with the aid of a quadrat. Helminth content was determined using the zinc floatation method and the heavy metal concentrations of the soil were determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (AAS)...
December 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707664/food-safety-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-meat-handler-in-abattoir-and-retail-meat-shops-of-jigjiga-town-ethiopia
#2
H A Tegegne, H W W Phyo
A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 91 meat handlers by using structured questionnaire to determine the food safety knowledge, attitude and practices in abattoir and retail meat shops of Jigjiga Town. The result shows that majority of the meat handlers were illiterate (30.8%) and primary school leaver (52.7%), and no one went through any food safety training except one meat inspector. The food-handlers' knowledge and safety practices were below acceptable level with the mean score of 13.12 ± 2.33 and 7...
December 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707663/ultraviolet-germicidal-irradiation-in-tap-water-contaminated-by-aspergillus-spp
#3
M Sisti, G F Schiavano, M DE Santi, G Brandi
We investigated the effect of ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVI) from a low-pressure mercury lamp on several pathogenic Aspergillus spp. including A. flavipes, A. flavus, A. fumigatus, A. glaucus, A. nidulans, A. niger, A. terreus, A. ustus and A. versicolor suspended in tap water under laboratory-scale conditions. It was shown that within 10 s of exposure, time species such as A. glaucus, A. niudulans and A. ustus were completely inactivated, while 40 s were needed for the elimination of all the species tested...
December 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707662/molecular-analysis-of-immune-evasion-cluster-iec-genes-and-intercellular-adhesion-gene-cluster-ica-among-methicillin-resistant-and-methicillin-sensitive-isolates-of-staphylococcus-aureus
#4
R Ahmadrajabi, S Layegh-Khavidaki, D Kalantar-Neyestanaki, Y Fasihi
Introduction: Resistance to antibiotics and presence of virulence factors play an important role in increased mortality associated with infection due to Staphylococcus aureus. In this study, we determine antibiotic resistance pattern, presence of the icaADBC locus as well as biofilm formation and distribution and diversity the immune evasion cluster (IEC) genes in clinical isolate of S. aureus from Kerman, Iran. Materials and methods: During 15 months, 100 clinical isolates S...
December 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707661/vim-klebsiella-oxytoca-outbreak-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-this-time-it-wasn-t-the-drain
#5
R Herruzo, G Ruiz, S Gallego, J Diez, A Sarria, F Omeñaca
Objective: We describe an outbreak of VIM-carbapenemase Klebsiella oxytoca (VIM-Kox) in a NICU. Materials and methods: Prospective Epidemiological Surveillance:Systematically (weekly screening cultures) or on admission, if the patient had a history of previous colonization by VIM-Kox.Clinical cultures, done if infection was suspected.Other possible microorganism sources were investigated: their mothers (rectal microbiota), milk packages and preparation apparata in the lactodietary section, echocardiagram transductors, cribs, the sinks (faucets and drains), washing bowls, etc...
December 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707660/changes-in-the-incidence-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-a-new-york-hospital-system-2006-2012
#6
B Cohen, J Liu, E Larson
Introduction: National efforts to curtail healthcare-associated infections (HAI) proliferated recently, though data detailing progress over time are limited. This retrospective cohort study aims to describe changes in incidence and antimicrobial susceptibility of HAI in four New York City hospitals over seven years. Methods: Electronic data were collected retrospectively for all patients discharged from 2006 through 2012. Previously validated computerized algorithms based on National Healthcare Safety Network criteria detected bloodstream infections, pneumonia, surgical site infections, and urinary tract infections with Enterococcus spp...
December 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707659/practicing-health-promotion-in-primary-care-a-reflective-enquiry
#7
S Pati, A S Chauhan, S Mahapatra, R Sinha, S Pati
Introduction: Health promotion is an integral part of routine clinical practice. The physicians' role in improving the health status of the general population, through effective understanding and delivery of health promotion practice, is evident throughout the international literature. Data from India suggest that physicians have limited skills in delivering specific health promotion services. However, the data available on this is scarce. This study was planned to document the current health promotion knowledge, perception and practices of local primary care physicians in Odisha...
December 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707658/age-and-risk-related-appropriateness-of-the-use-of-available-influenza-vaccines-in-the-italian-elderly-population-is-advantageous-results-from-a-budget-impact-analysis
#8
M Barbieri, S Capri, C DE Waure, S Boccalini, D Panatto
Introduction: Nowadays, four different types of influenza vaccines are available in Italy: trivalent (TIV), quadrivalent (QIV), MF59-adjuvanted (aTIV) and intradermal TIV (idTIV) inactivated vaccines. Recently, a concept of the appropriateness (i.e. according to the age and risk factors) of the use of different vaccines has been established in Italy. We conducted a budget impact analysis of switching to a policy, in which the Italian elderly (who carry the major disease burden) received the available vaccines according to their age and risk profile...
December 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707657/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-kap-towards-vaccinations-in-the-school-settings-an-explorative-survey
#9
M Riccò, L Vezzosi, G Gualerzi, C Signorelli
Background: Past researches have shown that schoolteachers' (STs) interventions maximize the consent for vaccination programs. European data regarding knowledge, attitudes and practices of STs towards vaccination are otherwise lacking. Objectives: The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate knowledge and attitudes of STs regarding vaccinations in a sample from North Italy. Material and methods: In this cross sectional study, 154 STs from Lombardy region (Northern Italy) responded to a specific questionnaire assessing their attitude towards vaccination and vaccine related knowledge...
December 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707656/cervical-human-papillomavirus-genotypes-in-hiv-infected-women-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-valhidate-study
#10
G Orlando, S Bianchi, M M Fasolo, F Mazza, E R Frati, G Rizzardini, A Matteelli, N Zanchetta, A Amendola, E Tanzi
Introduction: Primary-prevention by prophylactic vaccination against HPV-related cancers and HPV-based screening programs are based on HPV-type distribution in immunocompetent individuals. HIV-infected women are at high risk of invasive HPV-disease sustained by a broader range of HPV-types and have higher multi-type infection rates than immunocompetent hosts. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analysis of High Risk HPV (HR HPV) type distribution in 805 HIV+ women (HIW) compared with a control group of 1402 immunocompetent HIV- women (SPW) enrolled in the VALHIDATE study in order to define HPV type-specific distribution according to cytology...
December 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123372/the-effect-of-musculoskeletal-problems-on-fatigue-and-productivity-of-office-personnel-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
REVIEW
H Daneshmandi, A R Choobineh, H Ghaem, M Alhamd, A Fakherpour
Introduction: Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSDs) can impact on fatigue and productivity of office workers. This study aimed to investigate the effect of musculoskeletal problems on fatigue and productivity among office personnel. Methods: This study was performed on 101 Iranian office workers. Data were gathered through a demographic questionnaire, Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire, Numeric Rating Scale, Persian version of Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue Scale, and Persian version of Health and Work Questionnaire...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123371/monitoring-biodiversity-in-libraries-a-pilot-study-and-perspectives-for-indoor-air-quality
#12
REVIEW
F Valeriani, C Cianfanelli, G Gianfranceschi, S Santucci, V Romano Spica, N Mucci
Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) in libraries is influenced by the presence of specific factors which can impact on both paper storage as well as people health. Microclimatic conditions induce and support a biodiversity pattern involving environmental and anthropic microorganisms. We used a multidisciplinary monitoring model to characterize microflora biodiversity by Next Generation Sequencing (NGS). Biodiversity indexes were adapted to evaluate anthropic vs environmental pollution by combining Shannon mean index (H), species representativeness (EH ), human/environmental pollution ratio (SA) to better characterize the NGS output and acquire synthetic information on Indoor Air Microbial Biodiversity (IAMB)...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123370/assessing-hand-hygiene-compliance-among-healthcare-workers-in-six-intensive-care-units
#13
REVIEW
M Musu, A Lai, N M Mereu, M Galletta, M Campagna, M Tidore, M F Piazza, L Spada, M V Massidda, S Colombo, P Mura, R C Coppola
Introduction: Healthcare associated infections (HAIs) are a cause of high morbidity, disability and reduced quality of life, as well as mortality and rising costs for health systems. Preventing the HAI risk by planning and implementing effective preventive strategies is important to safeguard patient health. Methods: The study aimed to evaluate the presence of procedures and protocols for infection control, to assess the adhesion to the different aspects of hand hygiene (HH) and hand washing technique by healthcare workers in six ICUs...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123369/universal-proposal-strategies-of-anti-hpv-vaccination-for-adolescents-comparative-analysis-between-school-based-and-clinic-immunization-programs
#14
REVIEW
F Desiante, C Russo, A Giorgino, G Caputi, T Battista, R Cipriani, M Conversano
Introduction: A promising approach to increase teenager's adherence to immunization against HPV is the administration of vaccinations within the school facilities. The Local Health Unit of Taranto experienced two different vaccine strategy proposals in the twelve-year-olds: the first one was the usual active call strategy in the outpatient clinic, while the second one provided the involvement of the schools in the area. The aim of the study is to evaluate the results of the proposed vaccination strategies in both sexes and in towns of different sizes in order to identify an effective path for achieving vaccine coverage improvement...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123368/atherosclerosis-is-associated-with-a-higher-risk-of-hepatic-steatosis-in-hiv-infected-patients
#15
REVIEW
A Zizza, M Guido, M R Tumolo, A De Donno, F Bagordo, P Grima
Introduction: Cardiovascular Diseases (CD) have emerged as a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV population. Some studies have reported higher carotid Intima Media Thickness (c-IMT), a measure of subclinical atherosclerosis (AT), in this cohort of patients. Methods: Here, we evaluate the role of Hepatic Steatosis (HS) as likely marker for AT in 128 HIV-infected patients without hepatitis C infection. c-IMT has been detected non-invasively by carotid ultrasonography to assess the progression of AT...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123367/epidemiological-hiv-infection-surveillance-among-subjects-with-risk-behaviours-in-the-city-of-messina-sicily-from-1992-to-2015
#16
REVIEW
G Visalli, E Avventuroso, P Laganà, P Spataro, A Di Pietro, M P Bertuccio, I Picerno
Introduction: Epidemiological studies are a key element in determining the evolution and spread of HIV infection among the world population. Knowledge of the epidemiological dynamics improves strategies for prevention and monitoring. Methods: We examined 2,272 subjects who voluntarily underwent HIV testing from January 1992 to December 2015. For each subject, an anonymous form was completed to obtain information on personal data, sexual habits and exposure to risk factors...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123366/new-approach-for-promoting-hpv-vaccination-in-college-men-based-on-multi-theory-model-mtm-of-health-behavior-change
#17
REVIEW
M Sharma, V K Nahar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123365/political-and-medical-role-in-the-last-ebola-outbreak
#18
REVIEW
G Troiano, N Nante
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900362/knowledge-and-training-needs-on-built-environment-and-indoor-health-of-italian-public-health-residents-a-national-survey
#19
REVIEW
L Capasso, F Campanella, C Costantino, M Gaeta, S Capolongo, M Arpesella, D D'Alessandro
INTRODUCTION: The Working Group for Hygiene of Built Environment and the National Council of Residents of the Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health conducted a nation-wide survey to evaluate the knowledge and training needs on Built Environment and Indoor Health of Italian public health residents. RESULTS: The compliance was very high (52,4%), covering the totality of Italian postgraduate schools. The results underline a severe lack of theoretical formation and practical training, but also diffuse discrepancies across the country, and show a strong interest of residents on this topic...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900361/developing-a-stoma-acceptance-questionnaire-to-improve-motivation-to-adhere-to-enterostoma-self-care
#20
REVIEW
A Bagnasco, R Watson, M Zanini, G Catania, G Aleo, L Sasso
INTRODUCTION: In stoma care, patient education is often weak in terms of improving patients' level of acceptance of living with a stoma. Self-care educational interventions in enterostomal patients, which according to Orem's Theory should take into account these patients' specific needs, require instruments that measure patients' stoma acceptance to improve motivation based on the resumption of activities they used to carry out before having a stoma. The aim of the study was to develop an instrument that measures the level of stoma acceptance to improve motivation to adhere to enterostoma self-care...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
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