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Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980383/using-the-cytokinesis-block-micronucleus-cytome-assay-to-evaluate-chromosomal-dna-damage-in-chronic-renal-patients-undergoing-bicarbonate-haemodialysis-and-haemodiafiltration
#1
REVIEW
M Guido, A Zizza, M R Tumolo, G Stefanelli, M D'Alba, A Idolo, F Bagordo, F Serio, T Grassi, A DE Donno
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) patients are considered to show genomic instability and are associated with a high risk of both cardiovascular diseases and cancer. We explored DNA damage due to two dialysis treatments in 20 patients undergoing bicarbonate haemodialysis (BD), 20 undergoing haemodiafiltration (HDF) and 40 healthy subjects. METHODS: The cytokinesis-block micronucleus (MN) assay was performed on peripheral blood lymphocytes to evaluate genetic damage...
September 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980382/factors-associated-with-regular-sunscreen-use-by-medical-students-of-a-peruvian-university
#2
REVIEW
P RodrĂ­guez-Gambetta, M G Moscoso-Porras, A Taype-Rondan
INTRODUCTION: Use of sunscreen is encouraged to reduce the risk of skin pathologies caused by radiation. It is important to acknowledge the associated factors that promote or hinder sunscreen use in young populations as to design better prevention policies. OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors associated with regular sunscreen use among first year medical students from a Peruvian university. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed...
September 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980381/prevalence-and-predictors-of-risk-factors-for-brucellosis-transmission-by-meat-handlers-and-traditional-healers-risk-practices-in-ibadan-nigeria
#3
REVIEW
H K Adesokan, P I Alabi, M A Ogundipe
INTRODUCTION: Brucellosis is endemic in Nigeria and risk factors enhancing its transmission are prevalent. METHODS: Following serological evidence of brucellosis and isolation of B. abortus from slaughtered cattle in Ibadan, Nigeria, we administered a semi-structured questionnaire to determine the prevalence and predictors of eating and selling bovine gravid uterus among 350 meat handlers from five major meat processing facilities. We conducted key informant interview for five leading traditional healers to document its use...
September 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980380/prevalence-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-profiles-of-listeria-monocytogenes-contamination-of-chicken-flocks-and-meat-in-oyo-state-south-western-nigeria-public-health-implications
#4
REVIEW
O O Ishola, J I Mosugu, H K Adesokan
INTRODUCTION: Food contamination with Listeria monocytogenes is on the increase posing threats to public health with growing trends in food products recalls due to suspected Listeria contamination. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility profiles of Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) among 71 randomly selected poultry farms in Oyo State, Nigeria. A total of 450 samples comprising cloacal swabs (426) and randomly selected dressed chicken meat (24) were cultured for Lm isolation using BrillianceTM Selective Listeria Agar with antibiotics and microbial load count with Nutrient Agar...
September 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980379/epidemiology-and-biomolecular-characterization-of-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-an-italian-hospital
#5
REVIEW
M L Cristina, M Sartini, G Ottria, E Schinca, N Cenderello, M P Crisalli, P Fabbri, G Lo Pinto, D Usiglio, A M Spagnolo
OBJECTIVE: To describe the occurrence of CRKP infections in a tertiary care hospital and to analyse the allelic profiles of the clinical strains involved and the most frequent carbapenemases. DESIGN: The study analyzed cases of infection due to CRKP in the period 2013-2014; 147 cases were recorded, most of which (82.31%) were in-hospital infections. SETTING: A hospital in northern Italy. METHODS: We retrospectively collected: data on patient characteristics and the microbiological characteristics of CRKP...
September 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980378/operating-room-environment-and-surgical-site-infections-in-arthroplasty-procedures
#6
REVIEW
M L Cristina, M Sartini, E Schinca, G Ottria, A M Spagnolo
BACKGROUND: The rate of surgical site infections (SSI) is strongly influenced by operating room quality, which is determined by the structural features of the facility and its systems and by the management and behavior of healthcare workers. The aim of the present study was to assess microbial contamination in the operating room during hip- and knee-replacement procedures, the behavior of operating room staff and the incidence of SSI through postdischarge surveillance. METHODS: Microbial contamination was evaluated by active and passive sampling at rest and in operating conditions...
September 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980377/temporal-trends-of-healthcare-associated-infections-and-antimicrobial-use-in-2011-2013-observed-with-annual-point-prevalence-surveys-in-ferrara-university-hospital-italy
#7
REVIEW
P Antonioli, M C Manzalini, A Stefanati, B Bonato, A Verzola, A Formaglio, G Gabutti
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare associated infections (HAIs) and misuse of antimicrobials (AMs) represent a growing public health problem. The Point Prevalence Surveys (PPSs) find available information to be used for specific targeted interventions and evaluate their effects. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of HAIs and AM use, to describe types of infections, causative pathogens and to compare data collected through three PPSs in Ferrara University Hospital (FUH), repeated in 3 different years (2011-2013)...
September 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980376/molecular-epidemiology-and-genotyping-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-in-a-cohort-of-young-asymptomatic-sexually-active-women-18-25-years-in-milan-italy
#8
REVIEW
S Bianchi, E R Frati, M Canuti, D Colzani, E Fasoli, A Amendola, E Tanzi
INTRODUCTION: Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) is the most common bacterial cause of sexually transmitted infections (STI) and is associated with severe long-term sequelae in female populations. In Italy Ct infections are not submitted to a screening programme, and its epidemiological profile is understudied. Even scarcer information is available about the genetic diversity on ompA gene, whose sequence defines 18 different genovars. This study aims at evaluating the prevalence of Ct infection in young sexually active asymptomatic women aged 18-25, and characterizing the molecular epidemiology of the different circulating genovars in this population...
September 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980375/cross-sectional-study-investigating-the-differences-in-knowledge-and-behaviors-about-hpv-between-vaccinated-and-non-vaccinated-girls
#9
REVIEW
M R Gualano, M Stillo, M V Mussa, C M Zotti
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the presents study was to compare the level of knowledge about Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) in vaccinated and non-vaccinated girls and to highlight the reasons why non-vaccinated girls refuse vaccination. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2012 to June 2013 in Turin (Piemonte Region, Italy). Questionnaires were administered to girls attending secondary and high schools randomly selected. RESULTS: A total of 576 were compiled...
September 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980374/history-and-evolution-of-influenza-control-through-vaccination-from-the-first-monovalent-vaccine-to-universal-vaccines
#10
REVIEW
I Barberis, P Myles, S K Ault, N L Bragazzi, M Martini
Influenza is a highly infectious airborne disease with an important epidemiological and societal burden; annual epidemics and pandemics have occurred since ancient times, causing tens of millions of deaths. A hundred years after this virus was first isolated, influenza vaccines are an important influenza prevention strategy and the preparations used display good safety and tolerability profiles. Innovative tools, such as recombinant technologies and intra-dermal devices, are currently being investigated in order to improve the immunological response...
September 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582636/smoking-during-pregnancy-a-difficult-problem-to-face-results-of-a-french-multi-center-study
#11
REVIEW
M Blanquet, S Leger, L Gerbaud, F Vendittelli
INTRODUCTION: Smoking tobacco during pregnancy is a preventable risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of an information and training program implemented by the perinatal network of Auvergne, France, on smoking during pregnancy. METHODS: A multi-center before-and-after population-based study, based on two cross-sectional surveys, was carried out between July 2003 and June 2004, and between December 2008 and January 2010...
2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582635/school-based-anti-smoking-intervention-for-physiotherapy-students-a-three-year-non-randomized-trial
#12
REVIEW
D Mipatrini, A Mannocci, C Pizzi, G La Torre
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of a school-based intervention for reducing tobacco consumption among physiotherapy students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This controlled trial involved two groups of physiotherapy students: a treatment group (A) and a control group (B). Treatment consisted of a seminar on smoking-related diseases (3 hours) and training (at least 10 months) in a respiratory diseases or thoracic surgery unit. The control group (B) did not undergo any treatment...
2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582634/molecular-detection-of-human-papillomavirus-from-abnormal-cervical-cytology-of-women-attending-a-tertiary-health-facility-in-ido-ekiti-southwest-nigeria
#13
REVIEW
O M Kolawole, K T Olatunji, K A Durowade
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been implicated as one of the principal causes of cervical cancer, which is the second highest cause of cancer deaths among Nigerian women. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at determining the presence of HPV DNA in abnormal cervical cytology of a group of women who were screened using Papanicolaou staining technique. METHODOLOGY: A total of 200 women attending the Obstetrics and Gynaecology clinic of the Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, were screened by means of conventional Pap smear screening, while positive samples underwent molecular analyses by means of DNA isolation techniques and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582633/pcr-based-assay-for-the-rapid-and-precise-distinction-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-from-other-pseudomonas-species-recovered-from-burns-patients
#14
REVIEW
A Gholami, A Majidpour, M Talebi-Taher, M Boustanshenas, M Adabi
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important lifethreatening nosocomial pathogen which plays a prominent role in wound infections in burns patients. We designed this study to identify the isolates of P. aeruginosa recovered from burns patients at the genus and species levels by means of primers targeting oprI and oprL genes. METHODS: During a 5-month period, wound samples were taken from burns patients and plated on MacConkey agar. All suspected colonies were screened for P...
2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582632/measuring-and-benchmarking-the-quality-of-two-different-organizational-ways-in-delivering-infant-vaccination
#15
REVIEW
M Maurici, L Paulon, C Carlino, A Campolongo, R Catapano, S Sgricia, E Franco, B Bagnato, M Benigni, C D'Anna, L Di Marzio, M Ferrante, A Fraioli, A Giordani, F Laudati, M L Mangia, C Marchetti, C Meleleo, R Papa, F Perrelli, S Pozzato, S Rabbiosi, S Rossi, L Seminara, L Serino, M T Sinopoli, D Sorbara
The aim of this study was the quality of service evaluation of two different organizational ways in delivering infant vaccination according to a Regional Vaccination Plan. Eleven vaccination centres were selected in two Local Health Units (ASLs) belonging to the Regional Health Service of the Lazio Region, Italy. The services offering paediatric vaccinations for children under three years of age, delivered without an appointment (VACP) or with the need for an appointment (VACL), were investigated. The quality aspects under evaluation were communicational efficiency, organisational efficiency and comfort...
2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582631/current-preventive-policies-and-practices-against-vaccine-preventable-diseases-and-tuberculosis-targeted-for-workers-from-hospitals-of-the-sardinia-region-italy
#16
REVIEW
M Campagna, F Argiolas, B Soggiu, N M Mereu, A Lai, M Galletta, R C Coppola
INTRODUCTION: Health care Workers are exposed to infectious diseases more than the general population. Many of these infections are preventable by vaccination. The objective in this study is to investigate whether, how, and which vaccination underwent Sardinia Health Care Workers (HCWs) and the variability of policies in different Hospital Health Managements of the whole region. METHODS: In March 2013, we enrolled the Hospital Health Management of all the 32 Sardinia hospitals...
2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582630/impact-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccination-a-retrospective-study-of-hospitalization-for-pneumonia-in-north-east-italy
#17
REVIEW
V Baldo, S Cocchio, T Gallo, P Furlan, E Clagnan, S Del Zotto, M Saia, C Bertoncello, A Buja, T Baldovin
INTRODUCTION: Pneumonia remains a common reason for hospitalizing infants and the elderly worldwide, and streptococcal infection is often responsible. The aim of this study was to assess the burden of pneumonia in a large general population. METHODS: All pneumonia-related hospitalizations from 2004 to 2013 in north-east Italy were identified from the hospital records with a first-listed diagnosis on discharge of bacterial pneumonia, or a first-listed diagnosis on discharge of meningitis, septicemia or empyema associated with a secondary diagnosis of bacterial pneumonia...
2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582629/the-role-of-the-general-practitioner-in-the-screening-and-clinical-management-of-chronic-viral-hepatitis-in-six-eu-countries
#18
REVIEW
A Bechini, M Levi, A Falla, A Ahmad, I Veldhuijzen, E Tiscione, P Bonanni
INTRODUCTION: Chronic viral hepatitis is still a major public health concern in the EU. In order to halt the progression of the disease and to prevent onward transmission, timely recognition and accurate clinical management are crucial. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of the general practitioner (GP) in the screening of persons at risk and in the clinical management of chronic viral hepatitis patients in six EU countries. METHODS: An online survey among GPs and secondary-care specialists was conducted in the UK, Germany, the Netherlands, Hungary, Italy and Spain...
2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582628/efficacy-of-safety-catheter-devices-in-the-prevention-of-occupational-needlestick-injuries-applied-research-in-the-liguria-region-italy
#19
REVIEW
D Sossai, M Di Guardo, R Foscoli, R Pezzi, A Polimeni, L Ruzza, M Miele, L Ottaggio, V Fontana, F Copello, P DellacĂ , M Doria, A Onesti, G Montecucco, F Risso, M Nelli, I Benvenuti, M Santacroce, L Giribaldi, G Picelli, S Simonini, P Venturini
Healthcare workers who use or may be exposed to needles are at risk of needlestick injuries, which can lead to serious infections by bloodborne pathogens. These injuries can be avoided by eliminating the unnecessary use of needles and using safety devices. The present study was aimed at evaluating the impact of a safety-engineered device, with passive fully automatic needlestick protection, on the rate of needlestick injuries among healthcare workers. The setting of the study was a network of five public healthcare institutions situated in a Northern Italian Region...
2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582627/mycotic-and-aflatoxin-contamination-in-myristica-fragrans-seeds-nutmeg-and-capsicum-annum-chilli-packaged-in-italy-and-commercialized-worldwide
#20
REVIEW
G Pesavento, M Ostuni, C Calonico, S Rossi, R Capei, A Lo Nostro
Aflatoxins are secondary metabolites of moulds known to be carcinogenic for humans, and therefore should not be ingested in high doses. This study aimed to determine the level of mould and aflatoxin contamination in dehydrated chilli and nutmeg imported from India and Indonesia, respectively, packaged in Italy, and commercialized worldwide. We tested 63 samples of chilli (22 sanitized through heat treatment and 41 not heat-treated) and 52 samples of nutmeg (22 heat-treated and 30 not heat-treated) for aflatoxin, moulds and moisture content...
2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
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