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Journal of Child and Family Studies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731598/broader-autism-phenotype-in-parents-of-children-with-autism-a-systematic-review-of-percentage-estimates
#1
Eric Rubenstein, Devika Chawla
The broader autism phenotype (BAP) is a collection of sub-diagnostic autistic traits more common in families of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) than in the general population. BAP is a latent construct that can be defined using different domains, measured using multiple instruments, and reported using different techniques. Therefore, estimates of BAP may vary greatly across studies. Our objective was to systematically review studies that reported occurrence of BAP in parents of children with ASD in order to quantify and describe heterogeneity in estimates...
June 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713137/does-parent-training-format-affect-treatment-engagement-a-randomized-study-of-families-at-social-risk
#2
Deborah Gross, Harolyn M E Belcher, Chakra Budhathoki, Mirian E Ofonedu, Melissa K Uveges
We examined whether parent engagement in parent training (PT) differed based on PT format (parent group-based with video versus mastery-based individual coaching with child) in an economically disadvantaged sample of families seeking behavioral treatment for their preschool children in an urban mental health clinic. Parents (N=159; 76.1% mothers, 69.8% African American, 73% low-income) were randomized to one of two interventions, Chicago Parent Program (parent group + video; CPP) or Parent Child Interaction Therapy (individualized mastery-based coaching; PCIT)...
May 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915516/accuracy-of-retrospective-reports-of-family-environment
#3
David C Bell, Linda G Bell
Retrospective reports of family environments are often the only way to collect data concerning the influence of a child's experience in the family on later development. However, the accuracy of retrospective measures can be problematic because of social desirability or potential failures of memory. The purpose of this study is to compare retrospective and prospective measures of family environment. In this unique study, 198 parents and 241 adolescent children (mean age 15.7) described their family environment, and then 25 years later completed retrospective reports...
April 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910594/the-longitudinal-impact-of-a-family-based-communication-intervention-on-observational-and-self-reports-of-sexual-communication
#4
Wendy Hadley, Amy Lansing, David H Barker, Larry K Brown, Heather Hunter, Geri Donenberg, Ralph J DiClemente
Parents can play a vital role in shaping teenagers' sexual attitudes, behavior, and contraceptive use through communication, however, less is known about how to modify parent-adolescent communication among youth with mental health problems. The impact of a family-based sexual risk prevention intervention on both observational and self-report of parent adolescent sexual communication was examined at 12-months among adolescents with mental health problems. Of the 721 parent- adolescent dyads recruited for the study, 167 videotapes of sexual discussions between parents and adolescent were coded for the family-based intervention and 191 videotapes for the active comparison...
April 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713136/parental-problem-drinking-and-emerging-adult-problem-behavior-the-moderating-role-of-parental-support
#5
Laura J Finan, Emily Simpson, Jessica Schulz, Christine McCauley Ohannessian
This study examined the relationship between parental problem drinking (maternal and paternal) and emerging adult problem behaviors (alcohol use, drug use, and antisocial behavior). In addition, the moderating role of parental support (maternal and paternal) was explored. Data were drawn from a nationally representative sample of emerging adults ( N = 600; Mage = 20.00, SD = 1.42; 50% women; 62% White). Results from regression analyses of survey data indicated that both maternal problem drinking and maternal support moderated the relationship between paternal problem drinking and emerging adult alcohol use...
April 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456438/barriers-to-participation-in-parenting-programs-the-relationship-between-parenting-stress-perceived-barriers-and-program-completion
#6
Whitney L Rostad, Angela D Moreland, Linda Anne Valle, Mark J Chaffin
Families experiencing child maltreatment or risk factors for child maltreatment often receive referrals to interventions focused on changing parenting practices. Compliance with specific parenting programs can be challenging as many of the stressors that place families at-risk may also interfere with program participation. Because families may receive limited benefit from programs they do not fully receive, it is critical to understand the relationship between parenting stress and barriers to program completion...
April 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29937678/executive-functioning-predicts-reflective-functioning-in-mothers
#7
Helena Jv Rutherford, Simon P Byrne, Michael J Crowley, Jonathan Bornstein, David J Bridgett, Linda C Mayes
Parental reflective functioning (PRF) describes a parent's capacity for considering both their own and their child's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, which can help parents to guide interactions with children. Given the cognitive demands of keeping infants in mind whilst caregiving, we examined the association between aspects of executive function (i.e., working memory and set-shifting) and PRF (employing the Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire) in recent mothers. In Study 1 (N=50), we found that better working memory was associated with higher levels of maternal interest and curiosity in their child's feelings...
March 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861619/overprotective-parenting-and-peer-victimization-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-survivors
#8
Kimberly L Day, Louis A Schmidt, Tracy Vaillancourt, Saroj Saigal, Michael H Boyle, Ryan J Van Lieshout
Extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1000g) survivors are at increased risk for experiencing both peer victimization and overprotective parenting. This study investigated if overprotective parenting moderated associations between peer victimization and psychopathology among ELBW adult survivors who have been followed since birth. Participants included 81 (31 male, 50 female) adults born with an extremely low birth weight from Ontario, Canada. The participants were predominately Caucasian. The experience of peer victimization and overprotective parenting prior to age 16 was self-reported at age 22-26 years...
March 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861618/profiles-of-contextual-risk-at-birth-and-adolescent-substance-use
#9
Gilbert R Parra, Gail L Smith, W Alex Mason, Jukka Savolainen, Mary B Chmelka, Jouko Miettunen, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Irma Moilanen, Juha Veijola
This study examined whether there are subgroups of families with distinct profiles of prenatal/birth contextual risk, and whether subgroup membership was differentially related to adolescent substance use. Data from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 were used. A five-class model provided the most meaningful solution. Large Family Size (7.72%) and Low Risk (69.69%) groups had the lowest levels of alcohol, cigarette, and illegal drug use. Similar high levels for each of the three substance-related outcomes were found for Parent Substance Misuse (11...
March 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805245/mental-health-symptoms-and-parenting-stress-of-parents-of-court-involved-youth
#10
Larry K Brown, Nicholas Tarantino, Marina Tolou-Shams, Christianne Esposito-Smythers, Meredith G Healy, Lacey Craker
Youth involved in the juvenile justice system are at risk for emotional and behavioral problems. However, research with court-involved adolescents has neglected to examine the mental health of their parents, who may also have significant personal and parenting stress. This sample consisted of 144 parent-adolescent dyads. Adolescents (aged 11 to 17 years) identified by court officials were referred to the study to receive mental health treatment. Parents and adolescents completed surveys about their mental health diagnoses, treatment, and family relationships...
March 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610562/african-american-adolescent-caregiver-relationships-in-a-weight-loss-trial
#11
Kimberly D Campbell-Voytal, Kathryn Brogan Hartlieb, Phillippe B Cunningham, Angela J Jacques-Tiura, Deborah A Ellis, Kai-Lin C Jen, Sylvie Naar-King
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755248/maternal-and-paternal-predictors-of-child-depressive-symptoms-an-actor-partner-interdependence-framework
#12
Kyle W Murdock, Laura D Pittman, Christopher P Fagundes
Family members are theorized to influence each other via transactional or systems related processes; however, the literature is limited given its focus on mother-child relationships and the utilization of statistical approaches that do not model interdependence within family members. The current study evaluated associations between self-reported parental affect, parenting behavior, and child depressive symptoms among 103 mother-father-child triads. Children ranged in age from 8 to 12 years. Higher maternal negative affect was associated with greater maternal and paternal harsh/negative parenting behavior...
February 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731597/the-family-stress-model-as-it-applies-to-custodial-grandfamilies-a-cross-validation
#13
Gregory C Smith, Bert Hayslip, Gregory R Hancock, William Merchant, Julian Montoro-Rodriguez, Frederick Strieder
There is scant research on how the parenting practices of custodial grandmothers affect the psychological adjustment of grandchildren in their care. Yet, the findings from a handful of prior studies suggest the relevance of the Family Stress Model (FSM) to these caregivers. The present study further tested the FSM with baseline data from 343 custodial grandmothers (Mage = 58.5 years) enrolled in a clinical trial of the efficacy of interventions for improving the well-being of their families. Not only was this "help-seeking" sample atypical of prior FSM studies, but also unique to the present study was our addition of multiple parenting practices, self-reported and clinical ratings of grandmothers' distress, and reports of grandchildren's internalizing and externalizing difficulties from grandchildren and grandmothers...
February 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731596/behavioral-problems-reported-by-adolescents-and-parents-from-hiv-affected-families-in-china
#14
Li Li, W Scott Comulada, Chiao-Wen Lan, Chunqing Lin, Yongkang Xiao, Guoping Ji
This study examined the influence of various factors on the behavioral problems of adolescents affected by HIV while considering the agreement between adolescent and parent reports on problem behaviors. A total of 136 families each with one parent living with HIV (PLH) and one child aged 13-18 were included. Structural equation modeling was used to explore relationships between selected family measures and adolescent's problem behaviors. The correlation between the PLH and adolescent-reported behavioral problem measures was low (β = 0...
February 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622947/adjustment-profiles-of-low-income-caregivers-from-the-united-states-and-south-africa-contrasts-and-commonalities
#15
Wendy Kliewer, Joana Salifu Yendork, Anna W Wright, Basil J Pillay
Although low-income parents living in under-resourced communities in the United States and around the world face challenges, many do well while others struggle in one or more areas of functioning. The present study examined patterns of adjustment among maternal caregivers living in the United States (US) ( N = 320) and South Africa (SA) ( N = 324). Cluster analyses across four domains of functioning representing both positive and negative adjustment and conducted within country revealed similar patterns of adjustment, with a majority of caregivers (37...
February 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540976/braiding-two-evidence-based-programs-for-families-at-risk-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#16
Kate Guastaferro, Betty S Lai, Katy Miller, Jenelle Shanley Chatham, Daniel J Whitaker, Shannon Self-Brown, Allison Kemner, John R Lutzker
Child maltreatment is a significant public health problem best addressed through evidence-based parent-support programs. There is a wide range of programs with different strengths offering a variety of options for families. Choosing one single evidence-based program often limits the range of services available to meet the unique needs of families. This paper presents findings from a study to examine the systematic braiding of two evidence-based programs, Parents as Teachers and SafeCare at Home (PATSCH), with the goal to provide a more robust intervention for higher risk families...
February 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491703/father-involvement-and-behavior-problems-among-preadolescents-at-risk-of-maltreatment
#17
Susan Yoon, Jennifer L Bellamy, Wonhee Kim, Dalhee Yoon
Although there is a well-established connection between father involvement and children's positive behavioral development in general, this relation has been understudied in more vulnerable and high-risk populations. The aims of this study were to examine how the quantity (i.e., the amount of shared activities) and quality (i.e., perceived quality of the father-child relationship) of father involvement are differently related to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems among preadolescents at risk of maltreatment and test if these associations are moderated by father type and child maltreatment...
February 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29937680/socio-demographic-correlates-of-fathers-and-mothers-parenting-behaviors
#18
Jacobien Van Holland De Graaf, Marcel Hoogenboom, Simone De Roos, Freek Bucx
In the present study, we investigated whether fathers' and mothers' parenting behavior is differentially related to parental factors (such as age and employment), child factors (age and gender) as well as social support. Parents reported on their use of a broad range of parenting behaviors, including affection, responsivity, explaining, autonomy, support, rewarding, and punishing. We used survey data from the Netherlands for 1197 mothers and 903 fathers of children aged 2 to 17. Seemingly unrelated regression analyses were conducted to combine the regression results on the separate subsamples (fathers and mothers) and to test for differences in the coefficients between those subsamples...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29937679/parents-perspectives-on-radicalization-a-qualitative-study
#19
Elga Sikkens, Marion van San, Stijn Sieckelinck, Micha de Winter
Radicalization of young people might be influenced by the way parents react towards the development of political or religious ideals. However, these reactions have hardly been explored. This study aimed to discover how parents reacted to the development of extreme ideals, and why they responded in the way that they did. To gain knowledge about the influence of parents on adolescents who developed extreme ideals, 82 in-depth interviews were held with adolescents and young adults who held extreme ideals. Interviews were also held with the parents or siblings of each adolescent and young adult...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755251/associations-between-psychopathology-in-mothers-fathers-and-their-children-a-structural-modeling-approach
#20
D Weijers, F J A van Steensel, S M Bögels
This study investigated associations between parental and child psychopathology with parenting stress as a possible mediator, in order to get more insight in mothers' and fathers' roles in the development of psychopathology in children. Parents of 272 clinically referred (aged 6-20, 66% boys) reported about their own and their child's behavioral problems, and about parenting stress. Data were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling. Outcomes of path models demonstrated that mothers' higher internalizing and externalizing problems were associated with respectively children's higher internalizing and externalizing problems...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
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