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Journal of Child and Family Studies

Kate Guastaferro, Betty S Lai, Katy Miller, Jenelle Shanley Chatham, Daniel J Whitaker, Shannon Self-Brown, Allison Kemner, John R Lutzker
Child maltreatment is a significant public health problem best addressed through evidence-based parent-support programs. There is a wide range of programs with different strengths offering a variety of options for families. Choosing one single evidence-based program often limits the range of services available to meet the unique needs of families. This paper presents findings from a study to examine the systematic braiding of two evidence-based programs, Parents as Teachers and SafeCare at Home (PATSCH), with the goal to provide a more robust intervention for higher risk families...
February 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Susan Yoon, Jennifer L Bellamy, Wonhee Kim, Dalhee Yoon
Although there is a well-established connection between father involvement and children's positive behavioral development in general, this relation has been understudied in more vulnerable and high-risk populations. The aims of this study were to examine how the quantity (i.e., the amount of shared activities) and quality (i.e., perceived quality of the father-child relationship) of father involvement are differently related to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems among preadolescents at risk of maltreatment and test if these associations are moderated by father type and child maltreatment...
February 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Helen M Milojevich, Mary E Haskett
Parents are perhaps the most direct and profound influences on children's development of emotional competence. For example, how and what emotions parents express in the family has implications for children's ability to understand and regulate their emotions. What is less well understood is what potential environmental or contextual factors impact parents' emotional expressiveness, particularly in high-risk samples prone to atypical emotional expressiveness (e.g., deficits in the production and recognition of emotional expressions)...
January 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Franziska Knolle, Claire D Vallotton, Catherine C Ayoub
Many studies reveal a strong impact of childhood maltreatment on language development, mainly resulting in shorter utterances, less rich vocabulary, or a delay in grammatical complexity. However, different theories suggest the possibility for resilience-a positive adaptation to an otherwise adverse environment-in children who experienced childhood maltreatment. Here, we investigated different measures for language development in spontaneous speech, examining whether childhood maltreatment leads to a language deficit only or whether it can also result in differences in language use due to a possible adaptation to a toxic environment...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Giovanni Ramos, Angela M Blizzard, Nicole E Barroso, Daniel M Bagner
In the U.S., there is a growing Latino population, in which parents primarily speak Spanish to their children. Despite the evidence that language preference is associated with level of acculturation and influences parenting practices in these families, no study has compared how Spanish-and English-speaking Latino families acquire and utilize the skills taught during parent-training programs such as Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT). Twenty-seven mother-infant Latino dyads received a home-based adaptation of the Child-Directed Interaction (CDI) phase of PCIT as part of a larger randomized control trial...
January 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Sarah A Thomas, Tristan Wilson, Anjali Jain, Danielle E Deros, Miji Um, Joanna Hurwitz, Irene Jacobs, Lindsay Myerberg, Katherine B Ehrlich, Emily J Dunn, Amelia Aldao, Ryan Stadnik, Andres De Los Reyes
Parent-adolescent conflict poses risk for youth maladjustment. One potential mechanism of this risk is that stress in the form of increased arousal during conflict interactions results in adolescents' impaired decision-making. However, eliciting consistent adolescent stress responses within laboratory-based tasks of parent-adolescent conflict (i.e., conflict discussion tasks) is hindered by task design. This limitation may stem from how conflict topics are assessed and selected for discussion. Within a sample of 47 adolescents (ages 14-17) and parents, we investigated whether a modified version of a conflict discussion task could elicit physiological (i...
December 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Britney M Wardecker, Julie B Kaplow, Christopher M Layne, Robin S Edelstein
The death of a loved one, particularly a parent, has been identified as not only the most common, but also the most distressing form of adversity youth may experience in their lifetime. Surviving caregivers' communication with their children may play a critical role in shaping bereaved children's psychological functioning. However, few studies have examined the specific content (e.g., word usage) of caregivers' verbal communication as a predictor of psychological functioning in bereaved youth. In a sample of 39 parentally-bereaved children and their surviving caregivers, we investigated whether the frequency of caregivers' use of positive emotion words (e...
December 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Tiarney D Ritchwood, Terrinieka W Powell, Isha W Metzger, Gaurav Dave, Giselle Corbie-Smith, Millicent Atujuna, Emily B Vander Schaaf, Mysha Wynn, Feng-Chang Lin, Wenxiao Zhou, Aletha Y Akers
Caregiver-adolescent communication about sex plays a critical role in the sexual socialization of youth. Many caregivers, however, do not engage their youth in such conversations, potentially placing them at risk for negative sexual health outcomes. Lack of caregiver-adolescent communication about sex may be particularly harmful for rural African American youth, as they often report early sex initiation and are disproportionately impacted by STIs. Moreover, sexual communication may be particularly challenging for families with strong religious backgrounds, potentially affecting the occurrence and breadth of topics covered during communication...
November 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Kyle Esteves, Sarah A O Gray, Katherine P Theall, Stacy S Drury
This study investigated the multigenerational impact of mothers' own exposure to physical maltreatment on internalizing symptoms in her child after accounting for her parenting practices, depression, and the child's own exposure to stressful life events. Children (n = 101, ages 5-16), predominantly African American, were recruited into this cross sectional study using ethnographic mapping and targeted sampling for high-risk neighborhoods. Mothers reported retrospectively on their own exposure to physical maltreatment in childhood, their parenting practices, as well as current depressive symptoms...
October 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Wadiya A Udell, Anna L Hotton, Erin Emerson, Geri R Donenberg
The present study examined whether parental monitoring buffers the negative effects of communtity violence exposure on probation youth's substance use and sexual risk behaviors. Among a sample of 347 Chicago youth on probation, ages 13-17 years, parental monitoring did not moderate the relationship between community violence exposure and probation youth's sexual risk and substance use. However, parental monitoring was independently associated with less engagement in sexual risk and substance use, and community violence exposure was independently associated with more risk behavior among probation youth...
September 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Brandon T McDaniel, Douglas M Teti, Mark E Feinberg
We describe the development and validation of the Daily Coparenting Scale (D-Cop), a measure of parents' perceptions of daily coparenting quality, to address the absence of such a daily measure in the field. A daily measure of coparenting can help us to better identify and optimize specific mechanisms of short-term change in family processes as well as examine within-person variability and processes as they are lived by participants in their everyday lives. Mothers and fathers, from 174 families with at least one child age 5 or younger, completed a 14-day diary study...
September 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Brad Donohue, Christopher P Plant, Travis A Loughran, Anali Torres
Contingency management (CM) has extensively been shown to be effective in reducing substance use disorders, but its effects in reducing child maltreatment have yet to be determined. The current study provides preliminary support for the utilization of an innovative family-assisted CM component in 18 mothers who were referred to an evidence-supported behavioral treatment for concurrent child neglect and drug abuse by Child Protective Service caseworkers. In the examined CM, participants were invited to indicate from a list of common actions incompatible with child neglect (i...
August 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Sigan L Hartley, Lauren M Papp, Iulia Mihaila, Paige M Bussanich, Greta Goetz, Emily J Hickey
We compared the couple conflict of parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to a comparison group of parents of children without disabilities using self-reported and observational measures. In total, 178 couples who had a child with ASD (aged 5-12 years) and 174 couples who had children without disabilities (aged 5-12 years), recruited from a Midwestern state in the United States, reported on couple conflict in everyday life and engaged in an observed couple conflict interaction. Parents of children with ASD reported more frequent, severe, and unresolved couple problems than the comparison group...
August 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Justin Parent, Rex Forehand
The aim of the current study was to create a new measure of parenting practices, constituted by items from already established measures, to advance the measurement of parenting practices in clinical and research settings. Five stages were utilized to select optimal parenting items, establish a factor structure consisting of positive and negative dimensions of parenting, meaningfully consider child developmental stage, and ensure strong psychometric properties (reliability and validity) of the final measure...
August 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Soomi Lee, Kelly D Davis, Susan M McHale, Erin L Kelly, Ellen Ernst Kossek, Ann C Crouter
Drawing upon the work-home resources model, this study examined the implications of mothers' evening and weekend shifts for youths' time with mother, alone, and hanging out with peers unsupervised, with attention to both the amount and day-to-day consistency of time use. Data came from 173 mothers who worked in the long-term care industry and their youths who provided daily diaries. Multilevel modeling revealed that youths whose mothers worked more evening shifts on average spent less time with their mothers compared to youths whose mothers worked fewer evening shifts...
August 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Jennifer D Monti, Adrien Winning, Kelly H Watson, Ellen K Williams, Cynthia A Gerhardt, Bruce E Compas, Kathryn Vannatta
Childhood cancer is a significant source of stress for children and families, and children's coping with cancer-related stress is a key predictor of emotional adjustment. To extend understanding of the determinants of children's coping with cancer-related stress, this study examined whether mothers' and fathers' functioning after their child's diagnosis-including coping and depressive symptoms-is predictive of children's coping over time. Participants included 166 children (Mage = 13.47, SD = 2.47, 51.2% female), 161 mothers, and 83 fathers...
July 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Karen Bluth, Patricia N E Roberson, Susan S Girdler
Research on mindfulness interventions with adolescents has burgeoned over the last ten years, and findings have demonstrated increases in overall emotional wellbeing post-intervention. However, little is known about the differences between males and females in response to mindfulness interventions in this age group. In the present study we examine sex differences in outcomes of physiological stress markers during the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) and emotional wellbeing measures before and after a mindfulness intervention (N = 15) with 10 female and 5 male adolescents...
July 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Michelle L Kelley, Adrian J Bravo, Hannah C Hamrick, Abby L Braitman, Tyler D White, Jennika Jenkins
This brief report examined the unique associations between parents' ratings of child internalizing symptoms and their own depression and anxiety in families with parental substance use disorder (SUD). Further, we examined whether parental SUD (father only, mother only, both parents) was related to discrepancy in mothers' and fathers' reports of children's internalizing symptoms. Participants were 97 triads (fathers, mothers) in which one or both parents met criteria for SUD. Polynomial regression analyses were conducted to examine whether father-mother reports of child internalizing symptoms had unique associations with parents' own symptoms of depression and anxiety while controlling for child gender, child age, and SUD diagnoses...
June 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Lila Asfour, Shi Huang, Manuel A Ocasio, Tatiana Perrino, Seth J Schwartz, Daniel J Feaster, Mildred Maldonado-Molina, Hilda Pantin, Guillermo Prado
Compared to non-Hispanic whites, Hispanic adolescents in the U.S. report higher rates of several mental, emotional, and behavioral (MEB) problems such as substance use, sexual risk behaviors, and internalizing and externalizing problems. There is evidence of common pathways in the development of MEB problems with certain subgroups of Hispanic adolescents being at greater risk. In the present article, we report analysis of baseline data for 959 Hispanic adolescents who participated in one of two randomized controlled trials evaluating a family-based preventive intervention...
May 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Erika Lunkenheimer, Jun Wang
Mastery motivation is closely related to children's regulatory processes and is socialized by parents. However, we know little about how individual child and dyadic parent-child regulatory processes work together to foster the early development of mastery motivation in preschool. The present study examined dyadic persistence in parent-child interactions, children's effortful control, and children's successful versus failed attempts in a challenging object mastery task at age 3.5 years and their prediction of teacher ratings of object-oriented and social mastery motivation in preschool at a 4-month follow-up (N = 100)...
May 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
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