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Journal of Child and Family Studies

Christina J Cross, Robert Joseph Taylor, Linda M Chatters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Paul Smokowski, Rosalie Corona, Martica Bacallao, Beverly L Fortson, Khiya J Marshall, Anna Yaros
Research has demonstrated the effectiveness of family-based programs for reducing adolescent risk behaviors and promoting adolescent health; however, parent engagement, specifically in terms of recruitment and retention, remains a consistent challenge. Recruitment rates for family-based prevention programs range from 3 to 35%, while, on average, 28% of caregivers drop out before program completion. Thus, engagement of parents in prevention programming is of utmost concern to ensure families and youth benefit from implementation of family-based programs...
September 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Jordan A Booker, Nicole N Capriola-Hall, Julie C Dunsmore, Ross W Greene, Thomas H Ollendick
Our objective was to predict change in maternal stress over the course of a randomized clinical trial comparing the efficacy of two interventions for Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD): Parent Management Training and Collaborative & Proactive Solutions. In a secondary analysis of data collected from this randomized clinical trial, we examined whether children's self-reported positive relations with their parents impacted responsiveness to treatment, which in turn impacted maternal stress. One hundred thirty-four children and their parents (38...
July 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Ju-Hyun Song, Alison L Miller, Christy Y Y Leung, Julie C Lumeng, Katherine L Rosenblum
Self-regulation develops rapidly during the toddler years and underlies many important developmental outcomes, including social-emotional competence and academic achievement. It is important to understand factors that contribute to early self-regulation skills among children at risk for adjustment difficulties in these domains, such as children growing up in poverty. The current study examined mother-reported child temperament (negative affect, effortful control) and observed maternal parenting (during a mother-child free play) as contributing factors to toddlers' observed self-regulation during delay of gratification tasks at 27 months (snack delay) and 33 months (gift delay)...
July 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Amanda Skoranski, Nichole R Kelly, Rachel M Radin, Katherine A Thompson, Ovidiu Galescu, Andrew P Demidowich, Sheila M Brady, Kong Y Chen, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Jack A Yanovski, Lauren B Shomaker
Altered stress response theoretically contributes to the etiology of cardiometabolic disease. Mindfulness may be a protective buffer against the effects of stress on health outcomes by altering how individuals evaluate and respond to stress. We engaged adolescent girls at risk for developing Type 2 diabetes in a cold-pressor test in order to determine the relationship of dispositional mindfulness to cortisol response and subjective stress, including perceived pain and unpleasantness during the stressor, and negative affect following the stressor...
July 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Olga A Khavjou, Patrick Turner, Deborah J Jones
The goal of this study was to assess cost, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of recruitment strategies used to engage low-income families of young children with disruptive behavior disorder to participate in a Behavioral Parent Training (BPT) program. For this analysis, we used data on labor and non-labor resources associated with 13 recruitment strategies implemented in February 2014 through February 2016. We assessed the effectiveness of each strategy as the number of families that enrolled into the study...
June 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Jonathan I Martinez, Rachel Haine-Schlagel
Therapy homework includes tasks given to clients to complete outside of session to facilitate new knowledge/skills or to advance treatment goals. Homework completion, an important element of parent engagement in child mental health (MH) treatment, has been associated with improved child outcomes. The current pilot study assessed the design/assign phase of the therapy homework process to examine a) the extent to which therapists implemented engagement strategies with parents and b) whether therapist deployment of engagement strategies in early treatment predicted subsequent parent participation in homework planning...
June 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Eric Rubenstein, Devika Chawla
The broader autism phenotype (BAP) is a collection of sub-diagnostic autistic traits more common in families of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) than in the general population. BAP is a latent construct that can be defined using different domains, measured using multiple instruments, and reported using different techniques. Therefore, estimates of BAP may vary greatly across studies. Our objective was to systematically review studies that reported occurrence of BAP in parents of children with ASD in order to quantify and describe heterogeneity in estimates...
June 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Deborah Gross, Harolyn M E Belcher, Chakra Budhathoki, Mirian E Ofonedu, Melissa K Uveges
We examined whether parent engagement in parent training (PT) differed based on PT format (parent group-based with video versus mastery-based individual coaching with child) in an economically disadvantaged sample of families seeking behavioral treatment for their preschool children in an urban mental health clinic. Parents (N=159; 76.1% mothers, 69.8% African American, 73% low-income) were randomized to one of two interventions, Chicago Parent Program (parent group + video; CPP) or Parent Child Interaction Therapy (individualized mastery-based coaching; PCIT)...
May 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
David C Bell, Linda G Bell
Retrospective reports of family environments are often the only way to collect data concerning the influence of a child's experience in the family on later development. However, the accuracy of retrospective measures can be problematic because of social desirability or potential failures of memory. The purpose of this study is to compare retrospective and prospective measures of family environment. In this unique study, 198 parents and 241 adolescent children (mean age 15.7) described their family environment, and then 25 years later completed retrospective reports...
April 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Wendy Hadley, Amy Lansing, David H Barker, Larry K Brown, Heather Hunter, Geri Donenberg, Ralph J DiClemente
Parents can play a vital role in shaping teenagers' sexual attitudes, behavior, and contraceptive use through communication, however, less is known about how to modify parent-adolescent communication among youth with mental health problems. The impact of a family-based sexual risk prevention intervention on both observational and self-report of parent adolescent sexual communication was examined at 12-months among adolescents with mental health problems. Of the 721 parent- adolescent dyads recruited for the study, 167 videotapes of sexual discussions between parents and adolescent were coded for the family-based intervention and 191 videotapes for the active comparison...
April 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Laura J Finan, Emily Simpson, Jessica Schulz, Christine McCauley Ohannessian
This study examined the relationship between parental problem drinking (maternal and paternal) and emerging adult problem behaviors (alcohol use, drug use, and antisocial behavior). In addition, the moderating role of parental support (maternal and paternal) was explored. Data were drawn from a nationally representative sample of emerging adults ( N = 600; Mage = 20.00, SD = 1.42; 50% women; 62% White). Results from regression analyses of survey data indicated that both maternal problem drinking and maternal support moderated the relationship between paternal problem drinking and emerging adult alcohol use...
April 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Whitney L Rostad, Angela D Moreland, Linda Anne Valle, Mark J Chaffin
Families experiencing child maltreatment or risk factors for child maltreatment often receive referrals to interventions focused on changing parenting practices. Compliance with specific parenting programs can be challenging as many of the stressors that place families at-risk may also interfere with program participation. Because families may receive limited benefit from programs they do not fully receive, it is critical to understand the relationship between parenting stress and barriers to program completion...
April 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Helena Jv Rutherford, Simon P Byrne, Michael J Crowley, Jonathan Bornstein, David J Bridgett, Linda C Mayes
Parental reflective functioning (PRF) describes a parent's capacity for considering both their own and their child's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, which can help parents to guide interactions with children. Given the cognitive demands of keeping infants in mind whilst caregiving, we examined the association between aspects of executive function (i.e., working memory and set-shifting) and PRF (employing the Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire) in recent mothers. In Study 1 (N=50), we found that better working memory was associated with higher levels of maternal interest and curiosity in their child's feelings...
March 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Kimberly L Day, Louis A Schmidt, Tracy Vaillancourt, Saroj Saigal, Michael H Boyle, Ryan J Van Lieshout
Extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1000g) survivors are at increased risk for experiencing both peer victimization and overprotective parenting. This study investigated if overprotective parenting moderated associations between peer victimization and psychopathology among ELBW adult survivors who have been followed since birth. Participants included 81 (31 male, 50 female) adults born with an extremely low birth weight from Ontario, Canada. The participants were predominately Caucasian. The experience of peer victimization and overprotective parenting prior to age 16 was self-reported at age 22-26 years...
March 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Gilbert R Parra, Gail L Smith, W Alex Mason, Jukka Savolainen, Mary B Chmelka, Jouko Miettunen, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Irma Moilanen, Juha Veijola
This study examined whether there are subgroups of families with distinct profiles of prenatal/birth contextual risk, and whether subgroup membership was differentially related to adolescent substance use. Data from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 were used. A five-class model provided the most meaningful solution. Large Family Size (7.72%) and Low Risk (69.69%) groups had the lowest levels of alcohol, cigarette, and illegal drug use. Similar high levels for each of the three substance-related outcomes were found for Parent Substance Misuse (11...
March 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Larry K Brown, Nicholas Tarantino, Marina Tolou-Shams, Christianne Esposito-Smythers, Meredith G Healy, Lacey Craker
Youth involved in the juvenile justice system are at risk for emotional and behavioral problems. However, research with court-involved adolescents has neglected to examine the mental health of their parents, who may also have significant personal and parenting stress. This sample consisted of 144 parent-adolescent dyads. Adolescents (aged 11 to 17 years) identified by court officials were referred to the study to receive mental health treatment. Parents and adolescents completed surveys about their mental health diagnoses, treatment, and family relationships...
March 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Kimberly D Campbell-Voytal, Kathryn Brogan Hartlieb, Phillippe B Cunningham, Angela J Jacques-Tiura, Deborah A Ellis, Kai-Lin C Jen, Sylvie Naar-King
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Kyle W Murdock, Laura D Pittman, Christopher P Fagundes
Family members are theorized to influence each other via transactional or systems related processes; however, the literature is limited given its focus on mother-child relationships and the utilization of statistical approaches that do not model interdependence within family members. The current study evaluated associations between self-reported parental affect, parenting behavior, and child depressive symptoms among 103 mother-father-child triads. Children ranged in age from 8 to 12 years. Higher maternal negative affect was associated with greater maternal and paternal harsh/negative parenting behavior...
February 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Gregory C Smith, Bert Hayslip, Gregory R Hancock, William Merchant, Julian Montoro-Rodriguez, Frederick Strieder
There is scant research on how the parenting practices of custodial grandmothers affect the psychological adjustment of grandchildren in their care. Yet, the findings from a handful of prior studies suggest the relevance of the Family Stress Model (FSM) to these caregivers. The present study further tested the FSM with baseline data from 343 custodial grandmothers (Mage = 58.5 years) enrolled in a clinical trial of the efficacy of interventions for improving the well-being of their families. Not only was this "help-seeking" sample atypical of prior FSM studies, but also unique to the present study was our addition of multiple parenting practices, self-reported and clinical ratings of grandmothers' distress, and reports of grandchildren's internalizing and externalizing difficulties from grandchildren and grandmothers...
February 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
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