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Journal of Child and Family Studies

Sarah A Thomas, Tristan Wilson, Anjali Jain, Danielle E Deros, Miji Um, Joanna Hurwitz, Irene Jacobs, Lindsay Myerberg, Katherine B Ehrlich, Emily J Dunn, Amelia Aldao, Ryan Stadnik, Andres De Los Reyes
Parent-adolescent conflict poses risk for youth maladjustment. One potential mechanism of this risk is that stress in the form of increased arousal during conflict interactions results in adolescents' impaired decision-making. However, eliciting consistent adolescent stress responses within laboratory-based tasks of parent-adolescent conflict (i.e., conflict discussion tasks) is hindered by task design. This limitation may stem from how conflict topics are assessed and selected for discussion. Within a sample of 47 adolescents (ages 14-17) and parents, we investigated whether a modified version of a conflict discussion task could elicit physiological (i...
December 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Britney M Wardecker, Julie B Kaplow, Christopher M Layne, Robin S Edelstein
The death of a loved one, particularly a parent, has been identified as not only the most common, but also the most distressing form of adversity youth may experience in their lifetime. Surviving caregivers' communication with their children may play a critical role in shaping bereaved children's psychological functioning. However, few studies have examined the specific content (e.g., word usage) of caregivers' verbal communication as a predictor of psychological functioning in bereaved youth. In a sample of 39 parentally-bereaved children and their surviving caregivers, we investigated whether the frequency of caregivers' use of positive emotion words (e...
December 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Tiarney D Ritchwood, Terrinieka W Powell, Isha W Metzger, Gaurav Dave, Giselle Corbie-Smith, Millicent Atujuna, Emily B Vander Schaaf, Mysha Wynn, Feng-Chang Lin, Wenxiao Zhou, Aletha Y Akers
Caregiver-adolescent communication about sex plays a critical role in the sexual socialization of youth. Many caregivers, however, do not engage their youth in such conversations, potentially placing them at risk for negative sexual health outcomes. Lack of caregiver-adolescent communication about sex may be particularly harmful for rural African American youth, as they often report early sex initiation and are disproportionately impacted by STIs. Moreover, sexual communication may be particularly challenging for families with strong religious backgrounds, potentially affecting the occurrence and breadth of topics covered during communication...
November 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Kyle Esteves, Sarah A O Gray, Katherine P Theall, Stacy S Drury
This study investigated the multigenerational impact of mothers' own exposure to physical maltreatment on internalizing symptoms in her child after accounting for her parenting practices, depression, and the child's own exposure to stressful life events. Children (n = 101, ages 5-16), predominantly African American, were recruited into this cross sectional study using ethnographic mapping and targeted sampling for high-risk neighborhoods. Mothers reported retrospectively on their own exposure to physical maltreatment in childhood, their parenting practices, as well as current depressive symptoms...
October 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Wadiya A Udell, Anna L Hotton, Erin Emerson, Geri R Donenberg
The present study examined whether parental monitoring buffers the negative effects of communtity violence exposure on probation youth's substance use and sexual risk behaviors. Among a sample of 347 Chicago youth on probation, ages 13-17 years, parental monitoring did not moderate the relationship between community violence exposure and probation youth's sexual risk and substance use. However, parental monitoring was independently associated with less engagement in sexual risk and substance use, and community violence exposure was independently associated with more risk behavior among probation youth...
September 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Brandon T McDaniel, Douglas M Teti, Mark E Feinberg
We describe the development and validation of the Daily Coparenting Scale (D-Cop), a measure of parents' perceptions of daily coparenting quality, to address the absence of such a daily measure in the field. A daily measure of coparenting can help us to better identify and optimize specific mechanisms of short-term change in family processes as well as examine within-person variability and processes as they are lived by participants in their everyday lives. Mothers and fathers, from 174 families with at least one child age 5 or younger, completed a 14-day diary study...
September 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Brad Donohue, Christopher P Plant, Travis A Loughran, Anali Torres
Contingency management (CM) has extensively been shown to be effective in reducing substance use disorders, but its effects in reducing child maltreatment have yet to be determined. The current study provides preliminary support for the utilization of an innovative family-assisted CM component in 18 mothers who were referred to an evidence-supported behavioral treatment for concurrent child neglect and drug abuse by Child Protective Service caseworkers. In the examined CM, participants were invited to indicate from a list of common actions incompatible with child neglect (i...
August 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Sigan L Hartley, Lauren M Papp, Iulia Mihaila, Paige M Bussanich, Greta Goetz, Emily J Hickey
We compared the couple conflict of parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to a comparison group of parents of children without disabilities using self-reported and observational measures. In total, 178 couples who had a child with ASD (aged 5-12 years) and 174 couples who had children without disabilities (aged 5-12 years), recruited from a Midwestern state in the United States, reported on couple conflict in everyday life and engaged in an observed couple conflict interaction. Parents of children with ASD reported more frequent, severe, and unresolved couple problems than the comparison group...
August 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Justin Parent, Rex Forehand
The aim of the current study was to create a new measure of parenting practices, constituted by items from already established measures, to advance the measurement of parenting practices in clinical and research settings. Five stages were utilized to select optimal parenting items, establish a factor structure consisting of positive and negative dimensions of parenting, meaningfully consider child developmental stage, and ensure strong psychometric properties (reliability and validity) of the final measure...
August 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Soomi Lee, Kelly D Davis, Susan M McHale, Erin L Kelly, Ellen Ernst Kossek, Ann C Crouter
Drawing upon the work-home resources model, this study examined the implications of mothers' evening and weekend shifts for youths' time with mother, alone, and hanging out with peers unsupervised, with attention to both the amount and day-to-day consistency of time use. Data came from 173 mothers who worked in the long-term care industry and their youths who provided daily diaries. Multilevel modeling revealed that youths whose mothers worked more evening shifts on average spent less time with their mothers compared to youths whose mothers worked fewer evening shifts...
August 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Jennifer D Monti, Adrien Winning, Kelly H Watson, Ellen K Williams, Cynthia A Gerhardt, Bruce E Compas, Kathryn Vannatta
Childhood cancer is a significant source of stress for children and families, and children's coping with cancer-related stress is a key predictor of emotional adjustment. To extend understanding of the determinants of children's coping with cancer-related stress, this study examined whether mothers' and fathers' functioning after their child's diagnosis-including coping and depressive symptoms-is predictive of children's coping over time. Participants included 166 children (Mage = 13.47, SD = 2.47, 51.2% female), 161 mothers, and 83 fathers...
July 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Karen Bluth, Patricia N E Roberson, Susan S Girdler
Research on mindfulness interventions with adolescents has burgeoned over the last ten years, and findings have demonstrated increases in overall emotional wellbeing post-intervention. However, little is known about the differences between males and females in response to mindfulness interventions in this age group. In the present study we examine sex differences in outcomes of physiological stress markers during the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) and emotional wellbeing measures before and after a mindfulness intervention (N = 15) with 10 female and 5 male adolescents...
July 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Lila Asfour, Shi Huang, Manuel A Ocasio, Tatiana Perrino, Seth J Schwartz, Daniel J Feaster, Mildred Maldonado-Molina, Hilda Pantin, Guillermo Prado
Compared to non-Hispanic whites, Hispanic adolescents in the U.S. report higher rates of several mental, emotional, and behavioral (MEB) problems such as substance use, sexual risk behaviors, and internalizing and externalizing problems. There is evidence of common pathways in the development of MEB problems with certain subgroups of Hispanic adolescents being at greater risk. In the present article, we report analysis of baseline data for 959 Hispanic adolescents who participated in one of two randomized controlled trials evaluating a family-based preventive intervention...
May 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Erika Lunkenheimer, Jun Wang
Mastery motivation is closely related to children's regulatory processes and is socialized by parents. However, we know little about how individual child and dyadic parent-child regulatory processes work together to foster the early development of mastery motivation in preschool. The present study examined dyadic persistence in parent-child interactions, children's effortful control, and children's successful versus failed attempts in a challenging object mastery task at age 3.5 years and their prediction of teacher ratings of object-oriented and social mastery motivation in preschool at a 4-month follow-up (N = 100)...
May 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Dorothy Brooten, JoAnne M Youngblut
This study described 6-year to 12-year-old children's responses 7 and 13 months after siblings' NICU/PICU/ED death. Using semi-structured interviews, at 7 months, children were asked about events around their sibling's death. At both 7 and 13 months, children were asked about their thoughts and feelings about the deceased, concerns or fears, and life changes since the death. Thirty one children (58% female), recruited from four South Florida hospitals and Florida obituaries, participated. Children's mean age was 8...
April 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Mirian E Ofonedu, Harolyn M E Belcher, Chakra Budhathoki, Deborah A Gross
This mixed method study examined factors associated with parents not attending their child's mental health treatment after initially seeking help for their 2-5 year old child. It was part of a larger study comparing two evidence-based treatments among low-income racial/ethnic minority families seeking child mental health services. Of 123 parents who initiated mental health treatment (71% African American or multi-racial; 97.6% low-income), 36 (29.3%) never attended their child's first treatment session. Socio-demographic characteristics, parenting stress, depression, severity of child behavior problems, and length of treatment delay from intake to first scheduled treatment session were compared for families who did and did not attend their first treatment session...
March 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
BreAnna L Davis, Mia A Smith-Bynum, Farzana T Saleem, Tiffany Francois, Sharon F Lambert
Racial socialization messages appear to have varying impacts on the adjustment of African American youth. To further explore this, we examined how two types of racial socialization messages might influence African American youth internalizing and externalizing behavior. The Youth Self Report was used to measure these behavior outcomes. Given that racial socialization messages may not be directly linked to behavior outcomes, we considered private regard, an aspect of racial identity, to serve as a mediator. Additionally, we examined global self-esteem as a mediator of the complex dynamic between racial socialization messages and behavior outcomes...
March 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Elizabeth A LeCuyer, Dena Phillips Swanson
Research suggests that higher levels of authoritarian parenting exist in African American (AA) families than in European American (EA) families, and that authoritarian attitudes may be associated with more positive outcomes in AA families than EA families. However, less is known about authoritarian attitudes and children's development within AA families. This within-group study of 50 African American mothers and their 3-year-old children examined associations between maternal authoritarian attitudes, observed maternal limit-setting strategies, and children's self-regulation during a limit-setting interaction...
March 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Reshma Shah, Daniela DeFrino, Yoonsang Kim, Marc Atkins
The primary care office offers an ideal setting to encourage parenting behaviors that promote early childhood development. We conducted a pilot study to establish feasibility and acceptability of Sit Down and Play (SDP), a brief primary care-based program to facilitate positive parenting behaviors through take-home play activities. A prospective 1-month study was conducted in an urban primary care clinic. SDP was administered to 30 caregivers of 6-12 month old children while they waited for their well-child appointment...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Mary Acri, Shirley Zhang, Joshua G Adler, Geetha Gopalan
Peer-delivered health models may hold important benefits for family members, yet their prevalence, components, and outcomes are unknown. We conducted a review of peer-delivered services for families of children and adults with serious health problems. Studies of interventions published between 2000 and 2016 were included if the intervention contained a component for family members. Of 88 studies that were assessed for their eligibility, five met criteria. Familial components included information about the health condition and management, strategies to enhance communication and stress, and the provision of emotional support...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
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