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PharmacoEconomics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476363/comparing-the-uk-eq-5d-3l-and-english-eq-5d-5l-value-sets
#1
Brendan Mulhern, Yan Feng, Koonal Shah, Mathieu F Janssen, Michael Herdman, Ben van Hout, Nancy Devlin
BACKGROUND: Three EQ-5D value sets (EQ-5D-3L, crosswalk, and EQ-5D-5L) are now available for cost-utility analysis in the UK and/or England. The value sets' characteristics differ, and it is important to assess the implications of these differences. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to compare the three value sets. METHODS: We carried out analysis comparing the predicted values from each value set, and investigated how differences in health on the descriptive system is reflected in the utility score by assessing the value of adjacent states...
February 23, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476362/author-correction-to-adjuvant-trastuzumab-therapy-for-early-her2-positive-breast-cancer-in-iran-a-cost-effectiveness-and-scenario-analysis-for-an-optimal-treatment-strategy
#2
Amir Ansaripour, Carin A Uyl-de Groot, W Ken Redekop
Page 95, Table 2, final row, second column: the mean Advanced treatment annual cost which.
February 23, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470821/is-eq-5d-5l-better-than-eq-5d-3l-a-head-to-head-comparison-of-descriptive-systems-and-value-sets-from-seven-countries
#3
Mathieu F Janssen, Gouke J Bonsel, Nan Luo
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the first empirical head-to-head comparison of EQ-5D-3L (3L) and EQ-5D-5L (5L) value sets for multiple countries. METHODS: A large multinational dataset, including 3L and 5L data for eight patient groups and a student cohort, was used to compare 3L versus 5L value sets for Canada, China, England/UK (5L/3L, respectively), Japan, The Netherlands, South Korea and Spain. We used distributional analyses and two methods exploring discriminatory power: relative efficiency as assessed by the F statistic, and an area under the curve for the receiver-operating characteristics approach...
February 22, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468408/is-icer-nicer
#4
EDITORIAL
Deborah Freund, Jennifer Choi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460066/german-value-set-for-the-eq-5d-5l
#5
Kristina Ludwig, J-Matthias Graf von der Schulenburg, Wolfgang Greiner
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to develop a value set for EQ-5D-5L based on the societal preferences of the German population. As the first country to do so, the study design used the improved EQ-5D-5L valuation protocol 2.0 developed by the EuroQol Group, including a feedback module as internal validation and a quality control process that was missing in the first wave of EQ-5D-5L valuation studies. METHODS: A representative sample of the general German population (n = 1158) was interviewed using a composite time trade-off and a discrete choice experiment under close quality control...
February 19, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450830/personalized-medicine-and-pay-for-performance-should-pharmaceutical-firms-be-fully-penalized-when-treatment-fails
#6
Fernando Antoñanzas, Roberto Rodríguez-Ibeas, Carmelo A Juárez-Castelló
In this article, we model the behavior of a pharmaceutical firm that has marketing authorization for a new therapy believed to be a candidate for personalized use in a subset of patients, but that lacks information as to why a response is seen only in some patients. We characterize the optimal outcome-based reimbursement policy a health authority should follow to encourage the pharmaceutical firm to undertake research and development activities to generate the information needed to effectively stratify patients...
February 15, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445964/different-methods-for-modelling-severe-hypoglycaemic-events-implications-for-effectiveness-costs-and-health-utilities
#7
Edna Keeney, Dalia Dawoud, Sofia Dias
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials report severe hypoglycaemic events as the number of patients with at least one event out of the total randomised or number of events for a given total exposure. Different network meta-analysis models have been used to analyse these different data types. OBJECTIVE: This aim of this article was to establish the impact of using the different models on effectiveness, costs and health utility estimates. METHODS: We analysed a dataset used in a recent network meta-analysis of severe hypoglycaemic events conducted to inform National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommendations regarding basal insulin choice for patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus...
February 14, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441474/optimality-future-and-terminal-costs-comment-on-adjuvant-trastuzumab-therapy-for-early-her2-positive-breast-cancer-in-iran
#8
LETTER
Noga Gershon, Yakir Berchenko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441473/cost-and-cost-effectiveness-of-treatments-for-psoriatic-arthritis-a-systematic-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Lucia Sara D'Angiolella, Paolo Angelo Cortesi, Alessandra Lafranconi, Mariangela Micale, Sveva Mangano, Giancarlo Cesana, Lorenzo Giovanni Mantovani
BACKGROUND: Psoriatic arthritis is a long-term inflammatory arthropathy occurring in a subgroup of patients with psoriasis. In addition to irreversible bone erosions, joint destruction, and skin manifestations, psoriatic arthritis is associated with numerous comorbid conditions. Over the last 5 years, new treatments emerged; the analysis and comparisons of their additional costs and the added benefits have become increasingly important to optimize the limited resources available. METHODS: A systematic literature review covering PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library was performed from May 2012 to October 2017 focusing on the most recent evidence of costs, benefits, and burden of psoriatic arthritis and its treatments...
February 13, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427072/cost-effectiveness-thresholds-the-past-the-present-and-the-future
#10
Praveen Thokala, Jessica Ochalek, Ashley A Leech, Thaison Tong
Cost-effectiveness (CE) thresholds are being discussed more frequently and there have been many new developments in this area; however, there is a lack of understanding about what thresholds mean and their implications. This paper provides an overview of the CE threshold literature. First, the meaning of a CE threshold and the key assumptions involved (perfect divisibility, marginal increments in budget, etc.) are highlighted using a hypothetical example, and the use of historic/heuristic estimates of the threshold is noted along with their limitations...
February 9, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427071/response-to-comment-on-adjuvant-trastuzumab-therapy-for-early-her2-positive-breast-cancer-in-iran-a-cost-effectiveness-and-scenario-analysis-for-an-optimal-treatment-strategy
#11
LETTER
Amir Ansaripour, Carin A Uyl-de Groot, W Ken Redekop
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396744/economic-evaluation-of-direct-acting-antivirals-for-hepatitis-c-in-norway
#12
Torbjørn Wisløff, Richard White, Olav Dalgard, Ellen J Amundsen, Hinta Meijerink, Astrid Louise Løvlie, Hilde Kløvstad
PURPOSE: New direct-acting antiviral (DAA) drugs have revolutionized the treatment of hepatitis C in recent years. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to analyse the cost effectiveness of combinations of different DAAs compared with ribavirin and peginterferon-α-2a, taking into account rebates from tender negotiations. METHODS: We used a compartmental model specifically developed for Norway to simulate hepatitis C and complications with and without different DAAs...
February 2, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396743/price-transparency-for-whom-in-search-of-out-of-pocket-cost-estimates-to-facilitate-cost-communication-in-cancer-care
#13
EDITORIAL
Ya-Chen Tina Shih, Shelley Fuld Nasso, S Yousuf Zafar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392552/a-decision-analytic-model-to-assess-the-cost-effectiveness-of-etelcalcetide-vs-cinacalcet
#14
Björn Stollenwerk, Sergio Iannazzo, Ron Akehurst, Michael Adena, Andrew Briggs, Bastian Dehmel, Patrick Parfrey, Vasily Belozeroff
INTRODUCTION: Etelcalcetide is a novel intravenous calcimimetic for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in haemodialysis patients. The clinical efficacy and safety of etelcalcetide (in addition to phosphate binders and vitamin D and/or analogues [PB/VD]) was evaluated in three phase III studies, including two placebo-controlled trials and a head-to-head study versus the oral calcimimetic cinacalcet. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a decision-analytic model for economic evaluation of etelcalcetide compared with cinacalcet...
February 2, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388056/treatment-preferences-in-germany-differ-among-apheresis-patients-with-severe-hypercholesterolemia
#15
Axel C Mühlbacher, Andrew Sadler, Franz-Werner Dippel, Christin Juhnke
BACKGROUND: Severe hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor of death in patients with coronary heart disease. New adjunctive drug therapies (proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 [PCSK9] inhibitors) have gained approval in Europe and the USA. OBJECTIVE: In this empirical study, we documented preferences regarding adjuvant drug therapy in apheresis-treated patients with severe familial hypercholesterolemia. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search to identify patient-relevant outcomes in patients with severe hypercholesterolemia currently undergoing apheresis...
January 31, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353385/the-relative-importance-of-clinical-economic-patient-values-and-feasibility-criteria-in-cancer-drug-reimbursement-in-canada-a-revealed-preferences-analysis-of-recommendations-of-the-pan-canadian-oncology-drug-review-2011-2017
#16
Chris Skedgel, Dominika Wranik, Min Hu
BACKGROUND: Most Canadian provinces and territories rely on the pan-Canadian Oncology Drug Review (pCODR) to provide recommendations regarding public reimbursement of cancer drugs. The pCODR review process considers four dimensions of value-clinical benefit, economic evaluation, patient-based values and adoption feasibility-but they do not define weights for individual decision criteria or an acceptable threshold for any of the criteria. Given this implicit review process, it is of interest to understand which factors appear to carry the most weight in pCODR recommendations using a revealed preferences approach...
January 20, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352437/cost-effectiveness-of-treatments-for-chronic-constipation-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Dolly Han, Nicolas Iragorri, Fiona Clement, Diane Lorenzetti, Eldon Spackman
BACKGROUND: Chronic constipation (CC) has a significant impact on patients' quality of life and imposes an economic burden on individuals and the healthcare system. Treatment options include dietary changes, lifestyle modifications, fibre supplements, stool softeners, and laxatives. OBJECTIVE: We undertook this systematic review to comprehensively evaluate the cost effectiveness of treatments for CC. METHODS: We searched ten common databases to identify economic evaluations published to 13 June 2017...
January 19, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344794/ticagrelor-for-secondary-prevention-of-atherothrombotic-events-after-myocardial-infarction-an-evidence-review-group-perspective-of-a-nice-single-technology-appraisal
#18
REVIEW
Xavier G L V Pouwels, Robert Wolff, Bram L T Ramaekers, Anoukh Van Giessen, Shona Lang, Steve Ryder, Gill Worthy, Steven Duffy, Nigel Armstrong, Jos Kleijnen, Manuela A Joore
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) invited AstraZeneca, the manufacturer of ticagrelor (Brilique®), to submit evidence on the clinical and cost effectiveness of ticagrelor 60 mg twice daily (BID) in combination with low-dose aspirin [acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)] compared with ASA only for secondary prevention of atherothrombotic events in patients with a history of myocardial infarction (MI) and who are at increased risk of atherothrombotic events. Kleijnen Systematic Reviews Ltd (KSR), in collaboration with Maastricht University Medical Centre+, was commissioned as the evidence review group (ERG)...
January 18, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273843/estimating-the-reference-incremental-cost-effectiveness-ratio-for-the-australian-health-system
#19
Laura Catherine Edney, Hossein Haji Ali Afzali, Terence Chai Cheng, Jonathan Karnon
BACKGROUND: Spending on new healthcare technologies increases net population health when the benefits of a new technology are greater than their opportunity costs-the benefits of the best alternative use of the additional resources required to fund a new technology. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate the expected incremental cost per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) gained of increased government health expenditure as an empirical estimate of the average opportunity costs of decisions to fund new health technologies...
December 22, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270835/australian-utility-weights-for-the-eortc-qlu-c10d-a-multi-attribute-utility-instrument-derived-from-the-cancer-specific-quality-of-life-questionnaire-eortc-qlq-c30
#20
Madeleine T King, Rosalie Viney, A Simon Pickard, Donna Rowen, Neil K Aaronson, John E Brazier, David Cella, Daniel S J Costa, Peter M Fayers, Georg Kemmler, Helen McTaggart-Cowen, Rebecca Mercieca-Bebber, Stuart Peacock, Deborah J Street, Tracey A Young, Richard Norman
BACKGROUND: The EORTC QLU-C10D is a new multi-attribute utility instrument derived from the widely used cancer-specific quality-of-life (QOL) questionnaire, EORTC QLQ-C30. The QLU-C10D contains ten dimensions (Physical, Role, Social and Emotional Functioning; Pain, Fatigue, Sleep, Appetite, Nausea, Bowel Problems), each with four levels. To be used in cost-utility analysis, country-specific valuation sets are required. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide Australian utility weights for the QLU-C10D...
December 21, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
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