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Journal of Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30501138/defining-professionalism-for-mental-health-services-a-rapid-systematic-review
#1
Lauren M E Aylott, Paul A Tiffin, Mona Saad, Alexis R Llewellyn, Gabrielle M Finn
BACKGROUND: Efforts have been made to define professionalism across the professions, yet little attention has been paid to the concept in mental health services, where patients' needs differ to that in other healthcare specialties. AIMS: To derive a definition of professionalism for mental health services using the existing literature. METHOD: A rapid, systematic review was conducted to identify empirical and non-empirical records that described professionalism in a mental health service context from 2006 to 2017...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30468100/providing-mental-health-care-in-the-context-of-online-mental-health-notes-advice-from-patients-and-mental-health-clinicians
#2
Maura Pisciotta, Lauren M Denneson, Holly B Williams, Susan Woods, Anais Tuepker, Steven K Dobscha
BACKGROUND: The OpenNotes initiative provides patients online access to their clinical notes. Mental health clinicians in the Veterans Health Administration report a need for guidance on how to provide care, write notes, and discuss them in the context of OpenNotes. AIM: To provide mental health clinicians recommendations identified by patients and clinicians that help them effectively practice in the context of OpenNotes. METHOD: Twenty-eight mental health clinicians and 28 patients in mental health care participated in semi-structured interviews about their experiences and perceptions with OpenNotes...
November 23, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30465457/psychometric-properties-of-the-symptom-check-list-90-scl-90-for-chinese-undergraduate-students
#3
Yulan Yu, Chonghua Wan, E Scott Huebner, Xudong Zhao, Weinan Zeng, Lei Shang
BACKGROUND: Despite the widespread application of the Chinese version of Symptom Check List 90 (SCL-90) amongst undergraduate students, researchers have not thoroughly evaluated its psychometric features with representative samples of Chinese undergraduate students. AIM: To evaluate its psychometric properties based on a large, representative sample of Chinese undergraduate students. METHODS: A total of 4456 Chinese undergraduate students (age range = 17-25 years) completed the SCL-90...
November 22, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30463463/the-use-of-the-social-skills-performance-assessment-sspa-among-persons-with-serious-mental-illness-psychometric-assessment-and-network-analysis
#4
Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Gil Goldzweig, Nitzan Arnon-Ribenfeld, Michal Mashiach-Eizenberg, Shlomo Kravetz, David Roe
BACKGROUND: Challenges in social functioning are a major obstacle in the recovery process of persons with serious mental illness. Majority of social functioning measures use self-report assessments. AIMS: To validate the use of a performance based measure and examine a network analysis that explores the centrality of items. In addition, to explore the distinctiveness between the social skills performance assessment (SSPA), and a self-report measure of social quality of life (SQoL)...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30457031/depression-and-economic-status-evidence-for-non-linear-patterns-in-women-from-mexico
#5
Paul Anand, Lucio Esposito, Adrián Villaseñor
BACKGROUND: While social determinants of health perspective might lead to the hypothesis that higher economic achievements should be associated with better mental health, the evidence for adults is mixed and inconclusive. AIM: We test the role of wealth as a predictor of depressive symptoms controlling for a number of socio-demographic covariates, with a specific interest in gender-specific patterns. METHODS: Using a nationally representative survey from Mexico (N = 44,618), we carry out multivariate regression analysis where we jointly model linear and quadratic measures of wealth to detect non-linear relations between depression and wealth...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30457027/the-impact-of-community-based-mental-health-service-provision-on-stigma-and-attitudes-towards-professional-help-seeking
#6
Michelle Kearns, Orla T Muldoon, Rachel M Msetfi, Paul W G Surgenor
BACKGROUND: Stigma of mental ill-health and attitudes towards help-seeking are recognized barriers to seeking professional help, and have previously been linked to the type of support services available. AIMS: This study examined if the introduction of community-based mental health services to an area impacts mental health stigma and attitudes towards professional help-seeking amongst local residents. METHOD: A repeated cross-sectional study comprising of community surveys in two localities was carried out before and after community-based mental health services were introduced (N = 1074)...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30451053/adolescents-mental-health-and-well-being-in-developing-countries-a-cross-sectional-survey-from-pakistan
#7
Amna Khalid, Farah Qadir, Stella W Y Chan, Matthias Schwannauer
BACKGROUND: Despite global recognition of the significance of adolescents' mental health it remains a neglected area in research and health policy in Pakistan. AIM: To examine the rates of depression and anxiety and to assess the level of well-being among Pakistani adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of 1124 adolescents (age 11-18 years) was recruited from schools in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. RESULTS: 17.2% and 21...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30449227/distress-and-resilience-associated-with-workload-of-medical-students
#8
Antanas Kiziela, Rima Viliūnienė, Oddgeir Friborg, Alvydas Navickas
BACKGROUND: University students face numerous stressors during their study curricula, which require adequate resilience to ensure healthy adaptation. AIMS: To examine how relationships between study workload and mental health problems are moderated by resilience. Secondly, to compare our findings with other studies and assess differences in resilience and distress between medical and non-medical students. METHODS: A prospective quantitative design was used...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30449213/chinese-version-of-the-recovery-self-assessment-scale-psychometric-evidence-from-rasch-analysis-and-reliability-estimates
#9
June Chao, Andrew M H Siu, Odelia Leung, Ada Lo, Menza Chu, Wing Kin Lee, Chris Auw, Victor Lee, Will Chien
BACKGROUND: The Recovery Self-Assessment (RSA) is a popular and well-validated instrument for assessing recovery-oriented service around the world. AIMS: This study aims to develop a Chinese version of the RSA, which assesses the recovery orientation of hospital-based mental health services. METHODS: We conducted forward and backward translations of the RSA and modify the translated Chinese based on comments by content experts. We recruited 350 people with mental illnesses who regularly attend hospital and community mental health services...
November 17, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30445899/identifying-probable-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-applying-supervised-machine-learning-to-data-from-a-uk-military-cohort
#10
Daniel Leightley, Victoria Williamson, John Darby, Nicola T Fear
BACKGROUND: Early identification of probable post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can lead to early intervention and treatment. AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate supervised machine learning (ML) classifiers for the identification of probable PTSD in those who are serving, or have recently served in the United Kingdom (UK) Armed Forces. METHODS: Supervised ML classification techniques were applied to a military cohort of 13,690 serving and ex-serving UK Armed Forces personnel to identify probable PTSD based on self-reported service exposures and a range of validated self-report measures...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30445875/schizophrenia-literacy-the-effects-of-an-educational-intervention-on-populations-with-and-without-prior-health-education
#11
Einar B Thorsteinsson, Navjot Bhullar, Elizabeth Williams, Natasha M Loi
BACKGROUND: Mental health literacy is an important predictor of appropriate help-seeking behaviour. AIMS: This study investigated (a) the effects of an educational intervention on schizophrenia mental health literacy, beliefs about causes, discrimination, treatment, and attitudes that promote recognition, and (b) whether schizophrenia literacy would be higher in people with prior education in a health-related area than people without such education. METHOD: A randomised control design tested the effects of an educational intervention on schizophrenia literacy relative to a control group...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30445874/financial-difficulties-in-bipolar-disorder-part-1-longitudinal-relationships-with-mental-health
#12
Thomas Richardson, Megan Jansen, Chris Fitch
BACKGROUND: There has been little research on whether finances affect mental health in bipolar disorder. AIMS: This study aimed to examine the relationship between finances and mental health in bipolar disorder across two time points. METHODS: Fifty-four participants with bipolar disorder in a National Health Service community mental health service completed questionnaires examining financial difficulties, compulsive buying and perceived financial well-being...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417733/treating-financial-difficulty-the-missing-link-in-mental-health-care
#13
Katie Evans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417731/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-mental-health-service-utilization-among-the-hawaii-medicaid-population
#14
Eunjung Lim, Krupa Gandhi, Chathura Siriwardhana, James Davis, John J Chen
BACKGROUND: Racial/ethnic differences have not been adequately addressed in the utilization of mental health services among Medicaid populations. AIM: This study aimed to examine racial/ethnic differences in the utilization of health services for mental disorders in a Medicaid adult population aged between 21 and 64 years. METHODS: Racial/ethnic differences in inpatient, outpatient and emergency department services utilization were assessed using 2010 Hawaii Medicaid data...
November 10, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417711/debt-common-mental-disorders-and-mental-health-service-use
#15
Cerisse Gunasinghe, Billy Gazard, Lisa Aschan, Shirlee MacCrimmon, Matthew Hotopf, Stephani L Hatch
BACKGROUND: Uncertainty remains as to whether the effects of debt on common mental disorder (CMD) are persistent over time and what impact it has on mental health service use (MHSU). AIMS: To determine the distribution of debt across sociodemographic and socioeconomic statuses; to examine whether debt influences CMD recovery over time; and to determine the effects of episodic and/or long-term debt and CMD on MHSU outcomes. METHODS: Data were collected from phase 1 (N = 1698) and phase 2 (N = 1052) of the South East London Community Health (SELCoH) study, a population-based survey...
November 10, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30378436/a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-relationship-between-neurocognition-metacognition-and-functional-outcome-in-schizophrenia
#16
Geoff Davies, Kathryn Greenwood
Previous research has identified that neurocognition predicts functional outcome in schizophrenia to a greater extent than psychopathology. More contemporary authors have begun to explore the role of metacognition as a mediating variable between neurocognition and functional outcome. The present review sought to extend the known work by synthesising the results reported in individual studies to see if these results are consistently found across samples. Relevant search strategies were entered into Medline (PubMed), PsychINFO and Embase...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30366513/a-positive-psychology-intervention-for-patients-with-bipolar-depression-a-randomized-pilot-trial
#17
Christopher M Celano, Federico Gomez-Bernal, Carol A Mastromauro, Eleanor E Beale, Christina M DuBois, Randy P Auerbach, Jeff C Huffman
BACKGROUND: There are few effective treatments for bipolar depression, a common and debilitating illness. AIMS: We aimed to examine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a four-week, telephone-delivered positive psychology (PP) intervention for patients with bipolar depression. METHODS: Twenty-five patients hospitalized for bipolar depression were randomized to receive a PP (n = 14) or control condition (CC; n = 11) intervention...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358463/the-changing-nature-of-happiness-an-in-depth-study-of-a-town-in-north-west-england-1938-2016
#18
Woody Caan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358461/the-role-of-mothers-affiliate-stigma-and-child-s-symptoms-on-the-distress-of-mothers-with-adhd-children
#19
Elodie Charbonnier, Serge Caparos, Bastien Trémolière
BACKGROUND: Mothers of ADHD children often display high levels of distress. Understanding the origin of such distress in a view to reducing it is an essential part of the clinical management of ADHD children. Studies have shown that children's symptoms are linked to mothers' stigma and that such stigma can cause mothers' distress. However, no study has explored the links between symptoms, stigma and distress. AIM: We tested (1) whether children's symptoms are sources of affiliate stigma, which in turn contributes to generating mothers' distress and (2) whether such relationship is stronger in mothers of male ADHD children...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30354901/mental-health-problems-of-reproductive-age-group-women-in-a-rural-community-of-south-west-nigeria
#20
Tolulope Soyannwo, Ayodeji Matthew Adebayo, Oluwakemi Sigbeku
BACKGROUND: Mental health is a component of reproductive health which is generally not given priority in low and middle income countries. Efforts to improve women's health have focused majorly on issues associated with reproduction such as family planning and child-bearing while women's mental health has been relatively neglected. AIM: This study was conducted to determine prevalence and factors influencing mental health problems in non-pregnant reproductive age women in a rural community of south west Nigeria...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
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