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Journal of Mental Health

Robert Wickstead, Adrian Furnham
BACKGROUND: This study compared mental health and physical health literacy using five health problems from each area. AIMS: The aim was to determine whether the same group had better physical than mental health literacy Method: A sample of 263 participants completed an online questionnaire requiring them to name a problem/illness described in 10 vignettes and suggest treatment options. Five vignettes described mental health problems (anxiety, bipolar-disorder, depression, OCPD and schizophrenia) and five physical problems (angina, COPD, diabetes, a heart attack, and sinusitis)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Brenda Happell, Wanda Bennetts, Jenny Tohotoa, Dianne Wynaden, Chris Platania-Phung
BACKGROUND: Developing recovery-oriented services, and ensuring genuine consumer participation in all aspects of services are central components of contemporary Australian mental health policy. However, attitudes of mental health professionals present a significant barrier. Given the positive impact of education on health professionals' attitudes, particularly when consumers are involved, further exploration of consumer involvement in education is required. AIMS: To enhance understanding of the role consumers can play within mental health nursing education...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Maria J O'Connell, Elizabeth H Flanagan, Miriam E Delphin-Rittmon, Larry Davidson
BACKGROUND: "Recovery supports", often provided by persons in recovery themselves, have emerged over the last decade as important components of recovery-oriented systems of care for persons with substance use disorders. AIMS: This study assesses the benefit of adding peer recovery supports to the care of adults with co-occurring psychosis and substance use. METHOD: 137 adults with both disorders who had at least one prior admission within the past year were recruited during an index hospitalization into a randomized trial of standard care vs skills training with and without a peer-led social engagement program...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Annica Brännlund, Mattias Strandh, Karina Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Education profoundly affects adult socioeconomic status, so it is important to ensure that all children have the capability and opportunity to achieve educational goals. AIMS: The study aimed to examine the relationship between mental-health during adolescence and upper secondary school completion and grades, which has received comparatively little research attention to date. METHOD: Longitudinal administrative and registered data were used to analyse the relationship between school achievement and prescriptions of psycholeptic and psycho-analeptic drugs...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Samantha K Brooks, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Most military mental health research focuses on the impact of deployment-related stress; less is known about how everyday work-related factors affect wellbeing. AIMS: This systematic narrative literature review aimed to identify non-deployment-related factors contributing to the wellbeing of military personnel. METHOD: Electronic literature databases were searched and the findings of relevant studies were used to explore non-deployment-related risk and resilience factors...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Young Sik Lee, Ji Hyun Son, Jeong Ha Park, Sun Mi Kim, Baik Seok Kee, Doug Hyun Han
BACKGROUND: The differences in prevalence, natural history, and disease progression between Internet gaming disorder (IGD) and substance use disorder contribute to the controversy over IGD as a diagnosis under substance-related and addictive disorders. AIMS: The purpose of the current study was to assess the temperament and character of subjects with IGD in comparison with those with alcohol dependence (AD). METHODS: Temperament and character were assessed using Cloningernt temperament and character inventory (TCI)...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Simon M Rice, Nic R Telford, Debra J Rickwood, Alexandra G Parker
BACKGROUND: Young men experiencing mental ill health report the lowest rates of professional help-seeking of any demographic group across the lifespan. This phase of life (i.e. adolescence and emerging adulthood) also corresponds to a period of disconnection from healthcare services for young men. AIMS: The present exploratory qualitative study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to mental health care, as identified by a sample of young help-seeking men and staff involved in mental health service provision...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Alana Fisher, Vijaya Manicavasagar, Louise Sharpe, Rebekah Laidsaar-Powell, Ilona Juraskova
BACKGROUND: Treatment decision-making in bipolar II disorder (BPII) is challenging, yet the decision support needs of patients and family remain unknown. AIM: To explore patient and family perspectives of treatment decision-making in BPII. METHOD: Semistructured, qualitative interviews were conducted with 28 patients with BPII-diagnosis and 13 family members with experience in treatment decision-making in the outpatient setting. Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically using framework methods...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Paul Filip Gorczynski, Matthew Sitch, Guy Faulkner
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia are not active and lack the necessary knowledge and confidence to become and stay active. To develop effective physical activity promotion interventions, it is necessary to identify credible messengers and effective methods to disseminate physical activity information to this population. AIMS: The purpose of this scoping review was to identify and examine knowledge mobilization theories, messengers and methods used to disseminate physical activity information to individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Cheuk Yan Lee, Adrian Furnham, Christopher Merritt
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated that Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is one of the most widely recognized mental disorders, but recognition is affected by trauma type. AIMS: The current study investigated the effect of direct versus indirect exposure to traumatic event and trauma types on Mental Health Literacy (MHL) of PTSD. METHODS: Two hundred and thirty-three participants were asked to identify the mental health problem after presentation of an unlabeled vignette describing a character experiencing PTSD symptoms...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Chiara Samele, Andrew Forrester, Mark Bertram
BACKGROUND: Few employment programmes exist to support forensic service users with severe mental health problems and a criminal history. Little is known about how best to achieve this. The Employment and Social Inclusion Project (ESIP) was developed and piloted to support forensic service users into employment and vocational activities. AIMS: This pilot service evaluation aimed to assess the number of service users who secured employment/vocational activities and explored services users' and staff experiences...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Sophie Westwood, Linda Morison, Jackie Allt, Nan Holmes
BACKGROUND: Among mental health staff, burnout has been associated with undesirable outcomes, such as physical and mental ill-health, high levels of staff turnover and poorer patient care. AIMS: To estimate the prevalence and predictors of burnout amongst Improving Access to Psychological Therapist (IAPT) practitioners. METHODS: IAPT practitioners (N = 201) completed an on-line survey measuring time spent per week on different types of work related activity...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Chathurika Kannangara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Guillaume Fortin, Tania Lecomte, Marc Corbière
BACKGROUND: When employment difficulties in people with severe mental illness (SMI) occur, it could be partly linked to issues not specific to SMI, such as personality traits or problems. Despite the fact that personality has a marked influence on almost every aspect of work behavior, it has scarcely been investigated in the context of employment for people with SMI. AIMS: We aimed to evaluate if personality was more predictive than clinical variables of different competitive work outcomes, namely acquisition of competitive employment, delay to acquisition and job tenure...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Martín Agrest, Silvina Barruti, Raquel Gabriel, Virginia Zalazar, Silvia Wikinski, Sara Ardila-Gómez
BACKGROUND: Scarce information is available about how users experience treatment at mental health day hospitals, particularly in South America. AIMS: To explore users' perspectives about elements of day hospital treatment that facilitate or hinder the recovery process in a mental health facility in Buenos Aires, Argentina. METHODS: Semi-structured individual interviews (n = 8) and focus groups (n = 4) were carried out with a convenience sample of users of a mental health day hospital program based on a formulation, testing and redevelopment of propositions approach...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Katalin Ujhelyi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Rachel Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Lorraine Yap, Su Shu, Lei Zhang, Wei Liu, Yi Chen, Zunyou Wu, Jianghong Li, Handan Wand, Basil Donovan, Tony Butler
BACKGROUND: There is currently no information about the prevalence of, and factors contributing to psychological distress experienced by re-education through labour camp detainees in China. METHODS: A cross-sectional face-to-face survey was conducted in three labour camps in Guangxi, China. The questionnaire covered socio-demographic characteristics; sexually transmissible infections (STIs); drug use; psychological distress (K-10); and health service usage and access inside the labour camps...
February 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Zongtang Xie, Jiuping Xu, Zhibin Wu
BACKGROUND: Earthquake exposure has often been associated with psychological distress. However, little is known about the cumulative effect of exposure to two earthquakes on psychological distress and in particular, the effect on the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety and depression disorders. AIMS: This study explored the effect of exposure on mental health outcomes after a first earthquake and again after a second earthquake. METHODS: A population-based mental health survey using self-report questionnaires was conducted on 278 people in the hard-hit areas of Lushan and Baoxing Counties 13-16 months after the Wenchuan earthquake (Sample 1)...
February 2017: Journal of Mental Health
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