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Journal of Mental Health

Alana Fisher, Vijaya Manicavasagar, Louise Sharpe, Rebekah Laidsaar-Powell, Ilona Juraskova
BACKGROUND: Treatment decision-making in bipolar II disorder (BPII) is challenging, yet the decision support needs of patients and family remain unknown. AIM: To explore patient and family perspectives of treatment decision-making in BPII. METHOD: Semistructured, qualitative interviews were conducted with 28 patients with BPII-diagnosis and 13 family members with experience in treatment decision-making in the outpatient setting. Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically using framework methods...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Paul Filip Gorczynski, Matthew Sitch, Guy Faulkner
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia are not active and lack the necessary knowledge and confidence to become and stay active. To develop effective physical activity promotion interventions, it is necessary to identify credible messengers and effective methods to disseminate physical activity information to this population. AIMS: The purpose of this scoping review was to identify and examine knowledge mobilization theories, messengers and methods used to disseminate physical activity information to individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Cheuk Yan Lee, Adrian Furnham, Christopher Merritt
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated that Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is one of the most widely recognized mental disorders, but recognition is affected by trauma type. AIMS: The current study investigated the effect of direct versus indirect exposure to traumatic event and trauma types on Mental Health Literacy (MHL) of PTSD. METHODS: Two hundred and thirty-three participants were asked to identify the mental health problem after presentation of an unlabeled vignette describing a character experiencing PTSD symptoms...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Chiara Samele, Andrew Forrester, Mark Bertram
BACKGROUND: Few employment programmes exist to support forensic service users with severe mental health problems and a criminal history. Little is known about how best to achieve this. The Employment and Social Inclusion Project (ESIP) was developed and piloted to support forensic service users into employment and vocational activities. AIMS: This pilot service evaluation aimed to assess the number of service users who secured employment/vocational activities and explored services users' and staff experiences...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Sophie Westwood, Linda Morison, Jackie Allt, Nan Holmes
BACKGROUND: Among mental health staff, burnout has been associated with undesirable outcomes, such as physical and mental ill-health, high levels of staff turnover and poorer patient care. AIMS: To estimate the prevalence and predictors of burnout amongst Improving Access to Psychological Therapist (IAPT) practitioners. METHODS: IAPT practitioners (N = 201) completed an on-line survey measuring time spent per week on different types of work related activity...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Chathurika Kannangara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Guillaume Fortin, Tania Lecomte, Marc Corbière
BACKGROUND: When employment difficulties in people with severe mental illness (SMI) occur, it could be partly linked to issues not specific to SMI, such as personality traits or problems. Despite the fact that personality has a marked influence on almost every aspect of work behavior, it has scarcely been investigated in the context of employment for people with SMI. AIMS: We aimed to evaluate if personality was more predictive than clinical variables of different competitive work outcomes, namely acquisition of competitive employment, delay to acquisition and job tenure...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Martín Agrest, Silvina Barruti, Raquel Gabriel, Virginia Zalazar, Silvia Wikinski, Sara Ardila-Gómez
BACKGROUND: Scarce information is available about how users experience treatment at mental health day hospitals, particularly in South America. AIMS: To explore users' perspectives about elements of day hospital treatment that facilitate or hinder the recovery process in a mental health facility in Buenos Aires, Argentina. METHODS: Semi-structured individual interviews (n = 8) and focus groups (n = 4) were carried out with a convenience sample of users of a mental health day hospital program based on a formulation, testing and redevelopment of propositions approach...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Zongtang Xie, Jiuping Xu, Zhibin Wu
BACKGROUND: Earthquake exposure has often been associated with psychological distress. However, little is known about the cumulative effect of exposure to two earthquakes on psychological distress and in particular, the effect on the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety and depression disorders. AIMS: This study explored the effect of exposure on mental health outcomes after a first earthquake and again after a second earthquake. METHODS: A population-based mental health survey using self-report questionnaires was conducted on 278 people in the hard-hit areas of Lushan and Baoxing Counties 13-16 months after the Wenchuan earthquake (Sample 1)...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Su-Jung Nam, Eun-Young Park
BACKGROUND: Individuals with intellectual disabilities (IWID) need intensive long-term care. Consequently, caregivers experience not only economic burdens but also tension, depression, insecurity, etc. AIM: This study aimed to provide basic data and materials for preparing policy alternatives to improve caregiver quality of life of by examining relationships between IWID caregiving burden and depression. METHODS: This study involved secondary analysis of data from the 2011 Survey on the Actual Conditions of Individuals with Developmental Disabilities, conducted by the Ministry of Health and Welfare of Korea...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Katalin Ujhelyi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Rachel Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Cheryl H K Chui, Mao-Sheng Ran, Rong-Hui Li, Mei Fan, Zhen Zhang, Yuan-Hao Li, Guo Jing Ou, Zhe Jiang, Yu-Zhen Tong, Ding-Zhi Fang
BACKGROUND: It is unclear about the change and risk factors of depression among adolescent survivors after earthquake. AIMS: This study aimed to explore the change of depression, and identify the predictive factors of depression among adolescent survivors after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China. METHODS: The depression among high school students at 6, 12 and 18 months after the Wenchuan earthquake were investigated. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used in this study to assess the severity of depression...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte, Donna Gloe, Loretta Thomas, Ioanna V Papathanasiou, Konstantinos Tsaras
BACKGROUND: While stress is gaining attention as an important subject of research in nursing literature, coping strategies, as an important construct, has never been comprehensively reviewed. AIM: The aims of this review were: (1) to identify the level of stress, its sources, and (2) to explore coping methods used by student nurses during nursing education. METHODS: This is a systematic review of studies conducted from 2000 to 2015 on stress and coping strategies in nursing students...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Abdalla A R M Hamid, Saif A Musa
BACKGROUND: Professional caregivers dealing with traumatized victims or mental health clients are at increased risk for developing the same symptoms as persons who are exposed directly to the trauma. AIMS: This research was aimed at examining the relationship between secondary traumatic stress, burnout and coping strategies in 502 professional caregivers who work in schools, hospitals, charity institutes and welfare centers in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). A further aim was to test the mediating effect of coping on the relationship between burnout and secondary traumatic stress...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Amy E Lyndon, Allison Crowe, Karl L Wuensch, Susan L McCammon, Karen B Davis
BACKGROUND: Stigma associated with mental illness (MI) results in underutilization of mental health care. We must understand factors contributing to stigma to shape anti-stigma campaigns. AIMS: To investigate the factors influencing stigma in university students. METHOD: Undergraduate psychology students completed measures on causal attribution, stigma, social distance, implicit person theory (IPT), and familiarity. RESULTS: The hypothesis was partially supported; people who felt personality traits were unchangeable (i...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Nuno Rodrigues-Silva, Telma Falcão de Almeida, Filipa Araújo, Andrew Molodynski, Ângela Venâncio, Jorge Bouça
BACKGROUND: Stigmatizing references to schizophrenia have a negative impact on self-esteem, deter treatment seeking and diminish the effectiveness of treatment. AIMS: To analyze the reporting of schizophrenia in Portuguese newspapers. METHOD: We analyzed five high circulation Portuguese newspapers between 2007 and 2013. We selected all news containing the word "esquizofrenia" (schizophrenia). Several variables were collected. RESULTS: About 1058 news items contained the word schizophrenia...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Louise Byrne, Cath Roper, Brenda Happell, Kerry Reid-Searl
BACKGROUND: Lived experience practitioners can contribute to improved outcomes for people with mental illness, supplementing traditional mental health services and reducing health care costs. However, lived experience practitioners frequently face stigma and discrimination within their work roles. AIM: To understand the impact of stigma and discrimination on the effectiveness of lived experience roles from the perspective of lived experience practitioners. METHOD: In-depth interviews were conducted with 13 lived experience practitioners within a grounded theory study...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Helle Stentoft Dalum, Anna Kristine Waldemar, Lisa Korsbek, Carsten Rygaard Hjorthøj, John Hagel Mikkelsen, Karin Thomsen, Kristen Kistrup, Mette Olander, Jane Lindschou, Merete Nordentoft, Lene Falgaard Eplov
BACKGROUND: Psychoeducational interventions for people with severe mental illness are developed to enable them to manage their illness effectively to improve prognosis and recovery. AIM: The aim was to investigate the benefits and harms of the Illness Management and Recovery (IMR) program among people with severe mental illness in Denmark. IMR builds among other approaches on a psychoeducational approach. METHODS: A randomized, multi-center, clinical trial of the IMR program compared with treatment as usual among 198 participants with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder investigating outcomes related to illness self-management assessed by the IMR scale, recovery, hope and participants' satisfaction at the end of the 9 months intervention period...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
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