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Journal of Mental Health

Abdalla A R M Hamid, Saif A Musa
BACKGROUND: Professional caregivers dealing with traumatized victims or mental health clients are at increased risk for developing the same symptoms as persons who are exposed directly to the trauma. AIMS: This research was aimed at examining the relationship between secondary traumatic stress, burnout and coping strategies in 502 professional caregivers who work in schools, hospitals, charity institutes and welfare centers in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). A further aim was to test the mediating effect of coping on the relationship between burnout and secondary traumatic stress...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
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December 6, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Amy E Lyndon, Allison Crowe, Karl L Wuensch, Susan L McCammon, Karen B Davis
BACKGROUND: Stigma associated with mental illness (MI) results in underutilization of mental health care. We must understand factors contributing to stigma to shape anti-stigma campaigns. AIMS: To investigate the factors influencing stigma in university students. METHOD: Undergraduate psychology students completed measures on causal attribution, stigma, social distance, implicit person theory (IPT), and familiarity. RESULTS: The hypothesis was partially supported; people who felt personality traits were unchangeable (i...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Nuno Rodrigues-Silva, Telma Falcão de Almeida, Filipa Araújo, Andrew Molodynski, Ângela Venâncio, Jorge Bouça
BACKGROUND: Stigmatizing references to schizophrenia have a negative impact on self-esteem, deter treatment seeking and diminish the effectiveness of treatment. AIMS: To analyze the reporting of schizophrenia in Portuguese newspapers. METHOD: We analyzed five high circulation Portuguese newspapers between 2007 and 2013. We selected all news containing the word "esquizofrenia" (schizophrenia). Several variables were collected. RESULTS: About 1058 news items contained the word schizophrenia...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Louise Byrne, Cath Roper, Brenda Happell, Kerry Reid-Searl
BACKGROUND: Lived experience practitioners can contribute to improved outcomes for people with mental illness, supplementing traditional mental health services and reducing health care costs. However, lived experience practitioners frequently face stigma and discrimination within their work roles. AIM: To understand the impact of stigma and discrimination on the effectiveness of lived experience roles from the perspective of lived experience practitioners. METHOD: In-depth interviews were conducted with 13 lived experience practitioners within a grounded theory study...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Helle Stentoft Dalum, Anna Kristine Waldemar, Lisa Korsbek, Carsten Rygaard Hjorthøj, John Hagel Mikkelsen, Karin Thomsen, Kristen Kistrup, Mette Olander, Jane Lindschou, Merete Nordentoft, Lene Falgaard Eplov
BACKGROUND: Psychoeducational interventions for people with severe mental illness are developed to enable them to manage their illness effectively to improve prognosis and recovery. AIM: The aim was to investigate the benefits and harms of the Illness Management and Recovery (IMR) program among people with severe mental illness in Denmark. IMR builds among other approaches on a psychoeducational approach. METHODS: A randomized, multi-center, clinical trial of the IMR program compared with treatment as usual among 198 participants with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder investigating outcomes related to illness self-management assessed by the IMR scale, recovery, hope and participants' satisfaction at the end of the 9 months intervention period...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Blake A Allan, Chelsea Dexter, Rebecca Kinsey, Shelby Parker
BACKGROUND: Depression, anxiety and stress are common problems for modern workers. Although having meaningful work, or work that is significant, facilitates personal growth, and contributes to the greater good, has been linked to better mental health, people's work might also need to be satisfying or enjoyable to improve outcomes. AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to examine meaningful work's relation to mental health (i.e. depression, anxiety and stress) and investigate job satisfaction as a moderator of this relation...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Rüya-Daniela Kocalevent, Carolyn Finck, Mónica Pérez-Trujillo, Leon Sautier, Jördis Zill, Andreas Hinz
BACKGROUND: The Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) is a self-report instrument for the quantification of hopelessness in nonpsychiatric, as well as psychiatric patients. Hopelessness is a key psychological variable in suicide prediction. Until now the psychometric properties of the instrument have not been studied in a representative sample of the general population. AIMS: The objectives of the study were to generate normative data and to further investigate the construct validity and factorial structure of the BHS...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Rachel Kester, Jürgen Unützer, Diane Hogan, Hsiang Huang
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic medications are widely used to treat behavioral symptoms of dementia. However, studies have shown that antipsychotic use in patients with dementia is associated with risk of side effects. AIMS: The aim of this study is to examine antipsychotic prescribing patterns for beneficiaries with dementia enrolled in a Medicare Advantage program and identify opportunities to improve prescribing practices. METHODS: This study includes Medicare Advantage beneficiaries who were 65 years of age or older with dementia...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Samantha K Brooks, Clare Gerada, Trudie Chalder
OBJECTIVES: The current paper aimed to explore doctor-patients' views about their treatment from the Practitioner Health Programme (PHP), a UK-based service treating health professionals with mental health/addiction problems. Aims were to gain insights into the issues most important to patients and consider whether a service specifically for doctors is important in helping to overcome barriers to accessing mental healthcare. METHODS: Nine doctor-patients attending PHP took part in semi-structured interviews between September 2010 and June 2011...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Attila Szabo, Letícia Nikházy, Benedek Tihanyi, Szilvia Boros
BACKGROUND: Bikram yoga is a relatively new, but an increasingly popular form of exercise. Its health benefits were demonstrated on physical and psychological measures. AIMS: The current field study tested the acute effects of Bikram yoga on practitioners' positive-/negative-affect and state-anxiety, and their link to the self-perceived stress, in Bikram yoga participants. METHOD: Field study, within-participants design, testing perceived stress and its relation to changes in positive-/negative-affect and state-anxiety in 53 habitual Bikram yoga participants...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Mária Sováriová Soósová, Želmíra Macejová, Mária Zamboriová, Lucia Dimunová
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is significantly associated with psychiatric morbidity. Mental health conditions are often unrecognized and untreated in primary care. AIMS: To assess prevalence of anxiety and depression and their impact on arthritis pain and functional disability in Slovak patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: Anxiety was assessed by the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), depression by the Zung self-rating depression scale (SDS), pain by the visual analog scale (VAS) and functional disability by the health assessment questionnaire - disability index (HAQ-DI) in 142 patients with rheumatoid arthritis...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Mokhtar G E K N Isaac, Maria M Isaac, Nicolas Farina, Naji Tabet
BACKGROUND: Improving people's knowledge, perceptions and attitudes of dementia is important in the formation of dementia-friendly communities. However, at present, there is very little evidence from adolescents, who are already the junior members of such communities and will be carers in their own rights in the future. Our aim was to evaluate adolescents' knowledge and attitudes of dementia. METHODS: Four-hundred and fifty adolescents, aged 15-18 years, from schools in Sussex (UK) were invited to complete a series of questions that assessed their dementia knowledge and attitudes...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Denise Lamanna, Danijela Ninkovic, Vinothini Vijayaratnam, Ken Balderson, Harold Spivak, Shelley Brook, David Robertson
BACKGROUND: When the people hospitalized in psychiatric units demonstrate aggression, it harms individuals and creates legal and financial issues for hospitals. Aggression has been linked to inpatient, clinician and environmental characteristics. However, previous work primarily accessed clinicians' perspectives or administrative data and rarely incorporated inpatients' insights. This limits validity of findings and impedes comparisons of inpatient and clinician perspectives. AIMS: This study explored and compared inpatient and clinician perspectives on the factors affecting verbal and physical aggression by psychiatric inpatients...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Barry Tolchard
BACKGROUND: There is evidence supporting the use of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in the treatment of problem gambling. Despite this, little is known about how CBT works and which particular approach is most effective. This paper aims to synthesize the evidence for current CBT and propose a more unified approach to treatment. METHODS: A literature review and narrative synthesis of the current research evidence of CBT for the treatment of problem gambling was conducted, focusing on the underlying mechanisms within the treatment approach...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Paul Morrison, Norman J Stomski, Tom Meehan
BACKGROUND: Currently, little is known about mental health nurses' management of antipsychotic medication side effects. AIMS: This study examined how Australian mental health nurses' attitudes and service processes influence the assessment of antipsychotic medication side effects. METHODS: Participants were included if they were registered nurses in Australian mental health settings. An online questionnaire was distributed via email. Multivariate logistic regression was used to examine associations between attitudes and awareness, and use of antipsychotic medication assessment tools...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Mohsen Joshanloo, Veljko Jovanović
BACKGROUND: The Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) is a brief measure to assess emotional, social, and psychological well-being. AIMS: We examined the factor structure of the MHC-SF in Serbia. A secondary goal was to examine measurement invariance and latent mean differences across gender. METHOD: The methods of Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling (ESEM) were used to investigate the factor structure of the scale in a large sample (N = 1883)...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Mercedes Hernandez, Concepción Barrio
BACKGROUND: Medication nonadherence among Latinos with schizophrenia represents a significant treatment obstacle. Although some studies have examined patient and family perceptions of adherence, few have examined these perceptions together. However, such knowledge can provide a deeper understanding of how family processes may contribute to or impede adherence among underserved groups such as Latinos. AIMS: This study explored perceptions of medication and adherence among Latinos with schizophrenia and key family members...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
James Reavell, Qulsom Fazil
BACKGROUND: With an increasing number of refugees migrating across continents, the crisis is very apparent. AIM: A literature review of patterns, risk factors and effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in refugee minors was carried out involving those who have resettled in different developed countries. METHODS: Papers were narrowed down by reading the abstracts and methods to ascertain whether the refugee children had resettled in developed countries and to ensure that they had not just been internally displaced...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Stephanie A Sacks, Barbara Schwartz, Kim T Mueser
BACKGROUND: Many Veterans may not benefit from gold-standard evidence-based treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) because they suffer from co-occurring serious mental illness (SMI). AIMS: This pilot study is the first to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of the Trauma Recovery Group in a sample of Veterans with PTSD and SMI. METHODS: Fourteen Veterans with PTSD and SMI were enrolled in a 21-session group-based cognitive behavioral therapy program targeting PTSD...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
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