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Journal of Mental Health

Anna Galloway, Nancy Pistrang
BACKGROUND: Research on peer support in mental health inpatient settings has focussed on formalised programmes. Naturally occurring peer support - spontaneous interactions without structure or roles - has received little attention. AIMS: This study aimed to provide a detailed picture of service-users' experiences of giving and receiving support in an acute inpatient setting, and possible challenges encountered in such interactions. Staff perceptions were obtained in order to provide another perspective...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Hamish Fibbins, Louise Czosnek, Robert Stanton, Kade Davison, Oscar Lederman, Rachel Morell, Philip Ward, Simon Rosenbaum
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) significantly improves physical health and clinical symptoms across mental disorders. Accredited Exercise Physiologists (AEPs) are trained to lead PA interventions for people with mental illness, but referrals to AEPs are low. AIMS: To determine the knowledge and attitudes of delegates attending the 2017 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) conference toward physical health monitoring and exercise interventions for people with mental illness...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
José H Marco, Sandra Alonso, Joaquín Andani
BACKGROUND: Early intervention in workers diagnosed with mental disorders is associated with a lower incidence of relapse and shorter sick leave. However, no studies have been carried out on the effect of early intervention using an evidence-based therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), on people with sick leave. AIMS: The objectives of the present study are to study whether the type of intervention (early or late) will affect the total duration of the sick leave, the partial duration of the sick leave, the duration of the psychotherapy and the time until return to work after the psychotherapy ends...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Jerome Carson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Bryna J Harrington, Brian W Pence, Mathias John, Caroline G Melhado, Jacob Phulusa, Bryan Mthiko, Bradley N Gaynes, Joanna Maselko, William C Miller, Mina C Hosseinipour
BACKGROUND: Option B+ has increased the number of pregnant women initiating antiretroviral therapy for HIV, yet retention in HIV care is sub-optimal. Retention may be affected by antenatal depression. However, few data exist on antenatal depression in this population. AIM: Describe the prevalence and factors associated with antenatal depression among Malawian women enrolled in Option B+. METHOD: At their first antenatal visit, women with HIV provided demographic and psychosocial information, including depression as measured with the locally validated Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Kate Emond, Peter O'Meara, Melanie Bish
BACKGROUND: Mental illness is a recognised global health issue and is a major burden of disease that health systems have failed to adequately address. National reforms in Australia to improve mental health service delivery propose building the knowledge and skills of service providers, such as paramedics, to ensure that they appropriately respond to the needs of people experiencing mental health issues. There is a paucity of literature on the role of paramedics in managing mental health presentations despite becoming an increasingly significant part of mental health care in the pre-hospital context...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
David Pilgrim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Sunjai Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Mental Health
June S L Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Priscilla Rose Selvaraj, Christine Suniti Bhat
BACKGROUND: Behavioral health treatment is grounded in the medical model with language of deficits and problems, rather than resources and strengths. With developments in the field of positive psychology, re-focusing on well-being rather than illness is possible. AIMS: The primary purpose of this study was to examine relationships and predictions that exist between levels of mental health in college students, i.e., flourishing, moderate mental health, and languishing, and psychological capital (PsyCap)...
June 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Amelia Gulliver, Louise Farrer, Kylie Bennett, Kathina Ali, Annika Hellsing, Natasha Katruss, Kathleen M Griffiths
BACKGROUND: University students experience high levels of mental health problems; however, very few seek professional help. Teaching staff within the university are well placed to assist students to seek support. AIMS: To investigate university teaching staff experiences of, and training needs around, assisting students with mental health problems. METHOD: A total of 224 teaching staff at the Australian National University completed an anonymous online survey (16...
June 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Frederick A J Simon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Kate V Hardy, Douglas L Noordsy, Jacob S Ballon, Mark P McGovern, Carmela Salomon, Shannon Wiltsey Stirman
BACKGROUND: The average age of onset of psychosis coincides with the age of college enrollment. Little is known about the impact of educational engagement on DUP in a college-aged population. AIMS: To determine DUP, and the impact of educational engagement, for college-aged participants of the RAISE study (n = 404). METHOD: We conducted secondary data analyses on the publicly available RAISE dataset. Subsamples were analyzed to determine the impact of age and educational engagement on DUP...
June 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Martin Guha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Nicola Byrom
BACKGROUND: Peer support is support provided by and for people with similar experiences. As students turn to peers for support with their mental health, peer support may provide an opportunity to engage students at an informal level and avoid some barriers to help-seeking. AIMS: The study aimed to identify students likely to attend peer support and evaluate the acceptability and impact of the intervention. METHODS: A six-part peer-led course for mild depression, based on behavioural activation and implementation intentions, was evaluated across eight UK universities with 65 students participating in the evaluation...
June 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Faye Mishna, Cheryl Regehr, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Joanne Daciuk, Gwendolyn Fearing, Melissa Van Wert
AIM: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) offer immense benefits for university students including enhancing engagement and connections with others and promoting self-directed and interactive learning. Perceived anonymity and the absence of social cues, however, may contribute to risk of interpersonal aggression. While extensive research examines bullying in child and adolescent educational settings, this study addresses a gap regarding post-secondary environments. METHODS: An internet-based survey was provided to 5004 university students to examine the nature, extent and consequences of cyber-aggression...
June 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Jason C McIntyre, Joanne Worsley, Rhiannon Corcoran, Paula Harrison Woods, Richard P Bentall
BACKGROUND: University students experience high rates of stress and mental illness; however, few studies have comprehensively examined the impact of academic and non-academic stressors on student mental health. Similarly, there has been little focus on the role of social groups in protecting against mental distress in this young adult group. AIM: To identify the key social determinants of mental health symptoms in a student population. METHODS: Using an online survey, we administered measures of social connectedness and mental health symptoms alongside academic and non-academic stressors to a large sample of UK university students...
June 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Ann Macaskill
BACKGROUND: Student mental health is a global issue. Macaskill reported that the second year was associated with the most significant increases in psychiatric symptoms in UK students. Qualitative data were collected to explore this further. METHOD: Twenty-three second-year undergraduate students were interviewed using a narrative interviewing method to explore their experience of their second year of study. They also completed the General Health Questionnaire-28...
June 2018: Journal of Mental Health
John-Tyler Binfet, Holli-Anne Passmore, Alex Cebry, Kathryn Struik, Carson McKay
BACKGROUND: Increasingly colleges and universities are offering canine therapy to help students de-stress as a means of supporting students' emotional health and mental well-being. Despite the popularity of such programs, there remains a dearth of research attesting to their benefits. AIMS: Participants included 1960 students at a mid-size western Canadian University. The study's aims were to assess the stress-reducing effects of a weekly drop-in, canine-therapy program and to identify how long participants spent with therapy canines to reduce their stress...
June 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Sarah Ketchen Lipson, Daniel Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are highly prevalent in university populations and have been shown to impair academic performance. Yet little is known about the ways in which mental health influences academic outcomes in higher education. AIMS: This study seeks to offer new insight into the relationship between mental health and academic performance, focusing on students' academic experience and expectations as interrelated mechanisms. METHOD: Data come from 3556 students at four campuses that participated in the Healthy Minds Study...
June 2018: Journal of Mental Health
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