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Journal of Mental Health

Yifeng Wei, Patrick J McGrath, Jill Hayden, Stan Kutcher
BACKGROUND: Mental health literacy is important to improve help-seeking behaviors. However, the quality of mental health help-seeking tools remains unknown. AIMS: We conducted a systematic review to appraise the quality of such tools. METHODS: We searched databases for English publications addressing psychometrics of help-seeking tools. We included help-seeking tools addressing mental health in general and tools on four mental disorders: anxiety, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and schizophrenia...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Juliana Onwumere, Elizabeth Kuipers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Robert Wickstead, Adrian Furnham
BACKGROUND: This study compared mental health and physical health literacy using five health problems from each area. AIMS: The aim was to determine whether the same group had better physical than mental health literacy Method: A sample of 263 participants completed an online questionnaire requiring them to name a problem/illness described in 10 vignettes and suggest treatment options. Five vignettes described mental health problems (anxiety, bipolar-disorder, depression, OCPD and schizophrenia) and five physical problems (angina, COPD, diabetes, a heart attack, and sinusitis)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Brenda Happell, Wanda Bennetts, Jenny Tohotoa, Dianne Wynaden, Chris Platania-Phung
BACKGROUND: Developing recovery-oriented services, and ensuring genuine consumer participation in all aspects of services are central components of contemporary Australian mental health policy. However, attitudes of mental health professionals present a significant barrier. Given the positive impact of education on health professionals' attitudes, particularly when consumers are involved, further exploration of consumer involvement in education is required. AIMS: To enhance understanding of the role consumers can play within mental health nursing education...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Maria J O'Connell, Elizabeth H Flanagan, Miriam E Delphin-Rittmon, Larry Davidson
BACKGROUND: "Recovery supports", often provided by persons in recovery themselves, have emerged over the last decade as important components of recovery-oriented systems of care for persons with substance use disorders. AIMS: This study assesses the benefit of adding peer recovery supports to the care of adults with co-occurring psychosis and substance use. METHOD: 137 adults with both disorders who had at least one prior admission within the past year were recruited during an index hospitalization into a randomized trial of standard care vs skills training with and without a peer-led social engagement program...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Annica Brännlund, Mattias Strandh, Karina Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Education profoundly affects adult socioeconomic status, so it is important to ensure that all children have the capability and opportunity to achieve educational goals. AIMS: The study aimed to examine the relationship between mental-health during adolescence and upper secondary school completion and grades, which has received comparatively little research attention to date. METHOD: Longitudinal administrative and registered data were used to analyse the relationship between school achievement and prescriptions of psycholeptic and psycho-analeptic drugs...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Samantha K Brooks, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Most military mental health research focuses on the impact of deployment-related stress; less is known about how everyday work-related factors affect wellbeing. AIMS: This systematic narrative literature review aimed to identify non-deployment-related factors contributing to the wellbeing of military personnel. METHOD: Electronic literature databases were searched and the findings of relevant studies were used to explore non-deployment-related risk and resilience factors...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Young Sik Lee, Ji Hyun Son, Jeong Ha Park, Sun Mi Kim, Baik Seok Kee, Doug Hyun Han
BACKGROUND: The differences in prevalence, natural history, and disease progression between Internet gaming disorder (IGD) and substance use disorder contribute to the controversy over IGD as a diagnosis under substance-related and addictive disorders. AIMS: The purpose of the current study was to assess the temperament and character of subjects with IGD in comparison with those with alcohol dependence (AD). METHODS: Temperament and character were assessed using Cloningernt temperament and character inventory (TCI)...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Simon M Rice, Nic R Telford, Debra J Rickwood, Alexandra G Parker
BACKGROUND: Young men experiencing mental ill health report the lowest rates of professional help-seeking of any demographic group across the lifespan. This phase of life (i.e. adolescence and emerging adulthood) also corresponds to a period of disconnection from healthcare services for young men. AIMS: The present exploratory qualitative study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to mental health care, as identified by a sample of young help-seeking men and staff involved in mental health service provision...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Selwyn Stanley, Sujeetha Balakrishnan, S Ilangovan
BACKGROUND: Caregiving in schizophrenia is a demanding and exhausting activity that challenges the physical and emotional resources of family caregivers. In traditional societies such as India, this is further compounded by illiteracy, ignorance and religious and cultural explanations attributed to mental illness. AIMS: This study aimed to assess primary caregivers of persons with schizophrenia in terms of their perceived burden, manifestation of psychological distress and quality of life (QOL)...
April 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Óscar M Lozano, Antonio J Rojas, Fermín Fernández Calderón
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of psychiatric comorbidity and severity of dependence on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: One hundred and ninety-eight substance use disorder (SUD) patients were recruited from an outpatient center that provides treatment for SUD. The International Personality Disorder Examination Screening Questionnaire (IPDE-SQ), Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), Substance Dependence Severity Scale (SDSS) and Health-Related Quality of Life for Drug Abusers test (HRQoLDA test) were administered...
April 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Brenda Happell, Karen Wilson, Chris Platania-Phung, Robert Stanton
BACKGROUND: Shortened life expectancy of people with mental illness is now widely known and the focus of research and policy activity. To date, research has primarily reflected perspectives of health professionals with limited attention to the views and opinions of those most closely affected. The voice of carers is particularly minimal, despite policy stipulating carer participation is required for mental health services. AIM: To present views and opinions of carers regarding physical health of the people they care for...
April 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Carlo Lai, Massimiliano Luciani, Federico Galli, Emanuela Morelli, Federica Moriconi, Italo Penco, Paola Aceto, Luigi Lombardo
BACKGROUND: The proposal of persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD) in the DSM-V increased the interest on the impact of grief on the psychological health. AIMS: Investigating the time course of psychological symptoms, emotional and social abilities in caregivers (undergoing or not to supportive-expressive treatment) of terminally ill cancer patients from 1 months before loss to 14 months after it. METHOD: Thirty-three of 60 caregivers were assessed by PG-12, HAM-A, HAM-D, TAS-20 and ASQ, at the admission in Hospice, and after 3, 10 and 14 months from the loss...
April 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Gbolagade S Akintomide, Qulsom Fazil
BACKGROUND: Current evidence suggests that patients with dementia find memory tests humiliating and embarrassing. However, the knowledge concerning carers' experience of witnessing patients with dementia undergo memory screening has not been fully explored. AIMS: This study was to explore the experiences of relatives of patients with dementia witnessing memory-screening tests. METHOD: Eleven relatives of patients with dementia were recruited from three memory clinics using a purposive sampling method...
April 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Vivian Khamis
BACKGROUND: Despite the ongoing controversy regarding which types of stressors or resources contribute to psychological distress, there has been little research examining the relationship between war trauma, normative stressors, family resources for management and psychopathology. AIMS: This study investigated the differences between mothers and fathers in psychological distress, normative stressors and war atrocities experienced, and family's resources for management...
April 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Azlinda Azman, Paramjit Singh Jamir Singh, Jamalludin Sulaiman
BACKGROUND: Mental illness is a disease that affects millions of people every year. It not only causes stress to the mentally ill patients, but also for the family members who provide them the care. The family caregivers, therefore need some form of coping strategies in dealing with their mentally ill family members. AIMS: This qualitative study aims at identifying and analysing the coping strategies adopted by the family caregivers in dealing with their mentally ill family members...
April 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Lorraine Yap, Su Shu, Lei Zhang, Wei Liu, Yi Chen, Zunyou Wu, Jianghong Li, Handan Wand, Basil Donovan, Tony Butler
BACKGROUND: There is currently no information about the prevalence of, and factors contributing to psychological distress experienced by re-education through labour camp detainees in China. METHODS: A cross-sectional face-to-face survey was conducted in three labour camps in Guangxi, China. The questionnaire covered socio-demographic characteristics; sexually transmissible infections (STIs); drug use; psychological distress (K-10); and health service usage and access inside the labour camps...
February 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Zongtang Xie, Jiuping Xu, Zhibin Wu
BACKGROUND: Earthquake exposure has often been associated with psychological distress. However, little is known about the cumulative effect of exposure to two earthquakes on psychological distress and in particular, the effect on the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety and depression disorders. AIMS: This study explored the effect of exposure on mental health outcomes after a first earthquake and again after a second earthquake. METHODS: A population-based mental health survey using self-report questionnaires was conducted on 278 people in the hard-hit areas of Lushan and Baoxing Counties 13-16 months after the Wenchuan earthquake (Sample 1)...
February 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Su-Jung Nam, Eun-Young Park
BACKGROUND: Individuals with intellectual disabilities (IWID) need intensive long-term care. Consequently, caregivers experience not only economic burdens but also tension, depression, insecurity, etc. AIM: This study aimed to provide basic data and materials for preparing policy alternatives to improve caregiver quality of life of by examining relationships between IWID caregiving burden and depression. METHODS: This study involved secondary analysis of data from the 2011 Survey on the Actual Conditions of Individuals with Developmental Disabilities, conducted by the Ministry of Health and Welfare of Korea...
February 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Cheryl H K Chui, Mao-Sheng Ran, Rong-Hui Li, Mei Fan, Zhen Zhang, Yuan-Hao Li, Guo Jing Ou, Zhe Jiang, Yu-Zhen Tong, Ding-Zhi Fang
BACKGROUND: It is unclear about the change and risk factors of depression among adolescent survivors after earthquake. AIMS: This study aimed to explore the change of depression, and identify the predictive factors of depression among adolescent survivors after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China. METHODS: The depression among high school students at 6, 12 and 18 months after the Wenchuan earthquake were investigated. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used in this study to assess the severity of depression...
February 2017: Journal of Mental Health
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