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Journal of Mental Health

Barry Tolchard
BACKGROUND: There is evidence supporting the use of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in the treatment of problem gambling. Despite this, little is known about how CBT works and which particular approach is most effective. This paper aims to synthesize the evidence for current CBT and propose a more unified approach to treatment. METHODS: A literature review and narrative synthesis of the current research evidence of CBT for the treatment of problem gambling was conducted, focusing on the underlying mechanisms within the treatment approach...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Paul Morrison, Norman J Stomski, Tom Meehan
BACKGROUND: Currently, little is known about mental health nurses' management of antipsychotic medication side effects. AIMS: This study examined how Australian mental health nurses' attitudes and service processes influence the assessment of antipsychotic medication side effects. METHODS: Participants were included if they were registered nurses in Australian mental health settings. An online questionnaire was distributed via email. Multivariate logistic regression was used to examine associations between attitudes and awareness, and use of antipsychotic medication assessment tools...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Mohsen Joshanloo, Veljko Jovanović
BACKGROUND: The Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) is a brief measure to assess emotional, social, and psychological well-being. AIMS: We examined the factor structure of the MHC-SF in Serbia. A secondary goal was to examine measurement invariance and latent mean differences across gender. METHOD: The methods of Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling (ESEM) were used to investigate the factor structure of the scale in a large sample (N = 1883)...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Mercedes Hernandez, Concepción Barrio
BACKGROUND: Medication nonadherence among Latinos with schizophrenia represents a significant treatment obstacle. Although some studies have examined patient and family perceptions of adherence, few have examined these perceptions together. However, such knowledge can provide a deeper understanding of how family processes may contribute to or impede adherence among underserved groups such as Latinos. AIMS: This study explored perceptions of medication and adherence among Latinos with schizophrenia and key family members...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
James Reavell, Qulsom Fazil
BACKGROUND: With an increasing number of refugees migrating across continents, the crisis is very apparent. AIM: A literature review of patterns, risk factors and effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in refugee minors was carried out involving those who have resettled in different developed countries. METHODS: Papers were narrowed down by reading the abstracts and methods to ascertain whether the refugee children had resettled in developed countries and to ensure that they had not just been internally displaced...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Stephanie A Sacks, Barbara Schwartz, Kim T Mueser
BACKGROUND: Many Veterans may not benefit from gold-standard evidence-based treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) because they suffer from co-occurring serious mental illness (SMI). AIMS: This pilot study is the first to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of the Trauma Recovery Group in a sample of Veterans with PTSD and SMI. METHODS: Fourteen Veterans with PTSD and SMI were enrolled in a 21-session group-based cognitive behavioral therapy program targeting PTSD...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Simon Robertson Stuart, Louise Tansey, Ethel Quayle
BACKGROUND: The recovery approach is increasingly popular among mental-health services, but there is a lack of consensus about its applicability and it has been criticised for imposing professionalised ideas onto what was originally a service-user concept. AIMS: To carry out a review and synthesis of qualitative research to answer the question: "What do we know about how service users with severe and enduring mental illness experience the process of recovery?" It was hoped that this would improve clarity and increase understanding...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Joy Kelly, Stephen Gallagher, Jennifer McMahon
BACKGROUND: Recovery orientated intervention has experienced a paradigm shift towards stakeholder training and education within recovery colleges. Such colleges are typically underpinned by a culture of emancipatory education that aims to facilitate recovery through educational choice. AIMS: The study aims to establish regional readiness for a recovery college. Specifically, we aim to uncover key stakeholder attitudes towards recovery, outline a contextual conceptualization of recovery and show how inductive, community-based research can incorporate stakeholder views with core fidelity markers of a recovery college...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Rui C Campos, Ronald R Holden, Fátima Costa, Ana Rita Oliveira, Marta Abreu, Natália Fresca
: Background and aims(s): The study evaluated the contribution of coping strategies, based on the Toulousiane conceptualization of coping, to the prediction of suicide risk and tested the moderating effect of gender, controlling for depressive symptoms. METHOD: A two-time data collection design was used. A community sample of 195 adults (91 men and 104 women) ranging in age from 19 to 65 years and living in several Portuguese regions, mostly in Alentejo, participated in this research...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Sarah J Ebsworth, Juliet L H Foster
BACKGROUND: Existing research has identified the phenomenon of associative stigma, but has not robustly illustrated that any stigmatisation of mental health professionals (MHPs) stems from association with clients. AIM: To examine whether public perceptions of MHPs mirror ideas about service users. METHOD: A mixed-methods approach incorporated statistical analysis of questionnaire results and thematic analysis of focus group transcripts. A convenience sample (N = 260) completed the questionnaire, rating "typical" target professionals (some treating specified mental health conditions) on semantic differential scales...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
John Cromby, Emma Chung, Dimitris Papadopoulos, Chris Talbot
BACKGROUND: Epigenetic research in mental health has grown exponentially during the last decade and holds what some claim are "revolutionary" potentials for the development of new interdisciplinary models of mental ill health. Schizophrenia is the most appropriate diagnosis against which to assess progress in this regard. METHOD: Papers on epigenetics and schizophrenia identified in a systematic literature search are subject to a conceptually-driven narrative review that assesses the relations between schizophrenia and epigenetics; considers some issues associated with empirical studies; and thereby identifies key assumptions guiding this research...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Martin Guha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 12, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Simon G Anderson, Ram P Narayanan, Daniela Radford, Richard Hodgson, Marc De Hert, Adrian H Heald
BACKGROUND: People with severe mental illness (SMI) have higher rates of diabetes than the general population. AIMS: To assess the type-2 diabetes screening rates in primary care and the relation between body mass index (BMI) and dysglycaemia for patients on the SMI register in the Cheshire region of the United Kingdom. METHODS: The setting was 24 general practices in Central and Eastern Cheshire, United Kingdom. Subjects were identified through a semianonymized search of GP registers...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Mary L Held, Sungkyu Lee
The US Latino population experiences high rates of discrimination, which may contribute to psychiatric disorders. Yet, little is known about the distinctions in this relationship for Latino subgroups. Using data from the National Latino and Asian American study, we examined the association between discrimination and mental health for 2503 Latinos. Logistic regression analyses were used to examine variation in the relationship by place of origin (Cuba, Puerto Rico, Mexico, or Other). Results suggest that perceived discrimination increased the probability of having a psychiatric disorder...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Alyssa C Milton, Barbara Mullan
BACKGROUND: There is limited research investigating how information about a mental health diagnosis is discussed and received. AIMS: To measure community-based service users' satisfaction and preferences toward receiving news of a serious mental health diagnosis and to assess the acceptability of a diagnostic communication protocol (SPIKES: Setting; Perception; Invitation; Knowledge; Empathy; Summarizing). METHOD: A survey was conducted with 101 participants...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Christina Blomdahl, Birgitta A Gunnarsson, Suzanne Guregård, Marie Rusner, Helle Wijk, Anita Björklund
BACKGROUND: Art therapy is based mainly on clinical experience and is rarely described and evaluated scientifically. There is a need for further exploration of its use in patients with depression. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore what experts consider to be the main aspects of art therapy in clinical practice for patients with depression. METHOD: Eighteen occupational therapists experienced and educated in art therapy participated...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Annika Lexén, Bengt Svensson
BACKGROUND: Despite the lack of evidence for effectiveness of the Flexible Assertive Community Treatment (Flexible ACT), the model is considered feasible and is well received by mental health professionals. No current studies have adequately examined mental health professional experiences of working with Flexible ACT. AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore mental health professional experiences of working with the Flexible ACT model compared with standard care...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Ryoko Tomizawa, Mayumi Yamano, Mitue Osako, Naotugu Hirabayashi, Nobuo Oshima, Masahiro Sigeta, Scott Reeves
BACKGROUND: Few scales currently exist to assess the quality of interprofessional teamwork through team members' perceptions of working together in mental health settings. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to revise and validate an interprofessional scale to assess the quality of teamwork in inpatient psychiatric units and to use it multi-nationally. METHODS: A literature review was undertaken to identify evaluative teamwork tools and develop an additional 12 items to ensure a broad global focus...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Henriette Riley, Geir Fagerjord Lorem, Georg Høyer
BACKGROUND: Community treatment orders (CTOs) are being increasingly used in Western countries. The scheme implies that mental health patients can live outside a hospital, but still be subject to coercive care to ensure compliance with their treatment. There is limited knowledge of how the scheme is practised. AIMS: To gain knowledge of how decision makers weigh and evaluate various considerations when making decisions on CTOs. METHOD: Qualitative in-depth interviews with decision makers responsible for CTOs in Norway...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Patrick W Corrigan, Annie Schmidt, Andrea B Bink, Katherine Nieweglowski, Maya A Al-Khouja, Sang Qin, Steve Discont
BACKGROUND: Given the egregious effect of public stigma on the lives of people with mental illness, researchers have sought to unpack and identify effective components of anti-stigma programs. AIM: We expect to show that continuum messages have more positive effect on stigma and affirming attitudes (beliefs that people with mental illness recover and should be personally empowered) than categorical perspectives. The effect of continuum beliefs will interact with contact strategies...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
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