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Journal of Mental Health

Bita Ajilchi, Steve Kisely, Vahid Nejati, Jon Frederickson
BACKGROUND: Social cognition is commonly affected in psychiatric disorders and is a determinant of quality of life. However, there are few studies of treatment. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of intensive short-term dynamic psychotherapy on social cognition in major depression. METHOD: This study used a parallel group randomized control design to compare pre-test and post-test social cognition scores between depressed participants receiving ISTDP and those allocated to a wait-list control group...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Rhiannah McCabe, Richard Whittington, Laura Cramond, Elizabeth Perkins
BACKGROUND: The concept of recovery is contested throughout the existing literature and in mental health services. Little research exists that gives voice to service user perspectives of recovery. AIM: This paper explores how service users in two recovery oriented services run by the National Health Service in North West England talked about recovery and what it meant to them. METHOD: 14 service users accessing these services took part in semi-structured qualitative interviews focusing on the concept of recovery...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
June S L Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Josh Cameron, Angie Hart, Saff Brooker, Paul Neale, Mair Reardon
BACKGROUND: Recovery Colleges address mental health challenges using an educative approach underpinned by a collaborative recovery orientated philosophy. Research has been limited with no studies identified reporting research on the design and delivery of a specific course. AIMS: To understand how Recovery College students and tutors experience the design and delivery of a mental health Recovery College course, specifically the "'Building Resilience" course...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Asiyeh Salehi, Carolyn Ehrlich, Elizabeth Kendall, Adem Sav
BACKGROUND: Social networks are known to have a major influence on the recovery journey of people with severe mental illness (SMI). AIMS: To understand the role of bonding and bridging social capital in the recovery process following SMI and to identify the barriers that prevent social networks from being mobilized. METHOD: A review of major electronic databases for qualitative studies from 2006 to 2015 (41 papers) was undertaken for thematic synthesis...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Travis Labrum
BACKGROUND: Persons with psychiatric disorders (PD) commonly have their money officially or unofficially managed by others, with money managers most commonly being family members. AIMS: (i) Identify characteristics of persons with PD, adult family members, and interactions with each other significantly associated with family money management (FMM). (ii) Identify significant differences in aforementioned characteristics between official versus unofficial FMM. METHODS: Five hundred and seventy-three adults residing in USA with an adult relative with PD completed a survey...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Desiree M Seponski, Cindy J Lahar, Sareth Khann, Sovandara Kao, Tanja Schunert
BACKGROUND: Reliable population-based epidemiological data of Cambodian mental health is lacking. AIMS: This study identifies the prevalence of and factors associated with anxiety, depression and PTSD in Cambodian adults. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of Cambodian adults (N = 2690) was interviewed utilizing the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (assessment of PTSD symptoms) and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (assessment of symptoms of anxiety and depression)...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Priscilla Rose Selvaraj, Christine Suniti Bhat
BACKGROUND: Behavioral health treatment is grounded in the medical model with language of deficits and problems, rather than resources and strengths. With developments in the field of positive psychology, re-focusing on well-being rather than illness is possible. AIMS: The primary purpose of this study was to examine relationships and predictions that exist between levels of mental health in college students, i.e., flourishing, moderate mental health, and languishing, and psychological capital (PsyCap)...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Amelia Gulliver, Louise Farrer, Kylie Bennett, Kathina Ali, Annika Hellsing, Natasha Katruss, Kathleen M Griffiths
BACKGROUND: University students experience high levels of mental health problems; however, very few seek professional help. Teaching staff within the university are well placed to assist students to seek support. AIMS: To investigate university teaching staff experiences of, and training needs around, assisting students with mental health problems. METHOD: A total of 224 teaching staff at the Australian National University completed an anonymous online survey (16...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Isabelle Soucy, Martin D Provencher, Michelle Fortier, Taylor McFadden
BACKGROUND: This article presents secondary outcome variables from a randomized controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of two guided self-help interventions for the treatment of depression: behavioral activation (BA) and physical activity (PA). Both interventions resulted in significant reductions in depressive symptoms compared to the wait-list control group, however the mechanisms by which these interventions influenced depression were not presented. PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper was to compare changes in secondary outcome variables to gain insight into the mechanisms by which reactivation interventions reduce depressive symptoms...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Brenda Happell, Sarah Gordon, Julia Bocking, Pete Ellis, Cath Roper, Jackie Liggins, Brett Scholz, Chris Platania-Phung
BACKGROUND: Collaboration between researchers who have lived experience of mental illness and services (consumer researchers) and mental health researchers without (other mental health researchers) is an emergent development in research. Inclusion of consumer perspectives is crucial to ensuring the ethics, relevancy and validity of mental health research; yet widespread and embedded consumer collaboration of this nature is known to be impeded by attitudinal and organisational factors...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Sophia Zavrou, Brittany Rudy, Carly Johnco, Eric A Storch, Adam B Lewin
BACKGROUND: Childhood anxiety disorders are common in early childhood and are associated with marked impairment. Family accommodation, which contributes to the maintenance of child anxiety, has only been minimally examined in children under the age of 7 years with anxiety disorders. AIMS: This study aimed at examining the frequency and clinical correlates of family accommodation in anxious children under the age of 7 years, as well as changes in family accommodation following cognitive-behavioral treatment...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Daniel Fatori, Giovanni Salum, Alexander Itria, Pedro Pan, Pedro Alvarenga, Luis Augusto Rohde, Rodrigo Bressan, Ary Gadelha, Jair de Jesus Mari, Maria Conceição do Rosário, Gisele Manfro, Guilherme Polanczyk, Euripedes Constantino Miguel, Ana Soledade Graeff-Martins
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders are common health problems associated with serious impairment and economic impact. AIMS: To estimate the costs of clinical and subthreshold mental disorders in a sample of Brazilian children. METHOD: The High Risk Cohort Study is a community study conducted in two major Brazilian cities. Subjects were 6-14 years old children being registered at school. From an initial pool of 9937 children, two subgroups were further investigated using a random-selection (n = 958) and high-risk group selection procedure (n = 1554), resulting in a sample of 2512 subjects...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Sherilyn Chang, QianHui Ma, Esmond Seow, Ying Wen Lau, Pratika Satghare, Aditi Hombali, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: While it has been demonstrated that dysfunctional sleep beliefs can contribute to sleep disturbances, less is known about it in psychiatric patients and the role these beliefs play in influencing sleep. AIMS: To examine maladaptive sleep cognition among psychiatric patients and to assess its association with insomnia. METHOD: Participants were outpatients (n = 400) recruited from a tertiary psychiatric hospital. The Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep (DBAS-16) scale was administered to examine sleep-related cognitions in different domains...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Jennifer Smith-Merry, Damian Mellifont, Kirsty McKenzie, Paul Clenaghan
BACKGROUND: Despite significant need for mental health services targeting the requirements of inmates transitioning into the community there is little research about successful recovery-oriented or person-centred transition programs. AIMS: This systematic narrative review brings together existing evidence to inform policymakers and practitioners about current practice in transition support, and barriers and facilitators of effective practice. METHOD: We carried out a systematic narrative review of recovery-oriented or person-centred mental health support programs supporting transition from incarceration to the community...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Rosarin Sruamsiri, Yasuhiro Mori, Jörg Mahlich
BACKGROUND: When a family member is diagnosed with schizophrenia, it causes stress to the caregiver that can eventually result in missed work days and lower work performance. AIM: This study aims at revealing productivity costs for caregivers of schizophrenia patients in Japan. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey of caregivers was conducted and resulted in 171 respondents. The assessment of work productivity included calculating the costs of absenteeism, presenteeism and total productivity costs...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Adshara Vimalanathan, Adrian Furnham
BACKGROUND: This study attempted to ascertain whether people had better mental vs physical health literacy by comparing their knowledge of six conditions. AIMS: The aim was to link two different literatures which have remained apart. METHODS: In all, 186 young British participants (52% male) with an average age of 25 years completed an online questionnaire describing six vignettes characters. Three described mental health conditions (anorexia, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia) and three physical health conditions (asthma, diabetes and osteoarthritis)...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Omolola Adepoju, Szu-Hsuan Lin, Michael Mileski, Clemens Scott Kruse, Andrew Mask
BACKGROUND: Shifts in mental health utilization patterns are necessary to allow for meaningful access to care for vulnerable populations. There have been long standing issues in how mental health is provided, which has caused problems in that care being efficacious for those seeking it. AIMS: To assess the relationship between mental health status and healthcare utilization among adults ≥65 years. METHODS: A negative binomial regression model was used to assess the relationship between mental health status and healthcare utilization related to office-based physician visits, while a two-part model, consisting of logistic regression and negative binomial regression, was used to separately model emergency visits and inpatient services...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Jamie Evans, Christopher Fitch, Sharon Collard, Claire Henderson
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the UK debt collection industry has taken steps to improve its policies and practices in relation to customers with mental health problems. Little data, however, have been collected to evidence change. AIMS: This paper examines whether the reported attitudes and practices of debt collection staff when working with customers with mental health problems have changed between 2010 and 2016. METHOD: This paper draws on descriptive and regression analyses of two cross-sectional surveys of debt collection staff: one conducted in 2010 and one conducted in 2016...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Katrina Tsoutsoulis, Anna Maxwell, Aparna Menon Tarur Padinjareveettil, Frank Zivkovic, Jeffrey M Rogers
BACKGROUND: Examination of readmission data is a standard method for evaluating health service outcomes. Limited work has evaluated the efficacy of mental health rehabilitation, despite the need for evidence-based approaches. AIMS: To evaluate the impact of inpatient mental health rehabilitation using metrics of psychiatric readmissions routinely collected at occasions of service. METHODS: Consumers (n = 252) of a nonacute inpatient mental health rehabilitation unit were case matched with normative clients from community mental health services...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
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