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Journal of Mental Health

Carolyn S Dewa, Desmond Loong, Lucy Trojanowski, Sarah Bonato
BACKGROUND: The Individual Placement and Support (IPS) program is a well-studied vocational rehabilitation program. Although it is more effective than usual care, it is not effective for everyone. This offers an opportunity for program improvement. AIMS: This systematic literature review examines the state of knowledge regarding the effectiveness of augmented versus standard IPS for people with severe mental illness (SMI). We address the questions, "What IPS augmentations have been tested?" and "What is the evidence for the effectiveness of augmented IPS versus standard IPS in terms of employment?" METHODS: This systematic literature review used publically available peer-reviewed studies published between January 2002 and January 2016 in either: (1) Medline Current, (2) Medline In-process, (3) PsycINFO, (4) Econlit or (5) Web of Science...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Rosemary S Pereverseff, Shadi Beshai, Marina Dimova
BACKGROUND: Researchers have found that an earlier age of disorder onset and the severity of the first depressive episode are associated with recurrence in depression. Additionally, neuroticism has been shown to be an important factor in the recurrence of the disorder. AIMS: This exploratory study aimed to replicate and extend previous research by examining the relationships between features of the first experienced depressive episode (age of onset, severity), the five factors of personality, and lifetime chronicity of depression...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
William Waugh, Claudia Lethem, Simon Sherring, Claire Henderson
BACKGROUND: The literature suggests that many health professionals hold stigmatising attitudes towards those with mental illness and that this impacts on patient care. Little attention has been given to how these attitudes affect colleagues with a mental illness. Current research demonstrates that stigma and discrimination are common in the UK workplace and impact on one's decision to disclose mental illness. AIMS: This study aims to explore health professionals' experiences of and attitudes towards mental illness and disclosure in the workplace...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Gulnara Slanbekova, Man Cheung Chung, Saltanat Abildina, Raikhan Sabirova, Gulzada Kapbasova, Baizhol Karipbaev
AIMS: Focusing on a group of Kazakh divorcees, this study examined the inter-relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) from past trauma, coping strategies, emotional intelligence, adjustment difficulties, and psychiatric symptom severity following divorce. METHODS: One hundred and twenty divorcees participated in the research and completed the Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire, Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale, General Health Questionnaire-28, Brief COPE, and Fisher's Divorce Adjustment Scale Results: About 29% reported no trauma; 53%, 21%, and 26% met the criteria for no-PTSD, partial-PTSD, and full-PTSD respectively...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Trudie Chalder, Claire Willis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Rachel H Tribe, Kyra-Verena Sendt, Derek K Tracy
BACKGROUND: Europe is in the midst of the largest refugee migration since the Second World War; there is an urgent need to provide an updated systematic review of the current best evidence for managing mental distress in refugee populations. AIMS: The aim of this review is to provide an exhaustive summary of the current literature on psychosocial interventions, both trauma- and non-trauma-focused, for refugee populations experiencing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depressive or anxiety symptoms...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Susie Rudge, Janet Denise Feigenbaum, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the "active ingredients" of psychological therapy for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) despite a growing evidence base documenting its clinical effectiveness. This information can be used by clinicians to inform service planning and care pathways. AIMS: The aim of this study was to review published empirical research investigating the potential mechanisms underlying therapeutic change in Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) for BPD...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Paul Morrison, Norman J Stomski, Martin Whitely, Pip Brennan
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined mental health consumers' motives for seeking advocacy assistance. AIMS: This study aimed to identify factors that influenced mental health consumers' use of advocacy services. METHODS: The analysis was based on 60 case records that were sourced from a community advocacy service. Each record was dichotomously coded across 11 variables to generate a series of categorical data profiles. The data set was then analysed using multidimensional scalogram analysis to reveal key relationships between subsets of variables...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Yifeng Wei, Patrick J McGrath, Jill Hayden, Stan Kutcher
BACKGROUND: Mental health literacy is important to improve help-seeking behaviors. However, the quality of mental health help-seeking tools remains unknown. AIMS: We conducted a systematic review to appraise the quality of such tools. METHODS: We searched databases for English publications addressing psychometrics of help-seeking tools. We included help-seeking tools addressing mental health in general and tools on four mental disorders: anxiety, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and schizophrenia...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Juliana Onwumere, Elizabeth Kuipers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Carlo Lai, Daniela Altavilla, Marianna Mazza, Silvia Scappaticci, Renata Tambelli, Paola Aceto, Massimiliano Luciani, Stefano Corvino, David Martinelli, Flaminia Alimonti, Federico Tonioni
BACKGROUND: The new version of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5th) proposed the Internet Gaming Disorder for the diagnosis of Internet addiction (IA) considering the neurobiological evidence of the craving. AIMS: The aim was to test the neural correlate in response to the Internet cue in patients with IA. METHODS: Sixteen males with IA diagnosis (clinical group) and 14 healthy male (control group) were recruited for an experimental visual task composed of Internet images and emotional images...
June 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Jone Bjornestad, Larry Davidson, Inge Joa, Tor Ketil Larsen, Wenche Ten Velden Hegelstad, Johannes Langeveld, Marius Veseth, Ingrid Melle, Jan Olav Johannessen, Kolbjorn Bronnick
BACKGROUND: There is lack of long-term controlled studies evaluating treatment effects of antipsychotic medication. A complete investigation should include the service user perspective. AIMS: To investigate experiences of clinically recovered service users of antipsychotic medications during and after a first episode of psychosis. METHOD: We used a thematic analytic approach within an interpretative-phenomenological framework. 20 clinically recovered service users were interviewed...
June 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Selwyn Stanley, Sujeetha Balakrishnan, S Ilangovan
BACKGROUND: Caregiving in schizophrenia is a demanding and exhausting activity that challenges the physical and emotional resources of family caregivers. In traditional societies such as India, this is further compounded by illiteracy, ignorance and religious and cultural explanations attributed to mental illness. AIMS: This study aimed to assess primary caregivers of persons with schizophrenia in terms of their perceived burden, manifestation of psychological distress and quality of life (QOL)...
April 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Óscar M Lozano, Antonio J Rojas, Fermín Fernández Calderón
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of psychiatric comorbidity and severity of dependence on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: One hundred and ninety-eight substance use disorder (SUD) patients were recruited from an outpatient center that provides treatment for SUD. The International Personality Disorder Examination Screening Questionnaire (IPDE-SQ), Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), Substance Dependence Severity Scale (SDSS) and Health-Related Quality of Life for Drug Abusers test (HRQoLDA test) were administered...
April 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Brenda Happell, Karen Wilson, Chris Platania-Phung, Robert Stanton
BACKGROUND: Shortened life expectancy of people with mental illness is now widely known and the focus of research and policy activity. To date, research has primarily reflected perspectives of health professionals with limited attention to the views and opinions of those most closely affected. The voice of carers is particularly minimal, despite policy stipulating carer participation is required for mental health services. AIM: To present views and opinions of carers regarding physical health of the people they care for...
April 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Carlo Lai, Massimiliano Luciani, Federico Galli, Emanuela Morelli, Federica Moriconi, Italo Penco, Paola Aceto, Luigi Lombardo
BACKGROUND: The proposal of persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD) in the DSM-V increased the interest on the impact of grief on the psychological health. AIMS: Investigating the time course of psychological symptoms, emotional and social abilities in caregivers (undergoing or not to supportive-expressive treatment) of terminally ill cancer patients from 1 months before loss to 14 months after it. METHOD: Thirty-three of 60 caregivers were assessed by PG-12, HAM-A, HAM-D, TAS-20 and ASQ, at the admission in Hospice, and after 3, 10 and 14 months from the loss...
April 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Gbolagade S Akintomide, Qulsom Fazil
BACKGROUND: Current evidence suggests that patients with dementia find memory tests humiliating and embarrassing. However, the knowledge concerning carers' experience of witnessing patients with dementia undergo memory screening has not been fully explored. AIMS: This study was to explore the experiences of relatives of patients with dementia witnessing memory-screening tests. METHOD: Eleven relatives of patients with dementia were recruited from three memory clinics using a purposive sampling method...
April 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Vivian Khamis
BACKGROUND: Despite the ongoing controversy regarding which types of stressors or resources contribute to psychological distress, there has been little research examining the relationship between war trauma, normative stressors, family resources for management and psychopathology. AIMS: This study investigated the differences between mothers and fathers in psychological distress, normative stressors and war atrocities experienced, and family's resources for management...
April 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Azlinda Azman, Paramjit Singh Jamir Singh, Jamalludin Sulaiman
BACKGROUND: Mental illness is a disease that affects millions of people every year. It not only causes stress to the mentally ill patients, but also for the family members who provide them the care. The family caregivers, therefore need some form of coping strategies in dealing with their mentally ill family members. AIMS: This qualitative study aims at identifying and analysing the coping strategies adopted by the family caregivers in dealing with their mentally ill family members...
April 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Robert Wickstead, Adrian Furnham
BACKGROUND: This study compared mental health and physical health literacy using five health problems from each area. AIMS: The aim was to determine whether the same group had better physical than mental health literacy Method: A sample of 263 participants completed an online questionnaire requiring them to name a problem/illness described in 10 vignettes and suggest treatment options. Five vignettes described mental health problems (anxiety, bipolar-disorder, depression, OCPD and schizophrenia) and five physical problems (angina, COPD, diabetes, a heart attack, and sinusitis)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
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