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Journal of Mental Health

Ana Isabel Gonzalez Vazquez, Natalia Seijo Ameneiros, Juan Carlos Díaz Del Valle, Ester Lopez Fernandez, Miguel Angel Santed Germán
BACKGROUND: The concept of severe mental illness (SMI) has been related to bipolar or psychotic diagnosis, or to some cases of depressive disorders. Other mental health problems such as personality disorders or posttraumatic dissociative conditions, which can sometimes lead to relevant functional impairments, remain separate from the SMI construct. AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical severity as well as healthcare spending on dissociative disorders (DDs)...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
L Haavik, I Joa, K Hatloy, H J Stain, J Langeveld
BACKGROUND: While the onset of many mental health problems occurs in adolescence, these problems are severely undertreated in this age group. To inform early intervention for adolescents, we investigated the effect of gender and education type on perception of barriers to help seeking, mental health literacy, and the awareness and use of mental health services. METHOD: A web-based survey using vignettes, open-ended and multiple choice items was administered to upper secondary school students in two counties in Norway...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Cory K Chen, Christine P Ingenito, Michelle M Kehn, Nicole Nehrig, Karen S Abraham
BACKGROUND: Given increasing mental health needs in the VA, identifying strategies to deliver new services is critical. AIMS: This paper describes the process of navigating provider, patient and systems barriers of an initiative to increase choice, access and quality of psychotherapy at the VA by incorporating an evidence-based short-term, psychodynamic psychotherapy. METHODS: Brief Dynamic Interpersonal Therapy (DIT) was selected as a viable model for implementation...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Vanessa Pinfold, Jessica Cotney, Sarah Hamilton, Craig Weeks, Elizabeth Corker, Sara Evans-Lacko, Diana Rose, Claire Henderson, Graham Thornicroft
BACKGROUND: There are significant challenges across the research pathway, including participant recruitment. This paper aims to explore the impact of clinician recruitment decision-making on sampling for a national mental health survey. METHOD: Clinical teams in 20 English mental healthcare provider organisations screened caseload lists, opting-out people whom, in their judgement, should not be approached to participate in a survey about stigma and discrimination...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Sarah Bargiela
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Nuno Rodrigues-Silva, Lúcia Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Medical comorbidity is associated with worse psychiatric outcomes, reduced functioning and higher services use, including inpatient psychiatric care. AIM: We explored the relation between medical comorbidity and length of stay, adjusting for potential confounders. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed an administrative database comprising all inpatient admissions between 2005 and 2014 at the Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health at Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho Healthcare Center, Vila Nova de Gaia - Portugal...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Mark Gabbay, Chris Shiels, Jim Hillage
BACKGROUND: Depression is an important cause of certified sickness absence in the UK. It is not known what factors are associated with variation in length of sickness certificates issued by the GP to the depressed patient. AIMS: The purpose of the study was to identify patient, GP and practice factors associated with the issue of a long-term (> 4 week) fit note for depression. METHODS: Sixty-eight UK general practices collected sickness certification data for 12 months...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Gary A Morse, Mary M York, Nathaniel Dell, Julie Blanco, Chelsea Birchmier
BACKGROUND: Relatively few community-based programs have been found to be helpful for homeless people with alcohol disorders, even though this group represents a high-risk, vulnerable population prone to poor outcomes. AIMS: This study sought to implement and evaluate intensive community-based programs for homeless people with alcohol disorders. METHOD: The project worked closely with a homeless outreach team for referrals, and then provided two different, intensive substance abuse treatment approaches matched to the needs of two subgroups: homeless individuals with alcohol disorders without severe mental illness received community reinforcement approach (CRA) and case management services, while those with alcohol and severe mental illness were assigned to assertive community treatment and integrated dual disorders (ACT/IDDT) services...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Anna Stapleton, Nicola Wright
BACKGROUND: Acute psychiatric inpatient care is recommended for people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) to manage a crisis. Qualitative research exploring service user experience is valuable for the development of evidence-based treatment guidelines. AIM: To conduct a meta-synthesis of qualitative research exploring the experiences of people with BPD on acute psychiatric inpatient wards. METHODS: Literatures searches of five electronic databases...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Shaoguo Zhai, Qi Zhuang, Zhaoxi Wang
BACKGROUND: The elderly's mental health is becoming more and more severe under the aging society in China (one third of the elderly had the symptom of depression according to the statistics). It is urgent to explore how the social support system of the elderly can influence their mental health and how to enhance their mental care from the perspective of social support. AIMS: This article analyzes the relationship between social support and mental health of the elderly using quantitative and qualitative data...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Anthony C Stratford, Matt Halpin, Keely Phillips, Frances Skerritt, Anne Beales, Vincent Cheng, Magdel Hammond, Mary O'Hagan, Catherine Loreto, Kim Tiengtom, Benon Kobe, Steve Harrington, Dan Fisher, Larry Davidson
OBJECTIVE: While mental health peer support originated in its contemporary form in English-speaking countries, it is now spreading rapidly across the globe. This rapid growth presents two major challenges. The first pertains to "role integrity" and the second to the possible culture-bound nature of peer support; a concern which has attended the emergence of peer support in countries that have significantly different worldviews. METHOD: Recognizing the growth of peer support and the resulting challenges, this report results from the convening of an international consortium of peer leaders from six continents (all but Antarctica)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Christina Katsakou, Nancy Pistrang, Kirsten Barnicot, Hayley White, Stefan Priebe
BACKGROUND: Recovery processes in borderline personality disorder (BPD) are poorly understood. AIMS: This study explored how recovery in BPD occurs through routine or specialist treatment, as perceived by service users (SUs) and therapists. METHODS: SUs were recruited from two specialist BPD services, three community mental health teams, and one psychological therapies service. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 48 SUs and 15 therapists...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Kristin R Krueger, Jonathan W Murphy, Andrea B Bink
BACKGROUND: Improvisational theater exercises (improv) are used in various settings to improve mental health and medical outcomes. However, there is little documented evidence of the effectiveness of these interventions. AIMS: We developed a short-term, group intervention that used improv exercises in a therapeutic manner to treat psychiatric patients. METHODS: We evaluated the feasibility, acceptability and five clinical outcomes (depressive symptoms, anxious symptoms, self-esteem, perfectionism and satisfaction with social roles) of this intervention in an outpatient setting...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Kelly A Aschbrenner, John A Naslund, Lydia Gill, Terence Hughes, Alistair J O'Malley, Stephen J Bartels, Mary F Brunette
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of cigarette smoking among adults with serious mental illness (SMI) remains high in the United States despite the availability of effective smoking cessation treatment. Identifying social influences on smoking and smoking cessation may help enhance intervention strategies to help smokers with SMI quit. The objective of this qualitative study was to explore social network influences on efforts to quit smoking among adults with SMI enrolled in a cessation treatment program...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Simon Tobitt, Robert Percival
BACKGROUND: UK society is undergoing a technological revolution, including meeting health needs through technology. Government policy is shifting towards a "digital by default" position. Studies have trialled health technology interventions for those experiencing psychosis and shown them to be useful. AIMS: To gauge levels of engagement with mobile phones (Internet-enabled or cell phone), computers and the Internet in the specific population of community mental health rehabilitation...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Joanna M Barber, Helen Parsons, Carol A Wilson, Christopher C H Cook
BACKGROUND: Since 2001, a policy of positive mental health recovery has been promoted in the UK, with service user involvement. This has not been easy to implement in the clinical setting. AIMS: To develop and validate a brief self-report, service user-designed, outcome measure (Mini-SeRvE), for clinical use, including spiritual and religious issues. METHODS: From the previously developed Service user Recovery Evaluation scale (SeRvE), 15 questions were selected for Mini-SeRvE which was self-completed by 207 people; 100 service users and, for comparison, 107 staff...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Ramesh Lamsal, Carol A Stalker, Cheryl-Anne Cait, Manuel Riemer, Susan Horton
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of family service agencies and community-based mental health service providers are implementing a single-session walk-in counselling (SSWIC) as an alternative to traditional counselling. However, few economic evaluations have been undertaken. AIMS: To conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis of two models of service delivery, SSWIC compared to being waitlisted for traditional counselling. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was employed...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Nikki Kiyimba, Michelle O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: Despite the ubiquitous use of Subjective Units of Distress scales (SUDs) in mental health settings to establish levels of distressing emotion, there has been little empirical research in this area. SUDs are commonly used in therapy and assessments, and are a particularly useful tool for establishing current and previous levels of distress in children and young people. AIMS: To explore the use of the SUD analogue rating scale in initial child mental health assessments to better understand its application in this context...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Kanako Iwanaga, Emre Umucu, Jia-Rung Wu, Rana Yaghmaian, Hui-Ling Lee, Sandra Fitzgerald, Fong Chan
BACKGROUND: Self-determination theory (SDT) and self-efficacy theory (SET) can be used to conceptualize self-determined motivation to engage in mental health and vocational rehabilitation (VR) services and to predict recovery. To incorporate SDT and SET as a framework for vocational recovery, developing and validating SDT/SET measures in vocational rehabilitation is warranted. Outcome expectancy is an important SDT/SET variable affecting rehabilitation engagement and recovery. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to validate the Vocational Outcome Expectancy Scale (VOES) for use within the SDT/SET vocational recovery framework...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Sara S McMillan, Fiona Kelly, H Laetitia Hattingh, Jane L Fowler, Gabor Mihala, Amanda J Wheeler
BACKGROUND: Mental illness is a worldwide health priority. As medication is commonly used to treat mental illness, community pharmacy staff is well placed to assist consumers. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of a multifaceted, community pharmacy medication support service for mental health consumers. METHOD: Pharmacists and pharmacy support staff in three Australian states were trained to deliver a flexible, goal-oriented medication support service for adults with mental illness over 3-6 months...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
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