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Journal of Mental Health

Nicola Byrom
BACKGROUND: Peer support is support provided by and for people with similar experiences. As students turn to peers for support with their mental health, peer support may provide an opportunity to engage students at an informal level and avoid some barriers to help-seeking. AIMS: The study aimed to identify students likely to attend peer support and evaluate the acceptability and impact of the intervention. METHODS: A six-part peer-led course for mild depression, based on behavioural activation and implementation intentions, was evaluated across eight UK universities with 65 students participating in the evaluation...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Atreyee Sinha, Faujdar Ram
BACKGROUND: In South Asian countries like India, family system lays a strong foundation in societies and therefore, the context and consequences of single parent family structures are markedly different from that of the West. In these societies single parenthood is mainly an outcome of untimely death of any one of the parents. AIMS: This study tried to examine the influence of parents' survival status on the mental health of youth in India. METHODS: "Youth in India: situation and Needs (2006-2007)" survey data was used in the present study...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Adrian Furnham, Kelly Petropoulou
BACKGROUND: This study looked at lay theories of how people with sub-clinical personality disorders experience the world of work. AIMS: The aim was to investigate the paradox that subclinical and clinical personality disorders are seen as beneficial for success, rather than a handicap in certain jobs. METHODS: In all, 230 participants read 14 vignettes derived from Oldham and Morris's book describing DSMIII personality disorders for a popular audience...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Theodore Stickley, Nicola Wright, Mike Slade
BACKGROUND: There is a growing evidence base for the use of participatory arts for the purposes of health promotion. In recent years, recovery approaches in mental healthcare have become commonplace in English speaking countries amongst others. There are few studies that bring together these two fields of practice. AIMS: The two aims of this study were (a) to investigate the validity of the CHIME framework for characterising the experience of Participatory Arts and (b) to use the CHIME framework to investigate the relationship between participatory arts and mental health recovery...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Samantha K Brooks, Rebecca Dunn, Richard Amlôt, Neil Greenberg, G James Rubin
BACKGROUND: When organisations are exposed to traumatic situations, such as disasters, often staff are not prepared for the potential psychological impact which can negatively affect their wellbeing. AIMS: To conduct a systematic review of the literature on psychological interventions aimed at improving staff wellbeing during or after disasters. METHOD: Four electronic literature databases were searched. Reference lists of relevant articles were hand-searched...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Alanna Donnelly, Amanda Fitzgerald, Mark Shevlin, Barbara Dooley
BACKGROUND: The psychometric properties of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS) have been established cross-culturally, yet psychometric evidence is lacking for an English-speaking European population. AIM: This research sought to further cross-validate the measure in a non-clinical Irish adolescent sample, and to test for gender and age-based differential item functioning in depression and anxiety. METHOD: Participants were Irish second-level school students (N = 345; 164 male; 12-18 years, M =14...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Faye Mishna, Cheryl Regehr, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Joanne Daciuk, Gwendolyn Fearing, Melissa Van Wert
AIM: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) offer immense benefits for university students including enhancing engagement and connections with others and promoting self-directed and interactive learning. Perceived anonymity and the absence of social cues, however, may contribute to risk of interpersonal aggression. While extensive research examines bullying in child and adolescent educational settings, this study addresses a gap regarding post-secondary environments. METHODS: An internet-based survey was provided to 5004 university students to examine the nature, extent and consequences of cyber-aggression...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Hamish Fibbins, Philip B Ward, Andrew Watkins, Jackie Curtis, Simon Rosenbaum
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions are efficacious in reducing cardiometabolic risk and improving symptoms in people with severe mental illness, yet evidence guiding the implementation and scalability of such efforts is lacking. Given increasing efforts to address the disparity in physical health outcomes facing people with a mental illness, novel approaches to increasing adoption of effective interventions are required. Exercise interventions targeting mental health staff may improve staff health while also creating more positive attitudes towards the role of lifestyle interventions for people experiencing mental illness...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Sula Windgassen, Rona Moss-Morris, Kimberley Goldsmith, Trudie Chalder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Siqi Fang, Man Cheung Chung, Clare Watson
BACKGROUND: Relationship dissolution is a distressing experience which can result in the emergence of posttraumatic stress (i.e. post-dissolution PTSS) and other psychological symptoms among college students. Little is known, however, whether posttraumatic stress cognitions and interpersonal dependency may influence the severity of these distress outcomes. AIMS: This study examined the interrelationship between posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), posttraumatic stress cognitions, interpersonal dependency and psychological co-morbidities following relationship dissolution...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Jason C McIntyre, Joanne Worsley, Rhiannon Corcoran, Paula Harrison Woods, Richard P Bentall
BACKGROUND: University students experience high rates of stress and mental illness; however, few studies have comprehensively examined the impact of academic and non-academic stressors on student mental health. Similarly, there has been little focus on the role of social groups in protecting against mental distress in this young adult group. AIM: To identify the key social determinants of mental health symptoms in a student population. METHODS: Using an online survey, we administered measures of social connectedness and mental health symptoms alongside academic and non-academic stressors to a large sample of UK university students...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Douglas A Spiker, Joseph H Hammer
BACKGROUND: Mental health literacy (MHL) is one increasingly researched factor thought to influence mental health behaviors. Researchers have argued for expanding the definition of MHL to include additional constructs, but no consensus has yet been reached on what constructs should be included as part of MHL. AIMS: The purpose of this paper is to (i) elucidate how the expansion of the MHL construct has impeded the growth of MHL research and (ii) through the lens of construct and theory development, highlight how these challenges might be remedied...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Heather Palis, Kirsten Marchand, Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes
BACKGROUND: One-third of Canadians meet the criteria for a mental or substance use disorder at some point in their lifetime. While prevention and treatment efforts have been focused on the individual, studies suggest the importance of incorporating social and community factors. AIMS: This study investigates the relationship between community belonging and self-rated mental health among Canadians with mental or substance use disorders. METHODS: The Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (2012) is a nationally representative survey of Canadians aged 15 years and older (n = 25,113)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Man Cheung Chung, Christine Symons, Jane Gilliam, Edward R Kaminski
BACKGROUND: There is evidence suggesting that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity and CIU severity are linked and partially mediated by the high-anxious defense mechanism. What is unclear is whether emotional suppression, as a defense serving the opposite purpose for high-anxious defense, can also act as a mediator and whether this mediational effect is partly influenced by time since trauma and trauma type. AIMS: To investigate whether emotional suppression mediated the links between PTSD and CIU symptom severities, and PTSD and psychiatric co-morbid symptom severities...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Ann Macaskill
BACKGROUND: Student mental health is a global issue. Macaskill reported that the second year was associated with the most significant increases in psychiatric symptoms in UK students. Qualitative data were collected to explore this further. METHOD: Twenty-three second-year undergraduate students were interviewed using a narrative interviewing method to explore their experience of their second year of study. They also completed the General Health Questionnaire-28...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Marieke F A van Hoffen, Corné A M Roelen, Willem van Rhenen, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Martijn W Heymans, Jos W R Twisk
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial work characteristics are associated with all-cause long-term sickness absence (LTSA). AIMS: This study investigated whether psychosocial work characteristics such as higher workload, faster pace of work, less variety in work, lack of performance feedback, and lack of supervisor support are prospectively associated with higher LTSA due to mental disorders. METHODS: Cohort study including 4877 workers employed in the distribution and transport sector in The Netherlands...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
James Randall-James, Steven Coles
BACKGROUND: The British Psychological Society proposes that clinical psychologists are well placed to move beyond psychiatric diagnoses and develop alternative practices. AIMS: This study sought to explore what the application of these guiding principles looks like in clinical practice, the challenges faced and possible routes forward. METHODS: A purpose-designed survey was completed by 305 respondents and a thematic analysis completed. RESULTS: Thematic analysis was used to identify five superordinate themes relating to individuals, relational, others, structures and society, comprising of a total of 21 group themes...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Shaun O'Keeffe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Mental Health
James Cook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Martin Guha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Mental Health
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