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European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429134/systematic-review-of-quality-of-life-and-functional-outcomes-in-randomized-placebo-controlled-studies-of-medications-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#1
REVIEW
David R Coghill, Tobias Banaschewski, César Soutullo, Matthew G Cottingham, Alessandro Zuddas
Children, adolescents and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience functional impairment and poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in addition to symptoms of inattention/hyperactivity-impulsivity. To synthesize qualitatively the published evidence from randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of the effectiveness of pharmacotherapy on functional impairment or HRQoL in patients with ADHD, a systematic PubMed searching and screening strategy was designed to identify journal articles meeting pre-specified criteria...
April 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417257/additive-effect-of-congenital-heart-disease-and-early-developmental-disorders-on-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-nationwide-population-based-longitudinal-study
#2
Pei-Chen Tsao, Yu-Sheng Lee, Mei-Jy Jeng, Ju-Wei Hsu, Kai-Lin Huang, Shih-Jen Tsai, Mu-Hong Chen, Wen-Jue Soong, Yu Ru Kou
In this retrospective nationwide population-based case-control study, we investigated the impact of congenital heart disease (CHD) on the development of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), which remains unclear. Children aged <18 years that were diagnosed with CHD (n = 3552) between January 1, 1997 and December 31, 2009 were identified from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. Non-CHD controls (n = 14,208) matched for age and sex (1:4) were selected from the same dataset...
April 17, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417256/to-which-extent-social-withdrawal-at-the-age-of-1%C3%A2-year-is-associated-with-iq-at-5-6%C3%A2-years-old-results-of-the-eden-mother-child-cohort
#3
Antoine Guedeney, Sarah Doukhan, Anne Forhan, Barbara Heude, Hugo Peyre
The present study aims to determine to which extent social withdrawal at 1 year is associated with the child's IQ at the end of the preschool period. Children (N = 1045) from the EDEN mother-child cohort were assessed for social withdrawal behaviours at 1 year by trained midwives using the Alarm Distress BaBy (ADBB) scale. Midwives also examined infants' language and motor development at 1 year. At the age 5-6 years, IQ scores were based on the WPPSI-III. Linear regression models were used to determine the association between IQ and ADBB, adjusted for a broad range of pre- and postnatal environmental factors and for language and motor skills scores at 1 year...
April 17, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391360/the-debate-on-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-research-is-going-global
#4
EDITORIAL
Andre Sourander, Roshan Chudal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389967/a-file-study-of-refugee-children-referred-to-specialized-mental-health-care-from-an-individual-diagnostic-to-an-ecological-perspective
#5
Julia Villanueva O'Driscoll, Geertrui Serneels, Lindita Imeraj
The past years have been characterized by a large refugee crisis across the globe. The exposure to preflight, flight, and resettlement stressors puts refugee children and their families at risk of developing emotional and behavioral disorders. A unique Western-based approach of mental health problems seems to be insufficient to address the complexity of interactions between individual vulnerabilities and more ecological surrounding systems. We looked into (1) the reasons for referral; and (2) the process diagnostic outcomes after ethnopsychiatric and psychological assessment...
April 7, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386649/factors-associated-with-different-smoking-status-in-european-adolescents-results-of-the-seyle-study
#6
Raphaela Banzer, C Haring, A Buchheim, S Oehler, V Carli, C Wasserman, M Kaess, A Apter, J Balazs, J Bobes, R Brunner, P Corcoran, D Cosman, C W Hoven, J P Kahn, H S Keeley, V Postuvan, T Podlogar, M Sisask, A Värnik, M Sarchiapone, D Wasserman
Early onset and long-term smoking are associated with physical and psychological health problems. The aim of the presented analysis was to investigate risk and influencing factors for different smoking status in a big sample of European adolescents. In the context of the "saving and empowering young lives in Europe" (SEYLE) study we surveyed 12,328 adolescents at the age of 13-17 from 11 countries. The survey took place in a school-based context using a questionnaire. Overall 58% reported the onset of ever-smoking under the age of 14 and 30...
April 6, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382546/associations-of-stressful-life-events-with-coping-strategies-of-12-15-year-old-norwegian-adolescents
#7
Anne Mari Undheim, Anne Mari Sund
Successful adaptation to the environment requires strategies to cope with stressful situations. The aim of this study was to examine the role of stressful life events in coping strategies during early adolescence. A representative sample of 2464 adolescents in Norway were assessed at two time-points, one year apart (i.e., at T1, mean age 13.7 years, and at T2, mean age 14.9 years), with identical questionnaires. The participation rate was 88.3% at T1. Stressful life events and daily hassles were measured by questionnaires constructed for this study...
April 5, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382545/identifying-the-determinants-of-perceived-quality-in-outpatient-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-from-the-perspectives-of-parents-and-patients
#8
Carole Kapp, Thomas Perlini, Tiffanie Jeanneret, Philippe Stéphan, Alejandro Rojas-Urrego, Manuel Macias, Olivier Halfon, Laurent Holzer, Sébastien Urben
This cross-sectional survey adopting a multiple-informant perspective explores the factors that influence perceived quality (i.e., therapeutic alliance and satisfaction) in an outpatient setting within child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS). A total of 1433 participants (parents, n = 770, and patients, n = 663) attending or having attended (drop-out) outpatient units participated in the study. The outcome measures were satisfaction (Client Satisfaction Questionnaire) and the therapeutic alliance (Helping Alliance Questionnaire)...
April 5, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378129/peer-attachment-specific-patterns-of-internet-use-and-problematic-internet-use-in-male-and-female-adolescents
#9
Iris Reiner, Ana N Tibubos, Jochen Hardt, Kai Müller, Klaus Wölfling, Manfred E Beutel
Problematic internet use may lead to serious psychosocial dysfunction. Recent studies have found comparable prevalence in both male and female adolescents. We pursue the neglected questions how male and female adolescents differ regarding their patterns of internet use and how gender, peer attachment and patterns of use are related to pathological internet use. In 2410 adolescents (1307 girls and 1103 boys) aged 12-18 years from different types of school we assessed peer attachment, frequency and use of eight specific applications and indicators of pathological internet use...
April 4, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361259/the-role-of-weight-teasing-and-weight-bias-internalization-in-psychological-functioning-a-prospective-study-among-school-aged-children
#10
Anna Zuba, Petra Warschburger
Weight-related teasing is a widespread phenomenon in childhood, and might foster the internalization of weight bias. The goal of this study was to examine the role of weight teasing and weight bias internalization as mediators between weight status and negative psychological sequelae, such as restrained eating and emotional and conduct problems in childhood. Participants included 546 female (52%) and 501 (48%) male children aged 7-11 and their parents, who completed surveys assessing weight teasing, weight bias internalization, restrained eating behaviors, and emotional and conduct problems at two points of measurement, approximately 2 years apart...
March 30, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357513/not-later-but-longer-sleep-chronotype-and-light-exposure-in-adolescents-with-remitted-depression-compared-to-healthy-controls
#11
Lena Katharina Keller, Barbara Grünewald, Céline Vetter, Till Roenneberg, Gerd Schulte-Körne
The relationship between sleep and adolescent depression is much discussed, but still not fully understood. One important sleep variable is self-selected sleep timing, which is also referred to as chronotype. Chronotype is mostly regulated by the circadian clock that synchronises the internal time of the body with the external light dark cycle. A late chronotype as well as a misalignment between internal time and external time such as social jetlag has been shown to be associated with depressive symptoms in adults...
March 29, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353182/an-international-qualitative-study-of-ability-and-disability-in-adhd-using-the-who-icf-framework
#12
Soheil Mahdi, Marisa Viljoen, Rafael Massuti, Melissa Selb, Omar Almodayfer, Sunil Karande, Petrus J de Vries, Luis Rohde, Sven Bölte
This is the third in a series of four cross-cultural empirical studies designed to develop International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF, and Children and Youth version, ICF(-CY) Core Sets for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). To explore the perspectives of individuals diagnosed with ADHD, self-advocates, immediate family members and professional caregivers on relevant areas of impairment and functional abilities typical for ADHD across the lifespan as operationalized by the ICF(-CY)...
March 28, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341888/the-respiratory-control-of-carbon-dioxide-in-children-and-adolescents-referred-for-treatment-of-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures
#13
Kasia Kozlowska, Reena Rampersad, Catherine Cruz, Ubaid Shah, Catherine Chudleigh, Samantha Soe, Deepak Gill, Stephen Scher, Pascal Carrive
Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) are a common problem in paediatric neurology and psychiatry that can best be understood as atypical responses to threat. Threats activate the body for action by mediating increases in arousal, respiration, and motor readiness. In previous studies, a range of cardiac, endocrine, brain-based, attention-bias, and behavioral measures have been used to demonstrate increases in arousal, vigilance, and motor readiness in patients with PNES. The current study uses respiratory measures to assess both the motor readiness of the respiratory system and the respiratory regulation of CO2...
March 24, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324175/becoming-a-child-and-adolescent-psychiatrist-in-spain-trainees-perspectives
#14
Marina Fàbrega Ribera, Daniel Ilzarbe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317061/looking-beyond-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
EDITORIAL
Pieter J Hoekstra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314984/substance-use-criminal-behaviour-and-psychiatric-symptoms-following-childhood-traumatic-brain-injury-findings-from-the-alspac-cohort
#16
Eleanor Kennedy, Jon Heron, Marcus Munafò
Recent research suggests a link between traumatic brain injury (TBI) in youth and later risk behaviour. We explored the association between mild TBI and psychiatric symptoms, substance use and criminal behaviour using data from a longitudinal birth cohort. Participants with mild TBI (n = 800), orthopaedic injuries (n = 2305) and no injuries (n = 8307) were identified from self and parent reports up to age 16 years. Self-report measures of substance use (alcohol, tobacco and cannabis) and criminal behaviours, and parent-reported psychiatric symptoms were collected at age 17 years...
March 17, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303423/theory-of-mind-predominantly-associated-with-the-quality-not-quantity-of-pretend-play-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Shu-Kai Lin, Ching-Hong Tsai, Hsing-Jung Li, Chien-Yu Huang, Kuan-Lin Chen
This study aimed to clarify the relationships between theory of mind and pretend play in children with autism spectrum disorder, using refined assessments of theory of mind and pretend play while controlling for autistic behaviors and verbal comprehension. A total of 92 children with autism spectrum disorder aged 4-10 years were enrolled. In two visits, the children were assessed with the Theory of Mind Task Battery, the Child-Initiated Pretend Play Assessment, the Childhood Autism Rating Scale, and the Verbal Comprehension Index of the Wechsler Intelligence Scales, respectively, for their theory of mind, pretend play performance, autistic behaviors, and verbal comprehension...
March 16, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289903/gut-microbiota-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-new-perspectives-for-a-challenging-condition
#18
REVIEW
María Carmen Cenit, Isabel Campillo Nuevo, Pilar Codoñer-Franch, Timothy G Dinan, Yolanda Sanz
A bidirectional communication between the gut and the brain (gut-brain axis) is well recognized with the gut microbiota viewed as a key regulator of this cross-talk. Currently, a body of preclinical and to a lesser extent epidemiological evidence supports the notion that host-microbe interactions play a key role in brain development and function and in the etiology of neurodevelopmental disorders. Early life events and shifts away from traditional lifestyles are known to impact gut microbiota composition and function and, thereby, may increase the risk of developing neurodevelopmental disorders...
March 13, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283836/the-faster-internal-clock-in-adhd-is-related-to-lower-processing-speed-wisc-iv-profile-analyses-and-time-estimation-tasks-facilitate-the-distinction-between-real-adhd-and-pseudo-adhd
#19
Marco Walg, Gerhard Hapfelmeier, Daniel El-Wahsch, Helmut Prior
Alterations in temporal processing may represent a primary cause of key symptoms in ADHD. This study is aimed at investigating the nature of time-processing alterations in ADHD and assessing the possible utility of testing time estimation for clinical diagnostics. Retrospective verbal time estimation in the range of several minutes was examined in 50 boys with ADHD and 53 boys with other mental disorders. All participants (age 7-16) attended an outpatient clinic for ADHD diagnostics. The diagnostic assessment included the WISC-IV...
March 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283835/a-developmental-approach-to-dimensional-expression-of-psychopathology-in-child-and-adolescent-offspring-of-parents-with-bipolar-disorder
#20
María Goretti Morón-Nozaleda, Covadonga M Díaz-Caneja, Elisa Rodríguez-Toscano, Celso Arango, Josefina Castro-Fornieles, Elena de la Serna, Ana Espliego, Vanessa Sanchez-Gistau, Soledad Romero, Immaculada Baeza, Gisela Sugranyes, Carmen Moreno, Dolores Moreno
The aim of this is to describe psychopathology, functioning and symptom dimensions accounting for subthreshold manifestations and developmental status in child and adolescent offspring of parents with bipolar disorder ("high-risk offspring"). The study population comprised 90 high-risk offspring (HR-offspring) and 107 offspring of community control parents (CC-offspring). Direct clinical observations and parental and offspring reports based on selected standardized clinical scales were used to assess offspring threshold and subthreshold diagnoses, symptoms and functioning...
March 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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