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European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194528/prevention-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-are-we-there-yet
#1
EDITORIAL
Carmen Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190138/emotion-regulation-across-childhood-and-adolescence-evidence-for-a-maladaptive-shift-in-adolescence
#2
Emiel Cracco, Lien Goossens, Caroline Braet
Dysfunctional emotion regulation is an important predictor of psychopathology. Although many clinical programs focus on emotion regulation skills, the successful application of these programs in children and adolescents requires knowledge on the normative use of emotion regulation strategies over age. To this end, the current cross-sectional study examined changes in emotion regulation throughout childhood and adolescence. The use of seven adaptive and five maladaptive emotion regulation strategies was measured with the FEEL-KJ in a representative sample (N = 1397) of Dutch children and adolescents between 8 and 18 years old...
February 11, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190137/elimination-diets-efficacy-and-mechanisms-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
REVIEW
Verena Ly, Marco Bottelier, Pieter J Hoekstra, Alejandro Arias Vasquez, Jan K Buitelaar, Nanda N Rommelse
Nutrition plays an important role in neurodevelopment. This insight has led to increasing research into the efficacy of nutrition-related interventions for treating neurodevelopmental disorders. This review discusses an elimination diet as a treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder, with a focus on the efficacy of the food additives exclusion diet, gluten-free/casein-free diet and oligoantigenic diet. Furthermore, we discuss the potential mechanisms of elimination diets' effects in these neurodevelopmental disorders...
February 11, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188382/cyberbullying-a-storm-in-a-teacup
#4
Dieter Wolke, Kirsty Lee, Alexa Guy
Cyberbullying has been portrayed as a rising 'epidemic' amongst children and adolescents. But does it create many new victims beyond those already bullied with traditional means (physical, relational)? Our aim was to determine whether cyberbullying creates uniquely new victims, and whether it has similar impact upon psychological and behavioral outcomes for adolescents, beyond those experienced by traditional victims. This study assessed 2745 pupils, aged 11-16, from UK secondary schools. Pupils completed an electronic survey that measured bullying involvement, self-esteem and behavioral problems...
February 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185096/predictive-validity-of-parent-and-self-rated-adhd-symptoms-in-adolescence-on-adverse-socioeconomic-and-health-outcomes
#5
Ebba Du Rietz, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Isabell Brikell, Andreas Jangmo, Amir Sariaslan, Paul Lichtenstein, Jonna Kuntsi, Henrik Larsson
There is scarcity of research investigating the validity of self-report of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms compared to other informants, such as parents. This study aimed to compare the predictive associations of ADHD symptoms rated by parents and their children across adolescence on a range of adverse socioeconomic and health outcomes in early adulthood. Parent- and self-rated ADHD symptoms were assessed in 2960 individuals in early (13-14 years) and late adolescence (16-17 years)...
February 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185095/in-utero-exposure-to-%C3%AE-2-adrenergic-receptor-agonist-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children
#6
Hong Liang, Jianping Chen, Maohua Miao, Jakob Christensen, Søren Dalsgaard, Wei Yuan, Jiong Li
We aimed to examine the association between in utero exposure to β2AA and risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We established a cohort of 672,265 children born from 1998 to 2008 in Denmark. Children were categorized as exposed if their mothers had redeemed a prescription of β2AA in pregnancy (from 30 days prior to conception until delivery). We identified children diagnosed with ADHD in the Danish National Hospital Register for the first time after his/her third birthday. Log-linear Poisson regression was used to estimate adjusted incidence rate ratio (aIRR) of ADHD...
February 9, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185094/abnormal-functional-connectivity-strength-in-patients-with-adolescent-onset-schizophrenia-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#7
Shuai Wang, Yajing Zhan, Yan Zhang, Luxian Lv, Renrong Wu, Jingping Zhao, Wenbin Guo
Structural and functional abnormalities were reported in the brain of patients with adolescent-onset schizophrenia (AOS). However, evidence of abnormal functional connectivity of the brain in AOS patients is limited. Thus, we analyzed the resting-state functional magnetic resonance scans of 48 drug-naive AOS patients and 31 healthy controls to determine their functional connectivity strength (FCS) and examined if FCS abnormalities were correlated with clinical characteristics. Compared with healthy controls, AOS patients showed significantly increased FCS in the left cerebellum VI and right inferior frontal gyrus/insula...
February 9, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185093/altered-spontaneous-brain-activity-in-adolescent-boys-with-pure-conduct-disorder-revealed-by-regional-homogeneity-analysis
#8
Qiong Wu, Xiaocui Zhang, Daifeng Dong, Xiang Wang, Shuqiao Yao
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have revealed abnormal neural activity in several brain regions of adolescents with conduct disorder (CD) performing various tasks. However, little is known about the spontaneous neural activity in people with CD in a resting state. The aims of this study were to investigate CD-associated regional activity abnormalities and to explore the relationship between behavioral impulsivity and regional activity abnormalities. Resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) scans were administered to 28 adolescents with CD and 28 age-, gender-, and IQ-matched healthy controls (HCs)...
February 9, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181042/should-we-change-targets-and-methods-of-early-intervention-in-autism-in-favor-of-a-strengths-based-education
#9
Laurent Mottron
Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) and its recent variant, naturalist developmental behavioral intervention (NDBI) aim to increase socialization and communication, and to decrease repetitive and challenging behaviors in preschool age autistic children. These behaviorist techniques are based on the precocity and intensity of the intervention, face-to-face interaction, errorless learning, and information fragmentation. Once considered to be "scientifically proven", the efficacy of these approaches has been called into question in the last decade due to poor-quality data, small effects, low cost-efficiency, and the evolution of ethical and societal standards...
February 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181041/neurobiological-stress-responses-predict-aggression-in-boys-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder-conduct-disorder-a-1-year-follow-up-intervention-study
#10
Jantiene Schoorl, Sophie van Rijn, Minet de Wied, Stephanie H M van Goozen, Hanna Swaab
To improve outcome for children with antisocial and aggressive behavior, it is important to know which individual characteristics contribute to reductions in problem behavior. The predictive value of a parent training (Parent Management Training Oregon; PMTO), parenting practices (monitoring, discipline, and punishment), and child neurobiological function (heart rate, cortisol) on the course of aggression was investigated. 64 boys with oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder (8-12 years) participated; parents of 22 boys took part in PMTO...
February 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176022/vitamin-d-and-mental-health-in-children-and-adolescents
#11
REVIEW
Manuel Föcker, Jochen Antel, Stefanie Ring, Denise Hahn, Özlem Kanal, Dana Öztürk, Johannes Hebebrand, Lars Libuda
While vitamin D is known to be relevant for bone health, evidence has recently accumulated for an impact on mental health. To identify the potential benefits and limitations of vitamin D for mental health, an understanding of the physiology of vitamin D, the cut-off values for vitamin D deficiency and the current status of therapeutic trials is paramount. Results of a systematic PUBMED search highlight the association of vitamin D levels and mental health conditions. Here, we focus on children and adolescents studies as well as randomized controlled trials on depression in adults...
February 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168391/erratum-to-mental-health-issues-of-refugee-children-lessons-from-croatia
#12
Vlatka Boričević Maršanić, Tomislav Franić, Katarina Dodig Ćurković
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160098/influence-of-exposure-to-perinatal-risk-factors-and-parental-mental-health-related-hospital-admission-on-adolescent-deliberate-self-harm-risk
#13
Nan Hu, Jianghong Li, Rebecca A Glauert, Catherine L Taylor
Adolescent deliberate self-harm (DSH) has been found to be associated with a range of bio-psycho-social factors. Simultaneous investigations of these factors enable more robust estimation of the independent effect of a specific risk factor by adjusting for a more complete set of covariates. However, few studies have had the ability to examine all of these factors together. This study used the linkage of population-level de-identified data collections from government agencies to investigate a range of biological, psychological, and social risk factors and their effects on adolescent risk of DSH (with or without suicidal intent)...
February 3, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144744/food-matters-how-the-microbiome-and-gut-brain-interaction-might-impact-the-development-and-course-of-anorexia-nervosa
#14
REVIEW
Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Jochen Seitz, John Baines
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is one of the most common chronic illnesses in female adolescents and exhibits the highest mortality risk of all psychiatric disorders. Evidence for the effectiveness of psychotherapeutic or psychopharmacological interventions is weak. Mounting data indicate that the gut microbiome interacts with the central nervous system and the immune system by neuroendocrine, neurotransmitter, neurotrophic and neuroinflammatory afferent and efferent pathways. There is growing evidence that the gut microbiota influences weight regulation and psychopathology, such as anxiety and depression...
January 31, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124126/erratum-to-early-emotional-and-behavioral-difficulties-and-adult-educational-attainment-an-18-year-follow-up-of-the-tempo-study
#15
Ariella Zbar, Pamela J Surkan, Eric Fombonne, Maria Melchior
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120108/bullying-involvement-in-relation-to-personality-disorders-a-prospective-follow-up-of-508-inpatient-adolescents
#16
Henna Antila, Riikka Arola, Helinä Hakko, Kaisa Riala, Pirkko Riipinen, Liisa Kantojärvi
We examined the association of bullying behavior in adolescence to personality disorder (PD) diagnosed in early adulthood. The study sample consisted of 508 adolescents (300 girls, 208 boys) who were admitted to psychiatric inpatient treatment between April 2001 and March 2006. Data were based on semi-structured K-SADSPL-interviews and hospital treatments extracted from the Care Register for Health Care (CRHC). At the end of 2013, details of psychiatric diagnoses recorded on hospital discharges and outpatient visits were extracted from the CRHC...
January 24, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120107/are-assisted-reproduction-technologies-associated-with-categorical-or-dimensional-aspects-of-psychopathology-in-childhood-adolescence-or-early-adulthood-results-from-a-danish-prospective-nationwide-cohort-study
#17
T Klausen, K Juul Hansen, P Munk-Jørgensen, C Mohr-Jensen
An increasing number of children are conceived using assisted reproduction technologies (ART), but little is known about the long-term risk in terms of mental health outcomes. All twin and singleton children conceived via ART and born in 1995 were sampled from the Danish in vitro fertilization registry and matched to four spontaneously conceived (SC) children. The children were followed-up at the age of 3, 7, 14 and 18 years in the Danish Psychiatric Central Research Registry, to estimate the prevalence of all possible psychiatric diagnoses; dimensional aspects of psychopathology were assessed at the age of 14 years, using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL)...
January 24, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097428/goal-formulation-and-tracking-in-child-mental-health-settings-when-is-it-more-likely-and-is-it-associated-with-satisfaction-with-care
#18
Jenna Jacob, Davide De Francesco, Jessica Deighton, Duncan Law, Miranda Wolpert, Julian Edbrooke-Childs
Goal formulation and tracking may support preference-based care. Little is known about the likelihood of goal formulation and tracking and associations with care satisfaction. Logistic and Poisson stepwise regressions were performed on clinical data for N = 3757 children from 32 services in the UK (M age = 11; SDage = 3.75; most common clinician-reported presenting problem was emotional problems = 55.6%). Regarding the likelihood of goal formulation, it was more likely for pre-schoolers, those with learning difficulties or those with both hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorder...
January 18, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078476/children-with-social-anxiety-and-other-anxiety-disorders-show-similar-deficits-in-habitual-emotional-regulation-evidence-for-a-transdiagnostic-phenomenon
#19
Verena Keil, Julia Asbrand, Brunna Tuschen-Caffier, Julian Schmitz
Deficits in emotion regulation (ER) are an important factor in maintaining social anxiety disorder (SAD) in adults. As SAD and ER problems typically develop during childhood and adolescence, and are maintained dynamically within the parent-child dyad, research on families can help to reveal the role ER plays in the early development of SAD. The current study assessed self-reported habitual ER in dyads of children with SAD (n = 31), children with mixed anxiety disorders (MAD; n = 41) and healthy control children (HC; n = 36), and their parents...
January 11, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074291/unaccompanied-refugee-minors-in-germany-attitudes-of-the-general-population-towards-a-vulnerable-group
#20
Paul L Plener, Rebecca C Groschwitz, Elmar Brähler, Thorsten Sukale, Jörg M Fegert
Germany saw an increase in numbers of refugees in 2015, with nearly a third being below the age of 18. Unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) present an especially vulnerable group. In addition to pre-flight and flight stress, the acculturation process can work as potential stressor, and we wanted to explore attitudes towards URM. We conducted a study in a representative sample (n = 2524) of the German population (ages 14 years or older) between January and March 2016. Only 22.8% of participants thought that Germany could accompany more URM...
January 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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