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European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754280/differentiating-between-adhd-and-asd-in-childhood-some-directions-for-practitioners
#1
EDITORIAL
Nanda Rommelse, Janne Visser, Catharina Hartman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752533/risk-and-protective-factors-for-mental-health-at-a-youth-mass-gathering
#2
Tegan Cruwys, Alexander K Saeri, Helena R M Radke, Zoe C Walter, Daniel Crimston, Laura J Ferris
BACKGROUND: Mass gatherings are well-documented for their public health risks; however, little research has examined their impact on mental health or focused on young people specifically. This study explores risk and protective factors for mental health at mass gatherings, with a particular focus on characterising attendees with high levels of psychological distress and risk taking. METHOD: Data collection was conducted in situ at "Schoolies", an annual informal week-long mass gathering of approximately 30,000 Australian school leavers...
May 11, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748737/psychosocial-risks-for-constipation-and-soiling-in-primary-school-children
#3
Carol Joinson, Mariusz T Grzeda, Alexander von Gontard, Jon Heron
To examine prospective associations between psychosocial problems and childhood constipation and soiling. We used latent classes of constipation and soiling ('constipation alone', 'soiling alone', 'constipation with soiling') extracted from longitudinal maternally reported data on constipation (4-10 years) and soiling (4-9 years) from 8435 children (4353 males, 4082 females) from the ALSPAC cohort. We examined the association between maternally reported psychosocial problems at 2-3 years (difficult temperament, behaviour/emotional problems, temper tantrums, behavioural sleep problems and stressful events) and the latent classes using multinomial logistic regression adjusted for a range of confounders relating to the child and family (reference category = normative latent class with very low probability of constipation/soiling)...
May 10, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748736/long-term-social-skills-group-training-for-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Ulf Jonsson, Nora Choque Olsson, Christina Coco, Anders Görling, Oskar Flygare, Anna Råde, Qi Chen, Steve Berggren, Kristiina Tammimies, Sven Bölte
Social skills group training (SSGT) is widely used for intellectually able children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Previous studies indicate small to moderate effects on social communication capacities. The duration of most available programs is relatively short, and extended training might lead to further improvement. This randomized controlled trial compared an extended 24-week version of the SSGT program KONTAKT with standard care. The weekly sessions gradually shifted in content from acquisition of new skills to real-world application of the acquired skills...
May 10, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744668/methodological-concerns-with-network-meta-analysis-on-drugs-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#5
LETTER
Erlend Glasø Faltinsen, Ole Jakob Storebø, Christian Gluud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730721/comparing-the-dsm-5-construct-of-disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder-and-icd-10-mixed-disorder-of-emotion-and-conduct-in-the-uk-longitudinal-assessment-of-manic-symptoms-uk-lams-study
#6
I Sagar-Ouriaghli, G Milavic, R Barton, N Heaney, F Fiori, K Lievesley, J Singh, Paramala Santosh
It is important to understand new diagnostic entities in classifications of psychopathology such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 (DSM-5) (code F34.8) construct of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD) and to compare it with possible equivalent disorders in other classificatory systems such as the International Classification of Diseases-10 (ICD-10), which has a category that superficially appears similar, that is, Mixed Disorder of Emotion and Conduct (MDEC) (code F92)...
May 5, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728871/psychological-interventions-in-psychosis-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Nefeli Anagnostopoulou, Marinos Kyriakopoulos, Anca Alba
BACKGROUND: Early onset psychosis (EOP), referring to psychosis with onset before the age of 18 years, is a more severe form of psychosis associated with worse prognosis. While medication is the treatment of choice, psychological interventions are also considered to have an important role in the management of symptoms and disability associated with this condition. The present review aimed to explore the effectiveness of such interventions. METHOD: An electronic search was conducted on the Embase, Medline, and PsychInfo databases for papers of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) referring to psychological interventions in EOP...
May 4, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721753/leisure-time-physical-activity-among-adolescents-and-subsequent-use-of-antidepressant-and-hypnotic-drugs-a-prospective-register-linkage-study
#8
Annette Løvheim Kleppang, Ingeborg Hartz, Miranda Thurston, Curt Hagquist
In this prospective study, the association between physical activity and subsequent use of antidepressant and hypnotic drug use in adolescents aged 15-16 years was examined. This study is based on information retrieved from the Norwegian Youth Health Surveys (2000-2003) and linked to prescription data from the Norwegian Prescription Database (2004-2013). In total, the study included 10711 participants with a participation rate of 87%. Adolescents were asked how many hours per week they spent on physical activity that made them sweat and/or be out of breath outside of school...
May 2, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704065/time-trends-of-finnish-adolescents-mental-health-and-use-of-alcohol-and-cigarettes-from-1998-to-2014
#9
Kaisa Mishina, Elina Tiiri, Lotta Lempinen, Lauri Sillanmäki, Kim Kronström, Andre Sourander
This study reports time-trend changes in self-reported mental health problems, smoking, and alcohol habits among Finnish adolescents over a 16-year period using three cross-sectional studies with similar designs, methodologies, and geographical recruitment areas. There were 4508 participants with a mean age of 14.4 years (range 13-18) in 1998 (n = 1449), 2008 (n = 1560), and 2014 (n = 1499). The information they provided on their mental health was measured with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and they were also asked questions about their alcohol and smoking habits...
April 27, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700615/sociodemographic-differences-in-10-year-time-trends-of-emotional-and-behavioural-problems-among-adolescents-attending-secondary-schools-in-amsterdam-the-netherlands
#10
Cornelia Leontine van Vuuren, Daan G Uitenbroek, Marcel F van der Wal, Mai J M Chinapaw
Societal change in western societies may impact emotional and behavioural problems of adolescents. Firm epidemiological evidence of changes in emotional and behavioural problems during the last decade is lacking. Insight into secular changes in emotional and behavioural problems among adolescents from various sociodemographic groups is crucial for adequate and targeted policy making. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine 10-year time trends in emotional and behavioural problems among adolescents, and potential differences in time trends between sociodemographic groups...
April 26, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680970/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-child-mental-disorders-in-a-population-based-cohort-of-hiv-exposed-and-unexposed-african-children-aged-7-11-years
#11
Tamsen J Rochat, Brian Houle, Alan Stein, Rebecca M Pearson, Ruth M Bland
Despite being home to a large population of vulnerable children there is a dearth of population-based evidence on childhood mental disorders in sub-Saharan Africa. Parent and child mental health are rarely measured concurrently, despite potential for confounding with other risk factors, including parental HIV. Using the parent-report Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) we assessed children's mental health in a population-based cohort of 1536 HIV-negative children (31% HIV-exposed, 18% HIV-affected, 51% HIV-unexposed) aged 7-11 years...
April 21, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675593/prevalence-of-pica-and-rumination-behaviors-in-german-children-aged-7-14-and-their-associations-with-feeding-eating-and-general-psychopathology-a-population-based-study
#12
Andrea S Hartmann, Tanja Poulain, Mandy Vogel, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess, Anja Hilbert
Despite potentially severe medical consequences of pica and rumination disorder (RD), little is known about their prevalence and association with other psychopathology in childhood. As a part of a larger population-based study, 804 children aged 7-14 years and their parents were asked about their experience of pica and RD behaviors, and associated eating, feeding and general psychopathology. A total of 12.31 and 11.49% of the participants reported having engaged in pica or RD behaviors, respectively, at least once...
April 19, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663072/early-adolescent-outcomes-of-joint-developmental-trajectories-of-problem-behavior-and-iq-in-childhood
#13
Eirini Flouri, Efstathios Papachristou, Emily Midouhas, Heather Joshi, George B Ploubidis, Glyn Lewis
General cognitive ability (IQ) and problem behavior (externalizing and internalizing problems) are variable and inter-related in children. However, it is unknown how they co-develop in the general child population and how their patterns of co-development may be related to later outcomes. We carried out this study to explore this. Using data from 16,844 Millennium Cohort Study children, we fitted three-parallel-process growth mixture models to identify joint developmental trajectories of internalizing, externalizing and IQ scores at ages 3-11 years...
April 16, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651645/parental-depressive-symptoms-as-a-risk-factor-for-child-depressive-symptoms-testing-the-social-mediators-in-internationally-adopted-children
#14
Krista Liskola, Hanna Raaska, Helena Lapinleimu, Marko Elovainio
Parental depressive symptoms have shown to be associated with offspring depression but much of the research has been focused on maternal depression. The aim of our study was to investigate the extent to which depressive symptoms of both parents associate with offspring depressive symptoms and whether social factors mediate these associations using data from adopted children with no shared genetic background. Data were derived from the Finnish Adoption survey study (a subsample of adopted children aged between 9 and 12 years, n = 548)...
April 12, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644474/risk-factors-for-parental-psychopathology-a-study-in-families-with-children-or-adolescents-with-psychopathology
#15
L W Wesseldijk, G C Dieleman, F J A van Steensel, M Bartels, J J Hudziak, R J L Lindauer, S M Bögels, C M Middeldorp
The parents of children with psychopathology are at increased risk for psychiatric symptoms. To investigate which parents are mostly at risk, we assessed in a clinical sample of families with children with psychopathology, whether parental symptom scores can be predicted by offspring psychiatric diagnoses and other child, parent and family characteristics. Parental depressive, anxiety, avoidant personality, attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD), and antisocial personality symptoms were measured with the Adult Self Report in 1805 mothers and 1361 fathers of 1866 children with a psychiatric diagnosis as assessed in a child and adolescent psychiatric outpatient clinic...
April 11, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644473/attention-and-executive-functions-computer-training-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Aida Bikic, James F Leckman, Torben Ø Christensen, Niels Bilenberg, Søren Dalsgaard
Multicenter randomized clinical superiority single-blind trial investigated the effect of a computer training program targeting multiple cognitive functions. Seventy children with ADHD, aged 6-13, were randomized to intervention or control group. The intervention group used ACTIVATE™ for 8 weeks and both groups received treatment as usual and were assessed in regard to cognitive functions, symptoms, behavioral and functional outcome measures after 8, 12 and 24 weeks. There was no significant effect on the primary outcome, sustained attention (β = - 0...
April 11, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637284/social-competence-and-psychopathology-in-early-childhood-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Laura Huber, Maria Plötner, Julian Schmitz
The acquisition of social competence, such as showing prosocial behaviour (fulfilling others' needs) and social initiative (fulfilling own needs), constitutes one major developmental task in childhood and adolescence. Previous research suggests that in middle childhood, impaired social competences are related to childhood psychopathology, such as externalizing and internalizing disorders. As the period of preschool age is a particularly important time for both the development of social competence and early psychopathological symptoms, we conducted a systematic review to investigate the role of social competence in relation to early childhood psychopathology...
April 10, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619558/externalizing-behavior-problems-are-related-to-substance-use-in-adolescents-across-six-samples-from-nordic-countries
#18
Mads Uffe Pedersen, Kristine Rømer Thomsen, Ove Heradstveit, Jens Christoffer Skogen, Morten Hesse, Sheila Jones
The aim of this study is to investigate associations between use of cigarettes, cannabis, and alcohol (CCA) and psychosocial problems among adolescents with different cultural backgrounds living in Nordic countries. Data from six questionnaire-based surveys conducted in Denmark, Norway, and Greenland, with participants from different cultural and religious backgrounds, were compared. A total of 2212 adolescents between 15 and 18 years of age participated in the study. The surveys were carried out nationally and in school settings...
April 4, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594368/efficacy-of-individualized-social-competence-training-for-children-with-oppositional-defiant-disorders-conduct-disorders-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-an-active-control-group
#19
Anja Goertz-Dorten, Christina Benesch, Emel Berk-Pawlitzek, Martin Faber, Christopher Hautmann, Martin Hellmich, Timo Lindenschmidt, Lioba Schuh, Rahel Stadermann, Manfred Doepfner
Patient-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy in children with aggressive behavior, which uses group-based social skills training, has resulted in significant reductions in behavioral problems, with effect sizes in the small-to-medium range. However, effects of individually delivered treatments and effects on aggressive behavior and comorbid conditions rated from different perspectives, child functional impairment, child quality of life, parent-child relationship, and parental psychopathology have rarely been assessed...
March 28, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569022/professionals-views-on-the-development-process-of-a-structural-collaboration-between-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-child-welfare-an-exploration-through-the-lens-of-the-life-cycle-model
#20
Helena Van den Steene, Dirk van West, Griet Peeraer, Inge Glazemakers
This study, as a part of a participatory action research project, reports the development process of an innovative collaboration between child and adolescent psychiatry and child welfare, for adolescent girls with multiple and complex needs. The findings emerge from a qualitative descriptive analysis of four focus groups with 30 professionals closely involved in this project, and describe the evolution of the collaborative efforts and outcomes through time. Participants describe large investments and negative consequences of rapid organizational change in the beginning of the collaboration project, while benefits of the intensive collaboration only appeared later...
March 23, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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