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European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460165/efficacy-and-safety-of-drugs-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-a-network-meta-analysis
#1
Sarah C O S Padilha, Suzane Virtuoso, Fernanda S Tonin, Helena H L Borba, Roberto Pontarolo
The aim of this study is to gather evidence of head-to-head double-blind randomized-controlled trials on the efficacy and safety of available treatments for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents. A systematic review was conducted by two independent reviewers in ten electronic databases (PROSPERO register CRD42016043239). Methodological quality of included studies was evaluated according to the Jadad scale. Network meta-analyses were performed including double-blinded head-to-head trials comparing active allopathic drugs in patients (0-18 years old) diagnosed with ADHD...
February 19, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460164/assessing-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-children-and-adolescents-with-psychiatric-disorders-treated-with-atypical-antipsychotics-a-population-based-nested-case-control-study
#2
Hankil Lee, Dong-Ho Song, Jin-Won Kwon, Euna Han, Min-Jung Chang, Hye-Young Kang
To examine the associations between atypical antipsychotic (AAP) exposure and the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Korean pediatric patients with psychiatric disorders, we conducted a nested case-control study using the claims data of the National Health Insurance system of Korea between 2010 and 2014. A cohort of patients with psychiatric disorders was identified, and enrollment was taken as the date of the first psychiatric diagnosis. Cases involved patients with a diagnosis of T2DM or prescriptions for glucose lowering drugs after enrollment, and the identification of T2DM was defined as the index date...
February 19, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455340/an-international-clinical-study-of-ability-and-disability-in-adhd-using-the-who-icf-framework
#3
Soheil Mahdi, Nadia Ronzano, Ane Knüppel, José Carlos Dias, Ayman Albdah, Lin Chien-Ho, Omar Almodayfer, Annet Bluschke, Sunil Karande, Huei-Lin Huang, Hanna Christiansen, Mats Granlund, Petrus J de Vries, David Coghill, Rosemary Tannock, Luis Rohde, Sven Bölte
This is the fourth and final study designed to develop International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF, and children and youth version, ICF-CY) core sets for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). To investigate aspects of functioning and environment of individuals with ADHD as documented by the ICF-CY in clinical practice settings. An international cross-sectional multi-centre study was applied, involving nine units from eight countries: Denmark, Germany, India, Italy, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Sweden and Taiwan...
February 17, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445867/sustained-effects-of-neurofeedback-in-adhd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Jessica Van Doren, Martijn Arns, Hartmut Heinrich, Madelon A Vollebregt, Ute Strehl, Sandra K Loo
Neurofeedback (NF) has gained increasing interest in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Given learning principles underlie NF, lasting clinical treatment effects may be expected. This systematic review and meta-analysis addresses the sustainability of neurofeedback and control treatment effects by considering randomized controlled studies that conducted follow-up (FU; 2-12 months) assessments among children with ADHD. PubMed and Scopus databases were searched through November 2017...
February 14, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442231/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-school-based-suicide-prevention-programmes
#5
Susan Ahern, Lee-Ann Burke, Brendan McElroy, Paul Corcoran, Elaine M McMahon, Helen Keeley, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Christina W Hoven, Marco Sarchiapone, Alan Apter, Judit Balazs, Raphaela Banzer, Julio Bobes, Romuald Brunner, Doina Cosman, Christian Haring, Michael Kaess, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Agnes Kereszteny, Vita Postuvan, Pilar A Sáiz, Peeter Varnik, Danuta Wasserman
Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among young people globally. In light of emerging evidence supporting the effectiveness of school-based suicide prevention programmes, an analysis of cost-effectiveness is required. We aimed to conduct a full cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) of the large pan-European school-based RCT, Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE). The health outcomes of interest were suicide attempt and severe suicidal ideation with suicide plans. Adopting a payer's perspective, three suicide prevention interventions were modelled with a Control over a 12-month time period...
February 14, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442230/challenges-and-opportunities-in-refugee-mental-health-clinical-service-and-research-considerations
#6
EDITORIAL
Matthew Hodes, Dimitris Anagnostopoulos, Norbert Skokauskas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442229/long-term-safety-and-efficacy-of-guanfacine-extended-release-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd
#7
Michael Huss, Bryan Dirks, Joan Gu, Brigitte Robertson, Jeffrey H Newcorn, J Antoni Ramos-Quiroga
Data are reported from SPD503-318, a phase 3, open-label, safety study of guanfacine extended release (GXR) in European children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants received dose-optimized GXR (1-7 mg/day) for up to 2 years. Of 215 enrolled participants, 214 were included in the safety population and 133 completed the study. Participants' mean age was 11.7 years and 73.8% were male. Overall, 177 participants (82.7%) experienced a treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE)...
February 13, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435654/standardised-assessment-of-functioning-in-adhd-consensus-on-the-icf-core-sets-for-adhd
#8
Sven Bölte, Soheil Mahdi, David Coghill, Susan Shur-Fen Gau, Mats Granlund, Martin Holtmann, Sunil Karande, Florence Levy, Luis A Rohde, Wolfgang Segerer, Petrus J de Vries, Melissa Selb
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with significant impairments in social, educational, and occupational functioning, as well as specific strengths. Currently, there is no internationally accepted standard to assess the functioning of individuals with ADHD. WHO's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-child and youth version (ICF) can serve as a conceptual basis for such a standard. The objective of this study is to develop a comprehensive, a common brief, and three age-appropriate brief ICF Core Sets for ADHD...
February 12, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397445/population-attributable-risk-of-factors-associated-with-the-repetition-of-self-harm-behaviour-in-young-people-presenting-to-clinical-services-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Katrina Witt, Allison Milner, Matthew J Spittal, Sarah Hetrick, Jo Robinson, Jane Pirkis, Gregory Carter
The repetition of hospital-treated self-harm by young people is common. However, little work has summarised the modifiable factors associated with this. A thorough understanding of those factors most strongly associated with repetition could guide the development of relevant clinical interventions. We systematically reviewed four databases (EMBASE, Medline, PubMed and PsycINFO) until 15 April 2016 to identify all observational studies of factors for the repetition of self-harm or suicide reattempts (together referred to as 'self-harm behaviour') in young people...
February 3, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396712/informant-related-effects-of-neurofeedback-and-cognitive-training-in-children-with-adhd-including-a-waiting-control-phase-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Franziska Minder, Agnieszka Zuberer, Daniel Brandeis, Renate Drechsler
There is controversy regarding the clinical efficacy of neurofeedback (NF) and computerized cognitive training (CogT) as treatments for ADHD. Meta-analyses claim that probably blinded teachers observe smaller effects than parents, because they are less biased. We investigated informant-specific effects by manipulating the involvement of informants, by controlling for waiting time effects, and by adding a blinded outcome measure. Seventy-seven children with ADHD were randomly allocated to slow cortical potential NF or to individualized CogT (of attention, working memory or inhibition)...
February 2, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396711/prevalence-of-suicide-attempts-and-their-risk-factors-in-school-aged-patients-with-epilepsy-a-population-based-study
#11
Tomor Harnod, Cheng-Li Lin, Chia-Hung Kao
Suicide prevention is a critical issue for young people. However, no large body of representative data on the risk of suicide attempts in school-aged patients with epilepsy in Taiwan or other developing countries is available. Patients aged ≤ 18 years who received a diagnosis of epilepsy between 2000 and 2012 were included in the epilepsy cohort (N = 9801). The comparison cohort was matched to the epilepsy cohort at a ratio of 4:1. We calculated the adjusted hazard ratio and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for suicide attempts after adjustment for age, sex, urbanization level, parental occupation category, comorbidities, and follow-up time...
February 2, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383553/examining-the-intertwined-development-of-prosocial-skills-and-asd-symptoms-in-adolescence
#12
Anoek M Oerlemans, Nanda N J Rommelse, Jan K Buitelaar, Catharina A Hartman
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and reduced prosocial behaviour are strongly intertwined. However, social interactions with peers may be increasingly practiced over the course of development and may instigate a reduction in ASD symptoms and vice versa. We, therefore, sought to determine if, during adolescence, possible improvements in prosocial behaviours and ASD symptoms may benefit one another over time. Participants were 2773 adolescents from the Tracking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey (TRAILS) cohorts...
January 30, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383552/towards-understanding-and-acting-on-risk-factors-for-developmental-psychopathology
#13
EDITORIAL
Carmen Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380069/emotion-regulation-difficulties-in-traumatized-youth-a-meta-analysis-and-conceptual-review
#14
L Villalta, P Smith, N Hickin, A Stringaris
This article provides a quantitative and conceptual review of emotion regulation difficulties in trauma-exposed young people, and informs future directions in the field. Despite long-standing interest in the influence of emotion regulation difficulties on different internalizing and externalizing psychiatric disorders in childhood, several questions remain unresolved with respect to children and adolescents with PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder). Meta-analytic data from adult victims suggest that emotion regulation problems are associated with PTSD, but this has never been studied in children and young people...
January 27, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372331/barriers-and-facilitators-to-parents-seeking-and-accessing-professional-support-for-anxiety-disorders-in-children-qualitative-interview-study
#15
Tessa Reardon, Kate Harvey, Bridget Young, Doireann O'Brien, Cathy Creswell
Anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health disorders experienced by children, but only a minority of these children access professional help. Understanding the difficulties parents face seeking support for child anxiety disorders could inform targeted interventions to improve treatment access. The aims of the study were to identify barriers and facilitators to seeking and accessing professional support for child anxiety disorders, and ways to minimise these barriers. A qualitative interview study was conducted with parents of 16 children (aged 7-11 years) with anxiety disorders identified through screening in schools...
January 25, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368254/when-addiction-symptoms-and-life-problems-diverge-a-latent-class-analysis-of-problematic-gaming-in-a-representative-multinational-sample-of-european-adolescents
#16
Michelle Colder Carras, Daniel Kardefelt-Winther
The proposed diagnosis of Internet gaming disorder (IGD) in DSM-5 has been criticized for "borrowing" criteria related to substance addiction, as this might result in misclassifying highly involved gamers as having a disorder. In this paper, we took a person-centered statistical approach to group adolescent gamers by levels of addiction-related symptoms and gaming-related problems, compared these groups to traditional scale scores for IGD, and checked how groups were related to psychosocial well-being using a preregistered analysis plan...
January 24, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368253/the-interface-between-child-adolescent-and-adult-mental-health-services-results-from-a-european-28-country-survey
#17
Giulia Signorini, Swaran P Singh, Vlatka Boricevic Marsanic, Gwen Dieleman, Katarina Dodig-Ćurković, Tomislav Franic, Suzanne E Gerritsen, James Griffin, Athanasios Maras, Fiona McNicholas, Lesley O'Hara, Diane Purper-Ouakil, Moli Paul, Frederick Russet, Paramala Santosh, Ulrike Schulze, Cathy Street, Sabine Tremmery, Helena Tuomainen, Frank Verhulst, Jane Warwick, Giovanni de Girolamo
Transition-related discontinuity of care is a major socioeconomic and societal challenge for the EU. The current service configuration, with distinct Child and Adolescent Mental Health (CAMHS) and Adult Mental Health Services (AMHS), is considered a weak link where the care pathway needs to be most robust. Our aim was to delineate transitional policies and care across Europe and to highlight current gaps in care provision at the service interface. An online mapping survey was conducted across all 28 European Countries using a bespoke instrument: The Standardized Assessment Tool for Mental Health Transition (SATMEHT)...
January 24, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362929/does-the-efficacy-of-parent-child-training-depend-on-maternal-symptom-improvement-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-children-and-mothers-both-affected-by-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#18
Alexander Häge, Barbara Alm, Tobias Banaschewski, Katja Becker, Michael Colla, Christine Freitag, Julia Geissler, Alexander von Gontard, Erika Graf, Barbara Haack-Dees, Susann Hänig, Klaus Hennighausen, Sarah Hohmann, Christian Jacob, Charlotte Jaite, Christine Jennen-Steinmetz, Viola Kappel, Swantje Matthies, Alexandra Philipsen, Luise Poustka, Wolfgang Retz, Michael Rösler, Katja Schneider-Momm, Esther Sobanski, Timo D Vloet, Andreas Warnke, Thomas Jans
Multimodal treatment of children with ADHD often includes parent-child training (PCT). However, due to the high heritability, parents of children with ADHD are frequently also affected by the disorder, which is likely to constitute a significant barrier to successful treatment of the child. This secondary analysis of our randomized controlled multicentre AIMAC trial (ADHD in mothers and children) investigates whether children's outcomes following parent-child training in combination with maternal ADHD treatment depend on maternal symptom improvement...
January 23, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357099/treatment-of-selective-mutism-a-5-year-follow-up-study
#19
Beate Oerbeck, Kristin Romvig Overgaard, Murray B Stein, Are Hugo Pripp, Hanne Kristensen
Selective mutism (SM) has been defined as an anxiety disorder in the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5). Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the recommended approach for SM, but prospective long-term outcome studies are lacking. Reports from the children themselves, and the use of more global quality of life measures, are also missing in the literature. We have developed a school-based CBT intervention previously found to increase speech in a pilot efficacy study and a randomized controlled treatment study...
January 22, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353323/does-methylphenidate-improve-academic-performance-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Anne Fleur Kortekaas-Rijlaarsdam, Marjolein Luman, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Jaap Oosterlaan
Academic improvement is amongst the most common treatment targets when prescribing stimulants to children with ADHD. Previous reviews on stimulant-related academic improvements are inconclusive and focus on task engagement. Recent literature suggests outcome-domain-specific medication effects that are larger for productivity than for accuracy. The aims of this study are quantifying methylphenidate effects on academic productivity and accuracy for math, reading, spelling; exploring the mediating or moderating effects of symptom improvements, demographic-, design- and disorder-related variables...
January 20, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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