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European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547119/systematic-review-of-meditation-based-interventions-for-children-with-adhd
#1
REVIEW
Subhadra Evans, Mathew Ling, Briony Hill, Nicole Rinehart, David Austin, Emma Sciberras
Meditation-based interventions such as mindfulness and yoga are commonly practiced in the general community to improve mental and physical health. Parents, teachers and healthcare providers are also increasingly using such interventions with children. This review examines the use of meditation-based interventions in the treatment of children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Electronic databases searched included PsycINFO, Medline, CINAHL, and AMED. Inclusion criteria involved children (aged to 18 years) diagnosed with ADHD, delivery of a meditation-based intervention to children and/or parents, and publication in a peer-reviewed journal...
May 25, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540609/mental-health-problems-in-austrian-adolescents-a-nationwide-two-stage-epidemiological-study-applying-dsm-5-criteria
#2
Gudrun Wagner, Michael Zeiler, Karin Waldherr, Julia Philipp, Stefanie Truttmann, Wolfgang Dür, Janet L Treasure, Andreas F K Karwautz
This is a nationwide epidemiological study using DSM-5 criteria to assess the prevalence of mental disorders in a large sample of Austrian adolescents between 10 and 18 years including hard-to-reach samples. A sample of 3615 adolescents from four cohorts (school grades 5, 7, 9, 11; age range 10-18 years) was recruited from 261 schools, samples of unemployed adolescents (n = 39) and adolescents from mental health institutions (n = 137) were added. The Youth Self-Report and SCOFF were used to screen for mental health problems...
May 24, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536846/time-on-task-effects-in-children-with-and-without-adhd-depletion-of-executive-resources-or-depletion-of-motivation
#3
Tycho J Dekkers, Joost A Agelink van Rentergem, Alette Koole, Wery P M van den Wildenberg, Arne Popma, Anika Bexkens, Reino Stoffelsen, Anouk Diekmann, Hilde M Huizenga
Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are characterized by deficits in their executive functioning and motivation. In addition, these children are characterized by a decline in performance as time-on-task increases (i.e., time-on-task effects). However, it is unknown whether these time-on-task effects should be attributed to deficits in executive functioning or to deficits in motivation. Some studies in typically developing (TD) adults indicated that time-on-task effects should be interpreted as depletion of executive resources, but other studies suggested that they represent depletion of motivation...
May 23, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528425/neet-adolescents-grown-up-eight-year-longitudinal-follow-up-of-education-employment-and-mental-health-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood-in-mexico-city
#4
Raúl A Gutiérrez-García, Corina Benjet, Guilherme Borges, Enrique Méndez Ríos, María Elena Medina-Mora
The purpose is to examine the socio-demographic and mental health outcomes in early adulthood of those who as adolescents were not in education, employment or training, termed NEET, compared to their counterparts who studied, worked, or both. One thousand and seventy-one youth residing in Mexico City participated in a representative, prospective, longitudinal 8-year two-Wave cohort study. At Wave I the participants were aged 12-17 and at Wave II aged 19 and 26. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview assessed psychiatric disorders, substance use and abuse, suicidal behavior, interpersonal relationships, employment and education...
May 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527021/comorbidity-prevalence-and-treatment-outcome-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd
#5
Laura Reale, Beatrice Bartoli, Massimo Cartabia, Michele Zanetti, Maria Antonella Costantino, Maria Paola Canevini, Cristiano Termine, Maurizio Bonati
Although ADHD comorbidity has been widely studied, some issues remain unsolved. This multicenter observational study aims to examine comorbid psychiatric disorders in a clinical sample of newly diagnosed, treatment naïve children and adolescents with and without ADHD and, to compare treatment efficacy based on the type of comorbidity. We performed an analysis of the medical records of patients identified from the Regional ADHD Registry database, enrolled in 18 ADHD centers in the 2011-2016 period. 1919 of 2861 subjects evaluated (67%) met the diagnostic criteria for ADHD: 650 (34%) had only ADHD, while 1269 (66%) had at least one comorbid psychiatric disorder (learning disorders, 56%; sleep disorders, 23%; oppositional defiant disorder, 20%; anxiety disorders, 12%)...
May 19, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527020/changes-in-serum-levels-of-kynurenine-metabolites-in-paediatric-patients-affected-by-adhd
#6
Melania Evangelisti, Pietro De Rossi, Jole Rabasco, Renato Donfrancesco, Luana Lionetto, Matilde Capi, Gabriele Sani, Maurizio Simmaco, Ferdinando Nicoletti, Maria Pia Villa
This study aims at determining serum levels of tryptophan and other metabolites of the kynurenine pathway in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared to healthy controls. Such metabolites interact with glutamate receptors in the central nervous system, potentially modulating mechanisms that are pivotal in ADHD and thus potentially representing peripheral biomarkers of the disorder. We measured serum levels of tryptophan and some metabolites of the kynurenine pathway in 102 children with ADHD and 62 healthy controls by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)...
May 19, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527019/autonomic-arousal-in-anxious-and-typically-developing-youth-during-a-stressor-involving-error-feedback
#7
Michelle Rozenman, Alexandra Sturm, James T McCracken, John Piacentini
Anxiety has been proposed to influence psychophysiological reactivity in children and adolescents. However, the extant empirical literature has not always found physiological reactivity to be associated with anxiety in youth. Further, most investigations have not examined psychophysiological reactivity in real time over the course of acute stress. To test the impact of anxiety disorder status on autonomic arousal in youth, we compared youth with primary anxiety disorders (N = 24) to typically developing (TD) youth (N = 22) on heart rate (HR), heart rate variability (HRV), and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) during an acute stressor in which youth received error-related feedback...
May 19, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527018/predicting-academic-impairment-and-internalizing-psychopathology-using-a-multidimensional-framework-of-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-with-parent-and-adolescent-reports
#8
Zoe R Smith, Joshua M Langberg
Adolescents with Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) exhibit symptoms of slowness, mental confusion, excessive daydreaming, low motivation, and drowsiness/sleepiness. Although many symptoms of SCT reflect internalizing states, no study has evaluated the clinical utility of self-report of SCT in an attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) sample. Furthermore, it remains unclear whether SCT is best conceptualized as a unidimensional or multidimensional construct. In a sample of 262 adolescents comprehensively diagnosed with ADHD, the present study used adolescent- and parent reports of SCT to evaluate the predictive utility of a general SCT factor from a bifactor modeling approach compared the utility of three specific SCT factors (slow, sleepy, and daydreamer) for predicting academic impairment and internalizing psychopathology...
May 19, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509968/sleep-problems-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-associations-with-parenting-style-and-sleep-hygiene
#9
Emma Sciberras, Jie Cheng Song, Melissa Mulraney, Tibor Schuster, Harriet Hiscock
We aimed to examine the association between sleep problems and parenting and sleep hygiene in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants included 5-13-year-old children with DSM 5 defined ADHD and a parent-reported moderate-to-severe sleep problem (N = 361). Sleep was assessed using the parent-reported Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire. Parents also completed checklists assessing sleep hygiene, parenting consistency, and parenting warmth. Linear regression established prediction models controlling for confounding variables including child age and sex, ADHD symptom severity, comorbidities, medication use, and socio-demographic factors...
May 16, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508957/genetic-and-environmental-correlations-between-subjective-wellbeing-and-experience-of-life-events-in-adolescence
#10
Robyn E Wootton, Oliver S P Davis, Abigail L Mottershaw, R Adele H Wang, Claire M A Haworth
Some life events appear heritable due to the genetic influence on related behaviours. Shared genetic influence between negative behaviours and negative life events has previously been established. This study investigated whether subjective wellbeing and positive life events were genetically associated. Participants in the Twins Early Development Study (aged 16.32 ± .68 years) completed subjective wellbeing and life events assessments via two separate studies (overlapping N for wellbeing and life events measures ranged from 3527 to 9350)...
May 16, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502034/stressful-life-events-during-adolescence-and-risk-for-externalizing-and-internalizing-psychopathology-a-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Jaume March-Llanes, Laia Marqués-Feixa, Laura Mezquita, Lourdes Fañanás, Jorge Moya-Higueras
The main objective of the present research was to analyze the relations between stressful life events and the externalizing and internalizing spectra of psychopathology using meta-analytical procedures. After removing the duplicates, a total of 373 papers were found in a literature search using several bibliographic databases, such as the PsycINFO, Medline, Scopus, and Web of Science. Twenty-seven studies were selected for the meta-analytical analysis after applying different inclusion and exclusion criteria in different phases...
May 13, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502033/a-reflection-on-today-s-environment-for-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-research-the-continuous-march-for-science-of-european-child%C3%A2-%C3%A2-adolescent-psychiatry
#12
EDITORIAL
Johannes Hebebrand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500384/associations-between-social-vulnerabilities-and-psychosocial-problems-in-european-children-results-from-the-idefics-study
#13
Isabel Iguacel, Nathalie Michels, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Karin Bammann, Stefaan De Henauw, Regina Felső, Wencke Gwozdz, Monica Hunsberger, Lucia Reisch, Paola Russo, Michael Tornaritis, Barbara Franziska Thumann, Toomas Veidebaum, Claudia Börnhorst, Luis A Moreno
The effect of socioeconomic inequalities on children's mental health remains unclear. This study aims to explore the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between social vulnerabilities and psychosocial problems, and the association between accumulation of vulnerabilities and psychosocial problems. 5987 children aged 2-9 years from eight European countries were assessed at baseline and 2-year follow-up. Two different instruments were employed to assess children's psychosocial problems: the KINDL (Questionnaire for Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents) was used to evaluate children's well-being and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used to evaluate children's internalising problems...
May 12, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474153/-we-would-never-forget-who-we-are-resettlement-cultural-negotiation-and-family-relationships-among-somali-bantu-refugees
#14
Rochelle L Frounfelker, Mehret T Assefa, Emily Smith, Aweis Hussein, Theresa S Betancourt
Somali refugees are resettling in large numbers in the US, but little is known about the Somali Bantu, an ethnic minority within this population. Refugee youth mental health is linked to the functioning of the larger family unit. Understanding how the process of culturally adjusting to life after resettlement relates to family functioning can help identify what kind of interventions might strengthen families and lead to better mental health outcomes for youth. This paper seeks to address the following research questions: (1) How do different groups of Somali Bantu refugees describe their experiences of culturally adapting to life in the US?; and (2) How, if at all, do processes of cultural adaptation in a new country affect Somali Bantu family functioning? We conducted 14 focus groups with a total of 81 Somali Bantu refugees in New England...
May 4, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462487/psychopathology-and-friendship-in-children-and-adolescents-disentangling-the-role-of-co-occurring-symptom-domains-with-serial-mediation-models
#15
Arthur Gus Manfro, Pedro M Pan, Ary Gadelha, Marcelo Fleck, Maria C do Rosário, Hugo Cogo-Moreira, Rodrigo Affonseca-Bressan, Jair Mari, Euripedes C Miguel, Luis A Rohde, Giovanni A Salum
The consolidation of social friendship groups is a vital part of human development. The objective of this study is to understand the direct and indirect influences of three major symptomatic domains-emotional, hyperkinetic, and conduct-on friendship. Specifically, we aim to study if the associations of one domain with friendship may be mediated by co-occurring symptoms from another domain. A total of 2512 subjects aged 6-14 years participated in this study. Friendship was evaluated by the Development and Well-Being Assessment's friendship section...
May 2, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456857/age-effect-on-prevalence-of-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-symptoms-replication-in-a-clinical-sample-of-an-early-detection-of-psychosis-service
#16
Frauke Schultze-Lutter, Daniela Hubl, Benno G Schimmelmann, Chantal Michel
Higher frequencies of perceptual and lesser clinical significance of non-perceptual attenuated psychotic symptoms (APS) have been reported by 8- to 15-year-old of the general population compared to 16- to 40-year-old. We examined if such an age-effect can also be detected in a clinical never-psychotic sample (N = 133) referred to a specialized service for clinical suspicion of developing psychosis. APS and brief intermittent psychotic symptoms (BIPS) were assessed using items P1-P3 and P5 (non-perceptual), and P4 (perceptual) of the Structured Interview for Psychosis-Risk Syndromes, current axis-I disorders with the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, and psychosocial functioning with the Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale...
April 29, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455596/clinical-decision-support-systems-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Roman Koposov, Sturla Fossum, Thomas Frodl, Øystein Nytrø, Bennett Leventhal, Andre Sourander, Silvana Quaglini, Massimo Molteni, María de la Iglesia Vayá, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Nicola Barbarini, Michael Peter Milham, Francisco Xavier Castellanos, Norbert Skokauskas
Psychiatric disorders are amongst the most prevalent and impairing conditions in childhood and adolescence. Unfortunately, it is well known that general practitioners (GPs) and other frontline health providers (i.e., child protection workers, public health nurses, and pediatricians) are not adequately trained to address these ubiquitous problems (Braddick et al. Child and Adolescent mental health in Europe: infrastructures, policy and programmes, European Communities, 2009; Levav et al. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 13:395-401, 2004)...
April 28, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447268/atypical-age-dependency-of-executive-function-and-white-matter-microstructure-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#18
Kenia Martínez, Jessica Merchán-Naranjo, Laura Pina-Camacho, Yasser Alemán-Gómez, Leticia Boada, David Fraguas, Carmen Moreno, Celso Arango, Joost Janssen, Mara Parellada
Executive function (EF) performance is associated with measurements of white matter microstructure (WMS) in typical individuals. Impaired EF is a hallmark symptom of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) but it is unclear how impaired EF relates to variability in WMS. Twenty-one male youth (8-18 years) with ASD and without intellectual disability and twenty-one typical male participants (TP) matched for age, intelligence quotient, handedness, race and parental socioeconomic status were recruited. Five EF domains were assessed and several DTI-based measurements of WMS [fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD) and radial diffusivity (RD)] were estimated for eighteen white matter tracts...
April 26, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429134/systematic-review-of-quality-of-life-and-functional-outcomes-in-randomized-placebo-controlled-studies-of-medications-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
REVIEW
David R Coghill, Tobias Banaschewski, César Soutullo, Matthew G Cottingham, Alessandro Zuddas
Children, adolescents and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience functional impairment and poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in addition to symptoms of inattention/hyperactivity-impulsivity. To synthesize qualitatively the published evidence from randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of the effectiveness of pharmacotherapy on functional impairment or HRQoL in patients with ADHD, a systematic PubMed searching and screening strategy was designed to identify journal articles meeting pre-specified criteria...
April 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417257/additive-effect-of-congenital-heart-disease-and-early-developmental-disorders-on-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-nationwide-population-based-longitudinal-study
#20
Pei-Chen Tsao, Yu-Sheng Lee, Mei-Jy Jeng, Ju-Wei Hsu, Kai-Lin Huang, Shih-Jen Tsai, Mu-Hong Chen, Wen-Jue Soong, Yu Ru Kou
In this retrospective nationwide population-based case-control study, we investigated the impact of congenital heart disease (CHD) on the development of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), which remains unclear. Children aged <18 years that were diagnosed with CHD (n = 3552) between January 1, 1997 and December 31, 2009 were identified from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. Non-CHD controls (n = 14,208) matched for age and sex (1:4) were selected from the same dataset...
April 17, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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