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European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222634/what-is-the-level-of-evidence-for-the-use-of-currently-available-technologies-in-facilitating-the-self-management-of-difficulties-associated-with-adhd-in-children-and-young-people-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Lauren Powell, Jack Parker, Valerie Harpin
A number of technologies to help self-manage attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and young people (YP) have been developed. This review will assess the level of evidence for the use of such technologies. The review was undertaken in accordance with the general principles recommended in the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis. 7545 studies were screened. Fourteen studies of technology that aim to self-manage difficulties associated with ADHD in children and YP were included...
December 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222633/characterising-youth-with-callous-unemotional-traits-and-concurrent-anxiety-evidence-for-a-high-risk-clinical-group
#2
Charlotte A M Cecil, Eamon J McCrory, Edward D Barker, Jo Guiney, Essi Viding
Growing evidence supports the existence of two variants of youth with high callous-unemotional (CU) traits who present with markedly different risk profiles and outcomes, with potential implications for risk assessment and treatment formulation. So far, studies have identified variants of CU youth mainly using data-driven cluster approaches based on levels of CU traits and co-occurring anxiety. Yet, the extent to which this knowledge may be translated into clinical practice is unclear. To this end, the present study employed a severity-based, cut-off approach to systematically characterise CU groups across a range of clinically informative domains, including trauma history, psychiatric symptomatology, affective functioning, attachment style and behavioural risk...
December 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214387/dealing-with-difference-a-scoping-review-of-psychotherapeutic-interventions-with-unaccompanied-refugee-minors
#3
REVIEW
Gwladys Demazure, Sydney Gaultier, Nicolas Pinsault
Unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) are a population at risk for developing mental problems, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and/or depression. Therapists working with URMs often have to overcome language and cultural barriers, while taking into account these young people's specific needs. A growing literature describes a wide range of interventions designed to reduce psychopathologies and improve well-being. We summarized the different interventions used with URMs to get an overview of techniques used for reducing psychopathologies and difficulties of URMs and to give recommendations to help professionals...
December 6, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209833/fine-motor-ability-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-youth
#4
Lorenna Sena Teixeira Mendes, Gisele Gus Manfro, Ary Gadelha, Pedro Mario Pan, Rodrigo Affonseca Bressan, Luis Augusto Rohde, Giovanni Abrahão Salum
Impaired fine motor ability has been linked to several domains of psychopathology. However, studies validating the specificity of this association among several categorical psychiatric disorders are still needed. The aim of this study was to assess differences in fine motor ability performance among four non-overlapping groups of psychiatric disorders and a group of typical developing comparisons (TDC). Our sample consisted of 2035 subjects aged 6-14-year-old. Diagnoses of psychiatric disorders were performed with the Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA)...
December 5, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204740/living-with-conduct-problem-youth-family-functioning-and-parental-perceptions-of-their-child
#5
Ruth Roberts, Eamon McCrory, Helene Joffe, Nicole De Lima, Essi Viding
Parenting children with conduct problems (CP) is challenging, yet very little is known about the impact of the child's behaviour on family functioning or how parents of children with CP perceive their child. The aim of this research was to examine whether families with children with CP and high vs. low levels of callous-unemotional traits (HCU vs. LCU) experience differences in family functioning and parental perceptions. One hundred and one parents/caregivers of boys aged 11-16 [Typically developing (TD) n = 31; CP/HCU n = 35; CP/LCU n = 35] completed the McMaster Family Assessment Device, measuring multiple domains of family functioning...
December 4, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196875/correction-to-associations-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-autoimmune-diseases-are-modified-by-sex-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#6
Tor-Arne Hegvik, Johanne Telnes Instanes, Jan Haavik, Kari Klungsøyr, Anders Engeland
The article "Associations between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autoimmune diseases are modified by sex: a population-based cross-sectional study", written by Tor-Arne Hegvik, Johanne Telnes Instanes, Jan Haavik, Kari Klungsøyr and Anders Engeland, was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on October 5, 2017 without open access due to an error by the Springer editorial office in the processing of this article. The authors had originally opted for open access...
December 1, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188445/childhood-physical-maltreatment-perceived-social-isolation-and-internalizing-symptoms-a-longitudinal-%C3%A2-three-wave-population-based-study
#7
Mashhood Ahmed Sheikh
A number of cross-sectional studies have consistently shown a correlation between childhood physical maltreatment, perceived social isolation and internalizing symptoms. Using a longitudinal, three-wave design, this study sought to assess the mediating role of perceived social isolation in adulthood in the association between childhood physical maltreatment and internalizing symptoms in adulthood. The study has a three-wave design. We used data collected from 1994 to 2008 within the framework of the Tromsø Study (N = 4530), a representative prospective cohort study of men and women...
November 29, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188444/escap-for-mental-health-of-child-and-adolescent-refugees-facing-the-challenge-together-reducing-risk-and-promoting-healthy-development
#8
Milica Pejovic-Milovancevic, Henrikje Klasen, Dimitris Anagnostopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177565/breastfeeding-and-externalising-problems-a-quasi-experimental-design-with-a-national-cohort
#9
Lisa-Christine Girard, Orla Doyle, Richard E Tremblay
Evidence from correlational studies supporting the benefits of breastfeeding on children's externalising problems is mixed. Quasi-experimental approaches can help in better understanding possible 'effects'. We aimed to investigate the longitudinal impact of breastfeeding on externalising problems from childhood into adolescence. Participants included ~ 5000 full-term children, from the Growing Up in Ireland Child Cohort. Externalising problems (conduct problems and hyperactivity) were assessed using both the parent and teacher versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire when children were age 9 and 13...
November 24, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177564/trajectories-of-mental-health-problems-in-children-of-parents-with-mental-health-problems-results-of-the-bella-study
#10
Angela Plass-Christl, Christiane Otto, Fionna Klasen, Silke Wiegand-Grefe, Claus Barkmann, Heike Hölling, Michael Schulte-Markwort, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer
Children of parents with mental health problems (CPM) have an increased risk for behavioral and psychological problems. This study investigated the age- and gender-specific course as well as predictors of mental health problems in CPM using the longitudinal data (baseline 1- and 2-year follow-ups) of a German general population sample from the BELLA study. Children and adolescents aged 11-17 years (at baseline) who had a parent with mental health problems (n = 325) were analyzed. The mental health problems of the children were assessed by the self-reported version of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ)...
November 24, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177563/the-impact-of-detention-on-the-social-emotional-wellbeing-of-children-seeking-asylum-a-comparison-with-community-based-children
#11
Karen Zwi, Sarah Mares, Dania Nathanson, Alvin Kuowei Tay, Derrick Silove
Accumulating literature demonstrates that immigration detention is harmful to children. However, there is a scarcity of scientifically rigorous and reliable data about the health of children held in detention facilities. The aim of the study was to compare a community-based population of recently arrived refugee children flown into Australia, not detained, resettled in a non-urban area, with a population of children who arrived by boat seeking asylum, detained since arrival. The parent-version of the strength and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) of children aged 4-15 years was compared in children living in the community with those held in detention...
November 24, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159725/ecap-editorial
#12
EDITORIAL
Paul Ramchandani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147785/qt-interval-and-dispersion-in-drug-free-anorexia-nervosa-adolescents-a-case-control-study
#13
Monica Bomba, Lucio Tremolizzo, Fabiola Corbetta, Franco Nicosia, Francesca Lanfranconi, Gianni Poggioli, Karine Goulene, Marco Stramba-Badiale, Elisa Conti, Francesca Neri, Renata Nacinovich
Long QT values have been reported in patients with anorexia nervosa of the restricting type (ANr) potentially increasing the risk of fatal arrhythmia, especially if psychotropic drug treatment is required. Nevertheless, the previous studies on this topic are biased by drug exposure, long disease durations, and small sample sizes. This study is aimed at assessing QTc and QTcd values in ANr adolescents with recent onset and drug free, as compared to subjects affected by psychiatric disorders other than ANr. We evaluated QTc and its dispersion (QTcd) in a population of 77 drug-free ANr female adolescents and compared to an equal number of healthy controls (H-CTRL) and pathological controls (P-CTRL, mixed psychiatric disorders)...
November 16, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143155/language-and-social-emotional-and-behavioural-wellbeing-from-4-to-7%C3%A2-years-a-community-based-study
#14
Penny Levickis, Emma Sciberras, Cristina McKean, Laura Conway, Angela Pezic, Fiona K Mensah, Edith L Bavin, Lesley Bretherton, Patricia Eadie, Margot Prior, Sheena Reilly
Language disorder (LD) and social-emotional and behavioural (SEB) difficulties are common childhood problems that often co-occur. While there is clear evidence of these associations from clinical samples, less is known about community samples. This paper examines these associations in children aged 4-7 years from a community-based longitudinal study. 771 families provided questionnaire and assessment data at 4, 5 and 7 years. Parent-reported SEB difficulties were measured at each point (SDQ). Child language was directly assessed at 4 (CELF-P2), 5 and 7 years (CELF-4)...
November 15, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119301/whole-body-vibration-added-to-treatment-as-usual-is-effective-in-adolescents-with-depression-a-partly-randomized-three-armed-clinical-trial-in-inpatients
#15
Heidrun Lioba Wunram, Stefanie Hamacher, Martin Hellmich, Maxi Volk, Franziska Jänicke, Franziska Reinhard, Wilhelm Bloch, Philipp Zimmer, Christine Graf, Eckhard Schönau, Gerd Lehmkuhl, Stephan Bender, Oliver Fricke
There is growing evidence for the effectiveness of exercise in the treatment of adult major depression. With regard to adolescents, clinical trials are scarce. Due to the inherent symptoms of depression (lack of energy, low motivation to exercise), endurance training forms could be too demanding especially in the first weeks of treatment. We hypothesized that an easy-to-perform passive muscular training on a whole body vibration (WBV) device has equal anti-depressive effects compared to a cardiovascular training, both administered as add-ons to treatment as usual (TAU)...
November 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119300/longitudinal-outcomes-of-children-with-pediatric-autoimmune-neuropsychiatric-disorder-associated-with-streptococcal-infections-pandas
#16
Jill Leon, Rebecca Hommer, Paul Grant, Cristan Farmer, Precilla D'Souza, Riley Kessler, Kyle Williams, James F Leckman, Susan Swedo
Little is known about the natural history of children with pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS). This study prospectively followed 33 children with PANDAS for up to 4.8 years (mean 3.3 ± 0.7 years) after enrollment in a 24-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) (N = 35). Fourteen of eighteen children randomized to placebo received open label IVIG 6 weeks after the blinded infusion, so follow-up results reported below largely reflect outcomes in a population of children who received at least one dose of IVIG...
November 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119299/enrolment-of-children-in-psychosocial-care-problems-upon-entry-care-received-and-outcomes-achieved
#17
Marieke Nanninga, Danielle E M C Jansen, Erik J Knorth, Sijmen A Reijneveld
Psychosocial care systems have been designed so that specific problems are treated by specific care types. There is insufficient evidence as to which problem types are actually presented to the various care types. This study assessed types and severity of problems among children and adolescents upon enrolment in psychosocial care, compared to children not enrolled; also outcomes after 3 and 12 months, overall and per care type. We obtained data on a cohort of 1382 Dutch children aged 4-18 years (response rate 56...
November 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110074/what-are-the-odds-of-anxiety-disorders-running-in-families-a-family-study-of-anxiety-disorders-in-mothers-fathers-and-siblings-of-children-with-anxiety-disorders
#18
Liesbeth G E Telman, Francisca J A van Steensel, Marija Maric, Susan M Bögels
This family study investigated (1) the prevalence of anxiety disorders (ADs) in parents and siblings of children (n = 144) aged 8-18 years with ADs compared to control children (n = 49), and (2) the specificity of relationships between child-mother, child-father, and child-sibling ADs. Clinical interviews were used to assess current DSM-IV-TR ADs in children and siblings, and lifetime and current ADs in parents. Results showed that children with ADs were two to three times more likely to have at least one parent with current and lifetime ADs than the control children (odds ratio (OR) = 2...
November 6, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098468/measuring-perfectionism-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-the-mental-health-literature
#19
REVIEW
Elizabeth M Leone, Tracey D Wade
The adverse consequences of perfectionism in the lives of youth (children and adolescents) are now widely recognised, including impact on mental health and general well-being. In order to develop interventions to prevent and treat perfectionism and promote resilience for children, rigorous testing and examination of theoretical models is needed as well as having access to valid and reliable assessment tools. The aim of the current literature review was to examine the validity and reliability of the measures currently being used to measure perfectionism in children under the age of 15...
November 2, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098467/a-6-month-follow-up-of-an-rct-on-behavioral-and-neurocognitive-effects-of-neurofeedback-in-children-with-adhd
#20
Katleen Geladé, Tieme W P Janssen, Marleen Bink, Jos W R Twisk, Rosa van Mourik, Athanasios Maras, Jaap Oosterlaan
To assess the long-term effects of neurofeedback (NFB) in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), we compared behavioral and neurocognitive outcomes at a 6-month naturalistic follow-up of a randomized controlled trial on NFB, methylphenidate (MPH), and physical activity (PA). Ninety-two children with a DSM-IV-TR ADHD diagnosis, aged 7-13, receiving NFB (n = 33), MPH (n = 28), or PA (n = 31), were re-assessed 6-months after the interventions. NFB comprised theta/beta training on the vertex (cortical zero)...
November 2, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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