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European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909834/effects-of-maternal-health-anxiety-on-children-s-health-complaints-emotional-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#1
Mette Viller Thorgaard, Lisbeth Frostholm, Lynn S Walker, Kristian Stengaard-Pedersen, Mads Münster Karlsson, Jens Søndergaard Jensen, Per Fink, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask
Little is known about family risk factors and intergenerational transmission of psychological disturbance in the development of health anxiety (HA). This study investigated HA and related concepts in 8- to 17-year-old children who had been exposed to different maternal health status. Using a family case-control design, three family groups were included: (1) 50 case children of mothers with severe (HA); (2) 49 control children of mothers with rheumatoid arthritis (RA); and (3) 51 control children of healthy mothers...
December 1, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904952/what-to-expect-and-when-to-expect-it-an-fmri-study-of-expectancy-in-children-with-adhd-symptoms
#2
Branko M van Hulst, Patrick de Zeeuw, Yvonne Rijks, Sebastiaan F W Neggers, Sarah Durston
Changes in cognitive control and timing have both been implicated in ADHD. Both are involved in building and monitoring expectations about the environment, and altering behavior if those expectations are violated. In ADHD, problems with expectations about future events have high face validity, as this would be associated with behavior that is inappropriate only given a certain context, similar to symptoms of the disorder. In this fMRI study, we used a timing manipulated go/nogo task to assess brain activity related to expectations about what (cognitive control) and when (timing) events would occur...
December 1, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866283/learning-curves-of-theta-beta-neurofeedback-in-children-with-adhd
#3
Tieme W P Janssen, Marleen Bink, Wouter D Weeda, Katleen Geladé, Rosa van Mourik, Athanasios Maras, Jaap Oosterlaan
: Neurofeedback is widely applied as non-pharmacological intervention aimed at reducing symptoms of ADHD, even though efficacy has not been unequivocally established. Neuronal changes during the neurofeedback intervention that resemble learning can provide crucial evidence for the feasibility and specificity of this intervention. A total of 38 children (aged between 7 and 13 years) with a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of ADHD, completed on average 29 sessions of theta (4-8 Hz)/beta (13-20 Hz) neurofeedback training...
November 19, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848023/beliefs-regarding-medication-and-side-effects-influence-treatment-adherence-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#4
Maria Emilsson, Per A Gustafsson, Gisela Öhnström, Ina Marteinsdottir
Adherence to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment is important because, when untreated, it may have serious consequences with lifelong effects. In the case of adolescents on long-term medicine prescription, more knowledge is needed regarding adherence and factors influencing adherence, which was the purpose of this study. Adolescents (n = 101) on ADHD medication ≥6 months were administrated questionnaires at a monitoring appointment: Medication Adherence Report Scale (MARS), beliefs about medicines (BMQ) and the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (B-IPQ)...
November 15, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844161/latent-classes-of-emotional-and-behavioural-problems-in-epidemiological-and-referred-samples-and-their-relations-to-dsm-iv-diagnoses
#5
Valentina Bianchi, Paolo Brambilla, Marco Garzitto, Paola Colombo, Livia Fornasari, Monica Bellina, Carolina Bonivento, Alessandra Tesei, Sara Piccin, Stefania Conte, Giampaolo Perna, Alessandra Frigerio, Isabella Castiglioni, Franco Fabbro, Massimo Molteni, Maria Nobile
Researchers' interest have recently moved toward the identification of recurrent psychopathological profiles characterized by concurrent elevations on different behavioural and emotional traits. This new strategy turned to be useful in terms of diagnosis and outcome prediction. We used a person-centred statistical approach to examine whether different groups could be identified in a referred sample and in a general-population sample of children and adolescents, and we investigated their relation to DSM-IV diagnoses...
November 14, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822641/the-relationship-between-screen-time-nighttime-sleep-duration-and-behavioural-problems-in-preschool-children-in-china
#6
Xiaoyan Wu, Shuman Tao, Erigene Rutayisire, Yunxiao Chen, Kun Huang, Fangbiao Tao
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationships between screen time (ST), nighttime sleep duration, and behavioural problems in a sample of preschool children in China. A sample of 8900 children aged 3-6 years was enrolled from 35 kindergartens, in four cities, in two provinces, in China to evaluate the relationships between ST, nighttime sleep duration, and behavioural problems. Children's ST and nighttime sleep duration were assessed by questionnaires completed by parents or guardians. Behavioural problems were assessed using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), and the Clancy Autism Behaviour Scale (CABS)...
November 7, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815757/impulsivity-and-self-harm-in-adolescence-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Joanna Lockwood, David Daley, Ellen Townsend, Kapil Sayal
Research supports an association between impulsivity and self-harm, yet inconsistencies in methodology across studies have complicated understanding of this relationship. This systematic review examines the association between impulsivity and self-harm in community-based adolescents aged 11-25 years and aims to integrate findings according to differing concepts and methods. Electronic searches of EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, CINAHL, PubMed and The Cochrane Library, and manual searches of reference lists of relevant reviews identified 4496 articles published up to July 2015, of which 28 met inclusion criteria...
November 5, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815756/editorial-what-are-the-concerns-of-a-european-child-and-adolescent-psychiatrist
#8
EDITORIAL
Paul G Ramchandani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807804/tourette-syndrome-increases-risk-of-bone-fractures-a-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Yuan-Yuan Lu, Ming-Yu Wang, I-Hua Wei, Che-Chen Lin, Chih-Chia Huang
This study assesses the risk of fractures among children with Tourette syndrome (TS), and identifies the effects of comorbidities and antipsychotics. We randomly sampled the claims data of 1 million enrollees in the National Health Insurance program of Taiwan, and identified 1258 children with TS diagnosed between 2000 and 2010. Additionally, 12,580 children without TS who were frequency matched for sex, age, residential area, parental occupation, and index year were identified for comparison. The children's cases were followed until December 31, 2010, or censored to ascertain incident fractures cases and associations with comorbidities of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and treatments with antipsychotics, antidepressants, or clonidine...
November 2, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785581/perinatal-complications-lipid-peroxidation-and-mental-health-problems-in-a-large-community-pediatric-sample
#10
Rodrigo B Mansur, Graccielle R Cunha, Elson Asevedo, André Zugman, Adiel C Rios, Giovanni A Salum, Pedro M Pan, Ary Gadelha, Mateus L Levandowski, Síntia I Belangero, Gisele G Manfro, Laura Stertz, Márcia Kauer-Sant'anna, Eurípedes C Miguel, Rodrigo A Bressan, Jair J Mari, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira, Elisa Brietzke
Replicated evidence indicates that perinatal complications are associated with increased markers of oxidative stress and with mental health problems in children. However, there are fewer reports on the impact of perinatal complications in later phases of development. We aimed to investigate the estimated effects of perinatal complications on levels of lipid peroxidation and on psychopathology in children and adolescents. The study is part of the High Risk Cohort Study for Psychiatric Disorders; the population was composed by 554 students, 6-14 years of age...
October 26, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783180/klaus-minde-1933-2016
#11
EDITORIAL
Helmut Remschmidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771763/maternal-warmth-and-toddler-development-support-for-transactional-models-in-disadvantaged-families
#12
Lisa-Christine Girard, Orla Doyle, Richard E Tremblay
Studies support cognitive and social domains of development as entwined in childhood, however, there is a paucity of investigation into the nature of the mother-child relationship within an interdependence framework. Furthermore, the focus on these processes within families from impoverished communities using frequent assessments in early childhood has been limited. Our objectives were to identify (1) the directional associations between toddler's communication ability and social competence, (2) to establish whether the association between toddler's communication ability and social competence is mediated by maternal warmth, and (3) to establish support for transactional models between toddlers' outcomes and maternal warmth in disadvantaged communities in Ireland...
October 22, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770295/all-that-glisters-is-not-an-endophenotype-rethinking-endophenotypes-in-anorexia-nervosa
#13
Nadia Micali, Camilla Lindvall Dahlgren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770294/do-child-healthcare-professionals-and-parents-recognize-social-emotional-and-behavioral-problems-in-1-year-old-infants
#14
Jaana Alakortes, Susanna Kovaniemi, Alice S Carter, Risto Bloigu, Irma K Moilanen, Hanna E Ebeling
Growing evidence supports the existence of clinically significant social-emotional/behavioral (SEB) problems among as young as 1-year-old infants. However, a substantial proportion of early SEB problems remain unidentified during contacts with child healthcare professionals. In this study, child healthcare nurse (CHCN; N = 1008) and parental (N = 518) reports about SEB worries were gathered, along with the maternal and paternal Brief Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment (BITSEA) ratings, for 12-month-old infants randomly recruited through Finnish child health centers...
October 21, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695954/can-psychiatric-childhood-disorders-be-due-to-inborn-errors-of-metabolism
#15
A Simons, F Eyskens, I Glazemakers, D van West
Many patients who visit a centre for hereditary metabolic diseases remarkably also suffer from a child psychiatric disorder. Those child psychiatric disorders may be the first sign or manifestation of an underlying metabolic disorder. Lack of knowledge of metabolic disorders in child psychiatry may lead to diagnoses being missed. Patients therefore are also at risk for not accessing efficacious treatment and proper counselling. To search the literature for the co-occurrence of child psychiatric disorders, such as ADHD, autism, psychosis, learning disorders and eating disorders and metabolic disorders...
September 30, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683227/psychopathic-personality-traits-in-5%C3%A2-year-old-twins-the-importance-of-genetic-and-shared-environmental-influences
#16
Catherine Tuvblad, Kostas A Fanti, Henrik Andershed, Olivier F Colins, Henrik Larsson
There is limited research on the genetic and environmental bases of psychopathic personality traits in children. In this study, psychopathic personality traits were assessed in a total of 1189 5-year-old boys and girls drawn from the Preschool Twin Study in Sweden. Psychopathic personality traits were assessed with the Child Problematic Traits Inventory, a teacher-report measure of psychopathic personality traits in children ranging from 3 to 12 years old. Univariate results showed that genetic influences accounted for 57, 25, and 74 % of the variance in the grandiose-deceitful, callous-unemotional, and impulsive-need for stimulation dimensions, while the shared environment accounted for 17, 48 and 9 % (n...
September 28, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665293/an-rct-into-the-effects-of-neurofeedback-on-neurocognitive-functioning-compared-to-stimulant-medication-and-physical-activity-in-children-with-adhd
#17
Katleen Geladé, Marleen Bink, Tieme W P Janssen, Rosa van Mourik, Athanasios Maras, Jaap Oosterlaan
Neurofeedback (NFB) is a potential alternative treatment for children with ADHD that aims to optimize brain activity. Whereas most studies into NFB have investigated behavioral effects, less attention has been paid to the effects on neurocognitive functioning. The present randomized controlled trial (RCT) compared neurocognitive effects of NFB to (1) optimally titrated methylphenidate (MPH) and (2) a semi-active control intervention, physical activity (PA), to control for non-specific effects. Using a multicentre three-way parallel group RCT design, children with ADHD, aged 7-13, were randomly allocated to NFB (n = 39), MPH (n = 36) or PA (n = 37) over a period of 10-12 weeks...
September 24, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662894/evidence-based-treatments-for-youths-with-severely-dysregulated-mood-a-qualitative-systematic-review-of-trials-for-smd-and-dmdd
#18
Xavier Benarous, Angèle Consoli, Jean-Marc Guilé, Sébastien Garny de La Rivière, David Cohen, Bertrand Olliac
The aim of this literature review was to examine the evidence for psychotherapeutic and pharmacological treatments in subjects with severely dysregulated mood and to identify potential areas for improvements in research designs. A literature search was conducted using several databases for published (PubMed, PsycINFO) and ongoing (clinical trial registries) studies conducted in youths who met NIMH's criteria for Severe Mood Dysregulation (SMD) or the DSM-5 diagnosis of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD)...
September 23, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645702/cognitive-functioning-in-children-with-internalising-externalising-and-dysregulation-problems-a-population-based-study
#19
Laura M E Blanken, Tonya White, Sabine E Mous, Maartje Basten, Ryan L Muetzel, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Marjolein Wals, Jan van der Ende, Frank C Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier
Psychiatric symptoms in childhood are closely related to neurocognitive deficits. However, it is unclear whether internalising and externalising symptoms are associated with general or distinct cognitive problems. We examined the relation between different types of psychiatric symptoms and neurocognitive functioning in a population-based sample of 1177 school-aged children. Internalising and externalising behaviour was studied both continuously and categorically. For continuous, variable-centred analyses, broadband scores of internalising and externalising symptoms were used...
September 19, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628527/predictors-of-non-drug-psychiatric-psychotherapeutic-treatment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-mental-or-behavioural-disorders
#20
Sascha Abbas, Peter Ihle, Jürgen-Bernhard Adler, Susanne Engel, Christian Günster, Martin Holtmann, Axel Kortevoss, Roland Linder, Werner Maier, Gerd Lehmkuhl, Ingrid Schubert
Children and adolescents with mental health problems need effective and safe therapies to support their emotional and social development and to avoid functional impairment and progress of social deficits. Though psychotropic drugs seem to be the preferential treatment, psychotherapy and psychosocial interventions are essential in mental health care. For Germany, current data on the utilization of psychotherapy and psychosocial interventions in children with mental health problems is lacking. To analyse why certain children and adolescents with mental or behavioural disorders do and others do not receive non-drug treatment, we assessed predictors associated with specific non-drug psychiatric/psychotherapeutic treatment including psychosocial interventions, psychotherapy and other non-drug treatments...
September 14, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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