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European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

Alyce M Whipp, Tellervo Korhonen, Anu Raevuori, Kauko Heikkilä, Lea Pulkkinen, Richard J Rose, Jaakko Kaprio, Eero Vuoksimaa
Modestly prevalent in the general population (~ 4%), but highly prevalent in prison populations (> 40%), the diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) involves aggression as one of several possible criteria. Using multiple informants, we aimed to determine if general aggression, as well as direct and indirect subtypes, assessed in early adolescence (ages 12, 14) predict young adulthood ASPD in a population-based sample. Using data from a Finnish population-based longitudinal twin cohort study with psychiatric interviews available at age 22 (N = 1347), we obtained DSM-IV-based ASPD diagnoses...
July 17, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Chao-Yu Liu, Yan Li, Essi Viding, Philip Asherson, Jean-Baptiste Pingault
Symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, in particular inattention symptoms, are associated with academic achievement. However, whether and why the developmental course of inattention symptoms (i.e. systematic decreases or increases of symptoms with age) predicts academic achievement remains unclear. A total of 5634 twin pairs born in the UK were included in the current study. We used latent growth curve modelling to estimate the baseline level and the developmental course of inattention symptoms (assessed at ages 8, 11, 14 and 16 years) and test whether they predicted the General Certificate of Secondary Education scores (GCSE, at age 16 years)...
July 13, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Lining Yang, Xinyu Zhou, Juncai Pu, Lanxiang Liu, Pim Cuijpers, Yuqing Zhang, Hanping Zhang, Shuai Yuan, Teng Teng, Lu Tian, Peng Xie
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is highly prevalent and persistent in children and adolescents. However, evidence for the efficacy and acceptability of psychological interventions for SAD in children and adolescents remains unclear. Seven electronic databases (PubMed, CENTRAL, Embase, Web of Science, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and ProQuest) were searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared psychological interventions for SAD with control conditions in children and adolescents were included. Primary outcomes were the efficacy (mean change in anxiety symptom scores) and acceptability (dropouts for all reasons)...
July 13, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Lise Eilin Stene, Jon-Håkon Schultz, Grete Dyb
Terrorist attacks and mass shootings often involve youth. Knowledge is needed on how this may impact their health and functioning. This study investigates perceived academic performance and school wellbeing in 237 terror-exposed survivors of the Utøya youth camp attack according to their sociodemographic characteristics, health and mental health service (MHS) utilization. Semi-structured interviews were conducted after 4-5 and 14-15 months. The year following the attack, 143 (61%) survivors reported impaired academic performance and 66 (29%) impaired school wellbeing...
July 12, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Michael Kaess
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Rikke Wesselhoeft, Argyris Stringaris, Christian Sibbersen, Rune Voss Kristensen, Anders Bo Bojesen, Ardesheer Talati
The symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), or oppositionality, seem to constitute a three-dimensional structure of angry/irritable, vindictiveness and argumentative behavior dimensions. Also, subjects with oppositionality are characterized by different comorbidity and longitudinal trajectories, suggesting that they could be divided into subtypes. This study is the first to examine the dimensions and subtypes of oppositionality in Nordic children. Study participants included 3435 children aged 7-10 years from the Danish National Birth Cohort...
July 12, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Oana A David, Roxana A I Cardoș, Silviu Matu
Therapeutic games represent a promising solution for addressing emotional difficulties in youths. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of the REThink game, in helping children and adolescents, to develop psychological resilience. Therefore, 165 children aged between 10 and 16 years were randomly assigned in one of the three groups: 54 participants in the REThink condition, 55 participants in the Rational Emotive Behavior Education condition, and 56 participants in the waitlist condition...
July 10, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Milica Pejovic-Milovancevic, Ana Kesic, Roberto Grujicic, Ana Stojkovic, Sanja Zivotic, Dusan Stupar, Vladimir Borovnica, Jelena Radosavljev-Kircanski, Iva Manojlovic, Dragan J Stojiljkovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Oana A David, Roxana A I Cardoș, Silviu Matu
The mechanisms of change are rarely investigated in the field of gamified interventions for preventing emotional disorders in children and adolescents despite the wide recognition for the advantages they offer as prevention tool. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanisms of change of a therapeutic game (REThink), specifically mediators and moderators of its efficacy. We conducted a randomized controlled trial, involving 165 children (age range 10-16 years), who were randomly distributed across three groups: the REThink group (N = 54), the Rational Emotive Behavior Education group (N = 55) and the Waitlist condition (N = 56)...
July 9, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Anette Schrag, Davide Martino, Alan Apter, Juliane Ball, Erika Bartolini, Noa Benaroya-Milshtein, Maura Buttiglione, Francesco Cardona, Roberta Creti, Androulla Efstratiou, Maria Gariup, Marianthi Georgitsi, Tammy Hedderly, Isobel Heyman, Immaculada Margarit, Pablo Mir, Natalie Moll, Astrid Morer, Norbert Müller, Kirsten Müller-Vahl, Alexander Münchau, Graziella Orefici, Kerstin J Plessen, Cesare Porcelli, Peristera Paschou, Renata Rizzo, Veit Roessner, Markus J Schwarz, Tamar Steinberg, Friederike Tagwerker Gloor, Zsanett Tarnok, Susanne Walitza, Andrea Dietrich, Pieter J Hoekstra
Genetic predisposition, autoimmunity and environmental factors [e.g. pre- and perinatal difficulties, Group A Streptococcal (GAS) and other infections, stress-inducing events] might interact to create a neurobiological vulnerability to the development of tics and associated behaviours. However, the existing evidence for this relies primarily on small prospective or larger retrospective population-based studies, and is therefore still inconclusive. This article describes the design and methodology of the EMTICS study, a longitudinal observational European multicentre study involving 16 clinical centres, with the following objectives: (1) to investigate the association of environmental factors (GAS exposure and psychosocial stress, primarily) with the onset and course of tics and/or obsessive-compulsive symptoms through the prospective observation of at-risk individuals (ONSET cohort: 260 children aged 3-10 years who are tic-free at study entry and have a first-degree relative with a chronic tic disorder) and affected individuals (COURSE cohort: 715 youth aged 3-16 years with a tic disorder); (2) to characterise the immune response to microbial antigens and the host's immune response regulation in association with onset and exacerbations of tics; (3) to increase knowledge of the human gene pathways influencing the pathogenesis of tic disorders; and (4) to develop prediction models for the risk of onset and exacerbations of tic disorders...
July 7, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Carol Joinson, Mariusz T Grzeda, Alexander von Gontard, Jon Heron
The objective of the study was to examine the association between biopsychosocial factors and developmental trajectories of childhood urinary incontinence (UI). We used developmental trajectories (latent classes) of childhood UI from 4-9 years including bedwetting alone, daytime wetting alone, delayed (daytime and nighttime) bladder control, and persistent (day and night) wetting (n = 8751, 4507 boys, 4244 girls). We examined whether biopsychosocial factors (developmental level, gestational age, birth weight, parental UI, temperament, behaviour/emotional problems, stressful events, maternal depression, age at initiation of toilet training, constipation) are associated with the trajectories using multinomial logistic regression (reference category = normative development of bladder control)...
July 6, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Cláudia Bulhões, E Ramos, S Dias, H Barros
Depression is the most important source of disability in adolescents, partially due to its recurrence. There is a lack of studies on population-based samples investigating the continuity of depressive symptoms during adolescence. This study evaluates depressive symptoms at early adolescence as predictors of depressive symptoms later in adolescence. Urban adolescents born in 1990 and enrolled in schools of Porto, Portugal, in 2003-2004 (EPITeen study) were evaluated at 13 and 17 years (n = 1106, 55.9% females), and completed a questionnaire comprising health behaviors and Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) to assess depressive symptoms...
July 5, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Louise Karjalainen, Maria Råstam, Gunilla Paulson-Karlsson, Elisabet Wentz
A possible overlap between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and anorexia nervosa (AN), in terms of both behavioural and cognitive features, has led to new areas of research. The aim of the present study was to examine the occurrence of eating behaviours frequently seen in ASD among adolescents and young adults with AN. The participants were females within the age range 15-25 years: 36 with current AN (32 were followed up after 1 year), 19 with ASD, and 30 healthy females. The participants completed the SWedish Eating Assessment for Autism spectrum disorders (SWEAA) and the Autism Spectrum Quotient tool (AQ)...
July 4, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Judith B Nissen, Martin Kaergaard, Lisbeth Laursen, Erik Parner, Per Hove Thomsen
Chronic tic disorders may have a huge influence on quality of life. Habit reversal training (HRT) and exposure response prevention (ERP) are effective treatments. In a blinded assessed, open trial, this study evaluates the effectiveness of a newly developed Scandinavian tic treating manual designed to treat adolescents with a chronic tic disorder, combining HRT and ERP. The study compared the efficacy of treatment based on the same manual delivered either individually or in groups. The study was an open randomized controlled clinical trial in which adolescents were randomized to either individual or group therapy...
June 28, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Mariela Mosheva, Virginie Pouillard, Yael Fishman, Lydia Dubourg, Dafna Sofrin-Frumer, Yaffa Serur, Abraham Weizman, Stephan Eliez, Doron Gothelf, Maude Schneider
22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is the most common known microdeletion in humans occurring in 1 out of 2000-4000 live births, with increasing numbers of individuals with the microdeletion living into adulthood. The aim of the study was to explore the education and employment trajectories of individuals with 22q11.2DS from childhood to adulthood in a large cohort composed of two significant samples. 260 individuals with 22q11.2DS, 134 male and 126 female, aged 5-59 years (mean age 21.3 ± 10.8 years) were evaluated at two sites, Geneva (GVA) and Tel Aviv (TA)...
June 22, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Filipa Sampaio, Richard Ssegonja, Camilla Nystrand, Inna Feldman
Despite Sweden's good child health statistics, data on the mental health and wellbeing of Swedish preschool children is scarce and not routinely collected in healthcare. The study aimed to: identify the proportion of preschool children with mental health and somatic problems, the public sector services used by these children and whether they differ by type of problems, investigate whether other factors affect service use, and estimate the costs associated with these services. This study used cross-sectional data on a sample of 3175 children aged 3-5 from the "Children and Parents in Focus trial"...
June 20, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
C C A H Bours, M J Bakker-Huvenaars, J Tramper, N Bielczyk, F Scheepers, K S Nijhof, A N Baanders, N N J Lambregts-Rommelse, P Medendorp, J C Glennon, J K Buitelaar
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), and Conduct Disorder (CD) are often associated with emotion recognition difficulties. This is the first eye-tracking study to examine emotional face recognition (i.e., gazing behavior) in a direct comparison of male adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder or Oppositional Defiant Disorder/Conduct Disorder, and typically developing (TD) individuals. We also investigate the role of psychopathic traits, callous-unemotional (CU) traits, and subtypes of aggressive behavior in emotional face recognition...
June 19, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Christelle Vernhet, Florine Dellapiazza, Nathalie Blanc, Florence Cousson-Gélie, Stéphanie Miot, Herbert Roeyers, Amaria Baghdadli
To deal with stress, parents of children with ASD use coping strategies that help to tackle the challenging situations of raising their child. This systematic review examines parental coping strategy's questionnaires, factors which influence these coping strategies, interactions between these strategies and perceived stress and their impact on parental quality of life. According to PRISMA guidelines, an electronic search was conducted on Medline, PsycInfo and Eric: 156 articles were identified and 11 studies were selected...
June 18, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Sarah Rees, Susan Channon, Cerith S Waters
Maternal mental health problems during pregnancy and the postnatal period are a major public health issue. Despite evidence that symptoms of both depression and anxiety are common during pregnancy and the postpartum, the impact of maternal anxiety on the child has received relatively less attention than the impact of maternal depression. Furthermore, the evidence base for the direct impact of maternal anxiety during pregnancy and the postpartum on children's emotional outcomes lacks cohesion. The aim of this systematic review is to summarise the empirical evidence regarding the impact of maternal prenatal and postnatal anxiety on children's emotional outcomes...
June 15, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Ping-Tao Tseng, Cheng-Fang Yen, Yen-Wen Chen, Brendon Stubbs, Andre F Carvalho, Paul Whiteley, Che-Sheng Chu, Dian-Jeng Li, Tien-Yu Chen, Wei-Cheng Yang, Chia-Hung Tang, Hsin-Yi Liang, Wei-Chieh Yang, Ching-Kuan Wu, Pao-Yen Lin
Previous studies have suggested environmental factors may contribute to the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The current meta-analysis examined (1) the difference in the duration of maternal breastfeeding between children with and without ADHD, and (2) the association between maternal breastfeeding and ADHD in children. The data of individual studies were synthesized with a random-effects model. Eleven articles were included in this meta-analysis. Children with ADHD had significantly less breastfeeding duration than controls (Hedges' g = - 0...
June 15, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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