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European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324175/becoming-a-child-and-adolescent-psychiatrist-in-spain-trainees-perspectives
#1
Marina Fàbrega Ribera, Daniel Ilzarbe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317061/looking-beyond-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
EDITORIAL
Pieter J Hoekstra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314984/substance-use-criminal-behaviour-and-psychiatric-symptoms-following-childhood-traumatic-brain-injury-findings-from-the-alspac-cohort
#3
Eleanor Kennedy, Jon Heron, Marcus Munafò
Recent research suggests a link between traumatic brain injury (TBI) in youth and later risk behaviour. We explored the association between mild TBI and psychiatric symptoms, substance use and criminal behaviour using data from a longitudinal birth cohort. Participants with mild TBI (n = 800), orthopaedic injuries (n = 2305) and no injuries (n = 8307) were identified from self and parent reports up to age 16 years. Self-report measures of substance use (alcohol, tobacco and cannabis) and criminal behaviours, and parent-reported psychiatric symptoms were collected at age 17 years...
March 17, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303423/theory-of-mind-predominantly-associated-with-the-quality-not-quantity-of-pretend-play-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Shu-Kai Lin, Ching-Hong Tsai, Hsing-Jung Li, Chien-Yu Huang, Kuan-Lin Chen
This study aimed to clarify the relationships between theory of mind and pretend play in children with autism spectrum disorder, using refined assessments of theory of mind and pretend play while controlling for autistic behaviors and verbal comprehension. A total of 92 children with autism spectrum disorder aged 4-10 years were enrolled. In two visits, the children were assessed with the Theory of Mind Task Battery, the Child-Initiated Pretend Play Assessment, the Childhood Autism Rating Scale, and the Verbal Comprehension Index of the Wechsler Intelligence Scales, respectively, for their theory of mind, pretend play performance, autistic behaviors, and verbal comprehension...
March 16, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289903/gut-microbiota-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-new-perspectives-for-a-challenging-condition
#5
REVIEW
María Carmen Cenit, Isabel Campillo Nuevo, Pilar Codoñer-Franch, Timothy G Dinan, Yolanda Sanz
A bidirectional communication between the gut and the brain (gut-brain axis) is well recognized with the gut microbiota viewed as a key regulator of this cross-talk. Currently, a body of preclinical and to a lesser extent epidemiological evidence supports the notion that host-microbe interactions play a key role in brain development and function and in the etiology of neurodevelopmental disorders. Early life events and shifts away from traditional lifestyles are known to impact gut microbiota composition and function and, thereby, may increase the risk of developing neurodevelopmental disorders...
March 13, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283836/the-faster-internal-clock-in-adhd-is-related-to-lower-processing-speed-wisc-iv-profile-analyses-and-time-estimation-tasks-facilitate-the-distinction-between-real-adhd-and-pseudo-adhd
#6
Marco Walg, Gerhard Hapfelmeier, Daniel El-Wahsch, Helmut Prior
Alterations in temporal processing may represent a primary cause of key symptoms in ADHD. This study is aimed at investigating the nature of time-processing alterations in ADHD and assessing the possible utility of testing time estimation for clinical diagnostics. Retrospective verbal time estimation in the range of several minutes was examined in 50 boys with ADHD and 53 boys with other mental disorders. All participants (age 7-16) attended an outpatient clinic for ADHD diagnostics. The diagnostic assessment included the WISC-IV...
March 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283835/a-developmental-approach-to-dimensional-expression-of-psychopathology-in-child-and-adolescent-offspring-of-parents-with-bipolar-disorder
#7
María Goretti Morón-Nozaleda, Covadonga M Díaz-Caneja, Elisa Rodríguez-Toscano, Celso Arango, Josefina Castro-Fornieles, Elena de la Serna, Ana Espliego, Vanessa Sanchez-Gistau, Soledad Romero, Immaculada Baeza, Gisela Sugranyes, Carmen Moreno, Dolores Moreno
The aim of this is to describe psychopathology, functioning and symptom dimensions accounting for subthreshold manifestations and developmental status in child and adolescent offspring of parents with bipolar disorder ("high-risk offspring"). The study population comprised 90 high-risk offspring (HR-offspring) and 107 offspring of community control parents (CC-offspring). Direct clinical observations and parental and offspring reports based on selected standardized clinical scales were used to assess offspring threshold and subthreshold diagnoses, symptoms and functioning...
March 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283834/risk-factors-for-comorbid-oppositional-defiant-disorder-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
Siri D S Noordermeer, Marjolein Luman, Wouter D Weeda, Jan K Buitelaar, Jennifer S Richards, Catharina A Hartman, Pieter J Hoekstra, Barbara Franke, Dirk J Heslenfeld, Jaap Oosterlaan
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is highly prevalent in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Individuals with both ADHD and ODD (ADHD + ODD) show a considerably worse prognosis compared with individuals with either ADHD or ODD. Therefore, identification of risk factors for ADHD + ODD is essential and may contribute to the development of (early) preventive interventions. Participants were matched for age, gender, and ADHD-subtype (diagnostic groups), and did not differ in IQ. Predictors included pre- and perinatal risk factors (pregnancy duration, birth weight, maternal smoking during pregnancy), transgenerational factors (parental ADHD; parental warmth and criticism in diagnostic groups), and postnatal risk factors (parental socioeconomic status [SES], adverse life events, deviant peer affiliation)...
March 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275895/-emotiplay-a-serious-game-for-learning-about-emotions-in-children-with-autism-results-of-a-cross-cultural-evaluation
#9
S Fridenson-Hayo, S Berggren, A Lassalle, S Tal, D Pigat, N Meir-Goren, H O'Reilly, S Ben-Zur, S Bölte, S Baron-Cohen, O Golan
Children with autism spectrum conditions (ASC) experience difficulties recognizing others' emotions and mental states. It has been shown that serious games (SG) can produce simplified versions of the socio-emotional world. The current study performed a cross-cultural evaluation (in the UK, Israel and Sweden) of Emotiplay's SG, a system aimed to teach emotion recognition (ER) to children with ASC in an entertaining, and intrinsically motivating way. Participants were 6-9 year olds with high functioning ASC who used the SG for 8-12 weeks...
March 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275894/erratum-to-individual-and-peer-factors-associated-with-ketamine-use-among-adolescents-in-taiwan
#10
Kun-Hua Lee, Yi-Chun Yeh, Pin-Chen Yang, Huang-Chi Lin, Peng-Wei Wang, Tai-Ling Liu, Cheng-Fang Yen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258321/are-lifetime-affective-disorders-predictive-of-long-term-outcome-in-severe-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#11
B Carrot, L Radon, T Hubert, S Vibert, J Duclos, F Curt, N Godart
Depression and anxiety are commonly associated with anorexia nervosa (AN) and contribute to difficulties in social integration, a negative factor for outcome in AN. The link between those disorders and AN has been poorly studied. Thus, our objective was to investigate (1) the link between outcome nine years after hospitalisation for AN and the occurrence of lifetime anxious or depressive comorbidities; (2) the prognostic value of these comorbidities on patient outcome; 181 female patients were hospitalised for AN (between 13 and 22 years old), and were re-evaluated for their psychological, dietary, physical and social outcomes, from 6 to 12 years after their hospitalisation...
March 3, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258320/further-evidence-for-the-role-of-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-and-other-early-life-influences-in-the-development-of-adhd-results-from-the-idefics-study
#12
Hermann Pohlabeln, Stefan Rach, Stefaan De Henauw, Gabriele Eiben, Wencke Gwozdz, Charalampos Hadjigeorgiou, Dénes Molnár, Luis A Moreno, Paola Russo, Toomas Veidebaum, Iris Pigeot
The aim of this study is to investigate whether in addition to established early risk factors other, less studied pre-, peri-, and postnatal influences, like gestational hypertension or neonatal respiratory disorders and infections, may increase a child's risk of developing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders (ADHD). In the IDEFICS study more than 18,000 children, aged 2-11.9 years, underwent extensive medical examinations supplemented by parental questionnaires on pregnancy and early childhood. The present analyses are restricted to children whose parents also completed a supplementary medical questionnaire (n = 15,577), including the question whether or not the child was ever diagnosed with ADHD...
March 3, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258319/comparative-efficacy-and-safety-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-pharmacotherapies-including-guanfacine-extended-release-a-mixed-treatment-comparison
#13
REVIEW
Alain Joseph, Rajeev Ayyagari, Meng Xie, Sean Cai, Jipan Xie, Michael Huss, Vanja Sikirica
This study compared the clinical efficacy and safety of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) pharmacotherapy in children and adolescents 6-17 years of age. A systematic literature review was conducted to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of pharmacologic monotherapies among children and adolescents with ADHD. A Bayesian network meta-analysis was conducted to compare change in symptoms using the ADHD Rating Scale Version IV (ADHD-RS-IV), Clinical Global Impression-Improvement (CGI-I) response, all-cause discontinuation, and adverse event-related discontinuation...
March 3, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247068/the-role-of-infants-mother-directed-gaze-maternal-sensitivity-and-emotion-recognition-in-childhood-callous-unemotional-behaviours
#14
R Bedford, N J Wagner, P D Rehder, C Propper, M T Willoughby, R W Mills-Koonce
While some children with callous unemotional (CU) behaviours show difficulty recognizing emotional expressions, the underlying developmental pathways are not well understood. Reduced infant attention to the caregiver's face and a lack of sensitive parenting have previously been associated with emerging CU features. The current study examined whether facial emotion recognition mediates the association between infants' mother-directed gaze, maternal sensitivity, and later CU behaviours. Participants were 206 full-term infants and their families from a prospective longitudinal study, the Durham Child Health and Development Study (DCHDS)...
February 28, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233073/gray-matter-abnormalities-in-pediatric-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-meta-analysis-with-signed-differential-mapping
#15
Jieke Liu, Li Yao, Wenjing Zhang, Yuan Xiao, Lu Liu, Xin Gao, Chandan Shah, Siyi Li, Bo Tao, Qiyong Gong, Su Lui
The gray matter abnormalities revealed by magnetic resonance imaging are inconsistent, especially in pediatric individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (age < 18 years old), a phenomenon possibly related to the core pathophysiology of ASD. The purpose of our meta-analysis was to identify and map the specific gray matter abnormalities in pediatric ASD individuals thereby exploring the potential effects of clinical and demographic characteristics of these gray matter changes. A systematic search was conducted to identify voxel-based morphometry studies in pediatric individuals with ASD...
February 23, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233072/what-motivates-individuals-with-adhd-a-qualitative-analysis-from-the-adolescent-s-point-of-view
#16
Sarah Morsink, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Gabry Mies, Nathalie Glorie, Jurgen Lemiere, Saskia Van der Oord, Marina Danckaerts
Individuals with ADHD appear to respond differently to incentives than their peers. This could be due to a general altered sensitivity to reinforcers. However, apart from differences in the degree of motivation, individuals with ADHD might also be motivated by qualitatively different factors. This study aimed to harvest a range of motivational factors and identify ADHD-related qualitative differences in motivation, from the adolescent's point of view. Semi-structured interviews allowing participants to describe what motivates them in daily life were conducted with young adolescents (9-16 years) with and without ADHD...
February 23, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190138/emotion-regulation-across-childhood-and-adolescence-evidence-for-a-maladaptive-shift-in-adolescence
#17
Emiel Cracco, Lien Goossens, Caroline Braet
Dysfunctional emotion regulation is an important predictor of psychopathology. Although many clinical programs focus on emotion regulation skills, the successful application of these programs in children and adolescents requires knowledge on the normative use of emotion regulation strategies over age. To this end, the current cross-sectional study examined changes in emotion regulation throughout childhood and adolescence. The use of seven adaptive and five maladaptive emotion regulation strategies was measured with the FEEL-KJ in a representative sample (N = 1397) of Dutch children and adolescents between 8 and 18 years old...
February 11, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190137/elimination-diets-efficacy-and-mechanisms-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
REVIEW
Verena Ly, Marco Bottelier, Pieter J Hoekstra, Alejandro Arias Vasquez, Jan K Buitelaar, Nanda N Rommelse
Nutrition plays an important role in neurodevelopment. This insight has led to increasing research into the efficacy of nutrition-related interventions for treating neurodevelopmental disorders. This review discusses an elimination diet as a treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder, with a focus on the efficacy of the food additives exclusion diet, gluten-free/casein-free diet and oligoantigenic diet. Furthermore, we discuss the potential mechanisms of elimination diets' effects in these neurodevelopmental disorders...
February 11, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188382/cyberbullying-a-storm-in-a-teacup
#19
Dieter Wolke, Kirsty Lee, Alexa Guy
Cyberbullying has been portrayed as a rising 'epidemic' amongst children and adolescents. But does it create many new victims beyond those already bullied with traditional means (physical, relational)? Our aim was to determine whether cyberbullying creates uniquely new victims, and whether it has similar impact upon psychological and behavioral outcomes for adolescents, beyond those experienced by traditional victims. This study assessed 2745 pupils, aged 11-16, from UK secondary schools. Pupils completed an electronic survey that measured bullying involvement, self-esteem and behavioral problems...
February 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185096/predictive-validity-of-parent-and-self-rated-adhd-symptoms-in-adolescence-on-adverse-socioeconomic-and-health-outcomes
#20
Ebba Du Rietz, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Isabell Brikell, Andreas Jangmo, Amir Sariaslan, Paul Lichtenstein, Jonna Kuntsi, Henrik Larsson
There is scarcity of research investigating the validity of self-report of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms compared to other informants, such as parents. This study aimed to compare the predictive associations of ADHD symptoms rated by parents and their children across adolescence on a range of adverse socioeconomic and health outcomes in early adulthood. Parent- and self-rated ADHD symptoms were assessed in 2960 individuals in early (13-14 years) and late adolescence (16-17 years)...
February 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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