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European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

Ian Campbell, Sebastian Lundstrom, Hendrik Larsson, Paul Lichtenstein, Gitta Lubke
Severe childhood aggressive behaviors are known to predict negative outcomes later in life; however, little is known about the effect of when in childhood aggression problems are diagnosed. While an earlier first diagnosis of problematic aggressive behavior might be associated with increased severity and, thus, worse outcomes, it is also possible that an earlier diagnosis affords an earlier start of treatment programs or indicates that greater attention is being paid to behavioral problems, thus resulting in attenuation of the severity of childhood aggression's impact on distal outcomes...
November 10, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Xin Huang, Qi Zhang, Xue Gu, Yuwei Hou, Min Wang, Xinzhen Chen, Jing Wu
Polymorphisms in latrophilin 3 (LPHN3) were recently reported to be associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and subsequently other researchers tried to replicate the findings in different populations. This study was aimed to confirm the role of the LPHN3 in ADHD and explore the potential interactions with environmental risk factors in Chinese Han population. We examined the association of LPHN3 with ADHD in a population of 473 ADHD children and 585 controls. As a supplement of ADHD diagnosis, Conners Parent Symptom Questionnaire (PSQ) was used to evaluate ADHD symptoms...
November 8, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Bruno Falissard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
João Ricardo Sato, Claudinei Eduardo Biazoli, Giovanni Abrahão Salum, Ary Gadelha, Nicolas Crossley, Gilson Vieira, André Zugman, Felipe Almeida Picon, Pedro Mario Pan, Marcelo Queiroz Hoexter, Edson Amaro, Mauricio Anés, Luciana Monteiro Moura, Marco Antonio Gomes Del'Aquilla, Philip Mcguire, Luis Augusto Rohde, Euripedes Constantino Miguel, Rodrigo Affonseca Bressan, Andrea Parolin Jackowski
The family environment in childhood has a strong effect on mental health outcomes throughout life. This effect is thought to depend at least in part on modifications of neurodevelopment trajectories. In this exploratory study, we sought to investigate whether a feasible resting-state fMRI metric of local spontaneous oscillatory neural activity, the fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (fALFF), is associated with the levels of children's family coherence and conflict. Moreover, we sought to further explore whether spontaneous activity in the brain areas influenced by family environment would also be associated with a mental health outcome, namely the incidence of behavioral and emotional problems...
November 3, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Weina Wang, Huaiqiang Sun, Xiaorui Su, Qiaoyue Tan, Simin Zhang, Chunchao Xia, Lingjiang Li, Graham J Kemp, Qiang Yue, Qiyong Gong
Previous studies have shown that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with dysfunction of the limbic system, in which the amygdala plays an important role. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the neurochemical concentrations assessed by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1 H-MRS) in the amygdala are abnormal in children and adolescents with PTSD. Twenty-eight pediatric PTSD patients (11 boys, 17 girls) and 24 matched trauma-exposed control subjects (9 boys, 15 girls) underwent magnetic resonance brain imaging and 1 H-MRS of the bilateral amygdalae...
November 3, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Elena Toffol, Ville Rantalainen, Marius Lahti-Pulkkinen, Polina Girchenko, Jari Lahti, Soile Tuovinen, Jari Lipsanen, Pia M Villa, Hannele Laivuori, Esa Hämäläinen, Eero Kajantie, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Katri Räikkönen
Whether infant regulatory behavior problems already in the first month of life indicate an increased risk of childhood neurobehavioral problems, and whether maternal depression in the postpartum and early childhood underpins these associations remain unclear. Altogether, 2049-2364 mothers from the Prediction and Prevention of Pre-eclampsia and Intrauterine Growth Restriction (PREDO) study completed the Neonatal Perception Inventory on regulatory behavior problems at the infant's age of 15.6 days (SD 3.2, range 1-30), the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised on temperament at 6...
November 3, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Rint K de Jong, Heddeke Snoek, Wouter G Staal, Helen Klip
The systematic use of feedback from patients on treatment progress and treatment satisfaction is a promising method to increase treatment effectiveness. The extent to which this also applies to the treatment of children with severe psychiatric problems is not clear. We conducted a Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) to study the effect of adding Feedback Informed Treatment (FIT) to care as usual in a child psychiatric sample. Quality of Life (QoL) was used as the primary outcome measure and symptom severity as the second...
November 3, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Minh N Nguyen, Shinobu Watanabe-Galloway, Jennie L Hill, Mohammad Siahpush, Melissa K Tibbits, Christopher Wichman
School engagement protects against negative mental health outcomes; however, few studies examined the relationship between school engagement and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using an ecological framework. The aims were to examine: (1) whether school engagement has an independent protective association against the risk of ADHD in children, and (2) whether environmental factors have an association with ADHD either directly or indirectly via their association with school engagement. This cross-sectional study used data from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health, which collected information about children's mental health, family life, school, and community...
November 2, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Sara V Milledge, Samuele Cortese, Margaret Thompson, Fiona McEwan, Michael Rolt, Brenda Meyer, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Hedwig Eisenbarth
It is unclear if impairments in social functioning and peer relationships significantly differ across common developmental conditions such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), conduct disorder (CD), and associated callous-unemotional traits (CU traits). The current study explored sex differences and symptoms of parent- and teacher-reported psychopathology on peer relationships and prosocial behaviour in a sample of 147 referred children and adolescents (aged 5-17 years; 120 m)...
November 1, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Susan Sierau, Esther Schneider, Yuriy Nesterko, Heide Glaesmer
Unaccompanied refugee minors (URM) are the most vulnerable group of refugees suffering from higher levels of mental health problems. Yet, there is also a group of URM with little or no symptoms or disorders. A major predictor for positive mental health outcomes is the social support network in the post-flight period which has rarely been investigated for the group of URM. The present study analyzes differences between perceived social support from family, peers, and adult mentors in URM, with subgroup analyses of peer and mentor support in URM with and without family contact...
October 31, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Chih-Wei Hsu, Sheng-Yu Lee, Liang-Jen Wang
Early-onset schizophrenia (EOS) is defined as patients diagnosed with schizophrenia before the age of 18. Whether the EOS population has gender differences is currently a matter of considerable debate. This study used a representative nationwide sample to examine potential gender differences in the prevalence, comorbidities, and prescription of antipsychotics among the EOS population. We identified a total of 401 patients with EOS (200 males and 201 females) from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Database between 2000 and 2012...
October 31, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Annelies A J Verlaet, Annelies Breynaert, Berten Ceulemans, Tess De Bruyne, Erik Fransen, Luc Pieters, Huub F J Savelkoul, Nina Hermans
The objective of this study is to compare oxidative stress and immune biomarkers between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients and controls without ADHD. A case-control comparison between 57 paediatric (6-12 years) untreated ADHD patients from the Antwerp University Hospital and 69 controls without ADHD from random schools in Flanders, Belgium, was conducted. Erythrocyte glutathione (GSH) and plasma lipid-soluble antioxidants (retinol, α-tocopherol, γ-tocopherol, retinyl palmitate, β-carotene, and co-enzyme Q10) were determined by HPLC with electrochemical detection, plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) by HPLC with fluorescence detection, plasma cytokines (interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, tumour necrosis factor (TNF) and interferon (INF)-γ) and immunoglobulins (IgE, IgG and IgM) by flow cytometry and urinary 8-hydroxy-2'deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels by ELISA assay...
October 22, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Fabiola Bizzi, Karin Ensink, Jessica L Borelli, Simone Charpentier Mora, Donatella Cavanna
Our goal in conducting this study was to examine whether children with somatic symptom disorders (SSD) and disruptive behavior disorders (DBD) have higher rates of insecure or disorganized attachment and difficulties in mentalizing (operationalized as reflective functioning) as compared to a control group. Participants were 131 children (8-15 years) spanning two groups-a clinical group (n = 85), comprised of children fitting the criteria of our target diagnostic classifications (SSD: N = 45; DBD: N = 40), as well as a comparison group of healthy control children (n = 46)...
October 22, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Laura Vigo, Daniel Ilzarbe, Inmaculada Baeza, Partha Banerjea, Marinos Kyriakopoulos
This study aimed at searching the literature and reassessing the concept of shared psychotic disorder (SPD) in young people under 18 taking into account genetic vulnerability, social circumstances and family situation to have a better understanding of this condition. Published case reports from 1980 through to March 2017, which included children and adolescents meeting DSM-III/IV/IV-TR or ICD 10 criteria of SPD, were identified. Sociodemographic and clinical variables were collected and analysed; a post hoc analysis comparing inductors and induced was also conducted...
October 17, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Elena Raffetti, Francesco Donato, Yvonne Forsell, Maria Rosaria Galanti
Tobacco use in adolescence has been linked to the onset of depressive symptoms, but results of previous studies are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to clarify if tobacco use during early adolescence may affect the short-term onset of depressive symptoms. The study is based on Swedish Kupol study (3959 students). Current cigarette smoking, snus use, and tobacco dependence were assessed using questionnaires at baseline and 1-year follow-up. Outcome was the onset of depressive symptoms measured with the CES-DC scale, using a cut-off ≥ 30 as threshold...
October 12, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Emilie Rune Hegelund, Trine Flensborg-Madsen, Ditte Vassard, Janni Niclasen, Erik Lykke Mortensen
The strength of the association between parental socioeconomic position (SEP) and risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in offspring is found to vary substantially, perhaps due to the negligence of possible changes in parental life course SEP. The present study investigated the association between parental SEP in adulthood and risk of ADHD diagnosis in offspring and whether parental childhood SEP modified this association. The study population included 9648 live-born singletons followed in the Psychiatric Central Register from birth in 1976-1996 until 2013...
October 11, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Hojka Gregoric Kumperscak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Kristin Cleverley, Emily Rowland, Kathryn Bennett, Lianne Jeffs, Dana Gore
The aim of this scoping review was to identify the core components of interventions that facilitate successful transition from child and adolescent mental health services to adult mental health services. In the absence of rigorous evaluations of transition program effectiveness for transitioning youth with mental health care needs, these core components can contribute to informed decisions about promising program and intervention strategies. This review examined data from 87 peer-reviewed and non-academic documents to determine the characteristics that support the transition process and to identify opportunities for system and program improvement...
October 8, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Xavier Benarous, Angèle Consoli, David Cohen, Johanne Renaud, Hélène Lahaye, Jean-Marc Guilé
While many psychiatric disorders are associated with an increased risk for suicidal behaviors (SB) in children and adolescents, a few studies have explored the role of clinical symptoms based on a dimensional approach. Irritability is seen as a marker, a general psychopathology, and a symptom of both externalizing and internalizing disorders. In this review, we are interested in determining whether and how irritability can predict SB in youth. First, we reviewed consistencies and variation in the literature linking irritability to suicidal ideation (SI) and suicide attempt (SA)...
October 6, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Josephine Holland, Kapil Sayal
There is a growing international literature investigating the relationship between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and younger relative age within the school year, but results have been mixed. There are no published systematic reviews on this topic. This study aimed to systematically review the published studies on the relative age effect in ADHD. Systematic database searches of: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Web of Science, ERIC, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection and The Cochrane Library were conducted...
October 6, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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