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Anxiety, Stress, and Coping

Carly J Wood, Angela Clow, Frank Hucklebridge, Robin Law, Nina Smyth
BACKGROUND: Evidence linking fitness and decreased psychosocial stress comes from studies of athletes and typically relies upon self-report measures. Furthermore, there is little evidence regarding the impact of physical activity (PA) prior to a stressor. The aims of this study were to determine whether fitness and prior PA influence cortisol concentrations during psychosocial stress. METHODS: Seventy-five non-athletic participants took part in a submaximal walk prior to the Trier Social Stress Test for Groups (TSST-G)...
October 16, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Patrick Gaudreau, Mark A Ellenbogen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Jonas Eimontas, Goda Gegieckaite, Migle Dovydaitiene, Egle Mazulyte, Zivile Rimsaite, Paulius Skruibis, Paulina Zelviene, Evaldas Kazlauskas
BACKGROUND: Adjustment disorder is among the most often diagnosed mental health disorders. Still, there is a lack of specific interventions available for adjustment disorder. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test if an internet-based self-help intervention for adjustment disorder could be effective without therapist involvement. DESIGN: A parallel group randomized controlled trial design was used to test the effectiveness of the Brief Adjustment Disorder Intervention (BADI) - an internet-based intervention for adjustment disorder...
October 6, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Martin M Smith, Vanja Vidovic, Simon B Sherry, Sherry H Stewart, Donald H Saklofske
BACKGROUND: Over 50 years of theory and research implicates perfectionism in anxiety. However, it is unclear which (if any) perfectionism dimensions are risk factors for anxiety. OBJECTIVE: To address this, we conducted a meta-analysis testing whether socially prescribed perfectionism, concern over mistakes, doubts about actions, self-oriented perfectionism, and personal standards predict increases in anxiety. METHOD: Our literature search yielded 11 relevant studies for inclusion, composed of children, adolescents, undergraduates, community adults, and psychiatric patients...
October 5, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Victoria E Cassell, Stuart J Beattie, Gavin P Lawrence
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Specificity of practice proposes optimal performance is linked to the conditions under which learning occurred. The present study investigated this effect within a pressure context to determine whether offline and/or online control processes develop specificity through the introduction or removal of performance pressure. METHODS: Forty novices practiced a two-dimensional stimulus-response discrimination task in one of four groups; two control (control-control and anxiety-anxiety) and two experimental (control-anxiety and anxiety-control)...
September 25, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Xiao Zhou, Xinchun Wu, Rui Zhen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Although posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) can co-exist, and several theories suggest that social support, self-esteem, and hope can predict both PTSD and PTG, no study to date has examined the combined role of social support, self-esteem, and hope in PTSD and PTG. The present study aimed to simultaneously examine the mediating roles of self-esteem and hope in the relations between social support and PTSD, and between social support and PTG...
September 7, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Alaina Wodzinski, Jason J Bendezú, Martha E Wadsworth
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Developmental theorists posit that temperament contributes to preadolescent's stress response styles. Findings from empirical studies, however, have yielded mixed results, thus indicating a need to consider moderators of this relation. Utilizing an analytic framework guided by resiliency theory [Zimmerman, M. A. (2013). Resiliency theory: A strengths-based approach to research and practice for adolescent health. Health Education & Behavior, 40, 381-383], this study examined achievement goal orientation as a moderator of the relation between temperament and stress response styles...
September 7, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Ivonne Andrea Florez, Lucy J Allbaugh, Catherine E Harris, Ann C Schwartz, Nadine J Kaslow
BACKGROUND: There is an increased interest in understanding the mechanisms through which post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) relates with hopelessness and suicidal ideation. Spiritual well-being could help explain the link between PTSD and both hopelessness and suicidal ideation in African Americans. However, no study has examined the mediational role of existential and religious well-being among these variables. OBJECTIVES: To examine if initial levels of existential and religious well-being mediated the relation between levels of PTSD symptoms and prospective levels of hopelessness and suicidal ideation in a sample of African American females...
August 28, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Gadi Zerach, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVES: The lifetime risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and PTSD symptoms (PTSS) among primary and secondary female victims is known to be higher than for male. This study assessed gender differences in PTSS among former prisoners of war's (ex-POWs) adult offspring and the associations with their fathers' and mothers' PTSS and the parental bonding with them. DESIGN: A correlative study. METHODS: A sample of 79 Israeli father-mother-offspring ex-POW triads from the 1973 Yom Kippur War completed self-report measures...
August 24, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Shuhui Huang, Yiqun Gan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies on traumatic memory have primarily focused on the correlation between traumatic symptoms and negative memories, often utilizing the directed forgetting paradigm. Different from previous research, this study aimed to examine the correlation of post-traumatic growth (PTG) and positive memories, with the objective to explore the directed forgetting effect of positive material and its relationship with PTG. DESIGN: A 2 (PTG level: high vs...
August 11, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Sara Albuquerque, Isabel Narciso, Marco Pereira
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine forms of dyadic coping (DC) as mediators of the association between parents' grief response and dyadic adjustment and to determine whether these indirect effects were moderated by the child's type of death, timing of death, and age. DESIGN: The study design was cross-sectional. METHOD: The sample consisted of 197 bereaved parents. Participants completed the Prolonged Grief Disorder Scale, Revised Dyadic Adjustment Scale, and Dyadic Coping Inventory...
August 7, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Laura Sagliano, Luigi Trojano, Valentina Di Mauro, Paola Carnevale, Marina Di Domenico, Caterina Cozzolino, Francesca D'Olimpio
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested that affective state could enhance stimulus salience and modulate attention allocation for mood-congruent information, but contrasting data have been reported on the effects of mood induction on attentional biases for threat (ABTs) in non-clinical individuals. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess whether laboratory-induced negative mood can increase individuals' tendency to allocate attention on threatening stimuli, thus determining a difficulty in attentional disengagement from threat...
August 7, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
JohnBosco Chika Chukwuorji, Chuka Mike Ifeagwazi, John E Eze
BACKGROUND: Event centrality and emotion regulation in relation to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been documented in various global samples especially in Western cultures; but internally displaced persons (IDPs) still constitute an underrepresented population in psychotraumatology literature. This study tested the roles of event centrality and emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression) in PTSD symptoms among IDPs in Nigeria. DESIGN: The multi-group cross-sectional design was adopted...
August 2, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Joana Straub, Lena Marie Klaubert, Susann Schmiedgen, Clemens Kirschbaum, Lutz Goldbeck
BACKGROUND: We report on the preliminary results of two independent studies that (1) compare the hair cortisol concentrations (HCC) of healthy controls with patients displaying post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS, study 1+2), (2) investigate whether pre-trauma HCC are predictive for the development of acute stress symptoms (ASS) and PTSS (study 1) and (3) determine whether HCC correlate with PTSS in a clinical sample of children (study 2). METHODS: In study 1, the clinical symptoms of 35 minors were examined one (T1) and seven weeks (T2) after surgery following an accident...
July 26, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Núria Voltas, Carmen Hernández-Martínez, Victoria Arija, Josefa Canals
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health problems during childhood and adolescence. This study examined the course of anxiety symptoms in early adolescents from the general population over three phases. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-two participants (mean-age of 13.52) from a baseline sample of 1514 (mean-age of 10.23) were followed up three times. Of the 1514 children, those with emotional risk and controls without risk constituted the second-phase sample (n = 562; mean-age of 11...
November 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Mia S O'Toole, Robert Zachariae, Douglas S Mennin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Individuals with social anxiety disorder have often been considered inflexible in their emotion regulation. The aim of this study was to investigate emotion regulation flexibility in socially anxious individuals in response to two contextual factors, namely different levels of emotion intensity and emotion type. METHODS: A daily diary approach was employed, investigating emotion regulation (i.e., experiential avoidance, expressive suppression and cognitive reappraisal) in college students scoring high (N = 62; HSA) and low (N = 52; LSA) on social anxiety...
November 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Guido Alessandri, Enrico Perinelli, Evelina De Longis, Valentina Rosa, Annalisa Theodorou, Laura Borgogni
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A long research tradition has investigated the impact of stress on university students by assuming that individuals have a limited reservoir of resources, and that negative events and circumstances progressively drain resources thereby producing exhaustion. A recent research tradition, instead, has focused on the detrimental consequences of discrepant levels of implicit (ISE) and explicit (ESE) self-esteem on the development of stress-related symptoms. The present research attempted to merge the aforementioned approaches, with the aim of explaining significant predictors of stress...
November 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Caroline Lafarge, Kathryn Mitchell, Pauline Fox
BACKGROUND: Research about termination for fetal abnormality (TFA) suggests that it is a traumatic event with potential negative psychological consequences. However, evidence also indicates that following traumatic events individuals may experience growth. Although TFA's negative psychological outcomes are well documented, little is known of the potential for growth following this event. Therefore, the study's objectives were to measure posttraumatic growth (PTG) post-TFA, examine the relationship between PTG, perinatal grief and coping, and determine the predictors of PTG...
September 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Jacob B Holzman, David P Valentiner, Susan M Hannan, Douglas G Wallace, Holly K Orcutt
BACKGROUND: Recognizing that alcohol might affect subsequent processing of trauma-related information, this study examined whether high dose alcohol consumption (HDAC) following a campus mass shooting affected the relation between shooting exposure and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). METHODS: Female participants (N = 691) recorded levels of physical exposure to the shooting event, alcohol use, and PTSS 1 month following the shooting event and 8 months later...
July 11, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Martha C Early, Bridget K Biggs, Kalani P Makanui, John Paul Legerski, Jason Van Allen, Allison R Elledge, Stephen P Whiteside
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We investigated the specificity of social difficulties to social anxiety by testing associations of social anxiety and other anxiety presentations with peer acceptance and victimization in community and treatment-seeking samples of adolescents aged 12-14 years. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, quantitative survey. METHODS: Adolescents from the community (n = 116) and a clinical setting (n = 154) completed ratings of anxiety symptoms, perceived social acceptance, and peer victimization...
July 9, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
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