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Anxiety, Stress, and Coping

Alia J Crum, Modupe Akinola, Ashley Martin, Sean Fath
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prior research suggests that altering situation-specific evaluations of stress as challenging versus threatening can improve responses to stress. The aim of the current study was to explore whether cognitive, physiological and affective stress responses can be altered independent of situation-specific evaluations by changing individuals' mindsets about the nature of stress in general. DESIGN: Using a 2 × 2 design, we experimentally manipulated stress mindset using multi-media film clips orienting participants (N = 113) to either the enhancing or debilitating nature of stress...
January 25, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Caroline Lafarge, Kathryn Mitchell, Pauline Fox
BACKGROUND: Research about termination for fetal abnormality (TFA) suggests that it is a traumatic event with potential negative psychological consequences. However, evidence also indicates that following traumatic events individuals may experience growth. Although TFA's negative psychological outcomes are well documented, little is known of the potential for growth following this event. Therefore, the study's objectives were to measure posttraumatic growth (PTG) post-TFA, examine the relationship between PTG, perinatal grief and coping, and determine the predictors of PTG...
January 12, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Siobhán Howard, Lynn B Myers, Brian M Hughes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Repressors tend to report less negative emotion and to describe challenges as less stressful, yet tend to exhibit higher rates of cardiovascular disease. While repressive coping has been shown to be associated with exaggerated physiological reactivity to novel stress, we sought to establish if elevated responses persisted across repeated exposure. DESIGN AND METHODS: In a sample of 86 healthy female adults, a verbal-autonomic response dissociation index of repressive coping was computed...
January 9, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Michael L Goodman, Claudia Gutarra, Katherine M Billingsley, Philip H Keiser, Stanley Gitari
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: We explore whether perceived stress among Kenyan mothers is predicted by childhood exposure to emotional abuse - both witnessed among parents and experienced directly. Further, we explore whether this association is mediated by social support, family functioning and polygynous marriage. DESIGN: We used cross-sectional data from a systematic random sample (n = 1974) of mothers in semi-rural Kenya. METHODS: Data were collected using validated scales and trained interviewers...
December 29, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Lavinia E Damian, Oana Negru-Subtirica, Joachim Stoeber, Adriana Băban
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although perfectionism has been proposed to be a risk factor for the development of anxiety, research on perfectionism and anxiety symptoms in adolescents is scarce and inconclusive. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the two higher-order dimensions of perfectionism - perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns - predict the development and maintenance of anxiety symptoms. An additional aim of the present study was to examine potential reciprocal effects of anxiety symptoms predicting increases in perfectionism...
December 29, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Natalie Mercer, Elisabetta Crocetti, Wim Meeus, Susan Branje
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Social anxiety symptoms and delinquency are two prevalent manifestations of problem behavior during adolescence and both are related to negative interpersonal relationships in adolescence and emerging adulthood. This study examined the relation between social anxiety and delinquency in adolescence and the interplay between adolescent social anxiety and delinquency on perceived relationship quality in emerging adulthood. DESIGN AND METHODS: In a 10-year long prospective study (T1, n = 923; T2, n = 727; Mage T1 = 12; 49% female), we examined competing hypotheses using regression analyses: the protective perspective, which suggests social anxiety protects against delinquency; and the co-occurring perspective, which suggests social anxiety and delinquency co-occur leading to increased negative interpersonal outcomes...
December 29, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Thulitha Wickrama, K A S Wickrama, Alyssa Banford, Jessica Lambert
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Women in Sri Lanka have been uniquely exposed to a complex and protracted set of stressors stemming from a civil war conflict spanning over 25 years and the tsunami which struck Southeast Asia in 2004. This study investigates coping strategies and their association with trauma-related symptoms of tsunami-exposed mothers in Sri Lanka at two time points. DESIGN: Data for this study come from surveys administered in two waves of data collection to investigate both mothers' and adolescent children's post-tsunami mental health in early 2005, three months after the tsunami struck, and again in 2008, three years later...
December 29, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Liat Kulik, Sagit Shilo-Levin, Gabriel Liberman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to examine the relationship of satisfaction with occupied roles as well as the sense of meaning in life and experience of work-home conflict to well-being among working grandparents in Israel. DESIGN AND METHODS: The research sample consisted of 316 employed grandparents aged 50-80 (153 grandfathers and 163 grandmothers), who were employed in various types of organizations. Data were collected using structured questionnaires...
December 22, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Janina Lüscher, Urte Scholz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Romantic partners have a significant influence on their health behaviors. Evidence for the effectiveness of social support for smoking abstinence, however, is mixed and the role of social support for smoking abstinence in dual-smoker couples is understudied. DESIGN: 77 dual-smoker couples were assessed 30 days after a joint quit attempt using a dyadic approach. METHODS: Received and provided support, self-reported and objectively measured smoking abstinence were assessed from both partners...
December 22, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Eoin G Brown, Ann-Marie Creaven
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the effects of performance feedback and individual differences in self-esteem on cardiovascular habituation to repeat stress exposure. METHODS: Sixty-six university students (n = 39 female) completed a self-esteem measure and completed a cardiovascular stress-testing protocol involving repeated exposure to a mental arithmetic task. Cardiovascular functioning was sampled across four phases: resting baseline, initial stress exposure, a recovery period, and repeated stress exposure...
December 21, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Liat Helpman, Julia Penso, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Ruth Feldman, Eva Gilboa-Schechtman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Social exclusion is ubiquitous and painful. Evolutionary models indicate sex differences in coping with social stress. Recent empirical data suggest different sex patterns in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) and sympathetic-adrenal-medullary (SAM) reactivity. The present study sought to test this hypothesis. DESIGN: We examined differences in endocrine and emotional response to exclusion by using a virtual ball tossing paradigm (Cyberball)...
December 20, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Cornelia Măirean, Ciprian Marius Ceobanu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although previous studies showed that thought and emotion suppression represent risk factors for intrusions development, the mechanisms that explain these relations were less explored. This study aims to examine the relationships between thought and emotion suppression and the symptoms of intrusion following the exposure to a trauma-related event. Moreover, we explored if these relationships would be mediated by peritraumatic state dissociation and state anxiety...
December 8, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Katja Winzeler, Annette Voellmin, Evelin Hug, Ursula Kirmse, Simone Helmig, Mary Princip, Christian Cajochen, Klaus Bader, Frank H Wilhelm
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: After a previous report demonstrated blunted heart rate (HR) reactivity in association with adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) [Voellmin, A., Winzeler, K., Hug, E., Wilhelm, F. H., Schaefer, V., Gaab, J., … Bader, K. (2015). Blunted endocrine and cardiovascular reactivity in young healthy women reporting a history of childhood adversity. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 51, 58-67. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2014.09.008 ], the present analysis aimed at clarifying the role of the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches of the autonomic nervous system in this relationship...
March 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Maryhope Howland, Stephen Armeli, Richard Feinn, Howard Tennen
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Emotional reactivity to stress is associated with both mental and physical health and has been assumed to be a stable feature of the person. However, recent evidence suggests that the within-person association between stress and negative affect (i.e., affective stress-reactivity) may increase over time and in times of high stress, at least in older adult populations. The objective of the current study was to examine the across-time stability of stress-reactivity in a younger sample - emerging adulthood - and examine neuroticism, overall stress, social support and life events as potential moderators of stability...
March 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Rebecca A Blackie, Nancy L Kocovski
BACKGROUND: Post-event processing (PEP) refers to negative and prolonged rumination following anxiety-provoking social situations. Although there are scales to assess PEP, they are situation-specific, some targeting only public-speaking situations. Furthermore, there are no trait measures to assess the tendency to engage in PEP. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to create a new measure of PEP, the Post-Event Processing Inventory (PEPI), which can be employed following all types of social situations and includes both trait and state forms...
March 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Benjamin Jonas, Fabian Leuschner, Peter Tossmann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Internet-based interventions are a viable treatment option for various mental problems. However, their effects on the burnout syndrome yielded mixed results. In this paper, we examine the efficacy of a structured and therapist-guided internet intervention, based on solution-focused and cognitive-behavioral therapy, for individuals with symptoms of burnout. DESIGN: Two-arm, Internet-based, randomized, wait-list controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: Participants were recruited through in-house events and online advertising...
March 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Paul A Dennis, Nora M Dennis, Elizabeth E Van Voorhees, Patrick S Calhoun, Michelle F Dennis, Jean C Beckham
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Involvement in wartime combat often conveys a number of deleterious outcomes, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, hostility, aggression, and suicidal ideation. Less studied is the effect of engagement in wartime atrocities, including witnessing and perpetrating abusive violence. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study employed path analysis to examine the direct effects of involvement in wartime atrocities on hostility, aggression, depression, and suicidal ideation independent of combat exposure, as well as the indirect effects via guilt and PTSD symptom severity among 603 help-seeking male Vietnam War veterans...
March 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Julia D Buckner, Kimberlye E Dean
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety is among the most prevalent psychiatric conditions, yet little attention has been paid to whether putative cognitive vulnerability factors related to social anxiety in predominantly White samples are related to social anxiety among historically underrepresented groups. DESIGN: We tested whether one such vulnerability factor, post-event processing (PEP; detailed review of social event that can increase state social anxiety) was related to social anxiety among African-American (AA; n = 127) persons, who comprise one of the largest underrepresented racial groups in the U...
March 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Alyson K Zalta, James Gerhart, Brian J Hall, Kumar B Rajan, Catalina Vechiu, Daphna Canetti, Stevan E Hobfoll
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This study tested three alternative explanations for research indicating a positive, but heterogeneous relationship between self-reported posttraumatic growth (PTG) and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PSS): (a) the third-variable hypothesis that the relationship between PTG and PSS is a spurious one driven by positive relationships with resource loss, (b) the growth over time hypothesis that the relationship between PTG and PSS is initially a positive one, but becomes negative over time, and (c) the moderator hypothesis that resource loss moderates the relationship between PTG and PSS such that PTG is associated with lower levels of PSS as loss increases...
March 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Virginia Martín, Roser Granero, Josep Maria Domènech, Lourdes Ezpeleta
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to identify factors related to comorbid oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and anxiety disorders (ADs). DESIGN: A sample of 622 children was assessed longitudinally at 3 and 5 years of age. METHODS: At baseline, there were 310 boys (49.8%), most participants were of Caucasian-white ethnicity (89.1%) and attended to public school (64.0%), and families' socioeconomic status was 64.3% medium-high, 14...
March 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
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