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Anxiety, Stress, and Coping

Lindsay M Garinger, Graig M Chow, Matteo Luzzeri
BACKGROUND: Athletic burnout is common when demands of the sport exceed the rewards. Individuals with certain personality dispositions, such as perfectionism, are at increased risk of experiencing perceived stress and subsequent burnout (Fender, L. K. (1989). Athlete burnout: Potential for research and intervention strategies. The Sport Psychologist, 3, 63-71. doi: 10.1123/tsp.3.1.63 ; Gould, D., Tuffey, S., Udry, E., & Loehr, J. (1996). Burnout in competitive junior tennis players: I...
September 16, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Emily M O'Bryan, Christina M Luberto, Kristen M Kraemer, Alison C McLeish
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Affect tolerance factors, including anxiety sensitivity, intolerance of uncertainty, and emotional distress tolerance, have been implicated in the exacerbation of health anxiety. Therefore, identifying methods to improve affect tolerance in health anxious populations is imperative. Despite the link between mindfulness and greater affect tolerance in non-clinical populations, no work has examined the role of mindfulness skills in terms of affect tolerance among individuals with elevated health anxiety...
September 11, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Saima Naseer, Usman Raja, Fauzia Syed, Dave Bouckenooghe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This research examines the detrimental effects of workplace bullying as a social stressor on employees' job performance, organizational retaliatory behaviors, and organizational citizenship behaviors and how the availability of support can reduce the negative impact of bullying. Using social exchange theory and the conservation of resources theory as theoretical frameworks, we propose that workplace bullying drains personal resources, leading to reduced job performance, low citizenship behaviors, and increased organizational retaliatory behaviors...
September 10, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Lucy Finkelstein-Fox, Crystal L Park, Kristen E Riley
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Managing stress is very important for first-year college students adjusting to undergraduate life. Aspects of emotion regulation, including mindfulness and the ability to regulate distressing emotion adaptively, often correlate positively with well-being. However, little research has examined overlapping and/or distinct effects of these constructs in predicting changes in adjustment over a stressful transition. Thus, the present study examined the contributions of mindfulness and adaptive emotion regulation abilities in maintaining well-being during the transition to college...
September 6, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Cristina Maria Bostan, Laurențiu P Maricuțoiu, Ticu Constantin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cognitive and affective overloads trigger automatic dysfunctional thoughts and undermine their voluntary management [ADTs; Beck, A. T. (1976). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York: Meridian; Wegner, D. M. (1994). Ironic processes of mental control. Psychology Review, 101(1), 34-52]. Taking into account intense negative emotions as triggers for the ADTs, we explored whether context (i.e., social context) and emotional experience (i.e., emotional intensity) predict the successful management of ADTs...
September 5, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Donald S Christensen, Ronald E Smith
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present study assessed the extent to which individual differences in psychological coping resources are related to athletic performance; whether they can attenuate the amount of performance variance accounted for by physical/technical skills; and whether coping resources remain significant predictors of performance when physical/technical skill level is statistically controlled. METHODS: Twenty college golf coaches rated the physical/technical skills of 189 men and women varsity golfers on their teams...
August 16, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
M F Crane, B J Searle, M Kangas, Y Nwiran
BACKGROUND: Exposure to demands is normally considered to drain resources and threaten wellbeing. However, studies have indicated a resilience-strengthening role for stressors. OBJECTIVES: This paper introduces a unifying model, including five testable hypotheses regarding how resilience can be strengthened progressively via exposure to life-stressors. METHODS: We review and synthesize relevant scholarship that underpins the Systematic Self-Reflection model of resilience-strengthening...
August 1, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Joanna J Arch, Lauren N Landy, Rebecca L Schneider, Leonie Koban, Jessica R Andrews-Hanna
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the process and consequence of inducing self-compassion during recovery from social performance stressors. Though interest in self-compassion as an intervention target is growing, extant findings suggest that initially cultivating self-compassion can be challenging for those with high self-criticism and anxiety, common features of social anxiety disorder (SAD). DESIGN: Quasi-experimental design. METHODS: The current study evaluates the feasibility, content, and outcomes of a brief written self-compassion induction administered after consecutive laboratory social stressors, among adults with SAD (n = 21) relative to healthy controls (HC; n = 35)...
September 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Yaira Hamama-Raz, Yoav S Bergman, Menachem Ben-Ezra, Yael Tirosh, Roni Baruch, Richard Nakache
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Post-transplant kidney recipients may experience psychological concerns which have been associated with negative health behaviors. Illness acceptance might have an important role in this process. In line with the Conservation of Resources Theory (COR), the current study aimed to examine the relationship between coping flexibility, attachment patterns and illness acceptance among post-transplant kidney recipients, and to evaluate whether attachment patterns moderate the link between coping flexibility and illness acceptance...
September 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Marie Ottilie Frenkel, Robin-Bastian Heck, Henning Plessner
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sensation seeking is closely related to practicing high-risk sports. This domain offers individuals an opportunity to achieve an increased level of arousal. Moreover, stress reactivity implies interindividual differences in the capacity to respond to a stressor. The purpose of this study was to examine whether high sensation seekers (HSS) compared to low sensation seekers (LSS) experience lower levels of stress on a physiological and psychological basis. Stress was induced in a sport-specific experimental paradigm with a climbing task through a jump into the rope...
September 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Renee M Cloutier, Keke L Schuler, Nathan Kearns, Camilo J Ruggero, Sarah F Lewis, Heidemarie Blumenthal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A growing body of work suggests individuals with more severe post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are at higher risk for developing problematic alcohol use outcomes. Extending work from the adult literature, the present study was the first to examine the extent to which PTSS is related to drinking motives for alcohol use in both clinical and non-clinical samples of adolescents. DESIGN: Hierarchical regression analyses were used to predict coping motives for alcohol use from PTSS, above and beyond demographic variables, alcohol use frequency, and other alcohol use motives...
September 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Travis C Evans, Katherine A Walukevich, Ilana Seager, Jennifer C Britton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Preferential attention to threat, emotional response inhibition, and attentional control each purportedly play a key role in anxiety disorders. Divergent psychometric properties among attention measures may produce differential detection of anxiety-related associations and treatment-related changes. However, no studies have directly compared the psychometric properties of these attention measures in the same sample. DESIGN: Eighty-five young adults (M = 19...
September 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Ariella P Lenton-Brym, David A Moscovitch, Vanja Vidovic, Elizabeth Nilsen, Ori Friedman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Research has demonstrated an association between social anxiety and impaired Theory of Mind (ToM). We assess whether ToM deficits occur even at a subclinical level of social anxiety and whether group differences in ToM performance are consistent with interpretation bias. We also explore potential reasons as to why socially anxious individuals may perform differently on ToM tasks. METHODS/DESIGN: Undergraduate participants high (HSA; n = 78) and low (LSA; n = 35) in social anxiety completed a task of ToM decoding, the Reading the Mind in the Eyes (MIE), a task of ToM reasoning, the Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition (MASC), and a post-task questionnaire about their experience completing the MASC...
September 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Richard Wermes, Tania M Lincoln, Sylvia Helbig-Lang
BACKGROUND: Cognitive models propose that attentional biases to threat contribute to the maintenance of social anxiety disorder (SAD). However, the specific characteristics of such biases are still object to debate. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to disentangle effects of trait and state social anxiety on attention allocation towards social stimuli. METHODS: Participants with SAD (n = 67) and healthy controls (n = 62) completed three visual search tasks while their eye movements were recorded...
September 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
David M Siegel, Taylor A Burke, Jessica L Hamilton, Marilyn L Piccirillo, Adela Scharff, Lauren B Alloy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Existing models of social anxiety scarcely account for interpersonal stress generation. These models also seldom include interpersonal factors that compound the effects of social anxiety. Given recent findings that two forms of interpersonal distress, perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness, intensify social anxiety and cause interpersonal stress generation, these two constructs may be especially relevant to examining social anxiety and interpersonal stress generation together...
September 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Thomas A Fergus, Nancy Wheless
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Contemporary conceptual models posit that different core variables contribute to worry, including intolerance of uncertainty (IU), metacognitive beliefs, and experiential avoidance. To date, a concurrent investigation of the incremental explanatory power of these variables in accounting for worry severity remains unexamined. The present study sought to address that gap in the literature. DESIGN/METHODS: Participants endorsing frequent worry (N = 127) completed self-report measures assessing IU, metacognitive beliefs, and experiential avoidance during an online session...
September 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Malgorzata Gambin, Carla Sharp
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A better understanding of the relationships between empathy and internalizing disorders is needed to plan therapeutic interventions for children and adolescents. Several studies have revealed positive relations of internalizing symptoms to personal distress and affective empathy. However, there is a lack of studies that take into account the multidimensional nature of anxiety in its relation to empathy. DESIGN: Structural equation modeling was used to test the moderated mediation model of the relations between empathy, depression and anxiety dimensions and the moderating role of gender on these associations in inpatient adolescents...
July 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Aina Fiol-Veny, Alejandro De la Torre-Luque, Maria Balle, Xavier Bornas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Diminished heart rate variability has been found to be associated with high anxiety symptomatology. Since adolescence is the period of onset for many anxiety disorders, this study aimed to determine sex- and anxiety-related differences in heart rate variability and complexity in adolescents. METHODS: We created four groups according to sex and anxiety symptomatology: high-anxiety girls (n = 24) and boys (n = 25), and low-anxiety girls (n = 22) and boys (n = 24) and recorded their cardiac function while they performed regular school activities...
July 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Joanna Herres, Nicole E Caporino, Colleen M Cummings, Philip C Kendall
BACKGROUND: Although research supports associations between anxiety and emotional reactivity in adults (Cisler, J. M., Olatunji, B. O., Feldner, M. T., & Forsyth, J. P. (2010). Emotion regulation and the anxiety disorders: an integrative review. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 32(1), 68-82.), few studies have examined emotional reactivity in anxious youth (e.g., Carthy et al., 2010; Tan, P. Z., Forbes, E. E., Dahl, R. E., Ryan, N. D., Siegle, G. J...
July 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
L Y Saltzman, R Pat-Horenczyk, M Lombe, A Weltman, Y Ziv, T McNamara, D Takeuchi, D Brom
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder, a commonly researched mental health outcome associated with trauma, does not develop in the majority of survivors. More common trajectories of adaptation include resilience, and posttraumatic growth (PTG). The objectives of the current study were to: (1) describe posttrauma adaptation profiles in a sample of Israeli male military veterans (N = 448); and (2) to explore the protective factors that promote constructive PTG within two profiles of posttrauma adaptation...
July 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
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