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Anxiety, Stress, and Coping

Liat Kulik, Sagit Shilo-Levin, Gabriel Liberman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to examine the relationship of satisfaction with occupied roles as well as the sense of meaning in life and experience of work-home conflict to well-being among working grandparents in Israel. DESIGN AND METHODS: The research sample consisted of 316 employed grandparents aged 50-80 (153 grandfathers, and 163 grandmothers), who were employed in various types of organizations. Data were collected using structured questionnaires...
December 8, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Janina Lüscher, Urte Scholz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Romantic partners have a significant influence on their health behaviors. Evidence for the effectiveness of social support for smoking abstinence, however, is mixed and the role of social support for smoking abstinence in dual-smoker couples is understudied. DESIGN: 77 dual-smoker couples were assessed 30 days after a joint quit attempt using a dyadic approach. METHODS: Received and provided support, self-reported and objectively-measured smoking abstinence were assessed from both partners...
December 8, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Liat Helpman, Julia Penso, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Ruth Feldman, Eva Gilboa-Schechtman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Social exclusion is ubiquitous and painful. Evolutionary models indicate sex differences in coping with social stress. Recent empirical data suggests different sex patterns in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) and sympathetic-adrenal-medullary (SAM) reactivity. The present study sought to test this hypothesis. DESIGN: We examined differences in endocrine and emotional response to exclusion by using a virtual ball tossing paradigm (Cyberball)...
December 7, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Eoin G Brown, Ann-Marie Creaven
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the effects of performance feedback and individual differences in self-esteem on cardiovascular habituation to repeat stress exposure. METHODS: Sixty-six university students (n = 39 female) completed a self-esteem measure and completed a cardiovascular stress-testing protocol involving repeated exposure to a mental arithmetic task. Cardiovascular functioning was sampled across four phases: resting baseline, initial stress exposure, a recovery period, and repeated stress exposure...
December 7, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Guido Alessandri, Enrico Perinelli, Evelina De Longis, Valentina Rosa, Annalisa Theodorou, Laura Borgogni
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A long research tradition has investigated the impact of stress on university students by assuming that individuals have a limited reservoir of resources, and that negative events and circumstances progressively drain resources thereby producing exhaustion. A recent research tradition, instead, has focused on the detrimental consequences of discrepant levels of implicit (ISE) and explicit (ESE) self-esteem on the development of stress-related symptoms. The present research attempted to merge the aforementioned approaches, with the aim of explaining significant predictors of stress...
November 30, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
John M Malouff, Nicola S Schutte
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Telomeres are protective caps at the ends of chromosomes, and shorter telomeres are associated with poor physical health. The present study set out to consolidate the varying effect sizes found so far in studies of anxiety and telomere length. DESIGN AND METHODS: A meta-analytic investigation of the relationship between anxiety and telomere length used information from 17 different samples comprising a total of 19,424 participants. RESULTS: The results showed a small but significant association, r = -...
November 28, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Cornelia Măirean, Ciprian Marius Ceobanu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although previous studies showed that thought and emotion suppression represent risk factors for intrusions development, the mechanisms that explain these relations were less explored. This study aims to examine the relationships between thought and emotion suppression and the symptoms of intrusion following the exposure to a trauma-related event. Moreover, we explored if these relationships would be mediated by peritraumatic state dissociation and state anxiety...
November 22, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Melissa J Hagan, Nicole Bush, Wendy Berry Mendes, Justine Arenander, Elissa Epel, Eli Puterman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although it has been postulated that psychological responses to stress in adulthood are grounded in childhood experiences in the family environment, evidence has been inconsistent. This study tested whether two putative measures of neurobiological sensitivity (vagal flexibility and attentional capacity) moderated the relation between women's reported exposure to a risky childhood environment and current engagement in suppressive or avoidant coping in response to daily stress...
November 19, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Sarah J Kertz, Kimberly T Stevens, Keith P Klein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Attention control deficits and repetitive negative thinking (RNT; i.e., rumination) may be key factors in the development and persistence of depression and anxiety, although their role in symptom development remains poorly understood. This represents a gap in the literature, as interventions targeting attention control and associated RNT may enhance interventions and prevent costly relapse. The current study was designed to examine the serial indirect effects of transdiagnostic RNT and negative affect recovery following a lab-induced stressor on the association between attention control deficits and trait anxiety and depression...
November 19, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Login S George, Crystal L Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In the context of highly stressful experiences, violations of beliefs and goals and meaning in life may have a reciprocal relationship over time. More violations may lead to lowered meaning, whereas higher meaning may lead to lowered violations. The present study examines this relationship among congestive heart failure patients. DESIGN: A cross-lagged panel design was used. METHODS: CHF patients (N = 142) reported twice, six months apart, on their meaning in life and the extent to which CHF violates their beliefs and goals...
November 8, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Amanda J Desnoyers, Nancy L Kocovski, Jan E Fleming, Martin M Antony
BACKGROUND: Self-focused attention (SFA) and safety behaviors are two variables implicated in the maintenance of social anxiety disorder (SAD). DESIGN: The present study examined SFA and safety behaviors across two therapies for SAD, cognitive behavioral group therapy (CBGT) and mindfulness and acceptance-based group therapy (MAGT). METHOD: Participants with symptoms meeting criteria for SAD (N = 137) were randomly assigned to the 12-week-treatment groups (n = 53 for each condition) or a waitlist control (n = 31)...
October 12, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Katja Winzeler, Annette Voellmin, Evelin Hug, Ursula Kirmse, Simone Helmig, Mary Princip, Christian Cajochen, Klaus Bader, Frank H Wilhelm
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: After a previous report demonstrated blunted heart rate (HR) reactivity in association with adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) [Voellmin, A., Winzeler, K., Hug, E., Wilhelm, F. H., Schaefer, V., Gaab, J., … Bader, K. (2015). Blunted endocrine and cardiovascular reactivity in young healthy women reporting a history of childhood adversity. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 51, 58-67. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2014.09.008 ], the present analysis aimed at clarifying the role of the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches of the autonomic nervous system in this relationship...
October 1, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Maryhope Howland, Stephen Armeli, Richard Feinn, Howard Tennen
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Emotional reactivity to stress is associated with both mental and physical health and has been assumed to be a stable feature of the person. However, recent evidence suggests that the within-person association between stress and negative affect (i.e., affective stress-reactivity) may increase over time and in times of high stress, at least in older adult populations. The objective of the current study was to examine the across-time stability of stress-reactivity in a younger sample - emerging adulthood - and examine neuroticism, overall stress, social support and life events as potential moderators of stability...
October 1, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Rebecca A Blackie, Nancy L Kocovski
BACKGROUND: Post-event processing (PEP) refers to negative and prolonged rumination following anxiety-provoking social situations. Although there are scales to assess PEP, they are situation-specific, some targeting only public-speaking situations. Furthermore, there are no trait measures to assess the tendency to engage in PEP. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to create a new measure of PEP, the Post-Event Processing Inventory (PEPI), which can be employed following all types of social situations and includes both trait and state forms...
September 19, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Leigh van den Heuvel, Sharain Suliman, Stefanie Malan-Müller, Sian Hemmings, Soraya Seedat
BACKGROUND: Alterations in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression and release may play a role in the pathogenesis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). DESIGN: This study evaluated road traffic accident (RTA) survivors to determine whether PTSD and trauma-related factors were associated with plasma BDNF levels and BDNF Val66Met carrier status following RTA exposure. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-three RTA survivors (mean age 33...
November 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Lindsey M Matt, David M Fresco, Karin G Coifman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Describing emotional experiences using distinct terms, or affect differentiation, has been associated with emotion regulation and adaptive behavior under stress. There is little data, however, examining the association between differentiation and dispositional factors underlying psychopathology. The current study examines the association between differentiation and trait anxiety (TA) given prior evidence of cognitive biases in TA relevant to higher order processing of emotional experiences...
November 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Miguel Ángel Cano, Yessenia Castro, Marcel A de Dios, Seth J Schwartz, Elma I Lorenzo-Blanco, Angelica M Roncancio, Marcos J Martinez, Diana M Sheehan, Rehab Auf, Brandy Piña-Watson, Que-Lam Huynh, Byron L Zamboanga
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Emerging adulthood is often marked with elevated symptoms of anxiety and depression. Hispanic emerging adults may face cultural stressors such as ethnic discrimination that further increase levels of anxiety and depression symptoms. The study aims were to examine if (a) self-esteem mediated effects of ethnic discrimination on symptoms of anxiety and depression, and (b) if gender moderated the indirect effects of discrimination. DESIGN: The study design was cross-sectional self-report...
November 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Channing A Sofko, Joseph M Currier, Kent D Drescher
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study examined prospective associations between changes in mental health symptoms (posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], depression) and health-related quality of life (physical health, psychological well-being) for veterans with PTSD. DESIGN: This study focused on 139 patients who completed a residential treatment program for PTSD in the Veterans Health Administration. METHODS: Patients completed the veteran-specific, 12-item Medical Outcomes Study Short Form, PTSD Checklist - Military version, and Beck Depression Inventory at pre-treatment, discharge, and a four-month follow-up...
November 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Sylvia Helbig-Lang, Vanja Poels, Tania M Lincoln
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cognitive approaches to social anxiety suggest that an excessive brooding about one's performance in a social situation (post-event processing; PEP) is involved in the maintenance of anxiety. To date, most studies investigating PEP were conducted in laboratory settings. The present study sought to replicate previous findings on predictors of PEP after a naturalistic social performance situation. METHODS: Sixty-five students, who had to give an evaluated presentation for credits, completed measures of trait social anxiety...
November 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Suzanne B Johnson, Page L Anderson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study examined the extent to which social anxiety treatment studies report the demographic characteristics of their participants. One hundred and 56 treatment studies published in English between 2001 and 2012 articles were collected. METHODS: Each study was evaluated on whether or not it reported information on gender, age, race, relationship status, education, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, and disability and also the extent to which the racial composition of the sample was described...
November 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
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