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Anxiety, Stress, and Coping

Caroline Lafarge, Kathryn Mitchell, Pauline Fox
BACKGROUND: Research about termination for fetal abnormality (TFA) suggests that it is a traumatic event with potential negative psychological consequences. However, evidence also indicates that following traumatic events individuals may experience growth. Although TFA's negative psychological outcomes are well documented, little is known of the potential for growth following this event. Therefore, the study's objectives were to measure posttraumatic growth (PTG) post-TFA, examine the relationship between PTG, perinatal grief and coping, and determine the predictors of PTG...
January 12, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Siobhán Howard, Lynn B Myers, Brian M Hughes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Repressors tend to report less negative emotion and to describe challenges as less stressful, yet tend to exhibit higher rates of cardiovascular disease. While repressive coping has been shown to be associated with exaggerated physiological reactivity to novel stress, we sought to establish if elevated responses persisted across repeated exposure. DESIGN AND METHODS: In a sample of 86 healthy female adults, a verbal-autonomic response dissociation index of repressive coping was computed...
January 9, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Michael L Goodman, Claudia Gutarra, Katherine M Billingsley, Philip H Keiser, Stanley Gitari
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: We explore whether perceived stress among Kenyan mothers is predicted by childhood exposure to emotional abuse - both witnessed among parents and experienced directly. Further, we explore whether this association is mediated by social support, family functioning and polygynous marriage. DESIGN: We used cross-sectional data from a systematic random sample (n = 1974) of mothers in semi-rural Kenya. METHODS: Data were collected using validated scales and trained interviewers...
December 29, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Lavinia E Damian, Oana Negru-Subtirica, Joachim Stoeber, Adriana Băban
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although perfectionism has been proposed to be a risk factor for the development of anxiety, research on perfectionism and anxiety symptoms in adolescents is scarce and inconclusive. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the two higher-order dimensions of perfectionism - perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns - predict the development and maintenance of anxiety symptoms. An additional aim of the present study was to examine potential reciprocal effects of anxiety symptoms predicting increases in perfectionism...
December 29, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Natalie Mercer, Elisabetta Crocetti, Wim Meeus, Susan Branje
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Social anxiety symptoms and delinquency are two prevalent manifestations of problem behavior during adolescence and both are related to negative interpersonal relationships in adolescence and emerging adulthood. This study examined the relation between social anxiety and delinquency in adolescence and the interplay between adolescent social anxiety and delinquency on perceived relationship quality in emerging adulthood. DESIGN AND METHODS: In a 10-year long prospective study (T1, n = 923; T2, n = 727; Mage T1 = 12; 49% female), we examined competing hypotheses using regression analyses: the protective perspective, which suggests social anxiety protects against delinquency; and the co-occurring perspective, which suggests social anxiety and delinquency co-occur leading to increased negative interpersonal outcomes...
December 29, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Thulitha Wickrama, K A S Wickrama, Alyssa Banford, Jessica Lambert
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Women in Sri Lanka have been uniquely exposed to a complex and protracted set of stressors stemming from a civil war conflict spanning over 25 years and the tsunami which struck Southeast Asia in 2004. This study investigates coping strategies and their association with trauma-related symptoms of tsunami-exposed mothers in Sri Lanka at two time points. DESIGN: Data for this study come from surveys administered in two waves of data collection to investigate both mothers' and adolescent children's post-tsunami mental health in early 2005, three months after the tsunami struck, and again in 2008, three years later...
December 29, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Liat Kulik, Sagit Shilo-Levin, Gabriel Liberman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to examine the relationship of satisfaction with occupied roles as well as the sense of meaning in life and experience of work-home conflict to well-being among working grandparents in Israel. DESIGN AND METHODS: The research sample consisted of 316 employed grandparents aged 50-80 (153 grandfathers and 163 grandmothers), who were employed in various types of organizations. Data were collected using structured questionnaires...
December 22, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Janina Lüscher, Urte Scholz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Romantic partners have a significant influence on their health behaviors. Evidence for the effectiveness of social support for smoking abstinence, however, is mixed and the role of social support for smoking abstinence in dual-smoker couples is understudied. DESIGN: 77 dual-smoker couples were assessed 30 days after a joint quit attempt using a dyadic approach. METHODS: Received and provided support, self-reported and objectively measured smoking abstinence were assessed from both partners...
December 22, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Eoin G Brown, Ann-Marie Creaven
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the effects of performance feedback and individual differences in self-esteem on cardiovascular habituation to repeat stress exposure. METHODS: Sixty-six university students (n = 39 female) completed a self-esteem measure and completed a cardiovascular stress-testing protocol involving repeated exposure to a mental arithmetic task. Cardiovascular functioning was sampled across four phases: resting baseline, initial stress exposure, a recovery period, and repeated stress exposure...
December 21, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Liat Helpman, Julia Penso, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Ruth Feldman, Eva Gilboa-Schechtman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Social exclusion is ubiquitous and painful. Evolutionary models indicate sex differences in coping with social stress. Recent empirical data suggest different sex patterns in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) and sympathetic-adrenal-medullary (SAM) reactivity. The present study sought to test this hypothesis. DESIGN: We examined differences in endocrine and emotional response to exclusion by using a virtual ball tossing paradigm (Cyberball)...
December 20, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Cornelia Măirean, Ciprian Marius Ceobanu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although previous studies showed that thought and emotion suppression represent risk factors for intrusions development, the mechanisms that explain these relations were less explored. This study aims to examine the relationships between thought and emotion suppression and the symptoms of intrusion following the exposure to a trauma-related event. Moreover, we explored if these relationships would be mediated by peritraumatic state dissociation and state anxiety...
December 8, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Guido Alessandri, Enrico Perinelli, Evelina De Longis, Valentina Rosa, Annalisa Theodorou, Laura Borgogni
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A long research tradition has investigated the impact of stress on university students by assuming that individuals have a limited reservoir of resources, and that negative events and circumstances progressively drain resources thereby producing exhaustion. A recent research tradition, instead, has focused on the detrimental consequences of discrepant levels of implicit (ISE) and explicit (ESE) self-esteem on the development of stress-related symptoms. The present research attempted to merge the aforementioned approaches, with the aim of explaining significant predictors of stress...
November 30, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
John M Malouff, Nicola S Schutte
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Telomeres are protective caps at the ends of chromosomes, and shorter telomeres are associated with poor physical health. The present study set out to consolidate the varying effect sizes found so far in studies of anxiety and telomere length. DESIGN AND METHODS: A meta-analytic investigation of the relationship between anxiety and telomere length used information from 17 different samples comprising a total of 19,424 participants. RESULTS: The results showed a small but significant association, r = -...
November 28, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Melissa J Hagan, Nicole Bush, Wendy Berry Mendes, Justine Arenander, Elissa Epel, Eli Puterman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although it has been postulated that psychological responses to stress in adulthood are grounded in childhood experiences in the family environment, evidence has been inconsistent. This study tested whether two putative measures of neurobiological sensitivity (vagal flexibility and attentional capacity) moderated the relation between women's reported exposure to a risky childhood environment and current engagement in suppressive or avoidant coping in response to daily stress...
November 19, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Sarah J Kertz, Kimberly T Stevens, Keith P Klein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Attention control deficits and repetitive negative thinking (RNT; i.e., rumination) may be key factors in the development and persistence of depression and anxiety, although their role in symptom development remains poorly understood. This represents a gap in the literature, as interventions targeting attention control and associated RNT may enhance interventions and prevent costly relapse. The current study was designed to examine the serial indirect effects of transdiagnostic RNT and negative affect recovery following a lab-induced stressor on the association between attention control deficits and trait anxiety and depression...
November 19, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Login S George, Crystal L Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In the context of highly stressful experiences, violations of beliefs and goals and meaning in life may have a reciprocal relationship over time. More violations may lead to lowered meaning, whereas higher meaning may lead to lowered violations. The present study examines this relationship among congestive heart failure patients. DESIGN: A cross-lagged panel design was used. METHODS: CHF patients (N = 142) reported twice, six months apart, on their meaning in life and the extent to which CHF violates their beliefs and goals...
November 8, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Sivan George-Levi, Noa Vilchinsky, Eshkol Rafaeli, Gabriel Liberman, Abid Khaskiaa, Morris Mosseri, Hanoch Hod
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: partners' caregiving efforts are not always beneficial to both recipient and provider. Bowlby's conceptualization of caregiving style as a stable predisposition may clarify such caregiving effects. The relationship between caregiving style (compulsive and sensitive) and anxiety among couples coping with cardiac illness and a matching control group not coping with cardiac illness were assessed. We hypothesized that one's compulsive caregiving would associate positively, and one's sensitive caregiving would associate negatively, with one's and one's partner's anxiety across contexts (cardiac and non-cardiac) and gender...
January 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Stéphane Guay, Nadim Nachar, Marc E Lavoie, André Marchand, Kieron P O'Connor
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Social support is one of the three strongest predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In the present study, we aimed to assess the buffering power of overt socially supportive and unsupportive behaviors from the significant other, in a group with PTSD and a comparison group. DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 46 individuals with PTSD and 42 individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) or panic disorder (PD) completed diagnostic interviews and an anxiety-oriented social interaction with a significant other...
January 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Tahnee Nicholson, Barbara Griffin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recent research has shown day-level differences in an individual's experience of uncivil behavior; however, it is unknown if that experience follows a consistent weekly change pattern. This study extends incivility theory and research by applying latent growth curve (LGC) modeling to diary study data to understand day-to-day changes in incivility. DESIGN: The authors took a theory-driven approach, reviewing both mood and recovery theory that would support a decrease in incivility over the working week...
January 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Brian N Smith, Joyce M Wang, Rachel A Vaughn-Coaxum, Brooke A L Di Leone, Dawne Vogt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The postdeployment social context is likely highly salient in explaining mental health symptoms following deployment. The aim of this study was to examine the role of postdeployment social factors (social support and social reintegration difficulty) in linking deployment-related experiences (warfare exposure, sexual harassment, concerns about relationship disruptions, and deployment social support) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology in male and female veterans...
January 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
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