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Anxiety, Stress, and Coping

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799784/memory-as-a-cognitive-representation-of-post-traumatic-growth
#1
Shuhui Huang, Yiqun Gan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies on traumatic memory have primarily focused on the correlation between traumatic symptoms and negative memories, often utilizing the directed forgetting paradigm. Different from previous research, this study aimed to examine the correlation of post-traumatic growth (PTG) and positive memories, with the objective to explore the directed forgetting effect of positive material and its relationship with PTG. DESIGN: A 2 (PTG level: high vs...
August 11, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783971/dyadic-coping-mediates-the-relationship-between-parents-grief-and-dyadic-adjustment-following-the-loss-of-a-child
#2
Sara Albuquerque, Isabel Narciso, Marco Pereira
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine forms of dyadic coping (DC) as mediators of the association between parents' grief response and dyadic adjustment and to determine whether these indirect effects were moderated by the child's type of death, timing of death, and age. DESIGN: The study design was cross-sectional. METHOD: The sample consisted of 197 bereaved parents. Participants completed the Prolonged Grief Disorder Scale, Revised Dyadic Adjustment Scale, and Dyadic Coping Inventory...
August 7, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782382/attentional-biases-for-threat-after-fear-related-autobiographical-recall
#3
Laura Sagliano, Luigi Trojano, Valentina Di Mauro, Paola Carnevale, Marina Di Domenico, Caterina Cozzolino, Francesca D'Olimpio
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested that affective state could enhance stimulus salience and modulate attention allocation for mood-congruent information, but contrasting data have been reported on the effects of mood induction on attentional biases for threat (ABTs) in non-clinical individuals. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess whether laboratory-induced negative mood can increase individuals' tendency to allocate attention on threatening stimuli, thus determining a difficulty in attentional disengagement from threat...
August 7, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766372/role-of-event-centrality-and-emotion-regulation-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-internally-displaced-persons
#4
JohnBosco Chika Chukwuorji, Chuka Mike Ifeagwazi, John E Eze
BACKGROUND: Event centrality and emotion regulation in relation to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been documented in various global samples especially in Western cultures; but internally displaced persons (IDPs) still constitute an underrepresented population in psychotraumatology literature. This study tested the roles of event centrality and emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression) in PTSD symptoms among IDPs in Nigeria. DESIGN: The multi-group cross-sectional design was adopted...
August 2, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745078/hair-cortisol-in-relation-to-acute-and-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
Joana Straub, Lena Marie Klaubert, Susann Schmiedgen, Clemens Kirschbaum, Lutz Goldbeck
BACKGROUND: We report on the preliminary results of two independent studies that (1) compare the hair cortisol concentrations (HCC) of healthy controls with patients displaying post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS, study 1+2), (2) investigate whether pre-trauma HCC are predictive for the development of acute stress symptoms (ASS) and PTSS (study 1) and (3) determine whether HCC correlate with PTSS in a clinical sample of children (study 2). METHODS: In study 1, the clinical symptoms of 35 minors were examined one (T1) and seven weeks (T2) after surgery following an accident...
July 26, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697628/high-dose-alcohol-consumption-predicts-less-reduction-in-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-after-a-campus-mass-shooting
#6
Jacob B Holzman, David P Valentiner, Susan M Hannan, Douglas G Wallace, Holly K Orcutt
BACKGROUND: Recognizing that alcohol might affect subsequent processing of trauma-related information, this study examined whether high dose alcohol consumption (HDAC) following a campus mass shooting affected the relation between shooting exposure and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). METHODS: Female participants (N = 691) recorded levels of physical exposure to the shooting event, alcohol use, and PTSS 1 month following the shooting event and 8 months later...
July 11, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689447/specificity-of-peer-difficulties-to-social-anxiety-in-early-adolescence-categorical-and-dimensional-analyses-with-clinical-and-community-samples
#7
Martha C Early, Bridget K Biggs, Kalani P Makanui, John Paul Legerski, Jason Van Allen, Allison R Elledge, Stephen P Whiteside
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We investigated the specificity of social difficulties to social anxiety by testing associations of social anxiety and other anxiety presentations with peer acceptance and victimization in community and treatment-seeking samples of adolescents aged 12-14 years. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, quantitative survey. METHODS: Adolescents from the community (n = 116) and a clinical setting (n = 154) completed ratings of anxiety symptoms, perceived social acceptance, and peer victimization...
July 9, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678525/the-natural-course-of-anxiety-symptoms-in-early-adolescence-factors-related-to-persistence
#8
Núria Voltas, Carmen Hernández-Martínez, Victoria Arija, Josefa Canals
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health problems during childhood and adolescence. This study examined the course of anxiety symptoms in early adolescents from the general population over three phases. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-two participants (mean-age of 13.52) from a baseline sample of 1514 (mean-age of 10.23) were followed up three times. Of the 1514 children, those with emotional risk and controls without risk constituted the second-phase sample (n = 562; mean-age of 11...
July 5, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662586/social-anxiety-and-emotion-regulation-flexibility-considering-emotion-intensity-and-type-as-contextual-factors
#9
Mia S O'Toole, Robert Zachariae, Douglas S Mennin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Individuals with social anxiety disorder have often been considered inflexible in their emotion regulation. The aim of this study was to investigate emotion regulation flexibility in socially anxious individuals in response to two contextual factors, namely different levels of emotion intensity and emotion type. METHODS: A daily diary approach was employed, investigating emotion regulation (i.e., experiential avoidance, expressive suppression and cognitive reappraisal) in college students scoring high (N = 62; HSA) and low (N = 52; LSA) on social anxiety...
June 30, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573888/interrole-conflict-and-self-efficacy-to-manage-work-and-family-demands-mediate-the-relationships-of-job-and-family-demands-with-stress-in-the-job-and-family-domains
#10
Ewelina Smoktunowicz, Roman Cieslak, Evangelia Demerouti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study derives from Work-Home Resources model (ten Brummelhuis, L. L., & Bakker, A. B. (2012). A resource perspective on the work-home interface: The work-home resources model. American Psychologist, 67(7), 545-556. doi:10.1037/a0027974) and Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, US: Prentice-Hall, Inc.) to investigate mechanisms responsible for the effect of job and family demands on work- and family-related perceived stress...
June 2, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573887/relations-between-plasma-oxytocin-depressive-symptoms-and-coping-strategies-in-response-to-a-stressor-the-impact-of-social-support
#11
Opal A McInnis, Robyn J McQuaid, Kimberly Matheson, Hymie Anisman
BACKGROUND: Social support can serve as a protective factor against the negative impacts of stressors and may thereby promote well-being. As well, exogenous administration of oxytocin has been tied to diminished stress responses and might also enhance the effects of social support. METHODS/RESULTS: In the current study, conducted among female undergraduate students (N = 67), higher depressive symptoms were related to lower endorsements of problem-focused coping in response to a psychosocial stressor comprising the Trier Social Stress test (TSST)...
June 2, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537097/keep-your-eyes-open-dispositional-vigilance-moderates-the-relationship-between-operational-police-stress-and-stress-symptoms
#12
Jeanette Kubiak, Annika Krick, Boris Egloff
BACKGROUND: Vigilant coping is characterized by a deep processing of threat-related information. In many cases, vigilant coping increases stress symptoms, whereas avoidant coping decreases negative affect. However, vigilance may be beneficial when stress-eliciting situations involve a risk of injury or escalation as is usually the case in police operations. DESIGN: We investigated the roles of vigilance and cognitive avoidance in police operations in a cross-sectional survey...
May 24, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537095/development-of-a-coping-with-stress-scale-for-a-non-western-population-of-children-and-adolescents
#13
Ilgın Gökler DanIşman, Nejla Yıldız, İbrahim Yiğit
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In the related literature numerous instruments have been developed to measure children and adolescents' coping with stress. Considering the cultural differences in individuals' choice for coping strategies, along with the limitations of the existing measures of coping for children and adolescents (e.g., being derived from coping measures developed for adults; unrepresentative samples with limited age range, etc.), the current study aimed to construct a self-report coping scale for a non-western population of children and adolescents...
May 24, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535726/the-effects-of-arousal-reappraisal-on-stress-responses-performance-and-attention
#14
Nadine Sammy, Paul A Anstiss, Lee J Moore, Paul Freeman, Mark R Wilson, Samuel J Vine
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effects of arousal reappraisal on cardiovascular responses, demand and resource evaluations, self-confidence, performance and attention under pressurized conditions. A recent study by Moore et al. [2015. Reappraising threat: How to optimize performance under pressure. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 37(3), 339-343. doi: 10.1123/jsep.2014-0186 ] suggested that arousal reappraisal is beneficial to the promotion of challenge states and leads to improvements in single-trial performance...
May 23, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523943/prospective-effects-of-social-support-on-internalized-homonegativity-and-sexual-identity-concealment-among-middle-aged-and-older-gay-men-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#15
Anthony Lyons, Christopher A Pepping
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Middle-aged and older gay men experience higher rates of depression and anxiety compared to their heterosexual counterparts, with internalized homonegativity and sexual identity concealment known to be major stress-related contributors. This study examined the prospective effect of different types and sources of social support on internalized homonegativity and sexual identity concealment experienced among middle-aged and older gay men. METHODS: A longitudinal survey involving two waves of data collection separated by 12 months was conducted among a cohort of 186 gay-identified men aged 40 years and older...
May 19, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513191/the-antecedents-and-outcomes-of-dyadic-coping-in-close-personal-relationships-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#16
Helen R Staff, Faye F Didymus, Susan H Backhouse
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Theories of dyadic coping and empirical literature have intermittently and inconsistently highlighted antecedents and outcomes of dyadic coping. The purpose of this review was to systematically identify the antecedents and outcomes of dyadic coping in close personal relationships. DESIGN: A PRISMA-guided systematic review and narrative synthesis. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted using CINAHL, PubMed, PsycINFO, and citation pearl growing to identify studies that were relevant to the aim of the review...
May 17, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931124/the-contribution-of-role-satisfaction-meaning-in-life-and-work-home-conflict-to-explaining-well-being-among-working-grandparents
#17
Liat Kulik, Sagit Shilo-Levin, Gabriel Liberman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to examine the relationship of satisfaction with occupied roles as well as the sense of meaning in life and experience of work-home conflict to well-being among working grandparents in Israel. DESIGN AND METHODS: The research sample consisted of 316 employed grandparents aged 50-80 (153 grandfathers and 163 grandmothers), who were employed in various types of organizations. Data were collected using structured questionnaires...
May 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931112/does-social-support-predict-smoking-abstinence-in-dual-smoker-couples-evidence-from-a-dyadic-approach
#18
Janina Lüscher, Urte Scholz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Romantic partners have a significant influence on their health behaviors. Evidence for the effectiveness of social support for smoking abstinence, however, is mixed and the role of social support for smoking abstinence in dual-smoker couples is understudied. DESIGN: 77 dual-smoker couples were assessed 30 days after a joint quit attempt using a dyadic approach. METHODS: Received and provided support, self-reported and objectively measured smoking abstinence were assessed from both partners...
May 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925794/endocrine-and-emotional-response-to-exclusion-among-women-and-men-cortisol-salivary-alpha-amylase-and-mood
#19
Liat Helpman, Julia Penso, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Ruth Feldman, Eva Gilboa-Schechtman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Social exclusion is ubiquitous and painful. Evolutionary models indicate sex differences in coping with social stress. Recent empirical data suggest different sex patterns in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) and sympathetic-adrenal-medullary (SAM) reactivity. The present study sought to test this hypothesis. DESIGN: We examined differences in endocrine and emotional response to exclusion by using a virtual ball tossing paradigm (Cyberball)...
May 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873541/the-relationship-between-suppression-and-subsequent-intrusions-the-mediating-role-of-peritraumatic-dissociation-and-anxiety
#20
Cornelia Măirean, Ciprian Marius Ceobanu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although previous studies showed that thought and emotion suppression represent risk factors for intrusions development, the mechanisms that explain these relations were less explored. This study aims to examine the relationships between thought and emotion suppression and the symptoms of intrusion following the exposure to a trauma-related event. Moreover, we explored if these relationships would be mediated by peritraumatic state dissociation and state anxiety...
May 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
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