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Anxiety, Stress, and Coping

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573888/interrole-conflict-and-self-efficacy-to-manage-work-and-family-demands-mediate-the-relationships-of-job-and-family-demands-with-stress-in-the-job-and-family-domains
#1
Ewelina Smoktunowicz, Roman Cieslak, Evangelia Demerouti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study derives from Work-Home Resources model (ten Brummelhuis, L. L., & Bakker, A. B. (2012). A resource perspective on the work-home interface: The work-home resources model. American Psychologist, 67(7), 545-556. doi:10.1037/a0027974) and Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, US: Prentice-Hall, Inc.) to investigate mechanisms responsible for the effect of job and family demands on work- and family-related perceived stress...
June 2, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573887/relations-between-plasma-oxytocin-depressive-symptoms-and-coping-strategies-in-response-to-a-stressor-the-impact-of-social-support
#2
Opal A McInnis, Robyn J McQuaid, Kimberly Matheson, Hymie Anisman
BACKGROUND: Social support can serve as a protective factor against the negative impacts of stressors and may thereby promote well-being. As well, exogenous administration of oxytocin has been tied to diminished stress responses and might also enhance the effects of social support. METHODS/RESULTS: In the current study, conducted among female undergraduate students (N = 67), higher depressive symptoms were related to lower endorsements of problem-focused coping in response to a psychosocial stressor comprising the Trier Social Stress test (TSST)...
June 2, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537097/keep-your-eyes-open-dispositional-vigilance-moderates-the-relationship-between-operational-police-stress-and-stress-symptoms
#3
Jeanette Kubiak, Annika Krick, Boris Egloff
BACKGROUND: Vigilant coping is characterized by a deep processing of threat-related information. In many cases, vigilant coping increases stress symptoms, whereas avoidant coping decreases negative affect. However, vigilance may be beneficial when stress-eliciting situations involve a risk of injury or escalation as is usually the case in police operations. DESIGN: We investigated the roles of vigilance and cognitive avoidance in police operations in a cross-sectional survey...
May 24, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537095/development-of-a-coping-with-stress-scale-for-a-non-western-population-of-children-and-adolescents
#4
Ilgın Gökler DanIşman, Nejla Yıldız, İbrahim Yiğit
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In the related literature numerous instruments have been developed to measure children and adolescents' coping with stress. Considering the cultural differences in individuals' choice for coping strategies, along with the limitations of the existing measures of coping for children and adolescents (e.g., being derived from coping measures developed for adults; unrepresentative samples with limited age range, etc.), the current study aimed to construct a self-report coping scale for a non-western population of children and adolescents...
May 24, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535726/the-effects-of-arousal-reappraisal-on-stress-responses-performance-and-attention
#5
Nadine Sammy, Paul A Anstiss, Lee J Moore, Paul Freeman, Mark R Wilson, Samuel J Vine
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effects of arousal reappraisal on cardiovascular responses, demand and resource evaluations, self-confidence, performance and attention under pressurized conditions. A recent study by Moore et al. [2015. Reappraising threat: How to optimize performance under pressure. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 37(3), 339-343. doi: 10.1123/jsep.2014-0186 ] suggested that arousal reappraisal is beneficial to the promotion of challenge states and leads to improvements in single-trial performance...
May 23, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523943/prospective-effects-of-social-support-on-internalized-homonegativity-and-sexual-identity-concealment-among-middle-aged-and-older-gay-men-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#6
Anthony Lyons, Christopher A Pepping
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Middle-aged and older gay men experience higher rates of depression and anxiety compared to their heterosexual counterparts, with internalized homonegativity and sexual identity concealment known to be major stress-related contributors. This study examined the prospective effect of different types and sources of social support on internalized homonegativity and sexual identity concealment experienced among middle-aged and older gay men. METHODS: A longitudinal survey involving two waves of data collection separated by 12 months was conducted among a cohort of 186 gay-identified men aged 40 years and older...
May 19, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513191/the-antecedents-and-outcomes-of-dyadic-coping-in-close-personal-relationships-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#7
Helen R Staff, Faye F Didymus, Susan H Backhouse
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Theories of dyadic coping and empirical literature have intermittently and inconsistently highlighted antecedents and outcomes of dyadic coping. The purpose of this review was to systematically identify the antecedents and outcomes of dyadic coping in close personal relationships. DESIGN: A PRISMA-guided systematic review and narrative synthesis. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted using CINAHL, PubMed, PsycINFO, and citation pearl growing to identify studies that were relevant to the aim of the review...
May 17, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398085/rumination-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-trauma-exposed-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Yvette Z Szabo, Ashlee J Warnecke, Tamara L Newton, Jeffrey C Valentine
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rumination is a correlate of increased posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms. This study quantitatively reviewed the literature on rumination and PTS symptoms in trauma-exposed adults, extending prior research by using an inclusive definition of trauma, addressing PTS symptom clusters, and conducting moderator analyses. METHOD: Searches were conducted in PsycINFO, PubMed, PILOTS, EBSCO Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, Google Scholar, and Dissertation Abstracts...
April 11, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931124/the-contribution-of-role-satisfaction-meaning-in-life-and-work-home-conflict-to-explaining-well-being-among-working-grandparents
#9
Liat Kulik, Sagit Shilo-Levin, Gabriel Liberman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to examine the relationship of satisfaction with occupied roles as well as the sense of meaning in life and experience of work-home conflict to well-being among working grandparents in Israel. DESIGN AND METHODS: The research sample consisted of 316 employed grandparents aged 50-80 (153 grandfathers and 163 grandmothers), who were employed in various types of organizations. Data were collected using structured questionnaires...
May 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931112/does-social-support-predict-smoking-abstinence-in-dual-smoker-couples-evidence-from-a-dyadic-approach
#10
Janina Lüscher, Urte Scholz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Romantic partners have a significant influence on their health behaviors. Evidence for the effectiveness of social support for smoking abstinence, however, is mixed and the role of social support for smoking abstinence in dual-smoker couples is understudied. DESIGN: 77 dual-smoker couples were assessed 30 days after a joint quit attempt using a dyadic approach. METHODS: Received and provided support, self-reported and objectively measured smoking abstinence were assessed from both partners...
May 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873541/the-relationship-between-suppression-and-subsequent-intrusions-the-mediating-role-of-peritraumatic-dissociation-and-anxiety
#11
Cornelia Măirean, Ciprian Marius Ceobanu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although previous studies showed that thought and emotion suppression represent risk factors for intrusions development, the mechanisms that explain these relations were less explored. This study aims to examine the relationships between thought and emotion suppression and the symptoms of intrusion following the exposure to a trauma-related event. Moreover, we explored if these relationships would be mediated by peritraumatic state dissociation and state anxiety...
May 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844481/a-meta-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-anxiety-and-telomere-length
#12
John M Malouff, Nicola S Schutte
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Telomeres are protective caps at the ends of chromosomes, and shorter telomeres are associated with poor physical health. The present study set out to consolidate the varying effect sizes found so far in studies of anxiety and telomere length. DESIGN AND METHODS: A meta-analytic investigation of the relationship between anxiety and telomere length used information from 17 different samples comprising a total of 19,424 participants. RESULTS: The results showed a small but significant association, r = -...
May 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824491/meaning-in-life-and-violations-of-beliefs-and-goals-reciprocal-relations-among-individuals-with-congestive-heart-failure
#13
Login S George, Crystal L Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In the context of highly stressful experiences, violations of beliefs and goals and meaning in life may have a reciprocal relationship over time. More violations may lead to lowered meaning, whereas higher meaning may lead to lowered violations. The present study examines this relationship among congestive heart failure (CHF) patients. DESIGN: A cross-lagged panel design was used. METHODS: CHF patients (N = 142) reported twice, six months apart, on their meaning in life and the extent to which CHF violates their beliefs and goals...
May 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576066/interaction-effects-among-multiple-job-demands-an-examination-of-healthcare-workers-across-different-contexts
#14
Nerina L Jimmieson, Michelle K Tucker, Alexandra J Walsh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Simultaneous exposure to time, cognitive, and emotional demands is a feature of the work environment for healthcare workers, yet effects of these common stressors in combination are not well established. DESIGN: Survey data were collected from 125 hospital employees (Sample 1, Study 1), 93 ambulance service employees (Sample 2, Study 1), and 380 aged care/disability workers (Study 2). METHODS: Hierarchical multiple regressions were conducted...
May 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575924/does-worry-affect-adjustment-to-bereavement-a-longitudinal-investigation
#15
Maarten C Eisma, Paul A Boelen, Henk A W Schut, Margaret S Stroebe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Repetitive thought is a trans-diagnostic risk-factor for development of psychopathology. Research on repetitive thought in bereaved individuals has focused primarily on clarifying the role of rumination, repetitive thinking about past negative events and/or negative emotions. While detrimental effects of rumination have been demonstrated following bereavement, surprisingly few studies have aimed to clarify the role of worry, repetitive thinking about potential future negative events, in adjustment to loss...
May 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575609/racial-ethnic-differences-moderate-associations-of-coping-strategies-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-clusters-among-women-experiencing-partner-violence-a-multigroup-path-analysis
#16
Nicole H Weiss, Clinesha D Johnson, Ateka Contractor, Courtney Peasant, Suzanne C Swan, Tami P Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Past research underscores the key role of coping strategies in the development, maintenance, and exacerbation of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. The goal of the current study was to extend existing literature by examining whether race/ethnicity moderates the relations among coping strategies (social support, problem-solving, avoidance) and PTSD symptom clusters (intrusion, avoidance, numbing, arousal). METHODS: Participants were 369 community women (134 African Americans, 131 Latinas, 104 Whites) who reported bidirectional aggression with a current male partner...
May 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286971/yin-yoga-and-mindfulness-a-five-week-randomized-controlled-study-evaluating-the-effects-of-the-yomi-program-on-stress-and-worry
#17
Frida Hylander, Maria Johansson, Daiva Daukantaitė, Kai Ruggeri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The YOMI program is a psychoeducational training and physical practice-based program that bridges knowledge from evidence-based psychotherapy with the practice of mindfulness and yin yoga. It consists of 10 content-specific sessions and does not include home assignments. The primary purpose of this randomized controlled trial is to evaluate the effects of the five-week YOMI program on perceived stress, worry and mindfulness in a non-clinical sample. DESIGN AND METHOD: In this randomized controlled trial participants were assigned to two groups...
March 13, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834487/associations-between-childhood-adversity-and-daily-suppression-and-avoidance-in-response-to-stress-in-adulthood-can-neurobiological-sensitivity-help-explain-this-relationship
#18
Melissa J Hagan, Nicole Bush, Wendy Berry Mendes, Justine Arenander, Elissa Epel, Eli Puterman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although it has been postulated that psychological responses to stress in adulthood are grounded in childhood experiences in the family environment, evidence has been inconsistent. This study tested whether two putative measures of neurobiological sensitivity (vagal flexibility and attentional capacity) moderated the relation between women's reported exposure to a risky childhood environment and current engagement in suppressive or avoidant coping in response to daily stress...
March 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27653030/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-autonomic-regulation-in-response-to-acute-stress-the-role-of-the-sympathetic-and-parasympathetic-nervous-systems
#19
Katja Winzeler, Annette Voellmin, Evelin Hug, Ursula Kirmse, Simone Helmig, Mary Princip, Christian Cajochen, Klaus Bader, Frank H Wilhelm
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: After a previous report demonstrated blunted heart rate (HR) reactivity in association with adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) [Voellmin, A., Winzeler, K., Hug, E., Wilhelm, F. H., Schaefer, V., Gaab, J., … Bader, K. (2015). Blunted endocrine and cardiovascular reactivity in young healthy women reporting a history of childhood adversity. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 51, 58-67. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2014.09.008 ], the present analysis aimed at clarifying the role of the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches of the autonomic nervous system in this relationship...
March 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635675/daily-emotional-stress-reactivity-in-emerging-adulthood-temporal-stability-and-its-predictors
#20
Maryhope Howland, Stephen Armeli, Richard Feinn, Howard Tennen
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Emotional reactivity to stress is associated with both mental and physical health and has been assumed to be a stable feature of the person. However, recent evidence suggests that the within-person association between stress and negative affect (i.e., affective stress-reactivity) may increase over time and in times of high stress, at least in older adult populations. The objective of the current study was to examine the across-time stability of stress-reactivity in a younger sample - emerging adulthood - and examine neuroticism, overall stress, social support and life events as potential moderators of stability...
March 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
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