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Anxiety, Stress, and Coping

Malgorzata Gambin, Carla Sharp
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A better understanding of the relationships between empathy and internalizing disorders is needed to plan therapeutic interventions for children and adolescents. Several studies have revealed positive relations of internalizing symptoms to personal distress and affective empathy. However, there is a lack of studies that take into account the multidimensional nature of anxiety in its relation to empathy. DESIGN: Structural equation modeling was used to test the moderated mediation model of the relations between empathy, depression and anxiety dimensions and the moderating role of gender on these associations in inpatient adolescents...
May 17, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Aina Fiol-Veny, Alejandro De la Torre-Luque, Maria Balle, Xavier Bornas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Diminished heart rate variability has been found to be associated with high anxiety symptomatology. Since adolescence is the period of onset for many anxiety disorders, this study aimed to determine sex- and anxiety-related differences in heart rate variability and complexity in adolescents. METHODS: We created four groups according to sex and anxiety symptomatology: high-anxiety girls (n = 24) and boys (n = 25), and low-anxiety girls (n = 22) and boys (n = 24) and recorded their cardiac function while they performed regular school activities...
May 15, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Joanna Herres, Nicole E Caporino, Colleen M Cummings, Philip C Kendall
BACKGROUND: Although research supports associations between anxiety and emotional reactivity in adults (Cisler, J. M., Olatunji, B. O., Feldner, M. T., & Forsyth, J. P. (2010). Emotion regulation and the anxiety disorders: an integrative review. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 32(1), 68-82.), few studies have examined emotional reactivity in anxious youth (e.g., Carthy et al., 2010; Tan, P. Z., Forbes, E. E., Dahl, R. E., Ryan, N. D., Siegle, G. J...
May 7, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
L Y Saltzman, R Pat-Horenczyk, M Lombe, A Weltman, Y Ziv, T McNamara, D Takeuchi, D Brom
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder, a commonly researched mental health outcome associated with trauma, does not develop in the majority of survivors. More common trajectories of adaptation include resilience, and posttraumatic growth (PTG). The objectives of the current study were to: (1) describe posttrauma adaptation profiles in a sample of Israeli male military veterans (N = 448); and (2) to explore the protective factors that promote constructive PTG within two profiles of posttrauma adaptation...
April 12, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Lea Zanbar, Krzysztof Kaniasty, Navit Ben-Tzur
Background and objectives Present study, conducted in the aftermath of the 2014 Israel-Gaza conflict, investigated psychological toll of exposure to rockets attacks in a sample of residents of central and southern Israel. Analyses focused on the distress-protective functions of collectively grounded resources: engagement in community activities and trust in local leadership. Design This cross-sectional study was conducted between 2 and 3 months after the hostilities. Method Participants (N = 764) were recruited by an online survey company that distributed a questionnaire assessing, in addition to focal predictors, sociodemographic factors and prior exposure to trauma...
April 9, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Karin Wachter, Sarah M Murray, Brian J Hall, Jeannie Annan, Paul Bolton, Judy Bass
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to further understanding of the relationship between social support, internalized and perceived stigma, and mental health among women who experienced sexual violence in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). METHODS: Drawing from baseline survey data collected in eastern DRC, researchers conducted a secondary cross-sectional analysis using data from 744 participants. Regression and moderation analyses were conducted to examine associations between social support variables, felt stigma, and depression, anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
April 6, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Tanja Jurin, Sonja Biglbauer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Anxiety sensitivity (AS) is the fear of anxiety symptoms, a feature proven to be an important vulnerability factor for anxiety pathogenesis. The aim of this study was to examine whether AS (as well as its factors) predicts the onset of panic disorder symptoms when controlling for the contribution of trait anxiety. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective 3 year follow up study. METHODS: The participants, students at the Humanities and Social Sciences in Zagreb (N = 1087), completed an Anxiety Sensitivity Index and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Trait form) and, after a period of three years, were asked to self-assess criteria for panic disorder (according to the DSM-5)...
March 20, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
A Janka, S Duschek
BACKGROUND: As an important group of health care professionals, paramedics accomplish sophisticated and frequently stressful tasks. DESIGN: The study investigated self-reported stress burden, self-reported health status, coping strategies, personality traits and psychophysiological reactivity in paramedics. METHODS: 30 paramedics were compared with 30 professionals from other disciplines, in terms of self-reported stress, physical complaints, coping strategies, personality traits and psychophysiological reactivity during aversive visual and acoustic stimuli, and cognitive challenge...
March 20, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Haled Al-Said, Orna Braun-Lewensohn, Shifra Sagy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This research investigated how coping resources explain emotional reactions of anger and anxiety, in the context of threat of house demolition, among adolescents in three groups: Adolescents living in a recognized village with no demolition, adolescents living in an unrecognized village (by the Israeli government as legal) with no demolition, and adolescents living in an unrecognized village with demolition. The framework of this research is based on Antonovsky's salutogenic theory, which suggests examining ability to cope with stressful situations...
March 20, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Jeremy P Jamieson, Alia J Crum, J Parker Goyer, Marisa E Marotta, Modupe Akinola
The dominant perspective in society is that stress has negative consequences, and not surprisingly, the vast majority of interventions for coping with stress focus on reducing the frequency or severity of stressors. However, the effectiveness of stress attenuation is limited because it is often not possible to avoid stressors, and avoiding or minimizing stress can lead individuals to miss opportunities for performance and growth. Thus, during stressful situations, a more efficacious approach is to optimize stress responses (i...
May 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Daniel Shepherd, Jason Landon, Steve Taylor, Sonja Goedeke
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Parenting a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is challenging and can result in elevated levels of parenting stress. This study investigated the relationship between parent-ratings of their child's ASD symptoms and two conceptually different measures of parenting stress: One specific to the ASD context and the other a general stress measure applicable to the broader caregiving context. Additionally, the influence of coping style on the relationship between child's ASD symptoms and parenting stress was investigated...
May 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Lora Capobianco, Julie A Morris, Adrian Wells
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression have been linked to repetitive negative self-regulation styles in the form of worry and rumination respectively. Following predictions of the metacognitive model [Wells, A., & Matthews, G. (1994). Attention and emotion: A clinical perspective. Hove: Erlbaum], the current study compared the effect on recovery from stress of three strategies: worry, rumination, and distraction using a stress exposure paradigm. It was predicted that worry and/or rumination would be associated with delayed recovery on physiological and/or self-report indices when compared to distraction...
May 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Alexandre Heeren, Emily E Bernstein, Richard J McNally
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: For decades, the dominant paradigm in trait anxiety research has regarded the construct as signifying the underlying cause of the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that supposedly reflect its presence. Recently, a network theory of personality has appeared. According to this perspective, trait anxiety is a formative construct emerging from interactions among its constitutive features (e.g., thought, feelings, behaviors); it is not a latent cause of these features...
May 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Yang Woon Chung
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Workplace ostracism research has examined numerous underlying mechanisms to understand the link between workplace ostracism and behavioral outcomes. Ostracism has been suggested to be an interpersonal stressor; however, research has not investigated workplace ostracism from a stress perspective. Therefore, the study investigated the mediating effect of perceived stress for the relationships between workplace ostracism and helping behavior, voicing behavior, and task performance...
May 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Ofir Levi, Gadi Lubin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The goal of the study was to determine the long-term prevalence of combat-related treatment seeking and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Israel's veterans deployed to the Second Lebanon War (2006) and "Operation Cast Lead" in the Gaza Strip (2009). METHODS: The prevalence of treatment seeking and DSM-IV-TR diagnoses among Israel Defense Force (IDF) veterans was assessed using seven and five year's surveillance and records...
May 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Valerie A Sotardi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Educational measures of anxiety focus heavily on students' experiences with tests yet overlook other assessment contexts. In this research, two brief multiscale questionnaires were developed and validated to measure trait evaluation anxiety (MTEA-12) and state evaluation anxiety (MSEA-12) for use in various assessment contexts in non-clinical, educational settings. DESIGN: The research included a cross-sectional analysis of self-report data using authentic assessment settings in which evaluation anxiety was measured...
May 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Klára Čapková, Martin Vaculík, Jason Ellis, Miroslav Šipula
OBJECTIVE: It has been questioned whether elevated pre-sleep cognitive arousal contributes to poor sleep or whether it is the use of maladaptive thought control strategies, used to manage this cognitive arousal, that are responsible. The study aimed to examine how these factors - cognitive arousal (with and without anxiety) and maladaptive thought control strategies contribute to perceived sleep quality (SQ). DESIGN: 129 "healthy adults" (46 males, 83 females) were exposed to picture-stimuli eliciting either anxious cognitive arousal or non-anxious cognitive arousal at bedtime...
May 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Luobing Liu, Li Wang, Chengqi Cao, Xing Cao, Ye Zhu, Ping Liu, Shu Luo, Jianxin Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prior studies have found that the serotonin transporter gene-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) interacts with trauma exposure to increase general risk for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). However, there is little knowledge about the effects of the interaction on distinct symptom clusters of PTSD. This study aimed to investigate the relation between the interaction of 5-HTTLPR and earthquake-related exposures and a contemporary phenotypic model of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms in a traumatised adult sample from China...
May 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Corinna M Perchtold, Andreas Fink, Christian Rominger, Hannelore Weber, Vera Loureiro de Assunção, Günter Schulter, Elisabeth M Weiss, Ilona Papousek
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous research indicated that more left-lateralized prefrontal activation during cognitive reappraisal efforts was linked to a greater capacity for generating reappraisals, which is a prerequisite for the effective implementation of cognitive reappraisal in everyday life. The present study examined whether the supposedly appropriate brain activation is relevant in terms of more distal outcomes, i.e., chronic stress perception. DESIGN AND METHODS: Prefrontal EEG alpha asymmetry was recorded while female participants were generating reappraisals for stressful events and was correlated with their self-reported chronic stress levels in everyday life (n = 80)...
March 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Mohsen Joshanloo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Valuing happiness, negative life circumstances, and neuroticism have been found to negatively predict subjective well-being (SWB). It was hypothesized that holding fragility of happiness beliefs (the belief that happiness is fleeting and may easily turn into less favorable states) would moderate the relationships between these predictors and SWB. METHODS: The sample consisted of 338 Korean participants who responded to an online survey (Mage  = 26...
March 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
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