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Anxiety, Stress, and Coping

Yaira Hamama-Raz, Yoav S Bergman, Menachem Ben-Ezra, Yael Tirosh, Roni Baruch, Richard Nakache
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Post-transplant kidney recipients may experience psychological concerns which have been associated with negative health behaviors. Illness acceptance might have an important role in this process. In line with the Conservation of Resources Theory (COR), the current study aimed to examine the relationship between coping flexibility, attachment patterns and illness acceptance among post-transplant kidney recipients, and to evaluate whether attachment patterns moderate the link between coping flexibility and illness acceptance...
July 16, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Marie Ottilie Frenkel, Robin-Bastian Heck, Henning Plessner
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sensation seeking is closely related to practicing high-risk sports. This domain offers individuals an opportunity to achieve an increased level of arousal. Moreover, stress reactivity implies interindividual differences in the capacity to respond to a stressor. The purpose of this study was to examine whether high sensation seekers (HSS) compared to low sensation seekers (LSS) experience lower levels of stress on a physiological and psychological basis. Stress was induced in a sport-specific experimental paradigm with a climbing task through a jump into the rope...
July 16, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Renee M Cloutier, Keke L Schuler, Nathan Kearns, Camilo J Ruggero, Sarah F Lewis, Heidemarie Blumenthal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A growing body of work suggests individuals with more severe post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are at higher risk for developing problematic alcohol use outcomes. Extending work from the adult literature, the present study was the first to examine the extent to which PTSS is related to drinking motives for alcohol use in both clinical and non-clinical samples of adolescents. DESIGN: Hierarchical regression analyses were used to predict coping motives for alcohol use from PTSS, above and beyond demographic variables, alcohol use frequency, and other alcohol use motives...
July 11, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Travis C Evans, Katherine A Walukevich, Ilana Seager, Jennifer C Britton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Preferential attention to threat, emotional response inhibition, and attentional control each purportedly play a key role in anxiety disorders. Divergent psychometric properties among attention measures may produce differential detection of anxiety-related associations and treatment-related changes. However, no studies have directly compared the psychometric properties of these attention measures in the same sample. DESIGN: Eighty-five young adults (M = 19...
July 5, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Ariella P Lenton-Brym, David A Moscovitch, Vanja Vidovic, Elizabeth Nilsen, Ori Friedman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Research has demonstrated an association between social anxiety and impaired Theory of Mind (ToM). We assess whether ToM deficits occur even at a subclinical level of social anxiety and whether group differences in ToM performance are consistent with interpretation bias. We also explore potential reasons as to why socially anxious individuals may perform differently on ToM tasks. METHODS/DESIGN: Undergraduate participants high (HSA; n = 78) and low (LSA; n = 35) in social anxiety completed a task of ToM decoding, the Reading the Mind in the Eyes (MIE), a task of ToM reasoning, the Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition (MASC), and a post-task questionnaire about their experience completing the MASC...
June 25, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Richard Wermes, Tania M Lincoln, Sylvia Helbig-Lang
BACKGROUND: Cognitive models propose that attentional biases to threat contribute to the maintenance of social anxiety disorder (SAD). However, the specific characteristics of such biases are still object to debate. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to disentangle effects of trait and state social anxiety on attention allocation towards social stimuli. METHODS: Participants with SAD (n = 67) and healthy controls (n = 62) completed three visual search tasks while their eye movements were recorded...
June 7, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
David M Siegel, Taylor A Burke, Jessica L Hamilton, Marilyn L Piccirillo, Adela Scharff, Lauren B Alloy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Existing models of social anxiety scarcely account for interpersonal stress generation. These models also seldom include interpersonal factors that compound the effects of social anxiety. Given recent findings that two forms of interpersonal distress, perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness, intensify social anxiety and cause interpersonal stress generation, these two constructs may be especially relevant to examining social anxiety and interpersonal stress generation together...
June 1, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Thomas A Fergus, Nancy Wheless
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Contemporary conceptual models posit that different core variables contribute to worry, including intolerance of uncertainty (IU), metacognitive beliefs, and experiential avoidance. To date, a concurrent investigation of the incremental explanatory power of these variables in accounting for worry severity remains unexamined. The present study sought to address that gap in the literature. DESIGN/METHODS: Participants endorsing frequent worry (N = 127) completed self-report measures assessing IU, metacognitive beliefs, and experiential avoidance during an online session...
May 27, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Malgorzata Gambin, Carla Sharp
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A better understanding of the relationships between empathy and internalizing disorders is needed to plan therapeutic interventions for children and adolescents. Several studies have revealed positive relations of internalizing symptoms to personal distress and affective empathy. However, there is a lack of studies that take into account the multidimensional nature of anxiety in its relation to empathy. DESIGN: Structural equation modeling was used to test the moderated mediation model of the relations between empathy, depression and anxiety dimensions and the moderating role of gender on these associations in inpatient adolescents...
July 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Aina Fiol-Veny, Alejandro De la Torre-Luque, Maria Balle, Xavier Bornas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Diminished heart rate variability has been found to be associated with high anxiety symptomatology. Since adolescence is the period of onset for many anxiety disorders, this study aimed to determine sex- and anxiety-related differences in heart rate variability and complexity in adolescents. METHODS: We created four groups according to sex and anxiety symptomatology: high-anxiety girls (n = 24) and boys (n = 25), and low-anxiety girls (n = 22) and boys (n = 24) and recorded their cardiac function while they performed regular school activities...
July 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Joanna Herres, Nicole E Caporino, Colleen M Cummings, Philip C Kendall
BACKGROUND: Although research supports associations between anxiety and emotional reactivity in adults (Cisler, J. M., Olatunji, B. O., Feldner, M. T., & Forsyth, J. P. (2010). Emotion regulation and the anxiety disorders: an integrative review. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 32(1), 68-82.), few studies have examined emotional reactivity in anxious youth (e.g., Carthy et al., 2010; Tan, P. Z., Forbes, E. E., Dahl, R. E., Ryan, N. D., Siegle, G. J...
July 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
L Y Saltzman, R Pat-Horenczyk, M Lombe, A Weltman, Y Ziv, T McNamara, D Takeuchi, D Brom
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder, a commonly researched mental health outcome associated with trauma, does not develop in the majority of survivors. More common trajectories of adaptation include resilience, and posttraumatic growth (PTG). The objectives of the current study were to: (1) describe posttrauma adaptation profiles in a sample of Israeli male military veterans (N = 448); and (2) to explore the protective factors that promote constructive PTG within two profiles of posttrauma adaptation...
July 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Lea Zanbar, Krzysztof Kaniasty, Navit Ben-Tzur
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Present study, conducted in the aftermath of the 2014 Israel-Gaza conflict, investigated psychological toll of exposure to rockets attacks in a sample of residents of central and southern Israel. Analyses focused on the distress-protective functions of collectively grounded resources: engagement in community activities and trust in local leadership. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was conducted between 2 and 3 months after the hostilities...
July 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Karin Wachter, Sarah M Murray, Brian J Hall, Jeannie Annan, Paul Bolton, Judy Bass
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to further understanding of the relationship between social support, internalized and perceived stigma, and mental health among women who experienced sexual violence in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). METHODS: Drawing from baseline survey data collected in eastern DRC, researchers conducted a secondary cross-sectional analysis using data from 744 participants. Regression and moderation analyses were conducted to examine associations between social support variables, felt stigma, and depression, anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
July 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Tanja Jurin, Sonja Biglbauer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Anxiety sensitivity (AS) is the fear of anxiety symptoms, a feature proven to be an important vulnerability factor for anxiety pathogenesis. The aim of this study was to examine whether AS (as well as its factors) predicts the onset of panic disorder symptoms when controlling for the contribution of trait anxiety. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective 3 year follow up study. METHODS: The participants, students at the Humanities and Social Sciences in Zagreb (N = 1087), completed an Anxiety Sensitivity Index and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Trait form) and, after a period of three years, were asked to self-assess criteria for panic disorder (according to the DSM-5)...
July 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
A Janka, S Duschek
BACKGROUND: As an important group of health care professionals, paramedics accomplish sophisticated and frequently stressful tasks. DESIGN: The study investigated self-reported stress burden, self-reported health status, coping strategies, personality traits and psychophysiological reactivity in paramedics. METHODS: 30 paramedics were compared with 30 professionals from other disciplines, in terms of self-reported stress, physical complaints, coping strategies, personality traits and psychophysiological reactivity during aversive visual and acoustic stimuli, and cognitive challenge...
July 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Haled Al-Said, Orna Braun-Lewensohn, Shifra Sagy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This research investigated how coping resources explain emotional reactions of anger and anxiety, in the context of threat of house demolition, among adolescents in three groups: Adolescents living in a recognized village with no demolition, adolescents living in an unrecognized village (by the Israeli government as legal) with no demolition, and adolescents living in an unrecognized village with demolition. The framework of this research is based on Antonovsky's salutogenic theory, which suggests examining ability to cope with stressful situations...
July 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Jeremy P Jamieson, Alia J Crum, J Parker Goyer, Marisa E Marotta, Modupe Akinola
The dominant perspective in society is that stress has negative consequences, and not surprisingly, the vast majority of interventions for coping with stress focus on reducing the frequency or severity of stressors. However, the effectiveness of stress attenuation is limited because it is often not possible to avoid stressors, and avoiding or minimizing stress can lead individuals to miss opportunities for performance and growth. Thus, during stressful situations, a more efficacious approach is to optimize stress responses (i...
May 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Daniel Shepherd, Jason Landon, Steve Taylor, Sonja Goedeke
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Parenting a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is challenging and can result in elevated levels of parenting stress. This study investigated the relationship between parent-ratings of their child's ASD symptoms and two conceptually different measures of parenting stress: One specific to the ASD context and the other a general stress measure applicable to the broader caregiving context. Additionally, the influence of coping style on the relationship between child's ASD symptoms and parenting stress was investigated...
May 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Lora Capobianco, Julie A Morris, Adrian Wells
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression have been linked to repetitive negative self-regulation styles in the form of worry and rumination respectively. Following predictions of the metacognitive model [Wells, A., & Matthews, G. (1994). Attention and emotion: A clinical perspective. Hove: Erlbaum], the current study compared the effect on recovery from stress of three strategies: worry, rumination, and distraction using a stress exposure paradigm. It was predicted that worry and/or rumination would be associated with delayed recovery on physiological and/or self-report indices when compared to distraction...
May 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
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