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Anxiety, Stress, and Coping

Alexandre Gareau, Mélodie Chamandy, Kristina Kljajic, Patrick Gaudreau
BACKGROUND: Academic procrastination is common among university students and its effect on their achievement is worrisome. Although procrastination is often depicted as self-regulation failure, research still needs to examine the self-regulatory mechanisms involved in the relationship between procrastination and achievement. OBJECTIVES: In this prospective study, we sought to (a) unravel the unique effect of academic procrastination on university grades, (b) examine the mediating role of task-oriented and disengagement-oriented coping as a self-regulatory pathway toward achievement, (c) control for the potential confounding influence of past achievement and working memory capacity...
November 8, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Alethea Desrosiers, Vera Vine, Trace Kershaw
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the interactive role of affectivity and stress in substance use severity among ethnic minority, emerging adult males, using linguistic indicators of affect obtained through social media. METHOD: Participants were 119 emerging adult, ethnic minority males (ages 18-25) who provided access to their mobile phone text messaging and Facebook activity for 6-months. Computerized text analysis (LIWC2015) was used to obtain linguistic indices of positive and negative affect from texts and Facebook posts...
October 29, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Allison E Gaffey, Frances Aranda, John W Burns, Yanina A Purim-Shem-Tov, Helen J Burgess, Jean C Beckham, Stephen Bruehl, Stevan E Hobfoll
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Inner-city Black women may be more susceptible to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than White women, although mechanisms underlying this association are unclear. Living in urban neighborhoods distinguished by higher chronic stress may contribute to racial differences in women's cognitive, affective, and social vulnerabilities, leading to greater trauma-related distress including PTSD. Yet social support could buffer the negative effects of psychosocial vulnerabilities on women's health...
October 11, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Alyssa Fassett-Carman, Benjamin L Hankin, Hannah R Snyder
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Stress is well established as a strong risk factor for internalizing psychopathology. Learned helplessness research demonstrates that perceived controllability of stressors affects internalizing symptoms. Furthermore, subjective perceived stress is associated with psychopathology. However, most recent research has focused on measuring the frequency and expert-rated severity of stressful life events despite evidence for the importance of stress perceptions. The present study brings together past and current literatures to investigate the importance of perceived severity and controllability of recent life events in the association between stressors and internalizing symptoms...
October 10, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Christopher J Budnick, Eden M Anderson, Alecia M Santuzzi, Angela J Grippo, Leslie Matuszewich
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Interviewers often provide positive nonverbal feedback to reduce interviewees' anxiety. Socially anxious individuals typically harbor negative self-views discrepant with positive feedback. We examined whether nonverbal feedback and social anxiety jointly influence cortisol responses to, and performance during, interviews. DESIGN: An experimental between-subjects design randomly assigned participants to feedback condition. METHODS: Undergraduate students (N = 130) provided saliva and completed social anxiety, interview anxiety, and affective measures before a simulated interview...
October 9, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Emily J Hangen, Andrew J Elliot, Jeremy P Jamieson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Effects of reappraising stress arousal during an interpersonal competition were tested on physiological functioning and performance. Additionally, the moderating role of gender was explored. DESIGN AND METHOD: Participants (N = 279) were randomly assigned to a stress reappraisal, stress-is-debilitating, or a neutral control condition. Reappraisal materials educated participants about the adaptive benefits of stress, whereas stress-is-debilitating materials instructed participants to avoid stress...
October 8, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Tobias Ringeisen, Stephanie Lichtenfeld, Sandra Becker, Nina Minkley
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: High self-efficacy may reduce emotional and physiological stress responses in the context of an examination. The present study investigated how these stress responses develop on an exam day, and sequential indirect effects between self-efficacy, threat appraisals, stress responses and performance. DESIGN AND METHODS: The sample comprised 92 students (46 women). Self-efficacy, threat appraisals and state anxiety were assessed on a control day one week before an oral exam...
September 27, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Yvette Z Szabo, Rafael Fernandez-Botran, Tamara L Newton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To better understand how trauma leads to poor health, this study examined whether cumulative trauma and emotion reactivity contribute to pro- (IL-1β) and anti-inflammatory (IL-10) salivary cytokine levels after stress. DESIGN: Seventy-three women, screened to be physically and mentally healthy, completed an acute stress paradigm and measures of lifetime trauma exposure. METHOD: Saliva was collected 10 min before (i...
September 20, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Daniel J Chiacchia, Esther R Greenglass, Joana K Q Katter, Lisa Fiksenbaum
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The negative effects of the financial crisis of 2007/2008 are still being felt today as seen in the relatively high levels of youth unemployment in many countries. As a result, many young people experience high stress levels when facing an uncertain and precarious job market. METHODS: Participants were 178 undergraduate students (79% female; Mage  = 20.00, SD = 4.29) who were randomly assigned to read a news article that documented an uncertain financial future with limited job opportunities (the economic stress group), or an article that documented a tour of the Royal Canadian Mint (the control group)...
November 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Philip I Chow, Sam Portnow, Diheng Zhang, Elske Salemink, Reinout W Wiers, Bethany A Teachman
BACKGROUND: In two studies, the present research examined whether being high in both social anxiety and alcohol use disorder symptoms is associated with a comorbid interpretation and expectancy bias that reflects their bidirectional relationship. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, quantitative surveys. METHODS: Measures of social anxiety and alcohol use disorder symptoms, as well as an interpretation and expectancy bias task assessing biases for social anxiety, drinking, and comorbid social anxiety and drinking...
November 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Lindsay M Garinger, Graig M Chow, Matteo Luzzeri
BACKGROUND: Athletic burnout is common when demands of the sport exceed the rewards. Individuals with certain personality dispositions, such as perfectionism, are at increased risk of experiencing perceived stress and subsequent burnout (Fender, L. K. (1989). Athlete burnout: Potential for research and intervention strategies. The Sport Psychologist, 3, 63-71. doi: 10.1123/tsp.3.1.63 ; Gould, D., Tuffey, S., Udry, E., & Loehr, J. (1996). Burnout in competitive junior tennis players: I...
November 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Emily M O'Bryan, Christina M Luberto, Kristen M Kraemer, Alison C McLeish
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Affect tolerance factors, including anxiety sensitivity, intolerance of uncertainty, and emotional distress tolerance, have been implicated in the exacerbation of health anxiety. Therefore, identifying methods to improve affect tolerance in health anxious populations is imperative. Despite the link between mindfulness and greater affect tolerance in non-clinical populations, no work has examined the role of mindfulness skills in terms of affect tolerance among individuals with elevated health anxiety...
November 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Saima Naseer, Usman Raja, Fauzia Syed, Dave Bouckenooghe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This research examines the detrimental effects of workplace bullying as a social stressor on employees' job performance, organizational retaliatory behaviors, and organizational citizenship behaviors and how the availability of support can reduce the negative impact of bullying. Using social exchange theory and the conservation of resources theory as theoretical frameworks, we propose that workplace bullying drains personal resources, leading to reduced job performance, low citizenship behaviors, and increased organizational retaliatory behaviors...
November 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Lucy Finkelstein-Fox, Crystal L Park, Kristen E Riley
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Managing stress is very important for first-year college students adjusting to undergraduate life. Aspects of emotion regulation, including mindfulness and the ability to regulate distressing emotion adaptively, often correlate positively with well-being. However, little research has examined overlapping and/or distinct effects of these constructs in predicting changes in adjustment over a stressful transition. Thus, the present study examined the contributions of mindfulness and adaptive emotion regulation abilities in maintaining well-being during the transition to college...
November 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Cristina Maria Bostan, Laurențiu P Maricuțoiu, Ticu Constantin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cognitive and affective overloads trigger automatic dysfunctional thoughts and undermine their voluntary management [ADTs; Beck, A. T. (1976). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York: Meridian; Wegner, D. M. (1994). Ironic processes of mental control. Psychology Review, 101(1), 34-52]. Taking into account intense negative emotions as triggers for the ADTs, we explored whether context (i.e., social context) and emotional experience (i.e., emotional intensity) predict the successful management of ADTs...
November 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Donald S Christensen, Ronald E Smith
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present study assessed the extent to which individual differences in psychological coping resources are related to athletic performance; whether they can attenuate the amount of performance variance accounted for by physical/technical skills; and whether coping resources remain significant predictors of performance when physical/technical skill level is statistically controlled. METHODS: Twenty college golf coaches rated the physical/technical skills of 189 men and women varsity golfers on their teams...
November 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Joanna J Arch, Lauren N Landy, Rebecca L Schneider, Leonie Koban, Jessica R Andrews-Hanna
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the process and consequence of inducing self-compassion during recovery from social performance stressors. Though interest in self-compassion as an intervention target is growing, extant findings suggest that initially cultivating self-compassion can be challenging for those with high self-criticism and anxiety, common features of social anxiety disorder (SAD). DESIGN: Quasi-experimental design. METHODS: The current study evaluates the feasibility, content, and outcomes of a brief written self-compassion induction administered after consecutive laboratory social stressors, among adults with SAD (n = 21) relative to healthy controls (HC; n = 35)...
September 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Yaira Hamama-Raz, Yoav S Bergman, Menachem Ben-Ezra, Yael Tirosh, Roni Baruch, Richard Nakache
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Post-transplant kidney recipients may experience psychological concerns which have been associated with negative health behaviors. Illness acceptance might have an important role in this process. In line with the Conservation of Resources Theory (COR), the current study aimed to examine the relationship between coping flexibility, attachment patterns and illness acceptance among post-transplant kidney recipients, and to evaluate whether attachment patterns moderate the link between coping flexibility and illness acceptance...
September 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Marie Ottilie Frenkel, Robin-Bastian Heck, Henning Plessner
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sensation seeking is closely related to practicing high-risk sports. This domain offers individuals an opportunity to achieve an increased level of arousal. Moreover, stress reactivity implies interindividual differences in the capacity to respond to a stressor. The purpose of this study was to examine whether high sensation seekers (HSS) compared to low sensation seekers (LSS) experience lower levels of stress on a physiological and psychological basis. Stress was induced in a sport-specific experimental paradigm with a climbing task through a jump into the rope...
September 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Renee M Cloutier, Keke L Schuler, Nathan Kearns, Camilo J Ruggero, Sarah F Lewis, Heidemarie Blumenthal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A growing body of work suggests individuals with more severe post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are at higher risk for developing problematic alcohol use outcomes. Extending work from the adult literature, the present study was the first to examine the extent to which PTSS is related to drinking motives for alcohol use in both clinical and non-clinical samples of adolescents. DESIGN: Hierarchical regression analyses were used to predict coping motives for alcohol use from PTSS, above and beyond demographic variables, alcohol use frequency, and other alcohol use motives...
September 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
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