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Contemporary Nurse

Michael Neufeld, Deborah Spence, Tineke Water
Background Ketamine provides an efficient and economical way to perform painful procedures without general anaesthesia. The physiological risks of ketamine have been well researched in adult and paediatric populations, yet for health professionals (HPs) undertaking paediatric ketamine sedation, questions of benefit and harm remain. Uncertainty around children's experiences of emergence phenomenon, bring moral and ethical tensions. Research question What are health care professionals' experiences of undertaking ketamine sedation with children? Methodology This study was underpinned by a hermeneutic narrative approach...
August 8, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Debra Jackson, Lisa Durrant, Emily Bishop, Helen Walthall, Ria Betteridge, Sarah Gardner, Wendy Coulton, Marie Hutchinson, Stephen Neville, Patricia M Davidson, Kim Usher
BACKGROUND: Attention to patient safety and harm has largely focused upon hospital-based care. Care provided in the home setting is a vital component of pressure injury prevention and management, and is a growing component of health care systems. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to describe the use of health services and pressure relieving / redistributing equipment in community dwelling patients with pressure injuries. DESIGN: A mixed-methods collective case study, located in a defined, diverse geographic postcode area in the United Kingdom...
August 8, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Henrik Eriksson, Martin Salzmann-Erikson
People use social media to express perceptions, attitudes and a wide range of concerns regarding human life. In this study, discussions on the microblog site Twitter regarding nursing robotics in aged care were used to study and analyse some of the predicaments presented regarding the impact robots will have in geriatric nursing. Data were retrospectively collected from Twitter. In the final analyses 1,322 mentions were included in the final analyses, where principles of interpreting data by using netnography were utilized...
August 7, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Ailsa Munns, Christine Toye, Desley Hegney, Marion Kickett, Rhonda Marriott, Roz Walker
BACKGROUND: Participatory action research (PAR) is a credible, culturally appropriate methodology that can be used to effect collaborative change within vulnerable populations. AIM/OBJECTIVE: This PAR study was undertaken in a Western Australian metropolitan setting to develop and evaluate the suitability, feasibility and effectiveness of an Aboriginal peer-led home visiting programme. A secondary aim, addressed in this paper, was to explore and describe research methodology used for the study and provide recommendations for its implementation in other similar situations...
August 2, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Candice Groenewald, Arvin Bhana
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: Research shows that adolescent substance abuse significantly impacts on the lives of mothers. The stresses that mothers endure as a result of the adolescents' substance abuse prompt them to find ways to cope with these stressful experiences. This paper explores the coping responses of South African mothers whose adolescents have been admitted to treatment for alcohol or drug abuse. DESIGN AND METHOD: An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) framework was adopted in this study using a multiple case study design...
August 1, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Andrew James Bailey, Sherryn Naree Bailey, Maree Bernoth
BACKGROUND: Food regulations exist to protect older people in residential aged care, leading to the restriction of potentially hazardous foods. The impacts of malnutrition, resident centred care and the importance of maintaining individual autonomy for older people are well documented. By contrast, there is scant literature describing residents' perceptions of food regulations and food risks in the residential aged care setting. AIMS: The aim of this study is to explore resident perceptions of food choice and food restrictions in residential aged care...
July 31, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Berrin Pazar, Meral Bayram Demiralp, İmren Erer Rn
BACKGROUND: Communication skills are important in every stage of life but even more so when caring for the sick individual. These skills are essential for every member of the healthcare team including nurses and should always be used in every each encounter with the patient. The most basic component of communication skills is the complex and multidimensional skill of empathy. AIM: This study was conducted to assess the communication skills and empathic tendency levels of female nursing students...
July 24, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Jessica Appleton, Cathrine Fowler, Nicola Brown
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is an increasing concern for parents and health professionals alike. Parents' perception of obesity as a current health issue for their children is important for the everyday parenting and health choices parents make. As parents are frequently going online to seek and exchange information about parenting and child health, asynchronous online discussion forums provide an opportunity to investigate their perceptions and concerns. Understanding parents' perceptions, beliefs and attitudes is important in any childhood obesity prevention and intervention...
July 21, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Cathy Maginnis, Judith Anderson
AIM: This paper examines the meaning and experience of culture shock for undergraduate nursing students undertaking an international clinical placement (ICP) and the role of the clinical facilitator. RESULTS: Oberg's four stages of adapting to culture shock were aligned to anecdotal conversations with nursing students on an ICP. The four stages of adaptation include euphoria at the beginning, discontent and irritability followed by progress in adjustment and finally adaptation...
July 10, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Sarah Williams, Annette Dickinson
Background Internationally, nurses have been in the forefront of delivering health care services in the school environment and whilst health care delivery in secondary and high schools is evaluated, this is not the case for services delivered in primary/elementary schools. In countries such as New Zealand there is no significant inter-service collaboration between health and education, therefore the delivery of health services remains fragmented and underdeveloped. Objectives This discussion paper reviews the history and development of nurse-led school based health services internationally and provides an insight into the current provision of primary school based health services in New Zealand...
July 3, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Peter Mellor, David Gillham, Carolyn Gregoric
BACKGROUND: New graduate registered nurses are confronted with a complex, demanding and resource constrained environment where gaining acceptance into the workplace culture may be difficult. Existing evidence suggests that preparing undergraduate nursing students for this reality can assist with adjustment. OBJECTIVES: To identify the strategies that new graduate registered nurses require to care and advocate for themselves during their first year of practice. Methods A search of the literature published between 2001 and 2016 was undertaken...
June 30, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Colleen Ryan, Louise Young, Margaret McAllister
Background Enrolled Nurses are expected to precept learners in the clinical field. In some hospitals across Australia, these learners may include diploma and degree level nursing students. Yet learning about the preceptoring role is not widely available to enrolled nurses. Educational Innovation A professional development project was developed that utilised the material of an online learning resource originally designed to inspire clinical Registered Nurses, and Registered Nurse teachers to develop teaching innovations in their role...
June 26, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Eleanor Holroyd, Jed Montayre, Sienna Ramsey, Victoria Egli
BACKGROUND: Migrant families caring for family members with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) face considerable socioeconomic burden and isolation. AIM: To examine the cultural needs, beliefs and health seeking behaviours of migrant Turkish family member caregivers. DESIGN: An ethnographic approach was used employing in depth interviews. METHODS: Turkish caregivers residing in Melbourne, Australia were purposively sampled...
June 23, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Mary Ann Matikainen
AIM: This paper explores the legitimacy and agency of new graduate mental health nurses to participate in research activities as a regular part of their professional nursing role. BACKGROUND: There is a wealth of literature describing personal and organisational factors that act as barriers to nurses' engagement in research and overcoming these barriers remains a challenge for health organisations. Some new graduate nurses are well positioned to contribute to research and yet the literature has given little attention to this specific cohort...
June 21, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Ritin S Fernandez, Suzanne Sheppard-Law, Vicki Manning
BACKGROUND: Globally, many nurses and midwives are working at an advanced practice level. The role of a Nurse and/or Midwife Consultant encompasses a diverse and complex interaction between five specified domains namely Clinical Service and Consultancy, Clinical Leadership, Research, Education, and Clinical Services Planning and Management. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this replication study was to identify the key drivers and mitigating factors that impact the role of Australian Nurse and/or Midwife Consultants...
June 21, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Yalçın Kanbay, Ayşe Okanlı
THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study is to examine the effect of critical thinking education on nursing students' problem-solving skills. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This study was conducted with 93 nursing students, 49 in the control group and 44 in the education group. The California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory and the Problem-solving Inventory were administered to them before and after 12 weeks of critical thinking education. RESULTS: The education group's mean critical thinking score was 253...
June 19, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Tineke Water, Jill Wrapson, Ema Tokolahi, Shahin Payam, Stephen Reay
BACKGROUND: A study was designed to understand the experiences and needs of children within the public spaces of the Outpatients Department of New Zealand's national children's hospital, Starship Childrens' Directorate. AIM: To find out from children what they thought about the outpatient environment. DESIGN: A participatory art based methodology was used. METHODS: Based around the key areas of the physical environment, wayfinding, noise, and uniforms, art-based methods (draw and tell and letter writing) were used to collect data from 175 children ages 5-16 whilst they attended outpatient clinics...
June 19, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Jackie Austin, Stephanie Holt
BACKGROUND: This paper reports on a research study to inform the development of a specialist role to support front line public health nurses (PHNs) working with vulnerable families and at risk children in Ireland. AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the position of a leading role and explore the implications of such change. METHODS: Focus group and semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with ten purposively selected participants in public health nursing, social work and a non-governmental children's organisation working in disadvantaged areas in Dublin...
May 27, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Vivien Rodgers, Stephen Neville, Steven La Grow
BACKGROUND: Satisfaction with life is a complex interplay of older people's perspectives on life achievements. Satisfaction with life, alongside health and functional ability contribute to successful ageing. AIM: To explore the impact of increasing age on older people's perceptions of their health, functional ability and life satisfaction. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of non-institutionalised older people (65+) was conducted (n = 542)...
May 3, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
Hyejung Lee, Anna Kim, Anna Meong, Minjeong Seo
BACKGROUND: The generic competency domains of advanced nursing practice have been reported on in numerous countries, but rather few studies have examined competencies specific to pediatric nurse practitioners (PNPs). OBJECTIVES: We identified the core clinical competencies of PNPs in South Korea and related these identified competencies to the five patterns of knowing in nursing. DESIGN: Focus group interviews were conducted with five PNP students and four PNPs using two thematic questions, one on clinical competencies required for PNPs and the other on competencies specific to Korean PNPs...
April 19, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
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