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Quality of Life Research

Francesco Cottone, Nina Deliu, Gary S Collins, Amelie Anota, Franck Bonnetain, Kristel Van Steen, David Cella, Fabio Efficace
PURPOSE: The inclusion of patient-reported outcome (PRO) questionnaires in prognostic factor analyses in oncology has substantially increased in recent years. We performed a simulation study to compare the performances of four different modeling strategies in estimating the prognostic impact of multiple collinear scales from PRO questionnaires. METHODS: We generated multiple scenarios describing survival data with different sample sizes, event rates and degrees of multicollinearity among five PRO scales...
January 18, 2019: Quality of Life Research
M L Schweitzer, B Stengel, K Legrand, S Briançon, C Jacquelinet, C Combe, D Fouque, Z A Massy, M Laville, L Frimat, C Ayav
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between obesity phenotypes and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in non-dialysis-dependent CKD patients. METHODS: Data from the national CKD-REIN cohort which included 3033 patients with stage 3-4 CKD were used. Patients were divided into three groups: non-obese (NO) patients (BMI < 30 kg/m2 ), metabolically healthy obese (MHO) (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 and ≤ 1 criterion NCEP/ATP III), and metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 and ≥ 2 criteria NCEP/ATP III)...
January 18, 2019: Quality of Life Research
Dorcas N Magai, Hans M Koot
PURPOSE: To assess the quality of life (QoL) of children and adolescents in Kenya as rated by parents and youth themselves, and examine how QoL is related to emotional and behavioral problems (EBP). METHOD: QoL and EBP reports were obtained from 1022 Kenyan parents and 533 adolescents living in the country's Central Province. Parents with children between 6 and 18 years completed the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) and the Child Behavior Checklist, while the adolescents (12-18) completed the PedsQL and the Youth Self-Report...
January 17, 2019: Quality of Life Research
Janice S Withycombe, Molly McFatrich, Laura Pinheiro, Pamela S Hinds, Frank G Keller, Justin N Baker, Jenny W Mack, Lillian Sung, Mia K Waldron, Bryce B Reeve
PURPOSE: Age is often used to determine when children can begin completing patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments or transition to adult instruments. This study's purpose was to determine relationships between literacy, age, and race and their influence on a child's ability to understand and complete a PRO instrument. METHODS: The Wide Range Achievement Test was used to evaluate literacy in children and young adults with cancer, participating in a cognitive interview for the Pediatric PRO-CTCAE instrument...
January 17, 2019: Quality of Life Research
Yves Henchoz, Nazanin Abolhassani, Christophe Büla, Idris Guessous, René Goy, Brigitte Santos-Eggimann
PURPOSE: This population-based study aimed to determine 5-year change in multidimensional QoL among community-dwelling older people, and to identify predictors of QoL change among demographic, socioeconomic, and health characteristics. METHODS: Data of the 2011 and 2016 annual assessments of 1845 older men and women (age range 68-77 years) from the Lc65 + cohort study were used. QoL was assessed using a 28-item instrument yielding a QoL overall score and seven domain-specific QoL subscores...
January 16, 2019: Quality of Life Research
Bustanul Arifin, Lusiana Rusdi Idrus, Antoinette D I van Asselt, Fredrick Dermawan Purba, Dyah Aryani Perwitasari, Jarir At Thobari, Qi Cao, Paul F M Krabbe, Maarten J Postma
OBJECTIVES: To present EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) index scores in Indonesian type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) outpatients and to investigate the associations between EQ-5D and socio-demographic characteristics and clinical condition. METHODS: Socio-demographic data were collected by interviewing participants, clinical data were obtained from treating physicians and self-reporting. Participants originated from primary and secondary care facilities in the Java and Sulawesi regions...
January 16, 2019: Quality of Life Research
Shu-Wen Su, Dong Wang
PURPOSE: To analyze health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and related factors among elderly persons receiving community-based home care and institutional care in Guangzhou, a large city of mainland China. METHODS: A representative sample of 1600 subjects aged 60 years and over residing in communities and nursing homes was randomly selected through stratified sampling. The 12-item Short Form Health Survey version 2 (SF-12v2) was used to assess HRQoL. RESULTS: In total, 1014 elderly persons under different aged care models responded to the survey (response rate 63...
January 16, 2019: Quality of Life Research
Urbano Lorenzo-Seva, Caterina Calderon, Pere Joan Ferrando, María Del Mar Muñoz, Carmen Beato, Ismael Ghanem, Beatriz Castelo, Alberto Carmona-Bayonas, Raquel Hernández, Paula Jiménez-Fonseca
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), evaluate the measurement invariance with respect to sex, age, and tumor location, as well as analyze associations between life satisfaction and socio-demographic and clinical variables among individuals with resected, non-advanced cancer. METHODS: A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to explore the dimensionality of the scale and test invariance across gender, age, and tumor localization in a prospective, multicenter cohort of 713 patients who completed the following scales: SWLS, Health-related Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI-18)...
January 14, 2019: Quality of Life Research
Sarah E Jennings, Colleen P Ditro, Michael B Bober, William G Mackenzie, Kenneth J Rogers, Laura Conway, Angela L Duker
PURPOSE: We sought to examine the prevalence of depression and anxiety in adults with skeletal dysplasias, and to assess any correlations with pain. METHODS: Participation was via an anonymous REDCap survey, which consisted of sociodemographic questions followed by the brief pain inventory-short form (BPI-SF), patient health questionnaire-8 (PHQ-8), and generalized anxiety disorder-7 (GAD-7) questionnaires. These assessed pain, depression, and anxiety respectively...
January 14, 2019: Quality of Life Research
Matthew Harmer, Stephen Wootton, Rodney Gilbert, Caroline Anderson
PURPOSE: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important, patient-centred measure. Although nutritional status is altered in children with CKD, the impact of nutritional status on HRQoL in this population has not been explored. The aims of this study are to report the HRQoL scores as assessed by the validated PedsQL™ questionnaire and to explore the relationship of HRQoL scores to markers of nutritional status. It will also examine the concordance between the scores of the child and their parent/carer...
January 12, 2019: Quality of Life Research
Hsin-Yun Liu, Wen-Che Tsai, Ming-Jang Chiu, Li-Yu Tang, Huey-Jane Lee, Yea-Ing L Shyu
PURPOSE: To fill the gap in knowledge about associations of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) with comorbid diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension (HTN), and/or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in the elderly, we explored associations of comorbid DM, HTN, and/or MCI with HRQoL. METHODS: Data for this study were from a population-based cross-sectional survey of elderly Taiwanese (≥ 65 years old). Participants (N = 4,634; 47.9% male) were categorized into eight chronic-illness groups: DM only (n = 224); HTN only (n = 1226); DM and HTN (n = 365); MCI only (n = 497); DM and MCI (n = 58); HTN and MCI (n = 303); DM, HTN, and MCI (n = 101); and none (healthy; n = 1860)...
January 11, 2019: Quality of Life Research
Gabrielle Alexander, Charlotte-Ellen Bebee, Kelly-Marie Chen, Ross-Michael Des Vignes, Brandon Dixon, Richard Escoffery, Chazine Francis, DeAngelo Francis, Zahra Mendoza, Shenae Miller, Skyla Montano, Maxine Nelson, Stephon Ramcharan, Siobhan Richards, Maria D Jackson
In the original publication, the co-author name Kelly-Marie Chen was misspelled and Shenae Miller was missed in the author group. The correct author group has been provided in this correction.
January 11, 2019: Quality of Life Research
Laura C Pinheiro, Evgeniya Reshetnyak, Madeline R Sterling, Joshua S Richman, Lisa M Kern, Monika M Safford
PURPOSE: Although strong associations between self-reported health and mortality exist, quality of life is not conceptualized as a cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor. Our objective was to assess the independent association between health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and incident CVD. METHODS: This study used the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke data, which enrolled 30,239 adults from 2003 to 2007 and followed them over 10 years. We included 22,229 adults with no CVD history at baseline...
January 10, 2019: Quality of Life Research
Thomas M Atkinson, Joel Palefsky, Yuelin Li, Andrew Webb, J Michael Berry, Stephen Goldstone, Rebecca Levine, Timothy J Wilkin, Gary Bucher, David Cella, Jack E Burkhalter
PURPOSE: The Anal Cancer HSIL Outcomes Research (ANCHOR) trial aims to determine whether treating precancerous anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL), versus active surveillance, is effective in reducing anal cancer incidence in HIV-infected individuals. We evaluated the reliability (i.e., internal consistency, test-retest) and between-group stability of a 25-item ANCHOR Health-Related Symptom Index (A-HRSI). METHODS: ANCHOR participants at least 1-month post-randomization to treatment or active surveillance completed the A-HRSI via telephone...
January 7, 2019: Quality of Life Research
Hua Liu, Mei Song, Zhong-Hui Zhai, Rui-Jie Shi, Xiao-Lan Zhou
PURPOSE: To explore the effects of group singing therapy on depression symptoms and quality of life of patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Patients with COPD were randomly allocated to intervention (n = 30) and control groups (n = 30). The intervention group received group singing therapy once a week for 24 sessions along with routine health education, whereas the control group only received the routine health education...
January 5, 2019: Quality of Life Research
Charlotte N Grønset, Lau C Thygesen, Selina Kikkenborg Berg, Graziella Zangger, Marie S Kristensen, Kirstine L Sibilitz, Susanne S Pedersen, Neil B Oldridge, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler
PURPOSE: Patient-reported health-related quality of life is a complementary healthcare outcome and important when assessing treatment efficacy. Using COSMIN methodological recommendations, this study evaluates the validity and reliability of a core heart disease-specific health-related quality of life questionnaire, the HeartQoL questionnaire (Danish version) in a sample of patients following heart valve surgery. DESIGN: This project involved a cross-sectional validity study and a test-retest reliability study...
January 4, 2019: Quality of Life Research
Ling-Hsiang Chuang, Alexander T Cohen, Giancarlo Agnelli, Pearl D Gumbs, Rupert Bauersachs, Sonja Kroep, Anselm K Gitt, Manuel Monreal, Stefan N Willich, Ben van Hout
INTRODUCTION: There is a lack of performance comparisons of the generic quality of life tool EQ-5D-5L against disease- and treatment-specific measures in venous thromboembolism (VTE). The aim of this study was to compare EQ-5D-5L against the pulmonary embolism (PE)-specific PEmb-QoL and the deep vein thrombosis (DVT)-specific VEINES-QOL/Sym, and PACT-Q2 (treatment-specific) questionnaires in five language settings. METHODS: PREFER in VTE was a non-interventional disease registry conducted between 2013 and 2014 in primary and secondary care across seven European countries with five languages, including English, French, German, Italian and Spanish...
January 3, 2019: Quality of Life Research
Meng Wang, Colleen M Norris, Michelle M Graham, Maria Santana, Zhiying Liang, Oluwagbohunmi Awosoga, Danielle A Southern, Matthew T James, Stephen B Wilton, Hude Quan, Mingshan Lu, William Ghali, Merril Knudtson, Tolulope T Sajobi
PURPOSE: Perceived social support is known to be an important predictor of health outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). This study investigates patterns of longitudinal trajectories of patient-reported perceived social support in individuals with ACS. METHODS: Data are from 3013 patients from the Alberta Provincial Project for Outcome Assessment in Coronary Heart Disease registry who had their first cardiac catheterization between 2004 and 2011...
January 3, 2019: Quality of Life Research
Lan Gao, Marj Moodie, Gang Chen
PURPOSES: This study aimed to validate the use of subjective wellbeing (SWB) in patients with heart disease, to explore the complementary vs substitute relationship between SWB and health status utility (HSU), and to reveal which life domains matter for patients with heart disease compared to healthy persons. METHODS: Data were obtained from a large multi-national, multi-instrument comparison survey. Subjective wellbeing instruments (ONS4, PWI, SWLS), health status utility instruments (15D, AQoL-8D, EQ-5D-5L, HUI3 and SF-6D) and a disease-specific quality of life instrument (MacNew) were administered among patients with heart disease (N = 943)...
January 2, 2019: Quality of Life Research
Anna L Kratz, Susan L Murphy, Tiffany J Braley, Neil Basu, Shubhangi Kulkarni, Jenna Russell, Noelle E Carlozzi
PURPOSE: Perceived fatigability, reflective of changes in fatigue intensity in the context of activity, has emerged as a potentially important clinical outcome and quality of life indicator. Unfortunately, the nature of perceived fatigability is not well characterized. The aim of this study is to define the characteristics of fatigability through the development of a conceptual model informed by input from key stakeholders who experience fatigability, including the general population, individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS), and individuals with fibromyalgia (FM)...
January 2, 2019: Quality of Life Research
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