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Quality of Life Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213684/quality-of-life-improves-in-children-and-adolescents-during-a-community-based-overweight-and-obesity-treatment
#1
Pernille M Mollerup, Tenna R H Nielsen, Christine Bøjsøe, Julie T Kloppenborg, Jennifer L Baker, Jens-Christian Holm
PURPOSE: The quality of life is compromised in children and adolescents with overweight or obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the quality of life improves during a community-based overweight and obesity treatment, and whether improvements depend on reductions in the degree of obesity. METHODS: Quality of life was assessed using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) 4.0 in children and adolescents aged 3-18 years with overweight or obesity [body mass index (BMI) ≥85th percentile] upon entry into a community-based chronic care overweight and obesity treatment based upon The Children's Obesity Clinic's Treatment protocol, and upon follow-up after 10-30 months of treatment...
February 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210994/factors-related-to-the-quality-of-life-of-older-prisoners
#2
Stefaan De Smet, Liesbeth De Donder, Denis Ryan, Sofie Van Regenmortel, Dorien Brosens, Stijn Vandevelde
PURPOSES: There is evidence of an increasing emphasis on the relevance of the quality of life-paradigm as an outcome measure for clients in geriatric, forensic, as well as correctional care. This paper aims to explore to what extent variables that were categorized according to the main areas of the Good Lives Model ('the self', 'the body' and 'social life') are related to the quality of life domains of older imprisoned offenders. METHODS: Data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire administered in individual interviews with 93 older prisoners aged 60 years and over in 16 prisons of the Dutch-speaking region in Belgium...
February 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210993/impact-of-caregiver-activities-and-social-supports-on-multidimensional-caregiver-burden-analyses-from-nationally-representative-surveys-of-cancer-patients-and-their-caregivers
#3
Michael T Halpern, Mallorie H Fiero, Melanie L Bell
PURPOSE: Informal caregivers of individuals with cancer may experience substantial burdens. To develop interventions to support these caregivers, it is crucial to quantify and understand the domains of burdens potentially experienced by caregivers and factors contributing to each domain. METHODS: Using data from two national surveys, the National Survey of Caregiving (NSOC) linked to the National Health and Aging Trends Survey (NHATS), we identified all participants in the NHATS diagnosed with cancer who had a caregiver participating in the NSOC...
February 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197756/changes-in-health-related-quality-of-life-over-a-1-year-follow-up-period-in-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#4
Helene Werner, Markus A Landolt, Patrick Buehr, Rebekka Koller, Andreas Nydegger, Johannes Spalinger, Klaas Heyland, Susanne Schibli, Christian P Braegger
PURPOSE: Little is known about disease-specific health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) changes over time in paediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and about their associations with baseline medical characteristics. METHODS: In this study, 153 paediatric patients with IBD from the multicentre prospective Swiss IBD cohort study were included at baseline. Of these, 90 patients were analysed at a 1-year follow-up. Medical data were extracted from hospital records, while HRQoL data were measured using the standardized, self-report disease-specific IMPACT-III questionnaire...
February 14, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194618/the-prognostic-value-of-pre-diagnosis-health-related-quality-of-life-on-survival-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-older-americans-with-lung-cancer
#5
Laura C Pinheiro, Timothy M Zagar, Bryce B Reeve
PURPOSE: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after cancer diagnosis is prognostic for overall survival (OS). However, no studies have assessed if HRQOL before diagnosis is predictive for OS. The objective of this study was to determine the association between pre-lung cancer diagnosis HRQOL and OS. METHODS: Our prospective cohort study used surveillance, epidemiology, and end results linked to the Medicare Health Outcomes Survey. We included 6290 individuals 65 years or older diagnosed with incident lung cancer from 1998 to 2013...
February 14, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194617/longitudinal-measurement-invariance-of-the-dutch-outcome-questionnaire-45-in-a-clinical-sample
#6
Ruslan Jabrayilov, Wilco H M Emons, Kim de Jong, Klaas Sijtsma
PURPOSE: In the absence of measurement invariance across measurement occasions, change scores based on pretest-posttest measurements may be inaccurate representations of real change on the latent variable. In this study, we examined whether measurement invariance held in the Dutch version of Outcome Questionnaire-45 (OQ-45). METHOD: Using secondary data analysis of a sample of N = 540 Dutch outpatients, we tested the stability of the factorial structure (gamma change) and the metric and scalar invariance (beta change) across pretest and posttest measurements using a combination of factor analysis and item response theory methodology...
February 13, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190132/lower-educational-level-and-unemployment-increase-the-impact-of-cardiometabolic-conditions-on-the-quality-of-life-results-of-a-population-based-study-in-south-australia
#7
David Alejandro González-Chica, Robert Adams, Eleonora Dal Grande, Jodie Avery, Phillipa Hay, Nigel Stocks
PURPOSE: To investigate if sociodemographic characteristics increase the adverse effects of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRF) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: Cross-sectional, face-to-face survey investigating 2379 adults living in South Australia in 2015 (57.1 ± 14 years; 51.7% females). Questions included diagnosis of CMRF (obesity, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidaemia) and CVD. Physical and mental HRQoL were assessed using the SF-12v1 questionnaire...
February 11, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188563/how-do-kenyan-orphan-girls-experience-less-meaningful-lives-and-how-much-does-it-matter-for-health
#8
Michael L Goodman, Thomas M Johnson, Shannon Guillot-Wright, Katherine Ackerman Porter, Philip H Keiser, Stanley Gitari
BACKGROUND: Currently, 2.5 million orphaned children are living in Kenya and 56 million orphaned children are living across sub-Saharan Africa. No empirical research has investigated meaningfulness of life among this population, and few studies provide perspectives on the life-course consequences of losing a parent during childhood. METHODS: In this study, we assess life meaningfulness in cross section of Kenyan women (n = 1974) in a semi-rural area of the country (Meru County) collected during June 2015...
February 10, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185039/cultural-values-can-they-explain-self-reported-health
#9
Bram Roudijk, Rogier Donders, Peep Stalmeier
PURPOSE: Self-reported health (SRH) is a measure widely used in health research and population studies. Differences in SRH have been observed between countries and cultural values have been hypothesized to partly explain such differences. Cultural values can be operationalized by two cultural dimensions using the World Values Survey (WVS), namely the traditional/rational-secular and the survival/self-expression dimension. We investigate whether there is an association between the WVS cultural dimensions and SRH, both within and between countries...
February 10, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181069/quality-of-life-and-uncertainty-in-crohn-s-disease
#10
Galia Niv, Simona Bar Josef, Ofer Ben Bassat, Irit Avni, Lev Lictenstein, Yaron Niv, Sivia Barnoy
INTRODUCTION: Crohn's disease impairs patients' perception of health and has a negative impact on health-related quality of life. Although it is apparent that uncertainty is a significant factor that decreases quality of life, it has never been studied in patients with Crohn's disease. The objective of the present study was to examine the association between level of certainty, self-epistemic authority, Internet information gathering habits, and health-related quality of life. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 105 Crohn's disease patients was conducted...
February 8, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168602/preliminary-evidence-on-the-uptake-use-and-benefits-of-the-consort-pro-extension
#11
Rebecca Mercieca-Bebber, Julie Rouette, Melanie Calvert, Madeleine T King, Lori McLeod, Patricia Holch, Michael J Palmer, Michael Brundage
PURPOSE: This study assessed the uptake of the CONsolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT)-Patient-Reported Outcomes (PRO) statement; determined if use of CONSORT-PRO was associated with more complete reporting of PRO endpoints in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and identified the extent to which high-impact journals publishing RCTs with PRO endpoints endorse CONSORT-PRO. METHODS: CONSORT-PRO citations were identified by systematically searching Medline, EMBASE and Google from 2013 (year CONSORT-PRO released) to 17 December 2015...
February 7, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168601/long-term-follow-up-after-active-surveillance-or-curative-treatment-quality-of-life-outcomes-of-men-with-low-risk-prostate-cancer
#12
Lionne D F Venderbos, Shafak Aluwini, Monique J Roobol, Leonard P Bokhorst, Eric H G M Oomens, Chris H Bangma, Ida J Korfage
PURPOSE: To compare long-term (4-10 years) quality of life (QoL) of men with low-risk prostate cancer (PCa) treated by different modalities and a reference group without PCa. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, four groups were sent a one-time QoL-questionnaire; PCa patients (1) following the structured Prostate cancer Research International Active Surveillance protocol, (2) who underwent radical prostatectomy (RP) in the context of the European Randomized study of Screening for Prostate Cancer-section Rotterdam, (3) who underwent radiotherapy (RT) at an academic hospital in The Netherlands, and (4) an age-matched reference group of men without PCa...
February 6, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155049/the-relationship-between-sf-6d-utility-scores-and-lifestyle-factors-across-three-life-stages-evidence-from-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#13
Jeeva Kanesarajah, Michael Waller, Jennifer A Whitty, Gita D Mishra
PURPOSE: To investigate how SF-6D utility scores change with age between generations of women and to quantify the relationship of SF-6D with lifestyle factors across life stages. METHODS: Up to seven waves of self-reported, longitudinal data were drawn for the 1973-1978 (young, N = 13772), 1946-1951 (mid-age, N = 12792), 1921-1926 (older, N = 9972) cohorts from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. Mixed effects models were employed for analysis...
February 3, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155048/patient-versus-general-population-health-state-valuations-a-case-study-of-non-specific-low-back-pain
#14
J M van Dongen, B van denBerg, G E Bekkering, M W van Tulder, R W J G Ostelo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to compare non-specific low back pain (LBP) patients' health state valuations with those of the general population, and (2) to explore how aspects of health-related quality of life as measured by the EQ-5D-3L impact non-specific LBP patient valuations. METHODS: Data were used of a randomized controlled trial, including 483 non-specific LBP patients. Outcomes included the EQ-VAS and the EQ-5D-3L. Patient valuations were derived from the EQ-VAS...
February 2, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138862/the-promis-fatigue-item-bank-has-good-measurement-properties-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-and-severe-fatigue
#15
Kathleen J Yost, Niels G Waller, Minji K Lee, Ann Vincent
PURPOSE: Efficient management of fibromyalgia (FM) requires precise measurement of FM-specific symptoms. Our objective was to assess the measurement properties of the Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) fatigue item bank (FIB) in people with FM. METHODS: We applied classical psychometric and item response theory methods to cross-sectional PROMIS-FIB data from two samples. Data on the clinical FM sample were obtained at a tertiary medical center...
January 30, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124280/health-literacy-and-logical-inconsistencies-in-valuations-of-hypothetical-health-states-results-from-the-canadian-eq-5d-5l-valuation-study
#16
Fatima Al Sayah, Jeffrey A Johnson, Arto Ohinmaa, Feng Xie, Nick Bansback
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of health literacy with logical inconsistencies in time trade-off valuations of hypothetical health states described by the EQ-5D-5L classification system. METHODS: Data from the EQ-5D-5L Canadian Valuation study were used. Health literacy was assessed using the Brief Health Literacy Screen. A health state valuation was considered logically inconsistent if a respondent gave the same or lower value for a very mild health state compared to the value given to 55555, or gave the same or lower value for a very mild health state compared to value assigned to the majority of the health states that are dominated by the very mild health state...
January 25, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110442/correlates-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-young-old-and-old-old-community-dwelling-older-adults
#17
Élvio R Quintal Gouveia, Bruna R Gouveia, Andreas Ihle, Matthias Kliegel, José A Maia, Sergi Bermudez I Badia, Duarte L Freitas
PURPOSE: This study aimed (1) to examine the role of potential correlates of HRQoL in a large representative sample of older adults, and (2) to investigate whether the relationships between HRQoL and potential factors differ as a function of HRQoL component (physical vs. mental) and/or age cohort (young-old vs. old-old). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 802 older adults aged 60-79 years old. HRQoL was assessed using the SF-36 questionnaire. Functional fitness was assessed using the Senior Fitness Test...
January 21, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070804/toward-mindfulness-in-quality-of-life-research-perspectives-on-how-to-avoid-rigor-becoming-rigidity
#18
Mirjam A G Sprangers, Carolyn E Schwartz
BACKGROUND: The field of quality-of-life (QOL) research has matured into a discipline with scientific rigor, sophisticated methods, and guidelines. While this maturation is laudable and needed, it can result in a limiting rigidity. We aim to highlight examples of practices that are based on shared research values and principles that, when dogmatically applied, may limit the potential impact of QOL research. METHODS: By juxtaposing rigorous standards with their rigid application for different stages of the research cycle, we suggest more balanced approaches...
January 9, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070803/life-satisfaction-of-women-of-working-age-shortly-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#19
Mariann Olsson, Marie Nilsson, Kerstin Fugl-Meyer, Lena-Marie Petersson, Agneta Wennman-Larsen, Linnea Kjeldgård, Kristina Alexanderson
PURPOSE: To explore, among women of working age, satisfaction with life as a whole and with different life domains, and its associations with social and health variables, shortly after breast cancer surgery. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 605 women, aged 20-63 years, who had had breast cancer surgery with no distant metastasis, pre-surgical chemotherapy, or previous breast cancer. Associations between LiSat-11 and demographic and social factors as well as health- and treatment-related variables were analysed by multivariable logistic regression...
January 9, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058574/quality-of-life-with-rivaroxaban-in-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrilation-by-therapeutic-compliance
#20
Emilio Márquez-Contreras, Nieves Martell-Claros, Vicente Gil-Guillén, Mariano De la Figuera-Von Wichmann, Eugenio Sánchez-López, Ines Gil-Gil, Sara Márquez-Rivero
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of life (QOL) with rivaroxaban in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrilation (NVAF) related to therapeutic compliance. METHODS: Prospective, longitudinal, multicenter study was developed in 160 Spanish primary or specialized care centers. We included 412 patients treated with rivaroxaban, prescribed for stroke prevention. Three visits were conducted: baseline, 6 and 12 months. Compliance was measured by electronic monitoring systems...
January 6, 2017: Quality of Life Research
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