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Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound

Raul Altuzarra, Rebeca Movilla, Xavier Roura, Yvonne Espada, Natalia Majo, Rosa Novellas
A 5-year-old castrated male Domestic Shorthair cat presented for evaluation of chronic history of nasal discharge and nasal stridor. On computed tomography (CT), a destructive ill-defined mass of soft tissue attenuation was occupying the right nasal cavity and extending into the left nasal cavity, nasopharynx, and rostral cranial cavity. Histopathology of the rhinoscopically excised samples consisted with destructive granulomatous rhinitis secondary to Leishmania spp. Chronic granulomatous rhinitis with intracranial and nasopharyneal extension secondary to Leishmania spp...
July 11, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Sarah J Woods, Carrie Palm, Matt Sheley, Edward C Feldman, Rachel E Pollard
Ultrasound is used to evaluate the parathyroid glands of several species but there are limited reports of its use in cats. With this prospective anatomic study, we hypothesized that ultrasound could identify two parathyroid glands as hypoechoic nodules associated with each thyroid lobe and that a normal size range could be established. Six cat cadavers were imaged with ultrasound and histopathology of the thyroid and parathyroid tissue was performed for comparison. In addition, clinically healthy adult cats were prospectively recruited and placed in Group 1 (2-6 years; n = 11) or Group 2 (7-13 years; n = 9)...
July 11, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Jeryl C Jones, Johanna J Lascano
Meeting the changing needs of journal users is important for veterinary editors. The objective of this prospective survey study was to analyze user opinions for the journal Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound. An online survey was developed based on a consensus among the journal's Editor-in-Chief and Editorial Board members, an industrial organizational psychologist, Executive Council members for the journal's owner organization, representatives of the journal's publisher, and members of the authors' University Institutional Review Board...
July 11, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Krista Estell, Mathieu Spriet, Kathryn L Phillips, Monica Aleman, Carrie J Finno
Previously published myelographic studies do not report findings at the junction between the seventh cervical (C7) and first thoracic vertebrae (T1). Modern digital radiographic equipment allows improved visualization of C7-T1. Based on clinical experience, we hypothesized that 50% reduction of the dorsal myelographic column or 20% reduction of the dural diameter, criteria commonly used as a supportive finding for spinal cord compression in the cervical vertebral column, do not apply at C7-T1. A myelographic study was performed on 12 healthy, neurologically normal horses...
July 11, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Andrew J Leffler, Eric T Hostnik, Emma E Warry, Gregory G Habing, Danelle M Auld, Eric M Green, Wm Tod Drost
Transitional cell carcinoma is the most common cancer of the canine urinary tract. The inconsistent appearance of transitional cell carcinoma in patients introduces error if applying mathematic models for extrapolating total tumor volume from linear measurements. Reliable techniques to assess tumor size are important for monitoring treatment response. A method comparison study was performed comparing four techniques for calculating tumor volume were compared: (1 and 2) contoured tracing of tumor margins using serial computed tomography (CT) images using pre-(1) and postintravenous (2) contrast medium studies, (3) longest three linear dimensions using CT, and (4) longest three linear dimensions on abdominal ultrasound...
July 10, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Ewa K Stańczyk, María L Velasco Gallego, Maricn Nowak, Jean-Michel Hatt, Patrick R Kircher, Inés Carrera
Despite the increasing interest in the clinical neurology of birds, little is known about the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of the avian central nervous system, eye, and inner ear. The objective of this cadaveric study was to document the MRI anatomic features of the aforementioned structures using a high-resolution 3.0 Tesla MRI system. The final study group consisted of 13 cadavers of the diurnal birds of prey belonging to six species. Images were acquired in sagittal, dorsal, and transverse planes using T1-weighted and T2-weighted turbo spin echo sequences...
July 5, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Davide Berlato, Allison L Zwingenberger, Matias Ruiz-Drebing, Julie Pradel, Nicola Clark, Michael S Kent
Exact target volume definition is an essential prerequisite for modern radiotherapy treatment planning. Contouring the gross tumor volume of brain tumors on computed tomography (CT) images coregistered with magnetic resonance images is standard practice in human medicine. In this retrospective study, including only cases with an imaging diagnosis of meningioma, we hypothesized that the gross tumor volume contoured from the contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (gross tumor volume-MRI) is larger when compared to the gross tumor volume contoured using contrast-enhanced CT (gross tumor volume-CT)...
June 28, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Elizabeth Huynh, Ana Luisa Bascuñán, J Brad Case, Clifford R Berry
An 8-year-old, spayed female, domestic short haired cat, with diabetes mellitus, was presented to the University of Florida Veterinary Medical Center for an acute onset of vomiting and inappetence. Abdominal radiographs showed mild retroperitoneal effusion and asymmetric left-sided renomegaly. Subsequently, on abdominal ultrasound, a hypoechoic left ureteral mass with left hydronephrosis and hydroureter was identified. An abdominal computed tomography revealed a heterogeneously contrast-enhancing mass circumferentially surrounding the mid to distal left ureter, mild retroperitoneal effusion, left-sided hydronephrosis and hydroureter, and a distally located ureteral calculus at the level of the ureterovesicular junction...
June 25, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Sohee Lim, Suneui Sung, Kyungjun Min, Yechan Jung, Youngkwon Cho, Kichang Lee
Bronchoalveolar lavage is a common diagnostic test for dogs with suspected pulmonary disease, however there is no published information on whether this procedure could affect the imaging characteristics of the lungs. Aims of this prospective experimental study were to describe computed tomography (CT) and radiographic features of the lungs after bronchoalveolar lavage in a sample of healthy dogs. Thoracic CT and radiographic images of eight healthy Beagles were acquired at the following time points: before bronchoalveolar lavage, immediately following bronchoalveolar lavage, and at 2, 4, 8, 12, and 24 h following bronchoalveolar lavage...
June 21, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Rachel E Pollard, Lynelle R Johnson, Stanley L Marks
The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the frequency of pharyngeal collapse in a large group of brachycephalic dogs undergoing videofluoroscopic assessment of swallowing or airway diameter. We hypothesized that brachycephalic dogs would have pharyngeal collapse more frequently than dolichocephalic or mesocephalic dogs with or without airway collapse. The medical records database was searched for brachycephalic dogs undergoing videofluoroscopy of swallowing or airway diameter between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2015...
June 21, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Hélène Vandenberghe, Jean-Laurent Thibaud, Pierre Moissonnier, Stéphane Blot
A 6-year-old domestic short-haired cat was presented with an acute onset of right cortical encephalopathy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed 4 days after the onset of clinical signs revealed a lesion originating from the right frontal sinus with intracranial extension and compression of the right frontal lobe. The lesion was T1-weighted hypointense and T2-weighted and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery hyperintense. Signal voids within the lesion were observed on T2* images, consistent with hemorrhage...
June 21, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Alison M Lee, Michaela J Beasley, Emerald D Barrett, Judy R James, Jennifer M Gambino
Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of canine brain diseases are often nonspecific. Single- and multi-voxel spectroscopy techniques allow quantification of chemical biomarkers for tissues of interest and may help to improve diagnostic specificity. However, published information is currently lacking for the in vivo performance of these two techniques in dogs. The aim of this prospective, methods comparison study was to compare the performance of single- and multi-voxel spectroscopy in the brains of eight healthy, juvenile dogs using 3 Tesla MRI...
June 10, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Mario Dolera, Luca Malfassi, Silvia Marcarini, Giovanni Mazza, Nancy Carrara, Simone Pavesi, Massimo Sala, Sara Finesso, Gaetano Urso
The aim of this prospective pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of curative intent high dose hypofractionated frameless volumetric modulated arc radiotherapy for treatment of canine trigeminal peripheral nerve sheath tumors. Client-owned dogs with a presumptive imaging-based diagnosis of trigeminal peripheral nerve sheath tumor were recruited for the study during the period of February 2010 to December 2013. Seven dogs were enrolled and treated with high dose hypofractionated volumetric modulated arc radiotherapy delivered by a 6 MV linear accelerator equipped with a micro-multileaf beam collimator...
June 8, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Gillian A Y Haanen, Chee Kin Lim, Aubrey N Baird, Mario F Sola, Stephen D Lenz
Disseminated Rhodococcus equi infection was diagnosed in an Anglo-Nubian goat presenting for non-weight bearing lameness of the right pelvic limb. Radiographs showed a moth-eaten osteolytic lesion in the proximal tibia suggestive of an aggressive bone lesion. Two pulmonary nodules were also present on thoracic radiographs. Initial antemortem cytology of the tibial lesion was suggestive of Rhodococcosis and the goat was sent to necropsy. Necropsy and bacterial culture confirmed the diagnosis of disseminated R...
June 5, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Ayman Mostafa, Ingo Nolte, Patrick Wefstaedt
Medial coronoid process disease is a common leading cause of thoracic limb lameness in dogs. Computed tomography and arthroscopy are superior to radiography to diagnose medial coronoid process disease, however, radiography remains the most available diagnostic imaging modality in veterinary practice. Objectives of this retrospective observational study were to describe the prevalence of medial coronoid process disease in lame large breed dogs and apply a novel method for quantifying the radiographic changes associated with medial coronoid process and subtrochlear-ulnar region in Labrador and Golden Retrievers with confirmed medial coronoid process disease...
June 5, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Krista L Kelsey, Tracy L Gieger, Michael W Nolan
The aim of this retrospective, pilot study was to evaluate stereotactic radiosurgery as a method for treating intracranial meningiomas in dogs. Included dogs had an imaging diagnosis of presumed intracranial meningioma, were treated using a standardized stereotactic radiosurgery protocol, and had a follow-up time of >6 months after stereotactic radiosurgery. A single fraction of 16 Gy stereotactic radiosurgery was delivered to the tumor, with an internal simultaneously integrated boost to a total dose of 20-24 Gy to the central portion of the tumor...
June 5, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Robert J Newman, Kimberly M Egeler, Amanda L Conkling, Mason Y Savage
A 5-year-old spayed female English Bulldog was evaluated for acute anorexia, lethargy, respiratory distress, and syncope. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed the vascular malformation of azygous continuation of the caudal vena cava with extensive thrombus formation and pulmonary arterial thromboembolic disease. The patient was hospitalized for supportive treatment and was prescribed long-term clopidogrel therapy. The patient survived to discharge and at last follow-up remained clinically stable. While this vascular malformation has been reported in canines, to the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of pulmonary thromboembolic disease in a canine concurrent with this condition...
May 24, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Raelyn Walczak, Matthew Paek, Jantra Suran, Joseph T Amory, Swan Specchi, Melissa Sanchez
An adult cat was presented for acute history of vomiting and collapse. Radiographs showed the presence of air within small intestinal walls and arborizing gas patterns within the liver, compatible with pneumatosis intestinalis and presumed portal venous gas, respectively. An abdominal ultrasound the following day was suggestive of gas within the intestinal wall, however, gas within the hepatic vasculature, parenchyma, or biliary tree was not evident. Due to progressive clinical deterioration of the patient, the owners elected humane euthanasia...
May 24, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Hyunryung Kim, Young Joo Kim, Hanbin Lee, Taegeon An, Jin Yu, Hyounglok Yoon, Gayeon An, Jaihyun Jung, Jinhwa Chang, Dongwoo Chang
Tracheobronchomalacia has been diagnosed using radiography or bronchoscopy to confirm bronchial changes in luminal diameter during the respiratory cycle. However, studies in healthy humans suggest that some degree of bronchial collapse may be observed during the normal respiratory cycle. In this analytical study, the luminal diameter of the bronchus to each of the six pulmonary lobes and the mean percentage of expiratory collapse from end inspiratory, end expiratory, and two forced expiratory phases (10 and 15 ml/kg) were determined via computed tomography (CT) and radiography in 22 healthy Beagle dogs...
May 22, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Etienne J O O'Brien, Roger K W Smith
Tendon/ligament mineralization is recognized in horses but information regarding its clinical significance is limited. The aims of this observational study were to report the structures most commonly affected by ultrasonographically detectable mineralization and, for these, determine frequency of diagnosis and key clinical features. Cases presented at our hospital in April 1999-April 2013 and September 2014-November 2015 were included: a total of 27 horses (22 retrospective, five prospective). Mineralizations were most common in deep digital flexor tendons (10) and suspensory ligament branches (eight), representing 10% and 7% (estimated), respectively, of horses diagnosed with injuries to these structures during the study...
May 18, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
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