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Tobacco Control

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315843/market-level-exposure-to-state-antismoking-media-campaigns-and-public-support-for-tobacco-control-policy-in-the-united-states-2001-2002
#1
Jeff Niederdeppe, Maxwell Kellogg, Christofer Skurka, Rosemary J Avery
OBJECTIVE: This study tests whether exposure to state antismoking media campaigns is associated with increased support for comprehensive bans on smoking indoors and cigarette advertising. METHODS: We combine commercially available data on market-level state-sponsored antismoking advertisements with three waves of the Current Population Survey's Tobacco Use Supplement to test the relationship between market-level volume of state antismoking advertising exposure and support for tobacco control policy between 2001 and 2002...
March 18, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302920/attitudes-and-experiences-with-secondhand-smoke-and-smoke-free-policies-among-subsidised-and-market-rate-multiunit-housing-residents-living-in-six-diverse-communities-in-the-usa
#2
Andrea S Gentzke, Andrew Hyland, Marc Kiviniemi, Mark J Travers
BACKGROUND: Given that higher smoking rates persist among lower socioeconomic populations, multiunit housing (MUH) environments may result in higher secondhand smoke (SHS) exposures among subsidised MUH residents. This cross-sectional assessment compares experiences with SHS and smoke-free policies among subsidised and market-rate MUH residents living in six US communities. METHODS: MUH residents (n=1565) were surveyed regarding their smoke-free rules (home and building), SHS exposures and preferences towards smoke-free policies...
March 16, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302919/tobacco-cessation-and-household-spending-on-non-tobacco-goods-results-from-the-us-consumer-expenditure-surveys
#3
Erin S Rogers, Dhaval M Dave, Alexis Pozen, Marianne Fahs, William T Gallo
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the impact of tobacco cessation on household spending on non-tobacco goods in the USA. METHODS: Using 2006-2015 Consumer Expenditure Survey data, 9130 tobacco-consuming households were followed for four quarters. Households were categorised during the fourth quarter as having: (1) recent tobacco cessation, (2) long-term cessation, (3) relapsed cessation or (4) no cessation. Generalised linear models were used to compare fourth quarter expenditures on alcohol, food at home, food away from home, housing, healthcare, transportation, entertainment and other goods between the no-cessation households and those with recent, long-term or relapsed cessation...
March 16, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302918/the-heterogeneous-impact-of-a-successful-tobacco-control-campaign-a-case-study-of-mauritius
#4
Hana Ross, Leelmanee Moussa, Tom Harris, Rajive Ajodhea
BACKGROUND: Mauritius has one of the highest smoking prevalences in Africa, contributing to its high burden of non-communicable diseases. Mauritius implemented a series of tobacco control measures from 2009 to 2012, including tobacco tax increases. There is evidence that these policies reduced tobacco consumption, but it is not clear what impact they had across different socioeconomic groups. METHOD: The impact of tobacco control measures on different income groups was analysed by contrasting household tobacco expenditures reported in 2006-2007 and 2012 household expenditure surveys...
March 15, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274990/tobacco-industry-s-t-o-t-a-l-interference
#5
Lisa Henriksen, Maggie Mahoney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270537/lamborghini-brand-sharing-and-cigarette-advertising
#6
Timothy Dewhirst, Wonkyong Beth Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259846/the-impact-of-a-federal-cigarette-minimum-pack-price-policy-on-cigarette-use-in-the-usa
#7
Nathan J Doogan, Mary Ellen Wewers, Micah Berman
BACKGROUND: Increasing cigarette prices reduce cigarette use. The US Food and Drug Administration has the authority to regulate the sale and promotion-and therefore the price-of tobacco products. OBJECTIVE: To examine the potential effect of federal minimum price regulation on the sales of cigarettes in the USA. METHOD: We used yearly state-level data from the Tax Burden on Tobacco and other sources to model per capita cigarette sales as a function of price...
March 4, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237942/the-flip-side-of-natural-american-spirit-corporate-social-responsibility-advertising
#8
Anna E Epperson, Judith J Prochaska, Lisa Henriksen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219976/the-effects-of-tobacco-control-policies-on-retailer-sales-to-minors-in-the-usa-2015
#9
Hongying Dai, Jianqiang Hao
BACKGROUND: Under the 2009 Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act , the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has been routinely inspecting tobacco retailers' compliance with under-age sales laws. We seek to identify factors associated with Retail Violation Rate for sale to minors (RVRm). METHODS: We collected the tobacco retailer inspection data for 2015 from the FDA compliance check database. RVRm was calculated at the census tract level and overlaid with tobacco regulations and youth smoking prevalence at the state level...
February 20, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219975/changes-in-cigarette-expenditure-minimising-strategies-before-and-after-a-cigarette-tax-increase
#10
Kelvin Choi, Raymond G Boyle
BACKGROUND: Smokers use cigarette expenditure minimising strategies (CEMS) to alleviate the effect of tax increases on their cigarette expenses. We examined changes in smokers' CEMS use before and after a 2013 Minnesota $1.75 cigarette tax increase. METHODS: Data were from representative samples of smokers who participated in the Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey 2010 (n=948) and 2014 (n=1229). Participants indicated CEMS used in the past year from a list. Weighted multiple logistic regressions were used to examine changes in prevalence of each CEMS use over time adjusting for demographics and cigarette consumption...
February 20, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219974/the-availability-of-smoking-permitted-accommodations-from-airbnb-in-12-canadian-cities
#11
Ryan David Kennedy, Ornell Douglas, Lindsay Stehouwer, Jackie Dawson
PURPOSE: Airbnb is a web-based peer-to-peer (P2P) service that enables potential hosts and guests to broker accommodations in private homes as an alternative to traditional hotels. The hospitality sector has increasingly gone smoke-free over the last decade. This study identified the availability and cost of smoking-permitted accommodations identified on Airbnb. METHODS: The study team searched for Airbnb accommodations in 12 Canadian cities across each of Canada's 10 provinces...
February 20, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202783/evaluation-of-a-complex-healthcare-intervention-to-increase-smoking-cessation-in-pregnant-women-interrupted-time-series-analysis-with-economic-evaluation
#12
Ruth Bell, Svetlana V Glinianaia, Zelda van der Waal, Andrew Close, Eoin Moloney, Susan Jones, Vera Araújo-Soares, Sharon Hamilton, Eugene Mg Milne, Janet Shucksmith, Luke Vale, Martyn Willmore, Martin White, Steven Rushton
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a complex intervention to improve referral and treatment of pregnant smokers in routine practice, and to assess the incremental costs to the National Health Service (NHS) per additional woman quitting smoking. DESIGN: Interrupted time series analysis of routine data before and after introducing the intervention, within-study economic evaluation. SETTING: Eight acute NHS hospital trusts and 12 local authority areas in North East England...
February 15, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190004/identification-of-flavour-additives-in-tobacco-products-to-develop-a-flavour-library
#13
Erna Jz Krüsemann, Wouter F Visser, Johannes Wjm Cremers, Jeroen LA Pennings, Reinskje Talhout
OBJECTIVES: This study combines chemical analysis and flavour descriptions of flavour additives used in tobacco products, and provides a starting point to build an extensive library of flavour components, useful for product surveillance. METHODS: Headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to compare 22 commercially available tobacco products (cigarettes and roll-your-own) expected to have a characterising flavour and 6 commercially available products not expected to have a characterising flavour with 5 reference products (natural tobacco leaves and research cigarettes containing no flavour additives)...
February 11, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190003/telephone-care-co-ordination-for-tobacco-cessation-randomised-trials-testing-proactive-versus-reactive-models
#14
Scott E Sherman, Paul Krebs, Laura S York, Sharon E Cummins, Ware Kuschner, Sebnem Guvenc-Tuncturk, Shu-Hong Zhu
OBJECTIVES: We conducted two parallel studies evaluating the effectiveness of proactive and reactive engagement approaches to telephone treatment for smoking cessation. METHODS: Patients who smoked and were interested in quitting were referred to this study and were eligible if they were current smokers and had an address and a telephone number. The data were collected at 35 Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) sites, part of four VA medical centres in both California and Nevada...
February 11, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167683/e-cigarette-use-as-a-predictor-of-cigarette-smoking-results-from-a-1-year-follow-up-of-a-national-sample-of-12th-grade-students
#15
Richard Miech, Megan E Patrick, Patrick M O'Malley, Lloyd D Johnston
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively examine vaping as a predictor of future cigarette smoking among youth with and without previous cigarette smoking experience. A secondary aim is to investigate whether vaping may desensitise youth to the dangers of smoking. METHODS: Analysis of prospective longitudinal panel data from the nationally representative Monitoring the Future study. The analysis is based on 347 12th grade students who were part of a randomly selected subsample that completed in-school surveys in 2014 and were resurveyed 1-year later...
February 6, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153959/adult-smokers-perceptions-of-cigarette-pack-inserts-promoting-cessation-a-focus-group-study
#16
Crawford Moodie
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco companies have a long tradition of including promotional material within cigarette packs, such as cigarette cards and coupons. Only in Canada are they required, by the government, to include educational material within cigarette packs, in the form of inserts highlighting the benefits of quitting or providing tips on how to do so. METHODS: Twenty focus groups were conducted in Glasgow and Edinburgh in 2015, with smokers (n=120) segmented by age (16-17, 18-24, 25-35, 36-50, >50), gender and social grade, to explore perceptions of the inserts used in Canada...
February 2, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138063/global-economic-cost-of-smoking-attributable-diseases
#17
Mark Goodchild, Nigar Nargis, Edouard Tursan d'Espaignet
BACKGROUND: The detrimental impact of smoking on health has been widely documented since the 1960s. Numerous studies have also quantified the economic cost that smoking imposes on society. However, these studies have mostly been in high income countries, with limited documentation from developing countries. The aim of this paper is to measure the economic cost of smoking-attributable diseases in countries throughout the world, including in low- and middle-income settings. METHODS: The Cost of Illness approach is used to estimate the economic cost of smoking attributable-diseases in 2012...
January 30, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119499/neighbourhood-exposure-to-point-of-sale-price-promotions-for-cigarettes-is-associated-with-financial-stress-among-smokers-results-from-a-population-based-study
#18
Mohammad Siahpush, Melissa Tibbits, Ghada A Soliman, Brandon Grimm, Raees A Shaikh, Molly McCarthy, Neng Wan, Athena K Ramos, Antonia Correa
AIM: To examine the association between neighbourhood exposure to point-of-sale (POS) cigarette price promotions and financial stress among smokers in a Midwestern metropolitan area in the USA. METHODS: Survey data from 888 smokers provided information on sociodemographic and smoking related variables. Financial stress was measured with the question: 'In the last six months, because of lack of money, was there a time when you were unable to buy food or pay any important bills on time, such as electricity, telephone, credit card, rent or your mortgage? [Yes/No]...
January 24, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119498/mobile-marketing-an-emerging-strategy-to-promote-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems
#19
Jennifer Cantrell, Ollie Ganz, Brittany Emelle, Rakiya Moore, Jessica Rath, Elizabeth C Hair, Donna Vallone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093545/die-another-day-james-bond-s-smoking-over-six-decades
#20
Nick Wilson, Anne Tucker
We aimed to examine smoking-related content in all 24 James Bond movies in the Eon Productions series from 1962 to 2015. There were favourable downward trends for any smoking by James Bond (p=0.015 for trend), and for tobacco-related spy-gadgetry (p=0.009). Around 20% of Bond's 60 sexual partners smoked in each decade, and most recently in 2012. There were regular mentions of smoking risks to health (starting from 1967) and product placement of branded packs was present in two movies. Overall, the persisting smoking content remains problematic from a public health perspective, especially given the popularity of this movie series...
January 16, 2017: Tobacco Control
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