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Tobacco Control

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735275/tobacco-price-boards-as-a-promotional-strategy-a-longitudinal-observational-study-in-australian-retailers
#1
Megan Bayly, Michelle Scollo, Sarah White, Kylie Lindorff, Melanie Wakefield
BACKGROUND: Price boards in tobacco retailers are one of the few forms of tobacco promotion remaining in Australia. This study aimed to examine how these boards were used to promote products over a period of rapidly rising taxes. METHODS: Observations were made in a panel of 350 stores in Melbourne, Australia, in November of 2013 (just before) and in 2014 and 2015 (after 12.5% increases in tobacco duty). Fieldworkers unobtrusively noted the presence and characteristics of price boards, and the brand name, size and price of the product at the top of each board...
July 22, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735274/automated-dripping-devices-for-vapers-rdtas-bottomfeeders-squonk-mods-and-dripboxes
#2
Paul Truman Harrell, Thomas Eissenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735273/relationship-between-trying-an-electronic-cigarette-and-subsequent-cigarette-experimentation-in-scottish-adolescents-a-cohort-study
#3
Catherine Best, Farhana Haseen, Dorothy Currie, Gozde Ozakinci, Anne Marie MacKintosh, Martine Stead, Douglas Eadie, Andy MacGregor, Jamie Pearce, Amanda Amos, John Frank, Sally Haw
BACKGROUND: This study examines whether young never smokers in Scotland, UK, who have tried an e-cigarette are more likely than those who have not, to try a cigarette during the following year. METHODS: Prospective cohort survey conducted in four high schools in Scotland, UK during February/March 2015 (n=3807) with follow-up 1 year later. All pupils (age 11-18) were surveyed. Response rates were high in both years (87% in 2015) and 2680/3807 (70.4%) of the original cohort completed the follow-up survey...
July 22, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735272/perceived-nicotine-content-of-reduced-nicotine-content-cigarettes-is-a-correlate-of-perceived-health-risks
#4
Lauren R Pacek, F Joseph McClernon, Rachel L Denlinger-Apte, Melissa Mercincavage, Andrew A Strasser, Sarah S Dermody, Ryan Vandrey, Tracy T Smith, Natalie Nardone, Dorothy K Hatsukami, Joseph S Koopmeiners, Rachel V Kozink, Eric C Donny
BACKGROUND: Reducing cigarette nicotine content may reduce smoking. Studies suggest that smokers believe that nicotine plays a role in smoking-related morbidity. This may lead smokers to assume that reduced nicotine means reduced risk, and attenuate potential positive effects on smoking behaviour. METHODS: Data came from a multisite randomised trial in which smokers were assigned to use cigarettes varying in nicotine content for 6 weeks. We evaluated associations between perceived and actual nicotine content with perceived health risks using linear regression, and associations between perceived nicotine content and perceived health risks with smoking outcomes using linear and logistic regression...
July 22, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710327/smoke-free-signage-in-public-parks-impacts-on-smoking-behaviour
#5
Heather N Platter, Steven B Pokorny
OBJECTIVE: Behavioural interventions, such as smoke-free signage, are used to support air quality in public outdoor spaces that are not protected by a smoke-free policy, such as states with preemptive clause legislation. However, there is little evidence of the effectiveness of these interventions. This paper is an evaluation of whether smoke-free signage posted in public parks altered smoking behaviours of park patrons. METHODS: A time-series quasi-experimental design was used...
July 14, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705893/evaluation-of-strategies-to-communicate-harmful-and-potentially-harmful-constituent-hphc-information-through-cigarette-package-inserts-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#6
Ramzi G Salloum, Jordan J Louviere, Kayla R Getz, Farahnaz Islam, Dien Anshari, Yoojin Cho, Richard J O'Connor, David Hammond, James F Thrasher
BACKGROUND: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has regulatory authority to use inserts to communicate with consumers about harmful and potentially harmful constituents (HPHCs) in tobacco products; however, little is known about the most effective manner for presenting HPHC information. METHODS: In a discrete choice experiment, participants evaluated eight choice sets, each of which showed two cigarette packages from four different brands and tar levels (high vs low), accompanied by an insert that included between-subject manipulations (ie, listing of HPHCs vs grouping by disease outcome and numeric values ascribed to HPHCs vs no numbers) and within-subject manipulations (ie, 1 of 4 warning topics; statement linking an HPHC with disease vs statement with no HPHC link)...
July 13, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701585/banning-tobacco-price-promotions-smoking-related-beliefs-and-behaviour-findings-from-the-international-tobacco-control-four-country-itc-4c-survey
#7
Sherine El-Toukhy, Kelvin Choi, Sara C Hitchman, Maansi Bansal-Travers, James F Thrasher, Hua-Hie Yong, Richard J O'Connor, Ce Shang
BACKGROUND: Ecological models emphasise multilevel influences on health behaviours. While studies show that exposure to price promotions is associated with smoking behaviour and its antecedents, less is known about whether these associations differ by macro-level factors such as national price promotion policies. METHODS: Current and former smokers (N=4698) from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project four-country cohort were included in weighted multivariate logistic regression models to examine individual-level associations between exposure to price promotions at waves 7 and 8 (conducted in 2008-2009 and 2010-2011) and beliefs (social and injunctive norms, functional value of smoking, misconceptions around smoking and beliefs of tobacco industry and its regulations) and behaviour at wave 8, stratified by whether countries allow (Australia and USA) or ban (Canada and UK) price promotions...
July 12, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701584/a-missing-voice-the-human-rights-of-children-to-a-tobacco-free-environment
#8
EDITORIAL
Brigit Toebes, Marie Elske Gispen, Jasper V Been, Aziz Sheikh
In this commentary, we flag the importance of taking a child-rights approach in the context of tobacco control, which is thus far unprecedented. This text was written in response to the Seventh Conference of States Parties of WHOs Framework Convention on Tobacco Control held in India from 7 to 12 November 2016.While the links between tobacco control and human rights were emphasised at this conference, a child-rights approach was missing. We argue that this novel angle provides important legal tools to protect the health and well-being of children...
July 12, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667096/the-prevalence-of-illicit-cigarette-consumption-and-related-factors-in-turkey
#9
Bekir Kaplan, Ana Navas-Acien, Joanna E Cohen
BACKGROUND: The tobacco industry claims that high cigarette taxes drive illicit trade and that governments should therefore not increase tobacco tax because it will increase the level of illicit trade. This study examines illicit cigarette consumption in Turkey after a tobacco tax increase and its related factors. METHOD: This national cross-sectional survey was conducted in March-June 2013 and 9717 people aged ≥18 years participated in the interviewer-administered survey...
June 30, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667095/cigarette-package-colour-is-associated-with-level-of-filter-ventilation
#10
Richard J O'Connor, David Hammond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667094/menthol-levels-in-cigarettes-from-eight-manufacturers
#11
Jiu Ai, Kenneth M Taylor, Joseph G Lisko, Hang Tran, Clifford H Watson, Matthew R Holman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667093/actual-and-potential-use-of-google-street-view-for-studying-tobacco-issues-a-brief-review
#12
Nick Wilson, Amber L Pearson, George Thomson, Richard Edwards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667092/implications-and-challenges-for-implementation-of-the-fda-s-final-deeming-rule-for-waterpipe-tobacco
#13
Erin L Sutfin, Eric K Soule, Karma McKelvey, Desmond Jenson
For the first time, the Food and Drug Administration's (FDAs) Center for Tobacco Products now has regulatory authority over all tobacco products, including waterpipe tobacco. In the rule expanding its authority to cover all tobacco products, the FDA uses largely a one-size-fits-all approach. However, several aspects of waterpipe tobacco smoking make it unique from other tobacco products, which may require more specific, tailored rules. This paper describes the distinct features of waterpipe tobacco products and accessories, and identifies unique challenges to the current regulation posed by this form of tobacco use...
June 30, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667091/associations-between-tobacco-control-mass-media-campaign-expenditure-and-smoking-prevalence-and-quitting-in-england-a-time-series-analysis
#14
Mirte A G Kuipers, Emma Beard, Robert West, Jamie Brown
BACKGROUND: It has been established that mass media campaigns can increase smoking cessation rates, but there is little direct evidence estimating associations between government expenditure on tobacco control mass media campaigns and smoking cessation. This study assessed the association over 8 years between mass media expenditure in England and quit attempts, smoking cessation and smoking prevalence. METHODS: Autoregressive integrated moving average modelling with exogenous variables (ARIMAX) was applied to monthly estimates from the Smoking Toolkit Study between June 2008 and February 2016...
June 30, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647728/impact-of-five-tobacco-endgame-strategies-on-future-smoking-prevalence-population-health-and-health-system-costs-two-modelling-studies-to-inform-the-tobacco-endgame
#15
Frederieke S van der Deen, Nick Wilson, Christine L Cleghorn, Giorgi Kvizhinadze, Linda J Cobiac, Nhung Nghiem, Tony Blakely
OBJECTIVE: There is growing international interest in advancing 'the tobacco endgame'. We use New Zealand (Smokefree goal for 2025) as a case study to model the impacts on smoking prevalence (SP), health gains (quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs)) and cost savings of (1) 10% annual tobacco tax increases, (2) a tobacco-free generation (TFG), (3) a substantial outlet reduction strategy, (4) a sinking lid on tobacco supply and (5) a combination of 1, 2 and 3. METHODS: Two models were used: (1) a dynamic population forecasting model for SP and (2) a closed cohort (population alive in 2011) multistate life table model (including 16 tobacco-related diseases) for health gains and costs...
June 24, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634163/reducing-tobacco-related-harm-fda-s-proposed-product-standard-for-smokeless-tobacco
#16
Micah L Berman, Dorothy K Hatsukami
This Special Communication discusses the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) proposed rule that would limit N-nitrosonornicotine (NNN) levels in smokeless tobacco products. It argues that finalising and implementing this first 'product standard' would mark a significant step forward in the FDA's efforts to reduce tobacco-related harms.
June 20, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634162/linking-the-content-to-demographic-reach-of-online-advertising-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems
#17
David S Timberlake, Dmitriy Nikitin, Jennifer Garcia-Cano, Samantha Cino, Margarita Savkina, Cornelia Pechmann
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have separately examined the content and demographic reach of the advertising of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). No study to our knowledge has linked the two in investigating whether racial/ethnic groups are differentially exposed to the comparative messages conveyed in online ENDS advertisements. METHODS: 932 unique ENDS advertisements (6311 total), which were posted on 3435 websites between December, 2009 and October, 2015, were categorized as either comparative or non-comparative with respect to the traditional cigarette...
June 20, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624764/recommended-core-items-to-assess-e-cigarette-use-in-population-based-surveys
#18
Jennifer L Pearson, Sara C Hitchman, Leonie S Brose, Linda Bauld, Allison M Glasser, Andrea C Villanti, Ann McNeill, David B Abrams, Joanna E Cohen
A consistent approach using standardised items to assess e-cigarette use in both youth and adult populations will aid cross-survey and cross-national comparisons of the effect of e-cigarette (and tobacco) policies and improve our understanding of the population health impact of e-cigarette use. Focusing on adult behaviour, we propose a set of e-cigarette use items, discuss their utility and potential adaptation, and highlight e-cigarette constructs that researchers should avoid without further item development...
June 17, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624763/electronic-cigarette-use-among-us-adults-in-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study-2013-2014
#19
Blair N Coleman, Brian Rostron, Sarah E Johnson, Bridget K Ambrose, Jennifer Pearson, Cassandra A Stanton, Baoguang Wang, Cristine Delnevo, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Heather L Kimmel, Maciej L Goniewicz, Raymond Niaura, David Abrams, Kevin P Conway, Nicolette Borek, Wilson M Compton, Andrew Hyland
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use in the USA is increasing. As such, it is critical to understand who uses e-cigarettes, how e-cigarettes are used and what types of products are prevalent. This study assesses patterns of current e-cigarette use among daily and non-daily adult users in the 2013-2014 Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study. METHODS: We examined the proportion of current adult e-cigarette users (n=3642) reporting infrequent use (use on 'some days' and use on 0-2 of the past 30 days), moderate use (use on 'some days' and use on >2 of the past 30 days) and daily use...
June 17, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607098/correlates-of-self-reported-exposure-to-advertising-of-tobacco-products-and-electronic-cigarettes-across-28-european-union-member-states
#20
Filippos T Filippidis, Anthony A Laverty, Esteve Fernandez, Ute Mons, Olena Tigova, Constantine I Vardavas
BACKGROUND: Despite advertising bans in most European Union (EU) member states, outlets for promotion of tobacco products and especially e-cigarettes still exist. This study aimed to assess the correlates of self-reported exposure to tobacco products and e-cigarettee advertising in the EU. METHODS: We analysed data from wave 82.4 of the Eurobarometer survey (November-December 2014), collected through interviews in 28 EU member states (n=27 801 aged ≥15 years) and data on bans of tobacco advertising extracted from the Tobacco Control Scale (TCS, 2013)...
June 12, 2017: Tobacco Control
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