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Tobacco Control

Frederieke S Petrović-van der Deen, Tony Blakely, Giorgi Kvizhinadze, Christine L Cleghorn, Linda J Cobiac, Nick Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Restricting tobacco sales to pharmacies only, including the provision of cessation advice, has been suggested as a potential measure to hasten progress towards the tobacco endgame. We aimed to quantify the impacts of this hypothetical intervention package on future smoking prevalence, population health and health system costs for a country with an endgame goal: New Zealand (NZ). METHODS: We used two peer-reviewed simulation models: 1) a dynamic population forecasting model for smoking prevalence and 2) a closed cohort multi-state life-table model for future health gains and costs by sex, age and ethnicity...
November 9, 2018: Tobacco Control
Gladis Chavez, Meredith Minkler, Patricia A McDaniel, Jessica Estrada, Ryan Thayer, Jennifer Falbe
BACKGROUND: California's tobacco tax increased by $2.00 per pack in 2017. Although such increases are among the most effective tobacco control strategies, little is known about their impact from the perspective of corner store owners in low-income neighbourhoods with high concentrations of tobacco outlets. METHODS: We interviewed 38 corner store owners and managers in San Francisco's Tenderloin, the district with the city's highest tobacco outlet density, 60-90 days following implementation of the tax increase...
November 8, 2018: Tobacco Control
Fabienne El-Khoury Lesueur, Camille Bolze, Ramchandar Gomajee, Vicki White, Maria Melchior
BACKGROUND: Plain packaging (PP) of tobacco products and increased graphic warnings may contribute to lower attractiveness of smoking, particularly among youths. In France, this policy was introduced on 1 January 2017. We examined changes in smoking-related perceptions and behaviours among a nationwide sample of French adolescents before (2016) and 1 year post (2017) implementation. METHODS: DePICT is a two-wave cross-sectional national telephone survey of adolescents aged 12-17 years per study wave (2016: n=2046 2017: n=1999)...
November 8, 2018: Tobacco Control
Mattia Sanna, Wayne Gao, Ya-Wen Chiu, Hung-Yi Chiou, Yi-Hua Chen, Chi-Pang Wen, David Theodore Levy
INTRODUCTION: Adult smoking prevalence in Taiwan rapidly declined from 26.5% in 2005 to 20.0% in 2015. Nevertheless, future projections on smoking-attributable deaths and current per capita consumption do not paint an equally bright picture. METHODS: We used SimSmoke, a tobacco control simulation model to assess the impact of tax increases and other policies by predicting past and projecting over future decades smoking rates and smoking-attributable mortality. RESULTS: The model accurately depicts the decline in smoking prevalence observed in Taiwan from 2000 to 2015...
November 5, 2018: Tobacco Control
Thierry Gagné, Joseph G L Lee, Madeleine Steinmetz-Wood, Katherine L Frohlich
OBJECTIVE: Socioeconomic circumstances are critically important to addressing smoking. In young adulthood (ages 18-25), dynamic transitions in education, employment, family and housing complicate the measurement of socioeconomic circumstances. To better understand approaches to capturing these circumstances, this methodological systematic review examined how socioeconomic characteristics used to identify social inequalities in smoking among young adults are measured. DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, EMBASE, ERIC and Sociological Abstracts, and used three prior reviews...
November 5, 2018: Tobacco Control
Veena Jha, Badri G Narayanan, Deepika Wadhwa, Jean Tesche
BACKGROUND: In Tanzania, strong tobacco control measures that would lead to a reduction in prevalence (consumption) have so far not been implemented due to concern about possible economic effects on gross domestic product and employment. The aim of this study is to analyse the economic effects of reducing tobacco consumption in Tanzania. METHODS: The study uses computable general equilibrium (CGE) modelling to arrive at the effects of decreasing tobacco prevalence...
November 2, 2018: Tobacco Control
Tom Clemens, Chris Dibben, Jamie Pearce, Niamh K Shortt
BACKGROUND: Tobacco policy is increasingly focusing on the 'tobacco endgame' which commits to eradicating tobacco use (prevalence below 5%) within the next two decades. Strategies for achieving the endgame are likely to include addressing the supply of tobacco products, yet current evidence to support this approach is primarily cross-sectional. METHODS: We use longitudinal smoking information from routine maternity records of all women who gave birth in Scotland between 2000 and 2015...
November 2, 2018: Tobacco Control
Angela Petersen, Mark G Myers, Lyric Tully, Kristin Brikmanis, Neal Doran
BACKGROUND: The risks of polytobacco use among young adults are unclear because we know relatively little about the consistency of multiproduct patterns over time and how these patterns impact cigarette smoking. The purpose of this study was to examine changes in multiple tobacco product use over time and associations with cigarette smoking quantity. METHODS: Participants (n=335; 55% male) were 18-24 years old non-daily cigarette smokers living in California. Polytobacco use patterns were assessed quarterly for 2 years...
November 1, 2018: Tobacco Control
Rachel L Denlinger-Apte, Jennifer W Tidey, Joseph S Koopmeiners, Dorothy K Hatsukami, Tracy T Smith, Lauren R Pacek, F Joseph McClernon, Eric C Donny
BACKGROUND: The US Food and Drug Administration recently issued an advanced notice of proposed rule-making for reducing the nicotine content in cigarettes to a minimally addictive level. Very little is known about whether use of very low nicotine content (VLNC) cigarettes affects support for a nicotine reduction policy. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of using VLNC versus usual brand (UB) cigarettes on support for a nicotine reduction policy and determined whether participant characteristics and responses to VLNC cigarettes were associated with policy support...
November 1, 2018: Tobacco Control
Sabrina L Smiley, Claradina Soto, Tess Boley Cruz, Natalie Kintz, Yaneth L Rodriguez, Steve Sussman, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati
INTRODUCTION: American Indians have the highest cigarette smoking prevalence of any racial/ethnic group in the USA. Tobacco marketing at point-of-sale is associated with smoking, possibly due to easy access to cheap tobacco products. The sale of novel tobacco products like little cigars/cigarillos (LCCs) has increased in recent years which may further increase combustible tobacco use among American Indians. METHODS: Between October 2015 and February 2017, trained community health workers collected LCC product and price information by conducting audits of tobacco retailers on Tribal lands (n=53) and retailers within a 1-mile radius of Tribal lands (n=43) in California...
November 1, 2018: Tobacco Control
Alex C Liber
BACKGROUND: Heated tobacco products (HTPs) have received excise tax rates that are lower than combusted cigarettes in most of the countries in which the products are sold as tobacco companies claimed their purported reduced risk products deserved such light touch treatment. This study sought to determine if HTPs are cheaper to use than combusted cigarettes when the cost of purchasing an expensive heating device upfront was considered. METHODS AND DATA: Product price data for tobacco heating devices, as well as cobranded heated tobacco and combusted cigarettes for 2014-2017 for 34 countries was obtained from Euromonitor International...
October 31, 2018: Tobacco Control
Tracey Borland, Sandra A D'Souza, Shawn O'Connor, Michael Oliver Chaiton, Robert Schwartz
BACKGROUND: As of 1 January 2017, the Canadian province of Ontario banned the distribution and sale of menthol tobacco products. There is limited knowledge about how tobacco companies will adapt their packaging in response to a menthol ban. METHODS: We conducted a content analysis of preban traditional menthol (no capsule) and menthol capsule cigarette packs and their postban replacements. Preban and postban packs were matched using tobacco company descriptions of replacement brands in business-to-business marketing materials, advertising on cigarette pack cellophane and a tobacco company website...
October 30, 2018: Tobacco Control
Marielle C Brinkman, Hyoshin Kim, Stephanie S Buehler, Anna M Adetona, Sydney M Gordon, Pamela I Clark
OBJECTIVES: We examined two waterpipe tobacco smoking components advertised to reduce harm to determine if they result in lower levels of biomarkers of acute exposure. METHODS: We conducted a crossover study of 34 experienced waterpipe smokers smoking a research-grade waterpipe in three configurations ad libitum in a controlled chamber: control (quick-light charcoal), electric (electric heating) and bubble diffuser (quick-light charcoal and bubble diffuser). We collected data on smoking topography, environmental carbon monoxide (CO), subjective effects, heart rate, plasma nicotine and exhaled CO and benzene...
October 30, 2018: Tobacco Control
Philip H Smith, Mohammad Chhipa, Josef Bystrik, Jordan Roy, Renee D Goodwin, Sherry A McKee
BACKGROUND: Recent nationally representative estimates from the USA suggest the prevalence of cigarette smoking continues to be much higher among those with mental disorders compared with those without; however, prevalence estimates for current cigarette use by specific diagnoses are outdated. METHODS: We analysed data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions III (2012-2013). We estimated the prevalence of lifetime and past-year smoking, lifetime and past-year daily smoking, and lifetime smoking cessation among ever smokers (ie, the quit ratio) among those with common mood, anxiety and substance use disorders in comparison to those without these disorders...
October 30, 2018: Tobacco Control
Donna M Vallone, Morgane Bennett, Haijun Xiao, Lindsay Pitzer, Elizabeth C Hair
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of JUUL use and identify demographic and psychosocial correlates of use among youth and young adults in the USA. METHODS: A national, probability-based sample was recruited via address-based sampling, with subsamples recruited from an existing probability-based online panel. Participants (N=14 379) ages 15-34 were surveyed about JUUL use, tobacco use, electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) harm perceptions, sensation seeking and demographic characteristics...
October 29, 2018: Tobacco Control
Crawford Moodie, James F Thrasher, Yoo Jin Cho, Joaquin Barnoya, Frank J Chaloupka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2018: Tobacco Control
Lindsay Robertson, Claire Cameron, Janet A Hoek, Trudy Sullivan, Louise Marsh, Elizabeth Peterson, Philip Gendall
INTRODUCTION: Arguments regarding the importance of tobacco to convenience stores could impede the adoption of tobacco retail reduction policies. Although trade associations argue tobacco constitutes two-thirds of convenience store sales and drives footfall, few studies have tested these claims. We therefore examined the prevalence and characteristics of tobacco purchases at convenience stores in Dunedin, New Zealand. METHODS: We conducted a postpurchase survey at 20 convenience stores, each visited for three 60 min intervals over a 4-week period...
October 27, 2018: Tobacco Control
Jazmyne A Sutton, Sijia Yang, Joseph N Cappella
BACKGROUND: Previous research shows that pictorial warning messages (PWMs) for tobacco cigarettes increase quit attempts and smoking-related knowledge. However, few studies have investigated what specific features within PWMs are most effective. The current study sought to examine the specific features of PWMs associated with effectiveness using four outcome measures as indicators. METHOD: A sample of n=319 PWMs was collected and underwent systematic content analysis on 48 different content features...
October 25, 2018: Tobacco Control
Sheila Keogan, Shasha Li, Luke Clancy
OBJECTIVE: To determine if Allen Carr's Easyway to Stop Smoking (AC) was superior to in a randomised clinical trial (RCT). SETTING: Single centre, open RCT, general population based. PARTICIPANTS: 300 adult smokers, 18 years plus, minimum 5 cigarettes daily, and English speaking. AC, 151 (females 44.4%) and, 149 (females 45.6%), mean age 44 years. outcomes for all 300 were analysed (intention-to-treat). Recruited through advertisement from July 2015 to February 2016...
October 25, 2018: Tobacco Control
Susy K Sebayang, Desak Made Sintha Kurnia Dewi, Syifa'ul Lailiyah, Abdillah Ahsan
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco advertisement bans in Indonesia are rare and seldom evaluated. The recent introduction of an outdoor tobacco advertisement (OTA) ban in Banyuwangi District, East Java, Indonesia provided an opportunity to evaluate such policy. METHODS: Using a mixed-methods approach, we undertook an observational study of OTA in 15 locations where such advertising had been prohibited. We also interviewed a sample of 114 store-owners/storekeepers and 131 community members, and conducted indepth interviews with government officials and the Public Order Agency (POA), the designated enforcement agency...
October 19, 2018: Tobacco Control
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