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Tobacco Control

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913790/do-cigarette-graphic-warnings-encourage-smokers-to-attend-a-smoking-cessation-programme-a-quasi-experimental-study
#1
Joseph Guydish, Barbara Tajima, Thao Le, Catherine Henderson, Deborah Yip, Valerie Gruber, Wayne Garcia, Kevin L Delucchi
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed whether exposure to cigarette graphic warning labels (GWLs) increased attendance to a smoking cessation programme. METHOD: From 2014 to 2016, alternating cohorts of smokers in 3 residential drug treatment programmes received either GWLs (experimental) or transparent (control) labels placed on their cigarette packs for 30 days. The primary outcome was the proportion of participants who chose to attend a smoking cessation group after the labelling period...
December 2, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913789/unregulated-hazards-to-young-people-smoking-in-films
#2
LETTER
Yao-Mao Chang, Bradley Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903958/global-approaches-to-regulating-electronic-cigarettes
#3
Ryan David Kennedy, Ayodeji Awopegba, Elaine De León, Joanna E Cohen
OBJECTIVES: Classify and describe the policy approaches used by countries to regulate e-cigarettes. METHODS: National policies regulating e-cigarettes were identified by (1) conducting web searches on Ministry of Health websites, and (2) broad web searches. The mechanisms used to regulate e-cigarettes were classified as new/amended laws, or existing laws. The policy domains identified include restrictions or prohibitions on product: sale, manufacturing, importation, distribution, use, product design including e-liquid ingredients, advertising/promotion/sponsorship, trademarks, and regulation requiring: taxation, health warning labels and child-safety standards...
November 30, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903957/medicalisation-smoking-and-e-cigarettes-evidence-and-implications
#4
Kylie Morphett, Adrian Carter, Wayne Hall, Coral Gartner
There is debate in the tobacco control literature about the value of a medical model in reducing smoking-related harm. The variety of medical treatments for smoking cessation has increased, health professionals are encouraged to use them to assist smoking cessation and tobacco dependence is being described as a 'chronic disease'. Some critics suggest that the medicalisation of smoking undermines the tobacco industry's responsibility for the harms of smoking. Others worry that it will lead smokers to deny personal responsibility for cessation, create beliefs in 'magic bullets' for smoking cessation, or erode smokers' confidence in their ability to quit...
November 30, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903956/global-burden-of-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-due-to-smokeless-tobacco-use-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Dhirendra N Sinha, Rizwan A Suliankatchi, Prakash C Gupta, Thaksaphon Thamarangsi, Naveen Agarwal, Mark Parascandola, Ravi Mehrotra
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review and meta-analyse the studies investigating the association between smokeless tobacco (SLT) use and all-cause mortality and cause-specific mortality outcomes among adult users of SLT and estimate the number of attributable deaths worldwide. METHODS: Random-effects meta-analysis was used to estimate the pooled risk of death due to SLT use. Population attributable fractions were derived and used to calculate the number of attributable deaths...
November 30, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885169/children-s-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-at-home-before-and-after-smoke-free-legislation-in-taiwan
#6
Ying-Ting Wang, Yi-Wen Tsai, Tzu-I Tsai, Po-Yin Chang
INTRODUCTION: In January 2009, Taiwan broadened smoke-free legislation, requiring mass transportation systems, indoor public areas and indoor workplaces with 3 or more people, to become smoke-free. We investigated the secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure at home for children aged 3-11 years in Taiwan before and after the implantation of the legislation. METHODS: We studied 7911 children from the 2005, 2009 and 2013 National Health Interview Surveys (cross-sectional, nationally representative household surveys)...
November 24, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885168/educational-and-wealth-inequalities-in-tobacco-use-among-men-and-women-in-54-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#7
Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, Sam Harper, Linda Ernstsen
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic differentials of tobacco smoking in high-income countries are well described. However, studies to support health policies and place monitoring systems to tackle socioeconomic inequalities in smoking and smokeless tobacco use common in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs) are seldom reported. We aimed to describe, sex-wise, educational and wealth-related inequalities in tobacco use in LMICs. METHODS: We analysed Demographic and Health Survey data on tobacco use collected from large nationally representative samples of men and women in 54 LMICs...
November 24, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872346/use-of-new-media-to-support-passage-of-vietnam-s-national-tobacco-control-legislation
#8
Mego Lien, Tom Carroll, Stephen Hamill, Phan Thi Hai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872345/hazards-of-cigarettes-smokeless-tobacco-and-waterpipe-in-a-middle-eastern-population-a-cohort-study-of-50%C3%A2-000-individuals-from-iran
#9
Arash Etemadi, Hooman Khademi, Farin Kamangar, Neal D Freedman, Christian C Abnet, Paul Brennan, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: There is limited information about the hazards of cigarettes, smokeless tobacco and waterpipe in the Middle East. The aim of this study was to determine the association between different types of tobacco use and earlier death in the Golestan Cohort Study. METHODS: The Study includes 50 045 adults (aged 40-75 years) from north eastern Iran. The baseline questionnaire (2004-2008) assessed information about use of cigarettes, chewing tobacco (nass) and waterpipe...
November 21, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872344/impact-of-non-menthol-flavours-in-tobacco-products-on-perceptions-and-use-among-youth-young-adults-and-adults-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Li-Ling Huang, Hannah M Baker, Clare Meernik, Leah M Ranney, Amanda Richardson, Adam O Goldstein
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review examines the impact of non-menthol flavours in tobacco products on tobacco use perceptions and behaviours among youth, young adults and adults. DATA SOURCES: English-language peer-reviewed publications indexed in 4 databases were searched through April 2016. STUDY SELECTION: A search strategy was developed related to tobacco products and flavours. Of 1688 articles identified, we excluded articles that were not English-language, were not peer-reviewed, were qualitative, assessed menthol-flavoured tobacco products only and did not contain original data on outcomes that assessed the impact of flavours in tobacco products on perceptions and use behaviour...
November 21, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856940/reducing-nicotine-exposure-results-in-weight-gain-in-smokers-randomised-to-very-low-nicotine-content-cigarettes
#11
Laura E Rupprecht, Joseph S Koopmeiners, Sarah S Dermody, Jason A Oliver, Mustafa al'Absi, Neal L Benowitz, Rachel Denlinger-Apte, David J Drobes, Dorothy Hatsukami, F Joseph McClernon, Lauren R Pacek, Tracy T Smith, Alan F Sved, Jennifer Tidey, Ryan Vandrey, Eric C Donny
BACKGROUND: The Food and Drug Administration can reduce the nicotine content in cigarettes to very low levels. This potential regulatory action is hypothesised to improve public health by reducing smoking, but may have unintended consequences related to weight gain. METHODS: Weight gain was evaluated from a double-blind, parallel, randomised clinical trial of 839 participants assigned to smoke 1 of 6 investigational cigarettes with nicotine content ranging from 0...
November 17, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852893/philip-morris-research-on-precursors-to-the-modern-e-cigarette-since-1990
#12
Lauren M Dutra, Rachel Grana, Stanton A Glantz
BACKGROUND: Use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) is increasing rapidly. Chinese pharmacist Hon Lik is frequently cited as inventing the modern e-cigarette in 2003. However, tobacco companies have developed electronic nicotine delivery systems since at least 1963. METHODS: We searched the University of California San Francisco Truth (formerly Legacy) Tobacco Industry Documents beginning with the terms 'electric cigarette' and 'electronic cigarettes', 'e-cigarette', 'smokeless cigarettes', 'nicotine aerosol', 'tobacco aerosol', and 'vaping' and then expanded the search using snowball sampling...
November 15, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852892/analysing-user-reported-data-for-enhancement-of-smokefreetxt-a-national-text-message-smoking-cessation-intervention
#13
Erik Augustson, Heather Cole-Lewis, Amy Sanders, Mary Schwarz, Yisong Geng, Kisha Coa, Yvonne Hunt
OBJECTIVE: This observational study highlights key insights related to participant engagement and cessation among adults who voluntarily subscribed to the nationwide US-based SmokefreeTXT program, a 42-day mobile phone text message smoking cessation program. METHODS: Point prevalence abstinence rates were calculated for subscribers who initiated treatment in the program (n=18 080). The primary outcomes for this study were treatment completion and point prevalence abstinence rate at the end of the 42-day treatment...
November 15, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852891/australia-s-plain-tobacco-packs-anticipated-and-actual-responses-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-2010-2013
#14
Sally Dunlop, Donna Perez, Anita Dessaix, David Currow
BACKGROUND: In December 2012, Australia introduced world-first legislation mandating plain packaging for all tobacco products. To date, there is very little evidence on youth responses to the changed packs. AIM: To assess attitudes towards, and responses to, tobacco plain packs preimplementation and postimplementation. METHODS: The Tobacco Promotion Impact Study (TPIS) was a yearly cross-sectional telephone survey of adolescents and young adults (12-24 years) from the states of New South Wales (NSW) and Queensland, conducted at three time points preimplementation (June 2010; June 2011; June 2012) and one time point postimplementation (June 2013; total n=8820)...
November 15, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821792/e-cigarette-use-in-public-places-striking-the-right-balance
#15
Linda Bauld, Ann McNeill, Peter Hajek, John Britton, Martin Dockrell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821791/should-e-cigarette-use-be-permitted-in-smoke-free-public-places-no
#16
Simon Chapman, Mike Daube, Wasim Maziak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807299/public-health-benefits-from-pictorial-health-warnings-on-us-cigarette-packs-a-simsmoke-simulation
#17
David T Levy, Darren Mays, Zhe Yuan, David Hammond, James F Thrasher
INTRODUCTION: While many countries have adopted prominent pictorial warning labels (PWLs) for cigarette packs, the USA still requires only small, text-only labels located on one side of the cigarette pack that have little effect on smoking-related outcomes. Tobacco industry litigation blocked implementation of a 2011 Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) rule requiring large PWLs. To inform FDA action on PWLs, this study provides research-based estimates of their public health impacts...
November 2, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807298/e-cigarette-use-1%C3%A2-year-later-in-a-population-based-prospective-cohort
#18
Michael S Amato, Raymond G Boyle, David Levy
BACKGROUND: Population prevalence estimates of electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) use range considerably based on the operational definition of 'use'. Recently, we investigated the utility of 'use frequency' for restricting prevalence estimates to non-experimenters in adult populations. Results suggested that individuals reporting use on ≤5 days in the past 30 were likely to discontinue use, and should be excluded from estimates of population prevalence. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the predictive validity of ENDS use frequency as a measure for likelihood of continued use, and cigarette smoking abstinence...
November 2, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794067/social-disparities-in-children-s-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-in-privately-owned-vehicles
#19
Annie Montreuil, Nancy Hanusaik, Michael Cantinotti, Bernard-Simon Leclerc, Yan Kestens, Michèle Tremblay, Joanna Cohen, Jennifer McGrath, Geetanjali D Datta, Jennifer L O'Loughlin
INTRODUCTION: Secondhand smoke (SHS) can quickly attain high concentrations in cars, posing health risks to passengers and especially to children. This paper assesses whether there are social disparities in children's exposure to SHS in privately owned vehicles. METHODS: On weekday mornings and afternoons from September to November 2011, trained observers were stationed at 100 selected street intersections in Montreal, Canada. For each car transporting at least one passenger aged 0-15 years travelling through the intersection, observers recorded the estimated age of the youngest child in the car, whether any occupant was smoking and the licence plate number of the car...
October 28, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794066/decrease-in-mortality-rate-and-hospital-admissions-for-acute-myocardial-infarction-after-the-enactment-of-the-smoking-ban-law-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-city-brazil
#20
Tania M O Abe, Jaqueline Scholz, Eduardo de Masi, Moacyr R C Nobre, Roberto Kalil Filho
BACKGROUND: Smoking restriction laws have spread worldwide during the last decade. Previous studies have shown a decline in the community rates of myocardial infarction after enactment of these laws. However, data are scarce about the Latin American population. In the first phase of this study, we reported the successful implementation of the law in São Paulo city, with a decrease in carbon monoxide rates in hospitality venues. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the 2009 implementation of a comprehensive smoking ban law in São Paulo city was associated with a reduction in rates of mortality and hospital admissions for myocardial infarction...
October 28, 2016: Tobacco Control
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