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Tobacco Control

Joanne D'Silva, Erin O'Gara, Nicole T Villaluz
OBJECTIVE: Describe the extent to which tobacco industry marketing tactics incorporated American Indian culture and traditional tobacco. METHODS: A keyword search of industry documents was conducted using document archives from the Truth Tobacco Documents Library. Tobacco industry documents (n=76) were analysed for themes. RESULTS: Tobacco industry marketing tactics have incorporated American Indian culture and traditional tobacco since at least the 1930s, with these tactics prominently highlighted during the 1990s with Natural American Spirit cigarettes...
February 19, 2018: Tobacco Control
Amy Robinson, Helen Sweeting, Kate Hunt
BACKGROUND: Prisoner smoking rates remain high, resulting in secondhand smoke exposures for prison staff and non-smoker prisoners. Several jurisdictions have introduced prison smoking bans with little evidence of resulting disorder. Successful implementation of such bans requires staff support. As news media representations of health and other issues shape public views and as prison smoking bans are being introduced in the UK, we conducted content analysis of UK news media to explore representations of smoking in prisons and smoke-free prisons...
February 19, 2018: Tobacco Control
Xueying Zhang, Tam D Vuong, Elizabeth Andersen-Rodgers, April Roeseler
INTRODUCTION: California's law raising the minimum tobacco sales age to 21 went into effect on 9 June 2016. This law, known as 'Tobacco 21' or 'T21', also expanded the definition of tobacco to include electronic smoking devices. This paper describes the T21 evaluation plan and initial evaluation results. METHODS: An evaluation plan and logic model were created to evaluate T21. A tobacco retailer poll was conducted 7 months after the law went into effect to assess awareness, support and implementation; an online survey of California adults was fielded to provide data on tobacco use and attitudinal changes before and after T21 implementation; and tobacco purchase surveys were conducted to assess the retailer violation rate (RVR)...
February 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
Ollie Ganz, Shyanika W Rose, Jennifer Cantrell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Tobacco Control
Georg E Matt, Penelope J E Quintana, Eunha Hoh, Joy M Zakarian, Zohir Chowdhury, Melbourne F Hovell, Peyton Jacob, Kayo Watanabe, Teaba S Theweny, Victoria Flores, Anh Nguyen, Narinder Dhaliwal, Gary Hayward
BACKGROUND: Secondhand smoke (SHS) in US casinos is common, but little is known about the residue of tobacco smoke pollutants left behind in dust and on surfaces, commonly referred to as thirdhand smoke (THS). We examined SHS and THS pollution and exposure before and during a casino smoking ban and after smoking resumed. METHODS: A casino was visited nine times over a 15-month period to collect dust, surface and air samples in eight locations. Finger wipe and urine samples were collected from non-smoking confederates before and after a 4-hour casino visit...
February 8, 2018: Tobacco Control
Annette R Kaufman, Alexander Persoskie, Jenny Twesten, Julie Bromberg
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of risk perception measures used in tobacco control research and to evaluate whether these measures incorporate measurement suggestions put forward by risk perception measurement scholars. DATA SOURCES: Three databases (PubMed, PsycINFO and Web of Science) were searched in March 2015 for published English language peer-reviewed articles measuring tobacco risk perceptions (n=2557). The search string included terms related to tobacco products, perceptions and risk...
February 6, 2018: Tobacco Control
Alexander B Barker, Magdalena Opazo Breton, Joanne Cranwell, John Britton, Rachael L Murray
BACKGROUND: Reality television shows are popular with children and young adults; inclusion of tobacco imagery in these programmes is likely to cause smoking in these groups. Series 3 of the UK reality show Love Island, broadcast in 2017, attracted widespread media criticism for high levels of smoking depicted. We have quantified this tobacco content and estimated the UK population exposure to generic and branded tobacco imagery generated by the show. METHODS: We used 1-min interval coding to quantify actual or implied tobacco use, tobacco paraphernalia or branding, in alternate episodes of series 3 of Love Island, and Census data and viewing figures from Kantar Media to estimate gross and per capita tobacco impressions...
February 5, 2018: Tobacco Control
Kaori Iida, Robert N Proctor
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how and why Japan Tobacco, Inc. (JT) in 1986 established the Smoking Research Foundation (SRF), a research-funding institution, and to explore the extent to which SRF has influenced science and health policy in Japan. METHODS: We analysed documents in the Truth Tobacco Industry Documents archive, along with recent Japanese litigation documents and published documents. RESULTS: JT's effort to combat effective tobacco control was strengthened in the mid-1980s, following privatisation of the company...
February 4, 2018: Tobacco Control
Mark A Levin, Joanna E Cohen, Koki Okamoto, Manabu Sakuta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2018: Tobacco Control
Lindsay Robertson, Janet Hoek, Mei-Ling Blank, Rosalina Richards, Pamela Ling, Lucy Popova
INTRODUCTION: Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) arguably pose fewer health risks than smoking, yet many smokers adopt ENDS without fully relinquishing smoking. Known as 'dual use', this practice is widespread and compromises the health benefits that ENDS may offer. To date, few studies have explored how dual use practices arise and manifest. METHODS: We conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 20 current ENDS users from New Zealand who reported smoking tobacco at least once a month...
February 1, 2018: Tobacco Control
Xiaoqiu Liu, Alessandra Lugo, Lorenzo Spizzichino, Takahiro Tabuchi, Roberta Pacifici, Silvano Gallus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 26, 2018: Tobacco Control
José Luis Sandoval, Teresa Leão, Stéphane Cullati, Jean-Marc Theler, Stéphane Joost, Jean-Paul Humair, Jean-Michel Gaspoz, Idris Guessous
INTRODUCTION: Smoking bans were suggested to reduce smoking prevalence and increase quit ratio but their equity impact remains unclear. We aimed to characterise the socioeconomic status (SES)-related inequalities in smoking prevalence and quit ratio before and after the implementation of a public smoking ban. METHODS: We included data from 17 544 participants in the population-based cross-sectional Bus Santé study in Geneva, Switzerland, between 1995 and 2014...
January 26, 2018: Tobacco Control
Hana Ross, Michael Eads, Michael Yates
BACKGROUND: In anticipation of the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products (ITP) entering into force in 2018, there is a growing demand for information on track and trace (T&T) solutions for tobacco products. This article contrasts the efficacy of Codentify from the perspective of authentication with that of material-based multilayered security technologies. METHOD: To calculate the probability of detecting one fraudulent pack under Codentify, we relied on a modified Bernoulli trial experiment with independent repeated sampling without replenishment...
January 24, 2018: Tobacco Control
Mohammed Jawad, John Tayu Lee, Stanton Glantz, Christopher Millett
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the price elasticity of demand of non-cigarette tobacco products. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, EconLit and the Web of Science without language or time restrictions. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers screened title and abstracts, then full texts, independently and in duplicate. We based eligibility criteria on study design (interventional or observational), population (individuals or communities without geographic restrictions), intervention (price change) and outcome (change in demand)...
January 23, 2018: Tobacco Control
M Justin Byron, Michelle Jeong, David B Abrams, Noel T Brewer
OBJECTIVE: The USA is considering a very low nicotine content (VLNC) cigarette standard. We sought to characterise the prevalence and correlates of the incorrect belief that VLNC cigarettes are less carcinogenic than current cigarettes, as this could reduce motivation to quit. METHODS: Participants were a nationally representative sample of 650 adult smokers in the USA. In 2015-2016, before the VLNC proposal became public, these smokers took part in an online survey...
January 23, 2018: Tobacco Control
Jennifer A Emond, Samir Soneji, Mary F Brunette, James D Sargent
INTRODUCTION: Flavour capsule cigarettes are a recent product worldwide, and little is known about the epidemiology of their use. We used data from a nationally representative survey to understand the sociodemographic characteristics of flavour capsule cigarette smokers and reasons for flavour capsule use. METHODS: Data were from the nationally representative, U.S. Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health survey (2013-2014). Analyses included 7181 adults, aged 18-44 years, who were current or former established (≥100 lifetime cigarettes) cigarette smokers...
January 23, 2018: Tobacco Control
John A Tauras, Frank J Chaloupka, Gregg Moor, Patricia Nez Henderson, Scott J Leischow
OBJECTIVE: As part of the Smoke-Free Illinois Act, smoking on the gambling floors of all commercial casinos in Illinois became prohibited. This study examined the effects of the Smoke-Free Illinois Act on casino admissions per-capita and real per-capita adjusted gross receipts using 18 years of data (10 years before and 8 years after the Illinois law went into effect). METHODS: We employed a difference-in-difference regression technique using monthly data for the states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa and Missouri and control for numerous determinants expected to affect casino admissions and revenue...
January 19, 2018: Tobacco Control
Laura Llambi, Mary Barros, Carolina Parodi, Antonella Pippo, Virginia Nunez, Mercedes Colomar, Alvaro Ciganda, Fiorella Cavalleri, Juan J Goyeneche, Alicia Aleman
INTRODUCTION: Protection from secondhand smoke (SHS) is one of the fundamental principles of the WHO Framework Convention for Tobacco Control. Objective data on SHS exposure in vehicles in South America is scarce. This study aimed to estimate prevalence of smoking inside vehicles. METHODS: The point prevalence of smoking in vehicles was observed, and a method for estimating smoking prevalence was piloted. RESULTS: We observed 10 011 vehicles...
January 19, 2018: Tobacco Control
Russell Clarence Callaghan, Marcos Sanches, Jodi Gatley, James K Cunningham, Michael Oliver Chaiton, Robert Schwartz, Susan Bondy, Claire Benny
BACKGROUND: Recently, the US Institute of Medicine has proposed that raising the minimum age for tobacco purchasing/sales to 21 years would likely lead to reductions in smoking behavior among young people. Surprisingly few studies, however, have assessed the potential impacts of minimum-age tobacco restrictions on youth smoking. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the impacts of Canadian minimum age for tobacco sales (MATS) laws on youth smoking behaviour. DESIGN: A regression-discontinuity design, using seven merged cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey, 2000-2014...
January 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
Yanyun He, Ce Shang, Jidong Huang, Kai-Wen Cheng, Frank J Chaloupka
BACKGROUND: Since Iceland became the first country to impose a ban on point-of-sale (POS) tobacco product displays in 2001, 20 countries have implemented POS display bans as of 2016. This study examined the effect that POS display bans have on smoking prevalence. METHODS: Data were sourced from Euromonitor International and the WHO MPOWER package for 2007-2014 from 77 countries worldwide. generalised linear models with country and year fixed effects were estimated to analyse the effect of POS display bans on smoking prevalence...
January 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
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