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Tobacco Control

Kenneth A Perkins, Joshua L Karelitz
BACKGROUND: Marketing claims often have promoted specific perceptions that users should expect from acutely smoking that cigarette brand. Yet, little controlled study has determined the degree to which actual perceptions are based on the cigarette's tobacco constituents in the absence of knowledge about the brand's identity. METHODS: 194 adult dependent smokers rated their perceptions on 'liking', 'satisfying', 'strong' and perceived amount of 'nicotine' after smoking ad lib one of their preferred brands of cigarettes...
July 10, 2018: Tobacco Control
Roberto Valiente, Xisca Sureda, Usama Bilal, Ana Navas-Acien, Jamie Pearce, Manuel Franco, Francisco Escobar
BACKGROUND: In Spain, tobacco sales are limited to tobacco-exclusive stores and associated vending machines. A minimum of 150 m between stores is required, unless they exceed a legal sales threshold. Minimum distances to schools are recommended but not defined. We evaluated compliance with these regulations in Madrid, Spain. METHODS: Information about tobacco-exclusive stores and their sales volume was obtained in 2014. We used geographic information system to identify stores closer than 150 m between them and examine whether they exceeded the sales threshold...
July 10, 2018: Tobacco Control
Rizwana Burhanuddin Shaikh, Jayadevan Sreedharan, Shatha Al Sharbatti, Jayakumary Muttappallymyalil, Lily Lee, Michael Weitzman
OBJECTIVES: To estimate and compare the salivary cotinine levels using a semiquantitative method, called NicAlert, between three groups: non-smokers, daily smokers of cigarettes and daily smokers of midwakh, and to compare the carbon monoxide (CO) levels among these groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 159 adult male volunteers aged 20 and above were included, with 54 current cigarette smokers, 52 current midwakh smokers and 53 non-smokers. Estimate of breath carbon monoxide and salivary cotinine were collected, as well as sociodemographic characteristics and details of smoking habits and second-hand smoke exposure among participants...
July 9, 2018: Tobacco Control
Aya Mostafa, Heba Tallah Mohammed, Wafaa Mohamed Hussein, Mahmoud Elhabiby, Wael Safwat, Sahar Labib, Aisha Aboul Fotouh, Janet Hoek
BACKGROUND: Although Egypt places four generic pictorial health warnings (PHWs) on the front and back half of waterpipe tobacco packs (WTPs), waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) rates have continued to rise. It has been suggested that PHWs would be more salient if placed on the waterpipe device itself. This qualitative study explored how participants perceived the effects placing PHWs on waterpipe devices would have on warning salience and uptake or quitting of WTS. METHODS: We conducted 10 focus groups and 10 in-depth interviews with 90 adult waterpipe smokers and non-smokers, men and women, who lived in rural, semi-urban and urban regions of Egypt...
July 6, 2018: Tobacco Control
Peter Magati, Raphael Lencucha, Qing Li, Jeffrey Drope, Ronald Labonte, Adriana Boakyewaa Appau, Donald Makoka, Fastone Goma, Richard Zulu
BACKGROUND: The tobacco industry has used the alleged negative impacts on economic livelihoods for tobacco farmers as a narrative to oppose tobacco control measures in low/middle-income countries. However, rigorous empirical evidence to support or refute this claim remains scarce. Accordingly, we assess how much money households earn from selling tobacco, and the costs they incur to produce the crop, including labour inputs. We also evaluate farmers' decision to operate under contract directly with tobacco manufacturers and tobacco leaf-buying companies or to operate as independent farmers...
July 2, 2018: Tobacco Control
Dorie E Apollonio, Stanton A Glantz
BACKGROUND: Cigarette packs are a form of advertising that distributes brand information wherever smokers go. In the 21st century, tobacco companies began using onserts on cigarette packs to communicate new advertising messages to smokers. METHODS: We reviewed tobacco industry documents dated 1926 to 2017 to identify how the tobacco industry developed and used onserts in marketing and to serve the industry's political and legal objectives. RESULTS: Onserts added to cigarette packs became a more cost-effective way for brands to market in the year 2000...
June 28, 2018: Tobacco Control
Geoffrey T Fong, Janet Chung-Hall, Lorraine Craig
BACKGROUND: At its sixth meeting (Moscow, November 2014), the Conference of the Parties (COP) adopted decision FCTC/COP6(13) that called for an impact assessment to 'examine the impact of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) on the implementation of tobacco control measures and on the effectiveness of its implementation' after its first 10 years. An independent expert group (EG) was established to conduct the impact assessment, and report their findings at COP7 (Delhi, November 2016)...
June 28, 2018: Tobacco Control
Jim McCambridge, Mike Daube, Martin McKee
The case for policies to be based on evidence appeared to gain a major boost with the publication of the Brussels Declaration, apparently with support from many leading scientists and institutions. Yet, as we show in this analysis, there are major concerns about how it was developed and, in particular, the extensive involvement of tobacco and alcohol industry actors. We describe how its coverage of conflicts of interest and vested interests is consistent with the perspectives of these same actors. The process of developing the Declaration successfully involved science advisors, other senior officials in governments and politicians in its preparation...
June 25, 2018: Tobacco Control
Lisa Bero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 25, 2018: Tobacco Control
Kelvin Choi, Julia Cen Chen, Andy S L Tan, Samir Soneji, Meghan B Moran
BACKGROUND: We assessed whether receipt of coupons-via direct mail or e-mail-was prospectively related to trajectories of smoking behaviours. METHODS: Data were from a cohort of US adults (n=26 447) who participated in wave 1 (2013-2014) and wave 2 (2014-2015) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study. Participants reported receipt of tobacco direct mail/email coupons in the past 6 months in wave 1 and their smoking status in both waves. Weighted multiple logistic regressions were used to examine demographic correlates of receiving tobacco direct mail/email coupons at wave 1 and to examine the prospective effect of receiving tobacco coupons on trajectories of smoking behaviours...
June 19, 2018: Tobacco Control
Luk Joossens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
Anna B Gilmore, Allen W A Gallagher, Andy Rowell
BACKGROUND: The Illicit Trade Protocol (ITP) requires a global track and trace (T&T) system to reduce tobacco smuggling. Given the tobacco industry's (TI) historical involvement in tobacco smuggling, it stipulates that T&T 'shall not be performed by or delegated to the tobacco industry'. This paper explores the rationale for & nature of the TI's effors to influence the ITP & its T&T system. METHODS: Analysis of leaked TI documents and publicly available data; ,investigation of front groups, trademark and patent ownership...
June 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
Syed Mahbubur Rahman, Md Shariful Alam, Abm Zubair, Md Hasan Shahriar, Monowar Hossein, Md Shahedul Alam, Marita Hefler
OBJECTIVE: This study describes and analyses compliance with tobacco product graphic health warning (GHW) legislation introduced in Bangladesh in March 2016. METHODS: A survey based on a structured questionnaire was conducted in April 2016 (immediately following the law coming into force), and 8 months later in November 2016, in eight divisional cities in Bangladesh. Five stores from three categories of retailers of combustible and smokeless tobacco products were surveyed, providing a total of 120 completed questionnaires...
June 12, 2018: Tobacco Control
Raed Bahelah, Kenneth D Ward, Ziyad Ben Taleb, Joseph R DiFranza, Thomas Eissenberg, Rana Jaber, Wasim Maziak
INTRODUCTION: Waterpipe smoking continues to pose significant challenges to tobacco control efforts and many adolescent waterpipe smokers experience symptoms of nicotine dependence (ND). This study examined the predictors of progression of ND symptoms in adolescent waterpipe smokers. METHODS: We assembled a cohort of Lebanese adolescents enrolled in eighth and ninth grades at baseline, and surveyed them every 6 months over the next 24 months. Progression of ND symptoms was defined as an increase over time in the number of items endorsed on the Hooked on Nicotine Checklist...
June 12, 2018: Tobacco Control
Allan T Daly, Ashish A Deshmukh, Damon J Vidrine, Alexander V Prokhorov, Summer G Frank, Patricia D Tahay, Maggie E Houchen, Scott B Cantor
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cigarette smoking is significantly higher among those living at or below the federal poverty level. Cell phone-based interventions among such populations have the potential to reduce smoking rates and be cost-effective. METHODS: We performed a cost-effectiveness analysis of three smoking cessation interventions: Standard Care (SC) (brief advice to quit, nicotine replacement therapy and self-help written materials), Enhanced Care (EC) (SC plus cell phone-delivered messaging) and Intensive Care (IC) (EC plus cell phone-delivered counselling)...
June 9, 2018: Tobacco Control
Janet Chung-Hall, Lorraine Craig, Shannon Gravely, Natalie Sansone, Geoffrey T Fong
OBJECTIVE: To present findings of a narrative review on the implementation and effectiveness of 17 Articles of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) during the Treaty's first decade. DATA SOURCES: Published reports on global FCTC implementation; searches of four databases through June 2016; hand-search of publications/online resources; tobacco control experts. STUDY SELECTION: WHO Convention Secretariat global progress reports (2010, 2012, 2014); 2015 WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic; studies of social, behavioural, health, economic and/or environmental impacts of FCTC policies...
June 7, 2018: Tobacco Control
Betsy Brock, Samantha C Carlson, Alicia Leizinger, Joanne D'Silva, Christine M Matter, Barbara A Schillo
BACKGROUND: Flavoured tobacco is increasingly popular with youth. The twin cities of Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota restricted the sale of flavoured tobacco to adult-only tobacco shops in an effort to reduce youth access and exposure to these products. This observational study explores the impact of these policies on the retail environment. METHODS: Between November 2015 and April 2017, observational assessments were conducted at convenience and grocery stores preimplementation and postimplementation of flavoured tobacco restrictions in Minneapolis (n=41), Saint Paul (n=37) and the comparison city of Brooklyn Park, Minnesota (n=14)...
June 6, 2018: Tobacco Control
Jesse Elias, Pamela M Ling
BACKGROUND: Tobacco companies are introducing new 'heat-not-burn' cigarettes in dozens of countries. Historically, these products failed commercially, and independent researchers contested their health claims. The most prominent early heat-not-burn cigarette was RJ Reynolds's (RJR's) Premier, introduced in the USA in 1988. Curiously, The Lancet endorsed Premier as a 'near-perfect low tar cigarette' in a 1991 editorial, 2 years after Premier had been removed from the market. We examined the context of this endorsement...
June 6, 2018: Tobacco Control
Suzanne Y Zhou, Jonathan D Liberman, Evita Ricafort
BACKGROUND: Since the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control's (FCTC) entry into force, the tobacco industry has initiated litigation challenging tobacco control measures implemented by governments around the world, or supported others to initiate such litigation on its behalf. In defending their tobacco control measures against such litigation, governments have invoked their obligations and rights under the WHO FCTC. We assess the extent to which the WHO FCTC has provided legal weight to governments' defences against legal challenge...
June 2, 2018: Tobacco Control
Jidong Huang, Zongshuan Duan, Julian Kwok, Steven Binns, Lisa E Vera, Yoonsang Kim, Glen Szczypka, Sherry L Emery
BACKGROUND: While national surveys showed declines in e-cigarette use in the USA between 2015 and 2016, recent reports indicate that JUUL, a sleekly designed e-cigarette that looks like a USB drive, is increasingly being used by youth and young adults. However, the extent of JUUL's growth and its marketing strategy have not been systematically examined. METHODS: A variety of data sources were used to examine JUUL retail sales in the USA and its marketing and promotion...
May 31, 2018: Tobacco Control
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