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Tobacco Control

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432213/tobacco-retail-availability-and-risk-of-relapse-among-smokers-who-make-a-quit-attempt-a-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Michael O Chaiton, Graham Mecredy, Joanna Cohen
INTRODUCTION: The availability of tobacco is thought to influence smoking behaviour, but there are few longitudinal studies examining if the location and number of tobacco outlets has a prospective impact on smoking cessation. METHODS: The Ontario Tobacco Survey, a population-representative sample of Ontario adult smokers who were followed every 6 months for up to 3 years, was linked with tobacco outlet location data from the Ontario Ministry of Health. Proximity (distance), threshold (at least one outlet within 500 m) and density (number of outlets within 500 m) with respect to a smokers' home were calculated among urban and suburban current smokers (n=2414)...
April 21, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432212/into-the-black-marlboro-brand-architecture-packaging-and-marketing-communication-of-relative-harm
#2
Timothy Dewhirst
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432211/recruiting-and-retaining-youth-and-young-adults-challenges-and-opportunities-in-survey-research-for-tobacco-control
#3
Jennifer Cantrell, Elizabeth C Hair, Alexandria Smith, Morgane Bennett, Jessica Miller Rath, Randall K Thomas, Mansour Fahimi, J Michael Dennis, Donna Vallone
INTRODUCTION: Evaluation studies of population-based tobacco control interventions often rely on large-scale survey data from numerous respondents across many geographic areas to provide evidence of their effectiveness. Significant challenges for survey research have emerged with the evolving communications landscape, particularly for surveying hard-to-reach populations such as youth and young adults. This study combines the comprehensive coverage of an address-based sampling (ABS) frame with the timeliness of online data collection to develop a nationally representative longitudinal cohort of young people aged 15-21...
April 21, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432210/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-complex-intervention-to-reduce-children-s-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-in-the-home
#4
Elena Ratschen, Rebecca Thorley, Laura Jones, Magdalena Opazo Breton, Juliette Cook, Ann McNeill, John Britton, Tim Coleman, Sarah Lewis
OBJECTIVES: Exposing children to secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) causes significant harm and occurs predominantly through smoking by caregivers in the family home. We report a trial of a complex intervention designed to reduce secondhand smoke exposure of children whose primary caregiver feels unable or unwilling to quit smoking. DESIGN: An open-label, parallel, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Deprived communities in Nottingham City and County, England PARTICIPANTS: Caregivers resident in Nottingham City and County in England who were at least 18 years old, the main caregiver of a child aged under 5 years living in their household, and reported that they were smoking tobacco inside their home...
April 21, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428337/factual-text-and-emotional-pictures-overcoming-a-false-dichotomy-of-cigarette-warning-labels
#5
Lucy Popova, Daniel Owusu, Desmond Jenson, Torsten B Neilands
BACKGROUND: In reviewing the first set of pictorial warning labels in the USA, the courts equated textual labels with facts and information, and images with emotion. This study tested the differences in perceived informativeness and emotion between textual and pictorial cigarette warning labels. METHODS: An online study with 1838 US adults who were non-smokers (n=764), transitioning smokers (quit smoking in the past 2 years or currently trying to quit, n=505) or current smokers (n=569)...
April 20, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416710/compliance-with-uruguay-s-single-presentation-requirement
#6
Teresa DeAtley, Eduardo Bianco, Kevin Welding, Joanna E Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco companies vary pack colours, designs, descriptors, flavours and brand names on cigarette packs to target a multitude of consumers. These different brand variants can falsely imply that some brand variants are less harmful than others. Uruguay is the only country that requires cigarette companies to adhere to a single presentation (one brand variant) per brand family. METHODS: An existing, systematic pack purchasing protocol was adapted for data collection...
April 17, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404785/moving-past-the-problematisation-of-tobacco-farming-insights-from-south-india
#7
Nithya Natarajan
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco control actors increasingly recognise the importance of supply-side issues in seeking to address the problem of global tobacco consumption. However, research in this field often depicts tobacco production as a problem for farmers and as a malaise of the global industry. This paper the case of chewing tobacco producers in South India to explore why tobacco remains so resilient in this region. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 68 tobacco farmers and traders in 38 villages across five districts of Tamil Nadu, triangulated with informal discussions with over 100 agrarian actors both connected and unconnected to tobacco, extensive ethnographic field notes, and interviews with state and NGO actors...
April 12, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400490/flavour-chemicals-in-a-sample-of-non-cigarette-tobacco-products-without-explicit-flavour-names-sold-in-new-york-city-in-2015
#8
Shannon M Farley, Kevin Rj Schroth, Victoria Grimshaw, Wentai Luo, Julia L DeGagne, Peyton A Tierney, Kilsun Kim, James F Pankow
BACKGROUND: Youth who experiment with tobacco often start with flavoured products. In New York City (NYC), local law restricts sales of all tobacco products with 'characterising flavours' except for 'tobacco, menthol, mint and wintergreen'. Enforcement is based on packaging: explicit use of a flavour name (eg, 'strawberry') or image depicting a flavour (eg, a fruit) is presumptive evidence that a product is flavoured and therefore prohibited. However, a tobacco product may contain significant levels of added flavour chemicals even when the label does not explicitly use a flavour name...
April 11, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396484/australia-s-40-per-pack-cigarette-tax-plans-the-need-to-consider-equity
#9
Katherine T Hirono, Katherine E Smith
In May 2016, the Australian Government announced that it would implement annual increases in tobacco excise of 12.5% up to and including 2020, raising the cost of a pack of cigarettes to $A40. This increase will lead to Australia having one of the highest prices of cigarettes in the world. Increasing the cost of tobacco is considered by public health experts to be one of the most effective strategies to reduce tobacco use, and is generally well supported by the public. However, tobacco tax increases differentially impact various subgroups of the population...
April 10, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381414/comparison-of-a-preferred-versus-non-preferred-waterpipe-tobacco-flavour-subjective-experience-smoking-behaviour-and-toxicant-exposure
#10
Eleanor L Leavens, Leslie M Driskill, Neil Molina, Thomas Eissenberg, Alan Shihadeh, Emma I Brett, Evan Floyd, Theodore L Wagener
INTRODUCTION: One possible reason for the rapid proliferation of waterpipe (WP) smoking is the pervasive use of flavoured WP tobacco. To begin to understand the impact of WP tobacco flavours, the current study examined the impact of a preferred WP tobacco flavour compared with a non-preferred tobacco flavoured control on user's smoking behaviour, toxicant exposure and subjective smoking experience. METHOD: Thirty-six current WP smokers completed two, 45-minute ad libitum smoking sessions (preferred flavour vs non-preferred tobacco flavour control) in a randomised cross-over design...
April 5, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360145/preliminary-evidence-that-high-levels-of-nicotine-on-children-s-hands-may-contribute-to-overall-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#11
E Melinda Mahabee-Gittens, Ashley L Merianos, Georg E Matt
BACKGROUND: Dust and surfaces are important sources of lead and pesticide exposure in young children. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate if third-hand smoke (THS) pollutants accumulate on the hands of children who live in environments where tobacco is used and if hand nicotine levels are associated with second-hand smoke (SHS), as measured by salivary cotinine. METHODS: Participants were parents and children (n=25; age mean (SD)=5.4 (5.3) years) presenting to the emergency department with a potentially SHS-related illness...
March 30, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341768/public-reactions-to-e-cigarette-regulations-on-twitter-a-text-mining-analysis
#12
Allison J Lazard, Gary B Wilcox, Hannah M Tuttle, Elizabeth M Glowacki, Jessica Pikowski
BACKGROUND: In May 2016, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a final rule that deemed e-cigarettes to be within their regulatory authority as a tobacco product. News and opinions about the regulation were shared on social media platforms, such as Twitter, which can play an important role in shaping the public's attitudes. We analysed information shared on Twitter for insights into initial public reactions. METHODS: A text mining approach was used to uncover important topics among reactions to the e-cigarette regulations on Twitter...
March 24, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341767/the-effect-of-excise-tax-increases-on-cigarette-prices-in-south-africa
#13
Daniel J Linegar, Corne van Walbeek
INTRODUCTION: The effectiveness of excise tax increases as a tool for reducing tobacco consumption depends largely on how the tax increases impact the retail price. We estimate this relationship in South Africa for 2001-2015. DATA: Statistics South Africa provided disaggregated cigarette price data, used in the calculation of the Consumers' Price Index. Data on the excise tax per cigarette were obtained from Budget Reviews prepared by the National Treasury of South Africa...
March 24, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341766/recommendations-to-the-european-commission-implementing-a-priority-list-of-additives-that-should-have-more-stringent-reporting-requirements-the-opinion-of-the-scientific-committee-on-emerging-and-newly-identified-health-risks-scenihr
#14
Peter Hoet, Konrad Rydzynski, Theo Vermeire, Urmila Nair, Reinskje Talhout, Emanuela Testai, Scenihr Secretariat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336521/defending-strong-tobacco-packaging-and-labelling-regulations-in-uruguay-transnational-tobacco-control-network-versus-philip-morris-international
#15
Eric Crosbie, Particia Sosa, Stanton A Glantz
OBJECTIVE: Describe the process of enacting and defending strong tobacco packaging and labelling regulations in Uruguay amid Philip Morris International's (PMI) legal threats and challenges. METHODS: Triangulated government legislation, news sources and interviews with policy-makers and health advocates in Uruguay. RESULTS: In 2008 and 2009, the Uruguayan government enacted at the time the world's largest pictorial health warning labels (80% of front and back of package) and prohibited different packaging or presentations for cigarettes sold under a given brand...
March 23, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315843/market-level-exposure-to-state-antismoking-media-campaigns-and-public-support-for-tobacco-control-policy-in-the-united-states-2001-2002
#16
Jeff Niederdeppe, Maxwell Kellogg, Christofer Skurka, Rosemary J Avery
OBJECTIVE: This study tests whether exposure to state antismoking media campaigns is associated with increased support for comprehensive bans on smoking indoors and cigarette advertising. METHODS: We combine commercially available data on market-level state-sponsored antismoking advertisements with three waves of the Current Population Survey's Tobacco Use Supplement to test the relationship between market-level volume of state antismoking advertising exposure and support for tobacco control policy between 2001 and 2002...
March 18, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302920/attitudes-and-experiences-with-secondhand-smoke-and-smoke-free-policies-among-subsidised-and-market-rate-multiunit-housing-residents-living-in-six-diverse-communities-in-the-usa
#17
Andrea S Gentzke, Andrew Hyland, Marc Kiviniemi, Mark J Travers
BACKGROUND: Given that higher smoking rates persist among lower socioeconomic populations, multiunit housing (MUH) environments may result in higher secondhand smoke (SHS) exposures among subsidised MUH residents. This cross-sectional assessment compares experiences with SHS and smoke-free policies among subsidised and market-rate MUH residents living in six US communities. METHODS: MUH residents (n=1565) were surveyed regarding their smoke-free rules (home and building), SHS exposures and preferences towards smoke-free policies...
March 16, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302919/tobacco-cessation-and-household-spending-on-non-tobacco-goods-results-from-the-us-consumer-expenditure-surveys
#18
Erin S Rogers, Dhaval M Dave, Alexis Pozen, Marianne Fahs, William T Gallo
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the impact of tobacco cessation on household spending on non-tobacco goods in the USA. METHODS: Using 2006-2015 Consumer Expenditure Survey data, 9130 tobacco-consuming households were followed for four quarters. Households were categorised during the fourth quarter as having: (1) recent tobacco cessation, (2) long-term cessation, (3) relapsed cessation or (4) no cessation. Generalised linear models were used to compare fourth quarter expenditures on alcohol, food at home, food away from home, housing, healthcare, transportation, entertainment and other goods between the no-cessation households and those with recent, long-term or relapsed cessation...
March 16, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302918/the-heterogeneous-impact-of-a-successful-tobacco-control-campaign-a-case-study-of-mauritius
#19
Hana Ross, Leelmanee Moussa, Tom Harris, Rajive Ajodhea
BACKGROUND: Mauritius has one of the highest smoking prevalences in Africa, contributing to its high burden of non-communicable diseases. Mauritius implemented a series of tobacco control measures from 2009 to 2012, including tobacco tax increases. There is evidence that these policies reduced tobacco consumption, but it is not clear what impact they had across different socioeconomic groups. METHOD: The impact of tobacco control measures on different income groups was analysed by contrasting household tobacco expenditures reported in 2006-2007 and 2012 household expenditure surveys...
March 15, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274990/tobacco-industry-s-t-o-t-a-l-interference
#20
Lisa Henriksen, Maggie Mahoney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: Tobacco Control
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