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Tobacco Control

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202783/evaluation-of-a-complex-healthcare-intervention-to-increase-smoking-cessation-in-pregnant-women-interrupted-time-series-analysis-with-economic-evaluation
#1
Ruth Bell, Svetlana V Glinianaia, Zelda van der Waal, Andrew Close, Eoin Moloney, Susan Jones, Vera Araújo-Soares, Sharon Hamilton, Eugene Mg Milne, Janet Shucksmith, Luke Vale, Martyn Willmore, Martin White, Steven Rushton
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a complex intervention to improve referral and treatment of pregnant smokers in routine practice, and to assess the incremental costs to the National Health Service (NHS) per additional woman quitting smoking. DESIGN: Interrupted time series analysis of routine data before and after introducing the intervention, within-study economic evaluation. SETTING: Eight acute NHS hospital trusts and 12 local authority areas in North East England...
February 15, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190004/identification-of-flavour-additives-in-tobacco-products-to-develop-a-flavour-library
#2
Erna Jz Krüsemann, Wouter F Visser, Johannes Wjm Cremers, Jeroen LA Pennings, Reinskje Talhout
OBJECTIVES: This study combines chemical analysis and flavour descriptions of flavour additives used in tobacco products, and provides a starting point to build an extensive library of flavour components, useful for product surveillance. METHODS: Headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to compare 22 commercially available tobacco products (cigarettes and roll-your-own) expected to have a characterising flavour and 6 commercially available products not expected to have a characterising flavour with 5 reference products (natural tobacco leaves and research cigarettes containing no flavour additives)...
February 11, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190003/telephone-care-co-ordination-for-tobacco-cessation-randomised-trials-testing-proactive-versus-reactive-models
#3
Scott E Sherman, Paul Krebs, Laura S York, Sharon E Cummins, Ware Kuschner, Sebnem Guvenc-Tuncturk, Shu-Hong Zhu
OBJECTIVES: We conducted two parallel studies evaluating the effectiveness of proactive and reactive engagement approaches to telephone treatment for smoking cessation. METHODS: Patients who smoked and were interested in quitting were referred to this study and were eligible if they were current smokers and had an address and a telephone number. The data were collected at 35 Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) sites, part of four VA medical centres in both California and Nevada...
February 11, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167683/e-cigarette-use-as-a-predictor-of-cigarette-smoking-results-from-a-1-year-follow-up-of-a-national-sample-of-12th-grade-students
#4
Richard Miech, Megan E Patrick, Patrick M O'Malley, Lloyd D Johnston
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively examine vaping as a predictor of future cigarette smoking among youth with and without previous cigarette smoking experience. A secondary aim is to investigate whether vaping may desensitise youth to the dangers of smoking. METHODS: Analysis of prospective longitudinal panel data from the nationally representative Monitoring the Future study. The analysis is based on 347 12th grade students who were part of a randomly selected subsample that completed in-school surveys in 2014 and were resurveyed 1-year later...
February 6, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153959/adult-smokers-perceptions-of-cigarette-pack-inserts-promoting-cessation-a-focus-group-study
#5
Crawford Moodie
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco companies have a long tradition of including promotional material within cigarette packs, such as cigarette cards and coupons. Only in Canada are they required, by the government, to include educational material within cigarette packs, in the form of inserts highlighting the benefits of quitting or providing tips on how to do so. METHODS: Twenty focus groups were conducted in Glasgow and Edinburgh in 2015, with smokers (n=120) segmented by age (16-17, 18-24, 25-35, 36-50, >50), gender and social grade, to explore perceptions of the inserts used in Canada...
February 2, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138063/global-economic-cost-of-smoking-attributable-diseases
#6
Mark Goodchild, Nigar Nargis, Edouard Tursan d'Espaignet
BACKGROUND: The detrimental impact of smoking on health has been widely documented since the 1960s. Numerous studies have also quantified the economic cost that smoking imposes on society. However, these studies have mostly been in high income countries, with limited documentation from developing countries. The aim of this paper is to measure the economic cost of smoking-attributable diseases in countries throughout the world, including in low- and middle-income settings. METHODS: The Cost of Illness approach is used to estimate the economic cost of smoking attributable-diseases in 2012...
January 30, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119499/neighbourhood-exposure-to-point-of-sale-price-promotions-for-cigarettes-is-associated-with-financial-stress-among-smokers-results-from-a-population-based-study
#7
Mohammad Siahpush, Melissa Tibbits, Ghada A Soliman, Brandon Grimm, Raees A Shaikh, Molly McCarthy, Neng Wan, Athena K Ramos, Antonia Correa
AIM: To examine the association between neighbourhood exposure to point-of-sale (POS) cigarette price promotions and financial stress among smokers in a Midwestern metropolitan area in the USA. METHODS: Survey data from 888 smokers provided information on sociodemographic and smoking related variables. Financial stress was measured with the question: 'In the last six months, because of lack of money, was there a time when you were unable to buy food or pay any important bills on time, such as electricity, telephone, credit card, rent or your mortgage? [Yes/No]...
January 24, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119498/mobile-marketing-an-emerging-strategy-to-promote-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems
#8
Jennifer Cantrell, Ollie Ganz, Brittany Emelle, Rakiya Moore, Jessica Rath, Elizabeth C Hair, Donna Vallone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093545/die-another-day-james-bond-s-smoking-over-six-decades
#9
Nick Wilson, Anne Tucker
We aimed to examine smoking-related content in all 24 James Bond movies in the Eon Productions series from 1962 to 2015. There were favourable downward trends for any smoking by James Bond (p=0.015 for trend), and for tobacco-related spy-gadgetry (p=0.009). Around 20% of Bond's 60 sexual partners smoked in each decade, and most recently in 2012. There were regular mentions of smoking risks to health (starting from 1967) and product placement of branded packs was present in two movies. Overall, the persisting smoking content remains problematic from a public health perspective, especially given the popularity of this movie series...
January 16, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062581/e-cigarette-marketing-targeted-to-youth-in-south-korea
#10
Wonkyong Beth Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044010/electronic-cigarette-retailers-use-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-to-market-products
#11
Matthew G Kirkpatrick, Tess Boley Cruz, Nicholas I Goldenson, Jon-Patrick Allem, Kar-Hai Chu, Mary Ann Pentz, Jennifer B Unger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011924/childhood-secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-pregnancy-loss-in-never-smokers-the-guangzhou-biobank-cohort-study
#12
Shanshan Yang, Lin Xu, Yao He, Chaoqiang Jiang, Yali Jin, Kar Keung Cheng, Weisen Zhang, Tai Hing Lam
OBJECTIVE: Studies of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure especially childhood SHS exposure and pregnancy loss are limited. We used baseline data of the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study (GBCS) to examine the association of childhood SHS exposure with a history of pregnancy loss. METHODS: Never smoking women aged 50 years or above in GBCS from 2003 to 2008 were included. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to control for confounding. Negative binomial regression and logistic regression were used to examine the association of childhood SHS, assessed by number of smokers in childhood household and frequency of exposure, with past pregnancy loss...
December 23, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003324/e-cigarettes-and-equity-a-systematic-review-of-differences-in-awareness-and-use-between-sociodemographic-groups
#13
REVIEW
Greg Hartwell, Sian Thomas, Matt Egan, Anna Gilmore, Mark Petticrew
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) awareness, 'ever use' and current use vary significantly between different sociodemographic groups. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Published and unpublished reports identified by searching seven electronic databases (PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, Global Health, PsycINFO, CINAHL Plus) and grey literature sources. STUDY SELECTION: Systematic search for and appraisal of cross-sectional or longitudinal studies that assessed e-cigarette awareness, 'ever use' or current use, and included subgroup analysis of 1 or more PROGRESS Plus sociodemographic groups...
December 21, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999096/when-the-tax-stamp-covers-the-health-warning-label-conflicting-best-practices-for-tobacco-control-policy
#14
LETTER
Michael Iacobelli, Katherine Clegg Smith, Carmen Washington, Kevin Welding, Joanna E Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956650/seven-years-of-progress-in-tobacco-control-an-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-nations-meeting-the-highest-level-mpower-measures-between-2007-and-2014
#15
David T Levy, Zhe Yuan, Yuying Luo, Darren Mays
OBJECTIVE: Since WHO released the package of six MPOWER measures to assist nations with implementing the WHO Framework Convention for Tobacco Control (FCTC), 88 countries adopted at least one highest level MPOWER measure. We estimated the subsequent reduction in smoking-related deaths from all new highest level measures adopted between 2007 and 2014. METHODS: Policy effect sizes based on previously validated SimSmoke models were applied to the number of smokers in each nation to determine the reduction in the number of smokers from policy adoption...
December 12, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924009/public-understanding-of-cigarette-smoke-constituents-three-us-surveys
#16
Noel T Brewer, Jennifer C Morgan, Sabeeh A Baig, Jennifer R Mendel, Marcella H Boynton, Jessica K Pepper, M Justin Byron, Seth M Noar, Robert P Agans, Kurt M Ribisl
INTRODUCTION: The Tobacco Control Act requires public disclosure of information about toxic constituents in cigarette smoke. To inform these efforts, we studied public understanding of cigarette smoke constituents. METHODS: We conducted phone surveys with national probability samples of adolescents (n=1125) and adults (n=5014) and an internet survey with a convenience sample of adults (n=4137), all in the USA. We assessed understanding of cigarette smoke constituents in general and of 24 specific constituents...
December 6, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924008/misperceptions-of-harm-among-natural-american-spirit-smokers-results-from-wave-1-of-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study-2013-2014
#17
Jennifer L Pearson, Amanda Johnson, Andrea Villanti, Allison M Glasser, Lauren Collins, Amy Cohn, Shyanika W Rose, Raymond Niaura, Cassandra A Stanton
INTRODUCTION: This study estimated differences in cigarette harm perceptions among smokers of the Natural American Spirit (NAS) brand-marketed as 'natural', 'organic' and 'additive-free'-compared to other smokers, and examined correlates of NAS use. METHODS: Data were drawn from wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study, a nationally representative study of US adults (2013-2014). Weighted analyses using a subset of current adult smokers (n=10 565) estimated the prevalence of NAS use (vs all other brands) and examined associations between NAS use and sociodemographics, tobacco/substance use, tobacco harm perceptions, quit intentions, quit attempts and mental/behavioural health...
December 6, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913790/do-cigarette-graphic-warnings-encourage-smokers-to-attend-a-smoking-cessation-programme-a-quasi-experimental-study
#18
Joseph Guydish, Barbara Tajima, Thao Le, Catherine Henderson, Deborah Yip, Valerie Gruber, Wayne Garcia, Kevin L Delucchi
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed whether exposure to cigarette graphic warning labels (GWLs) increased attendance to a smoking cessation programme. METHOD: From 2014 to 2016, alternating cohorts of smokers in 3 residential drug treatment programmes received either GWLs (experimental) or transparent (control) labels placed on their cigarette packs for 30 days. The primary outcome was the proportion of participants who chose to attend a smoking cessation group after the labelling period...
December 2, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913789/unregulated-hazards-to-young-people-smoking-in-films
#19
LETTER
Yao-Mao Chang, Bradley Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903958/global-approaches-to-regulating-electronic-cigarettes
#20
Ryan David Kennedy, Ayodeji Awopegba, Elaine De León, Joanna E Cohen
OBJECTIVES: Classify and describe the policy approaches used by countries to regulate e-cigarettes. METHODS: National policies regulating e-cigarettes were identified by (1) conducting web searches on Ministry of Health websites, and (2) broad web searches. The mechanisms used to regulate e-cigarettes were classified as new/amended laws, or existing laws. The policy domains identified include restrictions or prohibitions on product: sale, manufacturing, importation, distribution, use, product design including e-liquid ingredients, advertising/promotion/sponsorship, trademarks, and regulation requiring: taxation, health warning labels and child-safety standards...
November 30, 2016: Tobacco Control
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