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Tobacco Control

Brian A Primack, Ariel Shensa, Jaime E Sidani, Megan C Tulikangas, Mark S Roberts, Jason B Colditz, Maria K Mor, A Everette James, Michael J Fine
OBJECTIVES: To form population-level comparisons of total smoke volume, tar, carbon monoxide and nicotine consumed from waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) and cigarette smoking using data from a nationally representative sample of smokers and non-smokers aged 18-30 years. METHODS: In March and April 2013, we surveyed a nationally representative sample of 3254 US young adults to assess the frequency and volume of WTS and cigarette smoking. We used Monte Carlo analyses with 5000 repetitions to estimate the proportions of toxicants originating from WTS and cigarette smoking...
May 16, 2018: Tobacco Control
Elizabeth C Hair, Morgane Bennett, Emily Sheen, Jennifer Cantrell, Jodie Briggs, Zoe Fenn, Jeffrey G Willett, Donna Vallone
OBJECTIVE: To examine consumer perceptions, attitudes and behaviours regarding the heated tobacco product, IQOS, as well as to document the product's marketing strategies to determine its potential for appealing to youth and young adults. METHOD: Truth Initiative, in collaboration with Flamingo, collected qualitative data via: (1) expert interviews, (2) semiotic analysis of IQOS packing and marketing materials, and (3) 12 focus groups with adults in Switzerland (ages 19-44 years; June 6-9, 2016) and Japan (ages 20-39 years; June 22-24, 2016) (n=68 for both groups)...
May 15, 2018: Tobacco Control
Ritesh Mistry, Mangesh S Pednekar, William J McCarthy, Ken Resnicow, Sharmila A Pimple, Hsing-Fang Hsieh, Gauravi A Mishra, Prakash C Gupta
BACKGROUND: We measured how student tobacco use and psychological risk factors (intention to use and perceived ease of access to tobacco products) were associated with tobacco vendor compliance with India's Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act provisions regulating the point-of-sale (POS) environment. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional survey of high school students (n=1373) and tobacco vendors (n=436) in school-adjacent communities (n=26) in Mumbai, India...
May 9, 2018: Tobacco Control
Annalise Mathers, Robert Schwartz, Shawn O'Connor, Michael Fung, Lori Diemert
INTRODUCTION: Phillip Morris International (PMI) is pushing hard to promote IQOS heat-not-burn cigarettes in Ontario, Canada. Canada regulates IQOS as a tobacco product so that the robust tobacco marketing ban creates challenges to its promotion. METHODS: We collected data on IQOS promotion in 49 retail outlets, and through interviews with clerks and observations outside an IQOS store. RESULTS: The dominant marketing channel is the visible availability of IQOS in a large number of tobacco retail outlets-1029 across Ontario...
May 3, 2018: Tobacco Control
Amanda Y Kong, Shelley D Golden, Allison E Myers, Melissa A Little, Robert Klesges, Wayne Talcott, Sara M Vandegrift, Daniel G Cassidy, Kurt M Ribisl
INTRODUCTION: Active duty military personnel have higher cigarette and smokeless tobacco use rates than civilian populations. Although US Airmen (called Airmen regardless of gender or rank) are required to be tobacco-free during initial training, many resume use once this period ends, perhaps as a result of easy access to cheap tobacco products. METHODS: Between July and September 2016, we collected tobacco product, price and promotion information by visiting on-base (n=28) and off-base (n=80) tobacco retailers near the eight technical training bases where approximately 99% of Airmen attend training...
April 28, 2018: Tobacco Control
Silvano Gallus, Maria Sofia Cattaruzza, Giuseppe Gorini, Fabrizio Faggiano
'The Holy See cannot be cooperating with a practice that is clearly harming the health of people'. This is the reason behind Pope Francis banning the sale of tobacco products inside the Vatican in January 2018. Just outside the Holy See, in Italy, cigarette sales produce around €13 billion of fiscal revenues every year. In Italy, proposals to increase tobacco taxation are systematically rejected and new tobacco company plants have been officially inaugurated in recent years by representatives of State. The national branch of the Red Cross also shows ambivalent attitudes towards the tobacco industry, from which it has accepted significant funding in disregard of the recommendations of the International Federation of Red Cross...
April 25, 2018: Tobacco Control
Iftekharul Huq, Nigar Nargis, Damba Lkhagvasuren, Akm Ghulam Hussain, Geoffrey T Fong
BACKGROUND: Taxing tobacco is among the most effective measures of tobacco control. However, in a tiered market structure where multiple tiers of taxes coexist, the anticipated impact of tobacco taxes on consumption is complex. This paper investigates changing smoking behaviour in lieu of changing prices and changing income. The objective of the paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of change in prices (through taxes) and change in income in a price-tiered cigarette market. METHOD: A panel dataset from the International Tobacco Control Bangladesh surveys is used for analysis...
April 25, 2018: Tobacco Control
Blair Coleman, Brian Rostron, Sarah E Johnson, Alexander Persoskie, Jennifer Pearson, Cassandra Stanton, Kelvin Choi, Gabriella Anic, Maciej Lukasz Goniewicz, Kenneth Michael Cummings, Karin A Kasza, Marushka L Silveira, Cristine Delnevo, Raymond Niaura, David B Abrams, Heather L Kimmel, Nicolette Borek, Wilson M Compton, Andrew Hyland
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed patterns of e-cigarette and cigarette use from Wave 1 to Wave 2 among adult e-cigarette users at Wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study. METHODS: We examined changes in e-cigarette use frequency at Wave 2 among adult e-cigarette users at Wave 1 (unweighted n=2835). Adjusted prevalence ratios (aPR) were calculated using a predicted marginal probability approach to assess correlates of e-cigarette discontinuance and smoking abstinence at Wave 2...
April 25, 2018: Tobacco Control
Eric Crosbie, Robert Eckford, Stella Bialous
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the tobacco industry's strategy of using trade and investment agreements to prevent the global diffusion of standardised packaging (SP) of tobacco products. METHODS: Review of tobacco industry documents, relevant government documents and media items. The data were triangulated and thematically analysed. RESULTS: Internal tobacco industry documents reveal that during the early 1990s, tobacco companies developed a multipronged trade strategy to prevent the global diffusion of progressive tobacco packaging and labelling proposals, including SP...
April 21, 2018: Tobacco Control
Nigar Nargis, Michal Stoklosa, Jeffrey Drope, Geoffrey T Fong, Anne C K Quah, Pete Driezen, Ce Shang, Frank J Chaloupka, A K M Ghulam Hussain
BACKGROUND: The price of tobacco products in relation to the income of tobacco users-affordability-is recognised as a key determinant of tobacco use behaviour. The effectiveness of a price increase as a deterrent to tobacco use depends on how much price increases in relation to the income of the potential users. The aim of this paper is to examine the distribution of and trends in the affordability of tobacco products in Bangladesh. METHOD: Using four waves of International Tobacco Control Survey data on Bangladesh, this study measures affordability of tobacco products at the individual level as the ratio of self-reported price and self-reported income...
April 19, 2018: Tobacco Control
Israel Terungwa Agaku, Satomi Odani, David Homa, Brian Armour, Rebecca Glover-Kudon
IMPORTANCE: Two components of social norms-descriptive (estimated prevalence) and injunctive (perceived acceptability)-can influence youth tobacco use. OBJECTIVE: To investigate electronic cigarettes (e-cigarette) and cigarette descriptive norms and measure the associations between overestimation of e-cigarette and cigarette prevalence and tobacco-related attitudes and behaviours. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: School-based, using paper-and-pencil questionnaires...
April 18, 2018: Tobacco Control
Jeffrey G Willett, Morgane Bennett, Elizabeth C Hair, Haijuan Xiao, Marisa S Greenberg, Emily Harvey, Jennifer Cantrell, Donna Vallone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2018: Tobacco Control
Derek A Pope, Lindsey Poe, Jeffrey S Stein, Brent A Kaplan, Bryan W Heckman, Leonard H Epstein, Warren K Bickel
BACKGROUND: The experimental tobacco marketplace (ETM) provides a method to estimate, prior to implementation, the effects of new products or policies on purchasing across various products in a complex tobacco marketplace. We used the ETM to examine the relationship between nicotine strength and substitutability of alternative products for cigarettes to contribute to the literature on regulation of e-liquid nicotine strength. METHODS: The present study contained four sampling and four ETM purchasing sessions...
April 18, 2018: Tobacco Control
Christina Watts, Marita Hefler, Becky Freeman
BACKGROUND: The tobacco industry has a long history of opposing tobacco control policy and promoting socially responsible business practices. With the rise of social media platforms, like Twitter, the tobacco industry is enabled to readily and easily communicate these messages. METHODS: All tweets published by the primary corporate Twitter accounts of British American Tobacco (BAT), Imperial Brands PLC (Imperial), Philip Morris International (PMI) and Japan Tobacco International (JTI) were downloaded in May 2017 and manually coded under 30 topic categories...
April 17, 2018: Tobacco Control
Timothy Dewhirst, Wonkyong Beth Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
Noel T Brewer, Michelle Jeong, Jennifer R Mendel, Marissa G Hall, Dongyu Zhang, Humberto Parada, Marcella H Boynton, Seth M Noar, Sabeeh A Baig, Jennifer C Morgan, Kurt M Ribisl
BACKGROUND: The USA can require tobacco companies to disclose information about harmful and potentially harmful chemicals in cigarette smoke, but the impact of these messages is uncertain. We sought to assess the effect of placing messages about toxic chemicals on smokers' cigarette packs. METHODS: Participants were 719 adult cigarette smokers from California, USA, recruited from September 2016 through March 2017. We randomly assigned smokers to receive either factual messages about chemicals in cigarette smoke and their health harms (intervention) or messages about not littering cigarette butts (control) on the side of their cigarette packs for 3 weeks...
April 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
Ramakanth Kavuluru, Sifei Han, Ellen J Hahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
Joanne Dono, Jacqueline Bowden, Susan Kim, Caroline Miller
OBJECTIVE: Smoking rates have been compared with a spring, requiring continuous downward pressure against protobacco forces, rather than a screw, which once driven down stays down. Quality antitobacco mass media campaigns put downward pressure on smoking rates. The suspension of a major Australian state campaign provided a natural experiment to assess effects on smoking. Furthermore, we document the positive influence of robust monitoring and mature advocacy on the political decision to reinstate funding...
April 7, 2018: Tobacco Control
Lazarous Mbulo, Judy Kruger, Jason Hsia, Shaoman Yin, Simone Salandy, Elizabeth N Orlan, Israel Agaku, Kurt M Ribisl
BACKGROUND: There is little information on cigarette-purchasing behaviour among smokers globally. Understanding cigarette purchase and point-of-sale patterns can help guide the development and implementation of tobacco-control strategies in retail environments. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify where adults in 19 countries last purchased cigarettes. METHODS: Data were from 19 low-income and middle-income countries that conducted the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) during 2008-2012...
April 5, 2018: Tobacco Control
Robert K Jackler, Vanessa Y Li, Ryan A L Cardiff, Divya Ramamurthi
BACKGROUND: Facebook has a comprehensive set of policies intended to inhibit promotion and sales of tobacco products. Their effectiveness has yet to be studied. METHODS: Leading tobacco brands (388) were identified via Nielsen and Ranker databases and 108 were found to maintain brand-sponsored Facebook pages. Key indicators of alignment with Facebook policy were evaluated. RESULTS: Purchase links (eg, 'shop now' button) on brand-sponsored pages were found for hookah tobaccos (41%), e-cigarettes (74%), smokeless (50%) and cigars (31%)...
April 5, 2018: Tobacco Control
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