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Tobacco Control

Yvette van der Eijk, Lisa A Bero, Ruth E Malone
The Foundation for a Smoke-Free World was launched in September 2017 with an announced 12-year funding commitment of $1 billion from Philip Morris International (PMI). The Foundation claims that its governing documents (certificate of incorporation, bylaws and a pledge agreement) ensure that it has an independent research agenda and stringent protections from conflicts of interest. We analysed the text of these governing documents. Their provisions have multiple loopholes, particularly regarding conflicts of interest...
September 21, 2018: Tobacco Control
Noel J Leigh, Mary N Palumbo, Anthony M Marino, Richard J O'Connor, Maciej Lukasz Goniewicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2018: Tobacco Control
Anthony A Laverty, Eszter Panna Vamos, Christopher Millett, Kiara C-M Chang, Filippos T Filippidis, Nicholas S Hopkinson
INTRODUCTION: England introduced a tobacco display ban for shops with >280 m2  floor area ('partial ban') in 2012, then a total ban in 2015. This study assessed whether these were linked to child awareness of and access to cigarettes. METHODS: Data come from the Smoking, Drinking and Drug Use survey, an annual survey of children aged 11-15 years for 2010-2014 and 2016. Multivariate logistic regression models assessed changes in having seen cigarettes on display, usual sources and ease of access to cigarettes in shops RESULTS: During the partial display ban in 2012, 89...
September 20, 2018: Tobacco Control
Rijo M John, Estelle Dauchy, Mark Goodchild
OBJECTIVE: To examine the potential impact of the goods and services tax (GST) on price, consumption and tax revenue from tobacco products in India and across states. METHODS: Data on prices, tax rates and tax revenue are used to estimate a benchmark scenario prior to the GST implementation in 2017-2018. Using own-price elasticity of demand for tobacco products, we estimate the impact of GST at the state level and the aggregate state-wise impact to obtain the national level impact...
September 15, 2018: Tobacco Control
Matthew E Rossheim, Melvin D Livingston, Eric K Soule, Helen A Zeraye, Dennis L Thombs
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) battery failure can result in explosions and burn injuries. Previous attempts to quantify these events has been limited to compilations of case studies, federal agency reports and media reports. Although e-cigarette explosions and burn injuries are thought to be rare, current surveillance methods likely underestimate actual occurrences. METHODS: Analyses were conducted on cross-sectional data from the US Consumer Product Safety Commission's (CPSC) National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS)...
September 15, 2018: Tobacco Control
Divya Ramamurthi, Cindy Chau, Robert K Jackler
BACKGROUND: Some consumers wish to use vapour devices discreetly so that family members, teachers and coworkers do not recognise their use of nicotine or t etrahydrocannabinol (THC) laden vapour. METHODS: Stealthy vapour devices, as well as low-odour and low-vapour e-juices, were identified via a comprehensive online search between March and June 2018. RESULTS: As evidence of their popularity, a search for 'stealth vaping' on YouTube found 18 200 videos...
September 15, 2018: Tobacco Control
Thomas F McInerney
INTRODUCTION: This article analyses experience with the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) in the context of global governance. It examines ways in which the WHO FCTC has been addressed by international institutions, particularly within the UN system at the international and national levels. It seeks to understand the extent to which the WHO FCTC as an international legal obligation has contributed to its integration in the strategies, policies and programmes of UN system organisations...
September 14, 2018: Tobacco Control
Yoo Jin Cho, James F Thrasher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2018: Tobacco Control
Lucy Popova, Lauren Kass Lempert, Stanton A Glantz
INTRODUCTION: Heated tobacco products (HTPs) are being marketed in several countries around the world with claims that they are less harmful than combusted cigarettes, based on assertions that they expose users to lower levels of toxicants. In the USA, Philip Morris International (PMI) has submitted an application to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2016 seeking authorisation to market its HTPs, IQOS, with reduced risk and reduced exposure claims. METHODS: We examined the PMI's Perception and Behavior Assessment Studies evaluating perceptions of reduced risk claims that were submitted to the FDA and made publicly available...
September 12, 2018: Tobacco Control
Stella A Bialous, Stanton A Glantz
There has been a global decline in tobacco consumption that, if continued, will negatively impact the tobacco industry's profits. This decline led the industry to invent and market new products, including heated tobacco products (HTP). HTP are an extension of the industry's strategies to undermine government's tobacco regulatory efforts as they are being promoted as part of the solution for the tobacco epidemic. Under the moniker of 'harm reduction', the tobacco companies are attempting to rehabilitate their reputation so they can more effectively influence governments to roll back existing tobacco control policies or create exemptions for their HTP...
September 12, 2018: Tobacco Control
Pooneh Nabavizadeh, Jiangtao Liu, Christopher M Havel, Sharina Ibrahim, Ronak Derakhshandeh, Peyton Jacob Iii, Matthew L Springer
BACKGROUND: Heated tobacco products (also called 'heat-not-burn' products) heat tobacco at temperatures below that of combustion, causing nicotine and other compounds to aerosolise. One such product, IQOS from Philip Morris International, is being marketed internationally with claims of harm reduction. We sought to determine whether exposure to IQOS aerosol impairs arterial flow-mediated dilation (FMD), a measure of vascular endothelial function that is impaired by tobacco smoke. METHODS: We exposed anaesthetised rats (n=8/group) via nose cone to IQOS aerosol from single HeatSticks, mainstream smoke from single Marlboro Red cigarettes or clean air for a series of consecutive 30 s cycles over 1...
September 11, 2018: Tobacco Control
Maciej Lukasz Goniewicz, Rachel Boykan, Catherine R Messina, Alison Eliscu, Jonatan Tolentino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2018: Tobacco Control
Linnea Laestadius, Yang Wang
BACKGROUND: The novel e-cigarette product JUUL has experienced rapid market growth. The online auction site eBay has been mentioned as a source of JUUL access for youth, and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) notified eBay to remove JUUL listings in April 2018. We sought to characterise the sale of JUUL products on eBay prior to the FDA's request, document the impact of this request and explore ways in which eBay vendors bypassed this effort. METHODS: eBay was searched for JUUL-branded products sold by US vendors in March 2018, yielding a sample of 197 listings for devices and/or pods...
September 5, 2018: Tobacco Control
Noel J Leigh, Phillip L Tran, Richard J O'Connor, Maciej Lukasz Goniewicz
BACKGROUND: Heated tobacco product(s) (HTP), also called heat-not-burn products, are a re-emerging class of tobacco products that purport to reduce health risk compared with smoking combustible tobacco products. This study examined the potential toxic effects of inhaling emissions from an HTP in comparison with electronic and combustible tobacco cigarettes. METHODS: Inhalation toxicity of HTP (IQOS; tobacco flavour), e-cigarette (MarkTen; tobacco flavour) and tobacco cigarette (Marlboro Red) was examined in vitro using an air-liquid interface with human bronchial epithelial cells (H292)...
September 5, 2018: Tobacco Control
Pekka Puska, Mike Daube
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2018: Tobacco Control
Sonia A Duffy, Rosalinda V Ignacio, Hyungjin Myra Kim, Mark C Geraci, Carol A Essenmacher, Stephanie V Hall, Adam Chow, Paul N Pfeiffer, Scott E Sherman, Kipling M Bohnert, Kara Zivin, Paul George Barnett
INTRODUCTION: In 2003, the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) implemented a directive that cessation pharmacotherapy be made available to all who use tobacco and are interested in quitting. Despite the efficacy of cessation pharmacotherapy shown in clinical trials, the generalisability of the results in real-world settings has been challenged. Hence, the specific aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of cessation pharmacotherapies in the VHA. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used VHA's electronic medical record data to compare quit rates among those who use tobacco and who did vs...
September 4, 2018: Tobacco Control
Erikas Simonavicius, Ann McNeill, Lion Shahab, Leonie S Brose
OBJECTIVE: To review peer-reviewed evidence on heat-not-burn tobacco products (HnB), their secondhand emissions and use by humans; to identify differences between independent and industry-funded studies. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, ProQuest, Scopus and Web of Science databases were searched up to 6 November 2017 for studies on HnB published after December 2009; reference lists were screened and other researchers contacted, yielding 637 records. STUDY SELECTION: Thirty-one publications on HnB secondhand emissions (n=16) or use by humans (n=15) were selected by two reviewers with excellent agreement (k=0...
September 4, 2018: Tobacco Control
Marin Kurti, Klaus von Lampe, Yi He, Cristine Delnevo, Da Qin
OBJECTIVE: Document the use of ultraviolet watermark in counterfeit joint New York City/New York State cigarette tax stamps to assess the scale at which distributors of illegal cigarettes adapt to measures protecting the integrity of the system of tobacco tax collection. METHODS: In 2016, we collected 2357 empty discarded cigarette packs along a stratified random sample of block groups in New York City (n=114) and analysed 449 joint New York City/New York State tax stamps using long wave ultraviolet irradiation, light microscopy and taggant testers developed by the tax stamp manufacturer, Meyercord Revenue, to determine whether the tax stamps were counterfeit and how they differed from their genuine equivalent...
September 3, 2018: Tobacco Control
Lindsay Robertson, Louise Marsh
INTRODUCTION: Reducing tobacco retailer density is suggested to be a key component of tobacco endgames. Where tobacco retail reduction policies exist, 'grandfathering' is typically used, where existing retailers are exempt from restrictions aimed at reducing outlet density. We examined the possible impact on tobacco outlet density in New Zealand of a policy preventing new retail outlets from selling tobacco, but allowing existing retail outlets to continue selling tobacco until they ceased trading or relocated...
August 30, 2018: Tobacco Control
Erin Keely O'Brien, Mario Antonio Navarro, Leah Hoffman
SIGNIFICANCE: Most US adults use smartphones for internet access. Understanding what they see when they view smartphone-optimised (mobile) tobacco websites is important, as it can inform tobacco education and cessation strategies. This study describes mobile tobacco websites for leading brands of cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco (smokeless), e-cigarettes and hookah. METHODS: We identified 130 leading tobacco brands based on sales, advertising spending and self-report data...
August 30, 2018: Tobacco Control
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