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Tobacco Control

Timothy Dewhirst
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Tobacco Control
Lisa Henriksen, Nina C Schleicher, Kimberly Ababseh, Trent O Johnson, Stephen P Fortmann
OBJECTIVES: To assess the retail availability of cigar products that refer to marijuana and the largest package size of cigarillos available for ≤$1. METHODS: Trained data collectors conducted marketing surveillance in a random sample of licensed tobacco retailers that sold little cigars/cigarillos (LCCs) (n=530) near a statewide sample of middle and high schools (n=132) in California. Multilevel models examined the presence of marijuana co-marketing and cigarillo pack size as a function of school/neighbourhood characteristics and adjusted for store type...
October 12, 2017: Tobacco Control
Michelle Scollo, Megan Bayly, Sarah White, Kylie Lindorff, Melanie Wakefield
This paper aimed to identify continued and emerging trends in the Australian tobacco market following plain packaging implementation, over a period of substantial increases in tobacco taxes. Since 2012, our surveillance activities (including review of trade product and price lists, ingredient reports submitted by tobacco companies to government and monitoring of the retail environment) found several trends in the factory-made cigarette market. These include the continued release of extra-long and slim cigarettes and packs with bonus cigarettes, particularly in the mainstream and premium market segments; new menthol capsule products; other novel flavourings in cigarettes; filter innovations including recessed and firm filters; continued use of evocative and descriptive product names; the proliferation of the new super-value market segment; and umbrella branding, where new products are introduced within established brand families...
October 9, 2017: Tobacco Control
Rosemary Hiscock, J Robert Branston, Ann McNeill, Sara C Hitchman, Timea R Partos, Anna B Gilmore
OBJECTIVE: Taxation equitably reduces smoking, the leading cause of health inequalities. The tobacco industry (TI) can, however, undermine the public health gains realised from tobacco taxation through its pricing strategies. This study aims to examine contemporary TI pricing strategies in the UK and implications for tobacco tax policy. DESIGN: Review of commercial literature and longitudinal analysis of tobacco sales and price data. SETTING: A high-income country with comprehensive tobacco control policies and high tobacco taxes (UK)...
October 9, 2017: Tobacco Control
Guillermo Paraje, Daniel Araya
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the degree to which tobacco consumption is associated with spending on a set of goods and services in Chile, especially health and education, for the total population as well as for specific subgroups. METHODS: A seemingly unrelated regression equation system was used to estimate the statistical relationship between having tobacco expenditures and the budget share allocated to other items for the total population and for specific subgroups in Chile (eg, households within the bottom/top 33% by total expenditures)...
October 6, 2017: Tobacco Control
Ashley Sanders-Jackson, Andy S L Tan, Kyeungyeun Yie
OBJECTIVE: Certain tobacco companies use health-oriented descriptors (eg, 100% organic) on product packaging and advertising of combustible cigarettes or electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) that create a 'health halo' around smoking and vaping. Previous observational research suggests that such language may be associated with more favourable attitudes and reduced risk perceptions toward these brands compared with others. This study aimed to determine the effects of health-oriented descriptors on smokers' attitude toward the brand, perception of packaging information, comparative harm versus other brands and intention to purchase either combustible cigarettes or e-cigarettes...
October 5, 2017: Tobacco Control
Marita Hefler
Combustible tobacco products are unique both for the extraordinary harm they cause, and the fact that more than 50 years after these harms became known, they continue to be widely and legally available globally. However, the rapid evolution of the nicotine product marketplace in recent years warrants a re-assessment of the viability of phasing out commercial sales of combustible tobacco, and presents an opportunity to end the exceptionalism of combustible tobacco being permitted for sale.
October 2, 2017: Tobacco Control
David T Levy, Ron Borland, Eric N Lindblom, Maciej L Goniewicz, Rafael Meza, Theodore R Holford, Zhe Yuan, Yuying Luo, Richard J O'Connor, Raymond Niaura, David B Abrams
INTRODUCTION: US tobacco control policies to reduce cigarette use have been effective, but their impact has been relatively slow. This study considers a strategy of switching cigarette smokers to e-cigarette use ('vaping') in the USA to accelerate tobacco control progress. METHODS: A Status Quo Scenario, developed to project smoking rates and health outcomes in the absence of vaping, is compared with Substitution models, whereby cigarette use is largely replaced by vaping over a 10-year period...
October 2, 2017: Tobacco Control
Jeffrey E Harris, Gastón Ares, Mariana Gerstenblüth, Leandro Machin, Patricia Triunfo
BACKGROUND: Uruguay, a South American country of 3.4 million inhabitants that has already banned tobacco advertising, prohibited such terms as light, mild and low-tar and required graphic warnings covering 80% of cigarette packs, is considering the imposition of plain, standardised packaging. METHODS: We conducted an experimental choice-based conjoint analysis of the impact of alternative cigarette package designs on the risk perceptions of 180 adult current Uruguayan smokers...
September 8, 2017: Tobacco Control
Robert Schwartz, Michael Chaiton, Tracey Borland, Lori Diemert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: Tobacco Control
Coral E Gartner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: Tobacco Control
Michael Schreuders, Naomi A Lagerweij, Bas van den Putte, Anton E Kunst
BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands, the adoption of new tobacco control measures is needed to further reduce rates of adolescent smoking. Adolescents' support for future measures could increase the likelihood of adoption as this provides political leverage for tobacco control advocates. There is, however, scant evidence about to what extent and why adolescents support future measures. We therefore assessed adolescents' support for a range of future measures and explored the criteria that adolescents use to underpin their support...
September 8, 2017: Tobacco Control
Erin S Rogers, Elizabeth A Vargas
OBJECTIVES: The current study sought to characterise the tobacco retail environment of supportive housing facilities for persons with mental health (MH) conditions in New York City (NYC) and to estimate the potential impact of a tobacco retail ban near public schools on the retail environment of MH housing in NYC. METHODS: Texas A&M Geocoding Services was used to geocode the addresses of housing programmes for patients with MH conditions, non-MH residences, public schools and tobacco retailers in NYC...
August 30, 2017: Tobacco Control
Cheneal Puljević, Dominique de Andrade, Megan Carroll, Matthew J Spittal, Stuart A Kinner
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of people who cycle through prisons express a desire to quit smoking, yet smoking rates in this population are two to four times higher than in the general community. Smoking cessation pharmacotherapy (SCP) is an important component of evidence-based cessation support, yet no studies have examined use of this pharmacotherapy after release from prison. METHODS: We linked data from a survey of 971 smokers who were within 8 weeks of release from prison in Queensland, Australia, with federal Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) records for the 2 years after release, to identify subsidised use of SCP (varenicline, bupropion and nicotine patches)...
August 28, 2017: Tobacco Control
Nour A Obeidat, Mai Al-Hadid, Asma A Hatoqai, Rawan A Shihab, Feras I Hawari
BACKGROUND: In Jordan, four non-graphic pictorial health warning labels (PHWLs) concerning a limited selection of tobacco-caused harms have been used since 2011; however, research suggests that they may be ineffective. OBJECTIVES: To explore Jordanian smokers' reactions to novel PHWLs featuring various health themes and/or graphic and symbolic imagery and to discuss existing PHWLs in light of the novel PHWLs. METHODS: We conducted 14 focus groups (FGs) with smokers who assessed 12 novel PHWLs and commented on four existing PHWLs...
August 28, 2017: Tobacco Control
Teresa Arechavala, Xavier Continente, Mónica Pérez-Ríos, Anna Schiaffino, Esteve Fernandez, Núria Cortés-Francisco, Francesc Centrich, Glòria Muñoz, Maria J López
BACKGROUND: The introduction of 'smoke-free laws' has reduced the population's exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS), although SHS is still an issue in homes and other public places. Children are vulnerable to its health effects, and their greatest exposure occurs at home. OBJECTIVES: To assess airborne nicotine concentration of the living room and children's bedroom of homes with children under 13 years of age, and to analyse factors associated with these levels...
August 19, 2017: Tobacco Control
Philip Gendall, Christine Eckert, Janet Hoek, Jordan Louviere
BACKGROUND: On-pack tobacco warnings can deter smoking initiation and provide powerful cessation cues. However, these warnings typically feature graphic health images, which many young adults dismiss as irrelevant. We estimated responses to more diverse warnings and examined how these performed relative to each other. METHODS: We conducted a behavioural likelihood experiment and a choice modelling experiment in which 474 smokers and 476 susceptible non-smokers aged between 16 and 30 years evaluated 12 warnings featuring health, social, financial and cosmetic themes...
August 19, 2017: Tobacco Control
Mark Conner, Sarah Grogan, Ruth Simms-Ellis, Keira Flett, Bianca Sykes-Muskett, Lisa Cowap, Rebecca Lawton, Christopher J Armitage, David Meads, Carole Torgerson, Robert West, Kamran Siddiqi
BACKGROUND: In cross-sectional surveys, increasing numbers of adolescents report using both electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and cigarettes. This study assessed whether adolescent e-cigarette use was associated prospectively with initiation or escalation of cigarette use. METHODS: Data were from 2836 adolescents (aged 13-14 years at baseline) in 20 schools in England. At baseline, breath carbon monoxide levels, self-reported e-cigarette and cigarette use, sex, age, friends and family smoking, beliefs about cigarette use and percentage receiving free school meals (measure of socioeconomic status) were assessed...
August 17, 2017: Tobacco Control
Xiaozhao Yousef Yang, Tingzhong Yang, Fanhao Nie
PURPOSE: Few studies have discussed how the increasing ambient air pollution may affect policy-related attitudes. Medical professionals constitute an important interest group who analyse and solve public issues within a medicalised framework. The current study investigates whether ambient air pollution is associated with a greater likelihood of supporting tobacco control measures among medical students. METHODS: We conducted multistage sampling among the medical students from 42 cities in China...
August 16, 2017: Tobacco Control
Renee D Goodwin, Melanie M Wall, Misato Gbedemah, Mei-Chen Hu, Andrea H Weinberger, Sandro Galea, Michael J Zvolensky, Elizabeth Hangley, Deborah S Hasin
OBJECTIVE: The current study estimates trends in the number of cigarettes smoked per day (CPD) and percentage of smokers having their first CPD within 30 min of waking (time to first cigarette (TTFC)<30 min) among smokers from 2002 to 2015 in the USA overall, and adjusting for demographics. Trends in TTFC<30 min were also estimated by varying levels of cigarette consumption. METHODS: Data were drawn from the National Household Survey on Drug Use, an annual nationally representative cross-sectional study of the US population aged 12 and older (n=54 079-58 397 per year)...
August 10, 2017: Tobacco Control
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